GRADUATE READING LISTS: U.S.

FIELD LIST #4 Twentieth-Century United States (PDR – IV) Updated by Stephen Lawson and David Folglesong, July 2000 OVERVIEWS Richard Hofstadter, The Age of Reform: From Bryan to FDR (1955) Robert Wiebe, The Search for Order 1877-1920 (1967) Christopher Tomlins, The State and the Unions: Labor Relations, Law and the Organized Labor Movement in America, 1880-1960 (1985) Peter Novick, That Noble Dream: The Objectivity Question and theAmerican Historical Profession (1988) Alan Dawley, Struggles for Justice: Social Responsibilijr and the Liberal State (1991) William Chafe, The Unfinished Journey: America Since World War II (4th Ed., 1999) James Patterson, Grand Expectations: The United States, 1945-1974 (1996) Sara Evans, Born for Liberty: A History of Women in America (1997) John W. Chambers 11, The Tyranny of Change: America in the Progressive Era, 18901920 (2d Ed., 2000) Ellen Carol DuBois and Vicki L. Ruiz, Unequal Sisters: A Multicultural Reader (3rd Ed., 2000) Hal K. Rothman, Saving the Planet: The American Response to the Environment in the Twentieth Century (2000) 1. FROM IMPERIALISM TO LIBERAL INTERNATIONALISM: U.S. FOREIGN RELATIONS, 1898-1929 William Appleman Williams, The Tragedy of American Diplomacy (1962) N. Gordon Levin, Jr., Woodrow Wilson and World Politics: America's Response to War and Revolution (1968) Melvyn Leffler, The Elusive Quest: America's Pursuit of Euroman Stability and French Securi1y, 1919-1933 (1979) Emily Rosenberg, Spreading the American Dream: American Economic and Cultural Expansion 1890-1945 (1982) Lloyd Gardner, Safe for Democracy: The Anglo-American Response to War and Revolution, 1913-1923 (1984) Frank Costigliola, Awkward Dominion: American Political, Economic, and Cultural Relations with Europe, 1919-1933 (1984) Thomas J. Knock, To End All Wars: Woodrow Wilson and the Quest for a New World Order (1992) Walter LaFeber, The American Search for Opportunity, 1865-1913 (1993). [ Cambridge History of American Foreign Relations, Vol. II] Harriet Hyman Alonso, Peace as a Women's Issue: A History of the U.S. Movement for World Peace and Women's Rights (1993)

Kristin L. Hoganson, Fighting for American Manhood: How Gender Politics Provoked the Spanish-American and Philippine-American Wars (1998) James Field, "American Imperialism: The Worst Chapter in Almost Any Book," with responses from Walter LaFeber and Robert Beisner, American Historical Review, Vol. 83 (June 1978), 644-683. Walter L. Williams, "United States Indian Policy and the Debate over Philippine Annexation: Implications for the Origins of American Imperialism," Journal of American History, Vol. 66, No. 4 (March 1980), 810-831. Emily Rosenberg, "Gender,"in symposium on U.S. foreign relations, Journal of American History, Vol. 77, No. 1 (1990), 116-24. Louis A. Perez, Jr., "Incurring a Debt of Gratitude: 1898 and the Moral Sources of United States Hegemony in Cuba," American Historical Review (April 1999), 356-398. 2. THE PROGRESSIVE 1898-1920ERA: SOCIAL AND POLITICAL MOVEMENTS, Peter Filene, "An Obituary for `The Progressive Movement,"' American Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 1 (Spring 1970), 20-34. David Kennedy, "An Overview: The Progressive Era," The Historian, Vol. 37 (1975), 453-469. Daniel Rodgers, "In Search of Progressivism," Reviews in American History, Vol. 10 (1982), 113-132. Nick Salvatore, Eugene V. Debs Citizen and Socialist (1982) Mari Jo Buhle, Women and American Socialism, 1870-1920 (1983) James T. Kloppenberg, Uncertain Victory: Social Democracy and Progressivism in EuroWan and American Thought, 1870-1920 (1986) David Montgomery, The Fall of the House of Labor: The Workplace, the State, and American Labor Activism, 1865-1925 (1988) Donna Gabaccia, Militants and Migrants: Rural Sicilians Become American Workers (1988) Nancy F. Cott, "What's in a Name? The Limits of `Social Feminism'; Or, Expanding the Vocabulary of Women's History," Journal of American History, Vol. 76, No. 3 (1989), 809-829. Robyn Muncy, Creating a Female Dominion in American Reform 1890-1935 (1991) Noralee Frankel and Nancy S. Dye, eds., Gender, Class, Race, and Reform in the Progressive Era (1991) William Link, The Paradox of Southern Progressivism, 1880-1930 (1992) Nancy Hewitt and Suzanne Lebsock, eds., Visible Women: New Essays on American Activism (1993) Ellen Carol DuBois, Harriot Stanton Blatch and the Winning of Woman Suffrage (1997) Elizabeth S. Clemens, The People's Lobby: Organizational Innovation and the Rise of Interest Group Politics in the United States, 1890-1925 (1997) Daniel T. Rodgers, Atlantic Crossings: Social Politics in a Progressive Age (1998) Steven Diner, A Very Different Age: Americans in the Progressive Era (1998) Daniel Letwin, The Challenge of Interracial Unionism: Alabama Coal Miners, 18781921(1998) Elizabeth Sanders, The Roots of Reform: Farmers, Workers, and the American State, 1877-1917 (1999)

Nancy Hewitt, Forging Activist Identities: Latin, African American and AnWo Women in Tampa, Florida, 1870s-1920s (2001).

3. RACE RELATIONS, ETHNICITY, AND MIGRATION, 1896-1941 Jonathan Wiener, Social Origins f the New South (1980) Joel Williamson, A Rage for Order: Black-White Relations in the American South Since Emancipation (1986) Robin D. G. Kelley, Hammer and Hoe: Alabama Communists During the Great Depression (1990) Kathleen Blee, Women of the Klan: Racism and Gender in the _19208 (1990) Joe William Trotter, Jr., ed., The Great Migration in Historical Perspective: New Dimensions of Race. Class, & Gender (1991) W. F. Brundage, Lynching in the New South: Georgia and Virginia, 1880-1930 (1993) David Levering Lewis, W. E. B. DuBois: Biography of a Race, 1868-1919 (1993) Nancy MacLean, Behind the Mask of Chivalry: The Making of the Second Klu Klux Klan (1994) Glenda E. Gilmore, Gender and Jim Crow: Women and the Politics of White Supremacy in North Carolina, 1896-1920 (1996) Kevin Gaines, Uplifting the Race: Black Leadership. Politics, and Culture in the Twentieth Century (1996) Deborah Gray White, Too Head a Load: Black Women in Defense of Themselves. 1894-1994 (1999) Grace Elizabeth Hale, Making Whiteness: The Culture of Segregation in the South, 18901940 (1998) Nancy MacLean, "The Leo Frank Case Reconsidered: Gender and Sexual Politics in the Making of Reactionary Populism," Journal of American History, Vol. 78, No. 3 (December 1991), 917-948. Robin D. G. Kelley, "`We Are Not What We Seem': Re-thinking Black Working-Class Opposition in the Jim Crow South," Journal of American History, Vol. 80, No. 1 (June 1993), 75-112. John Higham, Strangers in the Land: Patterns of American Nativism, 1860-1925 (1955; second edition, 1988) John Bodnar, The Transplanted: A History of Immigrants in Urban America (1985). Virginia Yans-McLoughlin, ed., Immigration Reconsidered: History, Sociology, and Politics (1990) Donna Gabaccia, ed., "John Bodnar's The Transplanted: A Roundtable," Social Science History, Vol. 12, No. 3 (Fall 1988), 217-268. Donna Gabaccia, "Immigrant Women: Nowhere at Home?" Journal of American Ethnic History, Vol. 10, No. 4 (Summer 1991), 61-87. R. Daniels, Asian America: Chinese & Jgpanese in the United States since 1850 (1988) R. Takaki, Strangers from a Different Shore: A History of Asian Americans (1989) Suchen Chang, Asian Americans: An Interpretive History (1991) Gary Okihiro, Margins and Mainstreams: Asians in American History and Culture (1994) Matthew Frye Jacobson, Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race (1998) David Levering Lewis, "Parallels and Divergencies: Assimilationist Strategies of AfroAmerican and Jewish Elites from 1910 to the Early 1930s," Journal of American History, Vol. 71, No. 3 (1984), 543-564.

Gary Gerstle, "Liberty, Coercion, and the Making of Americans," with comments by David Hollinger and Donna Gabaccia, Journal of American History, Vol. 84, No. 2 (September 1997), 524-580 4. CULTURAL CHANGE AND INTELLECTUAL THOUGHT, 1920-1941 Henry May, The End of American Innocence: A Study of the First Years of Our Own Time, 1912-1917 T. J. Jackson Le(1959)ars, No Place of Grace: Antimodernism and the Transformation of American Culture, 1880-1920(1981) Roland Marchand, Advertising the American Dream: Making Way for Modernity, 19201940(1985) T. J. J. Lears, "The Concept of Cultural Hegemony: Problems and Possibilities," American Historical Review, Vol. 90, No. 3 (1985), 567-593. Daniel Horowitz, The Morality of Winding: Attitudes Toward the Consumer Society in America, 1875-1940 (1985) Susan Porter Benson, Counter Cultures: Saleswomen, Managers, and Customers in American Department Stores, 1890-1940 (1986) Douglas Gomery, Shared Pleasures: A History of Movie Presentation in the United States (1992) John Burnham, Bad Habits: Drinking, Smoking Takings, Gambling, Sexual Misbehavior, and Swearing in American History (1993) T. J. J. Lears, Fables of Abundance: A Cultural History of Advertising in America (1994) Jennifer Scanlon, Inarticulate Longings: The Ladies' Home Journal, Gender, and the Promises of Consumer Culture (1995) Daniel Bernardi, ed., The Birth of Whiteness: Race and the Emergence of U.S. Cinema (1996) Ann Douglas, Terrible Honesty: Mongrel Manhattan in the 1920s (1995) Alan Ryan, John Dewey and the High Tide of American Liberalism (1996) Leon Fink, Progressive Intellectuals and the Dilemmas of Democratic Commitment (1997) Lee D. Baker, From Savage to Negro: Anthropology and the Construction of Race, 18961954(1998) Kathy Peiss, Hope in a Jar: The Making of America's Beauty Culture (1999) 5. THE GREAT DEPRESSION AND THE NEW DEAL Lois Scharf and Joan M. Jensen, eds., Decades of Discontent: The Women's Movement, 1920-1940(1983) Julia Kirk Blackwelder, Women of the Depression: Anglo, Black and Hispanic Families in San Antonio (1984) Robert McElvaine, The Great Depression: America, 1929-1941 (1984) Michael A. Bernstein, The Great Depression: Delayed Recovery and Economic Change, 1929-1939 (1987) Susan Ware, Partner and I: Molly Dewson, Feminism,, and New Deal Politics (1987) Steve Fraser and Gary Gerstle, eds., The Rise and Fall of the New Deal Order., 19301980 (1989) Lizabeth Cohen, Making a New Deal: Industrial Workers in Chicago, 1919-1939 (1990) Elizabeth Faue, "Women, Family and Politics: Farmer-Labor Women and Social Policy in the Great Depression," in Louise Tilly and Patricia Gurin, eds., Women and Political Change (1990) John W. Jeffries, "The `New' New Deal: FDR and American Liberalism, 1937-1945," Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 105, No. 3 (1990), 397-418. 4

Theda Skocpol, Protecting Soldiers and Mothers: The Political Origins of Social Policy in the United States (1992) Linda Gordon, Pitied But Not Entitled: Single Mothers and the Histo , of Welfare (1994) Colin Gordon, New Deals: Business, Labor, and Politics in America, 1920-1935 (1994) Alan Brinkley, The End of Reform: New Deal Liberalism in Recession and War (1995) David M. Kennedy, Freedom from Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929-1945 (1999) 6. WORLD WAR II: THE HOME FRONT AND THE GLOBAL STRUGGLE John Morton Blum, V Was For Victory: Politics and Culture During World War Il (1976 Karen Anderson, Wartime Women: Sex Roles, Family Relations and the Status of Women During World War II (1981) Nelson Lichtenstein, Labor's War at Home: The CIO in World War II (1982) D'Ann Campbell, "Women in Combat: The World War II Experience in the United States, Great Britain, Germany, and the Soviet Union," Journal of Military History, Vol. 57, No. 2 (1993), 301-323. Ruth Milkman, Gender at Work: The Dynamics of Job Segregation by Sex During World War II (1987) Allan Berube, Coming Out Under Fire: The History of Gay Men & Women in World War Two (1990) John Dower, War Without Mercy: Race and Power in the Pacific War (1986) Richard Polenberg, "The Good War? A Reappraisal of How World War II Affected American Society," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 100 (July 1992), 295-322. William L. O'Neill, A Democracy at War: America's Fight at Home and Abroad in World War II (1993) Neil A. Wynn, The Afro-American and the Second World War (1993) William M. Tuttle, Jr., "Daddy's Gone to War": The Second World War in the Lives of America's Children (1993) Michael C. C. Adams, The Best War Ever: America and World War 11 (1994) 7. THE COLD WAR John Lewis Gaddis, The United States & the Origins of the Cold War, 1941-1947 (1972) Walter LaFeber, America, Russia and the Cold War, 1945-1996 (Eighth Edition, 1997) John Lewis Gaddis, Strategies of Containment (1982) Walter McDougall, The Heavens and the Earth: A Political History of the Space Age (1985) Thomas J. McCormick, America's Half-Century: United States Foreign Policy in the Cold War (1989) Melvyn P. Leffler, A Preponderance of Power: National Security, the Truman Administration, and the Cold War (1992) Michael S. Sherry, In the Shadow of War: The United States Since the 1930s (1995) Michael J. Hogan, ed., America in the World: The Historiography of American Foreign Relations Since 1941 (1995) 5

Michael J. Hogan, A Cross of Iron: Harry S. Truman and the Origins the National Security State (1998) Barton Bernstein, "Roosevelt, Truman, and the Atomic Bomb: A Reinterpretation," Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 90 (1975), 23-69. John Lewis Gaddis, "The Emerging Post-Revisionist Synthesis on the Origins of the Cold War," with comments by Lloyd Gardner, Lawrence Kaplan, Warren Kimball, and Bruce Kuniholm, Diplomatic History, Vol. 7, No. 3 (Summer 1983), 171-204. Anders Stephanson, "The United States," in David Reynolds, ed., The Origins of the Cold War in Europe: International Perspectives (1994), 23-52. "Symposium: African Americans and U.S. Foreign Relations," Diplomatic History, Vol. 20, No. 4 (Fall 1996). Frank Costigliola, "`Unceasing Pressure for Penetration': Gender, Pathology, and Emotion in George Kennan's Formation of the Cold War," Journal of American History, Vol. 83 (March 1997), 1309-1339. Michael J. Hogan, ed., The End of the Cold War: Its Meanings and Implications (1992) Raymond Garthoff, The Great Transition: American-Soviet Relations and the End of the Cold War (1994) 8. ANTI-COMMUNISM AND McCARTHYISM Richard M. Fried, Nightmare in Red: The McCarthy Era in Perspective (1990) Robert Griffith, The Politics of Fear: Joseph R. McCarthy and the Senate (1987) John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr, Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America (1999) Victor Navasky, Naming Names (1980) William O'Neill, A Better World: The Great Schism: Stalinism and the American Intellectual (1982) David M. Oshinsky, A Conspiracy So Immense: The World of Joe McCarthy (1983) Michael P. Rogin, The Intellectuals and McCarthy: The Radical Specter (1967). Ellen Schrecker, Many Are the Crimes: McCarthyism in America (1998) Athan Theoharis and John Cox, The Boss: J. Edgar Hoover and the Great American Inquisition (1988) Jessica Wang, American Science in an Age of Anxiety: Scientists, Anticommunism, and the Cold War (1998) Weinstein, Allen and Alexander Vassiliev, The Haunted Wood: Soviet Espionage in America (1999) 9. CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT AND BLACK POWER Clayborn Carson, In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s (1981). William H. Chafe, Civilities and Civil Rights: Greensboro, North Carolina and the Black Struggle for Freedom (1980) John Dittmer, Local People: The struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi (1994) Adam Fairclough, To Redeem the Soul of America: The Southern Christian Leadership Conference and Martin Luther King, Jr.(1987) David Garrow, Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (1986) Richard Kluger, Simple Justice (1975) 6

