4 views

Uploaded by VinayNarayanan

This here is an awesome lecture on forced harmonic oscillators by professors of BITS Hyderabad.

- Damped x Vibration
- 54449913
- Oscillation and Decay - a pictorial tour through Computer Programs
- COMPARISON BETWEEN THE RADIATED SOUND PRODUCED BY A SCOTTISH BORDER BAGPIPE CHANTER, AND THE SOLUTION OF A SIMPLE PHYSICAL MODEL USING HARMBAL
- Problem 6-012.pdf
- 161311 161901 Dynamics of Machinery
- Bsh2008 Non-linear Dynamics[1]
- Oscillations Worksheet
- Analysis and Design Open Oscillatory Systems With Forced Harmonic Motion
- Physics Phd Qualifying 97
- WCE2010_pp1427-1433 - Dynamics of Nonlinear Beam on Elastic
- Math 271-Calc I
- Lecture5 (Amplifier Noise Etc)(1)
- Ada 073702
- Nebojsa Simin Paper Free Energy of the Oscillating Pendulum-lever System
- ppt-mech-5sem-DOM.ppt
- Benefits of Testing and Balancing Con Troll Ability VAV
- ECE2240_Lab3
- Dynamic Instability of Composite Beams Under Parametric Excitation_1
- Important Possible Questions In

You are on page 1of 30

UNDAMPED

DAMPED

Effect of external force on the oscillator.

Force applied : End of the spring + Spring moves

(y=y0coswt)

y=y0coswt

x

Change in the length of the spring = x - y

(Equilibrium Position)

mx k ( x y)

Substituting for y

ky0

F0

x 0 x

cos t cos t

m

m

2

ky0

F0

x 0 x

cos t cos t

m

m

2

F0

= Amplitude

= Driving frequency

1. Response of a bound electron to an EM field

2. Tidal response of a lake to the periodic force of the

moon or sun.

Guess

x A cos t

Why ?

RHS of eqn. has cos(wt)

Therefore

LHS of eqn. must have cos(wt)

x A cos t

Substituting

In LHS of eqn.

F0

x 0 x cos t

m

2

Fo

A

2

k m

Fo

1

A

2

2

m o

The solution

F0

1

x

cos t

2

2

m 0

Correct, Not complete

No arbitrary

constants

Must able to

specify x0 and v0

Complete solution

F0

1

x

cos t B cos(0t )

2

2

m 0

Steady state solution General solution

x 0 x 0

2

F0

1

x

cos t B cos(t )

2

2

m 0

B : Decreases exponentially

F0

1

A

m 0 2 2

0.010

0.005

0.000

A0

-0.005

-0.010

0

20

40

60

80

100

0 A

A finite at

Resonance

Fo

1

A

2

2

m o

A 0; 0

A ; 0

0.005

A 0; 0

0.010

0.000

-0.005

-ve A ?

-0.010

0

20

40

60

80

100

0

Displacement 180 degree out of phase with driving force

Mathematically

Amplitude Negative

Force cos t

Displacement cos t cos(180 t )

0

Displacement in phase with driving force

Phenomenon of resonance :

(+) ve and () ve aspects

- ve aspects :

Avoid motions of large amplitude in the springs of an automobile

force is needed :

Analysis of the Forced Damped Harmonic Oscillator

Motion of the oscillator = - bv

Retarding force (Viscous)

FTot = Fspr + Fvis + Fdriving

= -kx - bv + F0 cost

mx kx - bv F0 cost

mx kx - bv F0 cost

F0

b

k

x

x

x

cost

m

m

m

2

x x o x

Fo

cost

m

No!

2

x x o x

Fo

cost

m

Write the above equation in complex form

F0 it

z z 0 z e

m

i

t

Solution will be of the form z = zo e

2

t

zo e gives the solution to

Real part of z =

Forced damped harmonic oscillator

Substituting z

t

zo e in complex equation

F0 it

z z 0 z

e

m

2

F0 it

z0e ( i 0 ) e

m

F0

1

z0

m 0 2 2 i

it

F0

1

z0

2

m 0 2 i

Put zo in cartesian form by multiplying the

numerator and denominator by the complex

conjugate of the denominator

F0 (0 2 ) i

m (0 2 2 )2 ( )2

2

F0 (0 ) i

z0

2

m (0 2 ) 2 ( ) 2

2

z0 Re i

In

polar

form

R z0 z0

F0

1

2

2 2

2

(0 ) ( )

tan 2

2

0

1

1

2

i it

z Re e

Re

i t

Fo

1

A R

m 2 2 2 2

o

tan 2

2

o

1

1/2

the driving force

and the displacement

Fo

1

A R

m 2 2 2 2

o

dA

0

d

At = max

0 1

2

2Q

1

2

1/2

Fo

1

A R

m 2 2 2 2

o

1/2

and the amplitude at resonance is:

Fo

A(o )

mo

depends on the ratio / o

Fo

1

A

m 2 2 2 2

o

1/2

1

0

0

1

Q

0 1

2

2Q

1

2

Fo

1

A

m 2 2 2 2

o

1/2

0 1

2

2Q

1

0

frequency less than the resonant frequency

1

2

tan 2

2

o

1

Undamped FHO

Damped FHO

Fo

1

A

m 2 2 2 2

o

Fo

1

A

m o2 2

0.010

0.005

0.000

-0.005

-0.010

0

20

40

60

80

100

tan 2

2

o

1

1/2

- Damped x VibrationUploaded byMonil Kumar Rishi
- 54449913Uploaded bynadbrahma
- Oscillation and Decay - a pictorial tour through Computer ProgramsUploaded byAbhijit Kar Gupta
- COMPARISON BETWEEN THE RADIATED SOUND PRODUCED BY A SCOTTISH BORDER BAGPIPE CHANTER, AND THE SOLUTION OF A SIMPLE PHYSICAL MODEL USING HARMBALUploaded bylokeox
- Problem 6-012.pdfUploaded byRuben Jqs
- 161311 161901 Dynamics of MachineryUploaded byaman4404
- Bsh2008 Non-linear Dynamics[1]Uploaded byFelipe Mascayano
- Oscillations WorksheetUploaded bykaushik247
- Analysis and Design Open Oscillatory Systems With Forced Harmonic MotionUploaded byGholamreza Soleimani
- Physics Phd Qualifying 97Uploaded bysaliya_kumara
- WCE2010_pp1427-1433 - Dynamics of Nonlinear Beam on ElasticUploaded byErkan Şamhal
- Math 271-Calc IUploaded bygeorge
- Lecture5 (Amplifier Noise Etc)(1)Uploaded bybitconcepts9781
- Ada 073702Uploaded byAmirul Asyraf
- Nebojsa Simin Paper Free Energy of the Oscillating Pendulum-lever SystemUploaded bySith Ananthan
- ppt-mech-5sem-DOM.pptUploaded byFabio Jeremia
- Benefits of Testing and Balancing Con Troll Ability VAVUploaded byBoonchai Jaidee
- ECE2240_Lab3Uploaded byAndrew Baa
- Dynamic Instability of Composite Beams Under Parametric Excitation_1Uploaded byDeepak Kumar Sahu
- Important Possible Questions InUploaded byVignesh Kumar Thenmozhi
- Unit-2Uploaded byrajneesh singh
- RLC TRANSIENT.pptUploaded byFlorenzo Miguel Aclan
- Oscilador Com Atrito (Artigo)Uploaded byitamar_jr
- Chapter 1 SlideUploaded byAnas Suwannawong
- Information and Pool Sap2000 Manuals English Problem 6 005Uploaded bymargitorsi
- Dist MassUploaded byYerith Villarreal Cuentas
- Information and Pool Sap2000 Manuals English Problem 6 011Uploaded byAnonymous XhJ5p0UVQ
- 155-158Uploaded byDhurai Kesavan
- Acoustic Analysis OfUploaded byBurak Erdal
- 3_VlvPosUploaded byJuan Miguel Llicahua Carrion

- Timetable I Sem 2015-16Uploaded byRaghav Santharam
- Sony VTC6 Specification Sheet2Uploaded byVinayNarayanan
- Trusts and the Origins of Antitrust LegislationUploaded byVinayNarayanan
- IS 875 (Part 3) _ 2015.pdfUploaded byVinayNarayanan
- Bonafied Certificates of Birla InstituteUploaded byVinayNarayanan
- 2015 Land Amendment Bill of IndiaUploaded byVinayNarayanan
- Data Mining - L6 (1)Uploaded byVinayNarayanan

- Vector Algebra LectureUploaded byNicole Antonio
- lec12Uploaded bylettherebelove
- Caughey Absorbing Layer Method - Validation and Comparison With Lysmer Absorbing BoundariesUploaded byAndré Rodrigues
- EMPIRICAL MODE DECOMPOSITION AN INTRODUCTIONUploaded byHari Thota
- Mechanics of Elastic Composites Modern Mechanics and MathematicsUploaded byBabu Kaala Pandian
- Bernal 2002Uploaded byThuha Le
- solhwk9Uploaded bytrue_kanji
- Math 331 HW1Uploaded byAlex L Wang
- MiiiUploaded byKavisha Agrawal
- 59Uploaded byJay Patel
- MA6351 Maths 3 Notes R2013Uploaded byavinash
- Dirac Delta FunctionUploaded bykrishna
- Cheat Sheet SignalsUploaded bylordfiend
- 6.4-Factoring and Solving Polynomial EquationsUploaded byAmelou Saqueza
- Riemann Tensor ComponentsUploaded byAzwar Sutiono
- Alain Bruguieres and Alexis Virelizier- Quantum Double of Hopf Monads and Categorical CentersUploaded byJoaokaa
- ps3Uploaded byThinh
- Handout Conditions for Stability and StationarityUploaded byKaligula G
- Derivatives_Mathematica.pdfUploaded byosegeno654321
- Simplex Method Problem 1Uploaded byL Suresh Kumar
- M3 Important QuestionsUploaded byMurali Lanke
- Simultaneous DiagonalUploaded bycosa chica
- Introduction to Coordinate GeometryUploaded bytutorciecleteam
- Earthquak Analysis in AnsysUploaded byIgor Gjorgjiev
- Primer on Optimal Control BOOK SpeyerUploaded byRaul Rojas Peña
- Thermal Modulation of Rayleigh-Benard ConvectionUploaded byMalcolm Chan
- Vectors and TensorsUploaded byAndrei Cioroianu
- Public fianceUploaded byedmondkera1974
- StatisticssdfsdUploaded byPrithviraj Netke
- Coordinate TransformationsUploaded byDeepak Radhakrishnan