You are on page 1of 36

Scope and

Sequence

Meeting the California Standards


Houghton Mifflin Reading: A Legacy of Literacy is built on a solid foundation of
research in best teaching practices. Explicit, systematic instruction and
a variety of state-specific resources ensure success for all California students.
This new standards-based program
Delivers explicit, systematic instruction to align with the California English
Language Arts Standards
Ensures beginning reading success, with thorough development of oral language,
phonemic awareness, letter recognition, phonics and blending skills, and highfrequency vocabulary recognition
Develops early reading fluency with hundreds of selections of engaging
decodable text in grades K-2
Fosters independent and confident readers with a gradual transition from
decodable text to trade literature
Provides consistent development of comprehension strategies and skills,
starting in kindergarten and increasing in emphasis as students move into
the intermediate grades
Provides built-in, daily support for students to help them meet the
California standards
Features a comprehensive system of diagnostic, prescriptive, and
summative assessment
Provides extensive support to reinforce and extend instruction in response
to Californias call for Universal Access to the curriculum
Includes a comprehensive collection of literature resources to meet the
independent reading needs of all students.

A Scope and Sequence


of Skills and Strategies
The skills and strategies taught in Houghton Mifflin
Reading: A Legacy of Literacy represent a comprehensive
plan of instruction with a special focus on California content
standards. Systematic instruction and a variety of state-specific resources ensure success for all California students.

Table of Contents
Kindergarten . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2

Grade 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8

Grade 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14

Grade 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

Grade 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22

Grade 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26

Grade 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30

Skills
Overview
Strategies

Grade K

Grade at a Glance

Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize
Evaluate

Learning to Read
Phonemic Awareness
and Phonics

Theme 1:
Look At Us!

Word Work
High-Frequency Words

Comprehension Skills
Compare and Contrast
Noting Details
Concepts of Print
Directionality: Left to Right
Directionality: Top to Bottom

Phonemic Awareness: Rhyming


Words (Week 1); Beginning
Sounds (Weeks 2, 3)

Were getting to
know ourselves
and each other.

Theme 2:
Colors All Around
We see beautiful
colors everywhere.

Beginning Sounds
Phonemic Awareness
Words in Oral Sentences
Initial Consonant s, m, r
Review Initial Consonants s, m, r

High-Frequency Words:
I, see

Phonics Review:
Familiar Consonants; s, m, r

Theme 3:
Were a Family
Families work, play,
and celebrate together.

Phonemic Awareness:
Blending Onset and Rime;
Segmenting Onset and Rime
Initial Consonants t, b, n
Phonics Review:
Familiar Consonants; b, m, n, r, s, t

Comprehension Skills
and Strategies

High-Frequency Words:
my, like

High-Frequency
Word Practice
Previewing the ABCs

Comprehension Skills
Sequence of Events
Inferences: Making Predictions
Strategies
Predict/Infer
Summarize
Phonics/Decoding
Concepts of Print
Capital at the Beginning of
a Sentence
End Punctuation

Matching Words
Building Sentences

Comprehension Skills
Story Structure:
Character/Setting
Inferences: Drawing
Conclusions
Strategies
Evaluate
Predict/Infer
Summarize
Phonics/Decoding
Concepts of Print
Capital at the Beginning
of a Sentence
End Punctuation
Directionality: Return Sweep

Matching Words
Building Sentences

Welcome to Kindergarten

Spiral Review

Pacing

Multi-age Classroom

Start the year with stories, songs,


rhymes, alphabet activities, and
routines.

Spiral Review lessons provide systematic review and practice of key


skills and high-frequency words.

Each theme is designed to take


approximately three weeks, depending
on your students needs.

Themes are correlated to themes in


Grade 1. See your Teachers Edition.

Writing and Language


Exploring Words

Centers

Oral Language

Writing

Listening/
Speaking/Viewing

Content Areas

Learning About Big and Little

Shared Writing
writing a list
naming words: parts of
the body
writing a description

learning about big and little


using size words, naming
words and describing words
writing a list

Book Center
Phonics Center
Writing Center
Dramatic Play Center
Science Center
Art Center

using describing words


writing a description
using exact naming words
using singular and plural
naming words

Book Center
Phonics Center
Writing Center
Dramatic Play Center
Science Center
Art Center

using movement words


using family words
using exact naming words
types of clothing
writing a grocery list
choosing a good title
using order words

Book Center
Phonics Center
Writing Center
Dramatic Play Center
Science Center
Art Center
Math Center

Naming Words: Parts of the Body


Using Describing Words
Vocabulary Expansion
using size words, naming
words and describing words

Interactive Writing
writing a list
using naming words
writing a journal entry
Independent Writing
choosing a topic
Journals

Color Words

Using Describing Words


Using Exact Naming Words
Using Singular and Plural
Naming Words
Vocabulary Expansion
using describing words
using exact naming words
using plural names

Family Words
Environmental Print

Using Movement Words


Using Exact Naming Words

Shared Writing
writing a description
writing a graphic organizer
Interactive Writing
writing a description
writing a class story
Independent Writing
Journals

Shared Writing
recording observations
writing a grocery list
using order words

Using Action Words


Vocabulary Expansion
using family words
types of clothing
using order words

Interactive Writing
writing a journal entry
choosing a good title
using order words
Independent Writing
Journals

9
Indicates Tested Skills

Skills
Overview
Strategies

Grade K

Grade at a Glance

Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize
Evaluate

Learning to Read
Phonemic Awareness
and Phonics

Theme 4:
Friends Together
Friends have lots of fun
together.

Phonemic Awareness:
Blending and Segmenting;
Onset and Rime;
Blending Phonemes
Initial Consonants h, v, c
Blending Short a Words

Word Work
High-Frequency Words

Numbers are important


to us in many ways.

Theme 6:
Sunshine and Raindrops
Whatever the weather,
it affects us every day!

Phonemic Awareness:
Blending Phonemes
Initial Consonants p, g, f
Blending Short a Words

Comprehension Skills
Text Organization and
Summarizing
Cause and Effect
Strategies
Question
Predict/Infer
Phonics/Decoding
Evaluate
Concepts of Print
Word Spacing
First Letter in a Written Word
Match Spoken Words to Print

Matching Words
Building Sentences

High-Frequency Words:
and, go

Comprehension Skills
Categorize and Classify
Story Structure:
Beginning, Middle, End
Strategies
Summarize
Monitor/Clarify
Phonics/Decoding
Question
Concepts of Print
Distinguish
Letter/Word/Sentence
First/Last Letter in a Written
Word
Match Spoken Words to Print

Matching Words
Building Sentences

Comprehension Skills
Fantasy/Realism
Story Structure: Plot
Strategies
Predict/Infer
Summarize
Evaluate
Phonics/Decoding
Concepts of Print
Capital at the Beginning of a
Sentence
End Punctuation
Quotation Marks

Matching Words
Building Sentences

Phonics Review:
Familiar Consonants; Short a Words

Phonemic Awareness:
Blending Phonemes;
Segmenting Phonemes
Initial Consonants l, k, q
Blending Short i Words
Phonics Review:
Familiar Consonants; Short a or
Short i Words

High-Frequency
Word Practice

High-Frequency Words:
a, to

Phonics Review:
Familiar Consonants;
Short a Words

Theme 5:
Lets Count!

Comprehension Skills
and Strategies

High-Frequency Words:
is, here

Pacing

Multi-age Classroom

Each theme is designed to take


approximately three weeks, depending
on your students needs.

Themes are correlated to themes in


Grade 1. See your Teachers Edition.

Writing and Language

Centers

Building Words

Oral Language

Writing

Listening/
Speaking/Viewing

Content Areas

Words with Short a

Using Position Words

Shared Writing
writing a newsletter
writing a story
writing a note

using position words


using action words
writing a list

Book Center
Phonics Center
Writing Center
Art Center

writing a list
using naming words
rhyming words
using describing words
writing a friendly letter

Book Center
Phonics Center
Writing Center
Science Center
Art Center
Dramatic Play Center
Math Center

using describing words


writing a description
writing sentences
using weather action words
weather observations
a weather report
using action words
writing a story

Book Center
Phonics Center
Writing Center
Science Center
Art Center
Dramatic Play Center
Math Center

Using Action Words


Vocabulary Expansion
using position words
using action words

Interactive Writing
using position words
writing sentences
writing a list
Independent Writing
Journals

Words with Short a

Using Describing Words


describing objects by number
and color

Shared Writing
writing a list
writing a number rhyme
writing a friendly letter

Rhyming Words
Vocabulary Expansion
using number words
using naming words
describing food

Interactive Writing
using describing words
writing a poem
writing a list
Independent Writing
Journals

Words with Short i or


Short a

Using Describing Words


Using Action Words
action words for weather
action words for outdoor
activities
Vocabulary Expansion
using describing words
using weather action words

Shared Writing
writing a description
weather observations
writing a story
Interactive Writing
writing sentences
writing a weather report
writing a story
Independent Writing
Journals

Indicates Tested Skills

Skills
Overview

Strategies

Grade K

Grade at a Glance

Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize
Evaluate

Learning to Read
Phonemic Awareness
and Phonics

Theme 7:
Wheels Go Around
Wheels help us work
and play, sometimes in
unexpected ways.

Theme 8:
Down on the Farm
The farm is a busy
place for animals and
for people, too.

Phonemic Awareness: Blending and


Segmenting Phonemes
Initial Consonants d, z
Blending Short i Words

Word Work
High-Frequency Words

Comprehension Skills
Text Organization and Summarizing
Cause and Effect
Making Predictions
Strategies
Summarize
Phonics/Decoding
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Concepts of Print
First/Last Letter of a Written
Word
Matching Words
Recognize Use of All Caps
Match Spoken Words to Print

Matching Words
Building Sentences

High-Frequency Words:
said, the

Comprehension Skills
Fantasy/Realism
Noting Important Details
Drawing Conclusions
Strategies
Monitor/Clarify
Phonics/Decoding
Question
Evaluate
Concepts of Print
Recognize Use of All Caps
Directionality: Left to Right,
Return Sweep

Matching Words
Building Sentences

High-Frequency Words:
play, she

Comprehension Skills
Sequence of Events
Story Structure: Character
and Setting
Categorize and Classify
Strategies
Monitor/Clarify
Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Evaluate
Concepts of Print
Distinguish
Letter/Word/Sentence
First/Last Letter in a Written
Word

Matching Words
Building Sentences

High-Frequency Words:
are, he

Comprehension Skills
Story Structure: Beginning,
Middle, End
Compare and Contrast
Story Structure: Plot
Strategies
Question
Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Summarize
Concepts of Print
Capital at Beginning of a
Sentence
End of a Sentence/End
Punctuation

Matching Words
Building Sentences

Phonics Review:
Familiar Consonants; Short i or
Short o Words

Theme 9:
Spring Is Here
Spring is a wonderful
season of new growth.

