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nvrc

Northern Virginia Regional Commission

Federal Procurement Spending


in Virginia and Northern Virginia
A Critical Component of Virginias Defense-Related Infrastructure

Prepared by
Northern Virginia Regional Commission
November 12, 2015

This study was conducted through a grant from the Commonwealth of Virginia for the Virginia
Federal Action Contingency (FACT) Fund, Contract #134-FACT-06, administered by the Virginia
Department of Planning and Budget
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Northern Virginia Regional Commission


Officers of the Commission
Hon. Penelope A. Penny Gross, Chairman
Hon. Lisa C. Merkel, Vice Chairman
Hon. Redella S. Del Pepper, Treasurer
Executive Director
G. Mark Gibb

MEMBER JURISDICTIONS
County of Arlington
Hon. Jay Fisette
Hon. Libby Garvey
County of Fairfax
Hon. Sharon Bulova
Hon. John C. Cook
Hon. Penelope A. Penny Gross
Hon. Pat Herrity
Hon. Catherine M. Hudgins
Hon. Jeffrey C. McKay
Hon. Linda Smyth
County of Loudoun
Hon. Janet Clarke
Hon. Scott K. York

County of Prince William


Hon. Peter Candland
Hon. Martin E. Nohe
Hon. Frank J. Principi

City of Manassas Park


Hon. Frank Jones
Town of Dumfries
Hon. Gerald M. Foreman II

City of Alexandria
Hon. Redella S. Del Pepper
Hon. Paul C. Smedberg

Town of Herndon
Hon. Lisa C. Merkel

City of Fairfax
Hon. Scott Silverthorne

Town of Leesburg
Hon. David S. Butler

City of Falls Church


Hon. David Tarter

Town of Purcellville
Hon. Kwasi Fraser

City of Manassas
Hon. Harry J. Parrish II

Town of Vienna
Hon. Laurie A. DiRocco

Authors of the Report


Kenneth F. Billingsley
Northern Virginia Regional Commission
Stephen S. Fuller, Ph.D
George Mason University
This report is available on the NVRC website: http://novaregion.org
The Northern Virginia Regional Commission (NVRC) is a regional council of fourteen member local governments in the
Northern Virginia suburbs of Washington DC. According to Virginias Regional Cooperation Act, NVRC is a political
subdivision (a government agency) within the Commonwealth. Main Office Telephone Number: 703 642-0700.

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Table of Contents
List of Tables

Executive Summary

ix

Introduction
Organization of the Report

1
2

Section I: Federal Procurement Spending in Virginia and Northern Virginia


How Much Federal Procurement Money Is Being Spent in Virginia?

How Does This Amount Compare With What Other States Are Receiving?

What Are The Procurement Trends?

16

Where Are Federal Procurement Dollars Being Spent In The State?


a. Regionally
b. Locally

20
29

What Federal Agencies Are Spending The Money?

40

Where Did The Reductions Occur During The Recent Economic Downturn?

49

Section II: Impact Of Changing Federal Procurement Patterns


Introduction

59

Federal Procurement Trends In Northern Virginia


And The Commonwealth Of Virginia And Their Economic Impacts

61

Structural Changes In The Northern Virginia And Commonwealth


Of Virginia Economies And Their Impacts On Future Economic Growth

66

Impact Of Continuing Federal Procurement Spending Reductions


On The Northern Virginia And Commonwealth Of Virginia Economies

71

Appendix

75

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List of Tables

Table 1

Federal Procurement Spending in the State of Virginia: FY 2010-2014


By Year and Type of Contract Award

Table 2

Recipient States

Table 3

Federal Procurement Spending - By State

8-9

Table 4

Where Virginia Ranks Nationally


on Selected Department of Defense Indicators

10

Table 5

Defense Spending in the United States, by State, for Fiscal Year 2013-14

11-14

Table 6

Federal Procurement Trends in the United States: 2000-2014

17-18

Table 7

Where the Procurement Money Goes - By Recipient Region

21-23

Table 8

Where Northern Virginia Would Rank Nationally


If it Were An Individual State

Table 9

Receiving the Most Procurement Money From FY 2010 through FY2014

Dollars Obligated By Primary Contracts Received

Based on a Comparative Analysis of Fifty American States

How Virginia Compares Nationally

Based on Primary Awards Obligated

Five Year Totals - By Type of Spending

Dollars Obligated By Primary Contracts Received

Where the Procurement Money Goes - By Recipient Region


By Individual Years

25

26-28

Localities Having Highest Annual Per Capita Rates of Federal


Table 10 Procurement Spending

29

Ten Receipient Counties and Cities


Table 11 Top
Dollars Obligated By Primary Contracts Received

30

Based on Average for Five Year Period from FY2010 through FY2010

Where the Procurement Money Goes:


Table 12 By Recipient Counties and Cities in Virginia
Based on Five Years of Procurement Spending

31-33

Table 13

Listing of Top 20 Receipient Localities


By Individual Year

35-37

Procurement Spending in the Northern Virginia Portion of the Washington


Table 14 D.C. MSA

38-39

Table 15 Summary List of Major Federal Funding Agencies

41-42

Where the Money Is Coming From


Table 16 A Detailed Breakdown, By Federal Funding Agency, of Procurement Contracts Obligated

43-48

Anatomy of the Economic Downturn in Virginia From 2011 to 2013


Table 17 Where the Spending Cuts Occurred - By U.S. Agency Funding Source in Virginia,

50-57

Amounts By Year and Type of Procurement Spending

in Virginia, Northern Virginia and the Hampton Roads Area Over the Past Five Years

Northern Virginia and the Hampton Roads Area

Payroll and Procurement Spending in the National Capital Region


Table 18 Federal
By Sub-State Area, 1983-2001

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Federal Payroll and Federal Procurement Spending in the National Capital


Table 19 Region

62

By Sub-State Area, 1983-2001

Table 20

Comparative Economic Growth Performance:


U.S., Virginia and Northern Virginia, 2006-2014

63

Table 21

Federal Procurement Spending:


Northern Virginia and the Commonwealth of Virginia, 2010-2014

64

Table 22 Average Wages in the U.S. Virginia, and Northern Virginia: 2007-2014

66

Table 23 Structural Change in the Virginia Economy: 2011-2014-2020

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Table 24 Structural Change in the Northern Virginia Economy: 2011-2014-2020

68

Table 25

Comparative Economic Growth Performance:


United States, Virginia and Northern Virginia, 2014-2020

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69

Table 26

Economic Impacts of the Baseline Forecast: 2014-2020 Northern Virginia


and the Commonwealth of Virginia

71

The Impact of a One-Third Reduction in DoD Procurement Spending


Table 27 Between 2014 and 2020 on Projected Job Growth in Virginia and
Northern Virginia

73

Summary of Economic Impacts of Changing Federal Procurement


Table 28 Spending in Northern Virginia and the Commonwealth of Virginia,
2014-2020

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APPENDIX
Table
A-1

Table
A-2

Major Military Bases and Installations in Virginia

77-83

TABLES - From Chumura Economic Impact Assessment Model


Economic Impact of DoD Spending in Virginia 2013

87-88

Employment and Average Wages Tied to DoD Procurement Spending

Table
A-3

Economic Impact of DoD Spending in Virginia 2013 - By Industry Sector

Table
A-4

Economic Impact of DoD Spending in Virginia 2013 - By Industry Sector

91-94

Table
A-5

Economic Impact of DoD Spending in Virginia: 2013


By Detailed Industrial Sector

95-104

Table
A-6

Potential impact of Sequestration on Virginia Economy

Table
A-7

Employment and Average Wages Tied to DoD Procurement Spending in Virginia,


Northern Virginia and the Virginia Beach-Norfolk Metropolitan Areas

Employment and Average Wages Tied to DoD Procurement Spending

If DoD Procurement Spending in the Commonwealth Decreases by a Third from 2013 to


2018

Potential impact of Sequestration on the Economies


of Northern Virginia and Virginia

If DoD Procurement Spending in the Commonwealth Decreases by a Third (equivalent to


a 13.5 billion dollar decrease) from 2013 to 2018

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89-90

105-108

109-113

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Introduction
This is a study of federal procurement spending in Virginia and Northern Virginia from 2010
through 2014. It was conducted to better understand, and to make better known to state and local
officials, the potential impacts of changing federal procurement patterns on the Commonwealth
of Virginia and Northern Virginias economies.
To learn more about the critical role that federal procurement spending has played and will
continue to play in the economies of Northern Virginia and the Commonwealth, this report is
divided into two sections. The first, prepared by the Northern Virginia Regional Commission
(NVRC), provides answers to a series of background questions on federal procurement spending
in Virginia. Based on an analysis of more than 1.17 million federal procurement transactions that
were recorded from October 1, 2010 through September 30, 2014 (FY 2010-2014), these questions address how much federal procurement is being spent in Virginia; where, geographically,
the obligated funds are being spent; and what federal agencies have been issuing the contracts,
providing a level of specificity and an insight into federal procurement spending in Virginia that
has hitherto been lacking. The second section, prepared by Stephen S. Fuller, Ph.D, George Mason University, analyzes the historical magnitude and significance of changing federal procurement patterns on the Northern Virginia and Commonwealth of Virginia economies and the likely
impact that recent trends could have during the remaining years of the decade.
Findings - Section I
Federal Procurement Spending in Virginia and Northern Virginia
How Much Federal Procurement Money Is Being Spent?
From 2010 to 2014, the United States government spent more than 295 billion dollars in Virginia
purchasing products and services from the private sector. Averaged annually, this comes to a little
more than 59 billion dollars a year. On a per capita basis, this equates to $7,214 annually for each
of the more than 8.2 million Virginia residents (Table 1).
The Department of Defense accounts for roughly seventy percent of the total federal outlay: 40
billion dollars annually, $4,995 per capita. Non-defense contract awards amounted to 19 billion
annually, $2,259 per capita.
How Does This Amount Compare With What Other States Are Receiving?
About 1 of every $8.50 spent nationally goes to Virginia. No state in the country receives more
federal procurement dollars than Virginia, which in 2010 surpassed California as the nationwide
leader in the amount of federal procurement monies it receives annually (Table 3).
In aggregate and for each of the past five years, Virginia ranked first in the nation in the amount
of federal procurement spending it has received since 2010.

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Among the top 10 recipient states, Virginia received ten percent more than California (ranked
second), fifty percent more than Texas (ranked third) and two to four and a half times more than
the other remaining top 10 recipient states.
Additional empirical evidence of the unique standing Virginia occupies nationally comes from
a recently-released report, prepared by the Office of Economic Adjustment (OEA) of the U.S.
Department of Defense that shows Virginia ranking first or second in the nation, among the fifty
states, on seven key metrics which can be used to evaluate each states potential exposures to
projected declines in defense spending. Listed below are Virginias comparative rankings.

USA Rank
- Dollar amount spent by DoD in state in 2013..........................................1
- Percentage of total U.S. defense spending in state...................................1
- DoD spending per resident.......................................................................2
- DoD spending as a share of states gross domestic product ....................1
- Number of defense personnel (military and civilian) in the state............2
- Payroll for defense personnel...................................................................1
- Dollar value of DoD contract awards obligated.......................................1

What Are The Procurement Trends?


Virginia mirrors the larger national trend, differing in year-to-year dynamics, but adhering to a
spending trajectory similar to the United States over the past fifteen years (Table 6).
First was a post-millennial spending binge following 9/11 when federal procurement spending
in Virginia grew from 21.2 billion in 2000 to 54.9 billion in 2008, a 32.7 billion dollar increase.
Each year, the base amount increased and, in six of eight years, the base grew by a double-digit
percentage increase, eventually reaching an historic peak in 2011, when the amount of procurement spending in Virginia topped 60 billion dollars.
Then it abruptly shot downward, dropping from 60.1 billion dollars in 2011 to 51.1 billion in
2013, a nine billion dollar, twenty-one percent decrease in two years time, before rebounding in
2014 with a two percent, one billion dollar increase.
Where Are Federal Procurement Dollars Being Spent In The State?
a. Regionally
Of the 295 billion dollars spent by the U.S. Government in Virginia from 2010-2014, 286
billion, ninety-two percent of the total went to two regional markets: Northern Virginia and
Hampton Roads. Northern Virginia received 219 billion, seventy-five cents of every procurement dollar while Hampton Roads received 53 billion, eighteen cents on the dollar. The
remaining 23 billion, 8 cents on the dollar, was disbursed among the nineteen other regions of
the Commonwealth (Table 7).
The same geographical concentration exists for Department of Defense procurement
spending, with ninety-three percent of the contract awards going to two regions. Northern
Virginia received 140 billion, sixty-nine cents of every DoD dollar; while Hampton Roads
received 47.6 billion, or twenty-four cents on the dollar.
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Non-defense procurement spending which is another federal funding stream in which Virginia ranks first in the nation and which, over the past five years, has been pumping about 18.5
billion dollars annually into the Virginia economy also reveals a heavily skewed geographical disbursement pattern, with Northern Virginia receiving eighty-six percent of the federal
spending total and Hampton Roads six percent.
If Northern Virginia Were A State, Where Would It Rank Nationally In The Amount Of Federal Procurement Spending It Receives?
Northern Virginia would rank second in the nation, behind only California in the amount
of federal procurement dollars it has received over the past five years. In three of the last
five years, it would have ranked second nationally and in two of the years it would have
ranked third, behind Texas (Table 8).
The other geographical portion of Virginia the 123 counties and 20 regions comprising
the remaining geographical area of Virginia collectively would have ranked seventh in
the nation, a positional status due primarily to comparatively higher levels of procurement
spending in support of the military presence in the Tidewater area.
b. Locally
About ninety percent (equal to 261 billion dollars) of federal procurement spending in Virginia occurs in ten jurisdictions, all of them counties and cities located in Northern Virginia and
the Hampton Roads areas. In rank order, based on obligated contract award amounts, they are
Fairfax County, Arlington County, the City of Newport News, the City of Norfolk, Loudoun
County, Prince William County, the City of Alexandria, Virginia Beach, and the Cities of
Portsmouth and Hampton (Tables 11,12).
Fairfax County, alone, accounts for a staggering 131 billion dollars of the 295 billion awarded
in Virginia from 2010 through 2014. This amount, forty-five percent of the statewide total, is a
sum greater than that received by all but four states during the last half decade: Virginia, California, Texas and Maryland. On average, Fairfax Countys allotment comes an annual infusion
of more than 26.2 billion, or $23,730 annually per county resident
What Federal Agencies Are Spending The Money?
The five largest private sector purchasers of goods and services are Department of Defense agencies., listed by amount below (Tables 15,16):

Amount
Percent of Total

Amount Procurement

(Billions) Spending
Department of the Navy
69.0
23.4
Department of the Army
68.3
23.2
Department of the Air Force
18.6
6.3
Defense Logistics Agency
13.5
4.6
Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA)
13.4
4.5
Military procurement spending is approximately three times greater in Northern Virginia than in
the Hampton Roads area. Of the 202.7 billion dollars in Department of Defense spending during
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the five-year time span, 140 billion, or sixty-nine percent of the statewide total was for contract
purchasing in Northern Virginia, compared to 47.6 billion, and twenty-four percent of the statewide total in the Hampton Roads area.
Where Did The Reductions Occur During The Recent Economic Downturn,?
Almost ninety percent of the 9.3 billion dollars decrease from 2011 to 2013 resulted from reductions in defense spending, which totaled 8.1 billion during the two-year period. Within the
Department of Defense, agencies recording the largest cutbacks were: the Army (4.9 billion),
the Navy (1 billion), the Defense Systems Information Agency (DISA) (1 billion), the Defense
Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) (696 million) and the Air Force (473 million).
Northern Virginia absorbed seventy-six percent of the statewide procurement reduction, while
Hampton Roads absorbed eleven percent (Table 17). .
Findings - Section II
Impacts of Changing Federal Procurement Patterns on the Northern Virginia and Commonwealth
of Virginia Economies
The economies of Northern Virginia and the Commonwealth of Virginia became increasingly dependent on federal spending over the past three decades. The historical significance of the federal
funding source is well documented, and is illustrated by changes in the Washington Metropolitan
economy.
Federal procurement spending in the Washington metropolitan area totaled $4.2 billion in 1980
($1.7 billion or 40.5% of these expenditures went to businesses located in Northern Virginia). By
2010, federal procurement spending in the Washington metropolitan area totaled $82.4 billion
($45.0 billion or 54.6% went to federal contractors located in Northern Virginia for work performed in Northern Virginia)
In 1980, Northern Virginia accounted for 31.6 percent of the Washington metropolitan area economy; by
1990, it accounted for 38.8 percent; by 2000, its share increased to 43.8 percent; and by 2010, Northern Virginia accounted for 46.0 percent of the Washington metropolitan area economy. This increased share of the
Washington metropolitan area economy, which was also growing significantly over this period (real GRP
increased 215.1%), provides a measure of the importance of this disproportional gain in federal procurement dollars that was captured by businesses located and doing their work in Northern Virginia (Table 18).

Rapid gains in federal procurement spending, and in particular procurement spending by the Department of Defense, drove economic growth in the State and in Northern Virginia as confirmed
by a 0.97 correlation (predictive value) between growth in Northern Virginias gross regional
product and increases in federal procurement spending between 1983 and 2001.
This rapid increase in federal procurement spending not only generated growth rates that exceeded national economic trends and cushioned the negative effects of the Great Recession, it
substantially altered its economic structure, shifting the job mix in Northern Virginia dispropor-

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tionally to professional and business services, and especially to scientific and technical services,
characterized by high-value added and high-growth potential occupations.
This growing dependence on annual increases in federal procurement spending to drive the
growth of Northern Virginias and the States economies created a vulnerability that has negatively impacted these economies performances since 2011, as this spending declined in response
to the Budget Control Act of 2011 (Table 20).
After two years of significant reductions in federal procurement spending in both Northern
Virginia and statewide, federal procurement spending stabilized in 2014 (slipping 1.15% in
Northern Virginia and increasing 1.95% at the state level). These economies accelerating
performances through the first half of 2015 suggest that while federal procurement spending is at least holding steady or possibly may have increased slightly, that the non-federally
dependent portions of these economies have become more influential with their current
performances benefiting from the slowly improving performance of the national economy.

Projections
Projections for Northern Virginias and the Commonwealths economic performance over
the remainder of this decade by IHS Economics, economic consultants to the Virginia Department of Taxation, reflect key assumptions that a new round of sequesters will not occur
and that federal spending will remain relatively steady at its current level (Table 25).
With federal procurement spending holding steady within the Northern Virginia and Commonwealth economies between 2014 and 2020, these economies are projected to recover
from their negative, no-growth or slow-growth performances in 2013 and 2014, with the
State at least regaining its historic growth path and with Northern Virginia exceeding U.S.
growth rates.

This baseline forecast builds from an economic structure that supports improving economic conditions but will not propel these economies back to their pre-2011 rankings relative
to peer states and regions. (These comparative impacts are summarized in Table 28).

However, even with this broadening of their economic bases and slowly diminishing dependencies on federal procurement spending, the Northern Virginia and Virginia economies
will remain vulnerable to further reductions in federal spending.
If the full ten-year spending reductions codified in the Budget Control Act of 2011 were
implemented over the remainder of this decade, the gains projected in the baseline forecast
would be substantially reduced, although both Northern Virginia and the Commonwealth
would still achieve economic growth during this period.
If these federal spending reductions were to continue, they could potentially reduce procurement spending by the Department of Defense by one-third from their level in 2014.
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For Northern Virginia, a one-third reduction in DoD procurement spending between 2014 and
2020 would reduce the projected baseline job growth of 149,420 jobs by 70,882 or by 47.4%.
Eighty-five percent of this job loss would consist of jobs within the professional and business
services sector, jobs with an average GRP value of $157,969 (in 2014$s). The cost to the economy of this reduction in DoD procurement spending, based on the GRP value of the jobs lost,
would total $12.3 billion over the 2014-2020 period.
The baseline economic growth forecast has gross regional product increasing by $57.8 billion for
an annual average gain of 3.8%. If DoD procurement spending in Northern Virginia declined by
additional one-third between 2014 and 2020, extending the losses experienced in 2012 and 2013
over the next six years, the Northern Virginia economy would only grow by $45.5 billion for an
average annual rate of 3.0%.

The statewide impacts of a one-third reduction in DoD procurement spending by 2020


would be similarly significant accounting for loss of 121,110 jobs and $16.6 billion in gross
state product value from the baseline forecast.

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INTRODUCTION
This is a study of federal procurement spending in Virginia and Northern Virginia from 2010
through 2014, a five-year economic cycle that was characterized by a series of destabilizing
national events:
- after-shocks from the worst recession since the great depression;
- a large infusion of federal stimulus dollars to jump start a sluggish national economy followed by belt-tightening re-adjustments when the monies ceased;
- mounting political pressures to reduce Department of Defense (DoD) force levels and
budgets in the aftermath of disengagement from Iraq and Afghanistan;
- an anticipated second round of BRAC coming on the heals of a major 2005 base realignment; and
- the looming threat of sequestration.
All of these events exposed the vulnerability of Virginia to potential reductions in federal government spending and military activity. They are part of a larger national context that, beginning in
2011 and continuing through 2013, sent shock waves through Virginias economy and its budgetary process, as federal procurement spending took a precipitous downward turn after more than a
decade of robust and sustained growth.
National events, the fear is, could continue to reverberate for years to come, constraining future
economic and revenue growth at all levels of government and across all regions of the Commonwealth.
While there are many unknowns in contemplating what the future may bring, what is not in
question is the economic vulnerability that Virginia could face. This exposure stems from the fact
that, in Virginia, can be found:
- one of the largest concentrations of military installations and agencies in the United
States;
- the largest amount of federal procurement spending, defense and non-defense, going to
any state,
- the largest assemblage of federal civilian and DoD workers in the United States, and
- one of largest, best-educated pool of private-sector contract workers providing goods and
services paid for by the U.S. Government
A recent study by the Joint Legislative Audit and Review Committee (JLARC)1 estimates that
twenty percent of the gross economic output (GDP) of the Commonwealth in 2012 came from
federal spending. Only Alaska, with a small population base of around 700,000, receives more
1 Joint Legislative Audit and Review Committee (JLARC), Report to the Governor and the General Assembly of Virginia, Size
and Impact of Federal Spending in Virginia, June 9, 2014.

federal dollars per capita. And the primary reason why Virginia ranks so high, on a per capita
basis, can be traced directly to the disproportionately large share of military and federal procurement dollars it receives annually, amounting to roughly 1 of every 8.5 dollars spent by the Federal Government in buying goods and services to meet its national objectives.
Federal procurement spending, defense and non-defense, is big business in Virginia, a primary
source of economic activity, performance and output in the state and, especially, in Northern
Virginia. It also plays a strategic role in supporting the nations defense mission.
In May 2015, the Governors Commission on Military Installations and Defense Activities
released a report, Growing the Military Mission in the Commonwealth of Virginia2 that was
undertaken to ...ensure Virginia continues to serve as a strong strategic partner to our military
services. The report summarizes the challenge that lies ahead as follows.
Understanding emerging requirements and national security trends, and
aligning them with the Commonwealths existing military installations,
industries, academic institutions, economic infrastructure and communities
in a critical and self-evaluative manner, is essential to ensuring Virginias
continued growth and enduring relevance to the Nations defense.3
This mandate requires an understanding of the role that procurement spending plays in supporting Virginias military partnership with the U.S. government. While the modern day version of
the nations military-industrial complex, with its vast utilization of private-sector contracting to
perform governmental operations, can be difficult to budgetary disentangle, there can be little
doubt that procurement spending is a critical component of Virginias current defense-related
infrastructure and that, any strategy to improve the Commonwealths competitive posture, must
take this reality into account.
According to an estimate from a DoD, Office of Economic Adjustment (OEA) study4, procurement spending accounted for 40 billion of the 58.8 billion spent by the Department of Defense
in Virginia in 2013 for all DoD-related activities: salaries and wages for military and civilian
personnel, contract awards, base operations, etc. Sixty-eight percent of the dollars spent by the
Department of Virginia in Virginia in 2013, based on OEA data, went to buying goods and services from the private sector.
The purpose of this study, accordingly, is to learn more about procurement spending in Virginia and Northern Virginia. It is designed to provide governmental officials, legislators, business
leaders and other interested parties with a greater understanding of what is, perhaps, the single,
most important stimulus that lies behind the dynamism and structure of the Commonwealth of
2 Virginia Commission on Military Installations and Defense Activities, Growing the Military Mission in the
Commonwealth of Virginia: Executive Summary and Public Report, May 1, 2015,
3 Ibid., Pg 2
4 Office of Economic Adjustment, U.S. Department of Defense, Defense Spending By State Fiscal Year 2013, 2015.

Virginias and Northern Virginias advanced economies: that is, the role that federal procurement
spending plays in fueling these economic engines.
Unlike in the Tidewater area, where supersonic jets are taking off and landing to thunderous roar,
where some of the mightiest battleships and nuclear submarines in the arsenal are docked, where
the military presence is everywhere visible to the human eye and is an acknowledged driver of
regional economic growth and output, in Northern Virginia this linkage may not be as readily
apparent. But it is in Northern Virginia where the presence of the federal government has, and
will continue to have, its greatest impact on the economy and budget of the state. This study will
highlight the nexus.
Another objective of the study is to highlight the singular role that Northern Virginia plays,
nationally and within the state of Virginia, in providing a place of work and a highly-skilled
workforce to perform the staggering volume, scope and cutting-edge work that the Department
of Defense and the rest of the federal bureaucracy requires. Northern Virginia is a marketplace
of exceptional quality, breath, diversity and size where DoD and other federal agencies regularly
go shopping when they are looking to buy goods and services from the private sector to advance
their objectives. The human capital Northern Virginia possesses is unparalleled..
Proximity to the nations capital has transformed Northern Virginia into one of Americas and
the worlds most dynamic, fastest growing, economically advanced, highly educated, prosperous
and culturally diverse regions on the planet. It also lies behind the evolving economic and demographic transformation of Virginia. Federal procurement spending, DoD in particular, has been a
primary factor driving this historic evolution.
ORGANIZATION OF THE REPORT
Unlike most community DoD impact assessments, which traditionally focus on base closures or
on the potential loss of a major military mission, this study follows the money. The NVRC study
builds upon JLARCs recently-completed federal spending impact assessment by addressing a
number of glaring gaps identified by JLARC in our knowledge of federal procurement spending
in the state. These deficiencies include: knowledge of the types and sources of federal spending;
trends; geographic locations where contract work is performed; the type, number and wages of
jobs tied to federal spending, and alternative scenarios for the future.
In order to address these issues, the NVRC report is divided into two main sections. First is section, prepared by the Northern Virginia Regional Commission, that looks at federal procurement
spending in Virginia and Northern Virginia through three major question, addressing:
(1) Larger National and State Context
How much federal procurement money, defense and non-defense, is being spent
in Virginia? How does Virginia compare with other states? What are the trends,
nationally and in the State of Virginia?

(2) Geographical Location of Federal Procurement Spending


Where is the money going in Virginia: to what regions, counties and cities of the
state? When the spending reductions occurred from 2100 to 2013, what regions and
localities experienced the reverberating economic shocks ?
(3) Detailed listing of Sources of Funding
Where is the money coming from? What federal agencies, how much, and how
did this change during the downturn?
The second section, prepared by Stephen S. Fuller, Ph.D, Dwight Schar Faculty Chair and University Professor, George Mason University, analyzes the impact of changing federal procurement patterns on the Northern Virginia and Commonwealth of Virginia economies. The objectives are:
(1) to document federal procurement spending trends in Northern Virginia and the Commonwealth of Virginia over the recent past and to establish their impacts on the performance and structure of their respective economiestheir gross regional and state
products and employment structures;
(2) to exam the changing structure of Northern Virginias and the States economies to
determine how changing federal procurement spending patterns and their shifting composition may have impacted these economies future performances; and
(3) to prepare Budget Control Act of 2011
(a) a worst case as governed by full compliance with the Budget Control Act of 2011
and;
b) a forecast reflecting no further reductions in federal procurement spending between 2014 and 2020; that is, that DoD and non-DoD procurement outlays retain
their 2014 shares (value and proportions across sectors) of their respective Northern
Virginia and State economies. This latter forecast will provide a baseline forecast for
these economies for future reference as initiatives are undertaken to further diversify
these economies away from their federal dependencies.

SECTION I.
A. LARGER NATIONAL CONTEXT
The State of Virginia occupies a unique position in the intergovernmental system in the amount
of procurement money it has been receiving annually from the U.S. Government. No state in
the union has received more than Virginia over the past decade and a half. Nor does any state
have a larger share of its gross domestic product tied to federal and military spending. To better
understand the nature of this critical economic relationship, and of the special role that Northern
Virginia plays in supporting Virginas military partnership with the U.S. Government, the first
section of the report examines various dimensions of the procurement process in Virginia and
Northern Virginia. The approach employed is a series of questions, followed by a brief description of salient findings and their associated data tables.
How Much Federal Procurement Money Is Being Spent In Virginia?
From 2010 to 2014, the United States government spent more than 295 billion dollars in Virginia
purchasing products and services from the private sector.
__________________________________________________________________________
Table 1
Federal Procurement Spending in the State of Virginia: FY 2010-2014
By Year and Type of Contract Award

Primary Contracts




2010

2011

2012

2013

2014


Total

Transactions

Sub-Award Contracts

Amount Transactions Amount

258,936 ........ 58,826,988,670


261,093 ........ 60,131,817,627
241,015 ........ 55,221,448,661
197,529 ........ 51,094,256,476
196,141 ........ 52,094,918,979

405 ......... 572,600,396


3,369 ...... 3,941,675,075
5,021 ...... 3,200,310,217
6,680 ...... 3,638,109,884
5,868 ...... 6,309,188,280

1,154,714 ...... 277,369,430,413

21,343 .... 17,661,883,852

All Contracts
Transactions Amount
259,341 ......
264,462 ......
246,036 ......
204,209 ......
202,009 ......

59,399,589,066
64,073,492,702
58,421,758,878
54,732,366,360
58,404,107,259

1,176,057 .... 295,031,314,265

Source: USAspending.gov, January 2015.

__________________________________________________________________________
This total is based on an analysis of more than 1.17 million federal procurement transactions that
were recorded from October 1, 2010 through September 30, 2014 (FY 2010-2014). The information, downloaded from the USAspending.gov website in January 2015, includes all primary and
sub-contract award funding where the place of performance for obligated funds was Virginia.
The amount of federal procurement money that Virginia has received over the past five years,
when averaged annually, comes to a little more than 59 billion dollars per year. On a per capita
5

basis, this is equivalent to $7,214 per person, per year for each of the more than 8.2 million Virginia residents.
The Department of Defense accounts for roughly seventy percent of the total federal outlay: 40
billion dollars annually or $4,995 per capita. Non-defense contract awards amounted to 19 billion
annually, or $2,259 per person.
How Does This Amount Compare With What Other States Are Receiving?
No state in the country receives more federal procurement dollars than Virginia, which in 2010
surpassed California as the nationwide leader in the amount of federal procurement monies it
receives annually (See Table 3) . About 1 of every $8.50 spent nationally goes to Virginia, stimulating economic growth and productivity in Northern Virginia, the Tidewater area and in other
regions of the state. 5
Tables 3 presents dollar amounts received, by year and by state, with an aggregated total for the
five-year period. Among the highlights are these statistical findings.
Virginia, California, Texas, and Maryland, in that order, round out the top four recipient states, a
ranking that has remained constant since 2010.
In total and for each individual year during the past half-decade, from FY 2010 through 2014,
Virginia has led the nation in federal procurement spending. Moreover, the dollar gap separating
Virginia from other states is considerable.
A listing of the top 10 recipients states, based on what was spent by the federal government in
their states from 2010 through 2014, reveals that Virginia received ten percent more than California, fifty percent more than Texas and two to four and a half times more than eight of the remaining states.
Not only is Virginias ranking on the national continuum impressive, so too is the gulf that exists
in the dollar amounts of procurement spending occurring in Virginia relative other states.

5 METHODOLOGICAL NOTE: The procurement dollar amounts presented for Virginia in this table differ from the numbers
obtained from the downloaded transaction data obtained from the USAspending.gov website, which are presented in Table 1. The
reason for the discrepancy between the two sets of numbers is that comparative state rankings presented in Table 2 are based solely
on primary contracts; while the information presented in Table 1 incorporate adjustments occurring through the sub-contracting
process. According to information downloaded from the USAspending.gov website for purposes of this study, Virginia received
277.4 billion dollars in primary contract awards and 17.6 billion through the sub-contracting process, for a combined total of
295.0 billion in federal purchasing from 2010 through 2014.
It is important to note that the Federal Procurement Data System - Next Generation (FPDS-NG), operated by the
General Services Administration and which is the source of procurement contract transactions downloaded from the
USAspending.gov website, is working to improve the collection and recording of sub-contracting funds. Presently, there
are acknowledged limitations in the methodologies employed for tracking sub-contracting activities.

_____________________________________________________________________
Table 2
Recipient States
Receiving the Most Procurement Money From FY 2010 through FY2014

State

Dollars

(in billions)

VA. Amount
Greater By*

Virginia
California
Texas
Maryland
District of Columbia
Pennsylvania
Florida
Massachusetts
Arizona
Connecticut

277.4
254.9 1.09
183.9 1.51
133.2 2.08
95.5
2.90
89.5 3.10
76.8
3.61
74.6
3.72
64.5 4.30
62.2 4.46

* Obtained by dividing Virginia total by other state totals

___________________________________________________________

Only the states of Virginia and California have ever crossed the 50 billion dollar annual procurement threshold. California did it three times from 2010 through 2014, dropping below the mark
after 2012, when federal reductions began; while Virginias share of procurement monies, which
first rose above the 50 billion dollar plateau in 2008 has yet to dip below it for seven years running.
By comparison, Texas, which ranks third in the nation in federal procurement spending, has
never topped 40 billion dollars in a given year; nor has Maryland, which ranks fourth, topped 30
billion. The magnitude of these state differences, in billions and billions of dollars spent annually
by the U.S. Government purchasing goods and services from the private sector economy, is what
sets Virginia apart from its counterparts. Its also what makes it more vulnerable when potential
U.S. budgetary reductions, military especially, are placed on the table.

Table 3
Federal Procurement Spending - By State
Dollars Obligated By Primary Contracts Received*

--- FY 2010 ---

--- FY 2012 ---

--- FY 2011 ---

Dollars

Dollars

Dollars

UNITED STATES.......... 477,685,172,222



Virginia........................... 58,826,461,101
California......................... 56,283,211,154
Texas................................ 38,581,201,832
Maryland.......................... 26,288,822,278
District of Columbia........ 21,324,828,690
Pennsylvania.................... 18,574,096,607
Florida.............................. 17,223,757,335
Massachusetts.................. 15,584,705,498
New York......................... 12,809,586,263
Arizona............................. 12,611,237,806

UNITED STATES......... 476,609,783,309

UNITED STATES........ 456,236,855,614

Virginia........................... 60,131,817,627
California......................... 53,035,786,036
Texas................................ 38,895,094,214
Maryland......................... 26,192,453,908
District of Columbia........ 19,842,934,300
Pennsylvania.................... 19,239,890,947
Massachusetts.................. 16,765,738,128
Florida............................. 16,423,836,830
Arizona............................ 14,378,395,392
Connecticut...................... 13,068,378,587

Virginia.......................... 55,204,679,163
California........................ 51,966,299,112
Texas............................... 38,205,689,208
Maryland........................ 27,320,271,803
Pennsylvania................... 18,850,814,225
District of Columbia....... 18,744,207,622
Florida............................ 15,463,334,844
Massachusetts................. 15,143,044,709
Missouri.......................... 15,126,281,977
Arizona........................... 14,221,153,559

Missouri........................... 12,567,023,365
Georgia............................. 12,028,389,891
Connecticut...................... 11,882,745,508
Illinois.............................. 10,689,141,663
Alabama........................... 10,005,934,003
Colorado............................. 9,954,275,738
New Jersey......................... 9,766,389,026
Washington........................ 9,617,743,170
Wisconsin........................... 9,523,960,723
Ohio................................... 8,260,071,314

Washington...................... 12,047,999,169
Alabama........................... 11,392,932,589
New York......................... 11,287,990,481
Missouri........................... 11,033,429,754
Georgia............................ 10,307,527,343
Colorado............................ 9,909,193,200
Illinois................................ 9,412,798,113
Tennessee........................... 9,256,141,231
New Jersey........................ 9,248,459,139
Ohio................................... 7,548,127,814

Washington..................... 13,227,166,794
Connecticut..................... 13,104,183,531
Colorado......................... 10,961,582,173
Illinois............................. 10,924,058,582
Alabama.......................... 10,746,240,079
New York........................ 10,446,387,395
Tennessee.......................... 8,611,515,910
Georgia............................. 7,895,608,576
Ohio.................................. 7,440,095,077
New Mexico..................... 7,202,335,783

Tennessee...........................
South Carolina...................
New Mexico.......................
Louisiana............................
Michigan............................
Kentucky............................
North Carolina...................
Indiana................................
Utah....................................
Oklahoma...........................

8,144,857,110
7,974,696,766
7,384,473,903
7,146,744,457
6,375,783,350
6,099,609,686
5,458,485,152
5,181,738,135
3,651,167,590
3,204,410,764

Mississippi......................... 7,343,932,830
New Mexico...................... 7,191,685,595
Kentucky........................... 6,860,115,824
Wisconsin.......................... 6,696,871,934
South Carolina................... 6,626,850,305
Michigan............................ 6,538,921,670
North Carolina................... 5,950,006,174
Maine................................. 5,170,687,993
Indiana............................... 4,962,077,674
Louisiana........................... 4,338,870,242

New Jersey....................... 6,839,433,489


Mississippi........................ 6,609,680,974
Kentucky.......................... 6,495,169,590
Michigan........................... 6,348,982,139
South Carolina.................. 6,297,721,521
North Carolina.................. 5,385,143,836
Louisiana.......................... 4,278,293,860
Indiana.............................. 3,732,948,178
Utah.................................. 3,390,094,779
Wisconsin......................... 3,246,582,493

Kansas................................
Hawaii................................
Minnesota...........................
Idaho..................................
Mississippi.........................
Alaska................................
Nevada...............................
Iowa....................................
Oregon................................
Maine.................................

2,917,504,518
2,703,681,535
2,595,200,622
2,579,653,246
2,555,160,528
2,450,346,610
2,346,769,380
2,201,609,564
1,925,494,493
1,728,244,522

Utah................................... 3,536,778,223
Oklahoma.......................... 3,205,965,475
Hawaii............................... 3,108,073,633
Idaho.................................. 3,022,359,892
Minnesota.......................... 2,597,503,776
Kansas............................... 2,577,982,365
Nevada............................... 2,498,960,398
Alaska................................ 2,262,138,638
Iowa................................... 1,728,153,281
New Hampshire................. 1,597,641,057

Oklahoma......................... 3,068,200,401
Nevada.............................. 2,892,822,707
Hawaii.............................. 2,820,928,674
Minnesota......................... 2,685,558,020
Alaska............................... 2,457,685,501
Idaho................................. 2,380,995,756
Kansas.............................. 2,109,769,572
New Hampshire................ 1,934,014,894
Maine................................ 1,733,871,112
Iowa.................................. 1,730,917,437

West Virginia...................... 1,671,834,284


Arkansas............................. 1,622,054,856
New Hampshire................. 1,350,467,538
Nebraska............................ 1,189,807,338
Rhode Island......................... 932,224,502
Vermont................................. 889,426,979
South Dakota......................... 860,865,387
Montana................................ 768,868,484
North Dakota......................... 653,713,491
Wyoming............................... 402,995,554
Delaware............................... 313,698,913

Oregon............................... 1,479,987,198
Arkansas............................ 1,312,825,732
West Virginia..................... 1,178,453,200
Nebraska............................ 1,095,357,588
Rhode Island......................... 904,675,674
South Dakota........................ 711,174,794
Delaware............................... 667,274,802
North Dakota........................ 653,165,429
Montana................................ 593,887,559
Vermont................................ 487,690,879
Wyoming.............................. 290,788,675

Oregon.............................. 1,556,590,206
West Virginia.................... 1,160,781,996
Arkansas........................... 1,133,702,869
Nebraska........................... 1,058,179,935
North Dakota....................... 867,668,875
Rhode Island........................ 713,540,259
South Dakota....................... 642,328,465
Montana............................... 574,464,569
Delaware.............................. 528,882,888
Vermont............................... 408,619,454
Wyoming............................. 348,331,041

NORTHERN VA.............. 40,445,584,262

NORTHERN VA..............39,458,184,404

NORTHERN VA.............37,398,931,669

* The dollar amounts shown in this table were downloaded from USAspending.gov, which does not make an adjustment, by State, for money coming into and leaving the state through the sub-award process. The figures are based on money obligated through primary contract awards only. The Virginia and Northern Virginia
amounts, therefore, differ from dollar figures presented in other tables of this report, which are based on a merging of the two separate federal reporting systems.

Table 3 continued
Federal Procurement Spending - By State
Dollars Obligated By Primary Contracts Received*


--- FY 2013 ---

--- FY 2014 ---

Five Year Total


FY 2010-2014

Dollars
Dollars
Dollars
UNITED STATES.................... 407,486,825,683
UNITED STATES.................. 404,649,034,230
UNITED STATES.............. 2,222,667,671,058

Virginia...........................
California.........................
Texas................................
Maryland..........................
District of Columbia........
Pennsylvania....................
Massachusetts..................
Florida..............................
Arizona.............................
Washington......................

51,093,797,311
47,660,841,799
39,021,295,635
25,682,858,679
16,792,402,691
16,181,931,712
14,576,538,764
14,086,194,343
12,391,154,996
11,736,503,641

Virginia........................... 52,094,374,230
California......................... 45,918,374,523
Texas................................ 29,230,065,120
Maryland......................... 27,709,339,185
District of Columbia........ 18,795,354,353
Pennsylvania.................... 16,662,027,552
Connecticut...................... 13,687,284,353
Florida............................. 13,556,868,464
Massachusetts.................. 12,579,892,360
Washington...................... 11,780,985,843

Virginia........................ 277,351,129,432
California...................... 254,864,512,624
Texas............................. 183,933,346,009
Maryland...................... 133,193,745,853
District of Columbia....... 95,499,727,656
Pennsylvania................... 89,508,761,044
Florida............................ 76,753,991,817
Massachusetts................. 74,649,919,460
Arizona........................... 64,500,121,667
Connecticut..................... 62,155,557,065

New York......................... 10,757,723,173


Connecticut...................... 10,412,965,086
Missouri............................. 9,877,688,805
Alabama............................. 9,671,975,641
Colorado............................. 8,043,275,174
Tennessee........................... 7,657,820,800
Georgia............................... 7,627,307,220
New Mexico....................... 6,695,152,087
Illinois................................ 6,500,712,871
Kentucky............................ 6,471,931,219

Arizona............................ 10,898,179,914
Alabama........................... 10,537,969,164
New York........................... 9,834,927,332
Colorado............................ 9,728,383,604
Missouri............................. 9,043,046,983
Georgia.............................. 8,769,949,620
Illinois................................ 7,522,567,187
New Mexico...................... 7,501,151,417
New Jersey........................ 6,857,858,456
Kentucky........................... 6,797,908,699

Washington..................... 58,410,398,616
Missouri.......................... 57,647,470,884
New York........................ 55,136,614,643
Alabama.......................... 52,355,051,476
Colorado......................... 48,596,709,889
Georgia........................... 46,628,782,649
Illinois............................. 45,049,278,416
Tennessee........................ 40,302,901,397
New Jersey..................... 39,153,775,158
New Mexico................... 35,974,798,786

New Jersey.........................
Ohio...................................
Mississippi.........................
South Carolina...................
North Carolina...................
Michigan............................
Louisiana............................
Wisconsin...........................
Indiana................................
Minnesota...........................

6,441,635,048
6,267,518,308
5,786,531,379
5,440,575,336
4,993,989,293
4,812,483,665
3,447,660,983
3,225,480,121
3,146,059,377
3,044,046,380

Tennessee........................... 6,632,566,346
Ohio................................... 6,288,638,336
South Carolina................... 5,600,211,180
Minnesota.......................... 5,129,066,922
North Carolina................... 4,872,718,008
Michigan............................ 4,712,008,891
Mississippi......................... 3,709,524,169
Indiana............................... 3,490,897,280
Louisiana........................... 3,412,683,074
Oklahoma.......................... 2,537,957,923

Ohio................................ 35,804,450,849
Kentucky........................ 32,724,735,018
South Carolina................ 31,940,055,108
Michigan......................... 28,788,179,714
North Carolina................ 26,660,342,463
Mississippi...................... 26,004,829,880
Wisconsin....................... 24,893,697,336
Louisiana........................ 22,624,252,616
Indiana............................ 20,513,720,644
Minnesota....................... 16,051,375,721

Nevada...............................
Idaho..................................
Utah....................................
Maine.................................
Oklahoma...........................
Hawaii................................
New Hampshire.................
Kansas................................
Alaska................................
Iowa....................................

