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Doc. No.

: SHP/EHS/035-E

Procedure for Respiratory


Protection Program

Job No. : HA-05/2010


Rev. A

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HEAVY AROMATICS PROJECT


(OFF-SHORE PORTION)
Contract KPPC/HA-05/2010

Procedure for Respiratory Protection Program

04/04/2010

REV.

DATE

DESCRIPTION

BY

CHECKED

APPROVED

Procedure for Respiratory


Protection Program

Doc. No. : SHP/EHS/035-E


Job No. : HA-05/2010
Rev. A

Heavy Aromatics Project


(Off-Shore Portion)
Contract KPPC/HA-05/2010

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Procedure for Respiratory


Protection Program

Doc. No. : SHP/EHS/035-E


Job No. : HA-05/2010
Rev. A

Revision Summary Sheet


Rev

Page

Description of Amendment

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Procedure for Respiratory


Protection Program

Doc. No. : SHP/EHS/035-E


Job No. : HA-05/2010
Rev. A

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.

Purpose

2.

Scope

3.

Reference

4.

Abbreviations and Definitions

5.

Responsibilities

6.

Requirements

7.

Attachments

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Procedure for Respiratory


Protection Program

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Job No. : HA-05/2010
Rev. A

1.

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Purpose
To protect employees against the harmful inhalation of air contaminants while working at
project site.

2.

Scope
To recommend respiratory protective equipment to protect from dust, fumes, gas, vapour or
mist evolving at the worksite. Objective is to make workers aware of the effects of the hazards
and realize the importance of wearing PPE and to train the workers to keep the PPE in usable
condition.

3.

Reference
HYUNDAI Safety Manual

4.

Abbreviations &Definitions
DoT

Directorate of Transportation

IDLH

Immediate Danger to Life and Health

NIOSH

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

PPM

Parts Per Million

Air-purifying respirator: (Half Face Mask) A respirator with an air-purifying filter,


cartridge, or canister that removes specific air contaminants by passing ambient air
through the air-purifying element.

Filtering face piece (dust mask): A negative pressure particulate respirator with a filter an
integral part of the face piece or with the entire face piece composed of the filtering
medium.

Particulate Matter: A suspension of fine solid or liquid particles in air, such as dust, fog,
fumes, mist, smoke, or spray.

Routine Respirator Use: Wearing a respirator as a normal procedure when carrying out a
regular and frequently repeated task.

Service Life: The period of time that a respirator provides adequate protection to the
wearer. For example, the period of time that an air-purifying device is effective for
removing a harmful substance from inspired air.

5.

Responsibilities

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Job No. : HA-05/2010
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5.1

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EHS Engineer or Designee

Identify hazards, select types of respirators based on the hazards and factors affecting
performance.

Assure that a selection of respirators and appropriate cartridges are available for use for
any respiratory hazards that may be encountered. Brands and models are listed.

Conduct training for all site employees concerning fitting, selection, application, and
limitations of respirators to be used.

Review the respirator program at least annually and assure that the requirements of this
procedure are being met.

Coordinate and perform fit testing for employees required to wear a respirator.
The Lead HSE Officer or designee will be designated Respirator Program Administrator.
He will receive training to effectively monitor the routine use of respirators and to know
when to ask for additional support. The Respirator Program Administrator will assist
management in implementing the following program.

Procedures will be developed for the selection and use of respirators that specify which
respirator to use under what conditions before commencing the work.

The employees who have to undergo for medical evaluation will be identified and sent for
medical examination

Employees will be trained initially, annually, and on an as-need basis in the proper use and
limitations of the respirators to be used for routine or emergency work. Training will include
the selection of a properly fitting face piece and the trial wearing of each type of respirator
to be used.

Fit testing of tight fitting respirators for each employee will be carried out.

Schedules for cleaning, disinfecting, storing, inspecting, repairing, discarding, and


otherwise maintaining respirators will be developed.

The Lead HSE Officer is responsible for maintaining all records i.e., training, fit testing,
medical and surveillance associated with the program. The effectiveness of the respirator
program will be reviewed at least annually. A copy of the written program and records of
training, surveillance, and annual review will be forwarded to the exposure records file,
Client Safety Office.

Each employee engaged in a work operation which utilizes silica


(sandblasting) will be required to meet physical examination requirements as stated.

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h) Each employee who is subject to wear a respirator device due to the nature of the work
assignment will be evaluated to determine medical ability to use respiratory equipment.

The Lead HSE Officer will evaluate the working environment, determine what respirators
the employees require, and make provisions for the types of respirators required.

A variety of respirators in a wide selection of sizes will be provided to ensure that every
employee who must use a respirator has one that fits properly.

