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Name: ________________________ Class: ___________________ Date: __________

ID: B

Ch 17: Properties of Atoms and the Periodic Table - Study Guide


Matching

a.
b.
c.

protons
electrons
neutrons

d.
e.

atoms
quarks

____

1. Particles with an electrical charge of +1

____

2. The smallest piece of matter that still retains the properties of the element

____

3. These make up protons and neutrons

____

4. Particles with an electrical charge of -1

____

5. Particles with no electrical charge

Short Answer
6. Draw the atomic structure and the electron dot configuration for the element Boron.
7. Explain what an isotope is.
8. What is the name of each of the following elements, and classify it as a metal, a nonmetal, or a metalloid: H,
Si, Cl, Fe
9. Complete the table below by writing the correct information in the blank spaces.
Element

Chemical
symbol

Atomic
number

Number of
protons

Number of
neutrons

Mass
number

Magnesium

17

8
16

30
17

38

Name: ________________________

ID: B

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 10. The sum of the protons and neutrons is called the _______.
a. mass number
c. both a and b
b. atomic number
d. phone number
____ 11. What type of elements are found to the right of the periodic table?
a. hemroids
c. nonmetals
b. metalloids
d. metals
Testing Concepts
____ 12. A certain atom has 24 protons, 24 electrons, and 31 neutrons. Its mass number is ____.
a. 26
c. 55
b. 52
d. 30
____ 13. A particle that moves around the nucleus is a(n) ____.
a. ion
c. electron
b. proton
d. neutron
____ 14. Dot diagrams are used to represent ____.
a. the structure of the nucleus
b. atomic number

c.
d.

isotopes
outer electrons

____ 15. Elements in groups 1 through 12 are called _______.


a. nonmetals
c. metalloids
b. metals
d. isotopes
____ 16. Vertical columns of the periodic table are called ____.
a. periods
c. clusters
b. groups
d. rows
____ 17. A chemical symbol represents the ____of an element.
a. structure
c. reaction
b. type
d. name
____ 18. Horizontal rows of the periodic table are called ____.
a. families
c. periods
b. groups
d. clusters
____ 19. Atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutrons are called ____.
a. isotopes
c. metalloids
b. transition elements
d. radioactive
____ 20. Particles of matter that make up protons and neutrons are ____.
a. electrons
c. atoms
b. isotopes
d. quarks

Name: ________________________

ID: B

____ 21. Each energy level of an atom has a maximum number of ____ it can hold.
a. neutrons
c. quarks
b. protons
d. electrons
____ 22. If you change the number of protons in an atom, you change the
a. charge
c. isotope
b. state of matter
d. element
____ 23. Which elements have similar properties?
a. elements with the same number of
neutrons
b. elements from the same group

c.

elements in the same state of matter

d.

elements from the same period

____ 24. In the diagram above, which element does this atom represent?
a. sodium
c. fluorine
b. potassium
d. neon
____ 25. What is the mass number of the atom shown?
a. 19
c.
b. 9
d.

21
20

____ 26. Which is the smallest part of an element that retains all the properties of the element?
a. atom
c. proton
b. electron
d. neutron
____ 27. The area around the nucleus of an atom where its electrons are most likely to be located is the ______.
a. atom sphere
c. electron cloud
b. electron area
d. nucleus cloud

Name: ________________________

Atom
1
2
3
4

Atoms
Protons
Neutrons
6
10
8
9
9
8
6
11

ID: B

Electrons
6
8
9
6

____ 28. Which two are isotopes of one another?


a. Atoms 1 & 4
b. Atoms 2 & 3

c.
d.

Atoms 1 & 2
Atoms 1 & 3

____ 29. Which two have the same mass?


a. Atoms 1 & 4
b. Atoms 2 & 3

c.
d.

Atoms 2 & 4
Atoms 1 & 2

____ 30. Who was credited with orgainizing the modern periodic table?
a. Mendeleev
c. Moseley
b. Einstein
d. Curie
____ 31. The third energy level contains at most how many electrons?
a. 32
c. 18
b. 2
d. 8
____ 32. Which one is comprised of the other three?
a. neutron
b. electron

c.
d.

proton
atom

____ 33. The box for an element from the periodic table is shown. Which is the atomic mass?
a. C
c. A
b. B
d. D
____ 34. The box for an element from the periodic table is shown. Which is the atomic number?
a. B
c. D
b. A
d. C
____ 35. What two parts of an atom must be eqal in number for the charge of the atom to be neutral?
a. neutrons and electrons
c. protons and electrons
b. protons and neutrons
d. quarks and electrons

Name: ________________________

ID: B

____ 36. The small, positively charged center of the atom containing protons and neutrons is the ______.
a. outer atom
c. nucleus
b. proton region
d. electron cloud
____ 37. What particles are found in the electron cloud?
a. Electrons
c.
b. Netrons
d.

