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11/14/2015

ReinforcedConcreteBridgeDeck

BridgeDesign&Assessment

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ReinforcedConcreteDesignStandards
ReinforcedConcreteDesignStandardsEurocodes

EN199111:ActionsonStructuresGeneralActions
EN199114:ActionsonStructuresWindActions
EN199115:ActionsonStructuresThermalActions
EN199117:ActionsonStructuresAccidentalActions
EN19912:ActionsonStructuresTrafficLoadsonBridges
EN199211:DesignofConcreteStructuresGeneralRules
EN19922:DesignofConcreteStructuresBridges
EachdocumentisaccompaniedbyaNationalAnnex

BritishStandards

BS4449:SteelforReinforcementofConcrete
BS5400:Part2:SpecificationforLoads
BS5400:Part4:CodeofPracticefortheDesignofConcreteBridges
BS8500:ConcreteComplementaryBritishStandardtoBSEN2061
BS8666:Specificationforscheduling,dimensioning,bendingand
cuttingofsteelreinforcementforconcrete

DesignManualforRoadsandBridges

BA24:EarlyThermalCrackingofConcrete
BD24:DesignofConcreteBridges
BD28:EarlyThermalCrackingofConcrete
BD37:LoadsforHighwayBridges
BD43:CriteriaandMaterialsfortheImpregnationofConcrete
HighwayStructures
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ReinforcedConcreteBridgeDeck

BD57andBA57:DesignforDurability

TechnicalPapers

CIRIAReportC660Earlyagethermalcrackcontrolinconcrete.

ReinforcedConcreteDecks
Thethreemostcommontypesofreinforcedconcretebridgedecksare:

SolidSlab

VoidedSlab

BeamandSlab

Solidslabbridgedecksaremostusefulforsmall,singleormultispanbridgesandareeasilyadaptable
forhighskew.
Voidedslabandbeamandslabbridgesareusedforlarger,singleormultispanbridges.Incircular
voideddeckstheratioof[depthofvoid]/[depthofslab]shouldbelessthan0.79andthemaximum
areaofvoidshouldbelessthan49%ofthedecksectionalarea.

AnalysisofDeck

Fordeckswithskewlessthan25asimpleunitstripmethodofanalysisisgenerallysatisfactory.For
skewsgreaterthan25thenagrillageorfiniteelementmethodofanalysiswillberequired.Skew
decksdeveloptwistingmomentsintheslabwhichbecomemoresignificantwithhigherskewangles.
ComputeranalysiswillproducevaluesforMx,MyandMxywhereMxyrepresentsthetwisting
momentintheslab.Duetotheinfluenceofthistwistingmoment,themosteconomicalwayof
reinforcingtheslabwouldbetoplacethereinforcingsteelinthedirectionoftheprincipalmoments.
Howeverthesedirectionsvaryovertheslabandtwodirectionshavetobechoseninwhichthe
reinforcingbarsshouldlie.WoodandArmerhavedevelopedequationsforthemomentofresistance
tobeprovidedintwopredetermineddirectionsinordertoresisttheappliedmomentsMx,Myand
Mxy.
Extensivetestsonvarioussteelarrangementshaveshownthebestpositionsasfollows

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ReinforcedConcreteBridgeDeck

BridgeComponents|ChoiceofDeck

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DavidChildsB.Sc,C.Eng,MICE
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