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Launching AutoCad

1. Start
2. 3D and CAD
3. AutoCad

AutoCad
Basic Tutorial

Typing Commands

Pointing Device (Mouse)

Typing a Command

AutoCAD uses either a mouse or digitizing tablet to select objects in a drawing.

All AutoCAD commands can be typed in at the command line. Many commands also have one

Left Mouse Button

or two letter aliases that can also be typed as shortcuts to the commands.

Used to pick or select objects

1. Type the desired command at the command prompt.

1. Click the left mouse button to select an object area in the drawing.

Command : LINE

2. Press ESC twice to deselect an object (or to cancel a command).

or

Right Mouse Button

2. Type the command’s alias. Command: L

Used to enter a command, repeat last command, or access shortcut menus.

3. Press ENTER/Space to end.

1. Click the right mouse button.

4. Type an option at the command prompt.
TIPS: 


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1. Reissuing the Last Command The last used AutoCAD command can be re-entered by one of the following three methods of ENTER. The ENTER key on the keyboard will always act as ENTER. Press the Space bar on the keyboard. Press the ENTER key on the keyboard or 2.   . TIP: Many AutoCAD commands require you to press ENTER to complete the command. or 3. You know you are no longer in an AutoCAD command when you see a blank command line. Click the right mouse button. the SPACEBAR and RIGHT MOUSE will act as enter most of the time (exceptions include placing TEXT).

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. 1. Command: PAN or P The following are basic zoom options: TIPS: - - While in the PAN command. click with the right mouse button to see the following menu. Panning can also be done by using the window scroll bars All Places entire drawing (all visible layers) on display at once. Previous Restores previous view. 4. or or 2. or 3.1 ZOOM 5.2 PAN Increases or decreases the apparent size of objects in the current viewport Shifts the location of a view. 3. Click a Zoom icon. Zoom. View. Dynamic Permits you to pan a box representing the viewing screen around the entire generated portion of the drawing and enlarge or shrink it. Type ZOOM at the command prompt. Choose 1. Pan. Extents Displays current drawing content as large as possible. Type One of the following zoom options: or 2. click with the right mouse button to see the menu to the right.5. TIPS: -While in the ZOOM command. Window Designates rectangular area to be drawn as large as possible. Click the Pan icon. Choose View. Type Command: Zoom or Z PAN from the command prompt. Forces a regeneration. Number Magnification relative to ZOOM All display Number X Magnification relative to current display (1X) Center Specifies center point and new display height.

Command: U or 4. 6. 2.11 Undo and Redo NEW Command Reverses the last action. Choose One of the options for creating a new drawing. TIP: New drawings can also be created from Template Files. or save a window or a drawing. Press CTRL + Z. Command: NEW 5. Type REDO at the command prompt to redo the last undo command. Creates a new drawing file. Choose Edit. Type Click the Undo icon. Redo. 7. Click The OK button. 4. NEW at the Command prompt. 1. 3. New. 3. Choose 1.2 Creating a New Drawing 1.2. Choose Edit. including those that open. or CTRL + N or 3. or export the drawing in a different format. Type U at the command prompt to undo the last command. Save the drawing as another name. or File. or 2. change the graphics display. or Command: REDO TIPS: -UNDO has no effect on some commands and system variables. regenerate the drawing. 1. Click the Redo icon. Press Click the New icon. -REDO must immediately follow the U or UNDO command. or 2. close. Redo Reverses the effects of a single UNDO or U command. Undo. . display information.

4.1 Open Existing Drawings 1. . 8. Choose File. Click The OK button. Type OPEN at the command prompt. Press CTRL + O. or or or Command: OPEN 5.12 Function Keys and Accelerator Keys 2. Double Click the desired directory to find the drawing to open.1. Click the OPEN icon. Press ENTER 6. Click the drawing name to open. 2. This image is the view that was last saved in the drawing. 7. 3. OPEN. TIP: -Preview shows a bitmap image of the drawing selected. It will not show a preview of drawings saved before R13 AutoCAD.

or 3. Type QSAVE at the command prompt. Options… Useful Commands . R13. R 2000. etc. Command:QSAVE TIPS: Drawings can be saved as different versions of AutoCAD (e. AutoCAD displays the Save Drawing As dialog box (see SAVEAS) and saves the drawing with the file name and format you specify. R14. Press CTRL + S.) AutoSave settings under Tools. If the drawing is named. AutoCAD saves the drawing using the file format specified on the Open and Save tab of the Options dialog box and does not request a file name. Click the Save icon.g. or 2. If the drawing is unnamed.Quick Save The QSAVE command is equivalent to clicking Save on the File menu. 1.

