You are on page 1of 99

5.

q/dn,Libeec2005
I\Igr.ElgaCechov,Ing.HarryPutz,1993,2002
O PhDr.HelenaRemdiosov,
Odbornylektor:Doc.PhDr.IVilanMalinovski,CSc.
llusaace@Willriedvon Rohden,ZdenkVl6k
Sazba:Pantype,s. r. o., Liberec
Oblka:GaphisDTPstudio,s. r- o.
Tisk Finidr,s. . o., Ceshi Tn
Vochnaprvavyhazena.
prostiednictvm
filmu,rozhlasuateleviz,
Kopovn,
ijejichsl,a oz5ilovn
vehoduhu
produkc,
zvukovJtmi
mdiia systmyna zpracovndat
fotomechnickou
jen s psemnimsouhlasem
nakladatele.
tsBN 80-86727-04-1

DOYOU
WAITTO

$PEAI(CUEGH?
TEXT
Bll|(1
A comnuncative
eorse
0 c0ntemp0ary
Czech
o nglish
speakers
beginning
to intemediate
level

HelenaRemediosov
Elga Cechov

PREFACE
"Do You Wnt To Spek Czech?',(Volume1) is a modmtextbookof @ntmporary
Czechfor English-speaking
oeignlearnersrom beginningto intermediate
tevejs.
Its aim is to presentthe principlesof the Czechtangaugein the mostaccessibleform.
Our texbook is communicative- you will learnthe principlesof Czechby meansof the
conversational
method.
you willbe ableto use the tanguagein allsphercs osocial
Thoughrichconvrsalion
lie: in he ciy, at the hotel,n restaurants,
shops,postoffices,and otherplacesol business;at the stalion,airpon,cuslomsoffice,on the highwayand so on. you will be able
to make appointmentsand give invilations,as well as to conductboth socialconversalions anclsimplenegotiationsin Czech.
Al the sametime, you will be learningthe necssarygtammar:the 5 lessons conlain
the basic granmaticalsystem o the Czech tangge.The grammatical
tablesat the
end of th textbook(easyo-surveychans of dectension,conjugationand prepositions)
will helpyou to gain a completeview of lh Czchgrammalicalsystem.
The textbook contins
a Inroduction
10Czechphonetics
a Inlroductorypicture-lesson
(Lesson0) 'Just listenand repeat'
a 15 lessons;each lessonis conceivedas a lexicalunil
a EasicsocialDhrass"Whatdo we sav?.
a Publicnotices
a Grammatical
tables
a Key to lhe exercissincludingthe Aanslationsof the diatogusin Lessons1-6 fo
a betterunderslanding
of czech sntencesat the startof your studies
. Czech-English
dictionary
a Grammaticlindex
The introductory picturelesson wittenableyou to beginto understandCzechby hearing Czch pronunciationand learningth most common exprssions.Knowledgeof
lhese expressonswill help you to larn grammarin the tssonsthat otow.you will
achievethe corrctpronunciation
by tepeatingthe wods and sentencesas spokenby
you teacheror on the audiocsstt,
Each lesson hs the ollowing schme:
1. Basicvocabularyo the lesson
1. GrammarGr)
'! Dialoguesand exercises(Cv) aimedat masteringthe gramma
.l Text 1 and Text2 relalingto the lopic of the lesson
Exercisesaimdat masteringlhe vocabularyand sentencestructure
-a
.t Modelconvrsational
xercisesrelatingto the giventopic (,'Oralexercises")
An audio recording accompanies
lh lessonmaterialo the textbook.
The textbookis also suitablefor sel-study.
A complementary
Workbook lor Volume 1 is avaitablas well.
Th second Volume,"Oo You Want To Speak Evn Bette Czech?" is a continuation
of this VolumeOn.The wo volumstogethrorm a sl-conlained
languagcourse.

We a so ofier a two-weksummer

course ih Czech in prague.


We wouldrle o lhankDr titn.k^^r r, u

"a"s,",,o"s
;;; ;;s;: ;;;"';i,:l;
i,i3,:1J;"Y"?!f!:'":,,il:

We hope you wiljenjoyyourstudy


of Czech
t
ooor uuitltake ,t esre.or vou.
rvery beg'rnng oitt;r.,rr.
oui iuez- J,"a."-19,1!" ]l';
's

cahe'to'. aswi 56y'1 !;d;;:

;;i;:il;":fou

We woLlldbe pleasedto answeryour

ffi!'[';;;o

kolae"
r"wihour
worrtnereis n

questonsat th followingaddress:

"*

t'' 06031Liberc
czechRepubtjc

hltp://hp.fs.cz
http://www.mtuvitcsky.cz
We wish you a iot o successin your

studyo Czechl
The aulhos

i.,{-li\f[X]-l-Sii,_:i:i-ri
l;
LESSON
TOPIC
LANGUAGE
SKLLS

PAGE
GBAMMAR

INTFODUCTION
TO CZECHPHONTICS
czec hs onds
C?c haphabet . Pr onnc t a l o n ( 9 ) . S
*s a
( rt0m) ( i o )
t$m
CZECH LANGUAGE

LESSON
O

INTRODUCTORY
PICTURE'LESSON Ftl,lm adtrn uz

14

LESSON
1

GREEINGS.
BASICSOCIALPHBASES.
DESCRIBING
A ROOM,

23

Geelngpepandsyrggoodbyelothsm
p@noufs
Person
(251Verb to be'.Verbneqaron
(261
Syligwhoyoua Asking'Wtialistlat?Whisthat?'Formnqquesrons
nCzech(27Bsicquedns(20)
Asknq"Whats l like?'and Whats thatpe6or ks?
p
dvefbs
pronouns
o ac 29)Dmonsuv
en.ra,to 130
y0 rom
uscDrnq
qende6oczechnounsNomnalirecase
Grmmlicai
131)
Te{s !0. . 16

LESSON
2

MYFAMILY.DOYOUHAVETIME?WHATDOI LKE?

Sayrngwhelheryouhavey teI me
Sayngwhalyouhw andwhoyouare eing to.
Sayingwhallings yolikeandwhapop yotike
AskhgwhooMs somehinq

LESSON
3

Sayngwhenando howooqytu aredongsomthng


yoc spaak.
Sayrigwhatnguaqes
a ki9abour
yourdaly
rouline.

LESSON4

Locatve
casol nounsnsnguar Wlre?'l4l.
P@sentlense
o,lerbs:conjusarlon'-m'
uru (4sl
Verb lo hv(a5)Accrstveseinsnq!ar(4/)
pronouns
like. . (50).Possssive
(51).

WHAT'SHE TII!]E?MYDAILYFOUTNE.

Sayn0saywhallmil k, andwhenyouaedoing

Sayinga youwanIroor candosodethng


e ry p@peabolrhinqs
youhavelo do

59

Numsl-100(1 'Whei?Atwha ime?flowtong?1611.


Presenllense
'in", u (62).
orverbs:
mnjuqlion
Verb 1o9o lt or "lia in Czch(64)
nrintvoi czechves l"ro.m(6s)
Rerlex
vepronoums s (66)
Pe6ofalpronuns
inrhadsarves f gua (69).
P.epos
I onswhich
rakethe
accNarv
(69)

DAYSOFTHEWEEK.VHEF
WHEREAFYOUFROI!]?

PInn
n9a jouneySayinq
whtmarsollrnspon

39

verbaspct impelecriv
andperldve131).
Flur
lNeol lheve roso'(32).
Gentvecasorno!nsnsiiOua(34)
Modrvrbs.Verb to want 13689)
nslrlmenhrcasem? (s3).Nerhr oor(93)

7g

',-'.:.:.

,' i;:'
LSSON
5

askgDrdkeclionsF ndngyouwliaounda lown


bdon9nlown
sayng wha tyo uwl
doi knowsodelhng
hatYou
Sayng

6
LESSON

N- m er "

1o_

do

'0o

liomrh chakethsenfve(103)
Preoos
ol pace(l09) Veb10knwn C:ech(lrll
Adverbs
prco!ns
ndadvbs(113)
ndelntendneqale
vebs1115)
hei!uewthperleclv
Erpressng

ONA VISIT.SPARETIME,WHATSHALLWE DO?

whenyoumeers0meon3
ighlllinqs
syinglh
lo d0wlnvouhaveme
Pannnqwhalyoude gong
likesandd6 kes
Expressing
andmLons
coulnginlhosa[ds

7
LESSON

101

THEWAY.
ASKING
TOWNSNDCITIES.
PRAGUE.

129

svi'1r32)
Po$essvepmnoun
Numeralsloo0andnre(1311
o M. F N (133)
andccusalrve
Pm orhenomntve
veandausalvltla(135)
ol lheiominal
P uaL
oihevefb lob orimpeeclvvebs(r33)
turetes
whef n czech(r42)
conlunclion
za'+ heaccsave1147)
Prcposion

HOWOLDAM I?
WHATWASI DOINGYESTERDAY?

153

Pe6onponousn lhedaive{l5sl
syng\dose housyouar90rq t0 anowhomyou
aepotun9.
Saynqlorwhomy! arcbuyrgsomri 9
whalyoulaveoendo9
akin9bou

LESSON
8

HOWMUCHDOESI COST?
GROCERIES,
SHOPPING,

wenshppn9
AskO
thpl ol some$Lng
Savinohowmuchvowanlol smlntrg
eyinglhl$mhiigls b sqer
Ma11ni
@mpatums.
lwoudlke
a wLsh:
Exprcssing
y0navev seo
sayngwhosehous

9
LSSON

4fl8:,i

2O3

Gen veaseii pura (207)Wecounn Czech(203)


pronouns
(2111
cenlivcaseopersona

OFTHEYEAB.
TIMANDDATE,SEASONS
LIKE?
WHAT'STHEWEATHER

e fg lhe medownto e mnute


oi lime
Expessnqdiered rclalionshQs
te wrie
skqafd an$eringquercmalroul
Usingcz6chvbs ol mol0na@urateLv

177

(130)
wdrlherbinthecondllLoia
(179)Phass
Money
aseoi nouN n srcula{141)
Geniv
in s n9!a (132
andpfonons
Genrvcseoradieclivas
(135)
whchtaktre genllive
Proosions
Verbs lhlhesenlive(r36)
Fundonsorreqnte1186)
(19l
andadvrbs
Compsono dlecves

WHATDOI LKE?WHATWOULDI DO?


FOOD.FESTAUBANTS,

andfsng lbe
odeingn a reauanl
Savinowhalyo! Liklo eal andd. nR
Sirlnfia theis plenlyorsohething
Usng[e mndtona:whall{oulddo. .

10
LESSON

Dvcaseornuns sinsuar(r5B)
D a i v e s e o r a d e l i v e s a n d D r ci snnoqmusa r ( 1 5 9 )
cirlkerhedalte (r60)Paleisell62)
Prcooslionswh
s;Gncs {ilr thesubLeclI anddholasublcl(166)

227

casen snquar(229)
Instumenla
(229J
lakethnuhenll
PreposrLonsrhich
(233)
Fmdonsoh nstumnla
(2371
(235olher@'bs
Vebsonouonchodi-rl,rzdl-ier
(233).
Whaslhetet (233)
od ialnumers
mequeslois Wre1HoYronq?Hovoe?(240)
(2,14
Months
Whas fie dalelodaY?

L ES S O N11

POSTOFFICES.LETTEBSAND POSTCARDS,
TLEPHONES.
COMP U T E R S .

Maknoequesandq ! nqorde6
Llsnqlhocorcdlomsl addrss
usngbasicczehournq
Iemnooqy.
phone
Fving
cotrveEal
onswlh he allho.lies

12
LESSON

LESSON
13

trrerar!-
t2591l\e9aireipera:!e(2611
n. r al v ! r m o r l h e 3p o 6 n s g i i ! " A l : 1 2 6 l l
!o.al!e case ca nq eddressns
12631
Pe6onaporclnsnrhe Nltueila 1264)

HOLIDAYS
TRAVEL.INTHEHOTEL.
/ VACATIONS,

Reserng a oom!o youGet rahote.


Erpess9!arous spal rearonshps
Gvng d rccllonlo vbs l m1i,!s ng prfxes

257

279

Lo. llv o c anssen q u i 2 3 r ) . F u n c l n s oorl raol v . ( 2 s 2


Pep0stons
vhchlakethe ocalv1232)
pronoumr.
Persona
the oal!e1235J
Prelresl d rclo.ld vAsof molor(236

THEHUII4AN
BODY.AT THEDOCTOF'S.
WHATDOWELOOKLIKE?

299

Sayngwhlk hu ngyoundhoyo! re
Lo.av.sn pLiaL(30r)
Erprcssnq
happness
andsadnss
Verbsoi morori verbsoraie 1303)
Expessg
advce
Revsonol erpressons
ol p a.e d reliori305)
nrpose(akinqeqEslsandseekng
iool keardwrrar
syng{hapeope
so ol ceope lreyae Co.Lon aby solhal n odero (3011
m ad!bs'denn
dn (314).

L ES S O N14

CU BR IC U L U VIT
M A E,ON THEMOTORWAY
/ HIGHWAY.

wn9or des cng


b! ocv

Aoalng ih mune ol n venl


Sayng thal you ae a drver lhatyo ira,
Sayngbb,!en
whalho smelhig ls o0i.

LESSON
15

WHAT DO WE SAY?
PUBLICNOTICES
GRAMMATICALTABLES
KEY
CZECH-ENGLISH
DICTIONRY
GRAMMAICAL INDEX

,,..

D. enso r orl r s " 1 . 2 3 4


n k ok 3 2 , 1 )
D.cnsion
ol vich, Gechno(321)
compar30n
rlofrm!chrce,(3271.
I n!ns1323
R!sf ol eipssrons
l lmrprepo$lons

WORK,BUSINESS
NGOTIATONS.
AT THEAIRPORT.

a kngb0youtr0rk,o oki0l0 sumhelob.


Conducng
busnessmelng
Fcoqns
nqwhenm oqiaCzechs be,igrsei
Consldiioseite.eswh kdyby I hadlme

319

337

humil se oura i339)


D.ns:of
'kog nlrummxz.ln (3!2
(34J)co oora czech1347)
conc:onasealences

360
363
373
393
410

!h.TRDUCT!I.JT THCNETICS
{]:l*H $ii.lrl!S ii;::rill i: :-i:..ii' i.i:J)
VOWELS(vokly,samohlsky)
short kather
lons,dloJle)

,
ily o
"
fi

u
()

DIPHTHONGS(dvojhlsky)

:' <ru:u .eu.