2,882,976,807
2,595,473,708
2,236,601,349
2,081,594,795
2,039,764,188
1,897,605,156
1,787,940,968
1,720,156,778
1,636,388,748
1,600,840,010

Hawaii............................... 2,417,416,725
Idaho.................................. 2,343,508,643
Nevada............................... 2,289,324,374
Utah................................... 2,283,168,196
Wisconsin.......................... 2,200,802,066
Kansas............................... 1,945,404,879
Alaska................................ 1,922,611,275
Iowa................................... 1,740,230,701
Maine................................. 1,555,331,906
New Hampshire................. 1,502,664,028

Utah................................ 15,097,810,138
Oklahoma....................... 14,056,298,752
Hawaii............................ 12,947,705,723
Idaho............................... 12,921,991,246
Nevada............................ 12,910,853,666
Maine.............................. 12,269,730,327
Kansas............................ 11,270,818,113
Alaska............................. 10,729,170,773
Iowa.................................. 9,001,750,994
New Hampshire................ 8,172,728,484

West Virginia...................... 1,161,646,304


Oregon................................ 1,138,478,796
Nebraska............................... 967,596,525
Arkansas................................ 943,486,286
Rhode Island......................... 767,070,464
South Dakota......................... 564,941,875
North Dakota......................... 490,339,508
Montana................................ 444,124,244
Vermont................................. 394,801,183
Wyoming............................... 317,060,230
Delaware............................... 271,886,224

West Virginia..................... 1,360,712,038


Oregon............................... 1,219,412,949
Arkansas............................ 1,150,738,569
Nebraska............................ 1,125,160,614
Rhode Island......................... 929,576,110
South Dakota........................ 604,888,462
Montana................................ 545,623,323
North Dakota........................ 533,582,051
Delaware............................... 511,740,002
Vermont................................ 294,474,643
Wyoming.............................. 279,882,189

Oregon.............................. 7,319,963,642
West Virginia.................... 6,533,427,823
Arkansas........................... 6,162,808,312
Nebraska........................... 5,436,102,000
Rhode Island..................... 4,247,087,009
South Dakota.................... 3,384,198,982
North Dakota.................... 3,198,469,354
Montana............................ 2,926,968,177
Vermont............................ 2,475,013,138
Delaware........................... 2,293,482,828
Wyoming.......................... 1,639,057,688

NORTHERN VA............... 35,424,163,945

NORTHERN VA..............36,713,300,985

NORTHERN VA...........189,440,165,265

OFFICE OF ECONOMIC ADJUSTMENT STUDY


Further empirical evidence of the unique standing Virginia occupies nationally comes from a
recently-released report, prepared by the Office of Economic Adjustment (OEA) of the U.S.
Department of Defense. The report, Defense Spending by State, Fiscal Year 2013 ... highlights
factors, such as the reliance of regions on military bases or private contractors, which can be
used to evaluate each states potential exposures to projected declines in defense spending.
If states having the greatest military dependency can be assumed to face the most economic vulnerability, Virginia stands first in line, based on OEAs comparative state profiles.
___________________________________________________________
Table 4
Where Virginia Ranks Nationally on Selected Department of Defense Indicators
Based on a Comparative Analysis of American States
USA
Rank

- Dollar amount spent by DoD in state in 2013........................................ 1


- Percentage of total U.S. defense spending............................................. 1
- DoD spending per resident..................................................................... 2
- DoD spending as a share of states gross domestic product .................. 1
- Number of defense personnel (military and civilian) in the state........... 2
- Payroll for defense personnel................................................................. 1
- Dollar value of DoD contract awards obligated..................................... 1
Source: Office of Economic Adjustment, U.S. Department of Defense,
Defense Spending By State Fiscal Year 2013, published in 2015.

___________________________________________________________
No state in the United States has a larger share of its gross domestic product connected to Department of Defense activities than Virginia. Table 5 displays the rankings and statistical metrics,
by state, for each of the respective defense indicators identified in the OEA report.

10

Table 5
Defense Spending in the United States, by State, for Fiscal Year 2013
How Virginia Compares Nationally

Defe
spen nse
by st Ding
ate

How individual states rank among the fifty states


can be used to evaluate each states exposure to
projected declines in defense spending.

fisc
al y
ear
2013

Defense Spending By State: Fiscal Year 2013


Office of Economic Adjustment
Department of Defense

U.S. D
epar
tmen
Office
t of D
of Ec
efen
onom
se
ic Ad
justm
ent
Office

COMPARATIVE STATE RANKINGS: FY 2013


Dollar Amount Spent
By DoD in State

% of Total U.S.
Defense Spending

Billions

UNITED STATES

460.6

DoD Spending
Per Resident
Percent

UNITED STATES

of Eco

nom

ic Adj

ustme

nt

Defens

e Spe

nding

by Sta

te, FY2

013

Share of Gross
Domestic Product

Dollars

Percent

UNITED STATES

1,457

UNITED STATES

2.8

VIRGINIA

58.8

VIRGINIA

12.8

Wash. D.C.

9,685

VIRGINIA

13.1

California

54.8

California

11.9

VIRGINIA

7,115

Hawaii

10.9

Texas

46.0

Texas

10.0

Hawaii

5,795

Alaska

6.5

Maryland

21.6

Maryland

4.7

Alaska

5,237

Maryland

6.3

Florida

19.0

Florida

4.1

Connecticut

4,179

Connecticut

6.1

Connecticut

15.0

Connecticut

3.3

Maryland

3,638

Alabama

5.9

Georgia

13.9

Arizona

3.0

Alabama

2,335

Wash. D.C.

5.6

Arizona

13.7

Georgia

3.0

Arizona

2,071

Mississippi

5.4

Pennsylvania

13.1

Pennsylvania

2.8

Maine

2,056

Arizona

5.0

10

Washington

13.1

Washington

2.8

Missouri

2,006

Maine

5.0

11

Massachusetts

12.9

Massachusetts

2.8

Massachusetts

1,925

Kentucky

4.5

12

Missouri

12.1

Missouri

2.6

Mississippi

1,894

Missouri

4.4

13

Alabama

11.3

Alabama

2.5

Washington

1,874

South Carolina

3.9

14

North Carolina

11.2

North Carolina

2.4

Kentucky

1,859

New Mexico

3.7

15

New York

11.1

New York

2.4

Colorado

1,815

Colorado

3.3

16

Colorado

9.6

Colorado

2.1

Texas

1,739

Washington

3.2

17

Ohio

8.7

Ohio

1.9

New Mexico

1,634

Georgia

3.1

18

Kentucky

8.2

Kentucky

1.8

South Carolina

1,466

Texas

3.0

19

Hawaii

8.1

Hawaii

1.8

California

1,429

Massachusetts

2.9

20

New Jersey

7.6

New Jersey

1.7

Georgia

1,388

Utah

2.8

21

Illinois

7.3

Illinois

1.6

Utah

1,343

Kansas

2.6

22

South Carolina

7.0

South Carolina

1.5

New Hampshire

1,310

New Hampshire

2.6

23

Wisconsin

6.5

Wisconsin

1.4

Kansas

1,283

California

2.5

24

Wash. D.C.

6.3

Wash. D.C.

1.4

Rhode Island

1,260

Oklahoma

2.5

25

Indiana

5.8

Indiana

1.3

North Dakota

1,190

Rhode Island

2.5

11

Table 5 continued
Defense Spending in the United States, by State, for Fiscal Year 2013
How Virginia Compares Nationally

virg
iNiA
1
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te

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a Cen

ter, U.S.

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nom

ic Ana

lysis,

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e:
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$5.7 ws Cit y
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$3.0 ch Cit y
B
Prince
William
$3.0 County
B
Alexan
dria
$1.6 Cit y
Loudou B
n Cou
nty
$1.4
B
Por tsm
out
$1.2 h Cit y
B
Chesa
pea
$795.4ke Cit y
M

s.

Sources

Office

COMPARATIVE STATE RANKINGS: FY 2013

: Def

of Eco

ense

nom

Man

pow

ic Adj

er Dat

ustme

a Cen

nt

ter, U.S.

Defens

(M=milli

Fairfa

x Cou

Loudou
County n
Prince
Wil
Countyliam

Newp

ort Ne

Por tsm
Chesa

ws Cit

outh

of Eco

nding

nom

by Sta

lysis,

te, FY2

U.S. Cen

sus Bur

eau,

013

per

resiDe

nt

dE

peake

Alexan
Cit y

and Chm

Por tsm

Prince
Newp

Norfo
lk
Cit y

rsonn

lk Cit

x Cou

outh

nty

Cit y

illion

343

el Lo

cation

41,380
30,818

19,289

Virginia

dria

Cit y

Norfo

B=billion
s)

Arling
ton
County

Cit y

Top Pe

Fairfa

Bea
Cit y ch

ic Ana

ons

nty

Virginia
Bureau

$7,11
5

Reserv
Nation e/
al Gu
ard: 12%

(M=milli

e Spe

ing

ons

Booz
FENSE
B=billion
Allen
pErS
s)
Ham
Hewle
ONNE
ilton
tt-Pack
L
Holdin
$3.9
CACI
ard
B
g Cor
Inte
poratio
total
$2.5
Lockhe rnational
B
n
payro
ed Ma
ll
$2.0
Atlant
rtin
B
ic Div
$1.7
ing Sup
Gener
B
total
ply
al Dy
$1.4
nam
per
MITRE
B
ics
sonn
$999.3
el
M
ManTe
$978.3
ch Inte
Alloc
M
rnation
ation
$714.3
Value
al
, By Typ
M
of Co
$669.7
e
ntrac
M
t Aw
ards
$643.0
Perfo
M
Civilia
rmed
n: 37%
$45.1
Active
(Billio
dut y:
ns)
$43.6 $44
$40.3
51%
.9
$44.3
$35.2
$41.5

07

Other

of tot
Defensal U.s.
e spe
nD

tor

12

arines:

12.8%
ntrac

254,

Army:
Nav y/M

Top Co

s
Huntin
gton
Ingalls
SAIC

13

rvice

13.1%
state of
gDp

n: 2%

$17.3
B

Supplie
Equipm s &
ent:
27%

Air For
ce:

Newp

Defense Spending By State: Fiscal Year 2013


Office of Economic Adjustment
Department of Defense

Constru
ctio

09

How individual states rank among the fifty states


can be used to evaluate each states exposure to
projected declines in defense spending.

By Se

10%

10

Ser vic
e: 61%

rACT
S

11

08

CONT

By Typ

Resear
Devel ch &
opm
ent:

Beach
Cit y
16,569
William
County
16,001

ort Ne

ws Cit
13,376 y

Arling
ton Cou
nty
8,479
Ham
pton
Cit y
6,789
Prince
Georg
e Cou
5,981
nty

York
ura Eco

nom

ics &

Analytic

County
4,732

s.

55

Defense Personnel

(military and civilian)

Payroll for Defense Personnel


(military and civilian)

Number

Value of DoD Contract


Awards Obligated

Billions

142.4

Billions

UNITED STATES

285,594

UNITED STATES

UNITED STATES

California

285,594

VIRGINIA

17.3

VIRGINIA

41.5

VIRGINIA

254,343

California

15.4

California

39.4

Texas

227,574

Texas

11.0

Texas

35.0

North Carolina

152,042

Maryland

7.6

Connecticut

14.2

Georgia

135,757

North Carolina

7.6

Maryland

13.9

Florida

132,656

Florida

6.9

Florida

12.1

Washington

112,560

Georgia

6.7

Massachusetts

11.7

Maryland

95,578

Washington

6.3

Arizona

11.6

Hawaii

77,257

Hawaii

5.6

Missouri

10.4

10

Tennessee

72,196

Colorado

3.3

Pennsylvania

10.4

11

South Carolina

67,581

Alabama

3.2

New York

8.2

12

New York

66,838

Kentucky

3.0

Alabama

8.1

13

Kentucky

64,628

Ohio

2.9

Georgia

7.2

14

Colorado

62,749

New York

2.8

Washington

6.8

15

Ohio

60,999

Oklahoma

2.8

Colorado

6.2

16

Illinois

60,718

South Carolina

2.8

Wisconsin

5.9

17

Oklahoma

58,892

Pennsylvania

2.7

Ohio

5.8

18

Pennsylvania

58,736

Alaska

2.1

New Jersey

5.7

19

Alabama

55,574

Arizona

2.1

Illinois

5.2

20

Missouri

48,084

Illinois

2.1

Kentucky

5.1

21

Louisiana

45,663

Kansas

2.1

Wash. D.C.

4.8

22

Arizona

44,969

Louisiana

2.0

Indiana

4.6

23

Kansas

43,809

New Jersey

1.9

South Carolina

4.2

24

Mississippi

38,695

Missouri

1.7

Mississippi

4.1

25

New Jersey

35,847

Mississippi

1.6

North Carolina

3.6

12

Table 5
Defense Spending in the United States, by State, for Fiscal Year 2014
How Virginia Compares Nationally

DEFE
SPEN NSE
BY ST DING
ATE

How individual states rank among the fifty states


can be used to evaluate each states exposure to
projected declines in defense spending.

FISC
AL Y
EAR
2014

Defense Spending By State: Fiscal Year 2013


Office of Economic Adjustment
Department of Defense
U.S. D
epar
tmen
Office
t of D
of Ec
efen
onom
se
ic Ad
justm
ent

COMPARATIVE STATE RANKINGS: FY 2014


Dollar Amount Spent
by DoD in State

% of Total U.S.
Defense Spending

Billions

UNITED STATES

418.4

DoD Spending
Per Resident
Percent

UNITED STATES

Share of Gross
Domestic Product

Dollars

Percent

UNITED STATES

1,312

UNITED STATES

2.4

Virginia

54.7

Virginia

13.1

District of Columbia

9,924

Virginia

11.8

California

52.5

California

12.5

Virginia

6,567

Hawaii

9.9

Texas

39.6

Texas

9.5

Hawaii

5,352

Alabama

5.9

Maryland

19.6

Maryland

4.7

Alaska

4,576

District of Columbia

5.8

Florida

17.9

Florida

4.3

Maryland

3,287

Alaska

5.7

Pennsylvania

14.2

Pennsylvania

3.4

Connecticut

2,758

Maryland

5.7

Washington

12.7

Washington

3.0

Alabama

2,363

Mississippi

5.1

Georgia

12.2

Georgia

2.9

Kentucky

2,048

Kentucky

4.9

Massachusetts

12.1

Massachusetts

2.9

Rhode Island

1,948

Maine

4.4

10

Alabama

11.5

Alabama

2.7

Maine

1,855

Arizona

4.0

11.2

Arizona

2.7

Mississippi

1,833

Connecticut

3.9

Missouri

2.6

Missouri

1,809

Missouri

3.9

Connecticut

2.4

Massachusetts

1,793

Rhode Island

3.8

11

Arizona

12

Missouri

13

North Carolina

14

Connecticut

9.9

North Carolina

2.4

Washington

1,793

New Mexico

3.5

15

New York

9.6

New York

2.3

Colorado

1,717

South Carolina

3.3

16

Colorado

9.2

Colorado

2.2

Arizona

1,659

Washington

3.1

17

Kentucky

Kentucky

2.2

New Mexico

1,555

Colorado

3.0

18

Hawaii

7.6

Hawaii

1.8

Texas

1,468

Massachusetts

2.7

19

Ohio

7.2

Ohio

1.7

California

1,353

Georgia

2.6

20

New Jersey

6.6

District of Columbia

1.6

South Carolina

1,262

Texas

2.5

21

District of Columbia

6.5

New Jersey

1.6

Georgia

1,208

Kansas

2.4

22

South Carolina

6.1

South Carolina

1.5

Kansas

1,190

California

2.3

23

Illinois

5.6

Illinois

1.3

Utah

1,122

Oklahoma

2.3

24

Mississippi

5.5

Mississippi

1.3

Pennsylvania

1,112

Utah

2.3

25

Indiana

4.4

Indiana

1.1

Oklahoma

1,105

Florida

2.2

11
10.1

13

Table 5 continued
Defense Spending in the United States, by State, for Fiscal Year 2014
VIRG
INIA
1
#

$54.7
SPENT BILLION
IN STA
TE

CONT

By Typ

Resear
Devel ch &
opm
ent:

By Se

39%

La k

26%

64

65

40

24

565

59

20

COMPARATIVE STATE RANKINGS: FY 2014

85

185

Newp

680

79

77

279

476

Loudou

n Cou

Prince

87

88

$38.0

(M=milli

81

99

76
Fai
rfa

78

x Cou

nty

76

176

83

nty

270

276

295

295

270

Wil
Countyliam

ons 80
B=billion
287
s)

Arling

195

ton Cou

Alexan

dria

87

195

Cit y

91

93

95

Mass

acive
Act
hu
dut y: setts
51%

691

84

Top Pe
695

Norfo
Fairfa

nty

Por tsm

rsonn

lk Cit

x Cou

outh

Virginia

395

el Lo

nty

Cit y

295

cation

495

77

40,296
29,826

ce of

Econom

s.

ic Adj

ustme

nt

26

Defens

e Spe

nding

by Sta

te, FY2

014

Value of DoD Contract


Awards Obligated

Billions

UNITED STATES

135.8

illion

787

86

470

64

242,
936

86

180

79

$6,56
7

ING

17,772
Beach
Cit y
581
77
Newp
Prince
17,634
ort Ne
William
ws Cit
Ham
County
Por tsm
pton
y
74
outh
Cit y
15,349
Newp
Cit y
ort Ne
Norfo
ws Cit
lk Cit
40
y
64
y
12,497
rces:
Arling
Defens
ton Cou
e Man
540
pow
nty
er Dat585
Virginia
8,238
a Cen
55
Ham
ter, U.S. 485
Bea
pton
985
Bureau
385
795
Cit y ch
Cit y
of Eco
5,885
nom
285
ic Ana 295
Prince
lysis,
77
U.S. Cen
Georg
sus Bur
5,053 e County
eau,
95
and Chm
York
ura Eco
Cou
20
nom
nty
ics &
140
4,619
Analytic
Offi
475

16

(military and civilian)

76

07

71

x Cou
$19.1 nty
B
ort Ne
70
74
$6.2 ws Cit
y
B
Arl
275 ington
County
$4.7
471
B
Norfo
lk Cit
75
y
$4.2
265
B
Prince
William
$2.6 County
B
Virginia
Bea
$2.5 ch Cit y
B
Por tsm
out
$2.4 h Cit y
B
Alexan
dria
Cit y
75 $1.3 B
81
381
Loudou
81
n
$928.7County
140
M
Ham
pto
$647.4n Cit y 240
M
Sou

465

Payroll for Defense Personnel

86

$33.4

271

75
Fai
rfa

164

e E ri
e

271

90

OF TOT
DEFENSAL U.S.
E SPE
ND

tor

13

696

9%

275
defens
e:

475

Year
2014

10

Fiscal

69

74

65

2,690,829

13.1%

ntrac

12

94

Other

69

08

Air For
ce:

94

80

09

94

65

26%

arines:

69

469

20

UNITED STATES

Top Co

s
Huntin
PER
RESIDE
gton
NT
Ing
Hewle
(M=milli
tt-Pack alls
DEFEN
ons
Booz
ard
B=billion
SE PE
Allen
s)
RSON
Ham
SAIC
ilton
NE L
Holdin
$3.5
CACI
B
g Cor
porat
$1.8
ion
Lockhe
B
TOTAL
ed Ma
PAYRO
$1.6
Exxon
rtin
B
LL
Mobil
$1.6
Atlant
B
ic Div
$1.1 B
ing Sup
TOTAL
BAE
System
PERSO
ply
$937.2
s
NNEL
M
North
$925.7
rup Gru
M
mman
$882.9
Value
M
of Co
$743.1
ntrac
Alloc
M
t Aw
ation
$645.3
ards
La k
, By Typ
e O
Perfo
M
nta ri
rmed
e
o
Reserv
(Billio
190 $40
Nation e/
$41
ns)
.7 490 .5 $42.0 $42.9
Guard al
: 12%
$37.9
90
390
Civilia
481
n: 38%
$40790
.4

11

675

Nav y/M

96

196

290

355

55

Defense Spending By State: Fiscal Year 2013


Office of Economic Adjustment
Department of Defense

Number

Ser vic
e: 56%

rvice

11.8
%
STATE OF
GDP

n: 2%

$16.6
B

Army:

43

94

675

Defense Personnel

Constru
ctio

Mich
igan

New

Illino
York

TOP
is

DEFEN

SE SPE

Indian

ND

ING LO

CATIO

Ohio

NS
Pe

nnsy

lvani

Wes

t Virg

inia
Kent

ucky

Virgin
Te

nnes


ia


see

North

Caro

lina

Al

abama

Sout
Geor
h Ca
gia
rolin

70

(military and civilian)

10%

Supplie
Equipm s &
ent:
32%

How individual states rank among the fifty states


can be used to evaluate each states exposure to
projected declines in defense spending.

RACT
S

14

How Virginia Compares Nationally

Billions

UNITED STATES

282.7

California

272,864

Virginia

16.6

Virginia

38.0

Virginia

242,936

California

14.6

California

37.9

Texas

217,674

Texas

10.6

Texas

29.0

North Carolina

145,324

North Carolina

7.1

Maryland

12.7

Georgia

130,690

Maryland

6.9

Pennsylvania

11.8

Florida

125,096

Florida

6.5

Florida

11.4

Washington

106,333

Georgia

6.3

Massachusetts

11.1

Maryland

91,978

Washington

5.8

Missouri

9.4

Hawaii

77,163

Hawaii

5.6

Arizona

9.2

10

Tennessee

71,442

Colorado

3.3

Connecticut

9.2

Alabama

8.4

New York

6.9

11

South Carolina

65,812

Alabama

3.1

12

New York

63,546

Kentucky

13

Colorado

62,859

Ohio

2.8

Washington

6.8

14

Ohio

59,457

New York

2.7

Kentucky

6.0

15

Kentucky

58,806

Oklahoma

2.7

Colorado

5.9

16

Pennsylvania

57,513

South Carolina

2.7

Georgia

5.9

17

Illinois

57,391

Pennsylvania

2.5

New Jersey

5.0

18

Oklahoma

55,509

District of Columbia

2.3

Ohio

4.3

19

Alabama

53,059

Illinois

2.2

District of Columbia

4.2

20

Kansas

43,299

Kansas

2.1

Mississippi

4.0

21

Arizona

43,185

Arizona

1.9

South Carolina

3.4

22

Louisiana

41,614

Alaska

1.8

Illinois

3.3

23

Missouri

41,569

Louisiana

1.8

Indiana

3.3

24

Mississippi

36,690

Missouri

1.6

Minnesota

3.2

25

New Jersey

33,469

New Jersey

1.6

North Carolina

3.0

14

JLARC STUDY
These data add empirical validation to a general impression that, during the economic downturn
in Virginia in 2013, led the Virginia General Assembly to undertake a study on The Size and
Impact of Federal Spending in Virginia. Prepared by the Joint Legislative Audit and Review
Committee (JLARC), this study was a response to growing concern among lawmakers over the
impact that sequestration and other military and federal spending cuts could have on Virginias
economy and state budget.
Using FY 2010 as its benchmark year, the JLARC study looked at all of the major sources of
federal revenue and activity in the Commonwealth, including:
- direct payments to individuals for retirement income and disability;
- Medicare and Medicaid;
- wages and salaries paid to military personnel and federal civilian employees stationed, or
living in Virginia;
- formula and block grants to state and localities; and
- assistance and project grants
What the JLARC study found was that federal spending in Virginia accounted for 20% of the
states economy: 136 billion dollars of the total economic output of 700 billion dollars in 2010.
In 2012, the most recent year for which data was available for the JLARC study, federal spending amounted to $16,600 for every person living in Virginia and $45,000 for every household,
making Virginia, on a per capita basis, the largest recipient of federal aid of any state with the
exception of Alaska, which, it is interesting to note, has a population of a 730,000, a number
not much greater than that residing inside the Virginia portion of the Washington Metropolitan
Beltway.
The major source of the economic infusion, the JLARC study emphasized, was DoD spending;
for personnel but, more significantly, for procurement. The amount of federal procurement dollars pumped into the Virginia economy each year is of an unparalleled order of magnitude.
The federal government spent more than 58.3 billion dollars purchasing goods and services in
Virginia in FY 2010, mainly from the private sector. This was twice the amount paid to Social
Security and Disability recipients (28.3 billion) in 2010; about three times the amount paid for
Medicare and Medicaid expenses(16.1 billion) and 2.8 times the amount paid for wages and salaries of federal civilian and military workers employed in Virginia (21.1 billion); and five times
the amount going to the state and its localities for transportation, education and the vast array of
other services and purposes the United States supports through the intergovernmental transfer of
funds (12.2 billion) .

15

What Are The Procurement Trends?


In The United States and State of Virginia
Table 6 presents graphs and federal procurement spending data for the United States and the
State of Virginia from 2000 to 2014. The fifteen years of trend data include dollar amounts for
three categories of procurement spending: total, defense and non-defense.
The spending trajectories of the U.S. and Virginia, depicted in the graphs, exhibit strong similarities that, descriptively, can be summarized in terms of three historical U.S. phases:
1) A post-millennial spending binge that began with 9/11, a traumatic national experience that initiated an aggressive response on the part of the U.S. government. The
terrorist attack was followed by large, multi-year increases in federal procurement
spending, especially for the Department of Defense and the Department of Homeland Security, in response to worldwide terrorist threats and to wars in Afghanistan
and Iraq. The procurement spending surge in the United States continued for a
number of years, eventually crossing and peaking at more than a half-trillion dollars
annually during the later half of the 2000 decade. By 2008, the U.S. entered a second
phase.
2) A plateau phase, a subsequent period during which annual federal spending levels
ceased climbing, fluctuating minimally, from one year to the next, around the historically high water mark of 540 billion dollars it had reached in 2008. This plateau
stage ended, around 2011, when new political realities initiated a reversal of the
momentum, from a stable spending course to:
3) A downward ascent, the most recent phase during which procurement spending took
an abrupt, sharp downward turn in response to military disengagement, sequestration, strong pressures to reduce the national deficit and unresolved political stalemates. Although 2014 appears to have slowed and temporarily halted the downward
turn, there is little expectation that the bottom has been reached. The looming threat
of sequestration weighs heavily and negatively on the short and long-term direction
of the future U.S. procurement spending trajectory.
Trends in United States
When the new century began, in 2000, federal procurement spending for the U.S. Government
stood at 205 billion dollars. By 2008, the figure crossed the half-trillion dollar threshold, reaching 540 billion, two and a half times what it had been eight years earlier, an annualized growth
rate of 12.9 percent.
For five years (2008-2011), annual federal spending levels remained above the half-trillion dollar
threshold, fluctuating around the 540 billion dollar figure, before beginning to drop significantly
in 2012, picking up downward momentum in 2013 and again in 2014, before stopping at just
over 400 billion dollars. On the way up and on the way down, it was primarily purchasing of
goods and services by the Department of Defense that defined the trajectory and shape of the
U.S. procurement spending curve.
16

Table 6

Federal Procurement Trends in the United States: 2000-2014


Based on Primary Awards Obligated

billions

500

All Federal
Contracts

400

300
Defense
Contracts
200

Non-Defense
Contracts

100

Defense Contracts

Annual Change

%
Chg.

Amount

17,484,767,625
41,109,109,688
53,870,465,634
28,118,037,895
45,016,990,375
39,370,536,650
38,763,797,659
71,892,251,797
-698,861,834
-152,674,005
-714,866,714
-21,250,352,355
-56,030,977,320
-61,107,299,102

8.5
18.4
20.4
8.8
13.0
10.1
9.0
15.3
-0.1
-0.0
-0.1
-3.9
-10.8
-13.2

214,706,522,938
233,387,421,809
273,463,166,526
302,848,538,090
336,326,893,504
399,858,955,049
375,950,491,990
370,919,712,757
377,877,167,301
364,447,699,726
311,459,609,511
245,278,641,004

69.7

-25.6

2014

221,595,211,823

-138,388,628,777

2012

2011-14

2010

Change

2003-'11

205,547,710,996
223,032,478,621
264,141,588,309
318,012,053,943
346,130,091,838
391,147,082,213
430,517,618,863
469,281,416,522
541,173,668,319
540,474,806,485
540,322,132,480
539,607,265,766
518,356,913,411
462,325,936,091
401,218,636,989

2008

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014

Amount

2006

Federal Procurement Contracts

2004

2002

2000

Annual Change

Non-Defense Contracts
%
Chg.

18,680,898,871
8.7
40,075,744,717 17.2
29,385,371,564 10.7
33,478,355,414 11.1
63,532,061,545 18.9
-23,908,463,059 -6.0
-5,030,779,233 -1.3
6,957,454,544
1.9
-13,429,467,575 -3.6
-52,988,090,215 -14.5
-66,180,968,507 -21.2

163,170,644,363

-132,598,526,297

17

76.0

-35.1

Annual Change

%
Chg.

103,305,531,005
112,742,670,029 9,437,139,024
117,683,915,687 4,941,245,658
127,669,080,773 9,985,165,086
132,954,523,018 5,285,442,245
141,314,713,270 8,360,190,252
164,524,314,495 23,209,601,225
169,402,419,723 4,878,105,228
161,730,098,465 -7,672,321,258
153,909,213,685 -7,820,884,780
150,866,326,580 -3,042,887,105
155,939,995,985 5,073,669,405

9.1
4.4
8.5
4.1
6.3
16.4
3.0
-4.5
-4.8
-2.0
3.4

Amount

58,424,567,460
-5,790,102,480

56.6
-3.6

Table 6 continued

Federal Procurement Trends in Virginia: 2000-2014


Based on Primary Awards Obligated
billions

60
All Federal
Contracts

50

40
Defense
Contracts

30

20

Non-Defense
Contracts

10

-8,037,197,193

22.8
4.0
13.7
15.7
7.1
10.2
10.7
18.0
0.6
6.6
2.2
-8.2
-7.4
2.0
95.5

-13.4

Defense Contracts
Amount

Annual Change

Non-Defense Contracts
%
Chg.

13,659,329,238
18,449,109,699 4,789,780,461 35.1
18,205,005,954
-244,103,745 -1.3
20,034,004,653 1,828,998,698 10.0
23,739,574,512 3,705,569,859 18.5
26,852,366,560 3,112,792,048 13.1
29,963,514,561 3,111,148,001 11.6
34,118,272,115 4,154,757,554 13.9
40,129,677,976 6,011,405,861 17.6
39,243,545,577
-886,132,399 -2.2
40,971,664,080 1,728,118,503 4.4
42,797,454,797 1,825,790,717 4.5
37,814,766,442 -4,982,688,355 -11.6
33,467,051,305 -4,347,715,136 -11.5
33,874,011,506
406,960,200 1.2
22,763,450,144
-8,923,443,291

Source: USAspending.gov

18

2014

29,367,550,514

4,836,213,496
1,044,844,335
3,715,673,121
4,822,296,140
2,535,561,907
3,881,981,600
4,499,598,176
8,378,398,931
309,623,427
3,635,261,376
1,304,828,958
-4,927,117,356
-4,110,975,303
1,000,895,466

2012

2011-14

%
Chg.

2010

Change

2003-11

21,167,536,161
26,003,749,657
27,048,593,992
30,764,267,114
35,586,563,253
38,122,125,161
42,004,106,760
46,503,704,936
54,882,103,867
55,191,727,294
58,826,988,670
60,131,817,627
55,204,700,271
51,093,724,968
52,094,620,435

Annual Change

2008

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014

Amount

2006

Federal Procurement Contracts

2004

2002

2000

113.6
-20.9

Amount

7,508,206,923
7,554,639,958
8,843,588,038
10,730,262,461
11,846,988,741
11,269,758,601
12,040,592,200
12,385,432,821
14,752,425,891
15,948,181,717
17,855,324,590
17,334,362,830
17,389,933,830
17,626,673,663
18,220,608,929
6,604,100,369
886,246,098

Annual Change

%
Chg.

46,433,035
1,288,948,080
1,886,674,423
1,116,726,280
-577,230,141
770,833,599
344,840,622
2,366,993,070
1,195,755,826
1,907,142,873
-520,961,760
55,570,999
236,739,833
593,935,266

0.6
17.1
21.3
10.4
-4.9
6.8
2.9
19.1
8.1
12.0
-2.9
0.3
1.4
3.4
61.5
5.1

Trends in Virginia
Virginia mirrors the larger national trend, differing in year-to-year dynamics, but adhering to a
spending trajectory similar to the United States.
First was a post-millennial spending binge, following in the aftermath of 9/11, that ran roughly
from 2000 to 2008. It was characterized by large, record-breaking year-to-year increases in federal procurement spending in the Commonwealth, as the United States government ramped up its
purchasing of goods and services to meet burgeoning military and public safety responsibilities.
Federal procurement spending in Virginia grew from 21.2 billion in 2000 to 54.9 billion in 2008,
a 32.7 billion dollar increase. Each year, the base amount increased and, in six of eight years, the
base grew by a double-digit percentage increase, for an eight year annulaized growth rate of 11.6
percent.
After eight years of economic growth, the powerful momentum pushing procurement spending
in Virginia impressively upward finally slowed in 2009, when the recorded year-to-year increase
dropped to less than one percent. But the ascendancy upward resumed the following year, eventually reaching an historic peak in 2011, when the amount of procurement spending in Virginia
topped 60 billion dollars.
It was at this moment in time, that new political realities began taking hold in the United States,
exerting strong downward pressure on procurement spending by the federal government.
In Virginia, the impact has already been substantial. Federal procurement spending in the state
dropped from 60.1 billion dollars in 2011 to 51.1 billion in 2013, a 9 billion dollar, and twenty-one percent decrease in two years time. Countless newspaper stories, appearing in the Washington Post, Richmond Times and other news sources, have written of the economic fallout,
employment losses and budgetary implications of spending reductions of this magnitude.
In 2014, there was a slight rebound in the amount coming into Virginia, a two percent, one
billion dollar increase from 2013 in the value of government contracts obligated to businesses
located in Virginia. But the national political environment remains uncertain, with

19

Where Are Federal Procurement Dollars Being Spent In The State?


Its not enough to know how much federal money is being spent in Virginia? Not is it sufficient
to know generally, as most people do, that a few metro areas in the Commonwealth receive a
disproportionate share of the DoD and non-defense procurement pie.
What is important is the geographical math, the specifics of how much money is going to what
metropolitan areas, counties and cities of the state? Both dimensions of geography the where
and the how much are critical components of Virginias current defense-related infrastructure.
They are geographical realities, moreover, that legislators and state agencies in Richmond must
factor into their deliberations when they are developing strategies to deal with BRAC; or when
they are considering funding road improvements around Fort Belvoir or the Mark Center in Alexandria; or when they are called upon to decide countless workforce and developmental issues.
Virginias economic future is closely intertwined with what happens through the federal procurement process, and geography is a hugely relevant dimension, although, in Northern Virginia, it is
not always fully acknowledged.
a. Regionally
Table 7 presents information, by region, on the dollar amount received from FY 2010 to 2014,
the percentage of the state total each regions amount represents, the annual average and the
annual per capita rate. All of the information is available for three categories of procurement
spending: total, defense and non-defense.
Of the 295 billion dollars spent by the U.S. Government in Virginia from 2010-2014, 286 billion,
or ninety-two percent of the monies flowed into and through the economies of Northern Virginia
and Hampton Roads. These two areas overwhelmingly serve as the locational gateways through
which federal money is disbursed and, equally important, where the metropolitan labor force
performs the contract work.
Northern Virginia, which has one of the largest, most highly educated and technologically advanced workforces in the world, received 219 billion, seventy-five cents of every procurement
dollar spent by the federal government.
Hampton Roads received 53 billion, or eighteen cents per dollar of spending. The remainder
23 billion in spending, 8 cents on the dollar was divided among the 19 other regions of Virginia.
A similarly skewed geographical distribution is observable for defense contracts, with Hampton
Road obtaining a larger increment. Of the 202 billion dollars spent by the Department of Defense
in Virginia from 2010 through 2014, ninety-three percent of the five-year spending total passed
through the combined Northern Virginia and Hampton Roads areas. Northern Virginia received
140 billion, sixty-nine cents of every DoD dollar; while Hampton Roads received 47.6 billion, or
twenty-four cents of every DoD dollar.

20

Table 7
Where the Procurement Money Goes - By Recipient Region
Five Year Totals - By Type of Spending
NOTE: Dollar amounts presented in the following tables are based on five years of federal procurement spending in the Commonwealth of Virginia from FY 2010 through FY2014. The totals include both obligated primary and sub-contract award funds.

I. Total Federal Procurement Spending - Five Year Total (FY2010 through 2014)
Dollar
Amount
VIRGINIA ..........................................

% of
State

295,031,314,270

Yearly
Average

Average
Annual Per
Capita Rate

59,006,262,854

7,214

REGION
Northern Virginia ................................

218,992,254,600

74.2

43,798,450,920

18,853

Hampton Roads ..................................

52,979,867,329

18.0

10,595,973,466

6,422

George Washington Regional .............

5,171,220,581

1.8

1,034,244,116

3,062

Richmond Regional ............................

4,242,282,614

1.4

848,456,523

829

Region 2000 ........................................

3,658,989,133

1.2

731,797,827

2,858

Crater ..................................................

2,030,605,603

0.7

406,121,121

2,329

Thomas Jefferson ................................

1,453,130,161

0.5

290,626,032

1,206

Roanoke Valley-Alleghany .................

1,008,229,190

0.3

201,645,838

728

New River Valley ................................

912,010,235

0.3

182,402,047

1,011

Accomack-Northampton .....................

881,356,937

0.3

176,271,387

3,850

Southside .............................................

847,408,717

0.3

169,481,743

1,973

Northern Shenandoah Valley ..............

757,981,306

0.3

151,596,261

671

Rappahannock-Rapidan ......................

658,646,264

0.2

131,729,253

780

Central Shenandoah ............................

563,738,232

0.2

112,747,646

386

Northern Neck ....................................

269,241,623

0.1

53,848,325

1,063

Mount Rogers .....................................

242,239,748

0.1

48,447,950

250

West Piedmont ....................................

192,769,773

0.1

38,553,955

155

LENOWISCO .....................................

48,198,693

0.0

9,639,739

103

Commonwealth Regional Council ......

47,679,856

0.0

9,535,971

91

Middle Peninsula ................................

41,088,106

0.0

8,217,621

90

Cumberland Plateau ............................

14,201,582

0.0

2,840,316

25

Unassigned .........................................

18,173,987

0.0

3,634,797

Northern Virginia\Hampton Roads .....

271,972,121,929

92.2

54,394,424,386

13,690

Rest of Virginia ...................................

23,041,018,354

7.8

4,608,203,671

1,095.69

Source: USAspending.gov

21

Table 7 continued

II. Defense-Related Procurement Spending - Five Year Total (FY2010 through 2014)
Dollar
Amount
STATE OF VIRGINIA

% of
State

202,652,134,658

Yearly
Average

Average
Annual Per
Capita Rate

40,530,426,932

4,955

REGION
Northern Virginia ................................

139,953,033,949

69.1

27,990,606,790

12,048

Hampton Roads ...................................

47,641,554,266

23.5

9,528,310,853

5,775

George Washington Regional .............

4,514,554,320

2.2

902,910,864

2,673

Richmond Regional ............................

3,046,202,354

1.5

609,240,471

595

Crater ..................................................

1,785,405,096

0.9

357,081,019

2,048

Region 2000 ........................................

1,364,222,462

0.7

272,844,492

1,066

Thomas Jefferson ................................

1,255,592,762

0.6

251,118,552

1,042

New River Valley ................................

817,371,624

0.4

163,474,325

906

Roanoke Valley-Alleghany .................

690,685,933

0.3

138,137,187

498

Central Shenandoah ............................

437,094,970

0.2

87,418,994

300

Northern Neck .....................................

244,597,080

0.1

48,919,416

966

Accomack-Northampton .....................

222,799,584

0.1

44,559,917

973

Mount Rogers .....................................

186,867,285

0.1

37,373,457

193

West Piedmont ....................................

142,748,485

0.1

28,549,697

115

Northern Shenandoah Valley ..............

95,026,337

0.0

19,005,267

84

Rappahannock-Rapidan ......................

86,442,594

0.0

17,288,519

102

Southside .............................................

76,682,532

0.0

15,336,506

179

Commonwealth Regional Council ......

41,146,631

0.0

8,229,326

79

Middle Peninsula ................................

27,881,748

0.0

5,576,350

61

Cumberland Plateau ............................

3,429,657

0.0

685,931

LENOWISCO .....................................

3,053,836

0.0

610,767

Unassigned ..........................................

15,741,151

0.0

3,148,230

Northern Virginia\Hampton Roads .....

187,594,588,215

92.6

37,518,917,643

9,443

Rest of Virginia ...................................

15,041,805,292

7.4

3,008,361,058

715

22

Table 7 continued
III. Non-Defense Procurement Spending - Five Year Total (FY2010 through 2014)

Dollar
Amount
STATE OF VIRGINIA

% of
State

92,379,179,613

Yearly
Average

Average
Annual Per
Capita Rate

18,475,835,923

2,258.95

REGION
Northern Virginia ................................

79,039,220,651

85.6

15,807,844,130

6,804.32

Hampton Roads ...................................

5,338,313,063

5.8

1,067,662,613

647.08

Region 2000 ........................................

2,294,766,671

2.5

458,953,334

1,792.42

Richmond Regional .............................

1,196,080,260

1.3

239,216,052

233.66

Southside .............................................

770,726,185

0.8

154,145,237

1,794.64

Northern Shenandoah Valley ..............

662,954,969

0.7

132,590,994

586.49

Accomack-Northampton .....................

658,557,353

0.7

131,711,471

2,876.88

George Washington Regional .............

656,666,261

0.7

131,333,252

388.77

Rappahannock-Rapidan ......................

572,203,670

0.6

114,440,734

677.77

Roanoke Valley-Alleghany .................

317,543,257

0.3

63,508,651

229.14

Crater ..................................................

245,200,507

0.3

49,040,101

281.25

Thomas Jefferson ................................

197,537,399

0.2

39,507,480

163.91

Central Shenandoah ............................

126,643,262

0.1

25,328,652

86.82

New River Valley ................................

94,638,611

0.1

18,927,722

104.92

Mount Rogers .....................................

55,372,463

0.1

11,074,493

57.18

West Piedmont ....................................

50,021,288

0.1

10,004,258

40.16

LENOWISCO .....................................

45,144,857

0.0

9,028,971

96.30

Northern Neck .....................................

24,644,543

0.0

4,928,909

97.31

Middle Peninsula ................................

13,206,359

0.0

2,641,272

28.87

Cumberland Plateau ............................

10,771,925

0.0

2,154,385

19.01

Commonwealth Regional Council ......

6,533,224

0.0

1,306,645

12.46

Unassigned ..........................................

2,432,836

0.0

486,567

Northern Virginia\Hampton Roads .....

84,377,533,714

91.3

16,875,506,743

4,247

Rest of Virginia ...................................

7,999,213,063

8.7

1,599,842,613

380

23

Non-defense spending, the findings reveal, is almost entirely concentrated in Northern Virginia,
which accounted for 79 of the 92.3 billion dollars spent by the U.S. government in Virginia from
2010 through 2014. This represents eighty-six percent of the total obligated by U.S. agencies for
non-defense purposes. Hampton Roads received 5.3 billion over the same five-year period, six
percent of the total.
Although this study did not assemble comparative state-by-state data on non-defense procurement spending, it is instructive to note that information from the Consolidated Federal Funds
Report for Fiscal Year 2010 the last year this publication was compiled and disseminated by
the U.S. Census Bureau revealed that Virginia ranked first in the nation, among the fifty states,
in the amount of non-defense procurement dollars it received. It would not be unreasonable to
assume a similar pattern may exist today.
While the per capita federal spending rate is $7,214 for Virginia, (when averaged over a five year
period), the average per capita rate in Northern Virginia is $18,853. This rate is three times that
found in the Hampton Roads Area ($6,422), which has the second highest per capita spending
rate in the state. If Northern Virginia is removed from the calculation of a statewide per capita
rate, the statewide figure drops from a yearly average of $7,214 to $2,597.
The per capita rate for defense spending reveals a similarly wide but slightly smaller spread
among regions of the state, with Northern Virginia receiving $12,503 per capita annually, compared to $2,175 per capita for the rest of the Commonwealth.The per capita rate in Hampton
Roads is $5,861.
If Northern Virginia Were a State, How Would It Rank Nationally?
If Northern Virginia figures are disaggregated from statewide totals, a revealing picture can be
observed of the special role that Northern Virginia plays, in the United States and in the Commonwealth, as a favored place of business for procurement purchasing by the United States
Government.
Table 8 shows the outcome when Virginia is divided into two separate geographical entities:
Northern Virginia and the rest of the state. Were it a separate state, Northern Virginia would rank
second in the nation, behind only California in the amount of federal procurement dollars it was
awarded during the past five years. In three of the five years, it ranked second and in two of the
years it ranked third, behind Texas.
The 123 counties and 20 regions comprising the remaining geographical area of Virginia collectively would have ranked seventh in the nation in the amount of procurement spending it received, a status, presumably, that can traced to higher levels of procurement spending in support
of the military presence in the Tidewater area.