Protons
Nucleus

____ 38. Elements from the same group/family have what in common?
a. the same number of protons
c. the same number of electrons
b. the same number of valence electrons
d. the same number of neutrons
____ 39. The weighted average mass of the mixture of isotopes is called the ______.
a. atomic mass unit
c. average atomic mass
b. mass number
d. atomic number
____ 40. Where at on the periodic table would you find the lightest elements?
a. top left
c. top right
b. bottom right
d. bottom left
____ 41. What scientist in 1913 aranged the elements by atomic number rather than atomic mass?
a. Moseley
c. Rutherfurd
b. Chief Sohcahtoa
d. Mendeleev
____ 42. Each inner energy level of an atom has a maximum number of ____ it can hold.
a. neutrons
c. quarks
b. electrons
d. protons
____ 43. In the diagram above, what is the charge on this atom?
a. +1
c. -3
b. 0
d. +3
____ 44. Which element has 16 protons?
a. Nitrogen
b. Silicon

c.
d.

Sulfur
Aluminum

ID: B

Ch 17: Properties of Atoms and the Periodic Table - Study Guide


Answer Section
MATCHING
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:

A
D
E
B
C

PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:

1
1
1
1
1

SHORT ANSWER
6. ANS:
diagram
PTS: 1
7. ANS:
Isotopes are elements that have the same number of protons, but different numbers of neutrons. Isotopes also
have a different mass number, and have characteristics similar to, but slightly different from their other
isotopes.
PTS: 1
DIF: DOK 2
OBJ: 6-2
STA: C4.10B
8. ANS:
H -Hydrogen - Nonmetal / Si - Silicon - Metalloid / Cl - Chlorine - Nonmetal / Fe - Iron - Metal
PTS: 1

DIF:

DOK 2

OBJ: 10-3

STA: C4.9b

ID: B
9. ANS:
Complete the table below by writing the correct information in the blank spaces.
Element
Magnesium

Chemical
symbol
24

Atomic
number
12

Number of
protons
12

Number of
neutrons
12

Mass
number
24

17

16

16

16

32

Cl

17

17

21

38

Mg

12
Oxygen-17

17
8

Sulfur

32
16

Chlorine-38

38
17

PTS: 1
MULTIPLE CHOICE
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.

ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
ANS:
NAT:
25. ANS:
NAT:
26. ANS:
NAT:
27. ANS:

A
C
C
C
D
B
B
D
C
A
D
D
D
B
C
UCP.2 | B.1
C
B.1
A
B.1
C

PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
STA:
PTS:
STA:
PTS:
STA:
PTS:

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
DIF:
C4.10A | C4.10e
1
DIF:
C4.10A | C4.10e
1
DIF:
C4.10B | P4.p2B
1

Bloom's Level 3
Bloom's Level 3
Bloom's Level 2

ID: B
28. ANS:
NAT:
29. ANS:
NAT:
30. ANS:
31. ANS:
32. ANS:
NAT:
33. ANS:
NAT:
34. ANS:
NAT:
35. ANS:
36. ANS:
37. ANS:
38. ANS:
39. ANS:
40. ANS:
41. ANS:
42. ANS:
STA:
43. ANS:
44. ANS:
NAT:

A
UCP.2 | B.1
B
UCP.2 | B.1
C
C
D
B.1
D
UCP.2 | B.1
A
UCP.2 | B.1
C
C
A
B
C
A
A
B
C4.8e
B
C
B.1

PTS:
STA:
PTS:
STA:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
STA:
PTS:
STA:
PTS:
STA:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:
PTS:

1
DIF:
C4.10A | C4.10B
1
DIF:
C4.10B | C4.10A
1
1
1
DIF:
C4.8B | C4.8A
1
DIF:
C4.10e | C4.9b
1
DIF:
C4.10e | C4.9b
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
DIF:

PTS: 1
PTS: 1
DIF:
STA: C4.10A | C4.10e

Bloom's Level 4
Bloom's Level 4

Bloom's Level 2
Bloom's Level 3
Bloom's Level 3

DOK 1

OBJ: 4-1

Bloom's Level 2