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GUIDELINES / REQUIREMENTS FOR TRANSMISSION SUBSTATION BUILDINGS

(For 66kV Standalone Substation only)

Prepared by Transmission Engineering Section

Edition 7.2

Feb 2012

REF: FOR PROJECT / DEVELOPMENT

Developer / Project Engineer:

Date Issued:

G UIDELINES / R EQUIREMENTS FOR T RANSMISSION S UBSTATION B UILDINGS (For 66kV Standalone Substation

GUIDELINES / REQUIREMENTS FOR TRANSMISSION SUBSTATION BUILDINGS

(FOR 66KV SUBSTATION ONLY)

..................................................................................

1

  • 1. GENERAL INFORMATION.................................................................................1

    • 1.1 Introduction

..................................................................................................

1

  • 2. DESIGN DEVELOPMENT PHASE.......................................................................4

  • 2.1 General Requirements

4

  • 3. MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

6

  • 3.1 Emergency Supply for Lighting

6

  • 3.2 Lighting and Power Supply

6

  • 3.3 Lightning Protection

9

  • 3.4 Substation Earthing Protection

9

  • 3.5 Cranes and Hoists

11

Oil Interceptor

  • 3.6 ............................................................................................

13

Roller Shutters

  • 3.7 ...........................................................................................

13

Fire Protection

  • 3.8 ............................................................................................

14

  • 3.9 .............................................................................................

Exhaust

Fans

17

  • 3.10 ...........................................................................................

Warning

Lights

17

  • 3.11 A/C Supply for HV Equipment Testing

18

  • 3.12 Submersible Pumps

18

Telecom Lines

  • 3.13 ............................................................................................

19

  • 3.14 Passenger / Firemen's Lift

..........................................................................

20

  • 3.15 Defects Liability (For M&E Equipment Installed)

.........................................

22

  • 3.16 Air-Conditioners (AC) and Mechanical Ventilation Fans (MV fans)

.............

23

  • 3.17 Substation Security System

27

  • 3.18 Others

28

  • 3.19 Network Rack Housing

28

  • 4. BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

29

  • 4.1 Ventilation and Windows

............................................................................

29

  • 4.2 Taps, Basins and Plumbing Fixtures

..........................................................

30

  • 4.3 Columns, Beams and Expansion Joints

31

  • 4.4 Floor Openings and Floor Slabs

31

  • 4.5 Safety Measures

........................................................................................

32

  • 4.6 Switchroom Floor and Rendering

34

  • 4.7 Cable Trenches, Basements and Sunken Areas

34

Cable

  • 4.8 Entry Pipes

36

  • 4.9 Bays for Transformer, NGR & Shunt Reactor

37

  • 4.10 Roof ...........................................................................................................

37

False Ceilings

  • 4.11 ............................................................................................

39

  • 4.12 Main Gate and/or Secondary Gate if Available with Barrier System and Fence

.........................................................................................................

39

  • 4.13 Driveway

....................................................................................................

42

  • 4.14 Drains ........................................................................................................

42

  • 4.15 External Compound

...................................................................................

42

  • 4.16 Wall / Floor Tiling

.......................................................................................

43

  • 4.17 Door for Equipment Access

........................................................................

43

Signage

  • 4.18 & Locations Plans

........................................................................

44

  • 4.19 Defects Liability (For Substation Building Inclusive of All Structural Works)

.......................................................................................................

46

Paint

  • 4.20 ..........................................................................................................

46

Others

  • 4.21 ........................................................................................................

47

  • 5. SITE SUPERVISION.......................................................................................48

    • 5.1 General Requirements

...............................................................................

48

  • 6. HANDOVER OF SUBSTATION BUILDING..........................................................50

    • 6.1 Handover of Substation Building Procedures

.............................................

50

  • 7. ATTACHMENT A – USEFUL DATA AND INFORMATION RELATING TO SUBSTATION BUILDING

................................................................................

54

  • 7.1 Typical Weights of Equipment

....................................................................

54

  • 7.2 Floor Loading for Switchrooms

...................................................................

55

  • 7.3 Heights

Floor

..............................................................................................

55

  • 7.4 Doors or Equipment Access

.......................................................................

57

  • 7.5 Oil Interceptor (only if required by ENV)

.....................................................

58

Lifting Voids

  • 7.6 ...............................................................................................

58

  • 7.7 Height of Blast Walls

..................................................................................

59

  • 8. ATTACHMENT B – GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS OF SUBSTATION BUILDING

...........................................................................

60

  • 8.1 Substation Compound

................................................................................

60

Stairways

  • 8.2 ...................................................................................................

60

  • 8.3 66kV Transformer Bay

...............................................................................

61

  • 8.4 22kV and 6.6kV Transformer Bay

..............................................................

61

NGR

  • 8.5 Bay

....................................................................................................

61

  • 8.6 66kV Switchroom .......................................................................................62

  • 8.7 22kV Switchroom .......................................................................................63

  • 8.8 6.6kV Switchroom ......................................................................................63

  • 8.9 LV Room / Building Services Main Switchroom

64

  • 8.10 Cable Floor and Cable Basement / Chamber

64

  • 8.11 Relay Room

...............................................................................................

65

  • 8.12 Communication Room

65

Battery Room

  • 8.13 .............................................................................................

65

  • 8.14 Battery Charger Room

...............................................................................

66

  • 8.15 Air Compressor Room

................................................................................

66

RTU Room

  • 8.16 .................................................................................................

66

  • 8.17 Fire Pump Room (All fittings, switches and isolator shall be weather-proof)67

  • 8.18 Water Tank Room (All fittings, switches and isolator shall be weather-proof)

............................................................................................

67

  • 8.19 Tariff Meter Room

......................................................................................

67

Lifting Void

  • 8.20 .................................................................................................

68

  • 9. ATTACHMENT C – DOOR LOCKING SYSTEM

..................................................

69

  • 9.1 General Guidelines ....................................................................................69

  • 9.2 Recommended Coding for Locks

70

  • 10. ATTACHMENT D – REQUIREMENTS FOR FIRE ALARM MONITORING FOR TRANSMISSION SUBSTATIONS

71

10.1

Fire Alarm Monitoring System to be Monitored by CISCO or

SP PowerGrid

71

  • 11. ATTACHMENT E

  • 12. ATTACHMENT F– SPECIFICATIONS FOR INTEGRATED SECURITY AND OPERATIONS SURVEILLANCE AND SYSTEM (ISOSS)

66KV SUBSTATION

INTRODUCTION

TO

:

ALL DEVELOPERS / CONSULTANTS

GUIDELINES / REQUIREMENTS FOR TRANSMISSION SUBSTATION BUILDINGS (FOR 66KV SUBSTATION ONLY)

  • 1. GENERAL INFORMATION

1.1

Introduction

  • 1.1.1 When a transmission substation building is confirmed to be designed and constructed by the Developer / Consultant, the information normally available at this time is the location, the size and shape of the substation site and possibly information on access or proposed roads, nature of land usage of neighbouring plots and preliminary proposal on substation equipment layout.

  • 1.1.2 The aim of the guidelines / requirements is to provide the Developer's / Consultant's Architect with as much information as possible at this early stage of time on SP PowerGrid's current specifications of transmission / distribution equipment and other functional requirements as required by SP PowerGrid. Our requirements / comments are not complete and do not include all the conditions / requirements imposed by all relevant Government and Statutory Authorities.

  • 1.1.3 The Developer's / Consultant's Architect and his Professional Engineers are fully responsible for the design and supervision of construction of the substation building.

  • 1.1.4 These guidelines / requirements are given to Developer / Consultant shall only be valid for one year from the date of issue. Developer / Consultant shall request for updated guidelines if their project / development are delayed. Developer / Consultant is also required to check with SP Powergrid for any further new requirements to be incorporated prior to the tender action especially Design & Built (D&B) contract. Developer / Consultant shall bear all the cost related to the new / change of requirements prior to endorse of the Architectural and Mechanical & Electrical (M&E) drawings. These include new / change of requirements to comply with authorities’ requirements / conditions.

  • 1.1.5 For D&B contract where construction is in progress concurrently with design (in the event the Architectural and M&E drawings are not endorsed by SP Powergrid prior to construction), any variation in design due to SP Powergrid functional and “security by design” requirements shall be fully complied and all cost variation arising to the D&B contract shall be fully absorbed by the Developer / Consultant.

66KV SUBSTATION

INTRODUCTION

  • 1.1.6 In the event that the substation is classified as a National Critical Infrastructure, the Developer / Consultant shall engage a security consultant with expertise in blast engineering analysis as part of the project team. The appointed security consultant must be familiar with the latest “security by design” process or latest security requirements / framework as per directive issued by EMA / MHA. The security consultant must develop a formal security plan to address the risks and threats identified. The draft security report must be submitted and presented to SP PowerGrid for the clearance within two weeks prior to formal submission to EMA. Submission of the drawings/documents for MHA’s approval will be done through the security consultants via EMA / SPPG / Developer. The “security by design” process must be fully complied and completed prior clearance of final endorsed plans with SP Powergrid.

  • 1.1.7 The Developer's / Consultant's Architect and his Professional Engineers are required to be familiar with all the latest procedures for submission of plans to local authorities e.g. Building and Construction Authority (BCA), Fire Safety & Shelter Department (FSSD), Energy Market Authority (EMA), Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), etc. The design and construction of the substation building must fully meet all conditions / requirements imposed by all relevant authorities including EMA/MHA for security measures.

  • 1.1.8 Owing to our normal practice of procurement of substation equipment by public tenders, technical requirements on the specific nature / design of the substation equipment can only be confirmed after SP PowerGrid has awarded the contract to the successful switchgear contractor. As such, the Developer's / Consultant's Architect is requested to provide reasonable flexibility in locating the columns and cross-beams in the 400kV, 230kV and 66kV switch room floors. Details can be discussed among officers concerned at the design stage.

  • 1.1.9 Besides meeting the functional requirements, the Developer's / Consultant's Architect is also requested to give due consideration to the following:

    • a) Safety of personnel during switchgear construction period and future maintenance of equipment installed.

    • b) Aesthetics of the substation external design / finishes blending with neighbouring developments.

    • c) Simple and effective landscaping. The arrangement adopted shall not reduce the cable reserves for incoming and outgoing power circuits.

    • d) To select building materials with little or no maintenance required. For example, window frames shall be of anodised aluminium, railings for staircases to be stainless steel, cat ladders to be aluminium, etc.

66KV SUBSTATION

INTRODUCTION

  • e) Proper and adequate access to the site must be available for cable installation and transportation of heavy equipment by normal means (i.e. truck and trailer). [The slope (if any) of the access road shall not be steeper than 1:20]

  • f) No flooding and fire hazard.

  • g) Effect of noise disturbance to neighbouring development.

h)

The

site shall

be free

of

encumbrance i.e. no over or underground

structure / services substation compound.

are allowed

to

be located or remained

within

the

  • i) Wherever possible, the substation building shall be designed to keep birds away.

  • 1.1.10 The Developer / Consultant shall ensure that all requirements shown in the 'Guidelines / Requirements of Transmission Substation Buildings' are fully reflected in the building, M&E and other relevant tender documents prepared by the Developer's / Consultant's Architect and his Professional Engineers.

  • 1.1.11 The Developer / Consultant must immediately highlight and consult SP PowerGrid on any deviation which cannot comply with the requirements as stated in the Guidelines / Requirements for Transmission Substation Buildings handbook prior to the tender exercise. Failing which, should such deviations affect the functional requirements, the Developer / Consultant has to resolve the issue to the satisfaction and clearance of SP PowerGrid. Any cost incurred in so doing shall be borne by the Developer / Consultant.

  • 1.1.12 The Developer / Consultant is fully responsible to report immediately to Electricity Service Centre (ESC), Telephone No. 1800-7788888 of any emergency accident at site.

  • 1.1.13 For addition and alteration modification work, additional requirements which include provision of temporary relay room with mechanical and electrical installation as well as building works are deem to be inclusive, where required.

66KV SUBSTATION

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT PHASE

  • 2. DESIGN DEVELOPMENT PHASE The substation building to be designed and constructed by the Developer / Consultant shall include but not be limited to the following requirements:

    • 2.1 General Requirements

      • 2.1.1 All architectural, structural, building services, M&E etc designs, are to comply fully with latest requirements of local authorities, e.g. FSSD, BCA, PUB, etc.

      • 2.1.2 It is the responsibility of the Developer I Consultant to arrange, at his own cost, the Accredited Checker's Certificate as required under the Building Control Regulations.

      • 2.1.3 The Developer I Consultant shall allow sufficient time in the design stage for obtaining:

        • a) Clearances from all relevant local authorities; and

        • b) The Accredited Checker's Certificate so that the Building and Construction Authority's approval and permit to commence work on site are obtained on time.

    • 2.1.4 The Developer / Consultant shall provide us a copy of MPC approval of the substation for SP PowerGrid record purpose together with the first substation submission.

    • 2.1.5 For 1st and subsequent submission, 6 sets of drawings must be submitted to SP PowerGrid for clearance on the functional requirements prior to tender action as follows:

      • a) Architectural plans, elevations, sections showing all dimensions and details inclusive of the substation development gross floor area (GFA), flood level details of platform and crest level.

