You are on page 1of 10

COMMUNICATIONS ENGINEERING PART 9

TELEPHONY
Multiple Choice. Encircle the letter which corresponds to your
answer.
1. In International Telephone Numbering, a digit or combination
of digits characterizing the called numbering area within a
country is called ______ code.
a. local
b. CCITT
c. Baudot
d. Area
2. The last two digit of the loaded cable designation 22E66
indicates
a.
b.
c.
d.

spacing
coil inductance
wire gauge
attenuation

3. A condition of a telephone handset, in which it can be called,


is _______condition.
a.
b.
c.
d.

on-hook
off-hook
busy
none of these

4. When digits 3 is dialed using touch tone system, the amount


of time needed to send the tone is
a.
b.
c.
d.

0.1 sec
50 msec
0.25 sec
0.25 usec

5. A telephone number perform the following operations


except
a. To route the call
b. To activate the necessary apparatus for proper call
charging

c. To order clearing of connection


d. None of the above
6. The number to be dialed or called to reach a subscriber in
the same local network or numbering area is
a.
b.
c.
d.

Local Code
Area code
Toll access Code
Subscriber No.

7. That part of the telephone network between the telephone


instrument at the subscriber premises and the central office
equipment is called the __________
a.
b.
c.
d.

Inter-office trunk
Tie Line
Subscriber loop
Service drop wire

8. A line linking telephone Central Offices is called _________


line.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Tie
Inter- office trunk
Routing
Connector

9. A signaling technique wherein a number of voice paths is


carried over one common channel instead of having
individual voice channels
a.
b.
c.
d.

In band singnaling
Out of band singnaling
Common channel singnaling
Alternate channel singnaling

10. ________is a unit of telephone traffic defined as one user


making a call of one second duration.
a.
b.
c.
d.

CCS
Call-second
Erlangs
Call-hour

11. During a busy hour in a telephone system an average of one


call is lost, then the grade of service is considered to be:
a.
b.
c.
d.

1.01
10%
0.10%
0.01

12. If a busy counts are made during the span of 15 minutes,


and the average number of occupied circuit is found to be 8,
then the traffic, in Erlang, is:
a.
b.
c.
d.

2
8
6
4

13. In a standard CCITT group, 12 channels FDM, the carrier


frequency of channel No. 1 is ____________
a.
b.
c.
d.

100 kHz
104 kHz
108 kHz
60 kHz

14. In the FDM hierarchy, a mastergroup is composed of ten


supergroups and is equivalent to
a.
b.
c.
d.

600 Channels
60 Channels
180 Channels
120 Channels

c. A or B
d. A and B
17. This refers to loop AC reference frequency measured in
decibels
a.
b.
c.
d.

Signaling limits
Resistance limit
Attenuation limit
All of these

18. An induction coil which is a multiple winding transformer


intended to interface a 2-wire circuit to a 4-wire circuit to
permit two-way transmission of signals.
a.
b.
c.
d.

hybrid function
speech transformer
transmission regulation circuit
A or B

19. A subscriber loop signaling method in which signaling


information is indicated by the presence and absence of a
battery and ground condition on the line at the called end of
the trunk.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Wet Dry
Reverse Battery
High - Low
Supervisory

20. An arrangement where the only possible connection


between a number of exchanges is through a single tandem
or transit exchange where they are all connected.

15. The approximation process in PCM creates noise called:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Thermal
White Noise
Quantizing Noise
Agitation Noise

16. The criteria to be considered in designing a telephone


system
a. Attenuation limit
b. Resistance limit

a.
b.
c.
d.

mesh
star
composite
ring

21. CCITT recommendation E-161 recommends that not more


than _____ digits make up an international number,
excluding the international prefix.
a. 10
b. 12
c. 16
d. 20
22. The following are the transmission media used for telephone
systems except:
a.
b.
c.
d.

parallel wire
coaxial cable
fiber optics
NOTA

26. For crosstalk to be considered intelligible, at least _____


words are intelligible to the listener in a seven second
period.
a.
b.
c.
d.

