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This paper systematically lists and analyses such requirements for various modern protective relays. This work is expected to be a good reference source for the new generation utility protection engineers in selecting the CTs and wire sizes and understanding impact of various connections in determining the reliability of components in the installation

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

ABU-HADRIYAH

380/115 kV BSP

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

INDEX

SR. NO.

DESCRIPTION

SHEET NO.

1.0

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.3

2.0

2.1

2.2

2.3

12

16

2.4

14

2.5

15

2.6

16

2.7

20

2.8

24

2.9

25

2.10

31

2.11

34

2.12

35

2.13

35

2.14

36

2.15

36

2.16

37

2.17

38

2.18

39

2.19

40

2.20

40

2.21

41

2.22

41

3-083300.01

PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

ABU-HADRIYAH

380/115 kV BSP

3.00

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

42

47

49

ATTACHMENTS:

ANNEXURE-1 CT REQUIREMENT OF RELAY

ANNEXURE-2 VA REQUIREMENT OF RELAY

ANNEXURE-3 SAUDI CABLE CATALOGUE

ANNEXURE-4 380kV GIS CT DATA FROM AREVA

ANNEXURE-4A 380kV GIS DATA SCHEDULE FROM AREVA

ANNEXURE-5 MANIFA SUBSTATION ELECTRICAL LAYOUT

ANNEXURE-6 380kV RELAYING & METERING ONE LINE DIAGRAM

ANNEXURE-7 LINE PARAMETER

ANNEXURE-8 380kV CVT DATA SCHEDULE

ANNEXURE-9 M&I METROSIL CATALOGUE

3-083300.01

PROJECT:

ABU-HADRIYAH 380/115 kV BSP

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

1.1 System Design Data:

1.1.1 System Voltage in kV

380kV

> 17

63000

Amps

63000 :

Amps

63kA

1.2.1 CT secondary excitation limiting emf and other parameters of CT's are calculated

at adopted tap setting, as shown in relaying & metering one line diagram.

1.2.2 Lead length considered is 500 meters including safety margin.

Refer to the attached Abuhadriyah substation electrical layout (dwg. No. EA-009912).

Refer Annexure 5 sheet 2.

Thus we have ensured that assumed 500m length is not exceeded by any actual length.

500m is also used as basis for any future modifications for normal S/S life time of 35years.

1.2.3 Safety margin of 20% is considered for protection class CT and 25% for metering class CT in the formulae

for CT calculation as a general and where-ever applicable relay manufacturer's recommendation is followed.

1.2.4 CT specification is considered as per PTS 07EN307 part'F', Appendix-VII and GIS vendor data.

1.2.5 Zs (source Impedance) is calculated based on CB Interrupting capacity. The Line Impedance value will be added

to Zs to derive the fault current (PF & EF) at zone1 end for CT excitation limiting EMF calculation. Only one way

is considered for PF zone1 Ual calculation and 2 way CT lead length is considered for EF zone1 Ual calculation.

CT Calculation for close in fault is done for 3 phase fault level 63kA.

We also have assumed 3km long line in view of any future modifications in the 380kV system,

1.2.6 Annexure-1: CT requirement of relay

Annexure-2: VA burden requirement of relay

Annexure-3: Saudi cable catalogue for CT lead resistance calculation

Annexure-4: CT data from 380kV GIS vendor (TOSHIBA)

Annexure-4A: Data Schedule for 380kV GIS

Annexure-5: Abu-hadriyah substation electrical Layout drawing for CT/VT cable route length (dwg. No. EA-009912)

Annexure-6: 380kV Relaying & Metering one line diagram for cross bay C4.

Annexure-7: Line parameters

Annexure-8: 380kV GIS Data schedule-CCVT

Annexure-9: M&I Metrosil catalogue

BAY NUMBER:

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DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

CT secondary lead size considered is 6 sq.mm.

0

6 sq.mm copper cable resistance at 20 C is 3.08 ohms/km.i.e Rdc at 20 C = 3.08 ohm/km (Refer Annexure-3)

Rdc at 75C = R20(1+20(T2-T1)); at 20C = 0.004,Where = temperature co-efficient of resistance.

Hence, Rdc at 75C = 3.08(1+0.004(75-20));

=

3.76

ohm/km

Consider a distance from 380kV GIS CT to relay panel as per layout attached with considerable

(Refer Annexure-5) safe margin = 500 meter, Lead resistance calculated is,

=

3.76 x 0.5

1.88

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DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

2.1 CT: 810 B1.C1

Protection

BF protection (50BF)

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

<

Vk >

Ie <

75

200%

Relay Type / Make: "RAICA", ABB,(50BF)

CT CALCULATION:

2.1.1 CT Vk requirement:

For

2000

2000

amps

Turn ratio

1/2000

Is =

amps

IF

63000

amps

IF sec =

31.5

amps

RCT =

3.1

ohms

RL =

1.88

ohms

RL =

1.88

Ohms

RL =

1.88

ohms.

0.15

VA

0.15

ohms

Vk

IP

T

=

at 20C = 0.004, RL at 75C = RL(1+20(T2-T1))

Consider length of cable = 500 meters.

RRAICA=

RRAICA=

Relay resistance = RB / Is

(0.15/1 )

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Note:

Maximum Relay burdens occur for 1ph-G fault when both phase & ground BFP O/C relay units are in series.

2x BFP Relay Fault Detectors =

Total=

0.30

Ohms

0.30

ohms

0.15

ohms

[1ph-G loop]

[3ph]

BFP fault detectors come once main protection operates & initiate BFP. Worst case relay operation (fatest)

is cycle & hence @ maximum peak during fully offset.

CT Requirement considering 20% margin.

General formulae:

Vkrequired > 1.2xOffset for DC x Ifsecondaryx (Connected burden)

> 1.2x2x31.5 x ( 3.1 + 3.76 + 2x(0.15))

> 541.296

Volts

Since CT rated knee point voltage is 3700V which is greater than 541.3 volts, CT is adequate.

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

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Protection

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

<

Vk >

Ie <

75

200%

Relay Type / Make: "REL 531", ABB

Line length as per annexure attached =

44.485

km

(Annexure-7)

Line parameter for Abu-hadriyah Al-fadhili line. Refer Annexure-7 for Line parameters.

