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Apparitions and appearances

A photostatic copy of a page from Ilustrao Portuguesa, October 29,


1917, showing the crowd looking at the miracle of the sun during the
Ftima apparitions (attributed to the Blessed Virgin Mary)
The term "appearance" has been used in different apparitions within a
wide range of contexts and experiences. And its use has been different
with respect to Marian apparitions and visions of Jesus Christ.
In some apparitions such as Our Lady of Lourdes an actual vision is
reported, resembling that of a person being present. In some of these
reports the viewers do not initially report that they saw the Virgin Mary,
but that they saw "a Lady" and had conversation with her. In these
cases the viewers report experiences that resemble the visual and
verbal interaction with a person present at the site. In most cases,
there are no clear indications as to the auditory nature of the
experience, i.e. whether the viewers heard the voices via airwaves or
an "interior" or subjective sense of communication. The 1973
messages of Our Lady of Akita were to Sister Agnes Katsuko
Sasagawa who went deaf before 1973 and remained deaf until 1982
when she was cured during Sunday Mass as foretold in her messages.
In some apparitions an image is reported absent any verbal
interaction. An example is the reported apparitions at Our Lady of
Assiut in which many people reported a bright image atop a building.
Photographs at times suggest the silhouette of a statue of the Virgin
Mary but the images are subject to varying interpretations, and critics
suggest that they may just be due to various visual effects. However,
such image-likeappearances are hardly ever reported for visions of
Jesus and Mary. In most cases these involve some form of reported
communication.
And apparitions should be distinguished from interior locutions in which
no visual contact is claimed. Interior locutions consist of inner voices.
Interior locutions are generally not classified as apparitions.
Physical contact is hardly ever reported as part of Marian apparitions.
In rare cases a physical artifact is reported in apparitions, such as the
image of Our Lady of Guadalupe, which is reported to have been
miraculously imprinted on the cloak of Saint Juan Diego.

Catholic belief
Eternal Father painting the Virgin of Guadalupe. Anonymous, 18th
century, an example of Roman Catholic Marian artrelated to an
apparition
According to the doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church, the era of
public revelation ended with the death of the last living Apostle. A
Marian apparition, if deemed genuine by Church authority, is treated
as private revelation that may emphasize some facet of the received
public revelation for a specific purpose, but it can never add anything
new to the deposit of faith. The Church may pronounce an apparition
as worthy of belief, but belief is never required by divine faith.
[1]
The Holy
See has
officially
confirmed
the
apparitions
at Guadalupe, Saint-tienne-le-Laus, Paris (Rue du Bac, Miraculous
Medal), La
Salette, Lourdes, Ftima, Pontmain, Beauraing,
[2]
and Banneux.
According to Father Salvatore M. Perrella of the Marianum Pontifical
Institute in Rome, of the 295 reported apparitions studied by the Holy
Seethrough the centuries only 12 have been approved, the latest being
the May 2008 approval of the 17th- and 18th-century apparitions
of Our Lady of Laus.[3][4] Other apparitions continue to be approved at
the local level, e.g. the December, 2010 local approval of the 19thcentury apparitions of Our Lady of Good Help, the first recognized
apparition in the United States.[5]
An authentic apparition is believed not to be a subjective experience,
but a real and objective intervention of divine power. The purpose of
such apparitions is to recall and emphasize some aspect of the
Christian message. The church states that cures and other miraculous
events are not the purpose of Marian apparitions, but exist primarily to
validate and draw attention to the message. [6] Apparitions of Mary are
held as evidence of her continuing active presence in the life of the
church, through which she "cares for the brethren of her son who still
journey on earth."[7]
Not all claims of visitations are dealt with favourably by the Roman
Catholic Church. For example, claimed apparitions of Our Lady, under
the title of "Our Lady of the Roses, Mary, Help of Mothers", [8] Jesus
Christ and various saints at Bayside, New York have not been condoned
or
sanctioned
in
any
way,
nor
those
at
the Necedah
Shrine in Necedah, Wisconsin. The behavior of Ms Veronica Lueken and