Phonemic Awareness: Syllables in Spoken


Words; Phoneme Substitution
Initial Consonants w, y
Final Consonant x
Blending Short e Words
Phonics Review:
Familiar Consonants; Short e or
Short o Words

Theme 10:
A World of Animals
Interesting animals
are everywhere!

Phonemic Awareness: Phoneme Substitution


Initial Consonants j, d, n, w
Blending Short u Words
Phonics Review:
Familiar Consonants; Short u or
Short e Words

High-Frequency
Word Practice

High-Frequency Words:
for, have

Phonics Review:
Familiar Consonants; Short i or
Short a Words

Phonemic Awareness:
Blending Phonemes;
Phoneme Substitution (Initial)
Initial Consonants t, k, n, f, h, s
Final Consonant x
Blending Short o Words

Comprehension Skills
and Strategies

Pacing

Multi-age Classroom

Each theme is designed to take


approximately three weeks, depending
on your students needs.

Themes are correlated to themes in


Grade 1. See your Teachers Edition.

Writing and Language

Centers

Building Words

Oral Language

Writing

Listening/
Speaking/Viewing

Content Areas

Words with Short i or


Short a

Using Opposites

Shared Writing
writing about signs
writing a class story
writing a report

using opposites
writing about signs
using position words
position words, parts of a car
writing a class story
using opposites
words for travel
writing a report

Book Center
Phonics Center
Writing Center
Science Center
Art Center
Dramatic Play Center
Math Center

using exact naming words


writing a class newsletter

Book Center
Phonics Center
Writing Center
Science Center
Art Center
Dramatic Play Center

using action words


writing an article
writing a class story
revising a class story

Book Center
Phonics Center
Writing Center
Science Center
Art Center
Dramatic Play Center
Math Center

comparing information
writing a report
using exact words
rhyming words
writing a book report
animal names
writing directions

Book Center
Phonics Center
Writing Center
Science Center
Dramatic Play Center
Math Center

Using Position Words


Vocabulary Expansion
opposites chart
position words, parts of a car
words for travel

Interactive Writing
writing about signs
writing a class story
writing a report
Independent Writing
Journals

Words with Short o or


Short i

Using Naming Words


Using Exact Naming Words
Using Singular and Plural
Naming Words
Vocabulary Expansion
using rhyming words
using comparisons
using naming words

Words with Short e,


Short o, or Short i

Using Action Words


Using Rhyming Words

Shared Writing
writing a story
writing a friendly letter
writing a class newsletter
Interactive Writing
using naming words
writing a class newsletter
Independent Writing
Journals

Shared Writing
writing with action words
writing a with rhyming words
writing a class story

Using Order Words


Vocabulary Expansion
using action words
rhyming words bank
springtime vocabulary

Interactive Writing
writing an article
writing a rhyme
revising a class story
Independent Writing
Journals

Words with Short u,


Short e, or Short o

Using Exact Naming Words


Using Rhyming Words

Shared Writing
writing a report
writing a book report
writing directions

Using Order Words


Vocabulary Expansion
comparing information
using exact words, rhyming
words
animal names

Interactive Writing
writing a report
writing a book report
writing directions
Independent Writing
Journals

13
Indicates Tested Skills

Skills
Overview

Grade 1

Strategies

Grade at a Glance

Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize
Evaluate

Back to School
Start off the year with a Kindergarten Review to review phonemic
awareness and phonics skills and
to introduce the reading strategies.

Learning to Read
Phonemic Awareness;
Phonics/Decoding

Theme 1:
All Together Now
Friends do all kinds
of things together.

Consonants m, s, c, t, n, f, p, b,
r, h, g
Short a, i
Blending Short a, Short i Words

Word Work
High-Frequency Words

High-Frequency Words: go, on,


the, and, here, jump, not, too, we,
a, find, have, one, to, who

Things dont always


turn out the way
you expect.

Theme 3:
Lets Look Around!
Interesting things
happen in the world
around us.

Consonants d, w, l, x, y, k, v, qu, j, z
Short o, e, u
Blending Short o, Short e,
Short u Words

Phonics Review:
Words with Short u, Short a; Double Final
Consonants; Plurals with s; Short a
Short i, Verbs Ending with s, -ed, -ing;
Possessives with s

High-Frequency Words:
five, four, in, once, three, two,
upon, what, do, for, I, is, me,
my, said, you, are, away, does,
he, live, pull, they, where

Phonics Review:
Words with Short i
Words with Short o
Words with Short e

Double Final Consonants; Clusters


with r
Blending More Short a, Short i Words
Plurals with s; Verb Endings -s, -ed,
-ing; Possessives with s;
Contractions with s

Comprehension Skills
Sequence of Events
Cause and Effect
Compare and Contrast
Noting Details

Spelling

Words with m, s, c, t, n, f, p,
b, r, h, g, Short a, Short i

Strategies
Predict/Infer
Summarize
Evaluate

Phonics Review:
Alphabet Review
Words with a, c, m, s, t
Words with Short a

Theme 2:
Surprise!

Comprehension Skills
and Strategies

Comprehension Skills
Noting Details
Fantasy/Realism
Story Structure
Cause and Effect
Compare and Contrast

Words with d, w, l, x, y, k, v,
qu, j, z, Short o, Short e,
Short u

Strategies
Summarize
Question
Monitor/Clarify

High-Frequency Words:
animal, bird, cold, fall, flower,
full, look, of, see, all, call, eat,
every, first, never, paper, shall,
why, also, blue, brown, color,
funny, green, like, many, some

Comprehension Skills
Topic, Main Idea,
Details/Summarizing
Story Structure
Fantasy/Realism
Making Predictions
Categorize and Classify
Noting Details
Strategies
Question
Evaluate
Predict/Infer

Short a and i Sounds


Consonant Clusters with r

Spiral Review
Spiral Review lessons provide systematic review and practice of key
skills and high-frequency words.

Genre Study

Pacing

Multi-age Classroom

For an in-depth study of a genre,


use Focus on Poetry, Plays, and
Folktales.

Each theme is designed to take


approximately 3 weeks, depending
on your students needs.

Themes are correlated to themes in


grades above and below. See your
Teachers Edition.

Writing and Language

Centers

Vocabulary

Writing

Grammar, Usage,
and Mechanics

Listening/
Speaking/Viewing

Cross-Curricular
Content Area

Animal Names & Sounds


Rhyming Words
School Words
Shape Words
Words for Feelings

Independent Journal Writing


Shared Writing: A Class Story
Writing About Animals; Things We
Do at School; Creating a New
Ending
Coached Writing

Capital and Lowercase Letters


Beginning Sentences with
Capital Letters
Punctuation

Listening Comprehension
Compare and Contrast
Using Nonverbal Cues
Listening to a Story
Choral Reading
Singing Songs

Phonics and Language


Writing and Technology
Creative Arts
Science

Number Words
Fun Things
Opposites
Foods
Days of the Week
Homographs

Independent Journal Writing


Shared Writing: A Class Letter; A
Class Message; A Diary
Using Alliteration; Writing
About Animals & Bugs
Coached Writing

Capitalizing Names
Word Order in Sentences
Naming Words
Action Words

Sharing Information
Compare and Contrast
Main Idea and Details
Conflict Resolution
Retell/Summarize
Readers Theater

Phonics and Language


Writing and Technology
Creative Arts
Social Studies
Math
Science

Seasons of the Year


Months of the Year
Possessives
Words that Describe Size
Color Words
Words That Show Position

Independent Journal Writing


Shared Writing: A Class
Description; A Persuasive
Letter; A Class Story
Writing About Favorite Seasons;
Writing About Favorite Foods;
Writing About Trips
Coached Writing

What is a Sentence?
Naming Part of a
Sentence
Action Part of a
Sentence

Gathering Information
Fact or Opinion?
Non-Verbal Cues
Retelling a Story
Main Idea and Details

Phonics and Language


Writing and Technology
Creative Arts

Indicates Tested Skills

Skills
Overview

Grade 1

Strategies

Grade at a Glance

Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize
Evaluate

Learning to Read
Phonemic Awareness;
Phonics/Decoding

Theme 4:
Family and Friends
Family and friends
share good times.

Blending More Short o, Short e Words;


Short u Words
Clusters with l, s; Triple Clusters
Silent Letters in kn, wr, gn
Phonics Review:
Clusters with r; Contractions with s

Word Work
High-Frequency Words

High-Frequency Words:
children, come, family, father,
love, mother, people, picture,
your, friend, girl, know, play,
read, she, sing, today, write,
car, down, hear, hold, hurt,
learn, their, walk, would

Clusters with s; Silent Consonants;


Words with Short e

Everyone has a different


kind of home.

Digraphs sh, th, wh, ch, tch


Blending Long a, Long i Words (CVCe)
Final nd, ng, nk
Contractions

High-Frequency Words:
grow, light, long, more, other,
right, room, small, these,
could, house, how, over, own,
so, world, give, good, her,
little, try, was, fly, our

Phonics Review:
Short u; Triple Clusters

Long a, Soft c and g; Final nd, ng, nk

Real and imaginary


animals have all kinds
of adventures.

Blending Long o (CV, CVCe), Long u


(CVCe), Long e (CV, CVCe) Words
Final Clusters ft, lk, nt
Vowel Pairs ee, ea, ai, ay

Phonics Review:
Long i (CvCe); Contractions
Long o (CV, CVCe), Long u (CVCe);
Final Clusters ft, lk,nt
Long e (CV, CVCe); Vowel Pairs ee, ea

10

Short o, e, u Sounds

Comprehension Skills
Compare and Contrast
Making Generalizations
Cause and Effect
Sequence of Events
Noting Details

Words Spelled with sh, ch


Long a Sound; Long i Sound

Strategies
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize

Digraphs sh, th, and wh;


Digraphs ch and tch

Theme 6:
Animal Adventures

Comprehension Skills
Compare and Contrast
Sequence of Events
Drawing Conclusions
Categorize and Classify
Making Predictions

Spelling

Strategies
Evaluate
Summarize
Monitor/Clarify

Clusters with l; Words with Short o

Theme 5:
Home Sweet Home

Comprehension Skills
and Strategies

High-Frequency Words:
morning, found, shout, by, out,
show, climb, cow, table, now,
door, there, through, horse,
wall, been, far, forest, goes,
hungry, soon, evening, near

Comprehension Skills
Story Structure
Noting Details
Making Predictions
Cause and Effect
Making Generalizations
Strategies
Summarize
Question
Predict/Infer

Words with: Long o, Long e


(e, ee, ea); ay

Genre Study

Pacing

Multi-age Classroom

For an in-depth study of a genre,


use Focus on Poetry, Plays, and
Folktales.

