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IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM)

e-ISSN: 2278-487X, p-ISSN: 2319-7668. Volume 17, Issue 11 .Ver. I (Nov. 2015), PP 58-67
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Impact of Training on Employee Performance (Banking Sector


Karachi)
1

Rida Athar, 2Faiza Maqbool Shah

(Student of Jinnah University for Women), (Assistant Professor at Jinnah University for Women)
1,2
Bachelors in Business Administration (Business Administration/Jinnah University, Pakistan)

Abstract: The purpose of this research is to determine factors that impact training in banks of Karachi and
how they affect employee performance. The study observe that how training needs establish, how effective the
training methods of banks and their influence of employee performance. Literature review revealed that training
is one of the key element that help employees to gain knowledge and confer motivation ad satisfaction. Training
enhance skills and abilities of employees. Through training employee learn teamwork and integrity. On the
other hand, it also contribute positively towards development of employee performance along with other factors.
The research conclusively find that training affects the performance of employees in banks of Karachi. This is
indicate by the training framework which is designed to achieve organization strategic goals. Data was
collected from Banks of Karachi. Random sampling technique is used by researcher to gather responses from
100 employees through questionnaire. Analysis is done by regression and correlation technique. The findings of
research have shown that the factors of training have positive impact on employee performance of banks of
Karachi.
Keywords: knowledge, satisfaction, skills & abilities, motivation, training, performance

I.

Introduction

In this rapidly changing world, the management and achievement of employees performance is
gradually become more challenging and multi-tasking in an organization. There are continuous efforts and
strategies lying down by many organizations to accomplish their objectives and also achievements of excellence
by gaining competitive advantage. On the other hand employees are required to be creative, competent,
innovative, flexible, and trained enough to handle the information effectively.
Employees training plays an important role as it enhances efficiency of an organization and helps
employees to boost their performance in an efficient manner. There are many reasons that create the barriers to
perform the task such as organization culture and politics. Some of the employees have lack of skills, abilities,
knowledge and competencies due to this they are failed to accomplish task on timely basis (Zuhair Abbas 2014)
Now a days several trainings is obtainable to employees inside the organization, in order to increase
their productivity and decrease the frustration. Most of the time the less capable employees prefer to leave the
job because they have lack of ability to understand the technicalities of the given task (Sahinidis and Bouris
2007). However, workforce is anticipated to learning new stuff and shows their commitment level with positive
involvement in organizational success.
Skilled employees can handle the critical situation in a well-organized manner. Training defined as an
efficient process of getting knowledge, abilities, skills and the behaviour to meet the requirements of the job
(Gomez-Mejia 2207). Training help employees to meet their existing job requirements or helps employees to
increase their productivity. Although, its benefits may spread throughout an employees career and help
employees to meet their future responsibilities.
Organization that doesnt provides training to their employees is failed to compete in the market. It
generally happens because the employees of such organizations are incapable of enhancing their productivity. In
other words, training helps employees to adopt the market chances and make them capable to meet the
technology changes and competition (Dessler 2002).
Training has important role in the achievement of organizational goal by integrating the interest of
organization and the workforce. An employee is the assets and most important resource for an organizations so
those organizations who provides training to their employees increases their productivity (Stone R.2002). The
training and development is an important function for the survival of any organization.
The impact of training is double. From an organization point view, training of employees are essential
for organization operations and advancement. From an employee point of view training activities is important
for skills and development, employee performance and career advancement (Acton & Golden 2002).
There are many factors that influencing the quantity and quality of training activities like internal
change, change in the external environment, the availability of skills in employees etc. (Cole 2002). Training
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Impact of Training on Employee Erformance (Banking Sector Karachi)