24

Table 8
Where Northern Virginia Would Rank Nationally If it Were An Individual State
Dollars Obligated By Primary Contracts Received*


--- FY 2010 ---
--- FY 2011 ---
--- FY 2012 --

Dollars
Dollars
Dollars
California............................56,283,211,154 California.............................53,035,786,036
California......................... 51,966,299,112
NORTHERN VA.................40,445,584,262
NORTHERN VA.................39,458,184,404 Texas................................ 38,205,689,208
Texas...................................38,581,201,832 Texas....................................38,895,094,214
NORTHERN VA............. 37,398,931,669
Maryland.............................26,288,822,278
Maryland.............................26,192,453,908 Maryland......................... 27,320,271,803
District of Columbia...........21,324,828,690
REST OF VIRGINIA..........20,673,633,223
Pennsylvania.................... 18,850,814,225
Pennsylvania.......................18,574,096,607
District of Columbia............19,842,934,300
District of Columbia........ 18,744,207,622
REST OF VIRGINIA..........18,380,876,839
Pennsylvania........................19,239,890,947
REST OF VIRGINIA...... 17,805,747,494
Florida.................................17,223,757,335
Massachusetts......................16,765,738,128
Florida............................. 15,463,334,844
Massachusetts.....................15,584,705,498
Florida.................................16,423,836,830 Massachusetts.................. 15,143,044,709
New York............................12,809,586,263 Arizona................................14,378,395,392
Missouri........................... 15,126,281,977
UNITED STATES.............477,685,172,222
UNITED STATES.............476,609,783,309
VIRGINIA...........................58,826,461,101 VIRGINIA...........................60,131,817,627

--- FY 2013---

--- FY 2014 ---

UNITED STATES......... 456,236,855,614


VIRGINIA....................... 55,204,679,163
--- FY 2010-2014 ---


Dollars
Dollars
Dollars
California............................47,660,841,799
California.............................45,918,374,523
California....................... 254,864,512,624
Texas...................................39,021,295,635
NORTHERN VA.................36,713,300,985
NORTHERN VA........... 189,440,165,265
NORTHERN VA.................35,424,163,945 Texas....................................29,230,065,120 Texas.............................. 183,933,346,009
Maryland.............................25,682,858,679
Maryland.............................27,709,339,185
Maryland....................... 133,193,745,853
District of Columbia...........16,792,402,691
District of Columbia............18,795,354,353
District of Columbia........ 95,499,727,656
Pennsylvania.......................16,181,931,712
Pennsylvania........................16,662,027,552
Pennsylvania.................... 89,508,761,044
REST OF VIRGINIA..........15,669,633,366
REST OF VIRGINIA..........15,381,073,245
REST OF VIRGINIA...... 87,910,964,167
Massachusetts.....................14,576,538,764
Connecticut..........................13,687,284,353
Florida............................. 76,753,991,817
Florida.................................14,086,194,343 Florida.................................13,556,868,464 Massachusetts.................. 74,649,919,460
Arizona................................12,391,154,996 Massachusetts......................12,579,892,360
Arizona............................ 64,500,121,667
UNITED STATES.............407,486,825,683
VIRGINIA...........................51,093,797,311

UNITED STATES.............404,649,034,230
VIRGINIA...........................52,094,374,230

UNITED STATES...... 2,222,667,671,058


VIRGINIA..................... 277,351,129,432

* The dollar amounts shown in this table were downloaded from USAspending.gov, which does not make an adjustment, by State, for money coming into and leaving
the state through the sub-award process. The figures are based on money obligated through primary contract awards only. The Virginia and Northern Virginia amounts,
therefore, differ from dollar figures presented in other tables of this report, which are based on a merging of the two separate federal reporting systems.

On the three pages that follow, there is a table (Table 9) displaying five years of history, by year,
of federal procurement spending in the twenty one regions of the Commonwealth. The detailed
regional data is presented, along with other tables in this section of the report, as a reference
source for anyone wishing to trace total, defense and non-defense spending among regions of the
state over the course of the turbulent, up and down economic cycle of the past five years. It is
also presented to illustrate the wealth of detailed information that can be derived from the USAspending.gov website, if an effort is made.

25

26

47,994,023,862 74.9
10,956,972,774 17.1
1,198,695,711 1.9
897,875,339 1.4
829,210,673 1.3
452,202,864 0.7
336,924,290 0.5
179,609,654 0.3
130,443,457 0.2
208,884,467 0.3
264,321,253 0.4
165,802,713 0.3
128,071,317 0.2
125,539,828 0.2
93,215,178 0.1
57,596,246 0.1
28,739,827 0.0
6,830,093 0.0
5,915,062 0.0
8,537,035 0.0
2,290,174 0.0
1,790,884 0.0
58,950,996,636 92.0
5,120,705,182 8.0

REGION
Northern Virginia............. 44,978,964,973 75.7
Hampton Roads................ 10,160,004,468 17.1
George Wash. Regional...... 1,097,644,723 1.8
Richmond Regional.............. 920,598,487 1.5
Region 2000.......................... 402,532,555 0.7
Crater..................................... 442,164,834 0.7
Thomas Jefferson.................. 254,220,901 0.4
Roanoke Valley-Alleghany... 250,017,434 0.4
New River Valley.................. 177,874,565 0.3
Accomack-Northampton....... 140,623,650 0.2
Southside............................... 125,932,299 0.2
Northern Shenandoah Valley.102,214,050 0.2
Rappahannock-Rapidan........ 122,625,514 0.2
Central Shenandoah................ 97,514,277 0.2
Northern Neck......................... 45,007,638 0.1
Mount Rogers......................... 19,225,098 0.0
West Piedmont........................ 21,357,731 0.0
LENOWISCO......................... 16,951,890 0.0
Commonwealth Reg. Council. 11,558,304 0.0
Middle Peninsula...................... 8,013,237 0.0
Cumberland Plateau.................. 1,543,446 0.0
Unassigned................................ 2,998,992 0.0

No. Va.\Hampton Roads.. 55,138,969,441 92.8


Rest of Virginia.................. 4,257,620,634 7.2

% of
Amount State

64,073,492,702

% of
Amount State

VIRGINIA....................... 59,399,589,067

53,855,044,501 92.2
4,561,980,827 7.8

44,649,424,876 76.4
9,205,619,625 15.8
1,164,938,767 2.0
610,886,658 1.0
631,373,974 1.1
384,836,526 0.7
341,381,659 0.6
284,258,819 0.5
208,315,810 0.4
189,700,769 0.3
181,852,471 0.3
172,596,816 0.3
127,426,748 0.2
104,621,710 0.2
43,563,614 0.1
42,629,723 0.1
36,600,380 0.1
15,635,555 0.0
9,806,219 0.0
9,047,660 0.0
2,506,948 0.0
4,733,553 0.0

58,421,758,881

% of
Amount State

50,900,299,937 93.0
3,827,308,785 7.0

40,921,801,296 74.8
9,978,498,641 18.2
822,451,270 1.5
469,893,750 0.9
632,024,921 1.2
372,087,397 0.7
254,696,524 0.5
176,617,391 0.3
160,630,298 0.3
179,907,145 0.3
156,670,999 0.3
141,395,416 0.3
148,149,920 0.3
155,460,844 0.3
43,069,472 0.1
54,251,318 0.1
33,536,078 0.1
4,434,379 0.0
12,522,331 0.0
6,160,538 0.0
3,348,794 0.0
4,757,638 0.0

54,732,366,360

% of
Amount State

295,031,314,270

% of
Amount State

Five Year Total


2010-2014

53,126,811,414 91.0 271,972,121,929 92.2


5,273,402,927 9.0
23,041,018,354 7.8

40,448,039,593 69.3 218,992,254,600 74.2


12,678,771,821 21.7 52,979,867,329 18.0
887,490,110 1.5
5,171,220,581 1.8
1,343,028,380 2.3
4,242,282,614 1.4
1,163,847,011 2.0
3,658,989,133 1.2
379,313,983 0.6
2,030,605,603 0.7
265,906,787 0.5
1,453,130,161 0.5
117,725,893 0.2
1,008,229,190 0.3
234,746,104 0.4
912,010,235 0.3
162,240,907 0.3
881,356,937 0.3
118,631,695 0.2
847,408,717 0.3
175,972,310 0.3
757,981,306 0.3
132,372,764 0.2
658,646,264 0.2
80,601,571 0.1
563,738,232 0.2
44,385,720 0.1
269,241,623 0.1
68,537,363 0.1
242,239,748 0.1
72,535,756 0.1
192,769,773 0.1
4,346,777 0.0
48,198,693 0.0
7,877,940 0.0
47,679,856 0.0
9,329,636 0.0
41,088,106 0.0
4,512,220 0.0
14,201,582 0.0
3,892,920 0.0
18,173,987 0.0

58,404,107,261

% of
Amount State



FY 2010
FY 2011
FY 2012
FY 2013
FY 2014

I. Total Federal Procurement Spending

Table 9
Where the Procurement Money Goes - By Recipient Region
By Individual Years

27

31,682,552,488 70.7
9,885,076,254 22.1
1,094,787,440 2.4
664,453,838 1.5
392,403,730 0.9
176,485,957 0.4
294,085,602 0.7
111,094,851 0.2
123,840,229 0.3
111,777,339 0.2
91,373,121 0.2
77,211,737 0.2
37,167,637 0.1
19,727,336 0.0
23,060,700 0.1
17,501,410 0.0
15,044,531 0.0
4,356,612 0.0
5,578,138 0.0
990,313 0.0
464,607 0.0
1,037,500 0.0
41,567,628,742 92.7
3,261,405,128 7.3

REGION
Northern Virginia............. 29,550,774,213 71.3
Hampton Roads.................. 9,043,428,110 21.8
George Wash. Regional......... 944,266,043 2.3
Richmond Regional.............. 672,490,204 1.6
Crater..................................... 372,387,855 0.9
Region 2000.......................... 116,377,444 0.3
Thomas Jefferson.................. 210,818,452 0.5
New River Valley.................. 148,886,151 0.4
Roanoke Valley-Alleghany... 129,606,658 0.3
Central Shenandoah................ 75,818,826 0.2
Northern Neck......................... 44,110,856 0.1
Accomack-Northampton......... 26,771,992 0.1
Mount Rogers........................... 9,380,988 0.0
West Piedmont........................ 14,121,815 0.0
Northern Shenandoah Valley.. 11,524,791 0.0
Rappahannock-Rapidan.......... 22,483,829 0.1
Southside................................. 29,283,403 0.1
Commonwealth Reg. Council. 10,423,720 0.0
Middle Peninsula...................... 4,457,891 0.0
Cumberland Plateau..................... 518,485 0.0
LENOWISCO........................... 2,129,107 0.0
Unassigned................................ 2,998,992 0.0

No. Va.\Hampton Roads.. 38,594,202,323 93.1


Rest of Virginia.................. 2,845,858,510 6.9

% of
Amount State

44,830,071,370

% of
Amount State

VIRGINIA....................... 41,443,059,825

36,877,244,373 92.7
2,895,670,698 7.3

28,710,104,137 72.2
8,167,140,236 20.5
1,049,378,760 2.6
390,441,387 1.0
346,519,320 0.9
68,333,038 0.2
312,147,382 0.8
193,056,375 0.5
227,779,087 0.6
81,829,350 0.2
35,050,577 0.1
48,226,116 0.1
35,704,413 0.1
21,868,160 0.1
32,903,190 0.1
26,866,657 0.1
9,689,653 0.0
9,152,035 0.0
5,738,132 0.0
586,775 0.0
400,289 0.0
3,094,101 0.0

39,776,009,172

% of
Amount State

34,541,040,825 94.1
2,176,182,320 5.9

25,551,933,566 69.6
8,989,107,259 24.5
716,507,158 2.0
243,305,394 0.7
327,554,287 0.9
99,713,905 0.3
211,448,335 0.6
142,901,974 0.4
131,585,965 0.4
118,450,827 0.3
34,160,049 0.1
29,666,017 0.1
45,166,792 0.1
24,720,028 0.1
12,893,370 0.0
5,471,400 0.0
15,247,910 0.0
11,657,195 0.0
5,140,892 0.0
550,663 0.0
40,159 0.0
4,757,638 0.0

36,721,980,783

% of
Amount State

202,652,134,658

% of
Amount State

Five Year Total


2010-2014

36,014,471,952 90.3 187,594,588,215 92.6


3,862,688,637 9.7
15,041,805,292 7.4

24,457,669,545 61.3 139,953,033,949 69.1


11,556,802,407 29.0 47,641,554,266 23.5
709,614,919 1.8
4,514,554,320 2.2
1,075,511,531 2.7
3,046,202,354 1.5
346,539,904 0.9
1,785,405,096 0.9
903,312,119 2.3
1,364,222,462 0.7
227,092,991 0.6
1,255,592,762 0.6
221,432,273 0.6
817,371,624 0.4
77,873,994 0.2
690,685,933 0.3
49,218,628 0.1
437,094,970 0.2
39,902,478 0.1
244,597,080 0.1
40,923,723 0.1
222,799,584 0.1
59,447,454 0.1
186,867,285 0.1
62,311,146 0.2
142,748,485 0.1
14,644,285 0.0
95,026,337 0.0
14,119,297 0.0
86,442,594 0.0
7,417,035 0.0
76,682,532 0.0
5,557,070 0.0
41,146,631 0.0
6,966,695 0.0
27,881,748 0.0
783,421 0.0
3,429,657 0.0
19,674 0.0
3,053,836 0.0
3,852,920 0.0
15,741,151 0.0

39,881,013,509

% of
Amount State



FY 2010
FY 2011
FY 2012
FY 2013
FY 2014

II. Defense-Related Spending

Table 9 continued

28

% of
Amount State

17,383,367,894 90.3
1,859,300,054 9.7

16,359,259,112 90.8
1,651,126,465 9.2

16,977,800,128 91.1
1,666,310,129 8.9

18,010,385,577

% of
Amount State

No. Va.\Hampton Roads.. 16,544,767,118 92.1


Rest of Virginia.................. 1,411,762,124 7.9

18,645,749,709

% of
Amount State

15,939,320,739 85.5 15,369,867,730 85.3


1,038,479,389 5.6
989,391,382 5.5
563,040,936 3.0
532,311,016 3.0
220,445,271 1.2
226,588,356 1.3
172,162,818 0.9
141,423,089 0.8
139,693,626 0.7
128,502,046 0.7
141,474,653 0.8
150,241,128 0.8
115,560,007 0.6
105,944,112 0.6
100,560,091 0.5
142,678,520 0.8
56,479,732 0.3
45,031,426 0.3
38,317,206 0.2
44,533,110 0.2
29,234,277 0.2
43,248,189 0.2
22,792,360 0.1
37,010,017 0.2
15,259,435 0.1
17,728,324 0.1
6,925,310 0.0
9,084,526 0.1
14,732,220 0.1
8,816,050 0.0
15,235,265 0.1
4,394,220 0.0
8,513,036 0.0
8,909,423 0.0
3,309,529 0.0
1,019,646 0.0
1,920,173 0.0
2,798,131 0.0
654,184 0.0
865,136 0.0
1,639,452

19,243,421,332

% of
Amount State

REGION
Northern Virginia............. 15,428,190,760 85.9 16,311,471,374 84.8
Hampton Roads.................. 1,116,576,358 6.2
1,071,896,520 5.6
Region 2000.......................... 286,155,111 1.6
652,724,716 3.4
Richmond Regional.............. 248,108,283 1.4
233,421,501 1.2
Southside................................. 96,648,896 0.5
249,276,722 1.3
Northern Shenandoah Valley.. 90,689,259 0.5
142,742,013 0.7
Accomack-Northampton....... 113,851,658 0.6
131,672,730 0.7
George Washington Regional.153,378,680 0.9
103,908,271 0.5
Rappahannock-Rapidan........ 100,141,685 0.6
110,569,907 0.6
Roanoke Valley-Alleghany... 120,410,776 0.7
55,769,425 0.3
Crater....................................... 69,776,979 0.4
59,799,134 0.3
Thomas Jefferson.................... 43,402,449 0.2
42,838,688 0.2
Central Shenandoah................ 21,695,451 0.1
13,762,489 0.1
New River Valley.................... 28,988,414 0.2
19,348,606 0.1
Mount Rogers........................... 9,844,109 0.1
20,428,608 0.1
West Piedmont.......................... 7,235,916 0.0
9,012,491 0.0
LENOWISCO......................... 14,822,783 0.1
6,365,486 0.0
Northern Neck.............................. 896,783 0.0
1,842,058 0.0
Middle Peninsula...................... 3,555,346 0.0
2,958,897 0.0
Cumberland Plateau.................. 1,024,961 0.0
1,299,861 0.0
Commonwealth Regional Council.1,134,584 0.0
1,558,450 0.0
Unassigned.................................................
753,384

VIRGINIA....................... 17,956,529,242

17,112,339,462 92.4
1,410,714,291 7.6

15,990,370,048 86.3
1,121,969,414 6.1
260,534,892 1.4
267,516,849 1.4
111,214,660 0.6
161,328,025 0.9
121,317,184 0.7
177,875,191 1.0
118,253,467 0.6
39,851,898 0.2
32,774,079 0.2
38,813,796 0.2
31,382,944 0.2
13,313,831 0.1
9,089,909 0.0
10,224,611 0.1
4,327,102 0.0
4,483,243 0.0
2,362,941 0.0
3,728,798 0.0
2,320,870 0.0
40,000

18,523,093,753

% of
Amount State



FY 2010
FY 2011
FY 2012
FY 2013
FY 2014

III. Non-Defense Spending

Table 9 continued

84,377,533,714 91.3
7,999,213,063 8.7

79,039,220,651 85.6
5,338,313,063 5.8
2,294,766,671 2.5
1,196,080,260 1.3
770,726,185 0.8
662,954,969 0.7
658,557,353 0.7
656,666,261 0.7
572,203,670 0.6
317,543,257 0.3
245,200,507 0.3
197,537,399 0.2
126,643,262 0.1
94,638,611 0.1
55,372,463 0.1
50,021,288 0.1
45,144,857 0.0
24,644,543 0.0
13,206,359 0.0
10,771,925 0.0
6,533,224 0.0
2,432,836

92,379,179,613

% of
Amount State

Five Year Total


2010-2014

b. Locally
About ninety percent (equal to 261 billion dollars) of federal procurement spending in Virginia from 2010 through 2014 occurred in ten jurisdictions, all of them counties and cities located
in Northern Virginia and the Hampton Roads area. In order, based on obligated contract award
dollars, are Fairfax County, Arlington County, the city of Newport News, the City of Norfolk,
Loudoun County, Prince William County, the City of Alexandria, Virginia Beach, and the Cities
of Portsmouth and Hampton.
Fairfax County, alone, accounts for a staggering 131 billion dollars of the 295 billion awarded in
Virginia from 2010 through 2014. This amount, forty-five percent of the statewide total, is a sum
of money greater than that received by all but four states during the last half decade: Virginia,
California, Texas and Maryland. On average, Fairfax Countys allotment comes an annual infusion of more than 26.2 billion, or $23,730 annually per county resident.
There were four counties and four cities in Virginia that averaged more than 2 billion annually in
procurement spending by the federal government within their jurisdictions. In descending order,
based on amount, they are Fairfax County (26.2), Arlington County (8.9), City of Newport News
(3.3), City of Norfolk (2.9), Loudoun County (2.7), Prince William County (2.4), City of Alexandria (2.3) and the City of Virginia Beach (2.0).6
Although Fairfax County, by a huge amount, was the location receiving the most procurement
dollars, there were a few localities exceeding them on a per capita basis. Following is a list of the
top 10 localities with the highest per capita procurement spending rates in the state.
__________________________________________________________________________________

Table 10
Localities Having Highest Annual Per Capita Rates of Federal Procurement Spending
Based on Average for Five Year Period from FY2010 through FY2010

Total Procurement

Defense Procurement

Non-Defense Procurement

Annual
Per Capita
Per Capita
Per Capita

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

King George County......... 70,022


Arlington County............... 40,852
Falls Church City.............. 32,294
Fairfax County................... 23,731
Newport News City........... 17,911
Alexandria City................. 15,715
Manassas City................... 15,373
Norfolk City...................... 11,868
Fairfax City....................... 10,259
Prince George County......... 9,658

King George County......... 69,879


Falls Church City.............. 31,152
Arlington County.............. 22,005
Newport News City.......... 16,875
Fairfax County.................. 16,186
Manassas City................... 14,547
Norfolk City...................... 11,447
Prince George County........ 9,411
Alexandria City.................. 8,667
Portsmouth City.................. 8,429

Arlington County........... 18,848


Fairfax County................. 7,545
Alexandria City................ 7,048
Lynchburg City................. 5,737
Mecklenburg County........ 4,744
Fairfax City...................... 4,429
Accomack County............ 3,867
Loudoun County.............. 2,500
Clarke County.................. 2,456
Hampton City................... 2,051

__________________________________________________________________________________
6 The number in parentheses are average annual procurement awards received by the respective jurisdictions

29

Table 11
Top Ten Receipient Counties and Cities

Dollars Obligated By Primary Contracts Received*

Based on Five Years of Procurement Spending

Dollars

% of
State

Yearly
Average

Avg. Ann.
Per Capita

Federal Procurement Spending


1

Fairfax Co.

131,192,483,924

44.5

26,238,496,785

23,730

Arlington Co.

44,691,762,818

15.1

8,938,352,564

40,650

Newport News City

16,333,323,079

5.5

3,266,664,616

17,913

Norfolk City

14,549,531,470

4.9

2,909,906,294

11,872

Loudoun Co.

13,285,156,934

4.5

2,657,031,387

7,888

Prince William Co.

11,970,548,191

4.1

2,394,109,638

5,673

Alexandria City

11,553,263,695

3.9

2,310,652,739

15,665

Virginia Beach City

10,077,278,398

3.4

2,015,455,680

4,523

Portsmouth City

4,552,600,968

1.5

910,520,194

9,428

10

Hampton City

3,442,137,503

1.2

688,427,501

4,982

261,648,086,980

88.6

Sub-Total

Defense Spending
1

Fairfax Co.

86,860,894,290

41.6

17,372,178,858

15,711

Arlington Co.

21,978,320,770

10.5

4,395,664,154

19,991

Newport News City

15,325,073,700

7.3

3,065,014,740

16,807

Norfolk City

13,888,712,119

6.6

2,777,742,424

11,333

Prince William Co.

10,651,417,225

5.1

2,130,283,445

5,048

Virginia Beach City

9,292,267,457

4.4

1,858,453,491

4,170

Loudoun Co.

9,024,718,630

4.3

1,804,943,726

5,358

Alexandria City

5,949,922,954

2.8

1,189,984,591

8,067

Portsmouth City

3,985,544,996

1.9

797,108,999

8,254

10

Manassas City

2,874,015,973

1.4

574,803,195

14,416

179,830,888,114

85.9

Sub-Total

Non-Defense Spending
1

Fairfax Co.

44,331,589,634

52

8,866,317,927

8,019

Arlington Co.

22,713,442,048

26

4,542,688,410

20,659

Alexandria City

5,603,340,741

1,120,668,148

7,597

Loudoun Co.

4,260,438,304

852,087,661

2,529

Lynchburg City

2,206,699,207

441,339,841

5,736

Hampton City

1,722,388,143

344,477,629

2,493

Prince William Co.

1,319,130,966

263,826,193

625

Newport News City

1,008,249,379

201,649,876

1,106

Virginia Beach City

785,010,941

157,002,188

352

10

Mecklenburg Co.

769,224,658

153,844,932

4,752

84,719,514,021

100.0

Sub-Total

30

Table 12
Where the Procurement Money Goes - By Recipient Counties and Cities in Virginia
Based on Five Years of Procurement Spending
I. Federal Procurement Spending - Five Year Total (FY2010 through 2014)
Dollars

% of
State

44.5
15.1
5.5
4.9
4.5
4.1
3.9
3.4
1.5
1.2

26,238,496,785
8,938,352,564
3,266,664,616
2,909,906,294
2,657,031,387
2,394,109,638
2,310,652,739
2,015,455,680
910,520,194
688,427,501

23,730
40,650
17,913
11,872
7,888
5,673
15,665
4,523
9,428
4,982

71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80

131,192,483,924
44,691,762,818
16,333,323,079
14,549,531,470
13,285,156,934
11,970,548,191
11,553,263,695
10,077,278,398
4,552,600,968
3,442,137,503

Yearly Avg. Ann.


Average Per Capita

Brunswick Co.
Giles Co.
Charles City Co.
Lexington City
Gloucester Co.
Bristol City
Prince Edward Co.
Rappahannock Co.
Buena Vista City
Mathews Co.

Dollars

23,302,968
23,213,353
21,557,607
17,887,853
14,991,689
14,574,752
14,317,498
13,506,952
12,938,747
11,830,061

% of
State

Yearly Avg. Ann.


Average Per Capita

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

4,660,594
4,642,671
4,311,521
3,577,571
2,998,338
2,914,950
2,863,500
2,701,390
2,587,749
2,366,012

269
267
595
493
81
164
122
364
381
266

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Fairfax Co.
Arlington Co.
Newport News City
Norfolk City
Loudoun Co.
Prince William Co.
Alexandria City
Virginia Beach City
Portsmouth City
Hampton City

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

Manassas City
King George Co.
Lynchburg City
Chesapeake City
Falls Church City
Prince George Co.
Henrico Co.
Stafford Co.
Hanover Co.
Fairfax City

3,039,786,612
2,506,810,513
2,380,532,172
2,119,889,866
2,047,569,013
1,737,716,310
1,616,522,835
1,243,118,418
1,224,107,331
1,202,348,863

1.0
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4

607,957,322
501,362,103
476,106,434
423,977,973
409,513,803
347,543,262
323,304,567
248,623,684
244,821,466
240,469,773

15,247
69,810
6,188
1,851
31,625
9,657
1,030
1,863
2,416
10,222

81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90

Hopewell City
Orange Co.
Madison Co.
Poquoson City
Manassas Park City
Goochland Co.
Carroll Co.
Bedford City
Wise Co.
Washington Co.

11,634,750
10,626,081
10,588,863
9,993,092
9,334,550
9,138,670
8,708,391
8,221,884
8,153,430
6,810,825

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

2,326,950
2,125,216
2,117,773
1,998,618
1,866,910
1,827,734
1,741,678
1,644,377
1,630,686
1,362,165

102
62
158
164
126
85
58
444
40
25

21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

Albemarle Co.
Campbell Co.
Spotsylvania Co.
Suffolk City
Mecklenburg Co.
Accomack Co.
York Co.
Richmond City
Chesterfield Co.
Fauquier Co.

1,183,361,838
1,124,655,150
1,063,260,498
1,022,133,053
822,333,909
821,879,680
721,987,725
704,285,735
664,884,190
574,074,144

0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

236,672,368
224,931,030
212,652,100
204,426,611
164,466,782
164,375,936
144,397,545
140,857,147
132,976,838
114,814,829

2,329
4,059
1,705
2,351
5,080
4,910
2,172
675
411
1,732

91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

Russell Co.
King and Queen Co.
Bath Co.
Middlesex Co.
Southampton Co.
Tazewell Co.
Franklin Co.
Staunton City
Buckingham Co.
Floyd Co.

6,638,067
6,473,077
5,093,640
4,952,357
4,916,038
4,401,497
4,170,518
4,088,052
3,965,903
3,909,647

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

1,327,613
1,294,615
1,018,728
990,471
983,208
880,299
834,104
817,610
793,181
781,929

46
80
214
90
52
20
15
34
46
50

31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Radford City
Roanoke Co.
Roanoke City
Montgomery Co.
Frederick Co.
Rockingham Co.
Charlottesville City
Caroline Co.
Smyth Co.
Petersburg City

511,499,922
428,979,803
408,407,542
339,362,849
278,045,866
242,912,286
232,320,530
224,463,272
208,713,625
185,717,726

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

102,299,984
85,795,961
81,681,508
67,872,570
55,609,173
48,582,457
46,464,106
44,892,654
41,742,725
37,143,545

6,072
923
832
708
693
625
1,021
1,539
1,301
1,135

101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110

Surry Co.
Amelia Co.
King William Co.
Waynesboro City
Covington City
Dickenson Co.
Pittsylvania Co.
Fluvanna Co.
Halifax Co.
Appomattox Co.

3,898,040
3,059,337
2,710,279
2,552,477
2,180,678
2,106,575
1,998,090
1,894,702
1,771,838
1,604,217

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

779,608
611,867
542,056
510,495
436,136
421,315
399,618
378,940
354,368
320,843

112
48
23
24
70
27
6
15
10
21

41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

Clarke Co.
Lancaster Co.
Harrisonburg City
Page Co.
Salem City
Fredericksburg City
Danville City
Bedford Co.
Augusta Co.
Winchester City

178,332,342
174,306,377
159,248,814
150,034,908
144,289,115
133,567,879
99,030,784
96,017,157
84,488,286
78,427,568

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

35,666,468
34,861,275
31,849,763
30,006,982
28,857,823
26,713,576
19,806,157
19,203,431
16,897,657
15,685,514

2,511
3,063
625
1,244
1,148
1,011
459
266
228
586

111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120

Sussex Co.
Grayson Co.
Martinsville City
Scott Co.
Buchanan Co.
Alleghany Co.
New Kent Co.
Nelson Co.
Wythe Co.
Richmond Co.

1,492,309
1,487,926
1,315,487
1,149,170
1,055,444
948,967
943,628
915,334
878,141
856,454

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

298,462
297,585
263,097
229,834
211,089
189,793
188,726
183,067
175,628
171,291

25
19
19
10
9
12
10
12
6
19

51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60

Greensville Co.
James City Co.
Northampton Co.
Culpeper Co.
Amherst Co.
Northumberland Co.
Westmoreland Co.
Patrick Co.
Isle of Wight Co.
Henry Co.

65,609,527
63,518,081
59,477,258
49,850,224
47,958,553
47,245,331
46,833,460
45,102,371
43,426,047
41,048,699

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

13,121,905
12,703,616
11,895,452
9,970,045
9,591,711
9,449,066
9,366,692
9,020,474
8,685,209
8,209,740

1,099
183
966
209
295
762
531
484
242
153

121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130

Powhatan Co.
Bland Co.
Greene Co.
Emporia City
Cumberland Co.
Dinwiddie Co.
Galax City
Norton City
Essex Co.
Charlotte Co.

842,619
780,253
745,903
384,342
381,232
371,378
285,834
275,899
130,644
110,062

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

168,524
156,051
149,181
76,868
76,246
74,276
57,167
55,180
26,129
22,012

6
23
8
13
8
3
8
14
2
2

61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70

Warren Co.
Williamsburg City
Lee Co.
Rockbridge Co.
Pulaski Co.
Louisa Co.
Shenandoah Co.
Nottoway Co.
Colonial Heights City
Botetourt Co.

40,967,053
39,138,418
38,620,194
34,429,477
34,024,464
33,891,854
32,173,570
25,730,698
23,781,223
23,751,030

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

8,193,411
7,827,684
7,724,039
6,885,895
6,804,893
6,778,371
6,434,714
5,146,140
4,756,245
4,750,206

215
537
301
309
196
200
151
323
274
142

131
132
133
134

Highland Co.
Franklin City
Lunenburg Co.
Craig Co.

98,599
97,413
26,495
-239,315

0.0
0.0
0.0
-0.0

19,720
19,483
5,299
-47,863

9
2
0
-9

31

Table 12 continued
II. Defense Spending - Five Year Total (FY2010 through 2014
Dollars

% of
State

41.6
10.5
7.3
6.6
5.1
4.4
4.3
2.8
1.9
1.4

17,372,178,858
4,395,664,154
3,065,014,740
2,777,742,424
2,130,283,445
1,858,453,491
1,804,943,726
1,189,984,591
797,108,999
574,803,195

15,711
19,991
16,807
11,333
5,048
4,170
5,358
8,067
8,254
14,416

71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80

2,483,367,940
1,921,377,027
1,809,398,023
1,719,749,360
1,514,271,381
1,216,557,630
1,095,382,168
1,093,252,516
985,519,172
962,326,045

1.2
0.9
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5

496,673,588
384,275,405
361,879,605
343,949,872
302,854,276
243,311,526
219,076,434
218,650,503
197,103,834
192,465,209

69,157
29,676
1,580
2,489
8,415
2,401
3,953
2,151
2,267
613

86,860,894,290
21,978,320,770
15,325,073,700
13,888,712,119
10,651,417,225
9,292,267,457
9,024,718,630
5,949,922,954
3,985,544,996
2,874,015,973

Yearly Avg. Ann.


Average Per Capita

Buena Vista City


Carroll Co.
Poquoson City
Warren Co.
Page Co.
Madison Co.
Middlesex Co.
Goochland Co.
Southampton Co.
Salem City

Dollars

7,479,895
7,227,602
7,035,901
6,504,931
6,170,160
6,035,636
4,685,930
4,652,970
4,615,252
4,493,339

% of
State

Yearly Avg. Ann.


Average Per Capita

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1,495,979
1,445,520
1,407,180
1,300,986
1,234,032
1,207,127
937,186
930,594
923,050
898,668

220
49
115
34
51
90
85
43
49
36

81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90

Clarke Co.
Bath Co.
Shenandoah Co.
Surry Co.
Culpeper Co.
Buckingham Co.
Floyd Co.
Franklin Co.
Orange Co.
Bedford City

4,469,767
4,431,035
3,984,548
3,856,910
3,807,450
3,509,046
3,203,240
3,166,982
2,647,445
2,386,225

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

893,953
886,207
796,910
771,382
761,490
701,809
640,648
633,396
529,489
477,245

63
186
19
111
16
41
41
11
16
129

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Fairfax Co.
Arlington Co.
Newport News City
Norfolk City
Prince William Co.
Virginia Beach City
Loudoun Co.
Alexandria City
Portsmouth City
Manassas City

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

King George Co.


Falls Church City
Chesapeake City
Hampton City
Prince George Co.
Hanover Co.
Campbell Co.
Albemarle Co.
Suffolk City
Henrico Co.

21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

Spotsylvania Co.
Stafford Co.
Fairfax City
Chesterfield Co.
York Co.
Radford City
Roanoke Co.
Roanoke City
Montgomery Co.
Richmond City

961,465,933
761,618,068
684,772,455
623,026,246
510,758,254
507,498,756
379,668,872
295,906,002
261,842,333
225,123,580

0.5
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1

192,293,187
152,323,614
136,954,491
124,605,249
102,151,651
101,499,751
75,933,774
59,181,200
52,368,467
45,024,716

1,542
1,142
5,822
385
1,536
6,024
817
602
546
216

91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

King William Co.


Amherst Co.
King and Queen Co.
Hopewell City
Dickenson Co.
Waynesboro City
Covington City
Wise Co.
Fluvanna Co.
Grayson Co.

2,154,608
1,984,314
1,962,977
1,961,776
1,803,140
1,752,994
1,637,642
1,634,039
1,395,317
1,357,943

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

430,922
396,863
392,595
392,355
360,628
350,599
327,528
326,808
279,063
271,589

18
12
24
17
23
17
53
8
11
17

31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Caroline Co.
Rockingham Co.
Smyth Co.
Petersburg City
Accomack Co.
Lynchburg City
Lancaster Co.
Harrisonburg City
Charlottesville City
Bedford Co.

220,360,193
184,015,367
176,821,432
175,455,988
174,563,686
173,832,965
165,555,734
137,217,375
129,611,375
90,610,975

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0

44,072,039
36,803,073
35,364,286
35,091,198
34,912,737
34,766,593
33,111,147
27,443,475
25,922,275
18,122,195

1,511
474
1,102
1,072
1,043
452
2,910
539
570
251

101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110

Halifax Co.
Tazewell Co.
Rappahannock Co.
Scott Co.
Amelia Co.
Sussex Co.
Washington Co.
Alleghany Co.
Greene Co.
Pittsylvania Co.

1,087,647
1,057,088
956,963
949,832
821,589
799,744
671,597
668,222
606,689
594,439

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

217,529
211,418
191,393
189,966
164,318
159,949
134,319
133,644
121,338
118,888

6
5
26
8
13
13
2
8
6
2

41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

Fredericksburg City
Fauquier Co.
Greensville Co.
Danville City
Augusta Co.
Mecklenburg Co.
Northampton Co.
James City Co.
Westmoreland Co.
Patrick Co.

87,742,186
72,995,100
65,353,113
62,117,302
56,129,070
53,109,251
48,235,898
48,106,043
43,299,029
42,387,665

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

17,548,437
14,599,020
13,070,623
12,423,460
11,225,814
10,621,850
9,647,180
9,621,209
8,659,806
8,477,533

664
220
1,095
288
151
328
784
138
491
455

111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120

Buchanan Co.
Lee Co.
Dinwiddie Co.
Galax City
New Kent Co.
Bristol City
Powhatan Co.
Staunton City
Martinsville City
Wythe Co.

562,401
469,965
268,637
265,833
253,429
251,195
237,054
229,362
209,366
189,234

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

112,480
93,993
53,727
53,167
50,686
50,239
47,411
45,872
41,873
37,847

5
4
2
7
3
3
2
2
3
1

51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60

Isle of Wight Co.


Frederick Co.
Winchester City
Northumberland Co.
Henry Co.
Louisa Co.
Rockbridge Co.
Pulaski Co.
Williamsburg City
Colonial Heights City

37,446,827
37,422,158
36,474,773
35,670,752
34,272,731
30,673,504
28,146,720
27,814,480
27,365,022
23,425,242

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

7,489,365
7,484,432
7,294,955
7,134,150
6,854,546
6,134,701
5,629,344
5,562,896
5,473,004
4,685,048

208
93
273
575
128
181
253
160
376
269

121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130

Cumberland Co.
Charlotte Co.
Bland Co.
Richmond Co.
Nelson Co.
Essex Co.
Appomattox Co.
Lunenburg Co.
Emporia City
Highland Co.

119,003
96,827
82,450
71,565
53,360
32,559
25,816
22,454
12,306
9,735

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

23,801
19,365
16,490
14,313
10,672
6,512
5,163
4,491
2,461
1,947

2
2
2
2
1
1
0
0
0
1

61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70

Nottoway Co.
Brunswick Co.
Lexington City
Giles Co.
Charles City Co.
Prince Edward Co.
Gloucester Co.
Botetourt Co.
Mathews Co.
Manassas Park City

23,372,432
22,485,635
17,683,418
17,012,815
14,025,401
13,116,650
11,345,398
8,668,729
7,700,276
7,594,625

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

4,674,486
4,497,127
3,536,684
3,402,563
2,805,080
2,623,330
2,269,080
1,733,746
1,540,055
1,518,925

293
259
488
196
387
112
61
52
173
102

131
132
133
134

Russell Co.
Norton City
Franklin City
Craig Co.

7,028
-37,862
-268,242

0
0
0

1,406
-7,572
-53,648

0
-1
-10

32

Table 12 continued
III. Non-Defense Spending - Five Year Total (FY2010 through 2014
Dollars

% of
State

52
26
7
5
3
2
2
1
1
1

8,866,317,927
4,542,688,410
1,120,668,148
852,087,661
441,339,841
344,477,629
263,826,193
201,649,876
157,002,188
153,844,932

8,019
20,659
7,597
2,529
5,736
2,493
625
1,106
352
4,752

71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80

44,331,589,634
22,713,442,048
5,603,340,741
4,260,438,304
2,206,699,207
1,722,388,143
1,319,130,966
1,008,249,379
785,010,941
769,224,658

Yearly Avg. Ann.


Average Per Capita

Bedford City
Buena Vista City
Bedford Co.
Madison Co.
King and Queen Co.
Goochland Co.
Mathews Co.
Caroline Co.
Radford City
Staunton City

Dollars

5,835,660
5,458,853
5,406,182
4,553,227
4,510,100
4,485,700
4,129,785
4,103,080
4,001,165
3,858,691

% of
State

Yearly Avg. Ann.


Average Per Capita

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1,167,132
1,091,771
1,081,236
910,645
902,020
897,140
825,957
820,616
800,233
771,738

315
161
15
68
56
42
93
28
47
32

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Fairfax Co.
Arlington Co.
Alexandria City
Loudoun Co.
Lynchburg City
Hampton City
Prince William Co.
Newport News City
Virginia Beach City
Mecklenburg Co.

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

Norfolk City
Henrico Co.
Portsmouth City
Fairfax City
Fauquier Co.
Stafford Co.
Richmond City
Chesapeake City
Frederick Co.
Prince George Co.

660,819,351
654,196,790
567,055,972
517,576,408
501,079,044
481,500,350
479,162,154
310,491,843
240,623,707
223,444,929

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0

132,163,870
130,839,358
113,411,194
103,515,282
100,215,809
96,300,070
95,832,431
62,098,369
48,124,741
44,688,986

539
417
1,174
4,400
1,512
722
459
271
599
1,242

81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90

Gloucester Co.
Westmoreland Co.
Tazewell Co.
Louisa Co.
Poquoson City
Patrick Co.
Nottoway Co.
Amelia Co.
Manassas Park City
Appomattox Co.

3,646,291
3,534,431
3,344,409
3,218,350
2,957,192
2,714,706
2,358,266
2,237,749
1,739,925
1,578,401

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

729,258
706,886
668,882
643,670
591,438
542,941
471,653
447,550
347,985
315,680

20
40
15
19
48
29
30
35
23
21

21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

York Co.
Clarke Co.
Manassas City
Page Co.
Salem City
Falls Church City
Roanoke City
Charlottesville City
Spotsylvania Co.
Albemarle Co.

211,229,471
173,862,575
165,770,639
143,864,748
139,795,776
126,191,986
112,501,540
102,709,154
101,794,565
90,109,322

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

42,245,894
34,772,515
33,154,128
28,772,950
27,959,155
25,238,397
22,500,308
20,541,831
20,358,913
18,021,864

635
2,448
832
1,193
1,113
1,949
229
451
163
177

91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100

Carroll Co.
Pittsylvania Co.
Prince Edward Co.
Martinsville City
Franklin Co.
Nelson Co.
Brunswick Co.
Waynesboro City
Richmond Co.
Floyd Co.

1,480,790
1,403,651
1,200,848
1,106,121
1,003,537
861,974
817,333
799,484
784,889
706,407

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

296,158
280,730
240,170
221,224
200,707
172,395
163,467
159,897
156,978
141,281

10
4
10
16
4
11
9
8
17
9

31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Montgomery Co.
Rockingham Co.
Roanoke Co.
Culpeper Co.
Amherst Co.
Fredericksburg City
Winchester City
Chesterfield Co.
Lee Co.
Danville City

77,520,517
58,896,919
49,310,931
46,042,774
45,974,240
45,825,692
41,952,795
41,857,944
38,150,229
36,913,482

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

15,504,103
11,779,384
9,862,186
9,208,555
9,194,848
9,165,138
8,390,559
8,371,589
7,630,046
7,382,696

162
152
106
193
283
347
314
26
297
171

101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110

Bland Co.
Sussex Co.
New Kent Co.
Wythe Co.
Halifax Co.
Bath Co.
Powhatan Co.
King William Co.
Covington City
Fluvanna Co.

697,803
692,565
690,199
688,907
684,192
662,604
605,565
555,671
543,036
499,385

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

139,561
138,513
138,040
137,781
136,838
132,521
121,113
111,134
108,607
99,877

21
11
7
5
4
28
4
5
18
4

41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

Suffolk City
Accomack Co.
Warren Co.
Smyth Co.
Campbell Co.
Augusta Co.
Shenandoah Co.
King George Co.
Harrisonburg City
James City Co.

36,613,881
34,912,737
34,462,122
31,892,193
29,272,982
28,359,216
28,189,021
23,442,573
22,031,439
15,412,038

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

7,322,776
6,982,547
6,892,424
6,378,439
5,854,596
5,671,843
5,637,804
4,688,515
4,406,288
3,082,408

84
209
181
199
106
77
132
653
86
44

111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120

Buchanan Co.
Buckingham Co.
Emporia City
Colonial Heights City
Dickenson Co.
Southampton Co.
Alleghany Co.
Norton City
Middlesex Co.
Cumberland Co.

493,043
456,857
372,036
355,981
303,434
300,786
280,744
275,899
266,426
262,229

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

98,609
91,371
74,407
71,196
60,687
60,157
56,149
55,180
53,285
52,446

4
5
12
4
4
3
4
14
5
5

51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60

Botetourt Co.
Bristol City
Rappahannock Co.
Williamsburg City
Northumberland Co.
Northampton Co.
Petersburg City
Hopewell City
Lancaster Co.
Orange Co.

15,082,301
14,323,557
12,549,989
11,773,396
11,574,579
11,241,359
10,261,738
9,672,974
8,750,644
7,978,637

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

3,016,460
2,864,711
2,509,998
2,354,679
2,314,916
2,248,272
2,052,348
1,934,595
1,750,129
1,595,727

90
161
338
162
187
183
63
85
154
47

121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130

Greensville Co.
Lexington City
Scott Co.
Greene Co.
Franklin City
Grayson Co.
Dinwiddie Co.
Essex Co.
Highland Co.
Surry Co.

256,414
204,435
199,338
139,214
135,275
129,984
102,741
98,085
88,864
41,130

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

51,283
40,887
39,868
27,843
27,055
25,997
20,548
19,617
17,773
8,226

4
6
2
1
3
2
1
2
8
1

61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70

Hanover Co.
Charles City Co.
Henry Co.
Russell Co.
Wise Co.
Rockbridge Co.
Pulaski Co.
Giles Co.
Washington Co.
Isle of Wight Co.

7,549,701
7,532,207
6,775,968
6,631,039
6,519,391
6,282,757
6,209,984
6,200,538
6,139,228
5,979,220

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

1,509,940
1,506,441
1,355,194
1,326,208
1,303,878
1,256,551
1,241,997
1,240,108
1,227,846
1,195,844

15
208
25
46
32
56
36
71
22
33

131
132
133
134

Craig Co.
Galax City
Charlotte Co.
Lunenburg Co.

28,927
20,001
13,235
4,041

0
0
0
0

5,785
4,000
2,647
808

1
1
0
0

33

Selected Other County and City Highlights


About ninety percent (equal to 261 billion dollars) of federal procurement spending in Virginia
from 2010 through 2014 occurred in ten jurisdictions, all of them counties and cities located in
Northern Virginia and the Hampton Roads area. In order, based on obligated contract award dollars, they are Fairfax County, Arlington County, the City of Newport News, the City of Norfolk,
Loudoun County, Prince William County, the City of Alexandria, Virginia Beach, and the Cities
of Portsmouth and Hampton.

