You are on page 1of 6

# PAST YEAR QUESTION :CHAPTER 1 : FUNCTIONS

## 1. Functions f, g and h are defined by

x
x2
2
f :x
,g:x
,h : x 3 .
x 1
x
x
a) state the domains of f and g.
[2 marks]
b) find the composite function gof and state its domain and range.
[5 marks]
c) state the domain and range of h.
[2 marks]
d) state whether h = g o f. Give a reason for your answer.
[ 2006, 2 marks]
Ans : a) Df ={ x : xR, x -1}, Dg ={ x : xR, x 0},
b) 3+2/x Dgof ={ x : xR, x -1, x 0}, Rgof ={ y : yR, y 3 },
c) Dh ={ x : xR, x 0}, Rh ={ y : yR, y 3},
d)Both f(x) and gof(x) have the same rule but different domains and ranges,
therefore h gof
2. The functions f and g are defined by
1
,xR
x
f:x
\ {0};
g : x 2 x 1, x R.

g
Find f
and its domain.
1
1
, D fog={ x : x R , x }
Ans :
2 x1
2

[ 2008, 4 marks]

## 3. Functions f and g are defined by

x
1
f :x
for x ;
2x 1
2
2
g : x ax bx c, where a, b, and c are constants.
a) Find f f , and hence, determine the inverse function of f.
marks]
3x 2 4 x 1
g f
( 2 x 1) 2
b) Find the values of a, b and c if

[4

[4

marks]

x2 2
2
c) Given that p(x) = x 2 2, express h(x) = 2 x 5 in terms of f and p.[2011,2 marks]
x
1
, xR, x
Ans : a) x, f -1:x
b) a=1. B=0, c=-1
c) h=fp
2 x1
2
4. The graph of a function f is follows :

## a) state the domain and range of f.

[2

marks]
b) state whether f is one-to-one function or not. Give a reason for your answer.
[ 2010, 2
marks]
Ans : a) Domain = { x: -3 x -1, -1 < x 2, xR } Range ={ y : -1< y < 2, y R }
b) Not one-to-one function. Because by using the horizontal line test, there are
more than one pint of intersection between the horizontal line and the graph of f.

## 5. Sketch on the same coordinate axes, the graphs of y = 2 - x and y =

1
.
x

[4 marks]
Hence , solve the inequality 2 x >
Ans : x < -0.236

## 6. Find the solution set of the inequality

marks]
Ans : { x : 0 < x < 1, 1 < x < 1 + 2 }

1
.
x

x2

1
< x , where x 0.

[2004, 4 marks]

[2005, 7

2x 1
Ax B
C

,
2
(
x

1
)(
2

x
)
2

x
x

1
7. Express
in the form
where A, B and C are constants.
[2006, 3
marks]
x
1
+
Ans :
2
x +1 2x
2

## 8. The polynomial p(x)= x 4 + a x 3 7 x 2 4ax + b has a factor x + 3 and, when divided

by x-3, has remainder 60. Find the values of a and b, and factorise p (x) completely.
[9
marks]
1
,
Using the substitution y = x solve the equation 12 y 4 8 y 3 7 y 2 + 2 y + 1 = 0
[2006, 3
marks]
Ans : a=2, b=12, (x-1)(x+3)(x-2)(x+2) , y= 1, -1/3, , -1/2

## 9. Find the constants A, B , C and D such that

3x 2 5 x
A
B
C
D

2
2
2
1 x 1 x (1 x )
(1 x )(1 x )
(1 x) 3

[ 2007, 8

marks]
Ans : A =1, B=1, c = -1, D =-1
10. The polynomial p(x ) = 2 x 3 + 4 x 2 + x k has factor ( x + 1 ).
a) find the values of k.
marks]
b) factorise p(x) completely.
marks]
1
Ans : a) 3/2
b) (x+1)(2x+3)(x )
2

[2
[ 2008, 4

## 11. Find the solution set of the inequality

4
3
3
x 1
x

[2008, 10
marks]
Ans : { x : 0 < x < 3, x 1 }
12. Find all the values of x if y =
Ans : x = -9 or 7

3 x

and 4y ( x 2 -9 ) = -24.

## 13. . Determine the set of values of x satisfying the inequality

x
1

x 1 x 1
Ans : { x : x < -1 or x 1 }

[ 2009, 9 marks]

[ 2009, 4 marks]

14. The polynomial p(x) = 6x 4-a x 3-b x 2 + 28x + 12, where a and b are real constants,
has factors ( x + 2 ) and ( x 2).
Find the values of a and b, and hence, factorise p(x) completely.
[ 2009, 7
marks]
Ans : a = 7, b = 27, P(x) = (x+2)(x-2)(2x-3)(3x+1)
15. The polynomial p(x)=2x 4-7x 3 +5x2 +ax + b, where a and b are real constants, is
divisible by 2x 2 + x 1.
a) find a and b.
[4
marks]
b) for these values of a and b, determine the set of values of x such that p(x) 0
[ 2010, 4
marks]
1
Ans : a) a = 9, b = -5
b) { x : -1 x , x R }
2

## 16. Find the set of values of x satisfying the inequality 2x 1

Ans : { x ; x 2 }

x 1

[ 2011, 6 marks]

