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Improvement of RO Systems with

Toray Membrane Technology


Wasfi M. Sawalha
Regional Sales Manager , KSA & Jordan
Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Content of Speech
1. Brief Introduction of TORAY & RO
Development
2. New Development Introduction
1) SWRO
2) BWRO
3) WWRO(Low Fouling)
4) 16 Inch Element
3. Future Prospects
4. Toray UF /MF
2
Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

About Toray

Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Toray Group Business Overview


As a Japanese leading chemical company founded in 1926, Toray group has been
globally expanding variety of businesses, including Environmental Engineering.
- Founded: April, 1926, Shiga, Japan
- Operation: 21 countries (sales offices & production plants)
- Employee: 40,227 (as of March, 2012)
- Net Sales: 20.4 billion USD (Fiscal Year Ended Mar 31, 2012)

Fibers, Textiles &


Apparel 40%

IT-Related Products
(15%)

Environment Engineering
11%

Plastics &
Chemicals 25%

Carbon Fibers Composite


Materials (4%)

Life Science, Others


4%

Foundation Business

Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Strategically expanding businesses and


Intensively developing & expanding businesses

Torays Membrane Business Portfolio

Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Global Sales and Production Network of


Torays Membrane Business
Toray Membrane Europe
(Switzerland)
Toray Membrane USA
Toray Bluestar
Membrane
(China)

Toray Advanced
Material (Korea)
Toray Industries, Inc.
(Japan)
Toray Asia
(Singapore)

Riyadh
(Technical Scientific Office)

Major Sales Office


Sales Office
Agency
Production plant

Dubai
(Sales Office)

Comprehensive Global Operation


5 Major Sales Offices and 4 Production Plants
Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Various Type of Membrane and


Membrane Products of Toray
0.001

Size

0.1

Separation
materials

High molecular
weight polymer

Ion, Low molecule


weight organics
Trihalomethane

0.01

Colloid

Agricultural & Organic Material

10

Clay

Bacteria Coliform Cryptosporidium


Monovalent Ions

Multivalent Ions

Types

Low Pressure Membrane

RO/NF Membrane

Membrane products

Reverse Osmosis
[RO]

Nanofiltration
[NF]

Ultrapure Water,
Seawater Desalination,
Advanced Water
Treatment

Softening,
Removal of Toxic
substance

RO membrane NF membrane
Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Ultrafiltration
[UF]
Municipal Drinking Water,
Reuse of Wastewater,
Pretreatment for RO Process

UF membrane
(PVDF
Hollow Fiber)

MF membrane
(PVDF
Hollow Fiber)

Microfiltration
[MF]
Sewage Water
Treatment

PVDF Immersed
membrane for MBR

RO Membrane Element

Separation layer
Crosslinked aromatic
polyamide (200 nm)

200 nm
Feed Water

Surface structure of
RO membrane

RO Unit

Supporting layer
Polysulfone (45 m)

Permeate

Substrate
Polyester non-woven
Fabric (100 m)

Structure of RO membrane
Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Structure of RO Element

Trends for Aromatic Polyamide RO Membrane


Energy Saving (High Flux)
Seawater

Membrane

High Water Quality


(High Cl-, B Rejection)
Energy Saving (Low Pressure)

Brackish water

Wastewater

High Water Quality


(High TDS Rejection)
Low Fouling, Chemical Resistant
Higher Membrane Area

Element
16 inch
Energy Saving & Plant Downsizing

Technology based on Aromatic Polyamide membrane


9has been improved to meet market demand.
Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

1) SWRO
Technical Trend on SWRO Desalination

Two main subjects on SWRO : Energy saving, Water quality improvement


Energy consumption
(kWh/m3)

1. Energy Saving
More improvement is required

15

12.0
10
5

Pilot test
8.1
5.0

- High flux membrane for lowpressure operation

3.7
1.6

2.1

- Energy recovery device with high


efficiency

1970 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007


year

2. Water Quality improvement


1) 10 Years Ago
- Salt rejection was most important subject.
2) Recent News
- WHO proposed provisional guideline on boron concentration in drinking water
(1998)
- WHO reported boron toxicity in drinking water (2003)
10
- Boron
regulation was revised in the new WHOs guideline (2008)
Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Recent Development of
SWRO Membrane Element

TM820L Series

TM820K series
- High NaCl and Boron Rejection

- Lowest energy consumption

TM820K
NaCl Rejection (%)

High Water
Quality

99.86

TM820 R

2011

TM820L

99.8

2009
99.7

2005

2010

2011

2007
Test Condition :

32,000ppmNaCl, 800psi, 8%RC, 25, pH8

99.5
25

30
35
40
45
Water Productivity (m3/day)

50

Low Energy Consumption


SWRO Performance has been dramatically progressed by key
technologies based on fundamental researches.
Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

2. Toray Brackish Water RO


Progress of Performance
99.9

99.5
99.0
98.0

Aliphatic
Polyamide

90.0

1988

1987

95.0

Competitors
attained level

Aromatic
Polyamide

Salt Rej increased


more than 10 times.