Z1 =

Z0 =

Base kV = 380

2

= 1444

ohms

= 151.9

amps

Base MVA

Base Current calculated = (Base MVA)

3 x Base kV

(Base Impedance x p.u Impedance)

R1=

0.794 ohms

X1=

14.15 ohms

R0=

9.314 ohms

X0=

44.94 ohms

X/R =

17

sin(tan-1(X/R)) =

0.998

cos(tan-1(X/R)) =

0.059

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CROSS BAY C4

5 of 50

Volts

Amperes

3-083300.01

PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

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EA-086959

Xs = (Ph vol/Ph cu)xsin(tan-1(X/R))

= 380000 x sin(tan-1(X/R))

= 380000 x cos(tan-1(X/R))

Sqrt.(3)x63000

=

Zs=

3.48

Sqrt.(3)x63000

ohms

0.2 + j 3.48

0.20

ohms

ohms

X1 full Line: Line length x Reactance value/km

=

14.1512

ohms

Z1 line

0.7942

ohms

0.7942 + j 14.15

ohms

44.93728

ohms

=

9.3138

ohms

ohms

Close in Fault

Fault current =

63

X/R =

17

kA

= + j 3.48

ohms

For 44.485 Km line

Impedance calculated : (Rs + R1) + j(Xs+X1)

(Positive sequence)

= (0.2+0.794) + j (3.48+14.15)

= 0.994+j17.63

ZT1 = 17.66

Phase fault current =

ohms

ohms

=

380000

Sqrt.(3)x17.63

= 12424.57

Phase fault X/R

Amps

17.63

0.994

17.74

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

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Fault current calculation at the end of zone1 fault i.e 80% of line length:

For 44.485 Km line

Impedance calculated : (Rs+0.8R1) + j(Xs+0.8X1)

(Positive sequence)

= (0.2+0.635) + j (3.48+11.32)

= 0.84+j14.8

ZT1 = 14.82

Phase fault current =

ohms

=

380000

Sqrt.(3)x14.82

= 14800.04

Phase fault X/R

Amps

14.82

0.835

= 17.75

Through fault current at the end of the line:

For 44.485 Km line

Impedance calculated : (3Rs+2R1+R0) +

(Loop Impedance)

j(3Xs+2X1+X0)

= 11.5+j83.79

ZT1 = 84.39

Earth fault current =

ohms

ohms

=

380000

Sqrt.(3)x84.39

I0

Earth fault X/R

= 2599.62

=

Amps

83.79

11.5

3I0

7.29

7798.87

Amps

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CROSS BAY C4

7 of 50

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Fault current calculation at the end of zone1 fault i.e 80% of line length:

For 44.485 Km line

Impedance calculated : (3Rs+0.8x2R1+R0) +

(Loop Impedance)

j(3Xs+0.8x2X1+X0)

= 9.32+j69.12

ZT1 = 69.75

Earth fault current =

ohms

ohms

=

380000

Sqrt.(3)x69.75

= 3145.62

Earth fault X/R

Amps

69.12

9.32

3I0=

7.42

9436.869326

Amps

Eal

Eal

Eal

Eal

> Ealreq

> Ealreq

> Ealreq

> Ealreq

Equation-1

Equation-2

2

Equation-3

= (Imin sat x CT factor x Ir) / 100 x (RCT + RL + SR / Ir

Equation-4

Where,

Ikmax =

Maximum Primary fundamental frequency fault current for internal close-in faults (A)

Itfdb =

Maximum Primary fundamental frequency fault current for external faults (A) that

passes through two CT's (A).

Here for one and half breaker scheme Ikmax is equal to Itfdb.

Ipn =

Isn =

Ir =

SR =

The burden of IED 670 a current input channel (VA). SR = 0.25 VA/channel.

f=

Imin sat= Saturation detector min current ( 100 - 1000% Of Ir) and set at 500%

CT factor = set current scalling factor (0.4 - 1.0)

Where,

For

Ealreq=

Eal =

I K max =

2000

amps

3700

volts

63000

amps

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Itfdb =

63000

amps

I pn =

2000

amps

I sn =

amps

RCT =

3.1

ohms

RB

Burden of relay

0.25

ohms

RL

=For 6 sq.mm copper cable, RL= 3.08 ohm/kmeter at 20C.

Ir

f

=

=

RL

1.88

2RL =

3.76

ohms

amps

System Frequency

60

Hz

17

45.09

msec

0.01

VA

0.26

VA

Imin Sat=

X/R =

System ratio

Tp

RTFR =

At 2000/1 A tap

Considering 20% margin

Eal

Equation-1

As per REL 531 relay requirement, the factor 0.5( for Tc less than 120ms) is replaced with 0.53 & 0.54

for primary time constant of 200ms and 300ms respectively.

82.5

volts

99.0

volts

2000

With 20% extra margin Ealreq

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

Eal

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Equation-2

As per REL 531 relay requirement, the factor 2 ( for Tc less than 120ms) is replaced with 2.32 & 2.5

for primary time constant of 200ms and 300ms respectively.

330.1

volts

396.1

volts

2000

With 20% extra margin Ealreq

Eal

Equation-3

31.4

volts

37.7

volts

Eal

> Ealreq

Equation-4

26.2

volts

31.4

volts

100

With 20% extra margin Ealreq

Since CT rated knee point voltage is 3700V which is greater than the required value,

the proposed CT is adequate.

The Voltage developed across the CT secondary for distance protection (21L) feature as per

ABB catalogue. (Refer Annexure-1 Sh. No. 22 )

Requirement -1

At 2000/1 A tap

Eal

Equation-5

With 20% extra margin

Ealreq = 63000 x 1.2 x 2 x ( 3.1+ 1.88 + 0.27/1^2 )

538.3

volts

2000

BAY NUMBER:

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CROSS BAY C4

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Requirement -2

Eal

Equation-6

Ikzone1= Maximum primary fundamental fault current at the end of zone 1 reach.

Considering 80% of actual line length

14800.04 Amps

(Refer above fault current calculation at the end of zone1 reach considering actual line length)

At 2000/1 A tap and with 20% extra margin

2

442.58038 volts

2000

Since CT rated knee point voltage is 3700V which is greater than the required value,

the proposed CT is adequate.

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

11 of 50

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Protection

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

<

Vk >

Ie <

75

200%

Relay Type/make : ''7SA522 ", Siemens.

2.3.1 CT Calculation

Where

For

Vk =

RB =

Rr =

Relay resistance

RCT =

RL =

2000

amps

3700

Volts

0.05

ohms

3.1

ohms

at 20C = 0.004, RL at 75C = RL(1+20(T2-T1))

RL =

1.88

ohms

2RL=

3.76

ohms

IP =

2000

amps

IS =

amps

63000

amps

VK

3700

volts

X/R =

System ratio

17

If

=

31.50

( I f )x( X/R) =

535.5

Tp

SCC max

/ IP

L/R = (X/(2x 3.14x f )/R

.= ( 17 / 2x 3.14x 60) x 1000

45.09

msec

BAY NUMBER:

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CROSS BAY C4

12 of 50

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DOCUMENT TITLE:

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EA-086959

( Refer Annexure-1 Sh. No. 24 )

Vk 1

>

Vk 2

>

Ktd(b) = 5' for primary time constants less than 50ms

Vk1 =

Vk2 =

IFZ1 =

Considering actual line length as a worst case, primary fault current (A) calculated is equal 14800.04

Amps. Hence, CT secondary fault current =

14800.04

2000

=

RB

7.40

Amps.

