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midterm linear algebra solutions

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You are on page 1of 5

Nov, 2013

P2 are linearly independent. Do NOT use the Wronskian. NOTE: You must show all

your calculations, and you MUST show each step of how the resulting matrix was set up.

If you do this question only by inspection (i.e. trial and error or guessing), or do not show

all your work, you will NOT receive marks.

MATH1850 Midterm 2

Nov, 2013

5

1 2 0 4

1

3 7 2 0

0

1

is

A

2 5 2 4

0

6

4 9 2 4 4

0

0 4 28 37

1 2 12 16

0 0

0

0

0 0

0

0

Find the column space basis, row space basis, and nullspace basis of A. You must show

all your work for obtaining the nullspace basis.

Final Answers:

Nullspace Basis: _______________________________________________________

3. (6 marks; 3 marks each) Answer each question in the space provided.

a) Consider the set F(-,) of all real-valued functions that are defined on (-,).

Suppose that scalar multiplication for this set is defined as usual, but that addition

is defined instead by ( f g )( x ) f ( x ) 2 g ( x ) . Prove that the following

vector space property does NOT hold: (f+(g+h))(x)= ((f+g)+h)(x)

b 0 b

b) Suppose that the set W consists of all 3 3 matrices of the form 0 b 0 where

b 0 b

b may be any scalar. Suppose that scalar multiplication and addition for this set

is defined as usual. Determine whether this set is closed under scalar

multiplication (i.e. If u is an object in W and k any scalar, then ku is in W) and

prove your answer.

MATH1850 Midterm 2

Nov, 2013

4. (8 marks total) Answer each question in the space provided. Show ALL your work.

a) (2 marks) The planes 9( x 1) 21( y 3) 12( z 4) 0 and

answer. You will receive credit ONLY if your answer is correct AND properly

justified.

Answer: ____________

Justification:

5x3 7 are linearly independent. Other methods will NOT receive marks.

Hint: In general, W ( x )

f1 ( x )

f1( x )

f1( n 1) ( x )

f 2 ( x)

f 2( x )

f 2( n 1) ( x )

f n ( x)

f n( x )

f n( n 1) ( x )

c) (2 marks) Under what conditions on scalars b and c are the vectors (5b, -1, 2)

and (0, 3c, 7) orthogonal? If there are no restrictions, write N/A.

d) (1 mark) Find the distance between the points (1, 3) and (-5, 2).

MATH1850 Midterm 2

Nov, 2013

5. (12 marks total) Answer each of the following in the space provided. You do NOT

have to show your work; only the final answer will be marked.

a) (3 marks) Find the parametric equations of the line through the point

(3, 1, 2) and perpendicular to the plane 6( x 3) 4( y 5) 6 z 0 .

Answer: x = ___________ y = ____________ z = ______________

b) (1 mark) Find the value(s) of x such that (-1, x, 6) has length 10.

Answer:

____________________________________

constant.

Answer: u v = ____________________________________

d) (2 marks) Find a basis for the set of all 2 2 matrices of the form

a b

a

where a, b are real numbers.

3b

0

Answer:

_______________________________________________

could have? What is the minimum nullity that AT could have?

Answers:

Find the dimension of V.

Answer: dim (V) =

_____________________________

0 1 1

g) (1 mark) Let A = 0 0 1 . Find the rank of A2 .

0 0 0

Answer:

rank(A2) = ____________________________

MATH1850 Midterm 2

Nov, 2013

6. (2 marks each; 10 marks total) For each of the following questions, select ALL of

the correct answers by clearly shading in the appropriate boxes. Each question is worth

2 marks, but there may be anywhere from 0 to 4 correct answers. You will lose marks for

each incorrect choice (i.e. selecting something thats wrong, or missing something thats

correct, up to a maximum of 2 marks deduction per question (i.e. no negative marks )

a) In which of the following cases does w lie in the space spanned by u and v?

[Hint: These can be done by inspection ]

2 0

1

4

1 0

, v =

.

w =

;

1 3

5 5

2 7

w x ; u x 2 1, v x 2 .

w = (4, 1, 5); u = (1, -2, 1), v = (3, -6, 3).

w = (1, 1, 1, 1); u = (1, 0 ,1, 1), v = (0, 3, 0, 0).

b) Which of the following statements are true?

For every non-zero matrix A, we have rank(A) > 0.

If R is the row-echelon form (REF) of matrix A, then the nonzero row

vectors in R are a basis for the row space of A.

If A is a 2 2 matrix with rank(A) = 2 then A is invertible.

If A is a square matrix, then the nullity of A is the same as the nullity of AT

c) Which of the following statements are true?

If span(S ) = R3, then the set S must contain at least 3 vectors

If V is a set of 2 vectors in R2 that spans R2, then V is linearly independent.

It is possible for a set of 8 vectors to span R9.

If S1 is a basis for a subspace W, and S2 is also a basis for W, then S1 and S2

must have the same number of vectors.

d) Consider the set of all 2 2 matrices of the form [1, b, 0, d]. Which of the

following vector space properties hold?

If u and v are objects in V, then u v is in V.

u v vu

There is an object 0 in V called the zero vector for V, such that

u0 0u u

For each u in V, there is an object u in V, called the negative of u, such

that u (u) (u) u 0

e) Suppose it is known that A is a 6 5 matrix with rank(A) = 2. Which of the

following are true?

The nullity of AT must be 4.

The rank of AT could be 6.

The number of parameters in the general solution of Ax 0 is 3.

The row vectors of A form a basis for R6.

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