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Class

Solutions to Test 08

Main

Date

07-11-2015

PART I: PHYSICS

Multiple choice questions with one correct alternative

using a lamp and scale arrangement. This arrangement consists of a

bright point source with a scale attached to it. A small mirror is

attached to the coil. Reflected beam from the mirror illuminates the

scale to produce bright spot. A schematic diagram of the arrangement

is shown in the figure.

When the coil rotates, the reflected beam reaches the scale at point P.

The angle of rotation of the coil is

(A) 30

(B) 15

(C) 60

(D) 45

Ans (B)

When mirror rotates, by an angle , the reflected beam rotates by 2.

3

tan (2)

3

2 = 30

or = 15

P

3

m

3m

mirror

attached

to the coil

Scale

m

2

3m

2. If an object O is placed midway between two parallel mirrors facing each other and separated by 2b an

infinite number of images are formed. Find the distance of the nth image formed by one of the mirrors

from the object O.

M2

M1

(A) 2(n 1)b

(B) 2nb

b

2b

b

b

b

2b

(C) nb

/

O

I11

I12

O

I22

I21

(D) (n 1)b

Ans (B)

I1 is the image of O formed by mirror M1

I1 acts as object for mirror M2 and gives an image I1/ .

For the mirror M1, I1 is the first image and it is at a distance of 2b from O. I12 is the second image and it is at a

distance 4b from O. Likewise the third image is at a distance = 2 3b = 6b. Generalizing this we see that the

th

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3. A converging beam of light is incident on a convex mirror of focal length 8 cm. If the beam appear to

converge below the principal axis as shown in the figure then, the image position is (x and y co-ordinates

y-axis

of the point O is 4 cm and 2 mm respectively)

(A) 8i 0.4j cm

(B) 8j 0.2j cm

(C) 6i 0.4j cm

(D) 4i 4.0j cm

x-axis

Ans (A)

The point O acts a virtual object for the convex mirror. i.e., u 4 cm ; f 8 cm

4 8

V

8 cm image is formed in front of the mirror.

48

Thus x-coordinate is given by 8 cm.

y

v (8)

The y-coordinate is given by i

yi = 2 (0.2) = 0.4 cm

yo

u

4

4. Two transparent media A and B are separated by a plane boundary. The speed of light in medium A is

2.0 108 ms1 and in medium B, 2.5 108 ms1. The critical angle for which a ray of light going from A

to B is total internally reflected is

1

2

4

1

(A) sin 1

(B) sin 1

(C) sin 1

(D) sin 1

2

5

5

3

Ans (C)

2.5 108 5

Refractive index of medium A with respect to medium B is

2.0 108 4

1 4

4

For total internal reflection sin i or i sin 1

5

5

Hence the correct choice is (C)

5. A vessel of depth t is half filled with oil of refractive index 1 and the other half is filled with water of

refractive index 2. the apparent depth of the vessel when viewed from above is

2t 1 2

2t (1 2 )

t 1 2

t (1 2 )

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(1 2 )

1 2

2(1 2 )

21 2

Ans (D)

The apparent depth is given by

t

t

t 1

1 t(1 2 )

A I 1 2

1 2 2 1 2

2 1 2

, falls symmetrically on a glass slab as shown in figure. The angles of

incidence for the two extreme rays are equal. If the thickness of the slab

is t and refractive is n, then the divergence angle of the emergent beam is

(A) zero

(B)

1

1

(C) sin 1

(D) 2sin 1

n

n

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Ans (B)

When a ray of light passes through a glass slab with parallel faces, it does not suffer any deviation ; it is

only displaced parallel to itself. Therefore, the direction of the beam remains unchanged after passing

through the glass slab. However, the rays are displaced slightly towards the outer side. Hence the

divergence angle of the emergent beam will be the same as that of the incident beam.

7. A beam of light propagates through a medium 1 and falls onto another

medium 2, at an angle 1 as shown in figure. After that, it propagates in

medium 2 at an angle 2 as shown. The lights wavelength in medium 1 is

1. What is the wavelength of light in medium 2?

sin 1

sin 2

1

1

(A)

(B)

sin 2

sin 1

cos 1

cos 2

1

1

(C)

(D)

cos 2

cos 1

Ans (B)

1 sin = 2 sin 2

c

c

sin 1 sin 2

v1

v2

sin 1 sin 2

f 1

f 2

8. Light is incident on a glass block as shown in figure. If 1 is increased

1

slightly, what happen to 2?