Relay burden

Vk 1

>

244

volts

Vk 2 with 20 % margin

293

volts

Peak voltage

413.7

Vpeak

Vk 2

>

143

volts

Vk 2 with 20 % margin

172

volts

Peak voltage

243.0

Vpeak

Since CT rated knee point voltage is 3700V which is greater than the required value,

the proposed CT is adequate.

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

13 of 50

3-083300.01

PROJECT:

ABU-HADRIYAH 380/115 kV BSP

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Protection

Metering

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

0.2

VA Burden

50

VA

200%

Application : Metering

Burden Calculation (Refer Annexure-2)

a

LCP

Ammeter

0.5 VA

ABB, ALPHA A3R

(Assumed)

1E-04 VA

1 VA

1 VA

Mosaic panel

0.5 VA

(Assumed)

0.5 VA

(Assumed)

DSM

0.1 VA

(Assumed)

For 4 sq.mm copper cable, RL= 0.00461 ohm/meter at 20C.

at 20C = 0.004, RL at 75C = RL(1+20(T2-T1));

Consider length of wire = 500 meters.

RL

2.812 Ohms

2RL

5.624 VA

9.224 VA

11.53 VA

The total connected burden is less than the CT rated burden i.e 50VA. Hence the CT is adequate.

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

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ABU-HADRIYAH 380/115 kV BSP

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Protection

Spare

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

<

Vk >

Ie <

50

200%

Application : Spare

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

15 of 50

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DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Protection

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

Vk >

Ie <

50

200%

NOTE:

Typical bus-bar protection CT's core detail for adjacent cross bay's(3 nos. including future bays)

are shown below.

Protection

Core

Core 2

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

Vk >

Ie <

50

200%

Relay Type / Make: "MFAC14", AREVA (Setting range: 25V-325V)

2.6.1 CT Calculation

The setting voltage is determined by the following relationship. (Refer Annexure-1, Sh. No.11)

1.2 x If x ( RCT + 2 x RL )

Vs >

Where

IP

For

3000

3000

amps

amps

63000

amps

IS

IF

21

amps

4.65

ohms

If

RCT =

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RL =

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

1.88

Ohms

RL =

1.88

ohms.

5550

Volts

at 20C = 0.004, RL at 75C = RL(1+20(T2-T1))

Consider length of cable = 500 meters.

Vk =

Vs >

1.2 x If x ( RCT + 2 x RL )

Vs >

Vs >

211.932

Hence select Vs

275

Vrms

Peak voltage

388.91

Vpeak

Hence, select a metrosil with setting range 25V- 325V and set at 275 volts.

For this relay Metrosil proposed by the manufacturer has the following parameters.

C

900

0.25

The current drawn by metrosil at relay setting voltage is given by formulae below.

Irms drawn=

where

0.52((2xV')/C))1/

V' = voltage in (RMS Sine)

Irms drawn=

=

0.52x((2x2000)/900)1/0.25

50.72

A rms

%Error

(0.018 / 21 ) x 100

0.086%

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Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

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DOCUMENT TITLE:

Metrosil selection:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

(Refer Annexure-8)

To limit voltage to 2kVrms, select metrosil same as recommended by MFAC 14 for Vs = 275V

C

900

0.25

As per M&I materials catalogue attached, for the above 'C' and '' characteristics, the recommended

metrosil type is 600A/S1/S1088.

We recommend standard metrosil as per AREVA recommandation only as the relay & scheme is by AREVA.

CT secondary fault current calculated as above =

21

Amps.

At 3000/1 A tap

Taking Primary fault currrent setting as 1% of maximum fault current i.e 63000 Amps.

1% of bus-bar fault current

630

amps

The primary operating current or fault setting calculated as Ip=

{ n Im+ Ir +IM+IV}xT

Ip

Im

8.0

0.005

Amps

90000.0

ohms

0.003

Amps

0.018

Amps

0.03

Amps

RMVTP31 =

IV

IM

=

=

Ir = Relay operating current as per MFAC manual for setting range 25-325V

Where relay setting voltage is low then current in non linear resistor is ignored.

Primary fault setting (Ip) =

{n Im+ Ir +IM+IV}xT

=

273.167

It is observed that the primary operating current is less than 630A.

Hence, an external shunt resistor (Rsh) needs to be connected inorder to get a primary operating current 630A.

Select shunt resistor to get primary operating current of say 742 Amps.

Ip =

{ nIe+ Ir +IM+(Vs/Rsh)+IV}xT

742 =

{8x0.005+0.03+0.018+(275/Rsh)+0.003} x3000

0.156

Rsh =

1759.7

ohms

Select a resistor 2700 ohms and set at 1760 ohms with the short time current rating (1 seconds) of 1.3 Amps.

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Current in shunt resistor at setting voltage Vs =275 Volts;= 275

Shunt resistor Wattage = 0.16x0.16x1760

45.06

Watts.

0.16

Amps.

1759.7

Watts.

Hence, Primary operating current calculated =

Primary fault setting (Ip) =

{n Im+ Ir +IM+IV+IRsh}T

=

742.0

Amps.

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

19 of 50

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Protection

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

Vk >

50

200%

NOTE:

Typical bus-bar protection CT's core detail for adjacent cross bay's(3 nos. including future bays)

are shown below.

Protection

Core

Core 1

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

Knee point voltage, Vk

CT excitation current at 3000A tap in mA

Vk >

Ie <

50

200%

Relay Type / Make: "MCAG 14", AREVA (Setting range: 20%-80% of 1A)

2.7.1 CT Requirement

Where

For

Knee point voltage

Vk

Vs

3000

5550

volts

amps

Setting Voltage

IP

3000

= Turn ratio

1/3000

Is

amps

63000

amps

21

amps

IF

If

=

=

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

20 of 50

3-083300.01

PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

RCT

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

4.65

ohms

1.88

Ohms

RL =

1.88

ohms.

1.00

VA

1.00

ohms

RL

=For 6 sq.mm copper cable, RL= 0.00308 ohm/meter at 20C.

at 20C = 0.004, RL at 75C = RL(1+20(T2-T1))

Consider length of cable = 500 meters.

The setting voltage Vs shall be calculated in order to ensure the stability of the protection in

regard with the maximum through fault current If . The setting voltage is determined by the following eqn.

