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FACULTY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Universiti Teknologi Mara, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan


Main office: 03 5543 5161 Fax: 03 5543 5160

PROGRAM
PROGRAM CODE
COURSE TITLE
COURSE CODE
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Bachelor of Eng. (Hons.) Mechanical


EM220 (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering)
VIBRATIONS
MEC521
3 HOURS
Dr. Valliyappan David Natarajan
012 689 3831 / 03 5543 5158 (8 am 5 pm ONLY)
davidfkm@salam.uitm.edu.my
DrDavid Natarajan
drnvd3
http://nvdavid.wix.com/nvdavid
T1-11-12C, S&T Complex, UiTM Shah Alam.

COURSE DESCRIPTION
(Mechanical) Vibrations is one of the first courses where students apply the knowledge
of mathematics, calculus and basic engineering sciences including statics, dynamics, solid
mechanics and fluid mechanics to solve practical problems. Solution of practical
problems in vibrations requires Mathematical Modeling of the physical system. One
frequent application of the principles of Vibrations can be found in Engineering Design.
This course emphasizes understanding of the fundamental concepts of vibrations. It
begins with free vibration of single-degree-of-freedom for undamped and damped
systems followed by forced vibration with harmonic excitation. Multi-degree-of-freedom
systems, equations of motion and solution methods are introduced after which the
determination of natural frequencies and mode shapes are further explored. The course
concludes with the understanding of continuous media vibrations.
COURSE OBJECTIVES
Upon completion of this course, students should be able to:
[CO1] Apply the concepts and fundamental principles of vibration to mechanical
systems. [PO1, LO1, SS1]{C3}
[CO2] Analyze and solve wide range of vibration related problems. [PO3, LO3,
SS1]{C4}
[CO3] Work effectively within small group to plan, execute, and communicate results
from group discussions. [PO9, LO4, SS2] {A4}
COURSE FORMAT
This course is conducted as a combination of lecturers, tutorials and demonstrations
wherever necessary. The course content will be delivered in a topical fashion during the
lecture hours while theories and quantitative areas will be reinforced via tutorial sessions.
Students are expected to invest about 3 hours per week for self-study. Coursework
MEC521 Course Outline
Dr. David, N.V. 2014 2015 (Original design - 2014)

materials including written assignment, classroom exercise (CE), problem-based learning


(PBL) and tutorial sheets in the form of homework will be allotted as per schedule
provided far below. Assignments are designed to comprise the topics taught within
periods of 2 to 3 weeks. Quizzes will be given upon completion of selected sub-topic or
main topic to assess the extent of knowledge gained on fundamental concepts or
principles. A mini-project will be designated based on the application of knowledge
gained during lectures and shall involve the use of a numerical programming software.
There will be two tests and a comprehensive final examination. The duration of each test
is one hour and shall include quantitative and/or qualitative questions. There will strictly
be no class-wide make-up test. A copy of this course outline and a document listing the
academic requirements of this course will be distributed online during the first week of
the course schedule. Lecture notes and coursework materials will be distributed online
progressively. Course takers need to fill out the Class Participation Form (CPF) as a
record of classroom participation which includes attendance as one element.
The summary of the course format is given below:

Duration
Lecture
Tutorial
Assignment
PBL
CE
Quiz
Project
CPF
Test
Examination

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15 weeks (including a one-week mid-semester break)


3 hours / week
1 hour / week
2 assignment and 2 tutorial sheets
2 problem sheets (classroom discussion)
4 exercise sheets (classroom discussion)
2 graded quizzes (in-class; individual)
1 graded mini-project with presentation (teamwork)
Continuous records (turn in mid- and end of semester)
2 graded topical tests (one hour each)
1 graded comprehensive exam (three hours)

PREREQUISITE KNOWLEDGE
Course takers must have completed MEC420 successfully. Students are expected to
possess grasp and skill on the following subjects:
(a) Physics

Science of Sound Waves, Generation and Transmission.

(b) Mathematics

Calculus, Differential Equations.

(b) Vibrations

Classification of Vibration, Free Vibration, Equations of


Linear System.

e-LEARNING INITIATIVE
Course notes, classroom exercises, tutorial, CE, PBL, tutorial and assignment sheets, and
instructions for the mini-project (all in PDF format) for the September 2014 January
2015 academic session will be uploaded in the i-Learn portal (http://i-learn.uitm.edu.my)
(subject to accessibility). Quiz sheets will be uploaded after they are conducted for
reference purpose only. These sheets can be found in the respective folders of the
instructor for the MEC521 course. Notification and updates on the course information
will be posted on i-Learn.