PRONUNCIATION(vJtslovnost)
a - asinqp
e - asinten
i - as in termination
i/y - havethe sameponuncation
o - as n opposre
u
as In qek

hard(tvrd)
sor (mkk)
ambiguous(obojeln)

See spellingin the Workbook(p. 7)


PRONUNCIATION(Vislovnost)
p,1,k - areunvoced
c - simitarlo its
- as in cheer
g - as In good
n - s Inlom
ch - as in ihe Scottshword
I
k

tor
as n young

i - pronounced
as r,ryingto sy"Z"at
le sametime
S - asinghe
w lhereis no dierence
in he
pronunciation
of "v" and "w"
in Czech
x - as in brib
Z - as n pleasue
d, l, i - pronuncialion
seebelow

1
l

INTRODUCTION
TO PHONETICS
coNSoNANTS", , "
likeD,T, N, butapalata.
Theyarepronounced
They occur:
a) dlt, + a,o
b) dll, + e = d,t,n
c) dl 1, + i/ = di, ri, ni / d, r, n

"oro"r"'
*
,ffi
vowEl ""
Onlytheconsonants
"d n b- p -v-fd
Idel

t
ltl

n
[e]

b
lbiel

"-":
n"canprecede
p
lpjel

v
[vje]

l
Iljel

$ng$$ iPr-.ilzvuK)
The slressalls on the ist syllble.
One-syllableprepositions alwayscarrythe stress:
bez - do - ke - ku - na - o'
- pii -se- u-ve-ze-za

od - po - pod - pro - pied - pies

do Skolyldoskoly],na laviciInalavicil,ve lid lvetfd]

(.,srturLAC.
sPcBA)
$situ!t-A!i
voicedconsonants
(znk.)
(neznl
unvoicedconsonants
k-)
- A voicedconsonantfrom the lstbelowchanges10its unvoiced equivalental the end

INTRODUCTION
TO PHONETICS

In a gro!pall consonants
arepronounced
ithervoicedor unvoiced
according
to the
lastconsonanl
in lhe group.
=- \ nvoiced:tu:ka ltukal,obchodlopchot],odpoledne
lotpoledne]
voiced:kdo [gdo],kdy: [gdys],shoralzhoral
In two-word
combinalions
wherethetwowordsarepronounced
as one:
podslolemlpotstolem],
bezpenzlbespensl,
vSdobllvdobel,
v pondllpondli],
v idelnlvidelnl

Cv

EXEACISES
CVtCENT

Alphabet auto,nov,banka,citon,esljna,den, dkuiu,metr,problm,


tm,
kae,gari. hislode.chleba,milion.moderni.idelna.korunaL
politika.
pn.skli. kniha.slovo.g1.Praha.Ouido.robot,Rim,syn,
ekonomie.
5kola,lramvaj,dl,kultura,te, sl|,televize,wtt,ta)d,knihy,novt,
vzadu,iidl
pp.7,8)
Praha,Kanada,lampa,mapa,m, d, mv,mma,:d, svat,mal,
zbava,Szava,laskav,
kavrna
den,vede,dst,pere,nete, nechceme,
nemele,nbte,dnesje ten
den,m,tv,lpe,dle,nejlpe,
nejdle,
cdko
mi, my,vyl,pil,Iil,ryby,chyby,vily,vidliky,
vymyslili,
vi, j, p, lni, bli,
mf,slbily,Zijc,
millimi,vfc
, o-:Ol

potom,pokoj,dopis,poledn,
vagon,program,
Evropa,rok,hovor,horko,
g1,flra,hal

u1-1. budu,ruku,kus,h|,k|,k,pjdu,dupu,u sudu,dom,pnm,


profesor.
profesoru.
ojhlnk.
lok.lhtu.kus

bi, tob,obdv,pky,pt, pkn,svtl\',svt,Vra,zem,msto,


nnst,
umn,
vd|,dkuju,
sed|,5tst,
lse,ve mst,Nmec,
nco
dm - dim, ti - ly, mlad- mladlt,kod- Skody,rdi- rdy,dky- dltky,
ad - rady,chod- schody,vodi - vody,tik - lyk, ist- is, hosthosty, citi - city, svt - svity, vrt - vraty

INTRODUCTION
TO PHONETICS
hodn- hodny,psan- psani,pni- pny,dan- dani, krsn- krsni,
zvon- zvony,dni- dny,sn- sny
dj- dej,vd- vede,nm- nem,dan- dan,tma- tma,stna
stn,utrka- terka,rovn- rovn

ou

houpou,hloupou,poslouch,
moucha,houk,houska,smlouvou,
louka,
knihou,hloub,moukou,
lroub,moud
lll pou:v- poukazuje
(o + u pronounced
- pouuje
sepaately)
- douuie

tida,vepiedu,dvele,nahoie,moie,skil,dobie,talf,pibor,piichzei,
pfin5,pfnel,stida,piestvka,fdy,pfevzala,pi5e1,
plklady,pistroj,
pfestane,
ik.otevie.tii, kieslo.prosiedel,

cerni. cerveny,unk.veer.cisty.aj, cetina.ech,eska,eshi,


omka,
tvrtek,
umse,vera,pro,tu,eme,kon,
lovk,zan

Zidle,Zlu,leZ,noie, i, ptoloie,l:ce,man:el,:ena, prohl:ime,


Ze,
Zivot.:iie
vzadu,naobraze,ztra,zvon,cizinc,zeleni,televize,
za chvli,z4mav!,
rozuni,
v Praze,ciz
nahoie,hndli,hodiny,ahoj,vhodni,tehdy,duha,ohrom,pohybuje,
hut,
hloub,hodni,hezli,hodina,prohl:ej,
koho,ho
pohyby- pochyby,
sluhu- sluchu,mihat- mchat,
hlad-chlad,hul- chut,
hib - chyb,hloup- chlouba,
nahiiz-nachz,
hod- chodi

I 'l

dobr- dobie,very- veeii.zahraje- zahieje,njm- im,rasa asa,


hory- hoi,var - vai, bratry* bratii

obchod, ed, odpoledn,kamardka,hezki, kd, kdo, obraz, na shledanou,nerad,


pfstvka,prochzka,odpovd,hiad, zpv, lvka,muz, n:, dvka,Roland,polvka,
tuzka.uDrostied

nafakult,n chodb,naelevizi,na stol,na pot,na rdiu,na Zidti,na nmsi


ve kole,ve msl,ve ilmu,ve slovnku,
v divadle,v Nmcku,
v Londlin,
v rodin,
v rdiu,v dom.v rstauraci,
v hotelu
vaut,vprci,vechch,vkin,vpokoji,vknize,vPraze,vAnglii,vEvrop,vAmerice,
vKanad,vtelevizi,vkoleji,vkavrn,vprogramu,votin,vpizem,vobchod

C Z EC HL A N C U A C E
zeH(csrN,q)
Czch belongsto a differentlanguagelype than English.ln Czech,a word'sending
changesaccordinglo its meaningand rolein the sentence,- ie it is an inflectional
languagewhereasin Englishthesechangesare expressedby addingmorewods.
tt+ toafriend-pleli
pronounsand numeralsare inlectional
Nouns,adjectives,
in Czech.They inflect(have
variousendings)accordingto the genderand the number.
ll+ kolasc,iooD- Skoly,kole,kolu,kolou,kol,kolm,kolch,kolami
Czch nouns,adjectivesand some pronounsand numealsare dividedjnto three
grammalicalgenders:masculine(animateand inanimate),eminineand neutr.
!tt| holel M, pizzaF, SkotskoN Sco/and)
The Czechnoun has no article.
rl+ To ie hotf. V hotefuj bzn.- /tis a Irol ln the hotel therc isa swimmng
ooot'
The inflectionalwords have a large numbeof forms which you musl learn,On lhe
other hand the Czech languagehas a simplerveb system- it has only threeverb
tenses.The Czechverb, however,has a verb categorywhichthe Englishlanguage
ilr+ to see vidl (t e lmpiective aspect)| uvidt (the peectve aspect)
Vidljsem,Ze ... (/saw hat...) - uvidljsemji. (/ caughtsighto he.)
Verbsare conjugatedaccordingto the personand the numbe.
rlf+ pu (/ wrlte), piie (you w te), pe(he wftes), peme (we !4/rite),pre you
wtte), piou (they write)
The word type can be remgnizedby the endingo the word.
tt; wotk (noun) - Vce, wok (vefu) - p,acovat, wotk (acliectve)- paovn
In compaisonwith English,Czechword orderis freer,
lll+ To ie moj./ Je 10moje./ [,4ojeje to. - /t's mire.
Pe m dceru./ DcerumPet. - Peter hasa daughter.
In Czech there s no fxed structurc o the sentence (subject - verb object) as therc
is in Enalish.

JUSTLISTENANDFEPEAT
GOODDAY-

(can be used instad


good molrlg
ofS
good
\ ' gooo a/erroon
eventng)

WW
/^

WryI
"

Good-bye.

@M

),\

Good-bye.

LEKCE
MY FAMILY
WHOIS IT?

WHAT'SYOURNAME?
My wfe is called Alena.
My daughter is called Jana.
My son is called Tom.

r )f f i - f f i

WHATIS IT?

rHls / s . . .

TOJE,,.

ffi
s,iop

Thss a gentleman.

$,{ (nounsendingin "-1,-d, -n" and in oherconsonanlsare masculine)

W
f

(mostnounsendingin'La, -e" and some nounsendingin consonanlar eminino)

ffi

W
(nounsendingin Lo" areneuter)

LquFm
JEDENhotol
JEDNAkola
JEDNOauto

leoen cal

1
:!1

jedna hoska

jdno auto

CO TO JE?

WHATIS IT?

stt.
JedenstI.

V
To je sij.

A table.
One table.

: s

CO TO JE?

r'
.- .t-

ur5*,t-F

To je houska. /f's a folt)


Afojetidle.

ffi
,ni

idna :idle

jedno kfesb

"p
(Notehow n Czechthereis
no articlebeforenouns.)

co vfDIM? (WHAT
DOtSEE?)

\/i's a tatrle.)

To je auto. (/t'sa car)

(lt's a chai.)

E -->

-ffi.

Vidms|. (/ see table.)

Vidmauto. / seea car'-)

Vidmhousku. (l seea rolt.)

*'J'

ffi
lrl!

Vidmzldl. (t seea chai.)


--> I

WHEREIS PETR?

He is in the rcstaunl

ffi

ffi

ffi

in the city

ffi
W
n the waralrobe

ffi
Afie;theprposilion
"y''(in- whee?)
thesenounshavth ending.e

Nounsendingin
-e, -:, -, -, -i, -c,-1,-d',-f, -
havethe nding- |

ffi
Wffi
on ne meto

n (at) the

Thesenounshav6th nding.ll

I_FKCE
J | D E LNr

CANTEEN
What is it?

si2

-1s{J
car

,,tia

,,tirtat

,rall(

tea

(a loa o) bread

'";q

sweater

w
table

KDETOJE?

WHERE
IS IT?
'|nA fon)

tt:4l: (in/at)

(--,,r ) ,v,+r.
in the tea
'.- --l

--r--l

$gii:
on the chair

He she it) rn
JE V . .
/s on
He fshe'r)'s
.
.
J NA
necessary''
is
pronoun
(NoehowIn Czechno

KOEJE...?

n6

ffi

ns$.ew

rur
r--g - s

ffiW

ffi
a-
rJ .W$
It is on the table.

w'

FTFil

Nffi-^sffi,b'-w

ffi-F

S'e ls in th carteer,

Lffi

It is on the Plate.

$ffilying

LEKCE
Where s . . . (ly n g )?
. . . (sknding)?

The roll is (lying) on the table.

The brcad is (lying) on the table.

The sweate is (lying) on the char.

The chair is (standng)

The table is (standng)

(BtG- SMALL)
J,iii-,r+i;1:.
Whatis the hotel lke?

i*ffi
it{

.fi

liffi
Whats the charlke?

The chair is big

iit$r
Whdtts the car like?

The car is big.

Topic:

GREETINGS.
BASICSOCIALPHRASES.
DESCRIBING
A ROOM.
Youwill learn how to
.
.
.
.

greetpeopleand say goodbyeto them


say wno you are
ask "Whatis that? Who is that?"
ask "Whatis it like?"and "Whatis that person
like?"
. describeyour room
pronouns
(p. 25) . Verb"to be" (p. 26). Verb
Personal
(p.26). Creation
ngation
ol questions
n Czech(p.27).
Basicqustions
"Whatis it?Whatis there?Whereis...?"
(p.28). Adverbs
pronouns
ofplace(p.29). Demonstralive
(p.
genders
t,
o"
30).
crammatical
of
Czch
nouns
"len,
(p. 311. 11or'nutu"caseof nounsn singular
(p. 31).
Adjctives:
had("-y")andsoft("-i')(p.32). Numeral
'on"
(p.33)

Co tam vis?

. Jedennovt ob.az.
..:. .. .. . ,. . . .
Ne, nen hezk

Jehezki.

-l-

"1""5!l'..'Yr.'-'

a
Ale
Angfian M
no
barevni,-, -
bfy, -, -
b, jsem
cizinec I\,4
cizinka F
c-o
ech [,4
Cek F
ern, -, -
erven, -, -
den [,4
dt N
dobr, ", -
dole
fifm fV
hezk, ", -
hnd, -, -
hrad IV
i
iako
iak, -, -
kd
Kdo
knihaF
koberec I\,4
kislo N
kvtina F
ampa F
le2i
maf, -, -
mfadi, -, -
moderni
modriJ -, -
mu M
my
nahoie
ne
novi, -, -
obr2 l\,4,
na obraze
okno N
on! on! ono
okfivi, -, -
pn l\,4

and
but
Englshman
yes
coloured
white
to be, I am
foregner(A/l)
foreigner(F)
whai
Czech (noun)
Czech (noun)
black
red
day
child
good
down
filn
nice,pretty
brawn
case
I
as,like
what, what sot ot'
where
who
book
caryet
armchah
lower
lamp
s lying
snall
young
modem
blue
man
we
up
no
new
picare, in the p.
wndow
he, she,it
ugly
Mr, gentleman

pan F
Pero N
pokoj Nl
postel F
proesor [4
profesorka F
prosim
dio N
rohlk M
sed
seit M
slovo N
slovnik IV
skifi F,
na skini,
ve skini
star,i, _,_
stoj
student lvl
studenlka F
stl IV.na stole
tady
lky = tak
lam
tamten, tamta,
tamto
televizeF=
televizor li,4
ten, ta,lo
tenhle, tahle, toh'e
tento, tato, toto
ty
uitel M, uilelka F
uprostid
vede
velk, -, -
v(e)piedu
visi
vlevo = naevo
vprvo = npvo
vy
vzadu
zeleni, -, -
Zena F
:idle F, na iidli
tluti, -, -

Mrs,lady
Pen
room
bed
prcfessol
lwoman)professol
please.
you are welome
radia
roll
ls s]fing
exercise-boak
watd
dictianaty
cbnet,
on the cabinet,
n the cabinet
old
is standng
student(M)
student(F)
table,on the table
here
also,taa
therc
Ihat
televisian
televisianset
the/that
thls
ihls
yau
teachet(M, F)
in the middle
next t
big, great,larye
in t'rcnt
hangs
on the |eft
o,r ie,g/rl
yau
at the back
grcen
woman
chai,on the chair
yellow

LEKCE

@#d

,\l,f \

a
a
a

Goodmorning.
Goodmoning.
Excuseme, are you a professor?
Yes,I an. Andyouarc a student?
Yes,I am a student.

Are you a professor?


o No,I am not. I am a student,too.
Are you a forcgner?
No,I'm not. I'm Czech.

ffir
f i: t l . S ( ) h i . 4 l )R ' j \1 l tl N .

, \

JA

; )\i / \;1.. '


MY

TY
ON
ONA
ONO (to)

oNl
ONY
ONA

I ONO (andalsoONY,ONA)is Jiltleusedin ihe spokenlanguage.In moslcasesthe pronoun "it' corresponds


pronoun,,to,,.
to the Czechdmonstrative
you (2dpersonsg) used arnongelatives,friends,childen...
(inomal form of address)
I VY.i you (2"dpersonpl)
= usedwhen morepeopleare beingaddressed
' ormaladdressin the singular- it is usedfor addressingunknown,little
knownand importantpeople.
See p. 26 (vy jste you are)

T O B Eli. i I i

Vbs in Czechdon'thaveto be accompaniedby personalpronouns.


/am athome. .-.- .....-

Jsem ooma,this lorm is used norc oflen)


J jsm doma,ty rte.lwhenwe wanlto sess it)

- youare <
i:Sbi.1:
:: :':).::1:.
^::

( Evoa Tomi,kdejste? (Plual)


Eve anctTon, wherearc you?
C paneprofesore.iste u: v prz?(singular)
Prcesso\arc youaheadYin Prcgue?

we use he politoformwhenspeakingwih
VY JSTE:in oficialcommunication
a personwhois notcloseto us,egwe say"vY JSTE',.
witha personwithwhomwe havea clos
TY JSI: we usethisiormwhenspeaking
egwe say"Y JSl".
relationship,
a Who are you?
a Who are you?

a I am a forcignet.
o I am a student,

'[Gl0l{ i i.rrcACr)
nejsem
neisi(nelse)
nni

neisme
neist
nisou

I amnot
Youaenot
lq se,it is noi

theyarc not

n Czech)
formo verbnegation
(nen- theonlyirregular
to theverb:jsem- neisem(l am- I am not)
fn CzechNE-is simplyprefixed
b4' i nebil? (to be or not to be?)

LEKCE
- l i i, li- \ l\

L i \i

\./.

. ,

In queslions no auxiliary verb is added.

To je AlenaAlenaje lady.