(A) 2 also increases slightly

(B) 2 is unchanged

(C) 2 decreases slightly

2

(D) 2 changes abruptly, since the ray experiences total internal reflection

Ans (C)

As 1 increases, also increases

So, (90 ) decreases and hence 2 decreases

9. A uniformly charged thin spherical shell of radius R carries a uniform surface charge density . It is

made of two hemispherical shells, held together by pressing them with a force F, which is proportional to

(A) 2 R2

(B) 2 R

2

2

F

F

(C)

(D) 2

R

R

Ans (A)

2

Electric pressure, pE

2 0

2

2 2

2R R

0

20

Hence, pressing force F 2 R 2

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2IIT1516MT8PCMS

n = 6/5

n = 3/2

10. A beam of light consisting of red, green and blue colours is incident on a right-angled prism, as shown in

the figure. The refractive indices of the material of the prism for the above red, green and blue

wavelengths are 1.39, 1.44 and 1.47 respectively. The prism will

(A) separate part of the red colour from the green and blue colours

(B) separate part of the blue colour from the red and green colours

45

(C) separate all the three colours from one another

(D) not separate even partially any colour from the other two colours

Ans (A)

A

For total internal reflection

1

1

1.414

sin C sin 45

That is, for an angle of incidence 45, that color will suffer total internal

i = 45

reflection for which the refractive index is less than 1.414

Therefore, red light will be total Internally reflected at interface AB,

B

whereas blue and green light will be refracted.

11. A given ray of light suffers minimum deviation in an equilateral prism P. Additional prisms Q and R of

identical shape and of the same material as P are now added, as shown in the figure. The ray will now

suffer

Q

(A) greater deviation

(B) no deviation

n

N

(C) same deviation as before

(D) total internal reflection

P

R

Ans (C)

Since there will be no refraction from P to Q and then from Q to R (all being identical), the ray will now

have the same deviation as before the point N.

12. In figure, ABC is the cross section of a right-angled prism and ACDE is the cross section of a glass slab.

The value of so that light incident normally on the face AB does not cross AC is

A

E

(given sin1 (3/5 = 37)

(A) 37

(B) < 37

(C) 53

B

C

D

(D) < 53

Ans (B)

A = 90 r2 = A = 90 > c

A

6

r2

4

cos > sin c 5

(c is critical angle)

2 5

3

C

B

4

cos1 37

5

13. The observer at O views two closely spaced spots on a vertical wall through an

angled glass slab as shown in figure. As seen by observer, the spots appear

(A) shifted upward, such that distance between them remains same

(B) shifted downward, such that distance between them remains same

(C) spaced farther apart

Slab

(D) spaced closed together

Ans (A)

Emergent ray e will be parallel to incident ray i.

So both dots will appear to be shifted upward by same distance.

Hence, distance between them remains same.

e

i

14. A fish looks upward at an unobstructed overcast sky. What total angle does the sky appear to subtend?

(Take refractive index of water as 2 )

(A) 180

(B) 90

(C) 75

(D) 60

Ans (B)

The fish can observe the sky only if refraction takes place.

If TIR takes place, then image of sky cannot be observed.

i.e., i < ic and ic = 45

2

15. An observer can see through a pin-hole the top end of a rod of height h, placed in a beaker as shown in

the figure. The beaker height is 3h and its radius h. When the beaker is filled with a liquid up to a height

2h, he can see the lower end of the rod. Then the refractive index of the liquid is

5

(A)

2

5

(B)

2

(C)

3

2

3

2

Ans (B)

sin i 1

sin r n

(D)

Since tan r

(i)

2h

1

2h

r = 45 sin i

3h

h

h 5

1

sin i

5

1

1

5

5 n

1

n

2

2

2h

16. A point object is placed at a distance of 20 cm from a thin planoconvex lens of focal

length 15 cm. The plane surface of the lens is now silvered. The image created by

the system is at

(A) 60 cm to the left of the system

(B) 60 cm to the right of the system

(C) 12 cm to the left of the system

(D) 12 cm to the right of the system

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20 cm

Ans (C)

Refraction from lens

1

1

1

v1 20 15

v = 60 cm

Positive direction

i.e., first image is formed at 60 cm to the right of lens system.

Reflection from mirror

After reflection from the mirror, the second image will be formed at a distance of 60 cm to the left of

lens system

Refraction from lens

1 1

1

Positive direction

v3 60 15

or v3 = 12 cm

Therefore, the final image is formed at 12 cm to the left of the lens system.

17. The graph between object distance u and image distance v for a lens is given below. The focal length of

the lens is

v

(A) 5 0.1

11

(B) 5 0.05

(C) 0.5 0.1

10

(D) 0.5 0.05

9 10 11 u

Ans (B)

From the lens formula

1 1 1

1 1

1

we have

f v u

f 10 10

or f = +5

Further, u = 0.1

and v = 0.1( from the graph)

Now, differentiating the lens formula, we have

f v u

f 2 v2 u 2

v u

f 2 2 f 2

u

v

Substituting the values, we have

0.1 0.1

f 2 2 (5) 2 0.05

f f = 5 0.05

10 10

18. A biconvex lens of focal length f forms a circular image of radius r of sun in focal plane. Then which

option is correct?

