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PROJECT REPORT ON “TAPOVANAM” PRESERVATION

PROJECT REPORT ON “TAPOVANAM” PRESERVATION ABOUT Vidya Nagar is a small village/hamlet in Kota Mandal in

ABOUT

Vidya Nagar is a small village/hamlet in Kota Mandal in SPSR Nellore (Sri Potti Sree Ramulu Nellore) District of Andhra Pradesh State, India. It comes under Gudali Panchayath. It belongs to Andhra region. It is located 50 km towards south from the district headquarters Nellore, 4 km from Kota.

Gudur is the nearest town to Vidya Nagar. Gudur is 26 km from Vidya Nagar. Road connectivity is there from Gudur to Vidya Nagar.

There is no railway station near to Vidya Nagar in less than 10 km. However there are railway Stations from near by town Gudur. You can reach from Gudur to Vidya Nagar by road.

Kota APSRTC Bus Station, Vakadu APSRTC Bus Station, Naidu pet APSRTC Bus Station are the nearby bus stations to Vidya Nagar. APSRTC runs a number of busses from major cities to here.

Gudali Konda (14.020831, 80.019105), a small hillock on the banks of River Swarnamukhi is a famous visiting place.

SIGNIFICANCE

The Tapovanam site (14.031643, 80.029936)

holds great significance for the devotees of

Acharya Sri Ekkirala Bharadawaja not only for the memories contained there in but

also for the numerous saints that graced this house by their presence.

Ekkirala Bharadwaja (October 30, 1938 – April 12, 1989) fondly remembered as ‘Pujya Sai Master’ was a Hindu spiritual master, venerated by his legion followers as an incarnation of Lord Dattatreya (the avatar of Guru-as-God). A personification of pure love, the immense peace and tranquility that emanated drew thousands to him as bees to a flower. His simple life style, humility, generosity and care towards every person captivated everyone’s heart. Pujya Sai Master symbolized the harmony between the Vedic tradition and urban civilization. The most distinctive aspect of his teaching was that he corroborated modern scientific principles with spiritual wisdom.

Pujya Sai Master worked tirelessly to spread the eternal message of Sri Sai Baba whom he proclaimed as being the very pinnacle of spirituality. Today his efforts can be observed in the thousands of temples that have emerged all over the world, and the innumerable devotees that throng to Shirdi.

The holy site which was later named as Tapovanam was actually the house that the Acharya rented while working as an English Lecturer in the S B K R Science and Arts Degree College at Vidyanagar, Nellore District in 1970 1 . Initially, as a bachelor he only occupied a part of the house, but after his marriage to Sow. Alivelu Mangatayaru in 1975, he rented the entire house and continued to live there until the early part of 1981, when he moved to the town of Ongole.

SIGNIFICANCE The Tapovanam site (14.031643, 80.029936) holds great significance for the devotees of Acharya Sri Ekkirala

The

house

has

many

fond memories

associated with it. His first offspring Ch. Vedavathi was born here in 1976. As she grew

up she could be found playing with her father in the garden to the west of the house. The well-known temple of Sri Sai Baba was constructed under the Acharya’s aegis in the days when he was residing here. The foundation stone was laid in April 1976 and

the Kumbhabhishekam was performed

in

August 1980.

SIGNIFICANCE The Tapovanam site (14.031643, 80.029936) holds great significance for the devotees of Acharya Sri Ekkirala

The holy book

Sri

Sai

SIGNIFICANCE The Tapovanam site (14.031643, 80.029936) holds great significance for the devotees of Acharya Sri Ekkirala

Leelamrutham that is a parayana grantha for millions today and has also been

SIGNIFICANCE The Tapovanam site (14.031643, 80.029936) holds great significance for the devotees of Acharya Sri Ekkirala

translated into several languages was finalized in this very house.

Many of his other

works were also penned here.

Devotees including the residents and students of the SBKR College hold fond memories of the Acharya conducting daily satsang and bhajan in the front hall of the house. These discourses which began in 1969 in response to a question

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posed by a Christian student continued uninterrupted for a period of 12 long years up until 1981. The Acharya would sit in front of a life size photo of Sri Shirdi Sai Baba with framed pictures of innumerable saints next to him and to his right. Various books on science, spirituality, homeopathy, sociology and letters by students and devotees would lie scattered all around him. The menfolk would sit in front of him while the ladies all occupied the inner rooms - the sphere of his divine consort.

