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Organizational Behaviour – II

Team & Group
Dynamics
Knowing
Doing
Being

Module 4: Understanding Leadership – in team context

Module 10: Team Effectiveness & Conclusion
Module 9: Integrated Case Study
Module 8: Team Structure, Roles and Creativity
Module 7: Team Productivity Lab
Module 6: Team Conflict and Negotiations
Module 5: Group Decision Making
Module 4: Team Leadership
Module 3: I in relation with Groups- Transaction Analysis, Mental Models, EQ
Module 2: I in relation with Groups – FIRO and Sensitivity
Module 1: Introduction & Beauty of Groups

Course
Content

Google search for leadership
About 61,60,00,000 results (0.74 seconds)

LEADERSHIP
IS
“DAC “
Module 4: Learning Objective

What makes leadership effective?

THE GREAT MAN THEORY Leaders are born and are not made. What makes leadership effective? . Great leaders will arise when there is need.

Some combination of traits is suitable to become leader What makes leadership effective? .THE TRAIT THEORY People are born with particular traits.

Successful leadership is based on definable technical/ personal skills.THE SKILL THEORY Leaders can be made. What makes leadership effective? .

THE BEHAVIOUR (STYLE) THEORY Concern for Task Concern for People Leaders can be made. What makes leadership effective? . Successful leadership is based on definable learnable behavior.

THE SITUATIONAL (STYLE) THEORY The best action of the leader depends on a range of situational factors What makes leadership effective? .

(Leader’s style is not flexible) What makes leadership effective? .THE CONTINGENCY THEORY Success of leadership depends upon fit between situation and leader’s style.

THE PARTICIPATORY (DECISION MAKING) THEORY Involvement in decisions Not participative (autocratic )…to participative (democratic) What makes leadership effective? .

active.THE TRANSACTINAL LEADERSHIP THEORY People are motivated by reward and punishment. passive) What makes leadership effective? . Management by exception. (Contingent reward.

THE TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP THEORY Process where leaders and followers engage in a mutual process of 'raising one another to higher levels of morality and motivation. What makes leadership effective? .

decision influence. and the quality of these leader-member exchange (LMX) relationships influences subordinates' responsibility.THE LMX LEADERSHIP THEORY Leaders develop an exchange with each subordinates. access to resources and performance What makes leadership effective? .

Great Man theory Contingency Theory Trait theory Decision making theory Skill theory Transaction Theory Style theory Transformational theory Situational theory LMX theory .

engage your employees Be an agile learner Articulate a clear vision create win-win solutions Develop talent ADVICE ON HOW TO BE MORE EFFECTIVE LEADER leverage diversity Have a global Mindset hold people accountable Communicate effectively Think strategically What makes leadership effective? .

Take Charge Politically savvy To be flexible What makes leadership effective? Empower others Authentic Steadfast .

LEADERSHIP – Position – Person – Process? Or just result?? What is leadership? .

LEADERSHIP – Position – Person – Process? Or just result?? Person Position Is it who “leaders” are Is it where “leaders” that makes them leaders? operate that makes them leaders? Process Result Is it how leaders get things done that makes them leaders? Is it what “leaders” achieve that makes them leaders? What is leadership? .

LEADERSHIP – Position – Person – Process? Or just result?? Person Position Is it who “leaders” are Is it where “leaders” that makes them leaders? operate that makes them leaders? Process Result Is it how leaders get things done that makes them leaders? Is it what “leaders” achieve that makes them leaders? What is leadership? .

LEADERSHIP – Position – Person – Process? Or just result?? Person Position Is it who “leaders” are Is it where “leaders” that makes them leaders? operate that makes them leaders? Process Result Is it how leaders get things done that makes them leaders? Is it what “leaders” achieve that makes them leaders? What is leadership? .

LEADERSHIP – Position – Person – Process? Or just result?? Person Position Is it who “leaders” are Is it where “leaders” that makes them leaders? operate that makes them leaders? Process Result Is it how leaders get things done that makes them leaders? Is it what “leaders” achieve that makes them leaders? What is leadership? .

When is leadership happening? When is leadership happening? .

Activity Constructing a village DOING .

Material to be distributed Individually 4 straws 2 paper dish 2 Ice-cream-sticks 1/5 colour decorative paper bundle 1 A4 Sheet paper 2 paper cups In Group 1 Gum .

Activity Constructing a village DOING .

Does leadership happened? When is leadership happening? .