      • b) Structural plans showing the locations and sizes of all beams, columns and floor openings

66KV SUBSTATION

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT PHASE

c)

Electrical

 

Plans showing the locations of all fittings including switches. Single-line schematic of complete substation building wiring (showing details of rating, fault making capacity, type of equipment installed, etc) of lighting, power and other electrical services.

d)

Any

other

relevant

details

which

may

affect

the

installation

and

maintenance of SP PowerGrid's equipment.

  • 2.1.6 Developer / Consultant shall require complying fully with the requirements as stipulated in the guidelines / requirements for Transmission Substation Building.

  • 2.1.7 After the first submission, all revisions made on drawings for subsequent submission shall be highlighted in bright colour (preferably yellow) or clouded.

  • 2.1.8 All drawings submitted to SP PowerGrid for final approval of functional requirements must be duly endorsed by the Developer's / Consultant's authorised officers (Professional Architect, Licensed Electrical Worker [Engineer's Grade] and Professional Engineer of all Mechanical & Electrical, Civil & Structural Installation System) prior to tender action.

  • 2.1.9 If site construction is initiated without prior clearance of tender plans / endorsed plans with SP PowerGrid, the Developer / Consultant shall be responsible and bear the cost for any changes that is required for complying with the latest substation requirements.

    • 2.1.10 The Developer / Consultant shall also extend to SP PowerGrid one set of final drawings which is identical to the sets that are submitted to the Master Planning Committee / Chief Planner and the Building and Construction Authority.

    • 2.1.11 All necessary signatures and endorsements that are required by the authorities shall also be duly affixed on the SP PowerGrid's set by the authorised officers concerned.

    • 2.1.12 Developer / Consultant is required to check with SP PowerGrid for any further new requirements to be incorporated prior to their tender action. Cost to be borne by Developer / Consultant for new / change of requirements prior to the clearance of tender plans / endorsed plans.

66KV SUBSTATION

MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

  • 3. MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS M&E Consultant must liaise with architect-in-charge of the project to ensure that the functional requirements are complied especially on the height and width clearance. All M&E drawings must be submitted to architect-in-charge of the project for clearance before submit to SP PowerGrid for comment.

    • 3.1 Emergency Supply for Lighting

      • 3.1.1 Emergency lighting of approved design shall be provided for substation buildings.

      • 3.1.2 All emergency light fittings shall be provided with self-contained battery pack which shall be integrated together with the normal supply subject to relevant authorities’ approval.

      • 3.1.3 Self-contained battery back emergency supply system for the emergency lighting supply shall be rated for 2 hours minimum.

      • 3.1.4 All emergency light fittings shall be clearly labelled.

        • 3.2 Lighting and Power Supply

          • 3.2.1 An illumination of about 300 lux is required within the switchrooms.

          • 3.2.2 Light fittings in cable basement / floor shall have illumination of 300 lux.

          • 3.2.3 External lighting for the substation building and security lighting of approved design / type within substation compound shall be controlled by a time-switch or other approved method. Light fittings shall be accessible by maintenance personnel without the use of standard tower wagons. They shall be located or wall-mounted at approved locations. Height of lamps shall be between 3 and 4 metres. For perimeter lighting, the top cone perimeter lighting to be adopted so that CCTV camera will not be over-exposed with direct lighting.

66KV SUBSTATION

MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

  • 3.2.4 All light fittings installed outside building shall be water-proof collect water).

(i.e.

do

not

  • 3.2.5 Locations of all fittings shall be easily accessible for use and maintenance. Switches shall be suitably located near the main entrance of each room. Proper engraved labelling from DB to individual switches shall be provided.

  • 3.2.6 Approved light indicator switches for lights with two or more ways ON / OFF switching system shall be used.

  • 3.2.7 Reflectors shall be provided for light fittings.

  • 3.2.8 All main switches controlling the lighting shall be installed near the entrance of the following areas:

    • a) 66kV switchrooms

    • b) Relay Rooms

    • c) Cable Floor & Cable Chamber

    • d) Other locations as directed by SP PowerGrid

  • 3.2.9 The schematic layout of fittings, power points, etc shall be shown in the drawings. Substation lighting and power circuits shall be controlled by distribution units with requirements.

  • main

    switches

    and

    MCB

    facilities

    to

    authorities'

    • 3.2.10 The Developer / Consultant shall include the supply and installation of LV cables between the building main switchboard (provided by the Developer / Consultant) and SP PowerGrid's LV board in his contract. The LV cables shall be of the following standard type used by SP PowerGrid:

      • a) - 1x300mm 2 4-core Cu/XLPE/SWA/PVC

    280kVA

    • b) - 2x300mm 2 4-core AI/XLPE/SWA/PVC

    460kVA

    • c) - 2x300mm 2 4-core Cu/XLPE/SWA/PVC

    560kVA

    • d) - 7x500mm 2 1-core Cu/XLPE/PVC

    1000kVA

    • e) - 7x1000mm 2 1-core Cu/XLPE/PVC

    1500kVA

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.2.11 Developer's contractor shall be responsible for the termination of the LV cables at the building main switchboard and provides suitable cable lugs for the termination work (by SP PowerGrid) at the SP PowerGrid's LV board. (Please refer to drawing in Attachment F).

    • 3.2.12 The building main switchboard provided by the Developer / Consultant shall include approved type of electricity kWh meters if it is for an IPP (Independent Power Producer) substation project. The detailed design to be submitted to SP PowerGrid for approval.

    • 3.2.13 All substation wiring shall be run in trunkings, cable trays or exposed GI conduits. In the staircase areas where the walls (to certain height) are normally tiled, concealed wiring in GI conduits can be considered. GI conduits may be laid through reinforced concrete beams at underside of ceiling to accommodate wirings for lightings and power points.

    • 3.2.14 Proper earth-leakage and over-current discrimination on all sub-circuits shall be provided.

    • 3.2.15 All power sockets shall be protected with approved ELCB unless otherwise specified. Please do not position any power socket or other switches behind narrow auxiliary floor openings which are located close to walls.

    • 3.2.16 The main LV switchgear and couplers shall be of 4-pole type.

    • 3.2.17 Single-line drawings with proposed incoming breaker, overcurrent and earth fault relay settings shall be submitted by Developer's / Consultant's Licensed Electrical Worker (Engineers Grade) for clearance.

    • 3.2.18 One permanent copy (not blueprint) of the single-line drawing has to be mounted in the switchroom and properly framed at site for maintenance purposes.

    • 3.2.19 Laminated schematic drawings shall also be mounted adjacent to MCB / sub- main boards to show all out-going circuits in each room.

    • 3.2.20 Nameplates of laminated sandwich type having black surfaces and white core with description “Substation Building Main Switchboard” shall be installed on the said board.

    • 3.2.21 All other sub-main boards shall be properly labelled with similar nameplates.

    • 3.2.22 All power sockets and switches shall be labelled with similar nameplates to indicate their respective distribution boards.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.2.23 Staircase light fittings shall be incorporated with security locking cover.

      • 3.3 Lightning Protection

        • 3.3.1 Lightning protection system shall comply with requirements of local Authorities, including the SS 555 (Latest Edition).

        • 3.3.2 The earth electrode resistance measured at each inspection pit shall have earthing resistance less than ten ohms.

        • 3.3.3 The lead down lightning conductor together with the conductor tape clip is recommended to be concealed in the building wall. The test clamp shall be located at 1.5m above ground level.

          • 3.4 Substation Earthing Protection

            • 3.4.1 Substation earthing grid shall be provided by Developer / Consultant. Design shall be submitted to SP PowerGrid for approval before substation building tender stage.

            • 3.4.2 SP PowerGrid’s site Engineer-in-charge shall be notified prior to the commencement of earthing grid installation.

            • 3.4.3 All earthing conductors shall be soft drawn stranded copper cable or tinned copper strip subject to SP PowerGrid’s approval. Earthing conductor conducting the main fault current for 66kV equipment shall be of tape type, unless it is precluded due to installation constraint.

            • 3.4.4 First storey main earthing plates linking to the main grid and between main plates shall be tinned copper tapes.

            • 3.4.5 All joints between earthing

    conductors

    shall

    be

    by

    means

    of

    thermit

    (exothermic) welding or compression process subject to SP PowerGrid’s approval.

    • 3.4.6 The magnitudes of fault currents specified in the Tender Specification shall be taken into consideration when sizing the earthing conductor. Other requirements such as mechanical strength, etc shall also be considered. The earthing conductor size shall be at least 600mm 2 .

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.4.7 All earth conductor temperature shall not exceed 200 degree Celsius after conducting the fault current for bolted type, insulated type and embedded in the wall. Equipment earthing tie-in points to earthing conductors provided by substation shall be located at the ground level. Developer / Consultant are to submit their proposal for SP PowerGrid’s approval.

    • 3.4.8 Riser earthing conductor shall be protected by conduits, PVC pipes or embedded in concrete. Earthing plate should be brick-up and easily be knocked down for access later.

    • 3.4.9 All earthing plates shall have at least 12 holes and mounted on insulators.

      • 3.4.10 Final locations of the earthing plates and inspection pits in the various rooms, transformer / NGR bays, etc shall be subject to SP PowerGrid’s site engineer’s approval.

      • 3.4.11 The depth of burial of the earthing grid conductors shall be at 3 metres from the ground level or 500mm clear from ground beam / structure if deeper than 3 metres from ground level.

      • 3.4.12 Earthing resistance connecting any two inspection pits measured at one time shall not exceed the value of one ohm

      • 3.4.13 Substation earthing grid shall be designed to withstand fault currents of 50kA for 3 sec for 66/22kV substations. The substation earthing system design shall be in compliance with IEEE Standard 80 – IEEE Guide for Safety in AC Substation Grounding and SS 551 – Code of Practice for Earthing. The design shall be verified with earth grid finite element analysis. Detailed calculations showing the substation earthing grid’s ability to withstand faults are to be submitted to SP PowerGrid for acceptance, and shall be endorsed by a Professional Engineer.

      • 3.4.14 If the roof trusses are directly on top of the switchrooms and are internally exposed, the complete roof trusses shall be suitably earthed.

      • 3.4.15 If the earth potential rise voltage due to fault current exceeds the Tolerable Touch Voltage of a 50kg human on wet concrete/ground (as defined in IEEE Standard 80), isolating flanges shall be installed near to the substation boundary to isolate all electrically conductive pipes connecting the substation to external installation. All boundary fences and gates shall also be adequately earthed for the safety of personnel.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.5 Cranes and Hoists

      • 3.5.1 Electric operated travelling crane shall be provided to respective switch rooms as follows:

     

    Capacity

    Hoisting

    Transverse and

    Clearance height

    Switchroom

    of crane

    Speed

    Long Travel Speed

    from finished

    (Tonne)

    Fast

    Slow

    Fast

    Slow

    floor level to

     

    (m/min)

    (m/min)

    (m/min)

    (m/min)

    underside of

    crane hook (m)

    66kV

    3

    5

    1-1.5

    15-20

    5

    6

     
       

    Hoisting

    Cross Travel

    Clearance height

    Type of

    Equipment

    Capacity

    Speed

    Speed

    from finished

    of crane

           

    floor level to

    (Tonne)

    Fast

    Slow

    Fast

    Slow

    underside of

     

    (m/min)

    (m/min)

    (m/min)

    (m/min)

    crane hook (m)

    66kV S/G

    10

    8-10

    1-1.5

    20

    5

    6

    66kV S/G

               

    (for

    upgrading of

    substation)

    • 6 1-1.5

    8-10

    20

    5

    4

    22kV, 6.6kV

    S/G

     
    • 5 1-1.5

    8-10

     

    20

    5

    3.5

    1MVA T/F

    10

    8-10

    1-1.5

    20

    5

    4

    Relay Rm

    3

    8-10

    1-1.5

    20

    5

    3

    Equipment

    • 3.5.2 Lifting hoist shall be provided where equipment are located at upper storeys of a multi-storey substation building. The building can be so designed that only one hoist is required for various equipment. In such case, lifting hoist of the greatest capacity and clearance height required shall be used.

    • 3.5.3 The following table shows the type and capacity of lifting hoists required for respective switchgear / transformer equipment:

    • 3.5.4 The minimum clearance height of crane & hoist shall be at least 1000mm from the finished floor level to the underside of crane / hoist hook when the wire is fully extended.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.5.5 The remote control "pendent" of crane & hoist shall also include the "EMERGENCY STOP" and "RESET" buttons. The control "pendent" shall hang-down to about one metre above floor level. Suitable wall-mounted holder for the control "pendent" shall also be provided.

    • 3.5.6 For hoist & crane, the overload and other trip contact reset switches are to be brought to 1.2m above switchgear floor or maintenance platform level and to be housed in a lockable control box with locks and 3 nos. of keys provided. Control and reset electrical devices installed near the moving hoist and crane motors are not acceptable. Any outdoor hoist shall be installed with lightning surge arrestor as well as ultra sonic bird deterrent devices.

    • 3.5.7 All terminations and relays in the control box shall be properly labelled for ease of maintenance. box.

    Circuit diagrams shall be framed next to the control

    • 3.5.8 In addition to the use of a damper to stop the hoist / crane, a limit switch shall also be installed to cut off the power supply when necessary.

    • 3.5.9 To provide a maintenance platform for crane or hoist of size 2 metres (min) width x 3 metres (min) length. However, these dimensions should be measured from the outermost face of any wall / beam / column to the internal face of the railing. In addition, the size and shape of the maintenance platform must enable all electrical / mechanical parts of the crane / hoist to be safely accessible for maintenance purposes. The height from the maintenance platform to underside of crane / hoist hook shall be between 1 metre (min) and 1.2 metres (max). The travelling cables of the proposed crane must be installed on the opposite side of the maintenance platform for ease of operation.

