L. L. C.
ROARK
75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 1920
Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602  490  0849
f 602  419  2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com
CONSULTING
Design Documents
Fabric Canopy
Project:
WIND CALCULATION FOR CANOPY
L. L. C.
ROARK
75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 1920
Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602  490  0849
f 602  419  2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com
CONSULTING
1. Scope of work:
Design of Steel frame canopy.
2.
Materials:
Structural Steel
Structural steel shall be designed in accordance with the specification given in steel
construction manual  AISC 14th edition LRFD Method.
Structural Steel Shapes:
Shapes
ASTM Designation
Mechanical Properties
A992
Fy = 50 ksi
Fu = 65 ksi
HSS
A500 Gr. B
Fy = 46 ksi
Fu = 58 ksi
Plate
A36
Fy = 36 ksi
Fu = 58 ksi
3. Criteria and Approach for design of Framing for Gravity Loads:
Loads are calculated for the Framing members & they are checked in bending, shear and
deflection.
4. Loading:
Dead Load
3 psf
Live Load
5 psf
Wind Load
115 mph, Exposure Category C (ASCE 710)
L. L. C.
ROARK
75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 1920
Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602  490  0849
f 602  419  2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com
CONSULTING
5. Load Combinations
1.2DL+1.6LL
1.2DL + 1.6LL + 0.5WL
1.2DL+ 1.0 WL + 1.0LL
0.9DL + 1.0WL
6. Serviceabiltiy Combinations (For Deflection Check)
1.0LL
1.0DL + 1.0LL
1.0DL + 0.5LL + 0.7WL
7.
Deflection Limits
1.0LL
L/360
1.0DL + 1.0LL
L/240
1.0DL + 0.5LL + 0.7WL
H/120
L. L. C.
ROARK
75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 1920
Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602  490  0849
f 602  419  2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com
CONSULTING
WIND LOAD CALCULATIONS

For Monoslope Roof
Mean Roof Height
166
Exposure Category
00
(Refer 1609.4 IBC2012)
For Flat roof, the net design wind pressure is given by
P
qhG Cp qi(G Cpi)
qh
0.00256 Kz Kzt Kd V2
Kz
0.865
Kzt
Kd
0.85
115 mph
0.00256 (0.865)(1)(0.85)(115)2
24.89 psf
0.85
Cpi
+0.18
0.18
(ASCE 710, section 27.4.1)
Where,
(AISC, Table 27.31. For ht 15ft and Exposure C)
(AISC, Table 26.61)
Therefore,
qh
For Enclosed buildings ,(AISC, Table 26.111)
L. L. C.
ROARK
75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 1920
Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602  490  0849
f 602  419  2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com
CONSULTING

For Roofs made of fabric
Wind load of canopy Roof are calculated based on ASCE 710, Chapter 30, and Part 1 section
30.1.1Wind Load Components and Cladding
WIND LOADING ANALYSIS  Roof Components and Cladding
Per ASCE 710 Code for Bldgs. of Any Height with Gable Roof <= 45o or Monoslope Roof <= 3o
Using Part 1 & 3: Analytical Procedure (Section 30.4 & 30.6)
Job Name:
CANOPY
Subject:
Job Number:
AZ15156
Originator:
Checker:
Input Data:
Wind Speed, V =
Bldg. Classification =
Exposure Category =
Ridge Height, hr =
Eave Height, he =
Building Width =
Building Length =
Roof Type =
Topo. Factor, Kzt =
Direct. Factor, Kd =
Enclosed? (Y/N)
Hurricane Region?
Component Name =
Effective Area, Ae =
Overhangs? (Y/N)
115
II
C
16.50
16.50
20.42
34.08
Monoslope
1.00
0.85
Y
N
Decking
695.92
N
mph (Wind Map, Figure 26.51AC)
(Table 11 Occupancy Category)
(Sect. 26.7)
ft. (hr >= he)
ft. (he <= hr)
ft. (Normal to Building Ridge)
ft. (Parallel to Building Ridge)
(Gable or Monoslope)
(Sect. 26.8 & Figure 26.81)
(Table 26.6)
(Sect. 28.61 & Figure 26.111)
(Purlin, Joist, Decking, or Fastener)
ft.^2 (Area Tributary to C&C)
(if used, overhangs on all sides)
Resulting
Parameters and
Coefficients:
Roof Angle, =
Mean Roof Ht., h =
0.00
16.50
deg.
ft. (h = he, for roof angle <=10 deg.)
