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Course Name

Course Code
Term No.


Fluid Mechanics
Construction Eng.

Zagazig University,
Faculty of Engineering

Mideterm Exam
No. of pages
No. of Questions :

90 minutes

Solve all question and resubmit only the exam papers

I- A certain fluid has a volume of 2.5 m3 and a unit weight of 3924 N/m3.
1- The weight of the fluid is nearest to
a- 9.81 KN
b. 98.1 KN
c. 0.981 KN
2- The mass of the fluid is nearest to
a. 1000 kg
b. 250 km
c. 9810 kg
3. The density of the fluid is nearest to
a. 400 kg/m3 b. 500 kg/m3 c. 250 kg/m3
4. The specific gravity of the fluid is nearest to
a. 0.4
b. 0.5
c. 0.25
5. if the viscosity of the fluid is 6 c P, its kinematic viscosity is nearest to
a. 15 c ST
b. 0.15 St
c. 0.000015 m2/s
d. all are true
6. The specific volume of the fluid is nearest to
a. 0.0025 m3/kg
b. 0.025 m3/kg
7. This fluid is mostly
a. liquid

c. 0.25 m3/kg

b. gas

II- At the base of a mountain, a mercury barometer reads 740 mm, whereas at the top, it reads 595 mm. If the
density of air is 1.23 kg/m3, and is assumed constant.
The height of the mountain is nearest to
a. 160 m
b. 1600 m
c. 16000 m

III- Examine whether the velocity component given by

.u= xy and v=2yz
Represent 2-D or 3-D incompressible flow. If 3-D, determine the third component.

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IV- A curved surface AB which is a quarter of a circular cylinder of radius 3 m is located at the bottom (at the
right side) of 4 m long tank (normal to the paper). The height of the water in the tank is 4.5 m. The air at the top
of the tank is under a pressure of 20 KP as indicated by a pressure gage.
1- the pressure gage reading is equivalent a height of water of about
a. 2.04 m
b. 20.4 m
c. 0.204 m
2. The horizontal hydrostatic force on the curved surface AB is nearest to
a. 600 KN
b. 500 KN
c. 493 KN
3. The vertical hydrostatic forve on the curved surface AB is nearest to
a. 700 KN
b. 600 KN
c. 594 KN
4. The resultant hydrostatic force is nearest to
a. 900 KN
b. 800 KN
c. 715 KN
5. The resultant force makes an angle of about . With the horizontal
a. 49.5ob. 50.5o
c. 60.5o
6. The horizontal force acts at about .. below the water surface
a. 5.19 m
b. 3.19 m
c. 4.19 m
7. The vertical component act at about .. from the center of the circle.
a. 4r/3m
b. 4/ m
c. 14/11 m
d. all are true
8. The resultant force passes through the center of the circle (true or false).

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V- Write T for true and F for false statement

Density () is mass per unit weight.
Viscosity is the property that causes frictional resistance between the layers of a fluid
Mechanical gages employed for measuring negative pressure are sometimes called
vacuum gages.
The inclined manometer is more sensitivity than the vertical one.
The pressure is not the same in all directions at a point in a static fluid
Hydrometer is an instrument used to measure the pressure
For liquids in motion there is no shear stress only static pressure is acting
Pascals law states that the pressure intensity in a fluid at rest in vertical direction is
proportional with the weight.
Any immersed surface in a static fluid is affected by a force, the point of application of
this force coincides with the center of gravity of the surface
The static fluid affects on a submerged surface by a force, which is always normal to
the surface
The point of application of the pressure force is called the center of the pressure
The horizontal force in a curved immersed surface equals in magnitude and direction
the hydrostatic pressure force on the projection of the curved surface onto a horizontal
The center of pressure is always below the center of gravity except for a horizontal
When the fluid depth on a submerged surface increases the difference between the
centers of pressure and gravity decreases
If the weight of a floating body equals the buoyant force, the body will remain in
equilibrium at any level.
The center of buoyancy is not the center of gravity of the displaced fluid.
When the metacenter of a floating body lies below the center of gravity the body is in
unstable equilibrium.
If the value of GM is positive this mean that the floating body is unstable, but if its
value is negative this mean that the body is stable
A floating body is said to be in stable equilibrium if it does not return back to its
original equilibrium position after being disturbed through an angular displacement.

The point of application of the buoyant force is known as the center of pressure.

VI- Select the proper choice from the given ones

1- The slope of the free surface of a fluid mass moving horizontally equals to the acceleration divided by the
a) density
b) viscosity
c) acceleration of gravity
2-Fluids that move as . are not subjected to shear stress.
a) flow
b) both a, c
3- The depression in fluid surface in a rotating tank from the center of tank is a function in the.
a) angular velocity
b) specific weight of the fluid c) both a, b
4- The pressure intensity increases at the base of a tank when it moves by acceleration
a) an angular
b) a horizontal
c) an upward vertical
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5- When the volume and thereby the density of fluid changes during the flow, the flow is said to be
a) rotational
b) incompressible
c) compressible
6- If the particle of fluid which is moving along the streamline rotates about its own axis the flow
a) uniform
b) irrotational
c) rotational
7- The flow is said to be when for a particular length its velocity remains constant.
a) non-uniform
b) steady
c) uniform
8-The pitot tube is used to measure of a stream.
a) the pressure
b) the discharge
c) the velocity
9- The energy grade line is the contour of . against distance along the pipeline.
a) pressure head
b) velocity head
c) total head
10- If the Pitot tube is placed opposite to the direction of flow it will measure
a) static pressure
b) total energy
c) velocity head
11- The orifice meter is an instrument used to measure the discharge in a pipeline. The pressure through it is
..that through the pipeline.
a) less than
b) more than
c) equal to
12-The total energy line is .. for the real fluids.
a) decline in the direction of flow
b) vertical

c) horizontal

13-The actual velocity is always than the theoretical velocity.

a) slightly less
b) highly less
c) larger

14- Pitot tube has a simple L shaped held facing the incoming flow to measure .
a) velocity head

b) total energy

c) static pressure

Best Wishes of Examiners Committee

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