- Windows Server 2008 History

Originally known as Windows Server Codename "Longhorn", Microsoft chairman Bill Gates announced its official title (Windows Server 2008) during his keynote address at WinHEC 16 May 2007.[4] Beta 1 was released on 27 July 2005, Beta 2 was announced and released on 23 May 2006 at WinHEC 2006 and Beta 3 was released publicly on 25 April 2007. [5] Release Candidate 0 was released to the general public on 24 September 2007 [6] and Release Candidate 1 was released to the general public on 5 December 2007. Windows Server 2008 was released to manufacturing on 4 February 2008 and officially launched on 27 February 2008. [7]

Features
See also: Features new to Windows Vista Windows Server 2008 is built from the same code base as Windows Vista; therefore, it shares much of the same architecture and functionality. Since the code base is common, it automatically comes with most of the technical, security, management and administrative features new to Windows Vista such as the rewritten networking stack (native IPv6, native wireless, speed and security improvements); improved image-based installation, deployment and recovery; improved diagnostics, monitoring, event logging and reporting tools; new security features such as BitLocker and ASLR; improved Windows Firewall with secure default configuration; .NET Framework 3.0 technologies, specifically Windows Communication Foundation, Microsoft Message Queuing and Windows Workflow Foundation; and the core kernel, memory and file system improvements. Processors and memory devices are modeled as Plug and Play devices, to allow hot-plugging of these devices. This allows the system resources to be partitioned dynamically using Dynamic Hardware Partitioning; each partition has its own memory, processor and I/O host bridge devices independent of other partitions.[8]

Server Core

Default user interface for Server Core Windows Server 2008 includes a variation of installation called Server Core. Server Core is a significantly scaled-back installation where no Windows Explorer shell is installed. All configuration and maintenance is done entirely through command line interface windows, or

by connecting to the machine remotely using Microsoft Management Console. However, Notepad and some control panel applets, such as Regional Settings, are available. Server Core does not include the .NET Framework, Internet Explorer, Windows PowerShell or many other features not related to core server features. A Server Core machine can be configured for several basic roles: Domain controller/Active Directory Domain Services, ADLDS (ADAM), DNS Server, DHCP Server, file server, print server, Windows Media Server, IIS 7 web server and Hyper-V virtual server. Server Core can also be used to create a cluster with high availability using Failover Clustering or Network Load Balancing. Andrew Mason, a program manager on the Windows Server team, noted that a primary motivation for producing a Server Core variant of Windows Server 2008 was to reduce the attack surface of the operating system, and that about 70% of the security vulnerabilities in Microsoft Windows from the prior five years would not have affected Server Core. [9]

Active Directory roles
Active Directory roles is expanded with identity, certificate, and rights management services. Active Directory, until Windows Server 2003, allowed network administrators to centrally manage connected computers, to set policies for groups of users, and to centrally deploy new applications to multiple computers. This role of Active Directory is being renamed as Active Directory Domain Services (ADDS). [10] A number of other additional services are being introduced, including Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS), Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS), (formerly Active Directory Application Mode, or ADAM), Active Directory Certificate Services (ADCS), and Active Directory Rights Management Services (ADRMS). Identity and certificate services allow administrators to manage user accounts and the digital certificates that allow them to access certain services and systems. Federation management services enable enterprises to share credentials with trusted partners and customers, allowing a consultant to use his company user name and password to log in on a client's network. Identity Integration Feature Pack is included as Active Directory Metadirectory Services. Each of these services represents a server role.

Failover Clustering
Main article: Failover Clustering Windows Server 2008 offers high-availability to services and applications through Failover Clustering. Most server features and roles can be kept running with little to no downtime. In Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2, the way that clusters are qualified is changing significantly with the introduction of the cluster validation wizard [11]. The cluster validation wizard is a feature that is integrated into failover clustering in Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2. With the cluster validation wizard, you can run a set of focused tests on a collection of servers that you intend to use as nodes in a cluster. This cluster validation process tests the underlying hardware and software directly, and individually, to obtain an accurate assessment of how well failover clustering can be supported on a given configuration.