(A) r2 f

(B) r2 f2

(C) If lower half part is covered by black sheet, then area of the image is equal to r2/2

(D) If f is doubled, intensity will increase

Ans (B)

f

r = f tan

r

rf

r2 f2

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19. A light beam is traveling from Region I to Region IV (Refer figure). The refractive index in Regions

n n

n

I, II, III and IV are n 0 , 0 , 0 and 0 , respectively. The angle of incidence for which the beam just

2 6

8

misses entering Region IV is

Region I

Region II Region III Region IV

n0

n0

n0

2

6

8

n0

3

(A) sin 1

4

1

(B) sin 1

8

1

(C) sin 1

4

1

(D) sin 1

3

Ans (B)

n0

sin

8

2

20. How will the image formed by a convex lens be affected if the central portion of the lens is wrapped in

black paper?

(A) No image will be formed

(B) Full image will be formed but it is less bright

(C) Full image will be formed but without the central portion

(D) Two images will be formed, one due to each exposed half.

Ans (B)

Only the light-gathering power is reduced

21. A converging lens has a focal length of 1m. The minimum distance between a real object and its real

image formed by this lens is

(A) 0.5 m

(B) 1 m

(C) 2 m

(D) 4 m

Ans (D)

Minimum distance between an object and its real image is 4f

i.e., 4 1 m = 4 m

22. Two thin lenses of focal lengths 20 cm and 25 cm are placed in contact. The effective power of the

combination is

1

(A) 45 D

(B) 9 D

(C) D

(D) 6 D

9

Ans (B)

1 1 100 100

P

= (5 + 4) D = 9 D

f1 f 2 20 25

n 0 sin

have a capacitance of 2 F. Then charge on

(A) Capacitor C1 is zero

(B) Capacitor C2 is zero

A +

(C) Capacitor C3 is zero

8V

C1

(D) Any capacitor cannot be determined

Ans (C)

q

q

Applying KVL to the part ABC, VA 1 2 3 VC

C1

C3

2IIT1516MT8PCMS

D 2V

+C

2

2V

C3

3V

q1

q

2 3 3

2

2

q1 + q3 = 6

8

(1)

q1 q 2

VD

Applying KVL to the part ABD, VA

C1 C2

q1 q 2

2

2 2

q1 q2 = 12

(2)

From KCL at B, we get q3 = q1 + q2

(3)

Solving equation (1), (2) and (3) we get q1 = 6C ; q2 = 6C ; q3 = 0

24. A cubic container is filled with a liquid whose refractive index increases linearly from top to bottom.

Which of the following, best represents the path of the light ray inside liquid?

8

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Ans (A)

Due to variable , ray cannot be linear

25. A plano-concave lens is placed on a paper on which a flower is drawn. How far above its actual position

does the flower appear to be?

R = 20 cm

Air

(A) 5 cm

3

20 cm

2

(B) 12 cm

(C) 10 cm

Paper

(D) 15 cm

Ans (C)

2 1 2 1

1 3 / 2 1 3 / 2

v 10 cm

v u

R

v 20

20

i.e., 10 cm above actual position of flower.

i

26. Two mutually perpendicular long conductors carrying currents i and

lie

3

i

y

on x-y plane as shown. O is the origin. The locus of the points at which the

3

x

magnetic induction is zero is y x . Find

O

i

3

(A) 7

(B) 8

(C) 9

(D) 10

Ans (C)

i

i/3

i

i

Let at P(x, y), field is zero then 0 0

0

0

2y

2x

y 3x

y = 3x = 9

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27. The magnetic induction at the point O, if the wire carrying current

Given R 2m . The linear parts of the wire are very long. Also i = 4A

assume the wires to be having uniform resistance

A

(A) 4

(B) 3

(C) 2

F

(D) 1

Ans (D)

i 1

i

i R 1 i1 2

i2 3

3

i1

B

O

D

G

i2

E

i = 4A

Also i1 + i2 = 4

i2

i2 4 i 2 3A or i1 = 1A

3

i

3 i

BAB 0 j ; BBCDE 0 1 k

4R

8R

0i

0 i 2

3

BEF

i , BBGE

k 0 k

4R

8R

8R

i

3

3

Bnet 0 i j 0 k 0 k

4R

8R

8R

0i

0 4

Bnet

2

2 0 1

4R

4 2

both of them and select one of the options using the following codes

(A) Statement-I and Statement-II are true and Statement-II is the correct explanation of Statement-I.

(B) Statement-I and Statement-II are true, but Statement-II is not the correct explanation of

Statement -I

(C) Statement-I is true, but Statement -II is false

(D) Statement-I is false, but Statement -II is true

28. Statement-I: The formula connecting u, v and f for a spherical mirror is valid only for mirrors whose

sizes are very small compared to their radii of curvature.

Statement-II: Laws of reflection are strictly valid for plane surfaces, but not for large spherical surfaces.

