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0RNL-NSIC-55

Vol.

DESIGN DATA A N D SAFETY FEATURES


OF
COMMERCIAL NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS

VOl.

Docket N o . 5 0 - 3 Through 5 0 - 2 9 5

FRED A . HEDDLESON

NUCLEAR SAFETY INFORMATION CENTER

NSlC
-

AVAILABILITY OF NSIC DOCUMENTS

Recent NSIC reports t h a t may be ordered from t h e National Technical Information Service,
U . S . Department of Commerce, Springfield, Virginia 22151:
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ORNL-NSIC-

55

74

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Design Data and Safety Features of Commercial Nuclear Power Plants,


Vol. 11, Docket No. 50-296 - 395, by F. A. Heddleson, January 1972.

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Calculation of Doses Due t o Accidentally Released Plutonium from an

LMFBR, by B. R . Fish, G . W . Keilholtz. W. S . Snvder. and S. D . Swisher,

November 1972.

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Chemical and Physical Properties of Methyl Iodide & I t s Occurrence


Under Reactor Accident Conditions - A Summary and Annotated Bibliography, by L. F. Parsly, December 1971.

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Safety-Related Occurrences i n Nuclear F a c i l i t i e s as Reported i n 1970, $10.00


by R . L . Scott , December 1971.

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Indexed Bibliography of Thermal Effects Literature-2, by


, May 1972.

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Compilation of U . S. Nuclear Standards, 8th Edition, 1971, by


J. P. Blakely, February 1972.

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J . G. Morgan and C . C . Coutant

Index t o Nuclear S a f e t y , A Technical Progress Review by Chronology,


Permuted T i t l e , and Author, Vol. 1, No. 1 - Vol. 12, No. 6 , by
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Indexed Bibliography on Environmental Monitoring f o r Radioactivity,


by B. L. Houser, May 1972.

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Compilation of National and International Nuclear Standards (Excluding U.S. A c t i v i t i e s ) 8th Edition, 1972, by J . P. Blakely, June 1972.

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Abnormal Reactor Operating Experiences , 1969-1971,


and R . B. Gallaher, May 1972.

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by R . L. Scott

105

Indexed Bibliography on Nuclear F a c i l i t y S i t i n g , by H. B. Piper,


June 1972.

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Safety-Related Occurrences i n Nuclear F a c i l i t i e s as Reported i n 1971,


by R . L. Scott and R . B. Gallaher, September 1972.
Index t o Nuclear S a f e t y , A Technical Progress Review by Chronology,
Permuted T i t l e , and Author, V o l . 1, No. 1 - Vol. 13, No. 6.

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Personnel Involved i n Development of Nuclear Standards i n U.S. 1972, J . Paul Blakely, Chairman - Status & Recommendations Committee
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Safety-Related Occurrences i n Nuclear F a c i l i t i e s as Reported i n 1972,


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Reactor Drotection Systems: Philosophies & Instrumentation,


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ORNL-NSIC-55
VOl. I

C o n t r a c t No. W-7405-Eng-26
Nuclear Safety Information Center

DESIGN DATA AND SAFETY FEATURES


OF
COMMERCIAL WCLEAR POWER PLANTS

VOl. I
D o c k e t No. 50-3 T h r o u g h 50-295
Fred A . Heddleson
Reactor Division

DECEMBER 1 9 7 3

OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY


Oak R i d g e , T e n n e s s e e 37830
o p e r a t e d by
UNION CARBIDE CORPORATION
for the
U.S. ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION

Printed in the United States of America. Available from


National Technical Information Service
U.S. Department of Commerce
5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, Virginia 22151
Price: Printed Copy $15.00; Microfiche $15.00
~

~~

This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United


States Government. Neither the United States nor the United States Atomic
Energy Commission, nor any of their employees, nor any of their contractors,
subcontractors, or their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or
assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness or
usefulness of any information, apparatus, product or process disclosed, or
represents that i t s use would not infringe privately owned rights.

iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INDEX BY DOCKET NUMBER...........
INDEX BY NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

.................................
NAME............
.....................

INDEX BY UTILITY N A M E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

................................
A B S T ~ C T . . . .......................................................
FOREWORD..........................

INTRODUCTION......................................................

............................
...........................................
..........................................

ORGANIZATION OF INFORMATION.........
ACCURACY OF DATA.....
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT.......

GLOSSARY OF T E R M S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DOCKET 50-3 THROUGH 50-295
(SEE INDICES ABOVE)

..............................................

PAGE

iv
vi
viii
ix
xi

xi
xiii
xv
xv

mi
1-224

iv

INDEX BY DOCKET NUMBER


PAGE

50-3
50-10
50-29
50-133
50-155
50-206
50-213
50-219
50-220
50-237
50-244
50-245
50-247
50-249
50-250
50-251
50-254
50-255

50-259
50-260
50-261
50-263

..............................
1
DRESDEN NUCLEAR POWER STATION. UNIT 1.....................
8
YANKEE ATOMIC ELECTRIC POWER STATION ......................
15
HUMBOLDT BAY POWER PLANT, UNIT 3 ..........................
22
BIG ROCK POINT NUCLEAR PLANT ..............................
29
SAN ONOFRE NUCLEAR GENERATING STATION, UNIT 1............. 36
CONNECTICUT YANKEE ATOMIC POWER PLANT.....................
43
OYSTER CREEK NUCLEAR GENERATING STATION ................... 50
NINE MILE POINT NUCLEAR STATION. UNIT 1....................
57
DRESDEN NUCLEAR POWER STATION. UNITS 2&3 .................. 64
GINNA NUCLEAR POWER PLANT .................................
71
MILLSTONE NUCLEAR POWER STATION. UNIT 1................... 7 8
INDIAN POINT NUCLEAR GENERATING, UNIT 2 ................... 85
DRESDEN NUCLEAR POWER STATION. UNITS 2&3 .................. 64
TURKEY POINT STATION. UNITS 3&4 ...........................
92
QUAD-CITIES NUCLEAR POWER STATION. UNITS 1&2.............. 99
PALISADES NUCLEAR POWER STATION...........................
106
BROWNS FERRY NUCLEAR POWER PLANT. UNITS 1.2.&3 ............113
ROBINSON STEAM ELECTRIC PLANT. UNIT 2 .....................
120
MONTICELLO NUCLEAR GENERATING PLANT.......................
127
INDIAN POINT NUCLEAR. UNIT 1

.............. 99
...................... 134
...................... 1 4 1

50-266

QUAD-CITIES NUCLEAR POWER STATION. UNITS 1&2


POINT BEACH NUCLEAR PLANT. UNITS 1&2

50-269
50-2 70

OCONEE NUCLEAR STATION. UNITS 1.2.&3

50-271

VERMONT YANKEE GENERATING STATION

50-265

50-272
50-275

50-277
50-278
50-280
50-281
50-282

.........................

148

...............155
.............. 162

SALEM NUCLEAR GENERATING STATION. UNITS 1&2


DIABLO CANYON NUCLEAR POWER PLANT. UNITS 1&2
PEACH BOTTOM ATOMIC POWER STATION. UNITS 2&3

..............169

............................ 176
PRAIRIE ISLAND NUCLEAR GENERATING PLANT. UNITS 1&2........183
SURRY POWER STATION. UNITS 1&2

50-285
50-286
50-287
50-289
50-293
50-295
50-296
50-301
50-304
50-306
50-311
50-320
50-323

...................................... 1 9 0
INDIAN POINT NUCLEAR GENERATING. UNIT 3 ................... 197
OCONEE NUCLEAR STATION. UNITS 1. 2. &3.....................
141
THREE MILE ISLAND NUCLEAR STATION. UNITS 1 6 2 ..............204
PILGRIM NUCLEAR STATION NO . 1.............................
211
ZION STATION. UNITS 1 & 2...................................
218
BROWNS FERRY NUCLEAR POWER PLANT. UNITS 1 . 2 . &3............ 113
POINT BEACH NUCLEAR PLANT. UNITS 1 & 2......................
134
ZION STATION. UNITS 1 & 2...................................
218
PRAIRIE ISLAND NUCLEAR GENERATING PLANT. UNITS 1 & 2........183
S A L m NUCLEAR GENERATING STATION, UNITS 1 & 2...............1 5 5
THREE MILE ISLAND NUCLEAR STATION. UNITS 1 & 2.............. 204
DIABLO CANYON NUCLEAR POWER PLANT. UNITS 1 & 2.............. 1 6 2
FORT CALHOUN STATION

vi
INDEX BY NUCLEAR POWER PLANT NAME
PAGE

.............................
BROWNS FERRY NUCLEAR PLANT,
UNITS 1, 2 , & 3 , 5 0 - 2 5 9 1 2 6 0 1 2 9 6 . . ................................
CONNECTICUT YANKEE ATOMIC POWER PLANT,
5 0 - 2 1 3 ...........................................................
BIG ROCK POINT NUCLEAR PLANT, 5 0 - 1 5 5 .

29
113
43

DIABLO CANYON NUCLEAR POWER PLANT,


UNITS 1 & 2 , 5 0 - 2 7 5 1 3 2 3

..........................................
162
DRESDEN NUCLEAR POWER STATION, UNIT 1,
8
5 0 - 1 0 - ...........................................................
DRESDEN NUCLEAR POWER STATION, UNITS
64
2 6 3 , 5 0 - 2 3 7 1 2 4 9 ................................................
FORT CALHOUN STATION, 50-285....................
.................. 1 9 0
ROBERT EMMETT GINNA NUCLEAR POWER
PLANT, 5 0 - 2 4 4 ....................................................
71
HUMBOLDT BAY POWER PLANT, UNIT 3 ,
5 0 - 1 3 3 ...........................................................
22
INDIAN POINT NUCLEAR UNIT 1, 50-3.................................
INDIAN POINT NUCLEAR UNIT 2 , 50-247..............................

...............................
MILLSTONE NUCLEAR POWER STATION, UNIT 1,
5 0 - 2 4 5 ...........................................................
MONTICELLO NUCLEAR GENERATING PLANT,
5 0 - 2 6 3 ...........................................................
INDIAN POINT NUCLEAR UNIT 3 , 50-286

NINE MILE POINT NUCLEAR STATION,


UNIT 1, 50-220...................................................
OCONEE NUCLEAR STATION, UNITS 1, 2 ,
& 3 , 50-26912701287

..............................................
OYSTER CREEK NUCLEAR GENERATING
STATION, 5 0 - 2 1 9 . .................................................
PALISADES NUCLEAR POWER STATION,
50-255......
.....................................................
PEACH BOTTOM ATOMIC POWER STATION,
UNITS 2 & 3 , 5 0 - 2 7 7 1 2 7 8 ..........................................
PILGRIM NUCLEAR STATION, UNIT 1,
5 0 - 2 9 3 . . .........................................................
POINT BEACH NUCLEAR PLANT, UNITS 1 & 2 ,
5 0 - 2 6 6 / 3 0 1 .......................................................

1
85
197
78
127
57
141
50
106
169
211
134

vi i

PRAIRIE ISLAND NUCLEAR GENERATING PLANT,


UNITS 1 & 2, 50-282/306

..........................................
QUAD-CITIES NUCLEAR POWER STATION, UNITS
1 & 2, 50-254/265 ................................................
H. B. ROBINSON STEAM ELECTRIC PLANT,
UNIT 2 , 50-261.........................................

99

.......... 120

SALE11 NUCLEAR GENERATING STATION, UNITS


1 & 2 , 50-2721311..

183

..............................................

ONOFRE NUCLEAR GENERATING STATION,


UNIT 1, 50-206...

SAN

155

................................................
SURRY POWER STATION, UNITS 1 & 2 ,
50-280/28l .......................................................

176

THREE MILE ISLAND NUCLEAR STATION,


UNITS 1 & 2 , 50-289/320

204

..........................................
TURKEY POINT STATION, UNITS 3 & 4 ,
50-250/251 .......................................................

VERMONT YANKEE GENERATING STATION,


50-271

...........................................................

YANKEE ATOMIC ELECTRIC POWER STATION,

............................................................
ZION STATION, UNITS 1 & 2 , 50-295/304 .............................
50-29

36

92

148
15
218

viii
INDEX BY U T I L I T Y NAME

PAGE

...................... . P i l g r i m .............. 2 1 1
CAROLINA POWER AND L I G H T COMPANY ............R o b i n s o n 2 ........... 120
COMMONWEALTH EDISON COMPANY .................D r e s d e n 1............
8
D r e s d e n 2&3..........
64
Q u a d - C i t i e s 1 & 2....... 99
Z i o n 162 ............. 218
CONNECTICUT YANKEE ATOMIC POWER CO ..........C o nn. Y a n k e e .........
43
CONNECTICUT L I G H T AND POWER CO .
.............M i l l s t o n e 1.......... 78
HARTFORD E L E C T R I C L I G H T COMPANY
CONSUMERS POWER COMPANY .....................
B i g R o c k P o i n t ....... 29
Palisades ............ 106
CONSOLIDATED EDISON CO . OF NY. I N C ..........Indian P o i n t 1.......
1
I n d i a n P o i n t 2 ....... 85
I n d i a n P o i n t 3 ....... 1 9 7
DUKE POWER COMPANY ..........................
O c o n e e 1.2. & 3........ 1 4 1
FLORIDA POWER AND L I G H T CO ..................Turkey P o i n t 3&4..... 92
J E R S E Y CENTRAL POWER AND L I G H T CO ...........O y s t e r C r e e k ......... 50
METROPOLITAN EDISON COMPANY #1
T h r e e M i l e Island
J E R S E Y CENTRAL PWR & L I G H T CO . #2"""""'
1 & 2................. 204
NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP ...................N i n e M i l e P o i n t 1.... 57
NORTHERN STATES POWER COMPANY ...............M o n t i c e l l o ........... 1 2 7
P r a i r i e Island 1 & 2... 183
OMAHA P U B L I C POWER D I S T R I C T .................F o r t C a l h o u n .......... 190
P A C I F I C GAS AND E L E C T R I C CO .................D i a b l o C a n y o n 1 & 2..... 162
H u m b o l d t B a y .......... 22
PHILADELPHIA E L E C T R I C CO ....................
Peach B o t t o m 2&3...... 169
P U B L I C S E R V I C E E L E C T R I C & GAS CO ............S a l e m 1 & 2............. 155
ROCHESTER GAS & ELECTRIC COMPANY ............G i n n a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
71
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON
................San O n o f r e 1.......... 36
SAN D I E G O GAS & E L E C T R I C CO .
TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY ..................B r o w n s F e r r y 1 , 2 , & 3... 113
VERMONT YANKEE NUCLEAR POWER CORP ...........V e r m o n t Y a n k e e ........ 148
V I R G I N I A E L E C T R I C & POWER COMPANY ...........S u r r y 1 & 2............. 176
WISCONSIN-ELECTRIC POWER COMPANY
............P o i n t B e a c h 1 & 2....... 134
WISCONSIN-MICHIGAN POWER COMPANY
15
YANKEE ATOMIC E L E C T R I C COMPANY ..............Y a n k e e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BOSTON EDISON COMPANY

ix
FOREWORD
The N u c l e a r S a f e t y I n f o r m a t i o n C e n t e r , e s t a b l i s h e d i n March 1 9 6 3

a t t h e Oak R i d g e N a t i o n a l L a b o r a t o r y u n d e r t h e s p o n s o r s h i p of t h e U . S .
Atomic Energy Commission, i s a f o c a l p o i n t f o r t h e c o l l e c t i o n , s t o r a g e ,
e v a l u a t i o n , and d i s s e m i n a t i o n of n u c l e a r s a f e t y i n f o r m a t i o n .
A system
o f k e y w o r d s i s u s e d t o i n d e x t h e i n f o r m a t i o n c a t a l o g e d by t h e C e n t e r .
The t i t l e , a u t h o r , i n s t a l l a t i o n , a b s t r a c t , a n d k e y w o r d s f o r e a c h document r e v i e w e d are r e c o r d e d a t t h e c e n t r a l c o m n u t e r f a c i l i t y i n Oak
Ridge.
The r e f e r e n c e s a r e c a t a l o g e d a c c o r d i n g t o t h e f o l l o w i n g categories :

1. G e n e r a l S a f e t y C r i t e r i a
2.

S i t i n g of Nuclear F a c i l i t i e s

3.

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n and H a n d l i n g o f R a d i o a c t i v e M a t e r i a l s

4.

Aerospace S a f e t y

5.

Heat T r a n s f e r a n d T h e r m a l T r a n s i e n t s

6.

R e a c t o r T r a n s i e n t s , K i n e t i c s , and S t a b i l i t y

7.

F i s s i o n P r o d u c t Release, T r a n s p o r t , a n d Removal

8.

S o u r c e s o f E n e r g y Release Under A c c i d e n t C o n d i t i o n s

9.

Nuclear I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n , C o n t r o l , and S a f e t y Systems

10. E l e c t r i c a l Power S y s t e m s

11. C o n t a i n m e n t o f N u c l e a r F a c i l i t i e s
12.

Plant Safety Features

- Reactor

13.

Plant Safety Features

- Nonreactor

14.

R a d i o n u c l i d e Release a n d Movement i n t h e E n v i r o n m e n t

15.

Environmental Surveys, M o n i t o r i n g , and R a d i a t i o n Exposure


o f Man

16. M e t e o r o l o g i c a l C o n s i d e r a t i o n s

17. O p e r a t i o n a l S a f e t y a n d E x p e r i e n c e

18.

S a f e t y A n a l y s i s and Design R e p o r t s

19. R a d i a t i o n Dose t o Man f r o m R a d i o a c t i v i t y Release t o t h e


Environment

20.

E f f e c t s o f Thermal M o d i f i c a t i o n s on E c o l o g i c a l Systems

21.

E f f e c t s o f R a d i o n u c l i d e s a n d I o n i z i n g R a d i a t i o n on
E c o l o g i c a l Systems

Computer p r o g r a m s h a v e b e e n d e v e l o p e d w h i c h e n a b l e N S I C t o
(1) o p e r a t e a r o u t i n e p r o g r a m o f S e l e c t i v e D i s s e m i n a t i o n o f I n f o r m a t i o n
(SDI) t o i n d i v i d u a l s a c c o r d i n g t o t h e i r p a r t i c u l a r p r o f i l e of i n t e r e s t ,

( 2 ) make r e t r o s p e c t i v e s e a r c h e s o f t h e s t o r e d r e f e r e n c e s , a n d ( 3 ) d i s t r i b u t e s c o p e a n d p r o g r e s s i n f o r m a t i o n on R&D c o n t r a c t s f r o m t h e P r o g r a m and


P r o j e c t I n f o r m a t i o n F i l e (PPIF)

Services of t h e N S I C are a v a i l a b l e t o g o v e r n m e n t a g e n c i e s , r e s e a r c h
and e d u c a t i o n a l i n s t i t u t i o n s , a n d t h e n u c l e a r i n d u s t r y on a p a r t i a l c o s t
r e c o v e r y b a s i s d e s i g n e d t o r e g a i n a p o r t i o n of t h e e x p e n s e a s s o c i a t e d
A m i n i m a l i n q u i r y rewith disseminating t h e information t o the user.
sponse is a v a i l a b l e f r e e .
NSIC r e p o r t s ( i . e . , t h o s e w i t h t h e OW-NSIC
n u m b e r s ) may b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m t h e N a t i o n a l T e c h n i c a l I n f o r m a t i o n S e r v i c e
( s e e i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r ) w h i l e d o c u m e n t s i n d e x e d by NSIC may b e e x a m i n e d
a t t h e C e n t e r by q u a l i f i e d p e r s o n n e l .
Inquiries concerning t h e capabili t i e s a n d o p e r a t i o n of t h e C e n t e r may b e a d d r e s s e d t o :
J. R. B u c h a n a n , A s s i s t a n t D i r e c t o r
Nuclear Safety Information Center
P o s t O f f i c e Box Y
Oak R i d g e N a t i o n a l L a b o r a t o r y
Oak R i d g e , T e n n e s s e e 3 7 8 3 0
T e l e p h o n e 615-483-8611, E x t .
FTS number i s 615-483-7253

3-7253

xi
D E S I G N DATA AND SAFETY FEATURES OF
COMMERCIAL NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
VOl.

D o c k e t No. 50-3 T h r o u g h 50-295

ABSTRACT
Design d a t a , s a f e t y f e a t u r e s , and s i t e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s are
summarized f o r t h i r t y - t w o c o m m e r c i a l n u c l e a r power p l a n t s i n t h e
i r n i t e d States.
S i x p a g e s of d a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r e a c h p l a n t
c o n s i s t i n g of T h e r m a l - H y d r a u l i c a n d N u c l e a r F a c t o r s , C o n t a i n m e n t
F e a t u r e s , Emergency C o r e C o o l i n g S y s t e m s , S i t e F e a t u r e s , C i r c u l a An a e r i a l p e r t i n g Water S y s t e m Data, a n d M i s c e l l a n e o u s F a c t o r s .
Those covered i n t h i s
s p e c t i v e is a l s o presented f o r each p l a n t .
volume are I n d i a n P o i n t 81, D o c k e t Number 50-3, a n d a l l s u b s e q u e n t
p l a n t s f i n i s h i n g w i t h Z i o n , D o c k e t Number 50-295.

INTRODUCTION
The d a t a s u m m a r i e s f o r t h i s r e p o r t were t a k e n f r o m t h e P r e l i m i n a r y
Safety Analysis Reports

(PSAR), F i n a l S a f e t y A n a l y s i s R e p o r t s (FSAR), a n d

t h e E n v i r o n m e n t a l R e p o r t g e n e r a t e d f o r t h e U.S.

A t o m i c E n e r g y Commission

l i c e n s i n g a u t h o r i t i e s by a p p l i c a n t s w i s h i n g t o b u i l d and o p e r a t e n u c l e a r
power p l a n t s .

T h e s e r e p o r t s c o n s i s t of

which d e s c r i b e t h e r e a c t o r ,
auxiliaries,

800 t o 2000 p a g e s of i n f o r m a t i o n

t h e r e a c t o r s i t e , t h e power g e n e r a t i o n s y s t e m ,

a n d o t h e r a s p e c t s of i m p o r t a n c e i n t h e s a f e t y a s s e s s m e n t of

r e a c t o r d e s i g n , c o n s t r u c t i o n , and o p e r a t i o n .
w i t h t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n of t h e r e p o r t s ,
can b e v e r y t i m e consuming.

Unless a person is f a m i l i a r

finding s p e c i f i c information therein

Even when t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n i s u n d e r s t o o d , i t

c a n s t i l l b e d i f f i c u l t t o f i n d d a t a b e c a u s e of v a r i a t i o n s i n t h e s t y l e of
the reports.

T h e r e f o r e , t h i s c o m p i l a t i o n of summary d a t a s h o u l d b e u s e -

ful.
Atomic E n e r g y Commission h a s i s s u e d a g u i d e f o r o r g a n i z a t i o n

The U.S.

of material, a n d t h i s g u i d e i s g e n e r a l l y f o l l o w e d now f o r a l l PSAR's a n d

FSAR's.

The s u g g e s t e d o r g a n i z a t i o n i s as f o l l o w s :

I.
11.

I n t r o d u c t i o n a n d G e n e r a l D e s c r i p t i o n of t h e S i t e

Site Characteristics

xii
111.

IV

V.

VI.
VII.
VIII.

IX

X.

XI.

XII.

XIII.
XIV.

xv .

XVI

XVII.

Design of S t r u c t u r e s , Components, Equipment and Systems


Reactor
Reactor Coolant System
Engineered S a f e t y F e a t u r e s
I n s t r umen t a t ion and C on tr o 1s
E l e c t r i c Power
A u x i l i a r y S y st e m s
S t e a m and Power Conversion System
R a d i o a c t i v e Waste Management
Radiation P r o t e c t i o n
Conduct of Operations
I n i t i a l T e s t s and O p e r a t i o n
S a f e t y Analysis
Technical S p e c i f i c a t i o n s
Q u a l i t y Assurance

I n 1967, t h e Advisory Committee on Reactor S a f e t y (ACRS) r e q u e s t e d


t h a t t h e Nuclear S a f e t y Information Center compile d e s i g n d a t a on l i g h t -

water power r e a c t o r s i n a c o n c i s e t a b u l a r format f o r u s e by t h e i r C o m m i t tee.

Since t h a t time, t a b l e s have been prepared f o r each power r e a c t o r

and made a v a i l a b l e on a l i m i t e d d i s t r i b u t i o n b a s i s t o ACRS, several USAEC


Headquarters O f f i c e s , and t h e NSIC s t a f f .

The d a t a summaries, which con-

t a i n a b o u t 150 of t h e most i m p o r t a n t r e a c t o r f a c t s , have proven t o b e


q u i t e u s e f u l t o t h e s e groups and numerous r e q u e s t s have been r e c e i v e d f o r
summaries from o t h e r o r g a n i z a t i o n s t h a t became aware of t h e i r e x i s t e n c e .
Consequently, a d e c i s i o n w a s made t o i s s u e t h e summaries i n r e p o r t form
s o t h a t t h e y would become more widely a v a i l a b l e .

Volume I1 w a s p u b l i s h e d

i n January 1972 c o v e r i n g commerical power r e a c t o r s w i t h docket numbers


l a r g e r t h a n and i n c l u d i n g 50-296

(Browns F e r r y No. 3 ) .

Volume I, t h i s

p u b l i c a t i o n , w i l l cover power r e a c t o r s up t o and i n c l u d i n g d o c k e t number


50-295 (Zion S t a t i o n ) .
numbers are missing.

I n t h e i n d e x by s e q u e n t i a l docket number, some


The m i s s i n g docket numbers are f o r e x p e r i m e n t a l

r e a c t o r s a n d / o r f o r t h o s e n o t producing commerical power.

xiii
O r g a n i z a t i o n of I n f o r m a t i o n
Reactor sunimaries appear s e q u e n t i a l l y a c c o r d i n g t o docket number.
Some g e n e r a l i n f o r m a t i o n such as name, s i z e , l o c a t i o n , u t i l i t y , e t c . i s
l i s t e d a t t h e t o p of t h e f i r s t page, followed by i n f o r m a t i o n o r g a n i z e d
as Eollows :

A.

Thermal-Hydraulic Data - T a b u l a t i o n s

of d a t a v a l u e s on t h e thermal-

h y d r a u l i c d e s i g n c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of t h e r e a c t o r c o r e and c o o l a n t
systems.
B.

Nuclear Data - T a b u l a t i o n s of d a t a v a l u e s on n u c l e a r a s p e c t s of t h e
reactor core.

C.

Safety-Related Design C r i t e r i a - L i s t i n g

of d a t a on e x c l u s i o n d i s -

t a n c e , p o p u l a t i o n s , d e s i g n wind speed, seismic d e s i g n , e t c .


D.

Engineered S a f e t y F e a t u r e s -Data
tainment

E.

on containment d e s i g n v a l u e s , con-

system d e s c r i p t i o n s , emergency c o r e c o o l i n g systems.

Other Safety-Related F e a t u r e s - D e s c r i p t i o n s of a u x i l i a r y s a f e t y
f e a t u r e s such as l e a k d e t e c t i o n , long-term emergency c o o l i n g , f l o w
r e s t r i c t o r s , f a i l e d f u e l d e t e c t i o n , emergency power, e t c .

F.

General - Other i m p o r t a n t i n f o r m a t i o n such as s i t e f e a t u r e s , e m e r gency p l a n s , environmental m o n i t o r i n g , r a d w a s t e t r e a t m e n t , waste h e a t


system, e t c .

G.

S i t e Data - I n f o r m a t i o n on s i t e topography, p o p u l a t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n s ,

c o o l i n g w a t e r s o u r c e , c i r c u l a t i o n r a t e , c o o l i n g towers, e t c .
The s e v e n t h page of each r e p o r t i s a n a e r i a l p e r s p e c t i v e s k e t c h of
the plant.
Parameters are r e l a t e d t o r a t e d power o u t p u t f o r a s i n g l e u n i t unless otherwise noted.

For i n s t a n c e , i n a case where t h e r e a c t o r r e p o r t

c o v e r s two o r t h r e e r e a c t o r s of t h e same r a t i n g a t one s i t e , a l l d a t a


v a l u e s g i v e n w i l l b e f o r one u n i t .

Aerial p e r s p e c t i v e p r e s e n t s a g r a p h i c

d e s c r i p t i o n of t h e r e a c t o r and s i t e f e a t u r e s .
c

used on i t a r e e x p l a i n e d i n F i g u r e 1.

The t e r m s and f e a t u r e s

In most cases, t h e s i z e of t h e

r e a c t o r b u i l d i n g and t u r b i n e b u i l d i n g on t h e s k e t c h h a s been i n c r e a s e d
over t r u e s i z e t o b e t t e r show t h e i r r e l a t i o n s h i p t o t h e s i t e .

xiv

LEGEND

Parameters r e f e r t o each s i n g l e r e a c t o r u n i t except as noted.


3783 population i n
a 5 mile r a d i u s

,,oo A C R E S

il I LLY

PaoPaRw

LINE

Boundary l i n e s
of t h e property

MOUNTAINOUS
,Normal
/"ailroad

water l e v e l

Land
DesignUse
at i o n s
WOODED
IN DUS T K I AL

RESIDENTIAL

AGRICULTURAL
ECRCATIONAL

(Highways

'

Cooling
Tower

/::;;

1100 acres i n t h e
property owned by
the utility

or

\Reactor
6
Turbine
buildings

&>Wooded

\\Condenser

\Site

Area

TemperatureFlow
R i s and
e

Grade
(Mean Sea-level)

UNDEVELOPED

Fig. 1.

Explanation of Terms f o r Site Sketch

w
Accuracy of Data
A l l i n f o r m a t i o n p r e s e n t e d i n t h i s p u b l i c a t i o n h a s been t a k e n from

t h e P r e l i m i n a r y o r F i n a l S a f e t y A n a l y s i s R e p o r t s , t h e a p p l i c a n t ' s Envir o n m e n t a l R e p o r t , o r t h e AEC Environmental Impact Statement.

I n some

c a s e s , a d a t a v a l u e may be p r e s e n t e d which h a s changed o r i s i n v a l i d


f o r some o t h e r r e a s o n .
If v a l u e s are found which are n o t c o r r e c t , N S I C would l i k e t o be

informed

Acknowledgement
The c o n t r i b u t i o n of D r . C a r l o s B e l l , f o r m e r l y of ORNL b u t now w i t h
t h e U n i v e r s i t y of North C a r o l i n a a t C h a r l o t t e , i n compiling t h e o r i g i n a l
d a t a c o l l e c t i o n s f o r many of t h e r e a c t o r s i n t h i s volume i s g r a t e f u l l y
acknowledged.
Thanks a r e a l s o due t o t h e f o l l o w i n g u t i l i t y p e r s o n n e l who c o n t r i b u t e d d a t a and updated t h e c o m p i l a t i o n s f o r t h e i r p a r t i c u l a r p l a n t :
James E. F e r l a n d , M i l l s t o n e
C . J . Hartman, Big Rock P o i n t

C h a r l e s E. P l a t t , Ginna
L. 0 . Mayer, M o n t i c e l l o

H e r b e r t A u t i o , Yankee Rowe
A r t h u r W. Flynn, I n d i a n P o i n t ill
B . B. Stephenson, Quad-Cities

A l b e r t B u r t , Nine M i l e P o i n t
W. P. Worden, Dresden

Ivan R. F i n f r o c k , J r . , Oyster Creek


P a u l Matthew, Humbolt Bay

GLOSSARY OF TERMS
The f o l l o w i n g terms and a b b r e v i a t i o n s are used i n t h e d a t a summaries
i n t h i s r e p o r t . This g l o s s a r y i s provided t o a s s i s t t h e u s e r i n unders t a n d i n g t h e c o n t e x t i n which t h e terms are a p p l i e d and t o i d e n t i f y t h e
abbreviations.

A-E - A r c h i t e c t - E n g i n e e r

Sometimes t h e f i r m serves as confor the plant.


s u l t a n t s t o t h e u t i l i t y who do t h e i r own d e s i g n and d r a f t i n g .

Accumulator Tanks - T a n k s t h a t c o n t a i n b o r a t e d w a t e r under p r e s s u r e (usua l l y a b o u t 600 p s i g ) f o r i n j e c t i o n i n t o t h e primary system i n t h e e v e n t of


a l o s s of c o o l i n g a c c i d e n t . When c o o l a n t system p r e s s u r e drops t o t a n k
p r e s s u r e , check valves open a l l o w i n g water flow t h a t w i l l f l o o d t h e c o r e .
Active Eieat T r a n s f e r Surf Area - T h e s u r f a c e area of a l l f u e l r o d s , meas u r e d on t h e a c t i v e f u e l - p o r t i o n of t h e r o d s .
Auto-Depressurization System - The system t h a t u s e s p r e s s u r e r e l i e f valves
t o v e n t steam t o p u r p o s e l y lower r e a c t o r p r e s s u r e s o o t h e r c o r e c o o l i n g
systems can o p e r a t e .
Average Discharge Exposure, MWD/ton -Average burnup of f u e l upon removal
from service, e x p r e s s e d i n megawatt days p e r metric t o n of f u e l .
Avg Film Coeff -An average over t h e active c o r e of t h e c o n v e c t i v e f i l m
h e a t - t r a n s f e r c o e f f i c i e n t , h , d e f i n e d from
Q/AAtlm

E h

where Q i s t h e h e a t removed p e r u n i t t i m e from f u e l s u r f a c e area A , and


A t l m i s t h e log-mean temperature d i f f e r e n c e between t h e c o o l a n t and t h e
surface.
Avg Film D i f f - T h e a v e r a g e d i f f e r e n c e between t h e l o c a l c o o l a n t b u l k
mean t e m p e r a t u r e and t h e l o c a l f u e l c l a d s u r f a c e t e m p e r a t u r e .
Avg Power D e n s i t y - T h e
c o r e volume.

power g e n e r a t e d i n t h e a c t i v e c o r e d i v i d e d by t h e

Average Power Range Monitor (APRM) - S e l e c t e d a m p l i f i e r s from t h e L o c a l


Power Range Monitoring (LPRM) system are averaged i n t h e APRM.
Blowdown - The q u a n t i t y of water b l e d o f f from t h e c o o l i n g tower c o l l e c t i o n b a s i n t o r i d t h e towers of p r o g r e s s i v e b u i l d u p of d i s s o l v e d s o l i d s .
Makeup w a t e r t o t h e system r e p l a c e s blowdown.
BWR - B o i l i n g w a t e r r e a c t o r .
-

xvii
Burnable Poison - Neutron a b s o r b i n g materials of r e l a t i v e l y h i g h micros c o p i c a b s o r p t i o n c r o s s s e c t i o n which are converted t o low a b s o r p t i o n
i s o t o p e s by n e u t r o n a b s o r p t i o n and which a r e i n c o r p o r a t e d i n t o r e a c t o r s
t o compensate f o r p a r t o r a l l of t h e r e a c t i v i t y d e c r e a s e t h a t would
o t h e r w i s e r e s u l t from f u e l exposure.
Chemical Shim - Supplementary c o n t r o l of t h e c o r e r e a c t i v i t y by t h e u s e of
chemical poisons (such as b o r i c a c i d ) i n t h e c o o l a n t .
Clean - T h e r e a c t o r a n d / o r f u e l elements are s a i d t o b e c l e a n if f u e l elements a r e n o n r a d i o a c t i v e and uncontaminated by t h e p r o d u c t s of n u c l e a r reaction.
Closed-Loop Cooling - System where c o o l i n g towers, c o o l i n g ponds, e t c . a r e
used f o r c o o l i n g w i t h a l l h e a t removed by t h e towers, e t c . Water i s rec i r c u l a t e d i n t h e c l o s e d loop.
C i r c u l a t i n g Water System - System which p r o v i d e s c o o l i n g w a t e r t o t h e main
condensers.
Cold - A t

ambient temperature.

Containment Atmospheric C o n t r o l System - A system used t o i n j e c t n i t r o g e n


i n t o containment f o r i n e r t i n g . Other a s p e c t s of atmospheric c o n t r o l l i s t e d
as a p p l i c a b l e .
Containment C o n s t r u c t o r - The c o n t r a c t i n g f i r m which e r e c t s o r f a b r i c a t e s
t h e primary containment s t r u c t u r e . In most cases, t h e a c t u a l c o n t r a c t o r ' s
name i s n o t a v a i l a b l e . I n t h e s e cases, t h e r e s p o n s i b l e p a r t y such as t h e
u t i l i t y o r A-E w i l l b e given.
Containment Cooling System - Spray c o o l i n g system f o r r e d u c i n g d r y w e l l
p r e s s u r e f o l l o w i n g l o s s of c o o l a n t ; o r f a n c o i l c o o l i n g u n i t s t h a t recirculate the air.
Containment I s o l a t i o n System - A system t h a t p r o v i d e s t h e method f o r seali n g a l l openings i n t h e containment system. Each p e n e t r a t i o n h a s two i s o l a t i o n v a l v e s , one on t h e i n s i d e and one on t h e o u t s i d e o f t h e primary
containment w a l l .
I n case of an a c c i d e n t , t h e i s o l a t i o n v a l v e s c l o s e
automat ica 11y

C o n t r o l Rod - A d e v i c e made of n e u t r o n a b s o r b i n g material c a p a b l e of


b e i n g moved i n t o o r o u t of t h e c o r e t o r e g u l a t e power.
C o n t r o l Rod Drive H o u s i n g - Tube and f l a n g e a t t a c h e d t o t h e r e a c t o r p r e s sure vessel f o r t h e purpose of mounting and c o n t a i n i n g t h e c o n t r o l rod
drives.
Control-Rod-Drive-Housing Supports - S t r u c t u r a l members l o c a t e d under t h e
r e a c t o r vessel c l o s e t o t h e c o n t r o l - r o d - d r i v e housing f o r t h e purpose of
c a t c h i n g , s u p p o r t i n g , a n d / o r p r e v e n t i n g e x c e s s movement of t h e c o n t r o l r o d ,
i n case a housing r u p t u r e s .

xviii
Control-Rod V e l o c i t y L i m i t e r - An i n t e g r a l p a r t of a c o n t r o l r o d which
l i m i t s t h e f r e e - f a l l v e l o c i t y of a c o n t r o l r o d .
C o n t r o l Rod Worth Minimizer - E l e c t r o n i c computing d e v i c e which i s used
t o monitor t h e c o n t r o l rod p a t t e r n i n t h e r e a c t o r c o r e . I n t e r l o c k s are
provided which p r e v e n t t h e withdrawal of a c o n t r o l rod w i t h a worth
above t h e e s t a b l i s h e d v a l u e .
Core Average Void Within Assembly - T h e
w i t h i n a f u e l assembly.

p e r c e n t of v o i d s i n t h e c o o l a n t

Core Reflooding System - High flow system t o r a p i d l y f l o o d t h e r e a c t o r


c o r e f o l l o w i n g l o s s of c o o l a n t .
Core Spray System - A water system, a c t i v a t e d i n t h e event of l o s s of
c o r e c o o l i n g , which s p r a y s water on t h e t o p of t h e c o r e t o remove r e a c t o r
c o r e decay h e a t .
C r i t i c a l Heat F l u x - T h e h e a t f l u x a t which t r a n s i t i o n f i l m b o i l i n g starts
t o r e p l a c e n u c l e a t e b o i l i n g . It i s c h a r a c t e r i z e d by an a b r u p t change i n
surface heat transfer coefficient.

C u r t a i n Worth - T h e

r e a c t i v i t y worth of t h e poison c u r t a i n .

Design Basis Earthquake - That e a r t h q u a k e which produces t h e v i b r a t o r y


ground motion f o r which t h o s e f e a t u r e s of t h e p l a n t n e c e s s a r y t o s h u t down
t h e r e a c t o r and m a i n t a i n t h e p l a n t i n a s a f e c o n d i t i o n w i t h o u t undue r i s k
t o t h e h e a l t h and s a f e t y of t h e p u b l i c are designed t o remain f u n c t i o n a l .
Design C r i t e r i a - A l i s t of r e q u i r e m e n t s of t h e U.S.
s i o n t h a t govern r e a c t o r d e s i g n .

Atomic Energy Commis-

Discharge S t r u c t u r e - T h e means of d i s c h a r g i n g w a t e r i n t o the l a k e , river,


ocean, o r c o o l i n g pond. It can b e v e r y s i m p l e such as a s h o r t c a n a l runn i n g i n t o t h e w a t e r body, o r i t can b e a complex d i f f u s e r system t h a t d i s p e r s e s t h e water through many openings o r j e t s .
Docket No. - T h e number a s s i g n e d by t h e AEC D i v i s i o n of Reactor L i c e n s i n g
t o a particular reactor.
Doppler C o e f f i c i e n t - T h e r e a c t i v i t y change due t o Doppler broadening of
n8U r e s o n a n c e a b s o r p t i o n c r o s s s e c t i o n p e r d e g r e e F change i n t e m p e r a t u r e .
DNBR, Nominal - Departure from N u c l e a t e B o i l i n g R a t i o , t h e minimum v a l u e
of t h e r a t i o of h e a t f l u x r e q u i r e d f o r DNB as c a l c u l a t e d from t h e Westinghouse c o r r e l a t i o n (W-3) d i v i d e d by t h e l o c a l h e a t f l u x i n a f u e l element.

D r y w e l l -Vessel e n c l o s i n g t h e r e a c t o r primary system and forming p a r t of


t h e primary containment system of a BWR.
Eff Flow Area f o r H e a t T r a n s f e r - T h e t o t a l e f f e c t i v e c r o s s s e c t i o n a l area
of t h e f u e l c h a n n e l s through which t h e water f l o w s through t h e c o r e .

xix
Eff Flowrate f o r H e a t T r a n s f e r - That p o r t i o n of t h e c o o l a n t flow t h a t
p a s s e s d i r e c t l y through t h e a c t i v e c o r e f o r c o o l i n g t h e f u e l elements.
Emergency Power - U s u a l l y s u p p l i e d by d i e s e l - g e n e r a t o r sets i f o f f - s i t e
power supply i s l o s t . Emergency a l t e r n a t i n g c u r r e n t i s a v a i l a b l e f o r
engineered s a f e t y f e a t u r e s and o t h e r n e c e s s a r y equipment.
Engineered S a f e t y F e a t u r e s (ESF) - S p e c i a l systems designed t o o p e r a t e
i n a n u c l e a r power p l a n t s o as t o p r e v e n t o r m i t i g a t e t h e consequences
of a n a c c i d e n t . Engineered S a f e t y F e a t u r e s i n c l u d e containment vessels,
containment s p r a y s , f i l t e r systems, emergency c o r e c o o l i n g systems, and
the like.
Environmental Monitoring - C o l l e c t i o n and a n a l y s i s of samples of t h e environment ( a i r , w a t e r , s o i l , a q u a t i c l i f e , t e r r e s t r i a l , e t c . ) t o e v a l u a t e
e f f e c t s t h a t might r e s u l t as a consequence of p l a n t o p e r a t i o n .
E v a p o r a t i v e Loss - The l o s s of water from t h e c o o l i n g tower t h a t evapor a t e s i n t o t h e c o o l i n g a i r t h a t p a s s e s through t h e c o o l i n g tower. T h i s
w a t e r i s c o n t i n u o u s l y r e p l a c e d by t h e makeup water system.
Exclusion D i s t a n c e - The d i s t a n c e from t h e c e n t e r l i n e of t h e r e a c t o r t o
t h e n e a r e s t e x c l u s i o n f e n c e boundary.
Flow R e s t r i c t o r - A s t a t i c d e v i c e placed i n a steam o r water l i n e f o r t h e
purpose of r e s t r i c t i n g t h e blowdown r a t e i n t h e e v e n t of a major l i n e
break. The d e v i c e a f f o r d s p r o t e c t i o n f o r t h e c o r e , reduced l o a d on t h e
containment system, and a d d i t i o n a l t i m e f o r t h e i n i t i a t i o n of t h e emergency systems.
F u e l Assembly -Assembly

of f u e l r o d s , s p a c e r s , and r e l a t e d hardware.

F u e l Channel - The l o n g s q u a r e tube o r box e n c l o s i n g t h e f u e l assembly and


p r o v i d i n g a c o o l a n t flow p a t h through t h e assembly.
F u e l Element - S e e F u e l Assembly.
F u e l Rods -Assembly of f u e l p e l l e t s , f u e l c l a d d i n g , and r e l a t e d hardware
welded i n t o a s e a l e d u n i t .
F u e l Rod C l a d d i n g - The m a t e r i a l e n c l o s i n g t h e UO2 f u e l p e l l e t s .
F u l l Power X e and Sm - The e q u i l i b r i u m c o n c e n t r a t i o n s of t h e Xenon and
Samarium p o i s o n s p r e s e n t a t f u l l power.
H e a t D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment - T h e q u a n t i t y of h e a t e j e c t e d t o a nearby
body of water by d i s c h a r g i n g q u a n t i t i e s of h e a t e d water i n t o t h a t water
body; o r t h e d i s s i p a t i o n of h e a t t o t h e atmosphere by c o o l i n g towers.

High-Head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n System - S e e High-pressure C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n


System.

xx
High P r e s s u r e C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n System - High p r e s s u r e pumps, valves, p i p i n g , e t c . , used t o p r o v i d e emergency c o r e c o o l i n g i n t h e e v e n t of f a i l u r e
of a small p r o c e s s l i n e .

Hot - A t

t e m p e r a t u r e s corresponding t o f u l l power o p e r a t i o n .

Hydrogen Recombiner - Equipment t h a t combines f r e e oxygen and f r e e hydrogen


t o produce w a t e r .
The purpose i s t o e l i m i n a t e f r e e hydrogen from t h e gaseous systems.
I n t a k e S t r u c t u r e - The s t r u c t u r e t h a t houses c i r c u l a t i n g pumps, t r a v e l i n g
s c r e e n s , b a r s c r e e n s , and o t h e r d e v i c e s used i n moving water from t h e water
s o u r c e t o t h e p l a n t . I n some cases, t h e i n t a k e s t r u c t u r e w i l l i n c l u d e t h e
p i p e s t h a t r u n o u t i n t o t h e water body and t h e remote s t r u c t u r e f o r i n t a k e .
I s o l a t i o n Cooling System - H i g h p r e s s u r e system f o r r e j e c t i o n of c o r e decay
h e a t when t h e r e a c t o r i s i s o l a t e d from t h e main condenser.
k

eff -The
LOCA - L o s s

e f f e c t i v e m u l t i p l i c a t i o n c o n s t a n t of t h e c o r e .
of c o o l a n t a c c i d e n t .

Local Power Range Monitor (LPRM) - In-core i o n chambers f o r monitoring l o cal neutron f l u x i n the reactor core.
Low-Head
tem.

S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n System - See Low-Pressure Coolant I n j e c t i o n Sys-

Low-Pressure Coolant I n j e c t i o n System - A system of pumps, valves, p i p i n g ,


e t c . , t h a t pumps q u a n t i t i e s of water i n t o t h e c o o l a n t system t o r e f l o o d t h e
c o r e a f t e r blowdown.
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone D i s t a n c e - T h e r a d i u s t h a t c i r c u m s c r i b e s a n area immed i a t e l y s u r r o u n d i n g t h e e x c l u s i o n area which c o n t a i n s r e s i d e n t s , t h e t o t a l
number and d e n s i t y of which are such t h a t t h e r e i s a r e a s o n a b l e p r o b a b i l i t y
t h a t a p p r o p r i a t e p r o t e c t i v e measures could b e t a k e n i n t h e i r b e h a l f i n t h e
e v e n t of s e r i o u s a c c i d e n t .
MCHFR - See Xinimum C r i t i c a l Heat F l u x R a t i o .

E - Metric

t o n of uranium.

MWD - Energy

i n megawatt-days.

One metric t o n = 1000 kg = 2205 l b .

Main Steam L i n e s - P i p i n g which p a s s e s steam from t h e r e a c t o r o r from steam


generator t o the turbine.

- The m a x i m u m h y p o t h e t i c a l e l e v a t i o n a t t h e s i t e t o
which water could r i s e i n c a s e of t h e most s e v e r e r a i n , w i t h t h e most severe
winds, w i t h b u r s t i n g dams, e t c .

Max Prob Flood Level

xxi
M e t r o p o l i s - The n e a r e s t c i t y to t h e p l a n t t h a t i s c l a s s i f i e d as a U.S.
c i t y w i t h Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l Areas as compiled from t h e
Bureau of t h e Census by t h e World Almanac. P o p u l a t i o n f i g u r e s are t h e
1970 t o t a l m e t r o p o l i t a n area census.
Minimum C r i t i c a l Heat F l u x R a t i o (MCHFR) - T h e smallest r a t i o of c r i t i c a l
h e a t f l u x d i v i d e d by t h e l o c a l h e a t f l u x e x i s t i n g i n t h e r e a c t o r c o r e a t
any p o i n t i n t i m e .
Moderator C o e f f i c i e n t - A combination of moderator v o i d c o e f f i c i e n t and
moderator temperature c o e f f i c i e n t .
Moderator P r e s s u r e C o e f f i c i e n t - T h e
change i n moderator p r e s s u r e .

change i n c o r e r e a c t i v i t y p e r u n i t

Moderator Temperature C o e f f i c i e n t - The change i n c o r e r e a c t i v i t y l e v e l


f o r a u n i t temperature change i n t h e moderator.
Moderator Void C o e f f i c i e n t - T h e change i n t h e c o r e r e a c t i v i t y l e v e l f o r
a u n i t change i n moderator void c o n t e n t .
NSS Vendor - S u p p l i e r of t h e n u c l e a r steam supply system.

Normal Level -Normal pool e l e v a t i o n i n mean sea l e v e l (MSL) measurement


of t h e body of c o o l i n g water.
Once Through - The c o o l i n g c y c l e where water i s removed from t h e nearby
w a t e r s o u r c e , pumped through t h e condenser f o r c o o l i n g and t h e n d i s c h a r g e d
back i n t o t h e r i v e r , l a k e , o r ocean.
Open-Cycle C o o l i n g - The system t h a t u s e s water i n t h e c i r c u l a t i n g system
f o r once-through c o o l i n g . Water i s t a k e n from t h e r i v e r , l a k e , o r ocean
and used t o c o o l t h e condenser. It i s t h e n d i s c h a r g e d back t o t h e same
body of water w i t h t h e added h e a t .
Operating Basis Earthquake - That e a r t h q u a k e which produces t h e v i b r a t o r y
ground motion f o r which t h o s e f e a t u r e s of t h e p l a n t n e c e s s a r y f o r continued
o p e r a t i o n w i t h o u t undue r i s k t o t h e h e a l t h and s a f e t y of t h e p u b l i c are
designed t o remain f u n c t i o n a l .
PWR - P r e s s u r i z e d w a t e r r e a c t o r .
-

Peak Enthalpy on Rod Drop - M e l t i n @ of U02 o c c u r s


cal/gm, and f u e l rod r u p t u r e w i l l o c c u r about 400
cal/gm, which r e p r e s e n t s a s a f e c o n d i t i o n f o r t h e
t h e peak e n t h a l p y v a l u e a c c e p t a b l e d u r i n g a power
cur i n a rod drop a c c i d e n t .

between 220 and 280


cal/gm. Thus t h e 280
f u e l i s u s u a l l y s e t as
e x c u r s i o n t h a t could oc-

Peaking F a c t o r - A t e r m used w i t h h e a t f l u x where t h e peaking f a c t o r i s t h e


maximum v a l u e d i v i d e d by t h e average v a l u e , whether i t b e along a f u e l rod
or r a d i a l l y i n the core,

xxii

P e n e t r a t i o n - A p i p e o r sleeve which p e n e t r a t e s t h e containment w a l l


p i p e s f o r flow of f l u i d s , steam, o r g a s e s , and s p e c i a l s l e e v e - p l u g s f o r
electrical distribution.
P e r c e n t Enrichment -Atoms of uranium 235 p e r 100 atoms of a uranium
m i x t u r e of 2 3 5 U and 2 3 8 U T h i s q u a n t i t y may a l s o mean atoms of f i s s i o n a b l e n u c l i d e p e r 100 atoms of m e t a l f u e l m i x t u r e .

P l a n t Operating Mode - Load-following o r base-loaded p l a n t .


P r e v a i l i n g Wind D i r e c t i o n - T h e
blows.

d i r e c t i o n from which t h e wind u s u a l l y

Primary Containment (System) -Housing f o r t h e r e a c t o r primary system designed t o p r e v e n t t h e r e l e a s e of r a d i o a c t i v e materials t o t h e environment


i n t h e remote e v e n t of a c c i d e n t . I n a BWR t h e system i n c l u d e s t h e d r y w e l l ,
t h e p r e s s u r e s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l c o n t a i n e d i n t h e t o r u s and t h e v e n t p i p e s .
The p o o l p r o v i d e s a h e a t s i n k f o r r a p i d r e d u c t i o n of p r e s s u r e f o l l o w i n g a
l o s s of c o o l a n t a c c i d e n t . I n a PWR, t h e containment system i n c l u d e s t h e
containment v e s s e l , i t s i s o l a t i o n system, and t h e s p r a y system which c o o l s
t h e atmosphere and reduces t h e p r e s s u r e .
P r o t e c t i v e System - The i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n system which h a n d l e s a l l f u n c t i o n s
of c o n t r o l r e l a t i v e t o o p e r a t i o n of e n g i n e e r e d s a f e t y f e a t u r e s o r o t h e r
equipment o r f u n c t i o n s designed f o r p r o t e c t i o n of t h e p l a n t .
Radwaste - C o n t r a c t i o n of t h e words " r a d i o a c t i v e 1 ' and "waste", used t o
d e s c r i b e w a s t e s u b s t a n c e s which may c o n t a i n r a d i o a c t i v e materials.
Radwaste System - System f o r h a n d l i n g , t r e a t i n g , o r s t o r i n g s o l i d , gaseous,
o r l i q u i d wastes which c o n t a i n r a d i o a c t i v e materials.
Reactor - T h e p r e s s u r e vessel, t h e p r e s s u r e v e s s e l i n t e r n a l s , and t h e cont r o l rod d r i v e s i n which t h e f i s s i o n p r o c e s s o c c u r s . I n power r e a c t o r s
t h e f i s s i o n energy i s removed from t h e r e a c t o r by a f l u i d system which
u t i l i z e s t h e energy.
Reactor B u i l d i n g - L e a k t i g h t housing f o r t h e r e a c t o r , r e a c t o r a u x i l i a r y
systems, and t h e primary containment system, g e n e r a l l y r e f e r r e d t o as
secondary containment.
Reactor Core I s o l a t i o n Cooling System (RCICS) - P r o v i d e s c o r e c o o l i n g i n
case t h e r e a c t o r i s i s o l a t e d from i t s normal h e a t s i n k . It i s a l s o used
i n case of loss-of-flow from t h e feedwater system and d u r i n g shutdown by
pumping makeup water i n t o t h e r e a c t o r v e s s e l .
R e c i r c u l a t i o n Flow C o n t r o l - P r o v i d e s r e g u l a t i o n of t h e r e a c t o r f o r c e d
c o o l i n g flow, which can b e used f o r power r e g u l a t i o n .
Residual-Heat-Removal System (RHRS) - A system of pumps, h e a t exchangers,
v a l v e s , p i p i n g , and c o n t r o l s t h a t f u n c t i o n t o reclove r e s i d u a l h e a t from
t h e r e a c t o r c o r e , t h e s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l , o r t h e containment atmosphere.

xxiii
River Flow - The a v e r a g e f l o w p a s t t h e s i t e i n c f s ( c u b i c f e e t p e r second).
Rod-Block Monitor - T h i s subsystem h i n d e r s c o n t r o l r o d withdrawal e r r o r s
t o p r e v e n t f u e l damage. Two RBM m o n i t o r i n g c h a n n e l s are provided. Outp u t s i g n a l s from s e l e c t e d groups of Low-Power-Range Monitoring (LPRM) subsystem a m p l i f i e r s are averaged t o c o n t r o l r o d movement. Computer system
performs t h e a v e r a g i n g f u n c t i o n .
Secondary Containment - R e a c t o r b u i l d i n g which i s d e s i g n e d t o be f o r low
l e a k a g e i n o r d e r t o f u n c t i o n as containment f o r r e a c t o r r e f u e l i n g o p e r a t i o n s
and as a backup containment d u r i n g power o p e r a t i o n o r h o t standby.
Seismograph -An i n s t r u m e n t used f o r t h e measurement of v i b r a t i o n , of p a r t i c u l a r i n t e r e s t i n measuring ground motion a n d / o r b u i l d i n g motion due t o a n
earthquake; sometimes c a l l e d a s t r o n g motion a c c e l e r o m e t e r .
S e r v i c e Water System - System which s u p p l i e s p r o c e s s water f o r c o o l i n g
purposes throughout t h e p l a n t f o r o t h e r t h a n t h e main condenser c o o l i n g .
"Shutdown" - A c o n d i t i o n of t h e r e a c t o r i n which t h e c o r e i s s u b c r i t i c a l
and power i s n o t b e i n g g e n e r a t e d .
Shutdown Boron, ppm - The grams of b o r i c a c i d H 3 B 0 3 p e r m i l l i o n grams of
w a t e r r e q u i r e d t o a c h i e v e some d e s i r e d s u b c r i t i c a l r e a c t i v i t y l e v e l . Also
may be g i v e n as grams of B p e r m i l l i o n grams of w a t e r .
Shutdown Margin - R e p r e s e n t a t i v e of t h e amount of r e a c t i v i t y which would
have t o be added t o a s u b c r i t i c a l r e a c t o r t o a c h i e v e c r i t i c a l i t y .
S i t e -Land

area l o c a t i o n f o r a power s t a t i o n .

Standby Coolant System - A supply of c o o l i n g water t h a t i s a v a i l a b l e i n


case of emergency. A s u p p l y t h a t i s n o t normally used f o r t h e c o r e cooli n g f u n c t i o n . T h i s s u p p l y i s sometimes a v a i l a b l e by a c r o s s - c o n n e c t i o n
between two o r more c o o l i n g systems.
Standby Gas Treatment System - S p e c i a l v e n t i l a t i o n system f o r t h e r e a c t o r
b u i l d i n g . The system i s used if r a d i o a c t i v e materials a r e p r e s e n t i n t h e
r e a c t o r b u i l d i n g . A i r from t h e r e a c t o r b u i l d i n g i s removed, p u r i f i e d , and
routed t o t h e vent.
Standby L i q u i d C o n t r o l System - A redundant c o n t r o l system f o r s h u t t i n g
down t h e r e a c t o r i n t h e u n l i k e l y e v e n t t h a t t h e normal c o n t r o l system i s
i n o p e r a b l e . L i q u i d p o i s o n i s pumped i n t o t h e r e a c t o r t o p r o v i d e t h e negative r e a c t i v i t y t o assure s u b c r i t i c a l i t y .
Supprn Chamb

Suppression Chamber.

Suppression Chamber - T h e p a r t of t h e p r e s s u r e s u p p r e s s i o n system which


c o n t a i n s the s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l t o condense steam upon LOCA t o minimize
p r e s s u r e b u i l d u p i n t h e primary containment system of a BWR.

xxi v
Suppression Chamber Cooling System - Cooling system f o r r e d u c i n g suppress i o n p o o l t e m p e r a t u r e s and t o r u s p r e s s u r e f o l l o w i n g a l o s s of c o o l a n t acc i d e n t i n a BWR.
Temporary C o n t r o l C u r t a i n - B u r n a b l e poison s h e e t s p l a c e d i n a new c o r e t o
compensate f o r t h e excess r e a c t i v i t y a s s o c i a t e d w i t h t h e i n i t i a l c o r e . A l l
o r any number of t h e c u r t a i n s are removable, u s u a l l y d u r i n g r e f u e l i n g , when
t h e r e d u c t i o n i n r e a c t i v i t y i n t h e c o r e o r r e g i o n t h e r e o f makes t h e c o n t r o l
provided by t h e c u r t a i n s unnecessary.
Thermal Output - Thermal h e a t energy o u t p u t of t h e r e a c t o r .
T o t a l Flow Rate - Q u a n t i t y of c o o l a n t flow through t h e r e a c t o r .
T o t a l Heat Output f o r S a f e t y Design - The v a l u e of h e a t o u t p u t f o r t h e c o r e
used i n a c c i d e n t a n a l y s i s .
T o t a l Peaking F a c t o r - T h e product of t h e i n d i v i d u a l peaking f a c t o r s . T h i s
assumes each peaking f a c t o r i s e f f e c t i v e s i m u l t a n e o u s l y and i s t h e r e f o r e a
maximum estimate.
T o t a l Rod Worth, P e r c e n t - 100 X t h e change i n t h e m u l t i p l i c a t i o n c o n s t a n t
from t h e most r e a c t i v e c o n f i g u r a t i o n of t h e c o n t r o l rods t o t h e l e a s t rea c t i v e c o n f i g u r a t i o n d i v i d e d by k e f f . I n some p l a c e s i t may b e e x p r e s s e d
i n terms of t h a t v a l u e of k e f f which t h e r o d s w i l l h o l d j u s t c r i t i c a l .
Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n - Whether o r n o t t u r b i n e c e n t e r l i n e i s p e r p e n d i c u l a r
t o a c e n t e r l i n e through t h e r e a c t o r , o r whether b o t h have t h e same c e n t e r l i n e . The i n t e r e s t i s i n t h e p o s s i b i l i t y of e j e c t e d t u r b i n e b l a d e s b e i n g
m i s s i l e s t h a t could s t r i k e o r p e n e t r a t e containment.
Unborated Water C o n t r o l - Aspects of boron d i l u t i o n c o n t r o l , i . e . ,
t i o n o f boron c o n c e n t r a t i o n i n t h e c o o l a n t . S e e chemical shim.

reduc-

Variable-Cycle Cooling - Both towers and once-through c o o l i n g are combined


and used i n a v a r i a b l e manner depending upon l i m i t a t i o n s on h e a t r e j e c t i o n
t o a r i v e r , l a k e , etc.
Vessel Vend.or - S u p p l i e r of t h e r e a c t o r vessel.

INDIAN POINT #1, 50-3

project N

~ Ind
~ i a n ~ P o i:n t Nuclear Unit No. 1
A-E: C o n s o l i d a t e d Edison Co.
Vessel Vendor:Babcock & Wilcox
NSS Vendor: Babcock & Wilcox
Containment
C o n s t r u c t o r : C o n s o l i d a t e d Edison

L o c a t i o n : West C h e s t e r C O . , N.Y.
Owner : C o n s o l i d a t e d Edison
Co. o f N . Y .

B.

__

NUCLEAR

T o t a l Heat O u t p u t ,
S a f e t y Design. M W t 615
T o t a l Heat O u t p u t ,
2099 x l o 6
Btu/hr
S y s tem P r e s s u r e ,
1550
psia
DNBR ,
2.73
Nominal
T o t a l Flowrate,
57 x l o 6
l b /hr
Eff F l o w r a t e f o r
lo6
, Heat T r a n s ,
l b / h r 48.5
Eff Flow Area f o r
16m1
Heat T r a n s , f t 2
Avg V e l Along
F u e l Rods, f t / s e c l7-7
Avg Mass V e l o c i t y ,
2.96 x i o 6
lb/hr-f t2
Nominal Core
479-6
I n l e t Temp, OF
Avp, Rise i n
35.4
Core, O F
Nom Hot Channel
O u t l e t Temp, OF
567.3
Avg Film C o e f f ,
, Btu/hr f t 2 - r F
6950
Avg Film Temp
18.7
, Diff,
"F
A c t i v e Heat T r a n s
Surf Area, i t 2
15,200
Avg Heat F l u x ,
Btu/hr f t 2
133,600
Max Heat F l u x ,
Btu/hr f t 2
462,000
Avg Thermal
O u t p u t , kw/f t
3.63
Max Thermal
O u t p u t , kw/f t
12.5
Max Clad S u r f a c e
Temp, OF
1100
N o . Coolant
Loops
Four

Maximum Bur

Boron Worth

Exclusion D i s t a n c e ,
Miles
Low PoDulation Zone
D i s t a n c e , Miles
Metropolis
New York C i t y

0.265

Design Winds i n mph:

0.684

Distance Population
24 m i South 11,528,649

1- '

Design B a s i s Earthquake
Acceleration, g
O p e r a t i n g B a s i s Earthquake
Acceleration, g
0.10 P
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l
50% i . e . , 0.05 R
Is I n t e n t of 70 Design
C r i t e r i a Satisf i e d ?
Yes
D.

150

- 400

Tornado

BP =

ft

---

--psi/

--sec

-a

ENGINEEREC SAFETY FEATURES

D1.

CONTAINMENT

Max Leak Rate a t Design


P r e s s u r e , %/dav 0.1% by weight

Design P r e s s u r e ,
25.0 (27.5 m a x )
ie
&dated
Max I n t e r n a l Pressure, psig
---

F r e e s t a n d i n g s t e e l s p h e r e conforming t o t h e requirements of ASME B o i l e r


& P r e s s u r e V e s s e l Code, S e c t i o n VIII. The v e s s e l p l a t e i s ASTM A201,
Grade B F i r e b o x S t e e l . The containment s p h e r e i s supported by a conc r e t e b i o l o g i c a l s h i e l d which p r o v i d e s an a n n u l a r s p a c e .

t
Design B a s i s :

'

The containment vessel d e s i g n w a s based upon a 25 p s i g ( 2 7 . 5 p s i g m a x i mum) i n t e r n a l pressure, 1 . 2 5 p s i g e x t e r n a l d i f f e r e n t i a l p r e s s u r e , -30F

minimum t o + 2 3 0 O ~m a x i m u m environmental t e m p e r a t u r e r a n g e .
specimens were s a t i s f a c t o r i l y impact t e s t e d a t SOOF.

--t

Vacuum R e l i e f C a p a b i l i t y :
Post-Construction

Steel plate

Capable of l i m i t i n g t h e e x t e r n a l over
i n t e r n a l p r e s s u r e t o 1.25 p s i .

Testing:

Containment v e s s e l l e a k a g e and containment annulus p r e s s u r e a r e


measured a t m a x i m u m i n t e r v a l s of 420.5 y e a r s .
Penetrations:

All p e n e t r a t i o n s through containment f o r p i p e , e l e c t r i c a l c o n d u c t o r s ,


d u c t s and p e r s o n n e l a i r l o c k axe of t h e double b a r r i e r t y p e . The rex a i n i n g a c c e s s h a t c h e s are of t h e s i n g l e b a r r i e r t y p e .
Weld Channels :
None

D2.

CONTAINMENT SAFETY FEATURES

I n d i a n P o i n t #1

Containment Spray S y s t e m : The containment v e s s e l h a s an e x t e r n a l


s p r a y system c a p a b l e of l i m i t i n g p r e s s u r e i n t h e containment vessel
t o 27.5 p s i g . It i s a l s o capable of r e d u c i n g i n t e r n a l p r e s s u r e 16 p s i
t h e f i r s t 24 h o u r s f o l l o w i n g m a x i m u m c r e d i b l e a c c i d e n t . E x t e r n a l
s p r a y heads axe l o c a t e d around t h e upper p o r t i o n of t h e containment
v e s s e l . Sprays impinge on t h e containment v e s s e l s u r f a c e .
Containment Cooling:
Containment c o o l i n g under a c c i d e n t c o n d i t i o n s i s accomplished by t h e
containment e x t e r n a l s p r a y system.