      • 3.5.10 The hoisting hook block

    and

    cable

    shall

    maintenance platform when it is not in use.

    be

    able

    to

    park

    within

    the

    • 3.5.11 Safe Working Load (SWL) to be marked on the beams and labelled on the hooks of the hoists and cranes.

    • 3.5.12 Professional Engineer (P.E) Sticker and Load Test Certificate must be provided.

    • 3.5.13 Emergency button and double speeds on pendent controller

    • 3.5.14 Source of incoming supply marked on isolator.

    • 3.5.15 Cranes and hoists shall comply with the latest safety requirements from Ministry of Manpower (MOM).

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.5.16 Double C-channel I-beam is not acceptable for hoisting works using I-beam trolley.

    • 3.5.17 I-beam must be certified by structural Professional Engineer or Mechanical Professional Engineer that I-beam is fit for the lifting of the proposed objects and also that the proposed lifting device can be safely installed on the I-beam.

      • 3.6 Oil Interceptor

        • 3.6.1 Oil interceptors shall be avoided if possible. Only when required by ENV, oil- interceptors may be provided adjacent to outdoor transformer pits subject to SP PowerGrid's approval. The oil interceptor(s) is / are not to be connected to the sewerage system but to the surface drains via a valve.

          • 3.7 Roller Shutters

            • 3.7.1 All heavy-duty aluminium roller shutters or sliding and folding doors shall be provided with both electrical and manual operations. The overall operations shall be able to operate at floor level (e.g. using chain, linkages).

            • 3.7.2 All roller shutters or sliding and folding doors shall be designed to withstand strong winds (especially for isolated offshore substations).

            • 3.7.3 All the electrical control boxes for roller shutters or sliding and folding doors shall be installed inside the room and lockable with padlock (3 keys shall be provided to each pad lock).

            • 3.7.4 Chain link shall be provided for opening and closing of the shutter in the event of a power failure or when the electric motor is defective.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.8 Fire Protection

      • 3.8.1 Portable carbon dioxide or other approved type of fire extinguishers shall be provided at convenient locations near switchroom entrances or any other approved locations.

      • 3.8.2 Fire extinguishers (powder type) must be provided.

      • 3.8.3 Portable dry type fire extinguishers for fighting oil fires shall be provided at transformer bays.

      • 3.8.4 The Developer / Architect's Professional Engineer shall provide and design a water storage tank with a proper fire pump room capable of pumping sufficient water to the interfacing pipe connections located at each end of the transformer bay with automatic deluge system. The size of transformer is approximately 13m Length x 6m Width x 6m Height. The Developer / Architect's Professional Engineer shall also provide uninterrupted power supply to ensure that the water sprinkler system at the transformer bay be able to operate at all times even when there is a power failure. The system shall fully comply to CP 52 and Public Utilities (Water Supply) Regulations (Latest Edition) for the security and maintenance of the water tanks.

      • 3.8.5 Only automatic fire alarm monitoring system shall be provided. Manual monitoring is not recommended.

      • 3.8.6 Manual call point shall have provision of a second protective lid.

      • 3.8.7 Developer / Consultant shall seek waiver of hosereel provision from FSSD and to propose suitable alternative proposal for all the equipment rooms (e.g. switchrooms, relay room, battery room, battery charger room, communication room, LV room etc).

      • 3.8.8 Air-receivers / pressure vessels for fire sprinkler system to be pressure tested / visually examined by a Professional Engineer (PE) and registered with Ministry of Manpower (MOM).

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.8.9 If required by Fire Safety & Shelter Department (FSSD), suitable detectors may be installed at approved locations. Smoke detectors shall be installed only in controlled environment like air-conditioned Control / Relay / Communication rooms. Heat detectors shall be installed in dusty environment such as cable basement, cable floors, driveway, hoisting bay, corridor and staircase areas. Flame Detectors Utilising Triple IR detection method or equivalent shall be installed at areas with high ceiling (more than 5-metre height) such as switchgear room, NGR, transformer and other locations where applicable. 'Cat' ladders and platform shall be provided for access to maintenance of Flame Detectors Utilising Triple IR detection method or equivalent. Smoke or heat detectors shall not be installed on high ceilings of switchrooms, transformers and other locations where applicable. Smoke detectors shall be photoelectric sensor based type.

      • 3.8.10 All detectors must have LED for self-checking purpose. When alarm is activated, the affected detector must be easily identified.

      • 3.8.11 All detectors mounted inside the false ceiling must be easily accessible for maintenance. Their LEDs should be mounted on the false ceiling for easy identification of activated detector upon activation of alarm. Indication of concealed detectors on the drop ceilings and to provide access to detectors installed behind the false ceilings.

      • 3.8.12 Flame Detectors Utilising Triple IR detection method with testing kit / equipment to be provided.

      • 3.8.13 To provide accessories such as detector removal device to replace detectors.

      • 3.8.14 Permanent operational schematic diagrams of approved size for fire protection systems including the locations of fire extinguishers, as required by Fire Safety & Shelter Department (FSSD), shall be provided in suitable colours on white perspex sheets and installed in approved locations. These details are recommended to be included in Fire Safety & Shelter Department (FSSD) submission.

      • 3.8.15 The central fire alarm indication panel shall be installed at an approved location on the 1st storey and be lockable with good quality locks (e.g. Abloy). A minimum number of 3 keys shall be handed over to SP PowerGrid. Also a key box with breakable glass for fireman's accessibility to the key is to be provided.

      • 3.8.16 All operational switches / buttons shall be installed inside the wall mounted fire alarm indication panel unless otherwise approved by SP PowerGrid.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.8.17 For aesthetical reason, due consideration must be given in installing all M&E panels in the main approach lobby or lift lobby of the substation building, e.g. the central fire alarm indication panel can be flush mounted with the walls or in service room with glass door. Location of the main fire alarm control panels shall be located away from direct sunshine.

    • 3.8.18 Source of incoming supply to main alarm panel should be clearly displayed on Main Alarm Panel (MAP).

    • 3.8.19 Fire alarm panel shall be conventional type with low-level microprocessor.

    • 3.8.20 Lightning Surge arrestors must be provided inside the main alarm panel and sub-panels.

    • 3.8.21 Large font size labelling on Main Alarm Panel (MAP) for the indication of the presence of Sub-Alarm Panels (SAPs).

    • 3.8.22 2 extra auxiliary contacts to be provided at the Main Alarm Panel.

    • 3.8.23 If a commercial operator is monitoring the fire alarm, proper agreement papers, lease circuit no. and telephone no. must be provided.

    • 3.8.24 Outline key

    plans

    showing

    the

    sprinkler

    system,

    locations

    of

    fire

    extinguishers, hosereels, etc shall be prominently displayed at approved locations.

    • 3.8.25 Please refer to Attachment D for the requirements for fire alarm monitoring for transmission substation.

    • 3.8.26 All alarm panels must have the alarm verification features, to determine whether the alarm points only.

    is

    a real

    one except for panels

    monitoring manual call

    • 3.8.27 The main and sub alarm panels, detectors and other fire related equipment must comply with CP10 (Latest Edition) and approved by relevant authorities.

    • 3.8.28 Battery and Battery Charger must be provided in all alarm panels.

    • 3.8.29 Fire

    pumps

    are

    to

    be fitted

    with flexible

    metal coupling

    at suction and

    discharge sides.

     

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.8.30 Pressure settings of the fire pumps shall be as follows:

      • 3.8.30.1 Jockey Pump Start pressure: 10psi lower than jockey pump stop pressure Stop pressure: churn pressure of fire pump (if less than 165psi)

      • 3.8.30.2 Engine Driven Fire Pump Start pressure: 5psi lower than jockey pump start pressure Stop pressure: Manually stop

      • 3.8.30.3 Electric Motor Driven Pump Start pressure: 10psi lower than the engine pump start pressure Stop pressure: Manually stop

        • 3.9 Exhaust Fans

          • 3.9.1 In addition to natural ventilation, approved numbers of exhaust fans with 100% redundancy shall be provided in the Battery and Battery Charger Rooms. These exhaust fans shall be located at the highest possible positions to provide effective ventilation (with no short circuit of air flow) and to discharge gaseous products from the batteries. Arrangement of fans is subject to SP PowerGrid's approval. Time control switches shall be provided for each exhaust fan.

            • 3.10 Warning Lights

              • 3.10.1 For substation building, in the vicinity of air-fields, approved warning lights of sufficient numbers shall be installed. Provision of obstruction markings at the topmost point of the substation building may also be required by the relevant aviation authority.

    3.10.2

    Light sensors and timer

    switch

    shall

    be

    Provision

    shall be

    made for the choice

    of

    provided

    to

    control the

    lights.

    using

    either one option when

    necessary.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.10.3 Warning lights shall be mounted in such a way that they are easy to maintain. Detailed description on how maintenance on lighting is done and also safety of maintenance personnel shall be considered (i.e. not to fall off from the roof of the building). All details are to be submitted to SP PowerGrid for clearance.

    • 3.10.4 Warning light shall have 2 hours self-contained battery pack and at least two pairs of normally open voltage free contacts. The cables shall be at least 1.5mm sq in size and each core shall be multiple-stranded directly to Communication Room - Supervisory Control Marshalling Box.

      • 3.11 A/C Supply for HV Equipment Testing

        • 3.11.1 The following A/C supply with approved isolation shall be provided for high voltage equipment testing at approved locations direct from the main switchboard without ELCB:

    • a) 66kV switchroom

    -

    300A (TPN) and 60 Amp single-phase.

    • b) 22kV switchroom

    -

    60A (TPN)

    • c) 6.6kV switchroom

    -

    60A (DP)

    • 3.12 Submersible Pumps

      • 3.12.1 A proper drainage system by natural flow shall be designed to keep all cable basements / chambers, indoor transformer pits and other trenches dry and free of water. If this is not possible, a proper drainage system with automatic submersible pumps shall be used.

      • 3.12.2 Sufficient lighting of 500 lux (based on mean life)_for maintenance purpose shall be provided in all submersible pump locations.

      • 3.12.3 A bracket shall be provided for the hoisting of the pump for maintenance.

      • 3.12.4 Submersible pump locations in cable basements / chambers shall be located near entrance door. This is to facilitate easy access to the pump control unit.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.13 Telecom Lines

      • 3.13.1 SP PowerGrid’s internal Voiceover Internet Protocol (VoIP) telecom lines shall be provided from the following rooms to a telephone distribution box located in the Communication Room:

        • a) 66kV Switchroom

        • b) Relay Room

        • c) Communication Room

        • d) Each 22kV Switchroom

        • e) 6.6kV Switchroom

        • f) Remote Fire Alarm Indication Panel (at 1st storey)

        • g) Tariff Meter Room, if any

        • h) Other locations as and when directed by SP PowerGrid

  • 3.13.2 SingTel telecom lines shall be provided from the following rooms to a marshalling box located at 1st storey.

    • a) Each 22kV Switchroom (dedicated for SCADA section for its remote metering)

    • b) Remote Fire Alarm Indication Panel (at 1st storey)

    • c) SPPG Pool Metering Box (inside each 22kV switchroom) and / or Tariff Meter Room

    • d) Other location as and when directed by SP PowerGrid

  • 66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.13.3 All outgoing telecom lines for SingTel and SP PowerGrid’s internal VoIP shall be provided with proper terminal blocks at approved locations.

    • 3.13.4 Floor openings of 25mm diameter shall be provided at the above mentioned rooms for telecom lines.

    • 3.13.5 For substation with guarded installation of guardhouse provision, 12 cores of single mode of optical fiber cable (OFC) and 10 pairs of pilot cable to be provided with proper termination to communication room. These cablings form part of the communication infrastructure for ISOSS PC, hotline, fax machine which are housed inside the guardhouse.

      • 3.14 Passenger / Firemen's Lift

        • 3.14.1 If a Firemen's lift is required by Fire Safety & Shelter Department, then further discussion is required between Developer / Consultant and SP PowerGrid.

        • 3.14.2 The Passenger lift shall be provided for all new substations.

        • 3.14.3 The Passenger / Firemen's lift shall fully comply with Authorities' latest requirement. Capacity of 600kg / 9 persons at 1.0m/sec speed is recommended. Clear visible signage listing emergency breakdown telephone number and other details is to be installed at eye-level inside the lift car. The details of the signage shall be "IN CASE OF LIFT BREAKDOWN, PLEASE CONTACT (HOTLINE NO.) 1800-7788888" and have to be cleared with SP PowerGrid.

        • 3.14.4 The Passenger / Firemen's lift shall have slave intercom stations at the lift car and Lift Motor Room. Also in addition, one approved telephone set in lift car is required for connection to SP PowerGrid's PAX network. Cabling between Lift Motor Room to SP PowerGrid's Communication Room shall include spare cores. The telephone box installed shall be flushed with the lift wall.

        • 3.14.5 The floor area of the lift shall not be less than 1.5 sq metres.

        • 3.14.6 To provide fire-man switch, ARD (Auto-rescue device) and EBOPS (Emergency Battery Operated Power Supply).

    3.14.7

    To

    wire

    up

    the

    back-up

    generator (if any) to the lift.

    emergency supply

    of

    the standby substation

    • 3.14.8 To carry out load test of lift before handing over.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.14.9 To provide Building and Construction Authority (BCA) lift certificate.