Each theme is designed to take


approximately 3 weeks, depending
on your students needs.

Themes are correlated to themes in


grades above and below. See your
Teachers Edition.

Writing and Language


Vocabulary

Writing

Family Words
Exclamatory Words
Sensory Words
Words and Symbols on Signs
Question Words
Noise Words

Antonyms
Size Words
Social Studies Words
State and Country Names
Base Words with -ing
Weather Words

Centers

Grammar, Usage,
and Mechanics

Listening/
Speaking/Viewing

Cross-Curricular
Content Area

Independent Journal Writing


Shared Writing: A Class Album;
A Class Message; A Class Letter
Writing Answers to Questions;
Writing Sentences on a Topic;
Writing Questions
Coached Writing

Is It a Sentence?
Telling Sentences
Asking Sentences

Compare and Contrast


Conversation
Retelling/Summarizing
Readers Theater
Looking at Fine Art
Environmental Print

Phonics and Language


Writing and Technology
Creative Arts
Math
Social Studies
Science

Independent Journal Writing


Shared Writing: An Alternate
Ending; Class Letter; Class
Paragraph
Writing Complete Sentences
Writing a Journal Entry; Writing a
Paragraph
Developing Your Writing

Exclamations
Which Kind of Sentence?
Using I or Me in Sentences

Visualizing
Conversation
Compare and Contrast
Gathering Information
Discussion

Phonics and Language


Writing and Technology
Creative Arts
Math
Social Studies
Science

Naming Words for People


and Animals
Naming Words for Things
and Places
Naming Words for One or
More

Listening for Enjoyment


Compare and Contrast
Retelling
Listening for Information

Phonics and Language


Writing and Technology
Creative Arts
Science
Social Studies
Math

Reading Writing Workshop


Writing Process: Personal
Narrative

Alphabetical Order
Fruits and Vegetables
Rhyming Words
Expressions of Surprise
Parts of the Body
Animal Action Words

Independent Journal Writing


Shared Writing: A Letter of
Persuasion; A Class Story;
A Summary
Answering a Comprehension
Question
Writing to Persuade; Writing a
Summary
Developing Your Writing

Reading Writing Workshop


Writing Process: Description

Indicates Tested Skills

11

Skills
Overview

Strategies

Grade 1

Grade at a Glance

Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize
Evaluate

Learning to Read
Phonemic Awareness;
Phonics/Decoding

Theme 7:
We Can Work It Out
Characters find unique
ways to solve problems.

Vowel Pairs oa, ow; oo, ew, ue, ou, /oo/


The /oo/ Sound for oo
Compound Words
Long i, (ie, igh)

Word Work
High-Frequency Words
High-Frequency Words:
again, both, gone, or, want,
turn, hard, afraid, any, bear,
follow, most, tall, water, idea,
old, piece, shoe, start, under,
very, wear, build

Phonics Review:
Vowel Pairs ai, ay
The /oo/ Sound for oo;
Compound Words

We can all care for and


enjoy Earths resources.

Base Words and Endings -s, -ed, -ing


Vowel Pairs ou, ow, /oo/
Syllabication

Phonics Review:
Vowel pairs oo, ew, ue, ou; /oo/
Long i (ie, igh)

High-Frequency Words:
about, because, draw, happy,
teacher, part, tiny, always,
eight, arms, seven, warm,
ready, body, carry, kind, put,
saw, butter, were, work,
person

Vowel Pairs ou, ow (/ou/)

Some friendships are


more special than others.

Sounds for y
Base Words and Endings -es, -ies
Vowel Pairs oi, oy, aw, au
Prefixes un- and reSuffixes -ful, -ly, -y
Phonics Review:
Base Words and Endings: -ed, -ing

More Long o spellings (oa, ow)


Vowel Sound in book, moon

Comprehension Skills
Categorize and Classify
Topic, Main Idea,
Details/Summarizing
Drawing Conclusions
Fantasy/Realism
Sequence of Events

Adding -s to Naming Words


Vowel Sound in cow
Words that End with -ed, -ing

Strategies
Evaluate
Predict/Infer
Summarize

Base Words and Endings s, -ed, -ing

Theme 9:
Special Friends

Comprehension Skills
Problem Solving
Sequence of Events
Reality/Fantasy
Making Predictions
Noting Details

Spelling

Strategies
Monitor/Clarify
Question

Vowel Pairs oa, ow

Theme 8:
Our Earth

Comprehension Skills
and Strategies

High-Frequency Words:
around, dance, else, open,
talk, ever, though, ocean,
after, before, buy, pretty,
school, done, off, wash, only,
together, watched, baby, edge,
enough, garden, sharp

Sounds for y

Comprehension Skills
Noting Details
Story Structure
Compare and Contrast
Drawing Conclusions

Long i Sound Spelled y


Adding -es to Naming Words
Vowel Sound in coin

Strategies
Question
Monitor/Clarify
Evaluate

Base Words and Endings es, -ies;


Prefixes un-, re-

Theme 10:
We Can Do It!
Theres always a way
to get something done.

r- Controlled Vowels: or, ore, er, ir, ur, ar


Base Words and Endings -er, -est

Phonics Review:
Vowel Pairs oi, oy, aw, au; Suffixes ful, -ly, -y
r-Controlled Vowels: or, ore;
r-Controlled Vowels: ar, er, ir, ur
Base Words and Endings: -er, -est

12

High-Frequency Words:
began, laugh, sure, head,
divide, second, break, above,
against, already, caught,
begin, minute, able, eye,
present, thoughts

Comprehension Skills
Making Predictions
Sequence of Events
Cause and Effect
Story Structure
Compare and Contrast
Strategies
Predict/Infer
Summarize
Monitor/Clarify

Vowel +r Sound in store, car


Adding -er, -est to Words

Focus on Genre

Pacing

Multi-age Classroom

For an in-depth study of a genre,


use Focus on Poetry, Plays, and
Folktales.

Each theme is designed to take


approximately 3 weeks, depending
on your students needs.

Themes are correlated to themes in


grades above and below. See your
Teachers Edition.

Writing and Language


Vocabulary

Writing

Categorizing
Friendship Words
Multiple-Meaning Words
City Words
Syllabication
House Words

Independent Journal Writing


Shared Writing: Writing an
Opinion; Writing a Description;
A Class Poem
Writing Clearly with Naming
Words
Writing a Message, Writing an
Invitation
Developing Your Writing

Centers

Grammar, Usage,
and Mechanics

Listening/
Speaking/Viewing

Cross-Curricular
Content Area

Proper Nouns (People,


Animals, Places, Things)
Pronouns

Group Discussion
Conflict Resolution
Readers Theater
Environmental Print
Retelling a Story
Conversation

Phonics and Language


Writing and Technology
Creative Arts
Science
Math

Action Words
Present Tense
Action Words with -ed

Assessing and Evaluating


Listening to Summarize
Dramatizing a Story
Monitoring Understanding
Retelling a Story
Giving a Report

Phonics and Language


Writing and Technology
Creative Arts
Science
Math

Is/Are
Using Was and Were
Describing What We See

Discussing Conflict Resolution


Evaluate and Assess
Having a Conversation
Giving Information
Visualizing
Readers Theater

Phonics and Language


Writing and Technology
Creative Arts
Social Studies
Math

Describing What We Hear


Describing Words: Taste,
Smell, Feel
Comparing (-er, -est)

Assess/Evaluate
Giving a Book Report
Giving and Following Directions
Listening to Retell
Comparing and Contrasting
Stories

Phonics and Language


Writing and Technology
Creative Arts
Science
Social Studies
Math

Reading Writing Workshop


Writing Process: Story

Compound Words
Nature Words
Science Words
Color and Pattern Words
Homophones
Words that Describe Apple
Products

Independent Journal Writing


Shared Writing: Writing a Class
Summary; Writing an
Informational Paragraph;
Writing a Character Sketch
Writing Clearly with Action
Words
Writing in a Learning Log
Developing Your Writing
Reading Writing Workshop
Writing Process: Research Report

Sensory Words
Family Activity Words
Synonyms
Feeling Words
Possessive Pronouns
Bird Words

Independent Journal Writing


Shared Writing: Writing a Solution;
A Class Newsletter; Writing
Another Version
Complete Sentences
Response to Literature; Writing a
Comparison
Developing Your Writing
Reading Writing Workshop
Writing Process: Friendly Letter

Content Area Words: Math


Ordinal Number Words
Prefixes dis-, reFigurative Language:
Comparisons
Suffix -ly
Clothing Words

Independent Journal Writing


Shared Writing: Writing an
Opinion; Class Poem; Writing
an Alternate Ending
Writing Clearly with Describing
Words
Book Report; Thank-You Note
Developing Your Writing
Reading Writing Workshop
Writing Process: Instructions

Indicates Tested Skills

13

Skills
Overview

Grade 2

Strategies

Grade at a Glance

Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize
Evaluate

Back to School
Start the year off with the
story The Sandwich to introduce the reading strategies.

Reading
Phonemic Awareness;
Phonics/Decoding

Theme 1:
Silly Stories
Stories with silly
characters and funny situations make us laugh.

Theme 2:
Nature Walk
Nature can be observed
and enjoyed, wherever you
are.

Phonics: Short Vowels a, i


Phonics: Short Vowels o, u, e,
VCCV Pattern
Phonics: Long Vowels CVCe: a, i
Phonics Review:
Base Words and -s, -ed, -ing Endings
Short Vowels a, i
Short Vowels o, u, e

Phonics: Long Vowels CVCe:


o, u, e; Two Sounds for g
Phonics: Consonant Clusters
(r, l, s); Two Sounds for c
Phonics: Double
Consonants; VCCV Pattern
Phonics Review:
Long Vowels CVCe: a, i
Long Vowels CVCe: o, u, e
Consonant Clusters (r, l, s)

Theme 3:
Around Town:
Neighborhood and
Community
People work hard to
make their neighborhood
a good place to live.