Windows PowerShell

Screenshot of a sample Windows PowerShell session. Main article: Windows PowerShell Windows Server 2008 is the first Windows operating system to ship with Windows PowerShell, Microsoft's new extensible command line shell and task-based scripting technology.[12] PowerShell is based on object-oriented programming and version 2.0 of the Microsoft .NET Framework and includes more than 120 system administration utilities, consistent syntax and naming conventions, and built-in capabilities to work with common management data such as the Windows Registry, certificate store, or Windows Management Instrumentation. PowerShell's scripting language was specifically designed for IT administration, and can be used in place of cmd.exe and Windows Script Host.

Self-healing NTFS
In Windows versions prior to Windows Vista, if the operating system detected corruption in the file system of an NTFS volume, it marked the volume "dirty"; to correct errors on the volume, it had to be taken offline. With self-healing NTFS, an NTFS worker thread is spawned in the background which performs a localized fix-up of damaged data structures, with only the corrupted files/folders remaining unavailable without locking out the entire volume and needing the server to be taken down. The operating system now features S.M.A.R.T. detection techniques to help determine when a hard disk may fail. [13]

Hyper-V

Hyper-V architecture Main article: Hyper-V

Hyper-V is a hypervisor-based virtualization system, forming a core part of Microsoft's virtualization strategy. It virtualizes servers on an operating system's kernel layer. It can be thought of as partitioning a single physical server into multiple small computational partitions. Hyper-V includes the ability to act as a Xen virtualization hypervisor host allowing Xen-enabled guest operating systems to run virtualized[14]. A beta version of Hyper-V shipped with certain x86-64 editions of Windows Server 2008, prior to Microsoft's release of the final version of Hyper-V on 26 June 2008 as a free download. Also, a standalone version of Hyper-V exists. This version also only supports the x86-64 architecture.[15] While the x86 editions of Windows Server 2008 cannot run the Hyper-V integrations, they can run the Manager Console and Hyper-V tools.

Windows System Resource Manager
Main article: Windows System Resource Manager Windows System Resource Manager (WSRM) is being integrated into Windows Server 2008. It provides resource management and can be used to control the amount of resources a process or a user can use based on business priorities. Process Matching Criteria, which is defined by the name, type or owner of the process, enforces restrictions on the resource usage by a process that matches the criteria. CPU time, bandwidth that it can use, number of processors it can be run on, and allocated to a process can be restricted. Restrictions can be set to be imposed only on certain dates as well.

Server Manager
Server Manager is a new roles-based management tool for Windows Server 2008[16]. It is a combination of Manage Your Server and Security Configuration Wizard from Windows Server 2003. Server Manager is an improvement of the Configure my server dialog that launches by default on Windows Server 2003 machines. However, rather than serve only as a starting point to configuring new roles, Server Manager gathers together all of the operations users would want to conduct on the server, such as, getting a remote deployment method set up, adding more server roles etc and provides a consolidated, portal-like view about the status of each role.

Other features
Other new or enhanced features include:

Core OS improvements
   

Fully multi-componentized operating system. Improved hot patching, a feature that allows non-kernel patches to occur without the need for a reboot. Support for being booted from Extensible Firmware Interface (EFI)-compliant firmware on x86-64 systems. Dynamic Hardware Partitioning o Support for the hot-addition of processors and memory, on capable hardware. o Support for the hot-replacement of processors and memory, on capable hardware.

Active Directory improvements

A new "Read-Only Domain Controller" operation mode in Active Directory, intended for use in branch office scenarios where a domain controller may reside in a low physical security environment. The RODC holds a non-writeable copy of Active Directory, and redirects all write attempts to a Full Domain Controller. It replicates all accounts except sensitive ones. In RODC mode, credentials are not cached by default. Moreover, only the replication partner of the RODC needs to run Windows Server 2008. Also, local administrators can log on to the machine to perform maintenance tasks without requiring administrative rights on the domain. Restartable Active Directory allows ADDS to be stopped and restarted from the Management Console or the command-line without rebooting the domain controller. This reduces downtime for offline operations and reduces overall DC servicing requirements with Server Core. ADDS is implemented as a Domain Controller Service in Windows Server 2008.

