Useful Terminology Adjective A word or a phrase naming an attribute, added to or grammatically related to a noun to modify it or describe it.

The repetition of a speech sound in a sequence of words; the term is applied only to consonants and when the recurrent sound occurs in a conspicuous position at the beginning either of a word or of a stressed syllable within a word. The repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds – especially in stressed syllables – in a sequence of nearby words. A couplet is a pair of rhymed lines.



Couplet Enjambement / run-on lines Epithet / transferred epithet Hyperbole

A bold overstatement, or the extravagant exaggeration of fact or possibility; it may be used for serious or ironic or comic effect.

Iambic metre Metaphor In a metaphor, a word or expression which in literal usage denotes one kind of thing or action is applied to a distinctly different kind of thing or action, without asserting a comparison. Onomatopoeia designates a word, or a combination of words, whose sound seems to resemble closely the sound it denotes: ‘hiss’, ‘buzz’, ‘rattle’, ‘bang’. Oxymoron designates two terms that are in ordinary usage contraries. A phrase used to signify any description of inanimate natural objects that ascribes to them human capabilities, sensations and emotions. Personification is used when either an inanimate object or an abstract concept is written about as though it were endowed with life or human attributes.



Pathetic Fallacy


Rhetorical question

A sentence in the grammatical form of a question which is not asked to request information or to invite a reply, but to achieve an expressive force different from, and usually more effective than a direct assertion. A letter or set of letters sounded with a hiss, e.g.‘s’, sh.


Simile A comparison between two distinctly different things, indicated by the word ‘like’ or ‘as’.

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