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DESIGN OF PLATED COLUMNS SUBJECTED TO AXIAL COMPRESSION & BENDING

Design input:
Member No:
1
Axial load P
25.00
t
Moment about major axis Mz-z

15.00

t-m

Moment about major axis My-y
Shear force , q =

2.00
8.00
5.00

t-m

Length between the node or height from supports=L=

Effective length about major axis Lz-z

Kz= 1.00

5.00

Effective length about minor axis Ly-y
Eff. length of compression flange L
Yield stress of steel fy
D = Depth of the section
T = thickness of flange
t = thickness of web
B = Width of flange
Allow. stress ratio
To find Moment of inertia of section: Unit-mm

Ky= 1.00

5.00
5.00
250
1800
50
50
920
1.00

Component. Comp. No

K = 1.00

y-

Y

2
1

tf

150

t

m
m4

1800

Z

m
m
M Pa
mm
mm
mm
mm

tW

Z

1700
z-

150

435
Y

920

250

2

y - distance of cg of each component
from axis 1-1 z - distance of cg

y1-1

A.y

A . y2

I self (z)

z2-2

A .z

A . z2

I self (y)
3.24E+09

bf x tf

1

920

50

Area
A
46000

25

1.2E+06

2.9E+07

9.6E+06

460

2.1E+07

9.7E+09

h x tw

2

50

1700

85000

900

7.7E+07

6.9E+10

2.0E+10

460

3.9E+07

1.8E+10

1.77E+07

bf x tf

3
4
5
6
7

920
150
150
150
150

50
12
12
12
12

46000
1800
1800
1800
1800

1775
150
150
1650
1650

8.2E+07
2.7E+05
2.7E+05
3.0E+06
3.0E+06

1.4E+11
4.1E+07
4.1E+07
4.9E+09
4.9E+09

9.6E+06
2.2E+04
2.2E+04
2.2E+04
2.2E+04

460
75
560
75
560

2.1E+07
1.4E+05
1.0E+06
1.4E+05
1.0E+06

9.7E+09
1.0E+07
5.6E+08
1.0E+07
5.6E+08

3.24E+09
3.38E+06
3.38E+06
3.38E+06
3.38E+06

8.37E+07

3.86E+10

plate top(R/S)
plate top(L/S)
Plate bottom(R/S)
Plate bottom(L/S)

Section

bf

1


I1-1 = Iself-z + ( A.y2 ) =
y- =  A.y /  A
=

2.24E+11
4
2.44E+11 mm
900.00 mm

Iz-z = I1-1 - A . (y-)2 =

4
9.50E+10 mm

-

Zz-z = Iz-z / y

rz = sqrt(Iz-z / A)