34

35

Fairfax Co.
Arlington Co.
Loudoun Co.
Newport News City
Alexandria City
Prince William Co.
Norfolk City
Virginia Beach City
Hampton City
Manassas City

Portsmouth City
Falls Church City
King George Co.
Hanover Co.
Chesapeake City
Prince George Co.
Lynchburg City
Suffolk City
Stafford Co.
Fairfax City

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

VIRGINIA

FY 2010

Dollar
Amount

% of Cum.
State %

8,987
894
2,958
19,663
4,629
2,255
661
1,368
1,258
1,483

757,018,472
669,845,150
548,584,766
402,549,567
368,837,979
298,843,039
290,645,315
268,435,696
257,969,634
256,388,679

1.3
1.1
0.9
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4

90.0
91.1
92.0
92.7
93.3
93.8
94.3
94.8
95.2
95.6

79,304 24,797,984,220 41.7 41.7


34,532 9,847,084,348 16.6 58.3
8,659 3,495,548,295 5.9 64.2
6,907 3,209,538,739 5.4 69.6
11,314 2,614,420,867 4.4 74.0
17,601 2,482,753,731 4.2 78.2
15,648 2,291,130,005 3.9 82.1
11,109 2,178,068,069 3.7 85.7
6,254
962,229,315 1.6 87.3
974
811,215,515 1.4 88.7

259,341 59,399,589,066

Transactions

TOTAL PROCUREMENT SPENDING

Based on Primary and Sub-Contracted Funds


Awarded Annually from FY 2010 through FY
2014

Table 13
Listing of Top 20 Receipient Localities
By Individual Year

Falls Church City


King George Co.
Hampton City
Hanover Co.
Chesapeake City
Suffolk City
Prince George Co.
Spotsylvania Co.
Chesterfield Co.
Albemarle Co.

Fairfax Co.
Arlington Co.
Loudoun Co.
Newport News City
Prince William Co.
Norfolk City
Virginia Beach City
Alexandria City
Manassas City
Portsmouth City

VIRGINIA

Dollar
Amount

756
2,933
3,190
17,066
3,007
1,198
2,057
489
1,348
1,162

627,966,767
547,116,707
494,661,907
401,266,441
299,068,553
253,714,740
237,266,734
215,166,422
184,959,460
176,342,957

45,563 16,403,849,922
14,021 4,911,106,364
5,586 3,034,160,867
6,172 3,015,478,577
5,769 2,298,109,151
13,629 2,190,732,736
9,334 2,037,732,178
3,775 1,385,317,260
811
757,418,492
7,826
665,421,652

153,889 41,443,059,824

Transactions

DEFENSE SPENDING

1.5
1.3
1.2
1.0
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.4

39.6
11.9
7.3
7.3
5.5
5.3
4.9
3.3
1.8
1.6

90.1
91.4
92.6
93.6
94.3
94.9
95.5
96.0
96.4
96.8

39.6
51.4
58.8
66.0
71.6
76.9
81.8
85.1
86.9
88.6

% of Cum.
State
%

Stafford Co.
Fairfax City
Accomack Co.
Norfolk City
Mecklenburg Co.
Richmond City
Portsmouth City
Fauquier Co.
Chesapeake City
Roanoke City

Fairfax Co.
Arlington Co.
Alexandria City
Hampton City
Loudoun Co.
Lynchburg City
Newport News City
Prince William Co.
Virginia Beach City
Henrico Co.

VIRGINIA

Dollar
Amount

705
688
446
2,019
89
2,125
1,161
113
1,622
562

33,741
20,511
7,539
3,064
3,073
414
735
11,832
1,775
1,762

131,675,586
126,737,395
112,035,943
100,397,269
96,338,073
94,912,944
91,596,820
90,904,257
69,769,426
65,977,957

8,394,134,298
4,935,977,984
1,229,103,607
467,567,408
461,387,428
267,804,203
194,060,162
184,644,580
140,335,891
139,123,636

105,452 17,956,529,242

Transactions

NON-DEFENSE SPENDING

0.7
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4

46.7
27.5
6.8
2.6
2.6
1.5
1.1
1.0
0.8
0.8

92.1
92.8
93.5
94.0
94.6
95.1
95.6
96.1
96.5
96.9

46.7
74.2
81.1
83.7
86.3
87.7
88.8
89.9
90.6
91.4

% of Cum.
State
%

36

Manassas City
Falls Church City
Lynchburg City
King George Co.
Chesapeake City
Prince George Co.
Hanover Co.
Albemarle Co.
Mecklenburg Co.
Spotsylvania Co.

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

Fairfax Co.
Arlington Co.
Norfolk City
Prince William Co.
Newport News City
Alexandria City
Loudoun Co.
Virginia Beach City
Hampton City
Portsmouth City

Lynchburg City
Manassas City
King George Co.
Falls Church City
Chesapeake City
Prince George Co.
Stafford Co.
Albemarle Co.
Spotsylvania Co.
Fairfax City

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

VIRGINIA

FY 2012

Fairfax Co.
Arlington Co.
Loudoun Co.
Norfolk City
Newport News City
Prince William Co.
Alexandria City
Virginia Beach City
Hampton City
Portsmouth City

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

VIRGINIA

FY 2011

Dollar
Amount

% of Cum.
State %

707,148,571
692,662,382
674,799,089
611,053,126
422,253,674
418,126,548
395,578,022
281,554,725
262,492,504
256,308,789

1.1
1.1
1.1
1.0
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.4
0.4
0.4

85.3
86.4
87.4
88.4
89.1
89.7
90.3
90.8
91.2
91.6

525
1,043
2,292
565
4,540
2,496
1,062
1,293
802
1,283

592,278,625
561,372,172
468,216,761
430,224,148
338,271,284
328,504,487
327,161,456
279,898,164
273,313,522
239,917,188

1.0
1.0
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.4

83.9
84.9
85.7
86.4
87.0
87.5
88.1
88.6
89.1
89.5

89,890 24,797,984,220 42.4 42.4


28,386 8,502,358,903 14.6 57.0
14,982 2,705,609,252 4.6 61.6
10,274 2,569,868,952 4.4 66.0
6,275 2,558,819,285 4.4 70.4
11,130 2,124,854,940 3.6 74.0
7,875 1,961,357,761 3.4 77.4
12,572 1,929,924,824 3.3 80.7
5,224
650,755,509 1.1 81.8
7,158
626,562,922 1.1 82.9

246,036 58,421,758,879

875
688
785
3,236
4,831
2,443
20,094
1,473
269
733

87,656 24,797,984,220 38.7 38.7


34,896 10,439,519,710 16.3 55.0
9,018 3,650,584,105 5.7 60.7
16,383 3,236,874,512 5.1 65.7
6,375 3,139,289,756 4.9 70.6
13,025 2,518,343,210 3.9 74.6
11,346 2,378,815,554 3.7 78.3
11,806 2,116,414,272 3.3 81.6
6,230
850,455,942 1.3 82.9
8,874
827,161,880 1.3 84.2

264,462 64,073,492,702

Transactions

TOTAL PROCUREMENT SPENDING

Table 13 continued

King George Co.


Falls Church City
Hampton City
Prince George Co.
Chesapeake City
Albemarle Co.
Spotsylvania Co.
Stafford Co.
Suffolk City
Hanover Co.

Fairfax Co.
Arlington Co.
Norfolk City
Newport News City
Prince William Co.
Virginia Beach City
Alexandria City
Loudoun Co.
Manassas City
Portsmouth City

VIRGINIA

Falls Church City


King George Co.
Hampton City
Hanover Co.
Chesapeake City
Prince George Co.
Albemarle Co.
Spotsylvania Co.
Chesterfield Co.
Suffolk City

Fairfax Co.
Arlington Co.
Norfolk City
Newport News City
Loudoun Co.
Prince William Co.
Virginia Beach City
Alexandria City
Portsmouth City
Manassas City

VIRGINIA

Dollar
Amount

648,320,376
606,536,324
426,551,879
392,084,968
364,934,106
362,120,812
265,017,407
246,088,384
196,515,699
188,504,612

2,268
465
3,091
2,067
2,949
1,077
677
620
3,511
11,932

466,045,897
412,110,926
309,506,423
294,741,284
275,950,325
270,405,334
264,334,254
225,438,134
210,456,076
194,032,203

54,921 18,846,450,700
11,778 4,279,717,981
13,241 2,616,067,744
5,397 2,349,344,611
5,662 2,255,075,158
11,003 1,773,842,032
3,748 1,208,714,965
3,669 1,025,483,078
751
530,946,818
5,973
521,203,241

154,652 39,776,009,170

594
3,193
3,449
18,913
3,129
2,215
1,138
576
1,280
1,415

52,086 18,192,600,387
15,655 5,661,184,257
14,427 3,140,016,843
5,543 2,926,800,875
5,521 2,782,451,484
6,524 2,328,802,409
10,016 1,983,560,382
3,893 1,279,003,648
7,623
726,337,732
642
661,558,206

166,632 44,830,071,370

Transactions

DEFENSE SPENDING

1.2
1.0
0.8
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.5

47.4
10.8
6.6
5.9
5.7
4.5
3.0
2.6
1.3
1.3

1.4
1.4
1.0
0.9
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.4

40.6
12.6
7.0
6.5
6.2
5.2
4.4
2.9
1.6
1.5

90.2
91.2
92.0
92.7
93.4
94.1
94.8
95.3
95.9
96.4

47.4
58.1
64.7
70.6
76.3
80.8
83.8
86.4
87.7
89.0

90.0
91.3
92.3
93.1
94.0
94.8
95.4
95.9
96.3
96.8

40.6
53.2
60.2
66.7
72.9
78.1
82.6
85.4
87.0
88.5

% of Cum.
State
%

VIRGINIA

Accomack Co.
Henrico Co.
Portsmouth City
Stafford Co.
Fauquier Co.
Richmond City
Norfolk City
Fairfax City
Frederick Co.
York Co.

Fairfax Co.
Arlington Co.
Loudoun Co.
Alexandria City
Lynchburg City
Hampton City
Prince William Co.
Newport News City
Mecklenburg Co.
Virginia Beach City

VIRGINIA

Henrico Co.
Accomack Co.
Fairfax City
Fauquier Co.
Portsmouth City
Norfolk City
Richmond City
Stafford Co.
Clarke Co.
Chesapeake City

Fairfax Co.
Arlington Co.
Alexandria City
Loudoun Co.
Lynchburg City
Hampton City
Mecklenburg Co.
Newport News City
Prince William Co.
Virginia Beach City

Dollar
Amount

132,798,273
131,137,345
117,023,040
104,511,180
100,824,148
96,857,669
84,743,541
79,558,884
73,990,320
57,319,568

9,168,451,172
4,778,335,453
1,099,811,906
868,132,621
632,130,972
423,904,063
249,104,405
212,488,881
189,540,801
132,853,890

371
1,405
1,185
442
70
1,385
1,741
723
512
543

34,969
16,608
4,206
7,382
315
2,133
4,612
878
135
1,569

141,120,974
130,896,156
105,359,681
101,723,322
91,009,873
90,521,942
89,541,508
89,241,028
72,158,364
65,681,004

9,411,546,829
4,222,640,922
935,874,683
916,139,975
546,369,143
341,249,086
314,793,794
209,474,674
171,475,300
156,082,792

91,384 18,645,749,709

1,345
419
807
152
1,251
1,956
1,354
571
381
1,702

35,570
19,241
7,453
3,497
418
2,781
178
832
6,501
1,790

97,830 19,243,421,332

Transactions

NON-DEFENSE SPENDING

0.8 93.1
0.7 93.8
0.6 94.4
0.5 95.0
0.5 95.4
0.5 95.9
0.5 96.4
0.5 96.9
0.4 97.3
0.4 97.6

50.5 50.5
22.6 73.1
5.0 78.1
4.9 83.1
2.9 86.0
1.8 87.8
1.7 89.5
1.1 90.6
0.9 91.5
0.8 92.4

0.7 93.0
0.7 93.6
0.6 94.2
0.5 94.8
0.5 95.3
0.5 95.8
0.4 96.3
0.4 96.7
0.4 97.1
0.3 97.4

47.6 47.6
24.8 72.5
5.7 78.2
4.5 82.7
3.3 86.0
2.2 88.2
1.3 89.5
1.1 90.6
1.0 91.6
0.7 92.3

% of Cum.
State
%

37

Hampton City
Manassas City
King George Co.
Prince George Co.
Chesapeake City
Fairfax City
Albemarle Co.
York Co.
Stafford Co.
Falls Church City

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

Fairfax Co.
Arlington Co.
Norfolk City
Newport News City
Alexandria City
Prince William Co.
Virginia Beach City
Loudoun Co.
Portsmouth City
Henrico Co.

Campbell Co.
Chesapeake City
Hampton City
Manassas City
King George Co.
Prince George Co.
Lynchburg City
Stafford Co.
Albemarle Co.
Richmond City

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

VIRGINIA

FY 2014

Fairfax Co.
Arlington Co.
Newport News City
Norfolk City
Loudoun Co.
Alexandria City
Prince William Co.
Virginia Beach City
Portsmouth City
Lynchburg City

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

VIRGINIA

FY 2013

Dollar
Amount

% of Cum.
State %

489,252,947
483,922,576
438,031,439
350,070,859
346,273,629
288,740,457
221,410,967
205,054,008
196,460,742
182,508,859

0.9
0.9
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3

89.6
90.5
91.3
92.0
92.6
93.1
93.5
93.9
94.3
94.6

642
4,121
4,388
784
2,896
1,653
414
1,449
1,243
1,536

868,396,044
644,253,299
489,443,790
476,127,778
440,924,422
342,171,376
280,700,876
214,253,643
199,281,451
183,948,362

1.5
1.1
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.3

89.5
90.6
91.5
92.3
93.0
93.6
94.1
94.5
94.8
95.1

68,248 24,797,984,220 42.5 42.5


19,896 7,870,387,303 13.5 55.9
11,453 3,822,502,061 6.5 62.5
5,206 3,727,579,966 6.4 68.9
8,697 2,317,646,275 4.0 72.8
7,136 2,305,123,996 3.9 76.8
14,840 2,012,018,729 3.4 80.2
13,215 1,929,192,110 3.3 83.5
5,915 1,638,266,339 2.8 86.3
1,779
988,112,018 1.7 88.0

202,009 58,404,107,259

4,814
1,055
1,918
2,083
3,770
1,120
1,062
1,161
1,271
389

69,937 24,797,984,220 45.3 45.3


22,514 8,032,412,554 14.7 60.0
6,582 3,698,095,333 6.8 66.7
12,878 2,493,415,639 4.6 71.3
9,782 2,248,474,663 4.1 75.4
8,538 2,117,526,059 3.9 79.3
7,570 2,094,458,302 3.8 83.1
12,617 1,840,852,504 3.4 86.5
6,137
703,591,355 1.3 87.7
583
542,108,268 1.0 88.7

204,209 54,732,366,359

Transactions

TOTAL PROCUREMENT SPENDING

Table 13 continued

Henrico Co.
Chesapeake City
Manassas City
King George Co.
Prince George Co.
Hampton City
Albemarle Co.
Suffolk City
Radford City
Hanover Co.

Fairfax Co.
Arlington Co.
Norfolk City
Newport News City
Prince William Co.
Virginia Beach City
Portsmouth City
Alexandria City
Loudoun Co.
Campbell Co.

VIRGINIA

King George Co.


Prince George Co.
Chesapeake City
Hampton City
Albemarle Co.
Fairfax City
Suffolk City
Falls Church City
York Co.
Stafford Co.

Fairfax Co.
Newport News City
Arlington Co.
Norfolk City
Prince William Co.
Virginia Beach City
Loudoun Co.
Alexandria City
Portsmouth City
Manassas City

VIRGINIA

Dollar
Amount

436,736,380
307,324,498
289,782,050
240,699,227
196,757,466
179,107,594
172,970,615
172,050,956
151,785,362
129,025,578

493
3,464
643
2,864
1,450
2,924
1,082
820
174
10,740

864,719,672
579,662,989
463,111,044
426,932,632
312,818,053
248,329,924
184,729,352
159,873,129
145,904,870
116,351,027

35,695 16,199,930,789
8,708 3,688,111,304
10,306 3,603,317,471
4,665 3,510,382,517
5,112 1,894,109,823
13,415 1,833,874,116
4,735 1,483,820,040
3,027 1,056,545,853
9,311
994,798,419
584
864,917,568

129,852 39,881,013,507

1,880
1,583
3,035
3,209
907
656
2,104
308
729
624

37,988 17,218,062,492
6,021 3,523,067,120
9,442 3,438,200,864
11,485 2,338,577,325
5,526 1,875,320,684
11,474 1,663,258,749
6,050 1,187,824,782
3,220 1,020,341,228
4,898
588,762,331
835
460,981,413

130,151 36,721,980,783

Transactions

DEFENSE SPENDING

2.2
1.5
1.2
1.1
0.8
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.3

40.6
9.2
9.0
8.8
4.7
4.6
3.7
2.6
2.5
2.2

1.2
0.8
0.8
0.7
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4

46.9
9.6
9.4
6.4
5.1
4.5
3.2
2.8
1.6
1.3

90.3
91.7
92.9
93.9
94.7
95.3
95.8
96.2
96.6
96.9

40.6
49.9
58.9
67.7
72.5
77.1
80.8
83.4
85.9
88.1

91.9
92.7
93.5
94.2
94.7
95.2
95.7
96.2
96.6
96.9

46.9
56.5
65.8
72.2
77.3
81.8
85.1
87.9
89.5
90.7

% of Cum.
State
%

VIRGINIA

Portsmouth City
Richmond City
Henrico Co.
Accomack Co.
Mecklenburg Co.
Stafford Co.
Fauquier Co.
Frederick Co.
Fairfax City
Chesapeake City

Fairfax Co.
Arlington Co.
Alexandria City
Loudoun Co.
Prince William Co.
Lynchburg City
Hampton City
Norfolk City
Newport News City
Virginia Beach City

VIRGINIA

Accomack Co.
Mecklenburg Co.
Henrico Co.
Fauquier Co.
Portsmouth City
Fairfax City
Richmond City
Stafford Co.
Chesapeake City
York Co.

Fairfax Co.
Arlington Co.
Alexandria City
Loudoun Co.
Lynchburg City
Hampton City
Prince William Co.
Virginia Beach City
Newport News City
Norfolk City

Dollar
Amount

148,704,401
141,057,511
127,986,379
121,132,530
114,829,024
109,632,863
79,875,040
67,435,164
56,491,579
53,268,646

8,255,585,087
4,594,211,690
1,097,184,831
1,060,649,881
516,412,274
248,553,720
219,137,618
177,593,755
175,028,213
154,838,314

1,180
1,209
1,286
342
59
774
78
407
433
657

32,553
11,188
5,670
3,904
2,024
224
1,464
1,147
541
1,425

154,446,299
129,108,688
123,392,346
114,317,331
111,249,369
101,107,394
93,521,205
83,947,410
74,942,082
64,590,310

9,101,872,248
4,182,275,999
1,261,100,422
934,393,691
411,014,173
243,982,615
241,113,866
219,184,590
217,197,449
178,144,613

72,157 18,523,093,751

423
115
1,255
78
1,239
464
1,166
647
735
432

31,949
13,072
5,318
3,732
303
1,605
2,044
1,143
561
1,393

74,058 18,010,385,577

Transactions

NON-DEFENSE SPENDING

0.8 92.6
0.7 93.3
0.7 93.9
0.6 94.5
0.6 95.1
0.5 95.7
0.5 96.2
0.5 96.6
0.4 97.0
0.3 97.4

49.1 49.1
22.6 71.7
6.8 78.5
5.0 83.6
2.2 85.8
1.3 87.1
1.3 88.4
1.2 89.6
1.2 90.8
1.0 91.7

0.8 92.4
0.8 93.2
0.7 93.9
0.7 94.6
0.6 95.2
0.6 95.8
0.4 96.3
0.4 96.7
0.3 97.0
0.3 97.3

45.8 45.8
25.5 71.3
6.1 77.4
5.9 83.3
2.9 86.2
1.4 87.6
1.2 88.8
1.0 89.8
1.0 90.7
0.9 91.6

% of Cum.
State
%

38

748,488,716
247,272,943
256,308,789
118,839,606
74,508,317
30,617,677
5,256,447
15,467,367
217,572

OUTER SUBURBS....................... 657,854,930


Stafford County.............................. 257,969,634
Spotsylvania County...................... 226,354,191
Fauquier County............................. 112,165,039
Clarke County.................................. 34,991,929
Fredericksburg City......................... 14,184,840
Culpeper County................................ 4,699,645
Warren County................................... 6,785,955
Rappahannock County.......................... 703,698

32,135,085,071
31,682,552,489
18,192,600,387
5,661,184,257
2,328,802,409
2,782,451,484
1,279,003,648
661,558,206
648,320,376
125,575,073
3,056,649

MSA (VA. Portion)................... 29,922,144,316

NORTHERN VIRGINIA.......... 29,550,774,213


Fairfax County.......................... 16,403,849,922
Arlington County........................ 4,911,106,364
Prince William County................ 2,298,109,151
Loudoun County......................... 3,034,160,867
Alexandria City........................... 1,385,317,260
Manassas City................................ 757,418,492
Falls Church City........................... 627,966,767
Fairfax City.................................... 129,651,284
Manassas Park City............................ 3,194,106

Defense Spending

778,119,158
327,161,456
273,313,522
114,340,636
32,275,401
16,122,988
9,612,904
5,033,329
258,924

41,189,411,567
24,797,984,220
8,502,358,903
1,961,357,761
2,569,868,952
2,124,854,940
561,372,172
430,224,148
239,917,188
1,473,284

41,967,530,725

547,298,355
196,460,742
143,214,699
123,680,362
28,245,912
28,909,299
18,055,269
6,520,973
2,211,097

40,246,137,935
24,797,984,220
8,032,412,554
2,248,474,663
2,094,458,302
2,117,526,059
483,922,576
182,508,859
288,740,457
110,245

40,793,436,291

564,916,350
214,253,643
164,069,297
105,048,502
8,310,784
43,733,075
12,225,960
7,159,429
10,115,662

39,944,220,776
24,797,984,220
7,870,387,303
1,929,192,110
2,305,123,996
2,317,646,275
476,127,778
72,328,475
174,704,426
726,193

40,509,137,126

3,296,677,510
1,243,118,418
1,063,260,498
574,074,144
178,332,342
133,567,879
49,850,224
40,967,053
13,506,952

1.5
0.6
0.5
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

211,789,691,777
98.5
123,989,921,100
57.6
44,691,762,818
20.8
13,285,156,934
6.2
11,970,548,191
5.6
11,553,263,695
5.4
3,039,786,612
1.4
2,047,569,013
1.0
1,202,348,863
0.6
9,334,550

215,086,369,287

28,710,104,137
18,846,450,700
4,279,717,981
2,255,075,158
1,025,483,078
1,208,714,965
530,946,818
412,110,926
150,676,160
928,351

29,241,551,164

25,551,933,566
17,218,062,492
3,438,200,864
1,875,320,684
1,187,824,782
1,020,341,228
460,981,413
172,050,956
179,107,594
43,553

25,821,880,862

24,457,669,545
16,199,930,789
3,688,111,304
1,894,109,823
994,798,419
1,056,545,853
463,111,044
60,928,002
99,762,344
371,967

24,731,932,935

139,953,033,950
86,860,894,290
21,978,320,770
10,651,417,225
9,024,718,630
5,949,922,954
2,874,015,973
1,921,377,027
684,772,455
7,594,625

141,852,594,348
98.7
61.2
15.5
7.5
6.4
4.2
2.0
1.4
0.5
0.0

45,430,956,524
24,797,984,220
10,439,519,710
3,650,584,105
2,518,343,210
2,378,815,554
707,148,571
692,662,382
242,598,113
3,300,659

NORTHERN VIRGINIA.......... 44,978,964,974


Fairfax County.......................... 24,797,984,220
Arlington County........................ 9,847,084,348
Loudoun County......................... 3,495,548,295
Prince William County................ 2,482,753,731
Alexandria City........................... 2,614,420,867
Manassas City................................ 811,215,515
Falls Church City........................... 669,845,150
Fairfax City.................................... 256,388,679
Manassas Park City............................ 3,724,169

46,179,445,241

MSA (VA. Portion)................... 45,636,819,904

Federal Procurement Spending - Total


Five Year Total % of

FY 2010
FY 2011
FY 2012
FY 2013
FY 2014
FY 2010-2014 MSA

Table 14
Procurement Spending in the Northern Virginia Portion of the Washington D.C. MSA
Amounts By Year and Type of Procurement Spending

39

OUTER SUBURBS....................... 286,484,827


Fauquier County............................... 90,904,257
Stafford County.............................. 131,675,586
Clarke County.................................. 34,430,171
Spotsylvania County........................ 11,187,769
Culpeper County................................ 4,456,678
Fredericksburg City........................... 7,352,926
Warren County................................... 5,845,999
Rappahannock County.......................... 631,443

295,956,134
104,511,180
79,558,884
73,990,320
10,220,405
3,391,240
9,378,913
14,688,081
217,112

246,672,131
91,009,873
101,723,322
31,114,223
8,979,268
9,194,864
2,135,451
2,256,207
258,924

277,351,059
121,132,530
67,435,164
27,133,326
23,620,961
17,889,900
13,275,842
4,783,423
2,079,911

290,652,961
93,521,205
101,107,394
7,194,535
47,786,162
11,110,092
13,682,561
6,888,412
9,362,600

1,397,117,112
501,079,044
481,500,350
173,862,575
101,794,565
46,042,774
45,825,692
34,462,122
12,549,989

1.7
0.6
0.6
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0
0

OUTER SUBURBS....................... 371,370,103


452,532,582
531,447,027
269,947,297
274,263,389
1,899,560,398
1.3
Spotsylvania County...................... 215,166,422
246,088,384
264,334,254
119,593,738
116,283,135
961,465,933
0.7
Stafford County.............................. 126,294,048
167,714,059
225,438,134
129,025,578
113,146,249
761,618,068
0.5
Fredericksburg City........................... 6,831,914
21,238,764
13,987,537
15,633,458
30,050,514
87,742,186
0.1
Fauquier County............................... 21,260,782
14,328,426
23,330,763
2,547,832
11,527,297
72,995,100
0.1
Warren County...................................... 939,956
779,286
2,777,122
1,737,550
271,016
6,504,931
0
Clarke County....................................... 561,758
517,996
1,161,178
1,112,586
1,116,248
4,469,767
0
Culpeper County................................... 242,967
1,865,207
418,040
165,369
1,115,868
3,807,450
0
Rappahannock County............................ 72,255
460
131,186
753,062
956,963
0


Non-Defense Spending

MSA (VA. Portion)................... 15,714,675,588
16,607,427,509
16,185,992,870
15,647,218,787
16,281,023,008
80,436,337,763

NORTHERN VIRGINIA.......... 15,428,190,761
16,311,471,375
15,939,320,739
15,369,867,729
15,990,370,048
79,039,220,651
98.3
Fairfax County............................ 8,394,134,298
9,168,451,172
9,411,546,829
8,255,585,087
9,101,872,248
44,331,589,634
55.1
Arlington County........................ 4,935,977,984
4,778,335,453
4,222,640,922
4,594,211,690
4,182,275,999
22,713,442,048
28.2
Alexandria City........................... 1,229,103,607
1,099,811,906
916,139,975
1,097,184,831
1,261,100,422
5,603,340,741
7
Loudoun County............................ 461,387,428
868,132,621
935,874,683
1,060,649,881
934,393,691
4,260,438,304
5.3
Prince William County................... 184,644,580
189,540,801
314,793,794
219,137,618
411,014,173
1,319,130,966
1.6
Fairfax City.................................... 126,737,395
117,023,040
89,241,028
109,632,863
74,942,082
517,576,408
0.6
Manassas City.................................. 53,797,023
45,590,365
30,425,354
22,941,163
13,016,734
165,770,639
0.2
Falls Church City............................. 41,878,383
44,342,006
18,113,222
10,457,903
11,400,473
126,191,986
0.2
Manassas Park City............................... 530,063
244,011
544,933
66,693
354,226
1,739,925
0


Five Year Total % of

FY 2010
FY 2011
FY 2012
FY 2013
FY 2014
FY 2010-2014 MSA

Defense Spending Contiued

Table 14 continued

What Federal Agencies Are Spending The Money?


Federal Agency Funding Sources
Just as it is important to know and to monitor how much federal procurement money is being
spent in Virginia and, where geographically the monies are going, it is equally important to know
and to monitor U.S. governmental sources from whence the monies flow. Like getting a periodic
health check-up, part of the necessary routine for ensuring healthy economic growth and output
is to monitor system indicators and, when problems arise, to devise strategies to deal with the
situation. One such indicator is: where is the money coming from - specifically, how much money and from what departments, agencies, bureaus, independent authorities and commissions and
other organizational entities of the vast U.S. Government bureaucracy. Also, it is prudent to know
where in the federal funding stream the 9.1 billion dollar reduction in procurement spending, that
jolted Virginias gross domestic product from 2011 to 2013, had its origin. What were the agency
sources?
Following are data tables and some highlighted findings to answer these questions. The first,
Table 15 provides a condensed, summary listing of major funding sources while the second, Table 16, provides a detailed breakdown of more than 200 federal departments, agencies and other
governmental entities purchasing goods and services from the private sector in Virginia over the
past five years. In both tables, the information is compiled for the State of Virginia and for its
two primary recipient regions: Northern Virginia and the Hampton Roads areas which, together,
accounted for 271.9 billion of the 295.0 billion dollars (92.2 percent) spent by the U.S. Government in Virginia from 2010 through 2014.
NOTABLE FINDINGS:
Almost seventy percent (68.7%) of procurement spending in Virginia, as noted in an earlier
section of the report, was by the Department of Defense, 202.7 billion of the 295 billion dollars
statewide. Non-defense spending accounted for 92.4 billion, 31.3 percent of the total.
The five largest purchasers of goods and services from the private sector in Virginia over the past
five years were all from the Department of Defense. In order they are:

Amount
Percent of all
(Billions) Procurement
Department of the Navy
69.0
23.4
Department of the Army
68.3
23.2
Department of the Air Force
18.6
6.3
Defense Logistics Agency
13.5
4.6
Defense Informations Systems Agency (DISA)
13.4
4.5
Combined they spent 182.8 billion dollars, sixty-two percent of procurement purchases made by
the U.S. government in Virginia from 2010 through 2014. Their share of total DoD procurement
spending was ninety percent.

40

Table 15
Summary List of Major Federal Funding Agencies

(Billions)

Percent
of Total

Total Procurement Funding


Defense-Related
Non-Defense Related

295.0
202.7
92.4

68.7
31.3

Dept of the Navy


Dept of the Army
Dept of the Air Force
Defense Logistics Agency
Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA)
Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services
Federal Aviation Administration
Federal Acquisition Service
Transportation Security Administration
U.S. Customs and Border Protection
Office of Procurement Operations
Agency For International Development
USTRANSCOM
Washington Headquarters Services (WHS)
Federal Bureau of Investigation

227.7
69.0
68.3
18.6
13.5
13.4
6.1
5.8
5.2
5.2
4.3
4.1
3.8
3.7
3.4
3.3

77.2
23.4
23.2
6.3
4.6
4.5
2.1
2.0
1.8
1.8
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.1

Total Procurement Funding


Defense-Related
Non-Defense Related

219.0
140.0
79.0

63.9
36.1

Dept of the Army


Dept of the Navy
Dept of the Air Force
Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA)
Defense Logistics Agency
Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services
Federal Aviation Administration
Transportation Security Administration
Federal Acquisition Service
U.S. Customs and Border Protection
Agency For International Development
Washington Headquarters Services (WHS)
Office of Procurement Operations
USTRANSCOM
Federal Bureau of Investigation

164.3
57.5
30.8
16.4
12.7
5.6
5.6
5.5
5.1
4.7
4.1
3.8
3.4
3.3
3.1
2.7

75.0
26.2
14.1
7.5
5.8
2.6
2.5
2.5
2.3
2.1
1.9
1.7
1.5
1.5
1.4
1.2

U.S. Department

Funding Agency

I. STATE OF VIRGINIA

15 Major Funding Agencies


Defense
Defense
Defense
Defense
Defense
Health And Human Services
Transportation
General Services Administration
Homeland Security
Homeland Security
Homeland Security
Independent Agencies
Defense
Defense
Justice

II. NORTHERN VIRGINIA

15 Major Funding Agencies


Defense
Defense
Defense
Defense
Defense
Health And Human Services
Transportation
Homeland Security
General Services Administration
Homeland Security
Independent Agencies
Defense
Homeland Security
Defense
Justice

Amount

41

Table 15 continued
Amount

U.S. Department

Funding Agency

III. HAMPTON ROADS

Total Procurement Funding


Defense-Related
Non-Defense Related

47.6

Dept of the Navy


Defense Logistics Agency
Dept of the Army
Dept of the Air Force
Defense Commissary Agency (DECA)
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
U.S. Coast Guard
USTRANSCOM
Maritime Administration
Federal Acquisition Service
Federal Acquisition Service
Public Buildings Service
Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA)
U.S. Customs and Border Protection
U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM)

33.8
4.9
4.7
1.9
1.5
1.2
1.0
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1

15 Major Funding Agencies


Defense
Defense
Defense
Defense
Defense
Independent Agencies
Homeland Security
Defense
Transportation
General Services Administration
General Services Administration
General Services Administration
Defense
Homeland Security
Defense

(Billions)

Percent
of Total

63.8
9.2
8.9
3.6
2.8
2.2
1.9
1
0.5
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.3

The five largest purchasers of non-defense related goods and services from the private sector in
Virginia, in order of procurement spending levels, are:

Amount
Percent of all
(Billions) Procurement
Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services
6.1
2.1
(Department of Health and Human Services)

Federal Aviation Administration

5.8

2.0

Federal Acquisition Service

5.2

1.8

Transportation Security Administration

5.2

1.8

U.S. Customs and Border Protection

4.3

1.5

(Department of Transportation)

(General Services Administration)


(Department of Homeland Security)
(Department of Homeland Security)

__________________________________________________________________________________

Military procurement spending in Virginia is approximately three times greater in Northern


Virginia than in the Hampton Roads area, a little know fact that is seldom reflected in commentary on the military presence in Virginia. Of the 202.7 billion dollars spent by the Department of
Defense during the five-year time span, 140 billion, or sixty-nine percent of the statewide total
was for contract purchasing in Northern Virginia, compared to 47.6 billion, or 23.5 percent of the
statewide total for the same functional purposes in the Hampton Roads area.
42

Table 16
Where the Money Is Coming From

A Detailed Breakdown, By Federal Funding Agency, of Procurement Contracts


Obligated in Virginia, Northern Virginia and the Hampton Roads Area Over the Past Five Years
Dollar amounts are based on federal procurement spending (primary and sub-contract awards) in Virginia from FY 2010-2014.

Virginia

Northern Virginia

Hampton Roads

Amount

Amount

% of
State

Amount

% of
State

FEDERAL PROCUREMENT SPENDING (Total)

295,031,314,266

218,992,254,602

74.2

52,979,867,330

18.0

92.2

I. DEFENSE, Department of

202,652,134,656

139,953,033,950

69.1

47,641,554,266

23.5

92.6

Dept of the Army

68,310,598,315

57,451,123,607

84.1

4,696,587,392

6.9

91.0

Dept of the Navy

69,001,603,910

30,794,992,591

44.6

33,810,662,872

49.0

93.6

Dept of the Air Force

18,570,027,971

16,375,160,812

88.2

1,910,893,856

10.3

98.5

0.0

598,984

100.0

100.0

95,446,658

94,101,222

98.6

529,075

0.6

99.1

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)

1,687,552,554

1,634,973,284

96.9

15,862,318

0.9

97.8

Defense Commissary Agency (DECA)

2,130,521,171

369,330,581

17.3

1,477,810,616

69.4

86.7

Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA)

-18,326,221

-108,493,993

592.0

-21,305,471

116.3

708.3

Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS)

202,736,663

201,565,748

99.4

613,011

0.3

99.7

Defense Health Agency (DHA)

752,820,483

743,071,081

98.7

230,265

0.0

98.7

Air Combat Command


Business Transformation Agency

Defense Human Resources Activity

598,984

Combined
Percent

494,026,480

493,637,064

99.9

233,779

0.0

100.0

Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA)

13,371,866,835

12,683,485,176

94.9

153,345,862

1.1

96.0

Defense Logistics Agency

13,524,990,118

5,641,833,586

41.7

4,859,684,468

35.9

77.6

Defense Media Activity (DMA)

133,994,835

131,428,536

98.1

2,083,163

1.6

99.6

Defense Media Center (DMC)

133,681,500

132,391,416

99.0

67,468

0.1

99.1
100.0

Defense Microelectronics Activity (DMEA)

44,406,851

40,791,620

91.9

3,615,231

8.1

Defense Security Cooperation Agency

106,929,363

101,839,358

95.2

107,566

0.1

95.3

Defense Security Service

335,348,354

335,062,134

99.9

196,454

0.1

100.0

Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA)

2,313,626,148

2,259,270,088

97.7

11,221,374

0.5

98.1

Dept of Defense

277,656,451

207,870,573

74.9

43,978,623

15.8

90.7

Dept of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA)

163,798,142

159,292,994

97.2

539,577

0.3

97.6

Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization


(JIEDDO)

152,677,582

150,660,425

98.7

715,157

0.5

99.1

1,039,525,920

1,025,329,787

98.6

1,383,315

0.1

98.8

0.0

869,174

100.0

100.0

Missile Defense Agency (MDA)


National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA)
National Security Agency/Central Security Service
Tricare Management Activity (TMA)
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - Civil Program Financing
Only
U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM)
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
(USUHS)
USTRANSCOM
Virginia Contracting Agency
Washington Headquarters Services (WHS)

869,174
157,101

157,101

100.0

0.0

100.0

719,950,540

715,008,875

99.3

181,257

0.0

99.3

3,037,977

1,635,038

53.8

1,229,342

40.5

94.3

2,037,877,970

1,812,644,776

88.9

141,359,555

6.9

95.9

4,162,290

3,419,106

82.1

66,215

1.6

83.7

3,676,987,352

3,145,754,306

85.6

524,974,430

14.3

99.8

140,241

35,586

25.4

104,655

74.6

100.0

3,382,842,944

3,355,661,472

99.2

3,114,683

0.1

99.3

43

Table 16 continued
Virginia

II. NON-DEFENSE AGENCIES


EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT
AGRICULTURE, Department of

Northern Virginia

Hampton Roads

Amount

Amount

% of
State

Amount

% of
State

Combined
Percent

92,379,179,610

79,039,220,652

85.6

5,338,313,064

5.8

91.3

8,707,739

8,647,340

99.3

4,044

0.0

99.4

30,282,766

2.5

89.6

0.0

1.0

1,233,073,773

1,074,631,090

87.2

Agricultural Marketing Service

69,686,374

690,010

1.0

Agricultural Research Service

44,995,107

42,885,448

95.3

372,927

0.8

96.1

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

90,923,173

82,752,898

91.0

705,849

0.8

91.8

Farm Service Agency


Food and Nutrition Service
Food Safety and Inspection Service
Forest Service
National Agricultural Statistics Service
Natural Resources Conservation Service
Office of Inspector General
Risk Management Agency
Rural Housing Service
USDA, Office of the Chief Financial Officer
USDA, Office of the Chief Information Officer
COMMERCE, Department of
Office of the Secretary

69,648,495

61,430,072

88.2

0.0

88.2

474,570,809

472,499,532

99.6

2,022,376

0.4

100.0

22,190,962

21,556,559

97.1

11,180

0.1

97.2

354,507,439

292,756,080

82.6

24,797,165

7.0

89.6

431,228

431,228

100.0

0.0

100.0

11,496,605

7,882,332

68.6

492,929

4.3

72.8

1,684,141

1,513,141

89.8

171,000

10.2

100.0

-1,811

-1,811

100.0

0.0

100.0

9,099,432

8,212,243

90.3

34,295

0.4

90.6

82,741,363

80,922,902

97.8

1,675,045

2.0

99.8

1,100,456

1,100,456

100.0

0.0

100.0

2,486,419,114

2,394,991,492

96.3

73,554,387

3.0

99.3

9,243,647

9,166,998

99.2

60,385

0.7

99.8

Bureau of the Census

112,192,791

102,330,636

91.2

9,205,193

8.2

99.4

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

301,570,758

236,381,128

78.4

51,708,733

17.1

95.5

National Institute of Standards and Technology

106,294,416

102,506,046

96.4

1,050,886

1.0

97.4

9,100

9,100

100.0

0.0

100.0

Patent and Trademark Office

1,957,108,402

1,944,597,584

99.4

11,529,190

0.6

99.9

EDUCATION, Department of

1,517,585,151

1,498,846,939

98.8

6,936,331

0.5

99.2

ENERGY, Department of

3,198,774,268

193,730,902

6.1

801,658,190

25.1

31.1

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

1,461,526,295

1,407,490,086

96.3

7,155,566

0.5

96.8

Environmental Protection Agency

1,460,866,569

1,406,850,735

96.3

7,155,566

0.5

96.8

659,726

639,351

96.9

0.0

96.9

8,118,815,634

6,959,668,874

85.7

616,276,749

7.6

93.3

National Technical Information Service

Office of the Inspector General


GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION
Federal Acquisition Service

60,730,185

30,213,905

49.8

19,471,481

32.1

81.8

Federal Acquisition Service

5,210,657,832

4,691,429,099

90.0

259,725,770

5.0

95.0

Federal Acquisition Service

1,154,456,300

919,180,014

79.6

169,765,347

14.7

94.3

Office of Citizen Services and Innovative Technologies

279,676

279,676

100.0

0.0

100.0

Office of Government Wide Policy

9,575,281

9,535,306

99.6

0.0

99.6

Office of Inspector General

8,452,284

8,441,152

99.9

0.0

99.9

44

3,814

Table 16 continued

Virginia

Office of the Administrator(ACMD)


Office of the Chief Information Officer
Public Buildings Service
HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, Department of
Agency For Health Care Policy and Research
Centers For Disease Control
Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services

Northern Virginia

Hampton Roads

% of
State

Amount

% of
State

127,172,537

99.9

136,314

0.1

100.0

24,922,046

100.0

0.0

100.0

1,522,433,180

1,148,495,139

75.4

167,174,023

11.0

86.4

10,931,271,411

9,886,631,407

90.4

193,452,176

1.8

92.2

77,894,557

77,864,557

100.0

0.0

100.0

294,187,458

269,049,670

91.5

5,765,104

2.0

93.4

Amount

Amount

127,308,850
24,922,046

Combined
Percent

6,147,370,596

5,561,881,424

90.5

59,596,277

1.0

91.4

Food and Drug Administration

400,942,149

322,237,771

80.4

4,154,903

1.0

81.4

Health Resources and Services Administration

258,074,411

253,306,559

98.2

361,444

0.1

98.3

34,472,932

33,460,727

97.1

556,169

1.6

98.7

2,108,764,540

1,785,164,526

84.7

95,141,825

4.5

89.2
159.6

Indian Health Service


National Institutes of Health
Office of Assistant Secretary For Management and Budget

26,227,689

41,647,839

158.8

209,628

0.8

1,341,988,331

1,300,669,586

96.9

27,666,826

2.1

99.0

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services


Administration

241,348,748

241,348,748

100.0

0.0

100.0

HOMELAND SECURITY, Department of

19,058,534,190

16,637,691,094

87.3

175,379

175,379

100.0

1,285,058,476

1,012,973,422

78.8

Office of Asst Secretary For Health Except National Centers

Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services


Federal Emergency Management Agency
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
Office of Procurement Operations
Office of the Inspector General
Office of the Secretary, Department of Homeland Security

1,264,983,864

6.6

93.9

0.0

100.0

6,925,323

0.5

79.4

34,405,590

30,741,563

89.4

1,066,206

3.1

92.4

4,098,870,580

3,301,438,445

80.5

37,473,251

0.9

81.5

1,809,217

1,781,885

98.5

0.0

98.5

0.0

100.0

0.1

99.2

1,292,000

1,292,000

100.0

Transportation Security Administration

5,179,473,623

5,133,564,612

99.1

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services

1,063,013,736

1,026,056,325

96.5

27,314,740

2.6

99.1

U.S. Coast Guard

2,184,972,965

1,130,524,657

51.7

1,019,483,419

46.7

98.4

U.S. Customs and Border Protection

4,312,315,573

4,129,604,702

95.8

152,802,932

3.5

99.3

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement

757,532,618

741,639,508

97.9

8,152,426

1.1

99.0

U.S. Secret Service

139,614,433

127,898,596

91.6

7,749,637

5.6

97.2

HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT,


Department of

587,353,157

538,383,506

91.7

5,823,808

1.0

92.7

160,549

160,549

100.0

0.0

100.0

90,360

90,360

100.0

0.0

100.0

585,587,810

536,618,159

91.6

1.0

92.6

Assistant Secretary For Policy Development and Research


Assistant Secretary For Public Affairs
Housing and Urban Development, Department Of
Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight
Office of Inspector General
INTERIOR, Department of THE
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Bureau of Land Management