Mary Ann Van Hoof, who claimed these heavenly favors, was deemed
not to compare favorably with the "quiet pragmatism" of
St. Bernadette Soubirous Church authorities are said to use
Bernadette as a model by which to judge all who purport to have
visitations. Indeed, both women seriously criticized the Roman Catholic
Church hierarchy, allegedly even harshly, and Mrs. Van Hoof is said to
have subsequently left Roman Catholicism for an independent local Old
Catholic Church.
Possibly the best-known apparition sites are Lourdes and Ftima[9] Over
sixty spontaneous healings, out of thousands reported at the Lourdes
Spring, have been classified as "inexplicable" by the physicians of the
Lourdes Bureau, a medical centre set up by the Church in association
with local medical institutes to assess possible miracles. The Three
Secrets of Ftima received a great deal of attention in the Catholic and
secular press.

While Marian apparitions may at times seem like fanciful tales even to
devout Catholics, factual analysis indicates that the effect of
apparitions on the Roman Catholic Church has been significant. Marian
apparitions have led to, or affected, the Catholic Church, Roman
Catholic Mariologyand the lives of millions of Roman Catholics in
several ways:
The conversion of millions of people to Roman Catholicism.
The construction of some of the largest Roman Catholic Marian
churches ever.
The formation
Societies ever.

of

the

largest Marian

Movements

and

The spread of Marian devotions (such as the rosary) to millions


of people.
The declaration of specific Marian dogmas and doctrines.
Hundreds of millions of Marian pilgrimages.

A few cases can illustrate these items.


Conversions and shrines
Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico City.
By all accounts, when Juan Diego, age 57, reported the apparition
of Our Lady of Guadalupeon Tepeyac hill in Mexico in 1531, he did
not receive a lot of attention in Rome, since the Church was busy
with the challenges of the Protestant Reformation of 1521 to 1579
and perhaps very few Cardinals in Rome had ever heard the details
of Mexico and its environs. Yet, just as a large number of people
were leaving the Catholic Church in Europe as a result of the
Reformation, Our Lady of Guadalupe was instrumental in adding
almost 8 million people to the ranks of Catholics in the Americas
between 1532 and 1538. The number of Catholics in South America
has grown significantly over the centuries. Eventually with tens of
millions of followers, Juan Diego had an effect on Mariology in the
Americas and beyond, and was eventually declared venerable in
1987. Juan Diego was declared a saint in 2002. Furthermore,
the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe on Tepeyac hill in Mexico is
now the third largest Catholic Church in the world, after Saint Peter's
Basilica in Rome and the Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady
of Aparecida in Brazil. Recent reported apparitions such
as Medjugorje have also attracted a large following.
Societies and devotions
The Marian apparition of Our Lady of Ftima on a remote mountain
top to three young Portuguese children in 1917 also seemed fanciful
and the local administrator initially jailed the children and
threatened that he would boil them one by one in a pot of oil.
However, over the years the effect of Ftima has been undeniable.
With over 25 million registered Catholic members, the Blue Army of
Our Lady of Ftima (which was approved by Pope Pius XII in 1947) is
the largest Marian Society in the world. And the message of Ftima
has inspired the spread of other devotions. An example is Our
Lady's Rosary Makers formed by Brother Sylvan Mattingly in 1949
with $25 to distribute free rosaries, based on his devotion to
Ftima. Our Lady's Rosary Makers has since distributed hundreds of
millions of free rosaries to Catholic missions worldwide.
Pilgrimages

