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SurfaceTreatmentinformation

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Youarehere:StartSpringsTechnicalinformationSurfacetreatment

Surfacetreatmentinformation
Springs
Springs
CompressionSprings
TensionSprings
TorsionSprings
Othersprings

HereatEuropeanSprings,weaimtohaveourproductsfunctiontotheirfull
potentiallongaftertheyhaveleftourhands.Weuseprotectivesealantsand
coatingstoensurehighqualitylifespansforouritems,completetoultimate

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customersatisfaction.Thefollowingareexamplesofthemostcommonand
populartypesofsurfacetreatmentsweuseforprotectingourproductsand
maximisingtheirfunctionality.

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Durability
Tolerance
Unitconverter
Surfacetreatment
Design&spring
dimensions

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Zincplating
Country:

Springmaterials
Technicalinformation

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Zincplatingisacommonsurfacetreatmentwhichismainlyusedonlight
springsasitworkstogetherwithsupplementarytreatmentofCr+3chromates
orothersealerstoformagoodprotectionagainstcorrosion.Thereisarisk
ofhydrogenembrittlementandhydrogenreductionbyheatingbutitis
necessaryforcompletingtheplating.Weadvisethatsomehighstrength
materialsshouldnotbeplated.Analternativetozincplatingwhichentailsa
verysmallriskofhydrogenembrittlementismechanicalzinccoating(also
referredtoasRotalyt).Thisiswherethesurfacecoatingisapplied
mechanicallybytumblingzincpowder,glassballsandthegoodstobe
coatedinadrum.Theballsactaszincpowdercarriersandareremoved

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SurfaceTreatmentinformation

afterthetreatmentiscompleted,leavingtheproductplatedandprotected.

Galvanizedwireandstrip
Galvanizedwireorstripmaterialisinmanycasesanexcellentand
economicalalternativetostainlessmetals,especiallywhencomponent
weightsincreaseandtherearereasonabledemandsforcorrosion
resistance.Galvanizingismadehotbeforecoldrollingordrawingwhich
eliminatetheriskforhydrogencontamination.

Nickelplating
Nickelisusedfordecorationandcorrosionprotectionbutshouldnotbeused
onspringswherethewirewillbesubjectedtoconsiderabletwisting.Thisis
becausethesurfacelayerishardandwillbeavictimofcrackingatratesof
highdeflection.ExamplesforwhichNickelisoftenusedincludethe
underlyingcoatingfortin,silver,goldetc.

Chromeplating
WeuseChromiumwithunderlyingnickelplatingbecauseitcanbepolished
toaverybrightsurface,meaningitisgenerallyusedfordecorationpurposes.
Thefascinatingelementofthistypeofplatingishowthesurfacebecomes
veryhardandwearresistant.Wedoadviseourcustomershoweverthat
chromeplatingshouldnotbeusedonspringswithlargedeflection.

Tinplating
Wegenerallyusetinplatinginordertomakesolderingeasiermakingsureit
alsogivesgoodcorrosionprotection.AswithChromiumplating,Nickelisalso
theunderlyingsubstrate.

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Silvering/gilding
Mainlyusedfordecorationandcorrosionprotectionforcomponentsin
electricalandelectronicequipment.Thiselectrolyticsilverplatingischosenin
manyapplicationsbecauseofitsexcellentelectricalconductivityanditsbright
attractivefinish.

Phosphating
Therearemanydifferenttypesofphosphatesbuttheonewechoosefor
springsisnormallyzincphosphate.Itisgenerallyusedassubstratebefore
thepaintingasitgivesgoodprotectionagainstcreepcorrosionifthepaint
layerhappenstoreceiveanydefects.Ironphosphateisusedassubstrate
beforepowderpaintingwhenthedemandforresistanceagainstcorrosionis
lower.Ironphosphateisalsousedwithoutpaintfordecorationasitneedsto
besealedwithoilifcorrosionwantstobeavoided.Phosphateincreasesthe
adhesionbetweensteelandpaintsobecomesanidealcoatingtousefor
springswhichareusedforcontinuousmomentum

Blackoxide
Usedtoincreasetheresistanceagainstcorrosionandalsofordecoration,
BlackOxideconsistsofalayerofironoxide.Wemakesuretheproductis
oiledaftertreatmenttoachievemaximumfunctionality.

