68 views

Uploaded by FP

p

- SNAME Transactions - 2nd Generation Intact Stability Criteria
- Bottom Slamming Fora Very Large Floating Structure
- Damage Detection Frm Mode Shape 1
- Frahm Dumper System
- Differential eqns_appplications.pdf
- Pr 2009011 Erv
- Seismic Equip Bom 3 7 r11
- Gensets
- Modeling of the Damped Oscillations of the Viscous Beams Structures With Swivel Joints for Harmonic Mode
- Prof.nakata July16 APSS2010
- Machining Dynamics
- A Study on Comparison of Percentage Steel and Concrete Quantities of A R.C Irregular Building in Different Seismic Zones
- Damping Ratio
- 01two Degree
- CAMS M6 FD Seakeeping Models
- p29
- Chuong 7. Bai Toan Dong
- Ansts Tutorials
- 12606239_Design of Semi-Active Tuned Mass Damper Building
- Tanks Lecture 2

You are on page 1of 27

Responding to 1940 El Centro Earthquake

The next several slides present an example similar to the previous one

but the story stiffnesses and masses are uniform.

Example 2 (Continued)

These are the mass and stiffness matrices of the structure. Note again

that the stiffness matrix is highly idealized for this example.

The damping matrix is not needed because the damping in the various

modes is assigned directly (Wilson damping).

Example 2 (Continued)

Note that the mode shapes have been scaled to produce a unit positive

displacement at the top of the structure for each mode. It is often more

convenient to scale such that f T M f 1 . 0 .

i

The generalized mass matrix for the system with the modes as

normalized to the left are 1.0 for each mode. The example uses

the mode shapes shown on the right.

Example 2 (Continued)

that the first mode period of vibration, 1.82 seconds, is more

appropriate for a 10-story building than it is for a 3-story

structure.

Example 2 (Continued)

This slide shows the generalized mass matrix. These masses are

appropriate for the modes and should not be confused with the

story masses. The magnitude of the generalized mass terms is a

function of the mode shape normalization technique used.

Example 2 (Continued)

been computed for each mode. The magnitude of the generalized

effective earthquake force is also a function of the mode

normalization technique used.

The values shown in the lower equation are NOT the modal

participation factors. To get the participation factors, the

equation for each mode must be divided by the generalized mass

for that mode.

Example 2 (Continued)

Note that except for the formation of the generalized mass terms,

the other generalized constants need not be computed as all that

is needed are the modal frequencies and damping ratios. Note

each mode.

The values shown on the RHS of the last set of equations

are the modal participation factors times -1.

This slide shows the modal participation factors and how their

magnitudes depend on mode shape scaling.

mode. The sum of the effective mass for each mode must be the

total mass. Most analysts use enough modes to account for no

less than 90% of the total mass.

Example 2 (Continued)

analyzed via NONLIN.

After each modal time history response has been computed,

they can be combined through the use of EXCEL and the

NONLIN.XL1 files that may be written for each mode.

Example 2 (Continued)

mode. These are the modal amplitudes, not the system

displacements. The yellow dot shown in each history points out

the location of the maximum (positive or negative) displacement

response for that mode.

Note that the plots are drawn to different vertical scales.

Note that these maxima generally do not occur at the same

times. Also note that the magnitudes of the modal response

used.

Example 2 (Continued)

displacements are drawn to the same scale. Note that the

displacement in Mode 3 are very small when compared to

be eliminated from the analysis with little introduction of error.

Note also the apparent difference in the frequency content

of the modal response.

Example 2 (Continued)

shape matrix, the time histories of the displacements at each

story are obtained. Essentially, we are transforming coordinates

from modal space back to the original story DOF. The equation

at the bottom of the slide shows how the time history of

displacements at the first story was obtained. The factors in the

equation are the amplitudes of the 1st,2nd and 3rd modes at DOF

U3.

Example 2 (Continued)

obtained.

Example 2 (Continued)

structure at the time of maximum displacement.

Note that the maximum displacement, shear and

overturning moments do not necessarily occur at the same point

in time. ( The following slide is needed to prove the point).