Marian apparitions are also responsible for tens of millions of Marian


pilgrimages per year.[18] About 5 million pilgrims visit Lourdes every
year and within France only Paris has more hotels than Lourdes. And
about 10 million pilgrims visit Our Lady of Guadalupe each year,
where each mass can accommodate up to 40,000 people. [19] Thus
each decade, just Lourdes and Guadalupe amount to over one
hundred million Catholic pilgrimages, based on Marian apparitions
to two people on two remote hilltops.
The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Ftima also attracts a large number
of Roman Catholics, and every year pilgrims fill the country road
that leads to the shrine with crowds that approach one million on
May 13 and October 13, the significant dates of Fatima apparitions.
[20]
Overall, about four million pilgrims visit the basilica every year. [21]
In Canada, millions of Americans and Canadians have visited the
national shrine of Our Lady of the Cape, in Cap-de-la-Madeleine,
Quebec, where the first pilgrimages began in 1888.
Historical feasts
A number of feasts based on historical traditions involving
apparitions are celebrated in the Roman Catholic Church. These
apparitions do not technically fall in the Congregation for the
Doctrine of the Faith approved category, since they generally
predate the formation of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the
Faith in 1542. They are recognized based on the papal declaration of
the feast day rather than formal analysis by the Congregation for
the Doctrine of the Faith.
Our Lady of the Pillar
In the year AD 39, according to tradition, the Virgin Mary appeared
to Saint James the Great, in Zaragoza, Spain. The vision is now
called Our Lady of the Pillar and is the only reported Marian
apparition before her Assumption. The Basilica of Our Lady of the
Pillar was built in Zaragoza, Spain and a key piece of Roman
Catholic Marian art, the statue of Our Lady of the Pillar, refers to this
apparition.
Our Lady of the Snow

Our Lady of the Snow is based on a legend that during the


pontificate of Pope Liberius, during the night of August the 5th,
snow fell on the summit of the Esquiline Hill in Rome. Based on a
vision that night, a basilica was built in honour of Our Lady, on the
spot that had been covered with snow.
The church built there is now the basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore,
and the feast was celebrated at that church for centuries on August
5 each year. However, there was no mention of this alleged miracle
in historical records until a few hundred years later, not even by
Pope Sixtus III in his dedicatory inscription, and it may be that the
legend has no historical basis. However, in the 14th century the
feast was extended to all the churches of Rome and finally it was
made a universal feast by Pope Pius V.[22]
Our Lady of Walsingham
According to the tradition of Our Lady of Walsingham, the Virgin
Mary appeared in a vision to Richeldis de Faverches, a devout Saxon
noblewoman, in 1061 in Walsingham, England, instructing her to
construct a shrine resembling the place of the Annunciation. The
shrine passed into the care of the Canons Regular sometime
between 1146 and 1174.
Late in 1538, King Henry VIIIs soldiers sacked the priory at
Walsingham, killed two monks and destroyed the shrine. In
1897 Pope Leo XIII re-established the restored 14th century Slipper
Chapel as a Roman Catholic shrine. The Holy House had been rebuilt
at the Catholic Church of the Annunciation at King's Lynn
(Walsingham was part of this Catholic parish in 1897).
Today there are two shrines at Walsingham: the Roman Catholic
shrine centered on the Slipper Chapel and the Holy House
maintained by the Church of England. There are also two separate
feast days: September 24 in the Roman Catholic Church and
October 15 in the Anglican Communion.[23][24]
Our Lady of the Rosary
The apparition of Our Lady of
to Saint Dominic in 1208 in
According to the attribution,
Dominic and introduced him to

the Rosary is by tradition attributed


the church of Prouille, in France.
the Virgin Mary appeared to Saint
the rosary.[25]