Salt Rejection(%)

99.8 Cellulose

Molecular Design

Morphology Progress
Composite

Material Progress
Asymmetric

1996

1999

2006

Operating Pressure decreased to 1/10


5.0 3.0
Medium

2.0

1.5
Low

1.0

0.8

0.7

Ultra Low

0.5

0.35

Super Ultra Low

Operating Pressure normalized by Flux (MPa/( m3/m2/d))


Improvement of membrane materials and manufacturing technology realized the development of super
ultra low pressure membrane with high salt rejection and lower operating pressure

Worlds most advanced Membrane for Energy saving

Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

2) BWRO
Introduction of TM700D Series. Now Available
- Lineups & Characteristics
Element Model

Salt rejection
(%)

Product flow rate


gpd (m3/d)

Membrane area
Ft2(m2)

Feed spacer thickness


(mil)

TM710D

99.8

2,600(9.8)

87(8)

31

TM720DA400

99.8

11,000 (41.6)

400 (37)

31

TM720D-400

99.8

11,000 (41.6)

400 (37)

34

TM720DA400

99.8

12,100(45.8)

440(41)

28

Highest NaCl Rejection in the Market


Highest Product Flow Rate in the Market
- Endurance
Operating
limits

Feed water chlorine concentration

0.1mg/L

Feed water pH range, continuous


operation
Feed water pH range, chemical
cleaning ( 30min. )

13

Tolerant to pH13 Cleaning


Advanced tolerance against residual Chlorine

Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

2-11
1-13

3.Less Fouling RO Membrane

Bad
(High attachment)
Attachment B/F ratio)
Bacterial B/FRatio

0.14

Good
(Less attachment)

Surface

(Orange County water district: Dr.Ridgway)

0.12

Mycobacteria
(hydrophobic
cell surface)
(M ycobacteri
a)

0.10

RO

Cross
section

Flavobacteria
(hydrophilic
cell surface)
Flavobacteri
a

0.08

Surface

0.06
Cross
section

0.04
Less Fouling RO

0.02
0.00
RO

Less-fouling RO

Standard level
(Cellulose Acetate Membrane)

Fouling : Deterioration of membrane performance caused by stains

Less Fouling RO Membrane has extremely less bacteria attachment


and prevents bio-fouling
Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

3) WWRO (Low Fouling)


Introduction of TML20D Series. Now Available
- Lineups & Characteristics
Element Model

Salt rejection
(%)

Product flow rate


gpd (m3/d)

Membrane area
Ft2(m2)

Feed spacer thickness


(mil)

TML20D-370

99.8

9,700(37)

370(34)

34

TML20DA400

99.8

10,500(49)

400(37)

31

TML20D-400

99.8

10,500(49)

400(37)

34

- Endurance and stable performance


Operating
limits

Feed water chlorine concentration


Feed water pH range, continuous
operation
Feed water pH range, chemical
cleaning ( 30min. )

0.1mg/L
2-11
1-13

Proven to be superior among competitor models at actual sites & Pilots.


Please contact TORAY Riyadh Office for details.
15
Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

4) 16 Inch RO
Now Available for SWRO, BWRO, WWRO

Toray's Autowinding Technology


- Stable element quality
- Large membrane area (1760ft2)
Advantages of 16 inch RO element
- Smaller food print (-15% cut)
- Lower Capex & Opex (15-20% cut)
16-inch element (left) and
conventional 8-inch element

Toray can offer variety of 16 inch elements with largest


membrane surface area in the market.
16
Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Large SWRO Plants using


Torays RO Membrane Element

No.

Country

Location

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Algeria
Singapore
Bahrain
Algeria
Saudi Arabia
Trinidad & Tobago
Singapore
UAE
Kuwait
Israel
China

Magtaa
Tuas 2
Al Dur
Hamma
Shuaibah
Point Lisas
Tuas
Fujairah 2
Shuwaikh
Palmachim
Qindao

Capacity
m3/d
500,000
318,500
218,000
200,000
150,000
136,000
136,000
136,000
136,000
124,270
100,000

Operation
Year
2013
2013
2011
2008
2009
2002
2005
2010
2012
2007
2012

Torays Cumulative Awarded Capacity for Seawater Desalination

6,000,000 m3/day
Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Major RO Plants using


Torays RO Membrane Element
RO for
Seawater
Desalination

<Trinidad >
136 k m3/d

<Algeria>
200 k m3/d

<Algeria>
500 k m3/d

<KSA>
150 k m3/d

<Bahrain>
218 k m3/d

<UAE>
136 k m3/d

<Kuwait>
136 k m3/d

<Singapore >
136 k m3/d

<Singapore >
318 k m3/d

<Israel>
124 k m3/d

RO for
Wastewater
Reclamation

RO for Brackish Water


Desalination

<Singapore >
228 k m3/d

<China >
78 k m3/d

<Korea >
126 k m3/d

<Kuwait>
320 k m3/d

<KSA >
120 k m3/d

<Iran >
100 k m3/d

Total Shipment of RO26 million m3/d (equivalent to daily life water of 100 million people)
Contract Basis: Seawater Desalination 6.0 mil m3/d equivalent to daily life water of 24 million people
Wastewater Reclamation 1.7 mil m3/dSupplied to Worlds 1st and 2nd largest Plant, Top share
Brackish Water Desalination 11.6 mil m3/d (Largest application, main market is USA China
Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Waste Water Reclamation Plants using


Torays RO Membrane Element
Industrial water
Agricultural water
Indirect drinking
water

Wastewater
Secondary effluent
(was discharged)

Sterilization
UF/MF membrane

RO (reverse osmosis) membrane

No.

