You are on page 1of 7

# DESIGN OF BEAM

Span of Beam ( L )

10 m

0.750 kN/m

0.869 kN/m
1.619 kN/m
Say

1.700 kN/m
120.000 KN

## Totl UDL Including load factor

= (1.5 x 1.7) =

2.55 Kn

= (1.5 x 120) =

180.00 Kn

BM due to UDL

= 2.55 x 10^2 / 8

31.88 kN-m

## BM due to Concentrated Load

450.00 KN-M

Max.Bending Moment

481.88 KN.M

= 2.55 x 10 / 2

12.75 kN

90.00 KN

102.75 KN

## Assume A Plate girder of the following Properties

Overall depth (D)

820 mm

## Width of flange (B)

200 mm

Thickness of flange tf =

10 mm

Thickness of web tw =

8 mm

810 mm

800 mm

96 mm

0 mm

10 m
b/tf =

9.6

<13.6

(Semi Compact)

d/tw =

100

<105

(Compact)

## As per Table 2 of IS 800-2007, the section is classified as Semi Compact

Section Properties:
Moment of Inertia about z axis (Izz)

997466667 mm4

13367466.7 mm4

2432845.53 mm3

2900000 mm3

76900 Mpa

200000 Mpa

250 Mpa

hy = (D-tf)

810 mm

=If/If+Iw

0.5

2.193E+012 mm6

269866.667 mm4

130072042

2.16239632

0.490

LT

0.451

## Strength reduction factor to account for lateral

torsional buckling of beams (XLT)

1.109

## Design bending compressive stress (fbd) as per Eqn.

under Cl. 8.2.1 of IS 800, p.54

251.9653295707

## Design bending compressive strength (Md) = bZp*fbd

612992725.37172

Moment of Inertia about y axis (Iyy)

35.2 mm
13700000 mm4

1808700 mm3

## Plastic section modulus (Zp)

2074670 mm3

Length of Span
Effective Length of Span l

10 m
10.00 m

Depth of web ( d)

800.00 mm

284.09

81.00

250.00 N/mm2

## Critical stress fcr,b (As per table 14 of IS 800:2007)

-61.70 N/mm2

Imperfection factor LT =

## From Table 13(a) in IS 800:2007

Critical stress fcr,b (As per formula)

34.19 N/mm2

fcr,b=

N/mm2

## Lateral Torsional Buckling (Mcr)

-128.01 KN.M
-8.79 N/mm2

Design bending compressive stress (fbd) as per Eqn. under Cl. 8.2.1 of IS
800, p.54
Design Bending Compressive stress as per Cl. 8.2.2 of IS 800-2007, P.54
Slenderness Ratio (LT)

#VALUE!

Imperfection factor LT =

0.21

LT

#VALUE!

## Strength reduction factor to account for lateral

torsional buckling of beams (XLT)
#VALUE!
#VALUE! N/mm2

## Design bending compressive stress (fbd)

Section Classification
= (250/fy)1/2

#VALUE!

## From Table 2 in IS 800:2007; Limiting width to Thickness ratio

For rolled section b/tf =
d/tw =
So, The section is of Class 1

<

9.4

<

84

Plastic
b=

where mo = 1.1

## Shear capaciy of the section

839.78 kN
0.6Vd = >

102.75

0.6Vd > V
Design Bending Capacity of the section (Md)
=

#VALUE!
Md

kNm

>

481.88

>

#VALUE!
Check for Deflection :
Permissible Deflection

66.7 mm

Actual Deflection

82.2 mm

## DESIGN OF CANTILEVER BEAM

Span of Beam ( L )

5m

Self Weight of Purlin (ISMB @ 350)

0.750 kN/m
0.524 kN/m
1.274 kN/m
1.300 kN/m

Say
Concentrated Load on beam ( W )

120.000 KN
w =

= (1.5 x 1.3) =
= (1.5 x 120) =

BM due to UDL

= 1.95 x 5^2 / 8

## BM due to Concentrated Load

Max.Bending Moment
Shear Force ( Vudl ) due to UDL

120.00
1.95 Kn
180.00 Kn
6.09 kN-m
225.00 KN-M
231.09 KN.M

= 1.95 x 5 / 2

4.88 kN

90.00 KN

94.88 KN

## Assume ISMB 200:

Overall depth h
Width of flange b
Thickness of flange tf =

350 mm
140 mm
14.2 mm

Thickness of web tw =

8.1 mm

ryy

14 mm
28.4 mm
13600000 mm4

Ixx
Zec =

779000 mm3

## Plastic section modulus

889570 mm3

Length of Span
Effective Length of Span l
R1

5m
4.25 m

1.3 mm

Depth of web ( d)

0..
mm
149.65

KL/r
h/ tf =

24.65

## Critical stress fcr, b=

163.46

Imperfection factor LT =

## From Table 13(a) in IS 800:2007

fy =
Lateral Torsional Buckling (Mcr)

fcr,b=

163.46

145.41

KN.M

114.15 N/mm2

## Slenderness Ratio (LT)

#VALUE!

