You are on page 1of 9

PHYS0030 EXAM #1

September 30, 2013

Please do not turn the page to begin until you are told to do so.

For problems 2-7, you must show your work and indicate your final
answers clearly. No credit will be given for just writing down an
answer with no work or explanation.
Be sure to express your answers including appropriate units.
You may use only a calculator and the formula sheet provided. No
use of cell phones or other electronic devices is permitted.
You are expected to understand and follow the Brown University
Academic Code.

Potentially useful information


g = 9.8 m/s2
x(t) = x0 + v0 t + a t2
v(t) = v0 + a t
arad = v2/r
fk = k N
fs s N
T = 2 r/v

MULTIPLE CHOICE PROBLEMS [2 points each]


(1.a) The figure below shows a position versus time graph for a
moving object. At which lettered point is the object moving the
slowest?

(1.b) When throwing a ball straight up, which of the following are
correct about the magnitudes of its velocity () and the magnitude of
its acceleration (a) at the highest point in its path?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

both = 0 and a = 0
0, but a = 0
= 0, but a = 9.8 m/s2
0, but a = 9.8 m/s2
There is not enough information to determine the
velocity () and acceleration (a).

(1.c) The vector shown in the figure below has a length of 4.0 units
and makes a 30 angle with respect to the y axis. What are
the x and y components of the vector?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

3.5, 2.0
2.0, 3.5
3.5, 2.0
2.0, 3.5
3.5, 2.0

(1.d) The acceleration of a particle in projectile motion


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

points along the parabolic path of the particle.


is directed horizontally.
vanishes at the particles highest point.
points vertically downward.
is zero.

(1.e) You toss a ball into the air at an initial angle 40 from the
horizontal. At what point in the balls trajectory does the ball have the
smallest speed? (Neglect any effects due to air resistance.)
A.
B.
C.
D.

just after it is tossed


at the highest point in its flight
just before it hits the ground
halfway between the ground and the highest point on the rise
portion of the trajectory
E. halfway between the ground and the highest point on the fall
portion of the trajectory
(1.f) The net force on a moving object suddenly becomes zero and
remains zero. The object will
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

stop abruptly.
reduce speed gradually.
continue at constant velocity.
increase speed gradually.
reduce speed abruptly.

(1.g) If a sport utility vehicle (SUV) drives up a slope of 45, what


must be the minimum coefficient of static friction between the SUVs
tires and the road?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

1.0
0.5
0.7
0.9
0.05

(1.h) Elevators decelerate to stop at a floor. During the deceleration


of an elevator traveling upward, the normal force on the feet of a
passenger is ______ her weight. During the deceleration of an
elevator traveling downward, the normal force on the feet of a
passenger is ______ his weight.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

larger than; smaller than


larger than; larger than
smaller than; smaller than
smaller than; larger than
equal to; equal to

(1.i) A 10-kg crate is placed on a horizontal conveyor belt moving


with a constant speed. The crate does not slip. If the coefficients of
friction between the crate and the belt are s=0.50 and k=0.30, what
is the frictional force exerted on the crate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

98 N
49 N
29 N
9.8 N
0

(1.j) You swing a ball in a vertical circle at the end of string, which is
always tight. At the top of the circle, the centripetal force on the ball is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

larger than its weight.


smaller than its weight.
equal to its weight.
twice its weight.
one-half its weight.

PROBLEM 2 [8 points]
The wings of an airplane flying in a horizontal circle at a speed of 680
km/h are tilted 60 to the horizontal. What is the radius of the
circle? Assume that the required force is provided entirely by the
wings lift, a force perpendicular to the surface of the wings.

PROBLEM 3 [12 points]


An object starts at the origin and travels with constant acceleration
from initial time ti=0 to final time tf=10 s. The vectors in the figure
below represent the final and initial velocities. Using three significant
figures in your answers find, as a function of time t, the objects [3
points each]
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

acceleration,
velocity,
position, and
speed.

PROBLEM 4 [15 points]


An airplane flying upward at an angle of 30.0 relative to the
horizontal, and traveling with speed 35.3 m/s, releases a ball when it
is 255 m above the ground. Neglecting any effects due to air
resistance, calculate
(1)
(2)
(3)

the time of it takes the ball to hit the ground, [5 points]


the maximum height of the ball, [5 points] and
the horizontal distance the ball travels from the release point
to the ground. [5 points]

PROBLEM 5 [10 points]


In the game of tetherball, a 1.25-m rope connects a 0.75-kg ball to
the top of a vertical pole so that the ball can spin around the pole as
shown in the figure below. The ball completes 0.500 revolutions/s and
the angle of the ball is 35 with the vertical.
(1)
(2)
(3)

Draw a free-body diagram for the ball. [3 points]


Find the magnitude of the balls acceleration and indicate
clearly the direction of the acceleration vector. [3 points]
Find the tension in the rope. [4 points]

PROBLEM 6 [15 points]


A 1.00-kg object is connected with a string to a 2.00-kg object, which
is connected with a second string over a massless, frictionless pulley to
a 4.00-kg object (as shown in the figure below). The first two objects
are placed onto a frictionless inclined plane. Find the acceleration of
the masses and the tensions in both strings. [5 points each]

PROBLEM 7 [20 points]


Two blocks are connected over a massless, frictionless pulley, as
shown in the figure below. Block m1 has a mass of 1.00 kg and
block m2 has a mass of 0.400 kg. The angle of the incline is
30.0. The coefficients of static friction and kinetic friction between
block m1 and the incline are s =0.500 and k =0.400, respectively.
The blocks are released from rest.
(1)
(2)

Draw a free-body diagram for each block and determine


whether they remain at rest, or begin to accelerate. [5 points]
Determine the tension in the rope and, if the blocks
accelerate, determine also the magnitude of the acceleration
and indicate clearly the direction. [5 points]

Now answer the same questions in the case when block m2 has a mass
of 2.00 kg (with all other parameters in the problem staying the
same).