Containment I s o l a t i o n System: The Containment I s o l a t i o n System


c o n s i s t s of two i s o l a t i o n v a l v e s , a r r a n g e d i n s e r i e s o u t s i d e t h e
s p h e r e , a containment i s o l a t i o n p a n e l ( l o c a t e d i n t h e c e n t r a l c o n t r o l
room), t h e containment a c c e s s doors, and i n c i d e n t d e t e c t i o n and
a c t i v a t i o n devices.
Containment A i r F i l t r a t i o n :
Not a p p l i c a b l e .

P e n e t r a t i o n Room:
Not a p p l i c a b l e .

D3.

SAFETY I N J E C T I O N SYSTEMS

Accumulator Tanks :
None

High-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : The proposed ECCS f o r I n d i a n P o i n t Unit


No. 1 w i l l i n c o r p o r a t e two 100% c a p a c i t y high-head s a f e t y i n j e c t i o n
systems, each h a v i n g two high-head pumps. One (or two) of t h e four
high-head pumps i s ( a r e ) normally used to p r o v i d e r e a c t o r w a t e r makeup. I n t h e e v e n t o f a LOCA, one (or two) pump(s) i s ( a r e ) immediately
a v a i l a b l e t o s u p p l y f u l l - h e a d c o r e c o o l i n g . The low primary c o o l a n t
p r e s s u r e s i g n a l a c t i v a t e s t h e remaining pumps. The high-head pumps
t a k e s u c t i o n from 3 c l e a n w a t e r s t o r a g e t a n k s . A t d e s i g n c o n d i t i o n s
t h e h i g h head pumps can each d e l i v e r 200 g p m w a t e r a t 1800 p s i g . Wate
d e l i v e r y i s through t h e r e a c t o r v e s s e l head.

Low-head S a e t y I n j e c t i o n : During low-head system o p e r a t i o n , w a t e r


from t h e containment sump i s pumped i n t o t h e r e a c t o r v i a t h e r e a c t o r
v e s s e l head. Water r e t u r n s t o t h e sump v i a t h e b r e a k . Three 100%
c a p a b i l i t y low-head systems w i l l b e p r o v i d e d . The low-head system
can d e l i v e r 1200 g p m a t 360 p s i g .

4
Paee
E.

4. PWR

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Reactor: I n d i a n P o i n t #1
R e a c t o r V e s s e l F a i l u r e : The p o s s i b i l i t y o f v e s s e l f a i l u r e h a s been
minimized t h r o u g h t h e system d e s i g n , materials s e l e c t i o n , i n s p e c t i o n
and t e s t i n g
Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y :

Not a p p l i c a b l e .
Reactor-Coolant

Leak-Detection System:

The l e v e l s of t h e containment p a r t i c u l a t e and g a s r a d i o a c t i v i t y ,


containment dewpoint , and t i m e r e q u i r e d t o f i l l t h e containment sump
a r e monitored t o d e t e c t any primary c o o l a n t system l e a k s .

Failed-Fuel-Detection

System:

No F a i l e d - F u e l D e t e c t i o n System as s u c h , b u t primary c o o l a n t a c t i v i t y
m o n i t o r i n g can supply i n f o r m a t i o n of p o s s i b l e f u e l f a i l u r e .

~~

Emergency Power:
(1) S t a t i o n b a t t e r i e s
( 2 ) Steam-driven t u r b i n e g e n e r a t o r
( 3 ) Emergency d i e s e l s t o be i n s t a l l e d w i t h t h e proposed
emergency c o r e - c o o l i n g system.

C o n t r o l of Axial Xenon O s c i l l a t i o n s By Burnable Shims, Part-Length


C o n t r o l Rods, In-Core I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n :
Reactor c o r e i s designed t o
p r e c l u d e t h e e x i s t e n c e of d i v e r g e n t xenon induced power o s c i l l a t i o n s
and any power o s c i l l a t i o n s which might arise from coupled t h e m a l hydraulic e f f e c t s .
Boron D i l u t i o n C o n t r o l : The system i n c o r p o r a t e s s t o r a g e f a c i l i t i e s
t o t a l i n g 500 c f o f 190F, 19%b o r i c a c i d s o l u t i o n (5400 l b b o r i c a c i d )
and pumping f a c i l i t i e s f o r t r a n s f e r r i n g t h e s o l u t i o n t o e i t h e r t h e p r i .
mary l o o p ( 2 pumps each c a p a b l e o f 5 gpm) o r t o t h e c l e a n w a t e r s t o r a g i
t a n k s (1pump at 50 gpm). The q u a n t i t y of b o r i c a c i d i s s u f f i c i e n t t o
produce about 30,000 cf of 4,000 ppm b o r i c a c i d s o l u t i o n .
Long-Term Cooling: The Decay Heat Cooling System i s p l a c e d i n t o
s e r v i c e when t h e Primary Coolant System t e m p e r a t u r e i s 5 2 6 0 ~tempera~
t u r e t o 140F and o p e r a t e s c o n t i n u o u s l y t o m a i n t a i n t h i s t e m p e r a t u r e a
The system i s designed t o remove 20 X lo6 Btu/hr
l o n g as r e q u i r e d .
w i t h b o t h decay h e a t pumps and c o o l s t h e system t o 140F i n about
27 h o u r s .
Organic-Iodide F i l t e r :
Hydrogen Recombiner:

None
None

F.

Page 5, PWR
GENERlZL

Reactor: I n d i a n P o i n t #1
Windspeed, Direction Recorders, and Seismographs:
There e x i s t s on t h e s i t e a 100-ft tower w i t h wind speed and d i r e c t i o n
recorders.

Plant Operation Mode:


Base l o a d e d .

Site Description: Located on t h e e a s t bank of t h e Hudson R i v e r about


24 m i l e s n o r t h of t h e n o r t h boundary of New York C i t y and about 45
m i l e s n o r t h of t h e r i v e r - o c e a n j u n c t i o n . The Hudson River i s charact e r i z e d by s t e e p banks r i s i n g up from t h e r i v e r forming a deep N-S
v a l l e y which s i g n i f i c a n t l y e f f e c t s t h e weather. The s i t e l e v e l v a r i e s
from 1 0 - f t MSL t o 140 f t .
Turbine Orientation:
-Emergency
Plans :

---

Environmental Monitoring Plans:


Environmental Monitoring i n c l u d e s chemical, r a d i a t i o n , and b i o l o g i c a l
sampling. The b i o l o g i c a l s t u d i e s a r e p a r t of a massive Hudson River
S t u d i e s Program.

t:

Twelve-gpm e v a p o r a t o r used t o t r e a t l i q u i d waste a f t e r about one week


holdup. D e m i n e r a l i z e r s ( 2 ) used t o t r e a t steam g e n e r a t o r blowdom
prior t o release.

Plant Vent:

S t a c k about 275 f t h i g h .

I G.
t

Page 6, PWR

SITE DATA

Rant-tnr.

Hudson River

Max Prob Flood Level

Size of Site

Site Grade Elevatio

Water Taken From:

11

Intake Structure:

River Flow

3,500

Service Water Quantity

Flow Thru Condenser

7.4 fl

Once through
Hudson River

(cfsp minimum;

38.ooo

280,000

Heat Dissipated to Environment

gpmfreactor

"Freshwater flow.

DRESDEN. 50 1 0
P r o j e c t N a m e : Dresden Nuclear Power
S t a t i o n Unit 1
A-E: General E l e c t r i c
Location: Grundy CO. , M o r r i s , 111. Vessel Vendor: N.Y. S h i p b u i l d i n g Cc
NSS Vendor:
G.E.
3wner: Commonwealth Edison Co.
Containment
C o n s t r u c t o r : B e c h t e l Corp.
>
A.

THERMAL-HYDRAULIC

B.

rhermal Output,

H 2 0 / U 0 2 Volume

E l e c t r i c a l Output,

Ratio
Moderator Temp Coe f

T o t a l Heat O u t p u t ,

Moderator Temp Coef

Peak Fuel Enthalpy


on Rod Drop, Cal/gm

280

NUCLEAR

I" Burnable

Poisons.
Type and Form
Number of C o n t r o l
Rods
Number of P a r t -

12.13:l
2 . 2 ~ 1 0 - ~@ioo0l

(c9An,ini3

-uu"II1~Iu

RnAc

.
"
I
-

8o
2

None

Compiled by: Dresden P l a n t P e r s o n n e l 8/73


O W , Nuclear S a f e t y I n f o r m a t i o n Center

-Page
C.

2 , BWR

SAFETY-RELATED DESIGN CRITERIA

Reactcr:
L
Exclusion Distance,
Miles
.5 radius
Design Winds inTh-:
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
--A t 0 - 50 f t e l e v
110
D i s t a n c e , Miles
Metropolis
Distance
Population
6,978,947
50 - I 5 O f t
110
Chicago,
47
Illinois
rTq7ni
150 - 400 f t
110
' D e s i g n Basis Earthquake
--Acceleration, g
Tornado
--O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake
--AP = - - p s i /
-3ec
Acceleration, g
Is I n t e n t of 70 Cesign
' Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
--% of H o r i z o n t a l
Criteria Satisfted?
R e c i r c u l a t i o n Pumping System CS MCHFR: MCHFR must b e >1.5 when e v a l u a t e
a t 125% power c o n d i t i o n s . The r e c i r c u l a t i o n system c o n s i s t s of 4 GE
canned t y p e , 410 hp pumps producing a t o t a l of 25.6 x l o 6 l b f h r flow.

___

P r o t e c t i v e System: P r o v i d e s p r o t e c t i o n a g a i n s t c o n d i t i o n s t h a t
threaten i n t e g r i t y of nuclear system p r o c e s s b a r r i e r by scramming
t h e r e a c t o r f o l l o w i n g abnormal o p e r a t i o n a l t r a n s i e n t s .
c

D.
D1.

ENGINEERED SAFETY FEATURES


CONTAINMENT

Drywell Design
Pressure, psig
S u p p r e s s i o n Chamber Design
Pressure, psig
C a l c u l a t e d Max I n Z e r n a l
Pressure, psig
Type of C o n s t r u c t i o n :

29.5

N/A

P r i n a r y Containment Leak
Rate, % / d a p
Second Containment Design
Pressure, psig
Second Containment Leak
Rate, %/day

-5
N/A
N/A

S p h e r i c a l s t e e l s h e l l , 190 f t i n d i a m e t e r a t t h e e q u a t o r and approximately 156 f t above ground level.

Design Basis:
Designed t o w i t h s t a n d p r e s s u r e e q u a l t o o r e x c e e d i n g t h e i n t e r n a l
p r e s s u r e t h a t would b e c r e a t e d by t h e most p r o b a b l e k i n d s of p o t e n t i a l
reactor-rupture accidents.
Vacuum Keliet C a p a b i l i t y
None
Post-Construction Testing:
A l l seams were r a d i o g r a p h e d , t h e
p e r s o n n e l l o c k and equipment h a t c h w e r e l e a k checked. A p r e s s u r e
t e s t w a s conducted on t h e s p h e r e f o r a i r t i g h t n e s s check.
P e n e t r a t i o n s : The equipment h a t c h and p e r s o n n e l l o c k are t e s t a b l e .
The steam l i n e s are a l s o l e a k checked.

10
Page 3 , BWR

D2.

EMERGENCY CORE COOLING SYSTEMS

Reactor : Dresden #1

Core Spray Cooling System:


A s i n g l e , c i r c u l a r c o r e s p r a y s p a r g e r w i t h 64 s p r a y n o z z l e s w i l l b e
l o c a t e d above t h e r e a c t o r c o r e and designed t o d e l i v e r 2100 gpm. The
r e q u i r e d c o r e s p r a y flow w i l l b e m a i n t a i n e d by two of t h r e e 50%
c a p a c i t y pumps. S u c t i o n w i l l b e from t h e f i r e p r o t e c t i o n system.

None
Residual-Heat-Removal

S y s t e m (RHRS):

High-pressure C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n S y s t e m :
None

Low-Pressure

Coolant-Injection System:

See c o r e s p r a y system.

E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Main-Steam-Line

Flow R e s t r i c t o r s :

None

Control-Rod

Velocity L i m i t e r s :

None
Control-Rod-Drive-Housing
Supports:
P r o v i d e d t o p r e v e n t e j e c t i o n of a c o n t r o l r o d from t h e r e a c t o r i n t h e
event a c o n t r o l rod d r i v e housing should f a i l .
Standby Liquid-Control System:

A manually o p e r a t e d , l i q u i d p o i s o n s y s t e m p r o v i d e s means of s h u t t i n g

t h e r e a c t o r down i n t h e u n l i k e l y event t h a t a l a r g e number of c o n t r o l


time.

11
I

Page 4 , BWR
E . OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES (cont 'd) Reactor:

Dresden

111

Standby Coolant System:

I-

See c o r e s p r a y system.

Containment Atmospheric C o n t r o l System:

' Containment

Floodability :

None
Reactor-Coolant

Leak-Detection

System:

Any r e a c t o r c o o l a n t l e a k would b e d e t e c t e d t h r o u g h t h e u s e of t h e dew


c e l l system and w i t h t h e u s e of the c o n t i n u o u s a i r monitor.

F a i l e d - F u e l D e t e c t i o n Systems:
None
Emergency Power:

A 500 Kw, 480 v d i e s e l - d r i v e n g e n e r a t o r i s used on l o s s of o f f - s i t e


power t o p r o v i d e power t o t h e e s s e n t i a l l o a d s on t h e 480 v system.
B a t t e r y power f u r n i s h e s 125 v dc f o r c o n t r o l s , emergency l i g h t i n g ,
and i s o l a t i o n v a l v e s .

Rod-Block Monitor:
None
Rod-Worth Minimizer :
None

12

F.

Pane 5.BWR

GENERAL

Reactor: Dresden #1
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n Recorders, and Seismographs:

A tower

e r e c t e d a t t h e s i t e c o n t i n u o u s l y r e c o r d s windspeed, d i r e c t i o n ,
temperature, dew p o i n t and r a i n f a l l . Seismograph i s i n s t a l l e d i n
unit 2 o r 3.

P l a n t Operation Mode:

Base loaded.
S i t e Descriotion:
S i t e i s about 47 miles SW of Chicago where t h e D e s P l a i n e s and
Kankalcee Rivers come t o g e t h e r ; a d j a c e n t t o t h e Dresden l o c k on t h e
Illinois River. The s i t e i s comparatively l e v e l w i t h maximum v a r i a tion of 25-ft e l e v a t i o n . The area around t h e s i t e i s mostly agric u l t u r a l and i n d u s t r i a l .

turbine buildinp.
Emergency P l a n s :

E l e c t e d b l a d e s could n o t s t r i k .e- c

The g e n e r a t i n g s t a t i o n s emergency p l a n e s t a b l i s h e s p r o t e c t i v e a c t i o n
levels and p r o v i d e s l i a i s o n w i t h o f f - s i t e s u p p o r t groups i n c l u d i n g
f e d e r a l , state, and l o c a l government a u t h o r i t i e s when such l e v e l s a r e
exceeded. Document reviews and c o n t r o l , emergency preparedness assess
ment and t r a i n i n g of p l a n t p e r s o n n e l , i n c l u d i n g p e r i o d i c d r i l l s a r e
o b j e c t i v e l y set f o r t h by t h e p l a n .
Environmental Monitoring p l a n s : Environmental monitoring i s c o n t r a c t e d
t o outside organization.
Included i n t h e r o u t i n e sampling are:
1. 17 sample s t a t i o n s f o r a i r b o r n e p a r t i c u l a t e and i o d i n e samples.
F i l t e r s are changed weekly a t each s t a t i o n . These s t a t i o n s a l s o
have i o n chambers which are r e a d weekly and T u ' s r e a d q u a r t e r l y .
2. Weekly samples i n c l u d e s u r f a c e water and milk.
3. F a l l o u t - A i r b o r n e s o l i d s & liquids-xnonthly; s o i l - a n n u a l l y ; f eedcrops
-annually; f o o d s t u f f s - 3 times p e r y e a r .
4. W e l l w a t e r - q u a r t e r l y , bottom sediments-semi-annually; s l i m e quarterly; aquatic animals-quarterly.

Radwaste Trea-tment :
System collects, p r o c e s s e s , c o n t r o l s and d i s p o s e s of p o t e n t i a l l y r a d i o active waste. L i q u i d s from t h e r e a c t o r p r o c e s s systems or l i q u i d s
which have become contaminated a r e processed a c c o r d i n g t o t h e i r p u r i t y
b e f o r e b e i n g r e l e a s e d e i t h e r f o r r e t u r n t o t h e p l a n t as condensate,
sent t o t h e d i s c h a r g e c a n a l o r immobilized i n drums f o r e v e n t u a l d i s p o s a l o f f s i t e , s o l i d wastes are processed f o r d i s p o s a l o f f s i t e .

300-ft-high s t a c k .

13
Page 6 , BWR
G.

S I T E DATA

Reactor:

Nearby Body of Water:

Normal Level
Max Prob Flood Level

I l l i n o i s R i v e r and
Kankakee River
S i z e of S i t e

I Topography

953

Acres

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :

(MSLJ
(MSL)

516'

(MSL)/

Rolling p r a i r i e

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s
In 5 m i radius

1968

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :
D i s t . from s i t e

5n81

505 I

Flat

of S i t e :

Date of Data:

Dresden 111

14

50

; 10 n i 25.000

2600

; 50 m i

Joliet, Illinois

Miles, D i r e c t i o n

NE

Population

75,000

Land Use i n 5 X i l e Radius:


Agriculture
Meteorology:

Nh

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n

Avg. speed 10 mph

S t a b i l i t y Data - Gases would be r a p i d l y d i l u t e d and d i s p e r s e d .


M i s c e l l a n e o u s Items Close t o t h e S i t e : South of t h e s i t e i s t h e Genera
E l e c t r i c Company's Nuclear Power P l a n t T r a i n i n g C e n t e r . A l s o l o c a t e d
i n t h e s a m e area i s G . E . ' s Midwest F u e l Recovery P l a n t . Other a c t i v i t
ies are t h e I l l i n o i s Clay P r o d u c t s Company ( R e f r a c t o r i e s and B r i c k
P r o d u c t s ) and some a g r i c u l t u r a l o p e r a t i o n s . A l a r g e abandoned s t r i p
mine is l o c-a t e d i n t h e area a l s o .
H.

CIRCUU.'TING WATER SYSTEM

I Type o f

Syatem:

Once through

Water Take3 From:

I l l i n o i s River.

I n t a k e St L uc t u r e :

C a n a l from t h e I l l i n o i s R i v e r t o t h e c r i b house which c o n t a i n s a screen


f o r removing d e b r i s from t h e w a t e r p r i o r t o b e i n g pumped through p l a n t .
Water Body remperatures: Winter minimum
R i v e r Flow

3000

S e r v i c e Watrr Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Gundenser

40

"F

( c f s ) minimum;

47nn

1 7 ~ 7 0 0

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment
H e a t Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

(gpm)/reactor

---

1.75 x

lo6

%OF

( c f s ) average

gpm/ react o r

12.900

Discharge S u r u c t u r e :

Summer maximum

Temp. R i s e

---

"F

(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r
(Btu/hr)/reactor

The water e x i t s t h e p l a n t and f l o w s down a c a n a l , r e t u r n i n g t h e water


t o t h e I l l i n o i s River.
D e s c r i p t i o n & Number Cooling Tower(s):
None.

Blow down

gpm/reactor

Evaporative loss

gpmlreactor

14

15
Page 1 (PWR)

P r o j e c t Name: Yankee Atomic E l e c t r i c Power S t a t i o n


A-E: S t o n e & Webster
Vessel Vendor: B&W
L o c a t i o n : Rowe, Mass.
NSS Vendor: Westinghouse
Owner: Yankee Atomic E l e c CO.
Containment

Nominal Core

Shutdown Boron, No

Max Heat F l u x ,

I Outuut.

kw/f t
Max Thermal
O u t p u t , kw/f t
Max Clad S u r f a c e
.

Temp, "F
N o . Coolant
Loops

Iqno , - hnn/
""I
2 2 5 nnn
d",

'.>

13.36/4.28

- 07/9 - 38

642

"

~~

--.

lShutdown Marnin. Hot I , .


4.3
1 rod s t u c k , % d i / k
Burnable P o i s o n s ,
None
m TvDe and Form
Number of C o n t r o l
24
Rods
Number of P a r t None
Length Rods (PLR)
Compiled b y : Yankee Atomic &
Nuclear S a f e t y I n f o r m a t i o n C e n t e r
J

16
Page 2 , PWR
C.

SAFETY-RELATED DESIGN CRITERIA

Exclusion Distance,
Miles
0.59
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
D i s t a n c e , Miles
5
Metropolis
Distance Population

50

Max Leak Rate a t Desim


P r e s s u r e , %/day
Type of C o n s t r u c t i o n :
c

- 400

I DSIQ

3.0

ft
ft

Tornado
hP =

- 50 f t e l e v

- 150

150

Design B a s i s Earthquake
--Acceleration, g
O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
--Earthquake Vertical Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l
---

Yankee Rowe

Design Winds i n mph:


At 0

79,727

P i t t s f i e l d , Mass.

Reactor:

-----

-----

-- p s i / -- s e c

C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l Pressure, psig

31.2

31.6

S p h e r i c a l s t e e l s h e l l 125-ft i n diameter w i t h minimum w a l l t h i c k n e s s


o f 7/8-in.
Primary and secondary s h i e l d s are w i t h i n t h e s h e l l . The
s p h e r i c a l s h e l l i s s u p p o r t e d on b r a c e d s t e e l columns.

b e s i g n Basis :
ASME Code S e c t i o n VI11 ( u n f i r e d p r e s s u r e v e s s e l s ) and Code Case No.
1226. Designed t o p r e v e n t release of radioactivity t o t h e atmosphere
i n c a s e of rupture of t h e main c o o l a n t system.

Vacuum R e l i e f C a p a b i l i t y :
None
Post-Construction Testing:
Integrity Test:

1. S t r e n g t h Test a t 40 p s i g
2. L e a k Test a t 1 5 p s i g

Penetrations:
E l e c t r i c a l - C a r t r i d g e Type
P i p i n g - F i x e d Mechanical
A i r Locks - R e s i l i e n t S e a l s
Weld Channels :
Found no r e f e r e n c e

17

D2.

Page 3 , PWR
CONTAINMENT SAFETY FEATURES

Reactor: Yankee Rowe

Containment Spray System:


None

Containment Cooling:

- 4 s e r v i c e water c o o l e r s w i t h f a n s

Normal o p e r a t i o n

Containment. Is0 l a t i on System :


T r i p valves -pneumatic

type

Containment A i r F i l t r a t i o n :
None
P e n e t r a t i o n Room:

D3.

SAFETY I N J E C T I O N SYSTEMS

Accumulator Tanks :
1 t a n k - 3600 g a l . of water - p r e s s u r i z e d
n i t r o g e n header through r e g u l a t o r s .

t o 420 p s i a minimum by a

High-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n :

Injection:

3 pumps - 900 gpm/pump w i t h s h u t o f f head


125,000 g a l l o n s t o r a g e t a n k .

660 p s i g .

S u c t i o n from

18
I

E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Reactor Vessel Failure:

Page 4, PWR
Reactor:

---

Containment Floodability:
Vapor Containment ( V . C . )

R e c i r c u l a t i n g System

Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System:


1. V . C . A i r P a r t i c u l a t e Monitor
2. 24-hr Water Balance
3. V . C . Humidity D e t e c t o r s

4.

Leakage Primary t o Secondary

-Failed-Fuel-Detection

- Steam g e n e r a t o r blowdown m o n i t o r s

System:

Bleed l i n e Gamma Guard & Chemistry Sampling.

Emergency Power:

3 Diesels - 400 K w / D i e s e l - Independent


Automatic s t a r t on low v o l t a g e c o n d i t i o n
480 VAC

Control of Axial Xenon Oscillations By Burnable Shims, Part-Length


Control Rods, In-Core Instrumentation:

---

Boron Dilution Control:

3 c h a r g i n g pumps - p o s i t i v e
33 gpm/pmp

displacement
3000 p s i g s h u t o f f head

Long-Term Cooling:

V.C. R e c i r c u l a t i n g System - 2 pumps a t 100 gpm/pump,


t a k i n g s u c t i o n from V.C. sump.

Organic-Iodide Filter:

None

Hydrogen Recombiner:

None

19
Page 5 , PWR
F.

GENERAL

R e a c t o r : Yankee Rowe

Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n Recorders, and Seismographs:


Jeather Tower - Windspeed, d i r e c t i o n and t e m p e r a t u r e s (for i n v e r s i o n ) .
;eismographs n o t mentioned.
P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode:
F u l l power -Base l o a d e d .
S i t e Description:
The s i t e i s l o c a t e d i n t h e town of Rowe, Mass., on t h e E a s t Bank of
t h e D e e r f i e l d R i v e r a t a p o i n t a p p r o x i m a t e l y 314 of a m i l e s o u t h of
t h e Vermont -Mass. b o r d e r . It i s a d j a c e n t t o t h e Sherman hydroe l e c t r i c s t a t i o n of N.E.P.Co. and on Sherman Pond.

Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n :

Emergency

Plans :

E a s t - w e s t such t h a t e j e c t e d b l a d e s c o u l d s t r i k e
containment.

Now i n t h e p r o c e s s o f r e w r i t i n g and h a v i n g approved a new emergency


p l a n t o comply w i t h App. E l O C F R 5 O .

Environmental Monitoring Plans:


Now i n t h e p r o c e s s of implementing a n i n c r e a s e d m o n i t o r i n g p l a n t o
prove compliance w i t h limits s p e c i f i e d i n 10CFR50 App. I .

Radwastetment:

Have 5 gpm e v a p o r a t o r s w i t h p o l i s h i n g f i l t e r for l i q u i d w a s t e .


S o l i d i f y bottoms w i t h cement i n 55 g a l l o n drums and s h i p t o b u r i a l
ground i n N . Y .
Combustible wastes axe burned i n an i n c i n e r a t o r ;
a s h e s are drummed and b u r i e d .

? l z g t Vent:

L5,OOO CFM f a n on primary v e n t s t a c k .

20

Page 6 , PWR
G.

SITE DATA

Reactor: Yankee Rowe

Nearby Body of Water:

High Normal Level


Max Prob Flood Level

Sherman Pond
S i z e of S i t e

Acres

2000

1002'

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

1009

(MSL~
(MSL

1022

(MSL:

Topography of S i t e :
of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :

Very h i l l y .

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

229

In 5 m i radius

1 :618

Date of Data: 1970 Census

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :
D i s t . from s i t e

Land U s e in 5 Nile Radius:


Meteorology:

; 50 m i

Pittsfield

?4iles, D i r e c t i o n

24

; 10 m i 1-34

SW

, Population

57, 020

- no crop of
commercial importance except maple syrup.

' ~ 1 0 %devoted t o c r o p s

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n

Avg. speed

---

S t a b i l i t y Data - --M i s c e l l a n e o u s I t e m s Close t o t h e S i t e : Sherman Pond, a l a k e about 1 mi


long i s a d j a c e n t t o t h e s i t e . The Sherman hydro s t a t i o n i s c l o s e t o
t h e s i t e . Vermont Yankee Nuclear S t a t i o n i s about 20 m i l e s ENE a w a y .
There a r e no l a r g e c i t i e s i n t h i s a r e a , P i t t s f i e l d b e i n g t h e n e a r e s t
c i t y o f any s i z e . I n t h e w i n t e r , s k i i n g i s a f a v o r i t e r e c r e a t i o n i n
t h i s a r e a w i t h numerous s k i r e s o r t s .

H.

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

Type of System:

Once through system

Water Taken From:

Sherman Pond

Suction from %LgO ft below normal pond l e v e l , pumped through s c r e e n


house
Water Body Temperatures: Winter minimum 35 OF
Summer maximum 6 8 F
(cfs ) a v e r a g e
( c f s ) minimum;
R i v e r Flow

----

---

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y

---

gpm/ react o r

Flow Thru Condenser

140.000

(gpm)/reactor

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

1,470 x l o 6

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

---

Temp. R i s e

24

OF

(Btu/hr) /reactor
(Btu/hr) /reactor

Discharge S t r u c t u r e :

Open s e a l p i t d i s c h a r g i n g t o Sherman Pond


D e s c r i p t i o n & Number
Blowdown

gpm/reactor

None

E v a p o r a t i v e loss

gpm/ r eact or

21

22
Page 1 (BWR)
RAY

50 1'37

P r o j e c t Name: Humboldt Bay, U n i t N o . 3


A-E: B e c h t e l C o r p o r a t i o n
Location: Eureka, C a l i f o r n i a
Vessel Vendor: Combustion Eng., Inc
NSS V e d x : G e n e r a l E l e c t r i c Co.
Owner: P a c i f i c G a s & E l e c t r i c C o .
Containment
Constructor: ~
e c-.
~
l
A.

B.

THERMAL-HYDRAULIC

T o t a l Heat

NUCLEAR

psig
Heat T r a n s f e r

Peak F u e l Enthalpy
on Rod Drop, Call-

113U

Burnable P o i s o n s .
Type and Form
Number of C o n t r o l
Rods
Number of PartLeneth Rods (PLR)

Gd203 mixed
With UO?

32
0

8/73

Compiled by: P a c i f i c G a s and E l e c t r i c Co.


O W , Nuclear S a f e t y I n f o r m a t i o n Center

23

Exclusion Ciatance,
Miles
0 . 1 3 Rad.
Low P o p u l a c i o n Zone
--D i s t a n c e , Miles
Metropolis
Distance
Population
San F r a n c i s c o
Oakland
230 M i .
3,109,500
Design Basis Earthquake
0.25
Acceleration, g
O p e r a t i n g B a s i s Earthquake
Acceleration, g
NA
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
X of H o r i z o n t a l
---

Design Winds i n mph: A l l


s t r u c t u r e s deA t 0 - 50 f t s i g n e d t o w i t h s t a n d maximum
50 - 150 f t weather and o t h e r
p o t e n t i a l loading
150 - 400 f t i n accordance wit
s t a n d a r d codes.
Tornado
AP = - p s i / - sec
Is I n t e n t of 70 Design
Criteria S a t i s f i e d ?

NA

P r o t e c t i v e System: A f a i l s a f e system which w i l l o v e r r i d e o t h e r systems


o p e r a t i o n s t o shutdown t h e r e a c t o r , s h u t s p e c i f i e d containment s y s t e m
i s o l a t i o n v a l v e s and t o i n i t i a t e e n g i n e e r i n g s a f e g u a r d systems a s
r e q u i r e d t o place t h e p l a n t i n a s a f e shutdown c o n d i t i o n .
~

D.

ENGINEERED SAFETY FEATURES

D1.
urywt

CONTAINMENT

P r e s s u L c, y3Lti
I L
S u p p r e s s i o n Chamber Design

1 Primary

Containment Leak R a t e ,
%/day: D r y w e l l - 0.1% @ 72 p s i g .
Supp. Chamb. - 1.0% @ 10 p s i g .
Second Containment Design

as p a r t of t h e d r y w e l l containment vessel.

11

24
Page 3 , BWR

and c o o l r e a c t o r water. The low p r e s s u r e c o r e f l o o d i n g system


d e s c r i b e d below i s connected t o t h i s system.

None
Control-Rod V e l o c i t y L i m i t e r s :
None

'

S U p D O r t S : Control
rod d r i v e t h i m b l e support
s t r u c t u r e c o n s i s t i n g of h o r i z o n t a l beams and b r a c k e t s i n s t a l l e d
b e n e a t h t h e c o n t r o l rod d r i v e mechanisms.

Standby Liquid-Control S y s t e m : Enough sodium p e n t a b o r a t e s o l u t i o n


p r e s s u r i z e d t o 1300 p s i g by n i t r o g e n can b e i n j e c t e d i n t o t h e r e a c t o r
vessel i n 10 minutes t o keeD t h e r e a c t o r s u b c r i t i c a l w i t h a l l r o d s

25
Page 4 , BWR

E . OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES ( c o n t ' d ) Reactor:

~ B O L D TBAY

Standby Coolant System: Emergency condenser - a n a t u r a l c i r c u l a t i o n


h e a t exchanger w i t h r e a c t o r w a t e r on t h e t u b e s i d e and f r e s h water of
t h e s h e l l s i d e . The 8800 g a l volume of f r e s h w a t e r i s s u f f i c i e n t t o
d i s s i p a t e decay h e a t f o r approx 8 h o u r s a f t e r shutdown. A 25 gpm
emergency makeup pump can extend o p e r a t i o n beyond 8 hours.
Containment Atmospheric Control System: Both t h e d r y w e l l and t h e supp r e s s i o n chamber are i n e r t e d w i t h d r y n i t r o g e n d u r i n g power o p e r a t i o n
t o p r e v e n t t h e p o s s i b i l i t y of a n hydrogen-oxygen e x p l o s i o n f o l l o w i n g a
LOCA and r e s u l t a n t zirconium-water r e a c t i o n . The mass of n i t r o g e n i n
each chamber i s monitored by a continuous l e a k d e t e c t i o n system.
Reactor Core I s o l a t i o n Cooling System (RCICS):This system c o n s i s t s of
f o u r subsystems:
(1) c o r e s p r a y system, d e s c r i b e d above; (2) low
p r e s s u r e c o r e f l o o d i n g , d e s c r i b e d above; (3) emergency condenser
d e s c r i b e d above; and ( 4 ) f o u r r e a c t o r s a f e t y v a l v e s r e l i e v e s e q u e n t i a l l y on h i g h r e a c t o r p r e s s u r e t o d i s c h a r g e r e a c t o r steam a t 400,000
l b / h r a t 1250 p s i g t o t h e s u p p r e s s i o n pool.
~

Reactor Vessel F a i l u r e :
Not c o n s i d e r e d c r e d i b l e .

Containment F1oodability:
The d r y w e l l can be f i l l e d w i t h w a t e r t o a
!level above t h e t o p of the r e a c t o r c o r e .
Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System:
I n c l u d e s i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n to
d e t e c t i n c r e a s e s i n d r y w e l l temperature and humidity o r accumulation of
water i n lower d r y w e l l because of a r e a c t o r system l e a k . Also includes
i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n t o d e t e c t l e a k a g e s p a s t t h e i n n e r and o u t e r "0" r i n g
seals on t h e r e a c t o r vessel head, weepage p a s t t h e r e a c t o r s a f e t y valve
s e a t s and l e a k a g e p a s t v a r i o u s v e n t and d r a i n v a l v e seats.
Failed-Fuel D e t e c t i o n Systems:
following t h e air e j e c t o r .

Two c h a n n e l s of off-gas monitoring

Emergency Power: No. 1 and No. 2 50-Mw f o s s i l - f u e l e d power p l a n t s


and propane-driven e n g i n e 60 Kw emergency ac g e n e r a t o r . 125-volt
b a t t e r y c a p a b l e of s u p p l y i n g 240 amp-hours over a n 8-hr p e r i o d .
U n i t s No. 1 and 2 are c a p a b l e of c a r r y i n g a l l p l a n t l o a d s . The
e n g i n e g e n e r a t o r i s c a p a b l e of c a r r y i n g e s s e n t i a l p l a n t s a f e t y l o a d s .
The b a t t e r y i s c a p a b l e of c a r r y i n g n e c e s s a r y l o a d s t o i n s u r e t h e s a f e
shutdown c o n d i t i o n s of t h e r e a c t o r .
Rod-Block Monitor:
None
Rod-Worth Minimizer:
None

26

Page 5 , BWR
F.

GENERAL

R e a c t o r : Humbolt Bay
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs: A wind v a n e and an
anemometer are l o c a t e d on a tower seaward of t h e p l a n t t o g i v e wind
d i r e c t i o n and speed which are recorded.
A s t r o n g motion a c c e l e r o g r a p h
t a k e s i n p u t s from t h r e e sets of o r t h o g o n a l a c c e l e r o m e t e r s t o r e c o r d
seismic d i s t u r b a n c e s on a m a m e t i c tape.
P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode:
Base-loaded.
v

S i t e D e s c r i p t i o n : Located on t h e east s h o r e of Humbolt Bay j u s t o f f


t h e P a c i f i c Ocean i n n o r t h e r n C a l i f o r n i a . The s i t e i s r e l a t i v e l y f l a t
w i t h some s l o p e s and a s m a l l bank r i s i n g up toward t h e bay. The
s u r r o u n d i n g a r e a h a s g e n t l e h i l l s t h a t become more pronounced i n l a n d .
The climate i s t y p i c a l ocean-side w e a t h e r .

Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n : Turbine c e n t e r l i n e i s about 1 2 f e e t above primary


containment v e s s e l .
C l o s e s t t u r b i n e s t a g e is about 73 f e e t from c e n t e
line o f primary Containment v e s s e l . P l a n t b u i l d i n g s are between
t u r b i n e and containment.
Emergency P l a n s : The s i t e emergency p l a n o r g a n i z e s p l a n t p e r s o n n e l
and makes pre-arrangements t o d e a l e f f e c t i v e l y w i t h f o r e s e e a b l e
emergency s i t u a t i o n s t h a t might o c c u r on t h e s i t e . P r o v i s i o n s are mad
i n t h e emergency p l a n f o r n o t i f i c a t i o n of company o f f i c i a l s and f o r
n o t i f i c a t i o n of c i t y , county, and s t a t e o f f i c i a l s should t h e i r
a s s i s t a n c e be necessary.
Environmental Monitoring P l a n s : There a r e 36 e n v i r o n m e n t a l m o n i t o r i n g
s t a t i o n s around t h e s i t e , t h e f a r t h e r e s t of which i s about 1 0 miles
away. Most of t h e s t a t i o n s have i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n t o measure s t r a y
r a d i a t i o n above background. Two of t h e s t a t i o n s have equipment t o
measure a i r b o r n e a c t i v i t y . The r a d i a t i o n i n s t r u m e n t s are r e a d a t least
e v e r y 15 d a y s , and t h e a i r b o r n e a c t i v i t y i n s t r u m e n t s r e a d a t l e a s t
e v e r y 7 d a y s . I n a d d i t i o n , t e r r e s t r i a l and marine samples a r e
c o l l e c t e d and a n a l y s e d on a q u a r t e r l y b a s i s .

L i q u i d w a s t e s a r e c o l l e c t e d , t r e a t e d and e i t h e r
s t o r e d i n holding tanks (long o r s h o r t t e r m ) o r discharged t o t h e
o u t f a l l canal and d i l u t e d p r i o r t o e n t e r i n g t h e bay. S o l i d wastes
are c o l l e c t e d , packed and s t o r e d f o r u l t i m a t e o f f -site d i s p o s a l .

P l a n t Vent: S i n g l e s t a c k 250 f e e t h i g h w i t h a s t a c k flow of


a p p r o x i m a t e l y 11,000 cfm.

27

G . SITE DATA
Nearby Body of Water:
Humboldt Bay

S i z e of S i t e 142.9

Reactor: Humboldt Bay


Normal Level
Max Prob Flood Level

0
(MSLj
+20 Ft(MSL1

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

Acres

+20 Ft(MSL

'(5 m i r a d ) : G e n t l e h i l l s w i t h small

i n t h e area of

Water Taken From: Humboldt B~~

I n t a k e S t r u c t u r e : Main condenser c o o l i n g water i s t a k e n from Humboldt


Bay, v i a an i n t a k e c a n a l , through t r a s h r a c k s and r o t a t i n g drum s c r e e n s
t o t h e s u c t i o n p i t s of submerged mixed flow c e n t r i f u g a l pumps.

-1

Temperatures: Winter minimum


R i v e r Flow

tJ A

( c f s ) minimum;

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

46 OF

l900

Summer maximur. - O F
( c f s ) average

NA

gpmlreactor

49,600

(gpm)/reactor

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment 650 X 1 06

Heat Removal Capacity of Condenser

376 X

lo6

Temp. R i s e

20

O F

(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r
(Btu/hr)/reactor

Structure:
Main condenser c o o l i n g water i s discharged from
t h e condenser t o a common 54" header which d i s c h a r g e s t o a n o u t f a l l
canal which goes t o Humboldt Bay.

D e s c r i p t i o n & Number Blowdown

gpmlreactor

Evaporative loss

None
gpmlreactor

28

29

__

BIG HOCK POINT, 50-353

1af;e

I (l%Wk)

__

Eig Rock P o i n t Nuclear P l a n t


A-E :
Bechtel
Locat i o n :
Charlevoix, Michigan
Vessel Vendor : Combustion Eng.
General E l e c t r i c
NSS Vendor:
Owner: Consuners Powers Company
Containment
Constructor:
Eechtel
Project Name:

Reload F d e s i g n d a t a , Cycle 11
**Cycle 10 d a t a

HEDDLESON ORNL
Compiled by: KARTMAN - BIG ROCK POINT
O W , Nuclear S a f e t y I n f o r m a t i o n Center

30

C.

Page 2, BWR

SAFETY-RELATED DESIGN CRITERIA

Exclusi.on Distance,
Miles
Low Population Zone
Distance, Miles
Metropolis
Distance
Saginaw

160

O--i.

4.0 m i .

Population
219,743

Design Basis Earthquake


Acceleration, g
Operating Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
Earthquake Vertical Shock,
% of Horizontal

0.05

0.05

---

Feactor:

PTT:

pr-

Design Winds in mph:


At 0 - 50 ft elev

50 - 150 ft

100 mph

150 - 400 ft
Tornado ---

ap = -- psi/ --set
Is Intent of 70 Design
Criteria Satisfied?
---

Two mechanical s e a l pumps o p e r a t e d i n f i x e d flow mode a t


17,000 gpm e a c h .

Protective System: I n i t i a t e s r a p i d i n s e r t i o n of a l l c o n t r o l b l a d e s on
any of e l e v e n s i g n a l s i n d i c a t i n g abnormal o p e r a t i n g c o n d i t i o n .
I n i t i a t e s containment i s o l a t i o n on t h r e e s i g n a l s .

D.

ENGINEERED SAFETY FEATURES

D1. CONTAINMENT

Drywell Design
Pressure, psig
27
Suppression Chamber Design --Pressure, psig
Calculated Max Internal
Pressure, psig
21

Primary Containment Leak


Rate, %/day
O.S$/day
Second Containment Design
Pressure, psig
Second Containment Leak
Rate, %/day

---

---

31

Page 3 , BWR
EMERGENCY CORE COOLING SYSTEMS

D2.

Reactor: BIG ROCK PT.


Cooling water i s admitted i n t o a c i r c u l a r
sparger above t h e core which d i r e c t s water onto t h e f u e l elements.
Water i s i n i t i a l l y supplied from f i r e protection system followed by
recirculation through core spray pumps and heat exchangers. Two 400
gpm pumps take over from f i r e protection system. Backup provided by
spray nozzle i n v e s s e l head.

Core S p r a y Cooling System:

Auto-Depressurization System:
None
Residual-Heat-Removal System (RHRS) : Three subsystems make up t h i s
system:
1. Reactor Shutdown Cooling System remove decay heat from r e a c t o r
core during and following shutdown,
2. Post-Incident Spray System
containment spray i n i t i a t e d i n t h e
event of an accident involving l o s s of coolant from primary system
3. Core Spray Cooling System (described above).
4. Emergency Condenser

High-pressure Coolant-Injection System:


None

Low-Pressure Coolant-Injection System:


(See Core spray Cooling System)

E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Main-Steam-Line

Flow Restrictors:

None
Control-Rod Velocity Limiters:
Limited only by hydraulic capacity of drive system.

Control-Rod-Drive-Housing

SupDorts:

Spring-loaded mechanical s t r u c t u r e mounted below rod drive housings.


Standby Liquid-Control System: Provides means of achieveing and maint a i n i n g s u b c r i t i c a l i t y i f control rods are unable t o do so. The system employes sodium pentaborate
1 9 (minimum).

32
7

E. OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES (cont'd) Renetor:


Standby Coolant System:

Page 4 , BWR

BIG ROCK

pT

Atmospheric Control System: Reactor containment v e s s e l i s


provided with both forced and induced d r a f t v e n t i l a t i o n providing ventil a t i o n f o r a l l p o t e n t i a l l y contaminated areas. Heating and cooling uni'a
are located on t h e v e n t i l a t i o n i n l e t s t o maintain near constant tempera t u r e conditions year around.

I--

React 3

Emergency Power: One diesel-generator automatically s t a r t s on a loss


of a u x i l i a r y power and autometically connects t o tile electricty-driven
f i r e p ~ u qand reactor biiidling a i r locks. Other services can be s e l e c t -

ed manually a s required. One l25V d-c b a t t e r y system furnishes power


f o r normal switchgear fu-nctions, turbine control, annunciators and
.t-erious emergency functions.

k Monitor:
Interlocked f o r rei"ue1iiig operations w i t h crei:es.
Interlocked w i t h accumulators on drive system.
power with f l u x monitors.

33

F. CENERAL
Windspeed, Direction Recorders,

Page 5,BFTR
Reactor:
and Seismographs:

=mPT.

On s i t e weather s t a t i o n t h a t i n d i c a t e s windspeed and d i r e c t i o n .

No. seismographs,

Plant

Operation Mode:

--

Base load.
Site Description:
,

Six hundred acres o f gently sloping, wooded and cleared land on t h e


shore of Lake Michigan i n Charlevoix County. Population within a 10m i l e radius of t h e s i t e i s 9000 (1960 figures). Forty percent of
Charlevoix County i s i n a g r i c u l t u r a l use.

Turbine Orientation:

Approximately 140 f t . south of containment


oriented perpendicular t o E-W centerline of containment.
Emergency Plans:

A plant s i t e emergency plan has been prepared and contains detailed


written procedures f o r involvea plant personnel i n t h e event of an emei
gency o r accident. Periodic d r i l l s and t r a i n i n g sessions a r e held.
The plan i s coordinated w i t h t h e S t a t e Police, l o c a l hospitals and
emergency u n i t s .

Environmental Monitoring Plans:

Monitoring program started i n 1960. The present program includes anal y s i s of weekly a i r samples, lake and w e l l water samples, f i s h and
plant l i f e specimens and beta-gamma f i l m measurements.

'Treatment:
Solid Wastes
CoLleFted, processed and packaged f o r storage.
s u f f i c i e n t decay, t h e packaged waste i s shipped off s i t e .

-!e

After

>aseous Waste
Off-gas from main condenser a r e heid up f o r 16 minutes
f o r decay and released through high efficiency f i l t e r s . Off-gas and
building v e n t i l a t i o n flows a r e released from a 240-ft. stack.

Liquid Wastes
Collected and processed on a batch b a s i s f o r d i l u t i o n
d i t h condenser c i r c u l a t i n g water i n t h e discharge canal,

Plant Vent:
4 240-ft. h i g h concrete stack.

34

G.

SITE DATA

ROCK PT.
m~
580'
(MSLj
Reactor:

Normal Level

Max Prob Flood Level

Lake Michigan

600

S i z e of S i t e

Acres

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

591'

(MSL~

5 92

(MSL)

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :

Gently sloping
70
T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

1960

Date of Data:

97

D i s t . from s i t e

l+no

In 5 m i radius

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :

; 10 m i

; 50

mi=snn

S a u l t S t e Marie, Canada

, Population

Miles, D i r e c t i o n NpJE

74,o(IO

Land Use i n 5 Mile Radius:


::ormercial and i n d u s t r i a l a b o u t f o u r miles s o u t h of t h e s i t e .
'

Meteorology:

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n SSW

S t a b i l i t y Data

Avg. speed

----

M i s c e l l a n e o u s Items Close t o t h e S i t e :

U.S.

Highway

31

8 mph

r u n s SE of t h e

s i t e a b o u t 1/2 mile, The C & 0 RR r u n s a b o u t 1 mile SE. The town of


C h a r l e v o i x i s 4 m i . SSE s n d Petoskey i s 13 m i . E. Lake C h a r l e v o i x i s
3 m i . S. Only a Tew r e s i d e n c e s a r e s c a t t e r e d w i t h i n S e v e r a l miles.
c

H.

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

Type of System:

Water Taken From:

t.ilmi 1uh
Y

Lake Michigan

Intake Structure:
Underwater c r i b p r o t e c t i n g t h e end of a

60" l i n e .

Water Body Temperatures: Winter minimum 38


(cfs) minimum;
R i v e r Flow

------

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y

Flow Thru Condenser

4,200

49,000

(gpm)/reactor

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

( c f s ) averagc

gpmfreactor

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

II

____ --__-_

Summer maximum a

OF

Temp. R i s e

20

O'

400 m i l l i o n

(Btu/hr) /reactor

526 x 1
0
'

(Btu/ h r ) / reac t o r

,
-

Discharge S t r u c t u r e :
Open d i s c h a r g e c a n a l t o l a k e a t c i r c u l a t i n g water pump house.
Cooling Tower(s):

D e s c r i p t i o n & Number

Blowdown

gpmlreactor

-------

None

Evaporative l o s s

---------

gpmfreactor

35

36

P r o j e c t N a m e : San Onofre Nuclear G e n e r a t i n g S t a t i o n , U n i t 1


A-E: B e c h t e l

37

_----

E x c l u s i o n Distance,
Miles
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
Distance, Miles
Metropolis
Distance

Population

San Diego

1,357,854

51
Design Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l

D1.

Design Winds i n mph:

0.50

At 0
50

- 50

- 150 f t

125

- 400

155

150

Tornado

0.25

ap

67

f t elev

--

ft

100

--psi/-- sec

Design P r e s s u r e ,

CONTAINMENT

Max Leak Rate a t Design


P r e s s u r e , %/day

DSlE

0.50

C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l P r e s s u r e , psig

46.4
46.0

b e s i g n Basis:

Designed to accommodate, without exceeding design


leakage, pressures and temperatures resulting from LOCA. Also
designed so it can accommodate the most severe zirconium-water reactior
Also designed to withstand pressures and temperature of LOCA in combination with loads resulting from either maximum seismic or wind
forces characteristic of the site.

Vacuum R e l i e f C a p a b i l i t y : Designed for 2.0 psig external pressure.


No reference found on vacuum relief.
Post-Construction Testing:

leak rate.

Will be pressure tested and tested for

Periodic leakage tests will be run at 1/2 of design pressure.


Penetrations:

Weld Channels :

Double sealed and individually testable.

No reference found.

38

D2.

CONTAINMENT SAFETY FEATURES

Reactor: San Onofre #1


Containment Spray System: System s p r a y s b o r a t e d water from r e f u e l i n g
water s t o r a g e t a n k or containment sumps i n t o containment atmosphere
a t r a t e of 1000 gpm.

Containment Cooling: R e c i r c u l a t i n g f a n s c o o l atmosphere.

'

Containment- I s o l a t i o n System: Valves c l o s e a u t o m a t i c a l l y on s i g n a l of


h i g h sphere p r e s s u r e o r can be c l o s e d manually t o s e a l o f f p e n e t r a t i o r

Containment A i r F i l t r a t i o n : Found no r e f e r e n c e t o t y p e s o f f i l t e r s ,
however a f i l t e r i n g system i s a v a i l a b l e .
P e n e t r a t i o n Room: No r e f e r e n c e on drawings.

D3.

SAFETY INJECTION SYSTEMS

Accumulator Tanks:None mentioned.

High-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : There a r e two independent systems u s i n g


feedwater pumps f o r h i g h p r e s s u r e i n j e c t i o n . Feedwater pumps a r e
s u p p l i e d w i t h b o r a t e d w a t e r from t h e s a f e t y i n j e c t i o n pumps, o r f e e d w a t e r pumps can t a k e s u c t i o n from t h e r e f u e l i n g w a t e r s t o r a g e t a n k a t
Charging pumps o r r e f u e l i n g w a t e r
pumping r a t e s o f about 7000 gpm.
pumps can a l s o supply feedwater pumps a t 213 g-pm and 500 gpm r e s p e c -

Low-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : Apparently, low p r e s s u r e i n j e c t i o n i s


s u p p l i e d by t h e r e c i r c u l a t i o n pumps or by t h e feedwater pumps. Des c r i p t i o n i n FSAR i s n o t d e f i n i t e .

39

Page
E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Reactor Vessel F a i l u r e :

Reactor:
No r e f e r e n c e found.

4, PWR

San Onofre #;

Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y : No r e f e r e n c e found.
Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System: Leakage d e t e c t e d i n containment
by t e m p e r a t u r e o r p r e s s u r e change, by sump w a t e r l e v e l and/or pump
o p e r a t i o n , h i g h humidity, and h i g h r a d i a t i o n alarm. A l i m i t of 10 gpm
l e a k a g e i s cause t o s h u t down t h e p l a n t .

Failed-Fuel-Detection

System:

No r e f e r e n c e found.

Emergency Power: Two d i e s e l - g e n e r a t o r s o f 600 kw each continuous


c a p a c i t y s u p p l i e s power t o two 480 V buses. Each d i e s e l h a s i t s own
d-c e l e c t r i c a l s t a r t i n g system p l u s a back up a i r - s t a r t i n g system.
Each d i e s e l h a s a 50 g a l l o n day t a n k s u p p l i e d from one 2000 g a l
c a p a c i t y underground t a n k which has c a p a c i t y f o r 36 h r s . of f u l l l o a d
operation.

C o n t r o l of Axial Xenon O s c i l l a t i o n s By Burnable Shims, Part-Length


C o n t r o l Rods, In-Core I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n : P a r t l e n g t h r o d s not mentioned.
I n - c o r e d e t e c t o r s are used f o r f l u x d i s t r i b u t i o n mapping. C o n t r o l
system m a i n t a i n s a programmed average t e m p e r a t u r e .
Boron D i l u t i o n C o n t r o l : The maximum d i l u t i o n a c h i e v a b l e i s l i m i t e d t o
a r a t e v e r y small w i t h r e l a t i o n t o t h e a b i l i t y o f t h e c o n t r o l r o d s t o
change r e a c t i v i t y . Excess shutdown r e a c t i v i t y i s maintained a t a l l
t i m e s by l i m i t s on c o n t r o l group i n s e r t i o n and t w o alarms a r e provided

t o a l e r t t h e o p e r a t o r when t h e s e l i m i t s a r e reached. Numerous alarms


and i n f o r m a t i o n a r e p r o v i d e d t o a l e r t t h e o p e r a t o r .
The e x c e s s s h u t down, and t h e l i m i t on r e a c t i v i t y i n s e r t i o n by d i l u t i o n , p r o v i d e t h e
oDerator w i t h a d e q u a t e t i m e t o add b o r w as necessary.
Long-Term Cooling: R e c i r c u l a t i o n of s p i l l e d b o r a t e d w a t e r from t h e
containment sump p r o v i d e s c o o l i n g f o r extended p e r i o d s f o l l o w i n g a n
s c c i d e n t . Water i s pumped through t h e r e c i r c u l a t i o n h e a t exchanger
for c o o l i n g . R e c i r c u l a t i o n pumps can a l s o supply w a t e r f o r containment
s p h e r e s p r a y system.
Organic-Iodide F i l t e r :

No r e f e r e n c e found.

Hydrogen Recombiner:
P u r g i n g f o r hydrogen and oxygen c o n t r o l would be
s t a r t e d 40 days a f t e r a LOCA t o p r e v e n t hydrogen c o n c e n t r a t i o n from ex2eeding 4 p e r c e n t o f volume.

40

Page 5 ,
F.

GENERAL,

PWR

R e a c t o r : San Onofre #1
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs: Temperature and
p r e c i p i t a t i o n r e c o r d s have been kept a t t h e p l a n t s i n c e Dec 1964. A
tower w i t h i n s t r u m e n t s s t a n d a t t h e t o p o f t h e c l i f f s . Two seismographs a r e i n s t a l l e d , one i n 1965, and one i n 1969.
L

P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode: Designed f o r l o a d following.


S i t e D e s c r i p t i o n : Located a l o n g t h e P a c i f i c Coast 20 f t above s e a l e &
about mid-way between Los Angeles and San Diego. The s i t e was excavated from s a n d - l i k e c l i f f s t h a t tower 60 t o 90 f t above t h e ocean.
The s i t e i s completely surrounded by Camp Pendleton Marine Ease. The
ocean a t t h i s p o i n t has a narrow beach between t h e bottom of t h e c l i f f
and t h e w a t e r l i n e .
Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n :

Turbine and r e a c t o r a r e on same c e n t e r l i n e .

Emergency P l a n s :

P l a n s have been developed t o safeguard h e a l t h and


s a f e t y o f s t a t i o n p e r s o n n e l and t h e p u b l i c and t o minimize p r o p e r t y
damage a f t e r a r a d i o l o g i c a l emergency or o t h e r emergency t h a t would
develop i n t o a r a d i o l o g i c a l emergency. P l a n s i n c l u d e t r a i n i n g i n
evacuation, f i r e f i g h t i n g , r e s c u e , i n j u r i e s , and contamination.
The
Marine Corp, AEC, s t a t e a g e n c i e s , and o u t s i d e medical f a c i l i t i e s w i l l
be used.

Environmental Monitoring P l a n s : M o n i t o r i n g was s t a r t e d i n 1964 t o


determine t h e p r e o p e r a t i o n a l b a s e l i n e , and t o s e t up p r o c e d u r e s for
o p e r a t i o n a l m o n i t o r i n g t o s e e i f p r o p e r c o n t r o l s of p l a n t w a s t e s were
b e i n g c a r r i e d o u t . The p o s t o p e r a t i n g phase a r e p r a c t i c a l l y t h e same
Two a i r sampling s t a t i o n s a r e used t o monitor r a d i o a c t i v e p a r t i c u l a t e s
Iodine d e t e c t i o n monitors t h y r o i d glands of j a c k r a b b i t s . Additional
sampling i n c l u d e s w a t e r s u p p l i e s , crops, beach samples, kelp, s h e l l
f i s h , and f i s h .

Radwaste T r e a t m e n t : C o l l e c t s , p r o c e s s e s , monitors, and d i s p o s e s o f a l l


l i q u i d , s o l i d , and gaseous r a d i o a c t i v e waste from t h e p l a n t . L i q u i d s
a r e c o l l e c t e d and p r o c e s s e d by f i l t r a t i o n , i o n exchange, d e g a s i f i c a t i c
and d i l u t i o n p r i o r t o d i s c h a r g e t o t h e ocean. Gases a r e c o l l e c t e d ,
processed, monitored, and t h e n a r e e i t h e r s t o r e d t o p e r m i t decay or
a r e d i s c h a r g e d a l o n g w i t h d i l u t i o n a i r t h r o u g h t h e vent s t a c k .
Solids
a r e h e l d i n s h i e l d e d a r e a s f o r f u t u r e d i s p o s a l . During t h e p e r i o d
1/71 - 1 2 / 7 1 r e l e a s e s were a s f o l l o w s : - Liquid Beta/gamma 1.54 c u r i e s
Liquid tritium 4570 c u r i e s ; Gaseous Beta/gamma 7667 c u r i e s , Gaseous
tritium 54 c u r i e s .

P l a n t Vent: A s t e e l s t a c k s t a n d i n g b e s i d e t h e containment s here.


Ea:
i s a t p l a n t grade ( 2 0 ' ) and t o p i s same a s containment t o p p120').

41

G.

SITE DATA

Nearby Body of Water:


P a c i f i c Ocean

84

S i z e of S i t e

(MSLJ

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n 20'

(MSL)

Normal Level
Max Prob Flood Level

Acres

Topography of S i t e :

1969

In 5 m i radius

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :

17

from s i t e

; 10 m i

24,600

; 50 m i

Oceanside

Miles, D i r e c t i o n

Land Use i n 5 Mile Radius:


Meteorology:

SE

29%9OO

(1980 pop)

, Population

80.000

M i l i t a r y Base

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n

S t a b i l i t y Data

(MSL;

Hilly.

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s
Date of Data:

13'

Sea c l i f f s l e v e l e d o f f .

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :

Dist.

San Onofre #1

Reactor:

E"

tim

A B . speed

L i g h t wnds and f r e q u e n t i n v e r s i o n s avg 7 mph

M i s c e l l a n e o u s I t e m s Close t o t h e S i t e : The s i t e i s surrounded by Camp


Pendleton Marine Base.
San Clemente i s about 4 m i northwest.
Inters t a t e 5 and t h e Atchison, Tokeka and Santa Fe r a i l r o a d p a s s w i t h 1000
f t of t h e p l a n t on t h e e a s t s i d e . Camps i n t h e m i l i t a r y r e s e r v a t i o n
a r e 2 t o 4 m i l e s away.
P

H.

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM


Of

sYs&?2!:

Once through.

Water Taken From:

P a c i f i c Oean

I n t a k e S t r u c t u r e : 3200 f t from s h o r e i n w a t e r 50 f t deep.


conduct b r i n g s w a t e r t o t h e i n t a k e s t r u c t u r e .

Water Body Temperatures: Winter minimum -55


( c f s ) minimum;
NA
R i v e r Flow
S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

---

35 0.000

(gpm)/reactor

---

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

D e s c r i p t i o n & Number
gpmlreactor

( c f s) average

Temp. R i s e

18 OF

(Btu/hr) /reactor

---

Discharge S t r u c t u r e : 2600 f t from shore i n


v e r t i c a l l y from a 1 2 f t d i a m e t e r conduct.

Blowdown

Summer maximum 5 F

---

gpmlreactor

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

Cooling Tower(s):

OF

12 f t d i a

(Btu/hr) /reactor

26 f t o f water.

Discharged

- None

Evaporative loss

gpm/reactor

43

DATA FROM FACILITY DESCRIPTION


lommercial Operation Since 1-1-68

Page 1 (PWR)

CONNECTICUT YANKEE, 50-213

P r o j e c t N a m e : Connecticut Yankee Atomic Power Company

A-E: Stone and Webster


Vessel Vendor: Combustion Eng.
NSS Vendor: Westinghouse
Owne I' : Eleven Utilities of New Eng .Containment
C o n s t r u c t o r : Stone and Webster
t22mi SSE of Hartford

L o c a t i o n : "Town of Haddam

A.

THERMAL-HYDRAULIC

Therma:L O u t p u t ,

B.

H20IU ,
Cold
AAvg 1 s t - C y c l e
Burnup , PfWD/MTU

1825

MWt

NUCLEAR

First

16952

Core Avg

16952

T o t a l Heat O u t p u t ,
Btu/hr
Systein Pressure ,
psia
DNBR,
l b/hr
~~-

Heat T r a n s , l b l h r
Eff Flow Area f o r
Heat T r a n s , f t 2

92*3
. .

lo6

41.8

!
Avg V e l Along
F u e l Rods, f t l s e c
Avg Mass V e l o c i t y ,

2.15

1h /h r- i'?

Avg Rise i n
Core,
Nom Hot Channel
O u t l e t Temp, OF
Avg Film C o e f f ,
Btu/hr ft2-"F
Avg Film Temp
D i f f , 'F
Active Heat T r a n s
Surf A i p e a , f t 2
-it
Flux,
Btu/hr f t 2
-it
Flux,
Btu/hr f t 2
Avg Thermal
output, kwlft
EiTTTE rmal
Output, k w l f t
Max Clad S u r f a c e
Temp, OF
no. Coolant
Loops

-,

-L4.3

lo6

554.9

b24*u

___

>230
~

26.1
35900
136,400
443,000

5.5
14.3
651

---

Z Ak/k/ppm
I'ulL Power Moderator

EOL ARO

Tern],C o e f f .

Ak/k/"F OCB -3.5 x


.To d r a t o r P res s u r e
-1.0 X
Coef f Ak/k/Dsi
Moderator Void Coef f
Ak/l;/% Void
Negligible
(2

Ak)k/ OF

1.61

Shutdown Hargin , Hot


1 rod s t u c k , %,Ak/k 1
Burnable P o i s o n s ,
None
T
--y p r ~ and Form
Number of ContFol
KC1d.i

Numiier of P a r t Leni;th Rods (PLR)

45

None

Neg.

44

C.

SAFETY-RELATED D E S I G N CRITERIA

Exclusion D i s t a n c e ,
Miles
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
D i s t a n c e , Miles
Metropolis

Distance

0.32

D1.

Design Winds i n mph:

---

At 0

Population

Design B a s i s Earthquake
Acceleration, g
O p e r a t i n g B a s i s Earthquake
Acceleration, g
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l
Is I n t e n t of 70 Design
Criteria Satisfied?
D.

Reactor:Connecticut Yankee

- 50 f t e l e v

150

50 - 150 f t
150

0.17

--68
---

- 400

f t

Tornado

---

AP =

psi/

sec

ENGINEEREE SAFETY FTATURES


CONTAINMENT

Design P r e s s u r e ,
psip

40

Max Leak Rate a t D e s i @


C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r Pressure, %/dav
0.1
n a l Pressure, psig
39.1
Type of C o n s t r u c t i o n : S t r u c t u r e i s a r i g h t c i r c u l a r c y l i n d e r with a
h e m i s p h e r i c a l dome and a f l a t base. The i n s i d e d i a m e t e r i s 135 feet
(4 1/2' t h i c k w a l l s ) and t h e s t r a i g h t h e i g h t i s 119.5 f e e t w i t h 2 1/2'
t h i c k dome. The c o n s t r u c t i o n i s r e i n f o r c e d c o n c r e t e w i t h a n i n t e r i o r
s t e e l l i n e r which a c t s as a l e a k a g e b a r r i e r .
The l i n e r i s 1/4 i n c h
t h i c k a t t h e bottom, 318 i n c h t h i c k on t h e c y l i n d r i c a l w a l l s and 1/2
i n c h t h i c k on t h e dome. A 2 f t t h i c k c o n c r e t e f l o o r was poured over
t h e bottom l i n e r .
Design B a s i s : Designed t o l i m i t t h e consequences of any r e l e a s e o f
r a d i o a c t i v e m a t e r i a l r e s u l t i n g from a l o s s o f r e a c t o r c o o l a n t .

Vacuum R e l i e f C a p a b i l i t y : Designed f o r
no r e f e r e n c e t o r e l i e f v a l v e s .

7.5 p s i e x t e r n a l p r e s s u r e . Foun

P o s t - C o n s t r u c t i o n T e s t i n g : S t r e n g t h t e s t a t 46 p s i g f o r one hour. Leak


Perio i c
age r a t e t e s t w i l l be run f o r 24 h r s a t 40 p s i g and a t 15 p s i g .
l e a k t e s t s w i l l be r u n a f t e r o p e r a t i o n b e g i n s .
P e n e t r a t i o n s : E l e c t r i c a l p e n e t r a t i o n s a r e double s e a l e d and i n d i v i d u a l Y
t e s t a b l e . Some p i p i n g p e n e t r a t i o n s a r e double s e a l e d and i n d i v i d u a l l y
testable.
Weld Channels: Channels a r e welded over each l i n e r seam weld.
Freon
gas was i n t r o d u c e d i n t o c h a n n e l s and t e s t e d w i t h a halogen l e a k d e t e c tor.

45

D2.

CONTAINMENT SAFETY FEATURES

Page 3, P W R

Reactor:Connecticut Yankee
Containment Spray system: Installed as backup for recirculation coolin<;
system for use after a LOCA. System uses residual heat removal pumps,
heat exchangers, and a spray header ring. System is initiated by LOCA.

