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TEST CODE

FORM TP 2011068
CARIBBEAN

EXAMINATIONS

01317020

MAY/JUNE 2011

COUNCIL

SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE


EXAMINATION
ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY
Paper 02 - Technical Proficiency

10 MAY 2011 (p.m.) )

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

1.

This paper consists of THREE sections. Candidates MUST answer NINE questions.
SECTION A: You must answer ALL FIVE COMPULSORY questions from this section.
SECTION B: You must answer THREE questions from this section.
SECTION C: You must answer ONE question from this section.

2.

In addition to the 2Yz hours, candidates are allowed 10 minutes to read through the paper.
Writing MAY begin during the lO-minute period.

3.

All working must be CLEARLY shown.

4.

Use sketches where necessary to support your answers.

5.

Silent electronic calculators may be used.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

L~
i

Copyright 2009 Caribbean Examinations Council.


All rights reserved.

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2011

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Candidates MUST answer NINE questions, ALL FIVE from Section A, THREE from Section B
and ONE from Section C.
SECTION A
Candidates

MUST answer ALL FIVE questions in this section.


Each question is worth EIGHT marks.

1.

(a)

State Ohm's Law and write the formula that represents Ohm's Law.

(b)

Figure 1 shows a series parallel resistive circuit.


9.0

6V

( 2 marks)

6.0

6.0

Figure 1
Calculate the
total resistance when the switch S is closed

( 1 mark)

(ii)

total resistance when the switch S is open

( 1 mark)

(iii)

total current I when the switch S is closed

( 1 mark)

(iv)

maximum power developed in the 9Q resistor.

( 3 marks)

(i)

Total 8 marks

2.

(a)

State the difference between the application software and the operating system software
used in computers.
( 2 marks)

(b)

Name TWO commercial software packages used to implement database applications.


( 2 marks)

(c)

List ONE advantage and ONE disadvantage of networking computers in offices using a
single server.
.
( 2 marks)

(d)

State what
computers.

IS

a RAM software and state the main function of RAM software in


( 2 marks)
Total 8 marks
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3.

(a)

With the aid of simple diagrams, describe the main difference between a double wound
step-up transformer and an auto-transformer.
( 4 marks)

(b)

A single-phase double wound transformer has 200 primary turns and 50 secondary turns.
What will be the secondary voltage and the secondary current if the transformer has an a.c.
input of 120 V at 1A?
( 4 marks)

Total 8 marks

4.

(a)

State the main differences between a primary and a secondary cell.

( 2marks)

(b)

Explain briefly the action of 'polarization' in a primary cell.

( 2 marks)

(c)

A commercial battery, with an open circuit voltage of 14.4 V, has a terminal voltage of
12.2 V when supplying a current of 20 A to a load. Calculate the internal resistance of the
battery.
( 4 marks)

Total 8 marks

5.

(a)

Sketch a p-n junction connected to a cell and a single pole switch under forward bias
condition. Explain what happens when the circuit is closed.
( 4 marks)

(b)

State TWO characteristics of Class A power amplifier.

(c)

Which semiconductor device is used to replace relays and contactors in industrial control
applications?
( 2marks)

( 2marks)

Total 8 marks

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SECTIONB
Candidates

MUST attempt THREE questions from this section.


Each question is worth TWENTY marks.

6.

(a)

(i)

(ii)

(b)

Define 'inductive reactance'.


Write the formula for inductive reactance and explain EACH of the terms in the
formula.
( 3 marks)

An alternating voltage source is connected across an inductor L as shown in Figure 2.

iL

rv
a.c. supply

Figure 2
(i)

Use a wave diagram to show the phase relationship between the voltage VL and
the current iL associated with the inductor.

(ii)

Illustrate the relationship between the current iL and voltage VL using a vector
diagram.
( 7 marks)

(c)

An a.c. supply of 110 V and 50 Hz is applied across an inductor of 0.5 H. Calculate the
current ILflowing through the inductor.
( 5 marks)

(d)

Define the term 'e.m.f. of self inductance'.


in electronic circuits.

Give ONE application of e.m.f. of self induction


( .5 marks)
Total 20 marks

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01317020/F

2011

-57.

(a)

Draw the symbols of logic OR and NAND gates. Develop truth tables for these gates.
(10 marks)

(b)

Derive a Boolean expression at the output 0 for the logic circuit shown in Figure 3.