14

Phonics: Consonant Digraphs


th, wh, sh, ch (tch); Base Words
and Endings -er and -est
Phonics: Vowel Pairs ai, ay;
Compound Words
Phonics: Vowel Pairs ow, ou;
Suffixes -ly, -ful
Phonics: Vowel Pairs ee, ea;
Common Syllables -tion, -ture
Phonics Review:
Double Consonants
Consonant Digraphs th, wh, sh, ch (tch)
Vowel Pairs ai, ay
Vowel Pairs ow, ou

Word Work
Comprehension Skills
and Strategies

Information and
Study Skills

Comprehension Skills
Story Structure
Fantasy and Realism
Predicting Outcomes

Reading a Chart
How to Follow Directions
Genre: How-To Nonfiction
How to Scan for Information
Visual Literacy:
Speech Balloons
Using a Diagram
Locating Information

The Short a
and i Sounds
The Short e, o,
and u Sounds
Vowel-Consonant -e
Spellings

Using a Map
How to Read Instructions
Using a Graph
How to Read a
Science Article
Using Guide Words
in a Dictionary

More Vowel-Consonant
-e Spellings
Words with
Consonant Clusters
Words with
Double Consonants

Using a Schedule
How to Read a Diagram
How to Take Notes
Using the Phone Book
Understanding
the Calendar
How to Follow a Recipe
Using an Encyclopedia

Words Spelled with


th, wh, sh, or ch
More Long a Spellings
The Vowel Sound
in cow
More Long e Spellings

Strategies
Predict/Infer
Summarize
Monitor/Clarify

Comprehension Skills
Compare and Contrast
Fact and Opinion
Categorize and Classify
Strategies
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Evaluate

Comprehension Skills
Making Judgments
Topic/Main Idea/Details
Problem Solving
Making Inferences
Strategies
Summarize
Question
Predict/Infer
Evaluate

Spelling

Spiral Review

Focus on Genre

Pacing

Multi-age Classroom

Spiral Review lessons provide systematic review and practice of key


skills and high-frequency words.

For an in-depth study of a


genre, use Focus on Fables
and Biography.

Each theme is designed to


take four to six weeks, depending on your students needs.

Themes are correlated to themes


in grades above and below.
See your Teachers Edition.

Writing and Language


Vocabulary Skills,
High-Frequency Words

Reading-Writing
Workshop

Grammar, Usage,
and Mechanics

Cross-Curricular
Writing

Listening/
Speaking/Viewing

Content Area

High-Frequency Words
Homophones
Synonyms
Multiple-Meaning
Words

Story
Writing Process
Beginning, Middle,
and End
Writing a Title
Writing Sentences

What Is a
Sentence?
Naming Parts
of Sentences
Action Parts
of Sentences

Writing Dates
A Character Sketch
Adding Details
A Response-Journal
Entry
A Journal Entry
Voice

Conducting a
Choral Retelling
Participating in a
Group Discussion
Having a Conversation

Health
Listening and
Speaking
Internet
Social Studies
Viewing
Science
Math

High-Frequency Words
Compound Words
Antonyms
Multiple-Meaning
Words

Description
Writing Process
Using Sensory
Language
Adding Details
Writing Sentences

Telling Sentences
and Questions
Commands
Exclamations

Adding Words to
Make Complete
Sentences
Writing an Answer
to a Question
A Paragraph
Main Idea and Details
A Learning Log Entry
Telling More

Tell a Story
Make a Descriptive
Presentation
View Details

Social Studies
Vocabulary
Internet
Math
Listening and
Speaking
Science
Viewing

High-Frequency Words
Dictionary: ABC Order
to the Third Letter
Dictionary: Beginning,
Middle, End
Using Context
Dictionary:
Guide Words

Friendly Letter
Writing Process
The Five Parts
of a Letter
Telling Enough
Using Different Kinds
of Sentences

Naming Words
(Common Nouns)
Special Nouns
One and
More Than One
Nouns That
Change Spelling
in the Plural

Using Exact Nouns


A Scene
Taking Notes
Choosing What
Is Important
Problem-Solution
Paragraph
Using Exact Nouns
Writing to Persuade
Audience

Making a Banner
Giving Personal
Information
Telling a Story
Through Drama
Viewing Illustrations
of Characters

Health
Listening and
Speaking
Internet
Math
Vocabulary
Social Studies
Viewing
Art

Indicates Tested Skills

15

Skills
Overview
Strategies

Grade 2

Grade at a Glance

Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize
Evaluate

Reading
Phonemic Awareness;
Phonics/Decoding

Theme 4:
Amazing Animals
These animals do
everything from
the incredible to
the hilarious.

Theme 5:
Family Time
People in a family
learn from and help
one another.

Theme 6:
Talent Show
Talented people work
hard at what they
love to do.

16

Phonics: r-Controlled Vowel ar;


r-Controlled Vowels or, ore
Phonics: Words with nd, nt, mp,
ng, nk; Structural Analysis: Base
Words and Endings -s, -es, -ies
(nouns)
Phonics: Vowel Pairs oa, ow
Phonics Review:
Common Syllables -tion, -ture
r-Controlled Vowels ar, or, ore
Words with nd, nt, mp, ng, nk

Phonics: The -er Ending


in Two-Syllable Words
Phonics: Contractions; The -le
Ending in Two-Syllable Words
Phonics: Sound of y at the End of
Longer Words; The Prefix -un
Phonics: Base Words and Endings
-ed, -ing (double final consonant);
Silent Consonants gh, K(n), b
Phonics Review:
Vowel Pairs oa, ow
The -er Ending in Two-Syllable Words
The -le Ending in Two-Syllable Words
Sound of y at the End of Longer Words
Phonics: Vowel Pairs
oo, ew, ue, ou
Phonics: Long i (igh, and ie)
Phonics: Base Words and
Endings -ed, -ing (drop final e)
Phonics Review:
Structural Analysis: Base Words
and Endings -ed, -ing
(double final consonant)
Vowel Pairs oo, ew, ue, ou
Long i (igh, ie)

Word Work
Comprehension Skills
and Strategies
Comprehension Skills
Drawing Conclusions
Text Organization
Cause and Effect

Information and
Study Skills

Spelling

Using a Glossary
Interviewing
How to Read a Map
Using Directions

The Vowel
+ r Sounds in car
Words That End
with nd, ng, or nk
More Long o Spellings

Parts of a Book:
Title Page and
Table of Contents
Understanding and
Using Timelines
How to Adjust Your
Rate of Reading
Reference Sources:
Electronic Media
Taking Notes

Words That End


with -er
Contractions
The Final Sound
in puppy
Words that end
with -ed or -ing

Chapter Titles and


Headings
Using a Newspaper
Captions

The Vowel Sounds


in moon and book
Words with
Long i Patterns
More Words
with -ed or -ing

Strategies
Question
Monitor/Clarify
Summarize

Comprehension Skills
Making Generalizations
Following Directions
Making Judgments
Sequence of Events
Strategies
Monitor/Clarify
Evaluate
Question
Predict/Infer

Comprehension Skills
Authors Viewpoint
Noting Details
Problem Solving
Strategies
Evaluate
Summarize
Question

Spiral Review

Focus on Genre

Pacing

Multi-age Classroom

Spiral Review lessons provide systematic review and practice of key


skills and high-frequency words.

For an in-depth study of a


genre, use Focus on Fables
and Biography.

Each theme is designed to


take four to six weeks, depending on your students needs.

Themes are correlated to themes


in grades above and below.
See your Teachers Edition.

Writing and Language


Vocabulary Skills,
High-Frequency Words

Reading-Writing
Workshop

Grammar, Usage,
and Mechanics

Cross-Curricular
Writing

Listening/
Speaking/Viewing

Content Area

High-Frequency Words
Dictionary:
Entry Words
Using a Thesaurus
Dictionary: Parts of
a Dictionary Entry

Research Report
Writing Process
Finding and
Evaluating
Information
Using Facts
Using Exact Nouns

Words for Nouns


Singular
Possessive Nouns
Plural
Possessive Nouns

Writing Times
Using I and me
An Invitation
A Poem
A News Article
Adding Details

Giving a Talk
Having a Group
Discussion
Giving Clear
Directions

Health
Listening and
Speaking
Internet
Math
Art
Science
Social Studies

High-Frequency Words
Word Families
Dictionary:
Word Meanings
Word Skills:
Homophones
Dictionary: Finding
Words with Endings

Personal Narrative
Writing Process
Writing a Good
Beginning
Keeping to the Topic
Using Possessive
Nouns

Verbs
Verbs That Tell
About Now
Verbs That Tell
About the Past
The Verbs
is/are, was/were

Combining
Sentences
An Opinion Paragraph
Voice
Responding to a
Writing Prompt
Keeping to the Point
An Information
Paragraph
Dialogue
Capitalization and
Punctuation with
Quotation Marks

Giving a Presentation
Describing a
Photograph
Taping a Message
Putting on a Play

Health
Vocabulary
Internet
Math
Social Studies
Art
Listening and
Speaking
Science
Viewing

High-Frequency Words
Word Families
Multiple-Meaning
Words
Using Context

Instructions
Writing Process
Sequencing Steps
Using Time-Order
Words
Using Exact Verbs

Other Irregular
Verbs
Adjectives, Including
a, an, and the
Comparing
with Adjectives

Is It a Sentence?
A Paragraph
That Explains
A Summary
Paraphrasing
A Comparison/
Contrast Paragraph
Giving Examples

How to Look
at Fine Art
Compare/Contrast
Illustrations
Giving Nonverbal Cues
Giving a Persuasive
Talk

Art
Listening and
Speaking
Internet
Science
Social Studies
Math
Viewing

11
Indicates Tested Skills

17

Skills
Overview

Grade 3

Strategies

Grade at a Glance

Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize
Evaluate

Reading
Comprehension Skills
and Strategies

Back to School
Start the year off with the
story The Rules to introduce the reading strategies.

Word Work
Information and
Study Skills

Decoding Longer
Words

Spelling

Structural Analysis/Phonics

Theme 1:
Off to Adventure!
Adventures come in all
shapes and sizes.

Comprehension Skills
Sequence of Events
Making Inferences
Cause and Effect

Parts of a Book
How to Read a Key
Using the Dictionary
How to Read a Map
Using a K-W-L Chart

Structural Analysis:
Base Words
Syllabication
Inflectional Endings -ed, -ing
Phonics:
Short Vowels a, e, i
More Short Vowels o,u
Vowel-Consonant-e Pattern

Short Vowels a, e, i
More Short Vowels o,u
Vowel-Consonant-e
Pattern

Taking Notes
How to Take Notes
Using the Library
How to Skim and Scan
Conduct an Interview
How to Follow a Recipe
How to Follow Directions
Outlining

Structural Analysis:
Compound Words
Plurals: Add ; change y to i
Contractions with s, nt, re, ll
Plurals with Words Ending
in ch, sh, x, s
Phonics:
Long Vowels ai, ay, ee, ea
Long o Sound
Three-Letter Clusters and
Unexpected Consonant
Patterns
Long i Sounds i, ie, igh

More Long Vowel


Spellings
Long o Sound
Three-Letter Clusters
and Unexpected
Consonant Patterns
The Long i Sound

Using an Atlas
Using Charts, Tables, and
Graphs
How to Read a Diagram
Using Newspapers to Find
Information
Using the Encyclopedia

Structural Analysis:
Plurals of Nouns Ending in
-f or -fe
Word Endings -er, -est
Suffixes -y, -ly
Prefixes un-, dis-, nonPhonics:
Vowel Sounds in clown and
lawn
Vowel + r Sounds
The j , k , and kw Sounds
Homophones

Strategies
Predict/Infer
Summarize
Monitor/Clarify

Theme 2:
Celebrating Traditions
The United States has a
rich cultural heritage.

