University of South Florida

Green Construction:
Building Projects That Incorporate Sustainable Ideas

Team Green Machine
Rachael Saylor Larisa Vodar Michelle Barthle James Rodd

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Table of Contents

Content________________________ Pages____
Cover Page Table of Contents Executive Summary Introduction Previous Approach y y y New Research y y y y Discussion Green Report Card Office of Sustainability Sustainability Initiatives Green Construction 12 15 Going Green Green History at USF What is LEED 6 11 1 2 3 3 4 5

y y y y y
Conclusion Sources

USF Do s and Don ts Comparisons University of Florida University of Central Florida University of Miami 15 16 - 19

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Executive Summary The purpose of this paper is to help in evaluating the level at which the University of South Florida is implementing Green initiatives. All across the United States, universities are implementing Green strategies. The movement toward more sustainable methods of construction, water usage, power consumption, and recycling waste has indeed shifted into high gear among our nation s institutions of higher learning. In order to assess how the University of South Florida is doing in this regard, Team Green Machine will answer some of the following questions. What is the Green movement all about? What is Green Construction? What Green initiatives has the University of South Florida been implementing in the past? What is the University doing now? What are other Florida universities doing, and how do they compare? The results of our research are quite impressive, and are sure to make an indullable impression on those who read this. Introduction As the sun rises on a new day at the campus of the University of South Florida, it is sure to be a Green day. No, not a rock band belting out music and lyrics, but rather the sounds of construction crews hammering out a sustainable future for the University of South Florida. Throughout the United States, the Green movement is now in high gear. We hear words used such as Global Warming, Climate Change, Climate Shift, and Going Green. People everywhere, are changing the way that they think about how they live, because of how it affects the world around us. Private citizens, businesses, city governments, and of course, universities are joining this movement. The University of South Florida will be the focus of this paper. Our team will take an in-depth look at what, and how, the University of South Florida is doing to further the Green movement on the campus. We will look at what the university has done in the past, present, and what is in store for the future. To better understand what the Green Movement is all about, our team did extensive research into what methods and technologies are being utilized around the country to further this movement. Once you understand the depth and scope of how far reaching these efforts can be, then you begin to understand the long-lasting positive effects that can be achieved by going green. Green construction of buildings is at the forefront of one of the ways that people around the country are minimizing the impact on our environment. This is of particular interest to our research, as we will be discussing how the University of

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South Florida is utilizing Green Construction and other sustainable methods to improve its overall Green position. Previous Approach

Going Green

What Do You Mean?

So what does it all mean, this Going Green movement? To many people, it means recycling more. To others, it can mean finding better, more efficient sources of energy. Overall, it really represents the changing of how we utilize the resources we have, so that future generations will be left with a planet that remains a viable source of life. In order to do this, we look at our own area that we reside in. That could be a neighborhood, a community, a city, or in this case, a university. So with that said, we will consider what the University of South Florida has been doing to further the Green movement.

A Little History Please


USF incorporated sustainable concepts into campus development practices years ago, because it was the right thing to do. USF has continually sought to improve upon sustainable goals and practices, which have been described in the USF Tampa Campus Master Plan and its continuing updates since 1995. The commitment to sustainability extends to the off-campus community as well. In order to provide continued enrollment growth, the Campus Master Plan embraced Smart Growth, a major concept in sustainability. The plan promoted using infill development, increased density, and parking lots as development sites in order to reduce sprawl, traffic, utility extensions, off-campus light pollution, and minimize increases in impervious areas while preserving undeveloped land. In addition, a 125-acre cross-campus greenway was created to protect wildlife, link habitat islands, provide for passive recreation, and aggregate storm water ponds. In the first 10 years of the 1995 plan, the university planted over 2,000 trees. To reduce off campus traffic congestion, the university implemented a free off-campus shuttle system (powered by biofuel technology), negotiated free regional transit use for students, and substantially increased the quantity of on-campus residence halls. The university has consistently worked to construct bike lanes and sidewalks to improve on/off campus pedestrian and bicycle access/safety. USF has provided a community recycling site since 1990, available to everyone on the campus perimeter, and increased the Team Green Machine

