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Algorithm Design and Analysis


MC-401
L

UNIT I
Introduction: Concept of algorithmic efficiency, run time analysis of algorithms,
Asymptotic Notations. Growth of Functions, Master's Theorem,
UNIT II
Searching and Sorting:
Structure of divide-and-conquer algorithms; examples: binary
search, quick sort, Stassen Multiplication; merge sort, heap sort and Analysis of divide and
conquer run time recurrence relations.
UNIT III
Greedy Method: Overview of the greedy paradigm examples of exact optimization solution:
minimum cost spanning tree, approximate solutions: Knapsack problem, Kruskals algorithm
and Prims algorithm for finding Minimum cost Spanning Trees, Dijkstras and Bellman Fort
Algorithm for finding Single source shortest paths.
UNIT IV
Dynamic programming: Principle of dynamic programming. Applications: Floyd-Wars hall
algorithm for all pair shortest paths. Matrix multiplication, Traveling salesman Problem,
longest Common sequence,
Back tracking: Overview, 8-queen problem, and Knapsack problem. Traveling Salesman
problem
UNIT V
Branch and bound: LC searching Bounding, FIFO branch and bound, LC branch and bound
application: 0/1 Knapsack problem,

UNIT VI
Computational Complexity: Complexity measures, Polynomial Vs non-polynomial time
complexity; NP-hard and NP-complete classes, examples: Circuit Satisfiablity, Vertex cover,
Subset Sum problem, Randomized Algorithms, String Matching, NP-Hard and NPCompleteness, Approximation Algorithms, Sorting Network, Matrix Operations, Polynomials
and FFT, Number Theoretic Algorithms.

Text Books:
1. T .H . Cormen, C . E . Leiserson, R .L . Rivest, Introduction to Algorithms, PHI.
2. E. Horowitz, S. Sahni, and S. Rajsekaran, Fundamentals of Computer Algorithms,
Galgotia Publication
3. Sara Basse, A. V. Gelder, Computer Algorithms, Addison Wesley

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Reference Books:
1. Aho, Ullman Principles of Algorithms

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Elective-I
MC-402

Open Elective-I
MC-403

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Applied Graph Theory


MC-404

Unit I
Graphs, Subgraphs, Some basic properties of graphs and subgraphs, Isomorphism, Various
types of graphs and their subgraphs, trails, walks, paths, circuits and cycles, connected graphs,
disconnected graphs and components, various operations on graphs, Eulerian graphs,
Hamiltonian paths and cycles, Adjacency and incidence matrices of a graph, shortest path,
algorithms to find shortest path.

Unit II
Necessary conditions for Hamiltonian graphs, sufficient conditions for Hamiltonian graphs,
traveling salesman problem, characterization of Eulerian graphs, construction of Eulerian tour,
The Chinese postman problem.
Unit III
Characterization of trees, rooted and binary trees, spanning trees and their properties, spanning
trees in weighted graphs, minimum spanning tree, algorithms for minimum spanning tree.
Unit IV
Cut vertices, cut sets and their properties, the max-flow min-cut theorem, max-flow algorithm,
connectivity and edge connectivity, Mengers theorem (without proof), max-flow algorithm.
Unit V
Coloring, proper coloring, chromatic number, chromatic partitioning, a maximal independent
set, matching, maximum matching in bipartite graphs and in general graphs.

Reference:
1. G. Chatrand, and O.R. Ollermann, Applied and Algorithmic Graph theory, McGraw Hill, 1993.
2. Narsingh Deo, Graph theory with applications to engineering and computer

science, PHI, New Delhi.


3. Geir Agnarsson and R. Gveenlaw, Graph theory: Modeling, applications and
Algorithms, Pearson edu.,Inc. 2009
4. L.R. Foulds, Graph theory applications, Narosa Pub. House, 1992.
5. Corman, Leiserson and Rivest, Introduction to Algorithms, PHI, 1998.

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Applied Graph
Theory-Lab
MC-405

C
3

Representing Graphs and answering Basic queries , Implementing Prims and


Kruskals algorithms for MST , Shortest Paths: Disjkstras algorithm; FloydWarshall algorithm; Bellman-Ford Algorithms , Bipartite Matching , Matching for
General Graphs , Max-flow.

Algorithm Design &


Analysis-Lab
MC-406

Based on Paper MC 401

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