123 views

Uploaded by harshanauoc

waves note

- MCQ Ecology
- Physics Mcq
- 53508147 93 Physics MCQ and Answers IAS Exam
- Semiconductor Physics MCQ'S
- Nuclear Physics Mcq
- Rotation- IIT JEE Exam
- Physics Gravitation MCQ
- Physics MCQ 10th
- Rotational Motion
- Chapter12 Rotational Dynamics
- Complete Physics MCQ
- Physics - Mcq
- Rotation Theory II
- Physics Rotational Motion MCQ
- MCQ Physics
- Biology Mcq
- Physics MCQ PDF
- Xii Neet Physics Mcqs
- Physics MCQ 9th
- Anatomy - Upper Limb Q Bank MCQ (1)

You are on page 1of 13

(Fig.). The object slides along the surface with an acceleration of 1.5 ms 2. What is the

magnitude of the frictional force acting between the object and the surface?

(a) 0.5 N

(b) 2.5 N

(c) 5 N

(d) 7.5 N

(e) 10 N

Since the acceleration of the object is 1.5 ms2, the resultant force (F) acting on the object is

7.5 N, as obtained from the equation, F = ma where m is the mass (here 5 kg) and a is the

acceleration (here 1.5 ms2).

As the applied force is 10 N, the magnitude of the opposing frictional force must be 10 N

7.5 N = 2.5 N.

(2) An electron moves in a region of space where a constant electric field exists. Other fields

in the region are negligible. Which one among the following graphs shows the momentum

(p) of the electron as a function of time (t)?

Since the electric field is constant, the electric force acting on the electron is constant. By

Newtons second law, the force is equal to the rate of change of momentum. Therefore, the

rate of change of momentum of the electron is constant. In other words, the slope of

themomentum versus time graph must be constant. This means that the graph must be a

straight line with non- zero slope.

[If the slope is zero as is the case with the straight line graph shown in (e), the momentum is

constant, meaning that there is no force on the electron. Graph (e) is therefore not the

correct option].

Therefore, the correct graph is (a).

(3) An object of mass m is resting on an inclined plane of inclination . The angle of friction

between the object and the plane is 2 and the coefficient of static friction is . What is the

magnitude of the force of friction acting between the object and the inclined plane?

(a) mg cos

(b) mg cos

(c) mg sin

(d) mg sin

(e) mg cos2

The object will start sliding along the incline only if the angle of the incline is 2 (since the

angle of friction is 2).

[Note that = tan where is the angle of friction]

Since the object is resting on the inclined plane, the frictional force is just sufficient to

counteract the component of weight of the object down the plane. This is equal to mg sin.

Therefore, the correct option is (c).

(4) If the object in question No.3 above just starts moving up the incline on applying an

external force on it, what is the minimum magnitude of the external force?

(a) mg sin

(b) 2mg sin

(c) mg cos

(d) mg sin + mg cos

(e) 2mg cos

For making the object move up the incline, the component mg sin of its weight along the

plane has certainly to be overcome. In addition, the frictional force mg cos also has to be

overcome. Therefore, the minimum magnitude of the external force to be applied on the

object is (mg sin + mg cos) as given in option (d).

[Note that mg cos is the component of the weight of the object normal to the inclined plane

and therefore mg cos is the frictional force].

vertically downwards. What is the upward reaction force exerted by the pole on the

firefighter? Acceleration due to gravity is 10 ms2

(a) 775 N

(b) 750 N

(c) 725 N

(d) 700 N

(e) 600 N

The real weight (mg) of the firefighter is 7510 N = 750 N

Since the firefighter is sliding down with an acceleration a, his weight as felt by the pole, is

(mg ma) = (750 150) N = 600 N.

The pole will exert an upward reaction force of magnitude 600 N on the firefighter.

[If the pole is perfectly smooth, the firefighter will fall freely (even if he grips the pole), he

will become weightless during the downward trip and the pole will not exert any reaction

force on him]

Today we shall discuss a few simple multiple choice practice questions on wave motion

including sound. Often your knowledge and understanding of basic principles will be tested

in the AP Physics Examination and the questions I give below are meant for this.

(1) Here are a few common waves:

(i) Infra red waves (ii) Microwaves (iii) Light waves (iv) Sound waves

Which of the above waves can propagate through vacuum?