MEC521 Course Outline


Dr. David, N.V. 2014 2015 (Original design - 2014)

MARKS DISTRIBUTION
The following general scale is applied for the overall continuous assessment:

Tests
Mini-project
Quizzes
Examination

20%
15% (Report = 10% + Presentation = 5%)
5%
60%

MARKING SCALE (GENERIC)


4.00
4.00
3.67
3.33
3.00
2.67

A+ (Excellent)
A
AB+ (Good)
B
B-

90 100
80 89
75 79
70 74
65 69
60 64

2.33
2.00
1.67
1.33
1.00
0.67

C+ (Fair)
C
CD+
D
E

55 59
50 54
47 49
44 46
40 43
30 39

TEXTBOOK / REFERENCES
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

Main text: Rao, S. S., Mechanical Vibrations, 5th Ed., Prentice Hall, 2011.
Dukkipati, R.V. and Srinivas, J., Solving Engineering System Dynamics Problems With
Matlab, New Age Science, 2009.
Palm III , W. J., Mechanical Vibration, John Wiley, 2007.
Tongue, B. H., Principles of Vibrations 2nd Ed., Oxford University Press, 2002.
Meirovitch, L., Fundamentals of Vibrations, McGraw-Hill, 2001.
Inman, D. J. Engineering Vibration, 2nd Ed. Prentice Hall, 2000.
Graham Kelly, S., Fundamentals of Mechanical Vibrations 2nd Ed., McGraw-Hill, 2000.
Thompson, W.T. and Dahleh M. D., Theory of Vibrations with Applications, 5th Ed.
Prentice-Hall, 1998.
Graham Kelly, S., Mechanical Vibrations, Schaum's Outline Series in Engineering,
McGraw-Hill, 1996.
Timoshenko, S., Weaver Jr., W. and Young, D.H., Vibration Problems in Engineering,
5th Ed. Wiley Interscience, 1990.
Meirovitch, L., Elements of Vibration Analysis, McGraw-Hill, 1986.
Den Hartog, J. P., Mechanical Vibrations, McGraw Hill, 1985.
Walshaw, A.C., Mechanical Vibrations with Applications, Ellis Horwood Ltd., 1984.
Beards, C.F., Vibration Analysis and Control System Dynamics, Ellis Harwood Ltd.,
1981.

CONSULTATION
The lecturer will dedicate at least hour of inside-classroom consultation for this
subject. Students with specific problems or in need of clarifications may meet the lecturer
by making prior appointment via email or text message through SMS. Please make sure
to bring along your full set of notes and calculator. Please knock my door once you are there!

MEC521 Course Outline


Dr. David, N.V. 2014 2015 (Original design - 2014)

COURSE CONTENT AND COMPLETION PERIODS


Week

Hours

Topics
1.0

Fundamental of Vibrations

1.1

Historical background

1.2

Basic concepts of vibration and classification of vibration

1.3

Harmonic analysis
REVIEW (Quiz 1)

24

10

2.0

Single Degree-of-Freedom Systems: Free Vibration

2.1

Undamped free vibration

2.2

Equation of motion: Energy method

2.3

Damped free vibration

2.4

Damping ratio and logarithmic decrement


REVIEW (CE1, Tutorial 1)

57

10

3.0

Single Degree-of-Freedom Systems: Forced


Vibration (Harmonic Excitation)

3.1

Undamped forced vibration

3.2

Damped forced vibration

3.1

Applications:
3.1.1 Resonance
3.1.2 Transmissibility
3.1.3 Magnification factor
3.1.4 Imbalance rotation
3.1.5 Vibration isolation

REVIEW (CE2, PBL 1, Tutorial 2, Assignment 1, Test 1)

MEC521 Course Outline


Dr. David, N.V. 2014 2015 (Original design - 2014)

8 11

10

4.0

Multiple Degree-of-Freedom (MDOF) Systems

4.1

Free vibration of MDOF mass-spring systems

4.2

Equation of motion
4.2.1 Influence coefficient method
4.2.2 Lagranges method

4.3

Natural frequencies and mode shapes


4.3.1 Dunkerleys method
4.3.2 Rayleighs method
4.3.3 Holzers method
4.3.4 Transfer matrix method

4.4

Forced vibration of MDOF mass-spring systems:


Harmonic excitation

REVIEW (CE3, PBL 2, Assignment 2)


12 14

5.0

Vibrations of Continuous Media

5.1

Longitudinal vibration of bars or rods

5.2

Torsional vibration of shafts or rods

5.3

Lateral vibrations of beams

REVIEW (CE4, Mini-project Report & Presentation, Quiz 2, Test 2)


FINAL REVIEW (Examination)

NOTE: This course outline will be updated as necessary. Notification of any changes
will be posted on i-Learn (http://i-learn.uitm.edu.my. Please be informed of the changes
made to this document via i-Learn.

MEC521 Course Outline


Dr. David, N.V. 2014 2015 (Original design - 2014)