Comprehension Skills
Authors Viewpoint
Categorize and Classify
Noting Details
Topic, Main Idea, Details
Strategies
Evaluate
Question
Summarize
Monitor/Clarify

Theme 3:
Incredible Stories
Some stories are too
wild to be believed!

Comprehension Skills
Fantasy and Realism
Following Directions
Drawing Conclusions
Story Structure
Strategies
Question
Evaluate
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify

18

Vowel Sounds in
clown and lawn
Vowel + r Sounds
The j , k , and kw
Sounds
Homophones

Spiral Review

Focus on Genre

Pacing

Multi-age Classroom

Spiral Review lessons provide


systematic review and practice
of key skills.

For an in-depth study of a


genre, use Focus on Trickster
Tales and Biography.

Each theme is designed to


take four to six weeks, depending on your students needs.

Themes are correlated to themes


in the grades above and below.
See your Teachers Edition.

Writing and Language


Vocabulary Skills
and Expansion

Reading-Writing
Workshop

Dictionary: ABC Order


Vocabulary:
Multiple-Meaning
Words
Parts of a Dictionary
Sea Creatures
Battle Words
Camping Words

Personal Narrative
Writing Process
Writing a Good
Beginning
Keeping to the Topic
Sentence Combining

Vocabulary:
Word Families
Dictionary:
Guide Words
Vocabulary:
Rhyming Words
Dictionary:
Definitions
Sewing Words
Ranching Words
Travel Words
Food Words

Vocabulary:
Using Context
Dictionary: Choosing
the Correct Meaning
Dictionary:
Pronunciation Key
Vocabulary:
Using a Thesaurus
Words for Fantasy and
Realism
Italian Words and Phrases
Farm Words
Garden Words

Grammar, Usage,
and Mechanics

Cross-Curricular
Writing

Listening/
Speaking/Viewing

Content Area

What Is a Sentence?
Kinds of Sentences
Subjects and
Predicates

Using Commas in
Dates and Places
Capitalizing Days
and Months
Friendly Letter
Response Journal
Entry
Paragraph That Explains
Transforming Questions
into Statements

Have a Literature
Discussion
Introduce Yourself and
Others
Tell a Story

Math
Art
Social Studies
Science

Instructions
Writing Process
Sequencing
Being Complete
Using Exact Nouns

Common Nouns
Proper Nouns
Singular and
Plural Nouns
Special Plural
Nouns

Correcting Run-on
Sentences
Writing Complete
Sentences
Paragraphs That
Compare and
Contrast
Character Sketch
An Answer to a
Question
News Article
Compound Sentences
with and and but
Audience

Follow and Give Oral


Directions
Take a Telephone
Message
View Illustrations for
Purpose
Explain a Process

Social Studies
Art
Math
Science

Story
Writing Process
Developing a Plot
Developing Characters
and Setting
Using Possessive
Nouns

Possessive Nouns
What Is a Verb?
Present Time
Past Time and
Future Time

Using Commas for


Direct Address
Using Commas
with Introductory
Phrases
Capitalization and
Punctuation with
Quotation Marks
Journal Entry
Thank-You Note
Opinion Paragraph
Dialogue

View an Illustration
Present a Readers
Theater Performance
Have a Conversation
Hold a Debate

Math
Social Studies
Science

Indicates Tested Skills

19

Skills
Overview

Grade 3

Strategies

Grade at a Glance
Reading
Comprehension Skills
and Strategies

Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize
Evaluate

Word Work
Information and
Study Skills

Decoding Longer
Words

Spelling

Structural Analysis/Phonics

Theme 4:
Animal Habitats
Animals coexist
with people in a
variety of habitats.

Theme 5:
Voyagers
No matter where they
travel, voyagers have
a lot in common.

Theme 6:
Smart Solutions
Sometimes it helps
to look at a problem
in a new way.

20

Comprehension Skills
Fact and Opinion
Compare and Contrast
Making Judgments

Multimedia Resources
How to Use SQRR
Skim and Scan
Adjusting Rate of Reading

Structural Analysis:
Syllabication and Review
Word Endings -ed, -ing and
Changing Final y to i
Prefixes un-, re-;
Suffixes -ful, -ly, -er
Phonics:
Vowel plus r Sounds in hair
Consonant Clusters
Digraphs ch, sh, th, tch,
wh, wr

Vowel plus r Sounds


in hair
Added Endings
Prefixes and Suffixes

Using a Time Line


How to Read a Diagram
Multimedia Report
Using Graphic Organizers

Structural Analysis:
Suffixes -less, -ness
Possessives
VCCV Pattern
Phonics:
Vowel Sounds in tooth
and cook
Vowel Sound in bought
Double Consonants

Vowel Sounds in tooth


and cook
Vowel Sound in bought
VCCV Pattern

Following Directions
Bilingual Dictionary
Real-Life Reading

Structural Analysis:
VCCCV Pattern
VCV Pattern
Contractions
Phonics:
Words Ending with -er or -le
Words Beginning with a or be
Soft c and Soft g

Words Ending with -er


or -le
Words Beginning with a
or be
Contractions

Strategies
Monitor/Clarify
Evaluate
Summarize

Comprehension Skills
Making Inferences
Predicting Outcomes
Text Organization
Strategies
Predict/Infer
Question
Monitor/Clarify

Comprehension Skills
Problem Solving
Drawing Conclusions
Making Generalizations
Strategies
Summarize
Predict/Infer
Evaluate

Focus on Genre

Pacing

Multi-age
Multi-age Classroom
Classroom

For an in-depth study of a


genre, use Focus on Trickster
Tales and Biography.

Each theme is designed to take


four to six weeks, depending
on your students needs.

Themes are correlated to themes


in the grades above and below.
See your Teachers Edition.

Writing and Language


Grammar, Usage,
and Mechanics

Cross-Curricular

Vocabulary Skills
and Expansion

Reading-Writing
Workshop

Writing

Listening/
Speaking/Viewing

Content Area

Dictionary:
Parts of Speech
Dictionary:
More MultipleMeaning Words
Dictionary: Base Words
and Inflected Forms
Words for Animal Homes
Words for Young Animals
Sounds Around Us

Research Report
Writing Process
Locating and Evaluating
Information
Topic Sentences and
Supporting Facts
Subject-Verb Agreement

The Verb be
Helping Verbs
Irregular Verbs

Varying Sentence
Types
Taking Notes
Writing a Poem
Problem-Solution
Essay
Choosing Whats
Important
Using Exact Verbs

Have a Literature
Discussion
View and Evaluate
Media
Listen to and Make
Announcements

Science
Music
Math
Health

Dictionary: Syllables
Vocabulary: Analogies
Dictionary: Homophones
Words for Ship Parts
Family Words
Words Used on Ships

Description
Writing Process
Ordering Information
Using Sensory Language
Writing Complete
Sentences

Subject Pronouns
Object Pronouns
Possessive Pronouns

Writing Dates and


Times
Writing a Play
Message
Learning Log Entry
Using Exclamations
Writing Complete
Information

Present an Oral Book


Report
Develop Nonverbal
Communication
Skills
Practice Group
Problem-Solving

Math
Social Studies
Science

Dictionary: Synonyms
Dictionary: Antonyms
Dictionary:
Spelling Table
Names of Languages
Night Noises
Restaurant Words

Persuasive Essay
Writing Process
Stating Goals and
Giving Reasons
Using Facts and
Examples
Correcting Run-on
Sentences

Adjectives
Comparing with
Adjectives
Adverbs

Announcement
Summary
Essay
Ordering Important
Information
Paraphrasing
Telling More with
Adverbs

Resolve a Conflict
Give a Persuasive
Speech
Dramatize a Story

Math
Social Studies

9
Indicates Tested Skills

21

Skills
Overview

Grade 4

Strategies

Grade at a Glance

Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize
Evaluate

Reading
Comprehension Skills
and Strategies

Back to School
Start the year off with the
story The Pumpkin Runner to
introduce the reading strategies.

Word Work
Information and
Study Skills

Decoding Longer
Words

Spelling

Structural Analysis/Phonics

Theme 1:
Journeys
Travelers who learn
about the world and
about themselves

Comprehension Skills
Story Structure
Authors Viewpoint
Text Organization
Noting Details

Taking Notes
Parts of a Book
Using a K-W-L Chart
How to Read a Map
Adjusting Reading Rate
How to Outline

Structural Analysis:
Base Words and Endings
-er and -est
Suffixes -ly and -y
Syllabication
Word Roots tele and rupt
Phonics:
Short Vowels a and e, Long
Vowels a and e
Short Vowels i and o, Long
Vowels i and o
Short and Long Vowel u
Homophones

The a , a , e , and
e Sounds
The i , i , o , and
o Sounds
The u , yoo , oo
Sounds
Homophones

Time Lines and


Schedules
Using the Library
Using Electronic Resources
Evaluating Sources

Structural Analysis:
Contractions
Word Roots sign and spect
Suffixes -er, -or, and -ist
Possessives
Phonics:
Spelling ou and
Spelling oo and oo
The r , r , and r Sounds
The r , r , and yoor
Sounds

The ou and
Sounds
The oo and oo
The r , r , and r
Sounds
The r , r , and
yoor Sounds

Real-Life Reading
Story Chart
How to Read a Time Line
Recording Information on a
Venn Diagram
How to Read a Diagram

Structural Analysis:
Compound Words
Words with the Suffix -able
Words Ending with -ed or -ing
Phonics:
Words that Begin with aor beFinal @ r , l , and @ l sounds
Consonant Digraphs

Compound Words
Final @ r and Final
l or @ l
Words Ending with
-ed or -ing

Strategies
Predict/Infer
Summarize
Monitor/Clarify
Question

Theme 2:
American Stories
The diversity,
achievement, and spirit
of the United States

Comprehension Skills
Sequence of Events
Making Inferences
Making Generalizations
Categorize and Classify
Strategies
Evaluate
Predict/Infer
Summarize
Question

Theme 3:
Thats Amazing!
Fantastic tales ranging
from the mysterious
to the hilarious

22

Comprehension Skills
Noting Details
Compare and Contrast
Fantasy and Realism
Strategies
Question
Monitor/Clarify
Evaluate

Spiral Review

Focus on Genre

Pacing

Multi-age Classroom

Spiral Review lessons provide


systematic review and practice
of key skills.