1 Running Object Snaps An object snap mode specifies a snap point at an exact location on an object. UNITS Command 8. 4. Right Click the Object Snap TAB. Choose a precision setting.. Type DDOSNAP at the command prompt or Click OSNAP on the Status Bar. Format. 5. Drafting Settings.58 - . Choose a units and angle setting.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 7. which remain active until you turn them off.5 1. . Choose 2. 1. Units. 4. or 3. an object snap to turn ON/OFF from the dialog box. Choose DDUNITS at the command prompt. Type or 2.. Choose Tools... Command: DDUNITS or UN Command: DDOSNAP 3. OSNAP specifies running object snap modes.

Type or 2.128 - . arc segments. Type One of the following options Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width/<endpoint of line>: 6. 3. Pick A point to continue drawing Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width/<endpoint of line>: (pick point) U to undo the last segment or Type C to create a closed polygon To point : C (close) A point on the drawing to start the polyline From point:(select) To point: U (undo) 10. Press ENTER to end line sequence or 9.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 3. You can create straight line segments.1 Line Command Creates single straight line segments 1. Type Pline Command 15. Line. Click the Line icon.1 Draw. Pick 5. or Polyline as one segment TIPS: • You can continue the previous line or arc by responding to the From point: prompt with a space or ENTER. Type PLINE at the command prompt Command : PLINE or PL 4. 1. Pick Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:(point) 7. Polyline. LINE from the command prompt A polyline is a connected sequence of line segments created as a single object. Pick From point: (point) 6. or 3. Choose or 2. Draw. Pick the Pline icon. Pick Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:(point) 8. • Choose the right mouse button for the line pop-up menu to appear while in the line command . or a combination of the two. Press ENTER 5. Choose Command: LINE or L 4.

Choose Draw.2). Pick other corner or type coordinates (i. Press CTRL + L. Pick first corner. ortho mode rotates accordingly. or Line drawn with ORTHO ON the Rectangle icon. 1. @4. <First corner>: Line drawn with ORTHO OFF .137 - . Rectangle. Type Rectang at the command prompt Command: RECTANG Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width/ 4. Double Click ORTHO from the Status Bar.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 3. Press 2.2 Controls lines from being drawn at various angles to straight lines. When the snap grid is rotated. or 1.4 Orthogonal Lines Rectangle 16. 5. Click or or 2. Function Key F8.e. 3. 3.

press the right mouse button to select the following options for arcs: or Circle.center. or 5. Pick A center point. 7.When selecting a circle with a pickbox. direction .6 Circles 3. Circle. Arc. Command: CIRCLE 4. . end. 6. Tangent. center. Draw One of the arcs.To create circles that are the same size. chord length start. center. Type A radius or diameter. or or Type Command: ARC Circle. be sure to select the circumference of the circle. 3. Tangent. or or 3. Tangent . Type Click the Arc icon. Tangent Radius Diameter/<<radius>>: Arc Examples TIPS: 3 point arc Start . Circle. arcs are drawn in a COUNTERCLOCKWISE direction. 2. Choose . Pick A radius or diameter Draw.3.7 Arc Command Circle Command 1. CIRCLE at the command prompt. Center Radius 1. Click the Circle icon. end. end Start. included angle Start. Tangent. Type ARC at the command prompt 4. Choose Draw. press ENTER when asked for the circle radius. Center Diameter One of the following options: 3P/2P/TTR/<<center point>>: TIPS: -Except for 3 point arcs. Circle.While in the arc command. 2. radius Start .

Pick Ending tangent point for the spline Enter end tangent: (pick point) . A NURBS curve produces a smooth curve between control points 1. Pick Starting tangent point for the spline Enter point:(pick points) Enter start tangent (pick point) 8. Pick Points until youare done drawing splines 6. Press Enter or close to complete the spline 7. or 2. Type SPLINE at the command prompt or Command: SPLINE 4.3 The SPLINE command creates a particular type of spline known as a nonuniform rational B-spline (NURBS) curve. Choose Draw. Click the Spline icon.138 - Editing . Pick A start point for the spline Object / <Enter first point>: (pick point) 5. Spline. 3.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Spline 16.