      • 3.14.10 Lighting and ventilation fan of lift must be fully operational

      • 3.14.11 To provide approved single-line diagrams.

      • 3.14.12 Available and easy access to lift motor room.

      • 3.14.13 All control panels and electrical devices / wirings in the lift motor room must be labelled.

      • 3.14.14 To provide reset switches when lift is homed to ground.

      • 3.14.15 24hrs emergency breakdown landing floor.

    contact

    no.

    to

    be

    provided on the ground

    • 3.14.16 The design of the lift and lift lobby as well as the maintenance shall comply with the latest SS 550 and other statutory requirement.

    • 3.14.17 Adequate lighting and ventilation shall be provided at the lift motor room, if applicable.

    • 3.14.18 As far as possible, do not install any main fire fighting piping within or at the vicinity of lift or lobby.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.15 Defects Liability (For M&E Equipment Installed)

      • 3.15.1 The Developer / Consultant shall ensure that a reasonable period of defects liability is included in all M&E contracts. A minimum period of 24 months (from date of taking-over by SP PowerGrid) is required. (For fluorescent tubes and bulbs only, a defect liability period of 18 months is acceptable).

      • 3.15.2 All M&E equipment installed e.g. fire alarm system, air-conditioned system and others shall include monthly maintenance and servicing for at least 2 years including 2 years warranty period must be provided.

      • 3.15.3 The Developer / Consultant shall arrange to make provision to obtain realistic quotations for extended service agreement with the vendor for regular servicing and maintenance of 10 years after the expiry of the above warranty period. Schedule of recommended spares and unit rates are also to be provided to facilitate purchase of spares towards the end of the 10 years liability period. The service agreement to be signed between SP PowerAssets and vendor on the expiry of the normal warranty period. SP PowerGrid will exercise this option at its own discretion before the end of the warranty period. This option shall be quoted for the following M&E equipment installed:

        • a) Passenger / Firemen’s Lift

        • b) Fire Alarm System

        • c) Building Security System

    The rates shall be firm up to the end of the liability period.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.16 Air-Conditioners (AC) and Mechanical Ventilation Fans (MV fans)

      • 3.16.1 The following rooms shall be air-conditioned with duplicated units for switching over and each unit with 100% capacity:

        • a) 66kV Relay Rooms

        • b) Communication Room

        • c) Battery Charger Room

  • 3.16.2 Individual controls shall be provided for each room.

  • 3.16.3 The air conditioning, air compressor equipment must be located at a suitable place that is easily accessible through the substation building only.

  • 3.16.4 The air-conditioner shall be air-cool type. entertained.

  • No water cooling tower shall be

    • 3.16.5 For package air conditioner:

      • a) The provision of alarm activation (be it tripping or failure to cool) on failure of air-conditioner unit shall be as specified: To provide at least two pairs of normally open voltage free contacts. The cables shall be at least 1.5mm sq. in size and each core shall be multiple- stranded. The cable shall be of long length that is able to reach the furthest end of Communication Room - Supervisory Control Marshalling Box.

      • b) If any essential / main parts such as compressor blower, etc failed as well as in the event the duty air-conditioner system failed to operate, send the alarm signal to Communication Room - Supervisory Control Marshalling Box.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.16.6 For split-air conditioner:

      • a) The provision of alarm activation (be it tripping or failure to cool) on failure of air-conditioner unit shall be as specified: To provide at least two pairs of normally open voltage free contacts. The cables shall be at least 1.5mm sq. in side and each core shall be multiple- stranded from air-conditioner high temperature room sensor in the Relay Room directly to Communication Room - Supervisory Control Marshalling Box.

      • b) To provide air-conditioner High Temperature Room Sensor to be installed on the wall at 2 metre high in the middle of Relay Room.

      • c) To label the air-conditioner High Temperature Room Sensor with "High Temperature Sensor, DO NOT ADJUST".

  • 3.16.7 When air-conditioner tripped or failed, indication light of this status must be provided.

  • 3.16.8 In the event of any compressor or blower failed, the duty air-conditioner shall auto-switch over to standby set. The standby set shall operate continuously.

  • 3.16.9 To provide tray pans below each fan coil unit.

    • 3.16.10 Ensure no sweating with proper thermal insulation of the pipes.

    • 3.16.11 To provide sight glass for inspection on each condenser unit.

    • 3.16.12 To provide concrete slab and earthing for the condenser units on the roof.

    • 3.16.13 To provide water supply with proper drain out system on the roof away from the locations of switchroom / relay room subject to SP PowerGrid's approval for washing the condenser units.

    • 3.16.14 Source of incoming supply to be indicated in the air-conditioner main control panel.

    • 3.16.15 To label all fan coil units and condenser units.

    • 3.16.16 To provide paper strips to be pasted onto the fan coil blower.

    • 3.16.17 To label properly the air-conditioner control panels.

  • 66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.16.18 All air-condition outlets to be located away from the equipment in the relay / control rooms, communication room.

    • 3.16.19 The following requirements for air-conditioned mechanical ventilation system are to be incorporated:

      • a) Sensor to monitor provided.

    air-flow in the air-conditioner main duct

    is

    to

    be

    • b) 7-day timer in the control panel of the air-cooled package system to be provided.

    • c) Air-cooled package system's local control panel shall not be sited directly in the return air stream, thereby preventing condensation from taking place on the panel's surface.

    • d) A copy of control circuit diagram is to be kept in the local control panel for the Air-cooled Package System.

    • e) Air-cooled single-split systems shall be complete with remote controller.

    • 3.16.20 Refrigerant piping housed in trunking shall not be directly above any LV cable tray/trunking or above dry box. Air conditioner’s designed cooling temperature shall be at 23°C ± 1°C.

    • 3.16.21 If Air Handling Unit (AHU) room is provided for the air conditioning system, lighting of 500 lux (based on mean life) shall be provided.

    • 3.16.22 Air-conditioner’s thermostat shall be installed as high as possible to prevent tampering.

    • 3.16.23 For centralised air-conditioners, the location of fan blower shall be clearly indicated and the installation of fan coil unit shall not be directly above any of the relay panel. Water tap shall be provided and located as near to the condenser unit (CU) as possible for cleaning of filters.

    • 3.16.24 Do not install compressor unit in the air-handling unit (AHU) room directly above any relay / control room as far as possible. If it is impossible, ensure that all openings at the AHU room above relay / control room are covered up and sealed to prevent water seepage to the floor below. In addition, the floor of the AHU room shall be waterproof and all cracks are to be sealed.

    • 3.16.25 The design and location of air-conditioners and MV fans as well as the maintenance and future replacement shall comply with the latest SS 552 and other statutory requirements.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.16.26 As far as possible, no MV fans shall be installed directly or behind any “live” equipment.

    • 3.16.27 The noise level from ACMV shall be within NEA’s latest guidelines.

    • 3.16.28 The supply for the ACMV shall not be mixed with other M&E equipment.

    • 3.16.29 Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) study should be carried out on the design of

    MV fans with consideration

    transformers, etc.

    of the heat generated

    by

    full

    load

    • 3.16.30 100% redundancy shall be provided for the air-conditioners and MV fans.

    • 3.16.31 Lighting

    of

    minimum

    lux

    level

    at

    or

    above

    or

    around

    air-conditioned

    mechanical ventilation (ACMV) shall not be less than 500 lux as recommended by CIE publication no. 29.2

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.17 Substation Security System

      • 3.17.1 Magnetic Door Contact

        • a) To provide heavy duty door magnetic contact(s) at the main door entrance of the Relay Room. The output shall be of change-over voltage free contacts rated at 48V D.C. and shall be wired and terminated to the wall mounted termination box at the Communication Room.

        • b) The termination box shall be provided and installed with screw type terminal block(s) and with sufficient ways for the termination of all the cables including spares. The size shall be approximately 300mm (W) x 200mm (H) x 160mm (D) with openings at the bottom for cable entry. Location of the box shall be confirmed at site by SP PowerGrid.

        • c) A pair of normally close voltage free contacts shall be provided in the termination box for each door contact and shall be wired from the door to the termination box for monitoring purpose. The cables shall be at least 1.5mm sq. in size and each core shall be multi-stranded. An additional spare pair of wires shall be provided in the termination box. The cable shall be laid in conduits / trunking and also to match with the building architectural design.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 3.17.2 The Developer’s / Consultant’s appointed contractor shall refer to Attachment F for more details.

      • 3.18 Others

        • 3.18.1 The Developer's / Consultant's Professional Engineers shall be responsible for the design, installation and testing of the building supply and all M&E facilities required and shall ensure that all regulations are fully complied with.

        • 3.18.2 Please note that it is the responsibility of the Developer's or Consultant's Professional Engineer-in-Charge to ensure and certify that the M&E design and as-built installation fully comply with the relevant local authorities' requirements, code of practice and standards. Tests / inspections shall be carried out to prove that such are satisfied. A copy of test report, certificate of fitness and all relevant manuals shall be handed to SP PowerGrid's Transmission Project Section before the taking over of the M&E Services by our Project Engineers.

        • 3.18.3 Please refer to Attachment B for other electrical requirements, locations of which shall be approved by SP PowerGrid during the design stage.

          • 3.19 Network Rack Housing

            • 3.19.1 The 42U height 19” cabinet shall house SP PowerGrid’s network equipment and be located near the fibre marshalling communication room.

    box

    /

    patch

    panel

    in

    the

    • 3.19.2 The cabinet shall permit the free vertical ventilation of the network equipment without compromising the IP rating required. Fans shall be installed in the cabinet to prevent overheating of the equipment. The installation shall have a high level of corrosion resistance in a warm and humid environment.

    • 3.19.3 The network equipment cabinet shall be lockable with removable hinged doors on the front and back. The inner side of the front door shall have the provision to keep a maintenance log book. 5 nos. of spare keys for each cabinet shall be provided.

    • 3.19.4 The cable entry points to the cabinet shall be of bottom entry and shall be properly secured and sealed.

    • 3.19.5 The cabinet frame, both front and back doors and other parts, which can be made accessible, shall be properly earthed.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 4. BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

      • 4.1 Ventilation and Windows

        • 4.1.1 All rooms shall be designed to provide sufficient lighting and ventilation. Rooms shall also be designed to ensure a dust-free environment as far as possible.

        • 4.1.2 Mechanical ventilation shall be provided when it is necessary.

        • 4.1.3 The ambient temperature shall not exceed 40°

        • 4.1.4 All ventilation louvres (if used) shall be designed with gaps between 20mm (min) to 25mm (max). Architect shall ensure that the louvres are adequately designed to prevent rainwater from seeping in and birds from getting into the building.

        • 4.1.5 Sun-shading provisions shall be made on the external walls of Battery room, to avoid high room ambient temperature. External walls of these rooms shall not face the setting sun.

        • 4.1.6 Minimum size for Battery Room shall be 5 metres width x 6 metres length.

        • 4.1.7 No cavity shall be created on top of Battery Room to trap gaseous products evolved from batteries. Ceiling beams which span across the middle of the rooms shall be avoided.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 4.2 Taps, Basins and Plumbing Fixtures

      • 4.2.1 Battery room shall be provided with one Vitreous China wash-hand basin with manual tap of swan-neck type to Public Utilities Board (PUB)'s requirements each. For purpose of information, the wash basin in the Battery room is intended for maintenance staff to wash their hands/eyes in times of emergency. It is not intended for disposal of any acidic waste water and warning signboard shall be provided on the wall with words such as "WARNING: DO NOT DISCHARGE ACID WASTE INTO THE BASIN.”

      • 4.2.2 Mirror shall be provided at wash-hand basin so as to check the condition of affected eyes, if any.

      • 4.2.3 All wash-hand basins in substation shall be provided with self-closing delaying action tap of type to Public Utilities Board (PUB)'s requirements unless otherwise stated. It must be able to operate from very low water pressure and complete with attaching nut, washer, joint and connecting nut and joint for 12/14mm piping.

      • 4.2.4 All other taps, if any, shall be provided with approved constant flow regulators of 6 litres/minute to be used for 12/14mm piping.

      • 4.2.5 All plumbing fixtures in toilets, etc, shall as far as possible be surface mounted. Toilet bowl shall be of the squatting type. A tap shall be provided beside the toilet bowl.

      • 4.2.6 All flushing systems shall preferably be 'flush valve' type.

      • 4.2.7 All toilets shall be provided with jumbo toilet roll drum.

      • 4.2.8 Copper pipes or Stainless Steel pipes shall be used for water supply in substations.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 4.3 Columns, Beams and Expansion Joints

      • 4.3.1 No column is allowed in all switchrooms

      • 4.3.2 There shall be no cross beam across any floor opening in all switchrooms

      • 4.3.3 All reinforced concrete structures shall comply with Developer's / Consultant's Engineer's details.

      • 4.3.4 All stumps, if any, in cable floor/basement of all switchrooms shall be located at 1000mm (min) from any edge of switchgear floor opening.

      • 4.3.5 Any floor beams running parallel to the sides of all switchgear openings shall be set back at least 500mm away from all edges of the openings.

      • 4.3.6 No expansion joint within all floor slabs of HV and LV switchrooms is allowed. Should Developer / Consultant find it necessary, written approval from SP PowerGrid is required. Developer / Consultant must ensure that the floor slabs cannot move vertically with respect to each other.