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number of containers in campus buildings. Energy conservation has also been a major priority since the early 1980s, from replacement of light bulbs to major central plant chillers. Over the past 10 years, USF saved approximately $10 million with the Greenlights replacement program and, despite continued growth in high energy demand research facilities, electrical consumption has been reduced by approximately 3% in the past six years. More recently, USF anticipates several buildings to be LEED certified: Dr. Kiran C. Patel Center for Global Solutions, Tampa Campus (under construction); Interdisciplinary Science, Tampa Campus (under construction); Science & Technology Building, St. Petersburg Campus (completed); USF Polytechnic Phase I, Lakeland Campus (in design); and Wellness and Nutrition Center, Tampa Campus (in design).
Dr. Kiran C. Patel Center for Global Solutions

There s a Question I Will LEED With .
What is this LEED you speak of? LEED is an internationally recognized green building certification system, providing third-party verification that a building or community was designed and built using strategies aimed at improving performance across all the metrics that matter most: energy savings, water efficiency, CO2 emissions reduction, improved indoor environmental quality, and stewardship of resources and sensitivity to their impacts. Developed by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), LEED provides building owners and operators a concise framework for identifying and implementing practical and measurable green building design, construction, operations and maintenance solutions. LEED is flexible enough to apply to all building types commercial as well as residential. It works throughout the building lifecycle design and construction, operations and maintenance, tenant fitout, and significant retrofit. And LEED for Neighborhood Development extends the benefits of LEED beyond the building footprint into the neighborhood it serves. LEED promotes a whole-building approach to sustainability by recognizing performance in five key areas of human and environmental health: Team Green Machine

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sustainable site development, water savings, energy efficiency, materials selection and indoor environmental quality.

New Research

Looks Can Be Deceiving

Where does USF appear to be? Based upon the College Sustainability Report Card for 2009, USF has a green grade of a C-. This is based upon the areas including administration, green building transportation, share holder involvement, climate change, food and recycling, student involvement, endowment transparency, shareholder engagement, and investment priorities. USF is ranked lowest in the areas of shareholder engagement, green building and recycling. The highest ranking is in investment priorities ( USF Report Card ). USF is comparable to other public universities in Florida. The University of Miami has an overall score of a C+, while the University of Florida has a B+ and Florida State pulls a similar C- ( Compare ). USF is comparable to other Universities, yet a score of a C- needs up-grading. Yet the Green Report card is not the most accurate of the Green rating systems. The Green Report Card 2009 is based on data submitted in 2008, which was gathered in 2007. The data is obsolete by the time it is reported. Another problem with the Green Report card is the direct comparison of private and public institutions. As one of the rating points is endowment transparency, it would be worthwhile to note the endowment size. USF being a public institution cannot be compared directly to a private institution such as Notre Dame with a large endowment (Wells). While USF has not entered many rating systems, USF is in the process of entering a rating system called STARS. This may be one of the best rating systems to date as it is based on fourteen points, compared to the eight qualifications of the Green Report Card (Galayada 2). STARS may however still have the time-relevance issue that of the Green Report Card, as the data is being entered this year, but will not be graded until 2011. Where is USF actually at? As previously seen, USF appears to be at a slightly below average level of sustainability. But is this accurate? Appearance may not be reality. According to Dr. Christian Wells, the director of the new Department of Sustainability, USF has a lack of advertising for its initiatives. This is however changing since 2006, when student involvement increased awareness. The provost even signed a Climate Commitment in Team Green Machine

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order to ensure that USF is on the right track to improved sustainability (Wells). USF is making great strides to Conserve, Recover and increase Renewables. For Conservation, USF created the Green Light program in the 1990 s which was a precursor to Energy Star and is no longer in practice (Devore). Other conservation efforts include sensors for efficient lighting, new heating and cooling systems, and LED lights (Wells). Beyond conservation, USF is making efforts to recover energy through the use of reflective white rooftops ( Case ). In the effort to increase renewables, USFs engineering department is making alliances with MOSI to increase solar energy use and creating custom solar energy golf carts. With all these initiatives USF is actually making great efforts toward a sustainable future. The main issues include CO2 emissions from using TECO electricity and a lack of awareness (Wells).