Steven F. Lawson, Running for Freedom: Civil Rights and Black Politics in America Since 1941, (Second edition, 1997) Steven F. Lawson, AFreedom Then, Freedom Now: The Historiography of the Civil Rights Movement, American Historical Review 96 (1991): 456-71 Chana Kai Lee, For Freedom’s Sake: The Life of Fannie Lou Hamer (1999) Charles M. Payne, I’ve Got the Light of Freedom: The Organizing Tradition and the Mississippi Struggle (1995) Belinda Robnett, How Long? How Long?: African-American Women in the Struggle for Civil Rights (1997) Scott A. Sandage, AA Marble House Divided: The Lincoln Memorial, the Civil Rights Movement, and the Politics of Memory, 1939-1963,@ Journal of American History, 24(1993): 135-67. Thomas J. Sugrue, The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit (1996) Timothy B. Tyson, Radio Free Dixie: Robert F. Williams and the Roots of Black Power (1999) Van Deburg, New Day in Babylon: The Black Power Movement and American Culture, 1965-1975 (1992) Brian Ward, Just My Soul Responding: Rhythm and Blues, Black Consciousness, and Race Relations (1998) 10. THE VIETNAM ERA: WAR, POLITICS, AND SOCIETY Terry H. Anderson, The Movement and the Sixties:Protest in America from Greensboro to Wounded Knee (1995) Charles DeBenedetti with Charles Chatfield, An American Ordeal: The Antiwar Movement of the Vietnam Era (1990) Lloyd Gardner, Pay Any Price: Lyndon Johnson and the Wars for Vietnam (1995) Todd Gitlin, The Sixties: Years of Hope: Days of Rage (1987) George Herring, America’s Longest War: The United States and Vietnam, 1950-1975 (1986) Maurice Isserman, If I had a Hammer. . . : The Death of the Old Left and the Birth of the New Left (1987) Gabriel Kolko, Anatomy of the War: Vietnam, the United States, and the Modern Historical Experience (1985) Fredrik Logevall, Choosing War: The Lost Chance for Peace and the Escalation of War in Vietnam (1999) James Miller, A Democracy is in the Streets: From Port Huron to the Siege of Chicago (1987) W. J. Rorabaugh, Berkeley At War: The 1960s (1989) Amy Swerdlow, Women Strike for Peace: Traditional Motherhood and Radical Politics in the 1960s (1993) Marilyn B. Young, The Vietnam Wars (1990) 11. FEMINISM AND SEXULAITY Nancy Cott, The Grounding of Modern Feminism (1987) William H. Chafe, Paradox of Change (1991) John D. Emilio, Sexual Politics, Sexual Communities: The Making of a Homosexual Minority in the United States, 1940-1970 (1983) 7

Jane de Hart, "The New Feminism and the Dynamics of Social Change," in Linda Kerber and de Hart, Women's America: Refocusing the Past (1991) Alice Echols, Daring to Be Bad: Radical Feminism in America, 1967-1975 (1989) Sara Evans, AThe Origins of the Women=s Liberation Movement,@ Radical America 9(1975): 114. Lillian Faderman, Odd Girls and Twilight Lovers: A History of Lesbian Life in Twentieth Century America (1991) John Howard, Men Like That: A Southern Queer History, (1999) Elizabeth Kennedy and Madeline Davis, Boots of Leather, Slippers of Gold: The History of a Lesbian Community (1993) Elaine Tyler May, Homeward Bound: American Families in the Cold War Era (1988) Donald G. Mathews and Jane Sherron De Hart, Sex, Gender, and the Politics of E.R.A: A State and the Nation.(1990) Joanne Meyerowitz, ed., Not June Cleaver: American Women in the 1950s (1992) Steven Mintz and Susan Kellogg, Domestic Revolutions: A Social History of American Family Life (1988) Leslie J. Reagan, When Abortion Was a Crime (1997) Ruth Rosen, The World Split Open: How the Modern Women’s Movement Changed America (2000) Rickie Solinger, Wake Up Little Susie: Single Pregnancy and Race Before Roe v. Wade (1992)