Electropolishing
Electropolishingisatreatmentwhichisusedforstainlesssteelsandmetal
alloys.Thisparticularsurfacetreatmentremovesthematerialresultinginan
evensurface,givingoffahighglossfinish.Thefatiguelimitforthespringis
raisedaswellascorrosionresistancebeingdramaticallyincreased.

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Painting
Paintinggenerallydependsonthespecificdemandsforcorrosionresistance,
meaningitsometimesmustbesprayedwithsaltspraytotestperformance.
Paintingcanbeusedforvarioustypesofsystemsofprotectionandcosmetic
appearance.Wet,powder,primersandzincpaintsystemsareallusedbut
generallyaredismissedfortensioncoilspringswithinitialloads.

DeltaMKS
Thisparticularcoatingsystemcanconsistofabasecoatalone,orcansimply
beabasecoataswellasanorganic/inorganictopcoatdependingonspecific
requirements.Thesetypesofcoatingsarestovesystemswhichmeanthey
chemicallycrosslinkattemperaturesbelow250C.
Thezinclamellasystems,DELTAPROTEKTKLandDELTATonearemicro
layerformingbasecoatswhicharepackedwithzincandaluminiumlamellae
providingcathodiccorrosionprotection.
Thistypeofprotectioncanbegreatlyincreasedbyapplyinganorganictop
coatsuchasDELTASealorusingsilicatewaterbasedproductsfromthe
DELTAPROTEKTVHseries.Theseparticularsystemsgivegood
protectionagainstcorrosionanddonotgiveanyrisksforhydrogen
brittleness,somethingwhichwearealwaysaimingtosolvehereatEuropean
Springs.
Forthehighestadhesion,thecomponentscanbealkalinewashing,shot
peeningandfinecrystallinezincphosphatedbeforethetreatment.

Teflon(PTFE)
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Asuitablesurfacetreatmentwherethereisarequirementforlowfriction,
goodinsulationandchemicalresistance,withanaddedworkingtemperature
rangeof190+260C.

Riskofhydrogenembrittlement!
Hydrogencaneasilycontaminatesteelatcertaincontentsmakingthesteel
brittle.Addingtothis,verylowstressescanleadtoaruptureifhydrogenis
present.
Hydrogenabsorptionoccursduringallreactionswherehydrogenisproduced
onthesurfaceofthesteel.ThisiswhyEuropeanSpringssuppliesSurface
treatmentswhichincludepicklinginnonoxidisingacids,cathodiccleaning
andcathodicsurfacetreatmenttoavoidhydrogenembrittlement.Oil
temperedspringwireformsandflatspringswhichhavebeenhardenedafter
formingarespeciallysensitivetoembrittlement,howevertheriskfor
embrittlementandfailureisreducedthelowertheultimatetensilestrengthis.
Wehavefoundthatingeneral,nohydrogenembrittlementoccursinsteel
below1000MPaorhardnessbelow30Vickersasalargeproportionofthe
hydrogencanberemovedbyheatingprocesses.Wecanalsoprovideyou
withmuchinformationonhowtoavoidhydrogenproblems.

Testing
Thecorrosionresistancefordifferenttreatmentcanbeverifiedbymany
differenttestingmethods,wegiveoutrecommendationsoftestmethodsand
canalsoarrangetestsifyouhaveanyqueries.

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THECOMPLETESPRINGSUPPLIER

HEADOFFICE:EUROPEANSPRINGS&PRESSINGSLTDLONDON
Phone:+44(0)2086631800|Fax:+44(0)2086631900|Email:info.bec@europeansprings.com
Address:ChaffinchBusinessPark,CroydonRoad,Beckenham,GBKENTBR34DW,GreatBritain

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