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L. L. C.

ROARK

75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 19-20


Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602 | 490 | 0849
f 602 | 419 | 2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com

CONSULTING

Design Documents
Fabric Canopy

Project:
WIND CALCULATION FOR CANOPY

L. L. C.

ROARK

75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 19-20


Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602 | 490 | 0849
f 602 | 419 | 2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com

CONSULTING
1. Scope of work:

Design of Steel frame canopy.

2.

Materials:
Structural Steel
Structural steel shall be designed in accordance with the specification given in steel
construction manual - AISC 14th edition LRFD Method.
Structural Steel Shapes:
Shapes

ASTM Designation

Mechanical Properties

A992

Fy = 50 ksi

Fu = 65 ksi

HSS

A500 Gr. B

Fy = 46 ksi

Fu = 58 ksi

Plate

A36

Fy = 36 ksi

Fu = 58 ksi

3. Criteria and Approach for design of Framing for Gravity Loads:


Loads are calculated for the Framing members & they are checked in bending, shear and
deflection.

4. Loading:
Dead Load

3 psf

Live Load

5 psf

Wind Load

115 mph, Exposure Category C (ASCE 7-10)

L. L. C.

ROARK

75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 19-20


Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602 | 490 | 0849
f 602 | 419 | 2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com

CONSULTING
5. Load Combinations
1.2DL+1.6LL

1.2DL + 1.6LL + 0.5WL


1.2DL+ 1.0 WL + 1.0LL
0.9DL + 1.0WL

6. Serviceabiltiy Combinations (For Deflection Check)


1.0LL
1.0DL + 1.0LL
1.0DL + 0.5LL + 0.7WL

7.

Deflection Limits
1.0LL

L/360

1.0DL + 1.0LL

L/240

1.0DL + 0.5LL + 0.7WL

H/120

L. L. C.

ROARK

75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 19-20


Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602 | 490 | 0849
f 602 | 419 | 2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com

CONSULTING

WIND LOAD CALCULATIONS


-

For Monoslope Roof

Mean Roof Height

16-6

Exposure Category

00

(Refer 1609.4 IBC2012)

For Flat roof, the net design wind pressure is given by


P

qhG Cp qi(G Cpi)

qh

0.00256 Kz Kzt Kd V2

Kz

0.865

Kzt

Kd

0.85

115 mph

0.00256 (0.865)(1)(0.85)(115)2

24.89 psf

0.85

Cpi

+0.18

-0.18

(ASCE 7-10, section 27.4.1)

Where,

(AISC, Table 27.3-1. For ht 15ft and Exposure C)

(AISC, Table 26.6-1)

Therefore,
qh

For Enclosed buildings ,(AISC, Table 26.11-1)

L. L. C.

ROARK

75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 19-20


Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602 | 490 | 0849
f 602 | 419 | 2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com

CONSULTING
-

For Roofs made of fabric


Wind load of canopy Roof are calculated based on ASCE 7-10, Chapter 30, and Part 1 section
30.1.1Wind Load -Components and Cladding
WIND LOADING ANALYSIS - Roof Components and Cladding

Per ASCE 7-10 Code for Bldgs. of Any Height with Gable Roof <= 45o or Monoslope Roof <= 3o
Using Part 1 & 3: Analytical Procedure (Section 30.4 & 30.6)
Job Name:
CANOPY
Subject:
Job Number:
AZ15156
Originator:
Checker:

Input Data:
Wind Speed, V =
Bldg. Classification =
Exposure Category =
Ridge Height, hr =
Eave Height, he =
Building Width =
Building Length =
Roof Type =
Topo. Factor, Kzt =
Direct. Factor, Kd =
Enclosed? (Y/N)
Hurricane Region?
Component Name =
Effective Area, Ae =
Overhangs? (Y/N)

115
II
C
16.50
16.50
20.42
34.08
Monoslope

1.00
0.85
Y
N
Decking
695.92
N

mph (Wind Map, Figure 26.5-1A-C)


(Table 1-1 Occupancy Category)
(Sect. 26.7)
ft. (hr >= he)
ft. (he <= hr)
ft. (Normal to Building Ridge)
ft. (Parallel to Building Ridge)
(Gable or Monoslope)
(Sect. 26.8 & Figure 26.8-1)
(Table 26.6)
(Sect. 28.6-1 & Figure 26.11-1)
(Purlin, Joist, Decking, or Fastener)
ft.^2 (Area Tributary to C&C)
(if used, overhangs on all sides)

Resulting
Parameters and
Coefficients:
Roof Angle, =
Mean Roof Ht., h =

0.00
16.50

deg.
ft. (h = he, for roof angle <=10 deg.)