Policy related improvements

All of the Group Policy improvements from Windows Vista are included. Group Policy Management Console (GPMC) is built-in. The Group Policy objects are indexed for search and can be commented on.[17] Policy-based networking with Network Access Protection, improved branch management and enhanced end user collaboration. Policies can be created to ensure greater Quality of Service for certain applications or services that require prioritization of network bandwidth between client and server. Granular password settings within a single domain - ability to implement different password policies for administrative accounts on a "group" and "user" basis, instead of a single set of password settings to the whole domain.

Disk management and file storage improvements

 

 

The ability to resize hard disk partitions without stopping the server, even the system partition. This applies only to simple and spanned volumes, not to striped volumes. Shadow Copy based block-level backup which supports optical media, network shares and Windows Recovery Environment. DFS enhancements - SYSVOL on DFS-R, Read-only Folder Replication Member. There is also support for domain-based DFS namespaces that exceed the previous size recommendation of 5,000 folders with targets in a namespace. [18] Several improvements to Failover Clustering (High-availability clusters).[19] Internet Storage Naming Server (iSNS) enables central registration, deregistration and queries for iSCSI hard drives.

Protocol and cryptography improvements

Support for 128- and 256-bit AES encryption for the Kerberos authentication protocol.

   

New cryptography (CNG) API which supports elliptic curve cryptography and improved certificate management. Secure Socket Tunneling Protocol, a new Microsoft proprietary VPN protocol. AuthIP, a Microsoft proprietary extension of the IKE cryptographic protocol used in IPsec VPN networks. Server Message Block 2.0 protocol in the new TCP/IP stack provides a number of communication enhancements, including greater performance when connecting to file shares over high-latency links and better security through the use of mutual authentication and message signing.

Improvements due to client-side (Windows Vista) enhancements

Searching Windows Server 2008 servers from Windows Vista clients delegates the query to the server, which uses the Windows Search technology to search and transfer the results back to the client. In a networked environment with a print server running Windows Vista, clients can render print jobs locally before sending them to print servers to reduce the load on the server and increase its availability. Event forwarding aggregates and forwards logs of subscribed Windows Vista client computers back to a central console. Event forwarding can be enabled on the client subscribers from the central server directly from the event management console.

Miscellaneous improvements

 

Windows Deployment Services replacing Automated Deployment Services and Remote Installation Services. Windows Deployment Services (WDS) support an enhanced multicast feature when deploying operating system images. [20] Internet Information Services 7 - Increased security, XCOPY deployment, improved diagnostic tools, delegated administration. Windows Internal Database, a variant of SQL Server Express 2005, which serves as a common storage back-end for several other components such as Windows System Resource Manager, Windows SharePoint Services and Windows Server Update Services. It is not intended to be used by third-party applications. An optional "Desktop Experience" component provides the same Windows Aero user interface as Windows Vista, both for local users, as well as remote users connecting through Remote Desktop.

Removed features
See also: Features removed from Windows Vista
  

NT Backup is replaced by Windows Server Backup, and no longer supports backing up to tape drives[21] NNTP (Network News Transfer Protocol) is no longer part of Internet Information Services 7.0 Post Office Protocol component has been deprecated and will no longer be supplied as part of Windows OS

Exchange backups. (NTBackup was replaced with VSS-based Windows Server Backup). Microsoft is recommending Data Protection Manager, but it requires a dedicated server. However a plug-in has been included as part of Exchange 2007 SP2 which facilitates Exchange backups using the Windows 2008 Backup tool. [22] Windows Small Business Server and Windows Essential Business Server both include an Exchange backup component. A Windows Backup component for non-SBS installations is forthcoming.[23]

Editions
Most editions of Windows Server 2008 are available in x86-64 (64-bit) and x86 (32-bit) versions. Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems supports IA-64 processors. The IA-64 version is optimized for high workload scenarios like database servers and Line of Business (LOB) applications. As such it is not optimized for use as a file server or media server. Microsoft has announced that Windows Server 2008 is the last 32-bit Windows server operating system.[24] Windows Server 2008 is available in the editions listed below, [25] similar to Windows Server 2003.
         