(onlythe intonationat the end


o the senlenceis changed)

c"l-lct-w0RL oRit[R i{ [sKLi5ir-rl./{}:]LFL


In comparisonwith Englishil is freer.
a o ie cizinec?= Je to cizinec?
a Je lady uilel?
Uitefje tady?
----\
(ls the teacherherc?) --

o Ano,to ie cizinec.- Ano, ie to cizinec.


o Ano. uitelje tdy. = Ano, urteltdy je.
(yes. the teachets here.)
o Ne, uitet tady nen. = Ne, nen tady uitel.
(No, the teacher isn't herc.)

In answerswe give new informationat the end o the sentence.

a Wheres thelanp? Thelampis herc.


a Whatis here?
a lt is a lampwhichis here.

Cv

CVICENI
Exerclses)

a 1 . Rozume?(Do you underctand?)


o To je l.oteiDiplomat.
o To j tlevizorSony.
o To je Anglian.

a Toje pizza.
o To je kafe.
o To je katastroa.

o To je student.
o To je klubNptun.
o To ie aspirin.

-t 2. Doplteslovesob ve sprvnmtvaru.F,l?lr)the corrcctformol the veh ,to be,.)


1. J
profeso, 7. Ty _
tady.
4. Vy _
student?
2. Qni
lady.
proesoka.
5. lvly_
tam.
L Ona_,
I u

LdJ.

podlevzoru.(Answer accodng to the model.)


n 3. Odpovzte
I+ Toje kva? o Ne, to nen kva.
. To je aj?
o Ne,to
. Toje d:us?
-a To je rum?
o Ne,to
. To je kokteil?
. To je jogurt? o Ne,to
a fo je pizza?

Ne,lo
Ne,lo
Ne,to

'1 4. Odpov7l.e-(Answer.)
o
o
o
o

a Ne, nejsem. Jsem

Jste cizinec?
Jste uitel?
Jste ech?
Jste Anglian?

Cech.
student.
Cech.

-: 5. Dopltepodle vzou. (Fll in the blanksaccording to the model.)

J lsemCech,j nisemcizinec.
1. My
tady,my
tam.
4. Vy
2. Ona
Ceka,ona
cizinka. 5. J
profesor. 6. On
3. Ty
student,
ty
ll'

profesor,
vy __,,- student.
j __ ech.
cizinec,
Per,on
omS.

I 6. odpovzte.
rswer)
o
o
o
o

Kdojsle?
Jste cizinec?
Je Eva cizinka?
Jste ve kole?

o
o
o
o

Jste Cech?
Jsi sludent?
Je ady profesorka?
Je sou)Eva a Tomtady?

o
o
o
o

Je eka?
Je Tomciznec?
Vy nejsteCech?
o je Zuzana?

**tr
B,{stCfU ESTI
{:}i.{5 2,4t{LADr.!i {}i\2. i(.y)

. Whats it?

a
a
.
a
a
a

Kdoto je?
J to Karel?
co je 10?
J to skola?
co je lam?
Kdeje Skola?

Wheres the rcom?

LEKCE
a co lo le?
a co ie to?

o To le pokoi.
ooie_

(ADVERBIA
DVRBs
INsT)
OF PTACE
. Kdeie stl?
o Stlle vepiedu.
skir
okno
obraz
rdio
lanpa vlevo
= naEvo
Postel
Zidle
televize
kieslo

vpYo
= napravo
vdl f,ext to)
u?roslied (in the middle)
tady x l,m (hie t herc)

Cv
7, Odpovztepodfevzoto.(Answeraccordingto themodel-)
llll|} a Je stl vzadu?
o Ne,stlnenvzadu,ie vepidu.
a
a
a
a
a
a

Je lampanahoie?
Je okno vepidu?
Je rdiodole?
Je tlevizovlevo?
Je postelvzadu?
Je skinapravo?

o
o
o
o
o
o

Ne,
Ne,
Ne,
Ne,
Ne,
Ne,

Gn
DIMON5RA|VE
PRONOUNS
"N,vO"
zJMENO
{uKAZovAC
,JEN,TA,To"}
||
''

Thenounsin Czchhveno artic{e.


Tamj hotel.
Thrcs a hoteltherc.
Hotelje vellai.
Th hotel is big.
Tn hotelje velh.
The/ that hotel is big.
(tn,o ktermjsmui mluvili- thatone whichwe havealraclyspokenabout)
pronoun
"Ten,ta,to" ae usedas lh demonstrative
"thal"andcanalsobe usodin
a similarwayto lh definitarticlewitha nounwhichhasakeadybeenspokenof.
TENTO,TENHLE Il'iS)
TATO,TAHL
TOTO,TOHLE

n 8. ekntese zjmeny
Jen,t,to".Saylt w, thoprcnouns"ten,ta,to,.)

&

t-EKCF

k{r
i'{lJfriS i! i-,Li5 1-,'11.i
i-i! ii I
he nounsin Czochhavehreegenders:
masculine(M)
eminine(F)
neutr (N) = nameso the young(dt- child,kue- chicken,ko- kjtten)
+ namesof thingsendingn ",o"and"-e/-"{thlattercanbe also
feminine)
Nounsendingin:
TEN

TEN
TO
TEN
TO
TO
TN+ A
Thegnda
is veryimponant
in Czech.lt dtermins
whichtypeof declension
thenoun
has.
The mosl commonendingsar:

fr*" I
#
,
trfiVq

Ieit'iir ;n ;. protso?
' ..
q Ne,.tnen
piobo:' ..

= forms of the
nomtnatvecase
srngular

. ts theotdmana prcressor?
o No,lles nota prclessor.

Is theprcWlady
a studenttoo?
o No, sheisn a studenl,
sle is a professo/.

ffir
.,\iljECT|V5
{AD|:Kl'lVA)
singular
they
n Czech,adjecives
do nothavthesameformas nouns.Inthnominative
ie theyendin long
or "-" (softadjectivs),
havethendings
"-i,-,-" (harddjectives)
Hardadieclives(tvrdadjekiva):
"-i" or'-" or "-"
(ll depends
on thegenderof lhe noun.)
dn old man, womn, winclow

mascultne
eminine
neutet

a lt's goocl.
Sofi adicrivs(mkkadjektiva):'Li"
a modefi man, woman, window
N

(WHAT... L|KE?WHATK|NDOF ...?)

. Whatis it lke?

o /t's) good

LEKCE

Cv
Vybenevhodnou
o dpovd.{Se/ecta sultableanswer.)
. Jaki je ten
pokoj?
o Ten pokojje
obroz?
profesor?
stl?
. Jakje to

o To rdioje

okno?
. Jakje ta

lampa?
knlha?
2idle?
ele'Jize?

hezhi
maly

velktt

slaryt mladlt
noW moder
star modern
velk mal

o Ta lampaje

bl

ilul

rn ewen
modr zelen
slar nov
mal

velk

pozorna ,,-,-,-,,.
O 10, Doplte
vhodnadjeldivum.
(Completewitha suitableadective.Be careutwiththe endings.)
hotel

park

kniha

Zena
_
Angtian __

msto

pan
uittka
eSka

1 1. Bytjstev kin.Pitetse vspt.iahy'ie tenfitm.


(Younavebeenin the cinema.A riendasksVouwhatthe t'lmis tke.)
o Jak 10je?
o Jahi je ten film?

a Je to dobr.
a Je dobn7.

Odpovzlemu.(Answethim.)
dob]i antastichi pereKn optimisticki

&r
hl UFDEi\*,
JEDN,
jeder ([4)
jodnA(F)
jdng(N)

':T]NO)
one/aman

one/a

pesimisticki

fitm
poxoJ
okno

h,{

thqthat one old man


this(writtenform)
this (spokenfom)
that (the... therc)
thqthat one old woman
this(wiftenfom)
this(spokenom)
that(the... there)

thqthat on olclwindow
this (wrttenfom)
this(spokenfom)
that (the... there)

POKOJ
Zidli
Tadyj velhi pokoj.Vepfdustojhndlisla hndidl._Na

sedmladi mrz.Nalevoje postel.Ta postie bl Nahofevis obraz.


Na sioleje barevntelevize
Na obrazei:na. Napravoslojmali s11.
a kvina.
Vzadustojvelkskii a bllampa.Ve skfnild knihaa slovnk.
okno.Nahofevislampa,dol
Na skfnistojcemrdio.Vedlej modern
erven
ktslo.
koberec.
Uprostled
stoj
l:

Cv
12. Odpovztpodfetexlu.(Answeraccordinglo lhe text.)
o Co stojnapravo?
o Co je nahoie?
o Kdoj tam?
o Kdeje postel?
o Kdej student?
o Kde je skiri?
o Kdestojrdio?
o Kdoie ten pn?
o Je amtakydt?
o Co le: ve skfni?

o
o
o
o
o

co je nastole?
Coje vzadu?
Kdosedvepdu?
Kdevislampa?
Jaloiie ten pokoi?

:1 13. keitepodfevzotu.(sayaccodngto themodel)


tr+ profesor
- ten jedenprofesor
postel iidle dio Cech.slovnk.
cizinec,lampa,ski,okno,studentha.
pani.obaz mu; dit :ena
pn.
kislo.
eka.
kniha,televize.
st|.

LEKCE
r 14. Doplujte adjektiva. (Fil in the adjectives.)

rI

Ta lampaje

- Ta lampaje bl (hezk).

1 . Tencizincie
-_.
2. Tamstoj_
pofesor.
3. Vlevostoj__
postet_
To je _.
skli.
5. Uprosfedstoj__
stt.
6 . Toje ,_Zidle.
7. Kdoje len

mur?

8. To oknoje
9. Toie
__kieslo.
10. Nahoievis__obraz.
je _.
11. Tenslovnk
12. Jedno_
rdioj naskini.
Kdeje ta
kniha?
14. To je __
lilml

l 15. Odpovzte.
rswer)
o
o
o
o
o

Jakje to kiesto?
Jakpostelsoinalevo?
Jak)tstlstoivepfedu?
Jakknihale: na stole?
Jakrdiostojnaskfni?

o
o
o
o
o

JahTobraztamvis?
Jahi je len cizinec?
Jalcije lo uitel?
Jakie to dit?
Jaki je to pokoj?

n 16. Odpovztepodlevzotu.(Answ/accotdingto themodel.)


ll o Je ta lampabl?(ilutt)
. Ne,ta lampanenbl,ie itut.
1. Je tenstlhnd)r?
(bli)
2. Je ta televizenov?(sta)
3. Je la poselmodr?(zeteni)
4. Je to dtmat?(vethi).

5. Je ten profesomladi? (stani)


6. Je to oknovelk?(maly)
7. Je ta skfstar?(modernD
8. Je tenfih okliv,i?
(hezki)

-l 17. Ptejtese.Ask) Kdo?Co? Kde?Jahi, -,-?


rr+ am stojprotesor.- Kdo tamstoj?
1. Vepieduje velkystt.
2. Na stoleleZkniha.
3. Ve skiinijenov,islovnk.
4. Je to modrn:ena.

5. Tam stojmlad cizinka.


6_ Na skinije rnrdio.
7. Na Zidliseddt.
L Sta prosorsedvzadu.

L.l18. kejteopozitum.
(Saytheo.4loste.)
trll+ o Je stlvlevo? a Ne,stlnenvtevo,te vpavo.
1 . Je lampanahoe?
2. Je prosor
tady?
3. Je to mui?
Je ta Zenamlad?

5.
6.
7.
8.

Je okno vepidu?
J rdiodole?
Je to cizinec?
Je to dit vlk?

9. Je tlevizenapavo?
10. Je postelvzadu?
11. J ten pokojmoden?
12. Je ten prosorstaF?

'

P oplil o b r re .. l D e s c ,rD eh e p tu te)

sTnal

colourul

J nelsem Cch. Jsem Anglin


(Amerian,Kanadn,Australan)Jsem mlad a velk. Tady lsem
student. On je taky student,
ale je Cech.
Angliarka (EngIsh woman)
Ane arka (Ameican woman)
Kanadanka (Canadian wan an)
Ausla a\ka (Australian wman)
J jsem cizinka. Jsem mlad.
Tamten stani pn je pofesor
a tamta Zenaje studentka
jko l.

a Jak se mte?
o Dkuiu,dobie.A vy?
. J laky dobie,dkuu.
Ii

a
o Fne,thankyou.Anclyou?
. I am fine |aa, thankyou.

i,. i:
i. l-i'."
a
o
.
o

Dob den.
Dob den.Jk se mte?
Dkuiu,dobie.A lak se mtevy?
Mmse tky dobie,dkuiu.
Nashledanou.
a Nashledanou.
a Jak se imenuiete?
o Jmenuluse Tom.
A jak se imenujetevy?
a J se jmenuluJana.

1. a, Opakujte:
(Repeat)
bl Odpavzte:

2. a) Poslouchete:
(Listen)
hJ Odpovzte:

a Gaadmorninq.How are you?


. Fne,thankyau.And how arc you?
a I am ine taa, thank you.
Gaad-bye.
a Good-bye.
a What'syour name?
a My names Tom.
And what'syourname?
a My nameis Jane.
(lt's) nce to meet you. (l am pleased.)
c (lts) nice to neet you loo.

o Takymt.

I :,:.,,:i irtii:i1- ::ll:. i l ,:

tl

i .i ; . . 1 1 i :\l i l

a Ta pani le proesork.
a Ten pn je proesor.
a Ten cizinec je studnt.

h, Reagujte:
(React)

a Ta paniie profesorka.
a Tenpnie proesor.
a Tencizinecie student.

o Kdo je ta pan?
o Kdoje ten pn?
o Kdoje ten cizinec?
o Kdoje len stan,pn? Profeso?

a Ano,je profesor.

c Kdoje len sta pn? Poeso?


a Ano, ie proesor.
o Kdoje a modernpan?Poeso*a? a Ano, ie prolesorka.
o Kdoje len mladi cizinec?Siudent? a Ano, ie stuclent.
o Vy jsle cizinec?

b, Odpovzte:

ii'

o
o
o
o

Vy jste profesor?
Vy jsle Cech?
Onaje proesoka?
On je cizinec?

a Ne,j nejsemcizinca
a
a
a

Ne.j nelsem proso.


Ne,j neisemCch.
Ne, ona nen prolesoka.
Ne,on ne6cizinec.

o Je pokojvlki? Ne, mali.

a PokojJmali.

o Je pokolvelki? Ne, mali.


o Je rdio nov?Ne, siar.
o Je poslelvelk?Ne, fial.

. Pokoj ie ml.
. Rdio ie star.
a Poslel je mal.

$i$
. Obrazje osklivi.
. Ski ie ern.
. Lampaie bl.

c Je obraz hezk\i?Ne, osklivi.


c Je skihnd?Ne, ern.
c Je lampaerven?Ne, bl.
o Co le tam vzadu?Rdio?
bl Odpovzte: o
o
o
o
o
o
o

Co je tat vzadu?Fdio?
a
Co ie ta vlevo?S1l?
a
co ie tn vprvo?zidle?
a
Co io tam nahoie?Kniha?
a
Kdoje tan dole?Uitel?
a
Kdoje tam vzadu?Uiteka?
.
Kdoje tam vpravo?Pan Novk? .
o Jak se jrenulete?Petr?

h\ Odpovzte:

Anlonn,Tonda
Eduard,Eda
Frantlek,Frnta
Jakub,Kuba
Jan, Honza
Jindfich,
Jindra
Jif,Jirka

a Ano,vzaduje rdlo.

o
o
o
c
c
o

Jak se jmenujee?Petr?
Jak s jmenulete?Jana?
Jak se lmenuiee?zuzana?
Jak se jmenulete?Illichal?
Jak se jmenujete?TomS?
Jak se lmenujete?Honza?

Ano! vzadu le rdio.


Ano, vlevo je stI.
Ano, vpravo je iidle.
Ano, nahoi je kniha.
Ano, dole ie uilel.
Ano, vzdr./i uitelka.
Ano, vpvo je pan Novk.

a Ano,jnenujuse Pelr.
a
.
a
.
a
a

Ano, imenuju se Petr.


Ano, imenujuse Jana.
Ano, jmenuju se Zuzana,
Ano, imenujuse Mchal.
Ano, imenuju se Tom.
Anoj jmenuju se Honza.