5,823,808

-207

-207

100.0

0.0

100.0

1,514,645

1,514,645

100.0

0.0

100.0

3,717,395,661

3,435,771,121

92.4

167,352,735

4.5

96.9

178,723,295

159,864,292

89.4

17,069,023

9.6

99.0

30,967,515

29,810,835

96.3

1,015,081

3.3

99.5

51,499,113

108,024

5,634,925

64.3

899,019

10.3

74.6

Bureau of Ocean Energy Management


Bureau of Reclamation

4,015,930

8,758,082

45

Table 16 continued
Virginia

Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement


Geological Survey
Minerals Management Service
National Park Service
Office of Policy, Management, and Budget
Office of Surface Mining, Reclamation and Enforcement
Office of the Inspector General
Office of the Secretary of the Interior
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
JUSTICE, Department of
ATF Acquisition and Property Mgmt Div

Northern Virginia

Hampton Roads

Amount

Amount

% of
State

Amount

% of
State

Combined
Percent

60,111,810

58,915,485

98.0

608,549

1.0

99.0

274,211,110

263,811,616

96.2

6,732,186

2.5

98.7

52,216,875

789

0.0

205,881,951

118,150,400

57.4

2,671,236,146

2,535,506,784

94.9

4,260,403

4,245,688

99.7

10,611,668

10,611,668

213,896

213,896

220,202,910

197,505,630

89.7

7,248,109,112

6,536,217,241

157,063,855

144,064,142

0.0

0.0

12,137,562

5.9

63.3

121,951,078

4.6

99.5

0.0

99.7

100.0

0.0

100.0

100.0

0.0

100.0

6,832,213

3.1

92.8

90.2

55,199,444

0.8

90.9

91.7

1,290,340

0.8

92.5

Drug Enforcement Administration

1,708,403,895

1,701,115,429

99.6

1,798,989

0.1

99.7

Federal Bureau of Investigation

3,256,649,595

2,735,358,216

84.0

22,894,621

0.7

84.7

Federal Prison System

291,888,783

153,625,296

52.6

25,949,713

8.9

61.5

Justice, Department Of

521,572

521,572

100.0

0.0

100.0

176,283,984

176,277,210

100.0

0.0

100.0

Office of Justice Programs


Offices, Boards and Divisions

1,128,085,692

1,122,497,600

99.5

1,423,079

0.1

99.6

U.S. Marshals Service

529,211,736

502,757,776

95.0

1,842,702

0.3

95.3

LABOR, Department of

345,725,140

252,063,987

72.9

1,429,621

0.4

73.3

Bureau of Labor Statistics

1,807,563

1,686,292

93.3

95,718

5.3

98.6

162,801,882

80,652,441

49.5

5,400

0.0

49.5

56,498,903

55,888,733

98.9

10,516

0.0

98.9

347,387

347,387

100.0

0.0

100.0

750,128

750,128

100.0

0.0

100.0

99,656,683

88,876,412

89.2

1.3

90.5

Employment and Training Administration


Mine Safety and Health Administration
Office of Inspector General
Office of Job Corps
Office of the Assistant Secretary For Admin and
Management
Office of the Assistant Secretary For Policy

1,317,987

16,194

16,194

100.0

0.0

100.0

23,846,400

23,846,400

100.0

0.0

100.0

STATE, Department of

5,880,345,814

5,731,027,710

97.5

63,863,786

1.1

98.5

TRANSPORTATION, Department of

7,290,732,729

6,502,909,370

89.2

408,461,387

5.6

94.8

Federal Aviation Administration

5,780,324,436

5,461,067,280

94.5

31,368,811

0.5

95.0

Federal Highway Administration

102,966,139

12.3

94.6

0.0

96.2

Veterans Employment and Training Services

833,958,364

685,916,059

82.2

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

30,738,875

29,556,402

96.2

Federal Railroad Administration

82,414,275

81,525,906

98.9

-3,193

0.0

98.9

Federal Transit Administration

85,683,705

66,820,005

78.0

377,059

0.4

78.4

Immediate Office of the Secretary of Transportation

81,839,693

77,461,085

94.6

228,503

0.3

94.9
97.8

Maritime Administration

296,511,866

16,965,153

5.7

273,091,474

92.1

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

76,237,633

61,152,768

80.2

43,030

0.1

80.3

Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administraton

16,477,619

16,093,738

97.7

383,882

2.3

100.0

6,260,295

6,081,894

97.2

0.0

97.2

285,968

269,080

94.1

2.0

96.1

Research and Innovative Technology Administration


Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation

46

5,682

Table 16 continued
Virginia

TREASURY, Department of the

Northern Virginia

Hampton Roads

Amount

Amount

% of
State

Amount

% of
State

Combined
Percent

2,813,136,323

2,723,382,361

96.8

53,573,451

1.9

98.7

20,489,412

19,820,714

96.7

115,730

0.6

97.3

215,072,365

210,485,251

97.9

1,437,014

0.7

98.5

0.0

100.0

0.2

97.8

0.0

99.8

Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau


Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Bureau of the Fiscal Service
Community Development Financial Institutions

41,197

41,197

100.0

120,253,656

117,332,989

97.6

63,743,791

63,645,836

99.8

Financial Management Service

4,352,761

4,348,394

99.9

Inspector General

6,924,075

6,924,075

100.0

2,333,593,990

2,253,916,025

96.6

47,616,753

46,455,576

97.6

-8,846

-8,846

100.0

1,057,169

421,150

39.8

5,660,442,952

4,456,993,605

10,692,968,130

Departmental Offices
Financial Crime Enforcement Network

Internal Revenue Service


Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
Office of Thrift Supervision
United States Mint
VETERANS AFFAIRS, Department of
INDEPENDENT AGENCIES/GOVERNMENT
CORPORATIONS
Agency For International Development
Broadcasting Board of Governors
Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board

253,923
714

0.0

99.9

0.0

100.0

51,560,718

2.2

98.8

95,079

0.2

97.8

0.0

100.0

110,273

10.4

50.3

78.7

420,762,197

7.4

86.2

8,685,506,571

81.2

1,167,288,032

10.9

92.1

3,848,774,856

3,825,385,278

99.4

936,375

0.0

99.4

30,314,304

29,720,433

98.0

101,883

0.3

98.4

173,716

173,716

100.0

0.0

100.0

Commodity Futures Trading Commission

17,894,972

17,821,972

99.6

0.0

99.6

Consumer Financial Protection Bureau

24,849,264

24,769,999

99.7

0.0

99.7

Consumer Product Safety Commission

1,377,183

645,323

46.9

209,632

-150,802

-71.9

Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board


Election Assistance Commission

4,998

0.4

47.2

0.0

-71.9

0.0

100.0

27,816

27,816

100.0

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

23,891,258

22,685,943

95.0

1,104,928

4.6

99.6

Federal Communications Commission

45,539,319

44,407,279

97.5

1,173,449

2.6

100.1

2,227,671

75.2

Federal Election Commission


Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
Federal Housing Finance Agency
Federal Labor Relations Authority
Federal Maritime Commission
Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service
Federal Trade Commission
GAO, Except Comptroller General

chk
2,963,148

chk
735,477

#chk

chk

24.8

100.0
100.0

20,651

20,651

100.0

0.0

2,951,332

2,884,635

97.7

0.0

97.7

40,620

40,620

100.0

0.0

100.0

769,881

763,879

99.2

0.8

100.0

-7,726

-7,726

100.0

0.0

100.0

6,002

4,714,481

4,714,481

100.0

0.0

100.0

International Trade Commission

332,345

320,239

96.4

0.0

96.4

Merit Systems Protection Board

3,237,683

2,818,672

87.1

2.2

89.3

Millennium Challenge Corporation


National Aeronautics and Space Administration
National Archives and Records Administration
National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities
National Labor Relations Board

72,336

8,690,465

6,844,168

78.8

6,310

0.1

78.8

2,845,574,316

1,019,144,062

35.8

1,150,919,248

40.4

76.3

91,859,008

90,680,743

98.7

134,614

0.1

98.9

32,011

32,011

100.0

0.0

100.0

27,684,499

26,417,522

95.4

3.6

99.0

47

984,049

Table 16 continued
Virginia

National Science Foundation


National Transportation Safety Board

Northern Virginia

Hampton Roads

Amount

Amount

% of
State

Amount

% of
State

Combined
Percent

703,494,517

674,854,934

95.9

1,196,726

0.2

96.1

8,938,389

8,726,475

97.6

133,189

1.5

99.1

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

68,692,763

63,859,647

93.0

1,154,745

1.7

94.6

Office of Personnel Management

901,238,050

857,473,067

95.1

701,962

0.1

95.2

Overseas Private Investment Corporation

1,393,602

1,056,602

75.8

0.0

75.8

Peace Corps

5,124,016

1,177,895

23.0

0.0

23.0

Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation

12,950,519

12,950,519

100.0

0.0

100.0

Securities and Exchange Commission

671,150,902

666,990,174

99.4

1,615,972

1,615,972

100.0

Selective Service System

12,785

0.0

99.4

0.0

100.0
90.2

Small Business Administration

149,386,345

130,817,371

87.6

3,865,766

2.6

Social Security Administration

1,179,607,331

1,132,347,150

96.0

4,043,190

0.3

96.3

7,504,258

11,248,180

149.9

0.0

149.9

128,263,017

114,635,956

89.4

0.2

89.6

United States Trade and Development Agency


OTHER
Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts

329,959

254,530

0.0
140,330

0.0

0.0

0.3

99.1

0.0

99.1

30.8

77.5

0.0

100.0

Corporation For National and Community Service

41,219,612

40,698,556

98.7

Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency

3,543,097

3,509,509

99.1

International Boundary and Water Commission: U.S.Mexico

113,510

52,971

46.7

Recovery Accountability and Transparency Board

137,700

137,700

100.0

Smithsonian Institution

81,602,063

68,954,751

84.5

50,564

0.1

84.6

National Gallery of Art

556,808

551,111

99.0

5,696

1.0

100.0

Woodrow Wilson International Center For Scholars

760,268

731,358

96.2

22,960

3.0

99.2

34,980

There are also significant differences in the DoD vs Non-DoD funding ratios found in Northern
Virginia and Hampton Roads. In both regions, the Department of Defense is the largest purchasing agent, but close to ninety percent of all obligated contract awards going to Hampton Roads
are DoD related; whereas in Northern Virginia, the share is sixty-three percent.
Another area of difference between the two regions in the agency sources, within the Department of Defense, where the funding resides. There are 33 separate DoD funding sources listed
in the procurement contract reporting system (listed in Table 11). In the Hampton Roads area,
the primary funding source is the Department of the Navy, which accounts for 33.8 billion of the
47.6 billion (71 percent) of military procurement spending in this regions economy. In Northern
Virginia, in contrast, the Department of the Army is the primary funding source, accounting for
57.4 billion of the 140 billion (41 percent) of military procurement spending.

48

Where Did The Reductions Occur During The Recent Economic Downturn?
The anatomy of the economic downturn is illuminated by information presented in Table , which
provides a detailed breakdown, by agency funding source, of the amount of procurement spending in Virginia, Northern Virginia and the Hampton Roads area in 2011 and 2013. This before
and after analytical framework shows both where in the federal bureaucracy and in what regions
of the Commonwealth the largest reductions can be found.
The information presented in Table is based on 1.17 million transaction records, downloaded
from the USAspending website. Using both primary contract and sub-contract award transactions, it reveals the following downturn scenario.
Federal procurement spending in Virginia dropped by 9.3 billion dollars from 2011 to 2013,
a 14.6 percent reduction (See Table 17). Almost ninety percent of the decrease resulted from
reductions in defense spending, which totaled 8.1 billion during the two-year period. Within the
Department of Defense, agencies recording the largest cutbacks were: the Army (4.9 billion),
the Navy (1 billion), the Defense Systems Information Agency (DISA) (1 billion), the Defense
Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) (696 million) and the Air Force (473 million).
Non-defense spending, by more than 170 federal agencies, decreased by 1.2 billion, although
there were many agencies whose procurement spending levels increased modestly during the
downturn. Two agencies which experienced noteworthy decreases were the Department of
Homeland Security (1.2 billion) and the General Services Administration (730 million),
Insofar as the geographical component of the reductions is concerned, Northern Virginia absorbed 75.7 percent of the total statewide procurement reduction, while Hampton Roads absorbed 10.7 percent, which, in the case of Hampton Roads, is less than the percentage share of
statewide procurement going to this region (around 17-18 percent in a given year). Northern Virginia, therefore, was hit about equal to what would be expected based on its overall percentage
share of federal procurement funds, while the Hampton Roads area was hit with a lesser impact
than expected.
A similar pattern exists when the focus shifts to defense procurement spending, where 75.6
percent of DoD statewide reductions occurred in procurement money going into Northern Virginia, compared to a 11.1 percentage figure for Hampton Roads (which, in recent years at least,
receives about 25 percent of the statewide military procurement dollars). The explanation for the
difference between the two regions, in the relative downturn impacts they experienced, can be
traced to the magnitude of procurement reductions and the geographical spending locations of
the Army and Navy. Northern Virginia absorbed losses of 3.9 billion from Army reductions and
895 million from Navy reductions; while the Hampton Roads area, predominantly defined by its
large Naval presence, actually experienced a modest increase in Navy procurement during the
downturn. Procurement spending by the Army and Air Force, however, both decreased (by 591
million and 149 million respectively)

49

50

44,830,071,371
16,033,848,123
14,196,323,329
3,847,344,570

DEFENSE, Department of

Dept of the Army

Dept of the Navy

Dept of the Air Force

35,203,102

Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS)

456,457,751
50,746,577
23,289,669
4,327,031

Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA)

Dept of Defense

Dept of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA)

Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat


Organization (JIEDDO)
157,139,430

68,860,076

Defense Security Service

Missile Defense Agency (MDA)

8,713,073
25,179,743

Defense Security Cooperation Agency

66,214,478

Defense Media Center (DMC)

Defense Microelectronics Activity (DMEA)

15,441,989

2,432,634,536

Defense Media Activity (DMA)

Defense Logistics Agency

38,869,765
3,248,989,964

Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA)

Defense Human Resources Activity

15,246

36,105,075

Defense Health Agency (DHA)

494,951,196

Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA)

869,639,757

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency


(DARPA)

Defense Commissary Agency(DECA)

30,877,160

Business Transformation Agency

Air Combat Command

54,732,366,360

64,073,492,706

FEDERAL PROCUREMENT SPENDING (Total)

205,439,478

61,803,892

28,045,951

105,079,675

482,948,086

58,048,274

22,959,296

2,951,705

43,899,845

2,528,049,322

2,226,858,000

154,011,592

65,188,868

40,090,611

-8,328,240

275,102,603

173,572,209

598,984

3,374,145,191

13,160,916,222

11,176,821,026

36,721,980,785

FY 2013

FY 2010

Virginia
Change

48,300,048

57,476,861

4,756,282

54,333,098

26,490,335

-10,811,802

-2,220,447

-5,761,368

-66,214,478

28,457,856

95,414,786

-1,022,131,964

115,141,827

65,173,622

4,887,509

-44,433,315

-219,848,593

-696,067,548

-30,877,160

598,984

-473,199,379

-1,035,407,107

-4,857,027,097

-8,108,090,586

-9,341,126,346

Where the Spending Cuts Occurred - By U.S. Agency Funding Source

Table 17
Anatomy of the Economic Downturn in Virginia From 2011 to 2013

155,893,612

4,327,031

23,260,589

46,354,076

446,718,556

68,823,743

25,131,887

6,572,787

65,789,659

15,346,797

994,296,603

3,053,284,286

38,834,321

15,246

34,775,665

14,667,563

103,174,148

859,402,466

30,369,322

3,320,627,805

6,659,024,448

13,581,683,144

31,682,552,489

47,994,023,865

FY 2010

203,542,501

60,572,863

27,811,241

76,020,615

471,089,642

58,029,027

21,960,347

2,951,705

41,968,334

1,118,731,742

2,131,519,137

153,695,439

65,188,868

40,081,433

-37,518,487

12,346,107

167,450,550

2,985,770,316

5,763,731,667

9,703,893,273

25,551,933,567

40,921,801,297

FY 2013

Northern Virginia

47,648,889

56,245,832

4,550,652

29,666,539

24,371,086

-10,794,716

-3,171,540

-3,621,082

-65,789,659

26,621,537

124,435,139

-921,765,149

114,861,118

65,173,622

5,305,768

-52,186,050

-90,828,041

-691,951,916

-30,369,322

-334,857,489

-895,292,781

-3,877,789,871

-6,130,618,922

-7,072,222,568

Change

126,150

22,500

1,763,694

913,832

36,332

5,508

2,140,286

3,145

29,506

812,200,330

38,868,531

5,041

108,559

-5,258,932

330,800,552

3,069,943

243,489

492,023,651

6,481,664,469

1,200,089,014

9,885,076,254

10,956,972,776

FY 2010

416,604

144,956

24,046,908

419,701

19,248

1,852,216

1,113,547,078

21,157,621

195,202

9,178

-5,544,849

239,155,736

514,997

598,984

342,761,927

6,600,473,755

609,064,621

8,989,107,262

9,978,498,644

FY 2013

Hampton Roads

290,454

122,456

22,283,214

-494,131

-17,084

-5,508

-2,140,286

-3,145

1,822,710

301,346,748

-17,710,910

190,161

-99,381

-285,917

-91,644,816

-2,554,946

-243,489

598,984

-149,261,724

118,809,286

-591,024,393

-895,968,992

-978,474,132

Change

51
8,436,914
11,943,475
11,800,920

Agricultural Research Service

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

Farm Service Agency


84,510

136,903

8,554,635

USDA, Office of the Chief Financial Officer

USDA, Office of the Chief Information Officer

-2,744,617

739,368

2,500,268

72,046,694

Rural Housing Service

Risk Management Agency

Office of Inspector General

Natural Resources Conservation Service

National Agricultural Statistics Service

Forest Service

Food Safety and Inspection Service

126,255,931

3,985,949

Food and Nutrition Service

243,740,950

Agricultural Marketing Service

2,863,419

19,243,421,335

508,829,563

35,586

1,915,749,397

2,221,052

137,120,538

100,088

124,843,507

FY 2010

AGRICULTURE, Department of

EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT

II. NON-DEFENSE AGENCIES

Washington Headquarters Services (WHS)

Virginia Contracting Agency

USTRANSCOM

Uniformed Services University of the Health


Sciences (USUHS)

U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM)

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - Civil Program


Financing Only

Tricare Management Activity (TMA)

National Security Agency/Central Security Service

National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA)

Table 17 continued

20,955,610

894,280

-17,578

2,298,916

72,409,527

8,540,940

117,840,042

20,066,208

19,664,304

6,623,278

30,591,157

299,866,684

192,329

18,010,385,575

754,715,460

66,797,692

1,246,981,574

1,878,581

472,535,714

869,174

FY 2013

Virginia

12,400,975

3,638,897

-756,946

-201,352

362,833

8,456,430

-8,415,889

8,265,288

7,720,829

-1,813,636

26,605,208

56,125,734

-2,671,090

-1,233,035,760

245,885,897

-35,586

-1,848,951,705

-2,221,052

1,109,861,036

1,778,493

347,692,207

869,174

Change

136,903

8,535,843

-3,057,340

568,368

2,093,004

61,190,858

-25,490

126,233,554

11,770,377

11,106,560

8,007,804

220,478

226,780,919

2,863,419

16,311,471,376

508,755,601

35,586

1,413,374,052

2,098,441

85,071,548

124,843,507

FY 2010

20,897,833

876,015

-17,578

1,806,695

60,800,038

8,503,140

115,816,042

14,678,111

18,571,883

6,407,271

78,774

248,418,224

180,752

15,369,867,730

747,387,074

58,141,277

1,208,897,083

649,239

468,022,574

FY 2013

Northern Virginia

12,361,990

3,933,355

-585,946

-286,309

-390,820

8,528,630

-10,417,512

2,907,734

7,465,323

-1,600,533

-141,704

21,637,305

-2,682,667

-941,603,646

238,631,473

-35,586

-1,355,232,775

-2,098,441

1,123,825,535

649,239

343,179,067

Change

7,770

171,000

16,620

6,039,170

22,376

453,288

56,279

6,766,503

1,071,896,522

65,842

501,705,948

20,594

24,428,270

FY 2010

13,465

219,250

4,911,376

2,000,000

185,467

9,469

7,339,027

989,391,382

1,763,476

5,005,393

31,225,455

1,229,342

180,539

869,174

FY 2013

Hampton Roads

13,465

-7,770

-171,000

202,630

-1,127,794

1,977,624

-267,821

-46,810

572,524

-82,505,140

1,697,634

-496,700,555

-20,594

6,797,185

1,229,342

180,539

869,174

Change

52

44,971,755
16,214,220

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

National Institute of Standards and Technology

856,370,581
412,658,878
412,931,196

ENERGY, Department of

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

Environmental Protection Agency

4,736,413

Office of the Chief Information Officer

1,126,518,055

73,536,446

Centers For Medicare and Medicaid Services

14,665,190

Centers For Disease Control

2,183,407,550

Agency For Health Care Policy and Research

HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES,


Department of

503,604,979

30,658,077

Office of the Administrator(ACMD)

Public Buildings Service

241,418

2,716,494

Office of Inspector General

1,328,563,827

55,508,626

14,928,489

2,233,096,057

69,608,663

18,475,106

1,898,632

2,127,068

Office of Government Wide Policy

1,221,908,071
145,000

89,030

1,312,276,890

248,199,997

248,199,997

693,959,342

442,156,727

341,521,474

30,806,911

69,107,587

20,763,719

1,264,356

463,464,047

FY 2013

Virginia

Office of Citizen Services and Innovative


Technologies

1,498,770,564

Federal Acquisition Service

2,042,702,625

Federal Acquisition Service

Federal Acquisition Service

GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION

-272,318

194,594,715

EDUCATION, Department of

Office of the Inspector General

321,746,426

Patent and Trademark Office

9,100

29,989,315

Bureau of the Census

National Technical Information Service

398,347

413,329,163

FY 2010

Office of the Secretary

COMMERCE, Department of

Table 17 continued

202,045,772

-18,027,820

263,299

49,688,507

-433,996,316

-4,736,413

-12,182,971

-817,862

-1,885,650

145,000

-89,030

-276,862,493

-730,425,735

272,318

-164,731,199

-164,458,881

-162,411,239

247,562,012

19,775,048

-9,100

14,592,691

24,135,832

-9,225,596

866,009

50,134,884

Change

988,012,053

61,347,675

14,640,190

1,948,454,076

422,512,595

4,736,413

30,658,077

2,705,362

2,087,093

89,030

1,320,008,758

1,782,797,328

-274,318

407,780,206

407,505,888

44,205,519

192,164,395

320,256,769

9,100

15,556,153

35,865,540

28,527,809

343,200

400,558,571

FY 2010

1,196,279,022

53,660,005

14,928,489

2,010,753,766

27,523,404

18,360,585

1,898,632

241,418

145,000

1,122,776,120

1,170,945,159

242,450,737

242,450,737

43,775,990

434,366,818

338,145,430

30,271,628

57,082,097

16,844,483

1,264,356

443,607,994

FY 2013

Northern Virginia

208,266,969

-7,687,670

288,299

62,299,690

-394,989,191

-4,736,413

-12,297,492

-806,730

-1,845,675

145,000

-89,030

-197,232,638

-611,852,169

274,318

-165,329,469

-165,055,151

-429,529

242,202,423

17,888,661

-9,100

14,715,475

21,216,557

-11,683,326

921,156

43,049,423

Change

13,142,737

95,973

41,233,349

34,630,528

3,814

121,215,480

155,849,822

286,877

286,877

174,799,483

2,012,452

1,398,217

44,260

7,425,324

1,343,478

49,397

10,260,676

FY 2010

9,883,942

833,846

34,843,731

20,330,229

114,521

33,745,042

54,189,792

1,217,016

1,217,016

138,063,662

4,489,176

2,509,938

191,208

10,794,391

3,851,644

17,347,181

FY 2013

Hampton Roads

-3,258,795

737,873

-6,389,618

-14,300,299

114,521

-3,814

-87,470,438

-101,660,030

930,139

930,139

-36,735,821

2,476,724

1,111,721

146,948

3,369,067

2,508,166

-49,397

7,086,505

Change

53

5,388,771

Indian Health Service

54,608,967

4,590,724,619

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services


Administration

HOMELAND SECURITY, Department of

6,686,097
47,723

721,061,987
131,191,029
24,205,712
103,094,658
160,549
90,360

U.S. Customs and Border Protection

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement

U.S. Secret Service

HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT,


Department of

Assistant Secretary For Policy Development and


Research

Assistant Secretary For Public Affairs


102,843,749

403,543,589

U.S. Coast Guard

Housing and Urban Development, Department Of

242,139,201

1,030,806,061

1,292,000

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services

Transportation Security Administration

Office of the Secretary, Department of Homeland


Security

Office of the Inspector General

1,646,270,247

Federal Law Enforcement Training Center

Office of Procurement Operations

383,305,594

Federal Emergency Management Agency

175,379

305,230,162

Office of Asst Secretary For Health Except National


Centers

Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services

4,249,265

Office of Assistant Secretary For Management and


Budget

476,588,316

67,866,916

National Institutes of Health

54,755,462

Health Resources and Services Administration

FY 2010

Food and Drug Administration

Table 17 continued

128,710,711

128,710,711

28,716,368

115,178,708

768,017,495

468,695,687

131,143,487

1,007,721,659

459,516

612,792,323

9,024,021

223,320,308

3,365,069,572

58,270,472

211,594,533

8,895,513

393,315,363

6,962,295

39,253,633

115,803,306

FY 2013

Virginia

25,866,962

-90,360

-160,549

25,616,053

4,510,656

-16,012,321

46,955,508

65,152,098

-110,995,714

-23,084,402

-1,292,000

411,793

-1,033,477,924

2,337,924

-159,985,286

-175,379

-1,225,655,047

3,661,505

-93,635,629

4,646,248

-83,272,953

1,573,524

-28,613,283

61,047,844

Change

93,433,508

90,360

160,549

93,684,417

22,326,249

126,468,705

697,871,734

206,892,915

242,009,028

1,024,558,465

1,292,000

47,723

1,408,919,109

6,106,739

306,410,754

175,379

4,043,078,800

54,608,967

297,702,070

3,950,901

413,751,964

5,239,228

66,852,921

42,348,107

FY 2010

122,088,687

122,088,687

24,496,134

113,765,847

696,311,184

227,870,069

127,368,865

999,725,973

432,184

457,650,100

8,467,238

173,338,363

2,829,425,957

58,270,472

206,953,735

8,744,557

332,891,581

6,582,317

38,727,577

93,716,011

FY 2013

Northern Virginia

28,655,179

-90,360

-160,549

28,404,270

2,169,885

-12,702,858

-1,560,550

20,977,154

-114,640,163

-24,832,492

-1,292,000

384,461

-951,269,009

2,360,499

-133,072,391

-175,379

-1,213,652,843

3,661,505

-90,748,335

4,793,656

-80,860,383

1,343,089

-28,125,344

51,367,904

Change

607,292

607,292

1,593,713

1,703,371

18,370,344

190,522,081

609,368

7,960,028

281,150

300,193

221,340,248

5,005,029

209,628

21,967,072

25,959

34,607

752,344

FY 2010

1,948,643

1,948,643

1,791,479

876,300

57,745,492

232,458,961

3,678,447

1,618,771

7,044,077

104,995

4,433,332

309,751,854

3,802,368

19,318,677

295,927

84,477

624,494

FY 2013

Hampton Roads

1,341,351

1,341,351

197,766

-827,071

39,375,148

41,936,880

3,678,447

1,009,403

-915,951

-176,155

4,133,139

88,411,606

-1,202,661

-209,628

-2,648,395

269,968

49,870

-127,850

Change

54

6,744,274

Bureau of Land Management

96,335,871
60,704,398

U.S. Marshals Service

LABOR, Department of

Bureau of Labor Statistics

214,560,469

181,124

Justice, Department Of

Offices, Boards and Divisions

57,352,975

Federal Prison System


42,970,640

587,816,207

Federal Bureau of Investigation

Office of Justice Programs

40,430,633
372,564,749

Drug Enforcement Administration

1,412,212,668

42,735,583

ATF Acquisition and Property Mgmt Div

JUSTICE, Department of

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

64,157

3,089,709

Office of the Secretary of the Interior

Office of the Inspector General

468,662,124

Office of Policy, Management, and Budget


1,046,959

32,487,886

National Park Service

Office of Surface Mining, Reclamation and


Enforcement

22,529,325

Minerals Management Service

789
39,638,174

Geological Survey

Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement

Bureau of Reclamation

2,349,630

47,225,288

Bureau of Ocean Energy Management

666,573,898

Bureau of Indian Affairs

FY 2010

INTERIOR, Department of THE

Office of Inspector General

Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight

Table 17 continued

585,601

68,280,155

129,217,614

178,263,828

27,998,693

143,480

46,919,796

747,871,491

283,120,908

32,505,206

1,446,041,016

71,655,689

42,848

2,110,258

491,015

469,345,639

33,064,087

3,863,980

52,247,283

16,242,934

2,235,652

1,984,893

26,064,748

679,349,026

FY 2013

Virginia

585,601

7,575,757

32,881,743

-36,296,641

-14,971,947

-37,644

-10,433,179

160,055,284

-89,443,841

-7,925,427

33,828,348

28,920,106

-21,309

-979,451

-555,944

683,515

576,201

-18,665,345

12,609,109

16,242,145

-113,978

-4,759,381

-21,160,540

12,775,128

Change

44,032,358

92,385,370

213,539,326

42,969,651

181,124

24,956,463

500,402,162

371,664,374

38,481,649

1,284,580,119

37,063,804

64,157

3,089,709

1,041,752

463,686,515

18,611,840

789

38,825,059

304,158

22,496,007

6,310,281

43,337,097

634,831,168

FY 2010

522,079

49,181,263

124,920,802

177,443,549

27,992,908

143,480

22,230,727

663,655,207

281,599,948

30,612,754

1,328,599,375

71,184,134

42,848

2,110,258

491,231

392,559,268

22,878,317

49,374,218

15,995,702

2,064,406

3,867,525

1,858,693

21,509,696

583,936,296

FY 2013

Northern Virginia

522,079

5,148,905

32,535,432

-36,095,777

-14,976,743

-37,644

-2,725,736

163,253,045

-90,064,426

-7,868,895

44,019,256

34,120,330

-21,309

-979,451

-550,521

-71,127,247

4,266,477

-789

10,549,159

15,995,702

1,760,248

-18,628,482

-4,451,588

-21,827,401

-50,894,872

Change

612,833

188,290

385,518

6,154,634

3,616,948

204,854

34,156

10,584,400

1,734,139

4,038,728

1,929,243

373,095

16,051

4,091

374,077

3,768,304

12,237,728

FY 2010

37,969

81,627

355,700

208,840

3,061,142

7,584,936

307,175

170,560

11,688,353

563,117

73,983,133

1,561,694

1,768,074

247,233

69,890

-3,545

54,912

4,555,052

82,799,560

FY 2013

Hampton Roads

37,969

-531,206

167,410

-176,678

-3,093,492

3,967,988

102,321

136,404

1,103,953

-1,171,022

69,944,405

-367,549

1,394,979

247,233

53,839

-7,636

-319,165

786,748

70,561,832

Change

55

750,128

35,773,044
17,225,438
2,448,595

Financial Management Service

126,078

Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation

Financial Crime Enforcement Network

2,757,046

Research and Innovative Technology Administration

Departmental Offices

3,951,682

Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety


Administraton

33,712,178

16,230,338

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

Bureau of the Fiscal Service

57,900,034

Maritime Administration

2,779,167

19,717,828

Immediate Office of the Secretary of Transportation

471,880,160

23,018,101

Federal Transit Administration

Bureau of Engraving and Printing

20,271,900

Federal Railroad Administration

TREASURY, Department of the

8,645,022

138,177,135

Federal Highway Administration

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

1,411,267,525
1,120,472,361

Federal Aviation Administration

945,481,162

TRANSPORTATION, Department of

STATE, Department of

61,119

5,526,185

3,677,425

48,051,552

3,877,776

583,234,652

123,249

697,738

2,140,443

31,304,859

36,022,903

13,943,716

16,048,466

16,664,559

4,291,050

196,590,142

1,140,469,702

1,458,296,827

1,218,980,352

16,194
13,464,000

Veterans Employment and Training Services

15,332,011

10,203,682

28,678,667

FY 2013

Virginia

Office of the Assistant Secretary For Policy

22,512,188

Office of Job Corps

Office of the Assistant Secretary For Admin and


Management

19,900

Office of Inspector General

11,034,283

Mine Safety and Health Administration

FY 2010
26,387,899

Employment and Training Administration

Table 17 continued

Change

-2,387,476

-11,699,253

-32,095,619

14,339,374

1,098,609

111,354,492

-2,829

-2,059,308

-1,811,239

15,074,521

-21,877,131

-5,774,112

-6,969,635

-3,607,341

-4,353,972

58,413,007

19,997,341

47,029,302

273,499,190

13,464,000

16,194

-7,180,177

-750,128

-19,900

-830,601

2,290,768

2,444,942

17,127,483

34,341,128

33,353,586

2,251,034

456,322,584

122,394

2,757,046

3,951,682

11,139,206

6,845,909

18,879,029

20,340,057

19,908,992

8,639,557

133,044,763

1,076,650,346

1,302,278,981

913,910,198

19,594,622

750,128

19,900

10,732,085

12,935,623

FY 2010

61,119

5,526,185

3,677,425

46,595,124

3,815,394

566,334,924

112,093

526,837

1,827,801

27,134,369

1,801,891

11,846,113

6,649,955

16,405,220

4,105,839

182,039,094

1,056,361,943

1,308,811,155

1,190,802,456

13,464,000

16,194

15,222,279

10,180,044

9,776,667

FY 2013

Northern Virginia
Change

-2,383,823

-11,601,298

-30,663,703

13,241,538

1,564,360

110,012,340

-10,301

-2,230,209

-2,123,881

15,995,163

-5,044,018

-7,032,916

-13,690,102

-3,503,772

-4,533,718

48,994,331

-20,288,403

6,532,174

276,892,258

13,464,000

16,194

-4,372,343

-750,128

-19,900

-552,041

-3,158,956

163,009

109,841

9,759,166

3,684

49,471,464

348,189

1,316,536

6,122,974

57,262,847

11,926,382

601,871

10,962

FY 2010

75,649

10,784,161

312,642

43,030

33,367,872

93,419

-6,164

1,410,538

6,912,204

42,133,541

9,803,755

43,658

FY 2013

Hampton Roads

-87,360

-109,841

1,024,995

-3,684

312,642

43,030

-16,103,592

93,419

-348,189

-6,164

94,002

789,230

-15,129,306

-2,122,627

-558,213

-10,962

Change

56

724,490,038

Agency For International Development

631,407
258,928
42,476

Consumer Financial Protection Bureau

Consumer Product Safety Commission

Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

634,552,418

560,050

858,942

Millennium Challenge Corporation

515,585,688

1,030,424

718,122

Merit Systems Protection Board

2,300,448

40,771

8,562

235,395

479,059

-7,701

4,000

International Trade Commission

GAO, Except Comptroller General

Federal Trade Commission

Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service

Federal Maritime Commission

-118,966,730

171,482

-158,072

235,395

1,821,389

7,701

40,771

4,562

0
556,085

-43,568
-134,231
189,124

366,961

-43,568
245,159

5,303,863

653,412

33,110

-105,515

3,634,809

6,651,379

71,281

5,828,275

217,532,403

-87,040,548

239,023,013

293,104

6,340

-1,683,209

142,874,880

607,742

Change

Federal Labor Relations Authority

379,390

10,826,211

3,149,596

75,586

153,413

4,266,216

6,930,186

71,281

10,567,842

942,022,441

2,105,187,990

1,248,728,877

1,991,055

6,255,346

513,186,452

607,742

FY 2013

Virginia

Federal Housing Finance Agency

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

5,522,348

Federal Communications Commission

Federal Election Commission

2,496,184

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

Election Assistance Commission

278,807

Commodity Futures Trading Commission

Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board

4,739,567

2,192,228,538

INDEPENDENT AGENCIES/GOV.
CORPORATIONS

Broadcasting Board of Governors

1,009,705,864

1,697,951

-6,340

7,938,555

370,311,572

FY 2010

VETERANS AFFAIRS, Department of

United States Mint

Office of Thrift Supervision

Office of the Comptroller of the Currency

Internal Revenue Service

Inspector General

Table 17 continued

213,578,097

816,688

638,494

479,059

-7,701

4,000

366,961

379,390

5,370,164

2,470,611

-100,849

223,228

631,407

230,807

4,587,542

712,844,196

1,714,079,945

791,048,025

1,641,571

-6,340

7,875,462

357,293,718

FY 2010

183,048,441

471,579

534,061

223,289

2,300,448

40,771

8,562

556,085

10,659,055

2,785,657

57,886

7,845

4,197,984

6,930,186

71,281

10,428,002

941,755,388

1,743,650,870

1,038,710,076

1,972,648

6,037,775

498,041,512

607,742

FY 2013

Northern Virginia

-30,529,656

-345,109

-104,433

223,289

1,821,389

7,701

40,771

4,562

189,124

-379,390

5,288,891

315,046

158,735

-215,383

3,566,577

6,699,379

71,281

5,840,460

228,911,192

29,570,925

247,662,051

331,077

6,340

-1,837,687

140,747,794

607,742

Change

283,850,980

14,573

12,160

-2,536,682

285,404,138

70,920,043

1,819

9,484,497

FY 2010

179,793,429

245,159

70,633

302,039

19,133

153,199

182,222,067

80,635,745

6,354

14,140

10,688,018

FY 2013

Hampton Roads

-104,057,551

245,159

70,633

287,466

6,973

2,689,881

-103,182,071

9,715,702

4,535

14,140

1,203,521

Change

57

National Science Foundation

National Labor Relations Board

National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities

National Archives and Records Administration

Table 17 continued

128,812,132

7,950,656

8,732,766

FY 2010

168,682,317

3,557,542

19,144,907

FY 2013

Virginia

39,870,185

-4,393,114

10,412,141

Change

120,073,887

7,534,935

7,958,371

FY 2010

165,748,048

3,491,304

19,053,797

FY 2013

Northern Virginia

45,674,161

-4,043,631

11,095,426

Change

284,747

286,424

27,394

FY 2010

231,819

26,440

75,341

FY 2013

Hampton Roads

-52,928

-259,984

47,947

Change

58

SECTION II
Impact of Changing Federal Procurement Patterns
on the Northern Virginia and Commonwealth of Virginia Economies
by
Stephen S.Fuller, Ph.D,

Dwight Schar Faculty Chair and University Professor,


George Mason University
INTRODUCTION
The performance of the Virginia economy has been strongly affected by federal spending patterns during the current business cycle. This dependency is not new but the consequences have
raised new questions as these changing federal spending patterns are now being determined by
shifting federal priorities. Additionally, slowing revenues growth may result in the recent reductions in federal spending becoming permanent rather than cyclical and reduce future growth of
federal spending to levels confined to inflation rates or even to further decline.
Regardless of the causes of recent and future changes in federal spending patterns, the significance of the federal market to the vitality of the States economy has magnified the impact of this
recent trend. In addition to slowing the economys growth, these reductions in federal spending
have had a disproportional impact on the States export-based, high-value added sectors and
jobs. These patterns and their consequences at the regional level have been even more impactful
reflecting the concentration of federal contractors in Northern Virginia, with 74.2% of the States
federal procurement spending over the 2010-2014 period, and in Hampton Roads, which accounted for 18.0% of the States total federal procurement spending over this period.
The consequences of these differential impacts have become evident in changes to the structure
of the economy as measured by the changing employment mix, as higher value-added jobs have
been lost while lower value-added jobs have been added. The analyses of these trends and outcomes will help clarify their historic magnitudes and significance during the 2011-2014 period
and the likely impacts that these changes will have set in motion going forward over the remainder of the decade. Understanding the nature of these changes in federal spending in Northern
Virginias economy, given its importance to the States economy, and their regional and statewide
consequences will provide a framework to local- and state-level policymakers and elected government leaders to respond to the public policy challenges that are confronting their respective
economies in order to better position them in national and global markets in a future of diminishing dependence on federal spending as a primary source of future economic growth.
The worst case forecast, governed by full compliance with the Budget Control Act of 2011,
provides a clear measure of the real and continuing threat that hangs over the Northern Virginia
and Virginia economies while the baseline forecast suggests the cost of not further reducing the
dependences of the Northern Virginia and State economies on DoD and non-DoD procurement
contracting. Ultimately, to be competitive in the national and global marketplace, Northern
Virginia and State Virginia must advance their respective economies building on their competitive advantages and repositioning their economies towards export-based, business-to-business
transactions built around high-value added and high-growth potential businesses. The findings
presented in the following pages should help clarify the opportunity costs of ignoring the implications of having become overly dependent on a declining or, at best, a slow growth and
over-specialized market.
59

I. Federal Procurement Trends in Northern Virginia and the Commonwealth of Virginia


and Their Economic Impacts
The importance of federal spending to the economies of Northern Virginia and the Commonwealth of Virginia has been well documented. While federal spending includes a range of sourcesfederal payroll, retirement and disability payments to federal employees, grants and small
business loans, federal purchases of goods and services from private sector contractors, it is
federal procurement contracting that has been the most impactful of all federal spending sources
over the past thirty-five years and will continue to impact the pace of the Northern Virginia and
the State economies growth well into the future.
Federal spending for the procurement of goods and services in the Washington metropolitan area
demonstrates the historic significance of this source of spending: federal procurement spending
in the Washington metropolitan area totaled $4.2 billion in 1980 ($1.7 billion or 40.5% of these
expenditures went to businesses located in Northern Virginia). By 2010, federal procurement
spending in the Washington metropolitan area totaled $82.4 billion ($45.0 billion or 54.6% went
to federal contractors located in Northern Virginia for work performed in Northern Virginia).
This increase in federal procurement spending in the Washington metropolitan area between
1980 and 2010 represented a 1,861.9 percent increase while this increase in Northern Virginia
was 2,547.0 percent. These growth rates exceed any other significant source of economic activity in either the Washington metropolitan area or in Northern Virginia during this period. And,
over this thirty-year period, the accumulated value of this federal procurement spending totaled
$808.5 billion with federal contractors located in Northern Virginia accounting for an estimated
forty-nine percent of this total or $396.2 billion.
The economic impact of this rapid increase in federal procurement spending in the Washington
metropolitan area and in Northern Virginia can be measured. This federal procurement spending can be shown to have accelerated these areas economic growththe value of the goods and
services produced locally, and to have generated above-average job growth. But more importantly, this rapid increase in federal procurement spending altered the structure of the regions job
mix, shifting it to professional and business service jobs and to jobs having higher earnings, and
it altered the distribution of economic activity within the metropolitan area favoring Northern
Virginia over Suburban Maryland and the District of Columbia..
Federal contractors located in Northern Virginia captured the largest percentage of federal procurement
spending since 1980, and, as a result, the impacts of this growing source of business earnings and corresponding growth in high-wage and high-valued added jobs accelerated Northern Virginias economic
growth relative to the District of Columbia and Suburban Maryland jurisdictions. In 1980, Northern Virginia accounted for 31.6 percent of the Washington metropolitan area economy; by 1990, it accounted for
38.8 percent; by 2000, its share increased to 43.8 percent; and by 2010, Northern Virginia accounted for
46.0 percent of the Washington metropolitan area economy. This increased share of the Washington metropolitan area economy, which was also growing significantly over this period (real GRP increased 215.1%),
provides a measure of the importance of this disproportional gain in federal procurement dollars that was
captured by businesses located and doing their work in Northern Virginia.

60

In a report prepared by this author for the National Capital Planning Commission in 2002, the statistical
correlation between the changes in gross regional product (GRP) and the changes in federal procurement
spending and in the value of the federal payroll over the 1983 and 2001 period were calculated. The results
of this research are summarized here to provide further documentation of the important economic relationship between federal procurement spending and Northern Virginias economic performance and, by extension, to the economic vitality of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
A quick review of Table 18 suggests that federal spending for procurement has had an impact on the differential growth rates experienced by the National Capital Regions (NCRs) sub-state areas over the 19832001 period. The sub-state area that experienced the most rapid growth rateNorthern Virginiabenefited
from federal procurement outlays totaling $160.3 billion over this 19-year period, an amount accounting for
48 percent of all procurement outlays in the NCR. Suburban Maryland experienced the second fastest GRP
growth rate, although one well below the rate in Northern Virginia, and had federal procurement spending
totaling $92.7 billion, a level 42 percent below the total procurement value in Northern Virginia. And,
the District of Columbias economy experienced the slowest growth over this period and experienced the
greatest increase in federal spending for salaries and wages but the least accumulated value for procurement
outlays.

_______________________________________________________________________

Table 18
Federal Payroll and Procurement Spending in the National Capital Region
By Sub-State Area, 1983-2001
(in billions of 1996 dollars)


Sub-State Area

Change
in GRP*

Federal
Payroll

Federal
Procurement

District of Columbia
Suburban Maryland
Northern Virginia
National Capital Region**

46.5%
103.8%
153.4%
99.1%

$206.6
72.3
94.8
$373.7

$81.5
92.7
160.3
$334.5

Sources: U.S. Census Bureau and George Mason University, Center for Regional Analysis (CRA)
*% change from 1983 to 2001; **GRP growth for the Washington metropolitan area.