Windows Server 2008 Standard (x86 and x86-64) Windows Server 2008 Enterprise (x86 and x86-64) Windows Server 2008 Datacenter (x86 and x86-64) Windows HPC Server 2008 (Codenamed "Socrates") (replacing Windows Compute Cluster Server 2003) Windows Web Server 2008 (x86 and x86-64) Windows Storage Server 2008 (Codenamed "Magni") (x86 and x86-64) Windows Small Business Server 2008 (Codenamed "Cougar") (x86-64) for small businesses Windows Essential Business Server 2008 (Codenamed "Centro") (x86-64) for medium-sized businesses [26] Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-based Systems Windows Server 2008 Foundation (Codenamed "Lima")

Server Core is available in the Web, Standard, Enterprise and Datacenter editions. It is not available in the Itanium edition. Server Core is simply an alternate installation option supported by some of the editions, and not a separate edition by itself. Each architecture has a separate installation DVD. Windows Server 2008 Standard Edition is available to students for free through Microsoft's DreamSpark program.

Service Packs
Microsoft occasionally releases service packs for its Windows operating systems to fix bugs and also add new features.

Service Pack 2
Because Windows Server 2008 is based on the Windows NT 6.0 Service Pack 1 kernel, the RTM release is considered to be Service Pack 1; accordingly, the first service pack is called Service Pack 2. Announced on October 24, 2008,[27] this service pack contains the same

changes and improvements as the Windows Vista Service Pack 2, as well as the final release of Hyper-V 1.0, and an approximate 10% reduction in power usage. The first SP2 beta build was sent out in in October 2008, a public beta arrived in December 2008, and an RC-escrow build was given to testers in January 2009. Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 share a single service pack binary, reflecting the fact that their code bases were joined with the release of Server 2008. On May 26, 2009, Service Pack 2 was ready for release. It is now available in Windows Update.

Windows Server 2008 R2
Main article: Windows Server 2008 R2 A second release, Windows Server 2008 R2, was released on October 22, 2009. [28] Retail availability was September 14, 2009. [29] Windows Server 2008 R2 reached the RTM milestone on July 22, 2009.[30] Like Windows 7, it is built on Windows NT 6.1. New features include new virtualization features, new Active Directory features, IIS 7.5, and support for 256 processors. Support for 32-bit processors (x86) has been removed. On July 22, 2009, Microsoft officially announced that they had released both Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows 7 to manufacturing. 2008 R2 Server was generally available for download from August 19 and for retail purchase from October 22, 2009.

System requirements
System requirements for Windows Server 2008 are as follows: [31] Minimum Processor 1 GHz (x86) or 1.4 GHz (x64) (x64 required for R2) Recommended 2 GHz or faster 2 GB RAM or higher

Memory

512 MB RAM (may limit performance and some features)

Maximum (32-bit systems): 4 GB RAM (Standard) or 64 GB RAM (Enterprise, Datacenter) Maximum (64-bit systems): 8 GB (Foundation) or 32 GB RAM (Standard) or 2 TB RAM (Enterprise, Datacenter and Itanium-Based Systems)

Video adapter and monitor

Super VGA (800 x 600) 10 GB

Super VGA (800 x 600) or higher resolution 30 GB or higher

Hard drive disk free space

Computers with more than 16 GB of RAM require more disk space for paging and

dump files. Drives Devices DVD-ROM DVD-ROM or better Super VGA (800 x 600) or higher-resolution monitor, keyboard and mouse