(a) (ii) and (iii)

(b) (i) (ii) and (iii)

(c) (1) and (iv)

(d) (iii) and (iv)

(e) None

Infra red waves microwaves and light waves are electromagnetic waves and hence they do

not require any medium for their propagation. Sound waves are mechanical waves which

require a material medium for their propagation. The correct option is (b).

(2) When a sound source moves past a listener,

(a) the pitch of the sound decreases continuously

(c) the pitch of the sound remains unchanged

(d) the pitch of the sound increases suddenly

(e) the pitch of the sound decreases suddenly

The pitch (frequency) of the sound as heard by the listener when the source of sound moves

towards the listener, is greater than the actual frequency of the source (in accordance with

Doppler effect). The apparent frequency (n1) of the sound in this situation is given by

n1 = nv/(v vS) where n is the actual frequency of the source, v is the speed of sound

and vS is the speed of the source.

The pitch (frequency) of the sound as heard by the listener when the source of sound moves

away from the listener, is less than the actual frequency of the source. The apparent

frequency (n2) of the sound in this situation is given by

n2 = nv/(v+vS)

Therefore, when a sound source moves past a listener, the pitch of the sound decreases

suddenly [Option (e)].

[You may click here to see a useful post in which the equations to be noted in this section are

given].

(3) A fighter plane moves away from a radar installation at a speed equal to twice the speed

of sound. If the real frequency of the sound emitted by the fighter plane is n, what is the

apparent frequency of the sound of the plane as heard by an observer at the radar

installation?

(a) zero

(b) 3n

(c) n/3

(d)n/2

(e) 2n

This is a case of Doppler effect produced when the source of sound moves away from a

listener. The apparent frequency (n) of the sound in this situation is given by

n = nv/(v+vS) ) where n is the actual frequency of the source, v is the speed of sound

and vS is the speed of the source.

n = n/3, as given in option (c).

(4) Tuning fork A has a small piece of wax attached to one of its prongs (Fig.). When this

fork and another fork B of frequency 286 Hz are excited together, 3 beats per second are

produced. The wax on the fork A is now removed and the two forks are again excited

together. The number of beats per second is found to be 3 itself. What is the frequency of

fork A when the wax on it is removed?

(a) 286 Hz

(b) 289 Hz

(c) 283 Hz

(d) 280 Hz

(e) 292 Hz

The beat frequency is the difference between the frequencies of the forks. Since the fork A

without wax produces 3 beasts per second with the fork B of frequency 286 Hz, the

frequency of fork A must be either 289 Hz or 283 Hz. If the frequency of A is 283 Hz, its

frequency when loaded with wax will be less than 283 Hz and it will produce more than 3

beats per second when excited together with for B. Therefore, the frequency of fork A must

be 289 Hz [Option (b)].

[What happens is this:

When the fork A is loaded with wax, its frequency gets reduced from 389 Hz to 383 Hz and

it produces 3 beats per second when excited together with fork B of frequency 286 Hz.

When the wax on the fork A is removed, its frequency becomes its original frequency 289 Hz

and once again it produces 3 beats per second when excited along with fork B of frequency

286 Hz].

(5) A wave has amplitude A given by

A = 2b/(b c + d)

Then the condition for resonance is

(a) b = d and c = 0

(b) b = 0 and c = d

(c) b = c = d

(d) b = c and d = 0

(e) b = c + d

The amplitude A will be infinite when b = c and d = 0. Therefore the condition for resonance

is given in option (d).

Posted by MV at 9:12 AM 0 comments

Links to this post

Labels: beats, Doppler effect, resonance, sound, wave motion (including sound), waves

THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 2014

and Rotation

If I have seen a little further it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants.

Sir Isaac Newton

A significant number of students in any class have the wrong notion that circular motion

and rotation (or, generally angular motion) is a somewhat difficult section. But you can rest

assured that this section is as interesting and simple as any other section of your choice,

provided you have a clear understanding of the basic principles. You will find the useful

formulae and many questions in this section, posted earlier on this site, which can be

accessed by clicking on the label, circular motion and rotation below this post. Since the

number of posts displayed in each screen is limited, you will have to make use of the older

posts tabs to access all the posts.

Here are some more multiple choice practice questions (with solution) on circular motion

and rotation:

(1) A thin uniform iron rod of mass M and lengthL is resting on a smooth horizontal surface.