For an in-depth study of a genre,


use Focus on Mysteries, Plays,
Poetry and Pourquoi Tales.

Each theme is designed to take


four to six weeks, depending
on your students needs.

Themes are correlated to themes


in the grades above and below.
See your Teachers Edition.

Writing and Language


Vocabulary Skills
and Expansion

Reading-Writing
Workshop

Vocabulary: MultipleMeaning Words


Dictionary:
Alphabetical Order
Using a Thesaurus
Dictionary:
Guide Words
Cold-Weather Words
Travel Words
Nautical Terms
Railroad Words

Personal Narrative
Writing Process
Writing a Good
Beginning
Keeping to the Focus
Varying Sentences

Antonyms
Dictionary: Entry Words
and Their Meanings
Using Context
Dictionary: MultipleMeaning Words
Library Terms: Types of
Library Books
Farm Words
Types of Hats
Citizenship Words

Synonyms
Dictionary: Spelling
Table/Pronunciation Key
Dictionary: Dividing
Words into Syllables
Scientific Terms: Weather
Words
Types of Clothing
Scientific Terms: Climate
Words

Grammar, Usage,
and Mechanics

Cross-Curricular
Writing

Listening/
Speaking/Viewing

Content Area

Kinds of Sentences
Subjects and
Predicates
Compound
Sentences
Common Nouns

Writing Complete
Sentences
Using Commas in
Dates and Places
News Article
Response Journal
Entry
An Answer to a
Question
Friendly Letter
Adding Details
Giving Examples

Have a Literature
Discussion
Introduce Yourself and
Others
Follow and Give Oral
Directions
Tell a Story

Science
Social Studies
Math
Art

Description
Writing Process
Ordering Information
Using Sensory
Language
Sentence Combining

Proper Nouns
Singular and
Plural Nouns
More Plural Nouns
Singular and Plural
Possessive Nouns

Correcting Run-on
Sentences
An Essay
Character Sketch
A Business Letter
Journal Writing
Main Idea and Details
in an Essay
Keeping to the Point
Voice in a Journal

Present a Readers
Theater Performance
Develop Telephone
Skills
Present an Oral Report
Describe Public
Sculpture

Math
Social Studies
Science

Story
Writing Process
Developing Plot,
Character, and
Setting
Writing Dialogue
Using Possessives

Action Verbs
Main Verbs and
Helping Verbs
Present, Past, and
Future Tenses

Paraphrasing
An Explanation
Writing an
Announcement
Writing a Summary
Audience
Ordering Important
Information

Hold a Conversation
Compare and
Contrast Texts
Listen to and Make
an Announcement

Math
Art
Social Studies
Science

Indicates Tested Skills

23

Skills
Overview

Grade 4

Strategies

Grade at a Glance
Reading
Comprehension Skills
and Strategies

Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize
Evaluate

Word Work
Information and
Study Skills

Decoding Longer
Words

Spelling

Structural Analysis/Phonics

Theme 4:
Problem Solvers
Young people showing
initiative, courage, and
cooperation

Comprehension Skills
Predicting Outcomes
Problem Solving
Drawing Conclusions
Story Structure
Strategies
Summarize
Predict/Infer
Evaluate
Question

Theme 5:
Heroes
Making a difference
with courage, dignity,
and perseverance

Theme 6:
Nature: Friend and Foe
People reacting
to Natures bounty
and brutality

Comprehension Skills
Cause and Effect
Making Judgments
Fact and Opinion
Strategies
Evaluate
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify

Comprehension Skills
Following Directions
Topic, Main Idea, Details
Making Inferences
Strategies
Monitor/Clarify
Summarize
Predict/Infer

24

Following Directions
Encyclopedia
How to Skim and Scan
Graphic Organizer
How to Take Notes
How to Follow Directions
Skim and Scan

Structural Analysis:
Words with the Suffix -ible
Prefixes re-, mis-, and exPrefixes pre-, con-, and comVCCV Pattern
Phonics:
Spelling k , ng , and kw
Final e
Final j and s
Consonant Clusters

The k , ng , and kw
Sounds
Final e
Final j and s
VCCV Pattern

Collecting Data
(Tables and Charts)
How to Take Notes
Newspapers/Magazines
How to Follow a Recipe
Conduct an Interview
How to Read a Chart

Structural Analysis:
Prefixes and Suffixes
Changing Final y to i
VCV Pattern
Phonics:
Vowel Diphthongs
Two Sounds of g
Two Sounds of c

Words with a Prefix of


a Suffix
Changing Final y to i
VCV Pattern

Outlining
How to Use SQRRR
Adjust Your Rate of Reading
Synthesizing
How to Skim and Scan
Multimedia Report

Structural Analysis:
Three-Syllable Words
Suffixes -less, -ness, and -ion
Word Roots graph and tract
Phonics:
r-Controlled Vowels
Unusual Spellings
Silent Consonants

Three-Syllable Words
Unusual Spellings
Silent Consonants

Focus on Genre

Pacing

Multi-age Classroom

For an in-depth study of a genre,


use Focus on Mysteries, Plays,
Poetry and Pourquoi Tales.

Each theme is designed to take


four to six weeks, depending
on your students needs.

Themes are correlated to themes


in the grades above and below.
See your Teachers Edition.

Writing and Language


Vocabulary Skills
and Expansion

Reading-Writing
Workshop

Dictionary: Base
Words and Inflected
Forms (-s, -es. -ed,
-ing, -er, -est)
Word Families
Dictionary: Suffixes
(-ful, -less, -ly)
Connotation (negative
or positive)
Singing Alone or in a Group
Wood Words
Regal Words
Musical Terms: Types of
Music

Persuasive Essay
Writing Process
Stating Goals and
Giving Reasons
Using Supporting
Facts and Examples
Subject-Verb Agreement

Dictionary: Prefixes
re-, un-, disHomophones
Dictionary:
Word Histories
Holiday Words
Musical Instruments
Sports Terminology

Dictionary: More
Multiple-Meaning
Words
Analogies
Dictionary: Parts of
Speech
Sea Animals
Fire Terms
Prairie Words

Grammar, Usage,
and Mechanics

Cross-Curricular
Writing

Listening/
Speaking/Viewing

Content Area

The Irregular Verb Be


Other Irregular Verbs
Adjectives
Comparing with
Adjectives

Correction Sentence
Fragments
An Opinion
Taking Notes
A Comparison/Contrast
Composition
A Message
Using Commas for
Introductory Phrases
Choosing Whats
Important
Writing Complete
Information

Have a Literature
Discussion
Dramatize a Story
Practice Group
Problem-Solving
How to Look at
Fine Art
Give a Persuasive
Speech

Social Studies
Math
Science

Personal Essay
Writing Process
Main Idea and Details
Introductions and
Conclusions
Pronoun Reference

Subject Pronouns
Object Pronouns
Singular and
Plural Possessive
Pronouns

Sentence Combining
with Pronouns
Combining
Sentences with
Possessive Pronouns
and Appositives
Writing an Information
Paragraph
Writing a
Problem/Solution
Paragraph
Writing a Magazine
Article
Using Facts

View and Evaluate


Information Sources
Listen for Different
Purposes
Present an Oral
Book Report

Social Studies
Math

Research Report
Writing Process
Finding and
Evaluating
Information
Topic Sentences and
Supporting Facts
Using Adverbs Correctly

Adverbs
Comparing with
Adverbs
Prepositions and
Prepositional
Phrases

Elaborating with
Adverbs
Combining
Sentences with
Prepositional and
Participial Phrases
A How-to Paragraph
A Learning Log Entry
A Speech
Using Order Words
and Phrases

Explain a Process
Hold a Debate
Compare and
Contrast Media

Science
Social Studies

Indicates Tested Skills

25

Skills
Overview

Grade 5

Strategies

Grade at a Glance

Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize
Evaluate

Reading
Comprehension Skills
and Strategies

Back to School
Start the year off with the
story The Pumpkin Box to
introduce the reading strategies.

Word Work
Information and
Study Skills

Decoding Longer
Words

Spelling

Structural Analysis/Phonics

Theme 1:
Natures Fury
Nature is powerful, and
people must cope with
its challenges.

Comprehension Skills
Sequence of Events
Text Organization
Categorize and Classify
Strategies
Predict/Infer
Question
Monitor/Clarify

Theme 2:
Give It All Youve Got!
Giving your best requires
both determination
and risk.

Comprehension Skills
Fact and Opinion
Story Structure
Predicting Outcomes
Topic/Main Idea and
Supporting Details
Strategies
Monitor/Clarify
Evaluate
Summarize
Predict/Infer

Theme 3:
Voices of the Revolution
The spirit of the
American Revolution
lives on.

Comprehension Skills
Authors Viewpoint
Cause and Effect
Following Directions
Strategies
Summarize
Evaluate
Question

26

Using Print and Electronic


Reference Sources
Using Graphic Aids:
Maps, Globes, Charts,
Tables, and Graphs
Using Print and Electronic
Card Catalogs

Structural Analysis:
Base Words
Syllabication
Word Roots struct and rupt
Phonics:
Short Vowels
Long Vowel Sounds /a/,
/e/, / /
Long Vowel Sounds /o/,
/oo/, and /yoo/

Short Vowels
The /a/, /e/, and
/ / Sounds
The /o/, /oo/ and
/yoo/ Sounds

Selecting the Appropriate


Reference Source
How to Read a Map
Using the Internet/Evaluate
Information
How to Read a Timeline
How to Skim and Scan
Use Parts of a Book and an
index
Summarizing Text Graphically:
Schedule, Time Line,
Venn Diagram

Structural Analysis:
Compound Words
Roots spec/t and opt
Suffixes -ward and -ous
Suffixes -ive, and -ic
Phonics:
Silent Consonants
/ou/, //, /oi/
The /r/, /r/, and /r/
Sounds
The /r/ and /r/ Sounds

Compound Words
The /ou/, // and
/oi/ Sounds
The /r/, /r/ and
/r/ Sounds
The /r/ and /r/
Sounds

Comparing Information in
Different Forms
Using Multiple Sources to
Locate Information
Locate Information
How to Read Primary Sources
Adjusting Reading Pate/
Method of Reading

Structural Analysis:
Possessives and Contractions
Syllabication -VCCV and
VCV Patterns
Prefixes sub- and surPhonics:
Final /@r/
Final Digraphs
Final /l/ and /@l/

Final/@ r/
VCCV and VCV
Patterns
Final /l/ or /@ l/

Spiral Review

Focus on Genre

Spiral Review lessons provide systematic review and


practice of key skills.