Roof External Pressure Coefficients, GCp:
GCp Zone 13 Pos. =
0.20
(Fig. 30.42A, 30.42B, and 30.42C)
GCp Zone 1 Neg. =
0.90
(Fig. 30.42A, 30.42B, and 30.42C)
GCp Zone 2 Neg. =
1.10
(Fig. 30.42A, 30.42B, and 30.42C)
GCp Zone 3 Neg. =
1.10
(Fig. 30.42A, 30.42B, and 30.42C)
Positive & Negative Internal Pressure Coefficients, GCpi
(Figure 26.111):
+GCpi Coef. =
0.18
(positive internal pressure)
GCpi Coef. =
0.18
(negative internal pressure)
If z <= 15 then: Kz = 2.01*(15/zg)^(2/) , If z > 15 then: Kz = 2.01*(z/zg)^(2/) (Table 30.31)
=
9.50
(Table 26.91)
zg =
900
(Table 26.91)
Kh =
0.87
(Kh = Kz evaluated at z = h)
L. L. C.
ROARK
75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 1920
Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602  490  0849
f 602  419  2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com
CONSULTING
Velocity Pressure: qz = 0.00256*Kz*Kzt*Kd*V^2 (Sect.
30.3.2, Eq. 30.31)
qh = 0.00256*Kh*Kzt*Kd*V^2 (qz
qh =
24.92
psf
evaluated at z = h)
Design Net External Wind Pressures (Sect. 30.4 & 30.6):
For h <= 60 ft.: p = qh*((GCp)  (+/GCpi)) (psf)
For h > 60 ft.: p = q*(GCp)  qi*(+/GCpi) (psf)
where: q = qh for roof
qi = qh for roof (conservatively
assumed per Sect. 30.6)
Component
Decking
For z = hr:
For z = he:
For z = h:
Wind Load Tabulation for Roof Components & Cladding
z
Kh
qh
p = Net Design Pressures (psf)
Zone 1,2,3
Zone 2
(ft.)
(psf)
(+)
Zone 1 ()
()
0
0.87
24.92
9.47
26.92
31.90
15.00
0.87
24.92
9.47
26.92
31.90
16.50
0.87
24.92
9.47
26.92
31.90
16.50
16.50
0.87
0.87
24.92
24.92
9.47
9.47
26.92
26.92
31.90
31.90
Notes: 1. (+) and () signs signify wind pressures acting toward & away from respective surfaces.
2. Width of Zone 2 (edge), 'a' =
3.00
ft.
3. Width of Zone 3 (corner), 'a' =
3.00
ft.
4. For monoslope roofs with <= 3 degrees, use Fig. 30.42A for 'GCp' values with 'qh'.
5. For buildings with h > 60' and > 10 degrees, use Fig. 30.61 for 'GCpi' values with 'qh'.
6. For all buildings with overhangs, use Fig. 30.42B for 'GCp' values per Sect. 30.10.
7. If a parapet >= 3' in height is provided around perimeter of roof with <= 10 degrees,
Zone 3 shall be treated as Zone 2.
8. Per Code Section 30.2.2, the minimum wind load for C&C shall not be less than 16 psf.
31.90 psf governs the wind force on Roof.
For Walls made of fabric
Zone 3
()
31.90
31.90
31.90
31.90
31.90
L. L. C.
ROARK
75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 1920
Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602  490  0849
f 602  419  2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com
CONSULTING
Wind load of canopy walls are calculated based on ASCE 710, Chapter 30, and Part 1 section
30.1.1Wind Load Components and Cladding
For West Elevation:
WIND LOADING ANALYSIS  Wall Components and Cladding
Per ASCE 710 Code for Buildings of Any Height
Using Part 1 & 3:
Analytical Procedure
(Section 30.4 & 30.6)
Job Name:
Job Number:
CANOPY
AZ15156
Subject:
Originator:
Checker:
Input Data:
Wind Speed, V =
Bldg. Classification =
Exposure Category =
Ridge Height, hr =
Eave Height, he =
Building Width =
Building Length =
Roof Type =
Topo. Factor, Kzt =
Direct. Factor, Kd =
Enclosed? (Y/N)
Hurricane Region?
