James K. Murray, Jr., PhD, Associate Professor & Chair, Chemistry Department Immaculata University Joyce Hubert-Theriot, M.S.

Bayard Rustin High School Barry F. Stein, PhD Senior Project Consultant

Overview of nanotechnology Description of the nanotechnology education program Demonstrations
◦ Experiment (Nano Gold) ◦ On-Line Access to University Equipment

Opportunity to participate in our National Science Foundation-supported Grant

Our students will live in the nanotechnology age, experience its benefits, and be responsible for its prudent use. As Teachers we need to provide informational opportunities for them In this cutting-edge field.

Limited awareness of nanotechnology among teachers Equipment is expensive or scarce Little or no exclusive time for instruction about nanotechnology Information overload on web, howeverAlmost no textbook material available

Nanotechnology is an adaptable curriculum. Aligning with the standards with nanotechnology is possible in many content areas. For example in the Colloidal-gold Experiment:
◦ Scale & Measurement ◦ Chemistry – Properties of Matter, mixtures vs. solutions ◦ Physics - Light Absorption, wavelengths, Why is nano-gold red? Tyndall effect


Teachers can receive free materials to incorporate nanotechnology content Classes can virtually connect and talk live to University Professors Lab equipment can be operated and utilized in a university lab by secondary students using classroom computers No software purchase is necessary.


Brings nanotechnology content to teachers in an easily accessible and user-friendly format Gives students an advantage to be positioned ahead in cutting-edge technology Easy nanotechnology integration into most science classes.

What is Nanotechnology?
The ability to manipulate and control materials at the level of atoms and molecules to design new functionality. The nanoscale: 1nm=10-9m An enabling science that
– applies to all disciplines – blurs the distinction between biology, chemistry, & physics

• Nanotechnology will be pervasive in the upcoming decades New career opportunities for students


The Economic Driver of the 21st Century “Nanotechnology’s impact on health, wealth and security of the world’s people is expected to be at least as great as the combined influences in this century of antibiotics, the integrated circuit and human-made polymers.”
Federal Interagency Working Group Report on Nanotechnology


Generally nanotechnology deals with structures 100 nanometers or smaller, and involves developing materials or devices within that size.

45 nm Intel Chips


New Materials-nanotubes Life Sciences-drug development & delivery, innovative therapies, diagnostics Sensors-physical, chemical, biological Ultra-high speed computing Green technology: Fuel cells, solar cells, new light sources, microbial cleanup, filtration


of August 2009, there were more than 1015 manufacturer-identified nanotech products1


Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars


Differences in students’ academic capability is facilitated by a spectrum of course material Limited attention span of students necessitates engaging experiments that keep their focus. Explorations must launch students’ inquiry skills and motivation toward project development One classroom period -experiments to assist in the setup and breakdown requirements during a quick change schedule of classes

Teachers’ backgrounds vary widely, so the focus must be centered on basic scientific principles Teachers are constrained by their syllabus and by “No Child Left Behind” requirements In order for Teachers to introduce new material, it must complement their present syllabus Material must correlate with each state’s academic standards and /or assessment anchors

Curriculum is already tightly packed Demands are imposed by way of state and district standardized testing Introducing new concepts often does not receive the time needed Teachers are expected to cover all of the state standards in their content area!

We provide in workshops:
Modular experiments Take-home materials for experiments Detailed Lesson Plans Correlation of lessons with standards & assessment anchors Method to access university equipment from your classroom

Exposure to cutting-edge techniques Engaging use of online technology Fosters connections at the university level Empowers students to feel that they can be successful in college Creates a competitive advantage for them in their future education & career

Medicine: diagnostics and therapeutics (e.g., drug delivery) Computers: a new generation on the horizon Green technologies Energy: capture, storage, & use; fuel cells, batteries Environmental remediation: genetically-modified (GM) microbes Robotics: many uses Manufacturing: self-assembly; “bottom-up” fabrication of novel materials Commerce: Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) “smart” tags Space exploration: space elevator

Offer the opportunity to take advantage of this Nanotechnology Grant Integrate the nanotechnology lessons into any science curriculum Collect teacher and student feedback to continually polish and advance the project Involve teachers to participate in, and facilitate nanotechnology workshops and/or courses

One-day Workshop at your school (Act 48 credit) Three-credit hybrid graduate course (in development): Introduction to Nanotechnology
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Experiment Modules illustrating nanotechnology principles Lesson plans Kits for use in classroom experiments
Easy to use High reliability

A combination of on-line and laboratory (2-3 days hands-on) activities

Objectives of the Colloidal Gold Experiment
Understand that at the nano dimension the optical properties of materials are strikingly different Use the color wheel to explain why the color of the gold colloid is not gold Show that the color depends on the size of the gold particles Motivate students to explore applications of this unique phenomenon



How do I know there are gold particles there? Why is the color pinkish-purple?


Get ready, students are fascinated by this man most of all!

“The Blue Man” as seen on Today Show

How small are the ‘blue’ particles? Will he live? Why did he ingest nano-sized particles? How can you detect these particles in water?



Student cultivate interest and motivation to FIND OUT MORE! Many products have been developed for the military for protection against: sun, bacteria, shrapnel and other dangerous elements. Some of these products have been released to the general public and can be purchased.


E-Mail Contacts:
James K. Murray

Joyce Hubert-Theriot

Barry Stein


Colloidal Au

Colloidal Au with NaCl


Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful