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November — December 2015

The Avondale
Historical Journal
Official Publication of the Avondale-Waterview Historical
Society Incorporated

The image above, from the NZ Graphic of 28 February 1912, is a rare photo of the Avondale Hotel as the local post
office. Official files on post offices in Avondale in Wellington only go back as far as 1865, earlier information apparently lost during the W hite Swan sinking. However, a postal receiving agency was established in 1861 at a store
in the new “Whau Bridge” subdivision (near the first hotel, at the Rosebank and Great North Road intersection) run
by a Mr or Mrs Black according to postal historian Ivan Clulee. In 1862, this office was shifted to a store near present-day Elm Street. From 1865 through to the early 1870s, the names listed as being in charge of the agency seem
to be close to or exactly like the names of early publicans of the hotel.
From September 1881, the name “Whau Bridge” for the agency was changed to “Whau”, and then to “Avondale” in
1882. From 1881 until 1912, the post office was at the railway station, and the station master was also the postmaster.
This third Avondale Hotel, built 1888, was to be the post office until 1938, with the opening of Avondale’s purpose
-built PO back at the Rosebank/Great North Road junction.
The hotel building became the Avoncourt from 1941, and
Next meeting of the
was demolished in September 1967.
Avondale-Waterview Historical Society:
at St Ninians, St Georges Road
Image: NZG-19120228-21-2, courtesy Sir George Grey
Special Collections, Auckland Libraries
SATURDAY, 5 December 2015, 2.00 pm

The Avondale Historical Journal

Page 2

Poor Te Kotuitanga — left high and dry
Avondale/New Windsor has a new reserve. It is a
shame, though, that it will bear the name “Te Kotuitanga Reserve.” The real Te Kotuitanga has nothing to
do with the site.
I first came upon references to Te Kotuitanga years
ago as an early place name in the Avondale district,
somewhere hundreds of years ago where a skirmish or
attack had occurred while a waka was being dovetailed together (the meaning of the name, “the dovetailing”) at the head waters of the Whau River.
Te Kawerau a Maki recognise it as a place of ancestral
significance included amongst four pre-emption waiver
transactions by Europeans with “another iwi” between
the Whau Portage and Titirangi, a “canoe building
site” somewhere on the Whau Portage according to the
Deed of Settlement Claims c.2014. So, this seems to
indicate a more “west of the Whau” placement for
Te Kotuitanga, rather than east.
Added to this, from 1921 we have George Graham’s
account (published in The Journal of the Polynesian
Society Volume 30 No. 19 (1921) pp.166-168) of the
story of the sons of Whao-roa, from Ngati-huarere,
descended from the ariki of the Te Arawa waka, an iwi
who had mana over much of north Coromandel and the
Hauraki Gulf in the 1700s. Whao-roa and his sons had
historic links with Te Tatua at Three Kings, and according to Graham lived during the time of Kiwi
Tamaki, who was a cousin of theirs. Judging by the
additional information Graham obtained from Te Tete
Ngahuripoko of Awataha/Shoal Bay who related the
story, that all of the Whao-roa’s sons died at the battle
in West Auckland which also killed Kiwi Tamaki in
the 1780s to 1790s, this places the story of

Te Kotuitanga at around the 1770s or so, therefore our
district’s oldest historically dateable event.
“Whao-roa … had several sons, Tai-haro the eldest,
and Rau-iti the youngest but cleverest of these sons;
and these all lived in their respective pas at Te Tatua
with their wives of Ngai-Riu-ki-uta [Three Kings].
“When Whao-roa was in extreme old age, he addressed his sons thus: “This is my ‘ohaki’ (desire expressed before time of death). “Oh sons, prepare a canoe for us to go to see our relatives at Moehau [the
sacred mountain, northern Coromandel Peninsula] that
I may again taste of the foods of those forests, streams,
and coasts of my ancestors; that I may be wept over by
my relatives there; that you may also become acquainted with those relatives, and take wives from among
your cousins at Moehau, and that our daughters here
may marry with their brothers (cousins—male): lest it
be said our genealogical descent has erred (Kei he nga
whakapapa).” Such were the ideas and customs of
those olden people of ours.
“When Whao-roa thus spoke there was a long
silence—none of his elder sons responded; they merely
listened and talked among themselves. Hence a proverb, “Nga uri o Whao-roa whakarongo puku” (the offspring of Whao-roa who listened in silence—that is,
without making appropriate reply).

(Below) Map from Auckland Council GIS website, showing
the new reserve on Tiverton Road, in comparison with the
location of the Whau River, its head waters, and Olympic
Park.

New reserve at Tiverton Road
Whau
River

Olympic Park

Avondale
Stream
Whau Stream

The Avondale Historical Journal

Page 3
“Thereupon, up rose and spoke Rau-iti, the youngest,
saying: “'Tis well, Oh Sire, that we do thy bidding; thy
sons will fulfil thy desires. We will go and see those
relatives, that thou mayest weep over them, and they
over thee; that we may also by our marriages preserve
our genealogical descent. 'Tis well, old man. This is the
word of Rau-iti thy son who speaks in decision.” Hence
the proverb: “Nga kupu o Rau-iti whakarite” also “Te
Rau-iti kupu whakarite,” said of a person whose decisions carry weight with a tribe, as well as finality to a
dispute.
“Therefore the elder brothers of Te Rau-iti became
jealous. By their delay in replying to their father's
words their mana had passed on to Te Rau-iti their
younger brother who had, by his action intercepted the
speeches they had been silently preparing in reply to
their father's ohaki. Hence the proverb applied in such
cases. “He Karoro kokoti ihu waka: (“A flying fish intercepting the bow of the canoe.”) They, however, otherwise concealed their jealous thoughts; intending at
some future time to humiliate their younger brother.
Such were the evil thoughts of yore which brought
about war and strife.
“The brothers then selected a party to go ahead to the
forests at Pukehuhu [“Grub hill,” one of the summits of
the Waitakere Ranges, whence, as the name implies,
large quantities of an edible grub, the huhu, were obtained.] to prepare a camp and carry food for the canoe
builders. They then selected the canoe building party,
and the axes were brought from the tuahu—the ceremonies thereof were performed by their sister, the ceremonies in respect of the mauri of the axes and of the
sharpening of them; of the mauri of the forest, and the
tree-felling. Thereupon they set forth to the tree selected aforetime by olden men for a canoe. No women accompanied this party—such was the custom, nor must
any woman approach the canoe until it was completed
and made usable (whakanoatia).
“When the tree was felled for the hull of the canoe; and
one for the bow, and one for the stern; they began to
shapen the tree-trunks for their purposes. Then arose a
quarrel as to the architecture of the canoe. Now
Te Rau-iti far excelled his brothers in ability. It was his
opinion that the canoe sections should be made to unite
dovetailed for greater strength. Now this was a very
difficult method, although by all admitted to be the best,
but the elder brothers resented Te Rau-iti's superior
knowledge in canoe building. They said, “How conceited this young man is! He claims to know everything.”
But Te Rau-iti ignored their remarks and sent for his
sister that she might whaka-puta the dove-tailing of the
canoe parts. This is a ceremonial observed also in dove
-tailing the tahuhu of a house. Hence the name of that
place in the Waitakere forest, “Te Whakaputanga.” Te Rau-iti thereupon directed his fellowworkers to proceed with their work; hence another
name of that place, “Te Kotuitanga.” It is at the head
of the Whau tidal creek, whither the roughly hewed

canoe parts had been dragged to be completed. There
is also this proverb said of a well united tribe or family:
—“He wakakotuita, kahore e tukutukua nga mimira.”
“A dove-tailed canoe—not unloosened, shall become its
lashings.”
“It would not be easy to defeat such a tribe if its various hapus were in unity in peace and war.
“However, this quarrel was regarded as a tohu-aitua—
omen of evil portent—predicting the death of the person
for whom the canoe was being built—Te Whao-roa,
their father. In due course the canoe was finished, but
before it was launched a taua set forth and killed a man
as a koha (sacrificial offering). After the canoe had
been ceremonially performed over and made noa by
their sister, it was launched and made ready for their
expedition. The canoe was called “Kawengaroimata.” (Carry the tears, i.e., the mourning offerings
of men, precious garments and weapons who were
about to proceed to Moehau.) On such occasions offerings were brought as condolences for those dead since
last meeting, such offering was called roimata.”
Interesting that Te Kawerau a Maki list this as a significant place, as there was apparently at one point a battle
between them and Ngati-huarere, which Te Kawerau
lost. However, Whao-roa’s family as cousins to Kiwi
Tamaki would have been more-or-less kin to
Te Kawerau as well.
The parts of Kawenga-roimata were thus carved on the
Titirangi slopes, and dragged to the head waters of the
Whau River where the parts were dove-tailed together,
and the waka launched on the river. To me, this indicates strong association with either the Avondale or the
Whau Streams, and the place where they flow together
as head waters for the main river. A spot today called
Olympic Park.
However, today, “Te Kotuitanga” has been applied by
the Whau Local Board since their September 2015
meeting as a name to a reserve distant from the waters
with which it is associated, up on the ridge leading to
New Windsor Road, at 72-80 Tiverton Road.
This site was once farmed by the French family from
1908, who owned the block from Whitney Street
through to New Windsor Road, with their homestead up
on the hill. The family subdivided the farm into strips
from the 1930s, and in 1955 five of the strips were purchased as a block by Chinese market gardener Lowe
Nam. Lowe Nam’s name appears in Auckland newspapers from the 1920s, meaning he was part of the generations affected by the infamous poll tax in this country.
He was also part of the post-World War II period when
Chinese market gardeners set themselves up briefly in
Avondale, especially on Rosebank Peninsula, before
industrialisation took over. The part played by Chinese
landowners and market gardeners in our community, of
course, goes back to the early 1900s, when Ah Chee set
up his gardens on the future Avondale College site.

The Avondale Historical Journal

Page 4

The glasshouses belonging to Lowe Nam on
Tiverton Road in 1959. Detail from Auckland
Council aerial.

Lowe Nam owned and worked the Tiverton site from
1955 until his death at the age of 90 in 1991. The site
remained in Lowe family hands until 2007, meaning
more than 50 years ownership, when it was transferred
to Auckland City Council.

However, the Whau Local Board completely rejected
the suggestions of Jimmy Nam Lowe or Lowe Nam for
the new reserve. In their decision, adding an extra resolution to those suggested in the Council report, they said
that they as the Board:

The site was used by Auckland Transport as a construction site from 2012-2014, and as compensation for this
AT allocated funding towards its redevelopment along
multicultural lines. Quoting the report by Council staff
to the Whau Local Board at their September meeting,
“During the initial consultation, the local community
and stakeholders were consulted on the look and feel of
the park as well as its intended use. The surrounding
area is multicultural with strong Indian and Asian influences which have been reflected in the design of the
park. The park is designed around a central lawn to be
used as a kick-around space and incorporates a shelter
structure for Tai Chi, yoga and a reflexology feature.
The shelter has been designed to reflect the cultural
influences and the planting plan has Asian themes including flowering cherry trees.”

“notes that Te Reo Maori is an official language of
Aotearoa, yet within the vicinity of 72-80 Tiverton
Road, there is not one park or reserve area with a name
that is of any significance to mana whenua.”

I suggested to Council staff, among other options, that
Lowe Nam be remembered in the naming of the reserve,
a name which would reflect on the park’s design, and
New Windsor’s multicultural present-day make-up.
There is no reserve or street name in Avondale/New
Windsor which commemorates the Chinese gardeners
who were part of our community in the past, or reflects
upon those from South and East Asia who are part of
our community now.
Council staff advised the Local Board that Te
Kotuitanga “is located some distance from the park and
it is considered that a name which associates more
closely with the area may be more appropriate.”

Thing is, the park at 72-80 Tiverton Road is not of significance to mana whenua, but it appears that the Local
Board have now declared that it is, by the application of
an important place name which actually belongs elsewhere. Board Chairman Catherine Farmer, in an email
response to me regarding this issue, stated: “While Mr
Nam Lowe played an influential role in the development
of the area, the majority of the reserves and parks located within a 5km radius of 72-80 Tiverton Rd already
carry the names of prominent non-Maori landowners,
such as: Dickey Reserve, Dallas Reserve, Hendon Park,
Brydon Place Reserve, Chalmers Reserve and Bob’s
Hill Reserve. This is indicative of the colonial history
of the area and our board decided to provide some
balance that acknowledges the thousands of years of
history and occupation that Tangata Whenua have with
the whenua and awa.”
Apart from the fact that Hendon and Chalmers Reserves
aren’t named after land owners at all, within the
Avondale/New Windsor/Blockhouse Bay area are to be
found the following:
Temuka Gardens Reserve, Maoiro Street, Peter Buck
Road, Puketea Street, Matata Street, the Whau Stream,
Maire Street, Taramea Street, Te Wiata Place, Patiki

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Page 5
Road, Himikera Ave, Whakawhiti Loop, Whau Crescent, and Waitati Place.
The Board’s decision seems to have made with disregard to the efforts made by Council staff to finally give
our area a place with a distinct multi-cultural feel at last.
The suggestion to name the reserve after Lowe Nam
wasn’t as much a recognition of another former landowner, as it would have been a clear signal that
Avondale has both a multicultural past and a multicultural future. The Avondale-Waterview Historical Society signalled to the current Whau Local Board two years
ago that we want to see recognition on the landscape of
our multicultural heritage. We don’t have any places or
streets commemorating our area’s multicultural background, present and future, except for Rizal Reserve,
named after a Filipino nationalist from the 19th century
who had no association with our district’s history at all,
much less New Zealand. In terms of the naming of
reserves and streets, there appears today, illustrated by
this decision, to be a preference instead for biculturalism, rather than multi-culturalism, even where
the latter actually is better suited. And like the colonials
of the 19th century and the Auckland City Council of the
first half of the 20th century, Maori names of significance may continue to be placed away from their sites
of memory, to fulfil that artificial and arbitrary
preference.

Avondale and the Avondale community deserve better
than this. The Lowe family deserved better, as with the
Chinese community. But, sadly, it is unlikely that the
Local Board will now change their minds, and let
Te Kotuitanga be where it belongs, with the waters associated with that waka from nearly 300 years ago. It
deserves to be the alternate name for Olympic Park,
instead of attached to a cold clay spot up on the ridge. It
is that important to our history, both Maori and Pakeha.
The new sign with the name may already be up at the
reserve. When I walk past from now on, and see that
sign, I shall forever think, “Poor Te Kotuitanga, left
high and dry.”

Lisa J Truttman

Avondale’s early constables and their station – 1895-1906
Before the purpose-built police station/constable’s residence dating from 1906 that still exists today in the
shopping centre as a boarding house, those constables
tasked with the job of overseeing Avondale and West
Auckland either didn’t live, or were based, here at all.
From 1895, at least, they did rent a place. According to
files held in Archives New Zealand in Wellington
(another part of my “information raid” for the Society
when I was down there last May), this early police station was on property rented from W J Binsted from July
1895, so – I think it is likely that the first police station
was on St Judes Street, just up from Binsted’s butcher
shop at the corner with St Georges Road.
Leading up to 1895, mounted constables were based in
the city and had to ride out on their official business.
Avondale and New Lynn weren’t too far away to be
practical, but Henderson Valley and the Waitakeres
were, as seen by the letters in the police department file
dating from 1894, asking for more police presence in
that part of West Auckland.
“As the pic-nic season approaches and as this district is
greatly frequented by such parties and as the depredation of many causers great loss to the settlers from time
to time & the danger to lives and property is considerable: I deem it advisable to ask for proper protection on

such occasions … Individuals in other parties … damage trees, carry off all they can lay their hands on &
commit havoc with impunity … Today I happened to be
away from home & my wife and family with difficulty
prevented the bridge & other store I use being burnt
down by a fire lit by lads from the Beresford Street
School …”
Constable W Kelly, already hard at work in the remote
area trying to keep on top of things, wrote to Inspector
Hickson that the stories were true, and added, “The
great danger … feared by the settlers residing at
Waitakerei [sic] is that some day during the dry weather
that a large bush fire will be raised through some of the
persons wandering about the bush and lighting fires to
boil their Billys and their thoughtlessly going away
without taking the precaution of extinguishing the
fire …”
John Bollard of Avondale stepped into the matter, sending Inspector Hickson a letter dated 15 November 1894.
“Sir,
On behalf of the inhabitants of Mount Albert, Point
Chevalier, Avondale and the districts beyond extending
to the West Coast, and as far north as Taupaki, I have
the honour to apply for the transfer of one of the

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Page 6
Mounted Constables now stationed in Auckland to
Avondale.
“The districts named above contain more than three
thousand (3000) inhabitants, and are now looked after
by the Police stationed at Auckland. We therefore think
that Police Supervision would be much more convenient
and efficient if a Mounted Constable were stationed in a
central position like Avondale.
“Trusting the application will meet with your favourable consideration, I have the honour to be, Sir,
Your obedient servant,
John Bollard, JP
Avondale.”
On 12 December 1894, Bollard followed this up with
statistics.
“Sir
In accordance with my promise I have the honour to
supply you with a return of the population of the districts named below, as copied from the official records
of last census:“Mount Albert Road District – 1400 persons
Avondale Road District – 662 persons
Point Chevalier Road District – 549 persons
Mount Roskill Road District – 391 persons
Waikomiti Riding – 719 persons
Waitakerei Riding – 969 persons
Total 4690.
“I may state that I shall be most happy to show you
round the various districts, providing you give me two
or three days’ notice. I have the honour to be,
Your obedient servant,
John Bollard.”
On 25 February 1895, Inspector Hickson wrote to the
Commissioner of Police in Wellington, describing the
district, and recommending that a station indeed be set
up at Avondale.
“There is a large scattered population from Mount
Roskill to Waitakerei, Avondale being the most central
and convenient place for a station and the roads, from
the more distant parts of the district, converge at
Avondale …
“The village of Avondale consists of five stores, two
bootmaker’s shops, two blacksmiths, a public hall, public school, butchers shop, slaughter yard, brickyard, bus
stables, one hotel. There is another hotel at New Lynn
about a mile further from Auckland.
“I have made inquiries at the Land Office here and find
that government does not own any land near the public
roads at Avondale.
“There is a telephone bureau at Avondale and buses run
to and from Auckland daily at regular intervals.”

Once the department approved the Avondale police station, it was up to Inspector Hickson to settle on a chosen
spot. The Binsteds cottage on St Judes was just one on
offer. Hickson described it in April 1895 as “abutting
the New North Road (in those days, St Judes was seen
as a continuation of what is New North Road today),
and is in a very central position and almost opposite the
Avondale Hotel.”
John Forsyth, living further along on Great North Road
towards the Whau Bridge, offered the same lease as
Binsted (10s per week), plus an additional offer to build
two additional rooms to his house, with lock-up, forage
store and stables, all on three years lease. Paterson &
Co, owners of the Avondale Stables, offered to build a
five-roomed house with stable and lock-up, for 15/lease per week.
The police decided to go with the Binsted offer, where
the house provided was renovated, with two front rooms
added, a one-stall stable with forage room provided,
plus lock-up, with fencing “both sides”, a large paddock
at the rear, and a front picket fence.
The first resident policeman in the area was Constable
second class James Ulysses Browne (1858-1950)
although Constable Kelly did put in an application to be
the resident instead. Constable Browne died at the age
of 92, and was buried at Waikaraka Cemetery in
Onehunga. Constable Patrick Francis Crean (d.1919)
was the next to be stationed in Avondale from
September 1898 (three years after joining the force)
until September 1901. He then served in Kawakawa
and Thames, rising in rank to Sergeant and finally
Senior-Sergeant at Mount Cook Police Station in
Wellington, where he died suddenly from a cerebral
growth. The next Avondale-based policeman was
Constable Alexander Frederick Gordon (c.1857-1924),
then Constable Thomas O’Grady from October 1903
(transferred to Dunedin with the rank of sergeant in
1907).
Funds became available to purchase a site for a new police station, and build a residence, lock-up and stable, at
that point. A site at 2004 Great North Road was obtained by the Crown in August 1903 from John McKail
Geddes and Herman Brown, and tenders were called for
the construction side in June 1906 by Charles Ranken
Vickerman (1855-1940).
“The Public Works Department will receive tenders up
to July 18 next for the erection of a new police station
and residence at Avondale. There will be three separate
buildings, namely, the constable's residence and office,
the lockup and a stable. The residence will have a frontage of 41 ft to the Great North-road and a depth of 52 ft.
The stable and the lock-up will occupy the rear portion
of the grounds. The buildings will be built in wood.”
This was to remain as Avondale’s police station up until
June 1996.
Lisa J Truttman

The Avondale Historical Journal

Page 7

“Teaching Music is
Her Forte” –
Betty Helliwell, of
Waterview
(Article by Harry P Taituha, published in
Avondale Advance and Blockhouse Bay
Beacon, February 1954.)
Dressed in a smart Inez Creations frock with a
belt in contrasting black to match, the glazed
surface of her peep-toed Court shoe catching the
reflection of the light, slim and fair-haired Betty
Helliwell, 23-year-old music teacher from
Waterview, ran her fingers lightly over the bars
of Chopin’s “Waltz in E Minor.” For a moment
she sat at the piano with a far-way look in her
eyes. Then she turned to me and smiled. “I like
classical music,” she said. “I find it satisfying
and restful.”
Betty is not a highbrow; nor does she look down
on those who favour modern music, or the tempo of American jazz, but she can hold her own in
any type of classical music. It was a treat to hear
her in Beethoven’s “Waldstein Sonata.” Under
her light sympathetic touch the piece literally
came to life.
Born of a musical family, Betty lived for music all her
life. She is the younger of two sisters. The elder, Avis,
also plays the piano but Betty is the more accomplished.
There are three brothers, two married and one single.
The family often has a night of sing-song together;
brothers, sisters and parents all joining in. The parents of
this happy family are Mr and Mrs D Helliwell, of Fir
Street, Waterview. The family is no newcomer to the
radio; it sings in the Howe Street Radio Choir.
Betty first studied music under George Wilson, the well
known organist of St Matthews Church, Auckland; and
while still 15½ obtained the post of music teacher at the
Auckland College of Music. Betty’s other tutor was the
Continental pianist, Madame Anne Morris, who studied
in Germany and graduated from a Conservatorium of
Music there. At 17 Betty passed the ATCL exam. Two
years later she graduated Licentiate of the Trinity
College, London. Betty resigned from the Auckland
College of Music after six months, and set up a school of
her own at her parents’ home in Waterview. Since then
she has never looked back.
Anybody can learn to play the piano. All that is required,
according to Betty, is practice. It is said that only those
who are gifted, or who have an ‘ear’ for music can do it,

but this is not so, Betty says. One of her pupils, a young
woman of 24, did not know a note of music when she
joined the school, but she was determined to succeed;
and she kept practising. Sheer determination soon
brought its reward and within a few months she had
passed from one grade into a more advanced course.
Betty teaches theory as well as the practical side of
music. Age is no bar to the study of music; many of
Betty’s pupils are adults. There is one thing thought
which Betty says every pupil should have; and that is a
piano.
This young music teacher has been eight years teaching
and several of her pupils have hit the headlines. One,
11-year-old Meredith Watkin, formerly of Point
Chevalier, but latterly of St Heliers, shared with Mina
Foley the honour of topping the whole of Auckland with
the highest score of points in the 1951 Auckland
Competitions Society’s festival. She and the New
Zealand coloratura soprano tied with the score of 90
points each.
Overlooking the bay on the upper reaches of the
Waitemata Harbour Betty’s studio is a comfortable room
which is built into, and forms part of the family home at
Fir Street. It is tastefully furnished, including a

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Page 8
Sternberg piano. Classes start in the afternoons, allowing
enough time for children from the primary and secondary schools to get to Fir Street. For the convenience of
pupils who cannot attend on week days, Betty conducts
classes on Saturdays. Business people find these hours
more suitable.
(The Helliwell family lived at 73 Fir Street, which
became 39 Saxon Street by the late 1950s.)

“You’ve heard of liquid refreshment being ‘on tap’, of course, but did you realise that ice cream is now locally
served ‘on tap’ too? For the dubious, our photograph, above, will help to prove the point, for it shows Mrs Upfold at
Darrell’s Milk Bar serving ‘Tastee-Freez’ ice creamf rom the Prestcold Freezematic. Only two of these imported
machines are at present in New Zealand, and Darrell’s are justifiably proud of the fact that they are first again in
introducing to Avondale and district another innovation in ice cream manufacture and distribution.”
(Avondale Advance and Blockhouse Bay Beacon, February 1954)

The Avondale Historical Journal
Published by:
the Avondale-Waterview Historical Society Inc.
Editor: Lisa J. Truttman
Society contact:
19 Methuen Road, Avondale, Auckland 0600
Phone: (09) 828-8494, 027 4040 804
email: historian@avondale.org.nz
Society information:
Website: http://sites.google.com/site/avondalehistory/
Subscriptions: $15 individual
$20 couple/family
$30 corporate

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The Society and AHJ editorial staff thank

Avondale Business
Association
for their continued support and sponsorship of this
publication.