        • 4.4 Floor Openings and Floor Slabs

          • 4.4.1 All floor openings in the switch rooms are indicative only and subject to confirmation with SP PowerGrid's successful switchgear supplier.

          • 4.4.2 Suitable Diameter 50mm wall and floor openings near to earth plate and column shall be provided at the approved locations for running of earthing conductors.

          • 4.4.3 2 nos. 50mm diameter outlets shall be provided at approved locations in the 22kV Switchroom for dehumidifier discharge. These outlets shall be connected to pipes leading to drains at the ground level.

          • 4.4.4 The 300mm width of the floor openings shall be provided to the Relay Room.

          • 4.4.5 No precast floor slabs are allowed in the following rooms:

            • a) 66kV Switchroom

            • b) Relay Room

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    • c) Communication Room, 22kV and 6.6kV Switchrooms

    • 4.4.6 The width of the switchroom floor openings (indicative only, subject to final confirmation by SP PowerGrid) shall be provided as follows:

      • a) 66kV Switchroom – 800mm (for three phase)

      • 4.5 Safety Measures

        • 4.5.1 Proper rust-proof anchor rings (not protruding above finished floor level) for fastening of worker's life-lines shall be provided at convenient locations around all lifting voids and cable ramps/voids.

        • 4.5.2 Maintenance platforms shall be provided for the servicing of lifting hoists and overhead travelling cranes. The height from the maintenance platform to the underside of crane/hoist hook shall be between 1 metre (min) and 1.2m (max). These platforms shall be accessible by staircase if possible. Otherwise, cat ladders shall be provided.

        • 4.5.3 Cat-ladders leading to platforms shall be provided with proper safety measures e.g. 'SAF-T' Climb (complete set with a notched steel safety rail, safety harness in-compliance with Singapore Standard 402: Part I: 1997 – Specification for Industrial Safety Belts and Harnesses. The railing and structure for anchorage should comply with Part 2: Permanent Anchors of the same standard and a manganese bronze sleeve that rides freely up and down the rail).

        • 4.5.4 All cat ladders provided shall be mounted at a clearance of 200mm to 300nim away from the wall to avoid boot marks on walls.

        • 4.5.5 All floor openings (temporary and permanent) in all rooms shall be properly covered. Removable aluminium chequered plates mounted on suitable frames shall be used to prevent any person from falling through uncovered openings. Developer / Consultant shall ensure loading is catered for human weight in designing the chequered plates. Designs and sizes of chequered plates shall be cleared by SP PowerGrid.

        • 4.5.6 If other types of covers are required by Fire Safety & Shelter Department (FSSD), designs and materials used shall be approved by SP PowerGrid.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 4.5.7 If bolting of temporary covers is required by Fire Safety & Shelter Department (FSSD), only the four corners shall be bolted down to the floor.

    • 4.5.8 Safety gratings and hot-dipped galvanised railings which are properly fixed and can be removed when necessary, are to be provided for all openings of cable ramps at cable floors for multi-storey substation building.

    • 4.5.9 Fire stop boards / seals with 2 hours fire rating are to be provided at all cable ramp areas, floor openings between floors as well as cable ramp openings on ceiling of the transformer bays and the fire retardant material used for the fire stop boards / seals shall comply to Fire Safety & Shelter Department's (FSSD) requirement.

      • 4.5.10 The length of the fire stop boards / seals at the cable ramp up area shall be aligned with the detachable railings in order to avoid sterilising the cable entry. Architect to submit details to our site officer-in-charge for clearance prior to construction.

      • 4.5.11 All surface drains crossing the path of staircases must be covered with hot dipped galvanised gratings which are hinged on one supporting frames.

    side

    of

    suitable

    • 4.5.12 Cable trenches if any, are to be covered by removable hot-dipped galvanised gratings, 300mm wide and able to support at least 100kg.

    • 4.5.13 Trap doors where necessary shall be flushed with the finished floor level. These trap doors shall be made of heavy-duty aluminium chequered plates sprayed with approved fire-rated material if required by Fire Safety & Shelter Department (FSSD) and mounted on suitable frames to be located in approved locations.

    • 4.5.14 Loading platforms and lifting void landings shall be provided with fixed and/or removable hot-dipped galvanised safety railings as required.

    • 4.5.15 The lifting void shall be covered by a bird-proof device at the suitable and approved landing access. Design shall be approved by SP PowerGrid.

    • 4.5.16 Safety Toe Board of aluminium plate with suitable height shall be provided to all the railings at all the lifting void and other areas where applicable by either using bracket and self-locking nut or welded type. Design shall be approved by SP PowerGrid.

    • 4.5.17 To install flash light with a beep sound from the hoisting motor of hoist crane near hoisting area at substation ground level.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 4.6 Switchroom Floor and Rendering

      • 4.6.1 Generally, all switchroom floors are constructed with a 50mm thick cement rendering including a 20mm granolithic smooth finish of cement, granite chips and sand in the ratio 1: 1: 1. All surfaces shall be hardened by an approved hardener. Generally, the cement rendering is increased in thickness to flush with SP PowerGrid's switchgear floor frames/I-beams. Such increase shall be made gradually avoiding sudden sharp drops. Floors shall only be rendered after the installation of equipment for floor frames. The arrangement/details of anchoring of switchgear floor frames/I-beam and final rendering details can only be confirmed with SP PowerGrid's successful switchgear supplier after award of contract.

      • 4.6.2 Wherever possible, there shall be one common floor level between the loading area and the entrance to the respective switchrooms for shifting of heavy equipment.

        • 4.7 Cable Trenches, Basements and Sunken Areas

          • 4.7.1 All cable trenches and substation cable basement/chamber and all sunken pits for equipment shall be dry and free of water. Waterproof sealing compound shall be used. A proper drainage system by natural flow shall be designed to achieve this. Automatic submersible pumps shall be used only if this is not possible.

          • 4.7.2 Scupper drains provided shall run close to and along the walls where the cable entry pipes are located.

          • 4.7.3 All sump pit levels shall not be deeper than 1000mm from floor level unless otherwise required by the Architect for purpose of effective drainage. For deep pit, some means of access to the pump shall be provided.

          • 4.7.4 All sump pits shall be provided with proper removable covers. A bracket shall be provided for the hoisting of the pump for maintenance.

          • 4.7.5 If a submersible pump is provided in the transformer pit, a sump of low brick walls shall be provided around the pump to segregate granite chips from the pump. The top of the sump shall be covered with hot dipped galvanised gratings.

          • 4.7.6 Substation cable basement/chamber level must be above highest recorded flood level.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 4.7.7 The entrance to substation cable basement shall be at least 150mm above ground level.

    • 4.7.8 A structural floor with loading as stated in Attachment A shall be provided even if the cable floor/chamber is located at ground level.

    • 4.7.9 For 22/6.6kV/LV cable risers, cable ladders shall be installed with P1000 unistruts.

      • 4.7.10 To prevent mosquito breeding and to avoid accumulation of water in the cable entry of cable basement, hole shall be provided to lead the water into the sump pit.

      • 4.7.11 Flange plate below the sump pump check valve may pose danger during maintenance/servicing stage, is to be reversed so as to avoid potential danger to hand and body.

      • 4.7.12 Apron drain shall be provided in cable basement to lead water into sump pit.

      • 4.7.13 Opening of sump pit shall be designed large enough for a squatting adult to remove or install sump pump.

      • 4.7.14 Lights shall be positioned above the sump pump to avoid accident due to poor lighting.

      • 4.7.15 Sump pump shall not be installed below staircase. Sump pump’s control panel shall be installed next to exit door. Adequate lighting shall be provided at the vicinity of sump pump (minimum lux level shall not be less than 500 lux as recommended by CIE publication no.29.2)

      • 4.7.16 Connecting pipe/drain shall be provided between all the sump pits, if there is more than one pump at different locations on the same floor.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 4.8 Cable Entry Pipes

      • 4.8.1 All unplasticised PVC cable entry pipes and fittings including drawstring of polypropylene rope of diameter 5mm (min) required for the substation building shall be supplied and installed by the Developer / Consultant to approved quantity and arrangement subject to site configuration.

      • 4.8.2 These cable entry pipes and fittings complying with SS141 Class B shall be encased in concrete, to have piling if necessary and be properly sealed at both ends with bentonite and plastic caps to prevent ingress of water. The external faces of the pipes joining the walls of the basement/chamber shall be adequately bonded. Any gap/void shall be completely sealed against seepage of water into the building through these areas.

      • 4.8.3 No bend or kink is allowed at the joint for long cable entry pipes.

      • 4.8.4 Normally the following sizes are required for: 66kV or 22kV cable entry pipe: 150mm internal diameter

      • 4.8.5 Cable entry pipes shall be spaced at minimum 100mm apart and 150mm above the floor level.

      • 4.8.6 The depth of cable pipes at the extreme end away from the substation building shall not be more than 1.5 metres but not less than 1 metre between ground level and top of pipes.

      • 4.8.7 The exact location and gradient of cable pipes shall be checked and approved by SP PowerGrid's site engineer-in-charge. He shall be notified before any laying is done.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 4.9 Bays for Transformer, NGR & Shunt Reactor

      • 4.9.1 The pits for transformers, NGRs, shunt reactors etc. shall have a nominal depth of one metre, if the Developer / Consultant encounters site constraints and cannot achieve the above-mentioned requirement, the matter shall be referred to SP PowerGrid for further consideration.

      • 4.9.2 Wash-down granite chips for all pits of transformer, NGR, shunt reactor etc. shall be of approved sizes (50mm to 75mm) with the exception for distribution transformer bays which will be backfilled with fine sands only. Developer / Consultant shall arrange for the delivery of granite chips and fine sands after SP PowerGrid has installed all cables in transformer pits (Date of delivery and filling of granite chips and fine sands is to be made some time six months after final handover of substation).

      • 4.9.3 Anchorage hooks to take 10-tonne pulling exert shall be provided at two inner corners

    of

    66kV

    transformer

    erection/maintenance.

    bays

    for

    installation

    purpose

    of

    4.10

    Roof

    • 4.10.1 Special consideration should be given to the roof design as our extra high voltage switchgear equipment cannot tolerate roof leakage. The reinforced concrete roof design shall be 100% waterproof and provided with suitable insulation to ensure highest switchroom ambient temperature not exceeding 30° C with proper natural ventilation. The roof shall be pitched as steep as possible (minimum 3° or 1:20 fall), without affecting the aesthetics of the complete building. Additional properly rust-proofed roof using aluminium materials over the reinforced concrete waterproofed roof of the substation must be provided to ensure no roof leakage. Metal roof shall have no laps and be laid in one span with one length roofing sheet. No overlapping and joints are allowed.

    • 4.10.2 Roof shall be designed to discourage birds from resting or nesting.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 4.10.3 The Developer / Consultant, in preparing his substation building tender document is required to include the requirement of "DEED OF INDEMNITY" in which the Developer's / Consultant's main building contractor and the main building contractor's supplier for the roofing have agreed to jointly and severally indemnify the Developer / Consultant against any defects in the design, workmanship, quality of materials, watertightness or deterioration in the works to be applied to the substation building. The Developer is required to extend a copy of this "DEED OF INDEMNITY" to SP PowerGrid for purpose of information and record. The Indemnity shall be valid for a period of ten (10) years from the date of practical completion of the substation building.

    • 4.10.4 No roof gutter is allowed at the roof.

    The design of the roof must take into

    consideration

    to

    rainwater.

    ensure

    no

    retention

    and

    proper

    natural

    discharge

    of

    4.10.5

    Proper human access to roof staircases.

    must

    be possible from

    one

    of the internal

    • 4.10.6 When designing the roof and roof structures, proper provisions on top of substation roof must be made for installing gondolas or other hanging device for purpose of cleaning / painting / maintaining the substation building exterior.

    • 4.10.7 Should human access to roof through internal staircase is not possible, then access door above cat ladder shall be of sliding type, (not swinging mechanism type) with a stainless steel weather proofed water tightness feature. Safety guardrail shall be installed if roof access is of close proximity to the edge of the roof for safety reason.

    • 4.10.8 To provide an opening of size 50mm diameter at roof top near staircase area for GPS coaxial cables and to ensure no leakage of rain water into the building.

    • 4.10.9 Reinforced Concrete (RC) flat roof free flow drainage system gap shall be 100mm to allow efficient discharge of rain water as well as to enhance safety for maintenance personnel who access the roof.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 4.11 False Ceilings

      • 4.11.1 The following air-conditioned rooms shall be provided with false ceilings:

        • a) 66kV Relay Room

      • 4.11.2 False ceilings shall be of decorative rigid panel made with resin bonded exfoliated vermiculite or equivalent.

      • 4.11.3 False ceiling panels shall be 600mm x 600mm panels.

        • 4.12 Main Gate and/or Secondary Gate if Available with Barrier System and Fence

          • 4.12.1 The following typical system is for reference and information only. The Developer / Consultant shall engage a security consultant who is cleared by internal Security Department to carry out recommendation as well as security work.

          • 4.12.2 Main gate and/or secondary gate if available (with manual heavy duty vehicle barrier (drop arm type system))

            • a) Swing gate is to be provided and a complete Manual Heavy Duty Vehicle Barrier System (of minimal K4 rating) that is able to withstand a 2.5-ton vehicle travelling at a speed of 80km/hour is to be incorporated. Swing gate shall be designed to open inwards towards the substation building. Swing gates shall be made of aluminium alloy, durable, light-weight and maintenance-free material. They shall be suitably designed and properly installed to avoid misalignment, sagging and difficulties in locking. Design shall be approved by SP PowerGrid.