Ans (C)

29. Statement-I: A charge q is placed at the centre of metallic shell as shown in figure. Electric field at

point P on the shell due to charge q is zero

P

q

Ans (D)

2IIT1516MT8PCMS

30. Statement-I: Three identical long solenoids P, Q and R are connected to each other as shown in the

figure. The ratio of magnetic fields at the centres of the solenoids is 2 : 1 : 1

Q

P

i

i

R

Statement-II: The magnetic field within a long solenoid is given by B = 0ni. This implies B i

Ans (A)

Multiple choice questions with one correct alternative

1. A crystal plane intercepts the three crystallographic axes at the multiples of unit distance

What are the Miller indices of the plane?

(A) 3, 2, 1

(B) 2, 4, 2

Ans (D)

(C) 6, 4, 2

x

3

Intercepts on crystallographic axes

2

2

Reciprocals of intercepts

3

Clear the fractions (by multiplying by (LCM)

4

Miller indices of the plane

(4 3 6)

(D) 4, 3, 6

1

2

3

3

, 2 and 1.

2

1

6

2. Which of the following aqueous solutions has osmotic pressure nearest to that of an equimolar solution

of K4[Fe(CN)6]?

(A) Na2SO4

(B) BaCl2

(C) Al2(SO4)3

(D) C12H12O11

Ans (C)

Al2(SO4)3 gives 5 ions on dissociation in water. K4[Fe(CN)6] also gives 5 ions in solution. Since their

molar concentrations in aqueous solution are the same, their osmotic pressures are also the same.

3. Which one of the following pairs of solution can we expect to be isotonic at the same temperature?

(A) 0.1 M urea and 0.1 M NaCl

(B) 0.1 M urea and 0.2 M MgCl2

(C) 0.1 M NaCl and 0.1 M Na2SO4

(D) 0.1 M Ca(NO3)2 and 0.1 M Na2SO4

Ans (D)

Both Ca(NO3)2 and Na2SO4 give 3 particles each on ionization. Their molar concentrations are same.

They form isotonic solutions.

4. Which of the following solutions has the highest boiling point?

(A) 1% solution of C6H12O6

(B) 1 M NaCl

(C) 1 M BaCl2 solution

(D) 1 M (NH2)2CO solution

Ans (C)

(A) and (D) are non-electrolytes. (B) is A+B type of electrolyte, which gives two particles per molecule

on ionization. However, (C) is AB2 type of electrolyte which gives 3 particles per molecule on

ionisation. Thus, BaCl2 solution will show the highest boiling point.

2IIT1516MT8PCMS

10

5. The molecular weight of benzoic acid in benzene as determined by depression in freezing point method

corresponds to

(A) ionization of benzoic acid

(B) solvation of benzoic acid

(C) dimerisation of benzoic acid

(D) polymerization of benzoic acid

Ans (C)

Benzoic acid undergoes dimerisation in benzene as the solvent. Thus, the molecular weight of it

determined by freezing point depression method would be nearly double the true molecular weight.

6. The osmotic pressure of an aqueous solution containing 30.0 g of a newly-isolated protein in one litre of

solution is 12.7 mm Hg at 25C. The approximate molecular weight of protein in g/mol is

(A) 440

(B) 4400

(C) 44000

(D) 444000

Ans (C)

W

V = nRT

RT

MV

W RT 30 0.0821 298

Molecular mass M

44000 g mol 1

12

.

7

V

1

760

7. Which of the following elements does not occur in the native state?

(A) S

(B) Si

(C) Hg

Ans (B)

(D) Cu

(A) Cassiterite and Zincite

(B) Rutile and Cuprite

(C) Corundum and Pyrolusite

(D) Argentite and Cinnabar

Ans (D)

9. Which of the following does not contain copper in it?

(A) Malachite

(B) Azurite

(C) Pyrite

Ans (C)

(D) Cuprite.

(A) 6 at edge centres and 8 along body diagonals

(B) 12 at edge centres and 1 at body centre

(C) 6 along body diagonal and 6 at edge centres

(D) At all the edge centres only.

Ans (B)

In an fcc lattice, 12 octahedral voids are located at edge centres and one at the body centre.

11. Experimentally it was found that a metal oxide has formula M0.98 O1. Metal M, is present as M2+ and M3+

in its oxide. Fraction of the metal which exists as M3+ would be

(A) 6.05 %

(B) 5.08 %

(C) 7.01 %

(D) 4.08 %

Ans (D)

Let the number of M3+ ions is x, then the number of M2+ ions will be (0.98 x). Net charge of oxide will

be zero.

+2(0.98 x) + 3x + (2)1 = 0

1.96 + x 2 = 0

x = 0.04

0.04

Percentage of M 3

100 4.08 %

0.98

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11

12. A mineral AB2 crystallises in ccp lattice, with A atoms occupying the lattice points. The CN of A is 8

and that of B is 4. What percentage of the tetrahedral sites is occupied by B atoms?