Roof External Pressure Coefficients, GCp:


GCp Zone 1-3 Pos. =
0.20
(Fig. 30.4-2A, 30.4-2B, and 30.4-2C)
GCp Zone 1 Neg. =
-0.90
(Fig. 30.4-2A, 30.4-2B, and 30.4-2C)
GCp Zone 2 Neg. =
-1.10
(Fig. 30.4-2A, 30.4-2B, and 30.4-2C)
GCp Zone 3 Neg. =
-1.10
(Fig. 30.4-2A, 30.4-2B, and 30.4-2C)
Positive & Negative Internal Pressure Coefficients, GCpi
(Figure 26.11-1):
+GCpi Coef. =
0.18
(positive internal pressure)
-GCpi Coef. =
-0.18
(negative internal pressure)
If z <= 15 then: Kz = 2.01*(15/zg)^(2/) , If z > 15 then: Kz = 2.01*(z/zg)^(2/) (Table 30.3-1)
=
9.50
(Table 26.9-1)
zg =
900
(Table 26.9-1)
Kh =
0.87
(Kh = Kz evaluated at z = h)

L. L. C.

ROARK

75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 19-20


Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602 | 490 | 0849
f 602 | 419 | 2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com

CONSULTING

Velocity Pressure: qz = 0.00256*Kz*Kzt*Kd*V^2 (Sect.


30.3.2, Eq. 30.3-1)
qh = 0.00256*Kh*Kzt*Kd*V^2 (qz
qh =
24.92
psf
evaluated at z = h)
Design Net External Wind Pressures (Sect. 30.4 & 30.6):
For h <= 60 ft.: p = qh*((GCp) - (+/-GCpi)) (psf)
For h > 60 ft.: p = q*(GCp) - qi*(+/-GCpi) (psf)
where: q = qh for roof
qi = qh for roof (conservatively
assumed per Sect. 30.6)

Component

Decking
For z = hr:
For z = he:
For z = h:

Wind Load Tabulation for Roof Components & Cladding


z
Kh
qh
p = Net Design Pressures (psf)
Zone 1,2,3
Zone 2
(ft.)
(psf)
(+)
Zone 1 (-)
(-)
0
0.87
24.92
9.47
-26.92
-31.90
15.00
0.87
24.92
9.47
-26.92
-31.90
16.50
0.87
24.92
9.47
-26.92
-31.90
16.50
16.50

0.87
0.87

24.92
24.92

9.47
9.47

-26.92
-26.92

-31.90
-31.90

Notes: 1. (+) and (-) signs signify wind pressures acting toward & away from respective surfaces.
2. Width of Zone 2 (edge), 'a' =
3.00
ft.
3. Width of Zone 3 (corner), 'a' =
3.00
ft.
4. For monoslope roofs with <= 3 degrees, use Fig. 30.4-2A for 'GCp' values with 'qh'.
5. For buildings with h > 60' and > 10 degrees, use Fig. 30.6-1 for 'GCpi' values with 'qh'.
6. For all buildings with overhangs, use Fig. 30.4-2B for 'GCp' values per Sect. 30.10.
7. If a parapet >= 3' in height is provided around perimeter of roof with <= 10 degrees,
Zone 3 shall be treated as Zone 2.
8. Per Code Section 30.2.2, the minimum wind load for C&C shall not be less than 16 psf.

-31.90 psf governs the wind force on Roof.

For Walls made of fabric

Zone 3
(-)
-31.90
-31.90
-31.90
-31.90
-31.90

L. L. C.

ROARK

75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 19-20


Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602 | 490 | 0849
f 602 | 419 | 2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com

CONSULTING

Wind load of canopy walls are calculated based on ASCE 7-10, Chapter 30, and Part 1 section
30.1.1Wind Load -Components and Cladding
For West Elevation:
WIND LOADING ANALYSIS - Wall Components and Cladding
Per ASCE 7-10 Code for Buildings of Any Height
Using Part 1 & 3:
Analytical Procedure
(Section 30.4 & 30.6)
Job Name:
Job Number:

CANOPY
AZ15156

Subject:
Originator:

Checker:

Input Data:

Wind Speed, V =
Bldg. Classification =
Exposure Category =
Ridge Height, hr =
Eave Height, he =
Building Width =
Building Length =
Roof Type =
Topo. Factor, Kzt =
Direct. Factor, Kd =
Enclosed? (Y/N)
Hurricane Region?
Component Name =
Effective Area, Ae =

