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DESIGN OF BEAM

Span of Beam ( L )

10 m

Loads per m length


Live Load

0.750 kN/m

Self Weight of Section (ISMB @ 500)

0.869 kN/m
1.619 kN/m
Say

Concentrated Load on beam ( W )

1.700 kN/m
120.000 KN

Totl UDL Including load factor

= (1.5 x 1.7) =

2.55 Kn

Total Concen. load Including load factor

= (1.5 x 120) =

180.00 Kn

BM due to UDL

= 2.55 x 10^2 / 8

31.88 kN-m

BM due to Concentrated Load

450.00 KN-M

Max.Bending Moment

481.88 KN.M

Shear Force ( Vudl ) due to UDL

= 2.55 x 10 / 2

12.75 kN

Shear Force ( Vpoint ) due to Concentrated load

90.00 KN

Total SF at Support (V)

102.75 KN

Assume A Plate girder of the following Properties


Overall depth (D)

820 mm

Width of flange (B)

200 mm

Thickness of flange tf =

10 mm

Thickness of web tw =

8 mm

Centre to centre distance between flanges (h f)

810 mm

Depth of web (dw)

800 mm

Width of outstanding flange (b)

96 mm

Radius at Fillet or Root (R1)

0 mm

Effective length of the Plate Girder (leff)

10 m
b/tf =

9.6

<13.6

(Semi Compact)

d/tw =

100

<105

(Compact)

As per Table 2 of IS 800-2007, the section is classified as Semi Compact

Section Properties:
Moment of Inertia about z axis (Izz)

997466667 mm4

Moment of Inertia about z axis (Iyy)

13367466.7 mm4

Elastic Section Modulus (Ze) = Izz/y

2432845.53 mm3

Plastic Section Modulus (Zp) = 2*bf*tf(D-tf)/2+tw*d2/4

2900000 mm3

Shear Modulus (G)

76900 Mpa

Youngs Modulus (E)

200000 Mpa

Yield Stress of steel (fy)

250 Mpa

hy = (D-tf)

810 mm

f (for symmetrical sections, the value is 0.5)

=If/If+Iw

0.5

Wraping Constant (Iw) = (1-f)*f*Iy*hy2

2.193E+012 mm6

Torsion Constant (It) = bt3/3

269866.667 mm4

Elastic Critical Moment =Mcr

130072042

Slenderness Ratio (LT) = SQRT (p*Zp*fy/Mcr)

2.16239632

Imperfection factor LT for welded section

0.490

LT

0.451

Strength reduction factor to account for lateral


torsional buckling of beams (XLT)

1.109

Design bending compressive stress (fbd) as per Eqn.


under Cl. 8.2.1 of IS 800, p.54

251.9653295707

Design bending compressive strength (Md) = bZp*fbd

612992725.37172

Radius of gyration (ryy)


Moment of Inertia about y axis (Iyy)

35.2 mm
13700000 mm4

Elastic Section Modulus (Zec) =

1808700 mm3

Plastic section modulus (Zp)

2074670 mm3

Length of Span
Effective Length of Span l

10 m
10.00 m

Depth of web ( d)

800.00 mm

Slenderness Ration (KL/r)

284.09

Ration of height to thickness (hf/tf ) =

81.00

Yield Stress (fy)

250.00 N/mm2

Critical stress fcr,b (As per table 14 of IS 800:2007)

-61.70 N/mm2

Imperfection factor LT =

for rolled steel section

From Table 13(a) in IS 800:2007


Critical stress fcr,b (As per formula)

34.19 N/mm2

fcr,b=

Yield stress (fy = )

N/mm2

Lateral Torsional Buckling (Mcr)

-128.01 KN.M
-8.79 N/mm2

Design bending compressive stress (fbd) as per Eqn. under Cl. 8.2.1 of IS
800, p.54
Design Bending Compressive stress as per Cl. 8.2.2 of IS 800-2007, P.54
Slenderness Ratio (LT)

#VALUE!

Imperfection factor LT =

0.21

LT

#VALUE!

for rolled steel section

Strength reduction factor to account for lateral


torsional buckling of beams (XLT)
#VALUE!
#VALUE! N/mm2

Design bending compressive stress (fbd)


Section Classification
= (250/fy)1/2

#VALUE!

From Table 2 in IS 800:2007; Limiting width to Thickness ratio


For rolled section b/tf =
d/tw =
So, The section is of Class 1

<

9.4

<

84

Plastic
b=

For Plastic & Compact sections


where mo = 1.1

Shear capaciy of the section

839.78 kN
0.6Vd = >

102.75

0.6Vd > V
Design Bending Capacity of the section (Md)
=

#VALUE!
Md

kNm

>

481.88

>

#VALUE!
Check for Deflection :
Permissible Deflection

66.7 mm

Actual Deflection

82.2 mm

DESIGN OF CANTILEVER BEAM


Span of Beam ( L )

5m

Loads per m length


Live Load
Self Weight of Purlin (ISMB @ 350)

0.750 kN/m
0.524 kN/m
1.274 kN/m
1.300 kN/m

Say
Concentrated Load on beam ( W )

120.000 KN
w =

Including load factor


Including load factor

= (1.5 x 1.3) =
= (1.5 x 120) =

BM due to UDL

= 1.95 x 5^2 / 8

BM due to Concentrated Load


Max.Bending Moment
Shear Force ( Vudl ) due to UDL

120.00
1.95 Kn
180.00 Kn
6.09 kN-m
225.00 KN-M
231.09 KN.M

= 1.95 x 5 / 2

4.88 kN

Shear Force ( Vpoint ) due to Concentrated load

90.00 KN

Total SF at Support (V)

94.88 KN

Assume ISMB 200:


Overall depth h
Width of flange b
Thickness of flange tf =

350 mm
140 mm
14.2 mm

Thickness of web tw =

8.1 mm

Radius at Fillet or Root (R1)


ryy

14 mm
28.4 mm
13600000 mm4

Ixx
Zec =

779000 mm3

Plastic section modulus

889570 mm3

Length of Span
Effective Length of Span l
R1

5m
4.25 m

1.3 mm

Depth of web ( d)

0..
mm
149.65

KL/r
h/ tf =

24.65

Critical stress fcr, b=

163.46

Imperfection factor LT =

for rolled steel section

From Table 13(a) in IS 800:2007


fy =
Lateral Torsional Buckling (Mcr)

fcr,b=

163.46

145.41

KN.M

fbd = design bending compressive stress =

114.15 N/mm2

Slenderness Ratio (LT)

#VALUE!

Imperfection factor LT =

0.21

LT

#VALUE!

for rolled steel section

Strength reduction factor to account for lateral


#VALUE!
torsional buckling of beams (XLT)
Design bending compressive stress (fbd)

#VALUE!

N/mm2

Section Classification
= (250/fy)1/2

#VALUE!
LT =

1.2 Ze fy / Mcr
=

N/mm2

From Table 2 in IS 800:2007; Limiting width to Thickness ratio


For rolled section b/tf =
d/tw =
So, The section is of Class 1

<
<

9.4
84
2

Plastic
b= 0.88

For self compact section

=
b=

For Plastic & Compact sections


where mo = 1.1

Shear capaciy of the section

372.00 kN
0.6Vd = >

94.88

0.6Vd > V
Design Bending Capacity of the section (Md)
=

#VALUE!
Md
#VALUE!

kNm

>

231.09

>

Check for Deflection :


Permissible Deflection
Actual Deflection

33.3 mm
4.0 mm

DESIGN OF BEAM (As per Design Manual)


Span of Beam ( L )
Loads per m length
Live Load
Self Weight of Section (ISMB @ 300)

5m

Total Load
Say
Concentrated Load on beam ( W )

0.750
0.869
1.619
1.700
120.000

kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
KN

Totl UDL Including load factor

W =1.5w1

= (1.5 x 1.7) =

2.55 Kn

Total Concen. load Including load factor

W =1.5w2

= (1.5 x 120) =

180.00 Kn

BM due to UDL

WL /8

= 2.55 x 5^2 / 8

BM due to Concentrated Load


Max.Bending Moment
Shear Force ( Vudl ) due to UDL

7.97 kN-m

wl/4
WL/2 =

Shear Force ( Vpoint ) due to Concentrated load

225.00 KN-M
232.97 KN.M
= 2.55 x 5 / 2

6.38 kN

W/2

90.00 KN

Total SF at Support (V)


Assume ISMB 500:
Overall depth (D)
Width of flange (bf)

96.38 KN
300 mm
140 mm

Thickness of flange (tf)=

12.4 mm

Thickness of web (tw)=

7.5 mm

Centre to centre distance between flanges (h f)

287.6 mm

Radius at Fillet or Root (R1)


Radius of gyration (ryy)

14 mm
28.4 mm

Moment of Inertia about y axis (Iyy)

45390000 mm4

Youngs Modulus (E)

200000 Mpa

Elastic Section Modulus (Zec) =


Plastic section modulus (Zp)
Length of Span
Effective Length of Span l
R1

1808700 mm3
Zp =

2074670 mm3
5m
5.00 m

h - 2(tf + R1)

1.3 mm

Depth of web ( d)
Slenderness Ration (KL/r)
Ration of height to thickness (hf/tf ) =

247.20 mm
176.06

Yield Stress (fy)

250.00 N/mm2

23.19

From Table 2 in IS 800:2007; Limiting width to Thickness ratio


For rolled section b/tf =
5.65
d/tw =
32.96
So, The section is of Class 1
b= 1.0

Critical stress fcr,b (As per table 14 of IS


800:2007)

<
<

9.4
84

Plastic
For Plastic & Compact sections

130.88 N/mm2

Imperfection factor LT =

0.21

for rolled steel section

From Table 13(a) in IS 800:2007


fcr,b=

Critical stress fcr,b (As per formula)


Yield stress (fy = )

138.01 N/mm2

250.00 N/mm2

Lateral Torsional Buckling (Mcr)

=b*Zp*fcr,b

271.53 KN.M

Design bending compressive stress (fbd) as per Eqn. under Cl. 8.2.1 of IS 800, p.54

96.36 N/mm2

Design Bending Compressive stress as per Cl. 8.2.2 of IS 800-2007, P.54


Slenderness Ratio (LT)

=(fy/fcr,b)0.5

1.382

Imperfection factor LT =

0.21

LT

1.579

Strength reduction factor to account for lateral


torsional buckling of beams (XLT)

0.427

Design bending compressive stress (fbd)

for rolled steel section

=XLT*fy/m0

96.99 N/mm2

Section Classification
= (250/fy)1/2

1.00
b Zp fy / Mcr

LT =

1.2 Ze fy / Mcr

fy /fcr,b

Vd = fy* h * tw/ 3 */mo =

Shear capaciy of the section

243274.408881
0.6Vd = 145.96
>
0.6Vd > V Safe
Design Bending Capacity of the section (Md) bZp fbd =
=

199915201.2

96.38

199.92
Md

Check for Deflection :


Permissible Deflection
Actual Deflection

where mo = 1.1
243.27 kN

Unsafe
As per Table 6 of IS 800:2007
L/150
(5/384) * ( WL^4/ EIxx )
+WL^3/48EI
Safe

kNm

>

232.97

>

33.3 mm
1.6 mm