enhances knowledge, skills, competencies and attributes ultimately increase worker performance and
productivity of organization.
Todays education systems, do not essentially impart knowledge for job positions in organizations. Due
to this organizations labour force comprises of few employees with right skills, abilities and knowledge required
to fill the job position in the market. So there is a requirement for effective training for employees to improve
their organization productivity and performance.
In the banking sector employee skills and knowledge are important assets that enhance productivity
and performance. This is because, bank is a service industry, the services that bank is provided are delivered into
its employees and the services are consumed by its customers at the same time. The bank employees stand for
services and represent to the customer the quality and value of the banks service. (Aryee 2009).
1.1 Problem Statement
In previous studies, it was reported that the number of employees are not capable enough to perform
the task in an efficient manner in particular and due to which the employee performance in these banks was
termed as one of the main causes of problem in banks inefficiency. The main problem in this study is to what
extent the training impact over employee performance in the banks of Karachi.
Karachi is one of the core economy building regions in the country, the banks performance is
ineffective which disturbs the countrys economy greatly however the bank plays an important role in the
economic system of different countries. Therefore the experienced employees are essentials for the banks in
order to increase their productivity.
Therefore in this research the quantitative study examines how training impact on the performance of
employees in banks. Therefore from the literature review the following problem statement is predicted:
To evaluate the impact of training on employees performance in the banking sector Karachi
1.2 Research Question
1. What is the relationship between performance and training?
2. Does there a relationship between training and employee motivation?
3. What is the relationship between training and job satisfaction?
4. What is the relationship between employee performance and knowledge?
5. What is the relationship between employee performance and skills and abilities?
1.3 Significance of the Study
This research is essential for organizational performance as employees are important assets who can
make the organization work better and if the employees are not skilled and experienced to perform their work
duties and responsibilities then the objectives and goals of organization are not achieved. The impact of
unskilled employees is identified in this research particularly in banks in Karachi.
1.4 Objectives of the Study
The objectives of the study are:
To determine the impact of employee knowledge on organizational performance.
To understand the influence of skills and abilities on organizational performance.
To find out the influence of training on employee motivation.
To identify the impact of training on employee satisfaction.
To recognize the need of employee training in organization.
1.5 Scope of the Study
The outcomes of this research will help and support the banks to identify the factors that influence the
employees training on performance of organization. On the other hand, the research will be helpful in the
department of human resource of every organizations which are trying to increase the productivity of their
employees.
1.6 Limitations of the Study
1. This study will cover only the banks in Karachi, therefore the findings will not apply in any other part
of the country where this type of trouble exists.
2. The study will only deal with the banks only, its findings is not applicable to other financial institutions
that experiencing same problem.
3. The study only deals with employees training, hence factors that have the same impacts to banks as
training are not considered.
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Impact of Training on Employee Erformance (Banking Sector Karachi)


1.7 Delimitations of the Study
1. The study will not reveal the names of the employees and their job position because most of the
employees would not like to share their educational and work information with others.
1.8 Theoretical Framework

II.

Literature Review

Training is very important for employees performance in acquiring competencies and help
organization to retain its employees through satisfaction and motivation. Globally day by day the world is
modernizing and moving rapidly which is creating many challenges for the organizations. Training can
overcome and make an employees capabilities more efficient which also contributes in the efficiency of the
company.
(Zohair Abbas 2014) highlighted training as an essential element to an employee for the development
of the companies because some of the employees have lack of knowledge skills and competencies and failed to
accomplish task on timely basis. The sample has been taken from both males and female employees of National
Bank of Pakistan. The research is descriptive study and its quantitative in nature. Primary data was collected
and although secondary data also used to classify the work done. Study provides an empirical evidence of
factors that effects employees training and performance of organization.
(Mumanthi 2014) highlighted training as there are number of performance concerns about the Kenya
police that have arisen due to lack of taking action, failing to prevent and detect crimes, and police forces
citizens pay bribe to get their constitutional rights. The sample size was three hundred and eight four police
officers. Study was done in Nairobi Kenya and the time period was 2014. Coefficient Reliability was used to
justify the findings. From the findings it was indicated that organization should carry out the training needs
assessment to determine level of performance. He further concludes that proper monitoring and evaluation
influenced the performance of police in Kenya.
According to (Frankin Dang Kum 2014) ineffectiveness of training and development of employees in
the organization reduces the organizational productivity. Data was collected through random sampling method.
Research is limited for the employees of ESCON and the population size was concise 60 out of 87 employees.
He concludes that the companies who invest on human resource management view training as an opportunity
for increasing their long term productivity.
(Asma Mehmood 2012) argue that training influence on organization commitment and retention
towards the performance of employee. The data was collected from 100 employees of the service sector at
Rawalpindi Islamabad Regression methodology has been used in this research. The regression analysis
confirmed that satisfaction and mode for career advancement has direct and useful effect on organizational
commitment and increases work efficiency of the employees. The findings concludes that training has strong
relationship between retention & performance and organizational commitment.
(Azizullah Ghorbani and Dr. Muhammad Ghaffari Fard 2015) highlighted that customers staffs training
is very essential to compete the pressure of challenges which bank industry faces on the daily basis. Random
sampling method was used and research was conducted in Tehran, Iran. They suggested that customers training
is very beneficial to both managers as well as the employees because it affects the performance of employees
and also beneficial in performing non-bank financial activities.
(Githinji Angela 2014) suggested that the training effects the performance of employee among the
international civil servants. A survey research design was used for this study 144 staff of the United Nation
supports office for the African mission in Somalia involved in this research the finding showed that in general
training enhanced employee engagement on change processes.
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Impact of Training on Employee Erformance (Banking Sector Karachi)