The room behind the front hall held innumerable books and a few odds and ends, while the tiny room adjacent to the hall was his resting room. The room next to it was occupied by The Mother which also had a cooking enclosure beside it. The general layout has been given below. (Fig) The well to the east of the house was used frequently by the Acharya to draw out water for his ablutions.

The house was further sanctified by the holy feet of several saints such as Sri Ranganna Babu, Sri Swami Samarth Narayan Maharaj and Sri Poornananda Swamy. Innumerable divine experiences have occurred in this house that have been documented in several books. 1, 2, 3 To the millions of devotees of the Acharya, a visit to this holy place recreates his life and times and embodies his magnificent spiritual persona.

posed by a Christian student continued uninterrupted for a period of 12 long years up until

The Original photo of Tapovanam before the construction of Satsang Mandir

(from south east corner of the plot)

Fig 1: Original Tapovanam (Before construction of the new Dhyana Mandiram) Fig 2: General Layout of

Fig 1: Original Tapovanam (Before construction of the new Dhyana Mandiram)

Fig 1: Original Tapovanam (Before construction of the new Dhyana Mandiram) Fig 2: General Layout of

Fig 2: General Layout of Tapovanam (present after construction of new Dhyana Mandiram on south side near to the entrance)

CURRENT SITUATION

Tapovanam as it stands today:

There is a new construction of a building called Satsang hall in the area which was earlier the kitchen garden, on the south side of the plot. The said Satsang hall is at a higher elevation from the main house Another new construction of a high rise bathroom has been built in the north east of the plot. The original verandah on the kitchen side had been closed with walls The original bathroom is demolished and a new one constructed just a few feet away.

CURRENT SITUATION Tapovanam as it stands today: There is a new construction of a building called

TECHNICAL BACKGROUND

  • 1. Built over 50 years ago in stages

  • 2. Probably no foundation

  • 3. Brick wall construction with mud mortar

  • 4. Three different kinds of roofs in very poor condition – some temporary protection given

  • 5. Completely damaged water proofing of the roof

CURRENT SITUATION Tapovanam as it stands today: There is a new construction of a building called
CURRENT SITUATION Tapovanam as it stands today: There is a new construction of a building called
Present condition of the Structure 1. Little or no maintenance, over the last decade 2. Some

Present condition of the Structure

Present condition of the Structure 1. Little or no maintenance, over the last decade 2. Some
  • 1. Little or no maintenance, over the last decade

  • 2. Some doors and windows replaced

  • 3. Additional wall constructed

  • 4. Termite damage on all wood

  • 5. New constructions

  • 6. No access to the roof

  • 7. Parapet wall on the roof heavily damaged and vegetation growth

In the current conditions, the building can only be preserved to show the FUTURE generations the holiness of Parama Pujya Acharya Sri Ekkirala Bharadwaja. However, the preservation needs to be carried out in a slow step by step approach starting with an overall protection of the structure from natural forces, slab strengthening through supporting it.

CURRENT SCOPE OF THE PROJECT

The current project scope is limited to assessing the current status of the building and to offer step-by-step methods in which either preservation or restoration of the same can be taken up.

Step 1 - Assessing the building condition Completed the basic macro assessment. Further micro detailing will be taken up at appropriate times once the work starts on the core structure on individual elements like walls, wood work, ceiling etc ...

  • 1. Careful measurement of the various features of the building and developing a detailed drawing of present condition of the building, checking the wall conditions, roof/slab conditions, condition of wood work, floor conditions etc

  • 2. Inventorying all doors and windows/ventilators

  • 3. Drilling a Bore hole, up to about 5m, near the compound wall for soil testing /profiling. Alternately a trench about 4 or 5 ft deep may be dug and inspected by geotechnical experts

  • 4. Arranging a technical visit by experts and experienced/ interested contractors

Step 2 – Super Structure – Estimates obtained and being presented here

(Annexure-1)

To ensure the longevity of the building, we need to ensure it is protected from sun and rain, which are the critical factors. To ensure this, a super structure above the building is proposed to cover the entire building with its steel columns at least 10 ft away from the existing structure, where possible. A typical view is shown below:

Step 2 – Super Structure – Estimates obtained and being presented here ( Annexure-1 ) To

Water should not stagnate in the plot, all rain water should be directed away, by digging a trench (about 2 ft wide and 3 ft deep) all around the plot. This water should be led away from the main building.