Country

Location

Capacity
m3/d

Operation
Year

Kuwait

Sulaibiya

320,000

2005

Singapore

Changi

228,000

2009

China

Ningxia

78,000

2008

Australia

Luggage Point

66,000

2008

Australia

Western Sydney

57,000

2010

Torays Cumulative Awarded Capacity for Wastewater Reclamation

1,700,000 m3/day (Top Share in the World)


Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Advantages of MBR Technology


Conventional Activated Sludge Method (ASM)
Wastewater

Effluent
Aeration Tank

Sedimentation Tank

MBR (Membrane Bioreactor) Process (+RO)

IMS (Integrated Membrane System)

Wastewater
Effluent
RO

Membrane
Module

Reuse

Membrane Bioreactor

Feature of MBR
Maintenance

High
concentration
Sludge

Energy
Consumption

Small
Footprint

not good

not good

poor

excellent

poor

excellent

good

good

good

excellent

Process

Effluent
Quality

ASM
MBR

Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Torays MBR Module


MembranePVDF (Polyvinylidene Fluoride)
MF Membrane (flat sheet type)
Pore Size 0.08 m
Features Removes SS (Suspended solid), and
rejects microorganisms efficiently.
Application: Waste water treatment,
Sewage Reclamation
Pre-treatment for RO

Permeate
Manifold
Frame

Air Diffuser
1,608mm

PVDF
Fiber

Membrane Surface

515mm
Element TSP-50150
(1.4 m2)

Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Module TMR140-100S
(100EL, 140m2)

Number of pores (1012/m2)

Torays Design Concept of


PVDF Membrane for MBR Application

3.0 micron

FE-SEM photographs of
Flat sheet membrane surface

1.5
Toray PVDF
1
BF014

Others

0.5

0 0

0.2

0.4

0.8

Pore diameter (micron)

Pore diameter distribution of surface


(Estimated from SEM photos)
Membrane Data

Average pore size

0.08 micron

Surface roughness

0.062 micron

Pure water flux

1.44 m3/m2/hr

Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

0.6

Installation of Torays MBR Module

Scotland, UK
(Municipal, 1,975 m3/d)

Wales, UK
(Municipal, 950 m3/d)

Country
China
UAE
UAE
KSA

Spain (Orange Juice,


1,000 m3/d)

Application
LCD WW
Sewage
Sewage
Sewage

Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

India
(Textile, 11,200 m3/d)

Capacity (m3/d)
6,500
38,000
45,000
30,000

Netherlands
(Municipal, 2,400 m3/d)

Cumulative Capacity :
514,000 m3/d
(as of Dec. 2011)

PVDF Hollow Fiber MF/UF Membrane

Meet with Requirements for MF or UF membrane


Integrity against passage of bacteria.
Supply high water quality with low cost (low fouling)
NIPS

Low fouling layer

TIPS

Support layer
(high flux &
high Strength)

New-TIPS
0
500 1,000 1,500
Strength (g/fiber)

Flow Direction

Composite membrane

- Physical properties and permeability are influenced with spinning method.


- New-TIPS and Composite membrane realize innovative low fouling hollow
fiber membranes with high strength.
NIPS : Non-solvent Induced Phase Separation.

Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

TIPS : Thermally Induced Phase Separation.

Torays Supply of PVDF Hollow Fiber UF/MF


Europe :
Germany,
Switzerland,
Italy, France
Total: 6,500 m3/d
Pretreatment of RO
(Boiler) in USA
HFS 3,300m3/d
2004/2 start

HFS 3,200m3/d
2004/6 start

HFS 8,640m3/d
Drinking water
in Indonesia
2007/12 start

HFS 30,000m3/d
Drinking water
2009/7 start

HFM 88,000m3/d
Drinking water
2007/3 start

Recently Awarded Large Projects

Country

Application

Saudi Arabia Pretreatment of RO


Japan
Drinking water
China
Waste water reuse
Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Capacity
(m3/d)
25,000
19,000
16,320

Largest plant in Korea Largest plant in Japan

Accumulated plants capacity


640,000 m3/d (Dec. 2011)

Torays Supply of
Integrated Membrane System (IMS)

As of March, 2012

=UF/MF+ROTorayToray
=UF/MF+ROTorayOthers
=MBR+ROTorayToray
=MBR+ROTorayOthers
=UF/MF+UF/MFTorayToray
Toray has supplied membranes for 78 IMS plants in the world, and its total
capacity exceeds 2,480,000m3/d. 35 plants out of 78 IMS plants adopted
Torays membranes for all membrane process in the IMS plant..
Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Copyright 2012 Toray Industries, Inc. All Rights Reserved