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EXPERIMENT : AGGREGATE IMPACT VALUE

OBJECTIVE
To determine the impact value of the road aggregates.To assess their suitability in
road construction on the basis of impact value.This test is done to determine the
aggregate impact value of coarse aggregates.Many tests have been developed to
empirically characterize aggregate properties without, necessarily, strong
relationships to the performance of final products incorporating an aggregate.This
seems to be particularly true for aggregate “toughness and abrasion resistance”
and “durability and soundness.” The objective of this research is to select tests for
characterizing aggregate toughness/abrasion resistance and durability/soundness
that are related to the performance of asphalt concrete pavements.

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. This action breaks the aggregate to a degree which is dependent on the impact resistance of the material. such as aggregate crushing value. To conduct the test. and aggregate impact value. a specimen is compacted into an open steel cup. Classification of aggregates using Aggregate Impact Value is as given below: Aggregate Impact Value <20% 10-20% 20-30% >35% Classification Exceptionally Strong Strong Satiisfactory for road surfacing Weak for road surfacing SAFETY & HEALTH 2 .THEORY This lack of understanding has led to the development of design methods that tended to overemphasize the need for superior aggregate properties. are included in the British standards 812. Some of these test methods. A number of alternative tests have been used to assess the aggregate breakdown throughout the European Union. The Aggregate Impact Value (British Standard 812-Part 112) provides a measure of the resistance of aggregates to impact. rather than the development of innovative design methods to accommodate a wide range of aggregate properties.The sample is subjected to a number of impacts from a dropping weight. ten percent fines value.

Take a reading of the sample correctly. Follow all instructions lecturer. Do not joke when using the tools. VI. III. Knows locations of first aid and eye station. II. III. II. Do practical work under the surveillance of lecturer. Wear gloves when entering the sample in oven care for themselves and V. No running. Follow further instructions from the lecturer after testing is complete. III. friends. Ensure the equipment used in good condition. Wear appropriate clothing for easy work. This is because in order to avoid any injury occurs.The basic purpose of these safety instructions is to protect students. Store the equipment after using it carefully. IV. After Practical Work I. Make sure the hole is dug filled up again to avoid any injury occurring in the future. During practical work I. Before Practical Work I. APPARATUS 3 . eating. II. researchers. drinking or smoking while conduct practical work. technicians and teachers from the many hazards that might be encountered during the use of the various materials and equipment in the geotechnic laboratory. Ethics in safety and health is very importance.

testing machine weighing cylindrical steel cup tup weighing 4 .

cylindrical metal rod balance PROCEDURE The test sample consists of aggregates sized 10.Aggregates may be dried by heatinf at 100-110˚C for a period of 4 hours and cooled. 5 .0 mm.

0 mm sieve and retained on 10. ix. iv. vi.0mm sieves.0 mm sieve and retained on 10.i. Strike off the surplus aggregates. Determine the net weight of the aggregates to the nearest gram (W).The aggregates passing through 14. Sieve the material through 14. Bring the impact machine to rest without wedging or packing up on the level plate.so that it is rigid and the hammer guide columns are vertical. vii. 6 . Fix the cup firmly in position on the base of machine and place whole of the test sample in it and compact by giving 25 gentle strokes with tamping rod.0 mm sieve comprises the test material. v.0mm and 10. Raise the hammer until its lower face is 380mm above the surface of aggregate sample in the cup and allow it to fall freely on the aggregate sample.block or floor . Add two more layers in similar manner. viii. iii. ii. Compact the material by giving 25 gentle blows with the rounded end of the tamping rod.Give 15 such blows at an interval of not less than one second between successive falls. Pour the aggregates to fill about just 1/3 rd depth of measuring cylinder.so that cylinder is full.

Weigh the fraction passing the sieves to an accuracy of 1 gm.43% + 12.4 12.2 16.The mean of two observations.rounded to nearest whole number is reported as the Aggregate Impact Value.Also.1 69.73% (10.7 / 629.9 65.36 mm(W 2g) Aggregate Impact Value (percent)=W2 /W1X S1 629.36mm sieves until no further significant amount passes in one minute.43% Aggregate Impact Value S2 = 69.x.73% 100 CALCULATION: RESULT: S1 = 65.51 x 100 = 12. RESULT Total weight of dry sample (W1 g) Weight of portion passing 2. Remove the crushed aggregate from the cup and sieve it through 2.4 / 54.58% NOTES 7 .weigh the fraction retained in the sieves .73%) / 2 = 11.9 x 100 = 10. Compute the aggregate impact value.43% S2 545.

After carried out impact test.it is the weak for road surfacing. From the test carried out. therefore.a) Refer to JKR Standart Specification For Roadworks. the percentage of impact value is 35. traffic loading will be the chief loading for a roadway. b) Classification of aggregates using Aggregate Impact Value is as given below: Aggregate Impact Value <20% 10-20% 20-30% >35% Classification Exceptionally Strong Strong Satiisfactory for road surfacing Weak for road surfacing CONCLUSION Based on the result obtained. Aggregates used for road construction should be able to sustain heavy loading applied. we known that the sample has high impact value.71%.71%. aggregates is an important material used for road construction.So. This parameter is measured by impact test. This showns that the the aggregate are not be used in road construction because the aggregate fragile and easily broken 8 .The result is under JKR specification that is 25%. As we know. we can conclude that the sample has an aggregate impact value of 35. This showns that percentage not unsustainable to heavy loading.Aggregate impact value is used to determine sustainability of aggregate due to dynamic loading.

pdf ec. Aggregates which lack adequate toughness and abrasion resistance may cause construction and performance problems.2001 3)Library a) Library Politeknik Sultan Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah b) Perpustakaan Awam Alor Star. compacted with rollers.eu/culture/key..edu/Measuring-Social-Impact.edu/laboratories_ss/mechmat/charpy.europa. and disintegration when stockpiled..html fismapedia. fed through an asphalt plant.Ratnasamy Muniandy. REFERENCE 1)Internet a) b) c) d) e) www.unm.html civilx.org/index. widen the gap between properties of the laboratory designed mix and field produced mix. and subjected to traffic loadings.pdf 2)Book a) A Guide Book for Beginners.london.when compressed. These properties are especially critical for open or gap graded asphalt concrete mixtures (such as open-graded friction courses and stone matrix asphalt) which do not benefit from the cushioning effect of the fine aggregate and where coarse particles are subjected to high contact stresses. placed with a paver./study_impact_cult_creativity_06_09.php?title=Term:Moderate-Impact_System sroi. degradation. Degradation occurring during production can affect the overall gradation and. 9 .engineeringcivil. According to JKR specific aggregate of more than 35% should not be applied.Penerbit UPM.com/aggregate-impact-value. thus.Radin Sohadi. Aggregates must be tough and abrasion resistant to prevent crushing.

4)Module a) Highway Engineering CC302. 10 .