Example 2 (Continued)

structure at the time of maximum first-story shear.

overturning moments do not necessarily occur at the same point

in time. (The previous slide is needed to prove the point).

Note that the inertial force pattern is not even close to

upper triangular.

use a response spectrum to compute the maximum

response in each mode.

These maxima are generally nonconcurrent.

Combine the maximum modal response using some

statistical technique, such as square root of the sum of the

squares (SRSS) or complete quadric combination (CQC).

The technique is approximate.

It is the basis for the equivalent lateral force (ELF) method.

approach. Here, the individual modal displacements are obtained

from a response spectrum and then the modal quantities are

accurate enough for design.

Centro displacement response spectrum at periods corresponding

to Modes 1,2 and 3 of the example structure.

In the response spectrum approach, these modal maxima

are used in lieu of the full response histories obtained from direct

integration of the uncoupled equations of motion.

Example 2 (Continued)

need to be scaled by the appropriate factors shown on the right

hand side of the individual modal equations of motion. Recall

that these scale factors are the modal participation factors. There

is no need to retain the signs because the signs will be lost when

the modes are combined.

coordinates are the same as the maxima obtained from the

maxima occur at different points in time.

Example 2 (Continued)

mode shapes by the values from the response spectrum.

Example 2 (Continued)

combination techniques, sum of absolute values and square root

of the sum of the squares (SRSS). For very complicated

structures with closely spaced modes, the complete quadratic

combination (CQC) is preferred. The CQC method reduces to

the SRSS method when the modes are not closely spaced. SAP

2000, ETABS, RAMFRAME, and most commercial programs

use the CQC approach.

Note the similarity between SRSS and the response history

results. The comparison is particularly good when the response

spectrum values are compared with the envelope values from the

response history.

Example 2 (Continued)

modal displacements. These will be used to compute modal story

shears. Note that the interstory drifts are not obtained from the

SRSSed displacements shown in the previous slide.

Example 2 (Continued)

To obtain the shears the drifts remultiplied by story stiffness k.

Example 2 (Continued)

story shears were not obtained from the SRSS response of the

modal displacements.

Note the remarkable similarity in results form the exact

envelope values, and from the response spectrum approach. This

degree of correlation is somewhat unusual.

- SNAME Transactions - 2nd Generation Intact Stability CriteriaUploaded byAdvan Zuidplas
- Bottom Slamming Fora Very Large Floating StructureUploaded byVahid Rt
- Damage Detection Frm Mode Shape 1Uploaded byAbdul Khader Shahadaf
- Frahm Dumper SystemUploaded byZiggy Gregory
- Differential eqns_appplications.pdfUploaded byjeyaselvanm
- Pr 2009011 ErvUploaded byDusan Petrovic
- Seismic Equip Bom 3 7 r11Uploaded byAdemar Cardoso
- GensetsUploaded byKhay Saad
- Modeling of the Damped Oscillations of the Viscous Beams Structures With Swivel Joints for Harmonic ModeUploaded byInternational Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology
- Machining DynamicsUploaded bySabareeswaran Murugesan
- A Study on Comparison of Percentage Steel and Concrete Quantities of A R.C Irregular Building in Different Seismic ZonesUploaded byIRJET Journal
- CAMS M6 FD Seakeeping ModelsUploaded bycharlie lim
- Prof.nakata July16 APSS2010Uploaded byStefan Stanca
- Damping RatioUploaded bySravanthi Mehar
- p29Uploaded byLuis Riv
- Ansts TutorialsUploaded byapi-3833671
- 01two DegreeUploaded byGinu Thomas
- Chuong 7. Bai Toan DongUploaded byTrương Duy
- 12606239_Design of Semi-Active Tuned Mass Damper BuildingUploaded byBasilio Splvd
- Tanks Lecture 2Uploaded byMadhukar Gaikwad
- awarchive (2)Uploaded byArkopal Nandy
- Classical Wave Equation and Separation of VariablesUploaded byChandra Prakash
- 1707.02455_APIUploaded byAlexander Itin
- NE_1_3Uploaded bykeinhuat79
- Paper 149 Advanced Seismic Analysis Methods and their Application to Earthquake Damaged Tall Building Repair and Strengthening Design.pdfUploaded byAngga Fajar Setiawan
- Chuck Yeung, An-Chang Shi, Jaan Noolandi and Rashmi C. Desai- Anisotropic fluctuations in ordered copolymer phasesUploaded byGlade680
- IJESE.pdfUploaded bySudan Shrestha
- 04_FlightDynamicsModalAnalysisUploaded byGiovanni Gozzini
- Breukels_571-0371 (1)Uploaded bySami Bennour
- MRE Properties Under Shear and Squeeze ModesUploaded byUmanath R Poojary R