_______________________________________________________________________

This simple comparison would seem to support the hypothesis that federal dollars spent for
procurement have had a greater impact of the local economy than federal dollars spent on salaries and wages. To test this hypothesis, a regression analysis was performed with gross county
product of each of the NCRs local jurisdictions serving as the dependent variable and federal
payroll spending and federal procurement being the independent variables. These values were
regressed for the NCR and for Northern Virginia and Suburban Maryland (the District, with only
19 observations was not analyzed independently from the NCR). The results, presented in Table
19, confirm the importance of federal procurement spending over the 1983-2001 period to the

61

economic growth of the NCR and help explain the substantially greater growth that occurred in
Northern Virginia relative to Suburban Maryland and the District.
The correlation between economic growth and federal spending for procurement and federal payroll is strong with the coefficients for the two variables showing federal procurement to be twice
as important as spending for federal payroll in this correlation. In Northern Virginia, which experienced an almost 150 percent real increase in GRP between 1983 and 2001, the correlation between this growth and federal spending was very strong with federal procurement spending being
almost 3 times as important to this correlation as spending for federal payroll (as established by
the relative coefficient values). In comparison, federal spending had a slightly weaker correlation
to the economic growth in Suburban Maryland over this period (real GRP doubled between 1983
and 2001) but procurement spending had only a marginal impact on this growth; spending for
federal payroll was much more significant but yielded weaker returns to the economy. In conclusion, a dollar spent for federal procurement in the NCR economy has been more important than
a federal dollar spent for federal payroll; based on the relative coefficients, a federal procurement
dollar had two times the economic impact of a federal payroll dollar.
____________________________________________________________________________

Table 19
Federal Payroll and Federal Procurement Spending in the National Capital Region
By Sub-State Area, 1983-2001
Summary of Regression Model Results

Area
National Capital Region
Northern VA
Suburban MD

Correlation
Coefficients
Value Payroll Procurement
.956 2
.973 1
.935 12

.315 4
.720 4
.743 1

.756
.971
.415

Source: George Mason University, Center of Regional Analysis (CRA)

____________________________________________________________________________

The strong correlation between federal procurement spending and Northern Virginias economic performance cuts both ways. When federal procurement outlays were accelerating, they
fueled Northern Virginias economic expansion. As federal procurement spending was growing
during the Great Recession, this growth helped to compensate for declines in Northern Virginias non-federally dependent business activities cushioning these negative effects and helping to
moderate the full impact of what was the worst economic contraction experienced in the U.S.
since the Great Depression. And, as federal spending has slowed and then declined since 2011,
the strong correlation between federal procurement spending and Northern Virginias economic
performance has resulted in its economy underperforming the U.S. economy since 2010. Fur62

thermore, Northern Virginias weak economic performance has been a drag on thbe Commonwealth of Virginias economy due to the relative magnitude of its contribution to the States gross
state product. These patterns of performance can be seen in Table 20 that compares economic
growth rates for the U.S., Virginia and Northern Virginia over the most recent decade.
The Budget Control Act of 2011 was designed to reduce the federal deficit and its percentage of
GDP that stood at 10.4% in 2010 to less than 3% by 2021 by cutting federal spending over this
10-year period. Spending reductions by the Department of Defense began in 2011 with companion spending reductions by non-DoD agencies to begin in January 2013 (the Fiscal Cliff).
The year-end budget agreement called for the sequester going into effect on March 1, 2013
impacting the remainder of the FY 2013 budget year but having more significant impacts during
FY 2014. DoD spending reductions continued from 2011 through this period with all agencies
experiencing budget reductions in FY 2013 and FY 2014 with their cumulative effects having
continuing economic impact in 2015 and beyond. As a result of these spending reductions, the
federal deficit for FY 2014 as a percent of Gross Domestic Product had declined to 4.0%.
____________________________________________________________________________

Table 20
Comparative Economic Growth Performance:
U.S., Virginia and Northern Virginia, 2006-2014
(annual real percent change)

Northern
Year U.S. Virginia Virginia
2006
2.7
2007
1.8
2008
- 0.3
2009
- 2.8
2010 2.5
2011 1.6
2012
2.3
2013
2.2
2014 2.4

2.3
4.4
0.8
4.0
0.0
1.6
0.5
- 1.2
2.4 5.0
0.6 1.5
0.7
0.75
0.4
- 0.6
0.0 0.9

Sources: U.S. Department of Commerce; IHS Economics, Inc.,


George Mason University, Center for Regional Analysis
____________________________________________________________________________

63

While the focus of these federal spending reductions has been on the purchase of goods and
services from the private sectorfederal procurement spendingfederal agencies have also cut
payroll by reducing federal employment. Between 2011 and 2014, federal employment reductions in Northern Virginia and statewide have cost these economies 4,622 jobs and 5,450 jobs
respectively with further federal job reductions projected for Northern Virginia (7,767) and statewide (15,170) between 2014 and 2020. While these federal job cuts are important and represent a
measurable loss in payroll spending with corresponding impacts on retail and consumer services,
housing and public sector revenues, it has been the reductions in federal procurement spending
in Northern Virginia and elsewhere statewide (in particular Hampton Roads) that have had the
greatest negative impacts on these economies performances and the changing structure of their
respective employment bases.
Federal procurement spending peaked in FY 2011 for both Virginia and Northern Virginia with
accelerating reductions in 2012 and 2013. By 2014, federal spending had stablized and increased
at the state level while declining further in Northern Virginia. For the 2011-2014 period, federal
procurement spending was down $9.3 billion statewide, or 14.6%, and was down $7.1 billion in
Northern Virginia, or 14.7%, as shown in Table 21.
While these two-year decreases in federal procurement may not appear large, their impacts have
been spread both horizontally and vertically across the States economy. The consequences of
this reduction in federal procurement has been magnitifed because of the interdependences within the Northern Virginia and Virginia economies and among the prime federal contractors and
their subcontractors following their supply chains, and due to the absense of alternative sources of non-federally dependent export-based businesses to compensate for this loss of business
income.
____________________________________________________________________________

Table 21
Federal Procurement Spending:
Northern Virginia and the Commonwealth of Virginia, 2010-2014
(in bilions of current dollars)

Year

Virginia

DoD

NoVA

% of VA

2010
2011
2012
2013
2014

$59.400
$41.443
$44.979
64.073
44.830
47.994
58.422
39.776
44.649
54.732
36.722
40.922
$58.404 $39.881 $40.488

DoD

75.7
74.9
76.4
74.8
69.3

NoVA

$29.551
31.682
28.710
25.552
$24.458

Sources: USAspending.gov; Northern Virgina Regional Commisswion


_ ___________________________________________________________________________

64

As noted previously, the underperformance of the Northern Virginia and Virginia economies
during this period of federal procurement spending reductions has been most notable as seen by
their slow economic growth, as shown in Table 20. During this period the State economy hardly
experienced any real growth. Compared to the other states, its annual growth rate ranked 43rd in
2013 and ranked only 49th place in 2014.
Beyond its lagging economic performance, the job mix has changed in Northern Virginia and the
State; that is, the job losses disproportionally affected the higher-vaue added sectors while new
job growth has been concentrated in the lower-value added sectors. This is a structural shift that
started with the Great Recession in late 2007 but has continued during the recovery dating from
mid-2010. At the State level, the average value per job, measured by their contribution to gross
state product (GSP), of the jobs lost between 2007 and March 2010 was $147,465 while the average GSP value of the jobs added since March 2010 was $102,802.
This difference is a result of the loss of higher-value added jobs and the growth of jobs with
lower average values as seen in structural changes in the economydeclining importance of
manufacturing and construction versus the growing importance of leisure and hospitality and
education and health services as sources of employmentcompounded by shifts within sectors
as older, higher-paid workers retired and were replaced by entry-level workers hired at substantially lower salaries. This shift within sectors has been accelerated by the adoption of labor-saving technologies and the changing nature of the occupations and the services being provided.
Outsourcing and off-shoring of jobs as well as the globalization of the market place have all
contributed to a major economic shift that is having national impact and has further compounded the impacts of the structural changes linked to reductions in federal procurement spending in
Virginia.
The combination of these employment shifts and reductions in the federal workforce and decreased federal contractor jobs has contributed to a decrease in average wages in Northern Virginia as shown in Table 22. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics recently released the 2014 wage
data that showed that the average wage in Northern Virginia decreased for the fourth consecutive
year after peaking in 2010. In contrast, the average wage in the Washington metropolitan area
turned higher in 2014 after decreasing for three years with gains in both the District of Columbia
and Suburban Maryland. The average wage in Virginia increased slightly in 2014 (0.2%) but
was well off the U.S. average wage gain of 1.6% while the average wage in Northern Virginia
fell 0.3%.

65

____________________________________________________________________________

Table 22
Average Wages in the U.S. Virginia, and Northern Virginia: 2007-2014
(in thousands of 2014 dollars)


Northern

Year
U.S Virginia Virginia
2007
$50.8
$52.5
$68.7
2008
50.1
51.9
67.9
2009 50.3 53.2 69.8
2010
50.8
53.9
70.9
2011 50.6 53.3 69.9
2012
50.8
53.3
69.7
2013
50.6
52.8
68.7
2014 $51.4 $52.9 $68.5

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

____________________________________________________________________________

Structural Changes in the Northern Virginia and Commonwealth of Virginia Economies


and Their Impacts on Future Economic Growth
The structural changes occurring in the Northern Virginia and Virginia economies that resulted
from the Great Recession and that have continued during the recovery as a result of reductions in
federal procurement outlays, selectively impacting high-value added sectors, have established the
foundation for these economies future growth. These emerging economic structures are different
from those that existed prior to the Great Recession; that distribtuion of jobs across the sectors
will not be reestablished as the economy grows going forward as the drivers of future growth and
the States competitive position in the national and global economies have changed.
The key sectors driving the economys performance are its export sectors, those sectors with
markets exceeding the states geographic boundaries, as these are the sectors attracting new
money into the local economies to be paid out in wages and salaries and re-spent in support of
local retail and consumer services, housing, and local taxes to the benefit of residentiary-based
businesses and jobs. While the differentiation of export-serving from local-serving employment
is not perfect, the sectors shown in Tables 23 and 24 encompass the majority of the non-local
serving job base in Northern Virginia and Virginia.

66

____________________________________________________________________________

Table 23
Structural Change in the Virginia Economy: 2011-2014-2020
(percent share by principal sector*)

Sector 2011 2014 2020


Manufacturing
6.2 6.1 5.8
Transport/Warehousing 2.8 2.8 3.0
Information Services
2.0
1.9
1.9
Financial Services
5.0
5.1
4.6
Professional and Bus. Services
18.1
17.7
19.4
Education & Health Services
12.9
13.6
13.6
Leisure & Hospitality Services
9.4
9.7
9.6
Federal Government
4.7
4.5
3.8
Totals
61.4
61.4
61.7

Sources: IHS Economics; George Mason University, Center for Regional Analysis
*primarily export-based sectors
____________________________________________________________________________

By close inspection of Table 23, it can be seen that for the State the perecent share of these jobs
in 2011, 2014 and 2020 (baseline projection based on assumption of no additional federal procurement spending reductions) is not expected to change significantly as a percentage of all jobs
but that the mix of jobs across sectors has or will change. For Virginia, the key losses of percentage share occur in manufacturng, financial services, and the federal government. However,
professional and business services is the largest and most revealing sector. It lost share during
the recession and more recently with the reductions in federal prcurement spending (this is where
the majority of the federal contractors are located with the exception of ship building and maintenance) but is projected to more than regain its losses with future growth that is not dependent on
increased federal procurement spending.
An inspection of Table 24, which reports these percentage distributions for Northern Virginia, shows that the key sectors experiencing declining shares include financial services and the
federal government. Employment in the professional and business services sector shrank slightly
during the 2011-2014 period, largely in response to reductions in federal procurement spending,
but is projected to experience signficant job growth for the 2014-2020 period.
Still, the impacts of these shifts across export-based sectors show an important change in the
totals. In 2011, 65.2 percent of all jobs in Northern Virginia were exported based while in 2014,
this share had declined to 64.7 percent. While this shift may appear small, it represents the shift
of 24,007 jobs from export-based, high-value added jobs to residentiary services, generally to
lower-value added jobs. This shift certainly contributed to the downward trend in average wages
in Northern Virginia between 2010 and 2014.
67

_______________________________________________________________

Table 24
Structural Change in the Northern Virginia Economy: 2011-2014-2020
(percent share by principal sector*)

Sector
Manufacturing
Information Services
Financial Services
Professional and Bus. Services
Education & Health Services
Leisure & Hospitality Services
Federal Government
Totals

2011

2014

2020

1.6 1.4 1.4


3.3
3.1
3.1
4.7
4.9
4.4
29.8
29.5
32.4
10.0
10.2
10.1
8.7
9.1
8.8
7.1
6.5
5.2
65.2
64.7
65.4

Sources: IHS Economics; George Mason University, Center for Regional Analysis
*primarily export-based sectors
_______________________________________________________________

The results of this structural shift in Northern Virginias economy have been to reduce the portion
of its business base that was dependent on federal procurement contracting and to shift it to firms
undertaking business-to-business sales and services. The ability of Northern Virginias economy in 2014 to reposition itself for growth going forward, given its distribution of businesses
across sectors and federally and non-federally dependent markets, will determine its performance
relative to other regional economies and also will impact the States economic performance as it
adjusts to lower levels of federal spending within Northern Virginia, Hampton Roads and other
sub-state economies.
How Northern Virginia and the States other major sub-state regions perform economically
during the remainder of this decade will be determined by three key dynamics: (1) the vitaity of
global markets as they represents opportunities for the export of locally produced goods and services as well as the sources of direct foreign investment to the Virginia economy; (2) the performance of the U.S. economy internally and in the global market place (energy independence and
the strength of the dollar relative to international currencies will be critical); and (3) federal fiscal
policy relative to deficit reduction and federal employment, payroll and procurement trends.
Federal procurement spending in the Virginia economy, and in Northern Virginia specifically,
will have the most critical impact on these economies future performances as it has the potential
for the greatest magnitude of change within the shortest span of time while changes in national and global markets are slower and more incremental making their local impacts smaller and
more easily accommodated or remediated.

68

Current forecasts for the performance of the U.S., Virginia and Northern Virginia economies are
presented in Table 25. The U.S. forecast reflects June 2015 analyses and assumptions including
that there will be a federal budget agreement that will preempt any future shutdown of the federal
government and the imposition of a sequester similar to what occurred during FY 2013. These
same assumptions are reflected in the forecasts for the Virginia and Northern Virginia economies.
The expectations for the U.S. economy are that it will slowly accelerate in 2015 and 2016 and
reach its peak annual performance in 2017 with these gains driven largely by pent-up demand
for housing and consumer goods and increased consumption outlays while oil prices will slowly
move back to their equilibruim levels in world markets by 2019 and interest rates will increase
starting slowly in late 2015 or early 2016 reaching their peak levels in 2018, although these will
equalize at rates well below normal historic levels. At this time, there is no future recession on
the horizon. This economic climate sets the national (and global) framework for the projected
performance of the Virginia and Northern Virginia economies.
As described previously, Virginias and Northern Virginias economic performances have lagged
the U.S. economic growth starting in 2011, coinciding with the implementation of the Budget
Control Act of 2011 that resulted in immediate reductions in DoD procurement spending undermining the economic recoveries in Northern Virginia and in other federally dependent regions
across the Commonwealth of Virginia. As shown in Table 25, Virginias economy registered
zero GSP gain during 2014; this performance ranked 49th in the nation among other states.
________________________________________________________

Table 25
Comparative Economic Growth Performance:
United States, Virginia and Northern Virginia, 2014-2020
(annual real percent change)

Northern
Year
U.S.
Virginia
Virginia
2014 2.4
2015 2.6
2016 2.9
2017
3.2
2018
2.7
2019 2.6
2020 2.6

0.0 0.9
2.2 1.6
3.1 2.1
2.7
2.7
2.5
2.9
2.5 3.2
2.5 3.0

Sources: IHS Economics, Inc., George Mason University,


Center for REgional Analysis
________________________________________________________

69

For 2014, it appears that Northern Virgnias economy generated a moderate gain in gross regional product after contracting 0.6% in 2013. However, the final measurement of Northern Virginias economic performance durng 2014 will not be released by the U.S. Bureau of Economic
Analysis until later this year. As Northern Virginia only generated a total of 1,300 net new jobs
in 2014, the smallest job gain since the depth of the recession in 2009, and given the contnuing
loss of export-based, high-value added jobs in Northern Virginia, it is likely that its economy did
not achieve this estimated 0.9% gain as shown.
Without an increase in federal procurement spending (or federal payroll) the growth of Northern
Virginias and the States economies will depend on its other competitive advantages, as seen in
Tables 23 and 24, based on their changing distribution of non-federally dependent businesses and
whether (1) these are slow- or high-growth potential businesses and (2) are high-value-added and
export-based.
The income effects of the forecasts for Northern Virginia and Virginia can be calculated based
on the economic value of the jobs projected to be added and lost, and based on stabilized federal
spending scenario, as shown in Table 25. The outcome of these calculations establishes a baseline against which alternative forecasts can be compared.
The baseline forecast shows that the Northern Virginia and Virginia economies are projected to
track different growth paths with the Northern Virginia economy accelerating over the entire
2014-2020 period and not peaking with the national economy in 2017 but continue accelerating
through 2020. The Northern Virginia economy is projected to recover from its past federal procurement spending reductions (assuming this spending does not decrease further from its 2014
level) with the professional and business service sector driving growth as its share of the workforce increases from 29.5% to 32.4%, a full 13 percentage points greater than at the state level.
The growth of non-federally dependent export-based, high-value added businesses is reflected in
the average of $146,096 GRP value (in 2014$s) per new job added during the 2014-2020 period.
Still, job losses continue to reflect a much higher average value added of $182,375 underscoring the significant impact of continuing losses of federal government employment (7,767 jobs).
In 2014, the average GRP value of all jobs in Northern Virginia was $147,013 so the new jobs
being added, with their average value of $146,096, and the loss of high-value added jobs, with
their average value of $182,375, will continue to slowly erode the per job value of the Northern
Virginia economy. While job growth will help drive the economys expansion, as shown in Table
25, this expansion will not reflect a shift to higher value-added jobs as was the historic pattern in
Northern Virginia.

70

_______________________________________________________________

Table 26
Economic Impacts of the Baseline Forecast: 2014-2020
Northern Virginia and the Commonwealth of Virginia
(in millions of 2014 dollars)
Economic
Impacts


Value of Jobs Added
Value of Jobs Lost
Net Economic Gains


Northern
Virginia

Commonwealth
of Virginia

$23,005.0
- 1,467.0
$21,538.0

$39,352.3
-4,065.6
$35,286.7

Sources: IHS Economics, Inc.; GMU Center for Regional Analysis


Average value per job added: Virginia, $116,483; NoVA, $146,096
Average value per job lost: Virginia, $147,519; NoVA, $182,372
_______________________________________________________________

This pattern of growth projected for Northern Virginia differs from that projected for the overall
Virginia economy that is projected to peak in 2016 and thereafter parallel the national economy
over the remainder of the decade. This pattern at the state level reflects its weakness in manufacturing and continuing importance of leisure and hospitality services and education and health services sectors and comparatively smaller share of the States total employment in the professional
and business services sector. The continuing loss of federal government jobs and the declining
share of the economy supported by federal procurement spending contribute to the States weaker performance going forward. On average, the value added per job for the jobs gained statewide
is projected at $116,483 compared to the average value of the jobs lost of $147,519 (in 2014$s).
This differential value will have impacts on the States future economic performance as it will
result in little or no increase in the average GSP per worker value of $114,250 that exisit in 2014.
The continuing erosion of high-value added jobs will contribute to lower job value averages over
the 2014-2020 period and this trend will dampen the growth of the local serving sectors (e.g.,
retail and consumer services, housing, and local government revenues).
Impact of Continuing Federal Procurement Spending Reductions on the Northern Virginia
and Commonwealth of Virginia Economies
The forecasts for Northern Virginia and the Commonwealth of Virginia presented in Tables 25
and 26 and reflected in the employment forecasts presented in Tables 23 and 24 are predicated
on the assumption that federal procurement spending in Northern Virginia and statewide will
remain relatively constant over the forecast period. Federal procurement spending in 2014 did
stablize and actually increased 2.0% statewide (federal procurement spendng in Northern Virginia decreased in 2014 1.2%) and the State economy in 2015 (through mid-year) has registered its
strongest job growth since 2006. Northern Virginias economy also has accelerated over the first
71

half of 2015 compared to the first half of 2014, possibly benefiting from the economys on-going adjustment to significant federal spending reductions in prior years (- $7.1 billion or -14.7%
between 2011-2014).
However, if federal procurement spending could decline 15% in two years, as it did in 2012 and
2013 in both Northern Virginia and the State, what would another decline of this general magnitude do to these economies by 2020? And, more specifically, with DoD procurement spending
accounting for the largest source of this federal procurement spending (65.0% statewide and
60.5% in Northern Virginia in 2014), what would be the continuing economic consequences of
reductions in DoD procurement spending of similar magnitudes to those experienced in 2012 and
2013?
To properly reflect the full impact of continuing DoD procurement spending decreases in the
Northern Virginia and statewide economies, modeled after the 2012 and 2013 experiences, a
one-third cumulative procurement spending decrease is assumed from respective 2014 levels
spanning the 2014-2020 period. To calculate the total impact of continuing reductions in federal
procurement spending on the projected job growth for Northern Virginia and the Commonwealth
of Virginia both the direct and indirect (and induced) job effects must be included. The loss of
direct jobs and related payroll and the jobs (and payroll) of subcontractors and supply-chain
businesses reduces disposable income that would have supported retail and consumer service
jobs and other service providers serving the residents of the State. At the state level, on average
for every job directly supported by DoD procurement spending, an additional .73 indirect and
induced job is supported; in Northern Virginia this ratio is 1 to .66. As a result of these indirectly
linked jobs, the impacts of spending reductions can spread across the breadth of the economy.
In this analysis, only the principal sectors being impacted are shown separately and the smaller
sectoral impacts are rolled up into one category.
DoDs directly and indirectly related jobs in Virginia accounted for 9.6 percent of all employment in 2014. A one-third reduction in DoD procurement spending at the state level would
reduce its baseline job gains by 121,110 jobs and reduce the baseline growth rate from 8.2% to
5.0% for this six-year period. The manufacturing sector, which is projected to add 5,030 jobs for
a 2.2% gain between 2014 and 2020, would actualy lose 15,276 jobs with a one-third reduction
in DoD procurement spending and register a decline of 4.5% from its 2014 employment total.
The baseline forecast for information services is for it to add 6,740 jobs between 2014 and 2020
but, instead, it would lose 2,813 jobs as a result of a one-third reduction in DoD procurement
spending reducing its projected rate of increase from 9.5% to 5.6%. Professional and business
services would experience the greated negative impact, losing 80,554 jobs from its baseline forecast as a result of a one-third decrease in DoD procurement spending. This loss of jobs would
reduce this sectors projected growth of 126,140 jobs or 18.9% to a gain of only 6.8%.

72

________________________________________________________________________

Table 27
The Impact of a One-Third Reduction in DoD Procurement Spending Between
2014 and 2020 on Projected Job Growth in Virginia and Northern Virginia
(in thousands of jobs)

-- Virginia --
-- Northern Virginia -Principal Sectors:
Job Effects
Baseline1 Reduction2 Baseline1 Reduction2
Total Job Gain
310.3
121.1
149.4
70.9
Construction
68.5 4.1 25.3 1.1
Manufacturing
5.0 15.4
1.3 3.5
Information Services
6.7
2.8
5.5
1.9
Professional & Bus. Ser. 126.1
80.6
83.9
60.1
All Other Sectors
104.5
18.3
33.4
4.3



Sources: Chmura Economics and Analytics, GMU Center for Regional Analysis
projected job increase by sector reflecting stabilized federal procurement
spending at 2014 level. 2Jobs lost from the baseline forecast as a result of a
one-third reduction in DoD procurement spending between 2014 and 2020.

________________________________________________________________________

These lost jobs are primarily in high-value added sectors and the gross state product value of
these job losses would total $14.4 billion (in 2014$s). In addition to this loss of economic value
from the principal sectors, an additional 18,300 jobs in smaller and lower-value added sectors
would be lost as a result of a one-third reduction in DoD procurement spending in Virginia over
this six-year period. These lost jobs represent a GSP value of $2.1 billion. Combined, the loss of
121,100 jobs due to a further one-third reduction in DoD procurement spending through the remainder of this decade would cost the States economy $16.6 billion in gross state product. This
loss of value translates into an average annual economic growth rate of 2.2 percent, down from
the baseline rate of 2.75 percent. This 0.55 percentage point reduction in the States economic
growth rate amounts to a twenty percent slower growth rate than achieved in the baseline forecast, one that still marginally underperforms the U.S. rate for this period.
For Northern Virginia, a one-third reduction in DoD procurement spending between 2014 and
2020 would reduce the projected baseline job growth of 149,420 jobs by 70,882 or by 47.4%.
Eighty-five percent of this job loss would consist of jobs within the professional and business
services sector, jobs with an average GRP value of $157,969 (in 2014$s). The cost to the economy of this reduction in DoD procurement spending, based on the GRP value of the jobs lost,
would total $12.3 billion over the 2014-2020 period. The baseline economic growth forecast has
73

gross regional product increasing by $57.8 billion for an annual average gain of 3.8%. If DoD
procurement spending in Northern Virginia declined by additional one-third between 2014 and
2020, extending the losses experienced in 2012 and 2013 over the next six years, the Northern
Virginia economy would only grow by $45.5 billion for an average annual rate of 3.0%. This reduction in economic growth rate of 0.8 percentage points amounts to twenty-one percent slower
growth rate than the baseline rate and would lower Northern Virginuias economic growth trajectory to well below its historic trend 5.55 percent (1990-2010).
________________________________________________________________________

Table 28
Summary of Economic Impacts of Changing Federal Procurement Spending
in Northern Virginia and the Commonwealth of Virginia, 2014-2020

Types of Impacts

Northern Commonwealth
Virginia
of Virginia

Annual Average Economic Growth Rates


Growth Rate 1990-2010
Baseline Forecast1
1/3 Reduction in DoD Procurement $s
Total Projected Job Growth
Baseline Forecast1
1/3 Reduction in DoD Procurement $s
Job Growth Difference between Forecasts
Loss of Economic Value (in billions)

5.55%
3.8%
3.3%

2.7%
2.75%
2.2%

149,420 310,280
78,538
189,170
70,882
121,11
$12.3
$16.6

Source: George Mason University, Center for Regional Analysis1 assumes federal
spending will continue at 2014 levels between 2014 and 2020.
________________________________________________________________________
The impacts of federal procurement spending reductions on the Northern Virginia and Virginia economies
have been significant and these economies remain vulnerable to further federal spending reductions due
to their disproportional dependencies on federal dollars as principal sources of export-based business.
These vulnerabilities will continue until these economies further expand their non-federally dependent,
export-based, high-value added business base and diminish their dependencies on federal spending as the
principal drivers of economic growth.

74

Appendix

75

76

Table A-1
Major Military Bases and Installations in Virginia
Installation

Description

Location

Fort A.P. Hill

Fort A.P. Hill is a 76,000 acre, year-round, all-purpose, military training


center in Virginia, one of the largest military bases on the East Coast. All
branches of the military train here and it has become known as Where
Americas Military Sharpens Its Combat Edge. At the cost of only $1 rent,
the Boy Scouts of America have hosted their National Jamboree at Fort A.P.
Hill on eight separate occasions. The Fort has been used as a staging area for
troops deploying to Europe during the Korean War and for General Pattons
forces that invaded French Morocco.

Bowling Green,
VA

Fort Belvoir

Fort Belvoir is a US Army post located in Fairfax County, Virginia. It


Fairfax County,
currently provides administrative support to over one hundred and twenty
VA
diverse tenants and satellite organizations within the facility. The base houses
the headquarters for the Defense Logistics Agency, the Defense Acquisition
University, the Defense Contract Audit Agency, the Defense Technical
Information Center, the US Army Criminal Investigation Command, the
United States Army Intelligence and Security Command, the Defense Threat
Reduction Agency. These agencies are all under the United States Department
of Defense. Fort Belvoir is also home base to a number of major commands
such as the United States Materiel Command, nineteen agencies under the
Department of the Army, eight elements under the US Army Reserve and the
National Guard, and twenty-six Department of Defense agencies.

Fort Eustis

Fort Eustis is a military base in the city of Newport News, Virginia. It


Newport News,
was established in March 7, 1918 as a build up region for the military in
VA
preparation for the deployment to World War I. It was named in honor of
Brevit Brigadier General Abraham Eustis, the first commanding officer of
nearby Fort Monroe. At present, Fort Eustis manages a satellite post, Fort
Story, located in Virginia Beach, Virginia. Fort Eustis and Fort Story are
home to the US Army Transportation Center, the US Army Transportation
School, the Non Commissioned Officers Academy, the Army Aviation
Logistics School, and the 7TH Sustainment Brigade. The primary mission of
the base is to educate and train officers and enlisted men on the transportation
modes utilized by the US Army, as well as aviation maintenance, logistics and
deployment doctrine and research.

Fort Lee

Fort Lee is a US Army post located in the Petersburg and Tri-cities Area of
Prince George County, Virginia. Originally named Camp Lee during its early
years and serving as a mobilization camp and division training camp in 1917,
it was named in honor of General Robert E. Lee, the most famous of all Civil
War commanders of the Confederacy. It was redesignated as Fort Lee during
the 1950s. Fort Lee is currently home to the headquarters of the US Army
Combined Arms Support Command, the US Army Quartermaster Center and
School, the Army Logistics University, the US Defense Commissary Agency,
and the US Ordnance Center and Schools. Fort Lee is also home to the US
Army Quartermaster Museum, the US Army Womens Museum, and the
Ordnance Museum which is expected to be opened in 2012.

U.S. ARMY BASES

Prince George
County,VA

NOTE: The information presented in this table was copied verbatim from the following website:

http://www.militaryauthority.com/wiki/military-bases/nationwide/virginia. For those who may be unfamiliar with the
vast scope of military activity located in Virginia, it provides an excellent overview of some of the major installations
and missions and their locations.

77

Installation

Description

Location

Fort Monroe

Fort Monroe is a military installation located at Old Point Comfort, Hampton, Hampton,VA
Virginia. The geographical location of Fort Monroe, situated on the tip of the
Virginia Peninsula, makes it a perfect position on which to guard the channel
between Chesapeake Bay and the entrance to the harbor of Hampton Roads.
Because of this, it is often called the Gibraltar of Chesapeake Bay. Fort
Monroes construction began in 1819 and would expand to become the largest
stone fort in the United States. Today, it is currently home to the Headquarters
of the US Army Training and Doctrine Command. This command is in
charge with supporting the operational fighting forces of the Army through
developing doctrine and equipment requirements, designing and maintaining
Army organization, and providing training for combat.

Fort Myer

Fort Myer is a US Army installation located in Arlington County, Virginia,


right next to Arlington National Cemetery. It houses the US Army Military
District of Washington, the 3rd US Infantry, the1101st Signal Brigade, the
Headquarters of Fort Myer Activities, the Headquarters and Headquarters
Company of the US Army Garrison, the US Army Criminal Investigation
Command, and the 501st Military Police Company. The base was built
and established as Fort Whipple after Brevet Major General Amiel Weeks
Whipple of the American Civil War on 1863. It then adopted its present name
in 1880 in honor of Brigadier General Albert J. Myer, who established the
Signal School of Instruction for Army and Navy Officers. Fort Myers was
added to the National Register of Historical Places on November 28, 1972.

Arlington
County, VA

Langley Air Force Base is located in Hampton, Virginia. It was established


on December 30 1916, under the Army Air Service and named in honor
of Samuel Pierpont Langley, one of the United States aviation pioneers.
Langley AFB is home to the 633rd Air Base Wing, the 1st Fighter Wing,
and the 480th Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance Wing, Virginia
National Guards 192D Fighter Wing, headquarters of the Air Combat
Command, as well as the Global Cyberspace Integration Center. The base is
one of the oldest but continuously active United States air bases. With 2,900
hectares of land area, the base is home to 8,800 military and 2,800 civilian
personnel.

Hampton, VA

The United States Coast Guard Financial Center serves as the Coast Guards
main funds management unit. Its main office is located in Chesapeake,
Virginia. One of the main duties of the Finance Center is to distribute the
funds provided for the Coast Guard by the United States government. For this
purpose, the Finance Center continuously determines and evaluates the needs
of the various units. The center works closely with each units logistic and
finance departments, as well as other pertinent agencies. Aside from funds
distribution, the Finance Center also monitors the use of funds by the various
departments of the Coast Guard and evaluates these for better financial
management.

Chesapeake,VA

U.S. AIR FORCE

U.S. COAST GUARD


Finance Center

78

Installation

Description

Location

National Maritime
Center

The National Maritime Center in Martinsburg, Western Virginia is the main


office that oversees the licensing of qualified mariners for employment in
seagoing vessels in the country. The NMC operates under the United States
Coast Guard and is currently headed by Capt. Anthony S. Lloyd. One of the
major tasks of the NMC is evaluate prospective mariners for the civilian
maritime industry. For this, the NMC conducts regular exams to determine
eligible mariners. The center also regularly review and revises its standards in
order to be able to select the best qualified officers. Aside from this, the NMC
also routinely evaluates schools offering maritime courses to ensure that they
themselves are of the best qualities.

Arlington
County, VA

National Pollution
Funds Center
Arlington

The National Pollution Funds Center was created under the United States
Coast Guard for the purpose of ensuring that companies transporting
oil across American waters have the capability to handle any untoward
incidents. The center currently holds office at Arlington, Virginia. As part of
its main tasks, the NPFC assess the financial capability of incoming vessels
in handling spills that might be caused by them. The center also maintains
the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund, which is used to finance oil spill cleanup
operations that are conducted by the Coast Guard. The center also handles
the payment made by companies that have caused spills, as well as the
reimbursement of claims made by those affected by the spill.

Arlington
County,VA

Navigation Center
Alexandria

The United States Coast Guards Navigation Center in Alexandria, Virginia


is the agencys main source of navigational information. The center also
oversees the distribution of this information to the various seagoing vessels
that travel across the country. The Navcen closely monitors maritime traffic
and coordinate it as needed. In order to ensure that it has proper identification
of all ships within the Coast Guards jurisdiction, the Navcen uses the
automatic identification system (AIS), which immediately present the
pertinent details about a particular ship. These are then sent out to other ships
in the area for use. The center also provides GPS (global positioning system)
and other navigation data for the ships plying US waters.

Alexandria,VA

Sector Hampton
Roads Portsmouth

The United States Coast Guard Sector Hampton Roads is an onshore unit of
the Coast Guard located at Portsmouth, Virginia. The sector belongs to the
Coast Guards Fifth District, and is concerned with the state of Virginia. The
sector is currently under the command of Capt. Mark Ogle. The main concern
of Sector Hampton Roads is the enforcement of Coast Guard authority on
the ports of Virginia. The sector also handles maritime incidents occurring in
the area. For that, the sector has several specialized units under its control.
In particular, it has a highly trained Response team that can be immediately
deployed. Aside from its operational duty, the sector is also tasked with
overseeing the welfare of the Coast Guard personnel in the area.

Hampton Roads/
Portsmouth, VA

Telecom Systems
Command

The Telecom and Information System Command is the unit that handles
the operation and maintenance of the United States Coast Guards
telecommunication and information system infrastructure. The main
headquarters of TISCOM is located in Alexandria, Virginia. The unit is
currently under the direction of Mark T. Powell. The TISCOM is responsible
for ensuring that the Coast Guard has uninterrupted telecommunication and
information transfer capabilities at all time. This encompasses a wide range
of technology, including voice and data systems, as well as coordinating
personnel communications. TISCOM is also at the forefront of technology
development, as it aims to improve its capabilities. TISCOM is also involved
in preventing information technology related crimes.

Alexandria, VA

79

Installation

Description

Location

Training Center
Yorktown

The United States Coast Guard Training Center in Yorktown is the main
training center for Coast Guard personnel in the state of Virginia. The center
is currently under the leadership of Captain William J. Milne. The center is
located on Hamilton Road, in Yorktown, Virginia. The center offers a wide
variety of training courses for both incoming and seasoned Coast Guard
Personnel. These include such important functions , navigation and search
and rescue procedures. There are also special courses like marine inspection
and investigation. Aside from that, Yorktown also offers international training
courses for interested personnel. Aside from training, the center houses
several facilities for the use of Coast Guard servicemen.

Yorktown, VA

Henderson Hall

Henderson Hall is a United States Marine Corps installation located in


Arlington
Arlington, Virginia, adjacent to Fort Myer and the Arlington National
County, VA
Cemetery. It was built in 1942 and named In honor of former commandant of
the United States Marine Corps, Archibald Henderson. At present, Henderson
Hall is managed by the installation itself and Fort Myer. It is currently
home to the Headquarters Battalion, and the Headquarters of the United
States Marine Corps. Henderson Hall is presently under the command of
Colonel Roarke L. Anderson. Henderson Hall covers 22.3 acres and provides
barracks and support for Marines stationed in its premises. Because of its
inclusion in the Base Realignment and Closure 2005 Commission, Henderson
Halls management functions was transferred to nearby Fort Myer, thereby
establishing Joint Base Myer-Henderson Hall, Virginia.

U.S. MARINE CORP BASES


Marine Corp Base
Quantico

Marine Corps Base Quantico, encompassing 100 square miles, is a training


base for the Marine Corps, located in Quantico, Virginia. It is often called
the Crossroads of the Marine Corps. Important Institutions housed in the
base include: the Marine Corps Officer Candidates School, the Marine Corps
University, the Marine Corps Basic School, the Marine Corps Embassy
Security Group, the Marine Corps Warfighting Laboratory of the Marine
Corps Combat Development Command, the Marine Corps Recruiting
Command, and the Marine Corps Research Center which is responsible for
providing equipment research and development for use by the Marine Corps,
especially in telecommunications. Other agencies and institutions housed in
Marine Corps Base Quantico are the FBI Academy, the Drug Enforcement
Administrations principal training facility, and the National Museum of the
Marine Corps.

Joint Expeditionary
Base Little Creek

Fort Story was being used by the military sincen 1914, but only became
declared permanent on December 5th, 1961. Named after General John
Patton Story, Fort Story is 1,451 acres of beach side land including:
sandy beaches, swamps, and dunes. It is an ideal training environment for
amphibious operations. Within the base there are some historical monuments
like, the Memorial Cross that marks the landing of the Jamestown Settlers.
There is also Old Cape Henry Light; the first lighthouse built by the Federal
Government. On recommendation of the 2005 Base Realignment and
Closure, Fort Story was transferred to the Navy and renamed in 2009 to Joint
Expeditionary Base East.

U.S. NAVY BASES

80

PrinceWilliam
County/Stafford
County, VA

Installation

Description

Location

Medical Center
Portsmouth

The Naval Medical Center in Portsmouth, Virginia is the United States


Navys main medical facility in the city. The NMCP provides medical
services for both active duty and retired US Armed Forces servicemen
residing in the area. The NMCP is currently operating under the auspices of
Rear Admiral Alton Stocks of the United States Navy Medical Corps. Aside
from general patient care, the center also offers several medical programs.
One of these is the Diabetes Self Management Education program, which is
open to both military and civilian patients. The centers also routinely acts as
a liaison for soldiers who are admitted to civilian hospitals and their parent
units. Furthermore, the center provides training for incoming naval medical
personnel.

Portsmouth, VA

Naval Amphibious
Base (NAB) Little
Creek

Naval Amphibious Base Little Creek is the primary base of operations for
Norfolk, VA
the United States Navys Amphibious Forces of the Atlantic Fleet. At 2,120
acres in land area, it is presently the largest base of its kind. The base is
located in the northwest corner of Virginia Beach and has the primary mission
of providing continuously improving support and services to operating
forces numbering 15,000 and amphibious and shore commands with 27
stationed ships. The bases operations and facilities are designed to be used
for amphibious operations making it one of the few bases of its kind in
operation today. Every year, 4,500 reservists and a large number of units from
the Army, Navy, and the Marine Corps make use of the training facilities
stationed in the base. The training is coordinated by the Naval and Marine
Corps Reserve Readiness Center at Little Creek.

Naval Air Station


Oceana

Naval Air Station Oceana is a military base located in Virginia Beach,


Virginia. One of its airfields is named Apollo Soucek Field, named in honor
of Lieutenant Apollo Soucek who served as a Navy Test Pilot in the 1930s.
It was built in 1943 and by the 1950s, it was expanded to Master Jet Base
status. The primary mission of Naval Air Station Oceana is to train and
deploy the strike fighter squadrons of the Atlantic Fleet. This includes fighter
squadrons of F/A-18 Hornets and Super Hornets. The facility supports up
to 219,000 flight training operations annually. The Naval Auxiliary Landing
Field Fentress located in Chesapeake, Virginia and the Naval Station Norfolk
Chambers Field in Norfolk, Virginia are under the command of Naval Air
Station Oceana.

Virginia Beach,
VA

Norfolk Naval
Shipyard

Norfolk Naval Shipyard is a US Navy-operated shipyard located in


Portsmouth, Virginia. The shipyard is in charge with building, remodeling,
maintaining, upgrading, overhauling, and repairing all types of ships from
tug ships to aircraft carriers to submarines of the US Navy. Having been built
in the 1767, it is the Navys oldest as well as its largest industrial facility.
The shipyard was originally British property named Gosport Shipyard
and operated to support naval ships under the British Crown. During the
American Revolution, the American government confiscated the shipyard. It
was only during the American Civil War that the shipyard adopted its present
name after its fall to the confederate forces. At present, the shipyards 6,750
civilian and military personnel work on 15% of the Navys active fleet at any
given day.

Portsmouth, VA

81

Installation

Description

Location

Norfolk Naval
Station

Naval Station Norfolk, encompassing 4,631 acres, is the worlds largest Naval Norfolk, VA
Station. This can be attributed to its length of four miles of waterfront space,
a pier measuring seven miles. Because of its huge size, it can accommodate
75 ships and 134 aircraft with its 14 piers and 11 aircraft hangars. This
helps it house the largest concentration of US Naval Forces in the whole
world. It is located in Norfolk, Virginia, and supports the naval forces of the
United States Fleet Forces Command. This Fleet the primary US Navy Fleet
assigned to operate in the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, and the
Indian Ocean. The Naval Station is home port to aircraft carriers, cruisers,
destroyers, large amphibious vessels, submarines, and a huge number of
supply and logistics ships. Because of the sea traffic in the port, the Port
Services is in charge with controlling the 3,100 ships movements yearly.

Naval Support
Activity

The Naval Support Activity facility in Norfolk, Virginia is the main support
Norfolk, VA
unit for the Atlantic Fleet of the United States Navy. The NSA is located in
the Naval Station Norfolk base just outside the city. The unit is headed by
Capt. Charles P. Melcher. The main task of NSA Norfolk is to provide support
duties for the operation of the Atlantic Fleet and the entire naval station. One
of their major work is the maintenance of the facilities that the fleet uses. The
NSA also takes care of the housing units for all the personnel stationed at the
base, including civilian employees. Finally, the NSA also handles the overall
welfare of the people in the base by providing medical and recreational
facilities.

NSA Northwest
Annex

The Naval Support Activity Northwest Annex is located in Chesapeake,


Chesapeake, VA
Virginia, near the border with North Carolina. The NSA acts as a support
unit for the the Naval forces station at Chesapeake. One of the major task of
NSA Northwest annex is to provide support to worldwide US navy operations
world wide. The NSA also oversees the activity of the NATO forces that
are station at the bvase. Other than that, NSA Northwest Annex also does
maintenance work on the operations and housing facilities used by navy
personnel in the area. Aside from its military related tasks Northwest Annex
also coordinates with the local communities for environmental purposes, one
of these the preservation of the farms and wetlands in the area.

Naval Surface
Warfare Center

Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division of the Naval Surface War
Center is located in Northern Neck, Virginia. It was established as the US
Naval Proving Ground on October 16, 1918, and was used as a test site for
naval gunnery. The base is named in honor of Rear Admiral John A. Dahlgren
of the Union Forces in the American Civil War. He is also recognized as the
father of American Naval Ordnance. At present, the Naval Surface Warfare
Center Dahlgren Division is host to three major commands which include the
Naval Space Command, the AEGIS Training and Readiness Center, and the
Joint Warfare Analysis Center. The center is composed of two organizations:
the NSWC Dahlgren Lab, and the Naval Surface Warfare Center Dam Neck.

82

Dahlgren, VA

Installation

Description

Location

Naval Weapons
Station (NWS)

Naval Weapons Station Yorktown is the US Atlantic Fleets primary weapons


and ammunition storage and loading covering parts of York County, James
City County, and Newport News in Virginia. Cheatham Annex, formerly
part of the Fleet Industrial Supply Center, Norfolk, was combined with
Naval Weapons Station Yorktown on October 1, 1988. This was in line with
the Mid-Atlantic installation Consolidation of the US Navy. At present, the
station is home to 25 tenant commands. Some major commands include the
Atlantic Ordnance Command, the Naval Ophthalmic Support and Training
Activity, the Marine Corps Second Fleet Antiterrorism Security Team, the
Fleet Industrial Supply Center Detachment, Navy Expeditionary Medical
Support Command, Navy Cargo Handling and Port Group, Riverine
Squadron Three, Maritime Civil Affairs Squadron Two, and nineteen
Storefronts.