See also
 

Windows Server System List of Microsoft software codenames

References
This article includes a list of references or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations where appropriate. (August 2008) 1. ^ "Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 Officially RTM At Build Version 6.1.7600.16385". http://www.mydigitallife.info/2009/07/23/windows-7-andwindows-server-2008-r2-officially-rtm-at-build-version-6-1-7600-16385/. Retrieved 2009-07-23. 2. ^ Microsoft. "Windows Server 2008 Lifecycle Policy". Microsoft. http://support.microsoft.com/lifecycle/search/default.aspx?sort=PN&alpha=Windo ws+Server+2008&Filter=FilterNO. Retrieved 2009-10-22. 3. ^ Windows Server 2008 R2 Reaches the RTM Milestone! 4. ^ Miller, Michael J. (2007-05-15). "Gates at WinHec 2007: Windows Server 2008, Rally, Home Server and More". Forward Thinking. http://blog.pcmag.com/blogs/miller/archive/2007/05/15/1883.aspx. Retrieved 2007-07-09. 5. ^ Lowe, David (2007-04-25). "Beta 3 is Go!". Windows Server Division WebLog. Microsoft. http://blogs.technet.com/windowsserver/archive/2007/04/25/beta-3-isgo.aspx. Retrieved 2007-04-25. 6. ^ Ralston, Ward (2007-09-24). "Windows Server 2008 Rc0 Released!". Windows Server Division WebLog. Microsoft. http://blogs.technet.com/windowsserver/archive/2007/09/24/windows-server2008-rc0-released.aspx. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 7. ^ Nate Mook. "New Windows Server, Visual Studio, SQL Server to Launch in February". BetaNews. http://www.betanews.com/article/New_Windows_Server_Visual_Studio_SQL_Serve r_to_Launch_in_February/1184080223. Retrieved 2007-07-11. It is also commonly referred to as Vista Server 8. ^ "Dynamic Hardware Partitioning Architecture". MSDN. http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa938679.aspx. Retrieved 2007-07-23. 9. ^ "Iain McDonald and Andrew Mason show off the new Windows Server OS". Channel 9. Microsoft. May 24, 2006. http://channel9.msdn.com/posts/Duncanma/Iain-McDonald-and-Andrew-Masonshow-off-the-new-Windows-Server-OS/. Retrieved 2008-11-01. "18:55"

10. ^ Hynes, Byron (November 2006). "The Future of Windows: Directory Services in Windows Server 2008". TechNet Magazine. http://www.microsoft.com/technet/technetmag/issues/2006/11/FutureOfWindows. Retrieved 2007-05-02. 11. ^ "Failover Cluster Validation Error 80070005 on Windows Server 2008 R2 x64". Failover Cluster Validation Error 80070005 on Windows Server 2008 R2 x64. 1900-10. http://capitalhead.com/articles/failover-cluster-validation-error-80070005-onwindows-server-2008-r2-x64.aspx. Retrieved 2009-11-05. 12. ^ Snover, Jeffrey (2007-03-28). "Announced: PowerShell to Ship in Windows Server 2008". Blog of Windows PowerShell team. Microsoft. http://blogs.msdn.com/powershell/archive/2007/03/28/announced-powershell-toship-in-windows-server-longhorn.aspx. Retrieved 2007-04-06. 13. ^ Loveall, John (2006). "Storage improvements in Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008" (PowerPoint). Microsoft Corporation. http://download.microsoft.com/download/5/b/9/5b97017b-e28a-4bae-ba48174cf47d23cd/STO123_WH06.ppt. Retrieved 2007-07-09. 14. ^ "Benchmarking Hyper-V on Windows Server 2008 R2 x64". Benchmarking Hyper-V on Windows Server 2008 R2 x64. 2010-1-20. http://capitalhead.com/articles/benchmarking-hyper-v-on-windows-server-2008-r2x64.aspx. Retrieved 2010-1-28. 15. ^ "Microsoft Extends Virtualization Strategy, Outlines Product Road Map". Microsoft. 2006-05-22. http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/features/2006/may06/0522Virtualization.mspx. Retrieved 2007-07-09. 16. ^ "Server Manager". Windows Server 2008 Technical Library. Microsoft TechNet. 2007-06-25. http://technet2.microsoft.com/windowsserver2008/en/library/b3274a34-75744ea6-aec0-e05ba297481e1033.mspx?mfr=true. Retrieved 2007-05-02. 17. ^ Keith Ward. "Top 10 Overlooked Windows Server 2008 Features, Part 2". Redmond Developer News. http://reddevnews.com/news/article.aspx?editorialsid=9130#1. 18. ^ Breaking the 5K Folder “Barrier” in Domain-Based Namespaces: Filing Cabinet blog 19. ^ "Failover Clustering with Windows Server 2008 including http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cluster_shared_volumes". Microsoft. 2007-01-17. http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2008/failover-clusters.mspx. Retrieved 2007-07-09. 20. ^ Multicasting OS deployments with Windows Server 2008 21. ^ Step-by-Step Guide for Windows Server Backup in Windows Server 2008 22. ^ Microsoft Exchange Team Blog - Exchange Server 2007 Service Pack 2 23. ^ To Backup or Not to Backup? Yes! To backup!! 24. ^ Heaton, Alex (2007-05-18). "On 64-bit and Windows Client". Windows Vista Team Blog. http://windowsvistablog.com/blogs/windowsvista/archive/2007/05/18/on-64bit-and-windows-client.aspx. Retrieved 2007-07-09. 25. ^ "Windows Server 2008 Product Editions". Microsoft. 2007-04-25. http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2008/evaleditions.mspx. Retrieved 200707-09. 26. ^ Announcing Windows Essential Business Server