Alzbta,
Bta

Elzabeth,BeW

Anka
Eva

Eve

Edward, Ted

HAna
Georye

Karel
Ludvk
LukS
Matj,Maty
Nlichal,N.{Sa

Cha es

tepan

Stephen

Jitka
Karolna
Kateiin,Katka,
Kaenk

Lucy
lvlagdalna
lYlae,lvlaruSka,
lvlaienka
[,4arka
[,4onika

Mary,May
Margatet

Tom
Zuzana

il*

Susan

Topic:

MY FAMILY.DO YOU HAVETIME?


WHATDO ILIKE?
You will leam how to
e say who you are and whereyou work
say whetheror not you haveanyfree time
@ask a colleaguewherehe/sheis andwhat he/she
is doing
" say whatyou haveandwho you are liseningto
(usingthe directobject)
e say whatthingsyou likeandwhat peopleyou like
ask who ownssomethingand say thatyou own
something
Ftalkaboutyouramily
(p. 41)@
"Where?" Locative
caseof nounsin singular
Present
tenseo Czechverbsrconjugation
"-m",'-uiu"
(p.451n y"t6 ',o hav"(p.45)6 Accusative
csein sin(p.50). Possessive
gular(p.47< | like...(Rd)
pronorns
(p.51)
n henominative
ndintheaccusative
singular

M5 dneskavolno?

Bohuie nemm.

Studuju,pracuju
4 nakupuju.
Co dlX?

i
nglitinaF
AnglieF
bankaF
bohu:el
byt i,4
as ',{
eshi, -, -
etinaF
ovk ,4
dcera F
dlm
(dlat)
divadlo N
dvmse na +Acc
(divatse)
divka F
dnsk= dnes
dobr, -, -
dobie
ooma
dopoledne
lakull F
gramatikaF
hodn, -, -
chytri, -, -
jeho, iei,leiich
lenom = len
jet,jet ne
kamardM
kamardkaF
kanceliF
kva F
kino N
kupulu+Acc
(kupovat)

English
England

Czech
Czechlanguage
nan (= hunan being)
oaugner

(ta look at)


grl
today
goad
mornng,midmoming,
faculty,college
gramma
bnght
siill, nt yet

nemocni,-,-

obchod l'/
oclpovm
(odpovt)
odpoledne
poslouchm+Acc
(poslouchat)
potom= pak
prceF
pracuiu(pracovat)
prodava I\,4
prodavakaF
prodvm+Acc
(prodvat)
pitel l\,4,
pilelkyn F
d, rda,rdo
rcdin F
(sluclovat)
syn lvl
kola F
patn
patnY,-, -
tstni, -, -
taka F
tatnek,otec M
ted'
tida F
kol[r1
u2

(ta buy)
voln, -, -
vysvtluju+Acc
(vysvtlovat)
vzpomnmn +Acr
(vzpomnatna)
zalmav,",-
zdravi, -1,-
ztta
Je mi lto.

lil .l, r:

(ta listento)

shop"ass/stant
fM)
shop-ass/slant
F)
(tosell)
frend(M),Hend(n
gladly

(tastudy)

badly
bad
happy
bag

as eaft as
tn/at
velmi

mm (mit)
mm d +Acc
mamink,mlkaF
man:el IVI
manZelkaF
mil, -, -
moie N
na
nakupuiu
(nakupovt)

(to rcst)

LEKCE

*r
"WHff{Ea',
CAs[F N(lr,]!is||.{st.iU
QllsTrN
- I,OC,{TiVE
L R . 1, l \ . / . , \ ..t i l i 1 . tL r\l

:t\L r

| \,i. Lll:.-i\\tr \

We answerthe question"kde?"by an adverbof place(seep. 29)


domaar home,/.tady. tam. vepiedu. vzdu. nlevo. npravo,nahoi, dol,
uprostied

ffi=

PREPOSITIONS

THE LOCATIVECASE(th noun suixes)


Kdel pan Kubl? Kdeje kniha?

Bemember!

= ae
!ctn o p u r'n * l ':dj
'
(seep. 10)

l n m
b p v I
ldel lfel [n] Ime] lbel Ipiel {vjel fjel

Anglie- v Anglli
Skotsko- ve Skolsku
S ovensko n Slovensku

ruecny(p r)-vuecrct(p Loc)


lAmerik-vAm-ric

NOTE:
"v" or "ve"? ' ve: in case o dicull pronunciation befoe
the sameor slmilaconsonant,
or before

lwooTnreeconsonans
(vevlaku- ft re iralr,ve 5koe,
ve stiedu- or Wednesday)

L
Profesor u, j ve tid?

a U: le Janadom?
o Ne,jetje v 5kote.

o Ne,jet nen.

a Manelie jet v nemocnici?


o lJ: nen. Ld doma.
a Ttinek u: i doma?
Ne, jest je v prci.

a Kde je t kniha?
o Tady n stole.

a Kdeje ten erni svtr?


o Tadyn :idl.
Not ic ei

a Kdei Toma Zuzana?


o Jsouv restauraci.

a u:? - c Jetne.
. Jet?- o u: ne.

a pro nen peh doma?


o Je v kin.

a Kde mm svetr?
o Je ve skini.
(. Aheady? - . Notyet.)
(. Still?
. Na longer.)

HOW TO SAY IN CZECHWHEREWE LIVE,WHEFE WE ARE?


IJAh RICTESKY ADE BVDLiMT.hDE JSI\IF?J
Kde lste?

Wherearc you?
Nounsendingin "d -t - n - b -f - t- m - p - s -v _ 2,,: + -e/-
uto
v ut
divadlo v divadle
kino v k n
Brno v Brn
obchod - v obchod
LondtTn- v Londin
autobus _ v auobuse

t,,
,
'

(in the car)


(in the theatre/
(n the cinema)
(n Bmo)
(in the shop)
(in London)
(on the bus)

;ilt\_i:.il
Kand - v Kanad
kavrna v kavrn
f rm - ve irm

(in Canada)
(in the frm, campany)

Nouns ending in "h - ch - k - g - l' + borrowed words: + -u


(l M+ N)
hotel - v hotelu
ilm - ve ilmu
supermarket- v supermarketu
Livepool- v Liperpoolu
Wales ve Walesu
NewYok - v New Yorku
Skolsko ve Skotsku
Chicago- v Chicagu
Nmecko v Nmecku
Rakousko- v Rakousku

(n the supermafuet)

(in Scatland)
(in Chicago)
(n Getmany)

rdio- vdu
centrur v centu
F - solening o the hard consonant beore -kniha- v knze
lavika- na lavice
taka v lasc
(in the bag)
Amerika - v AmericeCeskrepublika- v Ceskepublice (in the Czech Republic)
ga >ze
cha > e

synagoga v syngoz
socha - na soe

Nounsendingin": - - - i - c -i - d'- t- ": + -i


telvize - v televizi
prce v prci
Austie - v Austrlii
Francie ve Francii
ramvaj - v tavaji
karceli v kancelfi
Plze - v Plzni
Preposiiion"na" insteado "v"
univezit- na univerzil
fakulta - na akull
posta - na pot
ndra: na ndra:
konce - na konLerl
Ivorava na [,4orav
Slovensko- na Slovensku

(in the synagague)

(an TV)

(at the facuhy)


(at the post affice)
(at the statian)
(at the conceft)
(in Slovaka)

Cv
. 1 . Zeptejtese a odpovzle.(AskanclansweL)
. Kdeje

profsor?
ttnek?
mamink?
Petr?

o Je

ve Skole.
naakult.
v prc.

. Kdeje

rdio?
kniha?
magnetofon?
svetr?

oJe

na slolenazidli.
v pokoji.
ve skfni.
naskini.

a U: je Pelr doma?

o Ne,jerje

v hn.
ve kole.
v divadle.
ve mst.

L-J2. Dopltevhodnmivyzy. (Conpletewithsuitableexprcssions.)


o
o
o
o
o
o
o

Pracuju
Odpov
syn studuje
Dceraje
svelrnn
Sed
Nakupuiu

v parku ' """"'"


ve kole\
-,**"*
v nemocnici v kavrn
ve skini
v supermarketu
naZidli
v Cambridgi
v Austrlii
v prci
v bance
v kancelfi
v kin
v obchod

v centru

knihovna

. Coj v pokoii?
. Kdoj v pokoji?
. Co je v skini?

t i.',i,.i.

For each oesonlhe Czechverb has a soecialsuflix.

Q um1rravel
mmvolno mmevolno
mvolno mtvolno
mvolno maiivolno

he, she. t has ree tme

theyhave frce time

nemmas nemmeas
nemas nemteas
nemas nemajas

I, you, we, they do not have frce time


he, she,t doesnot have frce me

2"" posilion
[,4m se dobie.
Jak
se m?
Tom se m dobfe.

The refexivepronoun"se" does no change,


It s alwaysthe 2"oword in the sentence,

a Mt led'as?
o Nemm.Cas mm odpoledne.

. Mte velk byt?


o Ne, mme mali brt.

a Da yau have tmenow?


a Na.I have tmen the aftenoon.

a Do you have a bg flat?


a No,we have a snall ane.

ney

odpoiv-m
odpov-5
odpov-
odpov-m
odpov-
odpov-al

@ sruou.tu1rstuayl
studuju(-uiirdobresludujeme
dobie
I studywell
we studywell
youstudywell
studuje
dobie
yau studywell
studujete
dobie
studujedobie sludujou(-uiIdobie
he, she,it studieswell theystudywell

dobienestudiffiFudobie 1donl studywell


e
nestudtiti
dobie you don't study well

we ...
you ...
(ii )' dobie he, she doesn'tstudy well they ...
nestudj.i:

JmenuJu
JAK
J

Tom.
jmenujeS?
jmenujuPetr.

Jmenuleme
JAK

Jmenujou

se

Novkovi.
jmenuje?
Petra Pavel.

you
you
they
' Theendnqs"-ujf, '-uji' are
more bookish,the endings
Luju', "-uiou"mote calloqua|

a What's the name o the g ?


a Her name is Jana.

a Do you havefreetime?
a I'm aid not.

Cv
3. asujteve vechosobch.(Conugatein altpercons.)
lll|| Poslouchm
rdio.
Poslouchmerdio.
Poslouch
rdio?
Poslouchlerdio?
Poslouch
rdio.
Poslouchajrdio.
nakupuluv obchod
pracujudob;e
nedlmkol
jsemve Skole
prodvmv obchod
nesluduluna fakult
vysvtluiugramatiku
nejsem doma

LEKCE

Gr
AccustvE
cAsEtNSTNCULAR
AKI.JZAV
srNcurnu)
KOHOposlouchs?

COposlou?

Who/What
arcyw tistening
to?

WhileEnglishhasa lixedsentence
structure:
subject
- ve - directobjct,Czech,with
tsrlalively
ieewordorder,whenneitherthsubjctnortheobjecthavea fixedpositionin thesentence,
needsto distinguish
between
them.Thesubjectis in the nominativeandthe directobiectin the accusative.
Ptrmdceu.
subjct

(Peter has a daughter)

direclobjectin the accusaljve


(lt is Peter who has a daughteL)

lThe answetto the questionlWho has a daughter?)


Theaccusatve
is alsousedortheobjeclof verbswiththepreposition
"na".
Pelrse dvna Afenu.
Pelvzpomn
na Afenu.

NAKOHOse div?
lPet tooksat Atena).
NAKOHOvzpomn? (Pet s thinking
ol Alena.)

To choosethecorrectdeclension
it;s necessary
to distingu
ish belween
masculineanimateMa)andmasculineinanimate (Mi).
proesor
, itm
man:el
I stl
pan
I oDraz
syn
I slovnk
student
/ bvt
nglian
obchod
Cech
I sve
Petr
I hotel
J O nn
I Litol
\ rohlk
Pau
otec
r KOOerec
I qolol
mu:
( cal
uitel
I tali
pffiel
\ nt)Z(knife)
Tom
Thomas
ln Czech Ma = M: (maskulinum:ivotn)

Mi = IVln(maskulinumne:ivotn)

KOHO?CO? = ACCUSATIVE
CASE

To je
(Nom)
I\,4m
(Acc)
jedna zajmavkniha: I\,4m
jednuzajimavou
knhu.
ta lekce:
studujutu lekci.

To je
(Nom)
I\,4me
(Acc)
jeden mladymu:: Vidmjednoho mladhomu:e.
tn mil\istuden: Vzpomnmna loho mlhostudenta.
NOTE: Whenmasculinewordsend "-ec, -ek, -en", the "-eJ' disappearsin the
accusativeof [,4a):
jec{nohocizince,latnka.
l[* o je jeden cizinec,tatnek.- Poslouchm
The "-e-" also disappearsin one-syllable
words:
rir* To je pes. - Dvm se na psa. (l'm looking at a dog.)
Ending"-tel" of the masculinesanimate= sot ending:
rr* pfftel,uitel- Poslouchmpfftele,uitele.

Ancl I have one other.

a Do you have a family?


a I have a daughterand a smallson.

Who ae you looking at?


At that young woman.

a Whatdo youstudy?
a Econamics-

LEKCE

Cv
(Answer.)
J 4. Odpou.e.
o Ano,dvmse na uitelku.
o Ne,nedvm
s na uitelku.

r + a DvS
se na uitelku?
. Kupuje
Kupujete

. DVsse
Dvtes

obraz'?
jogur?
aj?
slovnk?
kv!?
pizzu2
kvtinu?
knihu?
taku?
bagetu?
zidti?
televizi?

na Petra?
naJohna?
na PaLrla?
na Davida?
na kamarda?
na prodavae?
na pfele?
na otc?
naThomase?
na uitelku?
naJanu?
naZuzanu?
na pfftlkyni?

ve sprvnrt
Naru.(Sayin thecoect fom.)
. 5. knte
rr[+ [ilmI novI knihal. o
o
o
o

I,4m
Petrm
Mai
Mme

novouknihu.
,4m
dcer
tlevize
todtna
kamardka
tlda

mala
velk
hezk

star
bt
esk

skfn
pofsorka
mamtnka

mil

o tum

maldca
novpoesorka
ch,,t studenlka
mladcizinka
starmaminka

o I\,4m

noW
stani
zleny

o l\,4me
o [,4meve td

eNen

fodni'syn
nov' profesor
chyt student
mtad,icizinec
starYtalnek
slovnik
KOOeeC
kieslo

L*r
ot :;oitt'!liitti))
MM R, u,u irDn 1l lit:',::;r.;t;tt:rnt.
Mmrd Alenu.
Mmrclaemo! kvu.

mmrdlrda
mSrdda
r.tdlda

mmerdi/rdy
medltdy, tdlda
n4 dildy

Sg
rad
rada
lliiil tado

in the sameway:

In Czech,he adjective"rd"is otenusedo mean"l love, I like":


- mm rd

- bit rd

sm

rdi

rdy
rada

sam
samy

sam0 sama

I am glad that you arc here.

- rd + verb

0v
:l 6. odpovzte.nswer)
o Mted as? o ,4
rda divadlo?
dneskaveervolno? o l\,,15
o lvlrd lenis? o PoslouchterdiMozarta? o Dvtese rdi na televizi?
o Jste v Prazesama? o lvlterd zelen aj? o lvlterdaetinu?
o [,{rda Filpa? o [,,]S
rd Krist'r'nu? o Jsi rd, Zeisem tady?
o Jsi tady sm?
o Jsi rda,Ze mm volno?
on page57 and say accordingto lhe
Lookat the summaryo familyelationships
llr| Mm rd(a)ddeka,babiku,...

[_ilr{r
i: r.

i'r

'r ',:ii:llli;''i :'::'.ill'lt l'.


NOMINATIVE
SINGULAR

TO JE
N

yout (sg)

mi

mol = ma

tvj

tvoie= tv
ieho,jei

moie= m
lvole = tv

iji
nae

(Whose?)

C ie to t<ninaZ
o ltol.
a Whoseis that book?
Whosebookis this?

jeiich
OTEC

I\TIATKA

ACCUSAIVESINGULAR

my
yaur(sg)

DIVASE NA

mul
tvho

DITE

ivj

mol = mou
tvoji = tvou

I
e = m
E = tV

jeho,jej
jejiho

Jel

naeho

yau (pt)

nasl

vaeho

vasl
jejich

oTcE

PoKoJ

I!,IATKU

Di

NOTE: moi. tvoie, moli. tvoji- - spoen


/orm
''m,m, lv, tv, mou. tvou_ hntentorm
lWhen lhe subjectand he possessiv
pronounagree,the possessive
pronoun
"svj" is used(declines
like"mi"). tvtore
on p. 132.
a J utady vaeultelka?
o Ne,naeuitlkataalyietnen;.