(A) 25 %

(B) 12.5 %

(C) 50 %

(D) 100 %

Ans (D)

4 spheres/unit cell

8 tetrahedral sites all occupied by B atoms.

13. Choose the correct statement

(A) Schottky and Frenkel defects are intrinsic defects but are non-thermodynamic defects

(B) In Schottky defect, entropy decreases whereas in Frenkel defect entropy increases

(C) Schottky defect is a stoichiometric defect whereas the Frenkel defect is a non-stoichiometric defect

(D) The same crystalline solid may have both the Schottky and Frenkel defects.

Ans (D)

14. KBr crystal structure has the CN ratio of 6 : 6 at normal temperature and pressure. At high pressure, the

CN ratio

(A) remains the same

(B) changes to 6 : 8

(C) changes to 8 : 6

(D) changes to 8 : 8

Ans (D)

When KBr crystal is subjected to high pressure (~5000 atm) the structure transforms to a CsCl-like

structure with 8 : 8 coordination. Electron rich anions are particularly susceptible to compression.

15. In diamond, the co-ordination number of carbon is

(A) 4 and its unit cell has 8 carbon atoms

(B) 4 and its unit cell has 6 carbon atoms

(C) 6 and its unit cell has 4 carbon atoms

(D) 4 and its unit cell has 4 carbon atoms

Ans (A)

Crystal structure of diamond is similar to that of ZnS.

Thus, CN of carbon is 4.

Since carbon atoms are in place of both Zn2+ and S2 ions, the number of carbon atoms per unit cell is 8.

16. The density of an ionic solid belonging to cubic system, with the unit cell dimension of 654 pm is

2.75 g/cm3. If the molecular mass of the solid is 119, which of the following statements is true? The

solid belongs to

(A) fcc system with coordination number = 6

(B) scc system with coordination number = 4

(C) bcc system with coordination number = 8

(D) none of these

Ans (A)

ZM

Density 3

a NA

654 pm = 654 1012 m = 654 1010 cm

Z 119

2.75

or Z 3.89 4

10 3

(654 10 ) 6.02 1023

Since the number of particles per unit cell is 4, the crystalline solid belongs to fcc type.

2IIT1516MT8PCMS

12

17. Number of optically active aldehydes possible with molecular formula C5H8O is

(A) 2

(B) 4

(C) 6

(D) 8

Ans (C)

O

(2 + 4) = 6

18. A mixture of calcium acetate and calcium but-2-enoate is heated in absences of air. The cross product

formed in the ration is

O

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Ans (D)

O

O

O

Ca

Ca

+ 2CaCO3

O

O

R

Cl

(A) H2/Zn

(B) H2/p.d.BaSO4

Ans (B)

(C) CH3CdCH3

(D) ZnHg/HCl

O

I

II

III

Ans (A)

IV

O

O

H

(A)

(B) CCl3CHO

(C) ClCH2CHO

(D) CH3CH2COCH3

Ans (B)

22. Consider the following reactions

O

H 3O+

H3 O+

OH

The reagent is used to distinguish between compounds (X) and (Y) is/are

(A) (NaOH + I2)

(B) [Ag(NH3)2]OH

(C) Schiffs reagent

Ans (D)

2IIT1516MT8PCMS

13

23. Which of the following compounds does not reduce Fehlings solution?

(A) C6 H 5CHO

(B) CH 3CHO

(C) CH 3COCH 2OH

(D) HCOOH

Ans (A)

Arylaldehydes does not reduce Fehlings reagent.

24. The reactivity of following aldehydes towards nucleophilic addition reaction is

H

H

II

III

IV

(B) III > IV > II > I

(C) II > I > IV > III

Ans (A)

Greater the steric hindrance at -position, lesser the reactivity.

25. The correct sequence of reagent(s) used in the following conversion are

O

(R)

Br

(A)

OH/H+ ;

Na ; H3 O+/heat

HO

(C)

Na ; HO

OH/H+

+

; H3O

(B)

Na , H3O+

(D)

OH/H+ ;

Na

HO

Ans (A)

26. Consider the following sequence of reactions

OH

OH

TsCl/heat

TsOH

(i) KCN/alc.

HBr(excess)

Peroxide

excess

(ii) Ca(OH)2/heat

(A)

(B)

Ans (D)

(C)

(D)

O

H

(A)

O

H

(B)

(C)

HO

OH

Ans (D)

Each of the following questions consists of a statementI and a StatementII. Examine

both of them and select one of the options using the following codes

(A) Statement-I and Statement-II are true and Statement-II is the correct explanation of Statement-I.

(B) Statement-I and Statement-II are true, but Statement-II is not the correct explanation of

Statement-I

(C) Statement-I is true, but Statement-II is false

(D) Statement-I is false, but Statement-II is true

2IIT1516MT8PCMS

14

28. Statement-I: In the thermite reduction, Al powder is chosen as the reducing agent.

3

Statement-II: 2Al O2

Al2 O3 ; G for this reaction is highly negative.