KNOWING .

set of desired goals everyone buy in Members can easily articulate how what they are trying together is worthwhile.Leadership Happening DIRECTION • • • There is vision. rework is required People feel isolated from each other Group compete with one another Only easy things get done Everybody is asking – what is in it for me? People are not walking the talk . duplication of work. People feel as if they all are being pulled in different directions.synchronization Everybody fit in with each other People give extra efforts needed for group to succeed There is sense of trust and mutual responsibility for the work People express passion and motivation for the work • • • • • There is lack of agreement on priorities. deadlines are missed. People seems to be running in circle Things are in disarray. There is inertia. Leadership not Happening • • • • ALIGNMENT • • • COMMITMENT • • • Everyone is cleared about each other’s role and responsibilities Sense of coordination. People agree on what collective success looks like.

Agreement on what the collective is trying to achieve together Vision / goal is set Collective success is defined Direction Work was decided and divided/ coordination/ Support for each other work/ Alignment Everyone contributed for group goal/Gave up personal benefit for group benefit/ resources shared Commitment .

DAC DIRECTION (Agreement on what the collective is trying to achieve together) ALIGNMENT Commitment (Effective coordination People who are making and integration of the the success of the different aspects of the (not just their • There is vision.collective set of desired goals work so that it fits everyone buy inindividual success) a together in service of the personal priority • Members can easily articulate how shared direction) what they are trying together is worthwhile. • People agree on what collective success looks like. .

DAC DIRECTION ALIGNMENT (Agreement on what the collective is trying to achieve together) (Effective coordination and integration of the different aspects of the work so that it fits together in service of the shared direction) Commitment People who are making the success of the collective (not just their individual success) a • Everyone cleared about personalispriority each other’s role and responsibilities • Sense of coordinationsynchronization • Everybody fit in with each other .

DAC DIRECTION ALIGNMENT (Effective coordination and integration of the (Agreement what theefforts needed for • Peopleongive extra different aspects of the collective is trying to group to succeed work so that it fits achieve together) together in service of the • There is sense of trust and mutual shared direction) responsibility for the work • People express passion and motivation for the work Commitment People who are making the success of the collective (not just their individual success) a personal priority .

DAC DIRECTION ALIGNMENT Commitment (Agreement on what the collective is trying to achieve together) (Effective coordination and integration of the different aspects of the work so that it fits together in service of the shared direction) People who are making the success of the collective (not just their individual success) a personal priority .

Leadership is collective activity Leadership emerges out of individual knowledge and expertise People in authority are responsible for leadership .

Evaluation of the benefits for self People in authority are responsible for leadership D A Direction –willing compliance with an authority Alignment –fitting into the expectations of the larger system Commitment .Engagement in a developing community Leadership emerges out of individual knowledge and expertise D Direction –Discussion. mutual influence. A Alignment – On-going mutual adjustment among system responsible people C Commitment .loyalty to the source of authority C .Leadership is collective activity D Direction – shared exploration and the emergence of new perspectives. and compromise A Alignment – Negotiation among self-responsible people C Commitment .

Understanding DAC Short Case .

Small Teams Larger Teams Organizations Matrix Structures Temporary Work System Informal Work Structure Common Belief and routine practices about creating DAC Developing leadership culture in an organization .

right technical knowledge. and effective business practices . Appropriate technology.R&D teams creating a new product Sales groups reaching revenue targets Organizations producing goods and services with better efficiency A B-School improving its placement An organization creating a more sustainable practices SUCCESS DAC Resources.

1. Is it possible that group has direction but not alignment and commitment? 2. Is it possible that group has commitment but no direction and alignment ? 3.Think ……. Is it possible that group has alignment and no direction and commitment? .

Being .

how alignment was created and how commitment was generated? 2.DAC Reflection 1. Share in your group – your experience 4. Can you identify one such experience in your organizational / personal life when leadership happened. Please identify how direction was set. Create group list for – enabling/ triggering activities as well as hurdles for DAC outcomes . Also identify when leadership not happened? 3.

DIRECTION Trigger/ Enablers Hurdles ALIGNMENT Trigger/ Enablers Hurdles COMMITMENT Trigger/ Enablers Hurdles .

000 results (0.74 seconds) LEADERSHIP IS “DAC “ Module 4: Learning Objective .Google search for leadership About 61.60.00.

DAC DIRECTION ALIGNMENT Commitment (Agreement on what the collective is trying to achieve together) (Effective coordination and integration of the different aspects of the work so that it fits together in service of the shared direction) People who are making the success of the collective (not just their individual success) a personal priority .