(Komal Javaid, Naveed Ahmad & Nadeem Iqbal 2014) highlighted the relationship between training
and its impact on employees performance in telecommunication sector D.G Khan Pakistan. 150 employees
were chosen for the data analysis. Finding showed that the managerial performance is meaningfully resolute
through the training instructed to the personnel they further says training is a significant predecessor of the
performance.
(Cynthia Owusu Boateng 2011) pointed the impact of training on employee performance at SG-SSB.
Descriptive quantitative method was used in the research and related articles of the topics. Finding showed that
indeed training has a significant impact on employee productivity. Training provide benefits to both the
performance employees and the organization through the development of knowledge, skills, competencies,
behavior and abilities.
(Benedicta Appiah 2010) suggested Training enhances knowledge, skills, attributes and competencies
and ultimately worker performance and productivity in organization. Data was collected from 30 employees of
HFC bank Ghana. Cross functional study was used to justify the findings. Findings of the study showed that
training improves the skills, knowledge, abilities, competencies, behavior and confidence of the employee.
(Atola Janepher Adongo 2013) suggested that mostly organization neglects the importance of training
which leads to high turnovers and also increased the cost to hire new employees and finally slowed down the
organizational profitability. 419 employees were chosen for data collection in Telkom orange Kenya.
Correlation methodology used in it. Findings showed that employees feel motivated by the training offered and
indeed many have participated in training programs.
(Mahbuba Sultana 2013) highlighted that effective training increase the productivity of employees.
Data was collected from 1414 employees. The study was done in Dhaka. Correlation methodology was used in
the research. She concludes that employee is the valuable resource for any organization and the success and
failure depends upon the performance and productivity of the employees and this study proves that the training
improves the productivity of the employees.
(Prof Dr. Abdul Ghafoor Awan & Farwa Saeed 2014) suggested that training improved employee
performance. Data was collected from public and private sector bank. Random sampling has been used for data
collection from the public and private sector banks of Lahore, Multan & Dera Ghazi khan. Findings shows that
training is an effective tools for employees success.
(Ms Bushra Muzaffar 2014) highlighted the relationship between training and performance of
employee to design training method for employees in TA. Correlation and Regression analysis represent that
training has significant impact on employees performance. Finding prove that training is significant variables in
influencing employee performance.
(Ahmed Mohamed Mohamud 2014) suggested that training effects the employee performance in public
sector organization of Kenya. Data was collected from 100 staffs of Machakos branch. Data analysis was done
through descriptive statistic. Findings showed training has a significant impact on employee performance and
benefits both the individual employees and the organization at large.
(Ngugi Martha Nyakeo Nyokabi 2014) pointed that training plays an significant role in the
development of competencies of new as well as existing employees for effective performance. Data was
collected from 800 employees of geothermal development company in Nairobi. This study shows the
relationship between training & development and employee performance. Findings shows that the training of
employees is very important factors of both the organization and the employees because it enhances work
performance, motivate employees and build confidence in the employees. The employees should acquire
knowledge and skills which will assist them in improving their performance by applying relevant courses based
on the organizational objectives.
(Tom Ojango Onyango 2012) suggested the influence of training and development on employee
performance at Medete Tea Factory. Descriptive survey method was used and the data was collected through
random sampling method. Findings conclude that if medete tea factory wants to hire and keep quality employees
it is a good policy to invest in training and development.
(Muhammad Ikhlas Khan 2012) highlighted the impact of training in performance of employee some
statistical tools or techniques are applied on data like Person correlation and regression analysis through SPSS
software. 100 employees was taken as a sample size of Habib bank and federal Urdu university of Islamabad.
The findings conclude that training contributes significantly to employees performance so all the organizations
who wants to enhance the capabilities of their employee performance should focus on training.
(Ayman Aakaria Najeeb 2013) pointed the impact of training, information and communication
technology on employees performance. The data was collected from 120 managers of different departments of
the pharmaceutical manufacturing companies. Study concludes that the importance level of training is very high
because through training an employee aware well about the nature of their work and also beneficial to the
organization.
(Pangarso, Mulyaningsih & Saraswati 2014) suggested that training motivates the employee to reach
the target of the organization. The study was done in Indonesia. The simple linear regression methodology
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Impact of Training on Employee Erformance (Banking Sector Karachi)