Goals of Green Construction and Sustainability. In order to discuss Green construction and it s sustainability we must first define these terms as they pertain to USF and the findings we will present in this white paper. Green building and sustainability encompasses the policies and practices of USF s adoption and use of high-performance green building design and materials. This includes the adoption of campus-wide green building policies or guidelines, integration of green building practices into new construction projects, and the incorporation of green building design features into retrofits of existing buildings. Sustainability is defined as meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Are these considerations guiding how resources are managed in USF campus operations?

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USF Sustainability Initiative. The USF Sustainability Initiative was begun in January of 2007 with the appointment of the Associate Vice President for Academic Affairs and Strategic Initiatives, one of whose tasks to develop a campuswide Steering Committee to address how to green the university and to co-ordinate and facilitate the multiple sustainability activities on the USF campus. The first achievement was celebrated by President Judy Genshaft signing the American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment in March of 2007. Many major research universities have sustainability offices that focus on reducing waste and resource consumption on their campuses. They integrate the academic side of the university with facilities, operations, and planning. They are the main center of information for student s faculty, and staff for on-campus environmental activities, on-campus service learning, and programmatic elements such as sustainability meetings and conferences. It is the desire of the University of South Florida to join the other universities in the country in having an Office of Sustainability. The size of USF, its impact on the environment, its economic and social importance in the community, and its ability to lead significant cultural movements make it a logical setting for a sustainability office. In 2008, Governor Crist made a significant policy change in Florida by developing a series of sustainability aimed at reducing greenhouse gases and developing renewable energy. In addition, he challenged all state agencies and local governments to find new ways of conducting business in order to reduce greenhouse emissions and expand the state s green economy. Many faculty and students at USF have assisted state and local government in these initiatives. In addition, the university leadership has responded 1) by identifying sustainability as a key area in the University s Strategic Plan.

There are several specific goals of the USF Office of Sustainability: 1. Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Enhance Water Conservation, Green Space, and Campus Ecosystems. The Office will work with USF s Facilities/Planning Office and campus stakeholders to coordinate efforts to develop alternative energy sources, conserve water, enhance green space, and improve ecosystems on campus. 2. Coordinate Environmental Activities on Campus. The Office will work with faculty, staff, and students to coordinate efforts to green the campus. 3. Coordinate Educational and Community-based Initiatives on Sustainability. The Office will assist faculty and students as needed on educational and community-based activities related to campus sustainability. 4. Seek and Coordinate External Funding for Sustainability Related Campus Activities. There are a growing number of funding sources available for campus research on sustainability. The Office will seek funds to help support initiatives. 5. Coordinate External Evaluations for Campus Sustainability. University campuses are evaluated by a number of organizations for their sustainability efforts. This Office will coordinate reporting as needed. Anticipated 5-Year Outcomes for the USF Office of Sustainability 1. Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions. 2. Coordinate Environmental Activities on Campus 3. Coordinate Educational and Community-based Initiatives on Sustainability. 4. Seek and Coordinate External Funding for Sustainability Related Campus Activities. Team Green Machine

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5. Coordinate External Evaluations for Campus Sustainability. Green Construction and problems with uniformity Problem 1: Different Donors have varying requirements for the use of their money. Public universities in Florida have been facing issues of budget cuts. These issues have been largely a result of the declining economy and reduced tourism, as Florida does not have an income tax (Wells). Most students have noticed the impact of the tightened budget in class room sizes and the combination of small departments. Yet the smaller budget does not seem to be affecting construction on campus since the school is able to build beautiful buildings like the Marshal Center in Tampa and the Science and Technology Building in Saint Petersburg. USF has worked diligently to attract donors to fund construction. Thus, having various donors creates problems with uniformity as individual donors may not desire LEED certification or green construction (Wells). USF has completed the construction phase of an LEED certified building in the Science and Technology Building in Saint Petersburg, and is in the construction phase of two more certified: Dr. Kiran C. Patel Center for Global Solutions at the Tampa Campus and the Interdisciplinary Science at the Tampa Campus. There are also two buildings which are in the design phase which will be LEED: USF Polytechnic Phase I at the Lakeland Campus and Wellness and Nutrition Center at the Tampa Campus ( About ). These buildings and their designs are a credit to the dedication of the University of South Florida and its donors in creating a sustainable campus. In order to ensure that this continues and donors understand USF s commitment to a greener world, USF must continue to retrofit buildings and uphold its requirement that future buildings be LEED certified (Devore), and increase advertising efforts for green building solutions. Existing-Solution: Retrofit existing buildings The engineering students have already created ideas of ways to retrofit existing buildings like the Marshal Center. The Marshal Center, while it is not LEED certified already has some green initiatives including the recycling of the airconditioning condensation (Wells). Buildings that are retrofitted will never be completely LEED certified as that starts at the inception of the building, but anything is better than nothing. Future-Solution: Convince Donors of the benefits of Green Construction. There needs to be an increase in advertising on the benefits of green construction. It is obvious that donors are giving the money and should thereby have a say in how the money is used. If USF increased general advertising for green initiatives and green construction then perhaps donors could be persuaded by their own accord. The Patel center is an example of an LEED building, in which the donor desired the building to be as Green as possible (Wells). Team Green Machine

