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TAG ENGINEERING & CONTRACTING CO W.L.L.

PUNJAB BARRAGE IMPROVEMENT PHASE-II (PBIP-II) PROJECT


Rehabilitation & Modernization of Jinnah Barrage

DESIGN OF DEWATERING SCHEME

January, 2012

Jahangir Akhtar & Associates


316-D, OPF Housing Colony, Raiwind Road, Lahore, Pakistan
Tel: +92 42 35323313-5 Fax: +92 42 35323316 Email: jakhtar47@gmail.com

Table of Contents

Introduction....................................................................................................................................3

Design Parameters and Analyses Model.................................................................................4


2.1

Permeability of Foundation Alluvium.................................................................................4

2.2

Seepage Analysis.................................................................................................................4

2.3

Software.................................................................................................................................4

Results...........................................................................................................................................5

Conclusions...................................................................................................................................6

Figures
Fig. 1

Plan showing Engineers proposal of arrangement of coffer dams

Fig. 2

Seepage Analysis Results based on Engineers proposal of coffer dams

Fig. 3

Plan showing alternative dewatering scheme

Fig. 4

Seepage analysis model based on alternative dewatering scheme

Fig. 5

Seepage analysis result based on alternative dewatering scheme

Fig. 6

Typical details of dewatering well proposed for alternative scheme

Annex-A
Cost Estimate for Alternative Dewatering Scheme

1 Introduction
Government of Punjab has planned to rehabilitate Jinnah Barrage which was constructed
before independence of Pakistan. The project site is located at about 35 km in the north of
Mianwali Bannu Road. The rehabilitation of barrage comprises construction of a subsidiary
weir downstream of the main barrage and repairs of the main barrage.
Careful handling of water will be a key component in successful and timely completion of the
project. This matter has been discussed in the Tender documents in detail. Coffer dams will
be provided in order to barricade the construction area from water. Dewatering wells will
have to be installed to lower the ground water level within the enclosed area to sufficient
depths to facilitate the construction process by providing workable dry area.
M/S TAG Engineering & Construction (Pvt) Ltd. in Joint Venture with M/S C.W.E. and Izhar
Limited, one of the prospective bidders, approached M/S Jahangir Akhtar & Associates
(J&A) to analyse and design a dewatering scheme for the purpose of preparation of the bid.
The objectives of this analysis are to;

Study the Engineers proposal provided in the Tender documents and check its
suitability

Study various dewatering options through analyses and recommend the optimum
layout of the dewatering well system

Propose the well design for the recommended option

This report prepared by M/S J&A covers the above objectives and includes the background
and results of all the analyses.

PunjabBarrageImprovementPhaseII(PBIPII)Project
Rehabilitation&ModernizationofJinnahBarrage

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2 Design Parameters and Analyses Model


This section describes the selection of design parameters for foundation material adopted for
the seepage analyses.

2.1 Permeability of Foundation Alluvium


During the geotechnical investigations carried out by Engineer in 2008 field permeability
tests were carried out in all the boreholes drilled through alluvium at the site. Coefficient of
horizontal permeability has been taken as 2.43 x 10-3 ft/sec (maximum value reported in the
geotechnical investigation report provided in the Tender documents for a rational analysis).
Anisotropy ratio for the alluvial deposits has been selected as 0.5 on the basis of past
experience.

2.2 Seepage Analysis


Using the coffer dam layout provided in the Tender documents at the proposed subsidiary
weir section (Fig.1), a seepage analysis was carried out. Dewatering wells have been
modelled on both sides of the excavation. The results of the analysis are shown on Fig. 2.
The design parameters for alluvial deposits used in seepage analysis are also marked in Fig.
2
An alternative arrangement of dewatering wells has also been studied. Plan showing this
arrangement of wells has been presented as Fig.3. In this arrangement coffer dams will be
at 164ft distance from the edge of excavation on both sides. Seepage analysis model and
results have been shown on Fig.4 and Fig.5 respectively.
Typical details of dewatering well proposed for alternative recommended scheme has been
shown on Fig.6.

2.3 Software
Seepage analysis has been carried out using a software Seep/w of Geo slope version 2004.

PunjabBarrageImprovementPhaseII(PBIPII)Project
Rehabilitation&ModernizationofJinnahBarrage

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3 Results
Seepage analysis based on the arrangement provided in the Tender documents has been
carried out using the model shown in Fig.2 using Seep/w. The results show day lighting
of water on the left hand side coffer dam.
Seepage analysis results based on the alternative arrangement have been shown on Fig.5.
These results indicate that after dewatering, the phreatic surface under steady state flow
conditions remains under the NSL and well below the required excavation levels. The
analysis also indicates that; dewatering wells of 1.5 cusecs discharge capacity
installed at 40ft c/c and both sides of the excavation ensure dry working area for
construction.
Another analyses was carried out with dewatering wells of 1.0 cusecs discharge capacity
installed at 25ft c/c. On the basis of our analysis this arrangement proves expensive than the
recommended scheme.