Two small objects each of mass m and traveling with uniform speed v in opposite directions

at right angles to the length of the rod collide with the two ends of the rod simultaneously as

shown in the adjoining figure. If the objects get stuck to the rod after the collision and

continue to move along with the rod, the angular impulse received by the rod is

(a) mvL

(b) 2mvL

(c) mvL/2

(d) mvL/4

(e) mvL/12

The angular impulse received by the rod is equal to the change in the angular momentum of

the rod. Since the rod is initially at rest, the change in the angular momentum of the rod is

equal to the angular momentum supplied by the two objects.

Because of the collision, the rod will rotate about a normal axis through its middle and the

total angular momentum of the objects about this axis of rotation is mvL/2 + mvL/2, which

is equal to mvL.

Thus the angular impulse received by the rod is mvL.

(2) In the above question, if m = M/6 and v = L ms1, then the time taken by the rod to

rotate through radian is

(a) 1 sec

(b) 2 sec

(c) /2 sec

(d) sec

(e) 2 sec

Because of the collision, the rod will rotate about a normal axis through its middle with an

angular velocity given by

I = mvL where I is the moment of inertia of the rod and the masses m and m at its

ends.

[Note that we have equated the final angular momentum of the system (containing the rod

and the masses) to the initial angular momentum].

Since v = L the above equation gets modified as

I = mL2

After the collision, the rod and the masses move together and the total angular momentum

is given by

I = [(ML2/12) + 2m(L/2)2]

[The first term within the square bracket above is the moment of inertia of the rod about a

central axis perpendicular to its length and the second term is the moment of inertia of the

two masses].

mL2 = [(ML2/12) + mL2/2 ]

Since m = M/6 the above equation becomes.

M/6 = [(M/12) + (M/12)] = (M/6)

Therefore = 1 radian/sec.

Therefore, the time taken by the rod to rotate through radian is sec.

(3) The angular momentum of the electron due to its orbital motion in the hydrogen atom is

directed

(a) along the direction of motion of the electron.

(b) opposite to the direction of motion of the electron.

(c) radially outwards.

(d) radially inwards.

(e) normal to the plane of the orbit.

The correct option is (e). The angular momentum vector is the vector product (cross

product) of the radius vector r and the linear momentum vector p (of the electron). The

angular momentum vector rp is perpendicular to both r and p. Therefore, the angular

momentum of the electron due to its orbital motion must be directed normal to the plane of

the orbit.

(4) A solid cylinder of mass M and radius R is mounted on frictionless bearings so that it can

rotate about its horizontal axis (Fig.). A light inextensible string, one end of which is fixed to

the cylinder, is wound round the cylinder and carries a sphere of mass M. Initially the

system is at rest. On releasing the sphere, it moves down under gravity and the cylinder

starts rotating. What is the speed of the sphere after it has descended through a distance h?

(a) (2gh)

(b) (4Rgh/3)

(c) (4gh/3)

(d) (2Rgh)

(e) (4gh)

The gravitational potential energy lost by the sphere (on falling through the height h)

is mgh. This can be equated to the kinetic energy gained by the cylinder and the sphere.

Therefore we have

Mgh = Mv2 + I2 where v is the speed of the sphere on falling through the

distance h, I is the moment of inertia of the cylinder about its axis and is the angular

velocity of the cylinder.

[Note that the sphere

has rotational kinetic energy].

energy

and

the

cylinder

Mgh = Mv2 + ( MR2)(v2/R2)

Or, gh = (v2/2) + (v2/4) = 3v2/4

This gives v = (4gh/3)

(1) A single turn plane circular conducting loop of area A and resistance R is placed in a

uniform magnetic field of flux density B which has a time rate of change. The plane of the

loop is perpendicular to the magnetic field. If the emf induced in the loop is V, the time rate

of change of the magnetic flux density is

(a) V/A

(b) V/RA

(c) RV/A

(d) A/V

(e) AR/V

The induced emf V is given by

Since = BA we have

V = BA/t

The time rate of change of the magnetic flux density is B/t = V/A

(2) A long straight power line carries a current I which decreases with time at a uniform

rate. A plane circular conducting loop is arranged below the power line as shown in the

figure. Which one among the following statements is true?

loop.

(b) A uniformly decreasing current is induced in the loop.

(c) A uniformly increasing current is induced in the loop.