For an in-depth study of a genre,


use Focus on Autobiographies,
Plays, Poetry, and Tall Tales.

Pacing

Multi-age Classroom

Each theme is designed to


take four to six weeks, depending on your students needs.

Themes are correlated to themes


in grades above and below.
See your Teachers Edition.

Writing and Language


Vocabulary Skills
and Expansion

Reading-Writing
Workshop

Using a Thesaurus
Dictionary:
Alphabetical Order
and Guide Words
Dictionary Definitions
Scientific Terms: Geology
Words
Words from Many
Languages: Weather
Words
Words from Mythology

Description
Writing Process
Using Sensory
Language
Organizing Details
Writing Complete
Sentences

Word Families
Dictionary: MultipleMeaning Words
Vocabulary:
Homophones
Dictionary: Syllables
Movement Words
Scientific Terms: Sound
Words
Science Words:
Geological Features
and Terms
Word Study: Acronyms

Synonyms
Dictionary: Spelling
Table/Pronunciation Key
Dictionary: Antonyms
Occupation Words
Similes
Nautical Words

Grammar, Usage,
and Mechanics

Cross-Curricular
Writing

Listening/
Speaking/Viewing

Content Area

Kinds of
Sentences
Subjects and
Predicates
Conjunctions
Compound
Sentences
Singular and
Plural Nouns
More Plural Nouns

Capitalizing and
Punctuating
Sentences
Correcting
Sentence
Fragments
A News Article
Adding Details
A Response to a
Prompt
A Paragraph of
Information

Holding a Panel
Discussion
Having Literature
Discussion
Having Effective
Conversations

Health
Science
Math
Social Studies

Personal Essay
Writing Process
Writing Introductions
and Conclusions
Keeping to the Focus
Using Possessive
Nouns

Common and
Proper Nouns
Singular and
Plural Possessive
Nouns
Action Verbs
Direct Objects
Main Verbs and
Helping Verbs
Linking Verbs
Verb Tenses
More About Verb
Tenses

Paraphrasing
Combining
Sentences with
Helping Verbs
An Announcement
Ordering Important
Information
A Summary
A Clarification
Composition
A Business Letter
Using the Right Tone

Dramatizing a Scene
Listening to and
Making an
Announcement
Telling a Story
Viewing and
Evaluating Media

Math
Science
Art
Social Studies

Story
Writing Process
Developing a Plot,
Characters, and
Setting
Writing Dialogue
Using Exact Verbs

Subject-Verb
Agreement
Regular and
Irregular Verbs
Verb Phrases with
have
teach, learn; let,
leave; sit, set; can,
may
Adjectives
Proper Adjectives

Using Exact Nouns


and Verbs
Capitalization
Names of People
and Places
A Character Sketch
A Friendly Letter
Voice
A Biography

Speaking to Persuade
Viewing and
Evaluating Fine Art
Comparing
Information in
Various Media

Math
Science
Art
Social Studies

9
Indicates Tested Skills

27

Skills
Overview

Grade 5

Strategies

Grade at a Glance
Reading
Comprehension Skills
and Strategies

Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize
Evaluate

Word Work
Information and
Study Skills

Decoding Longer
Words

Spelling

Structural Analysis/Phonics

Theme 4:
Person to Person
Relationships bring
both problems and
rewards.

Comprehension Skills
Problem Solving and
Decision Making
Noting Details
Compare and Contrast
Making Inferences

Note Taking
Paraphrasing and
Synthesizing
How to Outline
Evaluating Information for
Accuracy and Bias
Interviewing

Structural Analysis:
Syllabication VCCV
Pattern
Syllabication VV Pattern
Words Ending in -ed or -ing
Suffixes -ly, -ness, -ment,
-ful, -less
Phonics:
Consonant Clusters
Less Common Long e
Spellings
Double Consonants
/s/, and /z/ Sounds

VCCCV Pattern
VV Pattern
Words with -ed or
-ing
Words with Suffixes

Comparing Information
from More Than One
Source
Using a Word Processor to
Write a Report
How to Use the SQP3R
Strategy
Using Multiple Sources of
Information to Present
Information About a Topic
How to Take Notes
Creating and Organizing
Disk Files

Structural Analysis:
Prefixes un-, dis-, in-, re;
suffix -ion
Stressed and Unstressed
Syllables
Review of Syllabication
Changing Final y to i
Phonics:
Words with Final / j/, / v/
and / s/ Sounds
Word Beginnings a-, beFinal /n/, /@ n/, /ch@ r/,
and /zh@ r/ Sounds
Initial and Medial Digraph

Words with a Prefix or


a Suffix
Unstressed Syllables
Final /n/, or /@n/,
/ch@r/, /zh@r/
Changing Final y to i

Completing Applications
and Forms
Preparing a Report Using
Text, Graphic Aids, and
Pictures
Evaluate the Effects of Media
in Daily Life
How to Categorize Information

Structural Analysis:
Prefixes com-, con-, en-, ex-,
pre-, proThree-Syllable Words
Suffixes -ent, -ant, -able, -ible
Phonics:
/k/ and /kw/ Sounds
Consonant Alternations
Vowel Alternations

More Words with


Prefixes
Three-Syllable Words
Words with -ent, -ant;
-able, -ible

Strategies
Question
Predict/Infer
Monitor/ Clarify
Evaluate

Theme 5:
One Land, Many Trails
The trails to and across
the United States have
seen many travelers.

Comprehension Skills
Drawing Conclusions
Propaganda
Making Judgments
Story Structure
Strategies
Evaluate
Predict/ Infer
Question
Summarize

Theme 6:
Animal Encounters
People and wild animals
interact in a a variety of
close encounters.

Comprehension Skills
Making Generalizations
Topic, Main, Idea and Supporting
Details
Drawing Conclusions
Strategies
Monitor/ Clarify
Evaluate
Summarize

28

Focus on Genre
For an in-depth study of a genre,
use Focus on Autobiographies,
Plays, Poetry, and Tall Tales.

Pacing

Multi-age Classroom

Each theme is designed to


take four to six weeks, depending on your students needs.

Themes are correlated to themes


in grades above and below.
See your Teachers Edition.

Writing and Language


Vocabulary Skills
and Expansion

Reading-Writing
Workshop

Dictionary: Base
Words and Inflected
Forms
Multiple-Meaning
Words
Dictionary: Prefixes
Vocabulary:
Connotation
Precise Words
Shades of Meaning
Family Words
Transportation Words

A Personal Narrative
Writing Process
Good Beginnings
Writing with Voice
Varying Sentence
Types

Analogies
Dictionary: Suffixes
Dictionary: Parts of
Speech
Dictionary: Word
Histories
Words from French
Words for Types of Cloth
Words Related to Horses
Spanish Words

Using Context
Dictionary: Variations
in Pronunciation
Dictionary: Idioms and
Run-on Entries
Words Related to the
Seasons
Place Names and Proper
Adjectives
Botanical Words

Grammar, Usage,
and Mechanics

Cross-Curricular
Writing

Listening/
Speaking/Viewing

Content Area

Comparing with
Adjectives
Comparing with
good and bad
Commas in a
Series
More Uses for
Commas
Interjections
Quotations
Abbreviations
Titles

Combining
Sentences by
Using Introductory
Phrases
A Memo
Changing Positions of
Adjectives
A How-to Paragraph
Using Order Words
A Journal Entry
Expanding Sentences
with Adjectives

Giving a Speech
Explaining a Process
Speaking on the
Telephone
Making and Listening
to Introductions

Science
Social Studies
Art
Health

Research Report
Writing Process
Finding and
Evaluating
Information
Topic Sentences and
Supporting Facts
Pronoun Reference

Subject and
Object Pronouns
Using I and me
Possessive
Pronouns
Contractions with
Pronouns
Double Subjects
Using we and us
with Nouns
Adverbs
Comparing with
Adverbs

Combining
Sentences with
Pronouns
A Speech
Using Quotations
A Problem-Solution
Composition
An Explanation
Organizing Information
A Compare/Contrast
Paragraph
Using Exact Adverbs

How to Look at Fine


Art
Listening to Take
Notes and
Summarize
Listening to Resolve
Conflicts
Giving an Oral Report
Giving a Choral
Speaking
Presentation

Social Studies
Vocabulary
Math
Art
Science

Persuasive Essay
Writing Process
Stating Reasons and
Answering
Objections
Using Supporting
Facts and Details
Correcting Run-on
Sentences

Contractions with
not
Negatives
Prepositions
Prepositional
Phrases
Object Pronouns
in Prepositional
Phrases
Pronouns in
Prepositional Phrases
with Compound
Objects

Avoiding Double
Negatives
Combining
Sentences with
Prepositional Phrases
An Opinion Paragraph
A Compare/Contrast
Essay
An Answer to an
Essay Question
Placing Prepositional
Phrases Correctly

Planning a
Multimedia
Presentation
Giving and Listening
to Directions
Viewing for
Information and
Details

Math
Health
Science
Social Studies

Indicates Tested Skills

29

Skills
Overview
Strategies

Grade 6

Grade at a Glance

Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize
Evaluate

Reading
Comprehension Skills
and Strategies

Back to School
Start the year off with the
story A Mummy Mystery to
introduce the reading strategies.

Word Work
Information and
Study Skills

Decoding Longer
Words

Spelling

Structural Analysis/Phonics

Theme 1:
Courage
People find moral and
physical courage from
many sources.

Comprehension Skills
Noting Details
Making Judgments
Sequence of Events
Predict Outcomes
Strategies
Predict/Infer
Summarize
Evaluate
Monitor/Clarify

Theme 2:
What Really Happened?
Investigation of
mysterious events reveals
interesting theories.

Comprehension Skills
Fact and Opinion
Making Inferences
Text Organization
Strategies
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize

Theme 3:
Growing Up
Growing up
means learning
more about yourself.