Vs >

1.2 x If x ( RCT + 2 x RL )

Vs >

Vs >

211.932

Peak voltage

275

Vrms

388.91

Vpeak

To establish the requirement for a Metrosil the peak voltage needs to exceed 3kV.

Hence V rms needs to be exceeded is equal to (Vpk/ root2) =

VPK =

( 2 VK ( V f -VK))

Where

VPK =

2.12 kV

1/2

Vf =

If x Tx(RCT+2RL+Rsr+RRMCAG)

Where

Vf

VPK =

( 2x5550x (28547.6- 5550))

1/2

28547.6

15977.28 volts

15.98

volts

kVolts

VPK is 15.98kV which is more than 3kV hence Metrosiles are required.

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DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Metrosil requirement

For this relay Metrosil proposed by the manufacturer has the following parameters.

C

900

0.25

The current drawn by metrosil at relay setting voltage is given by formulae below.

0.52((2xV')/C))1/

Irms drawn=

where

0.52x((2x2000)/900)1/0.25

Irms drawn=

=

50.72

A rms

%Error

(0.018 / 21 ) x 100

0.387%

Metrosil selection:

(Refer Annexure-9)

To limit voltage to 2kVrms, select metrosil same as recommended by MCAG14 for Vs = 275V

C

900

0.25

As per M&I materials catalogue attached, for the above 'C' and '' characteristics, the recommended

metrosil type is 600A/S1/S1088.

We recommend standard metrosil as per AREVA recommandation only as the relay & scheme is by AREVA.

CT secondary fault current calculated as above =

21

Amps.

Taking Primary fault currrent setting as 1% of maximum fault current i.e 63000 Amps.

1% of bus-bar fault current

630

amps

The primary operating current or fault setting calculated as Ip=

{ n Im+ Ir +IM+IV}xT

Ip

Im

RMVTP31 =

8.0

0.005

Amps

90000.0

ohms

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DOCUMENT TITLE:

IV

IM

Ir

=

=

=

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

0.003

Amps

0.018

Amps

0.20

Amps

Where relay setting voltage is low then current in non linear resistor is ignored.

=

Primary fault setting (Ip) =

{ n Im+ Ir +IM+IV}xT

{(8x0.005)+0.2+0.018+0.003}x3000

=

783.2

Amps.

2.7.4 Determination of stabilising resistor Rsr: (Refer MCAG 14 Manual attached, Annex-1, Sh. No.10)

Relay circuit Voltage

Vs =

Is =

275.00 Volts

0.20 Amps

Stabilising resistor required, Rsr =

Rs=

= 1350.00 ohms

BAY NUMBER:

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PROJECT:

ABU-HADRIYAH 380/115 kV BSP

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Protection

CB fail protection

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

<

Vk >

Ie <

75

200%

Relay Type / Make: "RAICA", ABB,(50BF)

CT calculation same as CT: 810 B1.C1. Refer above CT: 810 B1.C1 for detailed calculation.

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24 of 50

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Protection

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

<

Vk >

Ie <

75

200%

Relay Type / Make: "RED 670", ABB

2.9.1 Line Data: (Refer Annexure-7 attached)

Line length as per annexure attached =

Z1 =

Z0 =

50

km

Base kV = 380

2

= 1444

ohms

= 151.9

amps

Base MVA

Base Current calculated = (Base MVA)

3 x Base kV

(Base Impedance x p.u Impedance)

R1=

0.794 ohms

X1=

15.6

ohms

R0=

7.87

ohms

X0=

46.5

ohms

X/R =

17

sin(tan-1(X/R)) =

0.998

cos(tan-1(X/R)) =

0.059

Volts

Amperes

Xs = (Ph vol/Ph cu)xsin(tan-1(X/R))

= 380000 x sin(tan-1(X/R))

= 380000 x cos(tan-1(X/R))

Sqrt.(3)x63000

=

Zs=

3.48

0.2 + j 3.48

ohms

Sqrt.(3)x63000

=

0.20

ohms

ohms

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DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

X1 full Line: Line length x Reactance value/km

=

15.5952

ohms

Z1 line

0.7942

ohms

0.7942 + j 15.6

ohms

46.4968

ohms

=

7.8698

ohms

ohms

Close in Fault

Fault current =

63

X/R =

17

kA

= + j 3.48

ohms

1) For 50 Km line

Impedance calculated : (Rs + R1) + j(Xs+X1)

(Positive sequence)

= (0.2+0.794) + j (3.48+15.6)

= 0.994+j19.08

ZT1 = 19.11

Phase fault current =

ohms

ohms

=

380000

Sqrt.(3)x19.11

= 11483.02

Phase fault X/R

Amps

19.08

0.994

19.20

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Fault current calculation at the end of zone1 fault i.e 80% of line length:

1) For 50 Km line

Impedance calculated : (Rs+0.8R1) + j(Xs+0.8X1)

(Positive sequence)

= (0.2+0.635) + j (3.48+12.5)

= 0.84+j16

ZT1 = 16.02

Phase fault current =

ohms

=

380000

Sqrt.(3)x16.02

= 13693.21

Phase fault X/R

Amps

15.98

0.835

19.14

Through fault current at the end of the line:

1) For 50 Km line

Impedance calculated : (3Rs+2R1+R0) +

(Loop Impedance)

j(3Xs+2X1+X0)

= 10.08+j88.12

ZT1 = 88.69

Earth fault current =

ohms

ohms

=

380000

Sqrt.(3)x88.69

I0

Earth fault X/R

= 2473.58

=

Amps

88.12

10.08

3I0

8.74

7420.73

Amps

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Fault current calculation at the end of zone1 fault i.e 80% of line length:

1) For 50 Km line

Impedance calculated : (3Rs+0.8x2R1+R0) +

(Loop Impedance)

j(3Xs+0.8x2X1+X0)

= 8.18+j72.5

ZT1 = 72.96

Earth fault current =

ohms

ohms

=

380000

Sqrt.(3)x72.96

= 3007.03

Earth fault X/R

Amps

72.50

8.18

3I0=

8.86

9021.097278

Amps

Eal

Eal

Eal

> Ealreq

> Ealreq

> Ealreq

Equation-1

2

Equation-2

= Itfdb x (Isn / Ipn) x (RCT + RL + SR / Ir

Equation-3

Where,

Ikmax =

Maximum Primary fundamental frequency fault current for internal close-in faults (A)

Itfdb =

Maximum Primary fundamental frequency fault current for external faults (A) that

passes through two CT's (A).

Here for one and half breaker scheme Ikmax is equal to Itfdb.

Ipn =

Isn =

Ir =

SR =

The burden of IED 670 a current input channel (VA). SR = 0.25 VA/channel.