Component Name =
Effective Area, Ae =
115
II
C
16.50
16.50
20.42
34.08
Monoslope
mph (Wind Map, Figure 26.51AC)
(Table 1.51 Risk Category)
(Sect. 26.7)
ft. (hr >= he)
ft. (he <= hr)
ft. (Normal to Building Ridge)
ft. (Parallel to Building Ridge)
(Gable or
Monoslope)
1.00
0.85
Y
N
Wall
323.76
(Sect. 26.8 & Figure 26.81)
(Table 26.6)
(Sect. 28.61 & Figure 26.111)
Roof Angle, =
0.00
Mean Roof Ht., h =
16.50
deg.
ft. (h = he, for roof angle <=10
deg.)
(Girt, Siding, Wall, or Fastener)
ft.^2 (Area Tributary to C&C)
Resulting Parameters
and Coefficients:
Wall External Pressure Coefficients, GCp:
GCp Zone 4 Pos. =
0.66
(Fig. 30.41, GCp is reduced by 10% for roof angle <=10 deg. )
GCp Zone 5 Pos. =
0.66
(Fig. 30.41, GCp is reduced by 10% for roof angle <=10 deg. )
GCp Zone 4 Neg. =
0.75
(Fig. 30.41, GCp is reduced by 10% for roof angle <=10 deg. )
GCp Zone 5 Neg. =
0.78
(Fig. 30.41, GCp is reduced by 10% for roof angle <=10 deg. )
Positive & Negative Internal Pressure Coefficients, GCpi
(Figure 26.111):
+GCpi Coef. =
0.18
(positive internal pressure)
GCpi Coef. =
0.18
(negative internal pressure)
If z <= 15 then: Kz = 2.01*(15/zg)^(2/) , If z > 15 then: Kz = 2.01*(z/zg)^(2/) (Table 30.31)
L. L. C.
ROARK
75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 1920
Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602  490  0849
f 602  419  2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com
CONSULTING
=
zg =
Kh =
9.50
900
0.87
(Table 26.91)
(Table 26.91)
(Kh = Kz evaluated at z = h)
Velocity Pressure: qz = 0.00256*Kz*Kzt*Kd*V^2 (Sect.
30.3.2, Eq. 30.31)
qh = 0.00256*Kh*Kzt*Kd*V^2 (qz
qh =
24.92
psf
evaluated at z = h)
Design Net External Wind Pressures (Sect. 30.4 & 30.6):
For h <= 60 ft.: p = qh*((GCp)  (+/GCpi)) (psf)
For h > 60 ft.: p = q*(GCp)  qi*(+/GCpi) (psf)
where: q = qz for windward walls, q = qh for
leeward walls and side walls
qi = qh for all walls (conservatively
assumed per Sect. 30.6)
Wind Load Tabulation for Wall Components & Cladding
z
Kh
qh
p = Net Design Pressures (psf)
Zone 5
Zone 5
(ft.)
(psf)
Zone 4 (+)
Zone 4 ()
(+)
()
Wall
0
0.87
24.92
20.94
23.18
20.94
23.93
15.00
0.87
24.92
20.94
23.18
20.94
23.93
For z = hr:
16.50
0.87
24.92
20.94
23.18
20.94
23.93
Component
For z = he:
For z = h:
16.50
16.50
0.87
0.87
24.92
24.92
20.94
20.94
23.18
23.18
20.94
20.94
Notes: 1. (+) and () signs signify wind pressures acting toward & away from respective surfaces.
2. Width of Zone 5 (end zones), 'a' =
3.00
ft.
3. Per Code Section 30.2.2, the minimum wind load for C&C shall not be less than 16 psf.
23.93 psf governs the wind force on fabric. (For West Elevation)
For Walls made of fabric
23.93
23.93
L. L. C.
ROARK
75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 1920
Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602  490  0849
f 602  419  2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com
CONSULTING
Wind load of canopy walls are calculated based on ASCE 710, Chapter 30, and Part 1 section
30.1.1Wind Load Components and Cladding
For North & South Elevation:
WIND LOADING ANALYSIS  Wall Components and Cladding
Per ASCE 710 Code for Buildings of Any Height
Using Part 1 & 3:
Analytical Procedure
(Section 30.4 & 30.6)
Job Name:
Job Number:
CANOPY
AZ15156
Subject:
Originator:
Checker:
Input Data:
Wind Speed, V =
Bldg. Classification =
Exposure Category =
Ridge Height, hr =
Eave Height, he =
Building Width =
Building Length =
Roof Type =
Topo. Factor, Kzt =
Direct. Factor, Kd =
Enclosed? (Y/N)
Hurricane Region?