Some sources suggest that Alan de Rupe (rather than Saint


Dominic) was the major influence on the rosary in the 15th century,
while other sources seek a middle ground to these two views. [26]
[27]
For centuries, Dominicans became instrumental in spreading the
rosary and emphasizing the Catholic belief in the power of the
rosary.[28]
In 1571 Pope Pius V instituted "Our Lady of Victory" as an annual
feast to commemorate the victory of Lepanto, the victory being
attributed to Our Lady. In 1969, Pope Paul VI changed the name of
the feast to Our Lady of the Rosary.[29]
Our Lady of Mount Carmel
The Blessed Virgin Mary is said to have appeared to Saint Simon
Stock, who was Prior General of the Carmelite Order in the mid 13th
century.[30] The earliest reference to the tradition of his Marian
apparition, dating from the late 14th century, states that "St. Simon
was an Englishman, a man of great holiness and devotion, who
always in his prayers asked the Virgin to favor his Order with some
singular privilege. The Virgin appeared to him holding the Brown
Scapular in her hand saying, 'This is for you and yours a privilege;
the one who dies in it will be saved.'" [31] A scapular is an apron-like
garment that forms part of the Carmelite religious habit,[32] and in
the original context the Blessed Virgin Mary's promise was an
assurance that religious who persevered in theirvocation would be
saved; beginning in the latter half of the 16th century the small
devotional scapular became very popular as a sacramental.[31]
The historicity of Saint Simon Stock's vision is disputed, [33][34] and as
a result today neither the liturgy for the Feast of Our Lady of Mount
Carmel (which originally had no association withscapular devotion,
but became strongly connected with Saint Simon Stock's vision in
the 17th century[35]), nor that of Saint Simon Stock make any
reference to the vision of Mary or the scapular. [36] The Brown
Scapular itself remains warmly approved and recommended by
the Catholic Church.[37] Various devotional sources[38] quote an
interview with Lucia Santos in which she speaks about the Brown
Scapular, saying "Our Lady wants all to wear the Scapular",
especially when praying the Rosary, because "the Rosary and
Scapular are inseparable".

Approved apparitions
A Roman Catholic approved Marian apparition is one that has been
examined by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith either
based on the criteria listed above (or internal procedures in place
before that) and has been granted approval either through the local
Bishop based on the direction of the Congregation for the Doctrine
of the Faith or received a direct approval from the Holy See.
Although a local bishop may provide a preliminary assessment (and
allow the devotion to proceed forward), formal approval can only be
provided after detailed analysis by the Holy See. For instance,
although the apparitions at Our Lady of Laus were recognized by the
local diocese in 1665, they received approval from the Congregation
for the Doctrine of the Faith centuries later, in 2008.
Apparitions favored by the Holy See usually:
Become
the
site
of
major Roman
Catholic
Marian
churches such as Lourdes, France or the Basilica of Our Lady of
Guadalupe on Tepeyac hill in Mexico.
Receive papal visits such as Popes Paul VI's, John Paul II's
and Benedict XVI's visits to Ftima, Portugal, Knock Ireland
and Beauraing, Belgium.
However, a papal visit does not amount to a formal approval.
Some apparitions such as in Assiut, Egypt have
approved
by
the Coptic
Church and
can
called approved but not Roman Catholic approved.

been
be

Our Lady of Guadalupe.


Approved by the Roman Catholic Church
Our Lady of Guadalupe
The 1531 apparition of Our Lady of Guadalupe was reported
by Saint Juan Diego. He said he saw an early morning vision of
the Virgin Mary in which he was instructed to build an abbey
on the Hill of Tepeyac in Mexico. The local prelate did not

believe his account and asked for a miraculous sign, which


was
later provided
as an icon
of Our
Lady of
Guadalupe permanently imprinted on the saints cloak where
he had gathered roses. Over the years, Our Lady of Guadalupe
became a symbol of the Catholic faith in Mexico and the
Mexican diaspora.[citation needed]
Our Lady of Laus
The apparitions of Our Lady of Laus between 1664 and 1718
in Saint-tienne-le-Laus, France to Benote Rencurel, a young
shepherdess are the first Marian apparitions approved in the
21st century by the Roman Catholic Church.[11] The apparitions
were recognized by the diocese of the Roman Catholic Church
on September 18, 1665. They were approved by the Vatican
on May 5, 2008. Currently, the site where the apparitions took
place receives more than 120,000 pilgrims a year.
Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal
The Miraculous Medal
The vision of Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal is said to have
appeared to Saint Catherine Labour in 1830 in the convent
of Rue du Bac, Paris. She reported that one night in the
chapel, the Blessed Virgin Mary appeared to her and asked
that a medallion be made to a design that she dictated. The
lady added that, "All who wear this medal will receive
great graces."[39] After spending two years examining her
claims, her priest eventually took the information to
his archbishop. The medal eventually produced came to be
referred to as theMiraculous Medal. The front of the medal
displays a picture of the virgin as she appeared to Catherine
Labour. The design on the reverse includes the letter M and a
cross. Pope John Paul II used a slight variation of the reverse
image as his coat of arms, the Marian Cross. This is a plain
cross with an M underneath the right-hand bar, to signify the
Blessed Virgin standing at the foot of the Cross while Jesus
was being crucified.
Sister Justine Bisqueyburu is said to have also had an
apparition in 1840 within the same chapel at Rue du Bac as
Saint Catherine
Labour.[40] These
visitations
instituted

