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Nov 02, 2015

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exam paper

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exam paper

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B to lift a load W, as shown in Fig. 1.1.

Fig. 1.1

The student uses a newton meter to measure the minimum force F needed to raise the load.

a) The student raises the load at a slow constant speed by pulling on the newton meter.

i.

Explain why the student uses a constant speed.

ii.

[1]

Suggest a reason for using a slow constant speed.

.

....[1]

b) The student measures F for a load W of 0.20 N. Fig. 1.2 shows the newton meter when

the load is raised at a slow steady speed.

Fig. 1.2

i.

F= [1]

ii.

On Fig. 1.2, mark the position of the eye of the student when taking the reading. [1]

c) The student takes a series of readings of F for different values of W. The readings are

shown in Table. 1.1.

Table. 1.1

On Table. 1.1, write your value of F from (b) (i).

i.

On Fig. 1.4, plot the graph of F / N on the y-axis against W / N on the x-axis. Start

ii.

iii.

your axes from the origin. Draw the straight line of best fit.

[4]

Use your graph to find the value of F when W = 0.

F =........................................................... [1]

Suggest a reason why the line of best fit does not pass through the

origin. ........................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................

.......[1]

Fig. 1.4

(d) Determine the gradient of the line. Show your working. Give your answer to 2

significant figures.

Gradient =........................................................... [2]

2. A solar cell converts light energy into electrical energy. A student investigates the

maximum e.m.f. produced by a solar cell in the laboratory. Fig. 2.1 shows the symbol for

a solar cell.

Fig. 2.1

a) The student uses a voltmeter to measure the e.m.f. produced by the solar cell.

i.

Draw a diagram of the circuit he uses. Include a switch in the circuit.

[1]

ii.

When the student closes the switch, he notices that the voltmeter needle moves

backwards, as shown in Fig.2.2.

Fig.2.2

iii.

Explain why this happens and how the student can correct this.

................................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................[2]

iv.

The student corrects the problem and, when the switch is closed, the voltmeter now reads

0.96 V. On Fig. 2.2, mark the new position of the needle.

[1]

b) To investigate the solar cell, the student uses light entering the laboratory through a

window. When the student moves his head to read the voltmeter, there is a large decrease

in the reading. Suggest a reason for this, and explain how the student can prevent this

happening when he moves.

................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................[2]

3. A student uses a pendulum to obtain a value for the acceleration of free fall g.

Fig. 3.1 shows the pendulum hanging from a fixed support.

Fig. 3.1

The length l of the pendulum is measured from the support to the centre of mass of the bob.

(i) On Fig. 3.1, mark and label the length l of the pendulum. [1]

(ii) Describe a method of measuring l accurately.

...........................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................... [1]

(b) Three measurements are taken of the time for 20 complete swings of the pendulum.

Explain how to find the average time T for one complete swing.

...................................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................... [1]

(c) The value obtained for l is 0.450 m and for T is 1.33 s.

Using the relationship

g = ........................................... m / s2 [2]

...................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................................... [1]

4. A student finds an old magnet at the back of a drawer containing other magnets. He

designs an experiment to find out if it is still magnetised.

a) He brings a plotting compass near to end A of the old magnet, as shown in Fig. 4.1.

i.

................................................................................................................................... [1]

b) The plotting compass is then brought near to end B, as shown in Fig. 4.2.

ii.

iii.

................................................................................................................................... [1]

Suggest a possible explanation for the students result.

.........................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................[1]

iv.

Describe how the student can use the plotting compass to plot the shape of the

magnetic field around a new magnet. You may use a diagram in your explanation.

................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................................[3]

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