Containment Cooling: For normal cooling and after LOCA, an air recirculation system consits of 4 fan-coil units each handling 65,000 cfh.
System includes distribution duct work.

Containment Isolation System: An isolation system is available that


automatically shuts off valves on penetrations through the containment
wall. Most penetrations have valves on both sides.

I D3.

SAFETY INJECTION SYSTEMS

Accumulator Tanks: None mentioned.

High-head Safety Injection: Two charging pumps deliver 360 gpm each at
2300 psig. Also, two high pressure safety injection pumps can each
provide 1750 gpm at 975 psig for small break makeup. Suction is taken
f r o m the refueling water storage tank which has a capacity of 250,000
gallons. After 100,000 gal is used, l 5 0 , O O O gpm is held for later
emergencies. System is actuated by low pressurizer pressure, and low
pressurizer water level backed up by high containment pressure.

Low-head SaEety Injection: Two heat removal system pumps provide a cor
deluge system to flood the core when system pressure drops to about
300 psig. Each of these two pumps are rated 2200 gpm at 110 psig and
take suction from the refueling water storage tank. Actuation signal
is the same as the one for high head pwnps. These pumps provide recirculation flow from the containment sump after about half of the refueling water storage tank water has been used up.

46

E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Reactor:
Reactor Vessel F a i l u r e : No r e f e r e n c e found.
Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y :
Reactor-Coolant

NO

Leak-Detection

Failed-Fuel-Detection

Connecticut Yankee

reference fomd.
System: No r e f e r e n c e found.

System: NO r e f e r e n c e f o m d .

Emergency Power: Two d i e s e l - g e n e r a t o r s e t s each r a t e d 2850 kw supply


power t o emergency e l e c t r i c a l busses a t 4 1 6 0 ~ . Both u n i t s a r e housed
i n t h e same C l a s s I b u i l d i n g i n s e p a r a t e rooms s e p a r a t e d by a 12" t h i c k
c o n c r e t e w a l l . Each d i e s e l - g e n e r a t o r s e t has i t s own s t a r t i n g system,
c o n t r o l s , e t c . Each unit has a day t a n k w i t h c a p a c i t y f o r 2 h r s . operat i o n and each has a 5000 g a l s t o r a g e t a n k nearby.

C o n t r o l of A x i a l Xenon O s c i l l a t i o n s By Burnable Shims, Part-Length


Control Rods, In-Core I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n : P a r t l e n g t h r o d s not mentioned.
A x i a l power c o n t r o l l e d by c o n t r o l r o d s and boron s o l u t i o n i n c o o l a n t .
No r e f e r e n c e found t o i n - c o r e i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n .
Boron D i l u t i o n C o n t r o l : Because o f t h e p r o c e d u r e s involved i n t h e d i l u t i o n p r o c e s s , a n erroneous d i l u t i o n i s c o n s i d e r e d i n c r e d i b l e . Neverthe-.
l e s s , i f a n u n i n t e n t i o n a l d i l u t i o n o f boron i n t h e r e a c t o r c o o l a n t does
occur, numerous alarms and i n d i c a t i o n s a r e a v a i l a b l e t o a l e r t t h e opera-.
t o r t o t h e c o n d i t i o n . The maximum r e a c t i v i t y a d d i t i o n due t o t h e d i l u t : . o n
i s slow enough t o a l l o w t h e o p e r a t o r t o determine t h e cause of t h e a d d i t i o n and t a k e c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n b e f o r e e x c e s s i v e shutdown margin i s 10s.;.
Long-Term Cooling: Accomplished by r e s i d u a l h e a t removal pumps t a k i n g
s u c t i o n from containment sump and r e c i r c u l a t i n g b o r a t e d w a t e r .

Organic-Iodide

Filter:

Hydrogen Recombiner:

N o r e f e r e n c e found.
N o r e f e r e n c e found.

47
1

F.

GENERAL

React0r:Connecticut Yankee

Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n Recorders, and Seismographs: A 100 ft tower with

meteorological instruments has recorded data since 1962 at 25' and 129'
mean sea level elevations. No reference found to seismographs.
P l a n t Operation Mode:

Base loaded.

S i t e D e s c r i p t i o n : Located in the Connecticut River Valley o n the North


west side of the river on a flat-like flood plain on a sort of peninsula formed by the Salmon River because of its angle of approach to the

water wedge just about reaches the site.

memorized by the licensed personnel, so as to result in immediate recog


nition and appropriate ac'cion following an emergency. The emergency

of river sediments, soils, vegetation and biological life was started.


After operation, the same general program continued with changes made
for improvements as needed.

remove insoluable inpurities, 4) evaporation to concentrate radioactivi


to small volumes, and 5) dilution by mixing radioactive releases with

P l a n t Vent :

175 ft high stack-probably reinforced concrete.

48

G.

SITE DATA

Reactor: Connecticut Yankee


T.nvq1
(MSL
--.- *1'
23.7'
(MSL
Max Prob Flood Lev!i

Nearby Body of Water:


Connecticut R i v e r

525

S i z e of S i t e

Nnrmal

Acres

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

(MSL

21'

Topography of S i t e : L e v e l a l o n g t h e r i v e r w i t h s t e e p s l o p e s r i s i n g up
Irom r i v e r .
of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) : Mostly h i l l y .

1937

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

1970

Date of Data:

In 5 m i radius

8568

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n : Meriden,

16

D i s t . from s i t e

Meteorology:

; 50 m i

Conn.

Miles, D i r e c t i o n WNW

Land Use i n 5 Nile Radius:

; 10 n i

, Population

s 9 5 9

80%wooded.

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n

NtW

Avg. speed

112

8 mph

S t a b i l i t y Data - S t a b l e c o n d i t i o n s about
time.
M i s c e l l a n e o u s I t e m s Close t o t h e S i t e : S e v e r a l s m a l l communities a r e
c l o s e t o t h e s i t e , Haddam (pop -400) b e i n g about 1 m i away j u s t acrosi
t h e r i v e r . Haddam Meadows S t a t e Park i s l e s s t h a n one m i l e from t h e
reactor.
The N.Y. New Haven and H a r t f o r d RR runs a l o n g t h e SW r i v e r
bank a d j a c e n t t o s t a t e r o u t e 9. Access t o t h e p l a n t i s from s t a t e
r o u t e 151.
H.

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

Type of System:

Once through.

Water Taken From:

Connecticut R i v e r

I n t a k e S t r u c t u r e : B u i l t a t s h o r e l i n e w i t h r i v e r bottom dredged t o
f a c i l i t a t e water e n t r y . V e l o c i t y t h r o w h t r a s h r a c k a b o u t 1 f b- s .
T r a s h r a c k s and pumps-are a l s o hbused i n t h e s t r u c t u r e .
Water Body Temperatures: Winter minimum 3 h
R i v e r Flow
1,060
(cf s ) minimum;
S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

24,000

Summer maximum 8 5 ' 1


16,590
( c f s) averagc

gpm/ r e a c t o r

372,000

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

OF

(gpm)/reactor

---

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser 4100 x

Temp. R i s e

22.4 '1

(Btu/hr) /reactor

lo6

(Btu/hr)/reactor

Discharge S t r u c t u r e : Water from condenser flows over a w e i r and e n t e r s


t h e d i s c h a r g e c a n a l which flows i n t o t h e r i v e r about l m i l e below t h e
plant. V e l o c i t y of flow e n t e r i n g t h e r i v e r i s 0.2 Pps.
Cooling Tower(s):
Blowdown

D e s c r i p t i o n & Number
gpmlreactor

- None

E v a p o r a t i v e loss

gpm/ r e a c t o r

49

50

Page 1 (BWR)
OYSTER CREEK, 50-219
? r o j e c t N a m e : O y s t e r Creek Nuclear G e n e r a t i n g S t a t i o n
A-E:
Burns & Roe
Vessel Vendor: Combustion Eng.
Location: Lacey Township, N . J .
NSS Vendor: General E l e c t r i c
>mer: J e r s e y C e n t r a l Power
Containment
Bridge & Iron

1.

THEW-HYDRAULIC

B.

NUCLEAR

Rods
Number of PartLength Rods (PLR)

137
None

Compiled by: Oyster Creek P e r s o n n e l 8/73


ORNL, Nuclear S a f e t y I n f o r m a t i o n Center

51

Exclusion D i s t a n c e ,

Miles

LOW P o p u l a t i o n Zone

25
2

Design Winds i n nph:

D i s t a n c e , Miles
Metropolis
Distance
Population
Atlantic
35
175,043
City
Miles
9 e s i g n B a s i s Earthquake
.22
Acceleration, g
O p e r a t i n g B a s i s Earthquake

.
Drywell Design
62
Pressure, psig
Suppression Chamber Design
Pressure, psig
35
C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l
33
Pressure, psig

At 0

50

- 50 f t elev

- 150

ft

1
~

100
130

150 - 400 f t

150

Tornado

360

Primary Containment Leak


R a t e , %/day
Second Containment Design
Pressure, psig
Second Containment Leak
Rate, %/day

-5
*

25

1 00

Design Basis:
To p r o v i d e t h e c a p a b i l i t y , i n t h e event of a p o s t u l a t e d LOCA, t o l i m i t
t h e release of f i s s i o n p r o d u c t s t o p l a n t environment s o t h a t o f f - s i t e
d o s e s a r e i n compliance w i t h t h o s e s p e c i f i e d i n 10CFR100.

vacuum K e l l e t C a p a b i l i t y
Used t o p r e v e n t t h e primary containment from exceeding t h e external

d e s i g n pressure.
Post-Construction Testing:
Drywell and s u p p r e s s i o n chamber are l e a k t e s t e d and p r e s s u r e t e s t e d a t
1.15 t i m e s t h e i r d e s i g n p r e s s u r e . P e r i o d i c l e a k a g e t e s t s a r e done
during plant l i f e .
Penetrations:
Pipe p e n e t r a t i o n s u s e bellows expansion s e a l . E l e c t r i c a l p e n e t r a t i o n s
r e q u i r e b o n m r + r e q i.n i. n t.he seal .

52

Page 3 , BWR
D2.

EMERGENCY CORE COOLING SYSTEMS

Reactor: Oyster Creek


Core Spray Cooling System:
Two independent c o r e s p r a y system l o o p s are p r o v i d e d w i t h two f u l l
c a p a c i t y pumps and b o o s t e r pumps i n e a c h l o o p . D r a w s s u c t i o n from
a b s o r p t i o n p o o l and s p r a y s i n t o r e a c t o r v e s s e l . Each pump h a s flow
c a p a c i t y of 3400 gpm. Each l o o p d e l i v e r s t h i s r a t e d f l o w of 3400
gpm a t 285 p s i g .
A u t o - D e p r e s s u r i z a t i o n System:
U t i l i z e s p r e s s u r e r e l i e f v a l v e s t o r e d u c e r e a c t o r system p r e s s u r e .
Valves open a u t o m a t i c a l l y on s i m u l t a n e o u s o c c u r r e n c e of low-low-low
r e a c t o r water l e v e l , h i g h d r y w e l l p r e s s u r e and a c t i v a t i o n of c o r e
spray D ~ ~ D S .

Residual-Heat-Removal S y s t e m (RHRS):
System u t i l i z e s pumps, h e a t exchangers and p i p i n g t o perform t h r e e
main f u n c t i o n s : The removal of decay h e a t d u r i n g and after shutdown;
low-pressure c o o l a n t i n j e c t i o n f o l l o w i n g l o s s - o f - c o o l a n t a c c i d e n t ;
and t h e removal of h e a t from containment f o l l o w i n g a l o s s - o f - c o o l a n t
a c c i d e n t by pumping w a t e r from s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l t o p r e v e n t e x c e s s i v e
temperature rise i n t h e suppression pool.

High-pressure Coolant-Injection System:


R e q u i r e s c o n d e n s a t e and f e e d w a t e r pump i n normal f e e d w a t e r t r a i n .
Powered by two d i e s e l g e n e r a t o r s . P r e v e n t s f u e l t e m p e r a t u r e s from
exceeding 2000'F
and f u e l f a i l u r e s f o r b r e a k o f .02 sq f t . T r i g g e r e d
by h i g h d r y w e l l p r e s s u r e and low r e a c t o r w a t e r l e v e l .
~

Low-Pressure C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n System:
The l o w - p r e s s u r e c o o l a n t i n j e c t i o n system c o n s i s t s of a c o r e s p r a y
system which i s i n i t i a t e d by a l o s s of c o o l a n t from b r e a k s i z e s
l a r g e r t h a n about .075 sq f t .

E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Main-Steam-Line Flow R e s t r i c t o r s :
Provided i n each main steam l i n e between t h e v e s s e l and t h e f i r s t i s o , l a t i o n v a l v e t o l i m i t steam f l o w i n t h e e v e n t of a steam l i n e b r e a k .
Control-Rod V e l o c i t y L i m i t e r s :
The maximum f r e e - f a l l v e l o c i t y which t h e r o d i t s e l f can a c h i e v e i s
l i m i t e d by t h e h y d r a u l i c c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of v e l o c i t y l i m i t e r t o <5 f t /
see.
Contro 1-Rod-Drive-Hous in, S u p p o r t s :
P r e v e n t s rod e j e c t i o n a c c i d e n t by l i m i t i n g motion of r o d t o less t h a n
3 i n c h e s i n e v e n t of housing f a i l u r e . May b e removed and i n s p e c t e d on
shutdown.
Standby Liquid-Control S y s t e m :
Used for r e a c t i v i t y c o n t r o l when c o n t r o l rods c a n ' t s h u t down r e a c t o r .
C o n t a i n s a t l e a s t 3310 g a l l o n s of 13% sodium p e n t a b o r a t e s o l u t i o n .

53

E. OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES (cont'd) Reactor: Oyster

Page 4 , BWR
Creek

Standby C oolant Sys tem:

I n c l u d e s c o r e s p r a y s y s t e m , a u t o m a t i c d e p r e s s u r i z a t i o n system, c o n t a i n ment c o o l i n g system, emergency w a t e r system, h i g h d r y w e l l p r e s s u r e


system, low f e e d w a t e r f l o w system and main steam l i n e h i g h f l o w
system.

Containment Atmospheric Control System:

Designed t o m a i n t a i n an i n e r t atmosphere w i t h t h e primary containment


t o p r e c l u d e energy releases from a p o s s i b l e hydrogen-oxygen r e a c t i o n
following a p o s t u l a t e d loss-of-coolant accident.

Reactor Core Isolation Cooling System (RCICS) :

S t a r t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y on s i g n a l o f r e a c t o r v e s s e l low-water l e v e l t o
p r e v e n t need f o r o p e r a t i o n of any c o r e s t a n d b y c o o l i n g systems. Can
b e manually s t a r t e d . Removes decay h e a t and p r o v i d e s makeup water
i f f e e d w a t e r pumps are i n o p e r a t i v e .

Reactor Vessel Failure:


Vessel designed and f a b r i c a t e d t o v e r y h i g h s t a n d a r d of q u a l i t y t o
a s s u r e low p r o b a b i l i t y of f a i l u r e .
Containment Floodab ili ty :
N e i t h e r r e q u i r e d nor p r a c t i c a l based on a n e v a l u a t i o n of t h e a s - b u i l t
system.
Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System:

I n c l u d e s f i v e i n d i c a t o r s : equipment d r a i n pump f l o w , f l o o r d r a i n pump


f l o w , c l o s e d c o o l i n g water t e m p e r a t u r e r i s e , d r y w e l l t e m p e r a t u r e r i s e ,
and d r y w e l l p r e s s u r e r i s e . Has s e n s i t i v i t y spectrum from <5 gpm t o
l e a k a g e from which a u t o m a t i c a c t i o n w i l l r e s u l t .

Failed-Fuel Detection Systems:

C o n s i s t s of gamma r a d i a t i o n m o n i t o r s e x t e r n a l t o main steam l i n e s


l o c a t e d j u s t o u t s i d e o f primary containment. Designed t o d e t e c t l a r g e
r e l e a s e of f i s s i o n p r o d u c t s from f u e l . T r i p s i g n a l s g e n e r a t e d by
monitor i n i t i a t e scram and i s o l a t e r a d i o a c t i v e m a t e r i a l r e l e a s e d .

Emergency Power:
Two 2500 Kw d i e s e l g e n e r a t o r s are p r o v i d e d i n t h e e v e n t of an emergency

A 15,000 g a l l o n f u e l o i l s t o r a g e t a n k p r o v i d e s f u e l t h a t would l a s t
t h r e e days f o r one o f t h e 2500 Kw d i e s e l g e n e r a t o r s o p e r a t i n g continuously at f u l l load.

Rod-Block Monitor:

Uses LPRM s i g n a l s t o b l o c k c o n t r o l rod w i t h d r a w a l which may result i n


f u e l damage.
t o t h e r e a c t o r o p e r a t o r t h a t w i l l b l o c k rod
o t i o n i f rod withdrawal sequence p r o c e d u r e s axe v i o l a t e d ,

54
Page 5 , BWR
F. GENERAL
R e a c t o r : Oyster Creek
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs:
Wind speed and t e m p e r a t u r e have been c o n t i n u o u s l y r e c o r d e d a t t h e 75
and 400 f t l e v e l s above g r a d e s i n c e 1966.
P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode:
Load f o l l o w i n g . Power c o r r e s p o n d i n g l y d e c r e a s e s w i t h f l o w t h r o u g h
r e c i r c u l a t i o n pumps.
S i t e Description:
Located on t h e A t l a n t i c Coast of New J e r s e y . The 1416-acre s i t e i s
p a r t i a l l y i n Lacey and p a r t i a l l y i n Ocean Townships of Ocean County.
It i s a p p r o x i m a t e l y two m i l e s i n l a n d from t h e s h o r e of Basnegat B a y .
Surrounding area i s mostly undeveloped.
Many s e v e r e storms have h i t
t h e area, w i t h a h u r r i c a n e o r t o r n a d o s t r i k i n g about once e a c h y e a r .
Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n : E j e c t e d t u r b i n e b l a d e s c o u l d s t r i k e c o n t a i n m e n t .
C e n t e r l i n e s a p p r o x i m a t e l y 138 f e e t apart.
Emergency P l a n s :
P r a c t i c e d r i l l s and t r a i n i n g w i l l b e r e q u i r e d of p e r s o n n e l i n o r d e r
t h a t t h e y may cope w i t h any emergency, such as f i r e , r a d i a t i o n expos u r e , c o n t a m i n a t i o n , e t c . , i n t h e most e f f e c t i v e manner. O u t s i d e
o r g a n i z a t i o n s , f i r e d e p a r t m e n t , s t a t e p o l i c e , AEC and h o s p i t a l s w i l l
be c a l l e d upon as needed.

Environmental M o n i t o r i n g P l a n s :
The s i t e e n v i r o n s m o n i t o r i n g subsystem p r o v i d e s c o n t i n u o u s m o n i t o r i n g
of r a d i o l o g i c a l c o n d i t i o n s a t t h r e e s e l e c t e d s i t e - b o u n d a r y l o c a t i o n s .
A p r e - o p e r a t i o n a l program sampling clams, water and sediment w i l l be
c o n t i n u e d e v e r y 4 weeks d u r i n g t h e f i r s t y e a r o f o p e r a t i o n . Other
i t e m s t o b e monitored i n c l u d e r a i n , w e l l s , m i l k , and c r o p s .

Radwas t e Treatment :
Wastes w i l l b e c o l l e c t e d , s t o r e d , p r o c e s s e d and d i l u t e d for release o r
shipment o f f s i t e . A f t e r p r o c e s s i n g , l i q u i d wastes w i l l be e i t h e r
s h i p p e d o f f s i t e o r d i l u t e d and r e l e a s e d i n t h e condenser c o o l i n g
water. Gases w i l l b e c o l l e c t e d and compressed i n t a n k s t o a l l o w
f o r decay a n d / o r release t h r o u g h f i l t e r s t o v e n t s t a c k . S o l i d
wastes w i l l b e c o l l e c t e d and s t o r e d i n drums f o r shipment o f f s i t e .
All waste releases w i l l b e w e l l w i t h i n limits s p e c i f i e d by 10CFR20.

P l a n t Vent:
I n c l u d e s one b a f f l e d i n l e t , two tees w i t h f l o w o u t t h e b r a n c h , one
elbow and one sudden e m a n s i o n e t -

55

Page 6 , BWR
G.

SITE DATA

R e a c t o r : Oyster Creek

Nearby Body of Water:

Normal Level
Max Prob Flood L e v e l

A t l a n t i c Ocean

1416 Acres

S i z e of S i t e

Topography of S i t e :

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

1970

In 5 m i radius

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :

35

from s i t e

(MSL~
(MSLJ

23 f t

(MSL~

R o l l i n g p l a i n s t o f l a t lowlands.

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

Dist.

Flat

of Surrounding, Area (5 m i r a d ) :
Date of Data:

21.5 f t

2514

; 1 0 m i -45.586~:.

9835

; 50 m i 1.481.895

A t l a n t i c C i t y , New J e r s e y

Miles, D i r e c t i o n

SSW

, Population

53,000 (1970)

Land Use i n 5 ?%.le Radius:


Mostly undeveloped e x c e p t f o r l i m i t e d r e c r e a t i o n a l , f a r m i n g , and
r e s i d e n t i a l areas.
'Meteorology:
P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n WNw
speed
7 mph

S t a b i l i t y Data - S t e a d y b r e e z e from c o a s t blows i n l a n d .


Miscellaneous I t e m s Close t o t h e Site:
Located between t h e N . J . Garden S t a t e Parkway and S t a t e Highway No.
N e a r e s t town i s Forked River (%2 m i . ) w i t h n e a r e s t a r e a of s i z a b l e
p o p u l a t i o n b e i n g Dover Township w i t h 30,340. A l a r g e i n f l u x of
summer r e c r e a t i o n p e o p l e o c c u r s i n t h e summer.

H.

9.

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

Type of System:

Once t h r o u g h

Water Taken From:

B a n e g a t Bay G Forked River

Intake Structure:
S t r u c t u r e h a s two s e c t i o n s , each c o n t a i n i n g a t h r e e - s e c t i o n t r a s h r a c k
and t r a v e l i n g water s c r e e n , two emergency pumps, one s e r v i c e w a t e r pump
minimum
( c f s ) minimum;

NA

R i v e r Flow

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y

---

Summer maximum L 0 F
( c f s ) average

gpmlreactor

Lhn,nnn

Flow Thru Condenser

35 OF

(gpm)/reactor

Temp. R i s e

H e a t D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment 32.8~10

H e a t Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser
Discharge S t r u c t u r e :

Water e n t e r s a t e n - f o o t ,
discharge canal.

Cooling Tower(s):
Blowdown
1

--

14

OF

(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r
(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r

45O0X1O6

six-inch square discharge t u n n e l leading t o

D e s c r i p t i o n i Number
gpm/reactor

- None

Evaporative l o s s

--

gpml r e a c t o r
I

56

57

Page 1 (BVR)
NIlIE ?4ILE POINT, 5 0 - 2 2 0

P r o j e c t Name: Nine blile P o i n t Xuclear S t a t i o n Unit 1


A-E:
Niagara Mohawk
Location: S c r i b a , New York
Vessel Vendor : C . E .
NSS Vendor: General E l e c t r i c CO.
Owner: Niagara Mohawk Power COT.
COntaInI!Ient
Constructor:
C.B. 6 I .
A . THERMAL-HYDRAULIC
B. NUCLEAR

Compiled by: Nine Mile P o i n t P e r s o n n e l 8 / 7 :


ORNL, Nuclear S a f e t y Information Center

58

Distance ,
Metropolis

At 0

6500 Meters
Distance
Population

Syracuse
36
Design B a s i s Earthquake

50

635,946

O p e r a t i n g i3asis Earthquake
AcceleraEion, g
--' E a r t h q u a k e V e r t i c a l Shock,
--X of H o r i z o n t a l
R e c i r c u l a t i o n Pumping System & MCHFR:

- 50 f t elev

- 150

ft

150 - 400 f t
"Tornado

125 mph

a t 30 Feet

---

AP = - - - p s i / - - - s e c
Is I n t e n t of 70 Design
Criteria S a t i s f i e d ?
-- -

Five e x t e r n a l pumps d r i v e n by v a r i a b l e speed e l e c t r i c motors.


MCHFR = 1 . 9 @ 100% flow.
P r o t e c t i v e System:

A d u a l - l o g i c channel p r o t e c t i v e system (one-out-oftwo system used twice) i s p r o v i d e d t o a u t o m a t i c a l l y i n i t i a t e


e n e v e r s p e c i f i c s t a t i o n c o n d i t i o n s reach p r e -

D.
Di.

ENGIhTERED SAFETY FEATURES


CONTAINMENT

Drywell Eesign
Pressure, psig
62
S u p p r e s s i o n Chamber D e s i g n
Pressure, psig
35

Primary Containment Leak


0 . 5 w/o p e r day
Rate ,
Second Containment Design
Pressure, psig
N/A

P r e s s u r e , p s i g DW=50
T=25
] R a t e , % / d a y 100
wpe Of Construction:
The drywell i s a s t e e l p r e s s u r e v e s s e l w i t h a
70 f t . d i a m e t e r s p h e r i c a l lower p o r t i o n and a 33 f t . d i a . c y l i n d r i c a l
upper p o r t i o n . The p r e s s u r e s u p p r e s s i o n chamber i s a steel p r e s s u r e
v e s s e l i n t h e shape of a t o r u s below and e n c i r c l i n g t h e d r y w e l l .
The primary containment i s surrounded by t h e r e a c t o r b u i l d i n g f o r
secondary containment,
Design Basis:

To p r o v i d e c a p a b i l i t y i n e v e n t o f p o s t u l a t e d LOCA t o
l i m i t f i s s i o n - p r o d u c t r e l e a s e s o t h a t o f f - s i t e doses would be h e l d
below 10 CFR 100 limits. Design b a s i s a c c i d e n t i s a double ended
break of a r e a c t o r c o o l a n t r e c i r c u l a t i o n l i n e .

Vacuum

To p r e v e n t containment p r e s s u r e from dropping


below t h e vacuum r a t i n g o f 2 p s i f o r t h e drywell and 1 p s i f o r t h e
s u p p r e s s i o n chamber, r e l i e f v a l v e s a r e provided,
Post-Construction
Testing: Two i n t e g r a t e d leak r a t e t e s t s a t p r e s s u r e s
o f 35 p s i g and 22 p s i g and s u b s e q u e n t t e s t i n g as p e r t e c h n i c a l
specifications.

Penetrations

P e n e t r a t i o n s have a d o u b l e - s e a l arrangement which can


b e p r e s s u r i z e d t o allow v e r i f i c a t i o n o f t i g h t n e s s .

59

D2.

EMERGENCY CORE COOLING SYSTEMS

Core Spray Cooling S y s t e m :

Page 3 , BWR
R e a c t o r : Nine Mile P o i n t #1

Two independent loops, each w i t h two s e t s o


pumps and one r e a c t o r v e s s e l s p r a y s p a r g e r r i n g . Each s e t o f pumps
i s s i z e d t o d e l i v e r 3400 gpm t o t h e s p r a y n o z z l e s a t 113 p s i d . Water i
s u p p l i e d from t h e s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l . Each c o r e s p r a y system o p e r a t i n g
w i t h o n l y one s e t of pumps can remove a l l decay h e a t from t h e c o r e .
Auto-Depressurization

System:

Residual-Heat-Removal

System (RHRS):

S i x s o l e n o i d - a c t u a t e d r e l i e f v a l v e s are
provided t o d e p r e s s u r i z e t h e primary system t o approx. 50 p s i . The
s i g n a l s f o r i n i t i a t i o n are simultaneous low-low r e a c t o r water l e v e l ,
high-high drywell p r e s s u r e , and 10-10-10r e a c t o r w a t e r l e v e l .
N/A

High-pressure C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n System: The HPCI system


c o n s i s t s of
e x i s t i n g feedwater and condensate pumps. The s o u r c e s o f w a t e r a r e t h e
condenser h o t w e l l and condensate s t o r a g e t a n k s . The system i s i n i t i a t c
by e i t h e r a t u r b i n e t r i p s i g n a l o r a r e a c t o r low w a t e r l e v e l s i g n a l ,
and w i l l supply 3800 gpm a t a r e a c t o r p r e s s u r e o f 1000 p s i g .
Low-Pressure C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n System:

E.

-~
OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Main-Steam-Line Flow R e s t r i c t o r s : V e n t u r i t u b e i n each main steam lint


between t h e r e a c t o r v e s s e l and f i r s t i s o l a t i o n v a l v e t o l i m i t t h e l o s s
of c o o l a n t i n e v e n t o f main steam l i n e b r e a k . The r a t i o o f diameters
apDrox. 0 . 5 7 which limits flow t o 200% of r a t e d .
Control-Rod V e l o c i t y L i m i t e r s : Ail i n t e g r a l p a r t o f t h e bottom of each
c o n t r o l r o d l i m i t s t h e free f a l l drop v e l o c i t y t o 5 f t / s e c o r less,
thus l i m i t i n g t h e rate o f r e a c t i v i t y a d d i t i o n .
Control-Rod-Drive-Housing

Supports: L i m i t s a c c i d e n t a l r e a c t i v i t y
a d d i t i o n i n t h e e v e n t o f a CRD housing f a i l u r e . The housing s u p p o r t
permits l e s s t h a n 3 i n c h e s o f t o t a l c o n t r o l r o d motion.
Standby Liquid-Control SYS tern:
Provides redundant c a p a b i l i t y t o b r i n !
t h e r e a c t o r t o t h e c o l d shutdown c o n d i t i o n a t any time i n core l i f e
independent o f t h e c o n t r o l rod system c a p a b i l i t i e s . A 13.5% s o l u t i o n
p f sodium D e n t a b o r a t e i s u s e d .

60

E . OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES ( c o n t ' d )


Standby Coolant System:

1iine ) l i l e p o i n t #l

C o n s i s t s of 3 systems; H P C I , Core Spray, Automatic


D e p r e s s u r i z a t i o n System.
Containment Atmospheric Control System: S i x w a t e r - c o o l e d h e a t exchange
f a n u n i t s m a i n t a i n temp. below 15GOF d u r i n g normal o p e r a t i o n , A purge
system p r o v i d e s v e n t i l a t i o n f o r maintenance o p e r a t i o n s and p u r g e s
containment i f r a d i o a c t i v i t y i s above l i m i t s . A l i q u i d n i t r o g e n s y s t e n
i s a v a i l a b l e t o i n e r t t h e e n t i r e primary containment f o r r e a c t o r
oDeration.
Reactor Core I s o l a t i o n Cooling System (RCICS) :

N/A

Reactor Vessel F a i l u r e :
N/ A

Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y : A system i s p r o v i d e d t o manually f l o o d t h e


containment a f t e r an a c c i d e n t . F i r e pumps s u p p l y water t o t h e r e a c t o r
through t h e feedwater h e a d e r . This w a t e r s p i l l s t h r u t h e broken l i n e t
Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System: A double trot1 r i n g t y p e seal
i s p r o v i d e d on t h e r e a c t o r v e s s e l head c l o s u r e . The a r e a between t h e
seals i s monitored f o r leakage. O t h e r leakage from valves,pumps,
e t c , i s d e t e c t e d by h i g h w a t e r l e v e l i n t h e drywell sump t a n k .

F a i l e d - F u e l D e t e c t i o n Systems: Main steam l i n e monitoring system w i l l


i n d i c a t e f a i l e d f u e l by h i g h r a d i a t i o n r e a d i n g s i n e i t h e r main steam
l i n e . There are 4 monitoring channels and t h e system i s capable o f
i n i t i a t i n g a u t o m a t i c r e a c t o r shutdown.
Emergency Power : Two completely independent emergency d i e s e l g e n e r a t o i
systems are p r o v i d e d , each h a v i n g a c a p a c i t y adequate t o p r o v i d e powei
t o a l l o f t h e l o a d s deemed e s s e n t i a l on an emergency b a s i s . Each d i e s f 1
g e n e r a t o r is housed i n a s e p a r a t e room and i s c a p a b l e o f s u p p l y 2950
kw. Each d i e s e l h a s i t s own 4160 v s w i t c h g e a r and 600 v u n i t subs t a t i o n . Diesel f u e l i s a v a i l a b l e f o r 4 days o f continuous o p e r a t i o n
The e s t i m a t e d t o t a l l o a d i s 4050 hp.
Rod-Block Monitor:

Rod-Worth Minimizer : Computer programmed sequences t h a t assist t h e


o p e r a t o r i n manual c o n t r o l s o r o d movements are sequenced t o achieve
minimum rod-worth changes.

61
I

Page 5 , BWR
F.

GENERAL,

R e a c t o r : Nine Mile P o i n t #1
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs:
1-Bendix wind s p e e d , D i r e c t i o n r e c o r d e r
I - S e i s m i c r e c o r d i n g system c o n s i s t i n g of d e t e c t o r s l o c a t e d i n v a r i o u s
l o c a t i o n s i n t h e b u i l d i n g-, 4 o f which w i l l r e c o r d f a u l t c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s
, .
n tri
r e d bv sufficient v i b m o n - a c c e w o n .
t O p e E t i o n Mode:
Base loaded power p r o d u c t i o n ,
S i t e D e s c r i p t i o n : The Nine Mile Point-JAF S i t e comprises approx. 1500
a c r e s on t h e s o u t h e a s t s h o r e o f Lake O n t a r i o . S t a t i o n B u i l d i n g s are
s i t u a t e d i n t h e w e s t e r n q u a d r a n t o f a 200 a c r e c l e a r e d a r e a c e n t r a l l y
l o c a t e d along t h e l a k e s h o r e . S i t e g r a d e i s 261' MSL which i s well
above normal l a k e l e v e l o f 240'. F o r many m i l e s around t h e s i t e t h e
country i s c h a r a c t e r i z e d by r o l l i n g t e r r a i n r i s i n g g e n t l y up from t h e
lake.

Turbine 0 r i e n t a t i on :

The t u r b i n e c e n t e r l i n e i s e a s t - w e s t

Coast Guard and S h e r i f f s O f f i c e

a i r sample, a r a i n w a t e r c o l l e c t o r and a TLD d o s i m e t e r . S i x o f t h e


s t a t i o n s a r e equipped w i t h a r e c o r d i n g gamma dose r a t e meter. Lake
s t u d i e s a r e performed i n Lake O n t a r i o c o n s i s t i n g of f i s h s t u d i e s ,
b e n t h i c organism s t u d i e s , l a k e w a t e r c h e m i s t r y and r a d i o c h e m i s t r y ,
and l a k e t h e r m a l s t u d i e s .

i v i t y wastes and H i
a r e r e c o v e r e d and r e

b e o p e r a t i n g by 1975.

This i n c l u d e s
rad-waste

62

G.

SITE DATA

Nearby Body of Water: Lake Ontario

S i z e of S i t e

Acres

1500

Reactor: Nine Mile P o i n t #l


Normal Level
246'
(MSL~
Max Prob Flood L e v e l
(MSL

---

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

261'

(MSL)

Flat t o r o l l i n g

Topography of S i t e :

. Of

Surrounding Area ( 5 mi rad): R o l l i n g t e r r a i n r i s i n g g e n t l y up from lake.


T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s xnn
; 10 m i a g n n
,*

Date of Data:

1960 Census

In 5 m i radius

1200

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n : Syracuse,


D i s t . from s i t e

36

; 50 m i

N.Y.

Miles, D i r e c t i o n S o u t h P o p u l a t i o n

216,038

Land Use i n 5 Nile Radius:


Residential, agricultural, recreational
Meteorology:

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n

S t a b i l i t y Data

---

sw

Avg. speed

---

Miscellaneous I t e m s Close t o t h e S i t e :

Nine Mile P o i n t P r o g r e s s C e n t e r - On s i t e
J . A . F i t z P a t r i c k Nuclear Power P l a n t - On S i t e

H.

-J

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

Type of System:

Water Taken From:

Once through
Lake O n t a r i o

Intake Structure:
I n l e t t u n n e l u n d e r l a k e bottom, c o n c r e t e l i n e d e x t e n d i n g , approximate .y
two t e n t h s of a m i l e o f - s h o r e .
Water Body Temperatures: Winter minimum

River Flow

( c f s ) minimum;

N/A

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

19,200

OF

N/A

Summer m a x i m u m &OF
( c f s ) averag

gpm/ r e a c t o r

250.000

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

34

(gpm)/reactor
4100 MBTU/hr

Temp. R i s e

32

(Btu/hr)/reactor
(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

D i s c h a r g e S t r u c t u r e : C o n c r e t e - l i n e d t u n n e l under t h e l a k e bottom
e x t e n d i n g approximately on t e n t h o f a m i l e o f f - s h o r e
Cooling Tower(s):

D e s c r i p t i o n & Number

Blowdown

gpmlreactor

- N/A

E v a p o r a t i v e loss

gpm/reac t o r

63

64
Page 1 (BWR)

817:
Compiled by: Dresden P l a n t P e r s o n n e l
O m , Nuclear S a f e t y Information Center

65

Exclusion Distance,
.5 m
Miles
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
--D i s t a n c e , Miles
Metropolis
Distance
Chicago,
47
Illinois
Design Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake
Acceleration , g
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l

i radius

D1.

Population
6,978,947
r)

.L

Drywell Design
Pressure, psig
S u p p r e s s i o n Chamber Design
Pressure, psig
C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l
Pressure, psig

---

50

- 50 f t e l e v

- 150 f t

150

170 mph
170 mph

- 400 f t
500 mph

AP = 2.52 p s i / 112 see


Is I n t e n t of 70 Design
Criteria S a t i s f i e d ?

67

62
62

At 0

Tornado

.1

CONTAINMENT

Design Winds i n mph:

---

Primary Containment Leak


.5
Rate, I f d a
,Second Conzainment Design
Pressure, psig
.25
Second Containment Leak Rate, %/day
In-leakage 100% @ -.25 i n . water ne$
pressure.
-

P r e s s u r e s u p p r e s s i o n t y p e containment w i t h a s t e e l d r y w e l l shaped l i k e
a l i g h t b u l b e n c i r c l e d by a s t e e l t o r u s . Drywell i s e n c l o s e d i n rei n f o r c e d c o n c r e t e . D r y w e l l free volume i s 158,236 f t 3 and s u p p r e s s i o n
chamber f r e e volume i s 117,245 f t 3 .
Design Basis :
To p r o v i d e a b a r r i e r which, i n t h e e v e n t of a l o s s of c o o l a n t a c c i d e n t ,
w i l l c o n t r o l t h e release of f i s s i o n p r o d u c t s and t o r a p i d l y r e d u c e t h e
p r e s s u r e i n t h e containment r e s u l t i n g from loss-of-coolant a c c i d e n t ,
vacuum K e l i e t C a p a b i l i t y
Designed f o r 0.5 d i f f e r e n t i a l p r e s s u r e .
Post-Construction Testing:
T e s t i n g i n c l u d e s i n t e g r a t e d l e a k a g e r a t e tests of p e n e t r a t i o n s and
v a l v e s and o p e r a b i l i t y t e s t s of i s o l a t i o n v a l v e s ,
Penetrations:
T e s t i n g of p e n e t r a t i o n s i n c l u d e p r e s s u r e t e s t i n g of t h e p e n e t r a t i o n s ,
access openings and f l a n g e d ooeninps.

66
t

Page 3 , BWR
D2.

EMERGENCY CORE COOLING SYSTEMS

React0r:Dresden U n i t s 2 & 3

Core Spray Cooling System:


Provided t o p r e v e n t any f u e l c l a d m e l t i n g as a r e s u l t of t h e v a r i o u s
p o s t u l a t e d LOCA's through t h e use of two sub-systems each independent
and f u l l c a p a c i t y systems. Each system c o n s i s t s of a 4500 gpm pump,
valves and p i p i n g , and a n independent c i r c u l a r s p a r g e r r i n g i n s i d e t h e
i n n e r shroud j u s t o v e r t h e c o r e .
A u t o - D e p r e s s u r i z a t i o n System:
P r o v i d e s p r o t e c t i o n a g a i n s t o v e r p r e s s u r e of t h e r e a c t o r under b o t h
o p e r a t i o n a l and a c c i d e n t a l c o n d i t i o n s by v e n t i n g steam from t h e r e a c t o i
i n t o t h e s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l . Accomplished by e l e c t r o m a t i c r e l i e f v a l v e s
Residual-Heat-Removal

S y s t e m (RHRS):

The shutdown c o o l i n g system i s used t o c o o l t h e r e a c t o r down below


350F. It w i l l c o o l t h e r e a c t o r down t o 125F and m a i n t a i n t h i s t e m perature.
T h i s i s accomplished by c i r c u l a t i n g water from t h e r e a c t o r
through t h e shutdown h e a t exchangers and back t o t h e r e a c t o r .
The
cooldown rate i s c o n t r o l l e d by r e g u l a t i n g t h e shutdown pump d i s c h a r g e
f l o w t h r o u g h t h e shutdown h e a t exchanger. Cooling water f o r t h e h e a t
exchangers i s s u p p l i e d by t h e r e a c t o r b u i l d i n g c l o s e d cooling-water
system.
High-pressure C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n System:
Used t o pump water from t h e c o n d e n s a t e s t o r a g e t a n k o r s u p p r e s s i o n
chamber p o o l i n t o t h e r e a c t o r i n t h e e v e n t of a LOCA. The system
c o n s i s t s of a n HPCI steam t u r b i n e which d r i v e s a two-stage pump.

Low-Pressure C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n S y s t e m :
Used t o pump w a t e r from t h e s u p p r e s s i o n chamber i n t o t h e r e a c t o r
v e s s e l i n t h e e v e n t of a LOCA, t o r a p i d l y d e c r e a s e v e s s e l p r e s s u r e and
t o prevent f u e l c l a d melting.
C o n s i s t s of two s e p a r a t e p a r a l l e l l o o p s
e a c h c o n t a i n i n g a h e a t exchanger and two pumps. A r i n g s p r a y header
i n t h e r e a c t o r vessel i s provided f o r e a c h l o o p .

Main-Steam-Line Flow R e s t r i c t o r s : V e n t u r i welded i n t o e a c h steam l i n e


between r e a c t o r and f i r s t i s o l a t i o n v a l v e . T h i s l i m i t s steam f l o w , i n
case of l i n e b r e a k , t o p e r m i t c l o s u r e of t h e s t e a m - l i n e i s o l a t i o n
valv
Control-Rod V e l o c i t y L i m i t e r s : Reduces consequences i f a high-worth
r o d dropped o u t of t h e r e a c t o r c o r e . Accomplished by a s i n g l e type304 s t a i n l e s s s t e e l c a s t i n g i n t h e s h a p e of two n e a r l y mated c o n i c a l
elements,
Control-Rod-Drive-Housing
S u p p o r t s : Prevents e j e c t i o n of a c o n t r o l r o
from t h e r e a c t o r i n t h e e v e n t a c o n t r o l r o d d r i v e housing s h o u l d f a i l .
The h o u s i n g s u p p o r t d e s i g n w a s based upon p e r m i t t i n g less t h a n t h r e e
i n c h e s of t o t a l c o n t r o l rod w e 1 .
Standby L i q u i d - C o n t r o l System: To shutdown r e a c t o r a t any t i m e d u r i n g
c o r e l i f e i n d e p e n d e n t of t h e c o n t r o l r o d system c a p a b i l i t i e s ; sodium
p e n t a b o r a t e i s pumped i n t o t h e c o o l a n t system.

67

Page 4 , BWR
E . OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES ( c o n t ' d ) ~

~Dresden ~U n i t s 2 ~& 3

Standby Coolant System:


Used t o p r o v i d e i n e x h a u s t i b l e s u p p l y of water t o condenser h o t w e l l s o
t h a t f e e d w a t e r can b e maintained t o t h e r e a c t o r i n t h e e v e n t i t i s
needed f o r c o r e f l o o d i n g . The system s u p p l i e s a b o u t 15,000 gpm.
Containment Atmospheric C o n t r o l System:
P r o v i d e s d r y w e l l and s u p p r e s s i o n chamber n i t r o g e n i n e r t i n g c a p a b i l i t y .

Also includes coolers f o r reducing drywell temperature.

Reactor Core I s o l a t i o n Cooling System (RCICS):


None

Reactor Vessel F a i l u r e :
None
Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y : Containment i s f l o o d a b l e t o e n s u r e r e a c t o r
c o r e remains covered. T h i s i s accomplished t h r o u g h t h e u s e of t h e
s t a n d b y c o o l a n t system.
Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System:
R e a c t o r c o o l a n t l e a k d e t e c t i o n i s i n t h e form of a c o n t i n u a l d r y w e l l
a i r sampler and a manifold arrangement where v a r i o u s p o i n t s can b e
monitored i n d i v i d u a l l y .

F a i l e d - F u e l D e t e c t i o n Systems:
F a i l e d f u e l would b e d e t e c t e d through t h e u s e of t h e main steam l i n e
high r a d i a t i o n m o n i t o r s and t h e o f f g a s system c o n t i n u a l m o n i t o r i n g
system.
Emergency Power :
Should a t o t a l l o s s of a u x i l i a r y power from o f f - s i t e o c c u r , backup
lower w i l l b e s u p p l i e d from t h r e e 2500 Kva d i e s e l g e n e r a t o r s . Fuel
3 i l s u p p l y w i l l p r o v i d e 100 h o u r s of r u n n i n g a t f u l l power.

Rod-Block Monitor: Designed t o i n i t i a t e a r o d b l o c k under the w o r s t


p e r m i t t e d bypass and chamber f a i l u r e c o n d i t i o n s t o p r e v e n t l o c a l f u e l
damage d u r i n g t h e w o r s t s i n g l e r o d w i t h d r a w a l e r r o r s t a r t i n g from any
p e r m i t t e d power f l o w and c o n d i t i o n s .
Rod-Worth Minimizer:
Continuously m o n i t o r s c o n t r o l rod p o s i t l o n s ,
compares t h e o p e r a t o r - s e l e c t e d r o d movements and p o s i t i o n s a g a i n s t a
predetermined r o d p a t t e r n , and p r e v e n t s r o d movements t h a t are n o t i n
accordance w i t h t h i s D a t t e r n .

68

?.

GENERAL

Reactor:Dresden Units 2 C 3
dindspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs:
tower e r e c t e d a t t h e s i t e c o n t i n u o u s l y r e c o r d s windspeed, d i r e c t i o n ,
:emperature, dew p o i n t and r a i n f a l l . A seismograph i s l o c a t e d i n t h e
r e a c t o r b u i l d i n g t o measure ground v i b r a t i o n .
1

? l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode:
.oad Following
Site D e s c r i p t i o n :
S i t e i s about 47 m i l e s SW of Chicago where t h e Des P l a i n e s and
Kankakee R i v e r s come t o g e t h e r ; a d j a c e n t t o t h e Dresden l o c k on t h e
I l l i n o i s R i v e r . The s i t e i s c o m p a r a t i v e l y l e v e l w i t h maximum v a i r a t i o n of 25-ft e l e v a t i o n . The area around t h e s i t e i s mostly a g r i c u l t u r a l and i n d u s t r i a l .

rurbine Orientation:
Emergency P l a n s :

It i s improbable t h a t e j e c t e d t u r b i n e b l a d e s
could s t r i k e containment.

Che g e n e r a t i n g s t a t i o n s emergency p l a n e s t a b l i s h e s p r o t e c t i v e a c t i o n
Levels and p r o v i d e s l i a i s o n w t t h o f f -site s u p p o r t groups i n c l u d i n g
Federal, s t a t e and l o c a l government a u t h o r i t i e s when such l e v e l s are
?xceeded. Document r e v i e w s and c o n t r o l , emergency p r e p a r e d n e s s
i s s e s s m e n t , and t r a i n i n g of p l a n t p e r s o n n e l , i n c l u d i n g p e r i o d i c
h i l l s , are o b j e c t i v e l y s e t f o r t h by t h e p l a n .
Environmental Monitoring P l a n s :
InEnvironmental m o n i t o r i n g i s c o n t r a c t e d t o o u t s i d e o r g a n i z a t i o n s .
cluded i n t h e r o u t i n e sampling are: (1) 1 7 sample s t a t i o n s f o r a i r borne p a r t i c u l a t e and i o d i n e samples. F i l t e r s a r e changed weekly a t
each s t a t i o n . These s t a t i o n s a l s o have i o n chambers which are r e a d
weekly and TLD's r e a d q u a r t e r l y .
(2) Weekly samples i n c l u d e s u r f a c e
xater and m i l k .
( 3 ) F a l l o u t - a i r b o r n e s o l i d s and l i q u i d s - monthly;
s o i l - annually; feedcrops - annually; foodstuffs - 3 t i m e s per year.
( 4 ) W e l l water - q u a r t e r l y ; bottom s e d i m e n t s - s e m i a n n u a l l y ; s l i m e i u a r t e r l y ; a q u a t i c animal - q u a r t e r l y .
Radwaste Treatment: System c o l l e c t s , p r o c e s s e s , c o n t r o l s and d i s p o s e s
3f p o t e n t i a l l y r a d i o a c t i v e waste from U n i t s 2 & 3 . L i q u i d s from t h e
r e a c t o r p r o c e s s systems o r l i q u i d s which h a v e become contaminated are
processed a c c o r d i n g t o t h e i r p u r i t y b e f o r e b e i n g r e l e a s e d e i t h e r f o r
r e t u r n t o the p l a n t as c o n d e n s a t e , s e n t t o the d i s c h a r g e c a n a l , o r inmobilized i n drums f o r e v e n t u a l d i s p o s a l o f f s i t e . S o l i d wastes are
processed f o r d i s p o s a l off site.

P l a n t Vent:
S t a c k h e i g h t i s 310 f e e t .

69

G.

S I T E DATA

R e a c t o r : Dresden U n i t s 2 & 3

Nearby Body of Water:


I l l i n o i s R i v e r and
Kankakee River
S i z e of S i t e

953

Topography o f S i t e :

Normal Level 505'


Max Prob Flood Level 508'

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n 516'

Acres

Rolling p r a i r i e

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

50

In 5 m i radius

2600

1968

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :
Dist.

from s i t e

14

NE

Agriculture
P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n

S t a b i l i t y Data -

; 10 n i 25,000
; 50 m i

Joliet, Illinois

Ililes, D i r e c t i o n

Land U s e i n 5 Nile Radius:


Meteorology:

(MSL)

Flat

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :

Date of Data:

(MSLJ
(MSLJ

Population

75,000

'L

speed

Gases would be r a p i d l y d i l u t e d and d i s p e r s e d .

M i s c e l l a n e o u s Items Close t o t h e S i t e : South of t h e s i t e i s t h e GE


Nuclear Power P l a n t T r a i n i n g C e n t e r . A l s o l o c a t e d i n t h e s a m e area i s
G E ' s Midwest F u e l Recovery P l a n t .
Other a c t i v i t i e s are t h e I l l i n o i s
Clay P r o d u c t s Company ( R e f r a c t o r i e s and B r i c k P r o d u c t s ) and some
a g r i c u l t u r a l o p e r a t i o n s . A l a r g e abandoned s t r i p mine i s l o c a t e d i n
t h e &rea a l s o .
-.

H.

CIRCULk'TING WATER SYSTEM

Type of Sy ?em:

Once through

Water Taken From:

1 Intake

I l l i n o i s River

S t r Iicture:

Canal from t h e I l l i n o i s River t o t h e c r i b house which c o n t a i n s a s c r e e n


f o r removing d e b r i s from t h e w a t e r p r i o r t o b e i n g pumped through p l a n t .
Water Fody l e m p e r a t u r e s : Winter minimum

R i v e r Flow

3000

S e r v i c e Wat z r Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

40

( c f s ) minimum;

30,000
471,000

H e a t D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

5.6

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

Summer maximum 8 5 F

O F

4200

( c f s) a v e r a g e

gpmlreactor
(gpm)/reactor

Temp. Rise

---

"F

lo9 ( f u l l power) ( B t u / h r ) / r e a c t o r

(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r

Discharge S g r u c t u r e : A c a n a l carries water t o a c o o l i n g lake of approx


1275 acres w i t h a hold-up t i m e of about 3 d a y s . The water t h e n d i v i d e s ,
some g o i n g back i n t o t h e I l l i n o i s R i v e r and some r e t u r n s t o t h e p l a n t
i n t a k e s . Sprav modules are m
a
t
1fi
None.
Cooling Tower(s):
D e s c r i p t i o n & Number B 1owd own

gpm/reactor

Evaporative l o s s

gpmlreactor

70

71

GINNA, 50-244

P r o j v c t N a m e : Ginna S t a t i o n

L o c a t i o n : O n t a r i o , N. Y .
Ownel : R o c h e s t e r Gas & E l e c t r i c

output, kwlft
M a x er m a l
Output, k w l f t
Max Clad S u r f a c e
Temp, O F
30.Coolant
Loops

4.88

16.5

Page 1 ( P m )

A - E : G i l b e r t Assoc.
Vessel Vendor: Babco
NSS Vendor: Westinghouse
Containment
Constructor: Bechtel

Typv and Form

44 BPRA

657

Numlier of P a r t Len);th Rods ( P L R )

Nuclear S a f e t y I n f o r m a t i o n C e n t e r

72

I Exclusion

Distance,

Reactor:
.29-. 85 m i l e s

Miles
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
3 miles
D i s t a n c e , Miles
Distance Population

GImA

Design Winds i n mph:


A t 0 - 50 f t e l e v

50 - 150 f t
Rochester
20 m i l e s
882,667
NA
Design Basis Earthquake
.20
150 - 400 f t
Acceleration, g
O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake .08g
Tornado
Acceleration, g
AP = --- psi/-- s e c
Earthq'Gake V e r t i c a l Shock,
NA
% of H o r i z o n t a l
--Is I n t e n t of 70 Design Yes, each s e c t l o or t h e YSAR d i s c u s s e s
C r i t e ri a S a t i s f i e d ? manner i n which d e s i g n meets i n t e n t of c r i t e r i a
-.

---

D.

D1.

ENGINEEREC SAFETY FI'ATURFS

CONTAINMENT

Design P r e s s u r e ,

60

DSlE

Max Leak Rate a t Design


C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l Pressure, psie
52.7
P r e s s u r e , %/day 0.1%
Type o f C o n s t r u c t i o n : A 3.5' t h k r i g h t c y l i n d e r w i t h a f l a t b a s e of 2
The dome i s h e m i s p h e r i c a l 2.5' t h k and h a s a .375" t h k s t e e l l i n e r as
do t h e w a l l s . The l i n e r on t h e b a s e i s .250" t h k and i s covered by 2 '
of c o n c r e t e . The dome & w a l l are of m i l d s t e e l r e i n f o r c e d p r e s t r e s s e d
c o n c r e t e . Rock anchors are a l s o p r e s t r e s s e d , and e l i m i n a t e t h e need
f o r an a p p r o x i m a t e l y 9 ' t h k . b a s e . A l l p r i n c i p l e mild s t e e l r e i n f o r c e ,
ment i s done u s i n g 2.25 D I A . deformed s t e e l b a r s .

'

Design Basis: The d e s i g n i s based upon l i m i t i n g load f a c t o r s which are


used as t h e r a t i o by which dead a c c i d e n t , e a r t h q u a k e , and wind l o a d s
are m u l t i p l i e d f o r d e s i g n purposes t o e n s u r e t h e load d e f o r m a t i o n beh a v i o r of t h e s t r u c t u r e i s one of a n e l a s t i c low s t r a i n reponse.

Vacuum
Relief

Capability:
Design f o r 2.5 PSI d i f f i e r e n t i a l .
i s a remote manually o p e r a t e d d e p r e s s u r i z a t i o n system.

There

P o s t - C c n s t r u c t i o n T e s t i n g : The containment s t r u c t u r e w a s s u b j e c t e d
t o a n i n t e r n a l p r e s s u r e of 115% d e s i g n p r e s s u r e f o r 1 hour. A l l welds
b o l t s , f a s t e n i n g s , l i n e r , seams, e t c . were i n s p e c t e d by e i t h e r Halogen
l e a k d e t e c t o r s , l i q u i d p e n e t r a n t , s p o t radiograph, and/or p r e s s u r e
test inn.
P e n e t r a t i o n s : D o u b l e b a r r i e r t y p e . The p e n e t r a t i o n s are d e s i g n e d so
t h a t t h e t e m p e r a t u r e of t h e c o n c r e t e around t h e p e n e t r a t i o n does n o t
exceed 150 F . F o r h i g h t e m p e r a t u r e p i p i n g , a f o r c e d a i r c o o l i n g
system i n t e g r a t e d i n t o t h e p e n t r a t i n g s l e e v e , was r e q u i r e d .
Weld Channels: Seams i n f l o o r l i n e r under c o n c r e t e f i l l and a l l w a l l
and dome seams are p r e s s u r i z e d u s i n g l e a k d e t e c t i o n c h a n n e l s . The
c h a n n e l s are d i v i d e d i n t o areas s o l o c a t i o n s of l e a k s can be d e t e r m i n e

73

D2.
CONTAINMENT SAFETY FEATURES
Containment Spray System: 2 s p r a y pumps,

R e a c t o r : GINNA
each.
13/0 GPM cd 1
9
2 s p r a y h e a d e r s l o c a t e d i n t h e containment s t r u c t u r e and one chemical
t r e a t m e n t t a n k w i t h a 5100 g a l . c a p a c i t y

Sodium Hydroxide c o n c e n t r a t i o n = 30 w t . %

--

-Containment Cooling: The h e a t r e l e a s e d t o containment i s removed by

f o u r 38,000 CFM a i r r e c i r c u l a t i o n c o o l e r s . During normal o p e r a t i o n ,


3 o f 4 a i r c o o l i n g u n i t s are r e q u i r e d . Each a i r h a n d l i n g u n i t t r a n s f e r
1.575 x 106BTU/hr. t o t h e s e r v i c e h e a t e r system d u r i n g normal o p e r a t i o n
and 50.0 x 106BTU/hr. f o r MCA c o n d i t i o n s .

Contai-nment I s o l a t i o n

System: I s o l a t i o n v a l v e s are provided as n


i
b
f o r a l l f l u i d system l i n e s p e n e t r a t i n g containment t o a s s u r e 2 b a r r i e r s
f o r redundance a g a i n s t leakage of r a d i o a c t i v e f l u i d s t o t h e environment i n e v e n t of LOCA. These b a r r i e r s a r e i n form of i s o l a t i o n v a l v e s .
m a 1 o p e r a t i o n & maintenance i s f a c i l i t a t e d i n t o d e s i g n .
Contai.nment A i r F i l t r a t i o n : 2 f a n and f i l t e r u n i t s @ 3000 CFM each.
A i r p a s s e s through an a b s o l u t e f i l t e r , t h e n through a c h a r c o a l bed
f i l t e r . Continous o r p a r t - t i m e o p e r a t i o n i s p o s s i b l e .

--Pene t I-at ion Room :


--

No such l a b e l e d room.

SAFETY I N J E C T I O N SYSTEMS
k c u m u l a t o r Tanks: 2 a c c u m u l a t e r
13 *

t a n k s w i t h a t o t a l volume of 3500 cu
f t . and a normal o p e r a t i n g p r e s s u r e of 760 PSIG.
Each a c c u m u l a t e r c o n t a i n s 500 Cu. f t . of b o r a t e d water.
(3750 g a l . )

Iigh-llead S a f e t y Inject-:
3 h i g h head pumps w i t h a d e s i g n r a t e of
300 GPM @ 1750 PSIG draw b o r a t e d water from t h e 340,000 g a l l o n ref u e l i n g water s t o r a g e t a n k and d e l i v e r i t t o b o t h r e a c t o r c o o l a n t
l o o p s and t o t h e r e a c t o r v e s s e l . Design f l o w i s provided by any two
of t h e t h r e e pumps, and can s u p p l y w a t e r l o s t by a b r e a k up t o 4"
size.

ow-haad

S a f e t y 1 n j e c t i o n : T h i s system & t h e r e s i d u a l h e a t removal s y s t .


re t h e same. 2 pumps a r e provided, each = 1560 GPM @ 120 PSIG. These
mmps o p e r a t e when c o o l a n t p r e s s . h a s dropped t o 600 PSIG a f t e r
rccumulaters have f u n c t i o n e d . The pumps t a k e s u c t i o n from r e f u e l i n g
rater s t o r e t a n k , & i f s u p p l y i s e x h a u s t e d , r e c i r c u l a t i o n phase s t a r t s
r i t h w a t e r pumped from t h e containment sump. 2 h e a t exchangers are
irovided r a t i n g a t 24.15 x l o 6 BTU / HR.

74
Page 4 , PWR
E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Reactor:
Reactor Vessel F a i l u r e : NO r e f e r e n c e found.

GINNA

Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y :
p l a n t l e v e l & containment l i n i n g a l o n g w i t h
d e s i g n codes & i n t e g r i t y make f l o o d i n g p o s s i b i l i t y a l m o s t ' n o n - e x i s t e n t
Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System: 1 ) Containment a i r p a r t i c u l a t e
m o n i t o r , 2 ) Containment r a d i o g a s m o n i t o r , 3 ) Containment humidity
d e t e c t o r , 4 ) A method by which m o i s t u r e from t h e containment atmosphere
i s condensed c o l l e c t e d and measured t o g i v e a t o t a l leakage r e a d i n g .
Leakage i s monitored c o n t i n u o u s l y a n d i s recorded t h r e e t i m e s a day f o r
d i f f e r e n t components of t h e r e a c t o r c o o l a n t system.

Primary sample c h e m i s t r y . I n a d d i t i o n , a GM t u b e i s i n s t a l l e d on t h e
primary system let-down l i n e . This d e t e c t s t h e i n c r e a s e i n primary
c o o l a n t a c t i v i t y caused by f a i l e d f u e l .

Emergelicy Power: 2 d i e s e l
g e n e r a t o r sets a u t o m a t i c a l l y s t a r t e d and
placed on l i n e upon u n d e r - v o l t a g e on one of t h e 480 v o l t buses a s s o c i a t d
w i t h t h e s e t . Each i s r a t e d a t 1950 kW @ 9OORPM. The f u e l r e s e r v e s
a r e almost u n l i m i t e d , w i t h an o n - s i t e s u p p l y f o r 40 hours c o n t i n o u s
r u n . Rochester Gas & E l e c t r i c h a s r e a d i l y a v a i l i b l e s o u r c e s i n t h e
nearby Rochester a r e a w i t h equipment a v a i l a b l e t o d e l i v e r i n almost
e v e r y t y p e of weather.
The s e r v i c e i s of non-union RG&E employees.
C o n t r o l of A x i a l Xenon O s c i l l a t i o n s

1) Burnable Poison Shins


2 ) Boron i n t h e Coolant
Part-Length C o n t r o l R o d s
In-Core movable I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n
Boron D i l u t i o n C o n t r o l : Because of t h e procedures involved i n t h e
d i l u t i o n p r o c e s s , an e r r o n e o u s d i l u t i o n i s c o n s i d e r e d u n l i k e l y . But i f
a n u n i n t e n t i o n a l d i l u t i o n of boron i n t h e c o o l a n t does o c c u r , alarms
and d e t e c t o r s are a b l e t o a l e r t t h e o p e r a t o r t o t h e c o n d i t i o n . The
maximum r e a c t i v i t y a d d i t i o n would be slow enough t o a l l o w t h e o p e r a t o r
t o determine t h e c a u s e of t h e d i l u t i o n and t o t a k e c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n
b e f o r e e x c e s s i v e shutdown margin i s l o s t .

21

Long-Term Cooling: Long term c o o l i n g i s accomplished by t h e Decay Heat


Removal System which r e c i r c u l a t e s water from t h e containment sump.
Redundant p i p i n g and components i n s u r e t h a t an o p e r a b l e system w i l l be
a v a i l a b l e . Heat exchanges i n t h e system c a n c o o l t h e r e c i r c u l a t e d
and b o r a t e d w a t e r .
Organic-Iodide F i l t e r :
Impregnated c h a r c o a l f i l t e r s l o c a t e d i n t h e
containment v e s s e l . purge v e n t . & p l a n t v e n t .
Hydrogen Recombiner: P o s t - a c c i d e n t p u r g i n g p r o v i d e s a s a f e and
r e l i a b l e means f o r c o n t r o l l i n g p o t e n t i a l hydrogen accumulation.

75

F.

CENERAL

Reactor: GINNA
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs: 3 windspeed &
d i r e c t i o n i n d i c a t o r s w i t h r e c o r d e r s a t l e v e l s of 5 0 ' , 1 5 0 ' , 2 5 0 ' .
Recorders are l o c a t e d i n t h e basement of t h e t u r b i n e b l d g . and t h e
C o n t r o l Room.
P l a n t a p e r a t i o n MO&:
Load f o l l o w i n g

-S i t e 0escription:The s i t e i s e i t h e r f l a t o r r o l l i n g (gentle),
g r a d u a l l y s l o p i n g upwards t o t h e s o u t h . The p l a n t i s a t a MSL of
about 270'.
General u s e of t h e land i s a g r i c u l t u r a l . The p l a n t
s i t e i s on t h e s o u t h s i d e of Lake O n t a r i o .

Turbirle O r i e n t a t i o n :
Turbine c e n t e r l i n e runs east-west and i s
l o c a t e d 147' from t h e containment c e n t e r l i n e .
Emexency P l a n s : P l a n s w i l l be w r i t t e n t o c o v e r a l l emergencies
a f f e c t i n g p e r s o n n e l o r p u b l i c h e a l t h & s a f e t y . These p l a n s w i l l vary
i n scope w i t h t h e s e r i o u s n e s s of t h e a c c i d e n t and t h e extend t o contami n a t i o n o r r a d i o a c t i v i t y release. O v e r a l l r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r s a f e oper
a t i o n of t h e p l a n t & p u b l i c s a f e t y and h e a l t h l i e s w i t h t h e P l a n t
S u p e r i n t e n d e n t ; and a l l communications w i t h , o r r e l e a s e of i n f o r m a t i o n
t o , t h e g e n e r a l p u b l i c w i l l b e made by him o r h i s a l t e r n a t e .

-Environmental M o n i t o r i n g P l a n s : Monitoring v a r i a b l e i n c l u d e a i r , water


l a k e bottom, f i s h , s o i l , v e g e t a t i o n , m i l k , a l g a e , and d i r e c t r a d i a t i o n
(samples). The program t e s t s equipment, sampling and a n a l y t i c a l proce d u r e s , i n v e s t i g a t e s s u i t a b i l i t y of sampling p o i n t s , and p r o v i d e a
r a d i o l o g i c a l background b a s e l i n e from which p o s s i b l e changes i n l e v e l s
Eollowing p l a n t o p e r a t i o n s c a n be d e t e c t e d and e v a l u a t e d . Monthly
I
samples of m i l k are t a k e n from nearby d a i r i e s a n d processed i n t h e p l a n t
zhemical Lab. Samples are a l s o s e n t t o t h e New York State Dept. of
Environmental C o n s e r v a t i o n .
e!Treatment : P r o v i d e s equipment t o c o l l e c t , p r o c e s s , and pre?are f o r d i s p o s a l w i t h i n l i m i t s of 10CFR20 a l l r a d i o a c t i v e l i q u i d ,
gaseous and s o l i d wates. Liquid w a s t e s a r e e v a p o r a t e d a n d / o r demineral,
ized. T r e a t e d water from d e m i n e r a l i z e r s of t h e e v a p o r a t e r s w i l l be
nonitored and d i s c h a r g e d v i a condenser d i s c h a r g e . Evaporator concentrates and d e m i n e r a l i z e r s r e s i n s a r e s o l i d i f i e d , drummed, and shipped
3 f f - s i t e w i t h o t h e r s o l i d w a s t e s f o r d i s p o s a l . Gaseous wastes are
i e l d f o r decay and d i s c h a r g e d through t h e p l a n t v e n t .