27. ^ Justin Graham (October 24, 2008). "Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 beta". Microsoft. http://blogs.technet.com/windowsserver/archive/2008/10/24/windowsserver-2008-service-pack-2-beta.aspx. Retrieved 2008-10-29. 28. ^ "Windows Server 2008 R2: Getting Started". Microsoft. http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2008/en/us/R2.aspx. Retrieved 2009-0713. 29. ^ http://blogs.technet.com/windowsserver/archive/2009/07/22/when-to-expectwindows-server-2008-r2-rtm.aspx 30. ^ http://blogs.technet.com/windowsserver/archive/2009/07/22/windows-server2008-r2-rtm.aspx 31. ^ "Windows Server 2008 System Requirements". 31 March 2008. http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/windowsserver/cc196364.aspx. Retrieved 200803-31.

External links
Microsoft
         

Official site for Windows Server 2008 Official site for Windows Server 2008 R2 Microsoft TechCenter for Windows Server 2008 MSDN Developer Center for Windows Server 2008 New Networking Features in Windows Server 2008 and Windows Vista — lengthy article from Microsoft Technet covering new networking features in detail Changes in Functionality from Windows Server 2003 with SP1 to Windows Server 2008 Windows Server 2008: Compare Server Core Installation Options Windows Server Performance Team Blog List of server applications that are supported, will be supported, or are incompatible Official System Requirements page

Miscellanea
         

Early review from Network World Screenshots of Server Components from Latest Longhorn Builds Windows Server 2008 Build and Revision Numbers Microsoft confirms Longhorn server Microsoft lays out server road map Windows Server 2008 - First Look - A preview of what to expect in Windows Server 2008. winsupersite.com Preview winsupersite.com Preview 2 Mylogon - A Windows client-interface for small sites, offering lower maintenance overheads than the Active Directory. iCore Project - Initial configuration tasks batch for Windows 2008 Core

Windows Server 2008 Installation Guide
Windows Server 2008 is the most advanced Windows Server operating system yet, designed to power the next-generation of networks, applications, and Web services. With Windows Server 2008 you can develop, deliver, and manage rich user experiences and applications, provide a highly secure network infrastructure, and increase technological efficiency and value within your organization. Windows Server 2008 builds on the success and strengths of its Windows Server predecessors while delivering valuable new functionality and powerful improvements to the base operating system. New Web tools, virtualization technologies, security enhancements, and management utilities help save time, reduce costs, and provide a solid foundation for your information technology (IT) infrastructure. This tutorial will show you how to install windows server 2008 You need to boot from Windows server 2008 CD/DVD first screen as follows here you need to select langusge and keyboard input click next

Next screen shows you welcome screen click install now

If you have the product key enter and click next

Click yes in the following screen if don’t enter the product key in above step

Select your windows server 2008 product version and check box at the bottom of the screen click next

Accept the license click next

You need to click on custom installation

Now you need to create you hard drive partitions

If you click on the Drive options (advanced) link on the above screen you should see similar to the following screen after creating your partitions click next

This will start the installation process

Windows server 2008 installation process completed now it will automatically reboot your server

After rebooting you should see similar to the following screen here you need to click on ok

Enter administrator password two times and click on arrow mark –>

Password changed successfully and you can login now.

That’s it this part of the tutorial completed we will see how to configure network,firewall, remote desktop,domain controller in coming articles stay tuned

Windows Server 2008 Configuration

(Set Time Zone, Network, Computer Name)
We have already discussed win server 2008 step by step installation .After you install a clean copy of Windows Server 2008, the Initial Configurations Tasks (ICT) is the first page that you will receive after you logon to Windows Server 2008.