            • b) A wicket (side gate) shall be provided at main gate of 66kV substations

            • c) Latch provided on the outer side of gate shall also be easily accessible from inner side of gate to facilitate locking/unlocking from inside.

            • d) The gate shall be constructed in the manner that it will not be easily toppled under normal impact.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    • e) The Developer / Consultant shall be responsible for the design, supply, installation, testing and commissioning of the swing gate and manual heavy duty vehicle barrier system.

    • f) The Developer / Consultant is to submit test report of compliance to the above system to SP PowerGrid for clearance.

    • g) All drawings on the design of the above system shall be endorsed by a Professional Engineer and submitted to SP PowerGrid for reference.

    • h) Latch provided on the outer side of gate shall also be easily accessible from inner side of gate to facilitate locking / unlocking from inside.

    • 4.12.3 Manual Heavy Duty Vehicle Barrier System (Drop Arm Type) The Developer / Consultant shall be responsible for the design, supply, installation, commissioning and inclusive of all related works for the complete set of Manual Heavy Duty Vehicle Barrier (Drop Arm Type) to protect the driveway of maximum 7000mm wide. The barrier shall be installed as indicated in the Tender Drawings. The Developer / Consultant is to provide all the necessary construction details for submission.

    4.12.3.1

    Specifications

    The construction of the concrete pit and all associated works shall be carried out by the Developer / Consultant.

    All

    necessary

    technical

    details

    and

    catalogues

    shall

    be

    submitted

    for

    evaluation.

     

    The design, structure and installation of the proposed manual heavy duty vehicle barrier shall be endorsed by a local Civil & Structural and Mechanical Professional Engineer prior to installation.

    The Developer / Consultant shall provide site installation inspection reports endorsed by the Professional Engineer.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    4.12.3.2

    Requirements

    The manual heavy duty vehicle barrier shall withstand a direct 90 degrees impact force of a 2.5-ton vehicle travelling at a speed of 80km/hour without damaging the operation of the barrier (minimally K4 rating).

    The Developer / Consultant shall include all necessary works required to construct the manual heavy duty vehicle barrier at the site to withstand the specified impact force.

    The manual heavy duty vehicle barrier shall be a good grade assembly containing a hinged rigid steel wire rope crash beam, counter weights and securable by padlock provision and unit bollards.

    The beam assembly of the manual heavy duty vehicle shall absorb the force of an intruding vehicle and then transmit to the foundation bollards of the barrier.

    The manual heavy duty vehicle barrier shall be properly counterbalanced for being raised or lowered by one person with minimum manual effort.

    The manual heavy duty vehicle barrier shall be able to provide enough height clearance for heavy vehicles (e.g. fire engines, refuse collection vehicles etc) to pass through the driveway.

    The frame and structure of the manual heavy duty vehicle barrier shall be adequately treated with suitable coating to ensure maximum protection against environmental corrosion.

    The manual heavy duty vehicle barrier shall be provided with two colours of weatherproof reflective paint/stickers. The colour of the weatherproof paint/stickers shall be subjected to SP PowerGrid’s approval.

    The height of the manual heavy duty vehicle barrier shall be 860mm as measured from the roadway surface to the centre line of the horizontal barrier. The height of the barrier shall be capable to be varied to suit the security threat analysis subjected to SP PowerGrid’s final approval.

    The manual heavy duty vehicle barrier shall be securable by means of locks when it is in the down position.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 4.12.4 Fence

      • a) Welded mesh perimeter fencing shall be of corrosion free material. The base of the fencing shall be embedded into the concrete kerb. Concrete strip (apron) of 400mm wide (min) shall be provided on the side of the concrete kerb inside the substation compound if the adjacent ground is turfed. Please refer to Attachment F for fence details.

      • b) All the bolts and nuts used to secure the welded mesh perimeter fencing to angle posts must be welded together.

      • c) The architect may consider using other durable, rust-proof and maintenance-free fence to enhance aesthetics and harmonise with surrounding development. Design shall be approved by SP PowerGrid.

    • 4.13 Driveway

      • 4.13.1 All driveways shall be properly surfaced with premix and accessible to heavy vehicles before the handover of substation. 150mm high concrete kerbs shall be provided along sides of driveways if adjacent grounds are turfed.

        • 4.14 Drains

          • 4.14.1 Proper drainage around the substation shall be provided. Hinged hot-dipped galvanised gratings shall be used to cover all drains.

          • 4.14.2 All drains, sewers, or any other pipes for building services shall not obstruct cable laying work. No sewer or Telecom manhole shall be installed on the cable reserves without SP PowerGrid's approval.

            • 4.15 External Compound

              • 4.15.1 Cable access/outlets are preferred to be provided on all sides of substation. Cable reserves of 4 metres (min) are to be designated at approved locations. No tree or any other obstacles or road furniture e.g. lamp poles, hydrant etc. shall be located on these reserves.

              • 4.15.2 Turfing and tree planting shall be incorporated in total design subject to SP PowerGrid's approval. Cow grass shall be used for turfing.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 4.15.3 The substation compound shall be provided with reasonable amount of greenery, e.g. suitable types of trees in appropriate locations to blend with the total design of substation building and surrounding to SP PowerGrid's approval.

      • 4.16 Wall / Floor Tiling

        • 4.16.1 No mosaic tiles shall be used in the substation building

        • 4.16.2 Heavy duty non-slip homogeneous ceramic floor tiles shall be used in 66kV Relay room.

        • 4.16.3 Main stairways are recommended to be suitably tiled.

        • 4.16.4 Toilet shall be suitably wall and floor tiled. non-slip type.

    Floor tiles shall be of heavy duty

    • 4.16.5 Acid resistant floor tiles shall be provided to all Battery Rooms.

    • 4.16.6 Tiles shall not be used for external wall finishes.

    • 4.16.7 Skirting tiles shall only be installed at areas where floors are tiled.

    • 4.16.8 The Developer's / Consultant's Architect shall ensure that a reasonable quantity of spares for all types of tiles used in the substation building are handed over to SP PowerGrid's site Engineer-in-Charge for purpose of future maintenance after the 2 years' defects liability period. A quantity of say 3% to 5% of the total quantity used or about 200 pieces for each type (whichever is lesser) shall be taken as spares.

      • 4.17 Door for Equipment Access

        • 4.17.1 Heavy-duty aluminium roller shutters or sliding and folding doors shall be used to close up large wall openings at approved location in the substation building as directed by SP PowerGrid.

        • 4.17.2 All external doors of the substation building shall be metal doors (fire rated) for durability and ease of maintenance.

        • 4.17.3 Please refer to Attachment C for more details of doors and locking system.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 4.18 Signage & Locations Plans

      • 4.18.1 A feature wall near main gate entrance bearing the name of the substation shall be installed at an approved location. Other design details (e.g. height of wall, gate, fence, etc) shall be subject to the approval of SP PowerGrid and the relevant local authorities.

      • 4.18.2 SP PowerGrid substation internal name plates of approved material, size, color, design with functional identities for substation shall be provided and to be mounted at lift lobby / main staircase, Relay Room entrance and other suitable locations of the substation. The locations for mounting the internal name plates are to be finalized with SP PowerGrid site engineer-in-charge (refer to Attachment F).

      • 4.18.3 "Caution-Steep Drop in Cable Ramp/Opening" name plates are to be fixed in front of doors leading to cable floor, cable chambers, etc.

    • 4.18.4 cross-beam"

    "Low

    warning

    name

    plates

    shall

    be

    installed

    in

    cable

    floor/chambers.

    • 4.18.5 “Wear helmet” warning transmission switchrooms.

    signs shall

    be

    installed

    at

    "hard hat"

    area and

    • 4.18.6 All rooms shall be properly labelled with their respective names.

    • 4.18.7 Name plates showing the respective designed static and dynamic load / floor loadings shall be provided in all switchrooms, various equipment rooms and plinths.

    • 4.18.8 Name plates showing directions to various switchrooms, LV room and relay room shall be fixed prominently at approved locations (e.g. at 1st storey staircase entrance, etc).

    • 4.18.9 Sign-boards with outline key plans showing various rooms at different levels of the building shall be prominently fixed at approved locations.

      • 4.18.10 Room identification and location signs are recommended to be made of 3mm thick dark bronze aluminium plate of minimum 20 microns and anodizing etched with graphics and coated with approved UV resistant enamel paint of approved colour or alternative proposal letterings in silkscreen using acrylic and powder coated aluminium and fixed with approved self tapping stainless steel screws and all other fixing accessories.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 4.18.11 Self-Luminous Exit Sign

      • a) The exit sign shall bear the legend ‘EXIT’ together with directional arrows where required.

    It shall

    be

    of

    15 years

    average rated lamp life with

    licensed under the latest Radiation Protection Act of National

    Environmental Agency (NEA)

    • b) The sign shall comply with the latest BS 5499 Part 2 and SS 364, and tested by Singapore Productivity and Standard Board or any recognised Authority.

    • c) The exit sign shall be approved by Fire Safety and Shelter Department (FSSD). The installation shall comply with the latest Fire Code of Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF)

    • d) Developer / Consultant shall provide certified true copy of the relevant test report, approved letter and Health Sciences Authority’s (HSA) / NEA’s licence for the self luminous exit sign and submit to SP PowerGrid’s site engineer-in-charge prior to installation.

    • e) Materials of self luminous exit sign shall have 10 years’ warranty.

    • f) All exit lights, other than the wall mounted type, must be double-sided so that it can be seen from both directions.

    • 4.18.12 To provide a signage “Do

    Not

    Lean

    on

    detachable railing at all lifting void areas.

    the Railing”

    to display

    on

    the

    • 4.18.13 A suitable ‘NO SMOKING’ sign is to be rigidly mounted on the substation main gate and with the wordings ‘NO SMOKING WITHIN THE COMPOUND’.

    • 4.18.14 Fire doors are to fix with signage “PLEASE KEEP THIS DOOR CLOSED AT ALL TIMES” for safety purposes.

    • 4.18.15 To comply with Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF) on no unprotected opening requirement for exit staircase of buildings.

    • 4.18.16 To comply with building.

    SCDF on

    the provision of

    EXIT

    and directional signs in

    • 4.18.17 To comply with SCDF on the provision of adequate common areas for meeting Fire Safety Requirements.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    • 4.19 Defects Liability (For Substation Building Inclusive of All Structural Works)

      • 4.19.1 The Developer / Consultant shall ensure that a reasonable period of defects liability is included in all substation building contracts. A minimum of 24 months (from date of taking-over by SP PowerGrid) is required.

        • 4.20 Paint

          • 4.20.1 All internal walls of the substation building including staircases which are not tiled shall be final-coated with an approved oil-based paint of a darker (grey) colour up to a height of 1.5 metres.

          • 4.20.2 For external walls, the final coat of approved paint and colour shall blend with neighbouring developments.

          • 4.20.3 The final coat of approved paint to the entire building (interior and exterior) up to a height of 3 metres shall only be applied just after SP PowerGrid's main equipment is installed.

          • 4.20.4 Low cross beams facing the entrance doors of cable floor/chamber/basement shall be painted with luminous paint.

          • 4.20.5 The Developer / Consultant in preparing his substation building tender document is required to include the requirement of "DEED OF INDEMNITY" in which the main building contractor and the main building contractor's supplier for the painting work have agreed to jointly and severally indemnify the Developer / Consultant against any defects in the workmanship, quality of materials, water-tightness or deterioration in the works to be applied to the substation building. These defects shall include peeling, bubbling, cracking, disintegration of materials, patchy discolouration, flaky or powdery surfaces, uneven loss in gloss or brightness or lustre save for uniform colour fade. The Developer / Consultant is required to extend a copy of this "DEED OR INDEMNITY" to SP PowerGrid for purpose of information and record. The indemnity shall be valid for a period of five (5) years from the date of practical completion of the substation building.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    BUILDING, CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS

    4.21

    Others

    • 4.21.1 All woodwork, if any, must be anti-termite treated.

    • 4.21.2 Wherever possible, details of substation building shall be designed to discourage birds from entering, resting or nesting in / on any part of the buildings. For example, ledges shall be sprayed at 45° (min). If the provision of ledges at prominent locations is not feasible, spike system shall be introduced at these locations. Lifting void shall be covered with bird-proof devices, etc. These details shall be approved by SP PowerGrid.

    • 4.21.3 To provide a test equipment room of the size 4m wide x 7m long x 2m high wall for the 66kV switchroom. These rooms must also be accessed by the respective switch room travelling crane (i.e. no ceiling).

    • 4.21.4 Where cable floor servicing 22kV network exceeds 3-metre height (floor to floor), working platform requirements shall be incorporated. The detailed design of the working platform is subject to approval of SP PowerGrid.

    • 4.21.5 All iron and steel members shall be hot-dipped, galvanised and maintenance free (e.g. staircase, etc.).

    • 4.21.6 Tariff Metering Room shall be provided with a floor opening of size 100mm diameter and to be located at the inner corner of the room for Tariff Metering Panel.

    • 4.21.7 To install luminescent warning strips to mark changes in floor levels and at the top and bottom of each flight of staircase landings.

    • 4.21.8 Concrete for building and civil engineering structures shall come from Ready- Mixed Concrete (RMC) plants that are certified under Singapore Accreditation Council (SAC)’s certification scheme.