Where,

For

2000

amps

Ealreq=

Eal =

3700

volts

I K max =

63000

amps

Itfdb =

63000

amps

I pn =

2000

amps

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

I sn =

amps

RCT =

3.1

ohms

RB

Burden of relay

0.25

ohms

RL

=For 6 sq.mm copper cable, RL= 3.08 ohm/kmeter at 20C.

Ir

f

=

=

RL

1.88

2RL =

3.76

ohms

amps

System Frequency

60

Hz

17

45.09

msec

0.01

VA

0.26

VA

Imin Sat=

X/R =

System ratio

Tp

RTFR =

Voltage developed across CT as per ABB relay catalogue (Refer Annexure-1 Sh. No.2 )

At 2000/1 A tap

Considering 20% margin

Eal

Equation-1

224.3

volts

269.1

volts

2000

With 20% extra margin Ealreq

Eal

Equation-2

448.6

volts

538.3

volts

2000

With 20% extra margin Ealreq

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DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

At 2000/1 A tap

Eal

Equation-3

224.3

volts

269.1

volts

2000

With 20% extra margin Ealreq

Since CT rated knee point voltage is 3700V which is greater than the required value,

the proposed CT is adequate.

The Voltage developed across the CT secondary for distance protection (21L) feature as per

ABB catalogue. (Refer Annexure-1 Sh. No. 3 )

Requirement -1

At 2000/1 A tap

Eal

Equation-5

With 20% extra margin

Ealreq = 63000 x 1.2 x 2 x ( 3.1+ 1.88 + 0.26/1^2 )

538.3

volts

2000

Requirement -2

Eal

Equation-6

Ikzone1= Maximum primary fundamental fault current at the end of zone 1 reach.

At 2000/1 A tap and with 20% extra margin

Ealreq = 13693.21 x 1.2 x 6 x ( 3.1+ 1.88 +0.26/12 )

350.98

volts

2000

Since CT rated knee point voltage is 3700V which is greater than the required value,

the proposed CT is adequate.

BAY NUMBER:

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Protection

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

Vk >

Ie <

75

200%

Relay Type/make : ''MiCOM P546", Areva.

2.10.1 CT Calculation

Where

For

Vk =

RB =

Rr =

Relay resistance

RCT =

RL =

2000

amps

3700

Volts

0.04

ohms

3.1

ohms

at 20C = 0.004, RL at 75C = RL(1+20(T2-T1))

RL =

1.88

ohms

2RL=

3.76

ohms

IP =

2000

amps

IS =

amps

63000

amps

VK

3700

volts

X/R =

System ratio

17

If

=

31.50

( I f )x( X/R) =

535.5

SCC max

/ IP

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DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

( Refer Annexure-1 Sh. No. 5 - 6 )

Vk1

>

Vk 2

>

Vk3

>

Vk1 =

Vk2 =

Vk2 =

IFZ1 =

For 50kM line length , primary fault current (A) calculated is equal to =

Amps. Hence, CT secondary fault current =

13693.21

13693.21

2000

=

6.85

Amps.

KRPA =

0.6

Kmax =

1.4

RB

Relay burden

Where K is dimensioning factor and depends upon the maximum value of through fault current(as a multiple of In)

and primary system X/R ratio.

For three end current differential schemes relay set at Is1=20%, Is2=2In, K1=30% and K2=100%,

K' is calculated as below.

For through fault condition the fault current and X/R calculated above are

IF =

11483.02

Amps. (Primary);

X/R =

19.20

5.74

If x X/R = 110.24

If, If x X/R < 1000xIn,

K> 40 + 0.35 x (If x X/R)

K> 40 + 0.35x(110.24)

K> 78.584

As per AREVA relay catalogue, K > 78.584

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

K x I n x ( RB + RCT +2RL )

Vk =

.=

542

volts

Vk with 20 % margin

651

volts

Peak voltage

920.2

415

volts

Vk 2 with 20 % margin

498

volts

Peak voltage

704.8

221

volts

Vk 2 with 20 % margin

266

volts

Peak voltage

375.7

Vpeak

Vk 2

>

Vpeak

Vk3

>

Vpeak

Since, the CT rated knee point voltage is greater than the calculated value, the proposed CT is adequate.

BAY NUMBER:

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CROSS BAY C4

33 of 50

3-083300.01

PROJECT:

ABU-HADRIYAH 380/115 kV BSP

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Protection

Metering

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

0.2

VA Burden

50

VA

200%

Application : Metering

Burden Calculation (Refer Annexure-2)

a

LCP

Ammeter

3.2 VA

Mosaic panel

Watt transducer, , AREVA, ISTAT300

Var transducer, AREVA, ISTAT300

(Assumed)

NEXUS/1262

0.5 VA

1 VA

1 VA

0.5 VA

(Assumed)

0.5 VA

(Assumed)

DSM

0.1 VA

(Assumed)

For 4 sq.mm copper cable, RL= 0.00461 ohm/meter at 20C.

at 20C = 0.004, RL at 75C = RL(1+20(T2-T1));

Consider length of wire = 500 meters.

RL

2.812 Ohms

2RL

5.624 VA

12.42 VA

15.53 VA

The total connected burden is less than the CT rated burden i.e 50VA. Hence the CT is adequate.

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

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34 of 50

3-083300.01

PROJECT:

ABU-HADRIYAH 380/115 kV BSP

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Protection

Metering

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

0.2

VA Burden

50 VA

200%

Application : Metering

CT calculation same as CT: 810 B1.C4. Refer above CT: 810 B1.C4 for detailed calculation.

Protection

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

Vk >

Ie <

75

200%

Relay Type/make : ''7SA522", Siemens.

CT calculation same as CT: 810 B1.C3. Refer above CT: 810 B1.C3 for detailed calculation.

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

35 of 50

3-083300.01

PROJECT:

ABU-HADRIYAH 380/115 kV BSP

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Protection

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

Vk >

Ie <

75

200%

Relay Type / Make: "REL 531", ABB

CT calculation same as CT: 810 B1.C2. Refer above CT: 810 B1.C2 for detailed calculation.

Protection

spare

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

Vk >

Ie <

50

200%

Application : spare

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

36 of 50

3-083300.01

PROJECT:

ABU-HADRIYAH 380/115 kV BSP

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Protection

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

Vk >

Iex <

50

200%

NOTE:

Typical bus-bar protection CT's core detail for adjacent cross bay's(3 nos. including future bays)

are shown below.

Protection

Core

Core 1

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

<

Vk >

Ie <

50

200%

Relay Type / Make: "MCAG 14", AREVA (Setting range: 20%-80% of 1A)

CT calculation same as above for 87M1. Refer above CT: 810 F.C1 for detailed calculation.