5
6
4
3

27. Noise that is non-continuous, consisting of irregular pulses


or noise spikes of short duration and of relatively high
amplitude.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Solar
Intermodulation
Impulse
Crosstalk

23. The subscriber loop provides the following except:


a.
b.
c.
d.

talk battery
ringing voltage
telephone dial
current during on hook

24. A method of multiplexing in which the total frequency


spectrum available is used by each channel, but only for part
of the time.
a.
b.
c.
d.

FDM
TDM
SDM
GSM

28. The signal to noise ratio for voice based on customer


satisfaction is
a.
b.
c.
d.

30 dB
45 dB
15 dB
20 dB

29. dBa is a noise unit which uses a tone of 1000 Hz and a


power level of
a.
b.
c.
d.

-85 dBm
-90 dBm
85 dBm
-80dBm

25. The primary cause of echo and singing is


a.
b.
c.
d.

intermodulation noise
crosstalk
impedance mismatch
thermal noise

30. The average intensity in one or more traffic paths occupied


in the busy hour by one 2-minute call or for an aggregate
duration of two minutes.
a.
b.
c.
d.

CCS
Cm
Erlang
EBHC

31. A method of handling lost calls wherein a call failing to


immediately find a server, waits enters a queue until one
becomes available.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Lost Calls Cleared


Lost Calls Held
Lost Calls Delayed
NOTA

32. The main terminal used as cross connection point for cables
300 pairs and above.
a.
b.
c.
d.

MTTC
MDF
DP
TTC

36. An electronic circuit which is inserted into the 4-wire trunk


path effectively to block the passage of reflected signal
energy.
a.
b.
c.
d.

echo suppressor
loading coil
loop extender
telephone amplifier

37. The following are signaling functions except:


a.
b.
c.
d.

ringing signals
address signals
supervisory signals
NOTA

38. The standard spacing for 19-D-88 cable loading code is


33. For PCM, the sampling theorem states that the sampling
frequency must be ________ the highest frequency
contained in the analog signal.
a.
b.
c.
d.

twice
more than twice
less than twice
equal to

34. A group of sixty voice grade channels with a bandwidth of


240 KHz is called a
a.
b.
c.
d.

group
supergroup
mastergroup
jumbogroup

35. On the subscriber's telephone set employing the touch tone


technique, how many signals are transmitted to the
telephone exchange for every button that is pressed?
a.
b.
c.
d.

2 VHF signals
1 VHF and 1 AF
2 AF tones
16 AF tones

a.
b.
c.
d.

700 ft.
6000 ft.
4500 ft.
3000 ft.

39. A telephone exchange has a subscriber loop limit of 1800


ohms, excluding the telephone instrument. What is the
farthest distance, in miles, that a subscriber can be located
away from the telephone exchange, if AWG 26 cable, which
has a resistance of 431 ohms/loop mile, is used?
a.
b.
c.
d.

5.95
8.18
3.9
4.18

40. The Strowger or step-by-step system falls under what type of


switching control system?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Manual
Progressive
Common
automatic

41. For building telephone facilities, the size of entrance conduit


shall not be less than _______ in diameter.
a.
b.
c.
d.

30 mm
50 mm
60 mm
75 mm

42. In telephony, tone dialing takes _________ time than pulse


dialing.
a.
b.
c.
d.

less
more
about the same
cant be determined

47. The voice frequency channel pass band is:


a.
b.
c.
d.

0 to 4000 Hz
300 to 3000 Hz
to carry only speech
all of the preceding

48. What is used to transmit more than one conversation over a


path?
a.
b.
c.
d.

hybrid
tandem
multiplexing
all of the above

49. The common channel interoffice signaling method


43. A telephone service wherein calls are rerouted into a preassigned station is called ____________.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Camp-On
Call Forwarding
Call Barring
Abbreviated Dialing

a. uses the same channel for signaling as for the related


conversation
b. is used on local loops
c. uses a separate channel for signaling only
d. comes the signaling for one related conversation
50. Telephone switching is accomplished by

44. What type of control system Crossbar switches are


operating?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Manual
Progressive
Common
automatic

45. PABX stands for


a.
b.
c.
d.