analysis was used. The data has been collected from electronic state owned company. Findings concludes that
training has a positive effects on employees performance.
(Ekta Srivastava & Dr Nisha Agarwal 2014) highlighted that training is very necessary in this
changing environment. Primary data was collected through questionnaire which was filled from various
branches of axis bank and secondary data was collected from annual reports of syndicate banks and axis banks
for the year 2008 to 2013 and from RBI publication. The findings conclude that training in private sector bank is
better than public sector banks. In future training should be easy to understand so that it will beneficial for the
banks as well as to the employees.

III.

Methodology

This research is quantitative study which is descriptive in nature and based on primary data collection
methods. On the other hand, secondary data is also gathered from research articles to justify this research. The
sample is taken from both male and female managers and operational mangers working in banks of Karachi.
Questionnaire is developed for managers and operation managers of banks of Karachi. In this study, the nonprobability method is used as a sample technique. Regression and correlation analysis is used to present the
findings. The deductive approach is used in this research.
3.2 Population and Sample
In this research population is the whole category of managers and operation managers of banks of
Karachi. It is next to impossible to study a whole population, therefore small portion of the population is used as
a sample. It is difficult to recognize structures of the sample which it holds, so the results can be simplified in
wider population. Sample has been taken from accessible population i.e. group of managers having similar
characteristics. The sample is taken from both male and female managers and operational managers working in
banks of Karachi.
Sample Size Calculation
In this research the sample size is calculated through the Taro Yamane formula
n=
N
1 + N * (e) 2
n=
500
1 + 500* (0.1) 2
n=
100
n = the sample size
N = the population of banks
e = the acceptable sampling error
3.3 Research Hypothesis
H1: There is no relationship between employee knowledge and motivation.
H1: There is a relationship between employee knowledge and motivation.
H2: There is no relationship between employee knowledge and satisfaction.
H2: There is a relationship between employee knowledge and satisfaction.
H3: There is no relationship between skills and abilities and employee motivation.
H3: There is a relationship between skills and abilities and employee motivation.
H4: There is no relationship between skills and abilities and employee satisfaction.
H4: There is a relationship between skills and abilities and employee satisfaction.

IV.

Data Analysis

4.1 Hypothesis 1
Correlation
Descriptive Statistics
Stress level and motivation.
Technical knowledge

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Mean
4.1700
4.1100

Std. Deviation
.68246
.61783

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N
100
100

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Impact of Training on Employee Erformance (Banking Sector Karachi)


Correlations

Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
Pearson Correlation
Technical knowledge
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
**. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).

Stress level
motivation.
1

Stress level and motivation.

100
.338**
.001
100

and Technical
knowledge
.338**
.001
100
1
100

Regression
Model

Model Summary
R Square
Adjusted R Square

1
.338a
.115
.106
a. Predictors: (Constant), Technical knowledge

Model

Sum of Squares
Regression
5.283
1
Residual
40.827
Total
46.110
a. Dependent Variable: Stress level and motivation.
b. Predictors: (Constant), Technical knowledge

ANOVAa
Df
1
98
99

Coefficientsa
Unstandardized Coefficients

Model

B
(Constant)
2.633
1
Technical knowledge
.374
a. Dependent Variable: Stress level and motivation.

Std. Error
.436
.105

Std. Error of the


Estimate
.64544

Mean Square
5.283
.417

F
12.682

Standardized
Coefficients
Beta
.338

Sig.
.001b

Sig.