- Group Process Evaluation(Remade)Uploaded byFP
- Dotnetcore PresentationUploaded byFP
- DotNetcore PresentationUploaded byFP
- netcore presentation.pptxUploaded byFP
- Modal Analysis Response of MdofUploaded byParaschiv Victor
- sensors-11-03640Uploaded byFP
- netcore presentation.pptxUploaded byFP
- Web+Information_IT%28MNT_SIGNAGE_MTV%29_EU_Turkey_No.032_25UM55%2825UM55D%29_20140815+Revised.pdfUploaded byFP

- Mechanism of Action for Nonpharmacological Therapies for Individuals With DementiaalioUploaded byBeto Rebolledo
- Practica 2 Series Fourier 2014Uploaded byJohn Peter Sosa Gutierrez
- Nsf DocsUploaded byVîpzz Vîpûl
- g&t policyUploaded byBCCCS
- 26 February-4 March 2011Uploaded bypratidin
- 5._okd_form_aUploaded byJofh Ebajo
- Earth Science Homework Help - ScholarAnswerUploaded byScholarAnswer
- CSA Courses Cases MigraineUploaded byمرتديلامرتديلا
- What is MootingUploaded byAlbert Saddam Hipol Subang
- Kenneth Culbreth v. Amosa (Pty) Ltd., Cape Asbestos Fibers, Cape Asbestos S.A. (Pvt) United, Ltd., Cape Industries, Charter Consolidated Investments, Ltd., Charter Consolidated P.L.C., Huxley Development Corporation, Special Material Wisconsin, Transvaal & Consolidated Land, Turner & Newall, Ltd., 898 F.2d 13, 3rd Cir. (1990)Uploaded byScribd Government Docs
- AFS COPA & PCUploaded byMadiha Maan
- Uso de RatherUploaded bycarlino1963
- Www Lifecare123 Com Greg Vigna Md Jd Cauda Equina Syndrome Deserves ComprehensivUploaded bycharity_bush123
- a Chronology of the BibleUploaded byMin Hotep Tzaddik Bey
- Staff PlanningUploaded byAde Roy Renaldo
- How to Facilitate a Role Play - HandoutUploaded byJaleel Abdulla
- AQA-8271-SP-2016 copyUploaded byjamesmcevoysteve
- Application Choral Music 2014 15Uploaded byFullerton Sings
- YOU AND YOUR LIFE...YOUR WAY....YOUR DESTINATIONUploaded bypvnsrinivas
- Reinventing Organizations Illustrated (161028)Uploaded byBogdan David
- 8 Kingdom Principles of Sowing and ReapingUploaded byadelani_oni
- Bp-22 and Pd 1689Uploaded byMae Niagara
- History Macleod'sUploaded byPAUL KAY FOSTER MACKENZIE
- Live Life, Stay Safe (choral speaking).docUploaded byArlynne Zainal
- Leadgen Ux PlaybookUploaded byPetrovic Tamara
- Rfc 3261Uploaded bySamin Afnan
- sample testUploaded byArgie Florendo
- Liber A'ash vel Capricorni.pdfUploaded byibarzabal
- Loyalty Nomos LivUploaded byAlexandru V. Cuccu
- lesson 3 ppUploaded byapi-286931746