Private All-purpose Broadcasting Exchange


Private Automatic Branch Exchange
Public Access Bidirectional Exchange
Public Address Broadcasting Exchange

46. A trunk is
a.
b.
c.
d.

the base of a communication tower


a telephone line connecting two C.O.s
a line connecting one telephone set to the PABX
the structure where antenna are attached

a.
b.
c.
d.

Manual Switchboard
Step-by-step Switches
Crossbar switches
Any of the preceding

51. The step-by-step switch


a.
b.
c.
d.

was invented by Strowger


generates much noise
operates using a system of electromechanical switches
all of these

52. The telephone was invented by


a.
b.
c.
d.

James Watson
Alexander Graham Bell
Philip Reis
Almon Strowger

53. A switching network capable of providing a path from every


inlet link to every outlet link in the absence of traffic.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Concentration
Blocking
Full availability switch
Crosspoint

54. An exchange primarily used as a switching point for traffic


between other exchanges is
a. Transfer system
b. Transit Exchange
c. Connecting Point
d. Tandem Exchange
55. A telephone switch is an example of ____ switching
a.
b.
c.
d.

packet
message
circuit
virtual circuit

58. A telephone switching system with a capacity of 100 lines


could assign telephone numbers from
a.
b.
c.
d.

0001 1000
000-999
0000-1000
001 999

59. The following are the building blocks of a Step-by-Step


Switching System except:
a.
b.
c.
d.

marker
linefinder
selector
connector

60. Which has longer subscriber loop length, the Central Office
Switching equipment having a resistance limit of
a.
b.
c.
d.

500 ohms
1000 ohms
1500 ohms
2000 ohms

56. The local loop of a telephone system is


61. A fax transmission is usually at a _______ mode.
a. a two-wire communication circuit between a customers
premise
and the central office
b. a group of wires connecting a telephone set to a modem
c. a four wire circuit connecting a fax machine to a
computer
d. a single piece of wire connecting the subscribers
telephone to another telephone set.
57. Identical telephone numbers in different parts of the country
are distinguished by their
a.
b.
c.
d.

access codes
country codes
trunk prefixes
area codes

a.
b.
c.
d.

simplex
half-duplex
full duplex
multiplex

62. A permanent circuit for private use within a communications


network
a.
b.
c.
d.

two wire
4-wire
switched
leased

63. The class of exchange with the primary function of


connecting central offices when a direct trunk is not
available.
a.
b.
c.
d.

local
gateway
toll
tandem

68. The minimum size for an entrance conduit for building


telephone facilities.
a.
b.
c.
d.

50 mm
50 cm
65 mm
65 cm

69. The size of entrance conduit for a 100 pair entrance cable.
64. Dial tone, busy tone and ring back tones are examples of
_______ signals.
a.
b.
c.
d.

supervisory
address
musical
digital

65. How much time in seconds is saved if we use Touch Tone


Dialing instead of Pulse Dialing to call telephone number
781-10-05?
a.
b.
c.
d.

3.55
7.75
7.55
7.15

66. With attenuation limit at 6 dB, what is the length of cable


using gauge 26 with attenuation of 1.61 dB per km.
a.
b.
c.
d.

1.3 km
4.7 km
3.7 km
2.5 km

67. The maximum length for 1300-ohm signaling or loop


resistance using AWG No. 26 wire with 133.9 ohm per km.
a.
b.
c.
d.

5.2 km
4.7 km
7.5 km
9.7 km

a.
b.
c.
d.

50 mm
65 mm
75 mm.
100 mm.

70. The backboard color for the house or riser cable.


a.
b.
c.
d.

yellow
white
blue
red

71. The maximum span from telephone pole to the building for
an aerial entrance cable.
a.
b.
c.
d.

30 m
600 mm
45 m
5.5 m

72. The sampling period for telephone signals.


a.
b.
c.
d.

8000 Hz.
125 sec.
6400 Hz.
100 sec.

73. The inability to interconnect two idle lines connected to a


switching network due to all possible paths are in use.
a.
b.
c.
d.

Concentration
Blocking
Full availability
Crosspoint

74. The minimum depth for an underground entrance conduit


under areas used for vehicular traffic inside private property.
a.
b.
c.
d.

300 mm
600 mm
50 mm
1m

75. The minimum clearance for aerial entrance cables over


areas accessible to pedestrians is
a.
b.
c.
d.