115
II
C
16.50
16.50
20.42
34.08
Monoslope

mph (Wind Map, Figure 26.5-1AC)


(Table 1.5-1 Risk Category)
(Sect. 26.7)
ft. (hr >= he)
ft. (he <= hr)
ft. (Normal to Building Ridge)
ft. (Parallel to Building Ridge)
(Gable or
Monoslope)

1.00
0.85
Y
N
Wall
323.76

(Sect. 26.8 & Figure 26.8-1)


(Table 26.6)
(Sect. 28.6-1 & Figure 26.11-1)

Roof Angle, =

0.00

Mean Roof Ht., h =

16.50

deg.
ft. (h = he, for roof angle <=10
deg.)

(Girt, Siding, Wall, or Fastener)


ft.^2 (Area Tributary to C&C)

Resulting Parameters
and Coefficients:

Wall External Pressure Coefficients, GCp:


GCp Zone 4 Pos. =
0.66
(Fig. 30.4-1, GCp is reduced by 10% for roof angle <=10 deg. )
GCp Zone 5 Pos. =
0.66
(Fig. 30.4-1, GCp is reduced by 10% for roof angle <=10 deg. )
GCp Zone 4 Neg. =
-0.75
(Fig. 30.4-1, GCp is reduced by 10% for roof angle <=10 deg. )
GCp Zone 5 Neg. =
-0.78
(Fig. 30.4-1, GCp is reduced by 10% for roof angle <=10 deg. )
Positive & Negative Internal Pressure Coefficients, GCpi
(Figure 26.11-1):
+GCpi Coef. =
0.18
(positive internal pressure)
-GCpi Coef. =
-0.18
(negative internal pressure)
If z <= 15 then: Kz = 2.01*(15/zg)^(2/) , If z > 15 then: Kz = 2.01*(z/zg)^(2/) (Table 30.3-1)

L. L. C.

ROARK

75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 19-20


Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602 | 490 | 0849
f 602 | 419 | 2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com

CONSULTING
=
zg =
Kh =

9.50
900
0.87

(Table 26.9-1)
(Table 26.9-1)
(Kh = Kz evaluated at z = h)

Velocity Pressure: qz = 0.00256*Kz*Kzt*Kd*V^2 (Sect.


30.3.2, Eq. 30.3-1)
qh = 0.00256*Kh*Kzt*Kd*V^2 (qz
qh =
24.92
psf
evaluated at z = h)
Design Net External Wind Pressures (Sect. 30.4 & 30.6):
For h <= 60 ft.: p = qh*((GCp) - (+/-GCpi)) (psf)
For h > 60 ft.: p = q*(GCp) - qi*(+/-GCpi) (psf)
where: q = qz for windward walls, q = qh for
leeward walls and side walls
qi = qh for all walls (conservatively
assumed per Sect. 30.6)

Wind Load Tabulation for Wall Components & Cladding


z
Kh
qh
p = Net Design Pressures (psf)
Zone 5
Zone 5
(ft.)
(psf)
Zone 4 (+)
Zone 4 (-)
(+)
(-)
Wall
0
0.87
24.92
20.94
-23.18
20.94
-23.93
15.00
0.87
24.92
20.94
-23.18
20.94
-23.93
For z = hr:
16.50
0.87
24.92
20.94
-23.18
20.94
-23.93

Component

For z = he:
For z = h:

16.50
16.50

0.87
0.87

24.92
24.92

20.94
20.94

-23.18
-23.18

20.94
20.94

Notes: 1. (+) and (-) signs signify wind pressures acting toward & away from respective surfaces.
2. Width of Zone 5 (end zones), 'a' =
3.00
ft.
3. Per Code Section 30.2.2, the minimum wind load for C&C shall not be less than 16 psf.

-23.93 psf governs the wind force on fabric. (For West Elevation)

For Walls made of fabric

-23.93
-23.93

L. L. C.

ROARK

75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 19-20


Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602 | 490 | 0849
f 602 | 419 | 2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com

CONSULTING

Wind load of canopy walls are calculated based on ASCE 7-10, Chapter 30, and Part 1 section
30.1.1Wind Load -Components and Cladding
For North & South Elevation:
WIND LOADING ANALYSIS - Wall Components and Cladding
Per ASCE 7-10 Code for Buildings of Any Height
Using Part 1 & 3:
Analytical Procedure
(Section 30.4 & 30.6)
Job Name:
Job Number:

CANOPY
AZ15156

Subject:
Originator:

Checker:

Input Data:

Wind Speed, V =
Bldg. Classification =
Exposure Category =
Ridge Height, hr =
Eave Height, he =
Building Width =
Building Length =
Roof Type =
Topo. Factor, Kzt =
Direct. Factor, Kd =
Enclosed? (Y/N)
Hurricane Region?
Component Name =
Effective Area, Ae =

115
II
C
16.50
16.50
20.42
34.08
Monoslope

mph (Wind Map, Figure 26.5-1AC)


(Table 1.5-1 Risk Category)
(Sect. 26.7)
ft. (hr >= he)
ft. (he <= hr)
ft. (Normal to Building Ridge)
ft. (Parallel to Building Ridge)
(Gable or
Monoslope)

1.00
0.85
Y
N
Wall
193.99

(Sect. 26.8 & Figure 26.8-1)


(Table 26.6)
(Sect. 28.6-1 & Figure 26.11-1)

Roof Angle, =

0.00

Mean Roof Ht., h =

16.50

deg.
ft. (h = he, for roof angle <=10
deg.)

(Girt, Siding, Wall, or Fastener)


ft.^2 (Area Tributary to C&C)

Resulting Parameters
and Coefficients:

Wall External Pressure Coefficients, GCp:


GCp Zone 4 Pos. =
0.70
(Fig. 30.4-1, GCp is reduced by 10% for roof angle <=10 deg. )
GCp Zone 5 Pos. =
0.70
(Fig. 30.4-1, GCp is reduced by 10% for roof angle <=10 deg. )
GCp Zone 4 Neg. =
-0.79
(Fig. 30.4-1, GCp is reduced by 10% for roof angle <=10 deg. )
GCp Zone 5 Neg. =
-0.85
(Fig. 30.4-1, GCp is reduced by 10% for roof angle <=10 deg. )
Positive & Negative Internal Pressure Coefficients, GCpi
(Figure 26.11-1):
+GCpi Coef. =
0.18
(positive internal pressure)
-GCpi Coef. =
-0.18
(negative internal pressure)
If z <= 15 then: Kz = 2.01*(15/zg)^(2/) , If z > 15 then: Kz = 2.01*(z/zg)^(2/) (Table 30.3-1)

L. L. C.

ROARK

75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 19-20


Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602 | 490 | 0849
f 602 | 419 | 2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com

CONSULTING
=
zg =
Kh =

9.50
900
0.87

(Table 26.9-1)
(Table 26.9-1)
(Kh = Kz evaluated at z = h)

Velocity Pressure: qz = 0.00256*Kz*Kzt*Kd*V^2 (Sect. 30.3.2,


Eq. 30.3-1)
qh = 0.00256*Kh*Kzt*Kd*V^2 (qz
qh =
24.92
psf
evaluated at z = h)
Design Net External Wind Pressures (Sect. 30.4 & 30.6):
For h <= 60 ft.: p = qh*((GCp) - (+/-GCpi)) (psf)
For h > 60 ft.: p = q*(GCp) - qi*(+/-GCpi) (psf)
where: q = qz for windward walls, q = qh for
leeward walls and side walls
qi = qh for all walls (conservatively
assumed per Sect. 30.6)

Wind Load Tabulation for Wall Components & Cladding


z
Kh
qh
p = Net Design Pressures (psf)
Zone 5
Zone 5
(ft.)
(psf)
Zone 4 (+)
Zone 4 (-)
(+)
(-)
Wall
0
0.87
24.92
21.82
-24.06
21.82
-25.69
15.00
0.87
24.92
21.82
-24.06
21.82
-25.69
For z = hr:
16.50
0.87
24.92
21.82
-24.06
21.82
-25.69

Component

For z = he:
For z = h:

16.50
16.50

0.87
0.87

24.92
24.92

21.82
21.82

-24.06
-24.06

21.82
21.82

Notes: 1. (+) and (-) signs signify wind pressures acting toward & away from respective surfaces.
2. Width of Zone 5 (end zones), 'a' =
3.00
ft.
3. Per Code Section 30.2.2, the minimum wind load for C&C shall not be less than 16 psf.

-25.69 psf governs the wind force on fabric. (For North & South Elevation)

For member Surface

-25.69
-25.69

L. L. C.

ROARK
CONSULTING

The net design wind pressure is given by


P = qh G Cf As
From Figure 29.5-1, Cf is given by
HSS 5x5x3/8 Column
h/D
Cf

16.5/0.42

39.6

2.0

Therefore,

P = 24.92(0.85)(2.0)(0.42)
= 17.79 plf

75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 19-20


Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602 | 490 | 0849
f 602 | 419 | 2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com