Comprehension Skills
Making Generalization
Making Inferences
Story Structure
Problem Solving and
Decision Making
Strategies
Question
Predict/ Infer
Evaluate
Monitor/ Clarify

30

Using Parts of a Book


and an Index
Using Graphic Aids:
Maps, Globes, Graphs,
Tables, Captions, and
Charts
Using Print and Electronic
Card Catalogs
How to Read Primary
Sources
Using Print and Electronic
Reference Sources
How to Take Notes

Structural Analysis:
Suffixes -ful, -less, and -ly
Syllabication
Prefixes un- and rePossessives and
Contractions
Phonics:
Short Vowels
Long Vowel
The /ou/, /oo/, //, and
/oi/ Sounds

Short Vowels
Long Vowels
More Vowel Spelling
The /ou/, /oo/, //
and /oi/ Sounds

Choosing Reference
Sources
How to Outline an Article
Evaluating the Effects of
Media on Daily Life
Using the Internet/Evaluate
Information
How to Categorize
Information

Structural Analysis:
"Someone Who" suffixes
-er, -or, -ar, -ist, -ian,
-an, -ent, -eer
Structural Analysis:
Inflected Endings -s, -es
Adjectives Suffixes -al, -ive,
-ous
Phonics:
Vowel + /r/ Sounds
Homophones
Final /@ n/, /@ l/, and /@ r/
Sounds

Vowel + /r/ Sounds


Homophones
Final /@ r/, /@ n/, and
/@ l/

Comparing Information
from More Than One
Source
Paraphrasing and
Synthesizing
How to Skim and Scan
Conducting an Interview
Adjusting Reading Rate/
Method of Reading

Structural Analysis:
Syllabication VCV, VCCV
and VCCCV Patterns
Words Ending in -ed or -ing
Endings and Suffixes -en,
-ize, -ify
Prefixes in-, im- and conPhonics:
Homographs
Final /t/, /ed/, and /d/
Sounds
/ch/ and /k/
Silent Consonants b, gh, and w

VCV, VCCV, and VCCCV


Patterns
Words with -ed or -ing
Endings and Suffixes
Prefixes in- and con-

Spiral Review

Focus on Genre

Spiral Review lessons provide


systematic review and practice
of key skills.

For an in-depth study of a


genre, use Focus on Speeches,
Plays, Poetry, and Myths.

Pacing

Multi-age Classroom

Each theme is designed to take


four to six weeks, depending
on your students needs.

Themes are correlated to themes


in the grades above and below.
See your Teachers Edition.

Writing and Language


Vocabulary Skills
and Expansion

Reading-Writing
Workshop

Using Context
Dictionary:
Alphabetical Order
and Guide Words
Dictionary: Parts of
an Entry
Word Families
Easily Confused Words
Alphabetical Order and
Guide Words
Adverbs
Mountain Climbing Terms
Motion Words

Personal Narrative
Writing Process
Sequencing
Adding Details
Varying Sentences

Dictionary: Syllables
Homophones
Dictionary: Spelling
Table/Pronunciation
Key
Flight Terms
Word from Other
Languages: Inuit
Words
Scientific Terms:
Dinosaur Names

Using a Thesaurus
Dictionary: Base
Words and Inflected
Forms
Dictionary: Part of
Speech
Clipped Words
Descriptive Words
More Clipped Words
Direction Words

Grammar, Usage,
and Mechanics

Cross-Curricular
Writing

Listening/
Speaking/Viewing

Content Area

Kinds of Sentences
Subjects and
Predicates
Conjunctions
Compound
Sentences
Complex Sentences
Correcting Fragments
and Run-on Sentences
Common and
Proper Nouns
Singular and Plural
Nouns

Using Sequence
Words and Phrases
Capitalizing and
Punctuating
Sentences
Combining
Sentences with
Appositives
Instructions
A Memo
A Friendly Letter
Voice
An Opinion

Retelling a Story
Speaking on the
Telephone
Holding a Literature
Discussion
Giving and Listening
to Directions

Science
Health
Social Studies
Art
Vocabulary
Math

Story
Writing Process
Developing Plot,
Characters, and
Setting
Writing Dialogue
Using Exact Nouns

Singular and
Plural Possessive
Nouns
More Possessive
Nouns
Action Verbs and
Direct Objects
Main Verbs and
Auxiliary Verbs
Transitive and
Intransitive Verbs
Being Verbs and
Linking Verbs

Using Exact Verbs


A News Article
Adding Details
A Journal Entry
A Business Letter
Using the Right Tone

Making and Listening


to Announcements
Giving a Choral
Speaking
Presentation
Giving an Oral Report

Math
Vocabulary
Social Studies
Science
Art

Description
Writing Process
Using Sensory
Language
Organizing Details
Sentence Combining

Verb Tenses
More About Verb
Tenses
Principal Parts of
Regular and
Irregular Verbs
Perfect Tenses
More Irregular Verbs
Subject-Verb
Agreement
sit, set; lie, lay;
rise, raise
lend, borrow; let,
leave; teach, learn

Correcting Sentence
Fragments and
Run-on Sentences
Using Exact Nouns
and Verbs
A Problem-Solution
Composition
Organization
A Response to a
Prompt
A Character Sketch
A Speech
Audience

Dramatizing a Story
Presenting Readers
Theater
Making and Listening
to Introductions
Conflict Resolution

Social Studies
Art
Health
Math
Science

Indicates Tested Skills

31

Skills
Overview

Grade 6

Strategies

Grade at a Glance
Reading
Comprehension Skills
and Strategies

Phonics/Decoding
Predict/Infer
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Summarize
Evaluate

Word Work
Information and
Study Skills

Decoding Longer
Words

Spelling

Structural Analysis/Phonics

Theme 4:
Discovering Ancient
Cultures
Nonfiction selections
tell about life in
ancient cultures.

Theme 5:
Doers and Dreamers
It often takes hard work
and determination to
fulfill your dreams.

Theme 6:
New Frontiers:
Oceans and Space
The uncharted frontiers
of oceans and space
offer new challenges.

32

Comprehension Skills
Authors Viewpoint: Bias and
Assumptions
Cause and Effect
Topic, Main Idea, and Details
Strategies
Summarize
Evaluate
Monitor/Clarify

Comprehension Skills
Propaganda
Problem Solving
Compare and Contrast
Strategies
Predict/Infer
Summarize
Question

Comprehension Skills
Cause and Effect
Following Directions
Categorize and Classify
Drawing Conclusion
Strategies
Evaluate
Monitor/Clarify
Question
Predict/Infer

How to Adjust Your Rate of


Reading
Using Multiple Sources to
locate Information
How to Read a Time Line
Note Taking
How to Read a Diagram
Comparing Information in
Different Forms

Structural Analysis:
Suffixes -ic, -al, and -ure
Suffixes -ion and -ation
Unstressed Syllables
Phonics:
The /zh/ and /sh/ Sounds
Different Sounds for the
Letters wh
The /@ / Sound

The /sh/ Sound


Adding -ion, or -ation
Unstressed Syllables

Using Multiple Sources


of Information to
Present Information
About a Topic
How to Skim and Scan
Using a Word Processor to
Write a Report
Creating and Organizing
Disk Files

Structural Analysis:
Word Parts ven and graph
Plurals
Suffixes -ent/ -ence,
-ant/-ance, -able/-ible,
-ate
Phonics:
Final / z/, / v/, / j/, / k/,
/ch@ r/, /@ s/ Sounds
Hard and Soft c Sounds
/f/, /g/, and /j/ Sounds

Final / z/, / v/, / j/,


/ k/, /ch@ r/ and /@ s/
Plurals
Suffixes: -ant/-ance;
-ent/ -ence; -able/
-ible; -ate

Completing Applications
and Forms
Summarize Text
Graphically: Schedule,
Time Line, Venn Diagram
How to Follow Directions
How to Adjust Your Rate of
Reading
Prepare a Report Using Text,
Graphic Aids, and Pictures
How to Use SQP3R Strategy
Evaluating Information for
Accuracy and Bias

Structural Analysis:
Prefixes de-, dis-, ex-,
inter-, per-, pre-, proPrefixes ad- and obWords with ie or ei
Word Parts
Phonics:
/@r y/ and /sh@r/ Sounds
/th/ and /th/ Sounds
Vowel Alternations
Consonant Alternations

Prefixes: de-, dis-, ex-,


inter-, per-, pre-, proPrefixes: ad- and obWords with ie or ei
Word Parts

Pacing

Focus on Genre
For an in-depth study of a
genre, use Focus on Speeches,
Plays, Poetry, and Myths.

Each theme is designed to take


four to six weeks, depending
on your students needs.

Multi-age Classroom
Themes are correlated to themes in
the grades above and below. See
your Teachers Edition.

Writing and Language


Vocabulary Skills
and Expansion

Reading-Writing
Workshop

Multiple-Meaning
Words
Synonym
Dictionary: Prefixes
and Suffixes
Descriptive Words
Using a Thesaurus
Words for Leaders

Research Report
Writing Process
Locating and
Evaluating
Information
Using an Outline
Using Adjectives

Antonyms
Dictionary: MultipleMeaning Words
Dictionary: Etymology
Athletic Terms
Business Terms
Color Words

Analogies
Word Families
Dictionary: Idioms and
Run-on Entries
Dictionary: More Than
One Spelling or
Pronunciation
Space Travel Terminology
Fields of Study
Science Word Origins
Acronyms

Grammar, Usage,
and Mechanics

Cross-Curricular
Writing

Listening/
Speaking/Viewing

Content Area

Adjectives
Proper Adjectives
Comparing with
Adjectives
Comparing with
good or bad
Adverbs
Comparing with
Adverbs

Elaborating with
Adjectives
Combining
Sentences with
Adjectives
An Explanation
Eliminating
Unnecessary Words
A Paragraph of
Information
A Comparison and
Contrast Paragraph

Giving a Speech
Viewing for
Information and
Details
Comparing Forms of
Information

Math
Science
Social Studies

Personal Essay
Writing Process
Keeping to the Focus
Introductions and
Conclusions
Correcting Sentence
Fragments

Subject and
Object Pronouns
Pronouns in
Compound
Subjects and
Objects
Possessive and
Indefinite Pronouns
Using Who,
Whom, Whose
Avoiding Double
Negatives
Contractions

Writing Clearly
with Pronouns
A Clarification
Composition
Being Precise
A How-to Paragraph
A Summary
Paraphrasing

Listening to Take
Notes and
Summarize
Explaining a Process
How to Look at Fine Art
Viewing and
Evaluating Fine Art

Math
Art
Social Studies
Science

Persuasive Essay
Writing Process
Stating Reasons and
Answering
Objections
Using Supporting
Facts and Details
Using Adverbs and
Adjectives Correctly

Prepositions and
Prepositional Phrases
Prepositional
Phrases as Adjectives
and Adverbs
Interjections
Abbreviations
Commas in a
Series
More Uses for
Commas
Punctuating Dialogue
Capitalization in
Titles

Combining
Sentences with
Prepositional Phrases
Using Commas
When Combining
Sentences
An Announcement
Ordering Important
Information
A Biography
A Compare/Contrast
Essay
An Answer to an Essay
Question
Keeping to the Point

Viewing and
Evaluating Media
Planning a
Multimedia
Presentation
Speaking to Persuade
Holding Effective
Conversations

Math
Social Studies
Vocabulary
Science
Art

Indicates Tested Skills

33

Copyright by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Litho in U.S.A. UNI50M900 G-22756