Width Changes the width for all polyline segments. Choose Choose Modify. Type One of the following options:Close/Join/ Width/Edit vertex/FitCurve/Spline/Curve/ Click the Move icon. Command: MOVE or M Select Polyline:(pick) 4. Pick 5. Modify. Decurve Straightens curved segments.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Move Command 10.2 1. 2. or or 2. 3. Move. Pick the Pedit icon from the Modify II toolbar. and arcs to existing polylines. Polyline. Pick Objects to move Select objects: (select) A point to move from Decurve/Undo/eXit Base point or displacement: (pick point) 6.130 - . type a distance at the second point of displacement prompt: @1<0 . PEDIT options: Pick A point to move to Second point of displacement: (pick point) Close Closes open polyline segments Join Connects polylines. Spline Curve Circle before move Circle after move Creates a curve through control points on a polyline. lines. 1. Fit curve Creates curved arc segments around pline vertices at the direction you specify. Edit Vertex Displays the following Edit Vertex Options: Polyline width change Splined Polyline TIP: To move an object a specified distance. Type PEDIT at the comma nd prompt Pick Pick a polyline to edit 5.74 - .1 Editing Polylines 15. 3. Type MOVE at the command prompt or Command: PEDIT 4.

2 1. . Type or COPY at the command prompt. 6. Command: OFFSET or O 4. Offsetting objects by specifying a distance TIP: • To copy many objects in the same copy command. Press Enter to end the command.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Copy Command 10. Second point of displacement: (pick point) or 7.75 - . type M for Multiple at the “Base point or displacement/Multiple” option. Type Base point or displacement/Multiple: (pick point). Choose Offset Command 10. Offset distance or <Through point>: (number) 5. or Select objects: (select) A point to move from. 2. Side to offset: (pick side) Second point of displacement: @ 1<0 7. Pick Another object to offset Select object to offset: (pick side) Duplicate objects copied Multiple objects copied or 8. 6. Command: COPY or CP 4. The object to offset.77 - . 1. Type The distance to offset. Modify. Type OFFSET at the command prompt. Click AutoCAD 2D Tutorial To offset a specified distance: the Copy icon. Copy. Pick A point to copy to. Pick Pick A point to copy to. Select object to offset: (select object) A side to offset object to. 3. Choose or 3. Choose the Offset icon.4 Modify. Pick Objects to copy. Offset Distance or 2. Offset. Pick 5.

Press ENTER when you are done choosing objects Lines Extended to an Arc (Arc is boundary edge) TIP: - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial EXTEND 10.133 - Use the object selection option FENCE to choose multiple objects . Modify. Choose AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 1. Command: EXTEND Select boundary edge(s). Command: EXPLODE 2.79 - . Press ENTER to accept the boundary edge Select objects: (press enter) 6. Pick Modify. Pick The BOUNDARY edge to extend to Select objects: (select) Polyline before explode 5. 3. Pick The objects to extend <Select object to extend> / Project / Edge / Undo: Select an object.5 Explode Command 15. Type EXPLODE at the command prompt.. Click the Extend icon. Pick the Explode icon.Explode. or press enter : (select) Polyline (line) after explode 7.. Select objects: (pick) 4. 3. enter an option.4 1. Extend. Choose or or 2. Type EXTEND at the command prompt or or 4. The object to explode.

2 AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 9. Pick A first corner to stretch. Select objects: C Other corner: (point) 7. Stretch.115 - .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Stretch 13. The Stretch command must use a CROSSING window or aCROSSING POLYGON window. 2. Pick A base point to stretch from Base point: (point) . Press ENTER to accept objects to stretch. Pick The opposite corner to window the objects to stretch. Type C to choose CROSSING window 5.114 - . Command : STRETCH Select objects to stretchby window. Choose Modify. 8. TIP: 3. Type STRETCHat the command prompt. 4. First corner: (point) 6.. Pick A point to stretch to Newpoint: (point) Type A distance to stretch. New point: @1<0 or 1.. Click the Stretch icon. or 10.

or press enter 7. Pick Object to break.1 TRIM 10. TIP: Hold the SHIFT key to interactively extend instead of trim. Press ENTER when you are done choosing objects Select object to trim/Undo: (press enter) Lines Trimmed to an Arc (Arc is cutting edge) or 6. Press 6. 1. 1. or or 2. Type BREAK at the command prompt. Click the Break icon.112 - . Enter second point : (point) The CUTTING edge to extend to Select objects: (select) 5. Command: TRIM Select object: (select one object) Select cutting edge(s). Type TRIM at the command prompt 3. or 2. 4.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Break 13. Pick A second break point. Choose Modify. Pick 5... Pick ENTER to accept the cutting edge Select objects: (press enter) Objects to trim <Select object to trim> / Project / Edge / Undo: Select an object. enter an option. Click the Trim icon. 3. Choose Modify.80 - Type F to choose a different break point Enter second point (or F for first point):(F) .6 The TRIM command allows you to trim objects in a drawing so they end precisely at a cutting edge defined by one or more other objects in the drawing. Break. Command: BREAK 4. . Trim.