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Also, increased advertising of green buildings could be an incentive for a donor, unless of course the donor wanted their name to be anonymous. Yet, it would seem that many donors want their name on the building or the name of a loved one, thus increased press for their building is a benefit. When advertising, the marketing team should consider potential reasons people would be against green construction and target them. Examples include: green construction is more expensive, green construction planning takes more time than tradition construction, green construction is new and therefore risky, or LEED certification is too costly for the benefits. These can be easily combated with the knowledge of future savings outweigh the cost today, careful planning today prevents future retrofitting, new projects are not necessarily risky and there are many past examples of successful construction, and the benefits of LEED certification greatly impact institutions for the better. The main incentive of LEED certification is notoriety, which is most clearly demonstrated through advertising. An organization s participation in the voluntary and technically rigorous LEED process demonstrates leadership, innovation and environmental stewardship ( Intro ). Also to be considered, donors are probably successful, opinionated individuals who have political ideas surrounding the idea of going-green . Thus the topic should be approached with clarity and openness. Market wisely: advertise where donors will see. Students who read The Oracle might be aware of some of the benefits. But donors probably do not regularly read the Oracle. Do not assume that every donor will be at the alumni meetings. Market wisely: Partner with green agencies. The USF Office of Sustainability is currently partnering with thirteen organizations to grow efforts in all green areas ( Resources ). Perhaps these alliances could be used to help increase advertising and awareness at a more rapid pace. Problem 2: Research buildings are necessary, but not green as can be. Another green issue influenced by a decreased budget is the construction of energy sucking buildings for the purpose of increased research grants. It is a rather vicious cycle. Research is required to fund the university, research requires experiments, experiments require costly buildings with continuous lighting that meet safety regulations, then to continue funding more grants must be gained, requiring more buildings, and so on and so forth. These buildings are by their very nature are costly due to the amount of energy required to complete experiments in labs (Wells).

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While the LEED certification applies to a wide array of building types. This certification is beneficial, but does not necessarily ensure a low cost in the building operation. For example, laboratories often require massive amounts of energy to keep the lights or emergency safety systems on all night. Less-Effective Solution: Find alternatives to research funding. This solution is limited, but it is worth considering what other alternatives to research create both advertising and funding. USF is building its athletic department to create buzz, but the funds this department generates will always need to be reinvested in this department since new athletes will need to be constantly pursued. Moderately-Effective Solution: Make non-research buildings so green the research buildings do not negatively effect the environment. This solution ties in with USF s current initiatives. It is impossible to tear down all the buildings and start fresh. Thus USF is retrofitting, making lighting more efficient, creating solar panels and painting rooftops. However, while these initiatives can reduce USF s overall carbon impact and electricity cost, these initiatives do not tackle the problem at hand. More-Effective Solution: Create research buildings that are as green as possible, research ways to make them more green through retrofitting, and run careful cost/benefit analysis for each research project This is a multiple step solution. First, create research buildings that are as green as possible. The Patel Research Center in Tampa and the St. Pete. Science and Technology Building both include laboratories and are LEED certified ( About ). Second, research can and should be done to retrofit existing buildings. There are 240 existing buildings that can be retrofitted (Devore). One example of this retrofitting is new white rooftops ( Case ). Third, decisions about the benefit need to ensure the most helpful research is being done. This should not limit the amount of research projects done, so as to limit the amount of research, but quality of research should be ensured. Factors that should be included when evaluating projects include: Who/what will benefit from the knowledge from this study? What challenges does this study Team Green Machine