    • 4.21.9 For guarded installation with guardhouse, shelter for security checking of vehicles of height 4.5 metres mimimum to be provided. Detailed design shall be submitted to SP Powergrid for clearance. In addition, clocking points for guards’ tour are to be provided.

      • 4.21.10 All external doors expose to weather shall have recess feature as a provision of natural canopy to the external doors as to prevent rain water seepage.

      • 4.21.11 Staircase shall have tread depth not less than 280mm.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    SITE SUPERVISION

    • 5. SITE SUPERVISION

      • 5.1 General Requirements

        • 5.1.1 The Developer's / Consultant's Architect and his Professional Engineers are fully responsible for the supervision of construction of the substation building.

        • 5.1.2 The Developer's / Consultant's Architect and his Professional Engineers shall comply fully with all requirements of the local Authorities including The Building Control Act, The Building Control Regulations and the like.

        • 5.1.3 The Developer's / Consultant's Architect shall arrange for the minimum recommended site staff, on full-time basis, to implement and supervise all aspects of site work of the substation building

        • 5.1.4 Resident Engineer (RE): A qualified engineer and registered with the Professional Engineers Board of Singapore. (If required by The Building and Construction Authority). The Resident Engineer shall be a Civil / Structural Engineer with relevant site supervision of building construction experience.

        • 5.1.5 Clerk-of-Works (Civil): A competent Clerk-of-Works (Civil) to assist the Resident Engineer on site.

        • 5.1.6 Clerk-of-Works (Electrical or M&E): A competent Clerk-of-Works (M&E) or (Electrical) to assist the Resident Engineer on site when M&E installation works commence on site.

        • 5.1.7 SP PowerGrid reserves the right to amend any minor details (due to site conditions) as and when required by our Site Project Engineer-in-Charge.

        • 5.1.8 SP PowerGrid's site Engineer-in-charge shall be notified prior to the commencement of installation of earthing grid and cable entry pipes.

        • 5.1.9 The Developer's / Consultant's Resident Engineer shall ensure that all floor openings or hole openings on each floor including the switch room floors are finalised with SP PowerGrid's Site Engineer-in-Charge immedjately prior to giving instruction to building contractor to commence making form-work for the respective floors. (Regular site meeting between Developer's Architect, the building contractor and SP PowerGrid's Site Engineer-in-Charge is recommended to confirm all site matters arising).

    66KV SUBSTATION

    SITE SUPERVISION

    • 5.1.10 The Developer's / Consultant's building contractor shall allow a period of about four weeks in the building programme for SP PowerGrid's switchgear contractor to install the switchgear floor frames / l-beam prior to final floor rendering of all switchrooms. Such programme shall be agreed upon between Developer's building contractor and SP PowerGrid's switchgear contractor.

    • 5.1.11 The SP PowerGrid's site Engineer-in-Charge shall be notified at least four weeks prior to final floor rendering of all switchrooms. Floor rendering shall only be proceeded upon confirmation with SP PowerGrid's Site Engineer-in-Charge.

    • 5.1.12 Application for permanent water and electricity supplies for the substation building shall be made by the Developer's / Consultant's Professional Engineers on behalf of SP PowerGrid as agent for the owner (SP PowerAssets). Approved type of water meter shall be installed at the main intake water supply point in accordance with PUB's requirements.

    • 5.1.13 Application of other services on behalf of SP PowerGrid (as the owner) if so directed by SP PowerGrid or are required under the Authorities' instruction (e.g. dedicated line for remote monitoring of fire-alarms, etc).

    • 5.1.14 The installation and fitting shall be tested and certified fit by Developer's / Consultant's Electrical Worker who shall have a valid EMA's licence as Electrical Worker (Engineer's Grade) and also is a registered Professional Engineer with the PE Board, Singapore. A copy of the Certificate of Fitness for Turn-on shall be submitted to the SP PowerGrid Site Engineer-in-charge before the turn-on of LV supply.

    • 5.1.15 All other mechanical and electrical installations within substation building such as overhead cranes, lifting hoist, fire-fighting and lightning protection systems; earthing grid, emergency lighting and the like, are to be tested on site by authorised officers and certified by Developer's / Consultant's Licensed Electrical Worker (Engineer's Grade).

    66KV SUBSTATION

    HANDOVER OF SUBSTATION BUILDING

    • 6. HANDOVER OF SUBSTATION BUILDING

      • 6.1 Handover of Substation Building Procedures

        • 6.1.1 Before handing over of the substation, the Developer's / Consultant's Licensed Electrical Worker (Engineer's grade) should certify that all works carried out are according to approved drawings, relevant standards and local authorities requirements.

        • 6.1.2 The required numbers of door keys and padlocks are as detailed in the approved latching arrangement. All the substation building door keys shall have approved engraved labels and all the keys kept in an approved wall- mounted key cabinet provided by the Developers / Consultant (See Attachment C).

        • 6.1.3 The required quantity of spare wall and / or floor tiles for purpose of future maintenance by SP PowerGrid after the two years’ defects liability period.

        • 6.1.4 The Developer's / Consultant's Architect is responsible to arrange for all the documents of the substation building to be handed over to SP PowerGrid's Site Engineer-in-Charge.

        • 6.1.5 The drafts of the following documents are to be submitted within two (2) months before the date of handover of substation building. The approved documents are to be submitted not later than three (3) months after the date of handover of the substation building as follows:

          • a) 2 copies of operational and maintenance instruction manuals for overhead crane, lifting hoist, fire-fighting and protection system, relevant test certificates, etc.

          • b) 2 sets of paper copies and 2 complete sets of CD-R (in AutoCad Format) of 'as-built' Key Plans and Main Sections for all structural drawings and details suitable for future civil modification works.

          • c) 4 sets of paper copies, 2 complete sets of CD-R (in AutoCad Format) of various 'as-built' Architectural Floor plans, Sections and Elevations; M&E drawings and details suitable for future modification works. M&E drawings shall include schematic diagrams of internal and external wiring, fire-fighting and protection systems, emergency lighting, earthing grid, etc

    66KV SUBSTATION

    HANDOVER OF SUBSTATION BUILDING

    • d) The above mentioned drawings and CD-R shall be distributed to the following sections:

      • i. Building & Civil Works Section - 1 set of drawings

    ii. Extra High Voltage Network - 1 set of drawings and CD-R

    iii.

    Transmission Engineering Section - 1 set of drawings and CD-R

    iv.

    Facilities Management Section - 1 set of drawings

    • e) A copy of test report and the Certificate of Fitness for Turn-On shall be submitted to the SP PowerGrid’s Site Engineer-in-charge before making arrangement with the Section for turn-on of supply.

    • f) A copy of "Deed of Indemnity" for the roof.

    • g) A copy of "Deed of Indemnity" for painting work.

    • h) Certificate of Warranty for Metallic duplicate copies)

    Hardener (1 set of original and

    • i) Certificate of Warranty for Sprayed Plaster / Polymer Plastic Textured Coating System (1 set of original and duplicate copies)

    • j) Certificate of Warranty for Steel Sheet duplicate copies)

    Roofing

    (1

    set

    of original

    and

    • k) Certificate of Warranty for Waterproof Patent Roofing System (1 set of original and duplicate copies)

    • l) Certificate of Warranty for Curtain Wall System / Aluminium Windows and Louvres (1 set of original and duplicate copies)

    • m) Copies of Certificate of Supervision, Builder's Certificate of Completion and the like Supervision / Completion Certificates as submitted to the relevant authorities.

    • n) The Temporary Occupation Permit (TOP) and the Certificate of Statutory Completion (CSC) from the Building and Construction Authority.

    • o) List of certificates and miscellaneous items to be handed over from the Developer / Consultant to SP PowerGrid on the substation building projects are to be distributed in accordance to the Distribution List.

    • 6.1.6 Please refer to next page for the Distribution List.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    HANDOVER OF SUBSTATION BUILDING

    DISTRIBUTION LIST

    S / No.

    Items

    To be kept by respective sections of SP PowerGrid

    1.

    Building certificate of completion of building works

    *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM

    2.

    Water proofing guarantee (Cable basement and structure foundation)

    *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM

    3.

    Paint work guarantee

    *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM

    4.

    Profited steel cladding guarantee

    *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM

    5.

    Aluminium works guarantee

    *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM

    6.

    Roller shutter warranty

    *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM

    7.

    Soil test report

    *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM

    8.

    Earth grid test report

    *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM

    9.

    PE endorsement on crane & hoist

    FM

    10.

    Fire escape plan chart & fire extinguisher location plan

    FM

    11.

    Fire alarm telephone line decam service report

    FM

    12.

    Certificate of supervision of lightning protection system

    *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM

    13.

    Certificate of supervision for AC & MV

    *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM

    14.

    Certificate of supervision for fire safety works

    *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM

    15.

    Notice of Approval for Building Plan 01

    *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM

    16.

    Notice of Approval for Building Plan 02

    *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM

    17.

    Notice of Approval for Fire Protection

    *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM

    18.

    Notice of Approval for Mechanical Ventilation

    *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM

    19.

    Maintenance & servicing schedule for electrical system and uninterrupted power supply

    *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM

    20.

    Maintenance & servicing schedule for fire alarm system including fire extinguishers

    FM

    21.

    Maintenance & servicing schedule for ACMV system

    *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM

    22.

    M&E Operation & Maintenance Manual & As-built drawings:

    • 2 sets

    Electrical & fire alarm system

    (*RNE/W/N/S/C, FM)

    23.

    M&E Operation & Maintenance Manual & As-built drawings:

    • 2 sets

    ACMV system

    (*RNE/W/N/S/C, FM)

    24.

    M&E Operation & Maintenance Manual & As-built drawings:

    • 2 sets

    Sump Pump system

    (*RNE/W/N/S/C, FM)

    25.

    M&E Operation & Maintenance Manual & As-built drawings:

    • 2 sets

    Hoist & crane

    (*RNE/W/N/S/C, FM)

    26.

    M&E Operation & Maintenance Manual & As-built drawings:

    • 2 sets

    Roller shutter

    (*RNE/W/N/S/C, FM)

    27.

    Architectural As-built drawings

    • 4 sets (*RNE/W/N/S/C, FM, BCW, TRE)

    28.

    CD-R of Architectural As-built drawings

    2 sets (TRE, *RNE/W/N/S/C, FM)

    29.

    Civil & Structural As-built drawings

    • 2 sets (TRE, FM)

    30.

    CD-R of Civil & Structural As-built drawings

    • 2 sets (TRE, FM)

    66KV SUBSTATION

    HANDOVER OF SUBSTATION BUILDING

    S / No.

    Items

    To be kept by respective sections of SP PowerGrid

    31.

    Electrical System As-built drawings

    2

    sets (TRE, FM)

    32.

    CD-R of M&E As-built drawings

    2

    sets (TRE, FM)

    33.

    TOP Certificate

     

    *RNE/W/N/S/C

    34.

    CSC Certificate

     

    *RNE/W/N/S/C

    35.

    Fire Safety Certificate

     

    FM

    *RNE/W/N/S/C – To be kept by one relevant section only

    66KV SUBSTATION

    ATTACHMENT A

    • 7. ATTACHMENT A – USEFUL DATA AND INFORMATION RELATING TO SUBSTATION BUILDING All figures given serve only as a guide for the purpose of preliminary information for design. Final adjustments must be made by Developer's / Consultant's Architect and Professional Engineer when details of equipment are confirmed by SP PowerGrid. Our requirements and comments are in no way complete and cannot possibly include all the conditions/requirements as and when imposed by all other relevant Authorities. Developer / Consultant shall indicate on the submitted drawings the design load of various room & equipment plinths.

      • 7.1 Typical Weights of Equipment

    66kV, 75MVA transformer

    150 tonnes

    66kV, 31.25MVA transformer

    150 tonnes

    66kV radiators

    50 tonnes

    22/6.6kV, 10MVA transformer

    30 tonnes

    22kV/LV or 6.6kV/LV, 1MVA transformer

    6 tonnes

    Neutral earthing resistor (NGR) (for 66/22kV T/F)

    5 tonnes

    66KV SUBSTATION

    ATTACHMENT A

    • 7.2 Floor Loading for Switchrooms Please note that the loadings

    as

    listed

    below are

    for

    static loads only.

    Developer / Consultant shall take into consideration the dynamic loads of the respective switchgears from the switchgear suppliers (subject to confirmation).