Plantvent: 2 v e n t s ; one from t h e a u x i l i a r y b l d g . and one from t h e


:ontainment v e s s e l . Charcoal and HEPA f i l t e r s are employed.

76
Page 6,PWR
G.

SITE DATA

Reactor:

Nearby Body of Water:


Lake O n t a r i o
S i z e of S i t e

338

GINNA

Normal Level
Max Prob Flood Level
Acres

(MSL~
(MSLI

246'
750.78 1

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n 270'

(MSL)

Topography of S i t e : G e n t l y r o l l i n g o r f l a t w i t h a g r a d u a l upward s l o p t o t h s o u t h t o 440' @ 3.5 m i l e s s o u t h


of Surrounding Areai@ m i r a g ) :
T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

860

; 10 m i

In 5 m i radius

7710

; 50 m i

Date of Data:

1970

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :
Dist.

from s i t e

20

---

Rochester

Miles, D i r e c t i o n

, Population

WSW

396-711

Land Use i n 5 Mile Radius:


A g r i c u l t u r a l , f r u it l a n d

Meteorology:

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n

WSW

Avg. speed

9.5 mph

S t a b i l i t y Data --M i s c e l l a n e o u s I t e m s C l o s e t o t h e S i t e : 1 ) 4 s c h o o l s 3 . 5 m i l e s from s i t e


w i t h 2280 p u p i l s and 180 s t a f f . 2) 1 house 2200' SE of p l a n t .
3) 1
house 1500' S of p l a n t .
4) Horsebarns 1400' S of p l a n t . 5 ) 1 b u i l d i n g
800' S of p l a n t n o t permanently occupied. R o c h e s t e r i s 20 m i l e s WSW.
Lake Road (Hwy 18 r u n s E-W %1/2 m i s o u t h of t h e p l a n t , and US104 r u n s
E-W 3 1 1 2 m i s o u t h . The N.Y. C e n t r a l 1 RR r u n s a l o n g s i d e of US104.

H.

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM


~~

Type of System:

Once through system

Water Taken From:

Lake O n t a r i o

S t r u c t u r e i s on l a k e bottom 3100' from s h o r e , and


w a t e r f l o w s t o pumps i n a s c r e e n h o u s e v i a a 10' diam c o n c r e t e - l i n e d
t u n n e l i n bedrock.
E l e c t r i c h e a t e r s are i n s t a l l e d i n t h e i n t a k e s t r u c c l o g g i n g by i c e i s n e a r l v i m v o s s i b l e .
Winter minimum
32 OF
Summer maximum
N.A.

R i v e r Flow

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

( c f s ) minimum;
19,000

356,000

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

( c f s ) averag

N.A.

gpmlreactor
(gpm) / r e a c t o r

---

Temp. R i s e 19.6max"
(Btulhr) / r e a c t o r

---

(Btu/h r ) / r e a c t o r

Discharge S t r u c t u r e : Open c a n a l d i s c h a r g e system. Water f l o w s from


p l a n t s t r a i g h t t o a n open c a n a l , v i a underground t u n n e l s , emptying
i n t o Lake O n t a r i o .
Cooling Tower(s):
Blowdown

D e s c r i p t i o n & Number

-gpm/reactor

None

E v a p o r a t i v e loss

N. A

gpm/reactoI

77

78

Page 1 (BC!R)
MILLSTONE #1, 50-245
Project Name: Millstone Nuclear Power Station, Unit 1
A-E: EBASCo
Location : Wa terford , Ct
Vessel Vendor: Combustion Eng.
NSS Vendor: General Electric
Connecticut Light & Power
Containment
3wner :
Hartford Electric Light,

A.

THERMAL-HYDRAULIC

LCLll

B.

NUCLEAR

Data from FSAR.

F. Heddleson ( O m )
Compiled by: Ferland (Millstone Pt. C o . )
ORNL, Nuclear Safety Information Center

79

1-1

Exclusion Erstance,
0.4
Miles
LOW P o p u l a i i 3n Zone
D i s t a n c e , '-.4 Les
~
3
Metropolis
Distance
Population

38

H a r t f o r d , Conn.

Design Bas & Earthquake


Acceleration, g
0.17
O p e r a t i n g l g s i s Earthquake
Acceleration. g
0.07
Earthquake V G r t i c a l Shock,
% o f Hurizcm;al

---

Design Winds i n mph:


At 0

50

663,891
'

'

- 50 f t e l e v

- 150

ft

115 mPh g u s t s

150 - 400 f t

140 mPh

'Cornado

300 mph

__

hp =
psi/,- s e c
1s I n t e n t of 70 Design
:riteria Satisfied?

c--

---

containment, and
To r a p i d l y r e d u c e t h e p r e s s u r e i n t h e containment r e s u l t i n g from t
loss-of-coolant accident.
Vacuum KelTe-lipa
b i 11t y Two groups of vacuum b r e a k e r s p r e v e n t p r i m a r
containment from exceeding 2 p s i of vacuum. One i s s u p p r e s s i o n chambe
to-drywell group, t h e o t h e r , t h e r e a c t o r b u i l d i n g - t o - t o r u s group.
P o s t - C o n s t r u c t i c n T e s t i n g : Pneumatic t e s t a t 1.15 times d e s i g n p r e s s u r e e q u a l s 71.3 p s i g . Following t h e s t r e n g t h t e s t , t h e v e s s e l s were
t e s t e d f o r leakage rate a t designed pressure.
b.

_-

P e n e t r a t i o n s : P e r s o n n e l h a t c h e s and equipment h a t c h e s a r e double


s e a l e d and t e s t a b l e . P i p e p e n e t r a t i o n s are n o t t e s t a b l e .

80

Page 3 , BWR

D2.

EMERGENCY CORE COOLING SYSTEMS

Core Spray Cooling System:

Reactor :

MILLSTONE %1

Two independent l o o p s , e a c h w i t h a f u l l c a p a c i t y pump and r e a c t o r v e s s e l s p r a y s p a r g e r r i n g . Pump c a p a c i t y 3850 gpm @ 90 p s i d . Water


s u p p l y i s t h e s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l . R e a c t o r low water level o r h i g h
d r y w e l l p r e s s u r e i n i t i a t e s system.

A u t o - D e p r e s s u r i z a t i o n System: Reduces r e a c t o r p r e s s u r e by u s e of p r e s s u r e r e l i e f v a l v e s so t h e LPCI and c o r e s p r a y systems w i l l b e g i n opera t i o n . System a u t o m a t i c a l l y i n i t i a t e d on c o i n c i d e n t of low low react o r water l e v e l , h i g h d r y w e l l p r e s s u r e w i t h 120 sec. t i m e d e l a y .
Residual-Heat-Removal
Not a p p l i c a b l e .

System (RHRS):

Feedwater C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n System (FWCI): The FWCI system u t i l i z e s


normal p l a n t equipment, pumping
from t h e main condenser h o t w e l l through
~.~
f e e d w a t e r system i n t o r e a c t o r v e s s e l . Make-up water t o t h e condenser
h o t w e l l i s s u p p l i e d from t h e c o n d e n s a t e s t o r a g e t a n k . FWCI components
have emergency o n - s i t e power s u p p l i e s .
Low-Pressure C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n System:
Two independent l o o p s , two 1 / 3 c a p a c i t y pumps p e r l o o p . Each pump
r a t e d a t 5000 GPM a t 90 p s i d . System s u p p l i e s l a r g e q u a n t i t i e s of
w a t e r t o t h e r e a c t o r c o r e a t low p r e s s u r e s .

E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Main-Steam-Line

Flow R e s t r i c t o r s :

I n s t a l l e d i n e a c h main steam l i n e c l o s e t o r e a c t o r t o l i m i t l o s s of
water from t h e r e a c t o r i n case of a steam l i n e r u p t u r e .
Control-Rod V e l o c i t y L i m i t e r s :
I n t e g r a l p a r t of t h e bottom of e a c h c o n t r o l r o d , l i m i t s r e a c t i v i t y
a d d i t i o n r a t e on d r o p r o d a c c i d e n t .

Control-Rod-Drive-Housing

S u p p o r t s : Located under reactor vessel


near
P
r
e
v
e
n
t
s
s
i
g
n i f i c a n t n u c l e a r t r a n s i e n t i f a d r i v e housing
rod housing.
s e p a r a t e s from t h e bottom of t h e r e a c t o r v e s s e l .

Standby Liquid-Contro1
SF
P r o v i d e s r e d u n d a n t , independent system
o t h e r t h a n c o n t r o l r o d s t o a c h i e v e and m a i n t a i n s u b c r i t i c a l i t y
13.4%
sodium p e n t a b o r a t e B-1 w e i g h t .

81
E. OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES ( c o n t ' d ) Reactor:

Standby C o o l a n t System:

MILLSTONE

Containment Atmospheric C o n t r o l System:


F i v e c o o l i n g f a n s c i r c u l a t e and c o o l d r y w e l l atmosphere. A purge
system a l l o w s d r y w e l l t o b e purged w i t h n i t r o g e n .
Tf t h e d r y w e l l a i r
exceeds r a d i o a c t i v e l i m i t s , d r y w e l l can b e purged t h r o u g h SGT.
Reactor Core I s o l a t i o n Cooling S y s t e m ( R C I C S ) :
The i s o l a t i o n condenser system i s designed t o p r o v i d e emergency r e a c t o r
c o r e c o o l i n g w i t h o u t l o s s of w a t e r when t h e r e a c t o r becomes i s o l a t e d
from t h e t u r b i n e and t h e main condenser by c l o s u r e of t h e MSIV.

Reactor Vessel F a i l u r e :

No r e f e r e n c e found.
Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y :

D r y w e l l can b e f l o o d e d t o a l e v e l above t h e r e a c t o r c o r e ,
Reactor-Coolant

Leak-Detection

System:

Leakage i s e i t h e r i d e n t i f i e d o r u n i d e n t i f i e d l e a k a g e . I d e n t i f i e d i s
pump s e a l l e a k a g e , etc. U n i d e n t i f i e d i s steam l e a k s o r p i p e r u p t u r e s .
U n i d e n t i f i e d l e a k a g e l i m i t is 2 . 5 GPM.

F a i l e d - F u e l D e t e c t i o n S y s t e m s : The main steam l i n e r a d i a t i o n monitori n g system c o n s i s t s of f o u r gamma r a d i a t i o n m o n i t o r s , l o c a t e d e x t e r n a l


t o t h e main steam l i n e s o u t s i d e of primary containment. Upon d e t e c t i o n
of h i g h r a d i a t i o n , t r i p s i g n a l s g e n e r a t e d by d e t e c t o r s w i l l i n i t i a t e a
r e a c t o r scram.
Emergency Power:
One d i e s e l g e n e r a t o r r a t e d a t 2650 KW and a g a s t u r b i n e r a t e d a t 1 1 . 5 megawatts. The g a s t u r b i n e h a s t h e c a p a b i l i t y t o
s t a r t on D.C. a u x i l i a r i e s and b e a t f u l l l o a d w i t h i n 48 seconds a f t e r
s t a r t s i g n a l . Each a l o n e i s c a p a b l e of s u p p l y i n g power t o shutdown
and m a i n t a i n t h e p l a n t i n a s a f e c o n d i t i o n .

Rod-BLock Monitor:
R e a c t o r manual c o n t r o l system i n c l u d e s c o n t r o l s
that p r e v e n t rod movement under c e r t a i n c o n d i t i o n s and p r e v e n t s f u e l
damage.
Kod-Worth Minimizer:
Design t o s e r v e as a backup t o p r o c e d u r a l cont r o l t o l i m i t c o n t r o l rod w o r t h d u r i n g s t a r t u p and low power o p e r a t i o n .

82

Page 5 , BwR
F.

GENERAL

R e a c t o r : MILLSTONE #l
J i n d s p e e d , D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs: Aerovane wind instru,
e n t mounted on 140-foot tower. B r i s t o l t e m p e r a t u r e d i f f e r e n t i a l i n s t r i
e n t s e n s e s t e m p e r a t u r e a t 140-foot l e v e l and 60-foot l e v e l . A teler y n e g e o t e c h strong-motion a c c e l e r o g r a p h i s mounted on a cement pedesflnnr

nf

t h n TIlrhfnp

RI1-llrlino
"

ase l o a d e d .
S i t e D e s c r i p t i o n : Located a l o n g t h e s o u t h e r n c o a s t of C o n n e c t i c u t on
p e n i n s u l a where t h e N i a n t i c R i v e r f l o w s i n t o N i a n t i c Bay, Long I s l a n d
ound i s j u s t s o u t h of t h e s i t e . The s i t e i s c h a r a c t e r i z e d by f l a t
a n d , a n ocean s h o r e climate, and a q u a r r y on t h e s i t e i n t o which heatel
a t e r from t h e c o n d e n s e r s a r e piped.
The q u a r r y is a b o u t 350' x 1200'.

I'urbine O r i e n t a t i o n :
j e c t e d b l a d e s c o u l d s t r i k e containment s t r u c t u r e .
Emergency P l a n s :
r e s c r i b e s immediate a c t i o n s t o b e t a k e n by p l a n t p e r s o n n e l t o minimize
x p o s u r e of p e r s o n s t o r a d i a t i o n b o t h w i t h i n t h e e x c l u s i o n area and
u t s i d e t h e e x c l u s i o n a r e a from any a c c i d e n t a l p l a n t release of s u f f i i e n t magnitude t o p o s e a h a z a r d . P l a n p r e s c r i b e s a c t i o n t o b e t a k e n
n o r d e r of p r i o r i t y and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s of p l a n t p e r s o n n e l .

Environmental Monitoring P l a n s :
s t u d y of e n v i r o n m e n t a l r a d i a t i o n l e v e l s w a s s t a r t e d A p r i l 1967 and
ill c o n t i n u e through p l a n t o p e r a t i o n . The purpose of such i s t o proi d e a b a s e l i n e from which any i n c r e a s e i n r a d i a t i o n , due t o p l a n t
p e r a t i o n can b e d e t e c t e d and e v a l u a t e d . The s u r v e y program w i l l
n c l u d e a i r samples, s o i l and v e g e t a t i o n , gamma background r a d i a t i o n
nd samples of a q u a t i c l i f e .

Radwas t e Trea-tment :
i q u i d wastes are c o l l e c t e d , s t o r e d a n d / o r t r e a t e d f o r d i s p o s a l o r
e t u r n e d t o t h e c o n d e n s a t e system. S o l i d wastes are c o l l e c t e d , proe s s e d and packed i n t o 55-gallon drums f o r d i s p o s a l a t b u r i a l grounds.

'Iant Vent:

Gaseous wastes are c o l l e c t e d , h e l d f o r decay, t h e n


e l e a s e d through 375-foot-high s t a c k .

83

G.

SITE DATA

R e a c t o r : MILLSTONE #1

Nearby Body of Water:

Normal Level

N i a n t i c Bay (Long I s l a n d Sound) Max

S i z e of S i t e

500

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

Acres

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :

(MSL:
(MSL:

14

(MSL:

flat to rolling

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s
1970

; 1 0 m i &7sL,

4776

I n 5 m i r a d i u s 46,550

Nearest C i t y Of 50,000 POPUhtiOn:


D i s t . from s i t e

flat

Topography of S i t e :

Date of Data:

18

; 50 m i 2,481,518

New Haven, Corm.

35 I?iles, D i r e c t i o n

P o p u l a t i o n 137,707

Land Use i n 5 X i l e Radius:


73% u n d e r d e v e l o p e d / l l % r e c r e a t i o n a l / 9 % a g r i c u l t u r a l
Meteorology:

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n WNJ

S t a b i l i t y Data

Avg. speed

---

9.5

M i s c e l l a n e o u s Items C l o s e t o t h e S i t e :
The v i l l a g e of N i a n t i c i s 1.5 m i . NW and New London (31,630 pop.) i s
3.2 m i . ENE.
There i s a r e s i d e n t i a l area 1 / 2 m i . NE of t h e s i t e . The
Penn C e n t r a l RR r u n s E-W a c r o s s t h e n o r t h e r n boundary. Harkness
Memorial P a r k is 3 m i . E. The C o n n e c t i c u t Yankee Power r e a c t o r i s
20 m i . NW.
H.

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

Type of S y s s :

Once through u s i n g a q u a r r y .

Water Taken From:

N i a n t i c Bay
Intake Structure:
Four 105,000 gpm, v e r t i c a l , mixed f l o w , w e t p i t removal element c i r c u l a t i n g water pumps l o c a t e d i n t h e i n t a k e s t r u c t u r e ,
d e l i v e r i n g s a l t water from Long I s l a n d Sound t o t h e condenser water bo1

36 OF

Water Body T e m p e r a t u r e s : Winter m i n i m u m

R i v e r Flow N/A

( c f s ) minimum;

Flow Thru Condenser

420,000

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y

40,000

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

N/A

Summer maximum

72"

(cfs) averag

gpm/reactor
(gpm)h%z&xx

438 x

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

lo6

8904 x 10

Temp. R i s e

21

(Btu/hr)/reactor
(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r

Discharge S t r u c t u r e :
Quarry 1200' long which e m p t i e s i n t o Twotree
Channel i n Long I s l a n d Sound.
Cooling Tower(s):
Blowdown

D e s c r i p t i o n & Number
gpm/reactor

None

Evaporative l o s s

gpmlreactor

84

85
Page 1 (PWR)

P r o j e c t Name: I N D I A N POINT NUCLEAR GENERATING UNIT 2


A-E:United Engrs. 6 C o n s t r u c t o r s
L o c a t i o n : Buchanan, N . Y . *
V e s s e l Vendor : Combustion Engr.
NSS Vendor: Westinghouse
0wner:Consolidated Edison of NY
Containment

LO-

86
Page 2 , PWR
Exclusion Distance ,
Miles

0.2 r a d i u s

Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
D i s t a n c e , Miles
Metropolis
Distance

Design Winds i n mph:

Oe65 radius
Population

At 0

New York C i t y

24 m i

pi.

11,528,649

Desinn
- Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
0.15
O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
0.10
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,

D1.

50

- 50 f t e l e v

- 150 f t

30

- 400

30

150

Tornado

AP =

f t

300 mph t a n g

Max Leak Rate a t Desim


P r e s s u r e , %/day

DSlQ

0.1

60

3 psi/ 3 sec

Design P r e s s u r e ,

CONTAINMENT

30

C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l P r e s s u r e , psig

47
44

A r e i n f o r c e d - c o n c r e t e v e r t i c a l r i g h t c y l i n d e r w i t h f l a t b a s e and hemis p h e r i c a l dome. V e r t i c a l w a l l s are 4'-6" t h i c k and dome i s 3'-6'' t h i c k


A w e l d - s t e e l l i n e r (min. t h i c k . 1/4") i s a t t a c h e d t o i n s i d e of c o n c r e t e
f o r l e a k t i g h t n e s s . Concrete b a s e i s 9'-0" t h i c k w i t h bottom l i n e r
p l a t e on t h i s m a t . L i n e r i s t h e n covered w i t h 3'-0" of c o n c r e t e . Free
volume i s 2 . 6 1 x l o 6 cu f t .

Basis :
Designed t o w i t h s t a n d t h e f o l l o w i n g major l o a d i n g c o n d i t i o n s imposed by
a. complete f a i l u r e of r e a c t o r c o o l a n t system
b.
c o i n c i d e n t f a i l u r e of t h e r e a c t o r c o o l a n t system w i t h a n earthquake
o r wind
w i t h e s s e n t i a l l y no l e a k a g e of r a d i o a c t i v e materials.

' Design

Vacuum R e l i e f Cap ab i 1i t y :
A pressure-relief

l i n e with 3 b u t t e r f l y valve vents t o p l a n t vent.

Post-Construction Testing:
A s t r e n g t h t e s t w i l l b e r u n a t 54 p s i g f o r 1 h r . Leakage r a t e tests
w i l l b e r u n a t 47 p s i g f o r 24 h r and a t h a l f of t h i s f o r 2 4 h r . Leakag
rate tests w i l l be run p e r i o d i c a l l y a f t e r s t a r t u p .
Penetrations:
A l l p i p i n g and e l e c t r i c a l p e n e t r a t i o n s are d o u b l e b a r r i e r and
individually testable.
Weld Channels :
A l l welded j o i n t s i n t h e l i n e r have s t e e l c h a n n e l s welded o v e r them on
t h e i n s i d e . Welds are checked w i t h Freon d u r i n g c o n s t r u c t i o n .
4

87

Page 3 , PWR

fl

D2.

CONTAINMENT SAFETY FEATURES

Reactor:

INDIAN POINT 2

Containment Spray System:


Two sets of 2 out of 3 (Hi Hi) containment p r e s s u r e s i g n a l s i n i t i a t e 2
pumps, t a k i n g s u c t i o n from t h e r e f u e l i n g - w a t e r s t o r a g e t a n k , s o t h a t
5000 gpm of b o r a t e d water i s sprayed i n t o containment. Contents of a
tank c o n t a i n i n g sodium hydroxide i s sprayed i n t o assist i n i o d i n e removal. Water from t h e sump can be r e c i r c u l a t e d .
Containment Cooling:
Designed t o m a i n t a i n temp d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n a t 120F o r lower. System
u s e s r e c i r c u l a t i o n and f a n - c o i l c o o l e r s . F i v e c o o l i n g u n i t s each have
c a p a c i t y of 2.2 X l o 6 B t u l h r f o r normal o p e r a t i o n and 76.32 x lo6
B t u l h r c a p a c i t y f o r a c c i d e n t c o n d i t i o n s . Valves t h r o t t l e water f o r
temp c o n t r o l f o r normal o p e r a t i o n , b u t open wide on h i g h containment
pressure.
Containment I s o l a t i o n System:
Two v a l v e s are i n s t a l l e d on each l i n e which p e n e t r a t e s containment one on t h e i n s i d e and one on t h e o u t s i d e . Valves c l o s e a u t o m a t i c a l l y
t o p r e v e n t l e a k a g e from containment i n case of l i n e r u p t u r e o r o t h e r
a c c i d e n t . Valves c l o s e on Containment i s o l a t i o n -1.
Containment A i r F i l t r a t i o n :
I n c a s e of a n a c c i d e n t ,
R e c i r c u l a t e d a i r p a s s e s t h r u HEPA f i l t e r s .
c h a r c o a l f i l t e r s a r e used. Flow c a p a c i t y t h r u c h a r c o a l f i l t e r s i s
8000 cfm.
P e n e t r a t i o n Room:
No r e f e r e n c e found.

D3.

SAFETY I N J E C T I O N SYSTEMS

Accumulator Tanks :
Four t a n k s , each h o l d i n g Q5500 g a l l o n s of b o r a t e d water, d i s c h a r g e
t h e i r c o n t e n t s i n t o t h e 4 c o l d l e g s of t h e r e a c t o r when system p r e s s u r e d r o p s t o 650 p s i g . P r e s s u r e i n accumulators i s maintained by
n i t r o g e n g a s . Check valves i n d i s c h a r g e l i n e s open a t 650 p s i g .
High-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n :
Flow from two pumps i s d i r e c t e d i n t o two h e a d e r s (one pump f o r e a c h ) .
One header s u p p l i e s t h e two cold l e g s and t h e o t h e r t h e two h o t l e g s
of t h e v e s s e l . There i s a t h i r d s t a n d b y pump. These pumps are r a t e d
400 gpm e a c h a t 1700 p s i g . Pumps t a k e s u c t i o n from t h e r e f u e l i n g water s t o r a g e t a n k which c o n t a i n s b o r a t e d w a t e r . One i n j e c t i o n header
c o n t a i n s a boron i n j e c t i o n t a n k which d i s c h a r g e s i t s c o n t e n t s i n t o t h e
r e a c t o r when i n j e c t i o n i s i n i t i a t e d .

Low-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n :

I n a l i n e b r e a k a c c i d e n t , when system p r e s s u r e d r o p s t o about 250 p s i g ,


two pumps of the R e s i d u a l Heat Removal System s t a r t up and d e l i v e r
l a r g e q u a n t i t i e s of w a t e r (3000 gpm @ 250 p s i g each) t o f l o o d t h e c o r e

and p r e v e n t f u e l damage. These pumps t a k e s u c t i o n from t h e r e f u e l i n g w a t e r s t o r a g e t a n k u n t i l i t i s emptied. Water can t h e n b e r e c i r c u l a t e c


from t h e sump.

88

Page 4 , PWR
E. OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES
Reactor: I N D I A N POINT 2
R e a c t o r Vessel F a i l u r e :
Found no r e f e r e n c e .
Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y :
Found no r e f e r e n c e .
Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System:
I n d i c a t i o n of l e a k a g e i s provided i n t h e c o n t r o l room by d e t e c t i o n of
d e v i a t i o n from normal c o n d i t i o n s i n c l u d i n g a i r p a r t i c u l a t e a c t i v i t y ,
r a d i o g a s a c t i v i t y , humidity, condensate r u n o f f and monitoring of sump
l e v e l and sump pump o p e r a t i o n .

Failed-Fuel-Detection

System:
Found no r e f e r e n c e .

Emergency Power:
A v a i l a b l e from t h e Buchanan s u b s t a t i o n and a gas t u r b i n e a t t h e I n d i a n
P o i n t s i t e . I n a d d i t i o n , t h e r e a r e 3 d i e s e l - g e n e r a t o r sets each r a t e d
a t 1750 Kw c o n t l n u o u s l y . Any 2 u n i t s can supply t h e minimum r e q u i r e ments or 1 s e t of s a f e g u a r d s equipment. Each u n i t h a s a 2-hr f u e l
supply i n t h e day t a n k w i t h s t o r a g e t a n k supply t o r u n 2 u n i t s f o r 80
hours.
C o n t r o l of A x i a l Xenon O s c i l l a t i o n s By Burnable Shims, Part-Length
C o n t r o l Rods , In-Core I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n :
P a r t - l e n g t h r o d s and b o r o s i l i c a t e g l a s s i n SST r o d s are provided t o
s u p p r e s s o s c i l l a t i o n s . Out-of-core i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n monitors power
distribution.
In-core i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n i s used t o c a l i b r a t e out-of-cor
Boron D i l u t i o n Contro1:Because of p r o c e d u r e s involved i n t h e d i l u t i o n
process, an erroneous d i l u t i o n i s considered i n c r e d i b l e . Nevertheless,
i f a n u n i n t e n t i o n a l d i l u t i o n of boron i n t h e r e a c t o r c o o l a n t does OCCUI
numerous alarms and i n d i c a t i o n s are a v a i l a b l e t o a l e r t t h e o p e r a t o r t o
t h e c o n d i t i o n . The maximum r e a c t i v i t y a d d i t i o n due t o d i l u t i o n i s s l o t
enough t o a l l o w t h e o p e r a t o r t o determine t h e cause of t h e a d d i t i o n anc
t a k e c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n b e f o r e e x c e s s i v e shutdown margin i s l o s t .
Long-Term Cooling:
Can b e accomplished by r e c i r c u l a t i n g b o r a t e d water t h a t c o l l e c t s i n the
containment sump. Two r e c i r c u l a t i o n pumps, h e a t exchangers, and t h e
two low-head R e s i d u a l Heat Removal System pumps accomplish t h e t a s k .
There are 2 h e a t exchangers, each having 5 6 . 4 x lo6 Btu/hr c a p a c i t y .
Organic-Iodide F i l t e r :
Hydrogen Recombiner:

No referensg&Qund.

There are two recombiners shown on t h e r e a c t o r b u i l d i n g t o p f l o o r .

89
Page 5 , P m

F. GENERAL
R e a c t o r : INDIAN POINT 2
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs:
A 100-ft tower on t h e s i t e h a s c o l l e c t e d d a t a f o r several y e a r s . NO
r e f e r e n c e found t o seismographs.
P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode:

Load f o l l o w i n g .

Site Description:
S i t e i s on t h e east bank of t h e Hudson River about
45 m i l e s n o r t h of where t h e river j o i n s t h e A t l a n t i c Ocean. S t e e p
banks rise up from t h e r i v e r and t h e t u r n s i n t h e r i v e r n e a r t h e s i t e
c a u s e i t t o b e i n a s o r t of bowl. The s i t e area s l o p e s from t h e edge
of t h e r i v e r bank so t h a t t u r b i n e b u i l d i n g and r e a c t o r b u i l d i n g are
b u i l t on d i f f e r e n t s i t e g r a d e s .

Turbine 0 r i e n t a t i o n : T u r b i n e & r e a c t o r are %190' a p a r t . Turbine l o c a t e d


so i t i s u n l i k e l y t h a t e j e c t e d b l a d e s would s t r i k e containment.
Emergency P l a n s :
Procedures w i l l b e p r e p a r e d and p e r i o d i c t r a i n i n g s e s s i o n s h e l d s o a l l
p e r s o n n e l are f a m i l i a r w i t h p r o c e d u r e s and t h e i r r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s . I f
r a d i o a c t i v i t y is r e l e a s e d , t h e r e w i l l be o f f - s i t e surveys cooperatively
w i t h A E C , New York s t a t e a g e n c i e s , and Coast Guard. Contingency p l a n s
have been p r e p a r e d f o r f i r e , e a r t h q u a k e s , t o r n a d o , and r a d i o a c t i v i t y
releases.
Environmental Monitoring P l a n s :
Program s t a r t e d i n 1958 t o d e t e r m i n e background d a t a b e f o r e u n i t fl
s t a r t u p . In a d d i t i o n , New York s t a t e carries o u t a program of monitori n g . Measurements are made of r a d i o a c t i v i t y i n f r e s h water, r i v e r
w a t e r , bottom s e d i m e n t s , f i s h , a q u a t i c v e g e t a t i o n , s o i l , v e g e t a t i o n ,
and a i r . Cooling water from u n i t #1 h a s been monitored f o r a c t i v i t y .

l a d w a s t e Tregtment :
L i q u i d wastes are c o l l e c t e d i n sumps and t a n k s where t h e y are h e l d f o r
p r o c e s s i n g as r e q u i r e d . The b u l k of l i q u i d w a s t e s c o l l e c t e d are proc e s s e d and r e t a i n e d i n s i d e t h e p l a n t . Processed w a t e r from which most
of t h e r a d i o a c t i v i t y h a s been removed is r e l e a s e d i n t o t h e c i r c u l a t i n g
water d i s c h a r g e . Gaseous wastes are c o l l e c t e d and h e l d i n t a n k s under
n i t r o g e n p r e s s u r e u n t i l some r a d i o a c t i v e decay o c c u r s . Release i s
through t h e monitored p l a n t v e n t i n t e r m i t t e n t l y i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h
t e c h n i c a l s p e c s . S o l i d w a s t e s a r e packed i n t o 55-gal drums and shipped
o f f s i t e f o r d i s p o s a l . T o t a l a c t i v i t y r e l e a s e d i n l i q u i d form i s 2 6 . 2
mc/yr e x c l u d i n g tritium.

P l a n t Vent:
There i s one s t a c k f o r u n i t s 1, 2 , and 3 .

It i s 400 f t h i g h .

90
Page 6 , PWR
G.

SITE DATA

Reactor: INDIAN POINT 2

Nearby Body of Water:


Hudson River

Date of Data:

In 5 m i radius

2000

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :
Dist.

from s i t e

14

0'

Normal Level
Max Prob Flood L e v e l

150,200

(MSL)
(MSL)

15 '

; 50

m i 2 ~ o o o
,

White P l a i n s .

Miles, D i r e c t i o n SSE

, Population

50.220 (70)

Land Use i n 5 Nile Radius:


Most r e s i d e n t i a l w i t h some l a r g e p a r k s and m i l i t a r y r e s e r v a t i o n s .
Meteorology:

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n

S t a b i l i t y Data

WE

ssw

7 aph

Avg. speed

- S l i g h t l y unstable t o neutral.

M i s c e l l a n e o u s I t e m s Close t o t h e S i t e :
The s i t e i s i n a d e n s e l y p o p u l a t e d area w i t h P e e k s k i l l 2 m i NE (pop
18,881 i n 1970) and Buchanan 1 m i SE (pop Q2500). Camp Smith, m i l i t a r y
r e s e r v a t i o n , is 1 m i N and West P o i n t is a b o u t 8 m i N.
Indian Point
n u c l e a r u n i t s 1 and 2 are a d j a c e n t .
H.

C I R C U U ' T I N G WATER SYSTEM

(em:

Once through.

Water Taken From:

Hudson River.

Type of Sy-

Intake Structure:

i e i n f o r c e d c o n c r e t e a t r i v e r ' s edge w i t h 7 s e p a r a t e c h a n n e l s , one f o r


Zach of 6 c i r c u l a t i n g pumps and one f o r service w a t e r pumps. Each
2hannel h a s skimmer w a l l . t r a s h
a v e l i n w =Preen n t c Water Body remperatures: Winter=
32 "F
Suunkr maximum L o
R i v e r Flow

Tidal F

S e r v i c e Wat i r Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

---

h ( c f s ) minimum;

? n , c

840.000

(cf s ) average

gPm/reactor
(gpm)/reactor

H e a t D i s s i p a t ed t o Environment

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

-----

Temp. R i s e

1 6 6 1'

(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r
(Btu/hr)/reactor

Discharge S!ructure:
Common d i s c h a r g e c h a n n e l f o r u n i t 3 and #1and # 2 . Discharged t o r i v e r
t h r u 12 p o r t s 4 ' x 1 5 ' spaced 20 f t a p a r t a t d e p t h of 18 f e e t .
Cooling Tower(s):

D e s c r i p t i o n & Number

Blowdown

gpmlreactor

- None

Evaporative l o s s

gpm/reactor

91

92

Page 1 (PWR)

DATA FROM FSAR

TURKEY POINT, 50-250, 50-251


Turkey P o i n t P l a n t U n i t s No. 3 and 4
A-E: B e c h t e l
Location: W. S h o r e of Biscayne Bay,Vessel Vendor: Babcock and Wilcox
Florida
NSS Vendor: Westinghouse
Owner : F l o r i d a Power and L i g h t
Containment
Constructor: B e c h t e l
P r o j e c t Name:

Total Heat Output,

Maximum Burnup,

---

Heat Trans, f t 2
Avg V e l Along
Fuel Rods, f t / s e c

Temp, OF
N o . Coolant
Loops

Power, X e and Sm
T o t a l Rod
Worth, % (EOL a l l i n )

14.3

I
I

8.68

65 7

(Length Rods (PLR) 8


8 assy.
[Compiled b y : Fred Heddleson lO/72

[Nuclear S a f e t y Information Center

93

Exclusion Distance,
Miles
0.79
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
D i s t a n c e . Miles
5 radius
Metropolis
Distance Population

Miami

25 mile

Design Basis Earthquake


Acceleration, g
Operating;
- Basis Earthauake
Acceleration. P
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l

Design Winds i n mph:

3v

rn

1,267,792

---

Weld Channels : Found no reference.

f
- t- elev
- -- .

- 400

-----

--.. f t
- 13u

150

0.05
0.15

- -50.

At 0

'

Tornado

ft

337 mph
-

AP = Z . Z > p s i / - - s e c

145

95
I

.
E.

Page 4 , PWR

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Reactor: Turkev Point


Reactor V e s s e l F a i l u r e : No reference found.
Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y :

No reference found.

Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System: Provided by continuous monitor-

ing of containment air activity. Any increase in normal parameters


indicates a change in containment. The basic design criterion is the
detection of deviations from normal conditions including air particulate activity, radiogas activity, and in addition, in the case of gros:
leakage, the liquid inventory in the process systems and containment

Long-Term Cooling: Accomplished by recirculation of borated water from

the containment sump, and the use of component cooling water pumps to
supply the fan-coil units with cold water. The containment spray
system can also be used for long term cooling.

Organic-Iodide

F i l t e r : No reference found.

off from containment will hold concentration below a hazardous level.

96

F.

GENERAL

R e a c t o r : Turkey P o i n t
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs: M e t e o r o l o g i c a l d a t a
h a s been c o l l e c t e d s i n c e 1967 measuring wind v e l o c i t y and d i r e c t i o n ,
t e m p e r a t u r e s , and o t h e r f a c t o r s . Found no r e f e r e n c e t o seismographs.
r l a n t u p e r a t i o n Mode: Designed f o r l o a d following, but p l a n t s w i l l
o p e r a t e b a s e loaded.
S i t e D e s c r i p t i o n : Located on w e s t e r n s h o r e o r Biscayne Bay about 25 m i
S of Miami, F l a . The s i t e i s i n t h e c e n t e r of a l a r g e swamp a r e a not
s u i t a b l e f o r farming. About 5 t o 8 m i l e s E. a c r o s s Biscayne Bay a
c h a i n of o f f s h o r e i s l a n d s s e p a r a t e s t h e bay from t h e ocean.
The l a n d
s u r r o u n d i n g t h e s i t e t o t h e west i s swamp for 3 o r 4 m i l e s where f i e l d
begin. No i n h a b i t a n t s l i v e i n a 5 m i l e a r e a .
Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n : E j e c t e d t u r b i n e b l a d e s could s t r i k e containment.
C e n t e r l i n e s a r e about 150' a p a r t . Westinghouse s u p p l i e d .
Emergency P l a n s : D e t a i l e d emergency p r o c e d u r e s have been developed so
t h a t each i n d i v i d u a l h a s f u l l knowledge of h i s r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s and
duties.
P e r i o d d r i l l s w i l l be h e l d f o r p r a c t i c e . Arrangements have
been made w i t h M i a m i Medical School t o h a n d l e i n j u r i e s . Dade County
firemen have r e c e i v e d t r a i n i n g i n r a d i a t i o n monitoring.
I f evacuation
i s r e q u i r e d i t w i l l be handled by l o c a l and/or s t a t e a u t h o r i t i e s .

Environmental Monitoring P l a n s : S t u d i e s s t a r t e d i n 1966 t o a c c e s s B i s c a


Bay f o r b i o l o g i c a l and e c o l o g i c a l f a c t o r s t h a t might be i n f l u e n c e d
These s t u d i e s i n c l u d e d t h e
by c o n s t r u c c i o n of t h e TWO n u c l e a r p l a n t s .
b i o t i c system, p l a n k t o n , f i s h , b e n t h i c f l o r a and fauna, t r e e s , c i r c u l a t i o n and s a l i n i t y . T h i s work was c a r r i e d o u t by s c i e n t i s t s of t h e
University of M i a m i .
Over 75 r e p o r t s have been i s s u e d , most o f which
say, " i n summary no i r r e t r i e v a b l e and l i t t e , i f any s h o r t - r a n g e damage
i s expected a s a r e s u l t of t h e power p l a n t o p e r a t i o n . "

Radwaste Treatment: Liquid w a s t e s w i l l be c o l l e c t e d i n t a n k s for


e v a p o r a t i o n and d e m i n e r a l i z i n g t o reduce a c t i v i t y t o t h e l o w e s t p r a c t i c a b l e v a l u e . A c t i v i t y w i l l be reduced n e a r t o or e q u a l t o n a t u r a l
background, except t h a t t h e tritium i s expected t o be about 1% of MPC.
Gaseous w a s t e s w i l l b e s t o r e d i n decay t a n k s and l a t e r r e l e a s e d througl
t h e monitored p l a n t v e n t . A t t h e s i t e boundary a n n u a l dose w i l l n o t
exceed n a t u r a l background r a d i a t i o n from secondary e f f e c t s of cosmic
rays.
N i t r o g e n cover g a s e s w i l l be r e u s e d t o minimize waste r e l e a s e s .
S o l i d w a s t e s w i l l be drummed a t t h e h i g h e s t c o n c e n t r a t i o n s p r a c t i c a l
t o minimize t h e number o f c o n t a i n e r s shipped.

P l a n t Vent:
elevation.

Vent r u n s up t h e s i d e of one containment s t r u c t u r e t o 20c

97

G.

Page 6, PWR

SITE DATA

Reactor: Turkey Point


Normal Level
0'
Max Prob Flood Level 13-2'

Nearby Body of Water:


Biscayne Bay
Size of Site

River Flow

Site Grade Elevation

NA

Service Water Quantity

Flow Thru Condenser

Heat Dissipated to Environment

Blowdown -

(MSL~
(MSL)

18'

(cfs) minimum;

3 2,000
(+4;000

gpmlreactor

gpm/reactor

(gpm)/reactor

---

Evaporative loss

Temp. Rise

16

(Btu/hr)/reactor

98

99
Page 1 (BI.!R)
QUAD-CITIES,

50-254,

50-265

'

P r o j e c t Name:
Location:

h e r:
A.

Quad-Cities Nuclear Power


S t a t i o n , Units 1&2 A-E:
'argent
LundY
Cordova, I l l i n o i s
Vessel Vendor: Babcock & Wilcox
Commonwealth Edison Co. NSS Vendor:
General E l e c t r i c
I o w a - I l l . Gas & Elec. Co. Containment
Chicago Bridge
Constructor:
& Iron
B.

THERMAL-HYDRAULIC

S a f e t y Design. MWt
S t e a m Flow Rate,
lb/hr
T o t a l Core Flow
Rate, l b l h r
Coolant P r e s s u r e ,

I
I

LOO4

7rF.p-n6

y.'(33"Lu

98X1O6
1000

r,..

~~

Heat T r a n s f e r
Area, f t 2
Max Power p e r F u e l
Rod U n i t L g t h , k w l f t
!laximum Heat Flux,
Btu/hr-f t 2
kverage H e a t F l u x ,
Btulhr-f t 2
?laximum F u e l Tempe. OF
Average F u e l Rod
S u r f a c e TemD. OF
KHFR
r o t a l Peaking
Factor
Avg Power D e n s i t y ,

Swla

Peak F u e l Enthalpy
on Rod Drop, C a l / g m

_.-

bZ,640

405,300
131,200

Q3.0

280

1 Moderator v o i d
/I H o t , No Voids,

Coef
Ak/k/% -i.6xio-3
Moderator Void Coef
-1.4~10-~
1I O p e r a t i n g
I Doppler C o e f f i c i e n t , - 1 . 2 ~ 1 0 - ~
j Cold
Doppler C o e f f i c i e n t ,
-1.2~10-~
Hot, No Voids
Doppler C o e f f i c i e n t ,
-1.2~10-~
Operating
I n i t i a l Enrichment,
%
Average Discharge Exp o s u r e , MWD/Ton
Core Average Void
30 t o 38
Within Assembly, %
k e f f , A l l Rods I n
.96
~

17.5

>1.9
-

NUCLEAR

k e f f , Max Rod Out

C o n t r o l Rod Worth,

L-. 9 9

1%i n sequence

C u r t a i n Worth,
%
Burnable P o i s o n s .
Type and Form
Number of C o n t r o l
Rndc

Lenath Rods (PLR)

W.A.
- 1

l'aPu3
I

177 c r u c i f o r m
N.A.

Compiled by: Commonwealth Edison &


ORNL, Nuclear S a f e t y I n f o r m a t i o n Center

100
Page 2 , BWR
C.

SAFETY-RELATED DESIGN C R I T E R I A

P e a c t o r : Q u a d - C i t i e s 1&2
Exclusion Distance,
0.5
D e s i g n Winds i n nph:
Miles
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
3.0
A t 0 - 50 f t e l e v 110
D i s t a n c e . Miles
Metropolis
Distance
Population
50 - 150 f t
Davenpor t1 0 -2
10 m1.
362,638
I Moline
150 - 400 f t
Design Basis Earthquake
.12
Acceleration, g
Tornado
860 mph
O p e r a t i n g Bzsis Earthquake ,. .,
L*
IAP = -- p s i / --see
Acceleration, g
11s I n t e n t of 70 Design
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l
ICriteria S a t i s f i e d ?
R e c i r c u l a t i o n Pumping System 6 MCHFR:
Reactor power l e v e l i s c o n t r o l l e d by a combination of c o n t r o l r o d p o s i t i o n i n g and r e a c t o r c o o l a n t r e c i r c u l a t i o n flow t o m a i n t a i n MCHFR 2 1 . 9 .

___

___

P r o t e c t i v e System:
P r o v i d e s p r o t e c t i o n a g a i n s t consequences of c o n d i t i o n s t h a t t h r e a t e n i n t e g r i t y of n u c l e a r system p r o c e s s b a r r i e r by scramming r e a c t o r f o l l o w i n l
,abnormal o D e r a t i o n a 1 t r a n s i e n t s .
D.
ENGINEERED SAFETY FEATURES
~~

D1.

CONTAINMENT

Primary Containment Leak


D r y w e l l Design
56
Rate, %/day- 0.5 w/o oenetratinnfi
Pressure, psig
Second Containment Design
S u p p r e s s i o n Chamber Design
56
Pressure, psig
7" water
Pressure, psig
Second Containment Leak
C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n s 1
48
Rate, % / d a y
4000 cfm
Pressure, psig
Type of C o n s t r u c t i o n :
Primary containment i s s t e e l shaped l i k e an i n v e r t e d l i g h t b u l b and
surrounded by r e i n f o r c e d c o n c r e t e . A s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l shaped l i k e a
t o r u s s u r r o u n d s t h e d r y w e l l a t a lower e l e v a t i o n . The t o r u s i s cons t r u c t e d of s t e e l s u p p o r t e d on a c o n c r e t e f o u n d a t i o n .

Design Basis :
To p r o v i d e c a p a b i l i t y i n e v e n t of p o s t u l a t e d LOCA t o l i m i t f i s s i o n p r o d u c t release s o t h a t o f f - s i t e d o s e s would b e h e l d below lOCFR 100
l i m i t s . Design-basis a c c i d e n t i s a double-ended p i p e r u p t u r e .
Vacuum K e l i e f : C a p a D l l l t y
P r i m a r y containment designed f o r e x t e r n a l p r e s s u r e d i f f e r e n t i a l of 2
s i d ; vacuum b r e a k e r s p r o v i d e d .
ost-Construction Testing:
Drywell and s u p p r e s s i o n chamber t e s t e d p n e u m a t i c a l l y f o r l e a k a g e a t 48
p s i g . R e a c t o r b u i l d i n g w a s leak-checked w i t h b u i l d i n g a t n e g a t i v e 0.25
. i n H90.
Penetrations:

__c

101
Page 3 , BWR

D2.

EMERGENCY CORE COOLING SYSTEMS

R e a c t o r : Quad-Cities 1&2
Core Spray Cooling System: System h a s 2 independent l o o p s , each w i t h
one 100% c a p a c i t y pump, a s p r a y s p a r g e r above t h e c o r e , p i p i n g and
c o n t r o l s . System i s a c t u a t e d by low w a t e r l e v e l i n r e a c t o r o r h i g h
p r e s s u r e i n d r y w e l l . Water i s t a k e n from s u p p r e s s i o n pool. One loop
can o p e r a t e f o r any s i z e of p i p e r u p t u r e t o l i m i t f u e l - c l a d temperatur
a f t e r LOCA. Each pump d e l i v e r s 4500 gpm a t 90 p s i d .

Auto-Depressurization System: Acts t o r a p i d l y r e d u c e r e a c t o r p r e s s u r e


when High-pressure Core Spray System f a i l s t o m a i n t a i n w a t e r l e v e l .
System d e p r e s s u r i z e s through n u c l e a r system r e l i e f valves s o t h e lowp r e s s u r e s t a n d b y c o o l i n g system can o p e r a t e .
Residual-Heat-Removal System (RHRS) :
There are t h r e e modes of o p e r a t i o n :
(1) shutdown c o o l i n g , (2) lowp r e s s u r e c o o l a n t i n j e c t i o n f o l l o w i n g LOCA, and (3) containment c o o l i n g
system t h a t l i m i t s t e m p e r a t u r e of s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l a f t e r LOCA by
c i r c u l a t i n g w a t e r t h r o u g h RHRS h e a t exchangers, and a s p r a y system i n
t h e d r y w e l l t h a t removes energy a f t e r LOCA.

High-pressure C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n Sys tern :


There is one l o o p w i t h 5600 gpm c a p a c i t y a t 150 p s i g . Water comes
from t h e 350,000-gal. condensate s t o r a g e t a n k o r t h e s u p p r e s s i o n pool.
A steam t u r b i n e u s i n g r e a c t o r steam d r i v e s a b o o s t e r pump and a pump
which i n j e c t s water through t h e feedwater p i p i n g .
~

~~

Low-Pressure C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n System:
P r o v i d e s r e a c t o r c o r e c o o l i n g f o r a l a r g e spectrum of l o s s of c o o l a n t
a c c i d e n t s c o m p l e t e l y independent of t h e c o r e s p r a y subsystem. The
system p r o v i d e s a d e q u a t e c o o l i n g f o r i n t e r m e d i a t e and l a r g e l i n e b r e a k
s i z e s up t o and i n c l u d i n g t h e DBA w i t h o u t a s s i s t a n c e from any o t h e r
ECCS. The maximum f l o w c a p a c i t y i s 14,500 gpm a t 20 p s i g above supp r e s s i o n p o o l p r e s s u r e w i t h 3 pumps r u n n i n g .
-

E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Main-Steam-Line Flow R e s t r i c t o r s : V e n t u r i - t y p e r e s t r i c t o r i n each of


4 l i n e s l i m i t s l o s s f l o w from r e a c t o r v e s s e l i n case of l i n e r u p t u r e ,

s t e a m f l o w i n s e v e r e d l i n e r e s t r i c t e d t o %200% of r a t e d flow.

Control-Rod V e l o c i t y L i m i t e r s : P r o t e c t s a g a i n s t h i - r e a c t i v i t y i n s e r t i o
r a t e i n case of control-rod-drop a c c i d e n t by l i m i t i n g r o d v e l o c i t y . Ve
l o c i t y l i m i t e d i n 1 d i r e c t i o n b u t does n o t e f f e c t scram r a t e . Accompli
shed w l l a r g e c l e a r a n c e p i s t o n & b a f f l e s W P
rnntrnl 7
4 p i i d p +Ilh,=
Control-Rod-Drive-Housing
Supports:
A gridwork l o c a t e d immediately below t h e c o n t r o l r o d housing.
It
p r e v e n t s c o n t r o l r o d e j e c t i o n s h o u l d the c o n t r o l r o d h o u s i n g f a i l .
Standby Liquid-Control System: A redundant s y s t e m o r r e a c t i v i t y cont r o l used when c o n t r o l r o d s cannot shutdown r e a c t o r . By manual i n i t i a
t i o n sodium p e n t a b o r a t e s o l u t i o n i s pumped i n t o t h e bottom of the
reactor.

102
Page 4 , BWR
E . OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES ( c o n t ' d ) Reactor:

Quad-Cities 1&2

Standby Coolant System:


Comprised of 4 systems: t h e HPCIS, t h e a u t o m a t i c d e p r e s s u r i z a t i o n
system, t h e c o r e s p r a y system, and t h e low p r e s s u r e c o o l a n t i n j e c t i o n
system (LPCIS) , a mode of RHRS.
Containment Atmospheric C o n t r o l S y s t e m :
A c o o l i n g and v e n t system w i l l h o l d normal o p e r a t i n g t e m p e r a t u r e a t
%150"F. Both d r y w e l l and s u p p r e s s i o n chamber can b e purged w i t h exh a u s t e d a i r , f i l t e r e d , and can b e passed through t h e s t a n d b y g a s
t r e a t m e n t system.
R e a c t o r Core I s o l a t i o n Cooling S y s t e m (RCICS):
O p e r a t e a u t o m a t i c a l l y t o s u p p l y t h e r e a c t o r v e s s e l w i t h enough water s (
t h a t o p e r a t i o n of t h e c o r e s t a n d b y c o o l i n g systems ( e n g i n e e r e d s a f e g u a r d s ) are n o t r e q u i r e d even f o r a complete l o s s of f e e d w a t e r f l o w .
The system u s e s a steam-driven t u r b i n e pump.
R e a c t o r Vessel F a i l u r e :

No mention.
Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y :
Can f l o o d d r y w e l l t o a l e v e l above r e a c t o r c o r e .
Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System:
There i s a s e a l - r i n g l e a k d e t e c t i o n system f o r t h e r e a c t o r v e s s e l vessel head i n t e r f a c e . Maximum u n i d e n t i f i e d l e a k a g e p e r m i t t e d i n t o tht
d r y w e l l i s 5 gpm and t h e t o t a l l e a k a g e p e r m i t t e d i s 25 gpm as d e t e c t e d
by d i s c h a r g e of equipment d r a i n and f l o o r d r a i n sump pumps.

Failed-Fuel Detection Systems:


Main s t e a r n l i n e m o n i t o r i n g system w i l l i n d i c a t e f a i l e d f u e l by h i g h
r a d i a t i o n r e a d i n g s i n any main steam l i n e . T h i s system can i n i t i a t e
a r e a c t o r s c r a m . Four c h a n n e l s do t h e m o n i t o r i n g .
Emergency Power:
Three d i e s e l g e n e r a t o r s , each r a t e d a t 2500 Kw; e a c h a l o n e i s c a p a b l e
of s u p p l y i n g power t o s h u t down and m a i n t a i n p l a n t i n a s a f e c o n d i t i o n ,
F u e l o i l s u p p l y a v a i l a b l e f o r 2 days f u l l - l o a d o p e r a t i o n . U n i t s s t a r t
a u t o m a t i c a l l y on s i g n a l of low r e a c t o r w a t e r , o r h i g h d r y w e l l p r e s s u r e .
o r on l o s s of bus v o l t a g e .

Rod-Block Monitor:
T h i s subsystem h i n d e r s c o n t r o l r o d w i t h d r a w a l e r r o r s t o p r e v e n t f u e l
damage. Two RBM m o n i t o r i n g c h a n n e l s are p r o v i d e d .
Rod-Worth Minimizer:
Computer-programmed sequences t h a t assist t h e o p e r a t o r i n manual cont r o l s o r o d movements are sequenced t o a c h i e v e minimum rod-worth changc

103
I

Page 5 , BWR
F.

GENERAL

Reactor: Quad-Cities 1 & 2


Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs:
400' m e t e o r o l o g i c a l tower h a s c o n t i n u o u s windspeed and d i r e c t i o n a t
35'; 125'; 300' and 4 0 0 ' . One seismograph l o c a t e d i n basement of
u n i t 1 Turbine B u i l d i n g .
P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode:
Load f o l l o w i n g by a d j u s t i n g r e c i r c u l a t i n g pump s p e e d s .
S i t e Description:
Located on t h e east s i d e of t h e M i s s i s s i p p i R i v e r a b o u t 3 m i l e s n o r t h
of Cardova, I l l i n o i s . S i t e grade i s 595' which i s about 2 3 f e e t above
normal r i v e r l e v e l , b u t about 9 f e e t below maximum p r o b a b l e f l o o d .
S i t e i s f l a t w i t h a g r i c u l t u r e t o t h e east and s m a l l i n d u s t r i a l p a r k t o
t h e n o r t h . On t h e w e s t e r n bank of t h e M i s s i s s i p p i i s a w i l d l i f e ref u g e and t h e c o n f l u e n c e o t h e Wapsipinican River w i t h t h e M i s s i s s i p p i
River.
Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n : C e n t e r l i n e d i s t a n c e between t u r b i n e and c o n t a i n ment i s 125 f t . E j e c t e d t u r b i n e b l a d e s could s t r i k e containment.
Emergency P l a n s :

G e n e r a t i n g S t a t i o n s Emergency P l a n and Quad-Cities S t a t i o n Emergency


Procedure sets f o r t h i n d i v i d u a l r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s and a c t i o n levels i n
a c c o r d a n c e w i t h g u i d e l i n e s s e t f o r t h by t h e AEC and o t h e r r e g u l a t o r y
agencies.
L

Environmental Monitoring P l a n s :
Three on s i t e , 13 o f f s i t e e n v i r o n s m o n i t o r i n g s t a t i o n s ; p a r t i c u l a t e ,
c h a r c o a l c o n t i n u o u s a i r s a m p l e r s , two 10 MR i o n chambers, q u a r t e r l y
and a n n u a l TLD; c o n t a i n e d i n each. Also grass, s o i l , m i l k , water
samples, c a t t l e f e e d , and f i s h sampled a t v a r i o u s t i m e s throughout t h e
y e a r . Thermal m o n i t o r i n g of M i s s i s s i p p i River downstream and upstream
of p l a n t . Continuous r i v e r s t u d i e s of water q u a l i t y , f i s h p o p u l a t i o n
and h i s t o r y , e n t r a i n m e n t s t u d i e s , a r t i f i c i a l s u b s t r a t e of p e r i p h y t o n ,
c h l o r i n a t i o n s t u d i e s , and m a c r o i n v e r t e b r a t e community.

a waste Treatment :

f o r decay and d i s c h a r g e d through t h e e l e v a t e d release p o i n t .


i

P l a n t Vent:
310 feet t a l l .

104
Page 6 , BWR
G.
SITE DATA
Nearby Body of Water:

Reactor: Quad-Cities 1&2


Normal Level
Max Prob Flood Level

M i s s i s s i p p i River
S i z e of S i t e

404

Acres

Topography of S i t e :

Flat

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

572
589

(MSL~
(MSL~

595 f t

(MSL)(

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) : F l a t
T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

Date of Data:

I n 5 m i r a d i u s 11.690

1970

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :

Meteorology:

; 10 m i 26.619

280

_.

; 50 m i 600.113

Davenport, Iowa

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n Uniform, w e s t e r l y p r e d o m i n a t i n g

S t a b i l i t y Data:

Has s t r o n g winds and a h i g h p e r c e n t of u n s t a b i l i t y .

M i s c e l l a n e o u s I t e m s Close t o t h e S i t e :

I n d u s t r i a l P a r k nearby comprising a 3-M Chemical P l a n t , FS F u e l


S t o r a g e f a c i l i t y , and a c l o s e d anhydrous ammonia p l a n t .

C~

H.

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

Type of System: Two d i f f u s e r p i p e s 2000 f t and 1600 f t long- a c r o s s t h e


It i s a once-through system now.
Water Taken, From:
M i s s i s s i p p i River

river.

Water Body Temperatures: Winter minimum


6570
R i v e r Flow
Service Water Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

32 OF

(cf s ) minimum;

30,000

471,000

47,225

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

(cf s ) average

gpmlreactor
(gpm)/reactor

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

Summer maximum 8 5 F

-----

Temp. R i s e

24

OF

(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r
(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r

Discharge S t r u c t u r e : Spray Canal t o b e completed i n 1975. U n t i l t h e n ,


two 1 6 ' d i f f u s e r D. i D
. e s 1600' & 2000' l o n g c r o s s t h e M i s s . River t o m i x
h e a t e d water w i t h t h e river. P i p e s 1oca;ed on bottom 18' below t h e
surface.
Cooling Tower(s): D e s c r i p t i o n & Number Blowdown

NA

gpmlreactor

Evaporative l o s s

NA

gpm/reactor

105

106
DATA FROM FSAR

Page 1 (PWR)
PALISADES, 50-255
5

Project Name : Palisades Plant

A-E: B e c h t e l
Vessel Vendor: Combustion Engineering
NSS Vendor: Combustion E n g i n e e r i n g
Containment
Constructor: Bechtel

L o c a t i o n : Van Buren Co., Mich.


Owner : Consumers Power Co
A.

THERMAL-HYDRAU I. I C

Thermal O u t p u t ,

.
1

MWt
2200
E l e c t r i c a l Output,
Mwe
700
T o t a l Heat O u t p u t ,
S a f e t y Design, M W t 2650

T o t a l Heat O u t p u t ,
7510 x l o 6
Btu/hr
Sys t e m P r e s s u r e ,
psia
12100
DNBR,
I
Nominal
2 .o
T o t a l Flowrate,
Ib / h r
125 x l o 6
Eff Flowrate f o r
Heat T r a n s , l b / h r --Eff Flow Area f o r
Heat T r a n s , f t 2
58*69
Avg V e l Along
F u e l Rods, f t / s e c 1 2 - 7
Avg Mass V e l o c i t y ,
lb/hr-ft2
2.07 x l o 6
Nominal C A E
I n l e t Temp, OF
5 45
AVK
R
i
s
e
i
n
.,
Core. 'E'
146
Nom Hot Channel
I
O u t l e t Temp, "F
642.8
Avg Film Coeff ,
Btu/hr ft2.-' F
4860
Avg Film Temp
30
D i f f . OF
A c t i v e Heat Trans
51,400
Surf Area, f t 2
Avg Heat F l u x ,
Btu/hr f t 2
142,400
Max Heat F l u x ,
Btu/hr f t 2
.541,200
Avg Thermal
O u t p u t , kw/f t
4.63
Max Thermal
O u t p u t , kw/f t
17.6
Max Clad S u r f a c e
648
Temp, OF
N o . Coolant
LoODs
2

B.

NUCLEAR

H2OIU 9

Cold
P.vg 1st-Cycle
Burnup, PlWD/MTU
F i r s t Core Avg
BurnuD, MWD/MTU
Maximum Burnup,
MWD /MTU
Region-1
Enrichment, %

11.64

10,180
26,100
50,000

2.08 & 2.54


Enrichment
Cold, NO
C I I Power, Clean
k,,f, Hot, F u l l
Power, X e and Sm
T o t a l Rod
k,g~,

2.54 & 3.20

I
1.212

1.111

1 07

Page 2 , PWR

Design Winds i n mph:

At 0

- 50

f t elev

50 - 150 f t

150

- 400

140

Design Pressure,

D1. CONTAINMENT

Max Leak Rate a t Design


P r e s s u r e , X /day

120

ft

Tornado 300 mph

DSiZ

0.2

100

C a l c u l a t e d Max Intern a l Pressure, psig

60 t r a n s .

55

51

Design Basis: Designed t o c o n t a i n p r e s s u r e s and t e m p e r a t u r e s r e s u l t i n g


from DBA i n which energy i s r e l e a s e d by a double-ended p i p e r u p t u r e
when t h e r e i s a s i m u l t a n e o u s l o s s of power, and e n g i n e e r e d s a f e t y
features operate t o mitigate the accident.

Vacuum R e l i e f C a p a b i l i t y : No r e f e r e n c e found.
P o s t - C o n s t r u c t i o n T e s t i n g : Leakage r a t e tests w i l l b e performed a t
100% d e s i g n p r e s s u r e and a t lower p r e s s u r e s .
P r e s s u r e tests w i l l be
run a t 5 l e v e l s , t h e h i g h e s t being 1.15 t i m e s design p r e s s u r e .
~~

P e n e t r a t i o n s : E l e c t r i c a l p e n e t r a t i o n s a r e double s e a l e d and i n d i v i d u a l l y t e s t a b l e . Other p e n e t r a t i o n s are s i n g l e s e a l e d .

Weld Channels:

No r e f e r e n c e found.

108

Page 3 , PWR
D2.

CONTAINMENT SAFETY FEATURES

Reactor: PALISADES

Containment 'pray System:Three half-capacity pumps take suction initially from the Safety Injection and Refueling Water storage tank.
When this supply is low, suction is transferred to the containment
sump. Pumps rated 1340 gpm @ 200 psia start automatically on high
pressure in containment, or manually from the control room. During
recirculation, heat exchangers cool the water.