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overcome? What the monetary costs? What the costs to the environment? Discussion

So, What Does It All Mean?....
What is USF doing to make a completely sustainable campus? Advisory Council USF has a council that advises on and/or implements policies and programs related to sustainability Green Building Standards USF currently does not have any LEED certified buildings but 3 are in the planning. Buildings that meet LEED certification criteria but are not certified. USF Physical Plant and USF Facilities Planning and Construction has identified SIX buildings that are likely candidates for LEED certification with only moderate effort. Energy-efficiency technologies which have been installed to retrofit existing USF buildings. y y y T8 lamps and Electronic Ballasts installed in over 95% of fluorescent fixtures, estimated at over 120,000 lamps Motion Sensing lighting installed in 90% of classrooms and 50% of conference rooms estimated at over 400 count. Heat Pipes for energy recovery installed in 50% of air handling units with 100% outdoor air. Including current project, we will have installed heat pipes in BSF, SCA, MDC, MDL, and NES buildings. Replaced 3-way bypass valves on chilled water coils with 2-way valves on 80% of campus buildings to improve temperature differential between chilled water supply and return, thereby improving energy efficiency of the central chiller plant. Highly reflective roofing installed at the re-roofing and in new building construction. Estimated completion for 20% of campus major build Installed economizers on boiler stacks to recover heat from boiler stacks to pre-heat make up water for boilers. 90% completed on campus boilers by natural gas usage. Installed vend-mizer a motion sensing lighting and energy control technology for vending machines on 90% of vending machines


y y y

Energy Conservation An inventive project initiated was the ConservABull competition in student dormitories , where dormitories competed against each other for the largest percentage reduction in energy consumption in the dormitories. Team Green Machine

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Recycling of Traditional Materials USF currently recycles all of the following: y Cardboard y Glass y Paper y Aluminum y Plastics (all) y Other: Light bulbs, yard waste, electronic Recycling of Electronic Waste y Batteries - 100% vehicle batteries serviced at the USF vehicle shop are recycled. Cell phones Computers Based: computers, light bulbs, based on invoices for last fiscal year, we recycled 20,491 light bulbs Printer cartridges Other E-waste : printers, monitors, televisions, keyboards, microwaves, scanners, etc. 169 items. It should be noted that a large percentage of the office equipment on campus goes directly to the vendor.

y y y y

What USF is NOT doing to make a completely sustainable campus y y y y y y y y y y y y USF has not made a commitment to reducing GHG emissions by a specific amount. USF has not achieved a reduction in GHG emissions. USF does not generate renewable electricity. USF does not have solar hot water systems. USF does not purchase electric energy from renewable sources or renewable energy credits (RECs). USF s campus landscaping waste is not composted or mulched only the botanical garden is currently doing this. USF currently has NO LEED-certified buildings, although 3 are planned. USF currently has no buildings that meet LEED certification criteria but are not certified although 6 buildings are likely candidates for LEED certification with only moderate effort. USF currently has NO buildings that are ENERGY STAR labeled. Automatic Low flow urinals: USF has not standardized and installed auto sensing 1gpf urinals in 30% of campus buildings Automatic low flow faucets in sinks: USF has not standardized and installed auto sensing low flow faucets in 30% of campus buildings Automatic low flow toilets: USF has not standardized and installed auto sensing toilets in 30% of the buildings. Team Green Machine

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y y

USF does not offer a bicycle-sharing/rental program or bicycle repair services. USF currently does not have: Alumni green fund Revolving loan fund for sustainability projects Single-stream recycling

Compared to ..
USF versus other Florida Universities: The following is information on what other universities in Florida are doing in the area of green construction. The University of South Florida must be compared to these other state universities with similar needs and challenges in order to determine whether or not USF is fully doing its part to become as environmentally green as possible. Has USF done many things in the past to better the environment, and do they need to improve their efforts with regards to future construction projects when looking at comparable universities?

