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ELECTRICAL MACHINES LAB I ( DC MACHINES LAB)

Objective: This Lab explores all the possible design connections of a DC machine and it also
experimentally obtains the characteristics and thus observes the performance of different DC motors and
generators and performs tests on DC machines to derive their efficiency.

Outcomes: At the completion of this lab, the student will be able to:
1. Obtain the operating characteristics of dc machines.
2. Examine the relationship between torque, speed, voltage and current for various types of motor
connections in no-load and loaded configurations.
3. Predict, by calculation, the performance of dc machines.
4. Analyze and select appropriate dc machines for given applications.

List of Experiments:
Any 10 of the following experiments are to be conducted:
1. Magnetization characteristics of DC shunt generator. Determination of critical field resistance and
critical speed.
2. Load test on DC shunt generator. Determination of characteristics.
3. Brake test on DC shunt motor. Determination of performance curves.
4. Load test on DC compound generator. Determination of characteristics.
5. Hopkinsons test on DC shunt machines. Predetermination of efficiency.
6. Fields test on DC series machines. Determination of efficiency.
7. Swinburnes test and speed control of DC shunt motor. Predetermination of efficiencies.
8. Speed control of DC shunt motor by field and armature control.
9. Brake test on DC compound motor. Determination of performance curves.
10. Load test on DC series generator. Determination of characteristics.
11. Retardation test on DC shunt motor. Determination of losses at rated speed.

Additional Experiments :
12. Separation of losses in DC shunt motor.
13. Simulation of separately excited DC machine using MATLAB/Simulink.

List of Equipment with cost:


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NAME OF THE EQUIPMENT


DC shunt coupled shunt generator, DC shunt motor coupled
shunt generator with base plate and coupled.
DC shunt motor: 220V, 5HP, 19A,1500r.p.m.
DC shunt generator:220V,3KW,13.5A,1500RPN
Field regulator for motor, field regulator for generator, 4
points starter
DC compound motor coupled DC compound generator with
base plate and coupling motor: 220V, 9A,15000 RPM
generator: 220V, 9KW, 15000RPM field regulators for
motor, field regulator for generator 4 points starter.
DC compound motor coupled. DC series generator with base
plats and coupling motor: 220V, 9A, 15000 RPM
generator:220V,2KW, 1500RPM field regulator for motor,
field regulator for generator, 4 points starter
DC series motor coupled DC series generator with base plats
and coupling motor: 220V,9A,15000RPM field regulator for
motor, field regulator for generator 4 points starter
DC shunt motor coupled shunt generator with base plate and
coupling motor: 220V,1500RPM.
Generator:220V,2KW,1500RPM
DC shunt motor 3HP, 220V, 1500RPM with brake drum
arrangement field regulator 3-points starter.
DC shunt motor 3HP,220V,1500 RPM with brake drum
arrangement field regulator 3-points starter
DC compound motor 3 HP,220 V,1500 RPM with brake
drum arrangement field regulator 4-point starter
DC series motor 3 HP, 220 V, 12 A, 1500 RPM
DC shunt motor shunt generator panel board including lamps
(2.6W,250V) 3 poles MCB, fuses(15A) 3-NO register from 3
phase variable RPM meter 0-2000 RPM
Ammeter (0-2A MC), (0-20A MC)
DC compound motor-compound generator panel board
indicating lamps (2.6W,250V), 3 poles MCB. Fuses (15A) 3No rectifier from 3-phase variable RPM meter 0-2000 RPM.
Ammeter( 0-20AMC), (0-2AMC)
Volt meter (0-300 VMC) , (0-30 VMC)
Field rheostat for motor 200/2A
DC compound motor-series generator panel indicating lamps
(2-6W,250V) 3 poles MCB, Fuses (15A) 3-NO.Rectifier
from 3 phase variable RPM meter 0-2000 RPM. Ammeter ->0-20A MC Voltmeter 0-300V MC field rheostat for motor
200/2A
DC series motor series generator panel board indicating
lamps(2-6W,250V) 3 poles MCB, Fuses(15A) 3-No,Rectifier

QUANTITY
2

COST
50,679.00

37,530.00

38,197.00

40,750.00

38,840.00

49,151.00

21,578.00

24,653.00

1
2

26,800.00
52,000.00

25,500.00

25,500.00

11

30,000.00

14.
15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.