Containment Coo1ing:Three of four fan-coil units can hold temp. to design limits following a DBA. Normally, all 4 units run to hold temp.
below 104F with 5.5 x lo6 Btulhr total capacity. Safety injection
signal switch coolers to emergency mode opening cooling water valve
so each unit has 76.6 x lo6 Btu/hr capacity.
Containment Isolation System: Containment isolation signal initiates
closure of certain valves. In a LOCA valves associated with engineered safety features will be open.
Air FiltratioKain exhaust fan can vent 1000 cfm from
containment thru a charcoal filter system.
~~

~~~~

Ro0m:There are 2 electrical penetration areas. Pipes


come thru containment purge exhaust area.
D3.

SAFETY INJECTION SYSTEMS

Accumulator Tanks:Four tanks are provided, each containing 7500 gal


of borated water at 200 psia nitrogen pressure. Each tank discharges
into one of the 4 inlet nozzles. Operation is automatic and passive
simply by operation of check valves when system pressure drops to
200 psia.
High-head Safety Irijection: Three pumps supply water thru the inlet
nozzles from the safety injection and refueling water storage tank,
each rated 300 gpm @ 1100 psia. One high-pressure pump and one lowpressure pump combined can furnish sufficient cooling water for any
LOCA. Upon depletion of storage tank water, low-pressure pumps
automatically stop and suction for high-pressure pumps switch to the
containment sump.

Low-head Safety Injection: Two pumps supply water from the safety injection and refueling water storage tank, each rated 3000 gpm @ 150
psia. One high-pressure and one low-pressure pump can supply sufficient cooling water for any LOCA. Both high-pressure and lowpressure pumps are located outside containment.

109

E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Page 4, PWR
Reactor:

u
Containment Floodability: Designed for flooding of compartments housing engineered safety features.
Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System: No reference found.

Emergency Power: Two diesel-generator sets are provided, each rated


3500 brake horsepower. Engines are designed for air starting, and
both units have 2 independent air starting systems. Units reach
rated speed and are ready for loading with 10 seconds after receipt
of the start signal. Full load can be carried after 30 seconds.
Each engine has a 600 gal. fueloilday tank plus a shared 30,000 gal.
underground storage tank. Under full load, a diesel will consume
about 200 gal/hr.
Control of Axial Xenon Oscillations By Burnable Shims, Part-Length
Control Rods, In-Core Instrumentation: Oscillations will be manually
controlled by part-length rods using information provided by the outof-core detectors. There are in-core detectors that provide information on the core.
Boron Dilution Contro1:Because of administrative procedures and safeguards provided for boron dilution, probability of an erroneous dilution is very small. Nevertheless, if an unintentional dilution does
occur, numerous alarms and indications alert the operator to the condition. The maximum reactivity addition due to dilution is slow
enough to allow the operator to determine the cause and take corrective action before shutdown margin is lost.
Long-Term Cooling: Accomplish by recirculation of sump water thru
heat exchangers, or by letting natural steam formation bleed off to
steam generators. Steam generated is vented to the atmosphere. Shutdown cooling heat exchangers have heat transfer capacity of 27.5 x lo6
Btu/hr for each of 2 .
Organic-Iodide Filter:

No reference found.

Hydrogen Recombiner: Hydrogen venting from containment will be used


to hold concentration below 3 . 5 8 V/o.

110

Page 5. PWR
F.
GENERAL
R e a c t o r : PALISADES
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs: M e t e o r o l o g i c a l d a t a
h a s been c o l l e c t e d a t 2 s i t e l o c a t i o n s - one n e a r t h e s h o r e l i n e a t
200 f t above g r a d e and t h e o t h e r behind a sand dune about 55 f e e t
above t h e ground. A s t r o n g motion a c c e l e r o g r a p h w i l l be i n s t a l l e d .

P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode: Designed f o r l o a d f o l l o w i n g
S i t e D e s c r i p t i o n : Located on t h e e a s t e r n s h o r e of Lake Michigan. S i t e
area c o n s i s t s of r o l l i n g sand dunes which extend i n l a n d f o r about 1
m i l e . Beach l e v e l i s about 600 f t sea l e v e l w i t h dunes r i s i n g t o
a b o u t 740' e l e v a t i o n and t h e n dropping o f f a b r u p t l y t o 610 f t about
2400 f e e t i n l a n d . Area i s s p a r s e l y s e t t l e d and wooded.

Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n : E j e c t e d t u r b i n e b l a d e s could s t r i k e containment.


C e n t e r l i n e s are %140 f t a p a r t .
Emergency P l a n s : The s i t e emergency p l a n d e s c r i b e s a c t i o n l e v e l s t o
b e t a k e n by p l a n t p e r s o n n e l , i n t h e e v e n t of u n c o n t r o l l e d releases of
r a d i o a c t i v i t y , t h a t w i l l minimize r a d i a t i o n exposure t o p e r s o n s , b o t h
on s i t e and o f f s i t e . The p l a n p r e s c r i b e s t h e a c t i o n t o b e t a k e n i n
o r d e r of p r i o r i t y and t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s of p e r s o n n e l f o r t a k i n g
such a c t i o n , and a l s o summarizes p e r s o n n e l and m a t e r i a l r e s o u r c e s
a v a i l a b l e f o r a s s i s t a n c e i n minimizing r a d i a t i o n exposure.
Environmental Monitoring P l a n s : A p r e o p e r a t i o n a l s u r v e y w a s s t a r t e d t o
determine n a t u r a l l y e x i s t i n g radioisotopes.
Food c h a i n s , a i r , and
water a r e sampled. Farm c r o p s , b e r r i e s , o r c h a r d p r o d u c t s , m i l k , w e l l
water, and o r g a n i c samples are c o l l e c t e d . The o p e r a t i o n a l program
w i l l b e an e x t e n s i o n of t h e p r e o p e r a t i o n a l program w i t h more f r e q u e n t
sampling as r e q u i r e d .

Radwaste Treatment: Designed f o r 1%


f a i l e d f u e l r o d s . L i q u i d wastes
are c l a s s i f i e d as c l e a n o r d i r t y . They w i l l b e c o l l e c t e d , monitored
and p r o c e s s e d by holdup f o r decay, f i l t r a t i o n , ion-exchange and d i l u t i o n as r e q u i r e d . The c l e a n e d up l i q u i d w i l l b e r e l e a s e d t h r u t h e
c i r c u l a t i n g water system. Gases are c o l l e c t e d and d i s c h a r g e d t h r u
HEPA f i l t e r s o r p r o c e s s e d by holdup i n compressed g a s t a n k s . A f t e r
Solid
s u f f i c i e n t decay, g a s w i l l b e r e l e a s e d t h r u t h e p l a n t v e n t .
wastes w i l l b e s t o r e d and packed i n t o 55 g a l drums and s h i p p e d o f f site f o r disposal.

P l a n t Vent: Vent r u n s up t h e s i d e of containment s t r u c t u r e v e n t i n g a t


an e l e v a t i o n n e a r t h e t o p of containment.

,
~

111

G.

SITE DATA

Reactor: PALISADES

Nearby Body of Water:

Normal Level ' ~ 5 8 0 '

Lake Michigan
S i z e of S i t e

---

(MSL
(MSL

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n 590'

(MSL

Max Prob Flood L e v e l

Acres

487

Topography of S i t e :

F l a t t o Rolling

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :

Rolling

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

313

; 10 m i

Date of Data:

5420

; 50 m i

In 5 m i radius

1970

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :
D i s t . from s i t e

35

Kalamazoo, Mich.

?4iles, D i r e c t i o n

Land Use i n 5 Mile Radius:


3rchards

, Population

208.300

A g r i c u l t u r a l , Wooded, Berry farms, and

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n West- Avg. speed 1 2 mph


er 1
S t a b i l i t y Data - N e u t r a l t o u n s t a b l e a b o d of t i m e .
M i s c e l l a n e o u s Items Close t o t h e S i t e : South Haven, t h e n e a r e s t c i t y i r
4 112 miles N having 6471 p o p u l a t i o n . Van Buren S t a t e P a r k j o i n s t h e
u t i l i t y p r o p e r t y on t h e n o r t h . East of t h e sand dunes t h e l a n d i s
r o l l i n g w i t h many open f i e l d s , b e r r y farms, and o r c h a r d s . During t h e
summer many t o u r i s t come t o t h e beaches. The C&O RR r u n s N-S about 2
m i l . E of p l a n t .
I n t e r s t a t e 1-196 i s about 3 / 4 m i . e a s t . .
c
Meteorology:

H.

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

Type of S y s E : O n c e t h r u now, b u t c o o l i n g towers w i l l b e b u i l t l a t e r .

Water Taken From: Lake Michigan


I n t a k e S t r u c t u r e : Water t a k e n 3300 f t from s h o r e t h r u an i n t a k e c r i b
and p i p e t u n n e l t o t h e i n t a k e s t r u c t u r e housing t r a v e l i n g s c r e e n s and
pumps.
Service water i n t a k e w i l l b e used f o r c o o l i n g tower makeup.

---

Water Body Temperatures: Winter m i n i m u m


R i v e r Flow

(cf s ) m i n i m u m ;

NA

S e r v i c e Watgr Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

I H e a t Dissipated

---

390,000

t o Environment

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

OF

NA

Summer maximum z0
( c f s ) averag

gpml r e a c t o r
(gpm)/reactor

---

---

Temp. R i s e

75

(Btu/hr)/reactor
(Btu/hr)/reactor

Discharge Structure: A discharge canal a t t h e shore p r o j e c t s i n t o t h e


l a k e about 1 0 8 f t . Width a t open end i s 100 f t .
Cooling Tower(s): D e s c r i p t i o n & Number - TWO mechanical d r a f t each
650' l g x 65' wide.
Blowdown 2 3 2 0
g p m l r e a c t o r E v a p o r a t i v e l o s s 12.320
gpmlreactor

112

113

BROWNS FERRY, 50-259,

-260.

2
:26

P r o j e c t N a m e : Browns F e r r y Nuclear P l a n t ,
U n i t s 1, 2 , & 3
A-E:
TVA
Vessel
Vendor: Babcock & Wilcox
Locat.ion: Limestone Co., A l a .
NSS Vendor: G e n e r a l E l e c t r i c
Owner: Tenn. V a l l e y A u t h o r i t y
Containment
C o n s t r u c t o r :__
TVA
.--HY DRAUL I C
Thermal O u t p u t ,
Electrical Output,

S a f e t v Design, MWt
S t e a m Flow Rate,
lb/hr
T o t a l Core Flow
Rate, l b / h r
Coolant P r e s s u r e ,
psig
Heat T r a n s f e r
A--K-2
nrea,
LL

B.

H 2 0 / U 0 2 Volume

3293
1098
3440
13'38x106

102.5x106
1020
66,098

5-2

Flux,
Maximum F u e l Tempe. Q F
Average F u e l Rod
Surf ace Temn OF

MCHFR
T o t a l Peaking
Factor
Avg Power D e n s i t y ,

Kw/R

163,234
4430
560
>1.9
2.6
50.732

1
T

Ratio
Moderator Temp Coef
r,,iA
AL /k/"F
Moderator Temp Coef
Jlot, No Voids
Moderator Void Coef
Hot, No V o i d s , Ak/k/%
Moderator Void Coef
Operating
..
)efficient ,
DoDplerCc
:old
1I o p p l e r C o e f f i c i e n t ,

,,..*
nuL,

Max Power p e r F u e l
18.35
Rod U n i t L g t h , k w / f t
424,400
Maximum Heat F l u x ,
DL..lL-

NUCLEAR

Il-

IYU

17-Z

vc

A-

Doppler C o e f f i c i e n t ,
Operating
I n i t i a l Enrichment,

2.43

-5.

ox10-5

-17.0x10-5

-1.0~10-~

-1.6X10-3
-1.3~10-~

,-l

.L.-

3x1
,-5
A"

-1.3~10-~

2. 19

Average D i s c h a r g e Ex- 19,000


p o s u r e , MWD/Ton
Core Maximum Void
79
Within Assembly, %
k e f f , A l l Rods I n

___

I k p f f , Max Rod O u t

<0.99

C o n t r o l Rod Worth ,One 0

j Rod, Normal Sequence


' C u r t a i n Worth,
---

%
280 cal/gm
Burnable P o i s o n s .
, Type and Form
1 Number of C o n t r o l
Rods
Data from FSAR.
' Number of P a r t Length Rods (PLR)

Peak F u e l E n t h a l p y
on Rod Drop, Cal/gm

Compiled by:

Ak

372 F l a t
Boron - SST

185 Cruciform
None

Fred Heddleson, Aug. 1 9 7 1

O N , Nuclear Safety Information Center

114
Page 2 , BWR
C.

SAFETY-RELATED DESIGN CRITERIA

Exclusion Distance,
Miles
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
D i s t a n c e , Miles
Metropolis
Distance
Huntsville, A l a .

30

Reactor:

Browns F e r r v

' L O . 75

Design Winds i n mph:

At 0

Population

50

228,239

- 50

- 150

f t elev

ft

100

120

Design Basis Earthquake


150 - 400 f t
140
0.20
Acceleration, g
Tornado
300 mph t a n g
O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake
AP = --- p s i b - - sec
Acceleration, g
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
Is I n t e n t of 70 Design
% of H o r i z o n t a l
Criteria S a t i s f i e d ?
Yes
R e c i r c u l a t i o n Pumping System & MCHFR: R e c i r c u l a t i o n r a t e e f f e c t s t h e
t y p e of b o i l i n g and t h u s t h e MCHFR. Core h e a t - t r a n s f e r s u r f a c e area
and c o o l a n t f l o w r a t e set t o e n s u r e t h a t MCHFR i s n o t less t h a n 1 . 9 a t
rated conditions.
P r o t e c t i v e System: I n i t i a t e s a r a p i d , a u t o m a t i c shutdown. T h i s a c t i o n
i s t a k e n i n t i m e t o p r e v e n t f u e l c l a d d i n g damage o r o t h e r damage f o l lowing abnormal t r a n s i e n t s . This sytem o v e r r i d e s a l l o p e r a t o r a c t i o n s
and p r o c e s s c o n t r o l s .
J

___

D.

ENGINEERED SAFETY FEATURES

Drywell Design
Pressure, psig
S u p p r e s s i o n Chamber Design
Pressure , psig
C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l
Pressui e , psig

56
56
46.6

Primary Containment Leak


Rate, %/day
Second Containment Design
P r e s s u r e , I n c h e s of Water
Second Containment Leak
Rate, %/day

0.5
2

100

Design Basis : Designed t o w i t h s t a n d p r e s s u r e and t e m p e r a t u r e r e s u l t i n g from LOCA w i t h some m e t a l - w a t e r r e a c t i o n w i t h o u t l o s s o f i n t e g r i t y .


Leakage w i l l b e less t h a n s p e c i f i e d by lOCFRlOO o f f - s i t e d o s e g u i d e

lines.

vacuum Kellet Capabl1ltY : Designed f o r 2 p s i g e x t e r n a l p r e s s u r e .


R e l i e f d e v i c e s l e t a i r flow from s u p p r e s s i o n chamber t o t h e d r y w e l l and
from t h e r e a c t o r b u i l d i n g t o t h e s u m r e s s i o n ch;lmber.
Post-Construction Testing:
Leakage r a t e tests w i l l be r u n a t 47 p s i g
and o t h e r p r e s s u r e s t o e s t a b l i s h l e a k a g e r a t e l p r e s s u r e r a t i o s .
P e n e t r a t i o n s : E l e c t r i c a l p e n e t r a t i o n s are double s e a l e d and i n d i v i d u a l ly testable.
Some p i p i n g p e n e t r a t i o n s are double s e a l e d and some a r e n ' t
c

115
Page 3 , BWR

D2.

EMERGENCY CORE COOLING SYSTEMS

Reactor: Browns F e r r y
Core Spray Cooling System: C o n s i s t s of 2 independent l o o p s each
, h a v i n g two 50% capacit.y pumps, one s p r a y s p a r g e r above t h e c o r e , piping
, e t c . I n i t i a t e d by low water l e v e l i n t h e r e a c t o r o r h i g h p r e s s u r e i n
t h e d r y w e l l . Each pump d e l i v e r s 3125 a t 1 2 2 p s i g .

Auto-Depressurization System: Uses s i x p r e s s u r e r e l i e f v a l v e s t o


v e n t steam t o t h e s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l t o r e d u c e c o o l a n t system p r e s s u r e
s o LPCIS and c o r e s p r a y can o p e r a t e . F u n c t i o n s when HPCIS cannot
m a i n t a i n r e a c t o r water l e v e l .

Residual-Heat-Removal S y s t e m (RHRS): C o n s i s t s of f o u r main pumps and


f o u r h e a t exchangers a r r a n g e d i n two l o o p s p l u s e i g h t s e r v i c e water
pumps. There are t h r e e modes of o p e r a t i o n which are: 1 ) shutdown
c o o l i n g which can complete cooldown t o 125F i n 20 h r s ; 2 ) s u p p r e s s i o n
p o o l c o o l i n g which pumps s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l water through t h e h e a t exchangers f o r c o o l i n g . T h i s p a r t of t h e system c o o l s containment by
d i v e r t i n g p a r t of t h e flow through s p r a y h e a d e r s i n t h e d r y w e l l ; and
3 ) low p r e s s u r e c o o l a n t i n j e c t i o n , which i s d i s c u s s e d below. Pumps
are r a t e d 10,000 gpm each @ 20 p s i d and h e a t exchangers 70 x lo6
Btu/hr each.

High-pressure C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n System: P r o v i d e s a means t o i n j e c t


water i n t o t h e c o o l a n t system i n case o f s m a l l l e a k s . One t u r b i n e d r i v e n pump p r o v i d e s 5000 gpm flow. Pump t a k e s s u c t i o n from t h e cond e n s a t e s t o r a g e t a n k and s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l . I n i t i a t e d by low water i n
t h e r e a c t o r o r by h i g h p r e s s u r e i n containment.
Low-Pressure C o o l a n t - I n i e c t i o n System: AS an o p e r a t i n g mode of R e s i d u a l Heat Removal System, LPCI u s e s t h e pump l o o p s of t h e RHRS t o i n j e c t c o o l i n g water a t low p r e s s u r e s i n t o a n undamaged r e a c t o r r e c i r c u l a t i o n l o o p . LPCI i s a c t u a t e d by c o n d i t i o n s i n d i c a t i n g a b r e a c h i n
t h e c o o l a n t system. Four pumps, each r a t e d 10,000 gpm @ 20 p s i d supply
s u f f i c i e n t water t o f l o o d t h e c o r e and p r e v e n t m e l t i n g .

t r a v e l o f a c o n t r o l rod t o $2'' i f t h a t c o n t r o l rod housing i s ruDtured.

' Standby

Liquid-Control System: P r o v i d e s a r e d u n d a n t , independent, and


T i t r e r e n t way from c o n t r o l r o d s t o b r i n g n u c l e a r f i s s i o n r e a c t i o n t o
s u b c r i t i c a l i t y and t o m a i n t a i n s u b c r i t i c a l i t y as t h e r e a c t o r c o o l s .
B o r i c a c i d i n j e c t e d i n t o t h e c o o l a n t svstem.

116
E . 0.LXER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES ( c o n t ' d) Reactor: B~~~~

Ferry

System: RHR pumps a t one r e a c t o r u n i t can pump from thi


;uppression p o o l of a n o t h e r r e a c t o r . P i p i n g s i z e d f o r 5000 gpm flow.
U s o , r a w w a t e r can b e s u p p l i e d a t rate of 3250 gpm @ 65 p s i g .

mClby

-_
Containment

Atmospheric C o n t r o l System: Atmosphere i n e r t i n g n o t


nentioned.
Primary containment i s h e l d a t about 135F d u r i n g operat i o n . Atmosphere i s purged b e f o r e p e r s o n n e l e n t r y .

R e a c t x Core I s o l a t i o n Cooling System (RCICS): The r e a c t o r c o r e i s o l a


t i o n c o o l i n g system (RCICS) p r o v i d e s makeup w a t e r t o t h e r e a c t o r v e s s e
dhenever t h e v e s s e l i s i s o l a t e d . The R C I C S u s e s a steam d r i v e n t u r b i n
mnp u n i t and o p e r a t e s a u t o m a t i c a l l y i n t i m e and w i t h s u f f i c i e n t coolm t flow t o m a i n t a i n a d e q u a t e r e a c t o r v e s s e l water l e v e l . System can
i e l i v e r 616 gpm @ 1120 p s i d .
R e a c t o r Vessel F a i l u r e : S e c t i o n 4.2.3 s a y s , "The r e a c t o r v e s s e l s h a l l
le d e s i g n e d and f a b r i c a t e d t o a h i g h s t a n d a r d of q u a l i t y t o p r o v i d e
s s s u r a n c e of e x t r e m e l y low p r o b a b i l i t y of f a i l u r e . "
Can f l o o d primary containment t o a l e v e l
Contai-nment F l o o d a b i l i t y :
2bove r e a c t o r c o r e .
-1r-Coolant
____
Leak-Detection System: Leaks are d e t e c t e d by:
(a) i n
x e a s e d p r e s s u r e and t e m p e r a t u r e i n containment; (b) m o n i t o r i n g f l o w i
zquipment d r a i n sump and f l o o r d r a i n sump; and ( c ) m o n i t o r i n g c o o l i n g
dater t e m p e r a t u r e t o and from d r y w e l l c o o l e r s .
Total leakage rate
l i m i t i s s e t a t 50 gpm w i t h a l i m i t of 1 5 gpm f o r u n i d e n t i f i e d l e a k a g e .

Failed-Fue1
_Detection

Systems:
Monitors f o r g r o s s release of f i s s i o n
? r o d u c t s from t h e f u e l and, upon i n d i c a t i o n of such f a i l u r e , i n i t i a t e s
a c t i o n t o l i m i t f u e l damage and c o n t a i n t h e r e l e a s e d f i s s i o n p r o d u c t s .
Four gamma s e n s i t i v e d e t e c t o r s monitor t h e main steam l i n e s . D e t e c t o r s
a r e l o c a t e d n e a r t h e main steam l i n e s i n t h e s p a c e between t h e primary
containment and secondary containment w a l l s .
EmergehcY Power: Standby a c power s u p p l i e d by f o u r d i e s e l - g e n e r a t i n g
s e t s , e a c h r a t e d a t 2850 kw f o r 2000 h r s o r 3050 kw f o r s h o r t - t e r m
l o a d i n g . Three d i e s e l s can s u p p l y power f o r one u n i t under DBA condit i o n s p l u s n e c e s s a r y l o a d s f o r s a f e shutdown of o t h e r two u n i t s . The
diesel g e n e r a t o r s s t a r t up and r e a c h r a t e d speed w i t h i n t e n seconds.

Rod-Block Monitor:
Designed t o p r e v e n t f u e l damage as a r e s u l t of a
s i n g l e r o d w i t h d r a w a l e r r o r . System h a s two RBM c h a n n e l s , e a c h of w h i d
u s e s i n p u t s i g n a l s from a number of LPRM c h a n n e l s . A t r i p s i g n a l from
e i t h e r RBM c h a n n e l c a n i n i t i a t e a r o d b l o c k .
Rod-Wol t h Minimizer: The rod worth minimizer f u n c t i o n of t h e computer
p r e v e n t s r o d w i t h d r a w a l under low power c o n d i t i o n s i f t h e rod t o b e
withdrawn i s n o t i n accordance w i t h a preplanned p a t t e r n .

117
Page 5 , BWR
F.

CENERAL

R e a c t o r : Browns F e r r y
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs: Weather d a t a c o l l e c t i o n s t a r t e d Feb. 1967 u s i n g a 300 f t h i g h tower. Data are d i g i t a l l y
r e c o r d e d and p l a c e d on p a p e r punch t a p e . Three t r i a x i a l accelerographc
w i l l b e i n s t a l l e d , 2 i n u n i t 1 b u i l d i n g and 1 on t h e b a s e s l a b of t h e
d i e s el-gener a t o r b u i I d i n g

Mode:
Load f o l l o w i n g accomplished by v a r y i n g t h e rec i r c u l a t i o n f low t o t h e r e a c t o r .

--

Si t e Description:

Located on t h e n o r t h s h o r e of Wheeler Lake a t r i v e r


mile 294. S i z e of s i t e i s 840 acres w i t h a s i t e g r a d e of 565' MSL.
The s i t e area i s s p a r s e l y populated h a v i n g 208 i n a 2-mi r a d i u s and
3128 i n a 5-mi r a d i u s . The s i t e and area are r e l a t i v e l y f l a t . Most
l a n d i s used f o r a g r i c u l t u r e .
Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n :
C e n t e r l i n e s of t u r b i n e s and c e n t e r l i n e s of res p e c t i v e r e a c t o r s c o i n c i d e , s o e j e c t e d t u r b i n e b l a d e s p r o b a b l y would
n o t s t r i k e containment.

Emextjcy

P l a n s : Emergency p l a n s are w r i t t e n t o cover s i t u a t i o n s t h a t


may p o s s i b l y l e a d t o i n j u r y of p e r s o n n e l or t h e p u b l i c . I n p a r t i c u l a r
t h e r e i s a R a d i o l o g i c a l Emergency p l a n where t h e a s s i s t a n c e of l o c a l
and s t a t e a g e n c i e s would b e used. The s h i f t e n g i n e e r w i l l i n i t i a t e
emergency measures when h i s judgement d i c t a t e s such a c t i o n .

Environmental Monitoring P l a n s : The p r e o p e r a t i o n a l program w i l l set a


b a s e l i n e on d i s t r i b u t i o n of n a t u r a l and manmade r a d i o a c t i v i t y i n t h e
p l a n t s i t e . With t h i s b a s e l i n e , i t w i l l t h e n b e p o s s i b l e t o determine
when t h e p l a n t becomes o p e r a t i o n a l , what c o n t r i b u t i o n , i f any, t h e powe r p l a n t i s making t o t h e environment.
Sample c o l l e c t i o n and a n a l y s i s
w a s i n i t i a t e d i n A p r i l 1968 and w i l l c o n t i n u e i n d e f i n i t e l y . A i r w i l l
b e monitored f o r p a r t i c u l a t e s , and f o r g r o s s b e t a . O t h e r sampling w i l :
i n c l u d e m i l k , v e g e t a t i o n , s o i l , d r i n k i n g water, s e d i m e n t , and marine
biota.
l a d w a s t e Treatment:
The l i q u i d waste s y s t e m c o l l e c t s , t r e a t s , s t o r e s ,
and d i s p o s e s of a l l r a d i o a c t i v e l i q u i d wastes. Processed l i q u i d waste:
may b e r e t u r n e d t o t h e condensate s y s t e m o r d i s c h a r g e d through t h e c i r c u l a t i n g w a t e r d i s c h a r g e c a n a l . The gaseous waste s y s t e m c o l l e c t s ,
p r o c e s s e s and d e l i v e r s t o t h e main s t a c k , g a s e s from t h e main condense1
a i r e j e c t o r , s t a r t u p vacuum pump and gland s e a l condenser. A 30-min.
holdup t i m e a l l o w s N-16 and 0-19 t o decay, a f t e r which g a s p a s s e s
through h i g h e f f i c i e n c y o f f - g a s f i l t e r s b e f o r e s t a c k release. S o l i d
wastes are c o l l e c t e d , dewatered, and shipped o f f s i t e .

Plan
t Vent:

600 f t r e i n f o r c e d c o n c r e t e .

118
Page 6 , BWR
G.

SITE DATA

Reactor: Browns F e r r y

Nearby Body of Water:


Wheeler Lake a t River M i l e 294
S i z e of S i t e

840

Normal Level
Max Prob Flood Level

Acres

Topography of S i t e :

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

561 '

556'

(MSL
(MSL

565'

(MSL

Flat

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :

Flat to rolling.

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

208

; 10 n i

In 5 m i radius

3128

; 50 m i

Date of Data:

1970

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :
D i s t . from s i t e

Miles, D i r e c t i o n

Land Use i n 5 Nile Radius:


Meteorology:

H u n t s v i l l e , Alabama

, Population146,OOO

F.

Agricultural

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n

('70)

- 70%

ssw

Avg. speed

S t a b i l i t y Data - N e u t r a l 47% of t i m e .
M i s c e l l a n e o u s Items Close t o t h e S i t e :
Athens, Alabama ( p o p u l a t i o n 1 4 , 0 0 0 ) , i s 10 m i NE and Decatur
( p o p u l a t i o n 38,000) i s 1 0 m i SE. Redstone A r s e n a l i s 25 m i E .
The c l o s e s t r a i l r o a d i s 6 m i E of s i t e .
H.

CIRCUU?ING
Ok

WATER SYSTEM

52

Once through, c l o s e d , o r h e l p e r c y c l e s .

Water Taker! From:


Intake Structure:

Wheeler Lake

C o n c r e t e s t r u c t u r e i n a small i n l e t .

Water Body remperatures: Winter minimum 40

R i v e r Flow

45,000

S e r v i c e Wat 2r Q u a n t i t y

Flow Thru Condenser

-_Heat

( c f s ) minimum;

30,000

550,350

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

I-

Cooling Towey(s):

Summer maximum

---

88'

( c f s ) average

gpm/ r e a c t o r
(gpm)/reactor

---

D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

Discharge S!:ructure:

"F

7770

Temp. R i s e 31.7

'1

(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r

lo6

(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r

Diffuser pipes extending a c r o s s channel.

D e s c r i p t i o n & Number - 6 mech. d r a f t , 2 o r each


reactor.
Blowdown 49,500 -gpm/reactor
E v a p o r a t i v e loss
-__ g p m l r e a c t o r

119

120
Page 1 (PWR)

Data From FSAR

ROBINSON, 50-261
P r o j e c t ~ a m e : H. B. Robinson Steam E l e c t r i c
P l a n t Unit 2
A-E:
Ebasco S e r v i c e s
L o c a t i o n : D a r l i n g t o n Co., S.C.
Vessel Vendor: Combustion E n g i n e e r i n
NSS Vendor:
Westinghouse
Owner: C a r o l i n a Power & L i g h t
Containment
Commercial Operation - 3 / 7 / 7 1
A.

THERMAL-HYDRAULIC

Thermal Output,

MWt

E l e c t r i c a l Output,

M
W
e

2200

769

T o t a l Rod

Rods-Clean-Boron Worth, Hot,

171,600
Btujhr f t 2
Avg Thermal
Output, kw/f t
Max Thermal
Output , kw/f t
Max Clad S u r f a c e
Temp, O F
No. Coolant
Loops

554,200
5.5
17.9
657

LLL"

Boron Worth, C o l d ,
5.6
% Ak/k
F u l l Power Moderator ( + . 3 t o -3.5)
Temv Coeff. Ak/k/'F
x io-'+
Koderator P r e s s u r e
(-.3 t o +3.5)
Coeff. Ak/k/Dsi
x
Moderator Void C o e f f , (+.5 t o -2.5)
x 10-~
Ak/k/% Void
Doppler C o e f f i c i e n t , (-1.0 t o -1.6)
Ak/k/ OF
x
Shutdown Margin , Hot
1
1 rod s t u c k , %&/k
Burnable P o i s o n s ,
Borated P y r e x
Type and Form
Glass i n SST Tube
Number of C o n t r o l
900
Rods
Number of P a r t 10V
Length Rads (PLR)
Compiled by: Fred Heddleson Auril
~~-1
~-9 7
Nuclear S a f e t y I n f o r m a t i o n C e n t e r

TT\

1 21
Page 2 , PWR

Exclusion Distance,
0.27 r a d i u s
Miles
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
4.5
D i s t a n c e , Miles
Metropolis
Distance Population
Columbia, S. C .

56

322 ,880

Design Basis Earthquake


Acceleration, g
0.2
O p e r a t i n g B a s i s Earthquake
Acceleration, g
0.1
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l
67

D1.

At 0

50

- 50 f t e l e v

133

- 400

162

150

f t

Tornado

AP =

0.1

DSlQ

108

- 150 f t

---

300 mph
psi/---sec

Design P r e s s u r e ,

CONTAINMENT

Max 1,eak Rate a t Design


P r e s s u r e , %/day

Design Winds i n mph:

C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l P r e s s u r e , psig

42
37.8

Design Basis: Designed s o t h a t d i s c h a r g e of c o o l a n t through a doubleended r u p t u r e of t h e main l o o p p i p i n g , f o l l o w e d by o p e r a t i o n of o n l y


t h e e n g i n e e r e d s a f e t y f e a t u r e s which can r u n s i m u l t a n e o u s l y w i t h power
from one o n - s i t e d i e s e l g e n e r a t o r (one h i g h head s a f e t y i n j e c t i o n pump
one r e s i d u a l h e a t removal pump, two f a n c o o l e r u n i t s , one s p r a y pump) ,
w i l l r e s u l t i n low r a d i o a c t i v e materials l e a k a g e from t h e containment
s t r u c t u r e w i t h no r i s k t o p u b l i c h e a l t h and s a f e t v .
Vacuum Relief C a p a b i l i t y :
Negative p r e s s u r e of 2 p s i g w a s c o n s i d e r e d .
When n e g a t i v e p r e s s u r e r e a c h e s 1 p s i g , o p e r a t o r i s a l e r t e d i n c o n t r o l
room. R e l i e f valves are W m a n u a l 3 y .
P o s t - C o n s t r u c t i o n T e s t i n g : Proof t e s t e d a t 115% of d e s i g n p r e s s u r e .
Leakage r a t e tests w i l l b e conducted i n accordance w i t h ANS 7.60.
P e r i o d i c leak t e s t s w i l l b e r u n .
Penetrations:
A l l are double s e a l e d w i t h p r e s s u r e t a p s f o r p r e s s u r i z i n g and t e s t i n g . A p r e s s u r i z i n g system p r e s s u r i z e s p e n e t r a t i o n s i n
case of LOCA.
Weld Channels:
Weld c h a n n e l s were used on a l l bottom seam welds and
around welds where p e n e t r a t i o n s were j o i n e d t o t h e l i n e r .

122
Page 3 , PWR
SAFETY FEATURES

Reactor: ROBINSON

S y s t e m : Designed t o s p r a y water i n t o containment


a f t e r LOCA f o r c o o l i n g and t o remove e l e m e n t a l i o d i n e . Two pumps can
each s u p p l y 1 1 6 1 gpm of b o r a t e d w a t e r . S u c t i o n i s t a k e n from t h e r e f u e
i n g w a t e r s t o r a g e t a n k w i t h sodium h y d r o x i d e added f o r i o d i n e removal.
Also, w a t e r can be r e c i r c u l a t e d from t h e containment sump and c o o l e d .

Containment Cooling: I n normal o p e r a t i o n , containment temp w i l l b e h e 1


t o 120F o r l e s s w i t h 3 of 4 f a n - c o i l u n i t s o p e r a t i n g . Each u n i t t h e n
h a s 1 . 7 5 x lo6 B t u l h r c a p a c i t y . Under a c c i d e n t c o n d i t i o n s , c o o l i n g
c a p a c i t y of each u n i t i s 40 x lo6 B t u l h r . Fans h a n d l e 85,000 cfm each
n o r m a l l y , o r 65,000 cfm i n a c c i d e n t mode.
Containment I s o l a t i o n System: I s o l a t i o n v a l v e s on l i n e s p e n e t r a t i n g
containment p r o v i d e 2 b a r r i e r s between t h e containment atmosphere and
t h e o u t s i d e environment. Automatic i s o l a t i o n i s i n i t i a t e d by a containment i s o l a t i o n s i g n a l . Valves are designed t o t h e same s e i s m i c
c r i t e r i a as t h e containment v e s s e l .
Containment A i r F i l t r a t i o n : Two 5000 cfm f a n - f i l t e r u n i t s a r e p r o v i d e d
t o remove i o d i n e and o t h e r p a r t i c u l a t e a c t i v i t i e s u s i n g c h a r c o a l f i l t e r
Twelve u n i t s are i n s t a l l e d which a l s o have HEPA f i l t e r s .
P e n e t r a t i o n Room: Nothing shown as such on drawings.

D3.

SAFETY I N J E C T I O N SYSTEMS

Accumulator Tanks: There are 3 t a n k s , each h o l d i n g 5800 g a l l o n s of


J o r a t e d w a t e r under n i t r o g e n p r e s s u r e . Each t a n k i s connected t o a coli
'.eg of t h e r e a c t o r and i s o l a t e d by 2 check valves. When system pressurl
l r o p s below 600 p s i g , check v a l v e s open and t h e b o r a t e d water i s f o r c e d
i n t o t h e c o o l a n t system.
?High-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : Three pumps t a k i n g s u c t i o n from t h e r e f u e l
i n g water s t o r a g e t a n k o p e r a t e on t h e s a f e t y i n j e c t i o n s i g n a l t o pump
375 g a l e a c h , of b o r a t e d water a t 1750 p s i g . Water i s pumped i n t o 2
h e a d e r s one of which s u p p l i e s t h e v e s s e l c o l d l e g s and t h e o t h e r t h e ho
l e g s . A t f i r s t , t h e water i s pumped t h r u one h e a d e r which c a u s e s cont e n t s of t h e b o r i c i n j e c t i o n tank w i t h 1 2 % b o r i c a c i d (900 g a l ) t o b e
f l u s h e d i n t o t h e c o o l a n t system.

I n j e c t i o n : Two R e s i d u a l Heat Removal System pumps


ach s u p p l y 3000 g a l l o n s of b o r a t e d water t o t h e t h r e e c o l d l e g s a t
500 p s i g . S u c t i o n i s taken from t h e r e f u e l i n g water s t o r a g e t a n k u n t i l
:hat s u p p l y i s about exhausted. The o p e r a t o r w i l l t h e n s w i t c h pumps t o
t h e r e c i r c u l a t i o n phase pumping from t h e containment sump. Water from
t h e sump p a s s e s t h r u t h e r e s i d u a l h e a t removal h e a t exchangers ( t o t a l
Zapacity - 59 x l o 6 B t u f h r ) f o r c o o l i n g .

123
Page 4 , PWR
E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

R e a c t o r : ROBINSON
R e a c t o r Vessel F a i l u r e : N o r e f e r e n c e found.
Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y :

No r e f e r e n c e found.

Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System: Leakage can b e measured by a n


a i r p a r t i c u l a t e m o n i t o r , r a d i o g a s m o n i t o r , humidity d e t e c t o r , measurement of m o i s t u r e condensed on c o o l i n g c o i l s , amount of c o o l a n t system
makeup i n p r e s s u r i z e r , and by sump pump o p e r a t i o n .

-Failed-Fuel-Detection System: F a i l e d f u e l d e t e c t i o n i s performed by


a n a l y s i s of c o o l a n t samples taken from t h e letdown sampler which g i v e
p r e c i s e i n d i c a t i o n of any i n c r e a s e i n c o o l a n t f i s s i o n p r o d u c t concentration.
(Amendment 5, page 1 of 8 ) .
Emergency Power: F i r s t s o u r c e i s a 110-4.16 Kv s t a r t u p t r a n s f o r m e r .
T h i s t r a n s f o r m e r h a s m u l t i p l e s o u r c e s of s u p p l y . A l s o , t h e r e are 2
d i e s e l - g e n e r a t o r s e t s (Fairbanks-Morse 3125 Kva) r a t e d 2500 Kw. Each
u n i t i s s e p a r a t e l y housed and independent i n a l l ways. A i r s t a r t i n g
h a s s u p p l y f o r 8 c r a n k s . Each u n i t h a s a 200 g a l l o n f u e l tank w i t h
a c c e s s t o f u e l from a 25,000 g a l l o n s t o r a g e t a n k .

C o n t r o l of Axial Xenon O s c i l l a t i o n s By Burnable Shims, Part-Length


C o n t r o l Rods, In-Core I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n : Burnable poison r o d s a s s u r e a
z e r o o r n e g a t i v e moderator temp c o e f . P a r t - l e n g t h c o n t r o l r o d s are
provided t o c o n t r o l a x i a l o s c i l l a t i o n s .
In-core i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n w i l l
b e used t o p e r i o d i c a l l y c a l i b r a t e out-of-core i n s t u e n t s .
Boron D i l u t i o n C o n t r o l : Because of t h e p r o c e d u r e s involved i n t h e
d i l u t i o n p r o c e s s , an e r r o n e o u s d i l u t i o n i s c o n s i d e r e d i n c r e d i b l e .
N e v e r t h e l e s s , i f an u n i n t e n t i o n a l d i l u t i o n of boron i n t h e r e a c t o r coola n t does o c c u r , numerous alarms and i n d i c a t i o n s a r e a v a i l a b l e t o a l e r t
t h e o p e r a t o r t o t h e c o n d i t i o n . The maximum r e a c t i v i t y a d d i t i o n due t o
t h e d i l u t i o n i s slow enough t o a l l o w t h e o p e r a t o r t o d e t e r m i n e t h e
c a u s e of t h e a d d i t i o n and t a k e c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n b e f o r e e x c e s s i v e s h u t down margin i s l o s t .
Long-Term Cooling: R e s i d u a l h e a t removal l o o p can m a i n t a i n a c i r c u l a t i o n of b o r a t e d w a t e r from t h e containment sump t h r u h e a t exchangers
t o t h e r e a c t o r v e s s e l f o r long term c o o l i n g . The containment s p r a y
system can o p e r a t e i n a s i m i l a r manner t o c o o l t h e containment atmosphere.
Organic-Iodide F i l t e r : No r e f e r e n c e found.
Hydrogen Recombiner: Containment w i l l b e v e n t e d f o r 1 h r d a i l y a t a
flow r a t e t h a t w i l l m a i n t a i n hydrogen below 3% by volume c o n c e n t r a t i o n .

F.

GENERAL

R e a -~~~
c t o r : ROBINSON
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n Recorders, and Seismographs : C o l l e c t i o n of met e o r o l o g i c a l d a t a s t a r t e d i n A p r i l 1967 u s i n g i n s t r u m e n t s on a 1 2 0 '
h i g h tower. Two s t r o n g motion r e c o r d e r s are i n s t a l l e d - one i n t h e
containment b u i l d i n g and t h e o t h e r on t h e n o r t h s i d e of t h e r e f u e l i n g
water t a n k .
P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode: Designed f o r l o a d f o l l o w i n g .
~~

S i t e D e s c r i p t i o n : Located i n n o r t h e a s t e r n South C a r o l i n a on t h e s o u t h e r n edge of The Sand H i l l s r e g i o n a d j a c e n t t o Lake Robinson.


The are2
i s s p a r s e l y p o p u l a t e d and topography i s r o l l i n g h i l l s . The man-made
l a k e i s about 4000 f t wide and 7 112 m i l e s l o n g . Farming i s t h e p r e dominant a c t i v i t y . The n e a r e s t r e s i d e n c e i s 1400 f t s o u t h of t h e
p l a n t and t h e r e i s a small community about 112 m i l e SE.

Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n : E j e c t e d b l a d e s from t h e Westinghouse t u r b i n e coul


s t r i k e containment. C e n t e r l i n e s a r e 170' a p a r t .
Emergency P l a n s : P l a n s are a v a i l a b l e ( S e c t . 5, Vol. I V of FSAR) t h a t
d e t a i l s p r o c e d u r e s t o f o l l o w s o t h a t a n emergency w i l l b e handled i n
a n e f f i c i e n t , t i m e l y manner w i t h minimum exposure of p l a n t p e r s o n n e l
and t h e p u b l i c . P e r i o d i c d r i l l s w i l l b e h e l d f o r t r a i n i n g and cont i n u e d f a m i l i a r i t y . Emergencies are c l a s s i f i e d as LOCAL, SITE, o r
GENERAL EMERGENCY. The l a t t e r c o v e r s a c c i d e n t s e f f e c t i n g d i s t a n c e s
beyond t h e e x c l u s i o n boundary.
Local and s t a t e a u t h o r i t i e s as w e l l as
medical p e r s o n n e l have been f a m i l a r i z e d .
Environmental M o n i t o r i n g P l a n s : P r e o p e r a t i o n a l program s t a r t e d l a t e iI;
1968 t o t e s t equipment, sampling, a n a l y s i s , and t o o b t a i n p r e o p e r a t i o r
measurements.
Samples w e r e c o l l e c t e d from 25 p o i n t s w i t h i n a 5 m i l e
r a d i u s s u c h as a i r , ground water, s u r f a c e w a t e r , bottom s e d i m e n t s , s o i
and f i s t . A f t e r o p e r a t i o n s t a r t e d , sampling continued t o d e t e r m i n e i f
o p e r a t i o n w a s e f f e c t i n g t h e environment i n a measurable way.

Radwaste Treatment: R a d i o a c t i v e f l u i d s e n t e r i n g t h e Waste P r o c e s s i n g


System a r e c o l l e c t e d i n sumps and t a n k s u n t i l d e t e r m i n a t i o n of subs e q u e n t t r e a t m e n t can b e made. They a r e sampled and analyzed t o d e t e r mine t h e q u a n t i t y of r a d i o a c t i v i t y , w i t h a p e r i o d i c i s o t o p i c i d e n t i f i c a t i o n , and t h e n p r o c e s s e d . Most l i q u i d s are p r o c e s s e d and r e t a i n e d
i n s i d e t h e p l a n t by t h e Chemical & Volume C o n t r o l System r e c y c l e t r a i n .
P r o c e s s e d water from waste d i s p o s a l i s d i s c h a r g e d through a monitored
l i n e i n t o t h e c i r c u l a t i n g w a t e r d i s c h a r g e . Gases are h e l d up i n decay
t a n k s t o a l l o w s u f f i c i e n t decay and t h e n vented under s t r i c t c o n t r o l 01
r e t u r n e d t o t h e Volume C o n t r o l System. S o l i d wastes a r e packaged i n t o
55-gallon drums by a h y d r a u l i c a l l y o p e r a t e d b a l e r . The system i s cont r o l l e d from a c e n t r a l p a n e l i n t h e a u x i l i a r y b u i l d i n g , and a p p r o p r i a t f
alarms and i n d i c a t o r s are l o c a t e d i n t h e c o n t r o l room.
P l a n t Vent: A 54" metal s t a c k r u n s up t h e s i d e of containment t o 375'
e l e v a t i o n (about 45' below t o p of containment).

125

G.

SITE DATA

R e a c t o r : ROBINSON

Nearby Body of Water:

Normal L e v e l
Max Prob Flood L e v e l

Lake Robinson
9750 acres
S i z e of S i t e

Acres

5000

Topography of S i t e :

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

220'
222'

(MSL
(MSL

225'

(MSL

Rolling

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) : R o l l i n g
1375

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

Date of Data:

I n 5 m i r a d i u s 12,552

1976

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :
D i s t . from s i t e

56

, Population

A g r i c u l t u r a l and wooded.

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n NE

s t a b i l i t y Data

; 50 mi694.605

Columbia, S.C.

Miles, D i r e c t i o n SW

Land Use i n 5 Nile Radius:


p r o v i d e s R e c r e a t i o n area.
Meteorology:

; 10 m i

113.542

Lake Robinson

Avg. speed5.8 mph

- About 1 1 3 each of s t a b l e , n e u t r a l , and u n s t a b l e .

M i s c e l l a n e o u s Items C l o s e t o t h e S i t e : The n u c l e a r p l a n t i s a d j a c e n t ti
u n i t 111 a c o a l - f i r e d p l a n t of 185 M
W
e c a p a c i t y . The n e a r e s t town i s
H a r t s v i l l e , 4.5 miles ESE. F l o r e n c e is 25 miles SE and Columbia i s 56
miles away. The A t l a n t i c Ocean i s about 88 m i l e s SE. Sand H i l l s Stat1
F o r e s t i s 4 miles N where 3000 a c r e s of watermelons are grown.
Neares
d a i r y farm i s 7 m i l e s E.
H.

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

Type of System: Once through.

Water Taken From: Lake Robinson


I n t a k e S t r u c t u r e : R e i n f o r c e d c o n c r e t e on edge of l a k e , u s i n g 3 c i r c u l a t i n g pumps. T r a s h r a c k s and t r a v e l i n g s c r e e n s are provided. A t
max flow, v e l o c i t y through s c r e e n s i s about 2 f p s .
Water Body Temperatures:

R i v e r Flow

---

( c f s ) minimum;

21

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

Winter m i n i m u m

---

169

Summer
( c f s ) averag

gpmlreactor

482,100

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

OF

(gpm)/reactor
4300

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

lo6
---

Temp. R i s e

18

(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r
(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r

Discharge S t r u c t u r e : Discharged back t o t h e l a k e through a 4.2 m i l e


l o n g d i s c h a r g e c a n a l t h a t r e t u r n s water t o t h e l a k e about 4 m i l e s ups t ream.
Cooling Tower(s):
Blowdown

D e s c r i p t i o n & Number
gpmlreactor

None

Evaporative l o s s

gpmlreactor

126

12 7

MOMTICEJ+LO, 50-263
Project N a m e : M o n t i c e l l o N u c l e a r
Generating P l a n t
L o c a t i o n : 3 m i l e s n o r t h w e s t of
v i l l a g e of M o n t i c e l l o , Minnesota
0 w n e r : N o r t h e r n S t a t e s Power Co

A-E: B e c h t e l C o r p o r a t i o n
Vessel Vendor :Chicago Bridge & I r o n
NSS Vendor:General Electric Co

Thermal Out

Compiled by: F . A . Heddleson & L.L. Taylor (NSP)


O W , Nuclear S a f e t y I n f o r m a t i o n Center

128

C.

SAFETY-RELATED DESIGN C R I T E R I A

Exclusi.on D i s t a n c e .
Miles
0.4
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
1
D i s t a n c e , Miles
Metropolis
Distance
Minneapo l i s 33 m i .
S t . Paul
Design Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l

Drywell Design
Pressure, psig
56
S u p p r e s s i o n Chamber Design
Pressure, psig
56
C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l
Pressure, psig
41
Type of C o n s t r u c t i o n :

Population
1,813,647
0.12
0.06
67

?.eactor:

MONTICELLO

Design Winds i n mph:


A t 0 - 50 f t e l e v

50

150 f t

100

not available

150 - 400 f t

not available

Tornado

300 mph

AP = 3 p s i / 3 s e c
Is I n t e n t of 70 Design
Criteria Satisfied?
yes

Primary Containment Leak


R a t e , %/day
0.5
Second Containment Design
Pressure, psig
0.25
Second Containment Leak
! R a t e , %/day
100

P r e s s u r e s u p p r e s s i o n t y p e containment w i t h a steel d r y w e l l shaped l i k e


a l i g h t b u l b e n c i r c l e d by a s t e e l t o r u s . D r y w e l l i s e n c l o s e d i n
D r y w e l l f r e e volume i s 134,200 f t 3 and s u p p r e s s i o
reinforced concrete.
chamber f r e e volume i s 108,250 f t 3 .

Designed t o p r o v i d e a b a r r i e r which, i n the event of a l o s s - o f - C o o l a n t


a c c i d e n t , w i l l c o n t r o l t h e release o f f i s s i o n p r o d u c t s t o the secondary
containment, and t o r a p i d l y r e d u c e t h e p r e s s u r e i n t h e containment
r e s u l t i n g from the l o s s - o f - c o o l a n t a c c i d e n t .
Designed o r e x t e r n a l p r e s s u r e 2 p s i g r e a t e r
t h a n t h e i n t e r n a l p r e s s u r e . R e l i e f d e v i c e s l e t a i r f l o w from r e a c t o r
b u i l d i n g t o s u p p r e s s i o n chamber. t o t h P &ywe11P o s t - C o n s t r u c t i o n TeStingZLeakage r a t e tests w i l l b e performed a t 4 1
p s i g as f o l l o w s :
( a ) d u r i n g t h e f i r s t r e f u e l i n g o u t a g e , (b) w i t h i n 24
months from t h e d a t e of t h e t e s t i n ( a ) , ( c ) w i t h i n 48 months of t h e
t e s t i n (b) and e v e r y 48 months t h e r e a f t e r .
Penetrations:
E l e c t r i c a l p e n e t r a t i o n s are double s e a l e d .
Some
p i p i n g p e n e t r a t i o n s are double s e a l e d and some are n o t .

129

I D2.
I

Page 3 , BWR
EMERGENCY CORE COOLING SYSTEMS

Reartor!

High-pressure C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n System: Designed t o pump Water i n t o t h e


r e a c t o r v e s s e l under l o s s - o f - c o o l a n t c o n d i t i o n s which do n o t r e s u l t i n
One t u r b i n e - d r i v e n pump
r a p i d d e p r e s s u r i z a t i o n of t h e p r e s s u r e v e s s e l .
Pump t a k e s s u c t i o n from t h e condensate s t o r a g e
p r o v i d e s 3,000 gpm flow.
I n i t i a t e d by low w a t e r i n t h e r e a c t o r o r by
tank and s u p p r e s s i o n pool.
h i g h p r e s s u r e i n drywell.
Low-Pressure C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n System: 1s an i n t e g r a l p a r t of MRS.
It o p e r a t e s t o r e s t o r e and, i f n e c e s s a r y , m a i n t a i n t h e c o o l a n t i n v e n t o r y
i n t h e reactor vessel a f t e r a loss-of-coolant accident so t h a t the core
i s s u f f i c i e n t l y cooled t o p r e c l u d e f u e l c l a d m e l t i n g .

E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Main-Steam-Line Flow R e s t r i c t o r s : A v e n t u r i t y p e flow r e s t r i c t o r i n s t a l l e d


i n each steam l i n e between t h e r e a c t o r v e s s e l and t h e f i r s t main steam l i n e
, i s o l a t i o n valve.
They l i m i t l o s s - o f - c o o l a n t t o 200% of r a t e d flow from r e a c t o r
v e s s e l i n case o f steam l i n e b r e a k o u t s i d e primary containment.
Control-Rod V e l o c i t y L i m i t e r s : Attachment on each cortrol rod t o l i m i t
v e l o c i t y a t which a c o n t r o l rod can f a l l o u t of t h e core. The rate of
r e a c t i v i t y i n s e r t i o n r e s u l t i n g from a rod drop a c c i d e n t i s l i m i t e d by
t h i s a c t i o n . Does n o t e f f e c t scram. L i m i t s f a l l o u t v e l o c i t y t o 5 t /
Control-Rod-Drive-Housing Supports: Housing s u p p o r t s are l o c a t e d unde
e a c t o r v e s s e l n e a r t h e c o n t r o l rod housings.
Supports l i m i t t r a v e l of
o n t r o l rod t o a b o u t 2" i f t h e c o n t r o l rod h o u s i n

130

E . OIHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES ( c o n t ' d ) Reactor:

Page 4 , BWR
MONTICELLO

Standby Coolant SYS tern: Two independent c o r e s p r a y c o o l i n g systems


and f o u r LPCI pumps.

Containment
Atmospheric C o n t r o l S y s t e m : perfoms twofunctions:(1)
i n i t i a l purge o f t h e primary containment w i t h n i t r o g e n t o reduce oxygen
c o n c e n t r a t i o n t o less t h a n 4% by volume; and ( 2 ) a u t o m a t i c a l l y c o n t r o l s
t h e s u p p l y o f n i t r o g e n t o m a i n t a i n oxygen c o n c e n t r a t i o n a t less t h a n
P e r m i t s purgingof atmosphere p r i o r t o maintenance
4.9% by volume.
%%!f?
:t??r;e
I s o l a t i o n Cooling S y s t e m (RCICS) : C o n s i s t s of a t u r b i n e d r i v e n pump c a p a b l e of d e l i v e r i n g makeup water t o t h e r e a c t o r v e s s e l i f
it is isolated.
The t u r b i n e i s powered by r e s i d u a l stem from t h e
r e a c t o r and i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y i n i t i a t e d by a low water level i n t h e
reactor.
System c a n d e l i v e r 400 gpm.
: The r e a c t o r v e s s e l i s d e s i g n e d and f a b r i c a t e d
f o r a 40 y e a r l i f e based upon t h e s p e c i f i e d d e s i g n and o p e r a t i n g
conditions.
Conta'.nment F1oodability:
Can f l o o d primary containment t o a level
above t h e r e a c t o r c o r e .

Reactor-COOlant
-Leak-Detection S y s t e m : Leaks are detected by:
(a) a
timer which a c t u a t e s a n alarm when t h e i n t e r v a l between d r y w e l l sump
pump o p e r a t i o n d e c r e a s e s below a n a d j u s t a b l e minimum, and (b) m o n i t o r i n
d r y w e l l p r e s s u r e , t e m p e r a t u r e , and i o d i n e and p a r t i c u l a t e a i r b o r n e
a c t i v i t y . T o t a l l e a k a g e rate l i m i t i s set a t 25 gpm w i t h a l i m i t o f 5
gpm f o r u n i d e n t i f i e d leakage.
=-Fuel
~D e t e c t i o n Systems: Monitors f o r g r o s s release of f i s s i o n
p r o d u c t s from t h e f u e l and, upon i n d i c a t i o n of such f a i l u r e , i n i t i a t e s
a c t i o n t o l i m i t f u e l damage and c o n t a i n t h e r e l e a s e d f i s s i o n p r o d u c t s .
Garmna s e n s i t i v e d e t e c t o r s m o n i t o r t h e main s t e a m l i n e s .
Emergeiicy Power : Two independent d i e s e l g e n e r a t o r s , e a c h c a p a b l e o f
p r o v i d i n g s u f f i c i e n t power t o s a f e l y s h u t downthe r e a c t o r upon t h e l o s s
o f a l l o u t s i d e power s i m u l t a n e o u s w i t h t h e d e s i g n b a s i s a c c i d e n t .
Output i s r a t e d a t 2500 kw, 4160 V , t h r e e phase, 60 H5 AC.
Rated f o r
10% o v e r l o a d f o r 2,000 h o u r s o r 22% o v e r l o a d f o r 30 m i n u t e s o u t o f e a c h
Each d i e s e l g e n e r a t o r i s d e s i g n e d t o s t a r t a u t o m a t i c a l l y
24 hours.
and w i t h i n 10 seconds b e g i n t o a c c e p t load. Two reserve s t a t i o n
t r a n s f o r m e r s can s u p p l y emergency power i f o f f - s i t e power is n o t l o s t .
R o d - B l ~ k M o n i t o r : Designed t o p r e v e n t f u e l damage as a r e s u l t o f a
s i n g l e rod withdrawal e r r o r .
System h a s two RBM c h a n n e l s , each o f
which u s e s i n p u t signals from a number o f LPRM c h a n n e l s . A t r i p s i g n a l
from e i t h e r RBM c h a n n e l can i n i t i a t e a rod block.
Rod-Woz t h Minimizer : The Rod Worth Minimizer f u n c t i o n of t h e computer
p r e v e n t s rod w i t h d r a w a l under low power c o n d i t i o n s i f t h e rod t o be w i t h The e f f e c t o f t h e
drawn i s n o t i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h a preplanned p a t t e r n .
rod b l o c k i s t o l i m i t t h e r e a c t i v i t v m r t h o f t h P -c
hy P n f n r r png

131

F.

Page 5 , BWR

CENERAL

R e a c t o r : MONTICELLO
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs:
Wind speed,
d i r e c t i o n and t e m p e r a t u r e measured a t t h r e e l e v e l s on a 100 m a r tower
( a t 10, 40 and 100 meters). Data r e c o r d e d on t a p e a t tower, r e l a y e d
t o p l a n t c o n t r o l room and Minneapolis General O f f i c e on t e l e t y p e .
Seismopraph r e c o r d e r w i t h t h r e e d e t e c t o r s i s i n s t a l l e d .
O p e r a t i o n l-fode: Reactor power i s c o n t r o l l e d by movement o f
c o n t r o l r o d s and by r e g u l a t i o n of t h e r e a c t o r c o o l a n t r e c i r c u l a t i o n
ow rat@.
wcription:
-Located a b o u t 3 m i l e s n o r t h w e s t of t h e v i l l a g e of
M o n t i c e l l o , Minnesota.
S i z e o f t h e s i t e i s a p p r o x i m a t e l y 1,325 acres
w i t h a s i t e e l e v a t i o n o f 930 f t . B l u f f s l o c a t e d a b o u t 1 m i l e n o r t h
and s o u t h o f t h e s i t e rise t o 950 f t MSL. Beyond l m i l e n o r t h , t h e
t e r r a i n i s r e l a t i v e l y level w i t h numerous l a k e s and wooded areas. To
t h e s o u t h , w e s t and east t h e t e r r a i n i s h i l l y and d o t t e d w i t h numerous
small l a k e s .
Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n : The p l a n e o f r o t a t i o n o f t h e t u r b i n e wheels i n t e r s !cts t h e
containment s t r u c t u r e . The r e a c t o r
t u r b i n e c e n t e r l i n e s are 130 f t ai p.
Eme_lge_ncy P l a n s :
Emergency p l a n s are w r i t t e n t o c o v e r s i t u a t i o n s
&

t h a t may p o s s i b l y l e a d t o i n j u r y o f p e r s o n n e l o r t o t h e p u b l i c .
In
p a r t i c u l a r , t h e r e i s a R a d i o l o g i c a l Emergency P l a n where t h e
a s s i s t a n c e o f l o c a l and s t a t e a g e n c i e s would b e used.
The S h i f t
S u p e r v i s o r w i l l i n i t i a t e emergency measures when h i s judgement d i c t a t e s
such a c t i o n .

-Environmental

Monitoring Plans:
P r e - o p e r a t i o n a l s u r v e y s were conducte I
f o r t h r e e y e a r s t o e s t a b l i s h background r a d i a t i o n levels. Sampling i s
performed as f o l l o w s :
( a ) a i r p a r t i c u l a t e a c t i v i t y , (b) gamma background r a d i a t i o n , (c) s o i l samples, (d) v e g e t a t i o n , ( e ) water, and ( f )
S t a t e Department o f H e a l t h performs a n a l y s e s o f a l l samples
milk.
collected.
O c c a s i o n a l samples w i l l b e s h i p p e d t o a p r i v a t e a n a l y t i c a l
l a b o r a t o r y f o r t h e purpose of s u p p o r t i n g t h e r e s u l t o f t h e a n a l y s e s by
t h e S t a t e Department o f H e a l t h .

-!e
Treatment : L i q u i d wastes are r e c y c l e d t o t h e c o n d e n s a t e
system t o t h e maximum e x t e n t p r a c t i c a b l e , making f o r a n e a r - z e r o
release condition.
Gaseous releases from a i r e j e c t o r s are p a s s e d
through recombiners, c h a r c o a l f i l t e r s and are compressed and s t o r e d
o r a t least 50 h o u r s p r i o r t o r e l e a s i n g t o t h e atmosphere.
Solid
sastes are c o l l e c t e d , s t o r e d f o r decay, and s h i p p e d o f f - s i t e .

P l a n t Vent: Continuous m o n i t o r i n g on p l a n t v e n t s .
J f f - g a s s t a c k releases g a s e s a t h e i g h t o f 320 f t .

A i r ejector

132
Page 6 , BWR
~

G.

~~

~~~~

SITE DATA

Reactor: MONTICELLO

Nearby Body of Water:

Normal Level
Max Prob Flood Level

Miss i s s i p p i River

905 f t .
916 f t .

(MSLJ
(MSL)
1

S i z e of S i t e

1,325

Acres

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

Topography of S i t e :

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

1970

Data:

In 5 m i radius

C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :

i s t . from s i t e
33 Miles,
- DLand
Use i n 5 Nile Radius:
Agricultural

(MSL)

F l a t a l l u v i a l terraces. Slope away


from river a t g r a d e s of 2 o r 3%.

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :
of
- Date
Nearest

930 f t .

5,000

Minneapolis

Direction

SE

; 10 m i

150

1230 _.

; 50 m i 1 , 9 5 6 , 0 0 0 - ,
S t . Paul

, Population

745,000

d a i r y f a n n i n g and v e g e t a b l e c r o p s

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n NW
bvg. speed
7 mph
Wide v a r i a t i o n s i n temperature.
Scanty w i n t e r p r e c i p . t a t ion.
Data - Ample summer r a i n f a l l .
Tendency t o extremes.
M i s c e l l a n e o u s I t e m s Close t o t h e S i t e :
Sherburne N a t i o n a l W i l d l i f e Refuge i s a b o u t 9 m i l e s NE t o 12 m i l e s N
o f the s i t e . Lake Maria S t a t e Park i s l o c a t e d about 6 m i l e s WSW o f
the s i t e and t h e SardDunes S t a t e F o r e s t and campground are l o c a t e d
a b o u t 9 m i l e s NE of t h e s i t e .
Meteorology:

Type of Syc- t e m :
Open c y c l e , once-through c o o l i n g towers.
c y c l e w i t h c o o l i n g towers,and v a r i a t i o n s of t h e s e madpnWater Taken From:
~ i ~ ~
~i~~~
i ~ ~ i ~ ~
Intake

Closed
i

Struw:
Canal bottom

low flow s t a g e i s 904 f t MSL.


l e a v i n g 2.5 f t of open water.

i s 62 f t wide and 898 f t MSL. Design


Maximum ice t h i c k n e s s i s 40 inches,
C h l o r i n a t i o n equipment a t i n t a k e .

Water Body Temperatures: Winter minimum


River Flow

240

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

32

( c f s ) minimum;
28,000
280,000

Summer maximum &OF

OF

gpm/reactor
(gpm)/reactor
3.76 x 109

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment
Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

( c f s ) average

4,600

3.76 x 109

Temp. R i s e

27

OF

(Btu/hr)/reactor
(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r

Discharge SLructure: O u t l e t l i n e s drop below t u r b i n e b u i l d i n g and are wyeconnected t o a 108 pipe.


Line r u n s 600 t o d i s c h a r g e s t r u c t u r e where
flow d i v e r g e s i n t o p a r a l l e l p a t h s . Water goes through two s l u i c e g a t e s
where i t i s pumped t o c o o l i n g towers o r d i s c h a r p e d t o river.
Cooling Towey(s): D e s c r i p t i o n & Number Crossflow - two

Blowdown

15 ,oqp --gpm/reactor

Evaporative loss

8,400

gpm/reactor

'I

134

POINT BEACH, 50-301 & 50-266


P r o j e c t N a m e : P o i n t Beach Nuclear
Units 1 & 2
L o c a t i o n : W. s h o r e of Lake Mich.
30 m i SE of Green Bay
Wisc. Elec. Pwr. &
Owner:
Wise.-Mich. Power
A.

THERMAL-HYDRAULIC

Thermal O u t p u t ,
n
MWt
I"'"
I
T l e c t r i c a l Output,
524
MWe
T o t a l Heat O u t p u t , 1518
S a f e t y Design, M W t
T o t a l Heat OUtpUt,5181
Btu/hr
2250
System P r e s s u r e ,
psia
DNBR,
2.11
Nominal
T o t a l Flowrate,
l b/hr
66.7 x
Eff Flowrate f o r
Heat T r a n s , l b / h r 63.7 x
Eff Flow Area f o r
27.0
Heat T r a n s , f t 2
Avg V e l Along
F u e l Rods, f t / s e c
Avg Mass V e l o c i t y ,
lb/hr-f t
Nominal Core
I n l e t Temp, OF
Avp, Rise i n
-8

---

Core,

B.

Plant
A-E: Bechtel
Vessel Vendor:Babcock & Wilcox
NSS Vendor: Westinghouse
Containment
Constructor: Bechtel
NUCLEAR

HzOIU,
Cold

r-8

106

lo6
lo6

P.vg 1st-Cycle
Burnup, PIWD/MTU
F i r s t Core Avg
Burnup, MWD/MTU
Maximum Burnup,
MWD/MTU
Region- 1
Enrichment, %

4.20
15,100

33,000

--2.27

Region-2
Enrichment, %

3.03

Region-3
Enrichment, %
k e f f , Cold, NO
Power, Clean
k e f f , Hot, F u l l
Power, X e and Sm

3.40
1.211

1.113

--

Ob'

Nom Hot Channel


O u t l e t Temp, OF
Avg Film C o e f f ,
B t u / h r f t 2 - t.'
Avg Film Temp

Loops

\Nuclear S a f e t y I n f o r m a t i o n C e n t e r

135

Page 2 . PWR
Exclusion Distance ,
Miles
0.74 Radius
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
5.6
D i s t a n c e , Miles
Metropolis
Distance Population

27

Green Bay, W i s .

Design Winds i n mph :


At 0

50

158,244

D1.

- 400

f t elev

108
130

ft

150

ft

Tornado 300 mph t a n g . -I-60


trans.
AP = 3 p s i 1 - s e c

60

Design P r e s s u r e ,

CONTAINMENT

Max Leak R a t e a t Design


P r e s s u r e , %/day

- 150

150

Design B a s i s Earthquake
0.12
Acceleration, g
O p e r a t i n g B a s i s Earthquake
0.06
Acceleration, g
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l
67

- 50

o.4

C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l Pressure, psig

53

l i n e r i s a t t a c h e d t o t h e i n s i d e f a c e of t h e c o n c r e t e s h e l l t o i n s u r e a
high d e g r e e of l e a k t i g h t n e s s . The b a s e l i n e r i s i n s t a l l e d on t o p of
t h e s t r u c t u r a l s l a b and i s covered w i t h c o n c r e t e . The c y l i n d r i c a l w a l l
and dome are p r e s t r e s s e d and p o s t - t e n s i o n e d .
The c o n c r e t e b a s e s l a b i s
r e i n f o r c e d w i t h h i g h - s t r e n g t h r e i n f o r c i n g s t e e l . The s l a b i s s u p p o r t e d
on H p i l e s d r i v e n t o r e f u s a l i n t h e u n d e r l y i n g bed r o c k .
B a s i s : Designed t o w i t h s t a n d t h e i n t e r n a l p r e s s u r e accompanying

a LOCA and t o b e v i r t u a l l y l e a k t i g h t p r o v i d i n g a d e q u a t e r a d i a t i o n

s h i e l d i n g f o r b o t h normal o p e r a t i o n and a c c i d e n t c o n d i t i o n s . Designed


t o w i t h s t a n d combined l o a d i n g s of DBA and maximum p o t e n t i a l seismic
conditions.
Vacuum R e l i e f C a p a b i l i t y :
Designed f o r 2 p s i d i f f e r e n t i a l
b r e a k e r s n o t r e q u i r e d , and s o , a r e n o t p r o v i d e d .

vacuum

P o s t - C o n s t r u c t i o n T e s t i n g : W i l l b e p r e s s u r e t e s t e d a t 69 p s i g .
age r a t e test w i l l b e performed a t 60 p s i g f o r 24 h r s .

Penetrations:

Leak-

Designed w i t h double s e a l s f o r i n d i v i d u a l l y t e s t i n g .

Weld Channels: Seams i n f l o o r l i n e r under c o n c r e t e f i l l and a l l w a l l


and dome seams a r e p r e s s u r i z e d u s i n g l e a k d e t e c t i o n c h a n n e l s . Channel:
are d i v i d e d i n t o a r e a s , s o l e a k a g e l o c a t i o n can b e i d e n t i f i e d .

136

D2.