Yorktown, VA

Surface Combat
Systems (SCSC)

The Surface Combat Systems in Wallops Island, Accomack County, Virginia


is a United States Navy facility used for the development and testing of
equipment to be used by the Navy. The center is located near the National
Aeronautics and Space Administrations Wallops Flight Center, which SCSC
also regularly utilizes. Cmdr. John J. Keegan is the current commanding
officer of SCSC. The current SCSC team is composed of around 300
personnel. These include both civilian and military personnel. There are
also several contractors station in the center, assisting the engineering team
in various projects. Outside the base, there are several public schools where
children of military and civilian personnel attend. There is also a community
health center that provides the medical needs of the residents.

Wallops Iskand,
Accomack
County, VA

83

84

Virginia DoD Procurement Economic Impact


Evaluation Evaluation Model

The tables that follow are based on a model developed by Chmura Economics
and Analytics under the direction of the George Mason University Center for Regional Analysis. The model was prepared under contract with the Commonwealth
of Virginia, with financial support from the Office of Economic Adjustment,
Department of Defense.
The model is designed to measure workforce and economic impacts of Department of Defense contract spending in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It enables
users to see how DoD procurement spending affects state, metropolitan area and
local level economics in terms of gross product, total and industry sector employment, wage structure of DoD-related jobs and other important economic indicators.
The information presented in this appendix is based on contract spending by
product service category for fiscal year 2012 (October 1, 2012 - September 30,
2013). It is presented here, primarily, to illustrate the valuable information that
this model is capable of producing for the State of Virginia and its local and
regional economies. Currently, the model has been taken off-line and is not being
updated due to a lack of on-going financial support.
Given the role that DoD procurement funding plays in supporting Virginias military partnersip with the U.S. government and the critical role military procurement plays in fueling economic growth and output in the Commonwealth, it is
regretable that, during a time of economic uncertainty and enhanced vulnerabilty,
information of this nature and the model that has been developed to generate
it are not being utilized.

85

86

87
28,243.10
10,417.70
640.10
369.50
279.20
235.50
184.90
135.50
42.20
8.30
38,660.80
2,744.30

No. Virginia/Hampton Roads .............


Rest of State .......................................

41,405.10

Defense
Spending
2013
(in millions)

Northern Virginia MSA ......................


Virginia Beach MSA ..........................
Richmond MSA .................................
Lynchburg MSA ................................
Charlottesville MSA ..........................
Kingsport-Bristol MSA ......................
Roanoke MSA ....................................
Blacksburg MSA ................................
Harrisonburg MSA .............................
Danville MSA ....................................

By Regions

STATE OF VIRGINIA .......................

I. By Regions of the State

93.4
6.6

68.2
25.2
1.5
0.9
0.7
0.6
0.4
0.3
0.1
0.0

% of
State

Employment and Average Wages Tied to DoD Procurement Spending

Economic Impact of DoD Spending in Virginia 2013

Table A-2

183,428.00
26,786.00

128,016
55,412
4,358
1,981
1,677
1,126
995
901
269
40

210,214

Direct

87.3
12.7

60.9
26.4
2.1
0.9
0.8
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.1
0.0

% of
State

304,024.00
59,670.00

212,860
91,164
6,679
3,065
2,626
2,076
1,781
1,451
396
71

363,694

TOTAL

(Direct & Indirect)

83.6
16.4

58.5
25.1
1.8
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.1
0.0

% of
State

DoD-Related Employment

-----

68,266
42,668
48,263
38,318
43,368
40,536
39,910
37,045
36,409
32,238

52,215

Average
Wage of
DoD Jobs

---25,598
-20,003
-29,948
-24,898
-27,730
-28,356
-31,221
-31,857
-36,028

-16,051

Comparison
with No. Va
MSA
Average

Wages

88

28,243.1
27,930.3
1,213.4
4,674.1
157.8
18,033.7
271.8
1,176.1
534.7
0.2
1,868.5
802.6
0.6
8.3
15.3
489.8
135.3
151.6
1.7

NORTHERN VIRGINIA MSA

Inner Suburbs ..................................


Alexandria City...................................
Arlington County.................................
Fairfax City.........................................
Fairfax County.....................................
Falls Church City................................
Loudoun County..................................
Manassas City.....................................
Manassas Park City.............................
Prince William County........................

Outer Suburbs ..................................


Clarke County ....................................
Fauquier County ................................
Fredericksburg City ...........................
King Georges County ........................
Spotsylvania County ..........................
Stafford County ..................................
Warren County ...................................

Defense
Spending
2013
(in millions)

II. By Localities in Northern Virginia MSA

Table A-2 continued

2.8
0.0
0.0
0.1
1.7
0.5
0.5
0.0

98.9
4.3
16.5
0.6
63.9
1.0
4.2
1.9
0.0
6.6

% of
MSA

4,605.0
3
47
113
2,349
1,295
783
15

124,017
6,623
20,401
864
77,242
1,860
4,101
1,975
1
10,950

128,016

Direct

3.6
0.0
0.0
0.1
1.8
1.0
0.6
0.0

96.9
5.2
15.9
0.7
60.3
1.5
3.2
1.5
0.0
8.6

% of
MSA

6,897.0
5
68
164
3,565
1,787
1,287
21

198,874
9,540
31,551
1,355
125,317
2,641
7,396
3,505
1
17,568

212,860

TOTAL

(Direct & Indirect)

3.2
0.0
0.0
0.1
1.7
0.8
0.6
0.0

96.9
4.5
14.8
0.6
58.9
1.2
3.5
1.6
0.0
8.3

% of
MSA

DoD-Related Employment

42,336
42,802
39,869
70,763
37,674
46,535
39,982

70,043
80,557
52,525
78,266
60,801
59,473
59,452
46,849
43,686

68,266

Average
Wage of
DoD Jobs

-25,714
-25,248
-28,181
2,713
-30,376
-21,515
-28,068

1,993
12,507
-15,525
10,216
-7,249
-8,577
-8,598
-21,201
-24,364

Comparison
with No. Va
MSA
Average

Wages

89

41,405.1
21,089.4
9,936.6
2,321.9
1,298.8
1,196.5
1,115.5
995.4
941.1
692.3
690.2
388.1
323.7
208.2
56.4
54.6
41.0
36.7
11.8
5.3
1.2
0.4

Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services .........

Manufacturing .............................................................

Information ..................................................................

Wholesale Trade ..........................................................

Construction ................................................................

Transportation and Warehousing ................................

Unclassified ................................................................

Administrative and Support and Waste


Management and Remediation Services ....................

Other Services (except Public Administration) ...........

Health Care and Social Assistance ..............................

Retail Trade .................................................................

Educational Services ...................................................

Utilities ........................................................................

Public Administration .................................................

Real Estate and Rental and Leasing ............................

Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction .........

Accommodation and Food Services ............................

Finance and Insurance .................................................

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation ...........................

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting ................

Management of Companies and Enterprises ...............

State of
Virginia

All Industries ...............................................................

INDUSTRY SECTOR

0.0

0.1

2.4

11.3

5.8

36.3

41.0

53.0

113.4

269.7

301.2

498.2

652.6

642.1

811.8

623.9

393.3

219.1

2,088.3

2,840.5

18,639.1

28,243.1

Northern
Virginia
MSA

0.0

3.3

0.4

8.5

0.2

13.0

2.7

60.3

39.4

76.4

183.0

33.7

199.9

63.6

480.6

668.1

875.8

120.8

6,055.0

1,533.0

10,417.7

Virginia
Beach Norfolk
MSA

(in millions)

DoD Spending 2013

0.1

5.7

11.7

14.3

36.5

54.0

55.7

173.7

309.1

377.6

681.2

686.3

842.0

875.4

1,104.5

1,061.4

1,094.9

2,209.1

8,895.5

20,172.1

21,089.4

Both
MSAs

16

76

92

766

120

224

626

1,265

5,187

6,806

10,390

7,254

12,423

13,096

9,457

14,059

10,763

9,701

75,004

186,365

363,694

State of
Virginia

0.0

39

69

79

72

115

461

456

3,805

4,082

6,098

5,639

6,815

8,999

5,763

3,704

1,277

6,594

17,298

141,493

212,860

Northern
Virginia
MSA

1.0

41.0

4.0

193.0

1.0

72.0

41.0

450.0

794.0

1,551.0

3,201.0

340.0

3,205.0

908.0

2,533.0

8,040.0

7,855.0

620.0

45,183.0

16,133.0

91,164

Virginia
Beach Norfolk
MSA

(includes direct and indirect))

DoD-Related Employment

80

73

272

73

187

502

906

4,599

5,633

9,299

5,979

10,020

9,907

8,296

11,744

9,132

7,214

62,481

157,626

304,024

Both
MSAs

Employment and Average Wages Tied to DoD Procurement Spending in Virginia, Northern Virginia and the Virginia Beach-Norfolk Metropolitan Areas

Economic Impact of DoD Spending in Virginia 2013 - By Industry Sector

Table A-3

108,830

30,153

24,750

80,503

17,231

68,313

48,508

69,670

78,214

41,351

26,737

46,051

38,936

37,133

38,850

50,009

49,427

72,341

82,230

54,979

96,495

52,215

State of
Virginia

145,310

29,620

32,383

100,621

20,782

68,568

61,422

91,810

101,993

48,358

31,228

51,319

51,580

46,739

13,180

58,846

57,221

97,773

107,882

70,715

109,924

68,266

Northern
Virginia
MSA

Average Wage

28,963

19,158

62,623

15,646

57,320

40,621

59,832

92,595

37,445

24,329

44,923

27,193

32,061

27,918

52,656

44,593

53,857

52,240

61,065

67,778

42,668

Virginia
Beach Norfolk
MSA

90

68.2
88.4
28.6
89.9
16.9
32.9
55.9
81.6
68.2
94.3
72.2
77.6
83.3
54.5
94.0
75.1
88.5
15.8
95.8
45.3
8.3
0.0

Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services .........

Manufacturing .............................................................

Information ..................................................................

Wholesale Trade ..........................................................

Construction ................................................................

Transportation and Warehousing ................................

Unclassified ................................................................

Administrative and Support and Waste


Management and Remediation Services ....................

Other Services (except Public Administration) ...........

Health Care and Social Assistance ..............................

Retail Trade .................................................................

Educational Services ...................................................

Utilities ........................................................................

Public Administration .................................................

Real Estate and Rental and Leasing ............................

Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction .........

Accommodation and Food Services ............................

Finance and Insurance .................................................

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation ...........................

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting ................

Management of Companies and Enterprises ...............

State of
Virginia

All Industries ...............................................................

INDUSTRY SECTOR

Northern
Virginia
MSA

0.0

0.0

62.3

3.4

23.2

0.5

23.8

4.8

29.0

12.2

19.7

26.5

4.9

21.2

6.4

43.1

55.8

67.4

5.2

60.9

7.3

25.2

Virginia
Beach Norfolk
MSA

(in millions)

DoD Spending 2013

0.00

8.33

100.00

99.15

38.96

89.02

98.90

98.76

83.43

95.49

97.29

98.70

99.13

89.47

87.94

99.01

88.71

84.30

95.14

89.52

95.65

93.37

Both
MSAs

II. Percent of Total DoD Spending and Employment in Virginia - By Industry Sector

Table A-3 continued

State of
Virginia

58.5

12.5

51.3

75.0

10.3

60.0

51.3

73.6

36.0

73.4

60.0

58.7

77.7

54.9

68.7

60.9

26.3

11.9

68.0

23.1

6.3

53.9

4.3

25.2

0.8

32.1

6.5

35.6

15.3

22.8

30.8

4.7

25.8

6.9

26.8

57.2

73.0

6.4

60.2

8.7

25.1

Northern
Virginia
MSA

75.9

Virginia
Beach Norfolk
MSA

(includes direct and indirect))

DoD-Related Employment

0.00

18.75

100.00

79.35

35.51

60.83

83.48

80.19

71.62

88.66

82.77

89.50

82.42

80.66

75.65

87.72

83.53

84.85

74.36

83.30

84.58

83.59

Both
MSAs

-36,480

533

-7,633

-20,118

-3,551

-255

-12,914

-22,140

-23,779

-7,007

-4,491

-5,268

-12,644

-9,606

25,670

-8,837

-7,794

-25,432

-25,652

-13,429

State of
Virginia

Northern
Virginia
MSA

Average Wage

-145,310

-657

-13,225

-37,998

-5,136

-11,248

-20,801

-31,978

-9,398

-10,913

-6,899

-6,396

-24,387

-14,678

14,738

-6,190

-12,628

-43,916

-55,642

-42,146

Virginia
Beach Norfolk
MSA

91
692.30
690.20
388.10
323.70
208.20
56.40
54.60
41.00
36.70
11.80
5.30
1.20
0.40

Health Care and Social Assistance

Retail Trade

Educational Services

Utilities

Public Administration

Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction

Accommodation and Food Services

Finance and Insurance

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting

Management of Companies and Enterprises

1,115.50

Transportation and Warehousing

Other Services (except Public Administration)

1,196.50

Construction

941.10

1,298.80

Wholesale Trade

995.40

2,321.90

Information

Administrative and Support and Waste


Management and Remediation Services

9,936.60

Manufacturing

Unclassified

21,089.40

41,405.10

(in billions)

DoD
Spending
2013

Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

TOTAL - For All Industries

I. Statewide

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.5

0.8

0.9

1.7

1.7

2.3

2.4

2.7

2.9

3.1

5.6

24.0

50.9

% of
State

Employment and Average Wages Tied to DoD Procurement Spending

13

57

37

630

43

101

430

844

3,961

5,444

7,249

4,774

8,668

7,691

6,509

8,984

6,090

3,650

41,267

103,768

210,214

Direct

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.3

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.4

1.9

2.6

3.4

2.3

4.1

3.7

3.1

4.3

2.9

1.7

19.6

49.4

% of
State
Total

16

76

92

766

120

224

626

1,265

5,187

6,806

10,390

7,254

12,423

13,096

9,457

14,059

10,763

9,701

75,004

186,365

363,694

DoD-Related Employment

EEconomic Impact of DoD Spending in Virginia 2013 - By Industry Sector

Table A-4

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.0

0.1

0.2

0.3

1.4

1.9

2.9

2.0

3.4

3.6

2.6

3.9

3.0

2.7

20.6

51.2

% of
State

111,159

29,850

24,744

82,717

17,167

68,169

48,433

70,704

80,935

41,389

26,660

45,839

38,986

37,313

39,329

49,806

49,009

72,349

84,589

55,468

96,361

52,215

Average
Wage

58,944

-22,365

-27,471

30,502

-35,048

15,954

-3,782

18,489

28,720

-10,826

-25,555

-6,376

-13,229

-14,902

-12,886

-2,409

-3,206

20,134

32,374

3,253

44,146

Wage
Compared
to State
Average

92

59.20
49.40
5.90
0.70
0.20
0.10

Roanoke MSA

Blacksburg MSA

Lynchburg MSA

Danville MSA

Harrisonburg MSA

Kingsport-Bristol MSA

119.30
91.90
85.00
83.60
42.90
14.30
7.60

Roanoke MSA

Charlottesville MSA

Richmond MSA

Kingsport-Bristol MSA

Blacksburg MSA

Harrisonburg MSA

Danville MSA

2,840.50

Northern Virginia MSA


290.30

6,055.00

Virginia Beach MSA

Lynchburg MSA

9,936.60

STATE OF VIRGINIA

Manufacturing

117.60

Charlottesville MSA

1,533.00

Virginia Beach MSA


166.70

18,639.10

Northern Virginia MSA

Richmond MSA

21,089.40

STATE OF VIRGINIA

Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

(in billions)

DoD
Spending
2013

0.1

0.1

0.4

0.8

0.9

0.9

1.2

2.9

28.6

60.9

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.2

0.3

0.6

0.8

7.3

88.4

% of
State

35

70

171

224

274

545

589

1,346

9,217

25,732

41,267

28

334

347

744

1,149

9,951

82,811

103,768

Direct

0.1

0.2

0.4

0.5

0.7

1.3

1.4

3.3

22.3

62.4

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.3

0.3

0.7

1.1

9.6

79.8

% of
State
Total

63

117

300

407

518

871

1,032

2,181

17,298

45,183

75,004

51

550

662

1,165

1,854

16,133

141,493

186,365

DoD-Related Employment

0.1

0.2

0.4

0.5

0.7

1.2

1.4

2.9

23.1

60.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.3

0.4

0.6

1.0

8.7

75.9

% of
State

I. For Industrial Sectors in Virginia Receiving More than a Billion Dollars in DoD Procurement Spending in 2013

Table A-4 continued

48,773

45,918

54,199

64,478

62,625

56,317

49,313

55,326

71,728

61,065

55,468

48,184

58,521

44,258

69,225

59,860

51,921

71,535

77,901

67,778

109,753

96,361

Average
Wage

-6,695

-9,550

-1,269

9,010

7,157

849

-6,155

-142

16,260

5,597

-48,177

-37,840

-52,103

-27,136

-36,501

-44,440

-24,826

-18,460

-28,583

13,392

Wage
Compared
to State
Average

93

55.40
47.00
1.10
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Charlottesville MSA

Blacksburg MSA

Harrisonburg MSA

Lynchburg MSA

Kingsport-Bristol MSA

Roanoke MSA

1,298.80
875.80
219.10
100.50
71.60
27.40
1.10
0.00
0.00

STATE OF VIRGINIA

Virginia Beach MSA

Northern Virginia MSA

Richmond MSA

Lynchburg MSA

Harrisonburg MSA

Charlottesville MSA

Blacksburg MSA

Danville MSA

Wholesale Trade

120.80

Richmond MSA

2,088.30

Virginia Beach MSA

2,321.90

Northern Virginia MSA

(in billions)

DoD
Spending
2013

STATE OF VIRGINIA

Information

Table A-4 continued

0.1

2.1

5.5

7.7

16.9

67.4

0.0

2.0

2.4

5.2

89.9

% of
State

191

593

528

709

4,666

6,090

98

112

259

2,829

3,650

Direct

0.1

3.1

9.7

8.7

11.6

76.6

0.1

2.7

3.1

7.1

77.5

% of
State

205

258

620

6,594

9,701

Total

10

270

808

872

1,277

7,855

10,763

DoD-Related Employment

0.1

2.5

7.5

8.1

11.9

73.0

0.1

2.1

2.7

6.4

68.0

% of
State

38,245

49,600

54,426

46,364

56,183

61,162

97,084

53,857

72,349

48,656

39,882

43,331

68,726

45,786

68,490

59,604

52,240

111,370

84,589

Average
Wage

-34,104

-22,749

-17,923

-25,985

-16,166

-11,187

24,735

-18,492

-35,933

-44,707

-41,258

-15,863

-38,803

-16,099

-24,985

-32,349

26,781

Wage
Compared
to State
Average

94

0.80
0.40
0.10
0.00
0.00

Charlottesville MSA

Kingsport-Bristol MSA

Harrisonburg MSA

Lynchburg MSA

8.70
0.10
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Richmond MSA

Kingsport-Bristol MSA

Charlottesville MSA

Blacksburg MSA

Harrisonburg MSA

Lynchburg MSA

Roanoke MSA

0.0

0.8

43.1

125

1,471

1.9

22.6

480.60

162

2,533

Virginia Beach MSA

68.9

5,763
4,484

6,509

623.90

55.9

1,115.50

Northern Virginia MSA

1,079

11

STATE OF VIRGINIA

0.0

0.1

7.8

9,457

703

Transportation and Warehousing

0.0

0.0

0.1

7.5

8,040

89.60

27.7

59.4

Blacksburg MSA

2,493

5,340

Richmond MSA

32.9

393.30

Northern Virginia MSA

55.8

668.10

Virginia Beach MSA

Total
3,704

% of
State
14,059

8,984

Direct

1,196.50

% of
State

STATE OF VIRGINIA

(in billions)

DoD
Spending
2013

DoD-Related Employment

Construction

Table A-4 continued

0.0

2.8

44.0

0.0

29.1

0.3

217.1

0.1

% of
State

39,800

43,128

44,025

35,892

43,666

37,447

44,458

52,656

58,406

49,806

35,596

40,001

38,872

41,477

37,449

47,438

56,827

44,593

49,009

Average
Wage

-10,006

-6,678

-5,781

-13,914

-6,140

-12,359

-5,348

2,850

8,600

-13,413

-9,008

-10,137

-7,532

-11,560

-1,571

7,818

-4,416

Wage
Compared
to State
Average

95

MANUFACTURING
Ship and Boat Building
Aerospace Product and Parts Manufacturing
Navigational, Measuring, Electromedical, and Control
Instruments Manufacturing
Communications Equipment Manufacturing
Computer and Peripheral Equipment Manufacturing
Architectural and Structural Metals Manufacturing
Boiler, Tank, and Shipping Container Manufacturing
Medical Equipment and Supplies Manufacturing
Commercial and Service Industry Machinery
Manufacturing
Apparel Accessories and Other Apparel Manufacturing
Other Food Manufacturing
Printing and Related Support Activities
Other Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing
Semiconductor and Other Electronic Component
Manufacturing
Other Miscellaneous Manufacturing
Other Transportation Equipment Manufacturing
Cut and Sew Apparel Manufacturing

PROFESSIONAL, SCIENTIFIC, AND TECHNICAL


SERVICES
Computer Systems Design and Related Services
Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services
Scientific Research and Development Services
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services
Other Professional, Scientific, And Technical Services
Accounting, Tax Preparation, Bookkeeping, and Payroll
Services
Advertising, Public Relations, and Related Services
Specialized Design Services
Legal Services

TOTAL

By Detailed Industrial Sector

Direct

Total

51,986

41,267
22,583
3,813
2,287
662
925
1,113
545
964
715
2,253
273
638
523
334
381
79
1,177

613.40
361.60
328.40
281.50
205.50
183.00
146.10
133.10
103.60
99.90
98.20
96.90
96.20
76.30
72.10

1,278
904
101
8

9,936.60
5,550.50
1,005.40

213.60
207.40
23.80
1.60
54,979
66,714
76,689

79,590
59,421
56,779
83,135

674
728
320
1,484

1,416
2,903
515
1,067
885

72,735
46,101
82,960
26,609

97,655
21,794
47,860
42,132
51,981

5,236 102,518
1,797 107,423
1,720 72,939
2,062 57,391
1,128 73,424
1,604 56,325

75,004
40,289
7,617

2,071
1,611
168
14

21,089.40 103,768 186,365 96,495


6,317.50 33,606 61,670 108,643
5,393.50 24,205 44,891 91,829
4,144.10 18,823 37,558 103,180
3,275.00 16,070 26,307 106,585
1,512.80
8,774 12,075 49,846

41,405.10 210,214 363,694

(in millions)

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

STATE OF VIRGINIA

DoD
Spending
2013

Economic Impact of DoD Spending in Virginia: 2013

Table A-5

Direct

Total

75.1
69.5
54.0
50.0

62.7
63.4
7.1
0.7
52.8

478.5
282.4
271.3
11.8
7.4
18.2

2,840.5
150.7
983.3

211.4
206.6
20.3
1.4

18,639.1
5,891.3
4,150.1
3,863.3
2,982.7
1,312.0

68,050

Average
Wage

147
272
45
644

456
815
21
4
291

1,462
473
436
53
22
85

9,217
465
2,868

990
690
76
6

70,715
62,536
96,770

83,653
24,791
25,355
45,765
50,133
344 119,003
448 45,334
135 73,003
805 32,243

676
1,078
37
6
427

3,224 85,303
1,119 111,478
929 115,581
83 54,510
40 52,525
131 70,293

17,298
1,013
5,690

1,610 96,868
1,246 75,653
118 60,998
10 100,006

82,811 141,493 109,924


29,223 50,824 116,064
15,840 28,437 108,039
16,551 30,047 111,631
13,664 21,346 116,119
5,771
7,856 64,748

28,243.1 128,016 212,860

DoD
Spending
2013

DoD-Related Employment

NORTHERN VIRGINIA MSA

13.9
25.4
1.0
12.7

25.6
64.5
96.5
0.3
21.7

66.4
26.4
17.7
4.5
3.1
112.9

6,055.0
5,397.8
13.1

0.9
0.7
3.4
0.0

1,533.0
261.0
748.4
140.2
225.4
153.0

10,417.7

DoD
Spending
2013

69
92
1
169

131
994
198
2
109

364
72
38
23
9
691

25,732
22,066
48

8
5
18
0

9,951
2,003
4,157
901
1,685
1,174

55,412

Direct

123
176
4
227

237
1,303
354
3
188

696
168
83
38
18
1,092

45,183
39,258
99

11
7
28
0

16,133
3,335
7,068
1,568
2,596
1,518

91,164

Total

52,852
51,474
44,682
30,629

51,238
29,775
63,820
33,490
53,577

73,214
55,766
87,899
44,067
66,025
44,595

61,065
68,840
77,007

48,088
41,467
45,249
66,064

67,778
76,529
71,591
74,794
74,020
39,126

42,668

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

VA. BEACH-NORFOLK MSA

96

Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing


Other Electrical Equipment and Component Manufacturing
Other General Purpose Machinery Manufacturing
Motor Vehicle Body and Trailer Manufacturing
Machine Shops; Turned Product; and Screw, Nut, and Bolt
Manufacturing
Electrical Equipment Manufacturing
Engine, Turbine, and Power Transmission Equipment
Manufacturing
Audio and Video Equipment Manufacturing
Other Textile Product Mills
Motor Vehicle Parts Manufacturing
Industrial Machinery Manufacturing
Office Furniture (including Fixtures) Manufacturing
Other Chemical Product and Preparation Manufacturing
Footwear Manufacturing
Bakeries and Tortilla Manufacturing
Household and Institutional Furniture and Kitchen Cabinet
Manufacturing
Glass and Glass Product Manufacturing
Other Furniture Related Product Manufacturing
Textile and Fabric Finishing and Fabric Coating Mills
Hardware Manufacturing
Agriculture, Construction, and Mining Machinery
Manufacturing
Ventilation, Heating, Air-Conditioning, and Commercial
Refrigeration Equipment Manufacturing
Converted Paper Product Manufacturing
Motor Vehicle Manufacturing
Electric Lighting Equipment Manufacturing
Seafood Product Preparation and Packaging
Dairy Product Manufacturing
Manufacturing and Reproducing Magnetic and Optical
Media
Spring and Wire Product Manufacturing
Metalworking Machinery Manufacturing
Rubber Product Manufacturing
Other Wood Product Manufacturing
Other Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing
Cutlery and Handtool Manufacturing
Pharmaceutical and Medicine Manufacturing

Table A-5 continued

25
187
115
208
214
86
89
44
109
58
76
94
32
86
52
74
44
42
65
19
43
25
23
3
19
19
6
19
13
17
11
12
16
6
4

28.80
26.90
24.80
21.90
20.50
17.00
16.90
16.10
15.70
11.00
10.10
10.10
9.80
9.50
9.30
8.70
7.30
5.60
5.10
4.40
4.30
4.30
4.10
4.00
2.80
2.60
2.60
2.20
1.90
1.80
1.80

Direct

46,191
60,995

61,064
52,010
59,522
37,934

32
23
29
18
21
25
12
7

41
41
18
35
35
20

71

111
79
79
98
50

55,619
46,883
54,422
59,708
35,372
28,063
55,482
85,161

50,238
49,303
93,918
48,677
37,933
66,800

50,862

34,505
43,992
44,427
33,409
52,860

171 56,706
115 206,500
193 32,836
126 46,584
142 53,236
156 41,106
65 56,653
132 35,909
89 37,423

332
161

78
318
231
324

Total

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

61.80
34.80
32.40
31.50

(in millions)

DoD
Spending
2013

STATE OF VIRGINIA

6
0
1
0
1
5
1

0.3

3.6
1.6
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.3
0.7

6
16
2
8

25

10
0
31
68
4

1
12
50
22
52
48
1
1

144
27

23
55
8
6

Direct

1.4
4.6
4.1
2.1

5.7

1.9
0.0
9.5
8.6
2.7

0.4
7.3
10.2
7.3
12.1
9.3
0.5
0.1

22.6
11.1

49.8
15.9
3.0
1.2

DoD
Spending
2013

45,476
91,968

62,172

41,351
45,967
39,017
27,613
41,569

10
0
2
0
2
8

16

69,016

73,467
53,963
66,486
62,186
43,112
54,631

89,907

10 47,399
27 92,613
15 100,797
13 50,355

43

15
0
65
86
12

2 83,092
30 101,297
86 30,509
45 63,136
86 59,460
72 49,268
2 96,793
1 47,385

213
57

46 58,320
96 110,904
18 71,924
10 62,332

Total

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

NORTHERN VIRGINIA MSA

15
13
11
8
4
3

0.9
1.2

18
1
0
11

10

2.5
1.8
2.2
1.9

0.5

3.6
0.3
0.2
2.0

1.4

23
0
0
1

64

10.1
4.2
0.1
0.0
0.1

84
7
31
10
19
28
0

35
45

3
72
92
2

Direct

21.1
2.9
6.3
3.4
4.2
5.1
0.3

5.0
12.8

8.9
11.2
23.7
0.2

DoD
Spending
2013

7
5

23
21
20
16

31
2
1
19

15

40
1
0
1

101

143
17
47
22
35
46
1

54
88

7
107
155
3

Total

0
68,689

45,064
49,458
42,142
41,402

65,059

49,113
53,032
55,668
37,711

46,090

33,387
68,109
38,337
32,917

28,776

50,717
83,635
35,400
52,464
56,085
44,734
65,217

49,943
53,062

81,782
45,009
54,007
0

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

VA. BEACH-NORFOLK MSA

97

Basic Chemical Manufacturing


Plastics Product Manufacturing
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills
Beverage Manufacturing
Other Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing
Textile Furnishings Mills
Paint, Coating, and Adhesive Manufacturing
Forging and Stamping
Cement and Concrete Product Manufacturing
Fabric Mills
Nonferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and
Processing
Apparel Knitting Mills
Household Appliance Manufacturing
Coating, Engraving, Heat Treating, and Allied Activities
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing
Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing
Resin, Synthetic Rubber, and Artificial Synthetic Fibers
and Filaments Manufacturing
Steel Product Manufacturing from Purchased Steel
Animal Food Manufacturing
Animal Slaughtering and Processing
Soap, Cleaning Compound, and Toilet Preparation
Manufacturing
Clay Product and Refractory Manufacturing
Fiber, Yarn, and Thread Mills
Foundries
Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food
Manufacturing
Grain and Oilseed Milling
Lime and Gypsum Product Manufacturing
Pesticide, Fertilizer, and Other Agricultural Chemical
Manufacturing
Railroad Rolling Stock Manufacturing
Sawmills and Wood Preservation
Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Wood Product
Manufacturing

Table A-5 continued

2
6
2
2
4
5
2
2
2
3
2
5
2
2
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.50
0.40
0.40
0.30
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Direct

1.70
1.60
1.30
1.10
0.80
0.80
0.70
0.60
0.50
0.50

(in millions)

DoD
Spending
2013

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0
0

1
1
0
1

3
7
4
3
1
1

6
10
5
5
7
8
3
5
4
4

Total

41,161

53,500
47,217
37,387

36,403
51,276
62,582

50,734
40,889
33,587
53,653

76,985
62,257
42,011
32,512

47,822
36,614
36,094
47,545
69,250
56,966

91,080
53,980
75,937
48,115
42,281
28,900
63,988
47,539
45,755
37,696

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

STATE OF VIRGINIA

0.0

0.0
0.0

0
0

0.0
0.0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0

0
3
0
0
0
3
0
0
1
0

Direct

0.0
0.0

0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.5
0.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0

DoD
Spending
2013

0
0

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0

1
5
0
0
0
4
0
0
2
0

Total

33,413

62,128
2

58,003

61,467

57,916
34,806

74,499
71,546
46,060
35,931

56,346
76,227

95,094
46,560
87,231
22,795
44,018
30,239
51,131
46,227
50,129
22,137

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

NORTHERN VIRGINIA MSA

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0

0.1
0.0

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
2
0

0.0
0.3
0.2
0.1

1
2
0
2
3
2
2
3
1
2

Direct

0.1

0.6
0.5
0.0
1.0
0.7
0.3
0.6
0.5
0.1
0.2

DoD
Spending
2013

0
0
0

0
0

0
0

0
3
1

2
3
0
4
5
3
4
5
1
3

Total

41,513
55,194
43,990

71,253
61,246

41,866

45,491
52,175

79,575

44,778
46,192
75,693

51,537

82,333
48,939
77,984
56,436
40,914
33,616
31,030
56,568
44,912
20,203

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

VA. BEACH-NORFOLK MSA

98

6,090
3,549
1,139
715
469
156
17
12
12
11
4
2
2
1
1
1
0
0
0

1,298.80
756.80
283.70
118.80
95.20
32.00
3.60
2.50
2.30
2.10
0.70
0.30
0.30
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.00
0.00
0.00

WHOLESALE TRADE
Machinery, Equipment, and Supplies Merchant
Wholesalers
Professional and Commercial Equipment and Supplies
Merchant Wholesalers
Petroleum and Petroleum Products Merchant Wholesalers
Grocery and Related Product Merchant Wholesalers
Miscellaneous Durable Goods Merchant Wholesalers
Household Appliances and Electrical and Electronic Goods
Merchant Wholesalers
Furniture and Home Furnishing Merchant Wholesalers
Hardware, and Plumbing and Heating Equipment and
Supplies Merchant Wholesalers
Paper and Paper Product Merchant Wholesalers
Miscellaneous Nondurable Goods Merchant Wholesalers
Chemical and Allied Products Merchant Wholesalers
Motor Vehicle and Motor Vehicle Parts and Supplies
Merchant Wholesalers
Lumber and Other Construction Materials Merchant
Wholesalers
Apparel, Piece Goods, and Notions Merchant Wholesalers
Wholesale Electronic Markets and Agents and Brokers
Drugs and Druggists Sundries Merchant Wholesalers
Farm Product Raw Material Merchant Wholesalers
Metal and Mineral (except Petroleum) Merchant
Wholesalers

3,650
2,430
389
155
254
162
95
65
75
16
4
5
0

Direct

63,118

72,341

82,230
101,521
123,188
155,601
96,367
66,098
110,147
60,089
28,974
63,820
56,487
61,291
75,885

44,434

59,892
56,234
41,162
68,207

80,777
54,064

51,704

1 55,866
2 33,019
1 100,626
0 81,761
0 53,441

20
19
7
3

30
21

2,133 111,462
1,148 63,287
815 50,456
274 51,683

6,286

10,763

9,701
6,066
1,432
510
740
382
265
139
109
41
7
9
1

Total

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

2,321.90
1,649.70
205.80
156.90
110.50
83.80
76.80
19.90
11.20
5.20
1.00
1.00
0.10

(in millions)

DoD
Spending
2013

STATE OF VIRGINIA

INFORMATION
Wired Telecommunications Carriers
Software Publishers
Satellite Telecommunications
Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services
Wireless Telecommunications Carriers (except Satellite)
Other Telecommunications
Newspaper, Periodical, Book, and Directory Publishers
Motion Picture and Video Industries
Other Information Services
Radio and Television Broadcasting
Sound Recording Industries
Cable and Other Subscription Programming

Table A-5 continued

0.0

0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.2

0.2
2.0
0.7
0.3

2.2
1.4

179.7
4.3
0.6
26.5

1.1

219.1

2,088.3
1,474.8
190.5
155.1
106.1
67.2
60.7
18.7
10.7
3.1
0.9
0.2
0.1

DoD
Spending
2013

0
1
0
0
0

1
8
3
1

8
5

541
21
3
113

709

2,829
1,881
317
162
214
74
65
52
54
6
2
1
0

Direct

95,520

97,773

107,882
119,687
134,796
155,794
112,890
117,320
133,914
70,819
40,474
100,053
92,771
87,839
105,326

49,698

60,609
63,619
46,344
75,444

61,654

0 60,718
1 43,096
0 122,865
0 82,565
0 16,132

2
14
5
2

14 103,931
9 69,071

995 145,114
33 73,064
4 50,006
190 66,026

1,277

6,594
4,153
929
409
528
211
161
98
79
18
5
2
0

Total

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

NORTHERN VIRGINIA MSA

0.0

0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0

0.1

1.8
0.1
0.1
0.0

0.4
1.1

12.2
39.4
90.6
5.2

724.3

875.8

120.8
83.0
7.3
1.8
3.3
8.8
13.2
0.9
0.4
1.2
0.0
0.8
0.0

DoD
Spending
2013

1
0
1
0
0

10
1
0
0

2
7

73
242
438
24

3,865

4,666

259
163
21
2
11
22
24
4
3
5
0
3
0

Direct

Average
Wage

1
1
1
0
0

16
1
1
0

4
11

118
396
769
42

6,491

7,855

45,559

51,845
31,094
64,773
91,189
60,295

37,341

55,079
58,200
33,555
57,410

73,876
47,307

57,171
56,878
53,454
51,995

59,629

53,857

620 52,240
387 71,389
61 64,159
7 100,120
28 48,918
45 52,636
61 53,751
7 49,084
5 23,733
12 46,713
0 51,992
7 56,180
0 63,356

Total

DoD-Related Employment

VA. BEACH-NORFOLK MSA

99

1,196.50
726.50
227.30
109.90
42.10
40.20
20.00
17.00
13.40
0.20
0.00
1,115.50
454.40
373.80
141.60
82.90
23.20
21.40
4.90
2.80
2.40
2.20
1.50
1.20
1.10
0.70
0.50
0.30
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

TRANSPORTATION AND WAREHOUSING


Support Activities for Air Transportation
Deep Sea, Coastal, and Great Lakes Water Transportation
Nonscheduled Air Transportation
Warehousing and Storage
Support Activities for Water Transportation
Urban Transit Systems
Other Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation
Specialized Freight Trucking
Other Support Activities for Transportation
Couriers and Express Delivery Services
School and Employee Bus Transportation
Taxi and Limousine Service
Support Activities for Rail Transportation
Support Activities for Road Transportation
Postal Service
Charter Bus Industry
General Freight Trucking
Inland Water Transportation
Local Messengers and Local Delivery
Scheduled Air Transportation
Freight Transportation Arrangement
Interurban and Rural Bus Transportation
Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas
Rail Transportation
Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation, Land
Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation, Water

(in millions)

DoD
Spending
2013

6,509
3,549
461
518
1,258
228
304
60
16
34
17
18
15
11
8
6
4
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0

8,984
5,438
1,687
810
327
338
148
127
107
1
0

Direct

49,427
63,502
61,032
51,978
50,934
53,750
40,290
40,558
41,657
48,787
61,757

9,457 50,009
4,773 58,934
1,243 146,775
915 85,061
1,608 39,234
288 70,078
379 58,286
76 31,280
25 40,513
41 26,167
25 42,851
23 27,043
19 27,047
15 39,889
10 32,860
8 59,249
5 30,463
2 44,131
0 40,610
1 28,901
1 68,821
0 65,784
0 37,992
0 93,968
0 34,285
0 19,497
0 17,849

14,059
8,582
2,647
1,246
491
506
230
195
158
2
0

Total

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

STATE OF VIRGINIA

CONSTRUCTION
Nonresidential Building Construction
Other Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction
Building Equipment Contractors
Highway, Street, and Bridge Construction
Utility System Construction
Building Finishing Contractors
Foundation, Structure, and Building Exterior Contractors
Other Specialty Trade Contractors
Residential Building Construction
Land Subdivision

Table A-5 continued

4,484
3,121
262
756
1
238
38
8
22
1
16
12
7
0
0
0
1
0
0

0
0
0

81.2
57.8
0.1
21.4
3.9
1.6
2.4
0.1
1.5
1.2
0.7
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0

2,493
1,642
404
257
102
14
33
23
18
0

Direct

623.9
451.8

393.3
265.1
58.8
41.7
14.8
1.8
5.1
3.5
2.5
0.0

DoD
Spending
2013

0
0
0

1
0
0

8
1
1
1

448
955
1
298
49
12
28
2
20
16

5,763
3,924

3,704
2,470
586
376
149
19
48
32
25
0

Total

34,285
29,366
35,785

31,100
73,418
88,683

36,441
66,080
39,513
44,191

94,759
49,960
58,074
73,069
39,168
45,575
43,392
44,054
29,591
32,396

58,846
64,905

57,221
77,049
59,883
60,836
55,406
51,280
45,530
46,564
44,550
63,212

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

NORTHERN VIRGINIA MSA

1,471
26
656
270
257
224
0
17
8
0
1
0
1
0
5
4
0
0
0
0
0

0.1
0.0
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0

5,340
2,958
1,073
504
226
378
112
38
51
1

Direct

480.6
2.5
373.8
59.3
18.6
22.9
0.0
1.1
1.2
0.0
0.2
0.0

668.1
366.0
154.3
60.9
24.9
36.6
14.3
4.9
6.2
0.1

DoD
Spending
2013

2
0
7
5
1
0
0
0

2,533
33
1,373
458
338
279
0
21
12
1
2
0

8,040
4,502
1,659
724
325
536
164
56
73
1

Total

20,193

44,716
21,126
61,375
20,427
43,973
47,493
35,444
41,578

52,656
49,173
97,578
63,205
39,797
69,441
45,940
25,850
32,140
39,955
38,975
17,041

44,593
59,669
63,278
46,272
42,489
43,561
38,551
37,364
37,719
41,128

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

VA. BEACH-NORFOLK MSA

100

HEALTH CARE AND SOCIAL ASSISTANCE


Offices of Physicians
Individual and Family Services
General Medical and Surgical Hospitals
Outpatient Care Centers

264
84
22
8
38
13
1
1
0
0
0

85.10
5.90
3.40
1.80
1.60
1.50
0.20
0.10
0.00
0.00
0.00
7,249
2,183
2,648
1,276
513

1,207

156.80

690.20
287.70
139.20
124.40
61.00

4,774
3,136

8,668
1,963
1,319
1,268
1,122
816
1,263
439
405
59
14
0

7,691

Direct

10,390
3,448
3,311
1,843
806

18
2
2
0
0
0

628
102
31
13
45

1,812

7,254
4,600

12,423
3,242
1,999
1,665
1,533
1,114
1,523
695
536
94
21
0

13,096

Total

46,051
84,093
26,569
53,695
50,809

76,252
56,097
30,886
21,327
61,545
23,576

70,594
25,282
23,276
29,043
26,032

48,646

38,936
37,345

37,133
70,316
78,692
39,806
45,742
32,704
24,455
43,268
34,558
40,067
46,132
48,242

38,850

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

692.30
435.80

941.10
338.60
137.10
102.50
96.20
79.70
77.80
72.50
24.10
10.40
2.10
0.00

ADMINISTRATIVE AND SUPPORT AND WASTE


MANAGEMENT AND REMEDIATION SERVICES
Facilities Support Services
Office Administrative Services
Business Support Services
Investigation and Security Services
Other Support Services
Services to Buildings and Dwellings
Remediation and Other Waste Management Services
Employment Services
Waste Collection
Waste Treatment and Disposal
Travel Arrangement and Reservation Services

OTHER SERVICES (EXCEPT PUBLIC


ADMINISTRATION)
Automotive Repair and Maintenance
Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment
(except Automotive and Electronic) Repair and
Maintenance
Electronic and Precision Equipment Repair and
Maintenance
Drycleaning and Laundry Services
Other Personal Services
Personal and Household Goods Repair and Maintenance
Religious Organizations
Business, Professional, Labor, Political, and Similar
Organizations
Social Advocacy Organizations
Death Care Services
Civic and Social Organizations
Grantmaking and Giving Services
Personal Care Services

995.40

(in millions)

DoD
Spending
2013

STATE OF VIRGINIA

UNCLASSIFIED

Table A-5 continued

498.2
284.2
94.3
11.6
61.0

1.3
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

65.3
2.7
0.9
0.4
0.6

145.6

652.6
435.6

642.1
214.3
121.5
98.4
72.2
52.4
35.0
37.6
7.8
2.7
0.0
0.0

811.8

DoD
Spending
2013

4,338
1,994
1,505
98
423

10
1
0
0
0
0

163
39
6
1
14

909

3,789
2,646

4,822
1,119
1,038
865
646
318
527
211
84
13
0
0

5,397

Direct

6,098
2,963
1,870
139
639

13
1
0
0
0
0

387
46
7
2
16

1,362

5,639
3,802

6,815
1,752
1,484
1,169
877
469
613
312
117
20
1
0

8,999

Total

51,319
89,016
31,371
66,393
62,000

87,497
72,990
41,271
41,308
77,036
27,601

90,996
25,068
24,499
32,923
30,092

59,083

51,580
44,270

46,739
72,102
90,814
55,884
59,225
58,962
25,808
47,584
49,803
44,892
61,277
56,339

13,180

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

NORTHERN VIRGINIA MSA

183.0
2.5
45.0
112.8
0.0

0.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

15.5
2.8
2.5
1.4
0.4

10.7

33.7
0.2

199.9
52.8
10.6
4.0
23.0
23.6
34.1
27.1
16.2
6.5
1.9
0.0

63.6

DoD
Spending
2013

2,329
31
822
1,290
0

0
1
1
0
0
0

53
43
16
6
14

75

210
2

2,419
436
104
56
401
340
568
160
304
37
13
0

555

Direct

3,201
47
1,047
1,815
0

0
1
1
0
0
0

117
52
23
10
16

117

340
3

3,205
631
162
71
509
433
686
239
393
61
19
0

908

Total

44,923
45,228
40,135
50,533
33,101

31,293
29,256
28,612
12,253
41,677
20,050

57,535
21,845
22,171
26,996
18,502

54,478

27,193
33,628

32,061
56,646
85,747
37,748
26,200
24,085
23,817
42,834
30,805
40,903
46,148
37,018