6.035
3.561

.000
.001

4.2 Hypothesis 2
Correlation
Descriptive Statistics
Knowledge
and
employee
performance
Training program method

Mean

Std. Deviation

4.1100

.68009

100

3.9200

.81253

100

Correlations

Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
Pearson Correlation
Training program method
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
**. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).
Knowledge
performance

and

employee

Knowledge
employee
performance
1
100
.363**
.000
100

and Training
method

program

.363**
.000
100
1
100

Regression
Model

Model Summary
R Square
Adjusted R Square

1
.363a
.132
.123
a. Predictors: (Constant), Knowledge and employee performance

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Std. Error of the


Estimate
.76083

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Impact of Training on Employee Erformance (Banking Sector Karachi)


ANOVAa
Model

Sum of Squares
df
Regression
8.631
1
1
Residual
56.729
98
Total
65.360
99
a. Dependent Variable: Training program method
b. Predictors: (Constant), Knowledge and employee performance

Mean Square
8.631
.579

Coefficientsa
Unstandardized Coefficients

Model

F
14.910

Standardized
Coefficients
Beta

B
Std. Error
(Constant)
2.136
.468
1Knowledge and employee
.434
.112
performance
a. Dependent Variable: Training program method

Sig.
.000b

.363

Sig.

4.560

.000

3.861

.000

4.3 Hypothesis 3
Correlation
Descriptive Statistics
Employees skills and abilities
Motivation of employees.

Mean
4.1800
4.2300

Std. Deviation
.70180
.67950

N
100
100

Correlations
Employees
and abilities
1

Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
Pearson Correlation
Motivation of employees.
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
**. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).
Employees skills and abilities

100
.357**
.000
100

skills Motivation
employees.
.357**
.000
100
1

of

100

Regression
Model Summary
Model
R

R Square

Adjusted R Square

1
.357a
.128
.119
a. Predictors: (Constant), Employees skills and abilities
ANOVAa
Model

Sum of Squares
df
Regression
5.830
1
1
Residual
39.880
98
Total
45.710
99
a. Dependent Variable: Motivation of employees.
b. Predictors: (Constant), Employees skills and abilities

Model

Coefficientsa
Unstandardized Coefficients

B
(Constant)
2.785
1
Employees skills and abilities
.346
a. Dependent Variable: Motivation of employees.

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Std. Error
.387
.091

Std. Error of the


Estimate
.63792

Mean Square
5.830
.407

Standardized
Coefficients
Beta
.357

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F
14.326

Sig.
.000b

Sig.

7.193
3.785

.000
.000

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Impact of Training on Employee Erformance (Banking Sector Karachi)


4.4 Hypothesis: 4
Correlation
Descriptive Statistics
Mean
4.1800
3.9200

Employees skills and abilities


Training program method

Std. Deviation
.70180
.81253

N
100
100

Correlations
Employees
and abilities
1

Pearson Correlation
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
Pearson Correlation
Training program method
Sig. (2-tailed)
N
**. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).
Employees skills and abilities

100
.344**
.000
100

skills Training
method
.344**
.000
100
1

program

100

Regression
Model

Model Summary
R Square
Adjusted R Square

1
.344a
.119
.110
a. Predictors: (Constant), Employees skills and abilities

Std. Error of the


Estimate
.76672

ANOVAa
Model
Regression

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

Sig.

7.750

7.750

13.184

.000b

Residual
57.610
98
Total
65.360
99
a. Dependent Variable: Training program method
b. Predictors: (Constant), Employees skills and abilities
Coefficientsa
Model

.588

Unstandardized Coefficients

B
(Constant)
2.253
1
Employees skills and abilities
.399
a. Dependent Variable: Training program method

Std. Error
.465
.110

V.

Standardized
Coefficients
Beta
.344

Sig.

4.843
3.631

.000
.000

Findings

Hypothesis 1: Correlation results indicate that there is a relationship between employee knowledge and
motivation (sig= 0.001 r= 0.338). R is the multiple correlation coefficients, between the predicated values of
motivation the dependent variable and employee knowledge the independent variable. Adjusted R-square shows
that 0.106 of the variance is explained by knowledge the independent variable which means 10.6% of the
change in the motivation the dependent variable. Std. Error of the estimated is 0.64544 compared with the mean
of the Predicted value of the dependent variable. Constant coefficient tells that when employee knowledge is
zero employee motivation were increase by 2.633. The null hypothesis is reject because the p value is less than
threshold = 0.05.
Equation: stress level & motivation= 2.633 + 0.374 technical knowledge
A 1 unit increase in knowledge is associated with a unit increase in the average of motivation.
Hypothesis 2: Correlation results indicate that there is a relationship between employee knowledge and
satisfaction (sig= 0.000 r= 0.363). R is the multiple correlation coefficients, between the predicated values of
satisfaction the dependent variable and employee knowledge the independent variable. Adjusted R-square shows
that 0.123 of the variance is explained by knowledge the independent variable which means 12.3% of the
change in the satisfaction the dependent variable. Std. Error of the estimated is 0.76083 compared with the mean
of the Predicted value of the dependent variable. Constant coefficient tells that when employee knowledge is
zero employee satisfaction were increase by 2.136. The null hypothesis is reject because the p value is less than
threshold = 0.05.
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Impact of Training on Employee Erformance (Banking Sector Karachi)