Pick Objects to mirror. Type A rotation angle<Rotation angle>/Reference: (number) 7.9 MIRROR 10. Type MIRROR at the command prompt. Choose Modify. Choose Modify. Pick A rotation angle<Rotation angle>/Reference: (point) or Delete old objects? Y or N Mirror Line . Pick A pivot point to rotate around Select objects:(select) Base point: (point) 5. Click the Modify icon. 2. Type Yes to delete the original objects and No to keep them. Click the Mirror icon. Rotate. Pick Second point: (point) 7. 3. or Command : ROTATE 4. Mirror.84 - . 6.7 1. 3. Objects to rotate: Select objects:(select) 5. or 1. Type ROTATE at the command prompt or or 2. Pick Command: MIRROR 4.82 - . Pick First point of mirror line: (point) 6.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial AutoCAD 2D Tutorial ROTATE 10.

1. TEXT at the command prompt A scale factor<Scale factor>/Reference: (point) 2. Type J to change the justification or S to change the text style. showing the text dynamically on the screen as it is entered.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Text Command 11. Type A text string 8.86 - Follow the steps 3-8 from above. 5. Pick 3. Choose Modify. Single Line Text. Choose Draw. Pick the Single Line Text icon from the Text Toolbar. 1. or 2. AutoCAD 2D Tutorial the Scale icon. Click Text Creates a single-line text object or 2. Press enter to exit the Text: prompt. Type A rotation angle<Scale factor>/Reference:(number) or Pick or SCALE at the command prompt Command: SCALE 6.89 - .1 SCALE 10. Type Select objects: (select objects) 4. Type A text height 6. Text: (type text string) DTEXT (Dynamic Text) Creates a single-line text object. Type Height <default>: (type value or pick two points) Scale factor/Reference: (points) A rotation angle Rotation angle <default>: (angle or point) 7. Pick A pivot point to scale about Base point: (point) 5. Type Command: TEXT or 3.10 1. Type DTEXT at the command prompt Command : DTEXT 3. . Text. Scale. A start point Justify/Style/<Start Point>: (point) or 4. .

101 - . Layers AutoCAD 2005 Layer Properties .AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Introduction to Layers and Layer Dialog Box12. Choose Format. 2. Type LAYER at the command prompt. Pick the layers icon from the Layer Control box on the object properties toolbar.1 1. Layer. or Command: LAYER (or LA) or 3.

1. To use this. Type One of the following layer options ?/Make/Set/New/ON/OFF/Color/Ltype/Freeze/Thaw: . type –LAYER or -LA at the command prompt 1. Select layer Select object first TIP: Layers can be set using the command line prompts for layers.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Layer Options 12.102 - . New Creates new layers . ON Turns on specified layers.2 Layer Shortcuts 12. Select OFF Turns off specified layers. Plot Turns a Layer On for Plotting No Plot Turns a Layer Off for Plotting LWeight Controls the line weight for each layer Changing the Layer of an Object AutoCAD will move the object to the new layer. colors and linetypes. Unlock Places a layer in read write mode and available for edits. Thaw Unfreezes specified layers Ltype. Lock Makes a layer read only preventing entities from being edited but available visual reference and osnap functions. Creates a new layer and makes it current.3 ? Make Set Lists layers. Sets current layer. Freeze Completely ignores layers during regeneration. the desired layer from the Layer Control Box dropdown.103 - . 2. Color Assigns color to specified layers. Ltype Assigns linetype to specified layers. Click Once on the object to change. with states. Type Command: -LAYER or LA 2.

depending on your configuration) until they are grouped into a block. the objects in the block inherit the current setting of the COLOR command. 2. Type DDCOLOR at the command prompt. or Command: DDCOLOR or COL or 3. AutoCAD draws new objects in the default color (white or black.6 1.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Color Command 12. Choose Format. . Choose Color on the Object Properties toolbar and then select a color from the list or select Other to display the Select Color dialog box. Colours + Line Weights TIP: These settings ignore the current layer settings for color.107 - . new objects assume the color of the layer upon which they are drawn. Color. When the block is inserted in the drawing. By Layer If you enter bylayer. By Block If you enter byblock.