BAY NUMBER:

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PROJECT:

ABU-HADRIYAH 380/115 kV BSP

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Protection

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

Vk >

Iex <

50

200%

Typical bus-bar protection CT's core detail for adjacent cross bay's(3 nos. including future bays)

are shown below.

Protection

Core

Core 2

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

<

Vk >

Ie <

50

200%

Relay Type / Make: "MFAC 14", AREVA (Setting range: 25V-325V)

CT calculation same as above CT: 810 F.C2. Refer above CT: 810 F.C2 for detailed calculation.

BAY NUMBER:

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ABU-HADRIYAH 380/115 kV BSP

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Protection

Spare

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

<

Vk >

Iex <

50

200%

Application: Spare

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

39 of 50

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Protection

Metering

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

0.2

VA Burden

50

200%

VA

Application : Metering

CT calculation same as CT: 811 B1.C4. Refer above CT: 811 B1.C4 for detailed calculation.

Protection

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

<

Vk >

Ie <

75

200%

Relay Type/make : ''MiCOM P546", Areva.

CT calculation same as CT: 811 B1.C3. Refer above CT: 811 B1.C3 for detailed calculation.

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

40 of 50

3-083300.01

PROJECT:

ABU-HADRIYAH 380/115 kV BSP

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Protection

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

Vk >

Ie <

75

200%

Relay Type / Make: "RED 670", ABB

CT calculation same as CT: 811 B1.C2. Refer above CT: 811 B1.C2 for detailed calculation.

Protection

BF protection (50BF)

Core

CT Ratio

3000-2500-2000-1500-1250-1000-750 /1A

Class of Accuracy

TPS

Vk >

Ie <

75

200%

Relay Type / Make: "RAICA", ABB,(50BF)

CT calculation same as CT: 810 B1.C1. Refer above CT: 810 B1.C1 for detailed calculation.

BAY NUMBER:

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PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

VT secondary lead size considered is 4 sq.mm.

4 sq.mm copper cable resistance at 200C is 4.61 ohms/km.i.e Rdc at 200C = 4.61 ohm/km

Rdc at 75C = R20(1+20(T2-T1)); at 20C = 0.004,Where = temperature co-efficient of resistance.

Hence, Rdc at 75C = 4.61(1+0.004(75-20));

=

5.62

ohm/km

Consider a distance from 380kV GIS CT to relay panel as per layout attached with considerable

safe margin = 500 meter, Lead resistance calculated is,

=

5.62 x 0.5

2.81

CCVT Details :

Core-1

Core-2

380kV/3/110V/3-110V

380kV/3/110V/3-110V

Class

0.2/3P

0.2/3P

VA Burden

100

100

Vector group :

Star-Star

Star-Star

Voltage Factor :

1.2 Cont.,

1.2 Cont.,

VT Ratio

Calculation of VT burden :

Calculation of Lead burden:

RL

at 20C = 0.004, RL at 75C = RL(1+20(T2-T1)), RL=

2.81

ohms

0.1939 Amperes

Hence, Lead current calculated =100/63.5

RB= Lead burden, 2xRLx (IVT^2)

0.19

=

=

Amperes

0.2112 VA

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DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Core-1 :

Relays / Instruments

Total burden

(VA)

RXBA 4

RED670

0.1

0.1

TR2000

0.01

0.01

RXBA 4

RXBA 4

RXBA 4

RXBA 4

0.2

0.2

DSM

FFR (98) 25AR/A811 FOR AF-2

RXBA 4

Total VA

Assumed

(Annexure-2 Sh. No.9)

12.31

VA per phase

12.52

VA

The Burden calculated considering 25% safety margin =

15.7

VA

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DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Core-2:

Relays / Instruments

Relay type

Total burden

(VA)

25MC/A811

KVAS100

0.02

0.02

25MC/A812

KVAS100

0.02

0.02

RXBA 4

RXBA 4

RXBA 4

MICOMP546

0.02

0.02

25AR / A812

KVAS100

0.02

0.02

25AR / A811

KVAS100

0.02

0.02

RXBA 4

RXBA 4

RXBA 4

KVAS100

0.02

0.02

RAEDA1

4.4

13.2

ISTAT300

0.1

0.1

ISTAT300

0.1

0.1

ISTAT300

0.1

0.1

Voltmeter, PML

ION6200

0.5

0.5

Assumed

Wattmeter, PML

ION6200

0.5

0.5

Assumed

VARmeter, PML

ION6200

0.5

0.5

Assumed

Nexus/1262

5+3.2

8.2

RAEDA1

4.4

4.4

RXBA 4

RAEDA1

4.4

4.4

Voltmeter

ION6200

0.5

0.5

Assumed

Transducer Panel

Energy meter

LCP

Total VA

46.62

VA per phase

46.83

VA

The Burden calculated considering 25% safety margin =

58.5

VA

Since, the connected burden is less than 100VA,the provided VT burden is adequate.

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

44 of 50

3-083300.01

PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

CCVT Details :

Core-1

Core-2

380kV/3/110V/3-110V

380kV/3/110V/3-110V

Class

0.2/3P

0.2/3P

VA Burden

100

100

Vector group :

Star-Star

Star-Star

Voltage Factor :

1.2 Cont.,

1.2 Cont.,

VT Ratio

Calculation of VT burden :

Calculation of Lead burden:

RL

at 20C = 0.004, RL at 75C = RL(1+20(T2-T1)), RL=

2.81

ohms

0.1954 Amperes

Hence, Lead current calculated =100/63.5

RB= Lead burden, 2xRLx (IVT^2)

0.20

=

=

Amperes

0.2147 VA

Core-1 :

Relays / Instruments

Relay type

Total burden

(VA)

RXBA 4

REL 531

0.2

0.2

TR2000

0.01

0.01

RXBA 4

RXBA 4

RXBA 4

RXBA 4

0.2

0.2

DSM

FFR (98L) (Ref.) for 25MC 810

RXBA 4

Total VA

Assumed

(Annexure-2 Sh. No.9)

12.41

VA per phase

12.62

VA

The Burden calculated considering 25% safety margin =

15.8

VA

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

45 of 50

3-083300.01

PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Core-2:

Relays / Instruments

Relay type

Total burden

(VA)

25MC/A811

RASC

0.25

0.25

25MC/A810

RASC

0.25

0.25

RXBA 4

RXBA 4

RXBA 4

7SA522

0.1

0.1

25AR / A810

RASC

0.25

0.25

RASC

0.25

0.25

RAEDA1

4.4

13.2

RXBA 4

ISTAT300

0.1

0.1

ISTAT300

0.1

0.1

ISTAT300

0.1

0.1

Voltmeter

PML

0.5

0.5

Assumed

Wattmeter

PML

0.5

0.5

Assumed

VARmeter

PML

0.5

0.5

Assumed

Revenue meter

ELESTER

0.0173

0.0173

RAEDA1

4.4

4.4

RXBA 4

FVS-UDC12

4.4

4.4

Assumed

PML

0.5

0.5

Assumed

Transducer Panel

LCP

Under voltage relay

Voltmeter

Total VA

35.42

VA per phase

35.63

VA

The Burden calculated considering 25% safety margin =

44.5

VA

Since, the connected burden is less than 100VA,the provided VT burden is adequate.