University of Florida
The University of Florida has created the Powell Center for Construction and Environment. This center was designed to implement green building practices at the University as well as teaching these concepts so that they can be utilized by others. The center also focuses on doing research in order to advance their knowledge on the subject. Some of the research they do is in the areas of green building materials, reusing deconstruction and building materials, construction ecology, and sustainable architecture. From this research they have been able to publish many books, thesis s and dissertations on green construction including: Sustainable Construction , Greening Federal Facilities , and Construction Ecology & Metabolism to name a few. The University of Florida also created the Office of Sustainability in 2005. Their mission is to make the University of Florida - in its operations, education, research, and outreach - a model of sustainability, integrating the goals of ecological restoration, economic development, and social equity . In the past UF has installed green roofs on campus. This type of construction serves several purposes and has many benefits to the environment. It helps to create a habitat for animals in a place where one had currently been taken away with the construction of the building, reduce the amount of dust and smog in the air because it is absorbed by the plants and dirt on the roof, and it works to create a microclimate in the surrounding area of the roof. It can also reduce rain water run-off, reduce noise levels, and increase the roof s life expectancy. The University of Florida is currently working on 3 projects. The first project named the cotton club is working to restore an older building in the community that can be used later as a museum. Green building practices are being implemented so that this building will be a sustainable structure in the community for many years. The second project is named the Depot Avenue . This project is planning to redevelop the Depot Park in the Depot Avenue area while solving environmental issues the community has with this area. The third project, the Kanapaha Botanical Gardens , is to build a new Summer Team Green Machine

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House for the gardens using sustainable design concepts. The new summer house will allow the gardens to better serve the community by having the facilities to offer educational programs focused on the environment.

University of Central Florida
The University of Central Florida is planning the opening of the first green student housing complex in the United States in August 2010. The complex is LEED certified because of its energy efficiency and waste reduction. The entire building and foundation is made out of organic compounds, 75% of which are recycled materials. It also uses 21% less energy than the typical apartment building. The University of Central Florida has also created construction requirements that are presented in their Energy and Sustainability Policy. Some of the requirements include being registered with the US Green Building Council. All buildings must also be able to be given an LEED Silver rating once they are completed and meet a minimum of 13 specific LEED credits that will help them in their commitment to be more energy efficient.

University of Miami
The University of Miami s Clinical Research Building is the first energy efficient and sustainable high-rise building in south Florida. Some of the energy efficient features of the building are its raised floors for better air quality, light reflective roof, floor vents that allow for better airflow, and lights that turn themselves off. They have also created a Sustainable Building Policy that applies to future building construction projects and any significant renovations to already established buildings. Along with UCF, all new University of Miami buildings must be able to obtain a minimum silver rating by the LEED. Conclusion In conclusion, the University of South Florida has made significant advances toward a greener campus. The Office of Sustainability has played a vital role in identifying and implementing ways of creating a more sustainable campus. There are many obstacles that can deter progress from occurring in this evergrowing movement. One of which, as stated, is the lack of funds to continue growing a more sustainable campus at the University of South Florida. Thus, USF needs to continue to work diligently in the area of green construction and take multiple solution roads. Has USF has made enough progress in attaining the goal of a completely green campus? There remains much additional work to do, to achieve the goal of a greener campus. Will university leaders, faculty, and students continue to work together in order to continue the advance toward a greener campus? The answer is not yet entirely clear, but the Team Green Machine

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implementation of the many diverse initiatives outlined in our white paper will go a long way in determining the outcome.Sources

Works Cited
About: History. Office of Sustainability. 16 March 2010. University of South Florida 2009. <> Case Study University of South Florida . Preformance Roof Systems, Inc. < Profile_for_Web.pdf> Compare. The College Sustainability Report Card. <> DeVore, Jaclyn. How Green in USF? . 6 January 2008. The Oracle. <> Galayada, Jaimie. Yudelson, Jerry. Benchmarking Campus Sustainability. February 2010. Yudelson Associates.<> "Green Building . Sustainable Endowment Institute 2007-2009. <> Intro: What LEED Delivers. 16 March 2010. US Green Building Council 2010.<> Resources: Partners . 16 March 2010. University of South Florida 2009. <>

USF Report Card 2009 . Sustainable Endowment Institute 2007-2008. <> Wells, Dr. Christian. Personal Interview. 17 Febraury 2010 Whiteford, Linda. Executive Summary of Sustainability Report . 19 October 2009.Sustainability Steering Committee. <>