You can see Initial Configuration Tasks windows as follows

Initial Configuration Tasks contains the following sections
  

Provide Computer Information Update This Server Customize This Server

Now we will see One By One Section Provide Computer Information This section contains the following sub sections

Set time zone

Click on Set time zone , if the date and time are not set properly, then click on Change date and time button to set them, to change the time zone which as I said earlier it is GMT-08:00 by default, click on Change time zone button.

Now you need to choose your correct time zone from the drop down list > Click OK > OK

Configure networking

This is step number two in section one, assign your server with a static IP address, or leave it blank if you use DHCP. To assign your server a static IP, click on Configure networking, the Network Connections page will open, right click on the network card you want to configure > click on properties

From Local area connection Properties click on Internet Protocol Version 4 ( TCP/IPv4) > Click on Properties

Choose Use the following IP address and fill the IP address/Subnet mask/Default gateway/DNS as required > then click OK > OK

Provide Computer Information

The last step in section one is giving a meaningful name to your server machine, join it to the appropriate workgroup or domain. Click on Provide computer name and domain, as you can see the machine has a long name. Under the Computer Name tab, click on the Change button.

Enter your computer name click ok

Now you can see your new details asking for restart your server click on close

Restart windows click on restart now to restart your server

After finishing the first part configuration you should see all the details as follows

Windows Server 2008 Configuration (Enable Windows Update, firewall, Remote Desktop, Add Features)
This is continuation of part1 if you want to check part 1 check here .In this tutorial we will see other two options available in Windows Server 2008 Initial Configuration Tasks
  

Update This Server Customize This Server Update This Server

In this section we have two sub sections
  

Enable automatic updating and feedback Download and install updates Enable automatic updating and feedback

Once you click on it, you will receive a box to configure enabling manual or automatic configurations for sending error reports back to Microsoft, downloading and installating the latest updates , and allowing Microsoft to collect anonymous usage information. If you clicked on Enable Windows automatic updating and feedback (recommended), the Windows automatic updating, Windows error reporting, customer experience improvement program, will be turned on by default.

Now click on the Change Setting button next to each option and then turn off the settings that you do not wish them to be enabled.

Under Windows automatic updating, if you clicked on the Change Settings button, you can change the setting shown in the below image

Under Windows Error Reporting, if you clicked on the Change Settings button, you can change the setting shown in the below image

Under Customer Experience Improvement Program, if you clicked on the Change Settings button, you can change the setting shown in the below image

Download and install updates

you can check for updates, or you can change the windows updates settings by clicking from the left side on Change settings, you will receive the same settings page we had seen earlier in the Enable automatic updating and feedback options

    

Customize This Server : It has the following configuration options Add roles Add features Enable Remote Desktop Configure Windows Firewall

All these tasks and more can be configured with a single console called Server Manager.

Add roles

By default, the server does not have any role, to configure this server with a role, click on Add Roles, you will receive the Before you begin page, take a moment to read it and then click on Next.

You can then choose which role you want to install, for example Active Directory Domain Services, DNS Server, DHCP Server and so on. I am not going to configure any role now.I will dicuss them later.

Add Features

Also once you have a clean install of Windows Server 2008, the server will not have any feature installed on it, you can install features by clicking on Add features, you will have a list of all the available features, select any by enabling the checkbox beside the feature(s) you desire to install and then click on the Next button to continue with the wizard.

Remote Desktop

It is disabled by default, and you will need to enable it if you wish to remotely control this server.

Configure Windows Firewall

The Windows Firewall by default is turned on, if you desire to change any setting, click on Change Settings

To have a summary of all the configurations you have set on your server, click on Print, email, or save this information.

An html page will open and will display for you all the configurations you have set, you can print , e-mail or save this information. This page resides inside the following folder: C:\Users\Administrator\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\ServerManager\InitialConfig urationTasks.html Where C is the drive you have Windows Server installed on, and Administrator is the name of the user you are logging with.

