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ENG2092

Assignment 1 Sample Solutions

2015

Assignment 1

These sample solutions are provided to assist students in trying to see where they might have made errors in

their own work. As for most mathematical problems, there is not necessarily only one way to obtain the correct

answer, but these sample solutions are typical of what might be expected from a student who has followed

the theory and methods outlined in the ENG2092 lectures. These solutions are also intended to indicate the

kind of detail expected in well-written solutions to assignments and/or examination questions in mathematics,

including the use of mathematical symbols and English expression.

Note: when you complete your own assignment (or examination) solutions for this unit, it is not

necessary to restate the question. That has been done here simply to assist with reading them.

1. Calculate z = (1 + i)/(1 + i) in two different ways. First, use the definition given in lectures. Second,

convert the numbers to polar form and use the formula for division of numbers in polar form. Explain each step

in your working.

To begin, we compute directly from the definition:

(1 + i)(1 + i)

0 2

(1 + i)(1 i)

1 + i + i + 1

1 + i

=

= + i = i.

=

=

1+i

|1 + i|2

12 + 12

2

2 2

Next, we convert to polar form

1 + i = |1 + i|eArg(1+i) =

2ei 4 ,

1 + i = | 1 + i|eArg(1+i) =

2ei

3

4

2 3

1 + i

= ei( 4 4 ) = ei 2 .

1+i

2

Finally, we note

ei( 2 ) := cos

2

+ i sin

2

= i,

as before.

2. Consider the function

(

f (z) =

0

if z = 0

2

z /

z if z 6= 0.

The complex function f (z) is differentiable at z = z0 if the limit

f (z0 + w) f (z0 )

w

exists. This condition must be satisfied for all complex numbers w approaching 0.

lim

w0

2

f (z0 + w) f (z0 )

f (0 + h) f (0)

1 h

h2

lim

= lim

= lim

0

= lim 2 = 1

w0

h0

h0 h

h0 h

w

h

h

= h (because h R). Now letting w = ih where h R and h > 0, we obtain

since h

f (z0 + w) f (z0 )

f (0 + ih) f (0)

1 (ih)2

1 (ih)2

(ih)2

lim

= lim

= lim

0

= lim

= lim

= 1.

w0

h0

h0 ih

h0 ih

h0 (ih)2

w

ih

ih

ih

Since these two limits do not agree, we conclude that f 0 (0) does not exist.

1

3. Determine all the points in the complex plane where each of the following functions are differentiable and

derive a formula for the derivative at points where it exists. Explain your reasoning.

(a) f (z) = (z + 2i)/(z 2) + (z + 2)5

(b) g(x + iy) = (3x + y 2 ) + i(2xy + y)

(a) Since (z + 2i)/(z 2) is a quotient of polynomials, it is well-defined and differentiable for all z 6= 2. In

addition, (z + 2)5 is differentiable for all z C. Therefore

f (z) = (z + 2i)/(z 2) + (z + 2)5

is differentiable for all z 6= 2, and using the quotient and chain rules we obtain:

(z 2) (z + 2i)

+ 5(z + 2)4

(z 2)2

2 + 2i

=

+ 5(z + 2)4

(z 2)2

f 0 (z) =

(b) Given g(x + iy) = (3x + y 2 ) + i(2xy + y), let

u(x, y) = 3x + y 2 ,

v(x, y) = 2xy + y

so that g(x + iy) = u(x, y) + iv(x, y). Then the partial derivatives

ux = 3,

uy = 2y,

vx = 2y,

vy = 2x + 1

ux vy = 3 (2x + 1) = 2(1 x),

uy + vx = 2y + 2y = 4y,

we observe that the Cauchy-Riemann equations are satisfied if and only if x = 1 and y = 0.

Applying the theorem from lectures, we conclude that g(x + iy) is differentiable only at the point z = 1 + 0i = 1.

The derivative g 0 (1 + i0) is given by

g 0 (x + i0) = (ux + ivx )|(1,0) = 3.

JH

31/7/15

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