PANKUBATA JEHORODINA

Pan Kubtjeprofesorna fakult.Ted je ve tfda vysvtlulenovougramatiku.


Rd pracuje.Je 10 lastni lovk.lt4hzki by, hodnouman:lku, hezkou
dceu a chyl.ehosyna.
Jeho man:elkaje ted doma.Taky pacuje,v nemocnici,ale ted je nemocn.
Jej prceje zaimav.
Jejichsyn Tomje jetve Skole.Je chyt, dobie studuje.I\,1
rd etinu
a angliinu.
Jejichdcera se jmenujeJana;je to hezkdvka.Je podavaka,prodvv
obchod.Rdase dv na televizi,rda m talq kino a divadlo.Dnes prodv
jen dopoledn,
odpoledne
m volno.

,WR

LEKCE

#w
rl 7. Pieloite opakujte.('rcnstateand rcpeat.)

jriir#ffi*E*tffi

:"1B. Dejtedo spvnholva . (Put in the coffectorm.)


Mm (bevndtelenpe)

Mre(chytti syn)
Studujuestra)
Mle nd (a pce)
Mm da (modern divadlo)
Prcesot vysvlluje (nov gnmatika)
V pokojl mrrebl postel, hnd ski a erni sttrl)
Poslouchmf,?ski profesot a ta esk profesotka)
.' L Odpovze.(,4,1sr1/er-)
L[* o Kdeje proesor?tida
o
o
o
o

a Proesoje ve tid.

Kdeje cizinec? Praha


Kdeje rodina? byt
Kde stojpostel? pokoi
Kde prodvprodavaka?obchod

o
o
o
o

Kdepracujematka?nemocnice
Kdeje len pn? msto
Kdeje proesorka?
akulta
Kdstudujestudent?univezila

PANSi/IITHA JEHORODINA
PanSmithj Anglian.
Domav Angliije profesorna fakult,ale v Prazeje
studnl.Studujena univerzit
etinu,
V Prazej sm,vzpomn
na svourootnu.
panSmithov,
JhomaaZelk,
nepracuje,
alev PrazeneniJedoma,vAnglii.
je v diDopoledne
odpov,
odpoledne
nakupuje,
verse dvnatlezinebo
vadle.MhezhTden.
pracuj
Jehodceraje u: vlk.Jmenui
se Jan.Ui nestuduj,
v nemocnici
jakodoktorka.
pracuje,
I/velmirdasvouprc.Dopoldn
i odpoledne
volno
mjenveer.
JehosynTomjtstuduie- na univerzit
v Londlin.
Nestuduje
rd,nen
dobnistudnt,
alej ch. M djen kino,videoa sport.
vzpomn
na svou rodinu
m rdasvou prci
doklorM, doktorkaF
LondYn

he thinks about his family (svou - moron p. 132)


Lonclon

Podfetextu vypvuite o sv rodin.(Talkaboutyourfamilyaccofuingto the text.)

Cv
:l 10. Dophitesprvni tvar slovasa.(Fillin the coffectom o thevtb.)

[+ mm:Petr

knihuna stole.- Pelr m knihuna stole.

Myse
laky

Crv)

Petrse talq

na panaKubta.
2
se na televizi?

LEKCE
dlmi

Co
Co

(vv)?
(y)?- Studuju.
(oni)to patn.
(vy)divadlo?
(ty)klno?
(on)otbal.
(ona)Katelinu.
(j)as,aleztraano.
as,aleztraano.

Dneskane
Oni dneskane
Oni

volnoodpoldne.

(vy)laky volno?
On
IvnZelka
ne-,

M na rodinu?
na dceru.
0)veer.
Ja.

Syn a dcera

rstuduiua

Odpoldne

Jana

v obchod.

(my)etinu.
etinu?
anglitinu.
v kancelii.

I,{an:elka
Otec

Syna dcrajtne__,

Ver
u:

).

(ry)ro Sparn.
Proesor

gramatiku
dobfe.

1 11. PieloZle
a odpovzte.
Ircnslateand answeL)
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

Whatareyoudoingnow?
o I amstudying
Czech.
Wheredoyoudoyourshopping?
o In thetown.
Wheredoesyourwi{ework?
o In a shopin Pragu.
Whatdoeslhe professo
explainat school?
Whatdoeslhe studentstudy?
o Czechgrammar.
Whatdo youhaveonthetable?
o A book,a diclionary
anda pen.
Doyouhavelimethisvening?
o l'm afaidnot.
Whomareyoulookingat?
o At hisson.
WhatdoesIVlr.
Taylorlik?
o Hisjob.

t'

, ,i

1. a) Posloucheite:o Kdeje pan Novk?Ve tid?


bl Odpovzte: o
c
o
o
a

. Ano,je ve id.

Kdeje pan Novk?Ve lid?


Kdeje proesor?Na akutt?
Kdeje pet? V kin?
Kdej Jana?V obchod?
Kdelsou pelr a Jana?Ve nst?

.
.
.
.
.

Ano, ie ve tid.
Ano,ie na fkult.
Ano, ie v kn.
ano, ie v obchod.
Ano, isou ve mst.

2. a) Posloucheite:c Petrje ve kote,nebodoma? a petr je dona.


bl Odpavzte:
c Pelrie ve kol,nebodoma?
o Janaje doma,nebona akutt?
c Pav je v kin,nebov divadle?
Pa Nova\.e oom.rebo r' pc.?
Holeco..evelloneboi.sre/ 1.Toc1tc)

a
a
o
a
a

3. a) Paslouchejte:o Ut je Jana doma?

a Ne,jelnendoma

b, Odpovzte: o LJ:je Jana dom?


c U, je tam proesor?
il7 jsou-"na pe v" -es-e?
Ui e malzta \t o,ct2
4. al Poslauchejte:o lve rctsvou pc ?
b) Odpovzte: c
o
o
o
c

Mte rd svou prci?


lile rd kino a divadto?
l\,4te
rd tak teteviz?
\rlerd elinu?
Vterd svou manie ku?

5. a) Posloucheite:c Co vysvttujeproesor?
Novougramatrku?
b) Odpovzte:
.r Co vysvllujepoesor?
Novougramatiku?
o co suduje?
cetnu?
c Co tam mS?u novouknihu?
. Co tam prodvaj?Tetevrz?

petr je doma.
Janaje na akutt.
navef';e v aivaJie.
pn Nvkie v Drci.
p rofesorie jestv nemocnici.

.
.
.
.

Ne, iet nen doma.


Ne,jet tam nen.
N.jesl neisouve mst.
Ne.ieSt ne;i v prci.

. Ano, mm rd svou prci.


.
a
a
a
a

Ano, mm rd svou prci.


Ano, mm rd kino ; divdto.
Ano, mm rd tak tetevizi.
Ano, mm rd etinu.
Ano, mm rd svou manielku.

a Ano,vysvflujenovougrar.atiku

. Ano, Wsvtluje novou


gramtiku,
o Ano, studuju etinu.
a Ano! mm tam tu novou knihu.
a Ano, prodviitam televizi.

"
FKilT

ffi-

RODTNA
(FA[,4tLY)

STBYC
BBATB -

SYN

souRozNcl
brolrefs rd slstefs

MATKA

TETA

DCERA -

SESTRA

i.iC\ irli il li- i:


a Whatsyouname,please?
a TomSmith.
a whercarc youfrom?
a I'n romEngland.
a Arc youheeon busness?
a Yes,I'm at a confercncehee.
a What'sYouraccuqation?
o I'm the headof a salesdepartment,
a That'san interestingiob, isn'tit?
a Yes,you'reright. h'san ntercsting

a Whercdo you work,ML Parkinson?


a I workas a plannewtththeFod
in the USAnow.
MototCompany
a Do youlike yourob?
o Yes,I do. I lke it.
How do we address? Jak oslovuieme?)
(Addssing
on p. 263)

basedonhewordswritten
o Acl out the sceneshownin thepiclu.I\rakesentnces
piclure.
the
beside
a Greeting
a Name?
a Foreigner?
a Ptivaely'?(soukron)
. Doyoulikeit?
. Greeting

o Greeiing
o
o

(s/u:ebr.)
On business
o Interesting

Greeting

Topic:

WHAT'STHETIME?
MY DAILYROUTINE.
You will learn how to
saywhattimeii is, andwhenyouaredoing
something
saywhenandfor howlongyouaredoing
something
RCountto a hundred
e say what languagesyou can speak
talkaboutyourdailyroutine
Numerals
1 100(p. 61) Questions
Ai what
"When?
(p.61)! ' Presentlense
time?Howlong?"
oCzech
verbs:
conjugation
"-m','Lu"(p.62)" Vrb,o go"- "jet'or "jt"
in Czech(p. 64) Infinitive
o Czechverbs- "-1"forn
(p.65). Belexive
pronouns
pro"se,si"(p.66)e Personal
nounsin the accusatlve
(p.69)r Prepositions
singular
whichaketheaccusative
(p.69)

Kolikje hodin?

Ve tyii zan
eatina.

Jsoutyii.
Prose pt5?

nglicky
asl
brzo = nrzy
bydlet,bydlm
celi, -, -
cvieniN
asto
esko-anglicki'
esky
daleko
dlouho
dlouh)i,-, -
dom
hele!
hodinaF
chvleF
jak
iet, jedu
iit, jdu
kam
kavrnaF
konit,konim

Englsh
maybe,probably

Czech-EngIsh
Czech
lang
lang

ozka F
pky
pt +Acc,piju
po|edne
PosPichat
pospichm
pro
pogram IV
pohletsi +Acc
prohlimsi
on si prohliei
prochzkaF

sights(of), I view

piestvkaF
pst +Acc,pu
ptt se n +Acc
to go, lgo (byvehcle) ptm se
pt se m
ta ga,I ga (onfoot)
no
sedI,sedm

(eafy) marning,
in the early morning
to slt, / sif

kontroluiu
snidat
sndm
spa! sprm
sporu
stle = poid
tak

mluvm
moc (= hodn)
myslrmna
myr se
myju se
nco
nlaki, -, -

obdval
obdvm
oblkatse
oblkmse
odpovidatna +Acc
odpovdmna
opakovat,opakuiu

:,

:j.: ,

togethel
always
constanuy,

rzki,',-

somemlng
nat gladly
night, at nght

unaven,-,-
veeiet
veeim
vdt,vidim
@ge up
I get up

teltonovat
teonuiu
zainat,
zanm to begn,I begin
za chvili
zdravit,zdrvim
znt+Acc,znm
that
2e

LEKCE
qr
^--

NutulERALS
1-20,30,40, 50,60, 70,80, 90, 100

(crsLOvKY)
t
2
3

7
I
I
10

11
12
13
14
15
'16
17
18
19
20

30
q

50
60
70
80
90
00

Kolikie...?
'l+1=2
1+2=3
2+2=4
2+3=5
3+3=6

WHEN?
iKDY)
Kolik je hodin?
What's the time?

:j V kolili h;ih
(At) what tine?

JAKDLOUHO?

KDY?
v jednuhodnu
v p hodin
led (now)
btzo = btzy (soon, early)
veft (yesterday)
dneska,dnes fio.tY)
zVa (tomatrow)
no (n the morning)
dopoledne (in the (late) morning)
v poledne at noor)
odpoledne (in the afternaan)
veet (in the evening)
za chvili (in a monent)

(How long?)

Acc

tlodru (ane hour)


jednuhodlnu
dvhodiny
li hodiny
tyi hodiny
pthodln
esthod n
celou hodinu (at a whale haut)
ce no(all earlymaning)
cel dopaled.e(ll later morntng)
cel odpa edrc (all aftenoon)
cel'i veer (al| eventng)
dlouho (lng tme)

@ uruviurtsoeat)
esky
mluvimslq mluvm
esky
nluv
esky mluvte
he, she,t speaksCzech
mluvesky mluviesky
nnluvtm
nemluv5
nemLuvl

nemluvrme
nerrluvil
nemluvl

he. she,it cloesnat sqeak

dobie
dobie rozumime
rozumim
you undetstanclwell
well
dobie yauunderstand
dobie rozumte
rozum
well
lhey underctandwell
dobfe he, she,it understands
rozumdobie rozum:
3'dpersonpl- ONI: -i

[,'lluvieskY.
Ihey speakCzech.
VidI piite e.
They see the friend.
Koniv 5 hodin.
Theyfinshat 5 a'clock.

:.

:.t

' | -ei, -ii


Zis Prahu.
t Proh
Prohl:qsi Pahu
dobe.
t Rozuri
dobie.
Fozurn
Bydliv Praze.
t Bydlev Praze.

the sightsof Prague.


Ihey understandwell.
They lve in Prague.

LFKCF
prohl:jrri,bil
pronlz:rssl
prohl:i'tj
orohlZinier.si'
brohli.iti; li:
Drohli2-eii/-i
si.

Dy0
oyo
Dy0
0yo
Dy0

they

,wffi
ffiw
:'l 1 . Plejiese koegy. sk yourcolleague.)
a Fozumte
esky?
a Rozum
anglicky?
. lt4luv
esky?
. Kdyzante?
. U: kon?
a ZanS
uZrnov osm?
a Konte
v plodpoledne?
a Zdrav
esky,neboanglicky?
a Sedterdvzadu,nebovepfedu?

.
.
a
a
a
a
a
.
.

Bydiv Praze1?
Bydllev Londltn?
Vidamtu pan?
Veefdoma?
Na co mysl?
Na kohonyslte?
Vidledobie?
SedSdobie?
Co si prohl?

de*

s#t
RtEtut,t{
vfflB!
@

JEDU(t go - by vehicte)

learirnP:tam
tam

jdi,tam
jediiijtam

I go fiere
you go therc
he, she, I gaes therc

you go there
they go there

w do not go there
neledtam nejed#iqtam I do not go there
you do not go there
you
go
nejedeti,tam
do
not
there
neiedqi'tam
go
they do not go there
nejedd.litam
he,
she,
it
does
not
therc
nejedltam
Czech has two diferent verbs or "to go": "JET" (to go by vehicle) and"Ji" 1togo on

Jdu pky. (l go on foot.)

Jedeme ulem. (We go by car.)

a D you aheady read Czech newspapers?


o Not yet. lt is very dficulL

LEKCE

L"*r
IN,II'J!IV
OF {ZECTVRBs{",T"TOR.M)
TABLEOF CONJUGATION

prodval,dlat,oblkal(se),
odpovat,obdvat,sndat,vstvt...
plt se, znI, ... + mI' (ifiegular)
nakupovat,pracovat,studovl,
vysvtloval,kontrolovat,
opakovat,telefonovat,dkovat ...
leiel, bydlt,prohl:etsi, myslet...
ozumt,vidt ...
konit,mluvit,... + spt, sll' (hregular)
! ifiegularorms
sl (tu),pst (pu),
it du),jet edu)...

ml

- mm,m,m,mme,mte,maj

spl
stt

- spm,sp,spi,spme,spte,sp
stojte,
stoj
- sloim,stoj,stoj,slojme,

lo stand

mit se - myluse myiise).myjese.myjese.myjemese.


myjetese,myjous (myjse)
pt
- pilu (piji),pije,pij,pijme,pijte,prjou(pijD
hrt

hraiu(hraji).hraje.hraje..ajerne,hrajete,
hrajou{hrjD

to play

In Czech,verbsof foreignoriginmostlyhavean infinitive


endingin 'Lovat":
konlrolovat
(kontroluju),
(teleJonuju),
faxovat(faxuju),
telefonoval
(e-mailuju),
e-mailovat
orgnizovat
(organizuju),
rzeruovat
(rezervuju),
exponoval(exportuju),
importova
(importuju),
(diskutuju)
diskutovat

I'RONUI\5
RIFLTXIVI

( r r L xtvNi
rli\,1[NA,,s[",,,5r")
myjuse,myjese,myjemese,
myjet
se
SE,Sl- doesnotcfange
according
to thepeons:
MYT (to lvash)

o.s.)
IIIYT SE (fo r.4/ash

M.i'r$ Nco (rowas,l


(tos.o.)- sonething)
obliej M (face)

myjuse
matkamyjesyna(Acc) (l washmyself)
OBLT to dfess)

myjusi oblij(Acc)
(l washny face)

OBLEMTSE

OBLEKATSI NECO

se
oblkm
(l gt dressod)

oblkm
si sukni(Acc)
(l put on a skitt)
sukn F (skld)

,ffip.