the Green Scapular, which involves a very simple devotion to


the Immaculate Heart of Mary and is associated with healing.
[41]
The Green Scapular has its own association[42] but has not
been approved by the Holy See and does not have an
associated confraternity.[43]
Our Lady of La Salette
The apparitions of Our Lady of La Salette were reported in La
Salette in France in 1846 by two shepherd children, Mlanie
Calvat and Maximin Giraud, followed by numerous accounts
ofmiraculous healings.
The Roman
Catholic
Church investigated the claims and found them basically
credible. However, in the late 19th century controversy
surrounded the claims of one of the seers, Mlanie Calvat in a
France hostile to religion. Recent releases from the Vatican
Secret Archives[44] may have clarified the situation to some
extent, but some controversy still remains attached to this
apparition.[citation needed]
Our Lady of Lourdes
In 1858 Saint Bernadette Soubirous was a 14-year-old
shepherd girl who lived near the town of Lourdes in France.
One day she reported a vision of a miraculous Lady who
identified Herself as "the Immaculate Conception" in
subsequent visions. In the second vision she was asked to
return again and she had 18 visions overall. According to Saint
Bernadette, the Lady held a string of Rosary beads and led
Saint Bernadette to the discovery of a buried spring, also
requesting that the local priests build a chapel at the site of
the visions and lead holy processions there. Eventually, a
number of chapels and churches were built at Lourdes as
the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lourdeswhich is now a major
Catholic pilgrimage site. One of these churches, the Basilica of
St. Pius Xcan accommodate 25,000 people and was dedicated
by the future Pope John XXIII when he was the Papal Nuncio to
France.[citation needed]
Our Lady of Pontmain

The apparitions at Our Lady of Pontmain, France also


called Our Lady of Hope were reported in 1871 by a number of
young children.[45]
The final approval for the apparitions of Our Lady of Hope was
given in 1932 by Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli, who later
became Pope Pius XII.[citation needed]
Our Lady of Ftima
Lcia dos Santos (left) with her cousinsJacinta and Francisco
Marto, at Ftima, Portugal, 1917.
The visions of the Virgin Mary appearing to three shepherd
children at Our Lady of Ftima in Portugal in 1917 were
declared worthy of belief by the Catholic Church in 1930. Five
popes Pius XII, John XXIII, Paul VI, John Paul II, and Benedict
XVI have supported the Ftima messages as supernatural.
John Paul II was particularly attached to Ftima and credited
Our Lady of Ftima with saving his life after he was shot in
Rome on the Feast Day of Our Lady of Ftima in May 1981. He
donated the bullet that wounded him on that day to
the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Ftima.[46][47]Benedict XVI, on May
13, 2010, prayed and gave the second Golden Rose to Our
Lady of Ftima and also pronounced in front of more than
500,000 pilgrims a reference to the Ftima prophecy about
the triumph of the Immaculate Heart of Mary.[48][49]
In 1925, eight years after the Ftima events, Sister
Lcia reported another set of apparitions, which became
known as the Pontevedra apparitions.[50][51][52] Also Blessed
Alexandrina of Balasar reported several apparitions of the
Blessed Virgin Mary (following the Our Lady of Ftima request
of World Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary).[53]
Our Lady of Knock
Knock Shrine, in County Mayo, Ireland, is the site of a
nineteenth-century apparition. On the wet Thursday evening
of the 21st August, 1879, at about 8 o'clock, Our Lady, St.
Joseph, and St. John the Evangelist appeared in a blaze of
Heavenly light at the south gable of Knock Parish Church.
Behind them and a little to the left of St. John was a plain altar.

