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10/12/2015

StepbyStepMethodsforWRC107andWRC297CheckinginCaesarII

url=http://www.whatispiping.com/wrc
Introduction:

Whenever
107andwrc297)
Pressure Vessel
or
Heat
exchanger
(Static
Equipments)
nozzle
loads
exceeds
the
allowable values
provided
by
Vendors
(Equipment
manufacturer)
or
standard
project specific
tables
(guidelines), the piping stress professional is permitted to use WRC
107/297 (or any other FEA) to check the stresses at the Nozzle-Shell
junction point and check the stresses with allowable values provided by
Codes.Ifthestressesarefoundtobewithinallowablelimitthentheload
and moment values can be accepted without any hesitation. However
there are some boundary conditions which must be met before using
WRC. This small write up will try to explain the required details for
performing WRC 107 and WRC 297 using Caesar II and step by step
methodforperformingWRCcheck.BothWRC107andWRC297dealwith
localstressstatesinthevicinityofanattachmenttoavesselorpipe.As
indicated by their titles, WRC-107 can be used for attachments to both
sphericalandcylindricalshellswhileWRC-297onlyaddressescylinderto
cylinderconnections.Whilebothbulletinsareusedfornozzleconnection.
WRC-107 is based on un-penetrated shell, while WRC-297 assumes a
circularopeninginvessel.Furthermore,WRC-107definesvaluesforsolid
and hollow attachments of either round and rectangular shape for
sphericalshellsbutdropsthesolid/hollowdistinctionforattachmentsto
cylindrical shells. WRC-297, on the other hand, is intended only for
cylindricalnozzlesattachedtocylindricalshells.
BoundaryconditionforusingWRC107:
To determine whether WRC 107 bulletin can be used for local stress
checkingthefollowinggeometryguidelinesmustbemet:
1.d/D<0.33
2. Dm/T=(D-T)/T>50 (Here, T=Vessel Thickness, Dm=mean diameter of
vessel)
BoundaryconditionforusingWRC297:
To determine whether WRC 107 bulletin can be used for local stress
checkingthefollowinggeometryguidelinesmustbemet:
1.d/D<=0.5
2.d/t>=20andd/t<=100(Heret=nozzlethickness)
3.D/T>=20andD/T<=2500
4.d/T>=5
5. Nozzle must be isolated (it may not be close to a discontinuity) not
within2(DT)onvesselandnotwithin2(dt)onnozzle
DifferencebetweenWRC107and297:
The major differences other than the boundary conditions mentioned
abovearelistedbelow:
http://www.whatispiping.com/wrc107andwrc297

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10/12/2015

StepbyStepMethodsforWRC107andWRC297CheckinginCaesarII

abovearelistedbelow:
1. WRC 107 calculates only the vessel stresses while WRC 297 calculates
Vesselstressesalongwithnozzlestresses.
2. WRC 297 is applicable only for normally (perpendicular) intersecting
twocylindricalshellswhereasWRC107isapplicableforcylindricalaswell
assphericalshellsofanyintersection.
3. The attachments for WRC 297 checking must be hollow but WRC 107
analyzes cylindrical or rectangular attachments which can be rigid or
hollow.4. WRC 297 is not applicable for nozzles protruding inside the
vessel(Fig1),TangentialNozzle(Fig2),Nozzleatangle(Fig3).

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5.Typically,WRC-107isusedforlocalstresscalculationsandWRC-297is
usedforflexibilitycalculations.
LimitationsofWRC:
Other than boundary conditions mentioned above there are few more
limitationsasmentionedbelow:
1. Neither bulletin considers shell reinforcement nor do they address
stressduetopressure.
2.CAESARII,PVElite&CodeCalcwillnotextrapolatedatafromthecharts
whengeometriclimitationsmentionedaboveareexceeded.Extrapolated
datamaynotbeappropriate.
(http://www.bidvertiser.com/bdv/BidVertiser/bdv_xml_feed.dbm)
InputsrequiredforperformingWRCchecking:
The following documents must be ready with you before you start to
performWRC107/297checking:
1.EquipmentDetails/GeneralArrangementDrawing
2.Nozzledetails
3.Linelist
StepbyStepmethodsforperformingWRC107/WRC297calculation
inCaesarII:

Step 1: Perform Static analysis of the stress system and find out the
nozzleloadsrequiredforcheckinglocalstresses.
Step2:EnterintotheWRCmodulefromCaesarII.Provideafilenamefor
yourjob

http://www.whatispiping.com/wrc107andwrc297

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StepbyStepMethodsforWRC107andWRC297CheckinginCaesarII

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Step3:Followingscreenwillappear.EntertheNozzledataasmentioned
below:

(http://1.bp.blogspot.com/e5g9YxguiB4/UfXteYKOCLI/AAAAAAAAAHg/JTYZJY7UWlw/s1600/untitled.bmp)

Step 4: Now enter the vessel details i.e, diameter, wall thickness,
corrosionallowanceandmaterial.

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StepbyStepMethodsforWRC107andWRC297CheckinginCaesarII

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Step 5: Input vessel and Nozzle direction cosines, Internal design


pressure and load and moments values from Caesar static analysis
output(Sustained,Expansionandoccasionalasapplicable).

(http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-KjEEu3IxsE/UfXw7dl8tWI/AAAAAAAAAII/SmGMy1AZ3vc/s1600/untitled2.bmp)

Step 6: On options it is suggested not to change any parameter. Now


clickonanalysistoreadtheresults.Theoutputwillinformyouwhether
WRCcheckingispassingorfailing.Useresultsasperyourrequirement.
WRC3

Calculation GasPiping PDMSPiping

http://www.whatispiping.com/wrc107andwrc297

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StepbyStepMethodsforWRC107andWRC297CheckinginCaesarII

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For entering loads and moments as per local convention following
descriptionandfigurecanbeusedforconvertingglobalforcesintolocal
forces:

(http://2.bp.blogspot.com/PjzH_dYX6j0/UfN_n7Qz1JI/AAAAAAAAAHQ/6LMunHIxlmg/s1600/Untitled.png)

As shown in fig, Stretch your right hand with Middle finger along the
Vessel Centerline. Index Finger should parallel to nozzle centerline and
should point in a direction from nozzle towards entering vessel. And
Thumbshouldbeperpendiculartoboth.Then1.DirectionofIndexFinger
represents+P.
2.DirectionofMiddleFingerrepresents+VL
3.DirectionofThumbrepresents+VC
4.MLwillbepositiveifbyapplyingrighthandthumbruletoML,direction
ofthumbissameasthatofVC.
5.MCwillbepositiveifbyapplyingrighthandthumbruletoMC,direction
ofthumbisoppositetodirectionofVL.
6.MTwillbepositiveifbyapplyingrighthandthumbruletoMT,direction
of thumb is opposite to direction of P.Get the loads and moments from
CAESARoutput.ComparethedirectionofForcesandMomentsinCAESAR
output with conventional Force and Moment directions and enter the
valuesofP,VL,VC,MT,MCandMLaccordingly.

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