LEKCE
. et*. t : or",irtgr I
o Asilediiu hdinu:

:**",:"*,,'",
ep te (only)

tqr
I 2. Zeptejtese a odpovzle.(Askand answer.)
ll* a l\,4ysl
na rodinu?

Dv
se (rd)na
lvlyslte
na
Ptse na
Odpovd
na

o Ne,nemyslm
na rodinu.
rodinu
eski ilm
kolu
jej prci
televiz
rnojiotzku

?Z

N , nedvmse na
N E , nemysltmna
N E , neptm
se na
N E , neodpovdrn
na

3. Reknte
slovesove sprvnm
tvaru.(Saytheverbin thecorrectorm.)
:! V iednuhodinuobdvme
v restauaci.
a manzelka)
(syna dcera)

zanat pracovat
obdvat v restaurcci
vstvat. Je to moc btzo
odpa'lat doma a poslouchat
magnetofon

vZ leiet v postel
jet sedt v praci
konit a jft dom

tvaru.Saythevelbin the coftectform.)


sloveso
ve sprvnm
D 4. Reknte
iir
iit

st (my)-

) -

dom

(oni)_

obdvatdom.
pkyna po111.

(ty) -

(vy) (onD-

na Prochzku?

pft' a) (vv)-

tauu.
4?

(on) -

pat" 0)

-l 5. Tvoiteinfinilv.Formthe infinitive.)
[+ J spm,onjdetaky-.

dobie esky.

se mdobie.
jdnocvien.

(ona)-,:e
(my) -

coca-colu.

noviny
tu knihu?
dlouho.

- Onjdetakyspt

o J nakupuiuve mst.onjde laky


o J telefonuiu,onjdeaky-.
o J pracuiu,onjdtalq
o J se divmnalelevizi,on se zanlaky
o J poslouchmrdo,on zaintaky
o J si oblkmsvetr,on si jdetaky-

svetr.

esky.
on zantakyo J uz rozummesky,
talq
si
to
zan
o J si myslm,:e lo nendobf,on
-.
anglicry'
takyon zan
o J mluvmanglicky,
unveni.
JsmuZunaveni,on takyzainkol.
Pukol,onjdetakyU: spm,onidetaky-.
tuknihu,on zantaky
- knih-.
o Odpovm
ui dlouho.onjde laky
prohli
knihu,onasi takyzanknihu
o Petrsi
u zajmavou
jdete
tky-?
o I,,|V
u: studuieme,W
ao Oniuz sndaia pijouaj.Vyjdtelaky-

o
o
o
o

l:m

bydlm

vidm

znm

--t

-'-F

kontroluiu
-----fl

4?

obdvm

tzeavulu

oganrzulu

!-EKC

#r

"fi-lt l{Lili'i
lrR!lNAt ri\i{,1}JFlslXl
i t..'L'. !]i.ii,l rirl r.rl!:\ ,/ ji:{ l l.j'ir i,,rl i )

(He, she) sees/ looks at

DVSE

VID

li {::il

you

WTHOUTPBEPOS,TIONX

WITHPBEPOSITION

vid ho.ie, x d'vse na nl/nho


Aterlhe
pfeposition: vidi ii
X divse na ni

Fn.ll

Vdi

ie

x dvse na n

o Toje Martin (lt4a)


Drvrse na nho
o To je obchod.(Mi)
Dvmse na nj.

The shortiorms "t, ho, ji ..."are in the 2ndposition(like"se" - see p. 45)


The longforms"tebe, nho, ,,,"are usedafte prepositrons.
Vid t (m). Dvse na tebe (na m, na mne).

ln;irtll'lilu:
ii'fill(ll
,1,,

'/l:
V1,i{,L-i l{{: i'l A{,{-lLl5'f

l(,1-l .'!'fil;il.'!i it:il\''il


(on,A
(seep. 106)

Jduna polu.(kam?)
Dejto na stl.

I'm gong to the post office.


Put it on the table.

(tine at, on)

v iednu hodinu (kdy?)


v sobotu

on saturday

l Pil|!: (ror)
il pto (to go for)

To j pro tebe.
I'm going or the book.
Jdu po knihu.
JduPronhona ndrazi. I I'm going to pick hm up at

@ r-*

\
^{-c
Cv
n 6. Fkejre.(say.)
Ptmse na
Vidm

polesoa.
magnetofon.
syna,

o Plm se na nho / na nj.


o Vidmho.

Dvmse na

televizi.
man:elku.
lu:nu.

o Dvmse na ni.
o Prohlm
sili.

_1
7. Doplilesprvnylva' zjnen. (Fll n the corrcctt'ormaf the prcnouns.l

JA MY
Y ON
VY ONA

t.
2. zr,4
3. Myslna

Vzpomn
na

dobie.

5. Pt se na
6. Zdtav

7.
pro
L I\,1

noviny.

8. odpovzte.
rswer)
ir| o Dvtese astonatelvizi?
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o

Myslte
sllena rodinu?
VidtI\,4artina
a Alenu?
Prohl:te
si Prahu?
Otecmyjeauto?
Znmhobata?
Prosm
vs,mtena mas?
Je provsStinatUk?
To kupujesprom?

a Ano,dvmse na ni asto,
a Ne,
. N ,

a Ne,

LEKCE
MJ DN

fi)

\<,_)/

Je sedmhodinno
Jak zanmj dn?Zanbrzo- vstvmui v sedmhodin,
protoion6radpospclm.
Myj! se, oblkmse, polomdlouho
a unoviny.CtuuZesknoviny,aleje to prom tZk.
Sndm
Skolanndaleko,jdutampky.

s)

Je desethodindoDoledne
Jetmmoinu.
UZdvhodinysedmve lld,za chvliestina
koni.Pijuminerlku
a poslorichm
uitele.
[.,lyslm
uZnaprci.N
uitse na ncopt,j l nerozumm.
Odpovd
kolega.Jet
zanmstno,."7
txt.

\-),/

#
\D/

tr
\__,/

Jsoutii hodlnyodpoledn
prcibrzoa idu dom.PotomalvidmPtr.
Dneskakonm
'Co
tadydl?'pm se.
v Prazenjkouprci,'odpovd
Petr.
'Mm
Mmvelkouradost,:e
ho vidm.Pe j mj ptel,ale nebydl
ptmse,jak se m,co dl,jk s
v Praze.Dlouhospolumluvme,
m jeho rodina.Petrm asi hodinuvolno,idemena prochzku
a prohl:me
si slarouPrahu.
Je desethodinvee
UZle:mv posteli,aljetnespm.
tuzajmavou
knihu.Nat6lproto2e
vizise nedvm.
tamnenidobnjprogram.
CtuuZjednuho.
dinua znm
b unavenli.
I,{yslm
naceli den.L,: netua neposlouchm
dio.Za chvliidusDt.

(kam?)andthplac(kde?):
Czechhasditferent
advorbs
to xpressthodirection
Jde sem. (Hels colrlrg herc.) X Je ldy, (Heis hre.)
I am goingtherc.
H s cominqherc.
I an gonghone.
I am goingfot a walk.
I am goingto the
(na+ Acc) Thenouns,too,hava dlferont
form. (na+ Loc)

I am at the post

CO DLAJI?

PETR
Ui je v prci
a zanpracovat.

plslvkuve 5koe. Sedvpokojia tesi.


Obdvv reslurac. I,
Asije nemocni,
a prohl
Odpov
nems.
Pospch,
protoze
nenv kol.
si nco,

sed
Jdedom-Je unaveny. Janaa iejkamard
Mairadost,
v kavm.
VidnjakhoPna
pijoukvu.
a zdrv{ho: Dob den. mluvspou,

Je stledoma.UZ
nesed;ed'lez
v postlia dvse
na telvizi.Nenrd
domasm.

a neod_
Janatelefonuje

11 h v noci

povd
najehootazku.
Ncope.Nastoem
a knhu.
slovnk
Asstuduie.

Cv

9. Odpovzt.(nsv/er)
Janaa Petr
1. Co dlaiotec,

v 7 hodinrno?
ve !2 hodin?
ve 4 hodinyodpoledn?
v I hodinve?
v 11 hodinv noci?

2. Kdom hezkden?Kdompatnden?Pro?Kdodlouhop'acuje?
hodncelyden?^
3. OTEC:Je otecv 7 hodinrnojetdoma?Kdeje? Pracuie
jde
potom
vcrvolnoI
f.M
prci?
Kam
svou
Kdeobdv?Kdykoni
M
hezk
dopoledn?
Kde
cel
vstv?
Jna
V
kolik
hodin
JANA:
ie
Pro?Je veerdoma?Jdebtzospt?Mdlouhyden?
odpoledn?
Co dlv noci?
PETR: roje Pelceli dndoma?Jakdlouhosp?Co dlceli den?
Je rddomasm?
co dloteccelliden?co Jana?co Petr?

LEKCE
:t 10. Co vidil?Co dlveertatorodina?

. 1 1 . Jaloije v dn? Co dlterno,dopoldne,odpolednea veer?

fr\

W
'ffi

@]

ffi @

g"'

o ffi
o ffi
zaf

#
Mj

W
.&'

4r

ffi ffi

fli
lllllJ

W3

o Describeyou daily rouline.(Popite


svidennprogram.)

jestlito dltak
| 12.
'- Pteites svhokoleqy
he
doesthesetbingstoo')
yur
rr,tteagueii
d*
Takyodpolednenakuplie?
v mst
nakupuju
llll+ o Odpoldne
'
o VrdlouhoPracui1.
o Rnov osmjsemuZve lirm
o Verodpovm.
v sedmhodin'
o Midenzan
v iednuhodinu
o Obdvm
o I sqeakCzechat work
a I likedinking coflee
o I am rcadingan intetesingoooK
a I an in a hutryin the nontng'
o Wewtelong exercisesin the lassrcon'
I gt up at I o'clockn the montng'
a I amgoinghone
a I an at home.
a At 12o'ctockt am aleadysleeping
to th vetbs')
o 13. Dopfteko slovesmvhodnslova (ddsultable words
se dvaitl i Bratse dvnatelevizi._ .se dvajna ienls
sestr
a
Ba
poslouchaj
1 . Poslouchmdio -

nrozumji
2. Nerozummanglicky
_
dom? Tleonujele
3. Tellonujs
[,,]
dneskavr as?- Mte
mailradi
mrdaopru - _5. /latka
Pracui-oY
v bance.- _6. Pracuju
7. Jdu p;ky. prolo: to nenidaleko - Nejdou
bydl
8. Bydlimv'Brn.- L Mluvmdobeesky.- Muvme
e
'10.To jsoutvojenovny?
A tesje? 11. KolgancoP6e.- PSu

J 1 4 . Doplezimena(Fil n thepronouns)
Mmnov mobllntelefon Vidhotamhl'
' lt4novrdio.Pro
nposlouch?
1.
rd?
tky
J
2. JmrdPizzu. si
Prohlim
s
slovnik
maiknihu
3. V obcho;
ro
moc
piiu
[,'lm
4. asto kvu.
-

LEKCE
5. Tojstvyl Jsemrd,:e _
vidm.
6. IVmrdsvouodinu.Castona_
myslm.
7. o je tvj pftel.Pro
nezd6v?
8. om ladynen.Jdupro_.
9. Studujme
estinu.
J pfo_
tk.
10.Protesor
\,ysvtluie
eskougramatiku.Vysvtluje
dobie.
_
pro
11.U: ismtady.[,,]5
ty novinyt
12.Ty jestnejsive tid?Prosor
pt.
se u: na_
13.Mmenovoutelevizi.Caslose alena_
nedvme.
14.Dnesnennaetin
pt.
Susan.Uitlka
s na_
15.Toj mi oteca moiematka.Castona_
vzpomnm.
16.Znmlvatinadlouho.
On
zntakvdobie.

,ffiR
L'l15. Tvoftedialogy.
dialogues.)
Consttuct
) a Pro

o Protoze
pracovat
n5 radosl
zanm
u: v I hodin.
je v Prazekamardka.
vslvbrzo
pospch
tamnenzajmawprogram.
se nedv
natelevizi
za chvlizantina.
jetnesp
hodnpracuju.
jsi unavny
lumoczajmavou
knihu.

b) . Petr

t
mysl na
,e

o Jakse jmenuje

noWflm.
v kin.
zajmavou
knihu.
v divadle.
program
v tlvizi
tn
ta
to

,)
Ktno
kniha
divdlo
program
film

7 hodinrno.
10 hodindopoledne.
2 hodinyodpoledne.
I hodinveer.
1T hodinvee.
5 hodinodpoledne.
Co dl Pe?

o snddoma.
VZsp.

Cte si v postelr.
Sedv kvrn.
Je ve kolena estln.
Je v pfci.

i.',,lil:fi
i..r.i'r.j11i
1. a\ Posloucheite:o Jsou lii hodiny
b, Reaguite:

o
o
o
o
o
o

Jsou,iihodiny
Je pet nooln
Je sedmhodin.
Jsou dv hodiny
Jsou tyii hodiny
Je dvancthodin

a Co,u: lsoutii?
. Co,uisou tii?
. Co, ui ie pt?
a Co,u: ie sedm?
a Co,ui jsou dv?
a Co,u: isou tyii?
a Co,u: je dvanct?

2. al Poslouchete:
o V kolikhodinzanSkola?V osm, nebov devt?

a zanu2v osrn.

b\ Odpovzte:
a
V kolikhodinzankola?V osm,nebov devt?
.
o V kolikhodnzainkino?V pt,nebov Sesi?
jedenct?
.
v
nebo
V
deset'
o V kolkhodinzaneiina?
a
v
osm?
nebo
V
sedn.
zan
dvadlo?
hodin
o V kolik
o V kolikhodinzanpieslvk?V jdnu,nebov dv? a

o Janaui sedve tfd?


3. al Postoucheite:
h\' Odpovzte:o JanauZsedvetid?
o Jnaui lezvPosieli?
o Janaui mluvesky?
o Janau: rozumdobie?
o JanauZbydlvPraze?

zainuv osm.
zanui v pt.
Zanu: v deset.
Zainut v sedm.
Zanuv iednu.

. Ne,jenesedi.
a
.
a
.
.

Ne,le3tnesedi.
Ne,itnele:.
Ne,ietnemluvi.
Ne,letnerozumi.
Ne,ietnebydl.

1 r.t,/ {- t-

t_f t\\*- f,
a Ano. vsvm

o Co dlrnov sedm?Vstavas?
4. al Poslouchee:
b\' O.lovzte: o
o
o
o
o
o

Co olSrnov sedm?VsIv?
Co dlsranov seom?Oblksse?
Co dlSno v sedm?[,'lyjese?
Co dlSrnov sedm?Srida?
Co dlr1ov sedfi? Piiekvu?
Co dlno v sedm?Suduje?

o
o
o
o
o
o

h\ Rouit:

o
o
o
o
o
o
o

a
a
a
.
.
.

Co dl otc?
Co del maminka?
Jak se Jna?
Jak se r blr?
Jak ie skola?
Jahi je en pogam
v lelevizi?

o Co dl?
6. al Poslouchejte:
Co dla?
Jk se mS?
Poides don?
kavu?
Proc nepiieS,
Co leS?
Kde pracuis?
Na co mysli?

Petr se pt. co dl olec.


Petr se pt' co dl maminka.
Peh se pt. iak se m Jana.
Petr se pt, iak se m bratr.
Ptr se pt. jak le kola.
Petr se pt. ialoi le ten progam
v televizi.

a Pe se rh pt, co dlm
a
a
a
a
a
a
.

Petr s m pt, co dlm.