(d) A steady current is induced in the loop and it flows in the anticlockwise direction

(e) A steady current is induced in the loop and it flows in the clockwise direction

Since the current in the power line is changing, the magnetic flux linked with the circular

loop is changing. Therefore there must be an induced current in the loop. The induced

current in the loop must be steady since the rate of decrease of magnetic flux is steady

(because of the uniform decrease of current in the power line).

The magnetic field lines produced by the current in the power line are directed normally

into the plane of the loop. Since the current in the power line decreases with time, the

induced current in the loop must supply magnetic flux lines in the same direction, in

accordance with Lenzs law (for opposing the reduction of the flux). Therefore the induced

current in the circular loop must flow in the clockwise direction [Option (e)].

The following questions are meant for AP Physics C aspirants:

(3) Two horizontal conducting rails AB and CD of negligible resistance are connected by a

conductor BC of resistance R. Another conducting rod PQ of length L and negligible

resistance can slide without friction along the rails (Fig.). The plane ABCD is horizontal and

a constant magnetic field B tesla acts perpendicular to the plane ABCD. A small constant

horizontal force F is applied on the slider PQ perpendicular to its length so that it slides with

a constant velocity v. What is the value of the velocity v?

(a) FR/BL

(b) FR/B2L2

(c) FR/B2L

(d) FR/BL2

(e) FR2/B2L2

On applying the force F, the rod PQ starts to move from rest with an acceleration. When the

rod moves the magnetic flux linked with the circuit PBCQ changes and an emf is induced in

the circuit. Obviously this is the motional emf BLv.

[Note that when a conductor of length L moves with velocity v at right angles to a magnetic

field of flux density B, the motional voltage generated between its ends is BLv].

Since we have a closed circuit PBCQ, the emf BLv drives a current I through it. PQ is

therefore a current carrying conductor moving at right angles to a magnetic field. A

magnetic force ILB acts opposite to the direction of motion of the conductor (in accordance

with Lenzs law). The opposing magnetic force goes on increasing with the increase in

velocity of the conductor until the magnitude of the magnetic force becomes equal to that of

the applied force F. The conductor thereafter continues to move with the terminal velocity

acquired by it. The velocity of the rod after the initial accelerated motion is now constant.

Equating the magnitudes of the applied force F and the magnetic force ILB we have

F = ILB

But I = BLv/R

Therefore F = B2L2v/R

This gives v = FR/B2L2

(4) An inductance L and a resistance R are connected in series with a battery and switch S as

shown in the figure. The switch is closed at time t = 0. Which one among the following

graphs gives the variation of the voltage VL across the inductance as a function of time t?

There will be a voltage drop across the inductance only if the current in it changes. When

the switch is closed the current in the series LR circuit will rise rapidly initially and will

finally settle at the final maximum value.

[The final maximum current I0 in the LR circuit is V0/R where V0 is the emf of the battery.

The current I in the LR circuit during the growth at any instant t is given by

I = I0[1 eRt/L] where e is the base of natural logarithms]

Since the rate of variation of current is maximum initially, the voltage induced in the

inductance is maximum initially. The rate of variation of current is non-linear and finally

becomes zero. Therefore, the emf induced in the inductance finally becomes zero and the

variation of the voltage VL across the inductance as a function of time t is correctly

represented by graph (b).

[Note that graph (d) is incorrect since the variation of the voltage is linear].

- MCQ EcologyUploaded byalfx216
- Physics McqUploaded byNahid Merghani
- 53508147 93 Physics MCQ and Answers IAS ExamUploaded byRobert Resnick Halliday
- Semiconductor Physics MCQ'SUploaded byGuruKPO
- Nuclear Physics McqUploaded byfreeuser3
- Rotation- IIT JEE ExamUploaded byfaizan123khan
- Physics Gravitation MCQUploaded byShorya Kumar
- Physics MCQ 10thUploaded byitsmohanecom
- Rotational MotionUploaded byTarunPatel
- Chapter12 Rotational DynamicsUploaded bytariq8physics
- Complete Physics MCQUploaded byAbdul Hamid Bhatti
- Physics - McqUploaded byjoydeep_d3232
- Rotation Theory IIUploaded byMohammed Aftab Ahmed
- Physics Rotational Motion MCQUploaded byrkjha708
- MCQ PhysicsUploaded byAshok Kumar
- Biology McqUploaded byYin Hau
- Physics MCQ PDFUploaded bySyed Mairaj Ul Haq
- Xii Neet Physics McqsUploaded byhhhhhhhh
- Physics MCQ 9thUploaded byitsmohanecom
- Anatomy - Upper Limb Q Bank MCQ (1)Uploaded bysssaji
- 53508147 93 Physics MCQ and Answers IAS ExamUploaded byHamid Masood
- Chapter 06Uploaded byRamachandra Reddy
- Marieb Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology 10th Test BankUploaded byRui Pedro Pereira
- Angular Kinetics Moment-Answer.docUploaded bypatengg
- Pp 150 ProblemsUploaded byRanda Carter
- Physics Paper O LevelUploaded bywackmalik
- Mechanics SLUploaded byMartin Delgado

