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Why Think Tanks?
Think tanks, less commonly known as public policy research organizations, came about in the early 20th century in Europe and the United States to research views on international relations. Since then, however, the term “think tanks” has been applied to the thousands of research organizations across the world that offer insight into a myriad of topics, fields, and worldviews. In the last few decades, think tanks have mostly shared a few of the same general purposes. They carry out basic independent research on public policy that concerns the region or community for which they operate (be it a continent, country, state, racial group, industry, etc.), they provide advice to policymakers on complex and important issues, and they evaluate government programs and practices. Think tanks also serve as sources of new or exchanged ideas and research, and provide experience in policy to its members (employees, researchers, former policymakers, interns, etc.). Each think tank serves a specific purpose, but they all share in common a vision of service, knowledge, and influential improvement of their respective spectrums. If you are considering a career or a temporary opportunity in public service, a think tank may be the ideal experience for you.

Additional Resources on Think Tanks
CDC Resources: The CDC Career Resource Center has several comprehensive guides concerning public policy research organizations, as well as hundreds of resources on other employment opportunities, internships job search strategies, and organizations (both profit and nonprofit). Some resources include: Think Tanks and Civil Societies: Catalysts for Ideas and Action, McGann and Weaver – A large-scale volume and exploration into the world of think tanks, the benefits of research organizations, and listings of well-known think tanks throughout the world. Research Centers Directory – This two-volume directory is an extensive listing of many research institutes and their descriptions, contact information, etc., for both profit and nonprofit institutions. In addition to these resources, the CDC Resource Center has extensive information and guides covering internships and other positions at thousands of organizations spanning many different fields of study. Other Resources:
The National Institute for Research Advancement’s World Directory of Think Tanks: http://www.nira.go.jp/ice/nwdtt Google Directory – Policy Institutes: http://directory.google.com/Top/Society/Issues/Policy_Institutes Political Science Resources (University of Michigan): http://www.lib.umich.edu/govdocs/psthink.html Think Tank and Policy Center Publications Guide: http://www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/indiv/lehman/guides/ttanks.html Career Development Center, Stanford University http://www.stanford.edu/dept/CDC

Think Tank Listings
American Institutes for Research AIR in Palo Alto, California 17921 Arastradero Rd. Palo Alto, CA 94304-1337 Phone: (650) 493-3550 Fax: (650) 858-0958 E-mail: info-jcfrc@air.org Web: http://www.air.org The American Institutes for Research strive to become the premier applied behavioral and social science research organization, for governments as well as the private sector, by applying and advancing the knowledge, theories, methods, and standards of the behavioral and social sciences to solve significant societal problems and improve the quality of life for all people. AIR does not rule out basic research, but its primary mission is to apply the knowledge generated by its programs to social problems. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace 1779 Massachusetts Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20036 Contact: Director - Lynne Sport Phone: (202) 483-7600 Fax: (202) 483-1840 Email: info@ceip.org Web: http://www.ceip.org The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace is a private, nonprofit organization dedicated to advancing cooperation between nations and promoting active international engagement by the United States. Founded in 1910, its work is nonpartisan and dedicated to achieving practical results. Through research, publishing, convening, and on occasion, creating new institutions and international networks, Endowment associates help shape fresh policy approaches. Its interests span geographic regions and the relations among governments, business, international organizations and civil society, focusing on the economic, political, and technological forces driving global cultural and commercial change. The Endowment publishes Foreign Policy, one of the world’s leading magazines of international politics and economics, which reach readers in more than 120 countries and several languages.

Carter Center, The One Copenhill 453 Freedom Parkway Atlanta, GA 30307 Contact: Deanna Congileo Phone: 404-727-7611 Fax: 404-727-1922 Email: carterweb@emory.edu Web: http://www.cartercenter.org/ The Carter Center, in partnership with Emory University, is guided by a fundamental commitment to human rights and the alleviation of human suffering. Founded by former president Jimmy Carter in 1982, it seeks to prevent and resolve conflicts, enhance freedom and democracy, and improve health. The Carter Center emphasizes action and results. Based on careful research and analysis, it is prepared to take timely action on important and pressing issues. It addresses difficult problems and recognizes the possibilities of failure as an acceptable risk. The Center is nonpartisan and acts as a neutral in dispute resolution activities, and it believes that people can improve their lives when provided with the necessary skills, knowledge, and access to resources. CATO Institute 1000 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W. Washington D.C. 20001-5403 Contact: Director of Administration-Terri Labonte Phone (202) 842-0200 Fax (202) 842-3490 Email: intern@cato.org Web: http://www.cato.org/ Founded in 1977, the Cato Institute is a nonpartisan public policy research foundation headquartered in Washington, D.C. The Institute’s name refers to Cato’s Letters; libertarian pamphlets that helped lay the philosophical foundation for the American Revolution. The Cato Institute seeks to broaden the parameters of public policy debate to allow consideration of more options that are consistent with the traditional American principles of limited government, individual liberty, and peace. Toward that goal, the Institute strives to achieve greater involvement of the intelligent, concerned lay public in questions of policy and the proper role of government. The Institute maintains an extensive publications program dealing with the complete spectrum of policy issues. Studies are commissioned to examine the federal budget, Social Security, monetary policy, natural resource policy, military spending, regulation, NATO, international trade, and other issues. Major policy conferences are held throughout the year, from which papers are published thrice yearly in the Cato Journal. The Institute also publishes the quarterly magazine, Regulation, and a bimonthly newsletter, Cato Policy Report.

Center for Defense Information 1779 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W. Washington D.C. 20036 Contact: Lynn Schuster Phone: (202) 332-0600 Fax: (202) 462-4559 Email: Info@cdi.org Web: http://www.cdi.org/ The Center for Defense Information is a nonpartisan; nonprofit organization committed to independent research on the social, economic, environmental, political and military components of global security. To ensure the ability to provide objective analysis, CDI accepts no government or defense industry funding. Its central aim is to educate the public and inform policymakers about issues of security policy, strategy, operations, weapon systems and defense budgeting, and to produce creative solutions to the problems of today and tomorrow. To encourage the intellectual freedom of the staff, CDI does not hold organizational positions on public policy issues. Instead, staff members are dedicated to the concept that the public and political leaders can and will make wise choices on complex security matters when provided with facts and practical alternatives. Center for Health Care Strategies, The 1009 Lenox Drive, Suite 204 Lawrenceville, NJ 08648 Contact: Director of Administration - Susan DiLouie Fares Phone: (609) 895-8101 Fax: (609) 895-9648 E-mail: mail@chcs.org Web: http://www.chcs.org/index.html The Center for Health Care Strategies promotes high quality health care services for lowincome populations and people with chronic illnesses and disabilities. We achieve this objective through awarding grants and providing “real world” training and technical assistance to state purchasers of publicly financed health care, health plans, and consumer groups. Our projects aim to improve access to care, increase the use of effective preventive care services, prevent unnecessary hospitalizations and institutionalizations, promote clinical quality, and build organizational capacity to improve managed care services.

Center for Strategic and International Studies 1800 K Street, NW Washington, DC 20006 Phone: 202.887.0200 Fax: 202.775.3199 Email: webmaster@csis.org Web: www.csis.org For four decades, the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) has been dedicated to providing world leaders with strategic insights on, and policy solutions to, current and emerging global issues. John J. Hamre, former deputy secretary of defense, who has been president and CEO since April 2000, leads CSIS. It is guided by a board of trustees chaired by former senator Sam Nunn and consisting of prominent individuals from both the public and private sectors. The CSIS staff of 190 researchers and support staff focus primarily on three subject areas. First, CSIS addresses the full spectrum of new challenges to national and international security. Second, it maintains resident experts on all of the world’s major geographical regions. Third, it is committed to helping to develop new methods of governance for the global age; to this end, CSIS has programs on technology and public policy, international trade and finance, and energy. Center for Voting and Democracy 6930 Carroll Ave., Suite 610 Takoma Park, MD 20912 Contact: Field Director - Dan Johnson-Weinberger Phone: (301) 270-4616 Fax: (301) 270-4133 E-mail: cvd@fairvote.org Web: http://www.fairvote.org/ The Center for Voting and Democracy is a 501©(3) nonprofit organization located in Takoma Park, Maryland, just outside Washington, D.C. We study how voting systems affect participation, representation and governance, and we disseminate our findings to civic organizations, elected officials, journalists and the general public. We are particularly knowledgeable about: 1) redistricting alternatives; 2) the range of proportional representation and semi-proportional voting systems for legislative elections; and 3) the option of instant runoff voting for elections with a single winner. We believe it is essential to consider voting system reforms that could reinvigorate American politics, decrease the impact of money in elections, promote greater participation in elections and governance and provide for majority rule, fair representation of political minorities and more inclusive representation of women and racial and ethnic minorities.