Type LINEWEIGHT at the command prompt. Choose Pick a lineweight to make current from the Object Properties menu. or 2. 1.. Linetype.. Type or DDLTYPE at the command prompt. Choose Format..AutoCAD 2D Tutorial AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Lineweights 12.. - The Display Lineweights feature can be turned on/off o n the status bar to show or not show lineweights in the drawing.108 - - Lineweights can also be assigned to layers.7 Loading and Changing Linetypes Loading and Changing Lineweights 1.8 Linetypes 12. . 4. 2.109 - . Command:DDLTYPE or LT Command: LINEWEIGHT or LWEIGHT 3. Choose Load.. the desired linetype to assign. - Lineweights are displayed using a pixel width in proportion to the realworld unit value at which they plot. Choose Format. you can adjust the lineweight display scale to better display different lineweight widths. TIPS: 5. to see a list of available linetypes. thus making regenerations faster. . If you are using a high-resolution monitor.. Lineweight. or 4. Click OK.

Type DDCHPROP or DDMODIFY at the command prompt.9 1. Press ENTER to accept objects. Properties.110 - Other Useful Functions . or 3. . single object for DDMODIFY. Select objects:(select) 5.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Object Properties 12. Command: DDCHPROP (CH) or DDMODIFY (MO) 4. Choose One of the following properties to change. Choose Modify. Select objects: (press enter) 6. or 2. Click the Properties icon. Pick Objects whose properties you want to change Pick a window for DDCHPROP.

2 BHATCH Command 17. Pick The first point to measure from First point: pick point 5. Type Click the Distance icon from the Inquiry Toolbar.. the Hatchicon. BHATCH at the command prompt Type DIST at the command prompt Command: DIST Command: BHATCH 4. Tools. Hatch. Choose or or 2.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Measuring Distances 8. . Choose 1.1 1. Inquiry. 3.55 - .152 - .. Pick The second point to measure to Second point: pick point Distance Between Circle Centers TIP: Be sure to use Object Snaps with the MEASURE command. Click 2. or or 3. Draw. Distance.

or the Linear Dimension command from the toolbar. Command: DIM Dim: HOR or VER Command: DIM Dim: ALIGNED . Type or DIM at the command prompt. or 2. Linear. Click AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Choose Dimension.224 - . 1. or 3. Choose Aligned Dimensions 26.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Linear Dimensions 26. Aligned.223 - .2 Dimension.1 1. Click the Aligned Dimension command from the toolbar. 2. Type DIM at the command prompt. 3.

Type AREA at the command prompt 4. Area.56 - . you must first be in “add” mode to add the first area. Choose Dimension. Click the Area icon.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial AutoCAD 2D Tutorial Calculating Areas 8.3 Radial Dimensions 26. Radius or Diameter. Inquiry. Pick Next point: pick 7. Choose Tools.225 - . . Area of Rectangle Object Allows user to pick an object to calculate area (circle or polyline). Click the Radial Dimensions command from the toolbar. Pick or 2. Pick Next point: pick 6. Type DIM at the command prompt. Command: DIM Dim: RADIUS or DIAMETER The first point for area calculation <First point>/Object/Add/Subtract: pick 5. 2. TIPS: Be sure to use Object Snaps with the MEASURE command To subtract an area. 1. Press ENTER when you are finished choosing points. Add Adds separate areas for a total area calculation Subtract Subtracts areas from each other. 3. or or Command: AREA or 3.3 1.

Click the Help icon. Press Function Key F1 . Type HELP at the command prompt Command: HELP or 4. or 3.AutoCAD 2D Tutorial 1.65 - Choose Help. 5. Landscape. Choose the appropriate paper size based on the chosen plotter. Choose plot to center or specify an x or y offset. 2. Choose the plotting area.13 On-Line Help Plot Settings 1. 8. 1. Click OK. Upside down). AutoCAD Help. 3. 4. Choose the drawing orientation (Portrait. 6. Choose the Plot Settings tab. 7. . Choose the plot scale. Choose the paper units (inches or mm). or 2.