On the altar was a cross and a lamb with adoring angels. The
appearance of St Joseph, St John and the Lamb make the
apparation unique in church history. The Apparition was seen
by fifteen people whose ages ranged from six years to
seventy-five and included men, women and children.
The witnesses described the Blessed Virgin Mary as being
clothed in white robes with a brilliant crown on her head. Over
the forehead where the crown fitted the brow, she wore a
beautiful full-bloom golden rose. She was in an attitude of
prayer with her eyes and hands raised towards Heaven. St.
Joseph stood on Our Lady's right. He was turned towards her
in an attitude of respect. His robes were also white. St. John
was on Our Lady's left. He was dressed in white vestments
and resembled a bishop, with a small mitre. He appeared to
be preaching and he held an open book in his left hand.
The witnesses watched the Apparition in pouring rain for two
hours, reciting the Rosary. Although they themselves were
saturated not a single drop of rain fell on the gable or vision.
The altar sculptures at Shrine of Our Lady of Knock, based on
the description of the apparition.
Subsequent commissions of enquiry set up by the local Bishop
and the Catholic hierarchy in Ireland formally approved the
apparations as worthy of devotion and they were officially
recognised by the Catholic church culminating in the visit of
Pope John Paul II in 1979 which he called the ultimate goal of
his pastoral visit to Ireland. [54] Only a fragment of the original
gable wall remains of the old church. A purpose built Basilica
was designed and built to cater for pilgrims and is served by
an international airport, Knock Airport.
Our Lady of Beauraing
The 33 apparitions of Our Lady of Beauraing were reported in
Belgium between November 1932 and January 1933 by five
local children ranging in age from 9 to 15 years. From 1933 to
World War II, pilgrims flocked to the little village of Beauraing.
The final approbation for the apparition was granted on July 2,
1949, under the authority of the Holy Office by the decree of
Andre-Marie Charue, Bishop of Namur, Belgium.[55][56][57] These

apparitions are also known as the Virgin of the Golden Heart.


[citation needed]

Our Lady of Banneux


The miraculous spring of Our Lady of Banneux, in Belgium.
The apparitions of Our Lady of Banneux were reported by a
young child, Mariette Beco a native of Banneux, Belgium in
the 1930s. They are also known as the Virgin of the Poor. The
apparitions were approved by the Roman Catholic Church in
1949.[58][59]
Beco
reported
eight
visions
of
the Blessed
Virgin
Mary between January 15 and March 2, 1933. She reported
seeing a Lady in White who declared herself the Virgin of the
Poor and told her: "Believe in me and I will believe in you". In
one vision, the Lady reportedly asked Mariette to drink from a
small spring and later said that the spring was for healing.
Over time the site drew pilgrims. Today, the small spring
yields about 2,000 gallons of water a day with many reports of
miraculous healings.[60]
Our Lady of Akita
The apparitions of Our Lady of Akita were reported in 1973 by
Sister Agnes Katsuko Sasagawa in the remote area of
Yuzawadai, near the city of Akita in Japan.[61] For several
decades, Agnes Sasagawa had encountered many health
problems but her health reportedly improved after drinking
water fromLourdes. After going totally deaf, she went to live
with the nuns in the remoteness of Yuzawadai. In 1973 she
reported
apparitions
of
the Virgin
Mary,
as
well
as stigmata and a weeping statue of the Virgin Mary that
continued to weep over the next six years on 101 occasions.