Century Foundation, The (Formerly the Twentieth Century Fund) 41 East 70th Street New York, NY 10021 Contact: Public Affairs Vice-President - Christy DeBoe Hicks Phone: (212) 535-4441 Fax: (212) 535-7534 Email: hicks@tcf.org Web: http://www.tcf.org/ Since its founding in 1919 this institution has provided facts and analyses that have corrected widespread misconceptions and provided policymakers with new ideas for addressing the challenges facing the nation. That heritage compels the foundation to educate, provoke, and develop better answers when evidence and reason show that public debates are badly off track. Their mission is to persuade those who care about issues such as economic inequality, population aging, and the public’s discontent with government and politics that significant improvements are possible even when the mainstream says they are not. They pursue these goals through four main strategies: convening diverse groups of knowledgeable experts with the aim of forming a consensus behind a set of new policy ideas, commissioning work from individual authors who have a distinctive argument to make that would add value to public debates, publishing essential but often neglected information about particular issues and reform proposals in language accessible to a broad readership, and calling attention to policy ideas that merit more extensive consideration through public forums and short publications. Citizens for a Sound Economy Foundation 1250 H Street NW, Suite 700 Washington DC 20005 Contact: Director-Jim Burnley Phone: (202) 783-3870 Fax: (202) 783-4687 Toll Free: 1 888 JOIN CSE E-mail: cse@cse.org Web: http://www.cse.org/know/ Citizens for a Sound Economy (CSE) is comprised of hundreds of thousands of grassroots citizens dedicated to free markets and limited government, and the highest level of personal involvement in public policy activism. Through recruitment, training, and political participation, CSE has become an army of activists committed to improving the well-being of American consumers through common-sense economic policies. CSE’s knowledgeable and highly active citizens drive public policy change. We have become a sustainable army of selfidentified activists who set the agenda on federal, state, and local issues. We have built a community and established personal relationships with and among our activists. We continuously recruit, educate, and enable new members to participate effectively in public policy debates. CSE activists serve as local leaders who recruit others to join the fight for freemarket policies.

Council on Foreign Relations The Harold Pratt House 58 East 68th Street New York, NY 10021 Contact: Director of Communications - Lisa Shields Phone: (212) 434-9400 Fax: (212) 434-9800 Email: communications@cfr.org Web: http://www.cfr.org/ Founded in 1921, the Council on Foreign Relations is a nonpartisan membership organization, research center, and publisher. It is dedicated to increasing America’s understanding of the world and contributing ideas to U.S. foreign policy. The Council accomplishes this mainly by promoting constructive discussions both in private and in public, and by publishing Foreign Affairs, the leading journal on global issues. The Council is host to the widest possible range of views, but an advocate of none, though its research fellows and independent task forces do take policy stands. Like the great universities, foundations, and other think tanks in America, the Council on Foreign Relations aims to enhance the quality of study and debate on world issues, develop new generations of thinkers and leaders, and help meet international challenges by generating concrete and workable ideas. Economic Policy Institute 660 L Street NW Suite 1200 Washington, DC 20036 Contact: Communications Director-Nancy Coleman Phone: 202-775-8810 Fax: 202-775-0819 Email: epi@epinet.org Web: http://www.epinet.org/ The mission of the Economic Policy Institute is to provide high-quality research and education in order to promote a prosperous, fair, and sustainable economy. The Institute stresses real world analysis and a concern for the living standards of working people, and it makes its findings accessible to the general public, the media, and policy makers. EPI’s staff and its network of researchers have a proven capacity for high-quality scholarship, a demonstrated ability to communicate to diverse audiences, a commitment to a free exchange of ideas, and a willingness to challenge conventional thinking. EPI works to strengthen democracy by providing people with the tools to participate in the public discussion on the economy, believing that such participation will result in economic policies that better reflect the public interest.

Empower America 1701 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. Suite 900 Washington, DC 20006-5805 Phone: 202-452-8200 Fax: 202-833-0388 Email: lethomas@empower.org Web: http://www.empoweramerica.org Empower America is devoted to ensuring that government actions foster growth, economic well being, freedom and individual responsibility. The ideas that have fueled America’s stunning economic expansion - opportunity, competition, ownership and freedom - must be the framework for reform of century-old public systems such as K-12 education, the tax code and social security. Uniquely positioned in Washington, Empower America bridges the gap between the array of think tanks that produce white papers on the public-policy debate and the actual enactment of policy. In implementing our free-market, entrepreneurial principles into law, we are convinced, through actual experience, that we are the most effective “delivery” system in existence. In pursuit of our mission, Empower America practices strategic intervention to achieve our goals. Our response to issues, whether reaching out through the media, communicating directly with legislators and political leaders, sponsoring solutionfinding or consensus-building forums, or mobilizing public opinion at the grassroots level, is always results-oriented. Empower America has demonstrated that it has considerable influence on our core issues: education reform, technology policy, tax reform, social security reform and national defense. Our victories are attributable, in large part, to our ability to focus on the right issue, at the right time, with maximum impact. Ethics and Public Policy Center 1015 Fifteenth Street NW, #900 Washington, DC 20005 Contact: Administrative Director-Ethan Reedy Phone: (202) 682-1200 Fax: (202) 408-0632 Email: ethics@eppc.org Web: http://www.eppc.org/ The Ethics and Public Policy Center was established in 1976 to clarify and reinforce the bond between the Judeo-Christian moral tradition and the public debate over domestic and foreign policy issues. Its program includes research, writing, publication, and conferences. The Center affirms the political relevance of the great Western ethical imperatives—respect for the dignity of every person, individual freedom and responsibility, justice, the rule of law, and limited government. It maintains that moral reasoning is an essential complement to empirical calculation in the shaping of public policy. First, we deal openly and explicitly with religiously based moral values in addressing contemporary issues. We work to clarify the ways in which principles shape the choices that political leaders must make in our democracy. Second, we analyze the moral reasoning and public policy positions of organized religion. We hold that religious bodies ought to be subjected to thoughtful scrutiny precisely because they are—or

should be—the custodians and renewers of our most deeply held values. Third, we strive to deepen and broaden public debate on the ordering of our society and its relationship to the rest of the world, especially in areas where the positions of strident single-issue groups have received inordinate attention in the media and in the academy. While working to advance our own ideas, we actively seek to foster a wiser moral and political debate across ideological barricades Foreign Policy Research Institute 1528 Walnut Street, Ste 610 Philadelphia, PA 19102 Phone: (215) 732-3774 Fax: (215) 732-4401 E-mail: fpri@fpri.org Web: http://www.fpri.org/ Founded in 1955, the Foreign Policy Research Institute (FPRI) is an independent, nonprofit organization devoted to conducting research on a broad range of issues, from the security of the Andean region of Latin America to the prospects for economic and political development in Zimbabwe. We cover pressing issues (i.e. nuclear proliferation in South Asia, peace talks on the Middle East, summits in Korea), and we cover long-term questions, such as the roles of religion and ethnicity in international politics, or the nature of Western identity and its implications for the U.S. and the Atlantic Alliance. We publish a quarterly journal, Orbis, and a series of bulletins, both of which draw on the research findings of our scholars, our Inter-University Study Groups, our conferences, and our seminars. Greenlining Institute 785 Market St. 3rd Floor San Francisco, CA 94103-2093 Phone: (415)284-7201 Fax: (415)284-7210 E-mail: questions@greenlining.org Web: http://www.greenlining.org The Greenlining Institute is an organization dedicated towards improving the quality of life for low income and minority communities. Understanding that our communities are often unheard in major policy debates, The Greenlining Institute works to ensure that the needs of these communities are addressed proactively and positively in major policy discussions. Together with our diverse coalition, we actively represent those interests with major corporations, educational institutions, special interest associations, and government officials. In essence, Greenlining is an advocacy oriented think tank that organizes, educates, and encourages equitable policies for low income and minority participation in policymaking that results in equitable policies that will improve the quality of life for all communities in California and nationwide. One of The Greenlining Institute’s most notable programs is the Greenlining Academy, which provides a variety of fellowship, summer programs, and work-study opportunities to undergraduates and graduate students looking to gain experience in community and low income economic development issues.

Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305-6010 Contact: Public Affairs Manager - Michele Horaney Phone: (650) 723-1754 Toll free: 1-877-466-8374 Fax: (650) 723-1687 Email: horaney@hoover.stanford.edu Web: http://www-hoover.stanford.edu/ The Institution’s purposes are: To collect requisite sources of knowledge pertaining to economic, political, and social changes in societies at home and abroad, and to understand their causes and consequences; to analyze the effects of government actions relating to public policy; and to generate, publish, and disseminate ideas that encourage positive policy formation using reasoned arguments and intellectual rigor, converting conceptual insights into practical initiatives judged to be beneficial to society. Hudson Institute 1015 18th Street, N.W. Suite 300 Washington, D.C. 20036 Contact: Director of Personnel Phone: (202) 223-7770 Fax: (202) 223-8537 Email: info@hudson.org Web: http://www.hudson.org/ Hudson Institute is an internationally recognized public policy research organization that forecasts trends and develops solutions for governments, businesses and the public. Founded in 1961 by the late Herman Kahn, the Indianapolis based not-for-profit 501©(3) organization has more than 70 researchers and employees. Unlike most public policy institutions, Hudson is strong in both domestic and international issues. Its Midwest location offers a clear vantage point on the grassroots of American society while its satellite offices help develop and communicate its findings and messages to national and international businesses and governments. Hudson Institute advocates and implements a practical approach to public policy research. Such efforts require going into the field to complete research and offering technical assistance to various industries and institutions. Hudson is a nonpartisan futurist organization that is known for its healthy skepticism of conventional wisdom and its guarded optimism about solving tomorrow’s problems today.

Institute for Contemporary Studies 1611 Telegraph Ave., Suite 902 Latham Square Oakland, CA 94612 Phone: (888) 386-2850 (510) 238-5010 Fax: (510) 238-8440 E-mail: mail@icspress.com Web: http://www.icspress.com/ Vast experience and evidence demonstrate that we have the capacity to govern our lives. The information age is ushering in exciting new possibilities for people everywhere to expand their self-governing capabilities. The challenge is to make it happen. ICS believes that men and women who control their lives through self-governing institutions live more productive lives. These possibilities will only be realized when we have the necessary knowledge, practical information and leadership. ICS is committed to promoting self-governing ways of life by working on all three of these important components. Institute for Policy Studies 733 15th St NW Suite 1020 Washington D.C. 20005 Contact: Director-Robert Alvarez (202) 234-9382 (202) 387-7915 fax Email: scott@ips-dc.org Web: http://www.ips-dc.org/ IPS is striving to create a more responsible society - one built around the values of justice, nonviolence, sustainability, and decency. IPS, as I.F. IPS has core programs on Peace and Security, the Global Economy, and Paths for the 21st Century, supplemented by several projects that address specific issues. These program areas are linked with each other and with coalitions around the country through our Progressive Challenge networking and outreach program, which unites single-issue organizations and programs under a common, multi-issue progressive agenda entitled the Fairness Agenda for America. The Institute also houses three other networking programs: The Social Action and Leadership School for Activists (SALSA), the Letelier/Moffitt Human Rights Awards program, and the IPS Publications Program. Through its classes, SALSA teaches activists how to manage, organize, communicate, and strategize more effectively. The Letelier/Moffitt Human Rights Awards annually honors outstanding human rights activists in memory of two IPS staff killed by a car bomb in 1976 under orders of the Chilean Secret Police. You may purchase recent IPS publications by clicking the IPS Publications link. IPS has a variety of opportunities for college students and recent graduates to get involved in our work through our Internship Program.

Manhattan Institute for Policy Research 52 Vanderbilt Avenue, 2nd Floor New York, N.Y. 10017 Contact: Communications Director-Lindsay M. Young Phone: 212/ 599-7000 Fax: 202-223-1813 Email: mb@manhattan-institute.org Web: http://www.manhattan-institute.org/ The Manhattan Institute has been an important force in shaping American political culture. We have supported and publicized research on our era’s most challenging public policy issues: taxes, welfare, crime, the legal system, urban life, race, education, and many other topics. We have won new respect for market-oriented policies and helped make reform a reality. We have cultivated a staff of senior fellows and writers, who blend intellectual rigor, sound principles, and strong writing ability. Their provocative books, reviews, interviews, speeches, articles, and op-ed pieces have been the main vehicle for communicating our message. Books are central to our approach. We make every effort to ensure that respected trade publishers publish our authors and that their books receive as much review attention and publicity as possible. Nothing allows us to make a sustained, comprehensive argument more effectively. Our widely quoted quarterly City Journal has become the nation’s premier magazine about urban governance and civic life. Through subscriptions, citations, and reprints, City Journal commands the attention of the people who seriously think about the state of American cities and manage their governments.National Bureau of Economic Research 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138-5398 U.S.A. Contact: Director of Public Information - Donna Zerwitz Phone: 617-868-3900 Fax: (617) 868-2742 Email: zerwitz@nber.org Web: http://www.nber.org/ The NBER is the nation’s leading private, nonprofit, nonpartisan research organization dedicated to promoting a greater understanding of how the economy works. Twelve of the 31 American Nobel Prize winners in Economics and three of the past Chairmen of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers have been researchers at the NBER. The more than 600 professors of economics and business now teaching at universities around the country who are NBER researchers are the leading scholars in their fields. These Bureau associates concentrate on four types of empirical research: developing new statistical measurements, estimating quantitative models of economic behavior, assessing the effects of public policies on the U.S. economy, and projecting the effects of alternative policy proposals.

Northeast-Midwest Institute 218 D Street SE Washington, DC 20003 Contact: Administrator-Joanna Stover Phone: (202) 544-5200 Fax: (202) 544-0043 Email: info@nemw.org Web: http://www.nemw.org/ The Northeast-Midwest Institute is a Washington based, private, nonprofit, and nonpartisan research organization dedicated to economic vitality, environmental quality, and regional equity for Northeast and Midwest states. Formed in the mid-1970’s, it fulfills its mission by conducting research and analysis, developing and advancing innovative policy, providing evaluation of key federal programs, disseminating information, and highlighting sound economic and environmental technologies and practices. The Institute is unique among policy centers because of its ties to Congress through the Northeast-Midwest Congressional and Senate Coalitions. Co-chaired by Senators Susan Collins (R-ME) and Jack Reed (D-RI), and Reps. Marty Meehan (D-MA) and Jack Quinn (R-NY), the bipartisan coalitions advance federal policies that enhance the region’s economy and environment. Pew Hispanic Center USC Annenberg School for Communication 1919 M Street, NW, Suite 460 Washington, DC 20036 Phone: (202)292-3300 Fax: (202)785-8282 E-mail: info@pewhispanic.org Web: http://www.pewhispanic.org Founded in 2001, the Pew Hispanic Center is a non-partisan research organization supported by The Pew Charitable Trusts. Its mission is to improve understanding of the U.S. Hispanic population and to chronicle Latinos’ growing impact on the entire nation. Timeliness, relevance and scientific rigor characterize the Center’s work. The Pew Hispanic Center is committed to identifying and assessing the factors that help Latinos achieve as well as those that hold them back. This effort includes exploring Latino attitudes and behaviors. It also examines the American institutions, policies and programs, beliefs and biases that Latinos encounter in the US. The Center does not advocate for or take positions on policy issues.

Progress and Freedom Foundation, The 1301 K Street NW Suite 550 East Washington, DC 20005-3317 Phone: (202) 289-8928Ê Fax: (202) 289-6079 Email: mail@pff.org Web: http://www.pff.org/ The Progress & Freedom Foundation was founded in 1993 to study the digital revolution and its implications for public policy. The Foundation believes that the digital revolution portends fundamental cultural, economic, political and social changes. While these changes bring challenges, they also create the potential for a new era of human progress. The foundation embraces the idea of progress—i.e., the belief that humankind has advanced in the past, is presently advancing, and will continue to advance through the foreseeable future. And it believes that the sort of progress brought about by the digital revolution is inherently favorable to enhanced human individuality and freedom. The Foundation’s public policy work focuses heavily on communications, computing and telecommunications. It has funded research, published papers and held conferences and seminars on issues such as content regulation, encryption, local telephone competition and universal service. Currently, it is conducting a major project aimed at identifying public policies to limit government interference in the market for digital broadband networks. Progressive Policy Institute 600 Pennsylvania Ave., SE Suite 400 Washington, DC 20003 Contact: Karin Kullman Phone: (202) 547-0001 Fax: (202) 544-5014 Email: Unknown - Can submit form at http://www.ppionline.org/cobrand/contact_us.cfm Web: http://www.ppionline.org/ The Progressive Policy Institute is a research and education institute that is a project of the Third Way Foundation Inc. PPI’s mission is to define and promote a new progressive politics for America in the 21st century. Through its research, policies, and perspectives, the Institute is fashioning a new governing philosophy and an agenda for public innovation geared to the Information Age. PPI’s mission arises from the belief that America is ill served by an obsolete left-right debate that is out of step with the powerful forces reshaping our society and economy. The Institute advocates a philosophy that adapts the progressive tradition in American politics to the realities of the Information Age and points to a “third way” beyond the liberal impulse to defend the bureaucratic status quo and the conservative bid to simply dismantle government. The Institute envisions government as society’s servant, not its master—as a catalyst for a broader civic enterprise controlled by and responsive to the needs of citizens and the communities where they live and work. The Institute’s work rests on three ideals: equal opportunity, mutual responsibility, and self-governing citizens and communities.