The outlet of the channel is lead to the well on the north east side. If necessary arrangements need to be made to pump out this water

Step 2 – Super Structure – Estimates obtained and being presented here ( Annexure-1 ) To

The proposed super structure will be a sloped structure from South to North. The above shaded portion in pink with dotted border, is the steel structure supported on steel columns. This extends up to the wall on the west side and covers the entire wall up to wall from top. On the north side, it extends 5 feet beyond the existing toilet structure. On the east side, this structure extends up to the boundary wall. On the south side, the structure rests on the Dhyanamandir roof.

The crtieria for the super structure above is to ensure rain water does not come in contact with the structure.

Step 3 – Building Preservation

The crtieria for the super structure above is to ensure rain water does not come in

The building has three different types of slabs and they need repairing at different places. The way to repair will be explained once the assessment is done.

Type 1 : Madras Terrace Type

The wooden beams are all termite infested. They need to be removed one by one, cleansed, anti-termite treated and the slab further strengthened.

The crtieria for the super structure above is to ensure rain water does not come in

Type 2 :Filler Roof Slab :

Type 2 :Filler Roof Slab : All the corroded RE bars need to be cleaned and
Type 2 :Filler Roof Slab : All the corroded RE bars need to be cleaned and

All the corroded RE bars need to be cleaned and additional reinforcement added before covering up with micro concrete.

Type 3 : As it (roof of the Satsang Hall) appears to be constructed at the last (around 1960’s), there being no external evidence of damage, it is presumed to be of the conventional R.C.Slab type.

Type 2 :Filler Roof Slab : All the corroded RE bars need to be cleaned and

Slab propping up:

The slab at various locations needs to be propped up by putting in support structures internally and externally. Inside the building, in each room, props are erected all around the room at regular intervals, and they are all grouted to the ground. On the top, a criss-cross structure is fixed with a mesh. The strength of mesh is sufficient enough to take the load of the slab which is again evenly transferred to the props. The detailed structure drawing is given along with the document.

The walls on the outer surface are damaged and need extensive repair at places. This will be done as detailed below.

Slab propping up: The slab at various locations needs to be propped up by putting in
Slab propping up: The slab at various locations needs to be propped up by putting in
Slab propping up: The slab at various locations needs to be propped up by putting in

Cracks on the external wall shown above, may be treated by the following methods:

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Depending on the original mortar and plaster used we can mix chemicals appropriately for strengthening. Similarly

Depending

on

the original

mortar and plaster used we

can

mix chemicals

appropriately

for

strengthening. Similarly grout

mixes

of

various types are

available

for

a rational

choice. Also if need be ferro concrete may be made use

of.

Finally, to protect the walls, from further environmental damage, the walls are completely covered with a glass structure framed within Aluminium frames.

Depending on the original mortar and plaster used we can mix chemicals appropriately for strengthening. Similarly

The areas that require cleaning, will be taken up once the slab is completely propped up. The wall panels can removed at places which require attention and the required treatment done. Once the treatment is done, the panel is closed. This protection is to ensure no external damage or environmental damage is done to the walls.

Airconditioned atmosphere is being proposed inside the glass panel structure and the feasibility of the same is under evaluation.

DOORS AND WINDOWS

Quite a few of the doors and windows are either in a poor condition or replaced fully or partially (after repair). Also due to lack proper chejjas, rainwater seems to be entering the house, as is evident from the picture below.

Step 4 – Flooring

The flooring inside the building is damaged at various places. The flooring will be preserved as it is by carrying out simple repairs probably, we can have a coat of transparent liquid polystyrene or some such chemical. The areas inside the building will be restricted from movement thus ensuring longevity.

CHIMNEY

Step 4 – Flooring The flooring inside the building is damaged at various places. The flooring

As shown below, the chimney is in a precarious condition. It has be to be first carefully whether the cracks are surficial or going deeper into the brick structure. Thereafter the treatment methodology similar to that detailed earlier for walls may be adopted.

Step 4 – Flooring The flooring inside the building is damaged at various places. The flooring

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Details are available in Standard Documents of the UN/GOI/State Governments. The above is a picture from

Details are available in Standard Documents of the UN/GOI/State Governments. The above is a picture from the UN Docs.

CONCLUSION

Some of the aspects requiring detailed analysis as mentioned above:

  • the chimney

  • the roof treatment for water proofing

  • the parapet wall on top of the roof

  • the stair case

  • the treatment for flooring

  • the need for preserving each and original particle coming out during rehab

It must be in your mind that the new concrete structure is elevated and hence

overbearing, thereby its removal is inevitable; so also the new toilet. The plinth area of the structure is around 860 sq ft. The cost of the entire

renewal work could go up to Rs. 5,000/- per sq ft or even more. A proper renovation may take anywhere from 2 to 5 years.