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Annotated Bibliography

About: History. Office of Sustainability. 16 March 2010. University of South Florida 2009. <> This is a brief overview of the history of USF s Office of Sustainability. It also provides excellent information on the current green buildings. Case Study University of South Florida . Performance Roof Systems, Inc. < Profile_for_Web.pdf> USF is reroofing the libraries using a sustainable system that creates less waste thanks for Derbigum systems. This system is consistent with the green approach since no waste is caused when re-roofing and the new roof reflects an amazing 76% of the sun's energy. The cost savings are also significant since the old roof does not need to be removed. This is relevant to our paper as it is an example of what USF is doing to retro-fit already existing buildings. It is obviously not possible to tear down all the buildings and start over. Compare. The College Sustainability Report Card. <> This is a comparison search between different Universities and their Green Report Card Scores. DeVore, Jaclyn. How Green in USF? . 6 January 2008. The Oracle. <> This article highlights USF s past initiatives including The Green Light Program, using LED lights, Recycling efforts, sustainable design awards and solar energy research. This is relevant to our paper as it is describes what USF is doing to be green beyond the green construction intiatives. While our angle is green construction, in our paper we want to reflect upon green construction as a part of USF's overall "Green" initiatives. In a very broad context the relevance of past green initiatives at USF gives us a perspective in history upon which our paper can start and build upon. Galayada, Jaimie. Yudelson, Jerry. Benchmarking Campus Sustainability. February 2010. Yudelson Associates.<> This is a comparison of the various raters of sustainability. The pdf has an excellent chart displaying all the various types of raters, including STARs, Green Report Card, Campus Environment 2008, Green Honor Roll, Cool Schools, and America s Greenest Campus. This has relevance based on the necessity to gauge where USF stands in comparison with other Universities in Green initiatives.

"Green Building . Sustainable Endowment Institute 2007-2009. <> Team Green Machine

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This is an excellent website which compares USF to other schools in Green Building. The College Sustainability Report Card is the only independent evaluation of campus and endowment sustainability activities at colleges and universities in the United States. This site reports previous results so that we can compare institutions on an equitable basis. This has relevance to the paper, as it compares USF to other universities and gives a basis for where USF is in the spectrum of green initiatives. Intro: What LEED Delivers. 16 March 2010. US Green Building Council 2010.<> This provides a short introduction to LEED certification and why an institution would desire it. Resources: Partners . 16 March 2010. University of South Florida 2009. <> This is a list of organizations that have partnered with USF s office of sustainability. USF Report Card 2009 . Sustainable Endowment Institute 2007-2008. < florida> This is the rating given to USF in by the Green Report Card system.

Wells, Dr. Christian. Personal Interview. 17 Febraury 2010 Dr. Christian Wells is the director of the department of sustainability. The interview covered the general history of USF s green initiatives, along with issues of green construction; including some of the problems withUSF s funding that make it difficult to go green. Dr. Wells helped to direct our paper ideas and sort through some of the information on green construction. This is extremely relevant to the paper as it is our specific angle.

Whiteford, Linda. Executive Summary of Sustainability Report . 19 October 2009.Sustainability Steering Committee. <> This is an 8 page report outlining what USF is doing and what it is striving for. It points out alliances with Governor Crist and initiatives of other universities in Florida such as UCF and UF on pages 2-3. Page 4 outlines the goals of the Office of Sustainability within USF. The budget request is posted on pages 6-7.

Glossary Team Green Machine

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ENERGY STAR - Energy Star ® is a program developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as a method to identify and promote products that are energy efficient. GHG - Abbreviation for green house gases. Green - Adjective used to describe something which is created or used to help the environment. Green Roof - A conventional roof that is covered with a layer of vegetation. LEED certification- Leadership in Environmental and Energy Design certification-the US Green Building Council grades new buildings on a merit scale of four levels: certified, silver, gold and platinum (Devore) Microclimate - Localized climate conditions within an urban area or neighborhood. The climate around a tree or shrub or a stand of trees. RECs - Are tradable, non-tangible energy commodities in the United States that represent proof that 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) of electricity was generated from an eligible renewable energy resource (renewable electricity). Renewables - Energy from sources that are self-recreating, one example is solar energy Sustainability- The general effort to create efficient solutions to reduce, reuse and recycle, in order to protect the environment and limited resources for future generations

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