Public Health Institute 555 City Center, 10th Floor Oakland, CA 94607-4046 Phone: (510)644-8200 Fax: (510)644-9319 E-mail: communications@phi.org Web: http://www.phi.org The Public Health Institute (PHI) is an independent, nonprofit organization dedicated to promoting health, well being and quality of life for people throughout California, across the nation and around the world. As one of the largest and most comprehensive public health organizations in the nation, the Public Health Institute focuses its efforts in two distinct, but complementary ways. PHI promotes and sustains independent, innovative research, training and demonstration programs—many in collaboration with the private health care system and community based organizations. PHI also serves as a partner with government to support its role in assessment, policy development and assurance. The Public Health Institute nurtures new programs and initiatives, often in partnership with foundations and other funders. It provides a home for several large national and international centers and institutes based in California, such as the California Cancer Registry and other branches of the California Department of Health Services. The Institute also acts as a fiscal sponsor for independent or soon-to-be independent organizations. Administrative and technical assistance support services include accounting and financial management; development support; contract and grant administration; corporate legal counsel; human resource functions including recruitment, benefits, and payroll; and public relations and communications. Public Policy Institute of California 500 Washington Street Suite 800 San Francisco, California 94111 Phone: (415) 291-4400 Fax: (415) 291-4401 E-Mail: peterson@ppic.org Web: http://www.ppic.org The Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC) is a private operating foundation established in 1994 with an endowment from William R. Hewlett. The Institute is dedicated to improving public policy in California through independent, objective, nonpartisan research. PPIC’s research agenda focuses on three program areas: population, economy, and governance and public finance. Studies within these programs are examining the underlying forces shaping California’s future, cutting across a wide range of public policy concerns, including education, health care, immigration, income distribution, welfare, urban growth, and state and local finance. PPIC was created because its founders recognized the need for linking objective research to the realities of California public policy. Their goal was to help the state’s leaders better understand the intricacies and implications of contemporary issues and make informed public policy decisions when confronted with challenges in the future.

Rand Corporation 1700 Main Street P.O. Box 2138 Santa Monica, California 90407-2138 Contact: Director of Community Relations - Iao Katagiri Phone: (310) 393-0411 Fax: (310) 393-4818 Email: correspondence@rand.org Web: http://www.rand.org/ The job of Rand Corporation is to help improve policy and decision making through research and analysis. This is accomplished in several ways. Sometimes, we develop new knowledge to inform decision makers without suggesting any specific course of action. Often, we go further by spelling out the range of available options and by analyzing their relative advantages and disadvantages. On many other occasions, we find the analysis so compelling that we advance specific policy recommendations. In all cases, we serve the public interest by widely disseminating our research findings. RAND (a contraction of the term research and development) is the first organization to be called a “think tank.” We earned this distinction soon after we were created in 1946 by our original client, the U.S. Air Force (then the Army Air Forces). Russell Sage Foundation 112 East 64th Street New York, N.Y. 10021 Contact: Director of Public Relations - David Haproff Phone: (212) 750-6000 Fax: (212) 371-4761 Email: info@rsage.org Web: www.russellsage.org The Russell Sage Foundation is the principal American foundation devoted exclusively to research in the social sciences. It is a research center, a funding source for studies by scholars at other academic and research institutions, and an active member of the nation’s social science community. The Foundation also publishes, under its own imprint, the books that derive from the work of its grantees and Visiting Scholars. Mrs. Margaret Olivia Sage established one of the oldest private foundations in the United States, the Russell Sage Foundation in 1907 for “the improvement of social and living conditions in the United States.” The Foundation dedicates itself exclusively to strengthening the methods, data, and theoretical core of the social sciences as a means of improving social policies.