Last note, that is if you have enabled the option Do not show this windows at logon

Running Initial Configuration Tasks (ICT) if you wish to launch the ICT again, all you have to do is to go to Start > Run > type oobe click ok

FAX service Installation Guide (Windows XP)
Requirements

A computer that is running Windows XP and is equipped with a fax modem that is connected to a telephone line Most modern modems are fax modems. If you are unsure whether your modem can send and receive faxes, see the documentation that was included with your modem. The CD that you used to install Windows XP

Notes
 

You do not need a separate fax machine to send and receive faxes with Windows XP fax service. If you plan to transmit printed material by fax, you must have a scanner. If you plan to create faxes electronically, you do not need a scanner.

Install the fax component
To install the fax component, follow these steps: 1. Click Start, and then click Run. 2. Copy and paste or type the following command in the Open box, and then click OK: appwiz.cpl It may take several seconds for your computer to compile a list of programs. The Add or Remove Programs dialog box opens. 3. Click Add/Remove Windows Components to the left of the list of programs to start the Windows Components Wizard. This takes several seconds. 4. In the Components list, click to select the Fax Services check box, and then click Next. Setup installs the fax services. 5. If you are prompted, insert the Windows XP CD, and then click OK. If the Welcome to Microsoft Windows XP window opens, click the X in the upperright corner to close it. 6. Click Finish, and then click the X in the upper-right corner of the Add or Remove Programs dialog box to close it. The fax component of Windows XP should be installed now. If you have problems installing the fax component, go to the "Next Steps" section. The next step is to configure the fax service. To do this, go to the "Configure the fax service" section.

Configure the fax service
To configure faxing capability in Windows XP, follow these steps: Step 1: Configure the cover page, select a modem, and enable the fax service to send and receive faxes a. Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Accessories, point to Communications, point to Fax, and then click Fax Console. The Fax Configuration Wizard starts. b. If you are prompted, type the area code or city code of your present location, a carrier code, the number that you must dial first to dial out, and the telephone system that you are using (Tone or Pulse), and then click OK. If the Phone and Modem Options dialog box is displayed, select your location (if more than one exists), and then click OK. c. Click Next, type the information that you want to appear on your fax cover page, and then click Next. d. In the Please select the fax device list, click the modem that you want to use. e. If you want to disable the ability to send faxes from this computer, click to clear the Enable Send check box. Note By default, the Enable Send check box is selected. f. Click to select the Enable Receive check box if you want the computer to receive faxes. Note When this check box is selected, you can click Manual answer if you do not want the computer to automatically receive faxes. By default, automatic answering is enabled. g. Click Next. Step 2: Enter TSID and CSID information and configure printing and storing preferences a. Type the Transmitting Subscriber Identification (TSID) that you want to use in the TSID box. Note The TSID is mandatory in some areas. This identification information typically appears in the header area of a fax that you receive and can help you recognize the fax machine where the fax originated. The TSID typically includes the sender's fax number and business name. b. Click Next. c. Type the Called Subscriber Identification (CSID) that you want in the CSID box. Note The CSID text that you enter appears on fax machines that send faxes to you. For example, if you enter "123 Fax", a machine that sends you a fax might display the message "Sending a fax to 123 Fax" while sending. d. Click Next.

e. Click to select the Print it on check box if you want each fax that you receive to be automatically printed. When you select this check box, you can select a specific printer to print the fax. f. Click to select the Store a copy in a folder check box if you want to archive a copy of each fax. When you select this check box, you can specify the storage location for the fax copy. g. Click Next. h. Confirm the configuration settings in the Configuration Summary list, and then click Finish. The Fax Configuration Wizard closes and the Fax Console window opens. The computer is now configured to send or receive faxes. If you have to change your fax service settings, use the Fax Configuration Wizard by following the instructions in the "Change the fax configuration" section. If the Windows fax service is not working as you expected, go to the "Next Steps" section. For information about receiving faxes or sending a scanned document or image, go to the "More Information" section.

Change the fax configuration
Use the Fax Configuration Wizard to change your fax service settings. You can start the Fax Configuration Wizard from the Fax Console window. To start the Fax Configuration Wizard, follow these steps: 1. Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Accessories, point to Communications, point to Fax, and then click Fax Console. 2. In Fax Console, click Configure Fax on the Tools menu to start the Fax Configuration Wizard.

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