- EOCQ_ans_22Uploaded byharshanauoc
- UnitUploaded byharshanauoc
- 2017 p1Uploaded byharshanauoc
- A carUploaded byharshanauoc
- a2 finalUploaded byharshanauoc
- 2016 olUploaded byharshanauoc
- SAQ_ans_20Uploaded byharshanauoc
- SAQ_ans_17Uploaded byharshanauoc
- SAQ_ans_14Uploaded byharshanauoc
- EOCQ_ans_19Uploaded byharshanauoc
- EOCQ_ans_18Uploaded byharshanauoc
- EOCQ_ans_15Uploaded byharshanauoc
- EOCQ_ans_14Uploaded byharshanauoc
- EOCQ_ans_23Uploaded byharshanauoc
- w mcqUploaded byharshanauoc
- SAQ_ans_13Uploaded byharshanauoc
- SAQ_ans_6Uploaded byharshanauoc
- SAQ_ans_5Uploaded byharshanauoc
- SAQ_ans_3Uploaded byharshanauoc
- SAQ_ans_1Uploaded byharshanauoc
- SAQ_ans_28Uploaded byharshanauoc
- SAQ_ans_24Uploaded byharshanauoc
- SAQ_ans_23Uploaded byharshanauoc
- SAQ_ans_26Uploaded byharshanauoc
- SAQ_ans_29Uploaded byharshanauoc
- SAQ_ans_10Uploaded byharshanauoc
- SAQ_ans_32Uploaded byharshanauoc
- SAQ_ans_7Uploaded byharshanauoc

- 7.XRAY & BRAGG'S LAWUploaded byAshutosh Singh
- IntroGasDetectorsUploaded byscdpinto
- E-allUploaded byOsman Tolhildan
- Physics 6Uploaded byJo Ces
- Cheltenham Girls 2011 Physics Trial + SolutionsUploaded bybilly bob
- IntroductionUploaded byRahul Panwar
- Chemistry Midterm 2 (2011) With SolutionsUploaded byOliver Gervais
- CP Pyq Series Physics 39 (1)Uploaded byrajaijah
- Chemistry Today Jul16Uploaded byDianne Thomas
- UV Spectroscopy 2016Uploaded byM Mudassar Aslam
- Discovery of Electron.docUploaded byPa Ges
- Welding the vessel of the FRM-II reactorUploaded byschummer
- Astroplasmas Under Coriolis ForceUploaded byAlfredo Montero
- AC Stark Shift - IOP ScienceUploaded byKapila Wijayaratne
- Radiographic Testing.pdfUploaded byRestu Putra
- extatest2Uploaded byRyan Hill
- V2+Solutions+G Level+FyBCh16 19,+20NVCO08+Electricity+and+Magnetism+PublishedUploaded byEpic Win
- Can an Aspect of Consciousness Be Imprinted Into an Electronic Device Tiller 2000Uploaded byAlexander Price
- CV basic.pdfUploaded byIlayaraja Naga
- AIEEE 2008 Solved PaperUploaded byTechBeats India
- 6 Electroscope ExperimentationUploaded bytoingunhulon
- RAD BIO LEC 1Uploaded byLouella Artates
- Derrida TodayUploaded bylivingtool
- ChemistryWS4.19Uploaded byanother dba
- PhysicsUploaded bySaleem Rana
- Chapter 2 Material ElectronicsUploaded byVinsen Teubun Letsoin
- r13_EEE JNTUUploaded byRAMARAO
- fgbrUploaded bykevers_kevers
- Moles NotesUploaded byNathuAndrews
- plab - ex 8 zeeman effectUploaded byapi-314404776