Equation: training program method = 2.136 + 0.434 knowledge & employee performance
A 1 unit increase in knowledge is associated with a unit increase in the average of satisfaction.
Hypothesis 3: Correlation results indicate that there is a relationship between skills and abilities and motivation
(sig= 0.000 r= 0.357). R is the multiple correlation coefficients, between the predicated values of motivation the
dependent variable and Skills and abilities the independent variable. Adjusted R-square shows that 0.119 of the
variance is explained by skills & abilities the independent variable which means 11.9% of the change in the
motivation the dependent variable. Std. Error of the estimated is 0.63792 compared with the mean of the
Predicted value of the dependent variable. Constant coefficient tells that when skills and abilities is zero
employee motivation were increase by 2.785. The null hypothesis is reject because the p value is less than
threshold = 0.05.
Equation: motivation of employees = 2.785+ 0.346 employee skills & abilities
A 1 unit increase in skills & abilities is associated with a unit increase in the average of motivation.
Hypothesis 4: Correlation results indicate that there is a relationship between skills and abilities and satisfaction
(sig= 0.000 r= 0.344). R is the multiple correlation coefficients, between the predicated values of satisfaction the
dependent variable and skills and abilities the independent variable. Adjusted R-square shows that 0.110 of the
variance is explained by skills & abilities the independent variable which means 11% of the change in the
satisfaction the dependent variable. Std. Error of the estimated is 0.76672 compared with the mean of the
Predicted value of the dependent variable. Constant coefficient tells that when skills and abilities is zero
employee satisfaction were increase by 2.253. The null hypothesis is reject because the p value is less than
threshold = 0.05.
Equation: training program method = 2.253 + 0.399 employee skill & abilities
A 1 unit increase in skills & abilities is associated with a unit increase in the average of satisfaction.

VI.

Conclusion

The result of this research have shown that the factors of training have positive impact on employee
performance of Banks of Karachi. Despite of that, this research has provided precious information and
knowledge to banks about the importance of training in in increasing employee performance. As a result, it can
be conclude that the banks which provide training to their employees in a proper way can gain substantial
improvement in performance and productivity and can deal more number of customers with satisfaction.
Training is compulsory for employees to enhance knowledge, skills and abilities that provide extensive support
to increase the performance of banks of Karachi.
Performance of the relationship depends on the worker responsibility which is to be determined by HR
technique of the training and development. By giving additional training stages in the association workforce
become involved to gain further information about their occupation which finally supports them in
accomplishment of campaigns between their peer assemblies.
In this global age of technology, training has become very essential as the organizations introduces new
and advance technologies in their workplace. So it is compulsory for all the banks to provide advanced training
to their employees for the betterment of their performance.
The key findings of this research study are stress level and motivation, technical knowledge, training
program method, knowledge and employee performance and motivation of employees which shows a strong
positive relationship with employee performance. It shows that bank is practising a talent management program
to accomplish their current and future needs which help them to compete with rapid changes in working
environment. Moreover, leadership style is the key element for the banks growth, banks that have good
leadership makes good environment for employees to accomplish tasks effectively.
6.1 Recommendations
In this research after discussing about the facts and findings researcher recommendations are as follows:
This study provides an empirical indication of factor that affects training and employee performance
that can provide understandings for banking sector of Karachi.
Motivational training program should be originated for employees to develop motivational trait.
Training program is an essential tool for developing employees skills and abilities and knowledge.
Every bank should implement it.
Banks existing training program are effective but banks should also work on enabling employees to
improve their capability and deal with technological system.
Banks should launch effective training program for their employees so that they can easily tackle the
challenging situation of working environments.

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Impact of Training on Employee Erformance (Banking Sector Karachi)


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DOI: 10.9790/487X-171115867

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