from 3-phase, Variable RPM meter, 0-2000 RPM, Ammeter


0-20AMC, Voltmeter 0-300VMC, field rheostat for motor
200/2A
DC shunt motor-shunt generator panel board indicating lamps
(2-6W, 250V) 3 poles MCB
Fuses(15A) 3-No rectifier from 3-phase variable RPM meter
0-2000 RPM.Ammeter0-2AMC,0-20AMC, Voltmeter 0300VMC,0-30VMC. Filed rheostat for motor 250/2A,
150/2A
DC shunt motor panel board, 3-pt starter indicating lamps (26W,250V), poles MCB fuses (15A)3-No RPM meter 02000RPM, Ammeter0-20AMC,0-2AMC,Voltmeter0300VMC,0-30VMC
DC shunt motor with starter indicating lamps (2-6W,250V), 2
poles MCB fuses (15A) 3-NO RPM meter 0-2000RPM
Ammeter0-20AMC,0-2AMC,Voltmeter0-300VMC,030VMC
DC compound motor panel board with 4 points starter and
fields regulator indicating lamps(2-6W,250V) 2 poles MCB
fuses (15A) 20no. RPM meter 0-2000 RPM, Ammeter-0-20
AMC,0-2AMC, Voltmeter:0-300VMC
DC machines lab control panel indicating lamps-4-no.
Ammeter(MC) 0-100A, (MI) 0-100A, Voltmeter(MI) 0500V(MI)0-300V. Frequency meter 45-55HZ selector
switch-2-no
S.F.U-2-no, 3 pole MCB 15-no, 2 poles MCB 15-no
DC voltmeter 0-300V
DC voltmeter 0-50V
DC voltmeter 0-75/150V
DC voltmeter 0-75/150/300/600V (MC)
DC voltmeter (75/150/300/600V)
Knife switches
SPST
DPDT
SPDT
TPDT
TPST
Total

Lab Projects:
1. Intelligent/ automatic speed control of DC motor.
2. Automatic Torque control of DC motor.

30,000.00

--

14,000.00

28,000.00

26,000.00

14,000.00

14,000.00

6
4
2
11
3

3,105.00
4,320.00
2,100.00
11,385.00
3,105.00

10
10
5
5
3

3,400.00
8,710.00
2,165.00
6,545.00
3,111.00
6,35,124.00

ELECTRICAL MACHINES LAB II ( AC MACHINES LAB)


Objective: The main objective of electrical machine lab II is to familiarize the students with all
necessary AC electrical machines like asynchronous and synchronous motors, which further includes
single phase and three phase induction motors, alternators, and synchronous motors, all of which help to
enhance the technical skills of students.

Outcome: At the completion of this lab, the student will be able to:
1. Obtain the performance characteristics of transformers and induction motors.
3. Predict, by calculation, the performance of synchronous motor and generator.
4. Analyze and select appropriate ac machines for given applications.

List of Experiments:
The following experiments are conducted as compulsory experiments:
1. O.C. & S.C. Tests on Single phase Transformer
2. Sumpners test on a pair of single phase transformers
3. Scott connection of transformers
4. No-load & Blocked rotor tests on three phase Induction motor
5. Regulation of a three phase alternator by synchronous impedance & m.m.f. methods
6. V and Inverted V curves of a threephase synchronous motor.
7. Equivalent Circuit of a single phase induction motor
8. Determination of Xd and Xq of a salient pole synchronous machine
In addition to the above eight experiments, at least any two of the following experiments are
conducted from the following list:
1. Separation of core losses of a single phase transformer
2. Brake test on three phase Induction Motor
3. Regulation of three-phase alternator by Z.P.F. and A.S.A methods
4. Efficiency of a three-phase alternator.
5.Heat run test on a bank of 3 Nos. of single phase Delta connected transformers

Additional Experiments:
6. Parallel operation of Single phase Transformers
7. Measurement of sequence impedance of a three-phase alternator.

Lab Equipment cost:


S.NO

10

NAME OF THE EQUIPMENT


3-phase induction motor squirrel cage type,
with brake drum arrangement, star delta
starters, A.C, 440V, 50Hz 5 H.P, 8A, 1400
r.p.m.(p) ltd. MAKE: BENN ELECTRICALS
3-phase induction motor slip ring type, with
brake drum arrangement rotor resistance
starter. A.C, 440V, 50Hz, 5 H.P, 8A, 1400
r.p.m. MAKE: BENN ELECTRICALS (p) ltd.
DC shunt motor coupled to alternator with base
plate and coupling motor: DC, 22DV, 5HP,
18A, 1500 r.p.m. Alternator : 3KVA, 400V,
8A, 1500 r.p.m, Field regulator for motor &
point strter static excitation unit. MAKE:
BENN ELECTRICALS(P) LTD.
C shunt motor coupled to alternator with base
plate, field regulator for motor, 3-pt. starter
static excitation unit AC 3, 400V, 50Hz, 8A,
1500 rpm
Synchronous motor, 3 H.P, 415V, 3, 50Hz,
1500 r.p.m, sync motor frame(rotor wound
stator excited) suitable for DOL starter with 4
wives mechanical loading, excitation unit.
1, induction motor with brake drum, spring
balances, 1H.P, 1, 230V, 1440r.p.m. 50Hz,
AC, IM capacitor start & run motor
Pou-changing inductor motor with drum
arrangement AC-3, 50Hz, 450V, 1.5 KW,
"BENN".
DC compound motor coupled to a 3
induction motor, AC, 50Hz, 415V, 5 H.P, 1500
r.p.m.
3- squirrel cage induction motor with Y/S
starter. Indicating lames-3. 3 pole M.C.B (16A,
600V)-1 Fuses(10A)-3, R.P.M. meter (0-2000
rpm) Ammeters (0-10A) MI-1, Voltmeter (0500V) MI-1, Waltmeter 600V/10A-2 separates
terminals for each component
shunt motor coupled to alternator indicating
lamp-1, 3 pole M.C.B. -16A, 600V-1
Fuses(10A)-3, R.P.M. meter (0-2000 rpm)
Ammeter 0-20A(MI)-1, Voltmeter 0500V(MI)-1, Waltmeters 600V/10A-2 Field
rheostats for motor-1 Separate terminals for