Component Name =
Effective Area, Ae =
115
II
C
16.50
16.50
20.42
34.08
Monoslope
mph (Wind Map, Figure 26.51AC)
(Table 1.51 Risk Category)
(Sect. 26.7)
ft. (hr >= he)
ft. (he <= hr)
ft. (Normal to Building Ridge)
ft. (Parallel to Building Ridge)
(Gable or
Monoslope)
1.00
0.85
Y
N
Wall
193.99
(Sect. 26.8 & Figure 26.81)
(Table 26.6)
(Sect. 28.61 & Figure 26.111)
Roof Angle, =
0.00
Mean Roof Ht., h =
16.50
deg.
ft. (h = he, for roof angle <=10
deg.)
(Girt, Siding, Wall, or Fastener)
ft.^2 (Area Tributary to C&C)
Resulting Parameters
and Coefficients:
Wall External Pressure Coefficients, GCp:
GCp Zone 4 Pos. =
0.70
(Fig. 30.41, GCp is reduced by 10% for roof angle <=10 deg. )
GCp Zone 5 Pos. =
0.70
(Fig. 30.41, GCp is reduced by 10% for roof angle <=10 deg. )
GCp Zone 4 Neg. =
0.79
(Fig. 30.41, GCp is reduced by 10% for roof angle <=10 deg. )
GCp Zone 5 Neg. =
0.85
(Fig. 30.41, GCp is reduced by 10% for roof angle <=10 deg. )
Positive & Negative Internal Pressure Coefficients, GCpi
(Figure 26.111):
+GCpi Coef. =
0.18
(positive internal pressure)
GCpi Coef. =
0.18
(negative internal pressure)
If z <= 15 then: Kz = 2.01*(15/zg)^(2/) , If z > 15 then: Kz = 2.01*(z/zg)^(2/) (Table 30.31)
L. L. C.
ROARK
75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 1920
Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602  490  0849
f 602  419  2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com
CONSULTING
=
zg =
Kh =
9.50
900
0.87
(Table 26.91)
(Table 26.91)
(Kh = Kz evaluated at z = h)
Velocity Pressure: qz = 0.00256*Kz*Kzt*Kd*V^2 (Sect. 30.3.2,
Eq. 30.31)
qh = 0.00256*Kh*Kzt*Kd*V^2 (qz
qh =
24.92
psf
evaluated at z = h)
Design Net External Wind Pressures (Sect. 30.4 & 30.6):
For h <= 60 ft.: p = qh*((GCp)  (+/GCpi)) (psf)
For h > 60 ft.: p = q*(GCp)  qi*(+/GCpi) (psf)
where: q = qz for windward walls, q = qh for
leeward walls and side walls
qi = qh for all walls (conservatively
assumed per Sect. 30.6)
Wind Load Tabulation for Wall Components & Cladding
z
Kh
qh
p = Net Design Pressures (psf)
Zone 5
Zone 5
(ft.)
(psf)
Zone 4 (+)
Zone 4 ()
(+)
()
Wall
0
0.87
24.92
21.82
24.06
21.82
25.69
15.00
0.87
24.92
21.82
24.06
21.82
25.69
For z = hr:
16.50
0.87
24.92
21.82
24.06
21.82
25.69
Component
For z = he:
For z = h:
16.50
16.50
0.87
0.87
24.92
24.92
21.82
21.82
24.06
24.06
21.82
21.82
Notes: 1. (+) and () signs signify wind pressures acting toward & away from respective surfaces.
2. Width of Zone 5 (end zones), 'a' =
3.00
ft.
3. Per Code Section 30.2.2, the minimum wind load for C&C shall not be less than 16 psf.
25.69 psf governs the wind force on fabric. (For North & South Elevation)
For member Surface
25.69
25.69
L. L. C.
ROARK
CONSULTING
The net design wind pressure is given by
P = qh G Cf As
From Figure 29.51, Cf is given by
HSS 5x5x3/8 Column
h/D
Cf
16.5/0.42
39.6
2.0
Therefore,
P = 24.92(0.85)(2.0)(0.42)
= 17.79 plf
75 W. Baseline Rd. Ste A 1920
Gilbert, AZ 85233
P 602  490  0849
f 602  419  2100
email sam@roarkconsultants.com
web www.roarkconsultants.com