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

46 of 50

3-083300.01

PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

(Refer Annexure-4A)

VT Details :

Core-1

Core-2

380kV/3/110V/3-110V

380kV/3/110V/3-110V

Class

0.2/3P

0.2/3P

VA Burden

100

100

Vector group :

Star-Star

Star-Star

Voltage Factor :

1.2 Cont.,

1.2 Cont.,

VT Ratio

Calculation of VT burden :

Calculation of Lead burden:

RL

at 20C = 0.004, RL at 75C = RL(1+20(T2-T1)), RL=

2.81

ohms

0.0945 Amperes

Hence, Lead current calculated =100/63.5

RB= Lead burden, 2xRLx (IVT^2)

0.09

=

=

Amperes

0.0502 VA

Core-1 :

Relays / Instruments

Relay type

Total burden

(VA)

RXBA 4

RXBA 4

FFR (98B1)-25MC/A810

RXBA 4

Total VA

6 VA per phase

6.05 VA

Considering 25% safety margin for any additional FFR relay required.

The Burden calculated considering 25% safety margin =

7.6

VA

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

47 of 50

3-083300.01

PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Core-2:

Relays / Instruments

Relay type

Total burden

(VA)

25MC/A804

RASC

0.25

0.25

25MC/A807

KVAS100

0.02

0.02

25MC/A810

RASC

0.25

0.25

98B1-25MC/810

RXBA 4

98B1-25AR/807

RXBA 4

98B1-25AR/810

RXBA 4

25AR / A807

RASC

0.25

0.25

25AR / A810

RASC

0.25

0.25

TR2000

0.01

0.01

0.2

0.2

Assumed

ISTAT300

0.1

0.1

PML

0.5

0.5

Assumed

PML

0.5

0.5

Assumed

DSM

Transducer panel

Voltage transducer for SCADA

Voltmeter

LCC

Voltmeter

Total VA

8.38 VA

Considering 25% safety margin for any additional FFR relay required.

The Burden calculated considering 25% safety margin =

10.5

VA

Since, the connected burden is less than 100VA,the provided VT burden is adequate.

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

48 of 50

3-083300.01

PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

VT Details :

(Refer Annexure-4A)

Core-1

Core-2

380kV/3/110V/3-110V

380kV/3/110V/3-110V

Class

0.2/3P

0.2/3P

VA Burden

100

100

Vector group :

Star-Star

Star-Star

Voltage Factor :

1.2 Cont.,

1.2 Cont.,

VT Ratio

Calculation of VT burden :

Calculation of Lead burden:

RL

at 20C = 0.004, RL at 75C = RL(1+20(T2-T1)), RL=

2.81

ohms

0.0945 Amperes

Hence, Lead current calculated =100/63.5

RB= Lead burden, 2xRLx (IVT^2)

0.09

=

=

Amperes

0.0502 VA

Core-1 :

Relays / Instruments

Relay type

Total burden

(VA)

RXBA 4

RXBA 4

FFR (98B2)-25MC/A812

RXBA 4

Total VA

6 VA per phase

6.05 VA

Considering 25% safety margin for any additional FFR relay required.

The Burden calculated considering 25% safety margin =

7.6

VA

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

49 of 50

3-083300.01

PROJECT:

DOCUMENT TITLE:

DOCUMENT NUMBER:

EA-086959

Core-2:

Relays / Instruments

Relay type

Total burden

(VA)

25MC/A806

RASC

0.25

0.25

25MC/A809

RASC

0.25

0.25

25MC/A812

KVAS100

0.02

0.02

98B2-25MC/812

RXBA 4

98B2-25AR/806

RXBA 4

98B2-25AR/812

RXBA 4

25AR / A806

RASC

0.25

0.25

25AR / A812

KVAS100

0.02

0.02

TR2000

0.01

0.01

0.2

0.2

Assumed

ISTAT300

0.1

0.1

PML

0.5

0.5

Assumed

PML

0.5

0.5

Assumed

DSM

Transducer panel

Voltage transducer for SCADA

Voltmeter

LCC

Voltmeter

Total VA

8.15 VA

Considering 25% safety margin for any additional FFR relay required.

The Burden calculated considering 25% safety margin =

10.2

VA

Since, the connected burden is less than 100VA,the provided VT burden is adequate.

BAY NUMBER:

Sheet No.

CROSS BAY C4

50 of 50

3-083300.01

ANNEXURE-1

CT requirements of relay

Sr No.

Description

Make

Type

Page No.

ABB

RED670

AREVA

MICOMP546

AREVA

MCAG14

AREVA

MFAC14

11

AREVA

MVTP11

15

ABB

RAICA

16

ROCHESTER

TR2000

17

ABB

REL531

20

SIEMENS

7SA522

24

Page 1

Page 2

Page 3

Page 4

Page 5

Page 6

Page 7

Page 8

Page 9

Page 10

Page 11

Page 12

Page 13

Page 14

Page 15

Page 16

Page 17

Page 18

Page 19

Page 20

Page 21

Page 22

Page 23

Page 24

ANNEXURE-2

VA burden requirements of relay

Sr No.

Description

Make

Type

Page No.

ABB

RED670

AREVA

MICOMP546

AREVA

MCAG4

AREVA

MVTP11

ABB

RAICA

ROCHESTER

TR2000

Energy Meter

Electro Ind.