17. The polynomial p(x) = ax3 +bx2-4x+3, where a and b are constants, has a factor (x+1).
When p(x) is divided by (x-2), it leaves a reminder of -9.
a) find the values of a and b, and hence, factorise p(x) completely.
[ 6 marks]
p ( x)
0
b) find the set of values of x which satisfies x 3
[ 4 marks]
p( x)
, x 3,
c) by completing the square, find the minimum value of x 3
and the value
of x at which it occurs.
[ 2011, 4 marks]
1
Ans : a) a= 2, b=-5, b) { x : x 1, x , x 3} c) min value 0s -9/8 when x = -1/4
2
x
) 3 log a 2 log a ( x 2a),
a2
18. If
express x in terms of a.
Ans : x = 4a
log a (

## log a (3 x 4a) log a 3 x

[ 2007, 6 marks]

2
1
log a (1 2a ), where 0 a ,
log 2 a
2 find x.
[ 2009, 7 marks]

Ans : x = 2/3
20. Solve the following simultaneous equations :
x2
log 3 ( xy) 5 and log 9 ( ) 2
y
Ans : x = 27, y = 9
21. Solve the equation lnx + ln (x+2) = 1
Ans : x = 1+ e1

[ 2010, 4 marks]
[ 2011, 4 marks]

22. Sketch, on the same coordinate axes, the curves y = 6- e x and y = 5 e x, and find the
coordinates of the points of intersection.
[ 2008, 7 marks]
Ans : ( ln5, 1 )
23. Given that 2 -x x 2is a factor of P(x) = ax3-x2+bx -2. Find the values of a and b.
Hence, find the set of values of x for which P(x) is negative.
[ 2012, 6 marks]
1
, x >1 }
Ans : a = -2, b=5,
{ x : -2 < x <
2
24. Functions f and gof are defined by f(x)= e x+2 and (gof)(x) = x. For all x 0.
a) find the function g, and state its domain,
[5
marks]
b) determine the value of (fog)(e3)
[ 2012, 2
marks]
Ans : a) g(x) = lnx2
Dg={ x : x e2 }
b) e 3

x
y
25. Solve the simultaneous equations
)=
log 9

x=

Ans :

3
4

and ( log 3 x ( lo g 3 y ) =1
[2012, 8
marks]

1
1
, y= , x=9, y= 3
9
3

1
.
2

## a) find f -1, state its domain,

[4
marks]
b) find the coordinates of the point of intersection of graphs f and f -1.
[ 3 marks]
c) sketch, on the same coordinates axes, the graphs of f and f -1.
[ 2012, 3 marks]
1
1
1
1
Ans : a) f ( x )= + x+
, D f ={x : x }
b) (2,2)
2
4
4

## 27. The function f is defined by f(x) =

1 x x
( e e ) , where x R .
2

## a) show that f has an inverse.

b) find the inverse function of f, and state its domain.
x+ x 2 +1
D f ={x ; x R }
Ans : b) 1
f ( x )=ln

[ 3 marks]
[ 2013, 7 marks]

## 28. Determine the set of values of x satisfying the inequality

Ans : { x : x -2-

3
x.
[ STPM 2014, 6 marks]

x+ 4

7 or 0 x 2+ 7 }

## 29. Functions f and g are defined by

f(x) = x2 + 4x + 2, x R,
3
, x 3, x R .
g(x) =
3+ x
a) Sketch the graph of f, and find its range.
[4
marks]
b) Sketch the graph of g, and show that g is a one-to-one function.
[3 marks]
c) Give a reason why g -1 exists. Find g-1 and state its domain.
[4
marks]
d) Give a reason why gof exists. Find gf, and state its domain.[STPM 2014,4 marks]
Ans : a) Rf = { y : y 2 }
b) g is one-to-one because the line y=k, k 0 cuts the graph at one point only.
c) g-1 exists because g is one-to-one function. g-1(x)=
d)

Rf D g ,

D gof is R

3
3, Dg ={x : x 0}
x
1

## 30. A continuous function f is defined by

1 x<2,
1
(x-3 2 +c ,2 x 8,
2
x3-1,

f(x)

where c is a constant.
a) Determine the value of c.
[4 marks]
b) Find the values of x such that f(x) = 0.
[3
marks]
c) Sketch the graph of f.
[3
marks]
d) Find the maximum and minimum values of f.
[3
marks]
e) State whether f is a one-to-one function or not. Give a reason for your answer.
[ STPM 2014,2 marks]
Ans : a) 15/2
b) 3 + 15 , x =1
d) max: 15/2, min: -5
e) f is one-to-one since f(1)=f(3+15)=0
31. The polynomial p(x) = axA + x3 + bx2 10x - 4, where a and b are constants, has a
factor (2X + 1). When p(x) is divided by (x- 1), the remainder is -15.
a) Determine the values of a and b.

[ 4 marks]

## b) Factorise p(x) completely.

[ 3 marks]

c) Find the set of values of x which satisfies the inequality p(x) < 0.
[ STPM 2015, 4 marks]
Ans : a) a=2, b=-4
32. Express

b) (x-2)(2x+1)(x2+2x+2)

1
2 x 7 x+ 6
2

in partial fractions.

marks]
Ans :

1
2

x2 2 x3

c) { x :-

1
2

< x < 2}
[ STPM 2015, 3