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You are on page 1of 13

6665/01

Edexcel GCE

Core Mathematics C3

Gold Level (Hardest) G4

Time: 1 hour 30 minutes

Materials required for examination

Mathematical Formulae (Green)

Nil

Candidates may use any calculator allowed by the regulations of the Joint

Council for Qualifications. Calculators must not have the facility for symbolic

algebra manipulation, differentiation and integration, or have retrievable

mathematical formulas stored in them.

Instructions to Candidates

Write the name of the examining body (Edexcel), your centre number, candidate number, the

unit title (Core Mathematics C3), the paper reference (6665), your surname, initials and

signature.

Information for Candidates

A booklet Mathematical Formulae and Statistical Tables is provided.

Full marks may be obtained for answers to ALL questions.

There are 8 questions in this question paper. The total mark for this paper is 75.

Advice to Candidates

You must ensure that your answers to parts of questions are clearly labelled.

You must show sufficient working to make your methods clear to the Examiner. Answers

without working may gain no credit.

Gold 4

A*

57

50

43

36

29

21

This publication may only be reproduced in accordance with Edexcel Limited copyright policy.

20072013 Edexcel Limited.

1.

(a) ln x + ln 3 = ln 6,

(2)

(b) ex + 3ex = 4.

(4)

June 2007

2.

y = e2x tan x, x (2n + 1)

(6)

(b) Find an equation of the tangent to C at the point where x = 0.

(2)

January 2008

3.

Given that

2 cos (x + 50) = sin (x + 40).

(a) Show, without using a calculator, that

tan x =

1

tan 40.

3

(4)

2 cos (2 + 50) = sin (2 + 40),

giving your answers to 1 decimal place.

(4)

June 2013

Gold 4 :12/12

4.

Find the equation of the tangent to the curve x = cos (2y + ) at 0, .

4

Give your answer in the form y = ax + b, where a and b are constants to be found.

(6)

January 2009

5.

Given that

x = sec2 3y,

(a) find

0<y<

,

6

dx

in terms of y.

dy

(2)

dy

1

=

1 .

dx 6 x( x 1) 2

(4)

(c) Find an expression for

d2 y

in terms of x. Give your answer in its simplest form.

dx 2

(4)

June 2013

6.

sin 3 = 3 sin 4 sin3 .

(4)

(ii) Hence, or otherwise, for 0 < <

, solve

8 sin3 6 sin + 1 = 0.

Give your answers in terms of .

(5)

(b) Using sin ( ) = sin cos cos sin , or otherwise, show that

sin 15 =

1

(6 2).

4

(4)

January 2009

Gold 4 :12/12

7.

(a) Express 2 sin 1.5 cos in the form R sin ( ), where R > 0 and 0 < <

(3)

(b) (i) Find the maximum value of 2 sin 1.5 cos .

(ii) Find the value of , for 0 < , at which this maximum occurs.

(3)

Tom models the height of sea water, H metres, on a particular day by the equation

4 t

4 t

H = 6 + 2 sin

1.5 cos

,

25

25

0 t <12,

(c) Calculate the maximum value of H predicted by this model and the value of t, to 2 decimal

places, when this maximum occurs.

(3)

(d) Calculate, to the nearest minute, the times when the height of sea water is predicted, by this

model, to be 7 metres.

(6)

June 2010

8.

Given that

d

(cos x) = sin x,

dx

(a) show that

d

(sec x) = sec x tan x.

dx

(3)

(b) find

dx

in terms of y.

dy

(2)

dy

in terms of x.

dx

(4)

January 2011

TOTAL FOR PAPER: 75 MARKS

END

Gold 4: 12/12

Question

Number

1.

(a)

Scheme

6

ln 3 x = ln 6 or ln x = ln

3

x=2

(b)

Marks

3x

or ln = 0

6

M1

(e x ) 2 4e x + 3 =

0

A1 (cso) (2)

M1

(ex 3)(ex 1) = 0

ex = 3

x = ln 3 ,

or

ex = 1

Solving quadratic

M1 dep

x = 0 (or ln 1)

M1 A1

(4)

(6 marks)

2.

(a)

dy

= 2 e 2 x tan x + e 2 x sec 2 x

dx

M1 A1+A1

dy

0 2 e 2 x tan x + e 2 x sec 2 x =

0

=

dx

M1

2 tan x + 1 + tan 2 x =0

2

0

( tan x + 1) =

tan x = 1

(b)

dy

=1

dx 0

Equation of tangent at ( 0, 0 ) is y = x

A1

cso

A1

(6)

M1

A1

(2)

[8]

Gold 4 :12/12

Question

Number

3(a)

Scheme

Marks

M1

= cos x(2 cos 50 sin 40)

tan x =

2 cos 50 sin 40

,

cos 40 + 2sin 50

M1

States or uses cos50 = sin40 and cos40 =sin50 and so tan x o = 13 tan 40o *

(b)

tan 2 = 13 tan 40

Deduces

2 = 15.6

so

A1

A1 cao

(4)