CONTAINMENT SAFETY FEATURES

R e a c t o r : P o i n t Beach
Containment Spray System: Designed t o s p r a y 2400 gpm of b o r a t e d water
i n t o containment when c o i n c i d e n c e of 2 sets of 2 o u t of 3 (Hi Hi) containment p r e s s u r e s i g n a l s occur i n c o i n c i d e n c e w i t h a s a f e t y i n j e c t i o n
s i g n a l , o r a manual s i g n a l . E i t h e r of 2 subsystems are c a p a b l e of
d e l i v e r i n g 1 1 2 of t h i s flow, o r 1200 gpm. A l s o , t h e system removes
e l e m e n t a l i o d i n e from containment atmosphere i n e v e n t of a LOCA.

Containment Cooling: The a i r r e c i r c u l a t i n g c o o l i n g f u n c t i o n , d u r i n g


normal o p e r a t i o n , u s e s 3 of 4 a i r c o o l i n g u n i t s (2 f a n s l u n i t ) d i s t r i b u t i n g f i l t e r e d and cooled a i r t h r o u g h o u t containment. Each a i r
handling u n i t t r a n s f e r 1.57 x l o 6 Btu/hr t o t h e s e r v i c e w a t e r system
d u r i n g normal p l a n t o p e r a t i o n and 50.0 x lo6 B t u / h r f o r DBA c o n d i t i o n s
when s u p p l i e d w i t h 1000 gpm c o o l i n g water a t 70F i n l e t t e m p e r a t u r e .
Containment. I s o l a t i o n System: I s o l a t i o n v a l v e s are p r o v i d e d as necess a r y f o r a l l f l u i d system l i n e s p e n e t r a t i n g containment t o a s s u r e two
barriers f o r redundance a g a i n s t l e a k a g e of r a d i o a c t i v e f l u i d s t o t h e
environment i n e v e n t of LOCA. The b a r r i e r s are i n t h e form of i s o l a t i o n valves.
Containment A i r F i l t r a t i o n : A c h a r c o a l f i l t e r system draws contamin a t e d a i r from containment, p a s s e s t h e a i r through roughing f i l t e r ,
HEPA & c h a r c o a l f i l t e r s , and t h e n r e t u r n s t h e a i r t o containment.
Purge system h a s no c h a r c o a l filters.
Penetration&Z?!!!:
No rooms l a b e l e d as such on drawings.
D3.

SAFETY I N J E C T I O N SYSTEMS

Accumulator Tanks: TWO t a n k s , each c o n t a i n i n g 7500 g a l l o n s o f b o r a t e d


water are p r e s s u r i z e d by n i t r o g e n t o 700 p s i g . These t a n k s are conn e c t e d t o t h e c o o l a n t system by p i p i n g w i t h 2 check v a l v e s i n series
f o r each t a n k . When p r e s s u r e i n t h e c o o l a n t s y s t e m d r o p s below 700
p s i g , t h e check v a l v e s open, and accumulator c o n t e n t s are i n j e c t e d i n t c
the reactor vessel.
High-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : Two high-head s a f e t y i n j e c t i o n pumps t a k e
s u c t i o n from t h e r e f u e l i n g water s t o r a g e t a n k . When i n j e c t i o n f i r s t
s t a r t s , i n i t i a t e d by t h e S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n S i g n a l , c o n c e n t r a t e d b o r i c
a c i d from t h e b o r i c a c i d t a n k i s i n j e c t e d i n t o t h e c o o l a n t system.
Each pump i s r a t e d 700 gpm @ 1150 p s i g and can s u p p l y water l o s t by a
b r e a k up t o 4" s i z e . S t e a m dump can be employed t o r e d u c e r e a c t o r
p r e s s u r e s o low-head pumps can b e r u n t o pump more w a t e r i n t o t h e
reactor.

Low-head
Injection:
T h i s s y s t e m and t h e R e s i d u a l H e a t Removal
System a r e t h e same. Two pumps a r e p r o v i d e d , e a c h r a t e d 1560 gpm @ 12(
p s i g . These pumps o p e r a t e when c o o l a n t p r e s s u r e h a s dropped t o t h e 60(
p s i g r a n g e , a f t e r a c c u m u l a t o r s have f u n c t i o n e d . These pumps t a k e suct i o n from t h e r e f u e l i n g water s t o r a g e t a n k , and i f t h i s s u p p l y i s exh a u s t e d , r e c i r c u l a t i o n p h a s e starts w i t h water pumped from t h e c o n t a i n .
ment sump. Three heat exchangers are p r o v i d e d - one f o r each l o o p and
one on s t a n d b y . U n i t s are r a t e d 24.15 x l o 6 B t u l h r each.

137
I

Page 4 , PWR
E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

R e a c t o r Vessel F a i l u r e :

'
'

Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y :

Reactor: P o i n t Beach
No r e f e r e n c e found.
No r e f e r e n c e found.

Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System: Provided by equipment which


c o n t i n u o u s l y m o n i t o r s containment a i r a c t i v i t y and humidity, and run-

Emergency Power: Two d i e s e l - g e n e r a t o r sets a r e provided as 2 independ e n t systems s e p a r a t e l y housed. The u n i t s are General Motors model
999-20, each r a t e d 2850 kW continuous a t 900 rpm. These u n i t s each
have 2 a i r s t a r t i n g motors w i t h compressed a i r t a n k s f o r 5 s t a r t s .
Each u n i t h a s a 550-gal. day t a n k and a s i n g l e s t o r a g e t a n k w i t h
12,000 g a l . s u p p l y . Another s u p p l y o f f u e l p r o v i d e s continuous operat i o n of one e n g i n e f o r n e a r l y 20 days.
C o n t r o l of A x i a l Xenon O s c i l l a t i o n s By Burnable Shims, Part-Length
C o n t r o l Rods, In-Core I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n : Boron shim i n t h e c o o l a n t and
part-length rods h e l p c o n t r o l o s c i l l a t i o n s .
The in-core instrumentat i o n are used or c a l i b r a t i o n of out-of-core i n s t r u m e n t s which i n d i c a t
p mer d i s t r i b u t i o n .
Boron D i l u t i o n C o n t r o l :
Because of p r o c e d u r e s involved i n d i l u t i o n
process, an erroneous d i l u t i o n is considered u n l i k e l y . Nevertheless,
i f an u n i n t e n t i o n a l d i l u t i o n of boron i n t h e c o o l a n t does o c c u r , numer
ous alarms and i n d i c a t i o n s a l e r t t h e o p e r a t o r t o t h e c o n d i t i o n . The
m a x i m u m r e a c t i v i t y a d d i t i o n due t o dilutjron i s slow enough t o a l l o w
o p e r a t o r t o determine t h e cause o f t h e a d d i t i o n and t o t a k e c o r r e c t i v e
a c t i o n i f n e c e s s a r y b e f o r e shutdown margin i s l o s t .
Long-Term Cooling: Long term c o o l i n g i s accomplished by t h e Decay
Heat Removal System which r e c i r c u l a t e s w a t e r from t h e containment sump
Redundant p i p i n g and components i n s u r e t h a t a n o p e r a b l e system w i l l be
a v a i l a b l e . Heat exchangers i n the system can c o o l t h e r e c i r c u l a t e d
b o r a t e d water.
Organic-Iodide F i l t e r :

No r e f e r e n c e found.

Hydrogen Recombiner:
P o s t - a c c i d e n t p u r g i n g p r o v i d e s a s a f e and
r e l i a b l e method f o r c o n t r o l l i n g p o t e n t i a l hydrogen accumulation.

138

F.

GENERAL

R e a c t o r : P o i n t Beach
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n Recorders, and Seismographs: Began measurement
3f windspeed and d i r e c t i o n i n A p r i l 1967 u s i n g a-150' h i g h tower.
l a t a i s r e c o r d e d . Seismographs n o t mentioned.
P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode:

Load f o l l o w i n g .

S i t e D e s c r i p t i o n : P l a n t l o c a t e d on t h e w e s t s h o r e of Lake Michigan i n
t h e town of Two Creeks on a s i t e c o n s i s t i n g of 1260 acres. The l a n d
is f l a t t o r o l l i n g and used mostly f o r a g r i c u l t u r e ( d a i r y farms and
v e g e t a b l e c a n n i n g ) . P o i n t Beach S t a t e F o r e s t i s j u s t s o u t h of t h e
s i t e . I n a 2-mi r a d i u s t h e r e w i l l b e 270 i n h a b i t a n t s i n 1975 and i n
% m i r a d i u s t h e r e w i l l b e 1439. S i t e g r a d e i s 597.5' MSL about 18 f t
3bove normal l a k e l e v e l .
Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n : E j e c t e d t u r b i n e b l a d e s could s t r i k e containment.
Z e n t e r l i n e s are 216 f t a p a r t .
Emergency P l a n s : P l a n s w i l l b e w r i t t e n t o cover a l l emergencies
a f f e c t i n g p e r s o n n e l o r p u b l i c h e a l t h and s a f e t y . These p l a n s w i l l v a r y
i n scope depending on t h e s e r i o u s n e s s of t h e a c c i d e n t and t h e e x t e n t of
contamination o r r a d i o a c t i v i t y release. O v e r a l l r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
s a f e o p e r a t i o n of t h e p l a n t and p u b l i c h e a l t h and s a f e t y l i e s w i t h the
Zeneral Supt.; and a l l communications w i t h , o r release of i n f o r m a t i o n
t o , t h e g e n e r a l p u b l i c w i l l b e made by him o r h i s a l t e r n a t e .
Environmental Monitoring P l a n s : A p r e o p e r a t i o n a l program w a s s t a r t e d
i n Nov. 1967. Monitored v a r i a b l e s i n c l u d e a i r , water, s h o r e l i n e s i l t ,
s o i l , v e g e t a t i o n , m i l k , and a l g a e samples. The p r e o p e r a t i o n a l program
d i l l t e s t equipment, sampling and a n a l y t i c a l p r o c e d u r e s , i n v e s t i g a t e
s u i t a b i l i t y of sampling p o i n t s , and p r o v i d e a r a d i o l o g i c a l background
base l i n e from which p o s s i b l e changes i n l e v e l s f o l l o w i n g p l a n t operat i o n s can b e d e t e c t e d and e v a l u a t e d . Monthly m i l k s a m p l e s from a
l o c a l d a i r y are p r o c e s s e d by t h e R a d i a t i o n P r o t e c t i o n S e c t i o n of t h e
Visconsin Dept. of H e a l t h and S o c i a l S e r v i c e s . Samples a r e b e i n g
analyzed by an i n d u s t r i a l l a b o r a t o r y .

p r e p a r e f o r d i s p o s a l w i t h i n l i m i t s of 10CFR20 a l l r a d i o a c t i v e l i q u i d ,
gaseous and s o l i d wastes. L i q u i d wastes are e v a p o r a t e d a n d l o r dem i n e r a l i z e d . T r e a t e d water from d e m i n e r a l i z e r s o r t h e e v a p o r a t o r s w i l l
b e monitored and d i s c h a r g e d v i a condenser d i s c h a r g e . E v a p o r a t o r conc e n t r a t e s and d e m i n e r a l i z e r r e s i n s are s o l i d i f i e d , drummed and s h i p p e d
o f f - s i t e w i t h o t h e r s o l i d wastes f o r d i s p o s a l . Gaseous wastes are h e l d
f o r decay and d i s c h a r g e d through t h e p l a n t v e n t .

P l a n t Vent:

Runs up through roof of secondary containment


%175' h i g h .

139
Page 6 , PWR
)k water:

Normal Level
Max Prob Flood Level

Lake Michigan

Acres

1260

S i z e of S i t e

Topography of S i t e :

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

580'
590'

(MSL

597.5'

(MSL

Flat to rolling.

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :

Rolling

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

2/0

; 10 n i

In 5 m i radius

1439

; 50 m i

Date of Data:

1975

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :
Dist.

from s i t e

P4iles, D i r e c t i o n

27

Land Use i n 5 Mile Radius:


canning
Meteorology:

Green Bay, Wisconsin

, Population85,OOO

NW

('69)

A g r i c u l t u r a l - d a i r y farming and v e g e t a b l e

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n

sw

Avg. speed

IQ

I@

S t a b i l i t y Data - N e u t r a l t o s t a b l e
M i s c e l l a n e o u s Items Close t o t h e S i t e :
Town of Two Creeks a d j a c e n t t c
s i t e . P o i n t Beach S t a t e F o r e s t i s j u s t s o u t h of s i t e . S t a t e r o u t e 42
r u n s n o r t h - s o u t h a b o u t 1 114 m i l e s w e s t of p l a n t . Kiwaunee Nuclear
P l a n t i s about 5 m i l e s n o r t h .

ICIRCL'LA'TING
Type

Of

WATER SYSTEM

once

s;yettlm:

Water Taken From:

through

Lake Michigan

I n t a k e Structure:
I n t a k e i s l o c a t e d 1750 f t from s h o r e i n 22 f t deep
water h a v i n g an OD of 110 f t and an I D of 60 f t . Top e l e v a t i o n i s 8 f t
above normal l a k e l e v e l . Water e n t e r s through 38 p i p e s 30" i n d i a
River Flow

S e r v i c e Wat

NA
2r

uantit

Flow Thru condenser

minimum
( c f s ) minimum;

---

---OF

---

Summer maximum

=o

( c f s ) averag

gpm/ r e a c t o r

350 ,OOO*

(gpm)/reactor

Temp. R i s e 19.3*

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

(Btu/hr)/reactor

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r

Discharge Structure:
Water d i s c h a r g e d t h r o u g h 2 flumes which p r o j e c t
from s h o r e l i n e a b o u t 150 f t .

40F. When below 40F, values are 214,000 gpm & 31.5F.

Cooling Tower(s):

D e s c r i p t i o n & Number

Blow down

gpm/reactor

- None

Evaporative l o s s

gpm/reactor

140

141
Pane 1 (PWR)

DATA FROM FSAR


OCONEE, 50-269,

50-270, 50-287

P r o j e c t N a m e : Oconee Nuclear S t a t i o n , U n i t s 1, 2 , and 3


A-E :B e c h t e l
L o c a t i o n : Oconee Co., S . C .
V e s s e l \'endor: Babcock & Wilcox
NSS Vendor: Babcock & Wilcox
Owner: Duke Power Co.

142

Page 2 , PWR
SAFETY-RELATED DESIGN C R I T E R I A

C.

Exclusion Distance.
Miles
1 radius
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
D i s t a n c e , Miles
6
Metropolis
Distance Population
G r e e n v i l l e , S.C.

26

Design Basis Earthquake


Acceleration, g
0.05 t o 0.15
O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
--Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l
---

D1.

At 0
50

i n mph:

- 50 f t e l e v

110

- 400

130

150

Tornado
AP =

f t
300 mph

3 p s i I 5 sec

eSle

0.5

95

- 150 f t

Design P r e s s u r e ,

CONTAINMENT

Max Leak Rate a t Desipg


P r e s s u r e , %/day

I Design Winds

299,502

R e a c t o r : Oconee

C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l P r e s s u r e , psig

59
53.9

f o r c e d c o n c r e t e c y l i n d e r (3'-9" t h k ) and dome connected t o and supportec


b y a massive r e i n f o r c e d c o n c r e t e f o u n d a t i o n s l a b . The e n t i r e i n t e r i o r
s u r f a c e of t h e s t r u c t u r e i s l i n e d w i t h a l f 4 - i n . t h i c k welded s t e e l
? l a t e t o a s s u r e a h i g h d e g r e e of l e a k t i g h t n e s s . F r e e containment volume i s 1 , 9 0 0 , 0 0 0 cu f t .

Design Basis: Designed t o w i t h s t a n d i n t e r n a l p r e s s u r e due t o a LOCA


w i t h no l o s s of i n t e g r i t y , and w i t h r a d i o a c t i v i t y release from c o n t a i n ment r e a s o n a b l y low such t h a t d o s e r a t e s do n o t exceed l i m i t s set by
AEC

Vacuum R e l i e f C a p a b i l i t y : E x t e r n a l d e s i g n p r e s s u r e i s 3 p s i g .
f e r e n c e found t o vacuum b r e a k e r s .

No re-

P o s t - C o n s t r u c t i o n T e s t i n g : p r e s s u r e t e s t e d a t 115 p e r c e n t of d e s i g n
p r e s s u r e . Leakage r a t e t e s t s w i l l b e conducted a t 53.9 p s i g and a g a i n
a t h a l f of t h i s .
Penetrations:

F i g u r e 5 . 2 i n d i c a t e s a l l p e n e t r a t i o n s as s i n g l e b a r r i e r
c

Weld Channels : No r e f e r e n c e found.

143
Page 3 , PWR
D2.

CONTAINMENT SAFETY FEATURES

Reactor:

Oconee

Containment Spray System: P r o v i d e s atmosphere c o o l i n g t o l i m i t p o s t a c c i d e n t p r e s s u r e by s p r a y i n g b o r a t e d w a t e r i n t o atmosphere.


System
c o n s i s t s of 2 pumps, 2 s p r a y h e a d e r s , valves, p i p i n g , etc. System
s i z e d f o r 100% c a p a c i t y (24Ox1O6 B t u / h r ) w i t h b o t h s p r a y p a t h s o p e r a t i n g . Pumps t a k e s u c t i o n i n i t i a l l y from b o r a t e d w a t e r s t o r a g e t a n k , b u t
t r a n s f e r r e d t o containment sump l a t e r . Pump r a t i n g 1600 gpm @ 200 p s i g .
L

Containment Cooling: Uses 3 f a n c o i l u n i t s i n a d d i t i o n t o 4 f a n c i r c u In


l a t o r s t o c o o l and h o l d containment below 104F i n normal o p e r a t i o n .
case of a c c i d e n t t h e s e same u n i t s c o o l t h e atmosphere each having capac i t y of 8Ox1O6 B t u / h r . Low p r e s s u r e s e r v i c e water c o o l s t h e c o i l s .
T h i s system i s i n i t i a t e d f o r emergency s e r v i c e by containment p r e s s u r e
of 4 p s i g .
Containment I s o l a t i o n System: B u i l d i n g i s o l a t i o n o c c u r s on 4 p s i g p r e s s u r e i n t h e r e a c t o r b u i l d i n g a t which t i m e i s o l a t i o n v a l v e s , one on
each s i d e of containment w a l l f o r a l l p e n e t r a t i o n s , c l o s e t o p r e v e n t
l e a k a g e of r a d i o a c t i v e materials.

Containment A i r F i l t r a t i o n : Any a i r l e a v i n g containment p a s s e s through


p a r t i c u l a t e f i l t e r s , HEPA f i l t e r s , and c h a r c o a l f i l t e r s b e f o r e v e n t i n g
through t h e s t a c k .
P e n e t r a t i o n Room:

D3.

Y e s , w i t h s p e c i a l v e n t i l a t i o n system.

SAFETY INJECTION SYSTEMS

Accumulator Tanks: Two t a n k s , each c o n t a i n i n g 7000 g a l l o n s of b o r a t e d


water dump t h e i r c o n t e n t s i n t o t h e r e a c t o r vessel when system p r e s s u r e
d r o p s below 600 p s i g . Two check v a l v e s i n series open up t h e connecti n g l i n e between t h e accumulators and t h e r e a c t o r vessel. N i t r o g e n
cover g a s p r e s s u r i z e s t h e accumulators. C o n t e n t s of t h e 2 t a n k s are
s u f f i c i e n t t o f l o o d t h e c o r e and cover i t t o Drevent
High-head S a f e t y IIl.iection: System i s a c t u a t e d by low c o o l a n t system
p r e s s u r e o f 1500 p s i g , o r r e a c t o r b u i l d i n g p r e s s u r e of 4 p s i g . Three
pumps t a k i n g s u c t i o n from t h e borated-water s t o r a g e t a n k can each
s u p p l y 480 gpm at 1500 p s i g . T h i s system can r e p l a c e water l o s t by
s m a l l b r e a k s . During normal o p e r a t i o n , t h e s e are t h e r e a c t o r c h a r g i n g
Pumps *

_.

Low-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : System d e s i g n e d t o m a i n t a i n c o r e c o o l i n g f o r
l a r g e r b r e a k s i z e s . System o p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t l y of and i n a d d i t i o n
t o t h e h i g h p r e s s u r e system. Automatic a c t u a t i o n i s i n i t i a t e d a t 500
p s i g , o r a r e a c t o r b u i l d i n g p r e s s u r e of 4 p s i g . There are 2 s e p a r a t e
flow p a t h s , each i n c l u d i n g 1 pump and 1 h e a t exchanger, t e r m i n a t i n g i n
t h e r e a c t o r vessel through c o r e f l o o d i n g n o z z l e s . Pump t a k e s s u c t i o n
from b o r a t e d water s t o r a g e tank. When s t o r a g e t a n k i s about empty,
o p e r a t o r i n i t i a t e s r e c i r c u l a t i o n of s p i l l e d c o o l a n t from containment
sump.

144

E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

R e a c t o r : Oconee
R e a c t o r V e s s e l F a i l u r e : Concluded t h a t even i f t h e r e w e r e a c r a c k and
i t w a s i n t h e w o r s t l o c a t i o n , i t c o u l d n o t p r o p a g a t e through t h e v e s s e l
wall.
Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y : No r e f e r e n c e found.
Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System: Leakage i s i n d i c a t e d i n t h e con
t r o l room by changes i n containment t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d / o r h u m i d i t y , by
l e v e l i n t h e p r e s s u r i z e r and let-down s t o r a g e t a n k , by sump-pump operat i o n and by t h e gaseous m o n i t o r i n g system which would show changes i n
r a d i o a c t i v i t y l e v e l s . A 60 gpm l e a k would b e n o t i c e d i n 5 m i n u t e s bec a u s e of t h e sump h i g h - l e v e l alarm i n t h e c o n t r o l room.

-Failed-Fuel-Detection

System: No r e f e r e n c e found.

Emergency Power: Has m u l t i p l e redundant b u s e s and t i e b u s e s s u p p l y i n g


power, i n s t r u m e n t s , and c o n t r o l s . Engineered s a f e t y f e a t u r e s f o r each
u n i t are a r r a n g e d on a 3-component b a s i s and s u p p l i e d from 3 s e p a r a t e
a u x i l i a r y power b u s e s , each of which can b e s u p p l i e d from any of t h e 7
s o u r c e s of power; 2 of which are o n - s i t e Keowee H y d r o e l e c t r i c 87,500
KVA G e n e r a t i n g U n i t s .

C o n t r o l of Axial Xenon O s c i l l a t i o n s By Burnable Shims, Part-LenPth


C o n t r o l Rods, In-Core I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n : Boron i n Z i r c a l o y - 4 t u b e s h e l p s
c o n t r o l o s c i l l a t i o n s . P a r t - l e n g t h r o d s w i t h silver-indium-cadmium
used t o shape axial power. I n - c o r e i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n p r o v i d e s n e u t r o n
f l u x d e t e c t o r s t o m o n i t o r c o r e performance.
Boron D i l u t i o n C o n t r o l : The h i g h e s t r a t e of boron d i l u t i o n can b e hand l e d by t h e C o n t r o l System, which would i n s e r t r o d s t o m a i n t a i n power
l e v e l and t h u s l i m i t c o o l a n t system t e m p e r a t u r e r i s e . I f an i n t e r l o c k
f a i l u r e o c c u r r e d w h i l e r e a c t o r w a s under manual c o n t r o l , r e a c t i v i t y add i t i o n s would c a u s e a h i g h c o o l a n t t e m p e r a t u r e t r i p o r a h i g h - p r e s s u r e
t r i p . So, t h e r m a l power w i l l n o t exceed 114% r a t e d power and system
p r e s s u r e w i l l n o t exceed code l i m i t s .

Long-Term Cooling: Accomplished by r e c i r c u l a t i o n of i n j e c t e d b o r a t e d


w a t e r which h a s c o l l e c t e d i n t h e containment sump. The 2 low p r e s s u r e
i n j e c t i o n system pumps can each d e l i v e r 3000 gpm @ 100 p s i g through
LPCI h e a t exchangers t o t h e r e a c t o r v e s s e l . Long t e r m c o o l i n g u s e s t h e
LPCI system.
Organic-Iodide F i l t e r :

No r e f e r e n c e found

Hydrogen Recombiner: Unacceptable hydrogen c o n c e n t r a t i o n does n o t res u l t u n t i l 780 h r s a f t e r LOCA. P u r g i n g w i l l c o n t r o l hydrogen a t t h a t


time

145

F.

GENERAL

R e a c t o r : OConee
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n Recorders , and Seismographs : Data c o l l e c t i o n
s t a r t e d i n 1966 w i t h i n s t r u m e n t s on a 44-ft h i g h p o l e l o c a t e d n e a r mid
s i t e . I n 1967 a 1 5 0 - f t h i g h tower w a s adopted f o r measurements. Found
no r e f e r e n c e t o s i t e seismographs.
I

P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode: Designed o r l o a d f o l l o w i n g .

Environmental M o n i t o r i n g P l a n s : Purpose of t h e program i s t o measure


and e v a l u a t e r a d i o a c t i v i t y l e v e l s from p l a n t o p e r a t i o n s . Program i s
d i v i d e d i n t o p r e - o p e r a t i o n a l and o p e r a t i o n a l p h a s e s , s u c h t h a t p r e o p e r a t i o n a l l e v e l s may p r o v i d e a b a s e l i n e t o which o p e r a t i o n a l l e v e l s
can b e compared. A c t i v i t y i s most l i k e l y t o b e found i n a i r and water
beyond t h e p l a n t where t h e s e materials are d i s p e r s e d and d i l u t e d by
stream flow and wind. A i r and water are primary samples. They s e r v e
a s one of t h e e a r l i e s t i n d i c a t o r s o f change i n levels. Other samples
i n c l u d e river bottom and l a k e sediment, v e g e t a t i o n , f i s h and animals,
and m i l k .
Radwaste Treatment: System i s designed f o r d i s p o s a l w i t h i n t h e l i m i t s
o f 10CFR20 i f c l a d d e f e c t s o c c u r i n 1%
of t h e f u e l . L i q u i d waste can
b e d i s c h a r g e d t o t h e t a i l r a c e of Keowee h y d r o e l e c t r i c p l a n t e i t h e r bef o r e o r a f t e r t r e a t m e n t . Gaseous wastes can b e r e l e a s e d immediately
o r h e l d f o r decay and r e l e a s e d l a t e r . I f r e q u i r e d , a l l g a s e s w i l l b e
f i l t e r e d . S o l i d wastes are drummed and s h i p p e d o f f - s i t e f o r d i s p o s a l .

146
Page 6 , PWR
G.

SITE DATA

R e a c t o r : Oconee

Nearby Body of Water:


Lake Keowee

Normal Level
Max Prob Flood Level

800'
808'

(MSL)/

WLJ

S i z e of S i t e s 5 0 0
Acres
S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n *796'
Duke Power owns 150,000 acres
*Dikes p r e v e n t f l o o d i n g
Topography Of S i t e : F l a t t o R o l l i n g
of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :

ill^

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s
Date of Data:

2010

In 5 m i radius

886

; 10 n i

6205

; 50 m i

(MSL)

----

----

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n : G r e e n v i l l e , S.C.


Dist.

from s i t e

26

Miles, D i r e c t i o n

Land Use i n 5 N i l e Radius:


Meteorology:

P o p u l a t i o n 61,436

Wooded

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n

S t a b i l i t y Data

Avg. speed

- P a s q u i l l F - 35%, P a s q u i l l

6.5

mDh

- 60%

M i s c e l l a n e o u s Items C l o s e t o t h e S i t e : Keowee dam i s c l o s e t o t h e nuclear p l a n t . A s m a l l church i s about 314 m i l e s from t h e p l a n t . The


n e a r e s t r e s i d e n c e i s 1 . 2 m i l e s N . The n e a r e s t s c h o o l i s 3.8 m i l e s S.
The Southern RR r u n s g e n e r a l l y N-S a b o u t 6 m i l e s t o t h e e a s t .

H.

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

Type of S y s e : Once through.

Water Taken From: Lake Keowee

- 18,372 acres

I n t a k e S t r u c t u r e : A skimmer w a l l causes w a t e r t o b e drawn from d e p t h s


of 710' t o 733' and t h e n p a s s e s t h r u t r a s h r a c k s and t r a v e l i n g s c r e e n s
b e f o r e e n t e r i n g t h e pumps. There are 4 c i r c u l a t i n g pumps p e r r e a c t o r .
t n w i l l he 0.6 fnc
V e l o c i t y t h r u skimmer-w
Water Body T e m p e r a t u r e s : x r minimum
44O@ Summer maximum 7 7 ' 1
R i v e r Flow

---

( c f s ) minimum;

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

---

1100

( c f s ) averagt

gpm/reactor

680.000

(gpm)/reactor

---

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment
Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

---

Temp. R i s e 17.2

"I

(Btulhr) / r e a c t o r
(Btu/hr)/reactor

Discharge S t r u c t u r e : A l l t h r e e u n i t s d i s c h a r g e t h r u one s t r u c t u r e i n t o
t h e l a k e n e a r Keowee dam. Two l l ' d i a . p i p e s c a r r y water from each
u n i t t o t h e d i s c h a r g e s t r u c t u r e . D i s c h a r g e i s underwater a t t h e 765'
level.
Cooling Tower(s): D e s c r i p t i o n & Number - None

Blowdown -

gpm/reactor

Evaporative l o s s

gpm/ r e a c t o r

148

VERMONT YANKEE, 50-271

A.

'THERMAL-HYDRAUL I C

B-

Ratio
Moderator Temp Coef
514
Cold, Akfkf OF
Moderator Temp Coef
1665
Hot, No Voids'
Moderator Void Coef
6.43 X lo6 Hot, No Voids, Akfkf%
I Moderator Void Coef
48.0 x l o 6 O p e r a t i n g
Doppler C o e f f i c i e n t ,
1020
Cold
1 DoDuler C o e f f i c i e n t .

'

Peaking
Factor
Avg Power D e n s i t y ,

Peak F u e l EnthalDv
on Rod Drop, Cali&

I 280

2.60

(1

C o n t r o l Rod Worth,
%
C u r t a i n Worth ,

50.94

NUCLEAR

1593

E l e c t r i c a l Output,
M
W
e
T o t a l Heat O u t p u t ,
S a f e t v Design. MWt
Steam Flow Rate,
l b/ h r
T o t a l Core Flow
Rate, l b l h r
Coolant P r e s s u r e ,
psig
Heat T r a n s f e r

I Total

__

Burnable P o i s o n s .
Type and Form
Number o f C o n t r o l
Ruds
Number of P a r t Length Rods (PLR)

2.47
-5.0

39.0 x
-1.0

-1.6

-1.3

I U- . U_ _l Ak
._
--156 F l a t ,
Boron-SST

89 Cruciform
None

Data From FSAR.


*Ten New England U t i l i t i e s .

Compiled by: F r e d Heddleson


Aug. 1 9 7 1
ORNL, Nuclear S a f e t y I n f o r m a t i o n C e n t e r

-.

149

C.

Page 2 , BWR

SAFETY-RELATED DESIGN CRITERIA

Exclusi.on Distance.
Miles
Low Population Zone
Distance, Miles
Metropolis
Distance

Manchester,

H-

55 mi.

Design Basis Earthquake

0.17

?.eactor: VERMONT YANKEE


Design Winds in mph:

At 0 - 50 ft elev
5
Population
50 - 150 ft
108,461

Acceieration, g
Operating Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
-Earthquake Vertical Shock,
% of Horizontal

Drywell Design
Pressure, psig
Suppression Chamber Design
Pressure, psig
Calculated Max Internal
Pressure, psig

0.07
67

56
56
35

80

150 - 400 ft

Tornado

AP = --psi/-- sec
Is Intent of 70 Design
Criteria Satisfied? Yes

Primary Containment Leak


Rate, %/day
Second Containment Design
Pressure, psig
Second Containment Leak
Rate, %/day

0.5
0.25

100

Design Basis:Designed to withstand pressure and temperature resulting


from LOCA with some metal-water reaction without l o s s of integrity.
Leakage will be less than specified by lOCFRlOO for off-site-dose guide
lines. System also designed for loads imposed by tornadoes, pipe whiplash, earthquakes, and other credible accidents without loss of integrity.
vacuum Kellet Capability U esigned
.
tor two psig external pressure.
Relief devices let air flow from suppression chamber to the drywell and
from the reactor building to the suppression chamber.
Post-Construction Testing:Leakage rate tests will be run at 56 psig.
The system will be pressure tested at 1.25 times the design pressure
(1.25 x 56 = 70 psig).
Instrumentation is permanently installed to provide data for calculating leakage at all pressures.
Penetrations: Electrical penetrations are double sealed and individuall!
testable. Some Piping penetrations are double sealed and some are not.

150
Page 3 , BWR
D2. EMERGENCY CORE COOLING SYSTEMS
Core Spray Cooling S y s t e m : C o n s i s t s of
i n g one 100% c a p a c i t y pump, one s p r a y
e t c . I n i t i a t e d by low water l e v e l i n
t h e d r y w e l l . Each pump d e l i v e r s 3000
the suppression pool.

Reactor : VERMONT YANKEE


two independent l o o p s each havs p a r g e r above t h e c o r e , p i p i n g ,
the reactor o r high pressure i n ,
a t 120 p s i g , t a k i n g s u c t i o n from

Auto-Depressurization System:If HPCIS f l o w does n o t r e s t o r e and maint a i n water l e v e l i n t h e p r e s s u r e v e s s e l , p r e s s u r e r e l i e f v a l v e s open


and v e n t steam; t h u s r e d u c i n g n u c l e a r system p r e s s u r e s o t h e LPCIS
w i l l o p e r a t e t o i n j e c t w a t e r i n t o t h e v e s s e l . Core i s covered p r e v e n t i n g f u e l damage.
Residual-Heat-Removal System (RHRS): C o n s i s t s of f o u r main pumps and
two h e a t exchangers a r r a n g e d i n two l o o p s p l u s f o u r s e r v i c e water
pumps. There a r e f o u r modes of o p e r a t i o n which are: 1) shutdown cool-.
i n g which can complete cooldown t o 125F i n 20 h r s . , 2 ) s u p p r e s s i o n
p o o l c o o l i n g which pumps s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l water through t h e h e a t exc h a n g e r s t o h o l d p o o l w a t e r below 170F, 3 ) c o o l s containment by d i v e r t i n g p a r t of t h e flow through s p r a y h e a d e r s i n t h e d r y w e l l o r s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l , and 4) Low P r e s s u r e Coolant I n j e c t i o n which i s d i s c u s s e d below. Pum s a r e r a t e d 7200 gpm each a t 20 p s i d and h e a t exchangers
57.5 x 1 0g B t u / h r each.
High-pressure C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n System: P r o v i d e s a means t o i n j e c t
water i n t o t h e c o o l a n t system i n c a s e of s m a l l l e a k s . One t u r b i n e d r i v e n pump p r o v i d e s 4250 gpm flow. Pump t a k e s s u c t i o n from t h e cond e n s a t e s t o r a g e t a n k and s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l . I n i t i a t e d by low water i n
t h e r e a c t o r o r by h i g h p r e s s u r e i n containment.
LOW-PreSSUre COOlant-InieCtiOn S Y S t e m : A s a n o p e r a t i n g mode of R e s i d u a l
Heat Removal System, LPCI u s e s t h e pump l o o p s of t h e RHRS t o i n j e c t
c o o l i n g water a t low p r e s s u r e i n t o an undamaged r e a c t o r r e c i r c u l a t i o n
l o o p . L P C I i s a c t u a t e d i n c o n j u n c t i o n w i t h HPCIS and auto-depress u r i z a t i o n . Four pumps, each r a t e d 7200 gpm @ 20 p s i d s u p p l y s u f f i c i e n t w a t e r t o f l o o d t h e c o r e and p r e v e n t m e l t i n g .
D

E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Main-Steam-Line Flow R e s t r i c t o r s : A v e n t u r i t y p e flow r e s t r i c t o r i n s t a l l e d i n each s t e a m l i n e c l o s e t o r e a c t o r v e s s e l . They l i m i t l o s s of


I c o o l a n t t o 200% of r a t e d flow from r e a c t o r v e s s e l i n c a s e of steam l i n e
b r e a k o u t s i d e primary containment and p r e v e n t uncoverinn of t h e c o r e .
Control-Rod V e l o c i t y L i m i t e r s : On e a c h c o n t r o l rod t o l i m i t v e l o c i t y
a t which a c o n t r o l rod can f a l l o u t of t h e c o r e . The l i m i t e r s c o n t a i n
no moving p a r t s , n o r does i t e f f e c t scram. L i m i t s f a l l o u t v e l o c i t y t o ,
5 ft/sec.
Control-Rod-Drive-Housing
S u p o r t s : Located underneath r e a c t o r v e s s e l
n e a r t h e c o n t r o l r o d h o u s i n g s . S u p p o r t s l i m i t t r a v e l t o about 2-in.
i f t h a t c o n t r o l rod housing r u p t u r e s .
S u p p o r t s p r e v e n t a n u c l e a r exc u r s i o n as a r e s u l t of a housing f a i l u r e .
Standby Liquid-Control System: P r o v i d e s a r e d u n d a n t , i n d e p e n d e n t , and
d i f f e r e n t way from c o n t r o l r o d s t o b r i n g n u c l e a r f i s s i o n r e a c t i o n t o
s u b c r i t i c a l i t y and t o m a i n t a i n s u b c r i t i c a l i t y as t h e r e a c t o r c o o l s .
, B o r i c a c i d i n j e c t e d i n t o t h e coolant^
L .

151

E. OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES (cont'd) Reactor: VERMONT YANKEE


Standby Coolant System: A piping cross-tie is provided between the
Residual Heat Removal System and the service water system so an additional source of water is available for containment flooding or other
post-accident needs.
Containment Atmospheric Control System: Atmosphere will not be inerted
with nitrogen. See Section 1.2.3 for discussion of the disadvantages
and dangers of nitrogen inerting.

Reactor Core Isolation Cooling System (RCICS): Provides makeup water


to the reactor vessel whenever the vessel is isolated or during shutdown. The RCICS uses one steam driven turbine-pump unit and operates
automatically in time and with sufficient coolant flow to maintain adequate reactor vessel water level. System can deliver 416 gpm @ 1135
psid. Pump takes suction from either demineralized water storage tank
or from suppression pool
Reactor Vessel Failure: No reference found.
Containment Floodability: Can be flooded.
Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System: Leaks are detected by 1) sensin
excess flow in piping systems, 2) pressure and temperature changes in
containment, 3) monitoring for high flow and temperature through selected drains, and 4 ) drywell sump leak rate alarm system. Total leakage rate limit is set at 50 gpm with 15 gprn of this classified as unidentifiable

our gamma sensitive detectors monitor main steam lines. Detectors are
ocated near main steam lines in the space between primary containment

s 3000 kW each for an indefinite period. Both units have a day tank
ith fuel for 4 hrs operation. Day tanks are supplied from a storage

1 damage as a result of a
RBM channels, each of whic'

annels. A trip signal from

bontrol rod.

152

F.

Page 5 , BWR

GENERAL

R e a c t o r : VERMONT YANKEE
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs: Data w a s c o l l e c t e d
f o r one y e a r (Aug. 1967-July 1968) u s i n g i n s t r u m e n t s i n s t a l l e d on a
1 4 0 - f t h i g h tower. Wind d i r e c t i o n r e a d s o u t i n c o n t r o l room. A
strong-motion a c c e l e r o m e t e r w a s i n s t a l l e d .
P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode: Environmental Report s a y s p l a n t w i l l b e baseloaded.
S i t e D e s c r i P t i 0 n : L o c a t e d on t h e w e s t s i d e of t h e C o n n e c t i c u t R i v e r on
Vernon Pond j u s t above Vernon Dam and h y d r o s t a t i o n . H i l l s r i s e up on
b o t h s i d e s of t h e r i v e r so a v a l l e y c o n d i t i o n e x i s t s which e f f e c t s
winds and o t h e r m e t e o r o l o g i c a l c o n d i t i o n .
Site is s m a l l i n size.

Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n : E j e c t e d t u r b i n e b l a d e s could s t r i k e containment.


C e n t e r l i n e s are 160 f t apart.
Emervency P1ans:An o r g a n i z e d emergency p l a n o u t l i n i n g t h e a c t i o n s and
r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s of s t a t i o n p e r s o n n e l and o f f - s i t e s u p p o r t group i s i n
f i n a l s t a g e of development. L i a i s o n i s now b e i n g e s t a b l i s h e d w i t h
f e d e r a l , s t a t e , and l o c a l a g e n c i e s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r p u b l i c s a f e t y . The
f i n a l d e t a i l e d emergency p l a n s h a l l r e f l e c t t h e combined e f f o r t s of a l l
r e s p o n s i b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s . The emergency p l a n w i l l be an i n t e g r a l p a r t
of t h e Vermont Yankee O p e r a t i o n s Manual. Date 4-15-70.
Environmental Monitoring P l a n s : P r e o p e r a t i o n program w i l l e s t a b l i s h
background r a d i a t i o n l e v e l s and c o n c e n t r a t i o n s i n a i r , w a t e r , and
t i s s u e a t s e l e c t e d l o c a t i o n s ; d e t e r m i n e v a r i a b i l i t y between sample l o c a t i o n s ; and o b s e r v e any c y c l i c o r s e a s o n a l t r e n d s i n samples. Operat i o n a l program w i l l sample r a d i a t i o n l e v e l s and c o n c e n t r a t i o n s of r a d i o
n u c l i d e s i n a i r and water, r e s u l t i n g from s t a t i o n o p e r a t i o n , make poss i b l e t h e prompt r e c o g n i t i o n o f any i n c r e a s e i n l e v e l s of r a d i o a c t i v i t y
and d i f f e r e n t i a t e s t a t i o n releases from o t h e r abnormal t r e n d s i n env i r o n m e n t a l r a d i a t i o n due t o n a t u r a l o r man-made s o u r c e s .
'Radwaste Treatment:The l i q u i d waste system c o l l e c t s , t r e a t s , s t o r e s ,
and d i s p o s e s of a l l r a d i o a c t i v e l i q u i d wastes. P r o c e s s e d l i q u i d wastes
may b e r e t u r n e d t o t h e c o n d e n s a t e system o r d i s c h a r g e d t h r o u g h t h e c i r c u l a t i n g water d i s c h a r g e c a n a l . The gaseous waste system c o l l e c t s ,
p r o c e s s e s and d e l i v e r s t o t h e main s t a c k , g a s e s from t h e main condenser
a i r e j e c t o r , s t a r t u p vacuum pump g l a n d s e a l condenser and g a s t r e a t m e n t
system. A 30-min. holdup t i m e a l l o w s N-16 and 0-19 t o decay and t h e n
p a s s through h i g h e f f i c i e n c y o f f - g a s f i l t e r s b e f o r e s t a c k release.
S o l i d wastes are c o l l e c t e d , dewatered, and s h i p p e d o f f - s i t e .

P l a n t Vent:

318-ft h i g h t a p e r e d r e i n f o r c e d c o n c r e t e .

153

G.

SITE DATA

Reactor: VERMONT YANKEE

Nearby Body of Water:


Connecticut River,
Vernon Pond
S i z e of S i t e

Normal Level
Max Prob Flood Level

Acres

125

Topography of S i t e :

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

220'
235'

(MSL~
(MSL;

250'

(MSL)

Flat

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :

Rolling t o H i l l y

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

2060

; 1 0 n i __

In 5 m i radius

6590

; 50 m i

Date of Data:

1970

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :
D i s t . from s i t e

39

Holyoke, Mass.

Miles, D i r e c t i o n

, Population

500

Land Use i n 5 Hile Radius: Wooded -75%, b a l a n c e a g r i c u l t u r a l and


industrial.
Meteorology:

NNW

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n

S t a b i l i t y Data

Avg. speed

8 mph

- Average

M i s c e l l a n e o u s Items Close t o t h e S i t e : H o u s e s are %1500 f t from r e a c t o r


An e l e m e n t a r y s c h o o l i s Q2000 f t away. Vernon Dam i s 1 / 2 m i l e below
t h e s i t e . C e n t e r of t h e r i v e r i s t h e Vermont-N.H. s t a t e l i n e , Mass. i s
3 m i l e s s o u t h . Community of Vernon i s V2000 f t W. and H i l l s d a l e , N.H.,
about 1 1 / 2 m i l e east.
r

H.

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

:
through, c l o s e d c y c l e , o r a combination.
Type of S Y S ~ Once

Water Taken From:

Connecticut River.

I n t a k e S t r u c t u r e : R e i n f o r c e d c o n c r e t e a t edge of r i v e r . A t r a s h r a c k
and t r a v e l i n g s c r e e n a r e l o c a t e d i n f r o n t of pumps. About 1 f p s i s
v e l o c i t y thru t r a s h racks.
'

Water Body Temperatures:

R i v e r Flow

32 'F

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y

12.000

( c f s ) averag

gpm/ r e a c t o r

366,000

(gpm)/reactor

---

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

H e a t Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser 3605

lo6

Summer maximum 8 4 F

( c f s ) minimum; 3 0 , 1 7 0

1200

Flow Thru Condenser

Winter m i n i m u m

Temp. R i s e

713

'

(Btu/hr)/reactor
(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r

Discharge S t r u c t u r e : An a e r a t i n g s t r u c t u r e a b o u t 100 f t wide d i s c h a r g e s


a t edge of r i v e r . T h i s s t r u c t u r e d i v e r t s water t o c o o l i n g towers, t h e
intake structure, or t o the river.
D e s c r i p t i o n & Number
Blowdown -5000

gpm/reactor

- TWO mechanical d r a f t ,

Evaporative l o s s

5000

gpmfreactor

155

SALEM, 50-272 & 50-311


P r o j e c t N a m e : Salem Nuclear G e n e r a t i n g
Station, Units 1 & 2
A-E:
Public Service Electric
Location:
Salem Co., N. J.
Vessel Vendor: Not s p e c i f i e d
NSS Vendor:
West i n g h o u s e
Owner: P u b l i c S e r v i c e Elec. & Gas Containment

F i r s t Core Av

i o r a i riowra
Eff F l o w r a t e f o r
Heat T r a n s , l b / h r
Eff Flow Area f o r
Heat T r a n s , f t 2
Avg Vel Along
Fuel Rods, f t / s e c
Avg Mass V e l o c i t y ,
lb/hr-ft2
'Nominal C u r e
I n l e t Temp, .*-F
I xvg
- t<isv in
Core, "F
Nom Hot Channel
O u t l e t Temp, O F
Avg Film $ o e f f ,
, B t u / h r St't:
Avg Film Temp

122.8

47.9
15.7

T..

Surf Area, f t '


Avg Heat F ~ u x ,
Btu/hr f t 2
Max Heat F l u x ,
Btu/hr f t 2
g Thermal
O u t p u t , kw/f t
Output , kw/f t
Max Clad S u r f a c e
Temp, OF
T o . Coolant
j Loops

106

2.56
1

539
-

168.6
____

646.0

5970
? I

J L ,LUU

2^'

583,000

I_6.7
-*

J.
-t

Shutdown Boron, No
P Rods-Clean-I
1Boron Worth, Hot,
1 I85
j % Ak/k/ppm
Boron Worth, Cold,
% hk/k/ppm
1/70
F u l l P o w e r Moderator (-0.2 to -3.0)
Temp C o e f f . Ak/k/"F
x io-'+
Koderator P r e s s u r e
(+0.2 t o +3.0)
A, "d

llAk/k/% Void
IlDoppler C o e f f i c i e n t ,
. .
Shutdown Margin, Hot
1 rod s t u c k , %Ak/k
[Burnable P o i s o n s ,
Pyrex g l a s s i n
JType and Form
[Number of C o n t r o l
(IRods
53x20
Number of P a r t 8x
Length Rods (PLR) 20
!Compiled by: Fred Her d l e s o n , J u l y 1 9 7 1
INuclear S a f e t y I n f o r m a t i o n C e n t e r

~~

1U.Y

65 7

106

'"__II

156
Page 2 , PWR
C.

SAFETY-RELATED DESIGN CRITERIA

Exclusion Distance,
Miles
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
D i s t a n c e , Miles
Metropolis
Distance
20 m i .
Wilmington, D e l .
Design Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
Earthquake Vertical Shock,

Reactor: Salem

O S 8 radius

Design Winds i n mph:

At 0

499,497

50

Population

-^

u.vtl
~

50 f t e l e v

108

- 150 f t

131

- 400

160

150

0.15

300 mph

Tornado

AP =

f t

3 psi/

-sec

n a l Pressure

a t t a c h e d t o t h e i n s i d e face of t h e c o n c r e t e s h e l l t o i n s u r e l e a k - t i g h t
The f l a t c o n c r e t e b a s e mat i s 1 6 - f t t h i c k w i t h t h e bottom l i n e r
p l a t e l o c a t e d on t o p of m a t . Bottom l i n e r p l a t e w i l l b e covered w i t h
a minimum of 2 - f t of c o n c r e t e , t h e t o p of which w i l l form t h e f l o o r of
t h e containment.

ness.

Basis: Containment s t r u c t u r e and p e n e t r a t i o n s , w i t h t h e a i d of


containment h e a t removal s y s t e m s , are designed t o l i m i t below lOCFRlOO
v a l u e s , r a d i a t i o n d o s e s r e s u l t i n g from l e a k a g e of r a d i o a c t i v e f i s s i o n
p r o d u c t s from containment under c o n d i t i o n s t h a t would r e s u l t from t h e
l a r g e s t c r e d i b l e e n e r g y release f o l l o w i n g a LOCA, i n c l u d i n g a margin t
cover t h e e f f e c t s of m e t a l - w a t e r o r o t h e r u n d e f i n e d energy s o u r c e .

Vacuum R e l i e f C a p a b i l i t y :
Designed f o r 3.5 p s i g e x t e r n a l p r e s s u r e .
No r e f e r e n c e found t o vacuum b r e a k e r s .
Post-Construction Testing:
P r e s s u r e t e s t e d a t 5 4 p s i g f o r 1 5 min and
a t 47 p s i g f o r 2 h r . Leakage r a t e t e s t w i l l b e run a t 47 p s i g .
P e r i o d i c t e s t i n g w i l l b e made of p e n e t r a t i o n s f o r l e a k s .
P e n e t r a t i o n s : A l l p e n e t r a t i o n s are d o u b l e - b a r r i e r t y p e and are
individually testable.

Weld Channels:
~ 1 containment
1
l i n e r welds are covered by s t e e l
c h a n n e l s , as w e l l as seam welds between l i n e r and p e n e t r a t i o n s .

157
Page 3 , PWR
7
D2. CONTAINMENT SAFETY FEATURES
R e a c t o r : Salem
Containment Spray System:
The Containment Spray System p r o v i d e s a
s p r a y o f c o o l , b o r a t e d water c o n t a i n i n g a s o l u t i o n of sodium hydroxidc
t o t h e containment atmosphere. The s p r a y acts as a h e a t s i n k and a
means of r e d u c i n g t h e halogen f i s s i o n p r o d u c t s c o n c e n t r a t i o n .

P e n e t r a t i o n Room:
tion r c

D3.

P i p i n g p e n e t r a t i o n room and a n e l e c t r i c a l p e n e t r a -

SAFETY INJECTION SYSTEMS

Accumdator
Tanks: Four accumulators , each c o n t a i n i n g 6500 g a l l o n s of
b o r a t e d water, w i l l a u t o m a t i c a l l y dump t h e i r c o n t e n t s i n t o t h e r e a c t o r
c o o l a n t system when system p r e s s u r e d r o p s t o 650 p s i g . Tanks are h e l d
under p r e s s u r e of n i t r o g e n g a s . Two check v a l v e s i n series o p e r a t e t o
release t h e water.

High-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n :
TWO 100% c a p a c i t y s a f e t y i n j e c t i o n pumps
o p e r a t e t o keep c o r e covered f o r small b r e a k s . Pumps take s u c t i o n fro1
t h e r e f u e l i n g water s t o r a g e t a n k ; however, drawing c o n c e n t r a t e d b o r i c
l a c i d f i r s t f r o m t h e boron i n j e c t i o n t a n k . Pump c a p a c i t y i s 700 gpm a t

Low-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n :
Two 100% c a p a c i t y r e s i d u a l h e a t removal
pumps t a k e s u c t i o n from t h e r e f u e l i n g water s t o r a g e t a n k . These pumps
o p e r a t e t o f l o o d t h e c o r e f o r l a r g e b r e a k s where d e p r e s s u r i z a t i o n h a s
o c c u r r e d . Each pump i s r a t e d 3000 gpm a t 150 p s i g .

158
Page 4. PWR
E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

R e a c t o r Vessel F a i l u r e :
Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y :

R e a c t o r : Salem

No r e f e r e n c e found.

No r e f e r e n c e found.

Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System: P r o v i d e d by equipment which


m o n i t o r s containment a i r a c t i v i t y and h u m i d i t y . The b a s i c d e s i g n
c r i t e r i o n i s d e t e c t i o n of d e v i a t i o n s from normal containment e n v i r o n mental conditions including air p a r t i c u l a t e a c t i v i t y , radiogas
a c t i v i t y , humidity and i n a d d i t i o n , g r o s s l e a k a g e , t h e l i q u i d i n v e n t o r )
i n t h e p r o c e s s systems and containment sump.

Failed-Fuel-Detection

System:

No r e f e r e n c e found.

Emergency Power: Two s e t s of t h r e e emergency power d i e s e l g e n e r a t o r s


are p r o v i d e d , one set f o r each u n i t . Within a s e t of t h r e e , t h e

d i e s e l g e n e r a t o r s w i l l s h a r e t h e f u e l o i l s t o r a g e and t r a n s f e r system.
T h i s system c o n s i s t s of two 30,000 g a l l o n f u e l o i l s t o r a g e t a n k s and
Each f u e l o i l t r a n s f e r pump n o r m a l l y
two f u e l o i l t r a n s f e r pumps.
pumps from i t s own s t o r a g e t a n k , b u t c r o s s - c o n n e c t i o n s are provided
f o r added f l e x i b i l i t y .
C o n t r o l of A x i a l Xenon O s c i l l a t i o n s By Burnable Shims, Part-Length
C o n t r o l Rods, In-Core I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n : B o r i c a c i d s o l u t i o n i n t h e c o o l a n t and p a r t - l e n g t h r o d s w i l l h e l p c o n t r o l o s c i l l a t i o n s . The i n - c o r e
i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n w i l l y i e l d i n f o r m a t i o n on n e u t r o n f l u x .

Boron D i l u t i o n C o n t r o l : I f e i t h e r b o r i c a c i d flow o r d e m i n e r a l i z e d
water flow d e v i a t e s from t h e c o n t r o l s e t p o i n t d u r i n g c o o l a n t b o r a t i o n ,
d i l u t i o n o r normal l e a k a g e makeup, alarms warn t h e o p e r a t o r t o deactivate t h e makeup system manually.
Should a c o n d i t i o n a r i s e when
c o o l a n t boron i s changing w i t h o u t t h e o p e r a t o r ' s knowledge , RCC group
p o s i t i o n i n d i c a t i o n is a p o s i t i v e means of d e t e c t i n g any s i g n i f i c a n t
change when t h e r e a c t o r i s c r i t i c a l and a t power.
Long-Term Cooling:
R e c i r c u l a t i o n of b o r a t e d w a t e r from containment
sump i s accomplished by one of t h e 2 r e s i d u a l h e a t removal loop pumps,
each r a t e d a t 3000 gpm f o r 150 p s i g . Water i s c i r c u l a t e d through t h e
r e s i d u a l h e a t removal loop h e a t e x c h a n g e r s f o r c o o l i n g .

Organic-Iodide F i l t e r :

No r e f e r e n c e found.

Hydrogen Recombiner:
Hydrogen f o r m a t i o n i s s o low ( l e s s t h a n 1%) thai
no i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n t o measure o r d e t e c t i t w i l l be p r o v i d e d .

159
Page 5 , PWR
F.

GENERAL

Reactor: Salem
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs:
Data a v a i l a b l e
from a tower l o c a t e d 1 0 m i l e s away. Tower l o c a t e d a t B u r l i n g t o n s i t e
h a s been moved t o Salem. It i s 300' h i g h . No r e f e r e n c e found on
seismographs.

S i t e Description:
Located on t h e east bank of t h e Delaware R i v e r
e s t u a r y on A r t i f i c i a l I s l a n d . The i s l a n d i s connected t o t h e mainl a n d by a s t r i p of t i d e l a n d formed by h y d r a u l i c f i l l . The s i t e and
s u r r o u n d i n g a r e a i s f l a t , mostly t i d a l marshes and g r a s s l a n d s . The
r i v e r i s 2 m i l e s wide a t t h e s i t e .

Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n : E j e c t e d t u r b i n e b l a d e s c o u l d s t r i k e containment
structure.
C e n t e r l i n e s are about 210 f t a p a r t .
Emergency P l a n s :
No r e f e r e n c e found.

Environmental M o n i t o r i n g P l a n s : A program w i l l b e s t a r t e d a t least


The pro%ramw i l l i n c l u d e sampling of t h e s e n s i t i v e i n d i c a t o r s such as a i r ,
qater, s o i l , and o t h e r s which c o n t r i b u t e toward human exposure by way
2f t h e food c h a i n (milk, v e g e t a b l e s , marine l i f e , and animal l i f e ) .

Z y e a r s b e f o r e o p e r a t i o n t o d e t e r m i n e e x i s t i n g backgrounds.

k i d w a s t e Treat-:
P r o v i d e s equipment t o c o l l e c t , p r o c e s s , and p r e ?are f o r d i s p o s a l w i t h i n l i m i t s of 10CFR20 a l l r a d i o a c t i v e l i q u i d ,
L i q u i d w a s t e s are c o l l e c t e d and may b e
zaseous and s o l i d wastes.
s v a p o r a t e d . A f t e r c l e a n i n g and f i l t e r i n g , e v a p o r a t o r condensate i s
i i s c h a r g e d v i a t h e condenser d i s c h a r g e . E v a p o r a t o r r e s i d u e s are s t o r e d
irummed and s h i p p e d o f f - s i t e f o r d i s p o s a l i n t h e same manner o t h e r
s o l i d w a s t e s are handled.
Gaseous wastes are C o l l e c t e d and s t o r e d u n t i
:he a c t i v i t y level i s low enough f o r d i s c h a r g e t o t h e environment.
J

160
Page 6 , PWR
G.

SITE DATA

Reactor:

Nearby Body of Water:

700

Acres

Topography of S i t e :

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

In 5 m i radius

1967

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :

20

from s i t e

(MSLI

; 10 m i

1184

; 50 m i

Wilmington, Delaware

Miles, D i r e c t i o n N

Land U s e i n 5 Mile Radius:


Meteorolopy:

10.5'

Flat

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

Dist.

(MSL 1
(MSL)

Flat

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :
Date of Data:

0
8.5'

Normal Level
Max Prob Flood Level

Delaware River e s t u a r y
S i z e of S i t e

Salem

Population92,500 ('69)

T i d a l marshes and g r a s s l a n d s

Nw

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n

Avg. speed

11 mph

S t a b i l i t y Data --M i s c e l l a n e o u s I t e m s Close t o t h e S i t e : The s i t e i s q u i t e remote b e i n g


7 1 1 2 m i l e s s o u t h of Salem, N . J .
P o r t Penn i s a b o u t 4 114 m i l e s NW i n
Delaware, and Hancock Bridge is NE about 4 m i l e s . The n e a r e s t r a i l road i s 8 m i l e s NE. The n e a r e s t r o a d i s 2 112 m i l e s from t h e s i t e .

H.

CIRCULP.TING WATER SYSTEM

Type of Syc t e m :

Once through

Water Taken From:

Delaware R i v e r

I n t a k e S t r u c t u r e : A 1 2 bay s t r u c t u r e w i t h t r a s h r a c k s , t r a v e l i n g
s c r e e n s , pumps, e t c . F i s h e s c a p e p a s s a g e s are p r o v i d e d . I n l e t
velocity is 1 fps.

---

Water Body remperatures: Winter minimum


R i v e r Flow

---

( c f s ) minimum;

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser
~

---

(gpm)/reactor

---

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

Summer maximum z

15,000

gpm/re,4,0t020

1,100,000

Discharge Structure:

OF

---

(cf s ) average
c f s avg t i d a l flow
Temp. R i s e 13.6

'1

(Btu/hr)/reactor
(Btulhr) / r e a c t o r

Submerged p i p e s e x t e n d 500 f t i n t o t h e r i v e r .
5

Cooling Tower(s):

D e s c r i p t i o n & Number

Blowdown

gpmlreactor

- None

Evaporative l o s s

gpm/reactor

161

162

DIABLO CANYON, 50-323,

50-275

P r o j e c t Name: D i a b l o Canyon Nuclear U n i t s 1 & 2


A-E: PG&E
L o c a t i o n : San L u i s Obispo CO.
Vessel [lendor : Combustion E n g i n e e r i n
NSS Vendor:Westinghouse
Containment
Owner: P a c i f i c Gas & E l e c t r i c
*150 m i l e s NW of Los Angeles
C o n s t r u c t o r : Not s p e c i f i e d

Loops

INuclear S a f e t y I n f o r m a t i o n Center

163

Exclusion Distance,
Miles
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
D i s t a n c e , Miles
Metropolis
Distance
S a n t a Barbara

100 m i

0.50
Population
264,324

Design Basis Earthquake


Acceleration, g
O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l

D1.

Max Leak Rate a t Desipn


P r e s s u r e , %/day

At 0

50

- 50

- 400

Tornado

0.15

AP =

66

f t e l e v 70.7

- 150 f t

150

0.20*

ft

--psi/

DSle

0.1

20

86.5

30

100.0

40

- Not given
--sec

Design P r e s s u r e ,

CONTAINMENT

psf

Design Winds i n mph:

C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l P r e s s u r e , psig

47
41

D e s i g n Basis: Designed f o r two major l o a d i n g c o n d i t i o n s : 1 ) F a i l u r e of


c o o l a n t system c r e a t i n g h i g h p r e s s u r e and e l e v a t e d t e m p e r a t u r e i n cont a i n m e n t , 2) F a i l u r e of c o o l a n t system c o i n c i d e n t w i t h e a r t h q u a k e o r
t o r n a d o winds; so t h a t a l l r a d i o a c t i v i t y r e l e a s e d from c o r e a f t e r LOCA
can be c o n t a i n e d .
Vacuum R e l i e f

C a p a b i l i t y : Designed f o r 3.5 p s i g vacuum.

P o s t - C o n s t r u c t i o n T e s t i n g : P r e s s u r e t e s t e d a t 54 p s i g .
tests w i l l b e performed a t 47 p s i g .

Leakage r a t e

P e n e t r a t i o n s : A l l p e n e t r a t i o n s , i n c l u d i n g access openings, and v e n t


d u c t s are provided w i t h t e s t a b l e d o u b l e containment.

Weld Channels: L i n e r welds are covered w i t h s t e e l c h a n n e l s f o r l e a k


testing.

164
Page 3 , PWR
D2.
CONTAINMENT SAFETY FEATURES
R e a c t o r : D i a b l o Canyon
-Containment Spray System: Two pumps t a k e s u c t i o n from t h e r e f u e l i n g
w a t e r s t o r a g e t a n k t o each s u p p l y 2600 gpm e300 p s i g of b o r a t e d w a t e r
w i t h NaOH a d d i t i v e f o r i o d i n e removal. Water i s sprayed i n t o t h e containment atmosphere f o r temp and p r e s s u r e c o n t r o l a f t e r a LOCA.

Containment Cooling: F i v e f a n - c o o l e r u n i t s o p e r a t e t o m a i n t a i n temp


below 120F d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n .
Incoming a i r p a s s e s through a roughing
f i l t e r d u r i n g normal o p e r a t i o n . I n case of a c c i d e n t , dampers s h i f t t o
d i r e c t i n g a i r through an extra f i l t r a t i o n u n i t . A t normal o p e r a t i n g
c o n d i t i o n s , each u n i t can remove 3.14 x l o 6 B t u l h r .
Containment- I s o l a t i o n System: I s o l a t i o n v a l v e s p r o v i d e two b a r r i e r s
a g a i n s t l e a k a g e of r a d i o a c t i v i t y from containment. I s o l a t i o n v a l v e s
c l o s e w i t h a u t o m a t i c s a f e t y i n j e c t i o n a c t u a t i o n , and when containment
spray i s actuated.
Containment A i r F i l t r a t i o n : A i r can b e p a s s e d through roughing f i l t e r
and HEPA, p l u s a m o i s t u r e e l i m i n a t o r coupled w i t h a i r c o o l e r s . The
p u r g e a i r system can remove 50,000 c f s through f i l t e r s .
P e n e t r a t i o n Room: F i g . 1-5 shows a p e n e t r a t i o n area around c o n t a i n ment a t ground e l e v a t i o n of 85 f t .

D3.

SAFETY I N J E C T I O N SYSTEMS

Accumulator Tanks: Four a c c u m u l a t o r s , each h o l d i n g 6400 g a l l o n s of


b o r a t e d water dump t h e i r c o n t e n t s i n t o each of t h e 4 c o l d l e g s when
r e a c t o r p r e s s u r e d r o p s t o 650 p s i g . Tanks are p r e s s u r e d w i t h n i t r o g e n
Action i s p a s s i v e , check v a l v e opening a t t h e 650 level.
High-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : Two c e n t r i f u g a l c h a r g i n g pumps d r i v e n by
e l e c t r i c motors can each s u p p l y 150 gpm @ 2800 p s i g of b o r a t e d water
from t h e r e f u e l i n g water s t o r a g e t a n k , f i r s t sweeping c o n c e n t r a t e d
b o r i c a c i d from t h e b o r i c a c i d t a n k and t h e n pumping b o r a t e d water
from t h e r e f u e l i n g w a t e r s t o r a g e t a n k .

Low-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : S a f e t y i n j e c t i o n pumps ( i n t e r m e d i a t e r a n g e
of 1700 p s i g down t o 1520 p s i g ) s u p p l y 400 gpm @ 1700 p s i g . Low head
pumps are t h e R e s i d u a l H e a t Removal Pumps and s u p p l y 3000 gpm a t 600
p s i g from t h e r e f u e l i n g water s t o r a g e t a n k o n l y when r e a c t o r p r e s s u r e
h a s dropped t o 170 p s i g .

165
Page 4 , PWR

E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

R e a c t o r Vessel F a i l u r e :

Reactor: Diablo Canyon


No r e f e r e n c e found.

Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y : No r e f e r e n c e found.
I

Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System: Any i n c r e a s e i n observed normal


p a r a m e t e r s w i l l i n d i c a t e a change i n containment, and equipment provided
i s c a p a b l e of m o n i t o r i n g t h e s e changes. The d e s i g n o b j e c t i v e i s d e t e c t i o n of d e v i a t i o n s i n a i r p a r t i c u l a t e a c t i v i t y , r a d i o g a s a c t i v i t y and
i n a d d i t i o n , i n t h e c a s e of g r o s s l e a k a g e , t h e l i q u i d i n v e n t o r y i n t h e
p r o c e s s systems and containment sumps.

-Failed-Fuel-Detection

System:

No r e f e r e n c e found.