Tomás Rivera Policy Institute University of Southern California School of Policy, Planning & Development 650 Childs Way, Lewis Hall, Suite 102 Los Angeles, CA 90089-0626 Phone: (213) 821-5615 Fax: (213) 825-1976 E-mail: info@trpi.org Web: http://www.trpi.org The Tomás Rivera Policy Institute (TRPI) is a freestanding, nonprofit, policy research organization that has attained a reputation as the nation's "premier Latino think tank." Through its strong capacity to conduct primary and secondary data analysis, TRPI is uniquely positioned to fill the void in information that exists among policymakers and political leaders regarding the complexities that characterize the U.S. Latino population--e.g. its heterogeneous composition, its bilingualism, and its diverse nativity. One of TRPI's critical strengths is survey research that allows TRPI to gauge the attitudes held by diverse Latino populations vis-à-vis salient policy issues. Another factor that adds to the Institute's unique traits is its affiliation with the University of Southern California School of Policy, Planning and Development and of the Institute for Social and Economic Research and Policy at Columbia University. Through these affiliations, TRPI has access to a network of nationally recognized scholars who carry out an array of research projects under the direction of TRPI's leadership. United States Institute of Peace Office of Communications 1200 17th Street NW—Suite 200 Washington, DC 20036-3011 Contact: Public Relations- Suzanne Wopperer Phone: (202) 429-3828 Fax: (202) 429-6063 Email: usip_requests@usip.org Web: http://www.usip.org/ The mission of the United States Institute of Peace is to strengthen the nation’s capabilities to promote the peaceful resolution of international conflicts. The United States Institute of Peace is an independent, nonpartisan federal institution created and funded by Congress to strengthen the nation’s capacity to promote the peaceful resolution of international conflict. Established in 1984, the Institute meets its congressional mandate through an array of programs, including grants, fellowships, conferences and workshops, library services, publications, and other educational activities. The Institute’s Board of Directors is appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the Senate.

Urban Institute 2100 M Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20037 Contact: Susan Brown Phone: (202) 833-7200 Email: paffairs@ui.urban.org Web: http://www.urban.org/ The Urban Institute is a nonprofit policy research organization established in Washington, D.C., in 1968. The Institute’s goals are to sharpen thinking about society’s problems and efforts to solve them, improve government decisions and their implementation, and increase citizens’ awareness about important public choices. Leaving politics to others, the Urban Institute brings three critical ingredients to public debates on domestic policy initiatives: accurate data, careful and objective analyses, and perspective. Our staff also evaluates government programs— practical work that grounds our policy research in the experiences of the people who create, run, and use these programs. Our strong suits are rigorous analysis, innovative methodology, fresh thinking, and technical expertise. Much of our research spans several disciplines and blends quantitative and qualitative approaches to problem solving. We are involved in research projects with partners in more than 45 states and 20 countries. Worldwatch Institute 1776 Massachusetts Ave., N.W. Washington, D.C. 20036-1904 Contact: Director of Finance and Administration - Barbara Fallin Phone: (202) 452-1999 Fax: (202) 296-7365 Email: worldwatch@worldwatch.org Web: www.worldwatch.org/ The Worldwatch Institute is dedicated to fostering the evolution of an environmentally sustainable society—one in which human needs are met in ways that do not threaten the health of the natural environment or the prospects of future generations. The Institute seeks to achieve this goal through the conduct of interdisciplinary nonpartisan research on emerging global environmental issues, the results of which are widely disseminated throughout the world. The Institute believes that information is a powerful tool of social change. It seeks to provide the information to bring about the changes needed to build an environmentally sustainable economy. In a sentence, the Institute’s mission is to raise public awareness of global environmental threats to the point where it will support effective policy responses. The Institute’s outlook is global because the most pressing environmental issues are global. Given the earth’s unified ecosystem and an increasingly integrated global economy, only a global approach to issues such as climate change, depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer, the loss of biological diversity, degradation of oceans, and population growth can be effective.
The preceding information is only a partial listing of the many public policy research organizations that exist. Listings do not constitute the endorsement of any organization or its policies by the CDC. Researched and updated by Anthony Ortega, October 2003.

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