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Emissions from

fossil-fuel
combustion

Flue-gas emissions from fossil-fuel


combustion
Fossil fuel includes coal, natural gas, petroleum. Fossil fuel
combustion produces some wastes. Some of fossil fuel do not
completely burn, but, it goes into the atmosphere along with
.the products
When we burned fossil fuel, there are a lots of gases produce
by combusting fossil fuels, namely: Carbon dioxide (CO2),
carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen (N2), nitrogen oxides (NOx),
sulfur dioxide (SO2), volatile Organic Compounds (VOC), and
.some particulate that removed from flue gas

:Below, I will describe each of combustion products


Carbon Dioxide (CO2): CO2 has the highest share in-1
.producing flue gas
It is about 60-85 percent of fuels that we burn. This is closely
followed in volume by water vapor (H20) created by the
combustion of the hydrogen in the fuel with atmospheric
.oxygen
Carbon Monoxide (CO): Carbon monoxide, or CO, is a colorless, -2
odorless gas that is formed when carbon in fuel is not burned
completely. Carbon Monoxide is a part of motor vehicle exhaust

and boats. Another source of CO emissions include factory


.processes
Nitrogen Oxides (NOx): it is produced from the reaction -3
among nitrogen, oxygen and some hydrocarbons. It is produced
during combustion at high temperature. The nitrogen oxides
are derived from the nitrogen in the air and also from any
nitrogen-containing compounds in the fossil fuel
Sulfur Dioxide: is the family of SO2 gases, It is produced by -4
.volcanoes and many industrial activities
VOC: VOC or volatile Organic Compounds are organic -5
chemical that have a high steam pressure at ordinary room
temperature. Their high vapor pressure results from a low
.boiling point
Figure (1): The table below presents the total amounts of flue
gas typically generated by the burning of fossil fuels in the
.U.S.A in 2000

Figure (1) shows the amount of fossil fuel that burned during
combustion, which is also the major source of CO 2. In addition,

the three main parts that must be considered in any carbon


management approach, energy efficiency, decarbonization of
energy sources, and sequestration of CO2, can be generalized
.to air pollutants
Nowadays, we want to reduce the amount of gases come out
from flue. We can regenerate capture by amine for removing
CO2 from flue gas and fabric filters remove particulate matter
and flue-gas desulfurization captures the sulfur dioxide
produced by burning fossil fuels have been deployed to
provide high purity CO2 gas to the food industry and for
.enhanced oil recovery
There are a number of technologies for reducing and removing
pollutants emitted from industries that are now available. There
is also much ongoing research into technologies that will
.remove even more air pollutants