2

Ans (A)

29. Statement-I: Choice of flux depends upon the nature of impurities within the ore.

Statement-II: Flux is added from an external source, to remove the gangue in the form of a fusible slag.

Ans (A)

30. Statement-I: The reactivity of ethanal towards aldol reaction is greater than propanal.

Statement-II: Addition of a few drops of NaOH solution to a mixture of ethanal and propanal gives six

optically active cross aldol products.

Ans (B)

Multiple choice questions with one correct alternative

(A) 2

Ans (B)

(B) 1

if is

2

(C) 3

2

(A) (, 0) (1, )

Ans (A)

1

(B) (, )

1

1

x 1

0, then S =

(C) (, 0] [1, )

By data, 1 e x 0 e x 1

1

x 1

1 0

0 x ( , 0) (1, )

x

x

3. The range of the function f : [0, 1] R defined by f(x) = x3 x2 + 4x + 2 sin1 x is

(A) [, 2, 0]

(B) [2, 3]

(C) [0, 4 + ]

(D) (0, 2 + ]

Ans (C)

By data, f(x) = x3 x2 + 4x + 2 sin1 x

2

f (x) 3x 2 2x 4

0, x [0, 1]

1 x2

f(x) is an increasing function.

Range = [f(0), f(1)] = [0, 4 + ]

4. The domain of f (x) x 4 2 (x 5) x 4 2 (x 5) is

(A) [5, )

Ans (C)

(B) (, 2]

(C) [5, )

Here, f (x) (x 5) 1 2 x 5 (x 5) 1 2 x 5

x 5 1

x 5 1

x5

2IIT1516MT8PCMS

15

n

(A) e

Ans (C)

(B) a

(C) b

1/n

a n

lim b.1

b

n

n 1/n

Consider lim (b a )

n

n a

lim b 1

n

b

6.

lim

x 0

(A)

x y2 (y x) 2

8xy 4x 2 8xy

a 1

.n

b . e0 = b

1

4

(B)

1

2

(C)

2 2

Ans (D)

lim .

x 0

x y 2 (y x) 2

8xy 4x 2 8xy

lim.

x 0

x y 2 y 2 x 2 2xy

8xy 4x 2 8xy

x 3/2

lim .

x 0

7.

lim

cot

r 1

2y x

x 3/2 2 2y x 2 2y

2y

2y 2 2y

2y

2y

1

128y

2 3

r 4

(B) tan1 1

(A) 0

Ans (C)

(C) tan1 2

n

3

lim cot 1 r 2

n

4

r 1

lim

tan

r 1

2

1

r 1

4

1 1

r 2 r 2

1

lim tan

n

1 r 1 r 1

r 1

2

2

n

1

lim tan 1 r tan 1 r

n

2

2

r 1

3

1

5

3

tan 1 tan 1 tan 1 tan 1 . . . to

2

2

2

2

1

1

tan 1 cot 1 tan 1 2

2

2

2

8. Let f be a function satisfying f(x + y) = f(x) + f(y) and f(x) = x 2.g(x) x and y where g(x) is a

continuous function, then f (x) is equal to

(A) g (x)

(B) g(0)

(C) g(0) + g (x)

(D) 0

Ans (D)

2IIT1516MT8PCMS

16

f (x h) f (x)

f (x) f (h) f (x)

lim

(by data)

h

0

h

h

f (h)

h 2 .g(h)

lim

lim

0

h 0 h

h 0

h

[cos x], x 1

9. If f (x)

, where [x] denotes the integral part of x, then f(x) is

| x 2 |, 1 x 2

(A) continuous and non-differential at x = 1 and x = 1

(B) continuous and differentiable at x = 0

1

(C) discontinuous at x

2

(D) continuous but not differentiable at x = 2

Ans (C)

3

1

1, 2 x 2

1

0,

x 0

1,

x 0

By data, f (x)

1

0,

0x

1

1,

x 1

2

2 x,

1 x 2

f (x) lim

h0

1

that f(x) is discontinuous at x

2

10. If f (x) = g(x) and g(x) = f(x) x and f(2) = 4 = f (2), then f 2 (19) + g2(19) =

(A) 16

(B) 32

(C) 64

(D) none of these

Ans (B)

By data, f (x) = g(x) f (x) = g (x) = f(x)

2 .f (x) . f (x) = 2.f(x) . f (x)

2f (x).f (x) 2.f (x).f (x)

2

f (x) [f (x)]2 c . . .

