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FMM

Part A
1. Write the formula for mass & weight density specific volume ?
2. Write the formula for specific gravity, dynamic & kinematic viscosity?
3. Write the formula for tangential & angular velocity?
4. Write the two formulas for shear stress?
5. Draw velocity & shear stress distribution diagram?
6. Write formula for Bulk modulus & compressibility?
7. Write three different formula for capillarity?
8 .Write three different formula for gauge pressure of fluid?
9. Write the formula for absolute pressure?
10.Write the formula for shear force in simple disc & conical bearing?
11.Define flow measuring instruments?
12.List down various flow measuring instruments?
13.Define venturimeter & orifice meter?
14.Write the purpose of pitot tube?
15.Define the principle of conservation of mass?
16.Define the principle of conservation of energy?
17.Define the principle of conservation of momentum?
18.Write the formula for continuity equation?
19.Write the formula for energy equation?
20.Write the formula for momentum equation?
Part B
1.Two large inclined parallel planes are kept 8 mm apart and are filled with oil. The parallel planes
are inclined at 30 to the horizontal. A small thin square plate of 75 mm side slides freely down
parallel and midway between the inclined planes with a constant velocity of 2.5 m/s due to its own
weight of 1.5N. Determine the viscosity of oil?
2. The velocity distribution of water in a 10cm radius pipe is given by the expression u=20 (1 (r2 /
100)) cm/s , where r- radius of the pipe in cm. Calculate and draw the velocity and shear stress
distribution over a cross section. Calculate drag force for per km length of pipe. Take =0.02 for
water?
3. In a closed end single tube manometer the height of mercury above the mercury well shows 761
mm against atm pressure. The ID of the tube is 3.5 mm. The contact angle is 145. Determine the
actual height representing the atm pressure, if the surface tension is 0.50 N/m. The space above the
column may be considered as vacuum?
4. A U tube manometer is made of two capillaries of diameter 1.2 mm & 1.6 mm respectively. The
tube is kept vertically filled with water of surface tension 0.073N/m & Zero contact angle. Calculate
the difference in the levels of menisci caused by capillarity?

5. Water flows through a pipe AB of diameter 50 mm ,which is in series with the pipe BC of
diameter 75 mm in which the velocity 2 m/s. At C the pipe forks and one branch CD is of unknown
diameter such that the velocity is 1.5 m/s. The other branch CE is of diameter 25 mm and condition
are such that the discharge in the pipe BC divides so that the discharge in the pipe CD is equal to two
times of discharge in CE Calculate (i) the discharge in pipe AB & CD (ii) Velocity in pipe AB & CE
(iii) diameter of pipe CD
6. A venturi meter is to be fitted in a pipe of 0.35m diameter where the pressure head is 8.2m of
flowing liquid and the maximum flow is 0.3m3/s. Find the least diameter of the throat to ensure the
pressure head does not become negative .Take Cd = 0.96.
7. Water flows in a 400 mm diameter pipe. Two pitot tubes are installed in the pipe, One on the
centre line and the other is 100 mm from the centerline .If the velocities at the two points are 3.8m/s
& 2.4m/s respectively, calculate the reading on the differential mercury manometer connected to two
tubes?
8.Derive the Bernoullis equation from Eulers equation to prove the conservation of energy during
flow?
9.Derive the continuity equation or flow
10.Derive the Momentum equation for flow?

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