A-------\

B------;
INPUTS

c-------------~
D-------------------~
Figure 3

( 3 marks)
(c)

Using logic gates, implement the expression given below:


(A + B) + (C DE) + F G H

(d)

( 3 marks)

An apartment has two doors and two windows. These doors and windows are equipped
with sensors consisting of switches which are open when any of the doors or windows are
open.
Using an OR gate with four inputs, construct a circuit, such that the output of the OR gate
is high when any or all of the windows and doors are open.
( 4 marks)
Total 20 marks

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013170201F 2011

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(a)

(i)

Name the TWO main parts of a three-phase motor.

( 2 marks)

(ii)

Define the term 'synchronous speed' for a squirrel-cage induction motor.


( 2 marks)

(iii)

A three-phase squirrel-cage induction motor is operating from a 110 V, 60 Hz supply.


What is the synchronous speed of this motor?
( 3 marks)

(iv)

State TWO advantages of squirrel-cage induction motor.


( 2 marks)

(v)
(vi)

(b)

Give ONE disadvantage of the use of the squirrel-cage motor.

( 1 mark)

State TWO methods used to start three-phase squirrel-cage induction motors.


( 2 marks)

Figure 4 shows the line diagram of a motor-control circuit.


L2

L1
FORWARD

----.L

STOP

OL

~VERSE

Figure 4
(i)

Identify THREE purposes of the motor-control circuit shown by the line-diagram in


Figure 4.
( 3 marks)

(ii)

A motor is controlled by the circuit shown in Figure 4. If the motor is running in


the FORWARD direction, what would happen to the lines of the three-phase supply
when the reverse control circuit is activated.
( 2 marks)

(iii)

State THREE reasons why each of the three power lines in a three-phase motor
connected through a motor-control circuit must be switched off.
( 3 marks)
Total 20 marks

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9.

(a)

With the help of a diagram, describe the principle of operation of the Wheatstone bridge.
( 7 marks)

(b)

State ONE application.of the Wheatstone bridge.

(c)

State TWO safety precautions that should be observed when connecting a multimeter in an
electrical circuit.
( 2 marks)

(d)

A moving coil meter has a coil of resistance 10 ohms and requires a potential difference of
100 mV de to give full scale deflection.

( 1 mark)

Calculate the value of


(i)

the series resistance required to enable the instrument to give full scale deflection
of 240 V
( 6 marks)

(ii)

the shunt resistance to convert the meter to an ammeter to read full scale deflection
of 10 A.
( 4 marks)
Total 20 marks

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01317020/F 20ll

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SECTIONC
Candidates MUST answer ONE question from this section.
Each question is worth TWENTY marks.

10.

(a)

Figure 5 on page 9 shows the electrical floor plan of a studio apartment with components
numbered

G).

CD - G) .

In your answer booklet write the numbers

CD, , G) '@

Identify EACH of the corresponding components by writing the name of the part next

to the number.

(b)

and

( 5 marks)

Briefly explain the MAIN function of EACH electrical component identified in Part (a)
above.
( 5 marks)

(c)

State TWO electrical safety tests that must be conducted on all new installations before the
power supply is connected to the circuit.
( 2 marks)

(d)

State ONE electrical safety test that must be conducted on all new installations with the
power supply connected to the circuit.
( 1 mark)

(e)

Identify TWO test instruments that are used to test an electrical installation.

(f)

Outline the procedure for conducting insulation resistance te ts between the conductors and
between the conductors and earth in a completed electrical installation.
( 5 marks)

(2 marks)

Total 20 marks

GO 0
013170201F 2011

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-Figure 5

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01317020/F 2011

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11.

(a)

Define EACH of the following terms:


(i)
(ii)

illumination

( 2 marks)

Luminous flux

( 1 mark)

(b)

State the inverse square law for photometry.

(c)

Figure 6 shows a street lamp of 2000 cd which hangs 5 ill above the ground.

( 3 marks)

Sm

Figure 6
Calculate the illumination
(i)
(ii)

(d)

(i)
(ii)

below the lamp at point A


3 m away from point A, at point B.

(10 marks)

Sketch a switch-start fluorescent lamp circuit using a choke.

( 2marks)

Explain the function of the choke in the circuit

( 2 marks)
Total 20 marks

END OF TEST

013l70201F

2011