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12. CULTURE SINCE 1945 Robert Bellah, Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life (1985) Paul Boyer, By the Bomb's Early Light: American Thought and Culture at the Dawn of the Atomic Age (1985) Peter Clesak, America’s Quest for the Ideal Self (1983) Margot Henriksen, Dr. Strangelove=s America: Society and Culture in the Atomic Age (1997) Kenneth Jackson, Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States (1985) George Lipsitz, Time Passages: Collective Memory and American Popular Culture (1990) Lary May, ed., Recasting America: Culture and Politics in the Age of Cold War (1989) Richard Slotkin, Gunfighter Nation: The Myth of the Frontier in Twentieth-Century America (1992) Warren Susman, Culture as History: The Transformation of American Society in the Twentieth Century (1984) Stephen Whitfield, The Culture of the Cold War (1991) 13. POLITICAL ECONOMY SINCE 1945: LIBERALISM, CONSERVATISM, AND THE NATIONAL STATE Berman, Willam C., America’s Right Turn from Nixon to Clinton (1998) Dan T. Carter, From George Wallace to Newt Gingrich: Race in the Conservative Counterrevolution 1963-1994 (1996) William H. Chafe: Never Stop Running: Allard Lowenstein and the Struggle to Save American Liberalism (1993) Paul K. Conkin, Big Daddy From the Pedernales: Lyndon Baines Johnson (1986) Thomas B. Edsall and Mary D. Edsall, Chain Reaction: The Impact of Race, Rights, and Taxes on American Politics (1991) Steve Fraser and Gary Gerstle, eds., The Rise and Fall of the New Deal Order, 1930-1980 (1989) Nancy Gabin, Feminism in the Labor Movement: Women and the United Auto Workers, 1935-1975 (1990) Alonzo Hamby, Beyond the New Deal: Harry S. Truman and American Liberalism (1973). Joan Hoff, Nixon Reconsidered (1994) Michael Katz, The Undeserving Poor: From the War on Poverty to the War on Welfare (1989) Doris Kearns, Lyndon Johnson and the American Dream (1976) Stanley Kutler, The Wars of Watergate (1990) Norman Markowitz, The Rise and Fall of the People's Century: Henry A. Wallace and American Liberalism, 1941-1948 (1973). Allen J. Matusow, The Unraveling of America: A History of Liberalism in the 1960s (1984) Herbert S Parmet, Eisenhower and the American Crusades (1972) William Pemberton, Exit With Honor: The Life and Presidency of Ronald Reagan,(1197) Doug Rossinow, The Politics of Authenticity: Liberalism, Christianity and the New Left in America (1998)

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Judith Stein, Running Steel, Running America: Race, Economic Policy, and the Decline of Liberalism (1998) Christopher Tomlins, The State and the Unions: Labor Relations, Law and the Organized Labor Movement in America, 1880-1960 (1985) 14. SCIENCE, MEDICINE AND PUBLIC HEALTH Claudia Clark, Radium Girls, Women and Industrial Reform: 1910-1935,(1997) Paul Edwards, The Closed World: Computers and the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America (1996) Daniel M. Fox, Health Policies, Health Politics: The British and American Experience, 19111965 (1986) Paul Gross and Norman Levitt, Higher Superstition: The Academic Left and Its Quarrels with Science (1994) Ellen Herman, The Romance of American Psychology: Political Culture in the Age of Experts (1995) James H. Jones, Bad Blood: The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment,(1993) Evelyn Fox Keller, Reflections on Gender and Science (1985) Daniel J. Kevles, In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the uses of Human Heredity (1985) Ron Kline, Consumers in the Country: Technology and Social Change in Rural America (2000) Elizabeth Lunbeck, The Psychiatric Persuasion: Knowledge, Gender, and Power in Modern America (1994) Regina M. Morantz-Sanchez, Sympathy and Science: Women Physicians in American Medicine (1985) Merritt Roe Smith and Leo Marx, eds, Does Technology Drive History? The Dilemma of Technological Determinism (1994) Paul Starr, The Social Transformation of American Medicine (1982) Nancy Tomes, The Gospel of Germs: Men, Women, and the Microbe in American Life (1998) Keith Wailoo, Drawing Blood: Technology and Disease Identity in Twentieth Century America (1997) 15. THE WEST: FROM CONQUEST TO ENVIRONMENTALISM William Cronon, George Miles, and Jay Gitlin, eds., Under an Open Sky: Rethinking America's Western Past (1992) Sara Deutsch, No Separate Refuge (1987) John Mack Faragher, AThe Frontier Trail: Rethinking Turner and Reimagining the American West, American Historical Review, 91(1993): 106-117. Robert Gottlieb, Forcing the Spring: the Transformation of the American Environmental Movement, (1993) Samuel P. Hayes, Beauty, Health, and Permanence: Environmental Politics in the United States, 1955-1985 (1987) Patricia Nelson Limerick, The Legacy of Conquest: The Unbroken Past of the American West (1987) 10

Calvin Martin, ed., The American Indian and the Problem of History (1987) Carolyn Merchant, Earthcare: Women and the Environment (1995) Gerald Nash, Creating the West: Historical Interpretations 1880-1990 (1991) Susan R. Schrepfer, The Fight to Save the Redwoods: A History of Environmental Reform (1983) Wilcomb Washburn, Red Man's Land/White Man's Law: A Study of the Past and Present Status of the American Indian (1971) Richard White, "American Environmental History: The Development of a New Historical Field," Pacific Historical Review, 54 (1985), 297-335. Donald Worster, Dust Bowl: The Southern Plains in the 1930s (1979).

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