Petr se m pt.lak se mm.
Petr se m pt. pro jdu dom.
Petr s m pt. pro nepiju kvu.
Petr se m Pt. co tu.
Petr se m pl. kde pracuiu.
Per se m pt. na co myslim.

o Kde bydli?V Paze?


7. al Poslouchejte:
b\ Odoovzle: o
o
o
o
o
o

Kde bvdl's?V Praze?


Na ko'nonvsliS?Na rodinu?
Na co se ois?Na tu knihu?
Kam .de?Na pochazku?
Kohovidi?Polesoa?
Co Pljes?Kavu?

8. al PoslaLheie:o Vidrlen obraz?


bl' Odpovzte: o
o
o
o
o
o

vidis ten obraz?


VidStlr oani?
Vioirelen obchod?
Viditenemocnici?
Viditeiono Pna?
vidite tam kino?

Ano. vstvm.
ano. oblkm s.
Ano. myiu se.
Ano. sndm.
Ano. piju kvu.
Ano. studuiu.

a Petr se pt co dla olec

5. a) Poslouch'te:o Co dl otec?
b) Reaouitr

a
a
a
a
.
.

a Ano. bydli'r v Praze


a
.
.
a
a
a

Ano, bydlim v Praze.


Ano, myslim na rodinu.
Ano, ptm se na tu knihu.
Anq idu na prochzku.
Ano. vidm profesora.
Ano, Piiu kvu.

a Ano vidimho.
.
.
.
a
a
a

Ano. vidim ho.


Ano, vidm ii.
Ano, vidim ho.
Ano. vidim li.
Ano, vidim ho.
ano. vidim ho.

Topic:

DAYSOF THEWEEK.
WHEREDO WE GO?
WHEREARE YOU FROM?
You will learn how to
say whereyou are from
6 talkaboutarriving
anddepaning
6 Saywhat meansof transportyou wll use
F plana Journey
findyourway arounda Czechrailwaystation
o say thatyou wantto or cando something
e tellpeopleaboutthingsyouhaveto do
Daysof theweek(p.81)c Verbaspect
(p.8t; u pr1ur"
lenseof theverb"togo"(p.82)" Geniive
caseof nounsin
(p.84) ft4odal
singular
verbs(p.86)eVerb"towant'(p.89)
Instrumental
(p.93)6 Neither
cas- "m?"
- nor(p.93)

OdkudFi?

Jjsemz Prahy.

Z tondina.A ty?

Do Prahybrzo
pojedu.

ni- ani
aulobusM
autobusem
autobusoviJ-, - bus
a2
ekl na +Acc,-m
m?
by what?
slo N
tvtek M
do +Gen
trancouzsky
hoditse,hodse
hrt,hraju
chtit, chci
inlormaceF
iestli
jizdenkaF
lizdenkypl
kazdi, -, -
koupit +Acc,-m
kouiit, -m
kteri, -, -
mstnkaF

plalit +Acc,-m
to pay,I pay
podivatse na +Acc
-m se
pokladnF
pondliN
posta F
pozd
prosm(t, vs)

mstoN
moct,m:u
muset,musm
ndraii N
nmstN
nstupitN

tilse na +Acc
tmse
tramvajF

nastupuju
nedleF
nejdiv(e)
nkdo
NmeckoN
nmecky
odeit
odedu
odiet
odiedu
odkud
ptek[,4
penizel\,,
pl

thatis why
piijt
piiiedu
piijt
piiidu
ikt, iikm
samoziejm
smct
smim
sobotaF
slait
to sta
slieda F

uit se, umse


umct
to get n/on
umim
I get in/on
te N
Sunday
uviclt,uvidm
vaiit +Acc,-m
viknd [,1
Gernany
vlak I\,4vlakem
Gernan
vrtit se
nomtng
vrtims
vybat si +Acc
vybrmsi
to leave (by vehicle) viborn
vilet N,4
vystupuju
z(e)+Gen

Satutuay
I s enough

tram

Tuesday

train, by tran

o get off/out
I get af/out

LEKCE

ffir
DYS$r HE WFIK lt]Ny V TYDNU)
What day s today?

ffi

Dnesje

Todays

P^qNDr
3 hodiny

srron
5 hodin

SOBOA

Thu6day

Saturday
Sunday

2 hodin

ravr $ffi
L

Monday
Tuesday

v pondl

il * ouY'u

"oto,u
(on
Saturday)
+ time:v iednuhodinu
(at one oblock)

ffir

on

v t
ve stidu
ve tvrtek
v ptek
v sobotu
v nedli

Monclay
Tuesday
Thurday
Saturday
Sunday

vRB
AsPcr15r
{vr'rl.i'irrtDl
n comparison
withthewell-developd
systemof tensesin English,
Czechhasonythree
verbtenses:presenttense,uturtenseandpasltense,
TheCzechverb,howeve,
hasa specificgrammatical
category
- the aspect.By means
of the aspectthe sameactioncanbe expressed
(perective)
as completed
or simplyin
progress,
(inpf
continuous
ective),
ts.
j, alednskajekoupbtr.
astokupulujzdenky
ft'sme whousuallybuysthe tcketsbut today it'sny brcthetwhois buyingthem.
(imperfctve
action)

Aspct---\

impeective
perfeclive

(perfctive aclion)

Vid
--

--

imprlektivn,
nedokonayi(impD
perlektivn,
dokonaw (pf)

andpefective.
MostCzechverbshavebolhforms:inpeective
pst (imp)- napsat(pt(to wite), pltii (impf)- zaplrir(pf)(lo pay),dvatse
(imp) podvatse (pf)(to/ook),kupoval(impf)- kopil (p)(fobuy)
The lmperectiveAspecl ol verbs
expressesuncomDleted
ctios,
actionsin progressand repeald
actions- it can be in the pesent,
the oasl or the future tense.

The PerfectivAspect of Vebs


expessesthe ida of completion
- il can expssthe pst or the
uture - never the present.

platir(impverb)
Platmpivo.
ZAplatit(p vrb): Zaplalm pivo.
paying
present)
(=
I will pay for the beer. (= th tuturc)
lat
the
beeL
the
I am
podvmse
pgdvai se (pl):
dvatse (mp)i
dvmse
to look

kupovat(impD:
to buy

kupuiu
lbuy

vld (impf):
to see

vidm

vracetse (impD:
to comeback

vacmse
I comeback

kouoit Df:

lwill look
kouoim

to-bii
uvidt(p):

! wiitbuy
uvidm

lo see

I wll see

vrtlt se (pD:

vrlmse

to cone back

lwill come back

vtaRB
"T(] (]" * l'l"lr suuREEf..lsl:

ffiffil

-,rffi

towards)
Preixesof diection: PRI- > a (motion
nF\- a > (motion
away)

Pidmedo kina.
We wll go to the

Poledemeautm.
Wewillgo by caL

LFKCE

,WF,{

nastupuiudo auta
do + Gen
nasupovat
("na-":motionupwads)

vystupuiuz auta _
z, ze + uen
vystupoval
("wr': motonouwads)

f+

ffir
Xgftt .lntt

rr "u$ffi1

'\l\hcte a.c
yi)u ging?)

Also:

napiknik
nakoncerl.
M na\4iler.
na potu
na prochlku.nafaku u. na unive7itu.
N na ndra:,na nmst
F

Jduna kvu(nakae).
Jduna pivo.
Jdunatenis,nafotbal.
Jduna ryby.

,rffi..#$H

an going for a coIee.


am going for a beet.
am going to play tennis, ootball.
am gong ishing.
I am going to the shop.
I am going to Prague.

SlNliJL4R
cNtTtv!csF t.{oul',]s!f.,1
5UBSANTIV)
l{;[NrTtv5!']{uLARU

Gen sg Ma - seep. 182

ODKUDJSI?

Whercarc youfrcm?
(seep. 182)

,ffi'r.

: lHil:*,*sYdne''

a Od-kual
se_vraci
tak po:d?
o Jetientak pozd.idu z ktna,

jstevY?
a odkud
a Kdy poi.tedo Angtie?
o pojduasi u: v sob-oru.

r
. 4*rd 1"i?
2 Osilavy. ty? l
a Z Olomoce.

a Profdena ndra:i?
o Jdu koupitmistnkudo Prhy.

a Odkudideautobusdo ptzn?
o i/tyslim;ez nstupitistoi 1.

. Kdy s vntiPerz Brna?


o Asi v stedu.

. pjderakydo kina?
o Ne.piduna prochzku.

. Ahoj! Kamjde?
o Na kaedo ka!'iirnySlavi.Pidegtaky?

. Kdy se vrtiz pe?


A: veer.

a Dobniden.osimvs,tenhleauiobusiede na nmti?

3 !ili|'"

n u'o' u" nanmsti


idetislo6

..Dobi dei.Prosimvs,ia doirien ndraii?


o Ano.tahle vepieduui ho vidte.

hwt
rKamjdou?
ffi'[W

Cv

1. kjte:kdejse, kam jdeto/iedete, odkuds vracte,


(Say: wherc Youarc, wh@ Youare gotng' whercyou arc comingbackrom)

Jsem(v,na)

Jdu,jedu (do, na)

nemocnice
kavrna
KNO

koncen
ndai
parx
hoel
univerzita
obchod
Praha
pota
Anglie

Gn
MOOA!-VERBSluonlN slovEsA)
MODALVERBS+ TH INFINITIVE

Musmii.
MZeit.

I have to go.
You can go.

Nesmm
it.
Mmu: it?

I mustnotgo.
ShouldI go alreadY?

MUST,HAVETO
you must

you must leave


theymustheave

I ned not
youneed not
he, she,it neeclnot

we neednot
Youneednot
the| neednot

LEKCE
I have to go already, I do not have time.
I have to buy a ticket.
I must learn a lot.
We have to inqurc when our train
I have to go on oot,my bus doesnar go
Tomoftow I nust get up at six (o'clock).
I nust be at work at eight (o'clock).
I do not have to do anything.
Must I? - YOUDON'THAVETO.
verbsdo nol alwayscoespond
I rheposiiiveand negat,veforms of Czechmodal
=
i with their Englishquivalents.
Eg

I must musm
I mustnol = nsmm

So take carel

TOBEALLOWED,
MAY

Smn jt.
Smjt.
Smjt.

Smimejt.
Smtejt.
sm/Smjit.

I maygo
youmay go
he, she,it maygo

wemay90
youmaygo
theymaygo

Nesmmkouiit.Nesmmekouiit.
wemustnat smoke
Nsmkouiit. Nesmtekouiit. youmuslnotsmoke you mustnot snoke
Nesmkouiit. Nesm-ikouiit.
theymustnot smoke
"MayI go to the cnema?"asksbrotheL
"Yes,youmay,"answels
mother,
"No,you mustnl,"answersather.
YOUMUSTN'T!
TO BE ABLE, CAN

M:u (mohu)jt.
Mieit.
Mie jt.

Mimejt.
Mietejt.
Miou (mohou)jt.

lcan go
we can go
you can go
you can go
he, she,t can go theycan go

nem:u(nmohu)nemieme
I cannot
we cannot
you cannot
nem:e
nem:ete
you cannat
nem:e
nem:ou(nemohou) he, she,it cannot theycannot

Can you show me the book?


We can akeady go hone,
can you comehne at seven?
Can I smokeherc?
I cannot go to Prague, I clo not have
They cannot leave yet.
Can you come as ealy as eight?
- I can. - l'm ahad I can't.
TO KNOW/ TO KNOWHOW TO

Umm esky.
Umme esky.
Um anglicky? Umie anglicky?
Um nmecky. Um nmecky.
Umj nmecky.

numim
num
neumi

neumime
neumite
neum/-i

I knowCzech.
WeknowCzech.
Do youknow
Engtish?
English?
He, she,t knows TheyknowGerman.
German.

he, she, it does not know

you do not know


theydo not know

Do you know how to play tennis?


I know how to make good coffee,
Do they aheady know Czech?
Do you know Frcnch?
Tam does not know Englsh well.

UMMESKY- "umt"+ .tvebs(esky,


nmecky,
angticky,
francouzsky,
rlsky,,.,)
"TO KNOW" - In Czechit has severalmeanings(see p. 11j)

to be able to

muslm nmusim -m, -, -,


smm nesmm -m, -, -i,
muzu nmuzu
umtm neumim -m, -, -,

-im, -te, -,-ei


-m, -te, -,-l
-me, -te, -i, -i

LEKCE
SHOULD
/ OUGHTTO/ TOBE TO

Mnjt.
Mjt.
Mjr.

Mme jt.
Mt jt.
Majjt.

I should
weshould/ oughtto go
/ oughtto go
youshould/ oughtto go
you should
/ oughtto ga
he, she,t should/ aughtto go theyshould/ oughtto go

Nemmjt. Nemmejt.
Nemjt. Nemtjt.
Nemjt. Nemajjt.

I am not to go
he, she,it is not ta go

they arc nol to go

You should/ ought to buy a ticket for Peter too.


Shouldwe go therc?
I ought to be therc the whole day.
Shoukl I come on Saturday?
Shouldnl we get off now?Aren't we to get of now?

lvAfT (cirT{)
Chci jit na prochzku. Chcemejet na \rlet.
Chcejt na prochzku?Chcetejet na Wlet?
Chcjt na prochzku. Chtijet na vlet.

nechci
nechce
necnce

nechceme
nechcle
nechti

I want
we want
youwant
youwant
he, she,t wants theywant

I do not want
you da nat want
he, she, it does not want

we do not want
you do not want
they do not want

I wantto go home,I am trcd.


Do you want to go to Pngue too? - I da.
Do you want cafee? - Thank you,
it wouldbe a pleasurc.
Do you want to go to the cinema too?
- I want to, but I do not have time.
I want to look arcund the town,
I do not want to come back.
I do not want to buy it.

,w(
6

Cv
I z, rvone vety,{fom senences.)

o NE[.1Zu

o tvusr

O CHCI

NEs[rt[,4
hodnmuviesky
odjelaUv nedli
dlouhost
jetzaplatit
mtvelkourodinu
pt
nic

o mZu

se na to podvat
u: odejt

se vrtitpozd

na lebe ekar
pt alkohol

O NECHCI

LEKCE
jestljchcencodtal
I 3. zeptejtese kolgy,
1axyourcottealgwnethethe wantsto do st.)
. CHCES
. CHCETE

jt do
jt do
jt na

si koupit
se podivalna

s taky uit
s vrlit

:! 4. Beknte
Tomovi,
:e io musudtattak.TettTomthath mustalsodo it.)
r[+ o Ctuui esknoviny.
a Tomi,muslky stesknovinv.
o Koupmlstkydo divadla.
o UZkonm.
o Hodnpracuju.
o Nakupuju
navkend.
o Obdvm
v restauraci
Lpa.
o Pukol.
o Pijuaj.
o Verjdu brzospt.
'l 5. Pitelse vspt,vy muodpovzt.
A friend is asking you;answe him.)
o I\,4:u
se vrlita: ve 12?
a Ano, mZe.
'l'
o lVZumluvitanglicky?
. Ano,mZe
/ m:u.
o I\,{Zu
v nemocnici
kouit?
a Bohu:elnemZe
/ nemZu.
jt v sobotunauilet?
o [,4ies
a Ne,nesmS.
o [,4:uveepiiit?
jt uZnaobd?
o [,4:e
o I\,4:u
sisltvojnoviny?
o ltlas?[:ejt nakoupil?
jestlim:eneboum...
I 6. Zeplejse panaKubta,
(AskMr Kubti he can or knowshow to ...)
o go to a concertal I o'clocklomorrow a paneKuble.m:ete
o speakEnglish
well
umile
o buyoneticke
o cometo workas earlyas 7 o'clockin themorning
o playfooball
o havesuppertonightin a restaurant

:l 7. Tom5se pt,estlim,nem...(fom asksif he shoutd... or shoutdnot...)


ll|) . Imu: itnakuooval
nebone?
Should go shopping
now?
. Mm
o Should go to schoolnow?
o Should makecotfeenow?
o Should getup now?
o Shouldn'tI come back now?
o Shouldn'tI b at work now?
a Co si mm oblknoul?
o

a Co mmdlat?
o

::t8. Dopltevtu.(Completethe sentence.)