At x = 2, 16 = 16 + c c = 32

By (1), [f (x)]2 + [f(x)]2 = 32

[g(x)]2 + [f(x)]2 = 32

g2(19) + f 2(19) = 32

11. If P(x) is a polynomial such that P(x2 + 1) = [P(x)]2 + 1 and P(0) = 0, then P(0) is equal to

(A) 1

(B) 0

(C) 1

(D) none of these

Ans (C)

By data, P(x2 + 1) = [P (x)]2 + 1

P(x) = x P(x) = 1 P(0) = 1

2IIT1516MT8PCMS

17

12. The chord joining the points x = p and x = q on the curve y = ax2 + bx + c is parallel to the tangent at the

point on the curve whose abscissa is

pq

pq

pq

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D) none of these

2

2

2

Ans (A)

By data, at x = p, y = ap2 + bp + c

and at x = q, y = aq2 + bq + c

aq 2 bq c (ap 2 bp c)

Slope of tangent

(q p)

= a(q + p) + b

Also, if this is to be true at (x, y)

dy

pq

2ax b a(q p) b x

dx

2

3

13. The angle at which the two curves x 3xy2 = 4 and 3x2y y3 = 4 intersect, is

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D) 0

6

4

2

Ans (C)

Consider x3 3xy2 = 4 3x2 3y2 3x. 2yy = 0

y2 x 2 x 2 y 2

y

m1 and

2xy

2xy

dy

dy

3x 2 y y3 4 3x 2 .

6xy 3y2 . 0

dx

dx

dy

2xy

m2

dx x 2 y 2

m1m2

(x 2 y2 )

2xy

2

1

2xy

(x y2 )

14. Let y = x2 . ex. then the interval in which y increase w.r.t. x is

(A) (, )

(B) (2, 0)

(C) (2, )

Ans (D)

dy

Here,

2xe x x 2 e x

dx

dy

0 xe x (2 x) 0

dx

But ex > 0 x x(2 x) > 0 x(x 2) < 0 0 < x < 2

(D) (0, 2)

3

15. The greatest value of the function f(x) = 2 sin x + sin 2x on the interval 0,

is

2

3 3

3

(A)

(B) 3

(C)

(D) none of these

2

2

Ans (A)

By data, f (x) = 2 cos x + 2 cos 2x

3x

x

f (x) 0 cos x cos 2x 0 2cos cos 0

2

2

3x (2n 1)

x (2n 1)

or

, nZ

2

2

2

2

2IIT1516MT8PCMS

18

(2n 1)

or x (2n 1) , n Z

3

3

x , in 0,

3

2

2

The greatest value f 2.sin sin

3

3

3

2 3

3 3 3

2

2

2

16. N characters of information are held on magnetic tape in batches of x characters each. The batch

processing time is + x2 seconds, , being constants. The optional value of x for fast processing is

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Ans (C)

N

characters.

x

N

Let P x 2 N x

x

x

Also,

dP

N 2

dx

x

dP

0 2 x

dx

x

d2 p

2

N 3 0 at x

2

dx

p

x

When P is least, x

1

17. If x log 1 dx f (x).log(x 1) x 2 .g(x) L.x c., then

x

x2

(A) f (x)

(B) g(x) = log x

(C) L = 1

2

Ans (D)

2

1

1 x2

1

1 x

x

log

1

dx

log

1

x

1 x 2 . 2 .dx

x 2

1

x

1

x 2 log 1

x

x

dx

2

2(1 x)

1

x 2 log 1

x1

2

2

(1 x) 1

dx

(1 x)

1 x

x 2 .log

x 1 x 1 log(1 x)

2

2

2

2

2

(x 1)

x log x 1

log(1 x)

xc

2

2

2

2IIT1516MT8PCMS

19

18.

dx

x x 4 1 4

2

1 4

1 4

(A) 1 4 c

(B) (x 4 1)1/4 c

(C) 1 4 c

x

x

Ans (D)

dx

G.I.

3/4

1

2 4

x x 1 4

x

dx

1

4

Put 1 4 t 5 dx dt

3/4

x

x

1

x 5 1 4

x

1/4

dt

1 t1/4

1

.

1 4

3/ 4

1

4(t)

4

x

4

(n 1)

19. If n Z,

f (x)dx

is

(A) 16

Ans (C)

(B) 14

(C) 19

n 1

By data,

f (x)dx n

2

( 2) 2 (1)2 02 12 22 32

= 4 + 1 + 1 + 4 + 9 = 19

20. Let f (x) min x 1, (1 x) . Then area bounded by f(x) and x-axis is

1

6

Ans (C)

(A)

(B)

5

6

(C)

7

6

(D)

11

6

x 1, 1 x 0

1 x , 0 x 1

0

R.A.

(x 1) dx

1 x .dx

7

sq. units

6

21. A spherical raindrop evaporates at a rate proportional to its surface area at any instant t. The D.E.

giving the rate of change of the radius of the raindrop is

d2r

d2r

d2r

(A) 2 2r 0

(B) 2 3r 0

(C) 2 0

(D) none of these

dt

dt

dt

Ans (C)

4

We know that volume V r 3

3

2IIT1516MT8PCMS

20

dv 4

dr

dr

.3r 2 . 4r 2 .

