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Cambridge Physics Question paper

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You are on page 1of 10

January 2009

GCE

7540/02

Registered Office: One90 High Holborn, London WC1V 7BH

Question

1(a)(i)

mass x velocity / mv /

product of mass and/with/into velocity

Reject

mass x speed/weight x speed/

weight x velocity

Mark

(1)

Question

1(a)(ii)

energy possessed by a moving body/mv2

Reject

ignore mv

Mark

(1)

Question

1(a)(iii)

energy due to position/height/mgh

Reject

Mark

(1)

Question

1(b)

((0.30 + 1.2) 2) x 0.20

= 0.15 m UP

Allow equations of motion with correct

solutions

Reject

0.9 x .2 =.18

Mark

(1)

(1)

Question

1(c)

0.02 x 1.2 = (0.024) (kgm/s)

0.024 = (0.02 + 0.01) x v

v = 0.024 / 0.03 (= 0.80 m/s)

Allow working in cm for three marks

Reject

0.2 x 1.2 = (0.01 +0.02) v

Mark

(1)

(1)

(1)

Question

1(d)(i)

= x 0.03 x 0.802

= 0.0096 J UP once for J

Reject

= x 0.3 x 0.802

= 0.096 J

separate calculations for KE of

each ball

Mark

(1)

(1)

Question

1(d)(ii)

same (as (i))/ 0.0096 J UP unless penalised

in (i) ecf

Reject

0.0096 = 0.03 x 10 x h

Mark

(1)

Question

1(d)(iii)

0.0096 = 0.03 x 10 x h ecf from d(ii)

h = 0.032 m UP

allow 0.096(from d(ii))=0.3(from d(i)x10xh

=0.032m

Allow use of v2=u2+2as = 0.032m

accept correct solution if seen in d(ii)

Reject

.0096 = .03x h = .32m does not

score

Mark

(1)

(1)

Question

1(e)(i)

ball rotates

tape would slow down/change speed of ball

/wrap round ball/friction

cant fasten tape to ball

Mark as a whole

Reject

effect after collision

Mark

max

(2)

Question

1(e)(ii)

light gate (+ ruler)

light sensor

(multi)flash photography (+ ruler)

Reject

datalogger/timer without light

gate

stopwatch and ruler

Mark

max

(1)

Question

1(f)(i)

point/place/position through which

weight/force of gravity (or mass) of a body

acts

Reject

The force which acts through the

centre of gravity

point where it balances

Mark

(1)

Question

1(f)(ii)

Acceptable Answers

general

G must be shown at crossing point of two

lines corner to corner as below

accept a dot at crossing point with G near

or an arrow labelled G pointing at crossing

point

Reject

Mark

G without unambiguous indication

of the point

(1)

both corners

Question

1(f)(iii)

G not outside base (vertical through)

(sum) of ACW greater than (sum) of CWM

G is to the left of point touching floor

Reject

collision force not big enough

greater mass on the bottom

base is wide

stable (equilibrium )

Mark

(1)

Question

Reject

Mark

1(f)(iv)

higher initial speed of ball

(apply) (larger) initial force on ball

use heavier ball for B

steeper slope

bigger slope

longer slope

higher slope

making the block narrower

hit it more than once

force applied all along the slope

max

(1)

Question

2(a)(i)

Advantage:

quicker conductor

better conductor

conducts (heat) more easily

Absorbs less heat

Reject

Advantage

(more) even heating

anything about pressure

quicker rise of water without

mention of conduction

Mark

(1)

Disadvantage:

breaks easily /less robust

disadvantage

heat conducted more quickly

(more) heat lost

not reliable enough

(1)

anomalous/uneven expansion of water/

Reject

denser water at bottom

water will freeze at 0oC

it will not be accurate

Mark

(1)

Question

2(a)(ii)

between 0C and 4C/below 40C

liquid moves down (as temp rises from 0C

to 4C )/ water contracts ora/ same height for

(1)

(1)

Question

2(b)

28C - 25C = 3C

0.400 x 4200 x candidates temperature

= 5040 J UP

Reject

Mark

(1)

(1)

(1)

Question

2(c)(i)

upward sloping line all below first line

Reject

explanation using anomalous

expansion

Mark

(1)

Question

2(c)(ii)

candidates line)

(1)

water (independent of line)

(1)

vacuum (above Hg) allow no air

manufacture

Reject

density of Hg > H2O

Hg expands less than H2Ohg Higher

boiling point

Mark

(1)

Question

2(d)(i)

0.03 1000 10

= 300 Pa (294.3/294) (N/m2) UP

Reject

0.03 1000 = 30 Pa

0.3 1000 10 = 3000 Pa

Mark

(1)

(1)

Question

2(d)(ii)

(100 000 + 300) = 100 300 Pa ecf

Reject

pressure at Z = pressure at X

Mark

(1)

pressure at Z = pressure at Y/

pressure is atmospheric plus pressure of

water

only UP once for Pa in (i) or (ii)

Question

2(e)

water : close (packed)/ touching /little

space

air : far apart

water : slide over each other/move around

(within body of liquid)

air : random / very high speed

(Marked as one item award marks where

seen)

pressure at Z = atmospheric

Forces

no atmospheric pressure at X

(1)

Reject

More than solid but less than gas

Mark

(1)

ignore vibrate/random

(1)

(1)

(1)

Question

3(a)(i)

720/240

= 3 A UP

Reject

Mark

(1)

(1)

720 x 30

x 60

= 1 296 000 J /1.3MJ UP

or

0.72 x

0.5

= 0.36 kWh UP allow 360 Wh

Reject

Mark

(1)