27,918

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

VA. BEACH-NORFOLK MSA

101

RETAIL TRADE
Electronics and Appliance Stores
Specialty Food Stores
Other General Merchandise Stores
Furniture Stores
Other Motor Vehicle Dealers
Office Supplies, Stationery, and Gift Stores
Building Material and Supplies Dealers
Direct Selling Establishments
Automotive Parts, Accessories, and Tire Stores
Electronic Shopping and Mail-Order Houses
Florists
Other Miscellaneous Store Retailers
Clothing Stores
Sporting Goods, Hobby, and Musical Instrument Stores
Automobile Dealers
Home Furnishings Stores
Book Stores and News Dealers
Department Stores
Gasoline Stations
Grocery Stores
Health and Personal Care Stores
Lawn and Garden Equipment and Supplies Stores
Shoe Stores
Used Merchandise Stores

Offices of Dentists
Other Ambulatory Health Care Services
Offices of Other Health Practitioners
Medical and Diagnostic Laboratories
Community Food and Housing, and Emergency and Other
Relief Services
Vocational Rehabilitation Services
Residential Intellectual and Developmental Disability,
Mental Health, and Substance Abuse Facilities
Child Day Care Services
Home Health Care Services
Nursing Care Facilities (Skilled Nursing Facilities)
Other Residential Care Facilities
Psychiatric and Substance Abuse Hospitals

Table A-5 continued

20
1
0
0
0
0

1.10
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
5,444
4,347
802
97
101
25
16
12
9
8
6
4
5
3
2
2
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
2

81
50

5.30
3.30

388.10
318.30
47.40
7.70
7.60
2.00
1.10
0.90
0.70
0.60
0.30
0.30
0.30
0.20
0.20
0.10
0.10
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.10

165
127
123
61

Direct

6,806
5,461
975
122
127
32
19
15
12
10
7
5
6
4
3
2
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
2

25
1
0
0
0
0

105
64

277
210
199
98

Total

26,737
43,684
17,431
23,680
34,670
40,317
22,003
29,953
46,363
29,500
29,918
18,904
26,047
15,574
17,361
51,400
27,139
18,295
19,161
19,349
22,100
34,347
27,924
15,423
17,781

30,056
20,725
26,702
30,611
30,225
36,591

37,385
28,259

55,737
41,954
41,611
57,358

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

25.20
17.80
17.00
8.10

(in millions)

DoD
Spending
2013

STATE OF VIRGINIA

3,328
3,248
0
30
18
11
2
5
7
4
1
1
1
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
2

0.0
2.5
1.7
0.8
0.1
0.5
0.5
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1

0.0

301.2
294.3

18
1

0
23

88
88
91
11

Direct

1.1
0.0

0.0
1.8

15.0
13.9
13.7
1.6

DoD
Spending
2013

0
0
0
2

2
1
1
0
0
0
0

0
36
23
13
2
6
8
4

4,082
3,983

22
1

0
29

139
141
139
16

Total

32,440
30,235
16,173
19,070

25,540
16,938
19,014
61,889
28,469
25,940
22,010

26,537
39,431
48,480
22,104
32,574
60,692
32,625
61,794

31,228
55,985

35,817

34,637
24,195

43,851
31,848

60,657
52,245
44,431
62,852

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

NORTHERN VIRGINIA MSA

0
0
0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

1,277
262
824
96
70
1
2
7
2
1
0
5
1
1
1
2
2

0
0
0

0
6

73
21
25
61

Direct

76.4
15.2
46.6
7.7
5.1
0.1
0.1
0.5
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

0.0

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0
0.3

10.3
3.2
3.2
5.7

DoD
Spending
2013

0
0
0

1,551
317
995
121
88
1
2
9
2
1
0
6
1
1
1
2
2

0
0
0

0
7

119
35
40
90

Total

33,838
24,080
14,670

18,282

24,329
31,244
16,739
24,077
32,701
37,416
18,093
28,332
36,832
27,648
31,328
16,241
20,573
14,326
15,665
45,068
24,715

39,870

48,926
40,206
79,121

27,842
30,369

21,950
16,605
20,999
46,733

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

VA. BEACH-NORFOLK MSA

102
141
55
3
0
0
0
0

15.80
6.00
0.40
0.00
0.00
0.00
-0.10

REAL ESTATE AND RENTAL AND LEASING


Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment
Rental and Leasing
Offices of Real Estate Agents and Brokers
Lessors of Real Estate
Automotive Equipment Rental and Leasing
Activities Related to Real Estate
Consumer Goods Rental
General Rental Centers
Lessors of Nonfinancial Intangible Assets (except
Copyrighted Works)

430
231

56.40
34.40

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
National Security and International Affairs
Executive, Legislative, and Other General Government
Support
Administration of Human Resource Programs
Justice, Public Order, and Safety Activities
Administration of Economic Program
Administration of Environmental Quality Programs
Administration of Housing Programs, Urban Planning, and
Community Development
Space Research and Technology
101
53
30
7
8
1
1
0
0

54.60
25.00
21.60
5.10
2.10
0.60
0.10
0.00
0.00

844
706
137
1

208.20
122.00
85.10
1.10

UTILITIES
Water, Sewage and Other Systems
Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution
Natural Gas Distribution

3,961
1,497
970
862
541
73
19
0

Direct

49,299
53,952
60,250
79,361
67,636

69,670
90,828

78,214
52,807
97,439
89,104

41,351
70,781
54,544
50,420
28,250
41,875
30,182
39,238

140
54
13
14
2
1
0

224

81,201

59,607
61,001
42,615
33,541
52,761
33,438
37,889

48,508

0 51,081
0 101,216

205
78
4
0
0

626
339

1,265
981
282
2

5,187
1,941
1,302
1,105
723
92
24
0

Total

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

323.70
128.30
87.20
54.60
47.90
4.70
1.10
0.00

(in millions)

DoD
Spending
2013

STATE OF VIRGINIA

EDUCATIONAL SERVICES
Business Schools and Computer and Management Training
Educational Support Services
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools
Other Schools and Instruction
Technical and Trade Schools
Junior Colleges
Elementary and Secondary Schools

Table A-5 continued

0.0

13.2
21.5
4.5
1.1
0.6
0.0

41.0

0.0

15.5
5.3
0.2
0.0
0.0

53.0
32.0

25
22
5
5
1
0

57

89
35
1
0
0

315
190

277
198
79
0

0.0
113.4
43.8
69.3
0.4

2,998
1,206
846
641
267
38

Direct

269.7
110.0
84.7
43.3
29.5
2.3

DoD
Spending
2013

48,232

48,358
74,725
60,151
53,302
36,871
41,775

67,899
82,221
53,588
35,229
66,144
33,878

61,422

62,636

67,035
70,662
87,435
97,298
84,484

0 103,022

58
40
9
7
1
0

115

137
51
2
0
0

461 91,810
271 102,700

456 101,993
282 68,543
174 148,911
0 147,612

3,805
1,521
1,088
798
352
46

Total

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

NORTHERN VIRGINIA MSA

0.0

11.4
0.0
0.6
0.8
0.0
0.1

13.0

-0.2
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0

2.7
2.3

60.3
53.3
6.3
0.7

39.4
14.7
1.4
1.5
18.4
2.3
1.1

DoD
Spending
2013

25
0
1
3
0
1

30

4
6
0
0
0

29
19

315
306
8
1

634
210
22
33
310
35
23

Direct

37,445
66,437
29,723
46,242
15,901
45,102
25,204

Average
Wage

64
0
2
5
0
1

72

6
8
0
0
0

41
27

60,373

58,235
50,515
35,554
33,548
40,589
28,041

40,621

43,125
43,588
50,886
54,135
33,898

59,832
74,826

450 92,595
430 86,537
19 54,318
1 129,740

794
264
28
42
387
44
28

Total

DoD-Related Employment

VA. BEACH-NORFOLK MSA

103
8
1
0
0
0
0
0

1.50
0.50
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT, AND RECREATION


Other Amusement and Recreation Industries
Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers
Agents and Managers for Artists, Athletes, Entertainers,
and Other Public Figures
Performing Arts Companies
Museums, Historical Sites, and Similar Institutions
Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events
Spectator Sports

37
28

11.80
9.80

FINANCE AND INSURANCE


Other Financial Investment Activities
Agencies, Brokerages, and Other Insurance Related
Activities
Activities Related to Credit Intermediation
Depository Credit Intermediation
Insurance Carriers
Monetary Authorities-Central Bank
Securities and Commodity Contracts Intermediation and
Brokerage
Securities and Commodity Exchanges
57
39
7
6
3
1
1
0

5.30
2.10
1.60
1.00
0.30
0.10
0.10
0.00

630
550
77
3
0

36.70
29.60
6.90
0.30
0.00

ACCOMMODATION AND FOOD SERVICES


Special Food Services
Traveler Accommodation
RV (Recreational Vehicle) Parks and Recreational Camps
Restaurants and Other Eating Places

43
41
2
0
0

Direct

41.00
40.40
0.60
0.00
0.00

(in millions)

DoD
Spending
2013

17,231
25,012
23,335
18,892
15,437

24,750
18,204
56,098
10 109,969
4 37,462
1 30,702
1 24,390
0 130,149

76
46
12

0 161,297
0 194,637

14 71,241
3 99,560
0 52,850
0 65,734
0 107,331

92 80,503
75 150,699

766
659
103
4
0

120 68,313
117 105,043
4 52,121
0 77,149
0 57,157

Total

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

STATE OF VIRGINIA

MINING, QUARRYING, AND OIL AND GAS


EXTRACTION
Oil and Gas Extraction
Nonmetallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying
Coal Mining
Support Activities for Mining

Table A-5 continued

0.0
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0

2.4
1.8
0.3

0.0

1.3
0.6
0.0
0.0
0.0

11.3
9.4

0
1
1
1
0

33
30
1

6
1
0
0
0

31
24

64
31
33

0.0
5.8
2.1
3.7

21
21
0

Direct

36.3
36.3
0.0

DoD
Spending
2013

20,782
32,490
28,715

32,383
19,900
60,655
0 92,694
1 41,981
1 41,281
1 22,668
0 164,746

39
34
2

0 175,857

9 86,110
2 117,685
0 65,441
0 70,228
0 95,339

69 100,621
57 163,859

79
36
43

0 107,194

72 68,568
72 222,879
0 53,124

Total

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

NORTHERN VIRGINIA MSA

1.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0

3.3
0.6
1.4

0.0
0.0

0.4
0.4

8.5
5.6
2.9
0.0
0.0

0.0

0.2
0.0
0.2

DoD
Spending
2013

7
3
0
0
0

29
12
7

0
0

2
2

162
124
37
0
0

1
0
1

Direct

Average
Wage

15,646
22,166
19,941
16,505
14,466

71,571

19,158
17,750
27,467

58,617
55,306

12 26,182
4 27,481
0 21,849
0 23,642
0 144,905

41
15
10

0
0

4 62,623
4 106,448

193
145
47
0
0

1 57,320
0 110,791
1 38,045

Total

DoD-Related Employment

VA. BEACH-NORFOLK MSA

104

1.20
0.90
0.10
0.10
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.40

MANAGEMENT OF COMPANIES AND


ENTERPRISES

(in millions)

DoD
Spending
2013

13
9
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

Direct

30,153
16,852
36,767
28,935
38,132
28,375
29,642
28,336
27,458
29,148
35,280
32,284
28,699
33,419
29,776
46,278
5 108,830

16
11
1
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1

Total

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

STATE OF VIRGINIA

AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, FISHING AND


HUNTING
Sheep and Goat Farming
Oilseed and Grain Farming
Support Activities for Animal Production
Aquaculture
Cattle Ranching and Farming
Fishing
Forest Nurseries and Gathering of Forest Products
Greenhouse, Nursery, and Floriculture Production
Hunting and Trapping
Logging
Other Animal Production
Other Crop Farming
Poultry and Egg Production
Support Activities for Crop Production
Support Activities for Forestry

Table A-5 continued

0
0
0

0.0
0.0
0.0

0.0

0
0

0.0
0.0

0.0

Direct

0.1

0.1

DoD
Spending
2013

36,615

30,663
35,354
26,032

24,687
22,519

34,011

29,620

0 145,310

0
0
0

0
0

Total

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

NORTHERN VIRGINIA MSA

0
0

0.0
0.0

0.0

Direct

0.0

0.0

DoD
Spending
2013

0
0

Total

52,738

29,377
0

57,541

28,963

Average
Wage

DoD-Related Employment

VA. BEACH-NORFOLK MSA

Table A-6

Potential impact of Sequestration on Virginia Economy

If DoD Procurement Spending in the Commonwealth Decreases by a Third from 2013 to 2018
Note: Equivalent to a 13.5 billion dollar decrease from 2013

Table shows potential spending reductions, by product service code, for the goods and services DoD purchases.

DoD Spending
(in millions)
FY 2013

FY 2018

Reduction\
Change

Percent
Change

Total ................................................................

41,405.1

27,918.4

-13,486.7

-32.6

Professional Services ......................................

8,919.5

4,883.6

-4,035.9

-45.2

ADP And Telecommunications .......................

6,883.4

4,884.8

-1,998.5

-29.0

Ships, Small Craft, Pontoon, Docks ................

3,749.9

2,982.4

-767.5

-20.5

Management Support Services ........................

2,106.7

1,267.9

-838.8

-39.8

ADP Eqpt/Software/Supplies And Eqpt ..........

1,830.5

1,196.7

-633.7

-34.6

Maint, Repair, Rebuild of Equipment .............

1,728.5

1,431.1

-297.4

-17.2

Defense (Other) R&D

1,296.7

1,017.3

-279.4

-21.5

Other Research/Development

1,243.1

527.4

-715.8

-57.6

Defense Systems R&D

1,158.6

953.8

-204.8

-17.7

Non-Nuclear Ship Repair

1,051.2

1,253.2

202.0

19.2

Fire/Rescue/Safety; Enviro Protect

887.8

582.6

-305.2

-34.4

Comm/Detect/Coherent Radiation

777.4

577.6

-199.8

-25.7

Construction of Buildings

740.6

524.8

-215.9

-29.1

Administrative Support Services

637.9

344.0

-294.0

-46.1

Aircraft/Airframe Structure Compts

624.7

442.6

-182.1

-29.1

Transportation of Things

483.6

217.7

-265.9

-55.0

Special Studies - Not R&D

454.1

329.2

-124.9

-27.5

Furnace/Steam/Drying; Nucl Reactor

432.8

284.1

-148.8

-34.4

Electrical/Electronic Eqpt Compnts

344.2

185.2

-158.9

-46.2

Housekeeping Services

339.3

228.5

-110.9

-32.7

Maint, Alter, Repair Buildings

296.5

203.5

-92.9

-31.4

Fire Control Eqpt.

289.7

205.2

-84.4

-29.1

Education And Training Services

276.0

148.8

-127.2

-46.1

Maint, Alter, Repair Nonbuildings

267.6

189.6

-78.0

-29.1

Subsistence

260.1

116.8

-143.3

-55.1

Nursing, Nursing Home, Eval/Screen

257.1

300.4

43.3

16.9

Aircraft Components/Accessories

235.6

166.9

-68.7

-29.1

Utilities

227.4

161.1

-66.3

-29.1

Clothing/Individual Eqpt, Insignia

214.9

41.2

-173.7

-80.8

Operate Govt Owned Buildings

201.4

135.3

-66.1

-32.8

Arch-Eng Svcs - General

199.5

123.0

-76.5

-38.4

Gen. Science/Technology R&D

191.1

83.6

-107.4

-56.2

Training Aids And Devices

182.0

118.8

-63.2

-34.7

Fuels, Lubricants, Oils, Waxes

181.1

132.8

-48.2

-26.6

Weapons

160.5

113.7

-46.8

-29.1

Installation of Equipment

139.5

94.0

-45.6

-32.7

Medical/Dental/Veterinary Eqpt/Supp

136.8

89.5

-47.3

-34.6

Other Medical Services

118.6

138.6

20.0

16.9

By Product Service

State of Virginia

105

Table A-6 continued

DoD Spending
(in millions)
By Product Service

FY 2013

FY 2018

Reduction\
Change

Percent
Change

-65.4

State of Virginia
Vehicular Equipment Components

106.8

37.0

-69.8

Medical, Dental, And Surgical Svcs

106.5

124.4

17.9

16.9

Instruments And Laboratory Eqpt

92.9

61.1

-31.8

-34.2

Social Services

85.0

45.8

-39.2

-46.1

Ammunition And Explosives

82.8

58.7

-24.1

-29.1

Hardware And Abrasives

66.7

37.6

-29.2

-43.7

Motor Vehicles, Cycles, Trailers

65.5

33.7

-31.8

-48.5

Medical R&D

63.4

33.5

-30.0

-47.2

Equipment And Materials Testing

63.3

38.6

-24.7

-39.0

Quality Control Services

62.5

42.6

-19.9

-31.8

Travel, Lodging, Recruitment Svcs

54.6

34.5

-20.1

-36.7

Ship And Marine Equipment

51.0

60.8

9.8

19.2

Engines And Turbines And Component

45.5

29.9

-15.6

-34.3

Other Quality, Test, Inspect Svcs

45.2

27.2

-17.9

-39.7

Chemicals And Chemical Products

44.4

23.9

-20.5

-46.2

Lease Or Rental of Equipment

40.7

26.3

-14.4

-35.4

Technical Representative Services

40.7

24.4

-16.3

-40.1

Construct Nonbuilding Facilities

38.2

27.0

-11.1

-29.1

Natural Resources - Other Svcs

36.8

19.8

-17.0

-46.1

Prefab Structures/Scaffolding

34.0

22.3

-11.7

-34.4

Electric Wire, Power Distrib Eqpt

33.6

21.6

-12.0

-35.7

Furniture

33.1

21.7

-11.4

-34.4

Office Supplies And Devices

33.1

17.8

-15.3

-46.2

General Health Care Services

30.4

35.5

5.1

16.9

Inspection Services

30.1

17.3

-12.9

-42.7

Aircraft Launch/Land/Ground Handle

24.6

17.4

-7.2

-29.1

Office Mach/Text Process/Visib Rec

24.0

15.8

-8.3

-34.4

Other Transport, Travel, Relocat Sv

23.4

15.5

-7.9

-33.8

Construct of Restoration Activities

23.1

16.4

-6.7

-29.1

Relocation Or Travel Agent Services

22.8

15.1

-7.7

-33.8

Photogr, Mapping, Printing, Publish

22.2

13.5

-8.7

-39.3

Pumps And Compressors

21.0

13.8

-7.2

-34.4

Photographic Eqpt

18.7

12.3

-6.5

-34.4

Space R&D

16.5

13.3

-3.2

-19.2

Household/Commerc Furnish/Appliance

16.2

10.6

-5.6

-34.4

Containers/Packaging/Packing Suppl

15.7

9.7

-6.0

-38.3

Textile/Leather/Fur; Tent; Flag

14.1

2.7

-11.4

-80.8

Community Service/Dev. R&D

12.8

5.4

-7.4

-58.1

Construction And Building Material

11.9

6.4

-5.5

-46.2

Guided Missles

11.9

8.4

-3.5

-29.1

Alarm, Signal, Security Detection

11.0

7.3

-3.7

-33.4

Valves

10.0

6.6

-3.5

-34.4

9.3

6.1

-3.2

-34.4

Metalworking Machinery

106

Table A-6 continued

DoD Spending
(in millions)
By Product Service

FY 2013

FY 2018

Reduction\
Change

Percent
Change

-33.0

State of Virginia
Books, Maps, Other Publications

9.1

6.1

-3.0

Laboratory Testing Services

9.0

10.6

1.5

16.9

Refrig, Air Condit/Circulat Eqpt

8.8

5.8

-3.0

-34.4

Environmental Systems Protection

8.5

4.6

-3.9

-46.0

Pipe, Tubing, Hose, And Fittings

8.1

5.3

-2.8

-34.4

Maint/Repair Shop Eqpt

7.9

5.4

-2.4

-31.1

Agriculture R&D

7.6

3.2

-4.4

-58.1

Special Industry Machinery

7.3

4.8

-2.5

-34.4

Service And Trade Eqpt

7.3

4.8

-2.5

-34.4

Lease/Rental of Buildings

7.2

6.3

-0.9

-12.3

Modification of Equipment

7.2

6.5

-0.6

-9.0

Mechanical Power Transmission Eqpt

6.7

4.4

-2.3

-34.4

Miscellaneous

6.6

4.1

-2.5

-37.8

Fiber Optic

6.1

3.5

-2.6

-43.1

Arch-Eng Svcs - Construction

6.0

3.6

-2.5

-40.7

Materials Handling Eqpt

5.0

3.3

-1.7

-34.4

Environmental Protection R&D

4.7

2.0

-2.7

-57.1

Plumbing, Heating, Waste Disposal

4.2

2.8

-1.5

-34.4

Maint, Alter, Repair Restor Acvivs

4.1

2.9

-1.2

-29.1

Lighting Fixtures, Lamps

4.0

2.6

-1.4

-35.4

Hand Tools

4.0

2.6

-1.4

-34.4

Engine Accessories

3.7

2.4

-1.2

-33.0

Demolition of Nonbuilding Facility

3.5

2.4

-1.2

-32.7

Live Animals

3.1

1.7

-1.4

-46.2

Rope, Cable, Chain, Fittings

3.0

2.0

-1.0

-34.4

Economic Growth/Productivity R&D

2.5

1.3

-1.2

-49.1

Food Preparation/Serving Eqpt

2.4

1.6

-0.8

-34.4

Bearings

2.3

1.5

-0.8

-34.4

Operate Gov Owned Nonbuilding Facil

2.3

1.6

-0.7

-29.1

Nonmetallic Fabricated Materials

2.0

1.1

-0.9

-46.2

Recreational/Athletic Eqpt

1.9

1.3

-0.7

-34.4

Construct/Mine/Excavate/Highwy Eqpt

1.9

1.3

-0.7

-34.4

Water Purification/Sewage Treatment

1.9

1.2

-0.7

-34.4

Energy R&D

1.9

0.8

-1.1

-58.1

Education R&D

1.8

0.9

-0.9

-50.1

Motor Pool Or Packing/Crating

1.4

0.6

-0.8

-55.0

Tires And Tubes

1.0

0.7

-0.3

-29.4

Musical Inst/Phonograph/Home Radio

0.8

0.5

-0.3

-35.7

Demolition of Buildings

0.7

0.4

-0.2

-32.7

Metal Bars, Sheets, Shapes

0.6

0.3

-0.3

-46.2

Measuring Tools

0.6

0.4

-0.2

-34.4

Natural Resources R&D

0.6

0.2

-0.3

-58.1

Brushes, Paints, Sealers, Adhesives

0.6

0.3

-0.3

-46.2

107

Table A-6 continued

DoD Spending
(in millions)
FY 2013

FY 2018

Reduction\
Change

Percent
Change

Toiletries

0.6

0.3

-0.3

-46.2

Agricultural Supplies

0.6

0.3

-0.3

-49.6

Cleaning Eqpt And Supplies

0.5

0.3

-0.2

-45.9

Lumber, Millwork, Plywood, Veneer

0.5

0.2

-0.2

-46.2

Natural Resource Conservervat Svcs

0.2

0.1

-0.1

-32.7

Nuclear Ordnance

0.2

0.1

-0.1

-29.1

Purchase Buildings

0.2

0.1

-0.0

-29.1

Agricultural Machinery And Eqpt

0.1

0.1

-0.0

-34.4

Transportation (Other) R&D

0.1

0.1

-0.1

-46.1

Ores, Minerals And Primary Products

0.1

0.0

-0.0

-46.2

Woodworking Machinery And Eqpt

0.1

0.1

-0.0

-34.4

Tractors

0.1

0.0

-0.0

-34.4

Mining R&D

0.0

0.0

-0.0

-58.1

Lease/Rental Nonbuilding Facilities

0.0

0.0

-0.0

-29.1

Disposal of Excess/Surplus Property

0.0

0.0

-0.0

-32.7

Railway Equipment

0.0

0.0

-0.0

-34.4

Transportation (Modal) R&D

0.0

0.0

-0.0

-46.1

Social Services R&D

0.0

0.0

0.0

-58.1

Nonmetallic Crude Materials

0.0

0.0

0.0

-46.2

Space Vehicles

<1k

<1k

<1k

0.0

Housing R&D

<1k

<1k

<1k

0.0

Income Security R&D

<1k

<1k

<1k

0.0

Other Salvage Services

<1k

<1k

<1k

0.0

Dependent Medicare Services

<1k

<1k

<1k

0.0

By Product Service

State of Virginia

108

109
605.4
601.1
322.5
254.2
251.5
244.6
226.3
217.1
154.2
153.9
151.0
147.9
135.5
134.6
115.0
114.8
108.4

Comm/Detect/Coherent Radiation

Administrative Support Services

Special Studies - Not R&D

Construction of Buildings

Fire Control Eqpt.

Electrical/Electronic Eqpt Compnts

Aircraft Components/Accessories

Nursing, Nursing Home, Eval/Screen

Weapons

Housekeeping Services

Training Aids And Devices

Gen. Science/Technology R&D

Education And Training Services

Utilities

Non-Nuclear Ship Repair

Arch-Eng Svcs - General

Operate Govt Owned Buildings

1,017.7

Defense Systems R&D


619.0

1,169.8

Defense (Other) R&D

Aircraft/Airframe Structure Compts

1,213.7

Other Research/Development

906.7

1,563.0

ADP Eqpt/Software/Supplies And Eqpt

Maint, Repair, Rebuild of Equipment

1,971.6

Management Support Services

76.8

67.7

137.1

95.4

73.0

63.7

98.6

103.6

109.2

253.7

160.3

131.6

178.2

180.1

243.8

324.1

449.8

438.6

587.3

836.8

924.4

515.1

1,021.9

1,187.0

4,587.4

-31.6

-47.1

22.1

-39.2

-62.4

-84.2

-52.5

-50.3

-44.9

36.6

-66.0

-113.0

-73.3

-74.1

-78.7

-277.0

-155.6

-180.4

-319.4

-180.8

-245.4

-698.7

-541.1

-784.6

-1,878.0

-29.2

-41.1

19.2

-29.1

-46.1

-56.9

-34.7

-32.7

-29.1

16.9

-29.1

-46.2

-29.1

-29.1

-24.4

-46.1

-25.7

-29.1

-35.2

-17.8

-21.0

-57.6

-34.6

-39.8

-29.0

Ship and Marine Equipment

Social Services

Fuels, Lubricants, Oils, Waxes

Vehicular Equipment Components

Medical, Dental, and Surgical Svcs

Defense (Other) R&D

Education and Training Services

Utilities

Electrical/Electronic Eqpt Compnts

Management Support Services

Arch-Eng Svcs - General

Clothing/Individual Eqpt, Insignia

Operate Govt Owned Buildings

Housekeeping Services

ADP Eqpt/Software/Supplies and Eqpt

Maint, Alter, Repair Nonbuildings

Maint, Alter, Repair Buildings

ADP and Telecommunications

Subsistence

Construction of Buildings

Transportation of Things

Maint, Repair, Rebuild of Equipment

Fire/Rescue/Safety; Enviro Protect

Professional Services

Non-Nuclear Ship Repair

Ships, Small Craft, Pontoon, Docks

6,465.4

-45.2

ADP And Telecommunications

-3,466.2

Total

4,205.8

7,672.0

-35.7

By Product Service

Professional Services

-10,072.8

Percent
Change

Virginia Beach-Norfolk MSA


18,170.3

Reduction\
Change

28,243.1

FY 2018

Total

FY 2013

Northern Virginia MSA

By Product Service

DoD Spending
(Millions)

40.5

45.4

47.8

48.6

50.1

51.6

54.9

59.3

63.7

72.4

73.5

81.1

90.5

104.4

147.9

175.9

215.5

231.8

244.7

401.0

414.8

752.4

838.0

903.5

932.9

3,669.8

10,396.5

FY 2013

48.3

24.5

35.1

15.9

58.6

37.7

29.6

42.0

34.3

40.1

48.7

15.5

57.1

70.3

96.5

124.7

148.6

163.2

109.9

284.1

186.7

806.3

549.9

491.3

1,112.2

2,915.8

7,968.5

FY 2018

DoD Spending
(Millions)

7.8

-20.9

-12.7

-32.7

8.5

-13.9

-25.3

-17.3

-29.4

-32.3

-24.8

-65.5

-33.4

-34.1

-51.4

-51.3

-66.9

-68.6

-134.8

-116.9

-228.1

53.9

-288.1

-412.2

179.3

-753.9

-2,427.9

Reduction\
Change

If DoD Procurement Spending in the Commonwealth Decreases by a Third (equivalent to a 13.5 billion dollar decrease) from 2013 to 2018

Potential impact of Sequestration on the Economies of Northern Virginia and Virginia Beach-Norfolk MSA

Table A-7

19.2

-46.1

-26.6

-67.2

16.9

-26.9

-46.1

-29.1

-46.2

-44.6

-33.7

-80.8

-36.9

-32.7

-34.8

-29.1

-31.0

-29.6

-55.1

-29.1

-55.0

7.2

-34.4

-45.6

19.2

-20.5

-23.4

Percent
Change

110

96.0
78.9
72.4
66.9
60.1
60.0
55.5
55.3
54.7
49.1
42.3
42.1
39.4
39.0
37.5
36.4
29.5
27.3
26.4
25.5
23.7
23.2
22.5
20.9
20.0
20.0
19.9
19.3
19.0
17.6

Maint, Alter, Repair Nonbuildings

Transportation of Things

Medical R&D

Maint, Alter, Repair Buildings

Instruments And Laboratory Eqpt

Medical, Dental, And Surgical Svcs

Fuels, Lubricants, Oils, Waxes

Travel, Lodging, Recruitment Svcs

Ammunition And Explosives

Equipment And Materials Testing

Chemicals And Chemical Products

Social Services

Hardware And Abrasives

Technical Representative Services

Motor Vehicles, Cycles, Trailers

Medical/Dental/Veterinary Eqpt/Supp

Fire/Rescue/Safety; Enviro Protect

Office Supplies And Devices

Aircraft Launch/Land/Ground Handle

Other Transport, Travel, Relocat Sv

Relocation Or Travel Agent Services

Vehicular Equipment Components

Quality Control Services

Inspection Services

Lease Or Rental of Equipment

Construct Nonbuilding Facilities

Photogr, Mapping, Printing, Publish

Photographic Eqpt

11.5

11.5

13.7

12.8

11.8

13.5

7.4

14.9

15.4

16.8

13.7

17.3

17.6

11.5

21.7

21.8

21.0

21.2

25.8

30.0

31.1

40.1

64.6

36.5

40.7

32.1

30.1

51.3

65.2

112.2

16.2

-6.1

-7.5

-5.6

-7.1

-8.2

-6.5

-13.5

-7.6

-7.9

-6.9

-11.8

-9.1

-9.7

-18.0

-14.7

-15.7

-18.0

-18.2

-16.2

-12.3

-18.0

-14.6

9.3

-19.0

-19.3

-28.0

-36.8

-21.1

-13.7

16.9

-34.4

-39.6

-29.1

-35.7

-41.1

-32.7

-64.7

-33.8

-33.8

-29.1

-46.2

-34.4

-35.4

-61.0

-40.5

-42.0

-46.1

-46.2

-38.6

-29.1

-36.7

-26.6

16.9

-34.3

-32.1

-46.6

-55.0

-29.1

-17.4

Refrig, Air Condit/Circulat Eqpt

Modification of Equipment

Weapons

Office Supplies and Devices

Laboratory Testing Services

Pipe, Tubing, Hose, and Fittings

Valves

Furnace/Steam/Drying; Nucl Reactor

Quality Control Services

Electric Wire, Power Distrib Eqpt

Ammunition and Explosives

Construct Nonbuilding Facilities

Gen. Science/Technology R&D

Other Research/Development

Fire Control Eqpt.

Furniture

Natural Resources - Other Svcs

Engines and Turbines and Component

Lease or Rental of Equipment

Instruments and Laboratory Eqpt

Medical/Dental/Veterinary Eqpt/Supp

Special Studies - Not R and D

Administrative Support Services

Pumps and Compressors

Hardware and Abrasives

Installation of Equipment

General Health Care Services

Other Medical Services

Defense Systems R&D

Training Aids and Devices

Comm/Detect/Coherent Radiation

Ships, Small Craft, Pontoon, Docks

-80.8

Other Medical Services

-86.1

Nursing, Nursing Home, Eval/Screen

20.4

106.5

-32.7

By Product Service

Clothing/Individual Eqpt, Insignia

-34.9

Percent
Change

Virginia Beach-Norfolk MSA


71.9

Reduction\
Change

106.9

FY 2018

Installation of Equipment

FY 2013

Northern Virginia MSA

By Product Service

DoD Spending
(Millions)

4.4

5.1

5.1

6.2

6.3

6.9

8.0

8.4

8.7

9.2

9.5

9.7

10.5

11.9

12.4

13.1

14.0

15.9

16.8

17.0

17.8

18.5

18.8

18.8

20.6

21.4

21.7

22.2

26.1

26.7

31.1

39.6

FY 2013

2.9

5.0

3.6

3.3

7.3

4.5

5.3

5.5

5.9

5.8

6.7

6.8

4.4

5.0

8.8

8.6

7.6

10.4

10.9

11.2

11.7

9.4

10.1

12.3

11.1

14.4

25.4

26.0

19.6

17.4

23.1

46.3

FY 2018

DoD Spending
(Millions)

-1.5

-0.1

-1.5

-2.8

1.1

-2.4

-2.8

-2.9

-2.8

-3.4

-2.8

-2.8

-6.1

-6.9

-3.6

-4.5

-6.5

-5.5

-5.9

-5.8

-6.0

-9.2

-8.6

-6.5

-9.5

-7.0

3.7

3.7

-6.5

-9.3

-8.0

6.7

Reduction\
Change

-34.4

-1.2

-29.1

-46.2

16.9

-34.4

-34.4

-34.4

-32.6

-36.9

-29.1

-29.1

-58.0

-58.1

-29.1

-34.4

-46.1

-34.4

-34.9

-34.4

-34.0

-49.4

-46.1

-34.4

-46.0

-32.7

16.9

16.9

-24.8

-34.7

-25.7

16.9

Percent
Change

111

15.9
14.6
13.8
13.2
13.1
12.0
11.7
10.4
8.7
8.7
8.6
7.9
7.6
7.2
6.3
6.1
6.0
5.8
5.6
5.4
5.4
5.3
4.7
4.6
4.6
4.0
3.3
1.8
1.8

Other Quality, Test, Inspect Svcs

Furniture

Containers/Packaging/Packing Suppl

Electric Wire, Power Distrib Eqpt

Prefab Structures/Scaffolding

Guided Missles

Household/Commerc Furnish/Appliance

Subsistence

Alarm, Signal, Security Detection

General Health Care Services

Construction And Building Material

Ship And Marine Equipment

Books, Maps, Other Publications

Community Service/Dev. R&D

Engines And Turbines And Component

Textile/Leather/Fur; Tent; Flag

Maint/Repair Shop Eqpt

Miscellaneous

Furnace/Steam/Drying; Nucl Reactor

Service And Trade Eqpt

Construct of Restoration Activities

Special Industry Machinery

Metalworking Machinery

Fiber Optic

Lease/Rental of Buildings

Environmental Protection R&D

Refrig, Air Condit/Circulat Eqpt

Laboratory Testing Services

Energy R&D

0.8

2.1

2.2

1.7

4.0

2.7

3.1

3.5

3.8

3.5

3.7

3.6

4.1

1.2

4.1

3.0

5.1

9.4

4.6

10.2

5.9

4.7

7.7

8.5

8.6

8.5

8.5

9.6

9.2

10.5

-1.0

0.3

-1.1

-2.3

-0.6

-1.9

-1.6

-1.8

-1.6

-1.8

-1.9

-2.2

-1.9

-4.9

-2.1

-4.2

-2.5

1.5

-4.0

1.5

-2.9

-5.7

-4.0

-3.5

-4.5

-4.7

-5.3

-5.0

-6.7

-5.5

-58.1

16.9

-34.4

-57.3

-13.4

-42.1

-34.4

-34.4

-29.1

-34.4

-34.4

-38.2

-31.0

-80.8

-33.8

-58.1

-33.1

19.2

-46.2

16.9

-33.1

-55.1

-34.4

-29.1

-34.4

-35.7

-38.4

-34.4

-42.1

-34.4

Construction and Building Material

Motor Vehicles, Cycles, Trailers

Alarm, Signal, Security Detection

Containers/Packaging/Packing Suppl

Water Purification/Sewage Treatment

Service and Trade Eqpt

Economic Growth/Productivity R&D

Medical R&D

Prefab Structures/Scaffolding

Equipment and Materials Testing

Engine Accessories

Bearings

Metalworking Machinery

Technical Representative Services

Lease/Rental of Buildings

Rope, Cable, Chain, Fittings

Live Animals

Maint, Alter, Repair Restor Acvivs

Photogr, Mapping, Printing, Publish

Office Mach/Text Process/Visib Rec

Materials Handling Eqpt

Other Quality, Test, Inspect Svcs

Lighting Fixtures, Lamps

Environmental Systems Protection

Aircraft Components/Accessories

Plumbing, Heating, Waste Disposal

Mechanical Power Transmission Eqpt

Hand Tools

Household/Commerc Furnish/Appliance

Arch-Eng Svcs - Construction

Travel, Lodging, Recruitment Svcs

16.0

-19.2

Office Mach/Text Process/Visib Rec

-3.2

Aircraft/Airframe Structure Compts

13.2

16.4

-46.1

By Product Service

Space R&D

-7.9

Percent
Change

Virginia Beach-Norfolk MSA


9.2

Reduction\
Change

17.2

FY 2018

Natural Resources - Other Svcs

FY 2013

Northern Virginia MSA

By Product Service

DoD Spending
(Millions)

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

1.6

1.7

1.7

1.8

1.9

1.9

1.9

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

2.7

2.9

2.9

3.0

3.0

3.2

3.3

3.3

3.4

3.5

3.6

3.7

3.7

3.9

3.9

4.1

4.3

FY 2013

0.7

0.9

1.0

1.0

1.1

1.1

0.9

0.7

1.2

1.6

1.3

1.4

1.4

1.7

2.2

1.8

1.6

2.1

1.8

2.0

2.1

1.8

2.2

1.8

2.5

2.4

2.4

2.4

2.5

2.3

2.6

3.1

FY 2018

DoD Spending
(Millions)

-0.6

-0.5

-0.5

-0.6

-0.6

-0.6

-0.8

-1.0

-0.6

-0.3

-0.7

-0.7

-0.7

-0.7

-0.3

-0.9

-1.4

-0.9

-1.1

-1.0

-1.1

-1.5

-1.2

-1.6

-1.0

-1.2

-1.3

-1.3

-1.3

-1.6

-1.5

-1.3

Reduction\
Change

-46.2

-34.4

-34.3

-37.6

-34.4

-34.4

-46.5

-58.1

-34.4

-15.3

-34.1

-34.4

-34.4

-29.3

-10.6

-34.4

-46.2

-29.1

-38.0

-34.4

-34.4

-45.6

-35.1

-46.0

-29.1

-34.4

-34.4

-34.4

-34.4

-41.0

-37.4

-29.1

Percent
Change

112

1.4
1.4
1.2
1.0
0.9
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

Engine Accessories

Materials Handling Eqpt

Maint, Alter, Repair Restor Acvivs

Food Preparation/Serving Eqpt

Construct/Mine/Excavate/Highwy Eqpt

Recreational/Athletic Eqpt

Mechanical Power Transmission Eqpt

Toiletries

Modification of Equipment

Pumps And Compressors

Pipe, Tubing, Hose, And Fittings

Demolition of Buildings

Musical Inst/Phonograph/Home Radio

Lighting Fixtures, Lamps

Measuring Tools

Nonmetallic Fabricated Materials

Demolition of Nonbuilding Facility

Plumbing, Heating, Waste Disposal

Agricultural Supplies

Economic Growth/Productivity R&D

Rope, Cable, Chain, Fittings

Valves

Live Animals

Hand Tools

Water Purification/Sewage Treatment

Purchase Buildings

Lumber, Millwork, Plywood, Veneer

Transportation (Other) R&D

Bearings

Natural Resources R&D

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

1.0

0.7

-0.1

-0.0

-0.1

-0.1

-0.0

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.2

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.2

-0.2

-0.1

-0.2

-0.2

-0.2

-0.3

-0.4

-0.3

-0.5

-0.4

-0.7

-58.1

-34.4

-46.1

-46.2

-29.1

-34.4

-34.4

-46.2

-34.4

-34.4

-48.4

-54.5

-34.4

-32.7

-46.2

-34.4

-35.9

-37.0

-32.7

-34.4

-34.4

-23.9

-46.2

-34.4

-34.4

-34.4

-34.4

-29.1

-34.4

-31.0

-48.5

Construct of Restoration Activities

Woodworking Machinery and Eqpt

Natural Resource Conservervat Svcs

Space R&D

Measuring Tools

Nuclear Ordnance

Inspection Services

Lumber, Millwork, Plywood, Veneer

Other Transport, Travel, Relocat Sv

Demolition of Buildings

Metal Bars, Sheets, Shapes

Education R&D

Relocation Or Travel Agent Services

Agricultural Supplies

Musical Inst/Phonograph/Home Radio

Demolition of Nonbuilding Facility

Miscellaneous

Cleaning Eqpt and Supplies

Brushes, Paints, Sealers, Adhesives

Fiber Optic

Textile/Leather/Fur; Tent; Flag

Operate Gov Owned Nonbuilding Facil

Books, Maps, Other Publications

Chemicals and Chemical Products

Nonmetallic Fabricated Materials

Aircraft Launch/Land/Ground Handle

Photographic Eqpt

Construct/Mine/Excavate/Highwy Eqpt

Maint/Repair Shop Eqpt

Recreational/Athletic Eqpt

Motor Pool Or Packing/Crating

Special Industry Machinery

1.4

-45.9

Education R&D

-0.8

Food Preparation/Serving Eqpt

0.9

1.7

-39.9

By Product Service

Environmental Systems Protection

-0.7

Percent
Change

Virginia Beach-Norfolk MSA


1.1

Reduction\
Change

1.8

FY 2018

Arch-Eng Svcs - Construction

FY 2013

Northern Virginia MSA

By Product Service

DoD Spending
(Millions)

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.4

0.5

0.5

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.7

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.9

0.9

0.9

1.1

1.1

1.1

1.2

FY 2013

0.0

0.0

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.4

0.1

0.5

0.5

0.4

0.4

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.7

0.5

0.8

0.8

FY 2018

DoD Spending
(Millions)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.1

-0.2

-0.2

-0.2

-0.3

-0.5

-0.2

-0.2

-0.4

-0.4

-0.2

-0.3

-0.3

-0.3

-0.4

-0.6

-0.4

-0.4

Reduction\
Change

-29.1

-34.4

-32.7

-13.2

-34.4

-29.1

-31.0

-46.2

-33.8

-32.7

-46.2

-58.1

-33.8

-46.2

-34.4

-32.7

-35.4

-45.9

-46.2

-46.2

-80.8

-29.1

-31.6

-46.2

-46.2

-29.1

-34.4

-34.4

-31.9

-34.4

-55.0

-34.4

-34.4

Percent
Change

113

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
<1k
<1k
<1k
<1k
<1k
<1k
<1k
<1k
<1k
-0.1

Mining R&D

Disposal of Excess/Surplus Property

Woodworking Machinery And Eqpt

Tires And Tubes

Metal Bars, Sheets, Shapes

Nuclear Ordnance

Tractors

Brushes, Paints, Sealers, Adhesives

Lease/Rental Nonbuilding Facilities

Cleaning Eqpt And Supplies

Space Vehicles

Operate Gov Owned Nonbuilding Facil

Nonmetallic Crude Materials

Agriculture R&D

Housing R&D

Income Security R&D

Social Services R&D

Transportation (Modal) R&D

Natural Resource Conservervat Svcs

International Affair/Cooperat R&D

-0.0

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

-0.0

-0.0

-0.0

-0.0

-0.0

-0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

-46.2

-29.1

-46.2

-34.4

-29.1

-46.2

-34.4

-34.4

-32.7

-58.1

-46.2

International Affair/Cooperat R&D

Natural Resource Conservervat Svcs

Transportation (Modal) R&D

Social Services R&D

Income Security R&D

Housing R&D

Guided Missles

Disposal of Excess/Surplus Property

Energy R&D

Community Service/Dev. R&D

Transportation (Other) R&D

Nonmetallic Crude Materials

Purchase Buildings

Transportation (Modal) R&D

Railway Equipment

Agricultural Machinery and Eqpt

Lease/Rental Nonbuilding Facilities

Tires and Tubes

Ores, Minerals and Primary Products

Toiletries

Natural Resources R&D

0.1

-55.0

Ores, Minerals And Primary Products

-0.0

Environmental Protection R&D

0.0

0.1

-34.4

By Product Service

Motor Pool Or Packing/Crating

-0.0

Percent
Change

Virginia Beach-Norfolk MSA


0.1

Reduction\
Change

0.1

FY 2018

Agricultural Machinery And Eqpt

FY 2013

Northern Virginia MSA

By Product Service

DoD Spending
(Millions)

-0.1

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

-0.7

<$1k

<$1k

<$1k

<$1k

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

FY 2013

-0.0

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

-0.5

<$1k

<$1k

<$1k

<$1k

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

FY 2018

DoD Spending
(Millions)

0.1

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

<1k

0.2

<$1k

<$1k

<$1k

<$1k

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Reduction\
Change

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

-46.2

-29.1

-46.1

-34.4

-34.4

-29.1

-34.4

-46.2

-46.2

-58.1

-58.1

Percent
Change

114