(1)

dt 3

dt

dt

dv

dr

By data,

4r 2

4r 2 .k

(2)

dt

dt

dr

dr

(1) and (2), 4r 2 .

4r 2 .k

k

dt

dt

d2 r

2 0

dt

22. Equation of a circle passing through the origin and belonging to the co-axial system, of which the

limiting points are (1, 2) and (4, 3) is

(A) x2 + y2 2x + 4y = 0

(B) x2 + y2 8x 6y = 0

(C) 2x2 + 2y2 x 7y = 0

(D) x2+ y2 6x 10y = 0

Ans (C)

Clearly, the point circles of the system are

(x 1)2 + (y 2)2 = 0 x2 + y2 2x 4y + 5 = 0

and (x 4)2 + (y 3)2 = 0 x2 + y2 8x 6y + 25 = 0

Equation of R.A. is 6x + 2y 20 = 0 3x + y 10 = 0

Equation of any member of the family will be

x2 + y2 2x 4y + 5 + (3x + y 10) = 0

(1)

If it passes through 0(0, 0)

1

5 (10) 0

2

By (1), R.E. will be

1

x 2 y 2 2x 4y 5 (3x y 10) 0

2

2

2

2x + 2y x 7y = 0

p

q

px qy

qx ry is

px qy qx ry

(A) zero

Ans (C)

(B) positive

By data, G.D.

(C) negative

(D) q2 + pr

C13 C 3 xC1 yC 2

px qy qx ry (px 2 2qxy xy 2 )

= (px2 + 2qxy + ry2) (q2 pr)

1

(px qy)2 y 2 (pr q 2 ) (q 2 pr) 0

p

t 2 3t

4

24. If At + Bt + Ct + Dt + E =

t 1

2t

t 3

t4

(A) 33

(B) 39

Ans (A)

Put t = 0 on either side to get

2IIT1516MT8PCMS

t 1 t 3

t 3 , then E =

3t

(C) 27

21

(D) 24

1 3

E 1

3

3 9 3(10) 39

ab

25. If a and b are unit vectors and is the angle between them, then

(A) sin

(B) sin

(C) 2 sin

(D) sin 2

2

Ans (A)

w.k.t. a b | a | . | b | cos cos

2 2

ab

ab

| a |2 | b |2 2.a.b

2

4

4

1 1 2cos 1 cos

sin 2

4

2

2

ab

sin

2

2

x 1 y 1 z 2

26. If the angle between the lines

1

2

2

1

sin , then =

3

3

4

5

3

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

4

3

3

5

Ans (C)

1.2 2(1) 2

We know that the angle between the line and the normal to the plane is cos

3 5

2

2

1

5

sin

by data

2 5 4 5

3

3 5 3

27. The distance between the parallel planes 2x + y + 2z = 8 and 4x + 2y + 4z + 5 = 0 is

3

5

7

9

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

2

2

2

2

Ans (C)

5

( 8)

21 7

Clearly, required distance 2

6 2

4 1 4

Each of the following questions consists of a StatementI and a StatementII. Examine

both of them and select one of the options using the following codes

(A) Statement-I and Statement-II are true and Statement-II is the correct explanation of Statement-I.

(B) Statement-I and Statement-II are true, but Statement-II is not the correct explanation of

Statement-I

(C) Statement-I is true, but Statement-II is false

(D) Statement-I is false, but Statement-II is true

2IIT1516MT8PCMS

22

1 0

0 2

28. Suppose A

and B

. Let X be a 2 2 matrix such that X A X B

0 1

2 0

Statement I: X is non-singular and det.(X) = 2

Statement II: X is a singular matrix.

Ans (C)

If X = 0, then XAX = 0 B = 0, a contradiction

X 0, let | X | = a | X | = a

Also, | X A X | = | B | (a) (1) (a) = 4 a2 = 4 a = 2

As a = | X | 0, X cannot be a singular matrix.

29. Statement I: If a and c are non-collinear, then the lines r 6a c (2c a) and r a c (a 3c)

are coplanar.

Statement II: There exist and so that the two values of r become same.

Ans (A)

If the lines have a common point, then and such that

6 = 1 + and 1 + 2 = 1 + 3

= 3, = 2

30. Statement I: The point A (3, 1, 6) is the mirror image of B (1, 3, 4) in the plane x y + z = 5

Statement II: The plane x y + z = 5 bisects the line joining A(3, 1, 6) and B(1, 3, 4).

Ans (B)

Direction ratios of AB are 2, 2, 2 or 1, 1, 1

AB is normal to x y + z = 6

Also, midpoint of AB = (2, 2, 5) lies on x y + z = 5

The plane bisects AB statement 2 is true.

As the plane is the perpendicular bisector of the segment AB,

A is the mirror image of B and statement I is also true but doesnot follow from statement II alone

***

2IIT1516MT8PCMS

23

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