'

Emergency Power: There are two d i e s e l - g e n e r a t o r sets f o r each u n i t


' w i t h one e x t r a g e n e r a t o r set s h a r e d by b o t h u n i t s . G e n e r a t o r s are r a t e d
I n d i v i d u a l d i e s e l genera4.16 kv, 3 p h a s e , 60 c y c l e , 2500 kw, 0.8 p f .
t o r s are p h y s i c a l l y i s o l a t e d from each o t h e r , and from o t h e r equipment.

C o n t r o l of Axial Xenon O s c i l l a t i o n s By Burnable Shims, Part-Length


C o n t r o l Rods, In-Core I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n : There are 160 p a r t - l e n g t h r o d s
i n t h e c o r e which are n o t moving. They are p r o v i d e d f o r power c o n t r o l
b u t do c o n t r i b u t e t o shutdown margin.
Boron D i l u t i o n C o n t r o l : When b o r i c a c i d c o n c e n t r a t i o n i s b e i n g reduced,
t h e rate o f change of K e f f a t t a i n a b l e i s s o low t h a t t h e r e i s ample t i m e
for corrective action before c r i t i c a l i t y i s reached.
I f p l a i n deminera l i z e d water s h o u l d b e i n j e c t e d by b o r i c a c i d pumps, r e a c t i v i t y change
i s w e l l w i t h i n t h e r e a c t i v i t y c o n t r o l r a n g e provided by c o n t r o l rod
c l u s t e r motion.
T h e r e f o r e P r o t e c t i v e System p r o v i d e s a d e q u a t e p r o t e c tion.
Long-Term Cooling: Long-term c o o l i n g could b e provided u s i n g t h e
R e s i d u a l Heat Removal System pumps and h e a t exchangers. Water would
Se pumped from t h e sump, through h e a t exchangers t o t h e r e a c t o r c o o l a n t
system. Heat exchangers are cooled by t h e s e r v i c e water system u s i n g
ocean water.
c

Organic-Iodide F i l t e r :

No r e f e r e n c e found.

Hydrogen Recombiner: Page 12-94 of S a f e t y E v a l u a t i o n of l a r g e p i p e


Drake states t h a t "hydrogen i s assumed t o burn as i t i s produced."

166
Page 5,PWR

F.

GENERAL

R e a c t o r : Diablo Canyon
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs: Data c o l l e c t i o n s y s
t e m h a s been i n s t a l l e d a t s i t e f o r m e t e o r o l o g i c a l d a t a . Data h a s been
c o l l e c t e d s i n c e mid-1967.
The 250 h i g h tower i s mounted on t o p of a
h i l l a t 914 l e v e l . U n i t 1 h a s a s t r o n g motion a c c e l e r o m e t e r .
P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode:

Load f o l l o w i n g .

S i t e D e s c r i p t i z : Located on a b l u f f o v e r l o o k i n g t h e P a c i f i c Ocean
about 85 f t above t h e normal water l e v e l . The l a n d s l o p e s from t h e
ocean up t o 1000 f t w i t h i n 1 m i l e of t h e s h o r e l i n e . The c o a s t l i n e
i s rugged w i t h 2 small coves which p r o v i d e some s h e l t e r f o r i n t a k e and
d i s c h a r g e s t r u c t u r e s . The mouth of Diablo Canyon opens on t h e p r o p e r t y

Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n : C e n t e r l i n e s about 170 f t a p a r t - e j e c t e d t u r b i n e


b l a d e s c o u l d s t r i k e containment s t r u c t u r e .
Emergency P l a n s : F i v e d i e s e l - g e n e r a t o r s e t s , 2 f o r each u n i t , and one
s h a r e d are a v a i l a b l e .

Environmental Monitoring P l a n s : Program w i l l b e s t a r t e d about 2 y e a r s


b e f o r e b e g i n n i n g of o p e r a t i o n t o l e a r n about n a t u r a l l y o c c u r i n g r a d i o a c t i v i t y t o f u r n i s h a b a s e f o r p o s t - o p e r a t i o n a l t e s t i n g . Samples w i l l
b e t a k e n of a i r , m i l k , v e g e t a b l e s , sea w a t e r , k e l p , sea food p r o d u c t s
and bottom sediment. Sampling program a t Humbolt Bay w i l l b e used f o r
f u r t h e r guidance.

Radwaste Treatment: L i q u i d wastes are c o l l e c t e d and p r o c e s s e d by f i l t r a t i o n o r evaporization.


The e v a p o r a t o r c o n d e n s a t e may b e r e u s e d as
r e a c t o r p l a n t makeup w a t e r o r d i s c h a r g e d t o t h e ocean v i a t h e condense
d i s c h a r g e i n accordance w i t h 10CFR20 l i m i t s . The e v a p o r a t o r r e s i d u e s
are s t o r e d , packaged and s h i p p e d from t h e s i t e f o r d i s p o s a l . Gaseous
wastes are c o l l e c t e d and s t o r e d u n t i l r a d i o a c t i v i t y l e v e l i s low enoug
S o l i d wastes are
f o r d i s c h a r g e i n accordance w i t h 10CFR20 l i m i t s .
packed i n 55 g a l . drums and s h i p p e d o f f - s i t e f o r d i s p o s a l .

P l a n t Vent:

No r e f e r e n c e found.

167
Page 6 , PwR
~~~~

G.

S I T E DATA

Reactor:

Nearby Body of Water:

750

S i z e of S i t e

Acres

Topography of S i t e :

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

1970

In 5 m i radius

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :

(MSLJ
(MSL)

85 '

(MSL)

14

; 10 n i 4443
; 50 m i

Santa Barbara, C a l i f .

, Population1 -

100 Miles, D i r e c t i o n 2

D i s t . from s i t e

0
18'

Hilly

4
Date of Data:

Diablo Canyon

Normal Level
Max Prob Flood L e v e l

P a c i f i c Ocean

Land U s e i n 5 Nile Radius: Undeveloped and Wooded


Meteorology:

KW

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n

S t a b i l i t y Data

SE

---

Avg. speed

1 2 mph

M i s c e l l a n e o u s I t e m s C l o s e t o t h e S i t e : S i t e i s remote, t h e n e a r e s t
town b e i n g San Louis Obispo which i s 1 2 m i l e s ENE.
Beaches 7 t o 15
m i l e s ESE have a n i n f l u x of summer v i s i t o r s . Pismo Beach S t a t e Park
i s 15 m i l e s away. Morro Bay S t a t e P a r k i s about 1 0 m i N of s i t e . U.S.
Hyw 1 0 1 r u n s N-S about 9 m i . E of t h e p l a n t . Vandenberg A i r F o r c e
Base i s 35 m i . SSE.
H.

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

Type of System:

Water Taken From:

Once through.
P a c i f i c Ocean.

I n t a k e S t r u c t u r e : Reinforced c o n c r e t e s t r u c t u r e l o c a t e d a t s h o r e l i n e
i n a cove w i t h a r t i f i c i a l b r e a k w a t e r w a l l . A c u r t a i n w a l l w i l l s t o p
f l o a t i n g d e b r i s and t r a s h r a c k s w i l l s t o p o t h e r l a r g e o b j e c t s . Traveli n g s c r e e n s and pumps are i n s i d e t h e -ts
in C l a c s T
Water Body Temperatures: Winter minimum
5 0 "F
Summer maximum 6 3 F
R i v e r Flow

( c f s ) minimum;

NA

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

4 . ooo
863,000

Heat D i s s i p a t e d to Environment
Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

."

NA

( c f s ) average

gpmlreactor
(gpm)/reactor

---

Temp. R i s e

18 '1

(Btu/hr)/reactor

---

(Btu/hr)/reactor

Discharge S t r u c t u r e : R e i n f o r c e d c o n c r e t e s t r u c t u r e d r o p s water i n
s t a i r s t e p - t y p e w e i r o v e r f l o w from elev 70' t o t h e ocean and d i s c h a r g e s
on t h e s u r f a c e a t t h e s h o r e l i n e .
Cooling Tower(s):
Blowdown

D e s c r i p t i o n & Number
gpmlreactor

None

Evaporative l o s s

~~

gpm/ r e ac t o r

169

PEACH BOTTOM, 50-277,

Page 1 (BWR)

50-278

Peach Bottom Atomic Power


A-E:
Bechtel
S t a t i o n 2 ti 3
Location: York Co., P a .
Vessel Vendor: Babcock 6 Wilcox
NSS Vendor: General E l e c t r i c
Owner: P h i l a d e l p h i a E l e c t r i c
Containment
Constructor: Bechtel
Project Name:

T o t a l Heat O u t p u t ,
S a f e t y Desinn. MWt
Steam Flow Rate,
Iblhr
T o t a l Core Flow
Rate , l b / h r
Coolant P r e s s u r e ,

Moderator Temp Coef- ~ l . o x 1 0 - 3


Hot, No Voids
Moderator Void Coef
-1.0~10Hot, No Voids , Ak/k/%
' Moderator Void Coef
, Operating
-1.7X10-3
1
j Doppler C o e f f i c i e n t , -1. 18X10-5
! Cold
Doppler C o e f f i c i e n t ,
-1.15X10Hot, No Voids
Doppler C o e f f i c i e n t ,
-1. 19X10-5
Operating
I n i t i a l Enrichment,
~~

3440

13-38x106

I I-U- Z- . >-X l l

-36

psig

1020
Heat T r a n s f e r
Area, f t 2
66,098
Max Power p e r F u e l
Rod U n i t L g t h , k w / f t 18.35
Maximum Heat Flux.

2.19

MCHFR

THIS DATA I S FROM FSAR

---

"1

Length Rods (PLR)

I None

Compiled by:

Fred Heddleson, Aug. 1971

O N , Nuclear S a f e t y I n f o r m a t i o n Center

~~

170
C.

SAFETY-RELATED DESIGN CRITERIA

Exclusion Efstance,
Low P o p u l a t i 3n Zone
D i s t a n c e , '41Les
Metropolis
Distance
Lancas ter , Pa.

Design Winds i n p s f :
Population
319,693

W - E Earthquake
Acceleration
O p e r a t i n g Lg;is Earthquake
Acceleration,
Earthquake V G r t i c a l Shock,
% of HorizclnLal
R e c i r c u l a t i s Pumping System & MCHFR:

A t 0 - 50 f t e l e v

50

- 150 f t

150

- 400 f t

Tornado

45

300 mph t a n g

3 psi/ 3 sec
70 Design
kiteria Satisfied?
R e c i r c u l a t i o n rate
i\P =

Ts I n t e n t of

i s taken i n tine t o p r e v e n t f u e l c l a d d i n g damage o r o t h e r damage f o l l o w


i n g abnormal t r a n s i e n t s . T h i s system o v e r r i d e s a l l o p e r a t o r a c t i o n s
S n d Drocess c-o n t r o l s .

D.

ENGINEERE

SAFETY FEATURES

L-

Primary Containment Lea

Second Containment Design


S u p p r e s s i o n Chvnber Design
56 \ P r e s s u r e , p s i g
P r e s s u r e , psig.
C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l
!Second Containment Leak
Pressure, psig
41.5 IRate, Zfday
100
Type of C o n s t r u c t i o n :
P r e s s u r e s u p p r e s s i o n t y p e containment w i t h a
s t e e l d r y w e l l shaped l i k e a l i g h t b u l b e n c i r c l e d by a s t e e l t o r u s . Dryw e l l i s e n c l o s e d i n r e i n f o r c e d concrete.
D r y w e l l f r e e volume i s 159,OOC
f t 3 and s u p p r e s s i o n chamber f r e e volume i s 119,000 f t 3 .

Design

asis-Designed

t o c o n t a i n t h e r e l e a s e d steam i n case of a

double-ended p i p e r u p t u r e s o t h a t l e a k a g e of r a d i o a c t i v i t y t o t h e
environment w i l l n o t exceed t h e l i m i t s of 10CFR100. Also d e s i g n e d
t o withstand earthquake forces.

Vacuum R e l i e f C a p a b i l i t y :
Designed f o r 2 p s i g e x t e r n a l p r e s s u r e .
i i e l i e f d e v i c e s l e t a i r flow from s u p p r e s s i o n chamber t o t h e d r y w e l l and
from t h e r e a c t o r b u i l d i n g t o t h e s u p p r e s s i o n chamber.

P o s t - C o n s t r u c t i o n T e s t i n g : P r e s s u r e t e s t e d a t 1.25 t i m e s t h e d e s i g n
p r e s s u r e of 56 p s i g . Leakage r a t e tests r u n a t 41.5 p s i g and a g a i n a t
a reduced p r e s s u r e t o e s t a b l i s h l e a k a g e r a t e l p r e s s u r e r e l a t i o n s h i p s .
-

P e n e t r a t i o n s : Some p e n e t r a t o n s are double s e a l e d and some are n o t .


The e l e c t r i c a l p e n e t r a t i o n s and t h o s e w i t h expansion b e l l o w s are ind i v i d u a l l y t e s t a b l e f o r leakape.
I

-I

171
Page 3 , BWR

D2.

EMERGENCY CORE COOLING SYSTEMS

Reactor: Peach Bottom


Core Spray Cooling System:
C o n s i s t s of 2 independent l o o p s each
having two 50% c a p a c i t y pumps, one s p r a y s p a r g e r above t h e c o r e , pipi n g , e t c . I n i t i a t e d by low water l e v e l i n t h e r e a c t o r o r h i g h p r e s s u r e i n t h e d r y w e l l . Each pump d e l i v e r s 3125 a t 122 p s i g .

Auto-Depressurization System: I f t h e HPCIS flow does n o t r e s t o r e l e v e l


i n t h e p r e s s u r e v e s s e l , p r e s s u r e - r e l i e f v a l v e s open t o reduce n u c l e a r
system p r e s s u r e s o t h a t LPCI o p e r a t e s t o i n j e c t water i n t o t h e p r e s s u r e vessel.
Residual-Heat-Removal System (RHRS): C o n s i s t s of f o u r main pumps and
f o u r h e a t exchangers a r r a n g e d i n two l o o p s p l u s f o u r h i g h - p r e s s u r e
S e r v i c e Water pumps. There are t h r e e modes of o p e r a t i o n which are:
1) shutdown c o o l i n g which can complete cooldown t o 125F i n 20 h r s . ,
2) s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l c o o l i n g which pumps s u p p r e s s i o n pool water through
t h e h e a t exchangers f o r c o o l i n g s o p o o l t e m p e r a t u r e w i l l n o t exceed
170F. T h i s p a r t of t h e system a l s o c o o l s containment by d i v e r t i n g
p a r t of t h e flow t h r o u g h s p r a y h e a d e r s i n t h e d r y w e l l , and 3 ) Low
P r e s s u r e I n j e c t i o n which is d i s c u s s e d below. Main pumps are r a t e d
10,000 gpm @ 20 p s i d and h e a t exchangers 70 x lo6 Btu/hr.
High-pressure C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n System: P r o v i d e s a means t o i n j e c t
water i n t o t h e c o o l a n t system i n case of s m a l l l e a k s . One t u r b i n e d r i v e n pump p r o v i d e s 5000 gpm flow. Pump t a k e s s u c t i o n from t h e cond e n s a t e s t o r a g e t a n k and s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l .
I n i t i a t e d by low water i n
t h e r e a c t o r o r by h i g h p r e s s u r e i n containment.
Low-Pressure C o o l a n t - I n i e c t i o n System:As an o p e r a t i n g mode of R e s i d u a l
Heat Removal System, LPCI u s e s t h e pump l o o p s of t h e RHRS t o i n j e c t
c o o l i n g water a t low p r e s s u r e i n t o a n undamaged r e a c t o r r e c i r c u l a t i o n
l o o p . LPCI i s a c t u a t e d by c o n d i t i o n s i n d i c a t i n g a b r e a c h i n t h e coola n t system. Four pumps, each r a t e d 10,000 gpm @ 20 p s i d supply s u f f i c i e n t water t o f l o o d t h e c o r e and p r e v e n t m e l t i n g .
E.

Main-Steam-Line Flow R e s t r i c t o r s : A v e n t u r i t y p e flow r e s t r i c t o r i n s t a l l e d i n each s t e a m l i n e c l o s e t o r e a c t o r vessel t o l i m i t l o s s of


c o o l a n t t o 200% of r a t e d flow from r e a c t o r vessel i n c a s e of steam
l i n e b r e a k o u t s i d e primary containment and t o p r e v e n t uncoverinp. o f s e .
Control-Rod V e l o c i t y L i m i t e r s : Attachment on each c o n t r o l rod t o l i m i t
v e l o c i t y a t which a rod c a n f a l l o u t of c o r e . R e a c t i v i t y i n s e r t i o n
r a t e r e s u l t i n g from a r o d drop a c c i d e n t i s l i m i t e d . The l i m i t e r s cont a i n n o moving p a r t s , n o r does i t e f f e c t scram.
Control-Rod-Drive-Housing S u p p o r t s : ~~~~i~~
supports are located under
n e a t h r e a c t o r v e s s e l n e a r c o n t r o l rod h o u s i n g s . S u p p o r t s l i m i t t r a v e l
t o about 2" i f t h a t housing i s r u p t u r e d . S u p p o r t s p r e v e n t a n u c l e a r
as a result nf a hnusino f n i l l l r ~ .
Standby Liquid-Control System: P r g v i d e s a r e d u n d a n t , independent, and
d i f f e r e n t way from c o n t r o l r o d s t o b r i n g n u c l e a r f i s s i o n r e a c t i o n t o
s u b c r i t i c a l i t y and t o m a i n t a i n s u b c r i t i c a l i t y a s t h e r e a c t o r c o o l s .
Boric - 1 p .p t e d. .
i n t o t h e p n o l a n t svstem a c c om o l i s h e s t h e f u n c t i o n ,

-.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

172
Page 4 , BWR
E . OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES ( c o n t ' d ) Reactor:

peach Bottom

Standby C o o l a n t System: A p i p i n g c r o s s - t i e i s provided between t h e


RHRS and t h e High P r e s s u r e S e r v i c e Water System which f u r n i s h e s a n
a d d i t i o n a l s o u r c e of water f o r p o s t - a c c i d e n t needs. S e r v i c e w a t e r
pumps ( 4 ) a r e each r a t e d f o r 4500 gpm.
Containment Atmospheric C o n t r o l System: Can b e purged w i t h n i t r o g e n
t o r e d u c e and m a i n t a i n t h e atmosphere t o less t h a n 5% oxygen. Temperat u r e d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n i s h e l d t o 135F o r lower.

R e a c t o r Core I s o l a t i o n Cooling System (RCICS): P r o v i d e s makeup water


t o r e a c t o r v e s s e l d u r i n g shutdown o r when i s o l a t e d from main condenser,
e s p e c i a l l y i f f e e d w a t e r pumps cannot s u p p l y r e q u i r e d water. I n i t i a t e d
by r e a c t o r l o w water l e v e l . A steam d r i v e n turbine-pump u n i t o p e r a t e s
a u t o m a t i c a l l y i n t i m e and w i t h s u f f i c i e n t flow t o m a i n t a i n a d e q u a t e
r e a c t o r v e s s e l water l e v e l . System can d e l i v e r 616 gpm (3 1120 p s i d .
Pump can t a k e s u c t i o n from t h e c o n d e n s a t e s t o r a g e t a n k o r supprn. p o o l .
Reactor V e s s e l F a i l u r e : S e c t i o n 4.2.5 s t a t e s , "Use of t h e ASME B o i l e r
and P r e s s u r e Vessel code ...p r o v i d e s a s s u r a n c e
e x t r e m e l y low probab i l i t y of f a i l u r e due."
Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y :
Can b e f l o o d e d .

...

i s s e t a t 50 gpm w i t h a l i m i t of 15 gpm f o r u n i d e n t i f i e d l e a k a g e .

ing t h e d i e s e l a t f u l l load f o r 7 days.

a-

replanned p a t t e r n t o l i m i t t h e r e a c t i v i t y worth.

173

F.

GENERAL

R e a c t o r : Peach Bottom
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n Recorders, and Seismographs : Data C o l l e c t i o n
s t a r t e d i n 1959 f o r u n i t 1 and w a s expanded i n 1967 f o r u n i t s 2 and 3.
Some d a t a c o l l e c t e d on a microwave tower about 320 f t above grade.
Found no r e f e r e n c e t o p l a n t i n s t a l l e d seismographs.
P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode:
l a t i o n control.

Designed f o r l o a d f o l l o w i n g u s i n g r e c i r c u -

S i t e D e s c r i p t i o n : Located i n a v a l l e y formed by s t e e p h i l l s a l o n g
t h e Susquahanna R i v e r . The s i t e i s r a t h e r removed w i t h two a c c e s s
r o a d s . S l a t e s v i l l e , a s m a l l community, i s about t h r e e m i l e s SW.

Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n :
E j e c t e d t u r b i n e b l a d e s could s t r i k e containment
C e n t e r l i n e s are 174 f t a p a r t .
Emergency P l a n s : P l a n s are formulated w i t h p u b l i c a g e n c i e s s o t h a t
P l a n t p e r s o n n e l r e c e i v e i n s t r u c t i o n s i n emergency p r o c e d u r e s and u s e o
emergency equipment. P e r i o d i c t r a i n i n g d r i l l s are h e l d . Emergencies
i n v o l v i n g p e r s o n n e l , on o r o f f - s i t e , can b e handled i n an o r d e r l y , e f f e c t i v e manner. P r o c e d u r e s i n c l u d e services of t h e S t a t e P o l i c e , t h e
l o c a l f i r e department, a l o c a l h o s p i t a l , and o t h e r p u b l i c a g e n c i e s .

Environmental M o n i t o r i n g P l a n s : Survey s t a r t e d i n 1960 f o r u n i t 1.


O b j e c t i v e w a s t o g e t q u a n t i t a t i v e d a t a on r a d i o a c t i v i t y i n t h e v i c i n i t
of t h e p l a n t p r i o r t o o p e r a t i o n . The program of sampling is s t i l l goi n g on. Twelve sampling s t a t i o n s are used t o monitor materials i n t h e
food c h a i n of b o t h animals and humans.
Samples are t a k e n f o r background gamma, a i r b o r n e p a r t i c u l a t e , water, m i l k , v e g e t a t i o n , a q u a t i c
b i o t a , ish s h e l l f i s h , small game, s o i l , and s i l t .

Radwaste Treatment:
The l i q u i d waste system c o l l e c t s , treats, s t o r e s
and d i s p o s e s of a l l r a d i o a c t i v e l i q u i d wastes. Processed l i q u i d waste
may b e r e t u r n e d t o t h e condensate system o r d i s c h a r g e d through t h e c i r c u l a t i n g water d i s c h a r g e c a n a l . The gaseous w a s t e system c o l l e c t s ,
p r o c e s s e s and d e l i v e r s t o t h e main s t a c k , g a s e s from t h e main condenser
a i r e j e c t o r , s t a r t u p vacuum pump and g l a n d s e a l condenser. A 30-min.
holdup t i m e a l l o w s N-16 and 0-19 t o decay to d a u g h t e r p r o d u c t s t h a t can
b e c o l l e c t e d on h i g h e f f i c i e n c y o f f - g a s f i l t e r s b e f o r e s t a c k release.
S o l i d wastes are c o l l e c t e d , dewatered, and s h i p p e d o f f s i t e .

P l a n t Vent:

500 f e e t h i g h r e i n f o r c e d c o n c r e t e .

174
Page 6 , BWR
G.

SITE DATA

Nearby Body OF

-_------ P each

Reartnr:-

"-----

S i z e of S i t e

620

Acres
S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n
*Plant p r o t e c t e d t o 135'.

Topography o f S i t e :

Rolling t o h i l l y
685

; 10 n i

I n 5 m i r a d i u s 14,492

; 50 m i

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s
1970

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :
Dist.

from s i t e 19

Lancaster, Pa.

Miles, D i r e c t i o n

Land Use i n 5 Nile Radius:


Meteorology:

116'

Rolling t o h i l l y

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :
Date of Data:

Bottom

, Population57.690

('70)

A g r i c u l t u r a l and wooded
Avg. speed 4 mph

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n Westerly

S t a b i l i t y Data - S t a b l e d i s p e r s i o n c o n d i t i o n s %30% of t i m e .
M i s c e l l a n e o u s I t e m s C l o s e t o t h e S i t e : U n i t NO. 1 i s a b o u t 850' from
c e n t e r l i n e between r e a c t o r s . A v i s i t o r ' s c e n t e r i s a b o u t 1350' away.
Within 5 m i l e s t h e r e are 2 h o s p i t a l s , B a i n b r i d g e Naval T r a i n i n g S t a t i o n ,
Aberdeen P r o v i n g Ground, and Army Chemical C e n t e r . A l l l a n d a l o n g
Conowingo Pond i s owned by P h i l a d e l p h i a E l e c t r i c o r t h e i r s u b s i d e r a r i e s .
T h e r e i s a pumped-storage f a c i l i t y about 4 m i l e s above t h e s i t e .

H.

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

Type of System:

Water Taken From:

Once through w i t h h e l p e r c o o l i n g towers t o c o o l


effluent

Conowingo Pond of Susquehanna R i v e r

I n t a k e S t r u c t u r e : Water f i r s t p a s s e s through a s c r e e n s t r u c t u r e , which


h a s t r a s h r a c k s and t r a v e l i n g s c r e e n s , and i n t o t h e i n t a k e pond which i s
d i v i d e d i n 2 p a r t s . The i n t a k e s t r u c t u r e houses t h e c i r c u l a t i n F pumps.
Water Body Temperatures: Winter minimum
R i v e r Flow

1400

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

34 "F

( c f s ) minimum;

---

Summer maximum+&"F
(cf s ) average

36.200

gpmlreactor

750,000

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

Heat Removal C a p i c i t y of Condenser

(gpm) / r e a c t o r

---

7500 x I O 6

Temp. R i s e 20.8

"I

(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r
(Btulhr) / r e a c t o r

Discharge S t r u c t u r e : Water from condenser d i s c h a r g e d to a c o o l i n g tower


supply p o o l . Cooling towers d i s c h a r g e t o a 5000 f t l o n g c a n a l which
'lows i n t o t h e r i v e r . Temperature a t end of c a n a l i s Q13F above ambient
when c o o l i n g t o w e r s are used.
Cooling Tower(s):
D e s c r i p t i o n & Number - Three mechanical d r a f t
Blowdown N o n e

gpmlreactor

E v a p o r a t i v e loss 5,550

gpm/reactor

175

176
Data From FSAR

P r o j e c t Name:

Page 1 (PWR)

S u r r y Power S t a t i o n U n i t 1 & 2
A-E:
Stone & Webster

Owner: V i r g i n i a E l e c t . & Power

N o . Coolant

by: Fred Heddleson Yarch 197


Nuclear Safety Information Center

177
Page 2 , PWR
Exclusion Distance ,
Miles
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
Distance - M i l e s
Distance
Metropolis
Newport News
17 mi.
~

Design Basis Earthquake


Acceleration, g
O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l

D1.

0.31 radius

Design Winds i n psf :

3 radius
Population

At 0

292,159
0.15

0.07
67

CONTAINMENT

Max Leak Rate a t Desipn


P r e s s u r e , %/day

o.l

- 50

f t elev

50 - 150 f t
150

- 400

ft

30
45
55

300 mph t a n g
trans.
AP = 1 . 5 p s i l 5 s e c

Tornado

Design Pressure,
Dsag
C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l P r e s s u r e , psip:

60

45.0
39.2

D e s i g n Basis : Designed f o r o p e r a t i o n a t subatmospheric p r e s s u r e of 9


t o 11 p s i g and t o m a i n t a i n f u l l containment i n t e g i t y when s u b j e c t e d t o
DBA, and e a r t h q u a k e , and t o r n a d o d e s i g n c o n d i t i o n s w i t h r a d i a t i o n l e a k age l i m i t e d t o less t h a n lOCFRlOO c r i t e r i a .

Vacuum R e l i e f C a p a b i l i t y :
Vacuum pumps o p e r a t e c o n t i n u o u s l y , t o
i o l d containment a t 9 t o 11 p s i g vacuum.

P o s t - C o n s t r u c t i o n T e s t i n g : Leak-rate tests w i l l b e r u n a t 45, 25, and


3 p s i g u s i n g l e a k a g e m o n i t o r i n g system f o r measurements. P e r i o d i c
t e s t s w i l l b e r u n t h e r e a f t e r . S t r e n g t h t e s t w i l l b e r u n when s t r u c t u r e
is completed.
Penetrations :

Double b a r r i e r s e a l e d and i n d i v i d u a l l y t e s t a b l e .

Weld Channels: Used on some l i n e r j o i n t s w i t h p r e s s u r e t a p s f o r t e s t i n g

178
Page 3 , PWR
D2.

CONTAINMENT SAFETY FEATURES

Reactor:

Surry

Containment Spray System: O p e r a t e s a f t e r LOCA t o s p r a y c h i l l e d b o r a t e d


water from t h e R e f u e l i n g Water S t o r a g e Tank i n t o containment. A rec i r c u l a t i o n s p r a y system pumps water from t h e containment sump through
h e a t exchangers t o s p r a y n o z z l e s . NaOH i s added t o t h e water t o h e l p
remove r a d i o a c t i v e i o d i n e .

Containment Cooling: Containment atmosphere i s l i m i t e d t o a t e m p e r a t u r


of 105F d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n by 3 f a n - c o i l c o o l i n g u n i t s which each rec i r c u l a t e 75,000 cfm w i t h a c o o l i n g c a p a c i t y of 1200 MBh and 3 c o n t r o l
rod d r i v e c o o l i n g u n i t s each r a t e d 726 MBh.

Containment: I s o l a t i o n System: Two b a r r i e r s t o l e a k a g e e x i s t on each


p e n e t r a t i o n through t h e containment w a l l ; an i s o l a t i o n v a l v e on e a c h
s i d e . These v a l v e s c l o s e a u t o m a t i c a l l y on t h e s a f e t y i n j e c t i o n s i g n a l
b u t can a l s o b e c l o s e d manually from t h e c o n t r o l room.
Containment A i r F i l t r a t i o n : There are roughing, p a r t i c u l a t e , and c h a r c o a l f i l t e r s . Normally, o n l y roughing f i l t e r s are used. Bypassdamper o p e r a t i o n d i v e r t s a i r through p a r t i c u l a t e and c h a r c o a l f i l t e r s .
P e n e t r a t i o n Room: E l e c t r i c a l p e n e t r a t i o n room shown on p l a n s .
e n t e r a t u n n e l a t containment w a l l .
D3.

Pipes

SAFETY I N J E C T I O N SYSTEMS

Accumulator Tanks: Three t a n k s e a c h h o l d i n g a b o u t 7000 gpm of b o r a t e d


water under 650 p s i g n i t r o g e n p r e s s u r e , can release and d e l i v e r t h e i r
c o n t e n t s t o t h e 3 h o t l e g s and 3 c o l d l e g s of t h e r e a c t o r v e s s e l i n
%lo seconds. I n j e c t i o n o c c u r s when r e a c t o r system p r e s s u r e d r o p s b e l o
650 p s i g .
Three s a f e t y i n j e c t i o n pumps i n j e c t b o r a t e
w a t e r from t h e r e f u e l i n g water s t o r a g e t a n k i n t o t h e 3 h o t l e g s and 3
c o l d l e g s of t h e r e a c t o r v e s s e l when small b r e a k s o c c u r . The 3 pumps
f e e d 2 h e a d e r s , one of which c o n t a i n s t h e boron i n j e c t i o n tank. Conc e n t r a t e d b o r i c a c i d i s f l u s h e d from t h e t a n k i n t o t h e r e a c t o r f o r
a d d i t i o n of n e g a t i v e r e a c t i v i t y .
Each pump c a p a c i t y i s 150 gpm @ 2750
psig.

hm-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : Two low-head pumps each d e l i v e r s 3000 gpm


@ 300 p s i g from t h e r e f u e l i n g water s t o r a g e t a n k t o 2 h o t l e g s of t h e
r e a c t o r v e s s e l . When s u p p l y i n t h e r e f u e l i n g water s t o r a g e t a n k i s
about gone, alarms i n t h e c o n t r o l room s i g n a l t o o p e r a t o r t o s w i t c h
o v e r t h e 2 pumps t o t h e containment sump i n i t i a t i n g t h e r e c i r c u l a t i o n
p h a s e which can b e used f o r l o n g term c o o l i n g .

179
Page 4 , PWR
E.

OTEER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Reactor:
R e a c t o r Vessel F a i l u r e : N o r e f e r e n c e found.
Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y :

I.!O

SurrY

r e f e r e n c e found.

Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System: The f o l l o w i n g methods of d e t e c t i o n are used:


1) A i r p a r t i c u l a t e m o n i t o r i n g , 2) Gas m o n i t o r i n g ,
3) P r e s s u r i z e r makeup water, 4 ) Containment sump water l e v e l , 5 ) P r e s s u r e , t e m e p r a t u r e , h u m i d i t y , 6 ) Reactor v e s s e l head f l a n g e .

*Failed-Fuel-Detection

System:

No r e f e r e n c e found.

Emergency Power:
There are 3 d i e s e l g e n e r a t o r s f o r t h e 2 u n i t s .
Each u n i t h a s a n e x c l u s i v e g e n e r a t o r and t h e t h i r d d i e s e l g e n e r a t o r is
backup f o r e i t h e r of t h e o t h e r two. Each d i e s e l - g e n e r a t o r s e t i s
independent, s t a r t i n g a u t o m a t i c a l l y when normal power f a i l s , a c c e p t i n g
load i n 10 seconds, and c a r r y i n g f u l l l o a d i n 25 seconds. Each u n i t
has 3-hr. f u e l s u p p l y i n i t s day t a n k . Backup f u e l i s s t o r e d i n a
3 u r i e d s t o r a g e tank.
C o n t r o l of Axial Xenon O s c i l l a t i o n s By Burnable Shims, Part-Length
C o n t r o l Rods, In-Core I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n :
P a r t length rods suppress
Kenon induced o s c i l l a t i o n s i n t h e a x i a l d i r e c t i o n .
Burnable shims
nelp t o make moderator t e m p e r a t u r e c o e f f i c i e n t more n e g a t i v e . In-core
i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n i s used t o c a l i b r a t e out-of-core i n s t r u m e n t s .
Boron D i l u t i o n C o n t r o l : Boron d i l u t i o n i s a manual o p e r a t i o n . A b o r i c
a c i d b l e n d system h e l p s t h e o p e r a t o r match t h e boron c o n c e n t r a t i o n of
nakeup w a t e r d u r i n g normal c h a r g i n g t o t h a t i n t h e R e a c t o r Coolant System.
The Chemical and Volume Control. System l i m i t s , e v e n under v a r i o u s
f a i l u r e modes, t h e p o t e n t i a l r a t e of d i l u t i o n t o a v a l u e which, a f t e r
i n d i c a t i o n by a l a r m s , p r o v i d e s t h e o p e r a t o r s u f f i c i e n t t i m e t o c o r r e c t
t h e s i t u a t i o n i n a s a f e and o r d e r l y manner.
Long-Term Cooling: Can b e accomplished by t h e low-head s a f e t y i n j e c t i o n pumps r e c i r c u l a t i n g b o r a t e d water from t h e containment c o l l e c t i o n
sump.

Organic-Iodide F i l t e r :

No r e f e r e n c e found.

Hydrogen Recombiner:
FSAR d a t e d 5 / 1 / 7 1 s a i d recombiner w a s b e i n g
s t u d i e d and t h a t a s u i t a b l e system would b e employed.

180

F.

GENERAL,

R e a c t o r : SurrY
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n Recorders, and Seismographs: Data c o l l e c t e d f o r
25 months s t a r t i n g Nov. 1967 from 2 towers (150' h i g h tower on s i t e
and 20' tower a t t i p of Hog I s l a n d ) .
P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode:

Load Following.

S i t e D e s c r i p t i o n : P l a n t i s l o c a t e d on a p e n i n s u l a - l i k e p i e c e of l a n d
surrounded on 3 s i d e s by t h e James R i v e r which i s a b o u t 3 m i l e s wide
a l l around t h e s i t e and h a s a 25-ft deep c h a n n e l . This p o i n t i n t h e
r i v e r i s j u s t a b o u t t h e l i m i t of s a l t i n t r u s i o n from t h e ocean. Area
s u r r o u n d i n g t h e s i t e i s low and f l a t much of which i s h e a v i l y wooded
and marshy. P o p u l a t i o n d e n s i t y i s low.

Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n : R e a c t o r and t u r b i n e c e n t e r l i n e are 265' a p a r t .


E j e c t e d b l a d e s c o u l d s t r i k e containment.
Emergency P l a n s : P l a n s have been p r e p a r e d and t r a i n i n g g i v e n t o
employees t o e s t a b l i s h working p r o c e d u r e s f o r h a n d l i n g emergencies.
O f f - s i t e a g e n c i e s have been c o n s u l t e d s u c h as AEC, p o l i c e , S t a t e
H e a l t h D e p t . , c i v i l d e f e n s e , f i r e d e p t s . , r e s c u e s q u a d s , Medical
C o l l e g e of V i r g i n i a , S t a t e F o r e s t r y Dept., and Dept. of G a m e and
Fisheries.

Environmental Monitoring P l a n s :
A program w i l l b e c a r r i e d o u t t o
v e r i f y t h e adequacy of r a d i a t i o n c o n t r o l and t o p r o v i d e f i e l d d a t a
f o r e s t i m a t i n g d o s e t o t h e envtronment.
A preoperational surveill a n c e h a s been underway f o r some t i m e w i t h c o o p e r a t i o n from V i r g i n i a
I n s t i t u t e of Marine S c i e n c e t o e s t a b l i s h b a s e - l i n e c o n d i t i o n s f o r
e v a l u a t i o n of o p e r a t i n g d a t a . Milk, s h e l l f i s h , and s i l t have been
s e l e c t e d as i n d i c a t o r samples.

.Radwaste Treatment: Liquid wastes are c o l l e c t e d and e v a p o r a t e d as req u i r e d . A f t e r d e g a s s i f y i n g and f i l t e r i n g , t h e e v a p o r a t o r c o n d e n s a t e i s


a n a l y z e d b e f o r e d i s c h a r g e t o t h e r i v e r . With 1%
d e f e c t i v e f u e l , 1.97
c u r i e / y r w i l l b e d i s c h a r g e d , t r i t i u m excluded. I f t h e r e i s steam gene r a t o r l e a k a g e , t h i s f i g u r e w i l l b e 57.46 c u r i e / y r . Evaporator r e s i d u e
and noncombustible s o l i d wastes are drummed, a n d c o m b u s t i b l e s o l i d
wastes can b e b a l e d o r drummed. They are s h i p p e d from t h e s i t e f o r d i s
p o s a l . Gaseous wastes are h e l d f o r decay, s t r i p p e d of most hydrogen
and m o i s t u r e , d i l u t e d and d i s c h a r g e d through t h e p l a n t v e n t .

P l a n t Vent:

About 1 0 f e e t h i g h e r t h a n t o p of containment s t r u c t u r e .

181
Page 6 , PWR
Nearby Body of Water:

James R i v e r

S i z e of S i t e

840

Topography of S i t e :

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

Acres

Dist.

In 5 m i radius

1966
Of

26.5'

Flat

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

Nearest C i t y

'

(MSLJ
(MSL)
(MSL!

Flat

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :
Date of Data:

0'
25.4

Normal Level
Max Prob Flood L e v e l

36

; 10 m i

724

; 50 m i

50,000 P O P u b t i o n :

from s i t e

17

Newport News, V i r g i n i a
Miles, D i r e c t i o n
SE , P o p u l a t i o n 138,177

Land Use i n 5 ?.lile Radius: A g r i c u l t u r a l west and s o u t h . Water and


m i l i t a r y r e s e r v a t i o n s n o r t h and east. R e c r e a t i o n ( h u n t i n g , f i s h i n g ,
p a r k s ) is p o p u l a r i n area.
Meteorology:
P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n None Avg. speed
7.5 mph
EaSterly
S t a b i l i t y Data - S l i g h t l y u n s t a b l e t o n e u t r a l 213 of t i m e .
M i s c e l l a n e o u s I t e m s C l o s e t o t h e S i t e : Jamestown I s l a n d , a F e d e r a l p a r k , i s 4-mi NW; Chippokes P l a n t a t i o n , a S t a t e p a r k , i s 3-mi WSW.
Jamestown N a t i o n a l H i s t o r i c a l P a r k is 5 - m i WNW and C o l o n i a l Williamsb u r g i s 7 1/2-mi NNW. Adjacent t o t h e s i t e on t h e n o r t h i s Hog I s l a n d ,
a w a t e r f o w l r e f u g e . These numerous a t t r a c t i o n s b r i n g thousands of
v i s i t o r s t o t h e area.
~

H.

~~

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

I n t a k e Stru-:
A r e i n f o r c e d c o n c r e t e s t r u c t u r e pumps water from t h
r i v e r and l i f t s i t o v e r t h e bank t o a c o n c r e t e l i n e d c a n a l t h a t conveys
t h e water a b o u t 1 . 7 m i l e s t o t h e condenser i n t a k e . The c a n a l h o l d s
45.000.000 9
Water B

R i v e r Flow

T i d a l flow

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y

( c f s ) minimum;

---

8960

(cf s) average

gpm/ r e a c t o r

Flow Thru Condenser


840,000
Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

(gpm)/reactor

---

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

Temp. Rise

14

'1

(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r

---

(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r

Discharge S F r u c t u r e :
A d i s c h a r g e c a n a l about 2900 f t l o n g conveys
water t o t h e d i s c h a r g e s t r u c t u r e made of t i m b e r s w i t h f i v e 5 0 - f t wide
bays h a v i n g t i m b e r c o n t r o l g a t e s s o d i s c h a r g e v e l o c i t i e s can b e h e l d
Cooling Tower(s):
Blowdown

D e s c r i p t i o n & Number
gpmlreactor

None

E v a p o r a t i v e loss

gpmjreactor

183

DATA FROM FSAR

Page 1 (PWR)

P r o j e c t Name : P r a i r i e I s l a n d Nuclear G e n e r a t i n g P l a n t ,
Units 1 & 2
A-E: P i o n e e r Service & E n g i n e e r i n g Cc
L o c a t i o n : Goodhue Co., Minn.*
Vessel Vendor: Babcock & Wilcox
NSS Vendor : Westinghouse
Owner: Northern S t a t e s Power
Containment

184

Miles
0 . 4 3 Radius
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
D i s t a n c e , Miles
1 112
Metropolis
Distance Population
30
1,813,647

lis

Design B a s i s Earthquake
Acceleration, g
0.12
O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
0.06
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l
67

D1.

. Tornado
'

AP =

300 mph t a n g -k 60
trans
3 p s i / 3sec

Design P r e s s u r e ,

CONTAINMENT

Max Leak Rate a t Design


P r e s s u r e , %/day

Design Winds in mph:

0.5; act u a l 0.02

pSlQ

C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l Pressure, psig

41.4
42.6

Vacuum R e l i e f C a p a b i l i t y : Automatic vacuum r e l i e f d e v i c e s w i l l p r e v e n t e x t e r n a l p r e s s u r e from e x c e e d i n g t h e d e s i g n l i m i t of 0.8 p s i .


P o s t - C o n s t r u c t i o n T e s t i n g : Tested a t 1 . 2 5 d e s i g n p r e s s u r e (which g i v e s
a t e s t p r e s s u r e of 5 1 . 8 p s i g ) . Leak t e s t e d f i n d i n g a v a l u e of 0.02 as
shown above.

3
and t e s t a b l e .

Cold p e n e t r a t i o n s are s i n g l e s e a l e d .

Weld Channels: Weld c h a n n e l s n o t d i s c u s s e d . Bottom s e a l welds w e r e


soap bubble t e s t e d at 5 p s i g b e f o r e g r o u t placement.

185

ing.

T h i s i n c l u d e s p a r t i c u l a t e , HEPA, and c h a r c o a l .

P e n e t r a t i o n Room: None shown as such on p l a n s .

D3.

SAFETY I N J E C T I O N SYSTEMS

Accumulator Tanks: Two t a n k s , e a c h h o l d i n g 8600 g a l l o n s of b o r a t e d


w a t e r under 700 p s i g p r e s s u r e a p p l i e d by n i t r o g e n cover g a s , i n j e c t
t h e i r c o n t e n t s i n t o t h e c o o l a n t system when t h e c o o l a n t system p r e s s u r e
d r o p s below 700 p s i g . Two check v a l v e s , i n series, are t h e o n l y o p e r a t I f c o n t e n t s of one t a n k s p i l l s on t h e f l o o r , t h e o t h e r t a n k
ing parts.
w i l l s t i l l f i l l t h e r e a c t o r vessel halfway up on t h e c o r e .
High-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : Two high-head s a f e t y i n j e c t i o n pumps t a k e
s u c t i o n from t h e r e f u e l i n g w a t e r s t o r a g e t a n k . When i n j e c t i o n f i r s t
starts, i n i t i a t e d by t h e S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n S i g n a l , c o n c e n t r a t e d b o r i c
a c i d from t h e b o r i c a c i d t a n k i s i n j e c t e d i n t o t h e c o o l a n t system. Eac.1
pump is r a t e d 800 gpm @ 2485 p s i g and can s u p p l y water l o s t by a b r e a k
up t o 2" s i z e . When c o n t e n t s of r e f u e l i n g w a t e r s t o r a g e i s e x h a u s t e d ,
water can b e pumped from containment sump.

Low-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : T h i s system and t h e R e s i d u a l Heat Removal


System are t h e same. Two pumps are p r o v i d e d , e a c h r a t e d 2000 gpm @ 600
These pumps o p e r a t e when c o o l a n t p r e s s u r e h a s dropped t o t h e 600
psig.
p s i g r a n g e , a f t e r a c c u m u l a t o r s have f u n c t i o n e d . These pumps t a k e suct i o n from t h e r e f u e l i n g water s t o r a g e t a n k , and i f t h i s supply i s ex' h a u s t e d , r e c i r c u l a t i o n p h a s e s t a r t s w i t h w a t e r pumped from t h e c o n t a i n ment sump.

186

E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

R e a c t o r Vessel F a i l u r e :

Reactor: P r a i r i e I s l a n d
No r e f e r e n c e found.

Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y : No r e f e r e n c e found.

Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System: I n d i c a t i o n i n c o n t r o l room of


l e a k a g e i s p r o v i d e d by continuous m o n i t o r i n g o f containment a i r a c t i v i t
and humidity, and by r u n o f f o f condensate from c o o l i n g c o i l s of a i r rec i r c u l a t i o n u n i t s . B a s i c c r i t e r i o n i s d e t e c t i o n of d e v i a t i o n s from n o r
m a l i n c l u d i n g a i r p a r t i c u l a t e a c t i v i t y , r a d i o g a s a c t i v i t y , humidity,
condensate r u n o f f . Gross l e a k a g e i s i n d i c a t e d by l i q u i d i n v e n t o r y i n
t h e p r o c e s s systems and containment sump.

changer, w i l l b e u s e d . S t u d i e s are underway on f i s s i o n chamber d e t e c t o r s b i a s e d a g a i n s t "pile-up," hoping f o r improved s e n s i t i v i t y methods.

down r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e o t h e r u n i t . Each u n i t h a s i t s own independent


a i r s t a r t i n g system c o n s i s t i n g of a i r compressor and 2 accumulators e a c
c a p a b l e of c r a n k i n g e n g i n e f o r 20 seconds. A day t a n k f o r each d i e s e l

alarms and i n d i c a t i o n s are a v a i l a b l e t o a l e r t t h e o p e r a t o r o f t h e cond i t i o n . Maximum r e a c t i v i t y a d d i t i o n due t o t h e d i l u t i o n i s s l o w enough


t o a l l o w t h e o p e r a t o r t o determine c a u s e o f a d d i t i o n and t a k e c o r r e c t i v

187
Page 5,(PWR)

F. GENERAL
Reactor: P r a i r i e I s l a n d
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs : Data h a s been colJ e c t e d s i n c e May 1968 w i t h i n s t r u m e n t s on a 1 4 0 - f t tower. A c e n t r a l
r e c o r d i n g a c c e l e o g r a p h w i t h t h r e e d e t e c t o r s w i l l b e i n s t a l l e d t o meas u r e ground motion, r e a c t o r b u i l d i n g motion and motion of major equipnen t
P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode: Designed f o r l o a d f o l l o w i n g .

Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n : E j e c t e d t u r b i n e b l a d e s could s t r i k e containment.


C e n t e r l i n e s are 190 f t a p a r t .
Emergency
P l a n s : P l a n s have been developed t o cover o n - s i t e and o f f s i t e emergencies. O f f - s i t e p l a n s have been c o o r d i n a t e d w i t h l o c a l
a u t h o r i t i e s s o as t o s a f e g u a r d t h e p u b l i c . P l a n s s p e c i f y r e s p o n s i b i l i
t i e s , l i n e s of a u t h o r i t y , communication, n o t i f i c a t i o n , and p r o t e c t i v e
measures. P l a n s w i l l b e reviewed p e r i o d i c a l l y .

Environmental Monitoring P l a n s : An environmental r a d i a t i o n m o n i t o r i n g


program w a s i n i t i a t e d i n May 1970. T h i s program w i l l b e continued
a f t e r p l a n t o p e r a t i o n b e g i n s . Measurements are b e i n g t a k e n of t h e
r a d i o a c t i v i t y p r e s e n t i n a i r , s u r f a c e and w e l l water, r a w m i l k , v e g e t a
t i o n , a q u a t i c p l a n t s , f i s h and o t h e r s e l e c t e d specimens. An e c o l o g i c a
s t u d y of t h e M i s s i s s i p p i River i n t h e areas of t h e p l a n t w a s a l s o begui
i n May 1970. M e t e o r o l o g i c a l and water q u a l i t y d a t a h a s been g a t h e r e d
s i n c e May 1968.

k a d w a s t e Treatment: Waste d i s p o s a l system, common t o b o t h u n i t s , c o l l e c t s , p r o c e s s e s , and p r e p a r e s wastes f o r d i s p o s a l w i t h r a d i o a c t i v i t y


l e v e l s as low as p r a c t i c a l below 10CFR20 l i m i t s . L i q u i d wastes are co
l e c t e d , p r o c e s s e d , and d i s c h a r g e d t o t h e r i v e r v i a t h e condenser c i r c u l a t i n g water d i s c h a r g e . The e v a p o r a t o r r e s i d u e s and o t h e r s o l i d
wastes are drummed and s h i p p e d from t h e s i t e f o r d i s p o s a l i n an author i z e d l o c a t i o n . Gaseous wastes are c o l l e c t e d and s t o r e d f o r decay bef o r e d i s c h a r g e t o t h e environment.

P l a n t Vent: Vent i s a p p a r e n t l y from t o p of containment.


t i o n could n o t b e determined.

Actual loca-

~~

G.

~~

SITE DATA

H.

~~~

Reactor: P r a i r i e I s l a n d

Nearby Body of Water:

Normal Level

674'

(MSL~

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

Type of System:

Once through w i t h v a r i a b l e c y c l e c o o l i n g towers.

Water Taken From: M i s s i s s i p p i R i v e r

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

3880 x

io6

(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r

Discharge S t r u c t u r e : Condenser c o o l i n g water f i r s t goes t o a d i s c h a r g e


b a s i n from which i t can b e d i s c h a r g e d t o t h e r i v e r o r pumped t o t h e
c o o l i n g t o w e r s , o r d i v i d e d between t h e two. Water from towers c a n b e
d i s c h a r g e d t o t h e r i v e r o r recirculated.
D e s c r i p t i o n & Number - 4 mechanical d r a f t towers f o r
Cooling Tower(s):
b o t h u n i t s t o c o o l water b e f o r e d i s c h a r g e back to r i v e r .
Blowdown g p m l r e a c t o r E v a p o r a t i v e l o s s 22.500
EPm/ t o t a l

---

a-

189

190

Page 1 (PWR)
FORT CALHOUN, 50-285

P r o j e c t Name : F o r t Calhoun S t a t i o n ,
Unit No. 1
A-E:
Gibbs and H i l l
L o c a t i o n : Washington Co.,
V e s s e l Vendor : Combustion Engineering
Nebraska
NSS Vendor:
Combustion Engineering
@ m e r : Omaha P u b l i c Power D i s t .
Containment
C o n s t r u c t o r : P e t e r K i e w i t & Sons
A.

THERMAL-HYDRAULIC

IB.

NUCLEAR

Nominal
T o t a l Flowrate

I n l e t Temp,
Avp, Rise i n

Max Thermal
Output , kw/f t
Max Clad S u r f a c e
Temp, OF
No. Coolant
Loops

17.6

648

LL3

Number of P a r t 20
Length Rods (PLR) 4x5
UCompiled by: Fred Heddleson, March ' 7 2
INuclear S a f e t y I n f o r m a t i o n Center

191

Exclusion Distance,
Miles
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
D i s t a n c e , Miles
Metropolis
Distance

Population

Omaha, Neb.

541,453

19

Design Basis Earthquake


Acceleration, g
O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l

D1.

Design Winds i n mph:

At 0

50

- 400

Tornado

0.08

67

- 50 f t e l e v

- 150

150

0.17

CONTAINMENT

Max Leak Rate a t Design


P r e s s u r e , %/day

0-23

AP =

ft

115

145

500 mph t o t a l f o r
tang. & t r a n s . f o r c e s
3 p s i / 3 sec

Design P r e s s u r e ,

60.0

C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l Pressure, psie.

59.3

D S Q

0.2

ft

90

Design B a s i s : Designed t o w i t h s t a n d a LOCA i n c o n j u n c t i o n w i t h e a r t h quake, o r f o r d e s i g n t o r n a d o w i t h no l o s s of i n t e g r i t y t h a t would a l l o t


l e a k a g e of r a d i o a c t i v e m a t e r i a l s i n e x c e s s of d e s i g n l e a k a g e l i m i t s .

Vacuum R e l i e f C a p a b i l i t y :

No r e f e r e n c e found.

Post-Construction Testing: W i l l be t e s t e d a t 1.15 t i m e s design press u r e and monitored f o r r e s p o n s e . A f t e r t h i s s t r e n g t h t e s t , l e a k a g e


r a t e tests w i l l b e done a t 2 d i f f e r e n t p r e s s u r e s . A f t e r s t a r t u p ,
l e a k a g e r a t e tests w i l l b e r u n p e r i o d i c a l l y a t 30 p s i g .
Penetrations:
testable.

A l l p e n e t r a t i o n s are double s e a l e d and i n d i v i d u a l l y

Weld Channels:
T e s t c h a n n e l s are welded o v e r a l l seams which are
n o t a c c e s s i b l e o r i n s p e c t i o n a f t e r placement of i n t e r i o r c o n c r e t e .

192
Page 3 , PWR
G

T SAFETY FEATURES

Reactor:

F o r t Calhoun

Containment Spray System: System c o n s i s t s of 3 pumps, 2 h e a t exchangers, piping instrumentation, e t c . , t o spray borated w a t e r i n t o
containment. Water i s r e c i r c u l a t e d from t h e containment sump ,
p a s s i n g i t t h r o u g h h e a t exchangers f o r c o o l i n g . There are 3 pumps,
each r a t e d 2000 gpm a t 190 p s i g , and 2 h e a t exchangers r a t e d 87.5 X
Btu/hr.

lo6

Containment Cooling: System p r o v i d e s b o t h t h e normal c o o l i n g f u n c t i o n


and h e a t removal d u r i n g LOCA u s i n g 4 f a n - c o i l u n i t s , 2 r a t e d 70 x l o 6
B t u / h r and 2 r a t e d a t 140 x lo6 B t u / h r .
Two u n i t s have f i l t e r s (cons i s t i n g of HEPA and c h a r c o a l f i l t e r s ) , and 2 do n o t . F i l t e r s a r e byp a s s e d i n normal o p e r a t i o n . During an a c c i d e n t , a i r i s c i r c u l a t e d
through t h e c h a r c o a l f i l t e r s f o r removal of i o d i n e .
I s o l a t i o n System: Designed t o p r e v e n t release of r a d i o a c t i v i t y through p e n e t r a t i o n s by having a v a l v e on each end of t h e
p e n e t r a t i o n s . A l l v a l v e s are normally c l o s e d e x c e p t t h o s e f o r enginee r e d s a f e t y f e a t u r e s . Valves c l o s e a u t o m a t i c a l l y , e x c e p t t h o s e t h a t
s h o u l d remain open.
Containment A i r F i l t r a t i o n : Designed f o r f i l t r a t i o n of t h e 0.2%
l e a k a g e from containment. A i r i s p a s s e d through HEPA and c h a r c o a l
filters.

High-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : Three pumps, each r a t e d 150 gpm a t 1735


p s i g , t a k e s u c t i o n from t h e S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n and R e f u e l i n g Water Tank
t o s u p p l y b o r a t e d water t o r e a c t o r as makeup f o r small b r e a k s . One
pump h a s 100% of r e q u i r e d c a p a c i t y ; however, a l l 3 pumps s t a r t on
S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n S i g n a l ( p r e s s u r i z e r low p r e s s u r e o r containment h i g h
pressure).

Low-head SaEety I n j e c t i o n :
Two pumps, e a c h r a t e d 1500 gpm a t 500
p s i g , f l o o d t h e c o r e when system p r e s s u r e d r o p s t o the r a n g e of pump
operation.
Pumps t a k e s u c t i o n from t h e S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n & R e f u e l i n g
Water Tank which c o n t a i n s b o r a t e d water (1700 ppm). The t a n k c a p a c i t y
is 314,000 gpm which i s 24 m i n u t e s s u p p l y w i t h e v e r y t h i n g r u n n i n g .
When t a n k i s n e a r l y empty, pump s u c t i o n i s s w i t c h e d t o t h e containment
sump f o r r e c i r c u l a t i o n . One pump can s u p p l y 100% of r e q u i r e d water.

193
Page
E. OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES
Reactor:
3 e a c t o r Vessel F a i l u r e : No r e f e r e n c e found.

Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y :

4, PWR

F o r t Calhoun

NO r e f e r e n c e found.

Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System: Running of sump pumps can


d e t e c t a 1 gpm l e a k , change i n dewpoint can d e t e c t a 3 gpm l e a k , and
a r i s i n g r a d i a t i o n background would i n d i c a t e l e a k s . Both g a s monit o r s and a i r - p a r t i c u l a t e monitors can measure i n c r e a s e d a c t i v i t y .

Failed-Fuel-Detection

System:

No r e f e r e n c e found.

Emergency Power: Two d i e s e l - g e n e r a t o r sets f u r n i s h emergency o n - s i t e


power. Each u n i t i s completely independent w i t h a l l i t s a u x i l i a r i e s ,
e t c . and s e p a r a t e l y housed. Generators are r a t e d 4.16 kv, f o r 2950
kW f o r 30 minutes, o r 2500 kW f o r one y e a r b a s e l o a d . Diesels are
s t a r t e d by a i r systems, each having c a p a c i t y f o r 5 s t a r t s . Each u n i t
has a day t a n k , and f u e l i s s t o r e d on s i t e f o r 100 h r s o p e r a t i o n of
b o t h u n i t s f u l l y loaded.
C o n t r o l of Axial Xenon O s c i l l a t i o n s By Burnable Shims, Part-Length
C o n t r o l Rods, In-Core I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n : B o r i c a c i d i s used f o r
r e a c t i v i t y changes a s s o c i a t e d w i t h water temp, xenon e f f e c t s and f u e l
burnup.
In-core m o n i t o r s p r o v i d e i n f o on n e u t r o n f l u x d i s t r i b u t i o n anc
t e m p e r a t u r e s i n t h e c o r e . There are p a r t - l e n v t h r o d s a l s o .
Boron D i l u t i o n C o n t r o l : Because o f t h e equipment and c o n t r o l s and t h e
a d m i n i s t r a t i v e p r o c e d u r e s p r o v i d e d , t h e p r o b a b i l i t y of erroneous d i l u t i o n i s c o n s i d e r e d v e r y small. N e v e r t h e l e s s , i f a n u n i n t e n t i o n a l d i l u t i o n of boron does o c c u r , numerous alarms and i n d i c a t i o n s are a v a i l a b l t
t o a l e r t t h e o p e r a t o r t o t h e c o n d i t i o n . The maximum r e a c t i v i t y addit i o n due t o t h e d i l u t i o n i s slow enough t o a l l o w t h e o p e r a t o r t o d e t e r mine t h e cause of t h e d i l u t i o n and t a k e c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n b e f o r e s h u t down margin i s l o s t .
A continuous s o u r c e of b o r a t e d w a t e r i s provided
Long-Term Cooling:
by r e c i r c u l a t i n g water which c o l l e c t s i n t h e containment sump. The
h i g h - p r e s s u r e s a f e t y i n j e c t i o n pumps o p e r a t e when h i g h p r e s s u r e d i c tates, b u t low-pressure pumps can be used when r e a c t o r p r e s s u r e i s
reduced t o t h e i r working l e v e l .
Organic-Iodide

Filter:

No r e f e r e n c e found.

Hydrogen p u r g i n g i s p r a c t i c a l and S a t i s f a c t o r y
Hydrogen Recombiner:
f o r l i m i t i n g p o s t LOCA hydrogen accumulation.

194

F.

GENERAL

Reactor: F o r t Calhoun
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n Recorders, and Seismographs: There i s a meteorol o g i c a l tower on t h e s i t e . Seismograph t y p e i n s t r u m e n t s w i l l b e l o c a t e d on t o p of t h e a u x i l i a r y f o u n d a t i o n m a t and on s i t e g r a d e away
from b u i l d i n g s .
P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode: Load f o l l o w i n g .
S i t e D e s c r i p t i o n : Located on t h e w e s t bank of t h e M i s s o u r i River about
1 9 miles n o r t h of Omaha. S i t e i s r e l a t i v e l y f l a t , a b o u t 10 f e e t
h i g h e r t h a n t h e normal r i v e r p o o l . River l e v e l i s r a t h e r c o n s t a n t bec a u s e of a system of dams. A s t r i p a l o n g t h e r i v e r h a s been p a r t i a l l y
f i l l e d i n by Corp of E n g i n e e r s . Land s u r r o u n d i n g t h e s i t e i s relatively f l a t .
Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n : E j e c t e d t u r b i n e b l a d e s could s t r i k e containment.
C e n t e r l i n e s of t u r b i n e and r e a c t o r are 1 7 2 f t w t .
Emergency P l a n s : W i l l summarize p e r s o n n e l and m a t e r i a l r e s o u r c e s a v a i l
a b l e f o r c o n t r o l of emergencies. P e r i o d i c d r i l l s w i l l b e h e l d and det a i l e d p r o c e d u r e s w i l l be p r e p a r e d . Local a u t h o r i t i e s w i l l b e f a m i l i a r i z e d on t h e i r need f o r c o o p e r a t i o n and a s s i s t a n c e . S t a t e Highway
P a t r o l s o f Nebraska and Iowa w i l l c o n t r o l highway t r a f f i c . Evacuation
w i l l be handled by Nebraska S t a t e d i s a s t e r a g e n c i e s . B l a i r H o s p i t a l
h a s a g r e e d t o s e r v e a c c e p t i n g contaminated p a t i e n t s .
Environmental M o n i t o r i n g P l a n s : Designed t o p r o v i d e d a t a on t y p e s and
amount o f r a d i o a c t i v i t y p r e s e n t i n t h e environment. The p r e o p e r a t i o n a
progzam i s d e s i g n e d t o assess e n v i r o n m e n t a l c o n d i t i o n s b e f o r e - t h e arr i v a l of f u e l . Subsequent a n a l y s e s d u r i n g t h e o p e r a t i o n a l program w i l l
be documented t o demonstrate t h a t p l a n t o p e r a t i o n s do n o t have a s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t on t h e environment. S p e c i f i c r a d i o n u c l i d e a n d / o r gross
r a d i o a c t i v i t y a n a l y s e s are performed on t h e f o l l o w i n g samples: s u r f a c e w a t e r , w e l l w a t e r , mud, a q u a t i c b i o t a , m i l k , v e g e t a t i o n , a i r
p a r t i c u l a t e s , and w i l d l i f e .
Radwaste Treatment: L i q u i d wastes w i l l b e c o l l e c t e d , monitored and proc e s s e d on a b a t c h b a s i s . T o t a l a n n u a l c o l l e c t i o n w i l l b e 84,746 g a l l o n s . A f t e r p r o c e s s i n g i t w i l l b e r e l e a s e d i n t h e c i r c u l a t i n g water
d i s c h a r e. Average c o n c e n t r a t i o n e x p e c t e d i s 5 x lo-'' P C i / c c p l u s
3 x lo-' p C i / c c of t r i t i u m . Gases w i l l b e c o l l e c t e d , compressed,
s t o r e d , a n a l y z e d , and r e l e a s e d when s a t i s f a c t o r y through t h e p l a n t vent
Hold up t i m e w i l l b e about 30 days, a t which t i m e release r e p r e s e n t s
about 4 8 1 c u r i e s . S o l i d wastes w i l l b e c o l l e c t e d and packaged i n t o
55 g a l l o n drums and shipped o f f s i t e f o r d i s p o s a l .

P l a n t Vent:

S t a c k r u n s up s i d e of containment.

195
Page 6 , PWR
G.

SITE DATA

Reactor:

Nearby Body of Water:


Missouri River
S i z e of S i t e

Normal Level
Max Prob Flood Level

Acres

380

Topography of S i t e :

992'
1004'

(MSL:
(MSL:

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n 1004'

(MSL:

Flat t o rolling

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :

F l a t n o r t h e a s t , r o l l i n g southwest

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

Date of Data:

1980

from s i t e

24.270

; 50 m i

Omaha, Nebraska

1 9 14iles, D i r e c t i o n S-SE

Land Use i n 5 Nile Radius:


Meteorolo(gll:

; 10 m i

820

I n 5 m i r a d i u s 12,720

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :

Dist.

F o r t Calhoun

, P o p u l a t i o n 352,000

('69)

Agricultural

Avg. speed i i m p h
(Dec .-May)
S t a b i l i t y Data - N e u t r a l
S-SE (June-Nov. )
M i s c e l l a n e o u s Items C l o s e t o t h e S i t e : N o r t h Omaha A i r p o r t i s 1 6 m i l e s
S-SE.
Northern c i t y l i m i t s of Omaha i s about 12 m i l e s s o u t h . Highway
173 r u n s NE-SW a b o u t 3000 f t from t h e p l a n t . There are about 6 houses
along t h i s r o a d 3000-4000' from t h e r e a c t o r b l d g . DeSoto N a t i o n a l Wild
L i f e Refuge i s east of t h e p l a n t about 1 1 / 2 m i l e s c o n s i s t i n g of 8100
a c r e s . B l a i r , t h e c l o s e s t community, i s 3 m i NW w i t h Q~5000i n h a b i t a n t s
H.

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n W-SE

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM


Of

'ySE:

Once through.

Water Taken From:

Missouri

River

Intake Structure: Reinforced concrete s t r u c t u r e a t r i v e r shore l i n e


l a v i n g t r a s h r a c k s , t r a v e l i n g s c r e e n s and pumps. There are 6 b a y s and
3 pumps. V e l o c i t y t h r u s c r e e n s w i l l v a r y from 1 . 4 t o 2 . 3 f t l s e c .
Water Body Temperatures: Winter minimum

R i v e r Flow

(cf s ) minimum;

6500

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

32

5000

OF

Summer maximum
26,750

80"

( c f s ) averag

gpm/ r e a c t o r

365,000 max.