Employees will be trained on the chemicals and extent of the hazards with which they will
be working.

5.2

Supervisor

Recognize work areas where respiratory protection may be required and provide
appropriate equipment to safely perform assigned tasks.

Coordinate with the EHS Engineer regarding questions that may arise concerning
respirators and their application.

5.3

Employee

Inspect personally assigned respirator before each use to assure that it is free of defects
that could affect its protective capabilities.

Place the respirator in a sealed bag at the end of each shift or return it to the tool room
when work requiring a respirator is complete.

The employee will report any malfunction of the respirator to the supervisor or to the
Safety Department.

The employee will report any change in physical condition, which could affect respirator fit
to the supervisor or to the safety department.

The employee will report any medical signs or symptoms related to the ability to use the
respirator to the supervisor or the safety department.

The employee will report to the supervisor or the safety department if the fit of the
respirator becomes unacceptable.

Employees are responsible for these respirators while in their possession. This means
properly storing the respirator while not in use in the work area.

6.

Requirements

6.1

Medical evaluation
This standard establishes the guidelines for evaluating a project employee's ability to use a
respirator while working. The employee must be medically evaluated before he or she may be
fitted or use a respirator. Medical evaluations will no longer be needed if the employee is no

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longer required to use a respirator for work.


1. Procedure
The medical evaluation will be performed by a physician or other licensed health care
professional.
2. Follow-up medical examination
The employee will receive a follow-up examination before being allowed to use respiratory
equipment if deemed necessary. The follow-up examination will include whatever tests
required determining the employee may participate in respirator use.
3. Medical determination
The Medical examination will determine the employee's medical ability to use a respirator
and provide the EHS Engineer and the employee with a completed Physician's
Recommendation Concerning Respirator Use. The recommendation contains the following
information:
ability or inability to use a respirator;
limitations on respirator use;
possible need for further evaluation or follow-up; and
Statement ensuring employee has been given a copy of the recommendation.
6.2

Training
Each respirator wearer will be given documented training, which will include explanations and
discussion of:

the respiratory hazard and results of improper fit, use, maintenance, or malfunction;

the engineering and administration controls being used and the need for respirators to
provide protection;

the reason for selecting a particular type of respirator;

the function, capabilities, and limitations of the selected respirator;

the operation;

the proper wearing of the respirator;

respirator inspection, cleaning, storing, and maintenance;

how to recognize medical signs and symptoms that may limit or prevent the effective use
of respirators;

The general requirements of the respiratory protection program; and Recognizing and

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handling emergency situations.


6.3

Respirator Fitting
Each respirator wearer will be provided with a respirator fitted in a qualitative or quantitative
manner. A fitting test will be used to determine the ability of each individual respirator wearer to
obtain a satisfactory fit with a negative-pressure respirator. The results of qualitative or
quantitative respirator fitting tests will be used to select specific types, makes, and models of
negative-pressure respirators.
Each respirator wearer will be provided with a fitted respirator and receive fitting instructions,
including demonstrations and practice in how the respirator should be worn. How to adjust it,
and how to determine if it fits properly. Refer to Respirator Fit Testing Record.
Each respirator wearer will be required to check the seal of the respirator by appropriate
means prior to entering a harmful atmosphere. Respirators will not be worn when conditions
prevent a good face seal. Conditions, such as growth of facial beards where hair comes
between the sealing periphery of the face piece and the respirator, will be removed before
fitting or wearing a respirator.
The wearer of a respirator equipped with a full face piece, helmet, hood, or suit will not be
allowed to wear contact lenses. If a spectacle, goggle, face shield, or welding helmet must be
worn with a face piece, it will be worn so as not to adversely affect the seal of the face piece to
the face.

6.4

Selection and Issuance of Respirator


The proper type of respirator for each respiratory hazard will be determined at the time the
respirator is issued. Only persons trained to ensure that proper fitting and proper types of
respirators are issued will be permitted to issue respirators to persons needing them.

6.5

Respirator Cleaning, Storage and Inspection


The respirator room attendant will be responsible for ensuring all respirators are cleaned,
stored, and inspected properly. Respirators that are used routinely will be inspected before
every use (by the wearer) and when the equipment is being cleaned (by the attendant).
Emergency use respirators will be inspected in compliance with the manufacturers' criteria at
least once per month. Emergency Respiratory Protection Monthly Inspection Report, will be
used for recording respirator inspections.
In addition, emergency equipment will be inspected for proper function before each use and
after use while being cleaned. If escape-only respiratory protection is kept on site, it will be
inspected before it is brought into the work area.

