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Srikanth IT in SPACE (2007-2011)

FIGURING OUT OF THE MOON
Ø space research is also moving into larger-scale simulations using powerful computers . in fact given the high cost , and often the impracticability of conducting live experiments Ø Moon’s magnetic field is very feeble when compared to that of the earth. Ø The obvious conclusion is that the moon does not have a fluid core like what the earth has, but has localized magnetic sources . Ø The machine at NASA Goddard ran a flavor of Unix. The software was developed for modeling the earth’s interior, but has also been applied to mars and the moon.

THE INTERNET ON MARS
v Internet to the space comes from the need for a low cast and high reliability inter planetary network. v Probes were sent into the space,with a unique set of protocols to communicate with the earth. v The inter planetary network(IPN),a part of jet Propulsion Laboratory(JPL),is managing this program. v These gateways will work on a bundle based protocol, which will reside over the transport layer to carry data from one gateway to another. v At at the moment a bundle protocol will be needed because the data will need to travel huge distances, and sending small packets of data may not be feasible. Instead, this data will be collected and sent in a bundle, as a big burst of data, to the next gateway.

SATELLITE TRACKING
ü The first artificial earth satellite was launched by the USSR, in october 1957 called as Spuntic. ü Satellite telemetry is measuring the conditions in the atmosphere and oceans from outer space using artificial satellites, and monitoring the performance and condition of rockets, spacecraft and satellites that send information about their own performance, flight path and other data to earth. ü This processing has to be done in real time using real time systems . this means developing high performance and robust systems that will work in extreme conditions and constraints of space, weight and power in satellites.

Cont
• A basic telemetry system consists of s measuring instrument, transmitter and receiving station. • Hence measurements can be made at remote or inaccessible spots, and the data collected is transmitted equipment for monitoring, display recording and analysis,On the ground, the receiving station receives the signals transmitted by the satellite, which are then sent for processing • The communication system uses TCP/IP protocol for data transfer between computers on the ground station networks.

HUBBLE CONTROL SYSTEMS
• The hubble space telescope(HST) is a large optical telescope. It orbits the earth and takes detailed pictures of stars,galaxies and solar-system objects. • The main elements of the system are the computer support system module and the advanced tracking and data relay satellite(TDRS)series.The computer support system module contains devices and systems needed to operate the hubble telescope. • The ccs is used to handle communication between hubble and the ground stations for spacecraft commanding and health and safety analysis. The architecture for this is a typical secure network.The data sent from telescope is analyzed using the STADAS,which is powerful set of tools that support software used to calibrate and analyze data.

CONTROLLING SPACECRAFT
• SHUTTLE
• Data processing systems consist of five general purpose computers mass storage. • The older GPCs had non –volatile memory ,but with the AP 101s the shuttle computers moved to volatile memory with battery back up.Each of the GPCs consists of a central processor. Unit and an input /output processor.the first four systems comprise thePASS[primary avionics software system] . • VHM system will be used to detect troubleshoot and resolve hardware problems during and after fight • The shuttle control software has some 420,000 lines of code.the software is subject to countless hours of verification and testing.yet, there are flaws. • . the shuttle software creation were IBM Federale systems and Lockheed Martin. When information and voice is scrambled for security so there is a computer onboard to decrypt this data so that the astronauts can read it or herd the voice from mission control .

cont
• PATH FINDER
q The path finder mission was conceptualized in 1992. q The path finder mission was a technological first, in demonstrating a low cost landing mechanism by the means of parachutes and airbags as suspension. q The payload also included an alpha proton X ray spectrometer to anlyze the elemental composition of the soil on mars, to act like an on- site goeligist. q The communication between the lander and the rover is not exactly rocket science. The protocol using a simple acknowledge/negative acknowledge algorithm

IMAGE FORMATS
• Super Structure Format • Geo Tiff • DIMAP With Geo Tiff • Band Interleaved by Line • National Imagery Transmission Format

SPACE COMMUNICATION PROTOCOLS • SCPS-File Protocal • SCPS-Security Protocal • SCPS-Network Protocal • SCPS-Transport Protocal

WISDOM OF THE ANCIENTS
1. Costliest 2. Satellite 3. Webserver 4. Internet 2 5. Traffic

CONCLUSION:
There is a major development in IT ,when compared with the olden days. The vast change has brought the technology to impliment in the field of space,as a result today man is able to reach the moon and other planets. Modern techniques have been introduced, which are handled in a proper way.And this science must result in a goodwill and should avoid from causing destruction

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THANK YOU

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