Under the existing conditions, from a structural view point, no guarantee can be given to the stability or the safety of the 50 year old structure.

For all devotees of Sai Master it is a SACRED MONUMENT. We must attempt to preserve it to the best of our ability

For this there are technologies available!!!

It should be remembered that it is a divine seva (service). Only by His grace it is possible.

There are many more possible options. But selection of the technology depends on,

Availability of material and machinery/tools for carrying out the retrofitting

work. Availability of skilled/dedicated manpower.

REFERENCES

Guidelines for retrofitting of Buildings – Govt of Tamilnadu

UNDP Manual on retrofitting of Non engineered Structures

Mahathmula Muddubiddadu

Bhagwan Sri Bharadwaja

Smruthulu

Annexure – 1

SCOPE OF SUPPLY

Building A

 

Quantity

 

01

 

Building usage

 

A type

 

Area No. 1 Basic Building Description

 
 

1

Frame Type

One sides slope

 

2

Width (m)

47

ft

 

3

Length (m)

50

ft

 

4

Clear Height (m)

16

ft

 

5

Width Module Spacing (m.)

15.8

ft

 

6

Roof slope

1:10

 
 

7

Length Bay Spacing (m.)

6.490 mm@21.7 ft

 

8

Front End Frame

Light end frame

 

9

Back End Frame

Light end frame

 

10

Wind bracing

 

Rod bracing

 

11

Columns

 

ISMB 200,150

 

12

Truss

  • 76 od, 38od MM

 

13

Per lines

60X40 requtanguler tubes

 

14

Side closing

  • 10 ft closing in both sides of shed

 

15

Roof Cladding

  • 0.47 mm thick bare Galvalume

 

16

Wall Cladding

  • 0.47 mm thick color coated sheets

 

17

Sidewall column Sections

`Tapered

 
 

18

Eave conditions

Water gutter, barge caps

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AGREEMENT PRICING
AGREEMENT PRICING

Pricing: 1. Building

A).50 ft x 47 ft = 2350 sft(approx) x @ 230/-Rs =

Rs 5,40,500/-

Above Price is excluding Applicable taxes

NOTE : Final payment is as per plinth area.

Terms of Payment for Material:

Payment as follows.

  • 1. 50 % Of Advance along with Purchase Order or Work Order.

  • 2. 40% of amount after dispatch the material.

  • 3. 10% 0f amount after completion of the job.

  • 4. Taxes 5% extra.

  • 5. Workers accommodation and water arranged by you.

  • 6. If there is any natural climatically disturbance occurs in the site we required extension period.

  • 7. Parches order / work order to be release on acceptance of over terms and condition.

  • 8. Security required for our men and materials.

  • 9. The entire work should be completes within 30 days, on proper receipt of the payment.

  • 1. Steel Work Finish:

Sino

 

Item

 

FINISH

1

Frames, built-Up / HR Sections

1

Coats

of

Red Oxide

and

2

coats of

enamel paint

 

2

Purloins / Girt

MS pralines

 

3

foundation bolts

Black ( unpainted )

 
 

2.

Design Loads:

Sino

 

DESCRIPTION

 

1

Dead load

0.1

KN/M^2

 

2

Live load

0.57 KN/M^2

 

3

Wind speed

50 M/S

 

4

Collateral Load

0.3

KN/M^2

 

5

Mezzo load

Mentioned in notes

 

WARRANTY

BEB products are warranted against any failure due to defective material or Workmanship for a period of ONE year.

SCOPE OF AGREEMENT

It is further understood that this agreement is the only agreement express or

implied, either verbal or in writing, in connection with this sale

FORCE MAJEURE

SELLER shall not be liable for any loss or damage to BUYER for delay in delivery or cancellations of any purchaser’s order by SELLER due to circumstances beyond SELLER’S control, Such as, but not Limited to, War, riots, civil commotion, revolution, government regulations, Orders or acts of any government authority directly or indirectly interfering with or rendering more burdensome the production or delivery of the products, Floods, Fires, Delays due to transporter’s strike and any other circumstances or event beyond SELLER’S control.

GOVERNING LAWS:

This agreement shall be construed and enforced in accordance with and under the laws of the Government of India. Both parties agree that in any case of any difference or dispute between the SELLER and the BUYER will be resolved by Mutual

discussions and agreement. However, unresolved issues, if any, will be settled by arbitration as per the Indian arbitration and Conciliation act, and the venue of the arbitration will be in Hyderabad, A.P.