According to EWTN, up to November 2011 no ecclesiastical


decree appears to exist from the Congregation for the
Doctrine of the Faith.[62] However, some individuals, such as
former Ambassador of the Philippines to the Holy See, Mr.
Howard Dee, have stated that they were given private
assurances by Cardinal Ratzinger of the authenticity of
Akita. In any case, in keeping with the current norms, given
the absence of a repudiation of Bp. Ito's decision by his
successors, or by higher authority, the events of Akita
continue to have ecclesiastical approval..[62]

Title of the Image

Nuestra Seora del Santsimo Rosario-La


Naval de Manila (Since 1593)

Date of
Coronation

Oct. 5, 1907

Place of
Devotion

Intramuros,
Manila

During the
Papal reign
of:

Pope St. Pius X

Nuestra Seora de Peafrancia (Since 1710) Sept. 19,1924

Naga, Camarines
Pope Pius XI
Sur

Nuestra Seora del Santsimo Rosario de


Manaoag (1605 Arrival)

Manaoag,
Pangasinan

Pope Pius XI

Nuestra Seora de la Paz y Buen Viaje (1626


Nov. 25, 1926
Arrival)

Antipolo, Rizal

Pope Pius XI

Nuestra Seora del Santsimo Rosario de


Piat (1604 arrival)

June 20, 1954

Piat, Cagayan

Pope Pius XII

Nuestra Seora de la Regla (Since 1735)

Nov. 27, 1954

Opon, Cebu

Pope Pius XII

Nuestra Seora de Caysasay (1603

Dec. 8, 1954

Taal, Batangas

Pope Pius XII

April 12, 1926

Title of the Image

Date of
Coronation

Place of
Devotion

During the
Papal reign
of:

Discovery)

Nuestra Seora de Gua (1571 Discovery)

Dec. 30, 1955

Ermita, Manila

Pope Pius XII

Nuestra Seora de Caridad (Since 1700's)

Jan. 12, 1956

Bantay, Ilocos
Sur

Pope Pius XII

Nuestra Seora de los Remedios (Since


1955)

Sept. 8, 1956

San Fernando,
Pampanga

Pope Pius XII

Nuestra Seora del Pronto Socorro (Since


1700's)

1958

Boac,
Marinduque

Pope Pius XII

Nuestra Seora del Santsimo Rosario (1718


April 18, 1959
Discovery)

Orani, Bataan

Pope John XXIII

Nuestra Seora de Namacpacan (1822


Arrival)

Nov. 25, 1959

Luna, La Union

Pope John XXIII

Nuestra Seora de la Divina Pastora (Since


1802)

April 26, 1964

Gapan, Nueva
Ecija

Pope Paul VI

Nuestra Seora de Caridad (Since 1578)

May 1, 1971

Agoo, La Union

Pope Paul VI

Nuestra Seora de Salvacion (Since 1776)

August 25, 1976

Joroan, Tiwi,
Albay

Pope Paul VI

Nuestra Seora dela Soledad de Porta

November 17.

San Roque,

Pope John Paul II

Title of the Image

Date of
Coronation

Place of
Devotion

During the
Papal reign
of:

Vaga (Since 1692)

1978

Cavite City

Nuestra Seora de la Candelaria (Since


1630's)

Feb. 20, 1981

Jaro, Iloilo

Pope John Paul II

Nuestra Seora de Peafrancia de


Manila (Since 1660's)

1985

Paco, Manila

Pope John Paul II

Nuestra Seora de la Inmaculada


Concepcin (Since 1700)

1987

Concepcin,
Malabon

Pope John Paul II

Nuestra Seora de los Desamparados (1719


May 12, 1991
Arrival)

Santa Ana,
Manila

Pope John Paul II

Nuestra Seora del Carmen (1617 Arrival)

Aug. 18, 1991

Quiapo, Manila

Pope John Paul II

Nuestra Seora Virgen del Santissimo


Rosario, Reina de Caracol (1845 Arrival)

Oct. 20, 1995

Rosario, Cavite

Pope John Paul II

Nuestra Seora de la Consolacin y


Correa (Since 1677)

Sept. 5, 2000

Intramuros,
Manila

Pope John Paul II

Nuestra Seora del Buen Suceso de


Paraaque (1625 Discovery)

Sept. 8, 2000

La Huerta,
Paraaque

Pope John Paul II

Marikina City

Pope Benedict
XVI

Nuestra Seora de los Desamparados (Since


Oct. 23, 2005
1902)