M1

All 4 answers

A1

M1 A1

(4)

[8]

=

x cos ( 2 y + )

4.

dx

=

2sin ( 2 y + )

dy

dy

1

=

dx

2sin ( 2 y + )

M1 A1

Follow through their

dx

dy

A1ft

At y =

dy

1

1

=

=

3 2

dx

2sin

2

1

=x

4 2

=

y

B1

M1

1

x+

2

4

A1

(6)

[6]

Gold 4: 12/12

Question

Number

Scheme

Marks

dx

=

2 3sec 3 y sec 3 y tan 3 y =

6sec 2 3 y tan 3 y )

(

dy

5(a)

Uses

(b)

dy 1

to obtain

=

dx dx

6sin 3 y

oe

cos3 3 y

M1 A1

dy

1

=

2

dx 6sec 3 y tan 3 y

M1

tan 2 3 y = sec 2 3 y 1 = x 1

B1

(2)

dy

dy

dx

or

in just x.

dx

dy

dy

1

=

dx 6 x( x 1) 12

A1*

(4)

(c)

M1

d 2 y 0 [6( x 1) 2 + 3 x( x 1) 2 ]

=

dx 2

36 x 2 ( x 1)

M1 A1

d2y

6 9x

2 3x

=

=

3

3

2

2

dx

36 x ( x 1) 2

12 x 2 ( x 1) 2

M1 A1

(4)

[10]

=

sin 3 sin ( 2 + )

(a)(i)

M1 A1

= 3sin 4sin 3

(ii)

cso

A1

(4)

8sin 3 6sin + 1 =0

2sin 3 + 1 =

0

sin 3 =

3 =

Gold 4 :12/12

M1

M1 A1

1

2

M1

5

6

,

18 18

A1 A1

(5)

Question

Number

Scheme

sin15

=

sin ( 60 45

=

) sin 60 cos 45 cos 60 sin 45

(b)

1 1 1

2 2 2

1

1

1

= 6 2 = ( 6 2)

4

4

4

Marks

M1

M1 A1

A1

(4)

cso

[13]

Gold 4: 12/12

Question

Number

7.

(a)

Scheme

R = 6.25 or 2.5

tan = 1.52 = 34 = awrt 0.6435

Marks

B1

M1A1

(3)

(b) (i)

B1

(ii)

awrt 2.21

; =

sin ( 0.6435 ) =

1 or their =

2

(c)

M1;A1

(3)

B1

4 t

4 t

sin

0.6435 =

1 or

awrt 4.41

= their (b) answer ; t =

25

25

M1;A1

(3)

(d)

1

4 t

4 t

0.6435 = =

6 + 2.5sin

0.6435 =

7 ; sin

0.4

25

2.5

25

4 t

0.6435 =

sin 1 (0.4) or awrt 0.41

25

M1;M1

A1

A1

4 t

0.6435 =

0.411517... or 2.730076...c }

{

25

So,

ddM1

A1

(6)

[15]

Gold 4 :12/12

Question

Number

8.

Scheme

y sec

=

x

(a)=

Marks

1

= (cos x) 1

cos x

gives

dy

=

1(cos x) 2 ( sin x)

dx

dy

=

dx

( (cos x) 2 (sin x) )

1(cos x) 2 ( sin x) or

(cos x) 2 (sin x)

dy

=

dx

(b)

sin x 1 sin x

=

=

2

sec x tan x

cos x cos x cos x

x = sec 2 y ,

A1

Convincing proof.

Must see both underlined steps.

A1 (3)

y (2n + 1) 4 , n .

dx

= 2sec 2 y tan 2 y

dy

(c)

M1

dy

1

=

dx

2sec 2 y tan 2 y

K sec 2 y tan 2 y

M1

2sec 2 y tan 2 y

A1

Applies

dy

1

=

dx

2 x tan 2 y

dy

=

dx

( )

M1

M1

dx

dy

(2)

1 + tan 2 A =

sec 2 A

M1

y

x2 1

So tan 2 2=

dy

1

=

dx

2 x ( x 2 1)

dy

1

=

dx

2 x ( x 2 1)

A1

(4)

[9]

Gold 4: 12/12

10

1.

even candidates who reached the stage ln x = ln 2 did not always produce the correct answer of

x = 2; x = e2 and x = 1.99.., from x = e0.693, were not uncommon.

However, it was part (b) where so much poor work was seen; the fact that this required to be set

up as a quadratic in ex was missed by the vast majority of candidates.

Grade A candidates averaged 4 out of 6 marks on this question; the overall average was 2.8. This

was the toughest starter question set in recent years.

2.