Lll|} Nechctd'pracovat,
alechci odpovat.
Nechcikoupitknihu,ale

Dneskanem:ujt,al
Nesmmkouiit,al
Nemmetam blit ve tyii,ale
Neummdobie esky,ale
Nemusmse dneskauil,ale

Nem:epiiirka:d)t,ale
Nemusmodojtza chvli,ale
Nechtjtodlatdneska,ale

9. Reknte
s modlnm
slovesem
nebose slovesm
Pozornatvarinfinitivu.
,,chtF.
(Saywiththe modalverbor withthe ve "to wan(. B carefulwththe formo the
llr+ Studuiuestinu.muset - Musmstudovetinu.
1. Nakupujeme
navkend.must
2. Jdeietam? must
3. Zuzanaa Janaodpovdaj.muset
4. U: vystupujeme?
mme
5. JakokolpSunjakidopis. mm
6. Dlm,co chci. moct
7. Oblkme
se,jak chceme.moct
L Pfijde,kdochce. moc
L Mmodpoledne
volno. chtt
pozd. chtt
10. Nepfijdeme
jdoudo Prahy. chtt
11. PanKubta panKubtov
12. Evapracujev obchod.ohtt
13. Co dlteveer? chtt

LEKCE

ffir
<"1vtc;r1rpE,

i! i)N1/\,VlLi \'{}i,j ft''trl:!.1)

if i

!.i.v.fffi
Psutu:koua perem.
Jlmpiboem.
I\,lyju
se teplouvodou.

+N
t\,1
F
-

,,,.i metrem.
vtarem
hard . :tig.. tr:tou
iii': :, tramvaii
soft
I writewkha penciland a pen.
I eat wttcutlery.
I washmyselwith warmwateL

(moron p. 229)

Dokinapjdus Alenou.
Iwllgo to the cinemawithAlena.
Poiedus pitelkyn.
I wll go with ny girffriend.
Jedessm,nebos pitelem? Ate you gong alone or wth a friend?

ffir

{ , 4i'l )- Ah r i ,\L i ff f k

i .,. ), l

I willgo to Prcguenetheron Saturdaynot on Sunday.

POJEDUDO PRAHY
jet navliletdo Prahy.BydlJ a mojpfelkyn
Kallina
chceme
jet v sobotubrzorno
mev Plzni,to nenidalekodo Prahy.Chceme
podvat,
a vrtil se v sobotuver.Nejdlve
se musme
na inlernetu
kdya m
pojedeme,

aLrtobusm,
ne?"ptmse.
,,Pojedem6
jedev deset.To je pronspozd,"
fkKatefina. vlak
,Jakvidm,aulobrrs
'Ale
jedekazdouhodinu.Nepojedeme
uZv sedmrno?"
je
vlakemv osmhodin,"
odpovdm.
Jo ne,to mocbrzo.Pojedeme
'Prosmt,
mZeS
koupitjzden
ky?"
je pokladn
jetdnoska,"
koupm
r'kKatetina.
"Ano, se ai vvsobotunandra:?'ptm
se.
"Uvidm
V
sobotu
na
tebe
ekm
na
nsupislj.
Musiise podvat,
odkudjedevlak
Prahy.ltlyslm,
do"Ano.
Zeiedez nstupi5t
ll. Nesmispliiitpozd!"
Katko!Samoziojm
: ne."
"Ale
Potomse Kateina
ielpt,
jestlm:ujt v ptekveerdo
proto:e
kina.BohuZel
nemZu,
ve tvrtek
i v ptekmmhodn
prce.V sobotua v nedlichci
protohodnodpoval.
Ui se
tsmna Wet, ale dneskaje
teprvesieda.

njdupozd?'
,,Katko,
jd!Vlak
jedeza c*vi!
'To
Tamhle
vidmvolnmsto.
Nastupuiemel"
I an looknglorwardto the tip.
Howwillyou tavel to Pngue?
By tain ot by bus?
/t suitsme
Wewill seeeachotheton Satuday.
Please,
canyou...?
Am I late?- Yes,youate.

PJDSAKY Do DlvaDLA?
HonzuS HonzouHonzo!-seP 342)
Jan= Honza(Vidm

Honza
(JacK)

HOnza:
Honza:
HOnZa:
HOnZa:

Honza:
HOnZa:

Honza:

Ahoi!
aholl Jak se m3?
Dobie.Mm rados,:e l vidim

jn"**'
J::oufllil
:ifiiis:
ru;ro"F"',

Eva'
kamardka
[i"olijl
'oi"
",u"0"
rno'
sevracizira
Dom
zsholv
*'dka
9i!'1il'i?3,?irq"

:,fr
j::iJsil'f,
$**'**'"
;!;
H$}"f;'di"fl
it;i":f

Co haj?
Honza: Kabaet.Je to muzlKal'
HOnZa:
HOnza:
Honza:

:,:
;"1
*u***ru*s*'El*g*sl:;
r"ovj"o,,peni'"''" ri"tr-v
'X111n.
Stato az vecer',
To nemus

-,
Dkuju,
isi hodni U: se moctsrm
HOnZa: V Ptahoj!

Cv
I 10. vybertepodltextusprvnliv,iraz.
(Choosethe coect expresson
accordingto the texL)
je moje(sesa- man:elka- pfftelkyn).
1. Kateiina
(v Praze- v Plzni- v Kladn).
2. Bydlme
spoludo Prahy.
3. (Pjdeme pojedeme
- piijedeme)
4. Do Prahychcemejet (v ptek- v nedli- v sobolu).
chceje (vlakem
5. Katoina
- aulobr.rsm
- sama).
ve 3).
6. J chciet(blzornov 7 - rnov I - odpoledne
koupme
7. Jzdnky
eve stfedu- v soboturno- a: ve vlku).
na ndraz-koupmlstky- pfijdupozd)..
L KateFina
si mysl,Ze(nepidu
pozd.
piijtna nsupil
9. (Nechci-nesmm
- nemusm)
v ptek- mm
10. Katkase m pt,jstli(pjduve vnekdo kina- se uvidme
veeras).
I 11 . VybertevhodnyWL (Choosa suitableexpression.)
o
o
o
o

Mmpogram
Tmse
Tojsoupenze
Tojsoulstky

listkydo div"dl"
;; leb6 na
nu
na Wle
na vkend na koncerl na muzikl "u"tr
na sobotu
na nedli
na pavla na Kateiinu

na metro
naver
najzdenkydo Bratislavy
*s
-..,.."..."
-

ve sprvnm
tvarupodlevzoru.
:l 12. zeplejtese a odpovzte.
eknte
(Askand answeLSayin the cotect ormaccordingto the nodl; seep. 69.)
o Ano,tmse na ni.
ll+ a TSs na operu?

MATKAA OTEC

Novli BYT
rlov pncr

i{NA

FRANTISEK

Pnirrl
MY
rLEFoNz ANGLTE

jzdnku.
I 13. Pojedete
vlakem.Kupujete
si protona ndraz
(you'I go by train. Thercforcyou'\|buy ticketsat th station.)
. Dob dn.Chciposmjednujzdnku
/ dvjzdenky
na ztranaI hodinrno
na slieduna 15hodin
na vneknaI hodinveer
na sobotuna20 hodin
na nedlina 3 hodinyodpoledne

LEKCE
t:t 14. at Poideie.(Ask(ro...)
a Prosmt, m:emi koupil

(whenwe turn
b)

Zeptejte
se.(sk)
a Posmvs, kolike hodin?
odkudjedevlakdo Ostravy?
jzden
kdeprodvaj
ky?
jedena ndra_:?
Keny'
autobus
kdeje tadysupermarket?
je nmst
jestdaleko?

i: 15. Reknte
ve sprvnm
tvaru.(Sayin the coffectfom.)
Ostrava
Amerika
Brno
Austrli
Skotsko
lrsko

rr[+

Odkudiedete?
z Ostavy

Kdeiste?
v Ostrav

Kamlede?
do Ostravy

Dover
Londn(l Gn:Londna)
NewYork
a 16. Odpov/le.(Answer.)
flrr} o Poiedete
v sobotu,nebov ndli?
o Pojedete
metrem,
neboamvaj?
o Koupte
si knihu,nebonoviny?
o Piiides Tomem,
nebos Petrem?
o Umenmcky,
neborancouzsky?
o Je tenpnSkot,neboAnglian?

(ani)v sobotu
Nepojedu
ani v nedli,ale v ptek.


::'.:.,
1- a:)Poslouchejte:o Kapojede? Do Prahy?
b\ OdDave2te:
o
o
o
o
c

Ka poteoe5? Do Paly ?
hm oo eoes? Na vvre?
Kam oolede? Do Nnecka?
Ka ooiede? Do msta?
Kam Doiede? Na akullu?
Kam Dojedes? Do pce?

2. al Posloucheite:c Pjde5do msta,nebo dor?


b\ OdDovzte: c
o
c
o
o
o

.
a
a
a
a
a

Ano poiedu do Prahy


Ano. pojeduna viet
Ano, poiedu do Nmecka'
Ano, poiedu do msta.
Ano, poledu na fakllltu'
Ano, pojedu do prce'
. Pldudo mesta.

a Pjdu do msta.
P de do msta,nebo dom?
a Pidu do kin.
divad
a?
kina.
nebo
do
Pldeveerdo
. Pidu na ndr:L
P]den ndraz,nebo na posu?
Pide5do obchodu,nebo do kavrny?. Pldu do obchodu.
Pldesna prochzku,nebo do Skoly? a Pidu na prochzku.
Piridedo kavrny,nebona prochzku?. Pjdu do kavrny

3. a, Pasloucheite:o Km chceji? Na ndra2?


b\ OdDovzte: o
o
c
o
o

a Ano, pojedudo Prahy.

. Ano,chc tamjrt.

a
Kanchceit? Na ndrZi?
a
Kam chcesiit? Do skolv?
a
jt?
Na
nmst?
Kam chcele
Km chceteii obdval?Do restaurace? a
a
Kam chcetejt? Do kavrnyna kvu?

Ano, chc tam iit.


ano, chci tam jt.
Ano, chcitam iit.
Ano, chcitam lit
Ano, chc tam it'

4. a\ Paslaucheite:o [,4iepi]tdneskveer? . Nemzu,dneskaveeInemmas


bJ Odpovzte:
o [,4:epfijtdneskaveer?
o l\,{:epiijit zitra fno?
c Miele pilltve stieduodpoledne?
o [Uetepiijit v ptekdopoledne?
c lVZepiijii ve tvrtekv jednu hodinu?
o [,4:etepiijtv lei v desethodin?
5. a, Pasloucheite:c vtm se zrta.
.r Vrtmse zt4.
J)Reagujte:
c Poiedudo Prahy.

. NemZu,
dneskaveernemm
as,
a Nem:u,zitrarno nemmas.
. Nem:u,ve stieduodpoledne
nemmas.
. Nem:u,v ptekdopoledne
nemmas.
. Nemiu, ve tvrtek v iednu
hodinu nemm as.
. Nem:u, v teri v desel hodin
nemmas.
a \,4usm
se taky vrtil zila.
a lvlusmse taky vrtit zitra.
a Musm taky jet do Prhy.

.],,

o
o
o
o

Jdu na postlr.
a
Jdukoupitjzdenku. a
Sludujuui douho.
a
Vrlmse v nedlve.a

Musim taky jt n po5tu.


Musmaky jt koupit jzdenku.
Musmtaky studovat dlouho.
l\Iusmse laky vrtit v nedliveer.

6- a\ Paslouchejte:o VIkjedev Sesthodif rno.

bl Reaguite:

c Vlakjede v eshodinrno.
o Skolakonu2ve tvfiek.

Skolazainv pondlodpoledne.
Pfilduzitfa odpoledne.
Doklorm asienv pondlrno.
o Jedejen iedenautobusv sedm hodin.
I\,lmpro tebe listekdo kina.
7. a) Poslauchejte:c

i
a To se mi hodi.
To se mi nehodi.
. To se mi hod.
a To se mi hodi.
a o se mi nehod.
a To se mi nehod.
a To se mi hod.
a To se mi nehod.
a o se mi hodi.

vs, ten vlakjede do Prhy?" a Petrse pl, jesfliten


'Pfosm p
Na co s. a Petr?
v,akjeded pra1y.

b) Reagute:
o ,Prosmvs,en vlakjededo Prahy?'
a
',laco se pt Petr?
o ,,Prosn
vs, rnZupiijtdneskaodpoledne?"a
N co se pt Pet?
ir
vs, tenheuobusjede na ndraii?".
'Posm
Na co se pt Pe?
jzdenky?"
c
vs, tdy prod\tal
.
'Posm
Na co se pl Per?
o ,,Prosm
vs, autobusdo Prhyjede
a
z nstupit12?" Na co se pt Petr?

Petr se pt, jes j ten vlak


jede do prahy.
Pet se pr, jes i m:e piijt
dneska odpoledne.
Petr se pt, iesdi tenhte
autobus jede na ndai.
Pet se pt, ieslli tady
prodvaiiizdenky.
Petr se pt,iesfli autobus do
prahy lede z nstupist12.

L
o Poledelev sobouv I hodinrno.
I\,4uste
si koupiljzdnku.
lr')Reaguite:
o Pojedetev sobotuv I hodinrno.
IVustesi koupt jzdenku.
c Pojedelev ned| v 6 hodinveer.
I\,4usle
si koupltjzdenku.
c Pojedetev ptekve 4 hodiny.
I\,4uste
s koupitjzdenku.
o Pojedetev pondv 7 hodtnrno.
lvlusites koupiljizdenku.
ar Pojedeteve stieduve 12 hod n.
l\4ustesi kouptjzdenku.

a Prosmvs, chcijednujzdenku
na sobotun 8 hodinno.
. Posim vs, chci jednu jzdenku
na sobolu na I hodin rno.
a Prosim vs, chcijednu jzdenku
na nedli na 6 hodin ver.
a Prosm vs, chciiednu lzdenku
na ptek na 4 hodiny.
a Prosm vs, chci iednu iizdenku
na pondl na 7 hodin rno.
a Prosmvs, chcijednujzdenku
n stiedu na 12 hodin.

Na ndra:v Inormacich
Kdy lede dalivlak do Plzn?
V 9.20dopoledne.
Jede njk vlak tak odPoledne?
o Samoziejm.Jedenjede v 15.10
a daliv 17.40.
Dkuiu.

U oknka
a
o
a
o

At the ticllet windaw

Jednuizdenkudo Plzn.
Jenomtam, nebo i zpteni?
Jenomlam, prosim.
Tdy|e.90korun,prosim.

. Oneticketto Plzei.
Justa singletcketot returnas well?
a Justa singleucket,please.
a Herett is. 9Acrawns.please.

Prosmvs, z kterhonstupit
iede vlak do Olomouce?
Z sla5. Ale vlak m si idnu
hodinuzpoidn.
To musmtdy hodinuekt.Je tu
niakresturace,kde mZujst?
ano. Na konci nstuptslo 2.
Budu lam slyetndraZnrozhlas?

a Excusene, whichplatarmdoes the tratn


ar Abnouc ga from?
o Fran numberive.But the ttainwillbe
delayelaboutonenaur.
a Thenlhave go ta waitfar onehaur.
ls therca rcslaunnwhereI couldeat?
.,) Yes,at the end of the platforn twa.
a WillI heat the railway statianloudspeaKel

Ano.Myslm,eano.

a Yes I think you wtll.

Ndanirozhs

Railway st?tanlaudsqeaker

. Vlak do Olomoucepiiid prvna


nstupitslo 5. Omluvtejeho
zpo:dn.Vlak odiedez 10 minut.
Nastupuit,prosim!
. Pozor!Na nstupitislo 6 piiii:d
vlak z Vdn.

a Thetrcinfar olomoucis nowavingat


plarfom fve. Excusetts delay.
Thetrcinwillleavein ten mtnutes.
Wlllyauget tn,please.
. Attention!he trcnfrom vennats
arrivlngon Platom 6.

, r.t i. ,.
L c"w.

A!glailwav statianat the infatol4ig! 49s!


. when doesthe next train ar Plzeleave?
a A 9.24a. m.
a Desany traingo tn the at'ternaontao?
a Ocource.
Anegaesat 3.1aP.m. and
anatherat 5.44p n.