PunjabBarrageImprovementPhaseII(PBIPII)Project
Rehabilitation&ModernizationofJinnahBarrage

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4 Conclusions
On the basis of the analyses, it is concluded that dewatering wells installed next to the
excavation with the coffer dam arrangement provided in the Tender documents does not
prevent water day lighting on left hand side of the excavation as shown on Fig.2.
Alternative dewatering scheme (on the basis of coffer dams shifted closer to the proposed
excavation limits) is recommended for implementation during the construction stage.
Plan of alternative dewatering scheme is shown on Fig.3 where as section is shown on
Fig.4.
Cost estimate for dewatering wells prepared for the recommended dewatering scheme is
also attached in Annexure-A.

PunjabBarrageImprovementPhaseII(PBIPII)Project
Rehabilitation&ModernizationofJinnahBarrage

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FIGURES

PUNJAB BARRAGE IMPROVEMENT PHASE-II (PBIP-II) PROJECT


Rehabilitation & Modernization of Jinnah Barrage

710

710

690

690
W/L @ El. 682

W/L @ El. 682

670

650

675

650

630

610

630
665

Description: Sandy Gravel (Alluvial Material)


Kx: 2.43 E-03 ft/sec
Ky/Kx Ratio: 0.5

90.059 ft/hr

37.343 ft/hr

670

Elevation (ft)

680

670

Phreatic Surface
610

Equipotential Line

Flow Line

590

590

570

570

550
-950

-900

-850

-800

-750

-700

-650

-600

-550

-500

-450

-400

-350

-300

-250

-200

-150

-100

Distance (ft)

Fig.2 Seepage Analysis Results based on Engineer's Proposal of Coffer Dams

-50

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

550

600

650

550
700

PUNJAB BARRAGE IMPROVEMENT PHASE-II (PBIP-II) PROJECT


Rehabilitation & Modernization of Jinnah Barrage

690

Elevation (ft)

670
650
630
610

164ft

164ft

W/L @ El. 682

W/L @ El. 682

NSL El. 668


30ft

Sandy Gravel
Kx: 2.43E-03 ft/sec
Ky/Kx Ratio: 0.5

690
670

30ft

650
Sheet Pile

630

Sheet Pile
Dewatering Well

Dewatering Well

610

590

590

570

570

550

550

530
-325 -300 -275 -250 -225 -200 -175 -150 -125 -100 -75 -50 -25

25

50

530
75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 300 325 350 375 400 425 450 475 500 525 550 575 600 625 650 675

Distance (ft)

Fig.4 Seepage Analysis Model based on Alternative Dewatering Scheme

PUNJAB BARRAGE IMPROVEMENT PHASE-II (PBIP-II) PROJECT


Rehabilitation & Modernication of Jinnah Barrage

NSL El. 668

Phreatic Surface

Flow Line

66
5

610

Equipotential Line

89.253 ft/hr

Sandy Gravel
Kx: 2.43E-03 ft/sec
Ky/Kx Ratio: 0.5

Elevation (ft)

67

675

630

590

690
670

665

650

W/L @ El. 682

W/L @ El. 682

670

91.924 ft/hr

690

650
630
610
590

570

570

550

550

530
-325 -300 -275 -250 -225 -200 -175 -150 -125 -100 -75 -50 -25

25

50

530
75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 300 325 350 375 400 425 450 475 500 525 550 575 600 625 650 675

Distance (ft)

Fig.5 Seepage Analysis Results

ANNEXURE-A

PUNJAB BARRAGES IMPROVEMENT PHASE-II (PBIP-II) PROJECT


Rehabilitation & Modernization of Jinnah Barrage

Cost Estimate for Alternative Dewatering Scheme


Sr.
Item Description
Unit Qty
No.
1
Cost of Installation of Dewatering Wells @ 40 C/C No. 100
having following specifications:

Unit Rate
Amount
(Rs.)
(Rs.)
1,200,000 120,000,000

2
3

Drilling of 130ft deep borehole


1.5 cusec discharge submersible pump
with total head of 80ft
30-40 hp motor
Mild Steel material shall be used (see Fig.2
for details)
Genset rent
day
Cost of Maintenance of Dewatering Operation
day
including diesel for gensets, maintenance cost of
gensets and dewatering system, mobil oil and
manpower

NOTE:
25% of dewatering wells should be shut off after 1 month. These wells will act as stand by
wells.