In part (a), the majority of candidates were able to handle the differentiation competently and

most were aware that their result had to be equated to zero. The subsequent work in part (a) was

less well done with relatively few candidates completing the proof.

dy

In part (b), candidates that had found

correctly in part (b) were usually able to find the

dx

gradient and proceed to a correct equation. However, a significant number had their tangent

passing through (0, 1) to give an equation of y= x + 1 . A minority thought that the result

tan x = 1 in part (a) implied that the gradient in part (b) was1..

Grade A candidates averaged 7 out of 8 marks on this question; the overall average was just

under 5.

3.

In part (a) most candidates were able to expand the expressions correctly, so achieving the first

mark. The first three marks were as much as the majority of candidates could obtain as very few

recognised the connection between cos 50 and sin 40, cos 40 and sin 50.

Part (b) proved to be much more accessible with most candidates making a really good attempt at

it and often achieving all four solutions.

Grade A* students managed 6 or 7 out of 8 on this question and grade A students just under 5;

however, just under 30% of students only scored 0 or 1 on this question, with 7.8% scoring full

marks.

4.

This proved a discriminating question on the January 2009 paper. Those who knew the correct

method often introduced the complication of expanding cos ( 2 y + ) using a trigonometric

addition formula. Among those who chose a correct method, the most frequently seen error was

differentiating cos ( 2 y + ) as sin ( 2 y + ) .

An instructive error was seen when candidates changed the variable y to the variable x while

dx

dy

1

inverting, proceeding from

. This probably reflected

=

2sin ( 2 y + ) to

=

dy

dx

2sin ( 2 x + )

Gold 4 :12/12

11

a confusion between inverting, in the sense of finding a reciprocal, and the standard method of

finding an inverse function, where the variables x and y are interchanged.

Grade A* students average 5 marks, grade A students 4 marks. The mean overall was half marks.

5.

Though part (a) would appear to be a straightforward use of the chain rule or even differentiation

using the product rule, it proved tricky for the majority of candidates with many not seeming to

understand that sec2 (3y) is an alternative way of writing (sec 3y)2. The derivative of sec x is also

given in the formula booklet.

dx

Most candidates gained the first mark in part (b) for inverting their

. Those who had part (a)

dy

correct were generally successful with this part.

Part (c) was perhaps the most challenging aspect of the question. Only the strongest candidates

were able to simplify their result to the required expression as a single fraction with a linear

numerator.

The modal score on this question was 6 out of 10, which was also the mean score for grade A

students.

6.

Part (a)(i) was well done and majority of candidates produced efficient proofs.

Many candidates struggled with part (b). If an appropriate pair of angles were chosen, those who

2

used sin=

usually found it easier to complete the question than those who used

45 cos=

45

2

1

.

sin=

45 cos=

45

2

The average score on this question was 7.5 out of 13; grade A* students dropped 1 mark on

average, grade A students 4 marks.

7.

This was the most demanding question on the June 2010 paper and many candidates were unable

to apply their successful work in parts (a) and (b) to the other two parts of the question.

In part (a), almost all candidates were able to obtain the correct value of R, although a few

omitted it at this stage and found it later on in the question.

In part (b), many candidates were able to state the maximum value.

Only a minority of candidates recognised the need for a second solution and so lost the final two

marks.

The average score on this question was 8 out of 15; grade A* students dropped 1 mark on

average, grade A students just under 4 marks.

Gold 4: 12/12

12

8.

This was a show that question and candidates are expected to demonstrate that the answer is true

and not simply write it down.

The successful candidates in part (b) used the result in part (a) to simply write down the answer.

Marks were lost by candidates who wrote the solution as sec 2y tan 2y, sec 2x tan 2x or indeed the

dy

LHS as

.

dx

In part (c) most candidates recognised the need to invert their answer for (b) reaching

dx

dy

= 1 / . Many also replaced sec 2y by x often stopping at that point.

dx

dy

The average mark on this question was about half-marks; grade A* students generally scored full

marks, grade A students 6.5 out of 9.

Mean score for students achieving grade:

Qu

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Max

score

6

8

8

6

10

13

15

9

75

Gold 4 :12/12

Modal

score

n/a

n/a

1

6

Mean

%

47

61

45

51

40

58

53

48

51

ALL

2.80

4.87

3.59

3.07

4.04

7.56

8.00

4.34

38.27

A*

6.41

7.64

13.85

8.36

4.02

7.30

4.72

5.19

6.01

11.92

11.29

6.57

57.02

2.54

6.15

3.62

4.04

4.29

9.15

8.26

4.79

42.84

1.96

4.83

2.69

2.96

2.75

6.96

5.43

3.36

30.94

1.55

3.44

1.99

1.89

1.56

4.86

3.49

2.43

21.21

1.21

2.45

1.32

1.35

0.79

2.38

2.08

1.30

12.88

13

U

0.80

0.98

0.63

0.31

0.34

1.29

0.94

0.62

5.91

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