    66kV switchroom

    20 kN/m 2

    22kV switchroom

    16 kN/m 2

    6.6kV switchroom

    16 kN/m 2

    Relay, communication, battery & battery charger rooms, etc

    10 kN/m 2

    Cable basement / chamber/floor

    10 kN/m 2

    • 7.3 Floor Heights

      • a) Minimum clearance from finished floor level to underside of reinforced concrete beam

    66kV switchroom

    8 metres

    22kV switchroom

    3.5 metres

    6.6kV switchroom and LV room

    3.5 metres

    Relay, Communication rooms (to underside of false ceiling - 3.2 metres)

    4.0 metres

    Battery and Battery Charger rooms

    3.5 metres

    Cable floor below 66kV, 22kV and 6.6kV switchroom

    1.8 metres

    • b) Minimum clearance from finished floor level to underside of ceiling

    66kV, 22kV and 6.6kV cable floor

    2.5 metres

    66KV SUBSTATION

    ATTACHMENT A

    • c) Clearance from top level of transformer plinth to underside of ceiling if the reinforced concrete beam is not more than 1000mm deep

    66/22kV T/F bay

    9 metres

    22/6.6kV T/F bay

    6 metres

    22kV/LV & 6.6kV/LV T/F bay

    4.5 metres

    NGR bay for 66/22kV T/F (6.5 ohms)

    4.5 metres

    • d) Clearance from finished floor level to underside of hook of:

    i

    Overhead travelling crane for:

    66kV switchgear

    6 metres

    ii

    Lifting hoist for:

    66kV switchgear

    6 metres

    22kV & 6.6kV switchgear

    3.5 metres

    66kV

    Relay

    3.0 metres

    equipment (applicable if the location of the rooms are not at the common

     

    switch room floor level) 1.0/1.5MVA transformer (applicable

    4 metres

    transformer is not level)

    if

    at

    1st

    storey

    • e) Clearance height from maintenance platform to the underside of:

      • i crane or hoist hook

    1m (min) to 1.2m (max)

    66KV SUBSTATION

    ATTACHMENT A

    • 7.4 Doors or Equipment Access

      • a) Main access gate for:

        • i. 66kV equipment

    Width

    6m

    • b) Access road at main gate to be determined taking into consideration the required turning radius of heavy equipment trailer / truck through the main gate.

    • c) Width of access road for erection and maintenance:

      • i. 66/22kV transformer

    ii.

    22/6.6kV transformer

    iii.

    6.6kV/LV transformer

    Width

    8m

    6m

    4m

    (for

    straight

    access

    way

    without

    bends)

    • d) Height Clearance for entrance into the internal driveway towards transformer, switchgear or heavy equipment bays for:

      • i. 66kV transformer

    ii.

    66kV switchgear

    • e) Roller Shutters for:

      • i. 66kV switchroom

    Height

    6m (min)

    6m (min)

    Height

    5m

    Width

    5m

    66KV SUBSTATION

    ATTACHMENT A

    • f) Doors for:

     

    Height (clear)

    Width (clear)

    i.

    22kV switchroom

     

    3m

    2m

    ii.

    6.6kV switchroom

    3m

    2m

    iii.

    LV room, building services main switchroom

    3m

    2m

    iv.

    Air

    compressor

    room,

    3m

    2 m

    communication room

     

    v.

    RTU room

    2.1m

    1.2m

    vi.

    Battery and charger rooms

     

    2.1m

    1.2m

    vii.

    Staircase / Escape

    2.1m

    1m

    viii.

    66kV Relay Room

    3m

    2m

    • 7.5 Oil Interceptor (only if required by ENV) Capacity of oil interceptor

    • 7.6 Lifting Voids

    -

    2500 litres

    Minimum clearance size for the lifting voids shall be as follows:

    i.

    66kV switchgear

    4m x 6m

    ii.

    22kV and 6.6kV switchgear

    4m x 3m

    iii.

    Bird proof covers shall be provided over the lifting void at the 2nd storey level. Walkways around the lifting void shall be provided for human access and maintenance purposes.

    iv.

    Provision of kerb footing around lifting voids railing is not necessary.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    ATTACHMENT A

    • 7.7 Height of Blast Walls Heights of blast walls provided to separate the following shall be:

    Outdoor Transformer

    Indoor Transformer

    i.

    66/22kV transformer

    5m

    Full height

    ii.

    22/6.6kV

    3m

    Full height

    transformer

    iii.

    6.6kV/LV

    or

    3m

    Full height

    22kV/LV

    transformers

    66KV SUBSTATION

    ATTACHMENT B

    • 8. ATTACHMENT B – GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS OF SUBSTATION BUILDING Preliminary information for purpose of design and final arrangement only after equipment is confirmed. Energy saving lightings shall be installed. All emergency light fittings shall be provided with self-contained battery pack which shall be integrated together with normal supply. Key plan of electric power points and switches shall be provided next to the respective sub-distribution boxes. Refer to conceptual LV supply for 66kV Substation Building for schematic layout details. No parts of the cable tray, conduits and supports will cause any obstructions to the access of the emergency escape door, electrical fittings, etc., or pose any safety hazard to people in the substation. 2-way switch shall be provided at all exit/entrance, if there are 2 or more exit/entrance on the same floor.

      • 8.1 Substation Compound

        • a) Weatherproof security lighting shall be located or wall-mounted at approved locations. Height of lamp shall be between 3m and 4m.

        • b) Lamp pole shall be complied with Land Transport Authority (LTA) latest specification or equivalent subject to the approval of SP PowerGrid.

    • 8.2 Stairways

      • a) Emergency lighting fittings: single-tubing

      • b) Switches: 2-way type to be located close to staircase entrance.

      • c) EXIT lighting

    66KV SUBSTATION

    ATTACHMENT B

    • 8.3 66kV Transformer Bay

      • a) Light Fittings: Twin-tubes mounted on both sides of the bay with longer sides of the tube facing downwards. Switches for the lighting fittings. Water-proof protective covers shall be provided. All outdoor fittings shall be of weather-resistant type (IP65).

      • b) 200A TPN isolator for transformer oil purifier. Weatherproof cabinet shall be provided for outdoor type.

      • c) Automatic submersible pumps shall be used only when a proper drainage system by natural flow is not possible. Proper lighting shall be provided in the vicinity of the pump if installed.

      • d) Suitable isolator for submersible pump when necessary.

      • e) 1 no. 13A socket outlet shall be provided for every alternate indoor transformer / shunt reactor / radiator bay.

      • f) Additional 2 nos. 150W floodlight and wall mounted at 4-metre height (each opposite one another) shall be provided for every transformer and Shunt Reactor bay with supply from different phase.

  • 8.4 22kV and 6.6kV Transformer Bay

    • a) Light fittings and switches. provided.

  • Water-proof protective covers shall be

    • b) Automatic submersible pumps shall be used only when a proper drainage system by natural flow is not possible. Proper lighting shall be provided in the vicinity of the pump if installed.

    • c) Suitable isolator for submersible pump when necessary.

    • d) no.

    1

    13A socket outlet

    shall

    be provided for every alternate indoor

    transformer bay.

     
    • 8.5 NGR Bay

      • a) Light Fittings: Twin-tubes mounted on both sides of the bay with longer sides of the tube facing downwards. Switches for the lighting fittings and water-proof protective covers shall be provided.

      • b) All outdoor socket outlet shall be weather-resistant type.

    66KV SUBSTATION

    ATTACHMENT B

    • 8.6 66kV Switchroom

      • a) Light fittings: Wall-mounted, twin-tube two continuous rows at 3.5m and 4m from floor level.

      • b) Additional wall-mounted uplighter or flood lights (at between 4m to 4.5m depending on the equipment height) shall be provided at strategic locations of the switchroom if the width of switchroom is more than 10 metre or the spacing and the number of light fitting cannot adequately achieve an average lighting of 300 lux with an uniformity (ratio of minimum to average lighting level) of not less than 0.8.

      • c) Switches of 2-way type with at least 2 circuits separately controlled

      • d) Emergency lighting

      • e) EXIT lighting

      • f) 300A TPN isolator for HV equipment testing

      • g) 60A TPN isolator for 10-tonne

    lifting

    hoist

    (to

    be

    located

    near

    maintenance platform) (for multi-storey buildings only. Not required if a 12-tonne lifting hoist is available for same purpose).

    h)

    45A

    TPN

    isolator

    for 3-tonne travelling

    maintenance platform).

    crane

    (to

    be

    located

    near

    • i) 15A TPN isolator for each roller shutter

    • j) 13A socket outlets at column positions

    • k) 63A 5-pin socket outlet complete with 63A TPN isolator for SF6 charger unit.

    • l) 32A 5-pin socket outlet complete with 32A TPN isolator for SF6 charger unit.

    • m) 60A single-phase isolator for protection testing

    • n) Separate DB shall be provided

    66KV SUBSTATION

    ATTACHMENT B

    • 8.7 22kV Switchroom

      • a) Light fittings wall-mounted or suspended from ceiling, twin-tubes at 2.8m from floor level. All lamps which are suspended from ceiling over front of switchgear shall be at least 1.5m from edge of switchgear floor opening

      • b) Switches of 2-way type

      • c) Emergency lighting.

      • d) EXIT lighting

      • e) 60A TPN isolator for HV equipment testing to be positioned facing the front of the HV opening.

      • f) 4 nos. 32A double-pole isolators not controlled by ELCB for SP PowerGrid's battery charger. (2 nos. of the same phase to be positioned on each end of switchgear floor opening).

      • g) 13A socket outlets

      • h) 45A TPN isolator for 5-tonne lifting hoist (to be located near maintenance platform) (not required if a 10/12-tonne lifting hoist is available for same purpose).

      • i) Separate D/B 100A TPN is required.

      • j) 3 nos. 20A double-pole isolators (ELCB by-passed) for SP PowerGrid’s pilot wire supervisory.

  • 8.8 6.6kV Switchroom

    • a) Twin-tube light fittings wall-mounted or suspended from ceiling at 2.8m from floor level. All lamps which are suspended from ceiling over front of switchgear shall be at least 3.5m from centre of switchgear floor opening.

    • b) Emergency lighting

    • c) EXIT lighting

    • d) 2 nos. 30A TPN isolators (not controlled changers

  • by ELCB) for 22/6.6kV tap-

    e)

    4

    nos.

    20A

    double-pole

    isolators

    not

    controlled

    by

    ELCB

    for

    SP

    PowerGrid's battery charger. (2 nos. of the same phase to be positioned on each end of the switchgear floor opening).

    • f) 13A socket outlets

    66KV SUBSTATION

    ATTACHMENT B

    • g) 60A DP isolator for HV equipment testing purposes to be positioned facing the front of the HV opening.

    • h) 45A TPN isolator for 5-tonne lifting hoist (to be located near maintenance platform). (not required if a 10/12-tonne lifting hoist is available for same purpose).

    • i) Separate D/B 60A TPN is required

    • 8.9 LV Room / Building Services Main Switchroom

      • a) Twin-tube light fittings and switches

      • b) Emergency lighting

      • c) 13A socket outlets

    • 8.10 Cable Floor and Cable Basement / Chamber

      • a) Light fittings shall be provided with galvanised wire mesh guards. The average lux level in this room shall be 300 lux. Location of two-way switches shall be approved by SP PowerGrid.

      • b) Switches 2-way type.

    A master switch that controls multiple lighting

    switches

    in

    a single location

    near the entrance

    to

    a

    room

    must

    be

    provided.

    • c) Emergency lighting

     
    • d) EXIT lighting

     
    • e) 13A socket outlets

    • f) Automatic submersible pumps for cable basements / chambers shall be used only when a proper drainage system by natural flow is not possible. Proper lighting shall be provided in the vicinity of the pump if it is installed

    • g) Suitable isolator for submersible pump where necessary

    • h) Separate DB shall be provided

    66KV SUBSTATION

    ATTACHMENT B

    • 8.11 Relay Room

      • a) Twin-tube light fittings and switches

      • b) Emergency lighting

      • c) EXIT lighting

      • d) 13A socket outlets

      • e) 15A TPN isolator for testing purposes

      • f) 2 nos 15A socket outlets

      • g) Separate DB shall be provided

  • 8.12 Communication Room

    • a) Light fittings and switches

    • b) Emergency lighting

    • c) 13A socket outlets

    • d) 30A single phase emergency supply for supervisory battery charger (with auto change over switch from generator for 230kV S/S only).

    • e) 1 no. 15A socket outlet

    • f) 4 nos. 20A double-pole isolators for ISOSS to be located near the door entrance area.

  • 8.13 Battery Room

    • a) Twin-tube light fittings. (Switches for lightings to be located near door entrance outside the room) (*Explosion proof, intrinsic safety type)

    • b) 13A socket outlets (*Explosion proof, intrinsic safety type)

    • c) Exhaust fans (flame-proof type) (to be located at highest possible positions to provide effective ventilation)

    • d) Separate switches (for exhaust fans) (timer-controlled) to be located near entrance outside the room

  • 66KV SUBSTATION

    ATTACHMENT B

    • 8.14 Battery Charger Room

      • a) Twin-tube light fittings and switches

      • b) 13A socket outlets

      • c) Exhaust fans (if air-conditioning is not provided).

      • d) Separate switches for exhaust fans (to be located near entrance outside room)

      • e) 1 no. 15A socket outlet

  • 8.15 Air Compressor Room

    • a) Light fittings and switches

    • b) 13A socket outlets

    • c) 30A TPN isolator

  • 8.16 RTU Room

    • a) Light fittings and switches

    • b) 13A socket outlets

    • c) 2 nos. 20A DP isolator not controlled by ELCB for RTU battery charger. (One to be positioned on each end of the RTU Room)

    • d) Sub D/B 60A SPN is required and to tap from D/B in 22kV switchroom.

  • 66KV SUBSTATION

    ATTACHMENT B

    • 8.17 Fire Pump Room (All fittings, switches and isolator shall be weather- proof)

      • a) Light fittings and switches

      • b) 13A socket outlets

      • c) 15A TPN isolator for roller shutter if applicable

      • d) 20A TPN isolator for exhaust fans

      • e) 30A DP isolator for battery charger with UPS system

      • f) 60A TPN isolator for jockey pump

      • g) 2 nos. 200A TPN isolator for transfer pump (if the fire sprinkler water tank is located at the roof top)

      • h) 600A TPN isolator for fire pump