=
=

184200

1.66E+08

3
1.06E+08 mm
2
718.07 mm

I2-2 = Iself-y+  (A.z2 ) =
z- = A.z /  A =

4
4.51E+10 mm
454.43 mm

Iy-y = I2-2 - A . (z-)2 =

4
7.08E+09 mm

2.05E+10

6.52E+09

Remarks

f cc .00 mm of each component from axis 2-2 I1-1 = MI about 1-1 I2-2 =MI about 2-2 Effective length about major axis Lz-z in m = 5.50 m 25.36 Modulus of elasticity of steel E = 2 2 Elastic critical stress in compression = fcc(N/mm ) =  E /  2 = N/mm2 2.83 N/mm2 Ref. 50t)]x t} Anet = ######### ac cal = P/Anet (N/mm2) = 1. IS:800-1984 Permissible bending compressive stress :bcz (N/mm2) Moment about major axis M z-z in t-m = 15.00 c2 = 900.56E+07 mm = 2 196.3.42 5.00 N/mm2 m = Y = (26.52 mm 50t = 2500. A net = A else.47 mm X = Y. of (1440t/sqrt(fy) or 90t) Thickness of web is OK 800t/sqrt(f y)= 2637. Anet=A-{[d1-(Min.00 m Effective length about minor axis Ly-y in m = 5.54 4500. fy) / [(fcc)n + (fy)n]1/n ( n = 1.5.5. 6.4) = 146.1 c1 = 900.D)2 = Cl. Sqrt [1+1/20(L.cal = Mz-z / Zz-z Effective length of compression flange L 1.2.2.00 bcz.T/r y.(a) 1440t/sqrt(fy)= 90t = Depth of web d1 in mm = d1<Max.00 As per IS:800-1984 Cl.5 x 10 5)/(L/ry)2 T = Mean thickness of compression flange = D = Depth of the section = 4076.67 50 1800 mm mm mm 4127.61 Yield stress of steel in N/mm2 fy = 250 N/mm2 ac = ( 0.11 mm ry = sqrt (I y-y / A) = Permissible direct stress in compression: ac (N/mm2) fy= 230 Axial load P in t = 25.96 m y-y = Ly-y / ry = Maximum slenderness ratio = 25.00 m z-z = Lz-z / rz = 6.00 Refer IS:800-1984 Cl.00E+05 N/mm2 N/mm2 3036.6 .Zy-y = Iy-y / z- 3 1.00 4747.2.4 .50 <180 SAFE If d1<Max of (800t/sqrt(fy) or 50t).of (800t/sqrt(fy).00 1700.1.

7.cal / 0.941 SAFE 230 435 844.00 Cl.66 f y Cl.3 = 2. fy x =B/2 .cal ) / [{1 . bcz. 6.4.2.cal / 0.1.t/2 = 256 tf /sqrt(f y)= 0.4. fy) / [(fcb)n + (fy)n]1/n = 163. 6.1.cal = 2 M y-y / Zy-y (N/mm ) bcy = 0.85 ) Check for shear: Shear force (q) in t Depth of web d1 in mm Thickness of web t in mm = = = = 0.2.Y)c2/c1 = 4127.60 .1(a) (ac.k1 = 1 k2 = 0 Elastic critical stress in bending in N/mm2 = fcb = k 1(X+k2 .fy SAFE Refer IS:800-1984 .0 & d1/t <1344/SQRT(fy) d1 / t = 34 2 2 Elastic critical stress in compression = fccz(N/mm ) =  E / zz2 Cl.61 N/mm2 Check for combined stresses: Refer IS:800-1984 Cl.3 Refer IS:800-1984 Cl.(ac.96 (fcb is increased by 20% if T/t<2. f ccz)} bcz] + (Cmy .60 .89 1344/SQRT(fy) = 85.4 ) Refer IS:800-1984 2 Permissible bending compressive stress :bcy (N/mm ) Moment about minor axis My-y in t-m bcy.2 < 0.(ac.66 . f ccy)} bcy] ( Cm = 0.00 N/mm2 3036.47 T = thickness of flange t = thickness of web = T/t = d1=D-2T= 50 50 1 1700 fcb = = N/mm2 Refer IS:800-1984 4952.4.cal ) / [{1 .cal (N/mm2) = q / d1 .02 < SAFE 8 1700 50 Shear stress va.1 = 40711. t = 92 Checks for welded plate girders: The thickness of flange plates have been so choosen that the projection of the plate beyond its connection to the web (x)mm is kept within 256 tf /sqrt(f y) subject to a maximum of 16T.cal / ac) + (C mx .01 1.00 bcz = ( 0. 6. 7. bcy.00 = = Elastic critical stress in compression = fccy(N/mm2) = 2E /yy2 = 1.28 N/mm2 165. f cb .22 N/mm2 ( n = 1.

sqrt(fy)/1344 = 19.2 d1. sqrt(va.18 Cl.16tf = 800 x <= Max.7.6.1 (a) = = d1/85 t > Max of the above values 2.3.00 OK Refer IS:800-1984 .3.02 = 20.5.cal)/816 Cl. of (256tf/sqrt(f y) and 16tf) = 844.01 OK For unstiffened webs the thickness of web plate shall be maximum of the following: d1.