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6.6

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Monitoring respirator use

The EHS Engineer will monitor all respirator inspections and the use of respirators to
ensure that they are worn properly.

The Area Manager will monitor his or her areas to ensure that employees working under
his or her supervision are in compliance with the program.

Supervisors (General Foremen and Foremen) will assure that employees working under
their supervision are in compliance with the respiratory protection program and will notify
the EHS Engineer involving any doubts about the selection, use, and maintenance of
respirators. Supervisors are responsible for ensuring that employees are properly
instructed on how to wash, change cartridges or make adjustments to equipment if they
detect break through or resistance. In addition, supervisors will assure that respirators are
turned in daily for proper cleaning and disinfecting.

The individual responsible for issuing respiratory equipment will be adequately instructed
to ensure that the correct respirator having the proper fit is issued. All respirators assigned
to employees will be identified by the employee's social security number and size of the
respirator. It is the tool room attendant's responsibility to ensure that respirators are
inspected before and after each use or those they be returned to a designated location for
cleaning and storage.

6.6

Cartridge selection
Graphic posters which display cartridge selection for specific hazards will be displayed at or
near the location where respirators are stored.
A cartridge change schedule will be developed at each site using cartridge manufacturer's
data to ensure cartridges are changed before reaching end of service life. This applies to
cartridges without ESLI indicators. This will also be posted where respirators are stored.

6.7

IDLH atmospheres
Only certain types of respirators are allowable in IDLH atmospheres. They include the
following:

an SCBA, full face piece with minimum service life of 30 minutes;

a combination supplied air respirator with an auxiliary self-

contained supply; and

a respirator specifically certified by NIOSH for escape from an

Procedure for Respiratory


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IDLH atmosphere.

When employees must enter IDLH atmospheres, project management will be notified. A
specific IDLH entry plan will be created in which one or more rescue personnel will be located
outside the IDLH area and will maintain contact with the employees in the IDLH area. The
rescue personnel outside the area will be trained to provide effective emergency rescue and
will be equipped with retrieval equipment or other means for rescue as necessary.
6.8

Program evaluation
The EHS Engineer will evaluate the respiratory protection program as necessary to ensure it
has been implemented and is effective. The EHS Engineer or designee will regularly consult
employees to determine their views on what changes may need to be made to the program.
Factors which may be assessed include the following:

6.9

Respirator fit

Respirator selection for various hazards

Proper use of the respirators

Proper respirator maintenance

Breathing air quality


1.

Air supplied to air line respirators or self contained breathing apparatus shall meet the
requirements for Grade D breathing air as a minimum.
Oxygen: 19.5% min., 23.5% max.
Carbon Dioxide: 0.1% max.
Carbon Monoxide: 10 ppm max.
Condensed Hydrocarbons: 5 mg/m3 max.
Water: Concentration to be below the dew point when the air is
released into face piece.

2.

Breathing air cylinders must meet DOT requirements.

3.

Oxygen is not to be used as breathing air.

4.

An air compressor system may be used to supply breathable air provided the
compressor does not require oil to lubricate the piston rings and valves and the
compressor:
is located away from air contaminants;
a filter to remove oil mist;
charcoal to remove oil vapor;

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equipped with an in-line purification system that has been


Inspected and tagged to indicate date of change out;
respiratory hose fittings are incompatible for non-respirable gases
and containers.
an air tank with sufficient capacity to allow the respirator user to
escape to clean air upon compressor failure.
a compressor failure alarm capable of warning the respirator user
or his standby; and
a compressor air intake located away from air contaminants
such as engine exhaust, ventilation exhaust, process vents,
welding fumes, or paints spray.
5.
6.

Airline respirator couplings shall be incompatible with all other couplings.


When air is supplied from cylinders, the quantity of air available shall be monitored
frequently enough to ensure that the airline respirator user will leave the contaminated
atmosphere before the air supply runs out.

7.

Attachments
Attachment A

: Safety Training outline on Respiratory Protection Program

Attachment B

: PPE Matrix for Respiratory Protection Program

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Attachment A : Safety Training out line on Respiratory

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Protection Program

The following subjects shall be discussed while conducting the Safety Training on
Respiratory Protection Program.

Discuss the purpose of Safety Training on Respiratory Protection Program.

Discuss the various types of Respirators used.

Discuss the Roles and Responsibilities of EHS Engineer, Supervisor and employee in
Respiratory Protection Program.

Discuss the training given to the respirator wearer, respirator fitting instructions, selection &
issuance of respirator, respirator cleaning, storage & inspection and monitoring respirator
use etc.,

Discuss about selection and use of various cartridges.

Discuss the importance of monitoring breathing air quality.

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