4.5 m
5.5 m
3.5 m
6.5 m

80. The name of the device invented by Johann Philipp Reis in


1860 which could transmit a musical tone over a wire to a
distance point.
a.
b.
c.
d.

harmonic telegraph
phonograph
telephone
radio

81. When was the first complete sentence ever transmitted by


the telephone?
a.
b.
c.
d.

1860
1876
1892
1905

76. The steel gauge of the outdoor MTTC.


a.
b.
c.
d.

16
18
20
22

77. PAM is:


a.
b.
c.
d.

a pulse system immune from noise


a digital system
a popular system for telephone transmissions
an analog system

78. A suitable sampling rate for a signal containing frequency


components between 40 Hz and 4 kHz would be:
a.
b.
c.
d.

10 kHz
80 Hz
90 Hz
4.04 kHz

79. Quantization noise can be reduced by:


a.
b.
c.
d.

taking samples at a faster rate


using a PCM system
increasing the number of standard amplitude
using higher amplitude signals

82. Who invented the first practical system for the electrical
switching of calls installed in 1892?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Bell
Watson
Edison
Strowger

83. What part of the conventional telephone set the transmitter


and receiver unit are located?
a.
b.
c.
d.

dial
base
keypad
handset

84. The type of transmitter widely used in the conventional


telephone set.
a.
b.
c.
d.

carbon
ceramic
piezoelectric
electromagnetic

85. Who invented the first carbon type transmitter?


a.
b.
c.
d.

c. loop dialing
d. e & m dialing

Bell
Watson
Gray
Edison

91. What is the standard bandwidth of voice channel according


to CCITT recommendations?

86. The type of receiver widely used in the conventional


telephone set.
a.
b.
c.
d.

electromagnetic
ceramic
carbon
piezoelectric

2
4
7
12

88. In the telephone


performed by
a.
b.
c.
d.

industry,

BORSCHT

functions

are

subscriber line interface


cross point matrix
switching network
connector switch

dial tone
side tone
echo
singing

90. The type of dialing possible for telephone set with rotary dial.
a. tone dialing
b. pulse dialing

a.
b.
c.
d.

dial tone
ringing tone
busy tone
congestion tone

93. The signal heard on the telephone line which indicates that
the called subscriber set is in use.

89. In the telephone unit, what is produced when the balancing


network in a hybrid circuit is intentionally unbalanced slightly
so that small amount of transmitted signal is fed to the
receiver of the talking phone?
a.
b.
c.
d.

300 3.4 KHz


200 3.3 KHz
20 20 KHz
30 30 KHz

92. The signal heard on the telephone line that indicates


readiness of the central office in receiving address or
telephone number.

87. How many unique tones are used for the 12-key dual-tone
multifrequency keypad?
a.
b.
c.
d.

a.
b.
c.
d.

a.
b.
c.
d.

dial tone
ringing tone
busy tone
congestion tone

94. BORSCHT stands for


a. battery, over-voltage protection, ringing, supervision,
coding, hybrid and testing
b. battery, on-hook, regulator, surge protect, circuit, hybrid
and test
c. name of a leading manufacturer of telephone system
d. acronym for the developers of computer
95. Request for service from the telephone is detected at the
Central Office as
a.
b.
c.
d.

dial pulses
ringing signal
flow of loop current
battery reversal

96. The location where all subscriber lines are terminated and
switching equipment facility is installed.
a.
b.
c.
d.

central office
toll office
gate way
tandem

97. A private line communications channel of the type provided


by communication common carrier for linking two or more
points together.
a.
b.
c.
d.

party line
tie line
DID line
Trunk line

98. The attenuation loss limit of the subscriber loop is set at 6


dB. What is the maximum length if a 26H88 loading coil with
an attenuation of 0.80 dB per kilometer is added?
a.
b.
c.
d.

1.5 km
3.5 km
5.5 km
7.5 km

99. The first number of the loaded cable designation 19H44


indicates
a.
b.
c.
d.

spacing
coil inductance
wire gauge
attenuation

100.
The letter of the loaded cable designation 24B88
indicates
a.
b.
c.
d.

spacing
coil inductance
wire gauge
attenuation