(1)

(1)

Question

3(a)(iii)

29 000 000 x 0.35 = 10 150 000 J UP once

only for J in (ii) and (iii)

Reject

Mark

(1)

Question

3(a)(iv)

1 296 000 / 10 150 000 (x 100)

= 0.128 or 12.8% (allow 0.13/ 13%/ 0.127/

12.7% and do not penalise excessive sig figs

ie 0.127684729)

Reject

Mark

(1)

(1)

allow both marks for 3A with no working

shown

Allow calculation of energy, charge

transferred in 30m hence current = 3A

Question

3(a)(ii)

1.3 mJ as UP

efficiency < or = to 100% and both values in

same units (J or kWh)

Question

3(b)(i)

720 (W)

no loss of energy/ energy out = energy in /

100% efficient/ no heat produced or lost/ no

magnetic (flux) leakage independent of

numeric answer

Reject

Mark

(1)

(1)

Question

3(b)(ii)

720 / 12

60 A UP

Reject

Mark

(1)

(1)

Question

3(b)(iii)

2400/Ns = 240 / 12- correct use of equation

Ns = 2400 x 12 / 240 correct rearrangement

= 120 (turns) no UP correct answer

Reject

Mark

(1)

(1)

(1)

Reject

changes direction

Mark

turns on secondary = 0.05 x 2400

= 120 (turns)

Question

3(c)(i)

rectifier / allows current (to flow) in (only)

one direction / very high resistance when

reversed (bias) owtte

(1)

Question

3(c)(ii)

Question

3(c)(iii)

axes labelled voltage and time /V and t

(correct orientation and labels seen in (ii) or

(iii))

two complete waves symmetrical by eye

about time axis independent marks

Reject

-correct half wave rectification ( hump- line

twice or line- hump twice; either + or )

-humps same size as in (ii) by eye

award second mark if full wave shown or if

only one wave shown in (ii)

Reject

Mark

(1)

(1)

Mark

(1)

(1)

Question

4(a)(i)

change of direction of light or waves /

bending of light or waves

Reject

Dispersion/ splitting of light

Mark

(1)

Question

4(a)(ii)

change of speed

slows down on entry

speeds up on leaving

Reject

Mark

(1)

(1)

(1)

and more (optically) dense to less dense or

lower RI to higher RI and Higher RI to lower

RI for second and third marks

Question

4(a)(iii)

(centre of) objective lens to image

parallel light focussed at focal point / focal

distance / focal plane

Reject

6.4 cm

Mark

(1)

(1)

Question

4(a)(iv)

real

where rays meet / could see on a screen /

inverted/ opposite side of lens dop

Reject

Mark

(1)

(1)

Question

4(a)(v)

Reject

inverted/ upside down

magnifying glass forms an inverted

ray from top of object enters eye at bottom / image

magnifying glass does not (further) invert an

image dop

Mark

(1)

(1)

Question

4(b)(i)

Reject

Both correct labels (focal length and mag)

Both correct units

plot (-1 each incorrect 1mm or outside grid)

joining the dots

smooth curve

Mark

(1)

(1)

(2)

(1)

Question

4(b)(ii)

17-19 mm UP

Reject

Mark

(1)

Question

4(b)(iii)

line across and / or down (not just a dot) at

correct place

Reject

Mark

(1)

Question

4(b)(iv)

choice of suitable pair of values from table

below (must be seen)

fe x magnification (rearrangement)

= 900 mm UP or 910 mm UP

Reject

Mark

(1)

Fe

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

Mag

180

90

60

45

36

30

26

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

900

900

900

900

900

900

910

(1)

(1)

Question

5(a)(i)

magnetic field/ lines /flux (of magnet)

cut by (wires in ) coil

Reject

charges

cutting current

Changing field

Mark

(1)

(1)

Question

5(a)(ii)

opposite/different poles / N then S poles /

flux cut in opposite directions/field reverses

Reject

charges

Mark

(1)

Question

5(a)(iii)

8 / 0.025 or 0.08 / 0.025

= 320 cm/s or 3.2 m/s 0.32 cm/ms UP

Reject

320 m/s

Mark

(1)

(1)

Question

Acceptable Answers

general

ruler / metre rule / metre stick/ measuring

tape / distance scale

Reject

Mark

tape

scale

(1)

Question

5(b)(ii)

1. height / distance from drop point to coil

2. length of magnet

3. time between peaks

Reject

EMF

Mark

(1)

(1)

(1)

Question

5(b)(iii)

1. Turn on recorder

2. measure height (of magnet to coil)

3. release magnet

4. note time

5. Calculate speed

6. repeat for same height

7. repeat for different heights

Reject

Mark

(1)

(1)

(1)

(1)

(1)

(1)

(1)

Max

(5)

5(b)(i)

Question

5(b)(iv)

Height and time seen

suitable units all columns dop

Ignore additional columns with correct units

eg Length of magnet / cm or m and / or

speed m/s.

Reject

Mark

(1)

(1)

Question

5(b)(v)

axes labelled height and speed

line or curve from origin speed rising

Reject

Mark

(1)

(1)

Question

5(c)

any pair from

taller/higher/greater amplitude

greater rate of cutting (of lines)/larger

emf/ faster movement of magnet

or

narrower/steeper

magnet moving faster

or

allow closer together

magnet moving faster

ALL reasons dependent on first mark

Reject

they would increase

Mark

(1)

(1)

(1)

(1)

(1)

(1)

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