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment 3300


Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

(gpm)/reactor
X

lo6 ( R i v e r )

---

Temp. R i s e 17.9
(Btu/hr)/reactor
(Btu/hr)/reactor

Discharge S t r u c t u r e :
Discharged a t river s h o r e l i n e w i t h d i s c h a r g e
v e l o c i t y from 1 . 9 t o 3.8 f t / s e c .
Cooling Tower(s) : D e s c r i p t i o n & Number
Blowdown

gpmlreactor

None

Evaporative loss

gpm/ r e a c t o r

196

19 7

I N D I A N POINT, 50-286
I N D I A N POINT NUCLEAR GENERATION UNIT 3
A-E:United Engrs. & C o n s t r u c t o r s
Location:Buchanan, N . Y . *
Vessel Vendor : ---

Project Name:

198
r

C.

SAFETY-RELATED DESIGN CRITERIA

Reactor:

Exclusion Distance,
Miles
0.2 radius
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
D i s t a n c e , Miles
0.65 r a d i u s
Metropolis
Distance Population
e w York C i t y

% of H o r i z o n t a l
Is I n t e n t of 70 Design
Criteria S a t i s f i e d ?

D.

D1.

Design Winds i n P s f :

- 150
150

Design Basis Earthquake


Acceleration,
O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake
Acceleration,

I N D I A N POINT 3

ft

- 400

ft

f
J

Tornado300 mph t a n g

30

60
trans.

AP = 3 p s i / 3 s e c
67DBE
50 OBE
S e c t i o n 1.3 dliscusses how d e s i g- n c r i t e r i a
is met.

ENGINEEREC SAFETY FTATURES

Design Pressure,

CONTAINMENT

Max Leak Rate a t Desipn


P r e s s u r e , %/day

DSlQ

0.1

C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l P r e s s u r e , psig

47
44

Design Basis: Designed t o w i t h s t a n d t h e f o l l o w i n g major l o a d i n g cond i t i o n s emposed by


a . complete f a i l u r e of r e a c t o r c o o l a n t system
b.
c o i n c i d e n t f a i l u r e of t h e r e a c t o r c o o l a n t system w i t h an earthquake
o r wind
w i t h e s s e n t i a l l y no l e a k a g e of r a d i o a c t i v e m a t e r i a l s .
Vacuum R e l i e f C a p a b i 1 i t y : A p r e s s u r e - r e l i e f
valves vents t o plant vent.

l i n e with 3 butter-fly

P o s t - C o n s t r u c t i o n T e s t i n g : A s t r e n g t h t e s t w i l l b e r u n a t 54 p s i g f o r
1 h r . Leakage r a t e t e s t s w i l l b e r u n a t 4 7 p s i g f o r 24 h r . and a t half
of t h i s f o r 24 h r . Leakage-rate tests w i l l b e r u n p e r i o d i c a l l y a f t e r
startup.
P e n e t r a t i o n s : A l l p i p i n g and e l e c t r i c a l p e n e t r a t i o n s are double b a r r i c
and i n d i v i d u a l l y t e s t a b l e .

Weld Channe1s:All welded j o i n t s i n t h e l i n e r have s t e e l c h a n n e l s


welded o v e r them on t h e i n s i d e . Welds are checked w i t h Freon d u r i n g
construction.

199
Page 3 , PWR

D 2 . CONTAINMENT SAFETY FEATURES


R e a c t o r : I N D I A N POINT 3
Containment Spray S y s t e m : Two s e t s of 2 o u t of 3 (Hi Hi) containment
p r e s s u r e s i g n a l s i n i t i a t e 2 pumps, t a k i n g s u c t i o n from t h e r e f u e l i n g water s t o r a g e t a n k , so t h a t 5000 gpm of b o r a t e d water i s sprayed i n t o
containment. C o n t e n t s of a t a n k c o n t a i n i n g sodium hydroxide i s s p r a y e
i n t o a s s i s t i n i o d i n e removal. Water from t h e sump can b e r e c i r c u l a t

Containment Cooling: Designed t o m a i n t a i n temp d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n a t


120F o r lower. System u s e s r e c i r c u l a t i o n and f a h - c o i l c o o l e r s . F i v e
c o o l i n g u n i t s e a c h have c a p a c i t y of 2 . 2 x lo6 BTU/hr f o r normal operat i o n and 76.32 X l o 6 BTU/hr c a p a c i t y f o r a c c i d e n t c o n d i t i o n s . Valves
t h r o t t l e water f o r temp c o n t r o l f o r normal o p e r a t i o n , b u t open wide on
h i g h containment p r e s s u r e .

Containment: I s o l a t i o n System: Two v a l v e s are i n s t a l l e d on each l i n e


which p e n e t r a t e s containment
one on t h e i n s i d e and one on t h e outsid1
Valves c l o s e a u t o m a t i c a l l y t o p r e v e n t l e a k a g e from containment i n case
of l i n e r u p t u r e o r o t h e r a c c i d e n t . Valves c l o s e on containment i s o l a tion signal.
Containment A i r F i l t r a t i o n : R e c i r c u l a t e d a i r p a s s e s t h r u HEPA f i l t e r s .
I n c a s e o f an a c c i d e n t , c h a r c o a l f i l t e r s are used. Flow c a p a c i t y t h r u
c h a r c o a l f i l t e r s i s 8000 cfm.

P e n e t r a t i o n Room: No r e f e r e n c e found.

D3.

SAFETY I N J E C T I O N SYSTEMS

Accumulator Tanks: Four t a n k s , each h o l d i n g %5500 g a l l o n s of b o r a t e d


water, d i s c h a r g e t h e i r c o n t e n t s i n t o t h e 4 c o l d l e g s of t h e r e a c t o r
when system p r e s s u r e d r o p s t o 650 p s i g . P r e s s u r e i n accumulators i s
maintained by n i t r o g e n g a s . Check v a l v e s i n d i s c h a r g e l i n e s open a t
650 p s i g .
High-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : Flow from two pumps i s d i r e c t e d i n t o two
h e a d e r s (one pump f o r e a c h ) . One h e a d e r s u p p l i e s t h e two c o l d l e g s ani
t h e o t h e r t h e two h o t l e g s of t h e v e s s e l . There i s a t h i r d standby
pump. These pumps are r a t e d 400 gpm each at 1700 p s i g . Pumps t a k e
s u c t i o n from t h e r e f u e l i n g - w a t e r s t o r a g e t a n k which c o n t a i n s b o r a t e d
water. One i n j e c t i o n h e a d e r c o n t a i n s a boron i n j e c t i o n t a n k which d i s .
c h a r g e s i t s c o n t e n t s i n t o t h e r e a c t o r when i n j e c t i o n i s i n i t i a t e d .

Low-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : I n a l i n e b r e a k a c c i d e n t , when system p r e s s u r e d r o p s t o about 250 p s i g , two pumps o f t h e R e s i d u a l Heat Removal


System s t a r t s up and d e l i v e r l a r g e q u a n t i t i e s of water (3000 gpm @ 250
p s i g , e a c h ) t o f l o o d t h e c o r e and p r e v e n t f u e l damage. These pumps
t a k e s u c t i o n from t h e r e f u e l i n g - w a t e r s t o r a g e t a n k u n t i l i t i s emptied
Water can t h e n b e r e c i r c u l a t e d from t h e sump.

200

Page 4 , PWR
E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

R e a c t o r : I N D I A N POINT 3
R e a c t o r Vessel F a i l u r e : Found no r e f e r e n c e .
Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y : Found no r e f e r e n c e .
Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System: I n d i c a t i o n of l e a k a g e i s
Irovided i n t h e c o n t r o l room by d e t e c t i o n of d e v i a t i o n from normal
:onditions including a i r p a r t i c u l a t e a c t i v i t y , radiogas a c t i v i t y ,
iumidity, condensate r u n o f f and m o n i t o r i n g of sump l e v e l and sump pump
)peration.

Failed-Fuel-Detection

System: Found no r e f e r e n c e .

Emergency Power: A v a i l a b l e from t h e Buchanan s u b s t a t i o n and a g a s


: u r b i n e a t t h e I n d i a n P o i n t s i t e . I n a d d i t i o n , t h e r e are 3 diesel-gen! r a t o r s e t s each r a t e d a t 1750 kW c o n t i n u o u s l y . Any 2 u n i t s can s u p p l y
:he minimum r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r 1 s e t of s a f e g u a r d s equipment.
Each u n i t
ias a 2 h r . f u e l s u p p l y i n t h e day t a n k w i t h s t o r a g e t a n k s u p p l y t o r u n
! u n i t s f o r 80 h o u r s .

C o n t r o l of Axial Xenon O s c i l l a t i o n s By Burnable Shims, Part-Length


C o n t r o l Rods, In-Core I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n : P a r t - l e n g t h r o d s and b o r o s i l i c a i
:lass i n SST r o d s are provided t o s u p p r e s s o s c i l l a t i o n s . Out-of-core
m s t r u m e n t a t i o n m o n i t o r s power d i s t r i b u t i o n .
In-core i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n i:
ised t o c a l i b r a t e out-of-core.
Boron D i l u t i o n C o n t r o l : Because of p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d i n t h e d i l u t i o n
i r o c e s s , an e r r o n e o u s d i l u t i o n i s c o n s i d e r e d i n c r e d i b l e . N e v e r t h e l e s s ,
i f . a n u n i n t e n t i o n a l d i l u t i o n of boron i n t h e r e a c t o r c o o l a n t does o c c u r !
iumerous alarms and i n d i c a t i o n s a r e a v a i l a b l e t o a l e r t t h e o p e r a t o r t o
:he c o n d i t i o n . The maximum r e a c t i v i t y a d d i t i o n due t o d i l u t i o n i s slow
mough t o a l l o w t h e o p e r a t o r t o determine t h e c a u s e of t h e a d d i t i o n and
:ake c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n b e f o r e e x c e s s i v e shutdown margin i s l o s t .
Long-Term Cooling: Can b e accomplished by r e c i r c u l a t i n g b o r a t e d water
: h a t c o l l e c t s i n t h e containment sump. Two r e c i r c u l a t i o n pumps, h e a t
!xchangers, and t h e two low-head R e s i d u a l Heat Removal System pumps ac:omplish t h e t a s k . There are 2 h e a t exchangers, each having 56.4 x lo6
iTU/hr c a p a c i t y .
Organic-Iodide F i l t e r :
Hydrogen Recombiner:
b u i l d i n g top f l o o r .

No r e f e r e n c e found.

There a r e two recombiners shown on t h e r e a c t o r

201

Page 5 , PWR
F.

GENERGL

R e a c t o r : I N D I A N POINT 3
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs: A 100 f t tower on
t h e s i t e h a s c o l l e c t e d d a t a f o r several y e a r s . No r e f e r e n c e found t o
seismographs.
P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode: Load f o l l o w i n g .
S i t e D e s c r i p t i o n : S i t e i s on t h e e a s t bank of t h e Hudson r i v e r about
45 m i l e s n o r t h o f where t h e r i v e r j o i n s t h e A t l a n t i c Ocean. S t e e p
banks r i s e up from t h e r i v e r and t h e t u r n s i n t h e r i v e r n e a r t h e s i t e
c a u s e i t t o b e i n a s o r t of bowl. The s i t e area s l o p e s from t h e edge
of t h e r i v e r bank s o t h a t t u r b i n e b u i l d i n g and r e a c t o r b u i l d i n g a r e
b u i l t on d i f f e r e n t s i t e g r a d e s .

T u r b i n e O r i e n t a t i o n : Turbine
and r e a c t o r
are about 190' a p a r t .
Turbine l o c a t e d s o i t i s u n l i k e l y t h a t e j e c t e d b l a d e s would s t r i k e
containment.

Emergency

P l a n s : P r o c e d u r e s w i l l b e p r e p a r e d and p e r i o d i c t r a i n i n g
s e s s i o n s h e l d s o a l l p e r s o n n e l are f a m i l i a r w i t h p r o c e d u r e s and t h e i r
responsibilities.
I f r a d i o a c t i v i t y i s released, there w i l l be offs i t e s u r v e y s c o o p e r a t i v e l y w i t h AEC, New York S t a t e a g e n c i e s and
Coast Guard. Contingency p l a n s have been p r e p a r e d f o r f i r e , e a r t h quakes, t o r n a d o , and r a d i o a c t i v i t y releases.

Environmental Monitoring P l a n s : Program s t a r t e d i n 1958 t o determine


background d a t a b e f o r e u n i t 111 s t a r t u p . I n a d d i t i o n , New York S t a t e
c a r r i e s o u t a program of m o n i t o r i n g . Measurements are made o f r a d i o a c t i v i t y i n f r e s h w a t e r , r i v e r water, bottom s e d i m e n t s , f i s h , a q u a t i c
v e g e t a t i o n , s o i l , v e g e t a t i o n , and a i r . Cooling water from u n i t 111
h a s been monitored f o r a c t i v i t y .

'Radwaste Treatment: L i q u i d wastes are c o l l e c t e d i n sumps and t a n k s


where t h e y are h e l d f o r p r o c e s s i n g as r e q u i r e d . The b u l k of l i q u i d
wastes c o l l e c t e d are p r o c e s s e d and r e t a i n e d i n s i d e t h e p l a n t . Proc e s s e d water from which most of t h e r a d i o a c t i v i t y h a s been removed i s
r e l e a s e d i n t o t h e c i r c u l a t i n g water d i s c h a r g e . Gaseous wastes are
c o l l e c t e d and h e l d i n t a n k s under n i t r o g e n p r e s s u r e u n t i l some r a d i o a c t i v e decay o c c u r s . Release i s through t h e monitored p l a n t v e n t
i n t e r m i t t e n t l y i n accordance w i t h t e c h n i c a l s p e c s . S o l i d wastes are
packed i n t o 55 g a l drums and s h i p p e d o f f s i t e f o r d i s p o s a l . T o t a l
a c t i v i t y r e l e a s e d i n l i q u i d form i s 26.2 mc/yr e x c l u d i n g t r i t i u m .

P l a n t Vent: There i s one s t a c k f o r u n i t s 1, 2 , and 3 .


high.

It i s 400 f e e t

202

Hudson River

15'

Max Prob Flood L e v e l

S i z e of S i t e

239

Topography of S i t e :

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n 1 5 ' to 5 4 '

Acres

(MSL)

Hilly

of Surrounding Area ( 5 m i r a d ) : H i l l y t o mountainous


T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : In 2 m i r a d i u s 39,200

In 5 m i r a d i u s 150.200

Date of Data: 2000

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :
D i s t . from s i t e

14

; 10 ni 440.000

,,

; 50 mi21.300.000~.

White P l a i n s

, Population

Miles, D i r e c t i o n SSE

50,220 (70)

Land U s e i n 5 Mile Radius: Most r e s i d e n t i a l w i t h some l a r g e p a r k s and


military reservations.
Meteorology:

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n

S t a b i l i t y Data

ssw

Avg. speed

7 mph

- Slightly unstable t o neutral.

M i s c e l l a n e o u s Items C l o s e t o t h e S i t e : The s i t e i s i n a d e n s e l y popul a t e d area w i t h P e e k s k i l l 2 m i NE (pop 1 8 , 8 8 1 i n 1970) and Buchanan 1


m i SE (pop 'L2500). Camp Smith, m i l i t a r y r e s e r v a t i o n , i s 1 m i N and West
P o i n t i s about 8 m i North.
I n d i a n P o i n t n u c l e a r u n i t s 1 and 2 a r e
adjacent

H.

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

Type of System:

Once through

Water Taken From: Hudson R i v e r


I n t a k e S t r u c t u r e : R e i n f o r c e d c o n c r e t e a t r i v e r ' s edge w i t h 7 s e p a r a t e
c h a n n e l s , one f o r each of 6 c i r c u l a t i n g pumps and one f o r s e r v i c e water
pumps.
Each c h a n n e l h a s skimmer w a l l , t r a s h r a c k , t r a v e l i n g s c r e e n ,
etc.
Water Body Temperatures: Winter minimum 3 3
OF
Summer maximum =OF
R i v e r Flow

T i d a l Flow

S e r v i c e Watgr Q u a n t i t y 30.000
Flow Thru Condenser

840,000

(gpm) / r e a c t o r

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

-----

Temp. R i s e 1 6 6

OF

(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r
(Btu/ h r ) /react o r

Discharge S t r u c t u r e : Common d i s c h a r g e channel f o r u n i t 3 and 111 and


# 2 . Discharged t o r i v e r t h r u 1 2 p o r t s 4' x 15' spaced 20 f t a p a r t a t
d e p t h of 1 8 f e e t .

e
I

(cf s ) average

gpm/reactor

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

---

( c f s ) minimum;

Coolin

Tower(s):

Blowdown

D e s c r i p t i o n & Number
gpm/reactor

None

Evaporative loss

gpm/reactor

tQ
0

NUCLEAR SAFETY INFORMATION CENTER

204
DATA FROM FSAR FOR UNIT 1.

Page 1 (Pm)

THREE MILE ISLAND, 50-289, 50-320

P r o j e c t Name: Three M i l e I s l a n d Nuclear S t a t i o n , U n i t s 1 & 2


A-E: G i l b e r t A s s o c i a t e s - U n i t 1
Location:Goldsboro, Penn.
Vessel Vendor: Babcock & Wilcox
NSS Vendor: Babcock & Wilcox
(3mer:Metropolitan Edison - Unit E o n t a i n m e n t
J e r s e y C e n t r a l - Unit 2
C o n s t r u c t o r : United Engineers
/

205
Page 2 , PWR
C.

SAFETY-RELATED DESIGN CRITERIA

Exclusion Distance,
Miles
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
D i s t a n c e , Miles
Me t r o p o l i s
Distance
H a r r i s b u r g , Pa.

10 m i .

0.38 r a d .

Population

At 0

50

- 50 f t e l e v

- 150

150

0.12

- 400

Tornado

0.06

66

Three M i l e I s l a n d

Design Winds i n mph:

410,626

Design Basis Earthquake


Acceleration, g
O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
Earthquake Vertical Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l
Is I n t e n t of 70 Design
Criteria S a t i s f i e d ?
Yes
D.

Reactor:

AP =

ft
ft

80
105
135

300 mph tang.

3 p s i / --sec

ENGINEERED SAFETY FTATURES

P r e s s u r e , %/day
0.2
n a l Pressure, psig
53.6
Type of C o n s t r u c t i 0 n : R e a c t o r B u i l d i n g h a s r e i n f o r c e d - c o n c r e t e c y l i n d r i
c a l w a l l s , a f l a t f o u n d a t i o n m a t , and a s h a l l o w dome r o o f . The foundat i o n slab i s reinforced with mild-steel reinforcing.
Cylindrical w a l l s
are p r e s t r e s s e d w i t h a p o s t - t e n s i o n i n g system i n t h e v e r t i c a l and h o r i z o n t a l d i r e c t i o n s . The dome roof i s p r e s t r e s s e d w i t h a three-way p o s t
t e n s i o n i n g system. The i n s i d e i s l i n e d w i t h a carbon s t e e l l i n e r t o
ensure l e a k tightness.
Design B a s i s : D e s i g n e d t o c o n t a i n r a d i o a c t i v e material which might b e
r e l e a s e d from t h e c o r e f o l l o w i n g a LOCA a t a maximum l e a k r a t e of 0.2%.
The p r e s t r e s s e d c o n c r e t e s h e l l e n s u r e s t h a t t h e s t r u c t u r e h a s a n e l a s t i
r e s p o n s e t o a l l l o a d s and t h a t t h e s t r u c t u r e s t r a i n s w i t h i n such l i m i t s
s o t h a t t h e i n t e g r i t y of t h e l i n e r i s n o t p r e j u d i c e d .
Vacuum R e l i e f C a p a b i 1 i t y : D e s i g n e d f o r 2 . 5 p s i g e x t e r n a l p r e s s u r e
d u r i n g normal o p e r a t i o n .
P o s t - C o n s t r u c t i o n T e s t i n g : W i l l b e p r e s s u r e t e s t e d a t 63.3 p s i g and
t e s t e d f o r d e t e r m i n a t i o n of l e a k a g e r a t e b e f o r e o p e r a t i o n b e g i n s .
Leakage r a t e tests w i l l b e r u n p e r i o d i c a l l y d u r i n g l i f e of p l a n t .
Penetrations: Electrical penetrations w i l l be continuously pressurized
w i t h n i t r o g e n f o r l e a k m o n i t o r i n g . Mechanical p e n e t r a t i o n s have double
b a r r i e r s d e s i g n e d f o r l e a k a g e t e s t s a t 63.3 p s i g and f o r normal p r e s s u r i z a t i o n t o 60 p s i g d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n .
Weld Channels: P r o v i d e d a l o n g seam welds t h a t are i n a c c e s s i b l e . Also
l o c a t e d on s e a l welds on t h e i n s i d e f a c e of t h e l i n e r . A l l are testable.

206

D2.

CONTAINMENT SAFETY FEATURES

R e a c t o r : Three M i l e I s l a n d

Containment Spray System: Designed t o f u r n i s h c o o l i n g t o l i m i t p o s t a c c i d e n t p r e s s u r e t o less t h a n d e s i g n v a l u e , and t o r e d u c e containment


p r e s s u r e t o n e a r a t m o s p h e r i c p r e s s u r e i n 24 h r s . Sodium t h i o s u l f a t e
i n s p r a y removes i o d i n e from containment atmosphere.
S u c t i o n from b o r
a t e d water s t o r a g e t a n k u n t i l s u p p l y i s exhaused, t h e n r e c i r c u l a t e d
from sump. Two pumps each have 1500 gpm c a p a c i t y a t 285 p s i g .

Containment Cooling: Designed t o m a i n t a i n temp between 60 F and 110


d u r i n g normal o p e r a t i o n (4.3 x l o 6 B t u / h r c o o l i n g , 1 . 2 x l o 6 B t u / h r
h e a t i n g ) and t o remove h e a t d u r i n g emergency c o n d i t i o n s (LOCA) t o h o l d
temp below 281 F and p r e s s u r e below 53.6 p s i g (240 x l o 6 B t u / h r c o o l ing).

C o n t a i n m e n t . I s o l a t i o n System: Leakage through a l l f l u i d p e n e t r a t i o n s


n o t s e r v i n g a c c i d e n t consequence l i m i t i n g systems i s minimized by doub l e b a r r i e r s s o t h a t no s i n g l e f a i l u r e can r e s u l t i n l o s s of i s o l a t i o n
o r i n t o l e r a b l e l e a k a g e . I s o l a t i o n v a l v e s are i n s t a l l e d on p i p e p e n e t r
t i o n s b o t h i n s i d e and o u t s i d e containment. C l o s u r e i s a u t o m a t i c .
Containment A i r F i l t r a t i o n : Supply a i r f i l t e r e d (85% e f f . ) and e x h a u s t
a i r f i l t e r e d through roughing, HEPA, and c h a r c o a l f i l t e r s b e f o r e d i s c h a r g e t o atmosphere.
P e n e t r a t i o n Room: None shown on drawings.

D3.

SAFETY I N J E C T I O N SYSTEMS

Accumulator Tanks: Two t a n k s each dump 7000 g a l . o f b o r a t e d w a t e r i n t o


r e a c t o r c o l d l e g s when r e a c t o r p r e s s u r e d r o p s t o 600 p s i g . Tanks are
p r e s s u r i z e d by n i t r o g e n .
System f l o o d s c o r e t o p r e v e n t f u l l damage.

High-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : I n j e c t i o n of b o r a t e d water from t h e b o r a t e


w a t e r s t o r a g e - t a n k i s i n i t i a t e d when r e a c t o r p r e s s u r e d r o p s t o 1500
p s i g , o r a r e a c t o r b u i l d i n g p r e s s u r e of 4 p s i g . T h i s system p r e v e n t s
uncovering t h e c o r e f o r s m a l l c o o l a n t l e a k s , o p e r a t i n g normally as p a r
of t h e Makeup and P u r i f i c a t i o n System. Three pumps can o p e r a t e , each
w i t h a c a p a c i t y of 550 gpm a t 1500 p s i g .

Low-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : Decay-Heat Removal System p r o v i d e s t h i s


f u n c t i o n . Pumps (2) s t a r t a t 1500 p s i g r e a c t o r p r e s s u r e o r 4 p s i g rea c t o r b u i l d i n g p r e s s u r e t a k i n g s u c t i o n from t h e b o r a t e d water s t o r a g e
t a n k which p r o v i d e s a t least 25 m i n u t e s of w a t e r s u p p l y . Each pump
can d e l i v e r 3000 gpm a t 100 p s i g .

20 7

Page 4 , PWR
E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Reactor: Three M i l e I s l a n d
R e a c t o r Vessel F a i l u r e : No r e f e r e n c e found.
Containment F l o o d a b i l i t y : No r e f e r e n c e found.
- R e a c t o r - C o o l a n t Leak-Detection System: Three main systems are available:
(1) Containment sump l e v e l s e n s i t i v e t o 670 gpm, make up t a n k
c o o l a n t l e v e l , and p r e s s u r i z e r level s e n s i t i v e t o 3.i- gpm; ( 2 ) Cooling
c o i l c o n d e n s a t e f l o w s e n s i t i v e t o 0.3 gpm; and (3) Measurement of containment atmosphere r a d i o a c t i v i t y .

qailed-Fuel-Detection

System: No r e f e r e n c e found.

Emergency Power: Two a u t o m a t i c , f a s t s t a r t - u p d i e s e l - g e n e r a t o r sets arc


a v a i l a b l e ; e i t h e r one w i t h c a p a c i t y t o c a r r y r e q u i r e d e n g i n e e r e d s a f e g u a r d s l o a d . U n i t s are r a t e d a t 300 kW a t 0.8 power f a c t o r f o r 2000
h r s and no maintenance. S u f f i c i e n t f u e l i s s t o r e d f o r one u n i t t o r u n
a t a c c i d e n t power r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r 7 days.

C o n t r o l of Axial Xenon O s c i l l a t i o n s By Burnable Shims, Part-Length


C o n t r o l Rods, In-Core I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n : P o i s o n r o d s h e l p c o n t r o l
o s c i l l a t i o n s . No mention found of p a r t l e n g t h rods.
36 d e t e c t o r s
m o n i t o r c o r e f l u x and r e a d o u t i n t h e c o n t r o l room.
Boron D i l u t i o n C o n t r o l : D i l u t i o n c y c l e must b e i n i t i a t e d by o p e r a t o r
who must p r e s e t t h e d e s i r e d d i l u t i o n b a t c h s i z e b e f o r e d i l u t i o n w i l l
s t a r t . D i l u t i o n c y c l e w i l l s t o p a u t o m a t i c a l l y when flow h a s i n t e g r a t e d
t o t h e p r e s e t b a t c h s i z e . I n t e r l o c k s on c o n t r o l r o d s a u t o m a t i c a l l y
t e r m i n a t e d i l u t i o n c y c l e i f r e g u l a t i n g rod group i s i n s e r t e d i n t o c o r e
t o t h e 75% withdrawn p o s i t i o n .
Long-Term Cooling: Long term c o o l i n g i s accomplished by r e c i r c u l a t i n g
i n j e c t e d b o r a t e d water t h a t h a s c o l l e c t e d i n t h e containment sump. The
3ecay h e a t removal system does t h i s j o b and can s u p p l y up t o 6000 gpm
with 2 pumps o p e r a t i n g a t 100 p s i g .

Organic-Iodide F i l t e r : No r e f e r e n c e found.
9 d r o g e n Recombiner : Analyses show t h a t hydrogen c o n c e n t r a t i o n gene r a t e d a f t e r LOCA c a n b e a d e q u a t e l y l i m i t e d by u s i n g t h e r e a c t o r b u i l d Jnn p u r g e .

208

F.

GENERAL

Reactor:Three M i l e Island
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seism0graphs:Wind s p e e d s and
o t h e r m e t e o r o l o g i c a l d a t a have been r e c o r d e d w i t h a 100 f t h i g h tower
s i n c e 1967. Seismographs n o t mentioned.
P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode:
t o u n i t l o a d demand.

Load f o l l o w i n g

matching megawatt g e n e r a t i o n

S i t e D e s c r i p t i o n : P l a n t i s l o c a t e d on Three Mile I s l a n d a l o n g t h e
east s i d e of t h e Susquehanna R i v e r , on Conowago R e s e r v o i r . A t t h i s
p o i n t , t h e r i v e r i s about 1 0 , 0 0 0 f t w i d e h a v i n g numerous i s l a n d s
s c a t t e r e d i n t h e area. H i l l s r i s e up from t h e w e s t s i d e of t h e r i v e r
and t h e east s i d e i s r e l a t i v e l y f l a t f o r about 1 m i l e .

Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n : E j e c t e d t u r b i n e b l a d e s could s t r i k e containment


structure.
Emergency P l a n s : P e r s o n n e l w i l l b e f a m i l i a r w i t h t h e emergency p l a n ,
and p r a c t i c e d r i l l s w i l l b e h e l d f o r t r a i n i n g . T h i s p l a n c o v e r s f i r e ,
r e a c t o r a c c i d e n t s and r a d i o l o g i c a l i n c i d e n t s , and m e d i c a l t r e a t m e n t of
contaminated p e r s o n n e l and c o o r d i n a t i o n of o f f - s i t e a c t i v i t e s w i t h
s t a t e o f f i c i a l s . Agencies w i l l b e f a m i l i a r i z e d w i t h t h e Nuclear S t a t i o n and w i t h t h e i r r o l e i n a n emergency s i t u a t i o n .

Environmental Monitoring P l a n s : A program w a s s t a r t e d i n J a n u a r y 1968


t o measure background levels, e t c . i n w e l l and r i v e r w a t e r , r i v e r
sediment, f i s h , s o i l , and v e g e t a t i o n . Milk and o t h e r human food h a s
been a n a l y z e d f o r r a d i o n u c l i d e s . A s p e c i a l p r e - o p e r a t i o n a l program
w i l l b e s t a r t e d 1 5 t o 1 8 months b e f o r e o p e r a t i o n which w i l l b e a model
f o r t h e program t o b e followed a f t e r o p e r a t i o n s t a r t s .

Radwaste Treatment: L i q u i d wastes are c o l l e c t e d and p r o c e s s e d through


t h e e v a p o r a t o r and t h e c o n d e n s a t e p a s s e d t h r o u g h a d e m i n e r a l i z e r .
L i q u i d i s t h e n r e u s e d o r r e l e a s e d t o t h e r i v e r d i l u t e d by t h e c o o l i n g
tower blow down. Gaseous wastes are c o l l e c t e d and compressed f o r
s t o r a g e and decay. A f t e r p r o p e r decay, g a s e s are r e l e a s e d t h r o u g h t h e
S o l i d wastes are c o l l e c t e d , s t o r e d and packaged i n DOT
p l a n t vent.
approved c o n t a i n e r s .

P l a n t Vent: Vent on t o p of r e a c t o r b l d g

- 200 f t above g r a d e .

209

Page 6 , P ~ R

G.

SITE DATA

Reactor: Three Mile I s l a n d


Normal Level
277
(MSL;
Max Prob Flood L e v e l
303
(MSL)

Nearby Body of Water:


Susquehanna River

I S i z e of

Site

Acres

625

Topography of S i t e :

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :
10

; 50 m i

Harrisburg

Miles, D i r e c t i o n

Land Use i n 5 H i l e Radius:


Meteorology:

; 10 m i

2700

I n 5 m i r a d i u s 28.659

1969

D i s t . from s i t e

(MSL)

Flat

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) : R o l l i n g t o H i l l y
Date of Data:

304

NW

, Population

73.500

Agricultural

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n

Avg. speed Q5

Pasquill D to E
S t a b i l i t y Data M i s c e l l a n e o u s Items Close t o t h e S i t e : York Haven h y d r o s t a t i o n i s about
2 1 / 2 m i l e s downstream. Middletown (pop 9000) i s 4 m i l e s n o r t h .
S t a t e Route 441 r u n s a l o n g t h e east bank of t h e r i v e r p a r a l l e l i n g Penn
C e n t r a l r a i l r o a d . Olmsted S t a t e a i r p o r t i s 2 1 / 2 m i l e s Nw and t h e
Peach Bottom p l a n t i s 35 m i . downH a r r i s b u r g a i r p o r t i s 8 m i l e s WNW.
stream on Conowago Pond. Nearest houses are about 2000 f t away.

H.

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

Type of System:

Water Taken-%?!!!:

Close L

Susquehanna f o r makeup.

I n t a k e S t r u c t u r e : A r e i n f o r c e d c o n c r e t e s t r u c t u r e i s provided f o r each
r e a c t o r , c o n s i s t i n g of a skimmer w a l l , t r a v e l i n g b a r s c r e e n s , traveli n g s c r e e n s , and pumps.
I n t a k e v e l o c i t y i s 0.2 f p s .
Water Body Temperatures: Winter minimum

R i v e r Flow

1700

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

33

(cf s ) m i n i m u m ;
54,500

Summer maximum 8 5 F

34,000

( c f s) a v e r a g e

gpm/ t o t a l , i n c l u d i n g makeup

430,000

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

OF

(gpm)/reactor
11.5

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

10

---

Temp. R i s e

--

OF

(Btu/hr)/ t o t a l
(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r

D i s c h a r g e S t r u c t u r e : D i s c h a r g e d water i s a b o u t ambient river temp. and


i s d i s c h a r g e d a t t h e s h o r e l i n e from 3 d i s c h a r g e p i p e s . T o t a l d i s c h a r g e q u a n t i t y i s a b o u t 36,000 gpm.
Cooling Tower(s):
D e s c r i p t i o n & Number - Each u n i t h a s 2 h y p e r b o l i c
towers and 2 mech. d r a f t tower t o c o o l blowdown & s e r v i c e water.
Blowdown 3 0 0 0
gpm/reactor E v a p o r a t i v e l o s s
9350
gpm/reactor

'

2 10

211
Page 1 (BC!R)
PILGRIM, 50-293
P r o j e c t N a m e : P i l g r i m Nuclear S t a t i o n , #1
A-E: B e c h t e l
L0cation:Plymouth Twp, Mass.*
Vessel Vend0r:Combustion Engr.
NSS Vendor: G e n e r a l E l e c t r i c
O w n e r : Boston Edison Co.
Containment
*5 m i . E . o f Plymouth, Mass.
Construct0r:Not Specified
A.

B.

THERMAL-HYDRAULIC

Thermal Output,
MWt
E l e c t r i c a l Output,
M
W
e
T o t a l Heat O u t p u t ,
S a f e t y Design. MWt
Steam Flow Rate,
.lb/hr
T o t a l Core Flow
Rate, l b / h r
Coolant P r e s s u r e ,
ps i g
Heat T r a n s f e r
Area, f t 2
Max Power p e r F u e l
Rod U n i t L g t h , k w / f t
Maximum Heat F l u x ,
Btulhr-ft2
Average Heat F l u x ,
Btu/hr-f t 2
Maximum Fuel Templire. "F
Average F u e l Rod
S u r f a c e TemD. "F
MCHFR
T o t a l Peaking
Factor
Avg Power D e n s i t y ,
KW/R

Peak F u e l Enthalpy
on Rod Drop, C a l / g m
DATA FROM FSAR

1998
687

1998
7.983X1O6
69

lo6

1020

17.5

'326,300
145,490

558
3- . 9
2.6
140.5

2 80

H20/lJ02 Volume
Ratio
Moderator Temp Coef
Cold Ak/k/"F
Moderator Temp Coef
Hot, No Voids
Moderator Void Coef
Hot, No Voids, AklklX
Moderator Void Coef
Operating
Doppler C o e f f i c i e n t ,

-8.0

11

Doppler C o e f f i c i e n t ,
Hot, No Voids
Doppler C o e f f i c i e n t ,
Oneratine
I n i t i a l Enrichment.
%
Average Discharge Exp o s u r e , MWD/Ton
Core Average Void
Within Assemblv, %
k e f f , A l l Rods I n
1

"

k e f f 9 Max Rod Out


C o n t r o l Rod Worth,
%
C u r t a i n Worth,
%
Burnable Poisons.
Type and Form
Number o f C o n t r o l
Rods
Number of P a r t Length Rods (PLR)

-20.0

-1.0

-1.6

-1.3

-1.2

2.41

Cold
__--

50,182

35 30

NUCLEAR

< -1.3

ioq5
x 10-~

2.19
19,000
71.8

--< 0.99
. .

----Lb4 F l a t Boron

SST

145 Cruciform
None

Compiled by: Fred Heddleson, Aug. 1971


ORNL, Nuclear S a f e t y I n f o r m a t i o n Center

212

Exclusion Distance,
Miles
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
D i s t a n c e , Miles
Me t r o p o 1i s
Distance
Brockton, Mass.
22

0.33

1 112
Population
189,820

Design Basis Earthquake


Acceleration, g
O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l

D.

Design Winds i n p s f :

0.15
0.08

---

A t 0 - 50 f t e l e v

50

28

- 150 f t

150

- 400 f t

Tornado

300 mph t a n g

44
66

LQ = 3 p s i / 3 s e c
Is I n t e n t of 70 Design
Criteria Satisfied?

60
trans
Yes

ENGINEERED SAFETY FEATURES

Drywell Design
Pressure, psig
S u p p r e s s i o n Chamber Design
Pressure, psig
C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l
Pressure, psig

56
56

45

Primary Containment Leak


Rate, %/day
Second Containment Design
Pressure, psig
Second Containment Leak
Rate, %/day

0.5
0.25
100

Design Basis: Designed t o w i t h s t a n d a double-ended r u p t u r e of t h e


l a r g e s t s i z e d p i p e and t o c o n t a i n any r a d i o a c t i v i t y r e l e a s e d by t h e
fuel

vacuum Kellet Capabl'lty:


Designed f o r 2 p s i g e x t e r n a l p r e s s u r e .
v e n t s t o s u p p r e s s i o n chamber and t h e n t o d r y w e l l .

Air

P o s t - C o n s t r u c t i o n T e s t i n g : A pneumatic p r e s s u r e t e s t r u n a t 1 . 2 5 t i m e s
d e s i g n p r e s s u r e . Leakage rate tests w i l l b e r u n a t 45 p s i g and a t a
lower p r e s s u r e t o e s t a b l i s h l e a k a g e r a t e l p r e s s u r e r e l a t i o n s h i p s .
P e n e t r a t i o n s : Designs shown i n F i g . 5.2-1 through 5.2-4 i n d i c a t e s i n g l e
barrier p e n e t r a t i o n s . E l e c t r i c a l p e n e t r a t i o n s are double s e a l e d and

213
I

Page 3 , BWR
D2.

EMERGENCY CORE COOLING SYSTEMS

R e a c t o r : PILGRIM
Core Spray Cooling System: C o n s i s t s of 2 independent pump l o o p s t h a t d'
l i v e r c o o l i n g water t o s p r a y s p a r g e r s o v e r t h e c o r e , a c t u a t e d by a
b r e a c h i n t h e n u c l e a r system p r o c e s s b a r r i e r . T h i s system c o o l s t h e
f u e l by s p r a y i n g water o n t o t h e c o r e . E i t h e r c o r e s p r a y l o o p i s capa b l e of p r e v e n t i n g f u e l c l a d m e l t i n g f o l l o w i n g a LOCA. There are 2
pumps each r a t e d 3600 @ 104 p s i d .

A u t o - D e p r e s s u r i z a t i o n System:
s e l w a t e r l e v e l , t h i s system
p r e s s u r e s o t h e low p r e s s u r e
i s v e n t e d through t h e r e l i e f

I f HPCIS f a i l s t o m a i n t a i n r e a c t o r vesa c t s t o r a p i d l y r e d u c e r e a c t o r vessel


i n j e c t i o n systems can o p e r a t e . S t e a m
valves.

Residual-Heat-Removal System (RHRS): A system of pumps, h e a t exchanger


and p i p i n g t h a t does t h e f o l l o w i n g :
(1) Removal of decay h e a t d u r i n g
and a f t e r s t a t i o n shutdown. ( 2 ) I n j e c t s c o o l i n g water i n t o r e a c t o r L P C I system. See below.
( 3 ) S u p p r e s s i o n p o o l w a t e r i s pumped t h r o u g
(4) Containment s p r a y i s 4 t h mode
RHRS h e a t exchangers f o r c o o l i n g .
u s i n g pumps t o s p r a y water i n t o containment atmosphere t o lower t e m p e r a t u r e and remove energy. There are 4 pumps each r a t e d 4800 gpm @
20 p s i d and 2 h e a t exchangers r a t e d 64 x l o 6 B t u / h r each.

High-pressure C o o l a n t - I n j e c t i o n System: P r o v i d e s a means t o i n j e c t


water i n t o t h e c o o l a n t system i n case of s m a l l l e a k s . One t u r b i n e d r i v e n pump p r o v i d e s 4250 gpm flow. Pump t a k e s s u c t i o n from t h e cond e n s a t e s t o r a g e t a n k and s u p p r e s s i o n p o o l . I n i t i a t e d by low water i n
t h e r e a c t o r o r by h i g h p r e s s u r e i n containment.
Low-Pressure C o o l a n t - h i e c t i o n System: A s an o p e r a t i n g mode of Residua
Heat Removal System, LPCI u s e s t h e pump l o o p s of t h e RHRS t o i n j e c t
c o o l i n g w a t e r a t low p r e s s u r e i n t o an undamaged r e a c t o r r e c i r c u l a t i o n
loop. LPCI i s a c t u a t e d by c o n d i t i o n s i n d i c a t i n g a breach i n t h e c o o l
a n t system. Four pumps, each r a t e d 4800 gpm @ 20 p s i d supply s u f f i c i e n t w a t e r t o f l o o d t h e c o r e and p r e v e n t m e l t i n g .
-

E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

&in-Steam-Line Flow R e s t r i c t o r s : A v e n t u r i t y p e flow r e s t r i c t o r i n


e a c h steam l i n e c l o s e t o r e a c t o r v e s s e l t o l i m i t l o s s of c o o l a n t from
r e a c t o r vessel i n c a s e of steam l i n e b r e a k .
Control-Rod V e l o c i t y L i m i t e r s : Attachment on each c o n t r o l rod t o l i m i t
v e l o c i t y a t which a c o n t r o l rod can f a l l o u t of t h e c o r e . The l i m i t e
c o n t a i n no moving p a r t s , n o r does i t e f f e c t scram.

Control-Rod-Drive-Housing

S u p p o r t s : Housing s u p p o r t s are l o c a t e d under,


n e a t h r e a c t o r v e s s e l n e a r c o n t r o l rod h o u s i n g s . S u p p o r t s l i m i t t r a v e
i f c o n t r o l rod housing i s r u p t u r e d . S u p p o r t s p r e v e n t a n u c l e a r excur.
sion.
Standby Liquid-Control System: P r o v i d e s a r e d u n d a n t , i n d e p e n d e n t , and
d i f f e r e n t way from c o n t r o l r o d s t o b r i n g n u c l e a r f i s s i o n r e a c t i o n t o
s u b c r i t i c a l i t y and t o m a i n t a i n s u b c r i t i c a l i t y as t h e r e a c t o r c o o l s .

2 14
Page 4 , BWR

E . OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES ( c o n t ' d ) Reactor:

PILGRIM
Standby C o o l a n t System: The R e s i d u a l Heat Removal System and t h e s t a t i o n s a l t w a t e r service p i p i n g are connected by permanent p i p i n g s i z e d
f o r 5000 gpm flow @ 0 p s i g . Two locked-closed valves p r e v e n t i n a d v e r t a n t mixture.
Containment Atmospheric C o n t r o l System: Although a p p l i c a n t p l a n s t o
o p e r a t e w i t h an a i r atmosphere, d e s i g n and c o n s t r u c t i o n h a s p r o v i d e d a
system f o r n i t r o g e n p u r g i n g i f needed.

R e a c t o r Core I s o l a t i o n Cooling System (RCICS): The r e a c t o r c o r e i s o l a t i o n c o o l i n g system (RCICS) p r o v i d e s makeup water t o t h e r e a c t o r vessel
whenever t h e vessel i s i s o l a t e d . The RCICS u s e s a steam d r i v e n t u r b i n e
pump u n i t and o p e r a t e s a u t o m a t i c a l l y i n t i m e and w i t h s u f f i c i e n t coola n t f l o w t o m a i n t a i n adequate r e a c t o r vessel water l e v e l . System can
d e l i v e r 400 gpm @ 1 1 2 0 p s i d .
R e a c t o r Vessel F a i l u r e :

No r e f e r e n c e found

Containment F l o o d a b i l i t Y : Primary containment can b e f l o o d e d i f a


b r e a c h i n t h e primary b a r r i e r cannot b e s e a l e d .
Reactor-Coolant Leak-Detection System: I n t e g r a t e d flow through sump
pumps i s b e s t i n d i c a t i o n o f l e a k a g e . O t h e r i n d i c a t o r s are containment
t e m p e r a t u r e , p r e s s u r e , and humidity. I d e n t i f i a b l e l e a k a g e max l i m i t i s
4 8 gpm, and u n i d e n t i f i e d l i m i t i s 15 gpm f o r a max t o t a l l i m i t of 6 3
gpm.

F a i l e d - F u e l D e t e c t i o n Systems The main steam l i n e r a d i a t i o n monitori n g system c o n s i s t s o f gamma r a d i a t i o n m o n i t o r s l o c a t e d e x t e r n a l t o the


l i n e s j u s t o u t s i d e of primary containment. Monitors d e t e c t g r o s s release of f i s s i o n p r o d u c t s from t h e f u e l . Upon d e t e c t i o n of h i g h r a d i a t i o n , t r i p s i g n a l s g e n e r a t e d by t h e m o n i t o r s i n i t i a t e a r e a c t o r scram
and i s o l a t i o n .
Emergency Power: TWO 2600 kW d i e s e l - g e n e r a t o r s f u r n i s h o n - s i t e e m e r gency a c power t o t h e 4160 v o l t emergency bus. These u n i t s s t a r t i n 1C
seconds and s t a r t a c c e p t i n g l o a d . Each u n i t w i t h a u x i l i a r i e s i s independent o f t h e o t h e r . F u e l i s a v a i l a b l e , s t o r e d on t h e s i t e , f o r 7
days o p e r a t i o n o f one e n g i n e a t f u l l power.

Rod-Block Monitor: One o f t h e systems of t h e o n - l i n e computer which


m o n i t o r s r o d p o s i t i o n and b l o c k s rod movement which could c a u s e r e a c t i v i t y excursion.
Rod-Worth Minimizer: P r e v e n t s rod w i t h d r a w a l under low power condit i o n s i f r o d t o b e withdrawn i s n o t i n accordance w i t h pre-planned p a t t e r n . The e f f e c t o f t h e r o d b l o c k i s t o l i m i t t h e r e a c t i v i t y worth of
?re -& I J I D P ~

r d ?sttPTn

215

Pane 5.
F.

BWR

GENERIV,

R e a c t o r : PILGRIM
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n R e c o r d e r s , and Seismographs: A m e t e o r o l o g i c a l
tower 220 f t h i g h h a s been used s i n c e May 1968. Top of tower i s 300'
MSL. Reference t o seismographs n o t found.
P l a n t O p e r a t i o n l4Ode: Load f o l l o w i n g i s accomplished by v a r i n g t h e
r e c i r c u l a t i o n flow t o t h e r e a c t o r .
S i t e D e s c r i p t i o n : P l a n t i s l o c a t e d on a b l u f f 20 f t above Cape Cod
Bay a b o u t 5 m i l e s SE of Plymouth, Mass. The s i t e i s t y p i c a l of an
ocean s i t e w i t h p e r s i s t a n t winds, p e r i o d i c s e r i o u s h u r r i c a n e s , and
o t h e r ocean s i d e e f f e c t s . The p l a n t i s i n a s p a r s e l y s e t t l e d area
e x c e p t f o r beach p r o p e r t i e s n e a r t h e s i t e which are 1 1 2 m i l e t o 2 112
m i l e s away.
Turbine O r i e n t a t i o n : E j e c t e d t u r b i n e b l a d e s c o u l d s t r i k e containment
s t r u c t u r e . C e n t e r l i n e s are 159 f t aDart.
Emergency P l a n s : Emergencies c l a s s i f i e d as n o n r a d i o l o g i c a l and r a d i o l o g i c a l . I n n o n r a d i o l o g i c a l emergencies, t h e p l a n t o l i m i t t h e e f f e c t
and p r e v e n t them from c a u s i n g a r a d i o l o g i c a l emergency. For r a d i o l o g i c a l emergencies, t h e p l a n i s t o h o l d t h e emergency t o a minimum,
p r o t e c t p e r s o n n e l and t h e g e n e r a l p u b l i c , and r e c o v e r from t h e emergency. Semi-annual d r i l l s w i l l be conducted t o e n s u r e p r o p e r t r a i n i n g
of p e r s o n n e l .
Environmental M o n i t o r i n g P l a n s : A s t u d y of p r e - o p e r a t i o n a l r a d i a t i o n
levels w a s i n i t i a t e d i n August, 1969, which i n c l u d e s sampling and l a b o
r a t o r y r a d i o a c t i v i t y a n a l y s e s of a i r b o r n e p a r t i c u l a t e s , a i r b o r n e i o d i n e , f r e s h water, sea w a t e r , marine l i f e , marine s e d i m e n t s , m i l k , and
c r o p s . Background r a d i a t i o n levels are a l s o b e i n g e s t a b l i s h e d . Sampl
i n g a c t i v i t i e s a r e c o n c e n t r a t e d w i t h i n a few m i l e s of t h e s t a t i o n ; how
e v e r , sampling i s a l s o conducted a t l o c a t i o n s o v e r 20 m i l e s from t h e
s t a t i o n . These s t u d i e s w i l l be c o n t i n u e d after s t a t i o n s t a r t u p . Comp a r i s o n of t h e o p e r a t i o n a l and p r e - o p e r a t i o n a l d a t a w i l l p e r m i t d e t e c t i o n of any i n c r e a s e i n r a d i a t i o n l e v e l s .
Radwaste Treatment:The l i q u i d waste system c o l l e c t s , t r e a t s , s t o r e s ,
and d i s p o s e s of a l l r a d i o a c t i v e l i q u i d wastes. P r o c e s s e d l i q u i d wastes
may b e r e t u r n e d t o t h e condensate system o r d i s c h a r g e d through t h e c i r c u l a t i n g water d i s c h a r g e c a n a l . The gaseous waste system c o l l e c t s ,
p r o c e s s e s and d e l i v e r s t o t h e main s t a c k , g a s e s from t h e main condenser
a i r e j e c t o r , s t a r t u p vacuum pump and g l a n d s e a l condenser. A 30 minute
holdup t i m e a l l o w s t h e n o b l e g a s e s w i t h s h o r t h a l f - l i v e s t o decay t o
s o l i d d a u g h t e r s which are removed by t h e h i g h e f f i c i e n c y o f f - g a s f i l t e r s .
S o l i d wastes a r e c o l l e c t e d , dewatered, and s h i p p e d o f f s i t e .
I

P l a n t Vent: A s t e e l s t a c k 320 f e e t h i g h .

216

G.

SITE DATA

Reactor:

' N e a r b y Body of Water:

Normal Level
Max Prob Flood L e v e l

Cape Cod Bay


S i z e of S i t e

Acres

Topography of S i t e :

0'
13.5'

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

(MSL
(MSL

20'

(MsLi

F l a t t o Rolling

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :

Rolling t o Hilly

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s

2167

; 10 m i

In 5 m i radius

15063

; 50 m i

Date of Data:

2015

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :
D i s t . from s i t e

22

Meteorology:

H.

Brockton, Mass.

l l i l e s , D i r e c t i o n NW

Land U s e i n 5 Nile Radius: Undeveloped


R e s i d e n t i a l - 5%

PILGRIM

, Population

75%, A g r i c u l t u r a l

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n SSW

Avg. speed

88,000

- 7%,
9.4

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

Type of System:

-Water Taken From:

Once through.
Cape Code Bay of A t l a n t i c Ocean.

I n t a k e S t r u c t u r e : Reinforced c o n c r e t e s t r u c t u r e a t edge of Bay, having


t r a s h r a c k s , t r a v e l i n g s c r e e n s , and pumps f o r t h e c i r c u l a t i n g system
and t h e s e r v i c e w a t e r system. The i n t a k e i s p r o t e c t e d by a b r e a k w a t e r .
I n l e t velocity i s 1 fps.
Temperatures: Winter minimum 32 OF
Summer maximurnQ82_'F
R i v e r Flow
NA
( c f s ) minimum;
NA
( c f s ) averag
S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

10,000
311,000

gpmlreactor
(gpm)/reactor

4500 X lo6
Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment
Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser
---

Temp. R i s e

29

(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r
(Btu/hr)/reactor

Discharge Structure:
Surface j e t discharge a t shore l i n e using a canal
t o convey t h e water about 850 f t t o t h e Bay. Canal i s shaped t o produc
a j e t a c t i o n f o r b e t t e r mixing w i t h Bay water.
D e s c r i p t i o n & Number
gpmlreactor

None

E v a p o r a t i v e loss

---

gpm/ reac t o r

218
Page 1 ( P m )

DATA FROM FSAR

Output, kw/f t
Max Thermal
O u t p u t , kw/f t
Max Clad S u r f a c e
Temp, O F
N o . Coolant
Loops

6.7
18.8

65 7

!Type and Form


Glass i n SST
Number of C o n t r o l
Rods
53x20
1060
Number of P a r t Length Rods (PLR)8x20 160
Compiled by: Fred Heddleson
May 1 9 7 2
Nuclear Safety Information Center

219

Exclusion Distance,
Miles
Low P o p u l a t i o n Zone
D i s t a n c e , Miles
Metropolis
Distance

0.25 r a d i u s

Design Winds i n mph:

---

At 0

Population

D1.

120

- 400

140

ft

Tornado 300 mph tang

0.08

AP =

67

p s i / - sec

Design P r e s s u r e ,

o.l

100

- 150 f t

150

0.17

CONTAINMENT

Max Leak Rate a t Design


P r e s s u r e , %/day

50

117 ,917

8 mi
Design Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
O p e r a t i n g Basis Earthquake
Acceleration, g
Earthquake V e r t i c a l Shock,
% of H o r i z o n t a l
Kenosha, W i s .

- 50 f t e l e v

C a l c u l a t e d Max I n t e r n a l P r e s s u r e , psig

60
trans.

47
42

.Design Basis: The two b a s i c c r i t e r i a are: 1 ) The i n t e g r i t y of t h e


l i n e r p l a t e i s g u a r a n t e e d under a l l l o a d i n g c o n d i t i o n s . 2 ) The s t r u c t u r e h a s a l o w - s t r a i n e l a s t i c r e s p o n s e such t h a t i t s b e h a v i o r may b e
completely p r e d i c t a b l e under t h e r e q u i r e d l o a d i n g s .
(Section 5.1.2.4)

Vacuum R e l i e f C a p a b i l i t y :

No r e f e r e n c e found.

P o s t - C o n s t r u c t i o n T e s t i n g : T e s t e d a t 54 p s i g f o r 1 h r , p r e s s u r e d i n
i n c r e m e n t s t o 35, 4 0 , 4 7 , and 50 p s i g . Leakage r a t e t e s t w i l l be r u n
a t 47 p s i g .
P e n e t r a t i o n s : Double s e a l e d w i t h containment welds backed by s t e e l
c h a n n e l s . These are c o n t i n u o u s l y p r e s s u r i z e d . No p e r i o d i c t e s t i n g is
required.
'Weld Channels: A l l l i n e r p l a t e welds a r e covered w i t h t e s t c h a n n e l s .

220
Page 3, PWR

D2.

CONTAINMENT SAFETY FEATURES

Reactor: Z I O N
Containment Spray System: Designed t o s p r a y b o r a t e d water w i t h NaOH
i n t o t h e containment atmosphere t o r e d u c e containment p r e s s u r e and remove i o d i n e from t h e containment. The system w i l l l i m i t o f f - s i t e and
s i t e boundary doses t o w i t h i n lOCFRlOO l i m i t s w i t h a s i n g l e a c t i v e
f a i l u r e a t any t i m e .

Containment Cooling: Fan c o o l e r s d e s i g n e d t o f i l t e r , c o o l and dehumidify containment d u r i n g b o t h normal and abnormal c o n d i t i o n s . Duri n g normal o p e r a t i o n 4 of 5 c o o l e r - f i l t e r u n i t s d i s s i p a t e 1 2 X 1 O 6 B t u / h r
During p o s t - a c c i d e n t c o n d i t i o n s , 3 of t h e 5 u n i t s w i l l remove a h e a t
l o a d of 243X1O6 B t u / h r .
Under p o s t - a c c i d e n t c o n d i t i o n s m o i s t u r e e l i m i n a t o r s remove n o t l e s s t h a n 95% of t h e f r e e water p a r t i c l e s 10 micron
and l a r g e r . .
C o n t a i n m e n t . I s o l a t i o n System: I n c o r p o r a t e s v a l v e s and c o n t r o l s on pipi n g systems p e n e t r a t i n g t h e containment s t r u c t u r e . Valves a r e a r r a n g e d
t o p r o v i d e two b a r r i e r s between t h e r e a c t o r c o o l a n t system o r c o n t a i n ment atmosphere and t h e environment. Manual o p e r a t i o n i s r e q u i r e d f o r
immediate i s o l a t i o n .
I s o l a t i o n is automatic.
Containment A i r F i l t r a t i o n : Exhaust a i r i s p a s s e d through HEPA f i l t e r s
and d i s c h a r g e d t o 2 v e n t s which run up t h e s i d e s o f t h e containment
s t r u c t u r e s . I f a i r i s contaminated, i t can b e r o u t e d through c h a r c o a l
f i l t e r s which are normally bypassed.
P e n e t r a t i o n Room: P e n e t r a t i o n rooms are a v a i l a b l e f o r c a b l e s and p i p i n

D3.

SAFETY I N J E C T I O N SYSTEMS

Accumulator Tanks: Four accumulators each c o n t a i n i n g 6400 g a l l o n s of


b o r a t e d water i n j e c t t h e i r c o n t e n t s i n t o each of 4 c o l d l e g s of t h e rea c t o r v e s s e l . Accumulator p r e s s u r e i s h e l d a t 650 p s i g by n i t r o g e n gas
under p r e s s u r e . Accumulators f u n c t i o n when t h e c o o l a n t system p r e s s u r e
d r o p s below 650 p s i g .
High-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : Two pumps each r a t e d 400 gpm @ 1100 p s i g
d e l i v e r b o r a t e d water t o c o l d l e g s of r e a c t o r from t h e r e f u e l i n g water
s t o r a g e t a n k . When o p e r a t i o n f i r s t s t a r t s , t h e pump sweeps t h e cont e n t s of t h e c o n c e n t r a t e d b o r i c a c i d t a n k P n t o t h e c o l d l e g s . System
o p e r a t e s f o r s m a l l b r e a k s t o p r e v e n t f u e l damage.

Low-head S a f e t y I n j e c t i o n : Two low head r e s i d u a l h e a t removal pumps


:ake s u c t i o n from t h e r e f u e l i n g w a t e r s t o r a g e t a n k and d e l i v e r b o r a t e d
rater t o t h e same f o u r h o t l e g s used by t h e h i g h head s a f e t y i n j e c t i o n
)umps. The low head r e s i d u a l h e a t removal pumps each d e l i v e r 3000 gpm
) n l y when t h e r e a c t o r c o o l a n t system i s d e p r e s s u r i z e d t o below about
-70 p s i g .

221
Page 4. PWR
E.

OTHER SAFETY-RELATED FEATURES

Reactor: ZION
Reactor Vessel Failure:
Discussed in Sect. 1.5.6 as a possibility,
Containment Floodability: describing how the Post LOCA Protection

ion is detection of deviations from normal containment enviromental con


itions including air particulate activity, radiogas activity, humidity
nd in addition, gross leakage, the liquid inventory in the process sysems and containment sump.

iesel-generator sets are rated at 5000 kVA each. They are started with
ompressed air and will accept load in 10 sec and carry rated load in
0 seconds. Each unit has a day tank and a storage tank with 50,000
allon of fuel - sufficient fuel for 7 days operation at rated load.

t does occur, numerous alarms and indications alert the operator to the
ondition. The maximum reactivity addition due to the dilution is slow
nough to allow the operator to determine the cause and take corrective
ction before excessive shutdown margin is l o s t . These corrective ac-

222
Page 5 , (PWR)
F.

GENERAL

Reactor: Z I O N
Windspeed, D i r e c t i o n Recorders, and Seismographs : C o l l e c t i o n of
n e t e o r o l o g i c a l d a t a s t a r t e d J a n u a r y 1970.

Seismographs n o t mentioned.
P l a n t O p e r a t i o n Mode: Designed f o r l o a d f o l l o w i n g .
S i t e D e s c r i P t i 0 n : T h e s i t e l i e s a l o n g Lake Michigan c o n s i s t i n g of a
s e r i e s of sand r i d g e s o r dunes i n t e r s p a r c e d w i t h marshes. Dunes a r e
?overed w i t h low v e g e t a t i o n . The l a k e i s s h a l l o w i n t h i s a r e a b e i n g
ibout 2 2 f t deep, 2500 f t from s h o r e . The s i t e h a s good v e n t i l a t i o n
S i n c e t h e s i t e i s a d j a c e n t t o t h e c i t y of
h e t o prevailing breezes.
Cion, p o p u l a t i o n d e n s i t y n e a r t h e p l a n t i s h i g h .
Turbine 0 r i e n t a t i o n : E j e c t e d t u r b i n e b l a d e s could s t r i k e containment.
: e n t e r l i n e s a r e 225 f t a p a r t .
Emergency P1ans:Emergency and e v a c u a t i o n p r o c e d u r e s have been develope'
qhich implement Commonwealth Edisons G e n e r a t i n g S t a t i o n s Emergency P l a n
Chese p r o c e d u r e s a s s u r e c o n t i n u i n g c o o r d i n a t i o n w i t h l o c a l , S t a t e , and
Tederal a g e n c i e s . P a r t i c i p a t i n g groups a r e f a m i l i a r i z e d w i t h t h e i r
> a r t i n any emergency o r e v a c u a t i o n . P e r i o d i c reviews a r e h e l d t o
3 s s u r e t h e i r f a m i l i a r i t y and t o m a i n t a i n a c u r r e n t p e r s o n n e l l i s t .
' e r i o d i c d r i l l s are held a t t h e S t a t i o n .
Environmental M o n i t o r i n g P l a n s : A program w a s s t a r t e d i n March 1970 t o
: o l l e c t samples f o r e v a l u a t i o n of p r e - o p e r a t i o n a l c o n d i t i o n s .
The p r e i p e r a t i o n a l program w i l l e s t a b l i s h sampling s t a t i o n s and frequency rel u i r e m e n t s . The o p e r a t i o n a l program w i l l be designed from e x p e r i e n c e
Zained b e f o r e o p e r a t i o n . Samples c o l l e c t e d i n c l u d e sediment, bottom
irganisms, f i s h , m i l k , s o i l , v e g e t a t i o n , and r a i n f a l l .

o r d i s p o s a l w i t h i n l i m i t s of 10CFR20 a l l r a d i o a c t i v e l i q u i d , gaseous
m d s o l i d wastes. L i q u i d wastes a r e e v a p o r a t e d a n d / o r d e m i n e r a l i z e d .
h e a t e d water from d e m i n e r a l i z e r s o r t h e e v a p o r a t o r may b e r e c y c l e d i n
the p l a n t o r may b e d i s c h a r g e d v i a condenser d i s c h a r g e . Evaporator con
Z e n t r a t e s and d e m i n e r a l i z e r r e s i n s a r e s o l i d i f i e d , drummed and shipped
i f f - s i t e w i t h o t h e r s o l i d wastes f o r d i s p o s a l . Gaseous wastes are h e l d
Eor decay and d i s c h a r g e d through t h e p l a n t v e n t .

P l z D t Vent: E i g h t f e e t d i a m e t e r s t a c k r u n s up t h e s i d e o f containment
t o Elev. 772'-6", 180' above grade.

223
Page 6.(PWR)
G.

SITE DATA

Reactor:

Nearby Body of Water:

Lake Michigan
S i z e of S i t e

Acres

250

Topography of S i t e :

S i t e Grade E l e v a t i o n

(MSL;

591'

(MSL:

(MSL)

Flat

T o t a l Permanent P o p u l a t i o n : I n 2 m i r a d i u s 25.665

1985

I n 5 m i r a d i u s 106,615

Nearest C i t y of 50,000 P o p u l a t i o n :

D i s t . from s i t e

582'
591'

Flat

of Surrounding Area (5 m i r a d ) :
Date of Data:

ZION

Normal Level
Max Prob Flood L e v e l

; 10 m i

; 50 m i

Waukegan, I l l .

, PopulationuhS

Miles, D i r e c t i o n

('7n)

Land Use i n 5 Mile Radius: R e s i d e n t i a l , I n d u s t r i a l , A g r i c u l t u r a l ,


and R e c r e a t i o n a l
Meteorology:

P r e v a i l i n g wind d i r e c t i o n V a r i a b l e A v g . speed

S t a b i l i t y Data

sw

Well v e n t i l a t e d

---

M i s c e l l a n e o u s Items C l o s e t o t h e S i t e : S i t e i s bounded by t h e I l l i n o i s
Beach S t a t e P a r k on t h e s o u t h , a c i t y p a r k on t h e n o r t h , t h e c i t y of
Zion on t h e w e s t and t h e l a k e on t h e e a s t . A Westinghouse r e a c t o r
s i m u l a t o r - t r a i n e r i s l o c a t e d a l o n g t h e west boundary.
The Wisconsin
s t a t e l i n e i s 3 1 / 2 m i l e s n o r t h . Chi-NW r a i l r o a d r u n s a l o n g t h e w e s t e r n boundary. I n t e r s t a t e 1-94 i s 6 m i l e s w e s t .
H.

-8

CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM

Type of System: Once through.

Water Taken From: Lake Michigan


I n t a k e S t r u c t u r e : Located 2600 f t o f f s h o r e i n 22 f t deep water.
o v e r i n t a k e i s 1 0 f t below t h e l a k e s u r f a c e a t normal l e v e l .

Water Body Temperatures: Winter minimum


River Flow

( c f s ) minimum;

NA

S e r v i c e Water Q u a n t i t y
Flow Thru Condenser

---

OF
NA

Summer maximum 5 F

(cf s ) average

gpm/ r e a c t o r

735,000

(gpm)/reactor

Heat D i s s i p a t e d t o Environment

Heat Removal C a p a c i t y of Condenser

-t

32

Cap

7500 x lo6

---

Temp. R i s e

20

OF

(Btu/hr) / r e a c t o r
(Btu/hr)/reactor

h a s s e p a r a t e d i s c h a r g e 760 f t from
30' w i t h d i s c h a r g e p o r t s a l o n g each
Discharge openings are 3 ' h i g h and c o n t i n u o u s .

D i s c h a r e S t r u c t u r e : Each u n i t
&
S t r u c t u r e i s 75' x
side.

Cooling Tower(s):
Blowdown

D e s c r i p t i o n & Number
gpmlreactor

None

Evaporative loss

gpmlreactor

*u.s.

GOVERNMENT

PRINTING

OFFICE:

224

1973-747-302/as