NEXUS1262

ABB

RXBA4

AREVA

KVAS100

10

10

Undervoltage relay

ABB

RAEDA1

11

11

ABB

REL531

12

12

Transducer

AREVA

ISTAT300

13

13

ABB

REL531

14

14

SIEMENS

7SA522

16

15

ABB

RASC

17

16

Revenue Meter

ELSTER

A3 ALPHA

18

Page 1

Page 2

Page 3

Page 4

Page 5

Page 6

Page 7

Page 8

Page 9

Page 10

Page 11

Page 12

Page 13

Page 14

Page 15

Page 16

Page 17

Page 18

ANNEXURE-3

SAUDI CABLE CATALOGUE

ANNEXURE-4

380kV GIS CT DATA

Ref.No. NA40034NA40034-D020

Date : 9 May,

May, 2006

Rev.2 5 Aug. 2009

Rev.3 12 Aug.,2009

Rev.4 18 Aug.,2009

Project

:

Contract No. :

Specification :

30531099/00

380kV 63kA 3150/2000A GIS

1. Applicable Standard

- IEC 60044-1, IEC 60044-6

2. Ratings

- Symmetric short circuit (Ith) : 63kA rms

- Dynamic short circuit (Idyn) : 163.8kA peak

- Continuous thermal current rating factor : 2.0

1) GCB A810

Specification

Location

Current Ratio

Adopted

Class

Ual

Side

Side

Burden

Kssc

Rb

<75mA

31.5

12.63

6.2

CT-1

<75mA

31.5

12.63

6.2

CT-1

<75mA

31.5

12.63

6.2

CT-1

50VA

<50mA

21

18.95

9.3

CT-1

87B1/M1

<50mA

21

18.95

9.3

CT-1

87B1/M2

<50mA

21

18.95

9.3

CT-1

SPARE

2000/1A

TPS

>3700V

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

2000/1A

TPS

>3700V

<3.1

<3.1

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

2000/1A

TPS

>3700V

<3.1

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

2500/1A

0.2

SF<5

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

3000/1A

TPS

>5550V

3000/1A

TPS

>5550V

3000/1A

TPS

>5550V

Bus-2

Ial

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

@75

TAP

Bus-1

Rct

2

3

Type

<4.65

<4.65

<4.65

50BF/A810

AL-FADHILI

LINE-2 SET-2

AL-FADHILI

LINE-2 SET-1

AL-FADHILI

LINE-2 MET.

NOTE:

1. CT-2 TYPE: Present design - 3000/1A Tap Rct<6.7ohm --- The CT is CT-2 type. If the CT will be used 2000/1A tap, Rct will be <4.65 ohm,

not <3.1ohm.

2. CT-1 TYPE: Present design - 2000/1A Tap Rct<3.1ohm --- The CT is CT-1 type. If the CT will be used 3000/1A tap, Rct will be <4.7ohm,

not <6.7ohm.

2) GCB A811

Specification

Location

Current Ratio

Adopted

Class

Ual

Side

Side

Burden

Kssc

Rb

<75mA

31.5

12.63

6.2

CT-1

<75mA

31.5

12.63

6.2

CT-1

<75mA

31.5

12.63

6.2

CT-1

60VA

2000/1A

TPS

>3700V

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

2000/1A

TPS

>3700V

<3.1

<3.1

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

2000/1A

TPS

>3700V

<3.1

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

3000/1A

0.2

SF<5

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

3000/1A

TPS

>5550V

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

2000/1A

TPS

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

2000/1A

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

2500/1A

Bus-2

Ial

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

@75

TAP

Bus-1

Rct

3

4

Type

LINE-2 SET-1

MANIFA

LINE-2 SET-2

LINE-2 MET.

<50mA

21

18.95

9.3

CT-1

>3700V

<75mA

31.5

12.63

6.2

CT-1

TPS

>3700V

<3.1

<75mA

31.5

12.63

6.2

CT-1

0.2

SF<5

50VA

MANIFA

MANIFA

<3.1

<4.65

50BF/A811

SPARE

AL-FADHILI

LINE-2 SET-1

AL-FADHILI

LINE-2 SET-2

AL-FADHILI

LINE-2 MET.

NOTE:

1. CT-2 TYPE: Present design - 3000/1A Tap Rct<6.7ohm --- The CT is CT-2 type. If the CT will be used 2000/1A tap, Rct will be <4.65 ohm,

not <3.1ohm.

2. CT-1 TYPE: Present design - 2000/1A Tap Rct<3.1ohm --- The CT is CT-1 type. If the CT will be used 3000/1A tap, Rct will be <4.7ohm,

not <6.7ohm.

3) GCB A812

Specification

Location

Current Ratio

Adopted

Class

Ual

3000/1A

TPS

>5550V

3000/1A

TPS

>5550V

3000/1A

TPS

>5550V

2000/1A

TPS

>3700V

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

2000/1A

TPS

>3700V

<4.65

<4.65

<4.65

<3.1

<3.1

Side

1

2

3

Bus-2

Side

1

2

3

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

2000/1A

TPS

>3700V

<3.1

0.2

SF<5

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

3000-2500-2000-15001250-1000-750/1A

3000/1A

Ial

Burden

Kssc

Rb

<50mA

21

18.95

9.3

CT-1

87B2/M1

<50mA

21

18.95

9.3

CT-1

87B2/M2

<50mA

21

18.95

9.3

CT-1

SPARE

<75mA

31.5

12.63

6.2

CT-1

50BF/A812

<75mA

31.5

12.63

6.2

CT-1

<75mA

31.5

12.63

6.2

CT-1

60VA

@75

TAP

Bus-1

Rct

Type

MANIFA

LINE-2 SET-1

MANIFA

LINE-2 SET-2

MANIFA

LINE-2 MET.

NOTE:

1. CT-2 TYPE: Present design - 3000/1A Tap Rct<6.7ohm --- The CT is CT-2 type. If the CT will be used 2000/1A tap, Rct will be <4.65 ohm,

not <3.1ohm.

2. CT-1 TYPE: Present design - 2000/1A Tap Rct<3.1ohm --- The CT is CT-1 type. If the CT will be used 3000/1A tap, Rct will be <4.7ohm,

not <6.7ohm.

ANNEXURE-4A

380kV GIS DATA SCHEDULE FROM TOSHIBA

ANNEXURE-5

SUBSTATION ELECTRICAL LAYOUT-PLAN

PROJECT:

ABU-HADRIYAH 380/115 kV BSP

TITLE:

SR.NO.

1.0

2.0

3.0

NOTE:

3-083300.01

CT LEAD ROUTE LENGTH CALCULATION

DRAWING REFERENCE: ABU-HADRIYAH SUBSTATION ELECTRICAL LAYOUT -EA-009912

CROSS BAY C4

CROSS BAY C3

CROSS BAY C2

TO RELAY PANEL

RP

RP

RP

IN METERS

(WITH 30% MARGIN) IN METERS

250

325

230

299

210

273

LENGTH SELECTED

IN METERS

500

400

350

CT LEAD LENGTH IS CONSIDERED AS 500 METERS ON CONSIDERABLY SAFER SIDE TO ACOUNT FOR ANY CIRCUIT

CHANGES IN FUTURE. HENCE, CT LEAD LENGTH IS ESTIMATED AS 500 METERS FOR ALL BAYS CT SIZING CALCULATION.

ANNEXURE-6

RELAYING & METERING ONE LINE DIAGRAM

ANNEXURE-7

LINE PARAMETERS

ANNEXURE-8

M&I METROSIL CATALOGUE

ANNEXURE-9

380kV CVT DATA SCHEDULE

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