Imperfection factor LT =

0.21

LT

#VALUE!

## Strength reduction factor to account for lateral

#VALUE!
torsional buckling of beams (XLT)
Design bending compressive stress (fbd)

#VALUE!

N/mm2

Section Classification
= (250/fy)1/2

#VALUE!
LT =

1.2 Ze fy / Mcr
=

N/mm2

## From Table 2 in IS 800:2007; Limiting width to Thickness ratio

For rolled section b/tf =
d/tw =
So, The section is of Class 1

<
<

9.4
84
2

Plastic
b= 0.88

=
b=

where mo = 1.1

## Shear capaciy of the section

372.00 kN
0.6Vd = >

94.88

0.6Vd > V
Design Bending Capacity of the section (Md)
=

#VALUE!
Md
#VALUE!

kNm

>

231.09

>

## Check for Deflection :

Permissible Deflection
Actual Deflection

33.3 mm
4.0 mm

## DESIGN OF BEAM (As per Design Manual)

Span of Beam ( L )
Self Weight of Section (ISMB @ 300)

5m

Say
Concentrated Load on beam ( W )

0.750
0.869
1.619
1.700
120.000

kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
KN

W =1.5w1

= (1.5 x 1.7) =

2.55 Kn

W =1.5w2

= (1.5 x 120) =

180.00 Kn

BM due to UDL

WL /8

= 2.55 x 5^2 / 8

## BM due to Concentrated Load

Max.Bending Moment
Shear Force ( Vudl ) due to UDL

7.97 kN-m

wl/4
WL/2 =

225.00 KN-M
232.97 KN.M
= 2.55 x 5 / 2

6.38 kN

W/2

90.00 KN

## Total SF at Support (V)

Assume ISMB 500:
Overall depth (D)
Width of flange (bf)

96.38 KN
300 mm
140 mm

12.4 mm

7.5 mm

287.6 mm

14 mm
28.4 mm

45390000 mm4

200000 Mpa

## Elastic Section Modulus (Zec) =

Plastic section modulus (Zp)
Length of Span
Effective Length of Span l
R1

1808700 mm3
Zp =

2074670 mm3
5m
5.00 m

h - 2(tf + R1)

1.3 mm

Depth of web ( d)
Slenderness Ration (KL/r)
Ration of height to thickness (hf/tf ) =

247.20 mm
176.06

250.00 N/mm2

23.19

## From Table 2 in IS 800:2007; Limiting width to Thickness ratio

For rolled section b/tf =
5.65
d/tw =
32.96
So, The section is of Class 1
b= 1.0

## Critical stress fcr,b (As per table 14 of IS

800:2007)

<
<

9.4
84

Plastic
For Plastic & Compact sections

130.88 N/mm2

Imperfection factor LT =

0.21

fcr,b=

## Critical stress fcr,b (As per formula)

Yield stress (fy = )

138.01 N/mm2

250.00 N/mm2

## Lateral Torsional Buckling (Mcr)

=b*Zp*fcr,b

271.53 KN.M

Design bending compressive stress (fbd) as per Eqn. under Cl. 8.2.1 of IS 800, p.54

96.36 N/mm2

## Design Bending Compressive stress as per Cl. 8.2.2 of IS 800-2007, P.54

Slenderness Ratio (LT)

=(fy/fcr,b)0.5

1.382

Imperfection factor LT =

0.21

LT

1.579

## Strength reduction factor to account for lateral

torsional buckling of beams (XLT)

0.427

## for rolled steel section

=XLT*fy/m0

96.99 N/mm2

Section Classification
= (250/fy)1/2

1.00
b Zp fy / Mcr

LT =

1.2 Ze fy / Mcr

fy /fcr,b

## Shear capaciy of the section

243274.408881
0.6Vd = 145.96
>
0.6Vd > V Safe
Design Bending Capacity of the section (Md) bZp fbd =
=

199915201.2

96.38

199.92
Md

## Check for Deflection :

Permissible Deflection
Actual Deflection

where mo = 1.1
243.27 kN

Unsafe
As per Table 6 of IS 800:2007
L/150
(5/384) * ( WL^4/ EIxx )
+WL^3/48EI
Safe

kNm

>

232.97

>

33.3 mm
1.6 mm