QUANTITY

COST

23,012.50

39,296.30

55,557.20

56,580.00

40,680.00

16,190.00

19,930.00

30,740.00

23,000.00

25,000.00

each component

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Salient pole alternator indicating lamp-1no,


fuses-3 no, MCB-1no, ammeter-20A,
voltmeter -500V, Ammeter-2A(DC RPM
meter separate terminal for each)
Transformer indicating lames-1 3-pole MCB16A, 600V-1 fuses-10A-2 Ammeters(MI) (010A)-1 (0-5A)-1, Voltmeters (MI) 0-300V-1,
voltmeters 300V/2-5A-1, 75V/5A-1 separate
terminals for each component
Scott connected T/F indicating lamp (2.6W,
250V, AC/DC):-1 No.
Synchronous motor indicating
lamp(26W,250V AC/DC) 3no's, 3 pole
MCB.(415V, 20A,50Hz) 1no, fuses (10A)-3 no
RPM meters (0-2000 rpm) 1 no, ammeters(015A) MI 1no (0-5A) MI 1 no Voltmeters (0300V) MI 1 no frequency meter (45-55HZ) 1
no, Wattmeters (300V/5A) 1 no, field rheostat
(600/2A) 1 no, separate terminals for each
component
Changing I.M. indicating lamps -3no's. 3 pole
MCB-1No RPM meter -1no(0-2000)
Ammeters (0-10A) MI -1no, Voltmeters (0500V) MI-1no Wattmeters (600V/10A) -2no.
Separate terminals for each
DC machines control panel indicating lamps-4
ammeters (mc) 0-100A-1 (MI) 0-100A-1
voltmeters (MI) 0-500V-1 (MC) 0-300V-1
frequency meters (45-55Hz)-1 selector
switches-2 S.F.U-2 3 pole MCB-15 2 pole
MCB-15 CT-1 set, PT-1 set, Busbar-1
A.C. machine control panel indicating lamps-3
Ammeters (MI) 0-100A-1 Voltmeter (MI) 0500V-1 Frequency meters (45-55Hz)-1
Selector switches-2 S.F.U-1 3 pole MCB-12
CT-1 set PT-1 set Bus bar-1
Ammeters -A.C 0-20A
0-10A
0-5A
0-2A
0-1A
Ammeter (0-2.5/5/10A)
Voltmeter (0-300V)
Voltmeter (0-600V)
Voltmeter (0-50V)
Voltmeter (0-250V)
Voltmeter (0-50V)
Voltmeter (0-75/150/300/600V)

32,000.00

23,000.00

23,000.00

22,000.00

--

12,000.00

32,000.00

1
2
4
3
4
2
12
1
3
2
3
1
14

32,000.00
2000
4000
3000
4000
2,270.00
12,420.00
1,000
3,000.00
2,000.00
3,240.00
1,015.00
14,490.00

27
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Wattmeter 75V/5A
Wattmeter 75/150V,10A
Wattmeter (600V,10A)
Wattmeter (600V,20A)
Wattmeter 75V/15A/300V/5/10A
Wattmeter (150/300/600V, 5/10A)
Wattmeter(75/150/300,2.5/5A)
P.F meter5/10A, 100/300/600V)
Auto transformer 1-, 15A, 0-270V
3- auto transformer 15A, 0-470V
1- auto transformer 15A, 230V/0-270V
1- auto transformer 8A, 230V/0-270V
1- auto transformer 10A, 230V/0-270V
3- auto transformer 15A, 0-470V
Transformer 1- 230V/115V, 2KVA
Transformer 1- 230V/115V, 1KVA
Transformer 1- 230V/115V, 2KVA
Scott transformer with scott tapping at 50% &
89.69% on HV side 3.5% regulation 1 KVA
230V/115V
Transformer 1KVA 230V/115V
STEP down transformer 1- , 2 K.V.A
Digital tachometers
Frequency meter indication read type
Frequency meter vibrating type read type
Synchroscope
Phase sequences meter
Total

Lab Projects:
1. Automatic control of Electric Traction system.
2. Design & development of mini-hydro power plant.

2
3
2
1
6
6
5
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
2
2
2

3,300.00
5,197.50
6,900.00
3,450.00
11,340.00
21,384.00
19,775.00
2,756.00
3,588.00
20,080.00
3,588.00
4,202.00
2,467.00
12,337.00
12,824.40
7,529.80
16,400.00

2
1
2
3
1
1
1
1

9,800.00
5,500.00
13,000.00
5,940.00
1,741.00
1,741.00
3,753.00
523
757537.00