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Experiment No.

7
PIN FIN APPARATUS
AIM:
01. To determine the variation of temperature along the length of the pin fin under forced
convection.
02. To determine the value of heat transfer co-efficient under forced condition and to find
a) Theoretical values of temperatures along the length of the fin.
b) Effectiveness and efficiency of the pin-fin for insulated and boundary condition.

Theory:
The heat transfer from a heated surface to the ambient is given by the relation q=hA∆T. In
this relation h is the heat transfer coefficient , ∆T is the temperature difference and A is area
of heat transfer. To increase q, h may be increased or surface area may be increased. In some
cases it is not possible to increase the value of heat transfer coefficient and the temperature
difference ∆T and thus the only alternative is to increase the surface area of heat transfer. The
surface area is increased by attaching extra material in the form of rod ( circular or
rectangular) on the surface where we have to increase the transfer rate. "This extra material
attached is called the extended surface or fins".
The fins may be attached on a plane surface, then they are called plane surface fins. If the
fins are attached on the cylindrical surface, they are called as circumferential fins. the cross
section of fin may be circular, rectangular or parabolic.

TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION AND HEAT TRANSFER FROM
FINS FROM END INSULATED CONDITION:
Temperature distribution along the length of the fin is
θ
θ0

=

T −T ∞
T 0−T ∞

=

cosh m( L−x )
cosh mL

Where T= Temperature at any distance x from the fin
T0= Temperature at x=0
T∞= Ambient Temperature
L= Length of the fin
m=

hp
KA

hc= Convective heat transfer coefficient
p= perimeter of the fin
A= area of the fin

Note down the difference in level of manometer. Turn the dimmerstat knob clockwise and adjust the power input to the heater to the desired value. Allow the unit to stabilize. OBESERVATION TABLE: . 04. 09. Turn the thermocouple selector switch clockwise and note down the temperatures T1 to T6. For end insulated condition: ∈ = θ = √ PK hA 0x √ hPKA tanhmL hAθ 0 tanh mL The efficiency of fin is defined as the ratio of the actual heat transferred by the fin to the maximum heat transferred by the fin area were at base temperatures. 07.K= thermal conductivity of the fin Heat flow q= θ √ hPKA tanh mL EFFECTIVENESS OF FINS: Effectiveness of a fin is defined as the ratio of the heat transfer with fin to the heat transfer from the surface without fins. Switch on the blower. 05. Connect the equipment to electric power supply. Repeat the experiment for different power input to the heater. 02. Keep the thermocouple selector switch to zero position. Set the air flow rate to any desired value by adjusting the difference in mercury levels in the manometer. 06. 03. η= θ 0 √ hPKA tanh mL h PLθ 0 η= tanh mL mL EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE: 01. 08.

02 m or 10 mm dp= internal diameter of pipe= 3. T∞= Ambient Temperature= T5 .81 cm ρ ρ = Density of manometric fluid= 13600 Kg/m3 m = Density of air = 1170 Kg/m3 a CALCULATIONS: 1.Average Surface Temperature of Fin is given by. Va = Velocity of air in the duct= Va= Vo∗π ∗do 2 4 Width of duct∗breadth of duct Velocity at orifice∗cross−sectional area of orifice Cross sectional area of duct = Vo∗π ∗do2 4 W ∗B 3.Sr. Ts= T 1+ T 2+T 3+T 4+T 5+T 6 6 4. Velocity of orifice = V0= Where √2 gh(ρ m−ρ a) ρ a∗1−β 4 do β = dp 2. c of Hg h1 h2 H T1 T2 T3 T4 OBSERVATION: Where d0= Diameter of orifice=0.No Voltmeter in Volts Ammeter in Amps Power in Watts Manometer in mm Temperature reading in deg.

72. n=0.293.805 3) hc= Nu K df Where K(Tm) of air at 44. Pr and n from standard table For Re=0.989. n=0.385 Re=40 to 4000.33 Re=4 to 40. C=0.86*10^-5 Kg/s m.012 m  Re= Va di μ The relation for Nu is 2) Nu= C*Re^n*Pr^1/3 The value of C. n=0.618 Re=40000 to 400000. n=0.0. Pr= 0. df=0.16º C is 0. C=0.026 W/m k . K=0.026 W/mºk Thermal conductivity of fin material K=110 W/mºk 4) m= √ hp KA where P= perimeter= πdf A= Area= Temperature distribution is given by T −T ∞ T 0−T ∞ = cosh m(L−x ) cosh mL T= T∞+( T 0−T ∞ ) cosh m(L−x ) cosh mL π 2 ∗d 0 4 . C=0. n=0.466 Re=4000 to 40000.27.5. Tm= Mean Temperature= Ts+T ∞ 2 1) From DRY AIR atmospheric pressure table-1 µ=1.4 to 4.911.683. C=0. C=0.

c √ hPKA tanhmL hAθ 0 tanh mL mL from Temperature from calculation in deg. T5.08 m X4=110 mm= 0.02 m X2= 50 mm= 0.05 m X3=80 mm= 0. X4.11 m X5=140 mm = 0. c . X5. T2. X6 Where T=Temperatures at above points T=T1. T3. T6 Given thermocouple distance X1=20 mm= 0. X3.Where X is the thermocouple distance at different positions.17 m cosh m( L−x ) cosh mL T1= T∞+( T 0−T ∞ ) Distance X in mts Effectiveness of fin= Efficiency of fin = Temperature experiment in deg. X2. T4. X=X1.14 m X6= 170 mm= 0.